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Reference

Call Related DX Causes in BSC


DN9814277
Issue 14-1
Approval Date 2009-10-12

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

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Elevated voltages are inevitably present at specific points in this electrical equipment.
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The same text in German:


Wichtiger Hinweis zur Produktsicherheit
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Anlagen installiert und wartet.
Das System entspricht den Anforderungen der EN 60950 / IEC 60950. Angeschlossene
Gerte mssen die zutreffenden Sicherheitsbestimmungen erfllen.

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Table of Contents
This document has 88 pages.
Summary of changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

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Overview of call related DX causes in BSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

Functionality of call related DX causes in BSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

3
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7
3.8
3.9
3.10
3.11
3.12
3.13
3.14
3.15

Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


Paging/initial MS on CCCH (phase 1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
MM signalling (phase 2). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Basic assignment (phase 3). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Release (phase 4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
FACCH assignment (phase 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SMS establishment on TCH (phase 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SMS establishment on SDCCH (phase 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Ciphering (phase 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External handover for source side (phase 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal handover intra for source side (phase 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal handover inter for source side (phase 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External handover for target side (phase 12). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal handover intra for target side (phase 13) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Internal handover inter for target side (phase 14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conversation (phase 15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4
4.1
4.2

List of call related DX causes in BSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23


Success causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Failure causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31

5
5.1
5.2

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46


DX causes mapped to BSSMAP causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
BSSMAP causes mapped to DX causes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

6
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5

DX causes in BSC statistics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .


DX causes and BSC Level Clear Code Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DX causes and BSC Level Clear Code (PM) Measurement . . . . . . . . .
DX causes and BSC Level Clear Code (SERLEV) Measurement. . . . .
DX causes and observation report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DX causes and Traffic Measurement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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10
10
11
12
13
14
15
15
16
17
18
18
19
20
21
22

64
64
64
65
65
65

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

List of Figures
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
Figure 9
Figure 10
Figure 11
Figure 12
Figure 13
Figure 14
Figure 15

Paging/initial MS on CCCH (phase 1). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11


MM signalling (phase 2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Basic assignment (phase 3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Release (phase 4). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
FACCH assignment (phase 5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
SMS establishment on TCH (phase 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
SMS establishment on SDCCH (phase 7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Ciphering (phase 8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
External handover for source side (phase 9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Internal handover intra for source side (phase 10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Internal handover inter for source side (phase 11) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
External handover for target side (phase 12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Internal handover intra for target side (phase 13). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Internal handover inter for target side (phase 14). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Conversation (phase 15). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22

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Summary of changes

Summary of changes
Changes between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document
issue contains all changes made to previous issues.
Changes made between issues 14-1 and 14-0
Added the following new success causes:

intra_lrtch_ho_to_super_c (176)
intra_ho_ext_to_super_c (177)
intra_ho_super_to_ext_c (178)

Changes made between issues 14-0 and 13-0


Added the following new failure causes:

ciph_not_support_trx_c (375)
dfca_hop_prm_not_valid_c (376)

Changes made between issues 13-0 and 12-1


Added the following new success causes:

intra_lrtch_ho_to_norm_c (174)
intra_lrtch_ho_to_ext_c (175)

Added the following new failure causes:

a_crct_conn_err_consec_c (716)

Chapter DX causes in BSC statistics updated because failure causes 902, 903, 904,
905, 906, 907, 908, 911, 912, 913, 934, 936, 937, and 938 do not update any BSC Level
Clear Code Measurement or Traffic Measurement counters.
Changes made between issues 12-1 and 12-0
The BSSMAP causes of ext_out_isho_c (190) and ext_out_ibho_to_utran_c (193) have
been changed to Traffic.
Changes made between issues 12-0 and 11-1
Added the following new success causes:

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ext_in_int_ho_to_ext_c (94)
ext_in_dtm_no_res_avail_c (95)
ext_in_dtm_traffic_c (96)
inter_dtm_no_res_avail_c (162)
intra_dtm_mo_cs_to_ps_c (170)
intra_dtm_mt_cs_to_ps_c (171)
intra_dtm_mt_ps_to_ps_c (172)
intra_dtm_ps_to_cs_c (173)
ext_out_int_ho_to_ext_c (194)
ext_out_dtm_no_res_avail_c (195)
ext_out_dtm_disabled_c (196)
ext_out_pcu_qual_cntrl_c (197)
ext_out_dtm_ho_to_dtm_c (198)
ext_out_dtm_ho_to_wcdma_c (199)
inter_dtm_disabled_c (240)

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Summary of changes

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

inter_pcu_qual_cntrl_c (241)
inter_dtm_ho_to_dtm_c (242)

Added the following new failure causes:

cn_id_not_found_c (374)
m_traffic_load_c (938)

The document has been restructured and the relationship between DX causes and BSC
statistics made clearer.

