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ZXG10 B8018 In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual (Routine Maintenance) ZTE CORPORATION ZTE Plaza, Keji

ZXG10 B8018

In-Door Base Transceiver Station

Maintenance Manual (Routine Maintenance)

ZTE CORPORATION

ZTE Plaza, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen, P. R. China

518057

Tel: (86) 755 26771900

Fax: (86) 755 26772236 URL: http://support.zte.com.cn E-mail: doc@zte.com.cn

800-9830-9830

Version 1.00

LEGAL INFORMATION

Copyright © 2006 ZTE CORPORATION.

The contents of this document are protected by copyright laws and international treaties. Any reproduction or distribution of this document or any portion of this document, in any form by any means, without the prior written consent of ZTE CORPORATION is prohibited. Additionally, the contents of this document are protected by contractual confidentiality obligations.

All company, brand and product names are trade or service marks, or registered trade or service marks, of ZTE CORPORATION or of their respective owners.

This document is provided “as is”, and all express, implied, or statutory warranties, representations or conditions are disclaimed, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title or non-infringement. ZTE CORPORATION and its licensors shall not be liable for damages resulting from the use of or reliance on the information contained herein.

ZTE CORPORATION or its licensors may have current or pending intellectual property rights or applications covering the subject matter of this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license between ZTE CORPORATION and its licensee, the user of this document shall not acquire any license to the subject matter herein.

The contents of this document and all policies of ZTE CORPORATION, including without limitation policies related to support or training are subject to change without notice.

Revision History

Date

Revision No.

Serial No.

Reason for Revision

12/11/2006

R1.0

sjzl20061978

First edition

ZTE CORPORATION Values Your Comments & Suggestions!

Your opinion is of great value and will help us improve the quality of our product documentation and offer better services to our customers.

Please fax to: (86) 755-26772236; or mail to Documentation R&D Department, ZTE CORPORATION, ZTE Plaza, A Wing, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Shenzhen, P. R. China 518057.

Thank you for your cooperation!

Document

ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual (Routine Maintenance)

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Contents

About this Manual

 

ix

Purpose

ix

Intended Audience

ix

Prerequisite Skill and Knowledge

ix

What is in This Manual

ix

Related Documentation

x

Conventions

x

How to Get in Touch

xi

Chapter 1

1

Maintenance Overview

 

1

Routine Maintenance Methods

1

Routine Maintenance Precautions

2

Chapter 2

5

Daily Maintenance Items

 

5

Handling Current Alarms

5

Analyzing

24-Hour

History

Alarms

5

Analyzing 24-Hour History Notifications

6

Querying Real-time Status of Each BTS Cell

6

Analyzing Daily Cell Performance Report

7

Handling Subscribers Complaints

7

Chapter 3

9

Weekly Maintenance Items

 

9

Analyzing Weekly History Alarms

9

Analyzing Weekly History Notification Messages

10

Analyzing Alarm Frequency

10

Analyzing Weekly Cell Performance Report

11

Monthly Maintenance Items

13

Analyzing Monthly Cell Performance Report

13

Checking Spare Parts

13

Chapter 5

15

Quarterly Maintenance Items

15

Testing Call, Coverage, and Handover

15

Equipment Room Maintenance

15

Checking Main Equipment

18

Power Check

19

Checking the Running Status of Boards

20

Chapter 6

27

Annual Maintenance Items

27

Checking Main Equipment

27

Measuring Amplifier Output Power

28

Measuring

VSWR

30

Clock Calibration (Optional for the BTS with Internal Synchronization)

31

Cleaning Air Filters of the Cabinet

33

Checking Lightning Arresters

34

Checking Grounding Cables

35

Measuring the Grounding Resistance

35

Checking Antenna Feeder Interface

36

Checking the Firmness of Antennas and Tower

36

Checking the Tilt of Directional Antennas

36

Checking Waterproof Status of Feeder Connectors and Lightning Protection Grounding Clips

39

Checking

Iron Towers (Optional)

39

Checking the Mast (Optional)

39

Checking Running Status of Transmission Equipment

40

Checking Running Status of Storage Batteries

40

Chapter 7

41

Routine Maintenance Record Forms

41

Daily Maintenance Record Form

41

Weekly Maintenance Record Form

43

Monthly Maintenance Record Form

44

Annual Maintenance Record Form

46

Emergency Troubleshooting Record Form

47

Board Replacement Data Record Form

48

Appendix A

49

Board Replacement

49

Board Replacement Overview

49

CMB Replacement

50

DTRU/EDTRU Replacement

52

AEM Replacement

53

EIB/FIB Replacement

54

PDM Replacement

55

BBCM- Control and Maintenance Backplane Board Replacement . 57

BBTR- Transceiver Backplane Board Replacement

58

Fan Module Replacement

59

Dust Proof Plug-in box Replacement

61

Trunk Cable Replacement

62

RF Cable Replacement

63

Cabinet-Top 1/2'' Soft Jumpers Replacement

64

Appendix B

67

Abbreviations

67

Appendix C

69

Figures

69

Tables

71

Index

73

This page is intentionally blank.

