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a
)
c
)

If the angle of incidence of light falling on a plane mirror is


30degree, what will be the angle of reflection?
90 degree
b 60 degree
)
30 degree
d 0 degree
)

a
)
c
)

When we stand in front of our dressing table, our left hand


seems to be right and right seems to be left. This is called
Left-right confusion
b Lateral inversion
)
Up -side down phenomenon
d mirage
)

a
)
c
)

Light passing through a prism splits into seven colours. This is called
Dispersion
b Dissolution
)
Division
d None of the above
)

a
)
c
)

Rainbow is a natural phenomenon showing


Reflection
b Deflection
)
Dispersion
d Diversion
)

a
)
c
)

In the retina of the eye, the area having no sensory cells is called
iris
b Blind spot
)
cornea
d Dark spot
)

a
)
c
)

If light falls perpendicularly on a plane mirror, what will be the angle in


which it will be reflected?
45 degrees
b 90 degrees
)
180 degrees
d 360 degrees
)

a
)
c

Which of the following is not a luminous object?


sun
b candle
)
moon
d Tube light

a
)
c
)

To make a kaleidoscope we require


Three plane mirrors
b
)
Three glass sheets
d
)

a
)
c
)

In our eye _______cells can sense colour


Rod
b Cone
)
Both rod and cone
d Neither rod nor cone
)

1
0

Four plane mirrors


Four glass sheets

An owl can see clearly at night but not day time because it has
a
)
c
)

More rods and few cones


More rods and more cones

b
)
d
)

Less rods and more cones


Less rods and less cones

Q.1. Explain the structure of eye.


Ans: The human eye is like a camera. Its lens system forms an image on a light
sensitive screen called the retina.
The eye ball is approx. spherical in shape with a diameter of 2.3cm.
The human eye has the following parts:(a) Cornea:-The transparent spherical membrane covering the front of the eye.
(b) Iris:-The coloured diaphragm between the cornea and lens.
(c) Pupil:-The small hole in the iris.
(d) Eye lens:-Its is a transparent lens made of jelly like material.
(e) Ciliary muscles:-These muscles hold the lens in position.
(f) Retina:-The back surface of the eye.
(g) Blind spot:-The point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye. An image formed at
this point is not sent to the brain.
(h) Aqueous humour:-A clear liquid region between the cornea and the lens.
(i) Vitreous humour:-The space between eye lens and retina is is filled with another

liquid called Vitreous humour.


Q.2.How we are able to see in dim and bright light?
Ans: Our retina's 125 million rods are used only in dim light and help us to see in dim
and bright light
Q.3.What is the function of the ciliary muscles?
Ans: Changes focal length of eye lens.
When we see distant objects, the ciliary muscles are relaxed, the lens becomes thin.
This, increase focal length of lens . This enables us to see distant objects clearly.
When you are looking at objects closer to the eye, the ciliary muscles contract. The eye
lens becomes thicker. Consequently, the focal length of the eye lens decreases. This
enables us to see nearby objects clearly
Q.4.What kind of image is formed by eye-lens?
Ans: Real, inverted and diminished
Q.5.What are photoreceptors?
Ans: Photoreceptors are millions of specialized neurons that detect and respond to light,
there are 2 types of photoreceptors called rods and cones
Q.6.How we can see colours?
Ans: We see colour because of the Rods and Cones in our eyes
Q.7.What is persistence of vision?
The impression of image is remains on retina for about 1/16th of second is called persistence of vision.
This is used during cinematography. The sequence of still picture taken by movie camera is projected on
the screen at the rate of 24 or more images per second so that images merge in one another on screen.
Q.8.How does persistence of vision help to see the object as moving?
Persistence of vision of retina help to merge images in one another on screen help to see the object as
moving .
Q.9.How we are able to see a moving picture?
Ans Due to persistence of vision of our eyes, images merge in one another with in 1/16th of second and
we can see movie.
Q.10.Which principle is used in cinematography?

Ans: persistence of vision.


Q.11.What happens when an object is brought closer to the eye and why?
When an object is brought closer to the eye the ciliary muscles contract. The eye lens becomes thicker.
Consequently, the focal length of the eye lens decreases. This enables us to see nearby objects clearly
Q.12 What is the far point and near point of the human eye with normal vision?
Ans: The farthest distance at which an object clearly can be seen clearly. It is infinity for normal eyes.
The nearest distance at which an eye focus image clearly of an object is called near point. It is 25 cm
from the eye.
Q.13.What are the three defects of the eye?
Ans: There are mainly three common refractive defects of vision. These are (i) myopia or nearsightedness, (ii) Hypermetropia or farsightedness, and (iii) Presbyopia
Q.14.What are the different reasons for vision problems?
Ans: Myopia- This defect may arise due to (i) excessive curvature of the eye lens, or (ii) elongation of the
eyeball
(b) Hypermetropia: This defect arises either because (i) the focal length of the eye lens is too long, or (ii)
the eyeball has become too small
Presbyopia - It arises due to the gradual weakening of the ciliary muscles and diminishing flexibility of the
eye lens
Q.15.Who developed Braille system?
Ans: The Braille system was based on a method of communication originally developed by Charles
Barbier.
Q .16 Why are we not able to see immediately after we enter a darkened hall?
Ans. When we are in bright sunlight, outside a darkened hall, iris makes pupil small to receive less light.
When we enter a darkened hall from out side, the eye is not able to see with the reduced amount of light
entering the pupil. Depending on the darkness of the hall iris increases the size of the pupil to receive
more light and then after sometime we are able to see things around us in a semi dark room also.
Q .17 why in poor light we cannot perceive the true colours of an object?
Ans. In dim light the rods are sensitive but cones are not. Cones are responsible for perception of
colours.

Q. 18. Which part in the eye provides the most of refraction of the light entering the eye?
Ans. Cornea and aqueous humor.
Q. 19. Why birds wake up with sunrise and sleep in the resting place by sunset.
Ans. Their retina has cones in excess, which are sensitive to bright light only.
Q. 20. Which is the most insensitive part of the eye retina?
Ans. Blind spot is the spot on retina, which is insensitive to light.