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Overview of call related DX causes in BSC

1 Overview of call related DX causes in BSC


All events that occur during a call have a cause. The causes can be coded in order to
observe the transactions in the network, solve possible error situations and improve the
quality of the network.
DX causes describe how the network transactions have succeeded: they provide information on the causes of events such as call establishment, handovers, internal faults,
timer expiry cases, rejected messages sent to mobile stations and channel releases.
DX causes are conveyed within internal signalling messages and give more detailed
information on the conditions inside the BSC than GSM-defined causes. DX causes also
include GSM causes when a network element other than the BSC initiates the clearing
of a transaction. Cases that are not observed in the MSC can also be examined through
the use of DX causes in BSC.
The information conveyed by the DX causes can be examined through the use of BSC
measurements and observations.
Related topics

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Functionality of call related DX causes in BSC


Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC
List of call related DX causes in BSC
DX and BSSMAP cause mapping
DX causes in BSC statistics

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Functionality of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

2 Functionality of call related DX causes in


BSC
Each DX cause element consists of the following information:

the cause code that describes the event (see List of call related DX causes in BSC)
a call phase that corresponds with a phase in the signalling scenario or procedure
and defines when the event has occurred (see Call phases of call related DX causes
in BSC).

There are two types of DX causes: success causes and failure causes.
A success cause is set when the MS receives access to the network with a relevant
establishment cause, or when a handover starts with a relevant handover setup cause.
Correspondingly, a failure cause is set when a failure occurs during a call or a handover.
It indicates the error that caused the channel release. Some failures result in call clearing, while others, such as failures during a handover, do not.
Failure detection
The handling of a DX cause is located on GSM layer 3 and failures can be detected in
the A interface, Abis interface, and inside the BSC.
The BSC is responsible for the following functional parts on layer 3:

base transceiver station management (BTSM)


radio resource management (RR)
base station system application part (BSSAP)

BTSM and RR are parts of the Abis interface and BSSAP is a part of the A interface.
Since signalling on the mobility management (MM) layer is transparent to the BSC, it
can detect only some of the failures on that layer. Such failures are, for example a timer
expiry on the lower layer, corrupted messages and other protocol errors. The rest of the
failures can be seen as the release of the MSC. The BSC cannot observe these failures
if the phase is MM signalling (2) or conversation (15), because the BSC interprets this
as a successful call. If the failure occurs on layer 1 or 2, the failure can be detected on
layer 3 as a timer expiry or as different kinds of block causes.
For more information on BTSM, see 3GPP TS 48.058 Base Station Controller - Base
Transceiver Station (BSC - BTS) Interface Layer 3 specification.
For more information on RR, see 3GPP TS 44.018 Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification.
For more information on BSSAP, see 3GPP TS 48.008 Mobile Switching Centre - Base
Station System (MSC - BSS) interface Layer 3 specification.
Handling of DX causes
DX causes are handled as follows:
1. When the program block A detects a failure, it sets the cause and sends the appropriate message, either directly or through another program block, to program block
B that is responsible for the phase during which the error occurred. This internal
message includes the DX cause element.
The DX cause is set by the program block that initiates the channel release. When
another network element sends a clearing to the BSC, it is transformed into a DX
cause by the program block that receives the clearing indication.