About this Manual

Purpose

The purpose of this manual is to check the equipment status periodically in order to find and resolve the problems in time. This prevents crucial damages and system faults.

Intended Audience

This document is intended for engineers and technicians who perform operation activities on the ZXG10 B8018.

Prerequisite Skill and Knowledge

To use this document effectively, users should have a general understanding of wireless telecommunications technology. Familiarity with the following is helpful:

GSM Technology and equipments

ZXG10-BSS and its various components

ZXG10-BTS (V2) series and its technical and hardware details

What is in This Manual

This Manual contains the following chapters:

TABLE 1

CHAPTER SUMMARY

Section

Summary

Chapter 1, Maintenance Overview

This chapter describes the overview of B8018 maintenance process.

Chapter 2, Daily Maintenance Items

This chapter describes the daily maintenance including 24 hour history and notification alarms, handling subscriber’s complaints and querying

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Section

 

Summary

 

current status of BTS.

Chapter 3, Weekly Maintenance Items

This chapter describes the weekly maintenance items as analyzing alarms frequency, weekly cell performance and weekly history and notification alarms.

Chapter 4, Monthly Maintenance Items

This chapter describes the monthly maintenance items including monthly cell performance report and checking spare parts.

Chapter

5,

Quarterly

Maintenance

This chapter describes the procedure of checking main equipment, boards, power check and testing call service and coverage area.

Items

Chapter 6, Annual Maintenance Items

This chapter describes B8018 annual maintenance. It contains the amplifiers output power check, antenna system check, transmission system check, grounding, VSWR check, cleaning air filter, checking lightning arresters, and condition of storage batteries

Chapter 7, Routine Maintenance Record Forms

This chapter contains the record forms used during the routine maintenance of

B8018.

Appendix A, Board Replacement

This chapter describes the board replacement procedure in B8018.

Related Documentation

The following documents are related to this manual:

ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Documentation Guide

ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Installation Manual

ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual (Troubleshooting)

 

Conventions

Typographical

ZTE documents employ the following typographical conventions.

Conventions

About this Manual

About this Manual

TABLE 2

TYPOGRAPHICAL CONVENTIONS

Typeface

Meaning

Italics

References to other Manuals and documents.

“Quotes”

Links on screens.

Bold

Menus, menu options, function names, input fields, radio button names, check boxes, drop- down lists, dialog box names, window names.

CAPS

Keys on the keyboard and buttons on screens and company name.

Constant width

Text that you type, program code, files and directory names, and function names.

[

]

Optional parameters.

{ }

Mandatory parameters.

|

Select one of the parameters that are delimited by it.

Note: Provides additional information about a certain topic.

Note: Provides additional information about a certain topic.

Checkpoint: Indicates that a particular step needs to be checked before proceeding further.

Checkpoint: Indicates that a particular step needs to be checked before proceeding further.

Tip: Indicates a suggestion or hint to make things easier or more productive for the

Tip: Indicates a suggestion or hint to make things easier or more productive for the reader.

Mouse

Operation

Conventions

TABLE 3

MOUSE OPERATION CONVENTIONS

Typeface

Meaning

Click

Refers to clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) once.

Double-click

Refers to quickly clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) twice.

Right-click

Refers to clicking the secondary mouse button (usually the right mouse button) once.

Drag

Refers to pressing and holding a mouse button and moving the mouse.

How to Get in Touch

Customer

Support

The following sections provide information on how to obtain support for the documentation and the software.

If you have problems, questions, comments, or suggestions regarding your product, contact us by e-mail at support@zte.com.cn. You can also call our customer support center at (86) 755 26771900 and (86) 800-9830-9830.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Documentation

Support

ZTE welcomes your comments and suggestions on the quality and usefulness of this document. For further questions, comments, or suggestions on the documentation, you can contact us by e-mail at doc@zte.com.cn; or you can fax your comments and suggestions to (86) 755 26772236. You can also browse our website at http://support.zte.com.cn, which contains various interesting subjects like documentation, knowledge base, and forum and service request.

Chapter 1

Maintenance Overview

This chapter contains the following topics:

Routine maintenance methods

Routine maintenance precautions

Routine Maintenance Methods

The common methods for finding and removing faults are as follows:

Check alarms using alarm management and operation log of BSS operation & maintenance subsystem in OMCR.

Observe and analyze alarm messages

Observe and analyze the alarm messages reported by each Network Element (NE), such as, current alarms, history alarms, and common notification messages. This method helps to locate and resolve the faults, while the network is running.

Observe operation log

Observe operation log through user management to trace modifications in system parameters. Locate the relevant terminal and detect the fault in time.

LED status analysis

Locate and remove the fault by observing the indicator status on the panel of each board in the B8018 cabinet. The maintenance staff should be well familiar with the status and meaning of all indicators on each board.

Performance analysis

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Carry out performance management and signaling trace through the performance management interface of OMCR. The steps include the following:

Using performance management interface

Create different performance measurement tasks, generate different performance report, and understand the performance indices of BSS. By analyzing the information, detect the distribution of load in the network and adjust network parameters in time to improve the network performance.

