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Ingles, Remarks and Exercises

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Anyone who works with any branch of science, technology or engineering needs to be able to talk about figures.

This is the written form of the English cardinal and ordinal numbers:

CARDINAL

1 one

2 two

3 three

4 four

5 five

6 six

7 seven

8 eight

9 nine

10 ten

11 eleven

12 twelve

13 thirteen

14 fourteen

15 fifteen

16 sixteen

17 seventeen

18 eighteen

19 nineteen

20 twenty

21 twenty-one

30 thirty

40 forty

50 fifty

60 sixty

70 seventy

80 eighty

90 ninety

100 one / a hundred

101 one / a hundred and one

221 two hundred and twenty-one

1,000 one / a thousand

2,308 two thousand three hundred and

eight

10,000 ten thousand

100,000 one / hundred thousand

555,555 five hundred and fifty-five

thousand five hundred and fifty-five

1,000,000 one / a million

5,000,001 five million and one

ORDINAL

1st first

2nd second

3rd third

4th fourth

5th fifth

6th sixth

7th seventh

8th eighth

9th ninth

10th tenth

11th eleventh

12th twelfth

13th thirteenth

14th fourteenth

15th fifteenth

16th sixteenth

17th seventeenth

18th eighteenth

19th nineteenth

20th twentieth

21st twenty-first

30th thirtieth

40th fortieth

50th fiftieth

60th sixtieth

70th seventieth

80th eightieth

90th ninetieth

100th hundredth

101st one hundred and first

221st two hundred and twenty-first

1,000th thousandth

2,308th two thousand three hundred

eighth

10,000th ten thousandth

100,000th hundred thousandth

555,555th five hundred and fifty-five

thousand five hundred and fifty-fifth

1,000,000th millionth

5,000,001st five million and first

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

a hundred and nine ______________________

four hundred forty-two thousand, two hundred ______________________

eighty-one ______________________

nine hundred and seventeen thousand and five ______________________

seven hundred and eighty-six thousand and five hundred and forty ______________________

two hundred million, eight hundred and ninety thousand and four hundred and sixty-three ______________________

eight billion, three hundred and fifty-six million, three hundred and fifty-six thousand and nine hundred and seven ______________________

Remarks

The Figure 0

In the English language the figure 0 may be called:

nought in general (British English)

zero

in general (American English)

in measurements of temperature (British and American English)

in count-downs (British and American English)

score in team games, e.g. football (American English)

oh

when each figure is said separately (e.g. in phone numbers, account numbers etc.)

nil

score in team games, e.g. football (British English)

love

in tennis and similar games

A comma (,) is used in English to write thousands and millions and a point (.) to indicate decimals.

123,500

15.3

2, 4, 6, 8 are called even numbers; 1, 3, 5, 7 are called odd numbers; 3, 5, 7, 11 are prime numbers.

3.5% three point five per cent

10.3 ten point three

20.95 twenty point nine five

0.002 point zero zero two, point oh oh two, zero point zero zero two

3.1416 three point one four one six

Fractions

7

seven eighths

13

167

Fractions together with an integer are read as follows:

1 1 2 is "one and a half"

6

32 = 9

33

three cubed

312

10 -5

3

j=

3:4:6:8

4:12

one over n

+ addition

multiplication

- substraction

division

2x +3y z =

3z

4x

6 7 = 42

Three

z over four x .

Six sevens are forty-two.

It is also important to be able to talk about shapes. Note the names of the shapes below:

Two Dimensions: A flat plane or shape is two-dimensional. Its two dimensions are length and width.

Polygons, such as squares and rectangles, are examples of two-dimensional objects. Two-dimensional objects

can be rotated in a plane.

square

triangle

circle

pentagon

octagon

rectangle

oval

can pick up, touch, and move around are three-dimensional. These

shapes have a third dimension: depth.

Cubes, prisms, pyramids, spheres, cones, and cylinders are all

examples of three-dimensional objects. Three-dimensional objects

can be rotated in space.

Mathematical Symbols

.

point

is a subset of

plus, positive

minus, negative

intersection (sets)

is proportional to

--- dashes

is perpendicular to

infinity

stroke, slash

[ ]

square brackets

equals

( )

round brackets

is approximately equal to

{ }

braces

times, multiplied by

<

is less than

integral

divided by

>

is more than

function

//

therefore

any number

the sum of

is parallel to

less than or equal to

Exercises

A. Numbers quiz.

1. Name the first four odd numbers. _____________________________________________

2. Name the first four even numbers. ____________________________________________

3. Name the first four prime numbers. ___________________________________________

4. Give an example of a decimal fraction. __________________________________________

5. Give an example of a vulgar fraction. ___________________________________________

6. How do you read this formula and what does it represent: e= mc2 ? _____________________

_______________________________________________________________________

7. How do you read this and what does it represent: 2 r ?_____________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

B. Listen and circle ONLY the numbers you hear.

77

376

72

17

70

54

49

13

33

908

189

22

450

98

23

1. The majority of the people from Equatorial Guinea did not have access to decent water and 5% of the population

owned 80% of the countrys wealth in 2005.___________________________________________________

2. 0 C = 32 F____________________________________________________________________________

3. 62.3% of adults have false teeth.___________________________________________________________

4.

x 42 = 14

_____________________________________________________________

6. 2.356 _______________________________________________________________________

D. Read the names of the figures on the previous page. What is the adjective relating to each of those

shapes? Use a dictionary if necessary.

_______________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________

E.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Oxygen accounts for 46.6 % of the earths crust.

The nearest star to the earth is Proxima Centauri. It is 33,923,310,000,000 km from earth.

The highest waterfall in the world is Angel Falls in Venezuela with a drop of 979m.

The top coffee-drinking country in the world is Finland where 1,892 cups a year are consumed per head of the

population.

5. The CN Tower in Toronto, Ontario is the world's tallest freestanding structure on land at 553.33 m (1,815 ft).

6. The most common item of lost property on London transport is the umbrella. 23,250 umbrellas were handed in to

London transport lost property offices in 1998/9.

7. There are 17 microstates of less than 200 square miles in area. The smallest is the Vatican City with an area of

0.4 sq km.

F. Draw the following figures

1. A right-angled triangle with two equal sides of about two centimetres in length. Draw a small circle at the centre

of the triangle and then draw lines from the centre of the circle to each of the angles of the triangle.

2. A rectangle with diagonal lines joining opposite angles.

3. An octagon with equal sides. Draw an oval in the middle of the octagon.

4. A three-dimensional rectangular shape of roughly 6 cm by 3 cm by 2 cm.

G. Listen and write down the numbers in the sentences.

1. He lives at ___________ Greene Street.

2. Pat is celebrating his birthday next week. He'll be ___________ years old.

3. That's ___________ please.

4. My telephone number is ___________.

5. She arrives at ___________ o'clock.

6. OK, I'll see you on Tuesday, March ___________.

7. My computer only cost ___________!

8. He's worked there for ___________ years.

9. He needs ___________ new workers.

10. She learned the program in ___________ days!

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