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Functionality of call related DX causes in BSC

2. When program block B receives the DX cause, it sets the phase value in the DX
cause element.
3. When a program block responsible for updating the failure counter has performed
the update, it also sets a flag in the DX cause element which indicates that the
counter has already been updated. The counter is updated only once during call signalling, such as a location update, an SMS or a call.
Prioritisation of conflicting failures
Since only one DX cause can be set for one transaction, only the first failure is generally
set as the DX cause. In a conflict situation, the program block that has the highest
priority defines the appropriate failure cause.
When two different failures are in conflict, the list of priorities is, as follows:
1. AIVPRB (because it also sets the cause of failure for the MSC)
2. HASPRB
3. other program blocks
The priority handling is implemented in the ABIPRB and the HASPRB. The A interface
is only responsible for setting the appropriate cause values.
The following program blocks are involved in the handling of DX causes:

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ABIPRB

Abis Interface Program Block is responsible for the normal call phases
including basic call, SMS, ciphering and FACCH call setup. It also
updates the successful establishment counters and sets the causes
mainly for Abis signalling failures.

AIVPRB

A Interface Signalling Program Block in BSC sets the causes mainly for
A interface signalling failures.

HASPRB

Handover Attempt Supervisor Program Block is responsible for the


handover phases including external, internal intra and internal inter
handover signalling. It also updates the successful handover counters
and sets the causes mainly for handover signalling failures.

RC0PRB

The main purpose of the Resource Control Program Block in BSC is to


implement the interface between the marker and the call control
program blocks of the BSC. It sets the causes mainly for RC0PRB signalling failures.

RCSPRB

Radio Connection Supervision Program Block takes care of the preprocessing of the measurement samples, determines the RF output power
of the MS and BTS, indicates whether a handover is required and
performs supervision of the LAPD link by supervising the flow of measurement results coming from the BTS.

RRMPRB

Radio Resource Management Program Block controls the use of the


radio channels. The program block also sets the failures that have
occurred in RRMPRB signalling.

SC7PRB

Speech Circuit Control in GSM BSC A Interface takes care of the


administration of the A interface speech circuits. It also sets the causes
for SC7PRB signalling failures.

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Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

3 Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC


The call transactions are divided into 15 different phases, where the numbers from 1 to
15 represent the phase numbers in the observation report, for example.
1.

Paging/initial MS on CCCH

2.

MM signalling

3.

Basic assignment

4.

Release

5.

FACCH assignment

6.

SMS establishment on TCH

7.

SMS establishment on SDCCH

8.

Ciphering

9.

External handover for source side

10.

Internal handover intra for source side

11.

Internal handover inter for source side

12.

External handover for target side

13.

Internal handover intra for target side

14.

Internal handover inter for target side

15.

Conversation

A phase is a stage of the GSM layer 3 call or handover signalling in the BSC. All the
telecom signalling scenarios can be present as described in the list above and their
purpose is to identify a failure when it occurs.

3.1

Paging/initial MS on CCCH (phase 1)


This phase covers the starting signalling of the mobile originating and the mobile terminating call establishment. The dedicated channel can be a stand-alone dedicated
control channel (SDCCH) or a traffic channel (TCH).
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase. When the MS gains access to the network,
the ABIPRB sets the establishment cause to the cause field of a DX cause element. The
success cause is conveyed to the next phase if the signalling is finished successfully in
this phase.
If a failure occurs, the success cause is overwritten with the failure cause and the signalling continues as call clearing. The failure counter is updated by the RRMPRB (Radio
Resource Management Program Block) or, in some cases, by the ABIPRB.

10

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BTS

MS

BSC

MSC
PAGING

PAGING_COMMAND
PAGING_REQUEST
CHANNEL_REQUEST
CHANNEL_REQUIRED
CHANNEL_ACTIVATION
CHANNEL_ACTIVATION_ACKNOWLEDGE
IMMEDIATE_ASSIGNMENT_COMMAND
IMMEDIATE_ASSIGNMENT
SABM

>

ESTABLISH_INDICATION

UA
PAGING_RESPONSE
AUTHENTICATION_REQUEST

Figure 1

3.2

Paging/initial MS on CCCH (phase 1)

MM signalling (phase 2)
This phase covers the MM signalling between the mobile subscriber and the MSC. The
MM signalling occurring on an SDCCH or a TCH is transparent for the BSC.
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase.
The successful cause is received from the previous phase and conveyed further to the
following phase.
If a failure occurs, the successful cause is overwritten with the failure cause and the signalling continues as call clearing. The RRMPRB updates the failure counter.