Through the signaling trace interface

Trace the signaling involved in the BSS. This helps the relevant engineers to consult various signaling procedures during maintenance and discover the signaling problems.

Fault analysis with auxiliary instruments

Use auxiliary instruments such as the test MS, signaling analyzer, and BER analyzer to analyze, locate, and remove faults.

Plugging/unplugging of modules

Unplug and then plug the defective modules and external interface connectors. This resolves the fault caused by the poor contacts.

Comparison and replacement

Replace the defective board with a normal board in the similar position in order to confirm the status of the board and slot.

Isolation

Isolate the part of the defective board from the other relevant boards or racks. This helps to find out that if the fault is due to the interaction between them.

Self-test

Run the self-test after powering on. The LEDs on the panel flash in a certain pattern. Examine the board based on LED pattern.

Routine Maintenance Precautions

Following matters need attention during routine maintenance.

The equipment room should be clean. Ensure the normal temperature and humidity conditions. Take preventions against dust and dampness.

Ensure the stability and reliability of the primary power system. Check the system grounding and the lightning ground on periodic basis. In particular, check the lightning

Chapter 1 - Maintenance Overview

Chapter 1 - Maintenance Overview

protection

system

before

storm

season

and

after

thunderstorm to ensure that the facilities condition.

are

in

good

Perform regular routine maintenance. Maintain a complete log to provide detailed records on system operation, version, data changes, upgrading, and troubleshooting. Keep shift records to identify the responsibilities. This helps in the future analysis and troubleshooting.

The maintenance personnel should be well trained and have appropriate knowledge about the equipment and networks before taking the post. Before handling the equipment, wear antistatic wrist strap to avoid accidents.

Running signaling tracing program is highly forbidden in the daytime, when traffic is high. Signaling tracing can only be performed under the conditions permitted by ZTE Customer Service Department and in low-traffic time periods.

Make sure that the spare-parts are not affected by moisture or mould. Ensure sufficient stock of commonly used spare- parts. Keep the spare-parts separate from the defective parts and label them for convenience.

The light intensity in the equipment room should be strong enough for maintenance. Ensure that there should be no dark corner that causes maintenance inconveniences.

Remove the fault without delay. Contact the local office of ZTE CORPORATION immediately for the unresolved faults.

Place the contact information of the local ZTE office at a visible place so that the maintenance staff can contact ZTE in time.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

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Chapter 2

Daily Maintenance Items

This chapter explains the following topics:

Handling current alarms

Analyzing 24-hours history alarms

Analyzing 24-hours history notifications

Querying real time status of each BTS

Analyzing daily cell performance report

Handling subscriber complaints

Handling Current Alarms

Tools

Test Procedure

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

ZXG10 Alarm Management interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Fault Management in the OMCR topological view and select Alarm management.

2. In the ZXG10 Alarm Management interface, select View > Physical View from the menu bar.

3. From the left pane, select GSM Equipment > Physical Site to view the current alarms of the BTS site in the right pane.

There is no abnormal alarm of the BTS in the alarm view.

Double-click the alarm to get the alarm details. Resolve the alarm according to the System method in Details window.

Analyzing 24-Hour History Alarms

Tools

Test Procedure

ZXG10 Alarm Management interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Fault Management in the OMCR topological view and select Alarm management.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

2. In the ZXG10 Alarm Management interface, select File > Alarm History Query from the menu bar to start Alarm Query Wizard.

i. Select the History Alarm as Alarm Type.

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

ii. Set the past 24 hours as the start time/end time, and then select the BTS to be queried from the alarm source to query all history alarms.

No frequent abnormal alarm or alarms occur and the alarm history query displays normal results.

Analyze the abnormal alarms or frequent alarms in detail. Find the causes, and resolve the frequent or abnormal alarms as appropriate.

Analyzing 24-Hour History Notifications

Tools

Test Procedure

ZXG10 Alarm Management interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Fault Management in the OMCR topological view and select Alarm management.

2. In the ZXG10 Alarm Management interface, select File > Alarm History Query from the menu bar to start Alarm Query Wizard.

i. Select the Information as Alarm Type.

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

ii. Set the past 24 hours as the start time/end time, and then select BSC and OMCR Information from the source to query all history notification messages.

No frequent exception notification message occurs and the notification message query displays normal results.

Analyze the frequent exception notification messages in detail. Find the causes, and resolve the notification messages.

Important! Focus on history notification messages related to BTS and Abis interface transmission during history notification messages analysis.

Querying Real-time Status of Each BTS Cell

Tools

Test Procedure

ZXG10 Dynamic Data Management interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Configuration Management in the OMCR topological view and select Dynamic data management.

Chapter 2 - Daily Maintenance Items

Chapter 2 - Daily Maintenance Items

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

2. In the left pane of ZXG10 Dynamic Data Management interface of the OMCR client, do the following:

i. To display the configurations and real-time status of the traffic and signaling channels of the current cell, right- click the BTS Site Manager > Cell, and select QueryChanStastic.

ii. For watching the real-time status of channels in the transceivers, click Cell > TRX. Right-click on the lower- right pane and click Refresh.

The status of the cell channel is normal and there is no blocked channel. Traffic channels are seized in real-time.

Refer to BTS alarms in the alarm management interface to resolve the blocked channels of the BTS. If there is no or abnormal channel seizure (for example, the channel is released once it is seized), use alarm management with signaling tracing to resolve.

Analyzing Daily Cell Performance Report

Tools

Test Procedure

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

ZXG10 Performance Analyzer interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Performance Management in the OMCR topological view and select Performance analyzer.

2. In the ZXG10 Performance Analyzer interface, select Report > Create Performance Report from the menu bar to create a cell performance report.

The performance indices in the report are normal.

Resolve the abnormal indices in the performance report as appropriate.

Handling Subscribers Complaints

Test and solve the faults based on subscriber’s complaints. Give suggestions to the subscribers about the simple ways of problem solution and update them frequently.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

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Chapter 3

Weekly Maintenance Items

This chapter contains the following topics:

Analyzing weekly history alarms

Analyzing weekly history notification messages

Analyzing alarm frequency

Analyzing weekly cell performance report

Analyzing Weekly History Alarms

Tools

Test Procedure

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

ZXG10 Alarm Management interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Fault Management in the OMCR topological view and select Alarm management.

2. In the ZXG10 Alarm Management interface, select File > Alarm History Query from the menu bar to start Alarm Query Wizard.

i. Select the History Alarm as Alarm Type.

ii. Set the past week as the start time/end time, and then select BSC to be queried from the alarm source to query all history alarms.

The indices in the alarm query result are normal. There is no alarm that occurs often.

Analyze in detail the alarms that occur often. Find their causes and remove them.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Analyzing Weekly History Notification Messages

Tools

Test Procedure

ZXG10 Alarm Management interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Fault Management in the OMCR topological view and select Alarm management.

2. In the ZXG10 Alarm Management interface, select File > Alarm History Query from the menu bar to start Alarm Query Wizard.

i. Select the Information as the Query Type.

ii. Set the past week as the start time/end time, and then select BSC from the alarm source to query all common notification messages.

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

No frequent exception notification message occurs and alarm query displays normal results.

Analyze in detail the exceptional notification messages that often occur, find their causes and remove them. Check the quality of the relevant transmission link for the notification messages that often occur at the Abis transmission interface, such as slip notification message and Rx alarms.

Analyzing Alarm Frequency

Tools

Test Procedure

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

ZXG10 Alarm Management interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Fault Management in the OMCR topological view and select Alarm management.

2. In the ZXG10 Alarm Management interface, select File > Alarm Statistics > Alarm Frequency Statistics from the menu bar to see Alarm Frequency Statistics window.

i. Select relevant BTS from the Source tab.

ii. Set the past week as the start time/end time from the Time tab. Click on the Custom radio option below and select 30 from the list item to be read as The Most 30 Kinds of Alarms.

Alarm frequency analysis results are normal.

Analyze in detail the alarms that often occur, find their causes and remove them.

Chapter 3 - Weekly Maintenance Items

Chapter 3 - Weekly Maintenance Items

Analyzing Weekly Cell Performance Report

Tools

Test Procedure

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

ZXG10 Performance Analyzer interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Performance Management in the OMCR topological view and select Performance analyzer.

2. In the ZXG10 Performance Analyzer interface, select Report > Create Performance Report from the menu bar to create a cell performance report.

The performance indices in the report are normal.

Resolve the abnormal indices in the performance report as appropriate.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

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Chapter 4

Monthly Maintenance Items

This chapter contains the following topics:

Analyzing monthly cell performance report

Checking spare parts

Analyzing Monthly Cell Performance Report

Tools

Test Procedure

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

ZXG10 Performance Analyzer interface in the OMCR client

1. Click Performance Management in the OMCR topological view and select Performance analyzer.

2. In the ZXG10 Performance Analyzer interface, select Report > Create Performance Report from the menu bar to create a cell performance report.

The performance indices of the cells are stable.

Focus on the optimization of the cell with the poorest performance. Analyze the cells with significant index changes in detail, and locate the causes.

Checking Spare Parts

Tools

Test Procedure

None

Check the spare parts and their condition against the spare parts list.

parts and their condition against the spare parts list. Note: Keep the damaged parts separate from

Note: Keep the damaged parts separate from the new and good-conditioned parts. Mark the items for convenience.

Normal Result

The spare parts are complete and in good condition.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Troubleshooting

Arrange supplementary common spare parts in time before these parts are used.

Chapter 5

Quarterly Maintenance Items

This chapter contains the following topics:

Testing call, coverage and handover

Equipment room maintenance

Checking main equipment

Power check

Checking running status of boards

Testing Call, Coverage, and Handover

Tools

Test Procedure

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

Test MS and drive testing tools

Test the conversation, coverage, and handover of the BTS with a test MS and drive testing tools.

The conversation quality is good. There is no call loss during the handover, and the BTS coverage is normal.

Resolve the problems found during the tests.

Equipment Room Maintenance

Room

Condition

Check

For the maintenance of equipment room, perform the following checks:

Tools

None

Test Procedure

Check the burglar nets, windows, doors, and other items.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Normal Result

The burglar nets, windows, and doors are intact.

Troubleshooting

Repair the items in time if they are damaged.

Temperature

Check

Tools

None

Test Procedure

Observe the temperature in the equipment room from the thermometer.

Normal Result

Operating temperature: -5º C to 45º C

Troubleshooting

Adjust the air conditioner(s) to maintain the normal temperature conditions.

Humidity

Check

Tools

None

Test Procedure

Check the humidity in the equipment room from the hygroscope.

Normal Result

Operating-room humidity: 15% - 90%

Troubleshooting

Adjust the air conditioner(s) to maintain the normal humidity conditions.

Air

Conditioner(s)

Check

Tools

None

Test Procedure

Check the operation of the air conditioner(s) in the equipment room and clean the air filters periodically.

Normal Result

Air conditioner(s) ensures the normal and effective cooling of the equipment room.

Troubleshooting

Repair the air conditioner(s) in time.

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Cleanliness

Check

Tools

None

Test Procedure

Check if the equipment room floor, cabinets, doors and windows, equipment documentation, and equipment interior and floor are clean.

Normal Result

All facilities remain clean and tidy without obvious dust.

Troubleshooting

Clean the dust. Find out the reasons of poor dust conditions and take the corresponding dustproof measures.

Lighting Check

Tools

None

Test Procedure

Check the general lighting and emergency lighting in the equipment room.

Normal Result

The lighting is normal and covers every corner.

Troubleshooting

Repair the damaged lighting facilities in time.

Sockets Check

Tools

None

Test Procedure

Check if the sockets in the equipment room are normal.

Normal Result

The sockets in the equipment room are normal.

Troubleshooting

Repair the sockets in time if the sockets are damaged.

Safety Check

Tools

None

Test Procedure

Check for the disaster protection facilities, equipment protection, and firefighting facilities in the equipment room.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Normal Result

The equipment room includes handheld fire extinguishers that have normal pressure and fall within the validity period. The equipment room is rodent-free and insect-free.

Troubleshooting

Repair or replace the damaged firefighting facilities in time.

Environmental

Tools

Alarm

Collection

None

Facilities

Test Procedure

Check

Check the environment alarm collection items such as temperature, humidity, fire alarm, power supply, and burglarproof facilities in the equipment room.

Normal Result

The environment alarm collection facilities in the equipment room are normal.

Troubleshooting

Repair or replace the damaged environment alarm collection facilities in time.

Checking Main Equipment

Check the BTS equipment by visually observing its condition. BTS equipment check includes following confirmation checks.

Cable connection check

Module connection check

Feeder connection check

Cable

For cable connection check, perform the following steps:

Connection

Check

1. Check all the cables and make sure their connections are according to the installation report.

2. Input and output cables of modules must be attached.

3. Make sure that the terminals of power cable are correct.

4. Check the connection between BTS and BSC.

5. Confirm the connection of grounding cable.

6. Check the cable condition; make sure they are not broken.

Module

For module connection check, perform the following steps:

Connection

Check

1. Check the position of modules.

2. Make sure that all modules are properly connected in their respected slots.

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Feeder Connection Check

3. Check the input power connection of all modules.

4. Check the transmission power of Transmission modules.

For feeder connection check, perform the following steps:

1. Check the relationship between cells and feeders.

2. Check the feeder cable connection, tighten it if loose.

3. Test the SWR values of feeder cables and DTRM; they must be according to the given standard.

Power Check

Power check includes three types:

Main Power

Check

Main power check

Modules power check

Fan power check

Following steps are necessary for main power check:

1. Switch off the power-switch on the top of BTS, and the circuit breakers on the PDM.

2. Measure the input power to the BTS and make sure the polarity must be same.

3. Voltage range must be according to the given standard (AC 220 V with variation of 130 V ~ 300 V, DC -48 V with variation of -57 V ~ -40 V)

of 130 V ~ 300 V, DC -48 V with variation of -57 V ~ -40

Note: During the above test process, if any abnormality occurs then turn off the power switch and troubleshoot. If power lines are alright but the Rack does not get the input current, it means that main-switch power threshold settings are not correct.

Module Power

Check

Module power check comes after the main power check. For module power check, perform the following steps:

1. Turn ON the power switch on the top of BTS.

2. Turn ON the circuit breakers of every module on the PDM. The sequence of turning on the circuit breakers should be from top to bottom, according to position of modules in the cabinet.

3. Observe the power indicators on the modules, if they are not in normal state then troubleshoot immediately.

4. If any of the modules goes to rest position repeatedly, check the board plug-in condition and its input voltage. Also, check whether the chip is inserted correctly and chip model, saved content, and version are correct

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Fan Power

For the fan power test, perform following steps:

Check

1. Observe that whether the fans are working normally and blowing the air in the correct direction.

2. If any of the fans are not working, turn off the circuit breaker of that fan and check the power lines inside it.

3. If power lines inside the faulty fan are correct, then check the power lines inside the cabinet and correct them.

Checking the Running Status of Boards

In order to check the running status of boards, check the alarm indicators on the panels. Check the status of the following alarms in order to ensure the correct running state of the system.

CMB status indication alarms

AEM status indication alarms

DTRU status indication alarms

CMB Status

Observe the CMB status indication alarms according to Table 4.

Indication

Alarms

TABLE 4

– CMB STATUS INDICATION ALARMS

Indicator

Color

Description

Status

Working

Name

Mode

     

Green ON

Normal

Red ON

or

 

PWR

GREEN/RED

Power indicator

Alarm OFF

Power Failure

     

Flashes

 

Boot Running

RUN

GREEN

Running

(4 Hz)

indicator

Flashes

 

System Abnormal

(1 Hz)

     

Green ON

Abis

Interface

Network

Synchronization

clock

Clock

   

SYN

GREEN/RED

Synchronization

Green

 

SDH

Indicator

Flashes

Synchronization

(

1 Hz)

clock

RED Flashes

E1 Out of Frame

(

1 Hz)

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Indicator

Color

Description

Status

Working

Name

Mode

RED ON

E1-Line

disconnected

CLK

GREEN/RED

Clock Indication

Green ON

Network Synchronization is in lock status

RED ON

Clock Failure

MST

GREEN

Active/standby

Green ON

Active

Indication

Green OFF

Standby

     

OFF

Normal RUNNING

Green

System installation (Low) see note 3

Flashes

(1 Hz)

STA

GREEN/RED

Status

 

Software Loading

Indication

Green

Flashes

(4 Hz)

 

RED Flashes

LAPD link broken (high) see note 1

(1 HZ)

RED

Flashes

HDLC

Link

(4 Hz)

Broken (Low)

See Note 2.

RED ON

All Alarms

Hz) Broken (Low) See Note 2. RED ON All Alarms Note: 1. LOW and HIGH indicate

Note:

1. LOW and HIGH indicate Periority.

2. There is no LAPD link break Alarm on CMB.

3. No HDLC alarm will be generated on the active CMB of the master

 

cabinet. The HDLC link break alarm on the active CMB of the slave cabinet is defined as CCComm indication (communication between the active CMBs of the cabinet). HDLC link broken alarm of all the slave CMMs is defined as CCComm indication (between Master and Slave CMBs).

AEM Status

AEM status indication alarms are given in Table 5. Observe the AEM status indication alarms according to the following table information.

Indication

Alarms

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

TABLE 5

– AEM STATUS I NDICATION ALARMS

Indicator

Description

Color

Working

 

Name

Mode

FPO

Indicator for the Normal output of Forward power

GREEN

ON: NORMAL

Off: Abnormal

     

ON:

Alarm Reported

SWR 1

SWR Alarm 1 Indicator

RED

No

Alarm

Reported

     

ON:

Alarm Reported

SWR 2

SWR Alarm 2 indicator

RED

OFF:

No

Alarm

Reported

PWR

Indicator of LNA Power supply

GREEN

ON: Normal

 

OFF: Abnormal

     

ON:

Alarm Reported

LNA

LNA Alarm Indicator

RED

OFF:

No

Alarm

Reported

DTRU Status

Indication

Alarms

Observe the DTRU status indication alarms according to Table 6.

TABLE 6

– DTRU STATUS INDICATION ALARMS

Name of

Description

Color

Status

Working Mode

Indicator

     

Green ON

Normal

PWR

Power Indicator

Green/Red

RED ON

Power Failure

Or

Alarm Off

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Name of

Description

Color

Status

Working Mode

Indicator

     

Flashes

Boot Running

 

Running

(4 Hz)

RUN

Indication

Green

Flashes

System Abnormal

(1 Hz)

     

OFF

Both

carriers

are

not BCCH

MOD

Channel

Mode

Green/Red

 

indication

Green

Both carriers are BCCH but with non broadcasting system Info

Solid ON

Green

(Duty ratio 3/4) Left carrier is not BCCH, Right carrier is BCCH.

Flashes

(0.25 Hz)

(Duty

ratio

1/4)

Left carrier is BCCH, Right carrier is not BCCH.

RED ON

BCCH Blocking

 
     

Green ON

Channel-Activation

Indication;

See

Channel

Note

ACT 1

Activation

Green/Red

Red

Channel-blocking

Indication

for

Flashes

Indication;

See

TRX 1

Note

Red ON

Control

Unit

Prohibition

     

Green ON

Channel-Activation

Indication;

See

Note

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Name of

Description

Color

Status

Working Mode

Indicator

 

Channel

 

Red

Channel-blocking

ACT 2

Activation

Green/Red

Flashes

Indication;

See

Indication

for

Note

TRX 2

Red ON

Control

Unit

Prohibition

     

OFF

Normal running

Green

System-

 

Flashes

Initialization

(1 Hz)

(low); See Note

STA

Status Indication

Green/Red

Green

Software

loading

Flashes

(High)

(4 HZ)

Red

LAPD

link

Broken

Flashes

(High)

(1 HZ)

Red

HDLC

link

Broken

Flashes

(Low)

(4 Hz)

Red ON

All

Alarms

Indication

(Low) (4 Hz) Red ON All Alarms Indication Note: The green MOD LED represents an interim

Note: The green MOD LED represents an interim status. It is abnormal if the green LED is solid on, indicating that the DTRU has not received any System Info message. The channel activation LED (ACT) shows the number of activated channels. According to the number of channels activated, the DTRU will adjust the LED control pulse width to display the number of channels activated. For details, refer to Table 7.

TABLE 7 – DISPLAY OF CHANNEL ACTIVATION (ACT) LED

Number of Activated Timeslots

LED Display

0

00000000,00000000

1

10000000,00000000

2

10100000,00000000

3

10101000,00000000

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Chapter 5 - Quarterly Maintenance Items

Number of Activated Timeslots

LED Display

4

10101010,00000000

5

10101010,10000000

6

10101010,10100000

7

10101010,10101000

8

10101010,10101010

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

This page is intentionally blank

Chapter 6

Annual Maintenance Items

This chapter explains the following topics:

Checking main equipment

Measuring Amplifier output power

 

Measuring VSWR

Clock

calibration

(Optional

for

the

BTS

with

internal

synchronization)

Cleaning air filters of the cabinet

 

Checking lightning arresters

Checking grounding cables

Measuring the grounding resistance

 

Checking antenna feeder interface

Checking firmness of antenna and power

 

Checking the tilt of directional antenna

Checking

waterproof

status of

feeder

connectors

and

lightning clips

Checking iron towers( Optional)

Checking the mast (Optional)

Checking the running status of transmission equipment

 

Checking the running status of storage batteries

Checking Main Equipment

For main equipment check, see topic Checking main equipment in chapter 5, Quarterly Maintenance Items.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Measuring Amplifier Output Power

Tools

Following tools are required:

One 3 1/2 digital multi-meter

One 150 W through-line power meter

Several RF cables

Test Procedure

Other metals

1. Turn off the DTRM power supply. The DTRU power switch is on the PDM front panel, as shown in Figure 1.

FIGURE 1 – POWER SWITCH OF DTRU

shown in Figure 1. F IGURE 1 – P OWER S WITCH OF DTRU The physical

The physical correspondence between power switches DTRU1 – DTRU9 and the controlled carriers is shown in Table 8.

TABLE 8 – CORRESPONDENCE B/W DTRU1 TO DTRU12 & CARRIERS

Power

Carrier

Power

Carrier

Switch

Switch

DTRU1

The first carrier module in the third-layer carrier shelf

DTRU7

The first carrier module in the first-layer carrier shelf

DTRU2

The second carrier module in the third-layer carrier shelf

DTRU8

The

second

carrier module in the first-layer carrier shelf

DTRU3

The third carrier module in the third-layer carrier shelf

DTRU9

The third carrier module in the first-layer carrier shelf

Chapter 6 - Annual Maintenance Items

Chapter 6 - Annual Maintenance Items

Power

Carrier

Power

Carrier

Switch

Switch

DTRU4

The first carrier module in the second-layer carrier shelf

-

 

DTRU5

The second carrier module in the second-layer carrier shelf

-

-

DTRU6

The third carrier module in the second-layer carrier shelf

-

-

2. If Transceiver Unit (TRU) does not output power on turning off the power supply, do the following:

i. Loosen the cable connectors from the amplifier output end to AEM.

ii. Connect the cable connectors with a through-line power meter and a large-power load.

with a through-line power meter and a large-power load. Caution: If the connector is not connected

Caution: If the connector is not connected with any antenna, it must be connected with a 100 W microwave power load. If power load is connected with an antenna, then it does not need to be connected with any load.

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

3. Turn on the power and add the stimulation (there is output from the TRU).

4. Read the power of the set frequency band (GSM900: 925 MHz – 960 MHz; GSM1800: 1805 MHz – 1880 MHz). In case of full power, read the output power and the gain flatness.

The output power is more than 60 W for GMSK and 40 W for

8PSK.

1. For 80 W BTS, if the amplifier output power fails to meet the technical specifications, check if the TRU output level is within the allowed range. If it is normal, then check power amplifier for the fault.

2. Common problems of a power amplifier include the following:

Power amplifier module (front-end) damages

Amplifier tube (rear-end) damages

Exit from Test

The above problems are caused by low gain and decreased output power. If the power amplifier causes the fault, replace the module.

1. Remove the connections between the through-line power meter, large power load, and the amplifier output end.

2. Restore the connection between the amplifier output end and the AEM.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Measuring VSWR

Tools

Site Master

50 SMA (M) matching load

SMA torque spanner

One N(M), -N(M) testing cable

Test Procedure

1. Turn on the power switch of Site Master.

2. Select OPT in the main menu.

3. Select the items to be measured (SWR, RL, and CL) by pressing the B1 key.

4. Select the FREQ key in the main menu, and enter start and stop scanning frequencies.

5. Select the START CAL key to calibrate the measuring instrument as follows:

i. Connect the circuit breaker (OPEN) with TEST PORT and select ENTER.

ii. Connect the shorter (SHORT) with TEST PORT and select ENTER.

PORT and select

iii. Connect the

50

load with TEST

ENTER.

The system performs auto calibration.

Normal Result

6. In SCALE of the main menu, enter the values of TOP, BOTTOM, and LIMIT. For convenient query, the recommended value of TOP is 1.5 and BOTTOM is 1.0.

7. In the FREQ menu, select MARKER and then select EDIT. Read the values. Examine if these values meet the requirements and then save them.

VSWR is less than 1.5.

Troubleshooting

If the test result is not normal, use the fault location function (DTF) to find the position of the fault and its cause. Remove the fault as appropriate.

Exit from Test

Reconnect the connector of the equipment and restore the system.

Precautions

Calibrate the measuring instrument before power-on for measurement

If measurement is conducted during equipment running, it is necessary to notify the customer or get the customer's approval. Lock the relevant sectors then switch off the relevant power and perform the test.

Chapter 6 - Annual Maintenance Items

Chapter 6 - Annual Maintenance Items

Chapter 6 - Annual Maintenance Items Note: Measurement during equipment running is not recommended. During measurement,

Note: Measurement during equipment running is not recommended.

During measurement, observe the running status of the equipment with care.

Clock Calibration (Optional for the BTS with Internal Synchronization)

Tools

Frequency meter

Notebook computer installed with LMT software

Test Procedure

1. Set the BTS to the internal synchronization mode in OMCR.

Select Configuration Management > Integrated Configuration Management > PhyView. Right-click Physical Site, select Site Attribute from the popup menu and set the synchronization mode after entering the Attribute interface.

2. Connect the frequency meter to the 13 MHz clock test port at the cabinet top. The 13 MHz clock-testing interface is located at the top of the Power Distribution Module (PDM) panel.

3. Connect the serial port on the notebook computer to the External Test Port (ETP) of the CMB.

computer to the External Test Port (ETP) of the CMB. 4. Start LMT in the computer

4. Start LMT in the computer and click (the CLK Calibrate icon) in the menu to enter the CKU calibration interface, as in Figure 2.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

FIGURE 2 – CKU CALIBRATION INTERFACE

Maintenance) F IGURE 2 – CKU C ALIBRATION I NTERFACE Normal Result Troubleshooting 5. Press Start

Normal Result

Troubleshooting

5. Press Start to start communication with the BSC. When the program starts, only the Start button is available and all other buttons are unavailable. Buttons such as Calibrate becomes unavailable.

6. The current CKU values shown in the CKU calibration interface include DAC value and voltage. Calibrate the DAC value in the calibration group box. Enter a DAC value manually or use the arrows to adjust the DAC value. The Step value determines the length of each increase or decrease in the DAC value. Three options are available: 1, 3 and 10. After specifying the DAC value, the system calculates the corresponding voltage automatically. Press the Adjust button to notify the BSC calibration. Observe the frequency meter until the clock adjusts to 13 MHz.

7. Press Save to save the DAC value in the Flash memory, and the system adopts the value saved in Flash memory at the reboot. Save the new DAC value before rebooting the system otherwise the system uses the old DAC value saved earlier in Flash memory.

8. Press End to terminate the calibration.

The clock calibrates to 13.000000 MHz ± 0.025 ppm.

If the clock calibration is not possible to be in the above given range, then replace CMB.

Chapter 6 - Annual Maintenance Items

Chapter 6 - Annual Maintenance Items

Exit from Test

Reset the BTS to its original mode if previously it works in the external synchronization mode.

Cleaning Air Filters of the Cabinet

B8018 cabinet has two air filters: One is installed in the air filter plug-in box at the bottom of the cabinet and the other is at the front door.

Tools

None

Test Procedure

1. Replace the air filter following way:

at the bottom

of the cabinet in

the

i. Open the cabinet door, and loosen the two screws at both sides of the air filter plug-in box and hold the two handles to pull out the air filter plug-in box.

ii. Loosen the screws to take off the mechanical parts on the air filter, and then remove the air filter.

iii. Wash the air filter with clean water and air. Dry it or replace it with a new air filter.

iv. Install the air filter into the air filter plug-in box again. Make sure that the air filter is flat.

v. Push the air filter plug-in box along the guide rail into the cabinet, until the rear side of the panel presses closely against the front side of the guide rail. Fasten two screws and close the cabinet door.

vi. Connect the protection ground of the cabinet to the earth properly.

the protection ground of the cabinet to the earth properly. Caution: In dismounting the air filt

Caution: In dismounting the air filter plug-in box, protect the RF cables above it.

2. Replace the air filter on the cabinet door in the following way:

i. Open the cabinet door and take off the springs pressing the air filter. Take care of the hooks at both sides of the pressing strips and do not pull the springs by force.

ii. Take off the fastening screws on the upper and lower pressing strips to remove the upper and lower pressing strips and the air filter.

iii. Wash the air filter with clean water and air dry it or replace it with a new air filter.

3. Install the dust screen into the cabinet door again and make

sure that the dust screen is installed flatly. Close the cabinet

door.

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

ZXG10 B8018(V1.00)In-Door Base Transceiver Statio n Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance)

Checking Lightning Arresters

Tools

Site Master

50 N(F) matching load

One testing cable