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Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Before Basic assignment phase


MS

BSC

BTS

MSC

AUTHENTICATION_REQUEST
AUTHENTICATION_REQUEST
AUTHENTICATION_RESPONSE
AUTHENTICATION_RESPONSE
IDENTIFICATION_REQUEST
IDENTIFICATION_REQUEST
IDENTIFICATION_RESPONSE
IDENTIFICATION_RESPONSE
DATA_INDICATION
DT1(set up)
CALL_PROCEEDING CALL_PROCEEDING
ASSIGNMENT_REQUEST

After Basic assignment phase


MS

BTS

BSC
ALERT

ALERT

CONNECT

CONNECT

CONNECT_ACK

Figure 2

3.3

MSC

CONNECT_ACK

MM signalling (phase 2)

Basic assignment (phase 3)


This phase covers the mobile subscriber assignment signalling from the SDCCH to the
TCH by means of the Basic Call setup.
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase.
The successful cause is received from the previous phase and conveyed further to the
following phase.
If a failure occurs, the successful cause is overwritten with the failure cause and the signalling continues as call clearing. The RRMPRB updates the failure counter.

12

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MS

BTS

BSC

MSC

ASSIGNMENT_REQUEST
PHYSICAL_CONTEXT_REQUEST
PHYSICAL_CONTEXT_CONFIRM
CHANNEL_ACTIVATION
CHANNEL_ACTIVATION_ACK
ASSIGNMENT_COMMAND
ASSIGNMENT_COMMAND
SABM

>
UA

ESTABLISH_INDICATION
>

ASSIGNMENT_COMPLETE
ASSIGNMENT_COMPLETE
RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE
RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE_ACK
ALERT

Figure 3

3.4

ALERT

Basic assignment (phase 3)

Release (phase 4)
This phase covers the release on an SDCCH or a TCH.
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase.
When a CLEAR COMMAND is received from the MSC, the AIVPRB knows that the release
is either normal or abnormal. The release is a normal one when the MSC releases the
channel, for example, at the end of a location update or at the end of a call.
In a normal release, the AIVPRB sends information on a successful call release to the
ABIPRB. When ABIPRB receives this information, it updates the successful call and
establishment counters according to the success DX cause for establishment, which
was received from the previous phase.
If a failure occurs during this phase, only one failure counter is updated. Counters that
measure the BSC service level are not updated, because failures in this phase do not
affect the service of the MS.

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Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

MS

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

BTS

BSC

CHANNEL_RELEASE

MSC

CLEAR_COMMAND
CLEAR_COMPLETE

DEACTIVATE_SACCH
DISC
UA
RELEASE_INDICATION
RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE
RF_CHANNEL_REL_ACK

Figure 4

3.5

Release (phase 4)

FACCH assignment (phase 5)


This phase covers the FACCH Call setup assignment signalling. The dedicated channel
can only be a TCH.
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase.
The successful cause is received from the previous phase and conveyed further to the
following phase.
If a failure occurs, the successful cause is overwritten with the failure cause and the signalling continues as call clearing. The RRMPRB updates the failure counter.
BTS

MS

BSC

MSC

ASSIGNMENT_REQUEST
MODE_MODIFY_REQ
MODE_MODIFY_ACK
CH_MODE_MODIFICATION
CH_MODE_MODIFICATION
CH_MODE_MODIFY_ACK
CH_MODE_MODIFY_ACK_S
ASSIGNMENT_COMPLETE
ALERT

Figure 5

14

ALERT

FACCH assignment (phase 5)

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3.6

Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

SMS establishment on TCH (phase 6)


This phase covers the SMS establishment signalling on a TCH. The dedicated channel
can only be a TCH.
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase.
The successful cause is received from the previous phase and conveyed further to the
following phase.
If a failure occurs, the successful cause is overwritten with the failure cause and the signalling continues as call clearing. The RRMPRB updates the failure counter.
BTS

MS

BSC

MSC

DT1(CP_DATA)
ESTABLISH_REQUEST
SABM(SAPI=3)
UA(SAPI=3)
ESTABLISH_CONFIRM
DATA_REQUEST(CP_DATA)
DATA_INDICATION(CP_ACK)
DT1(CP_ACK)
DATA_INDICATION(CP_DATA)
DT1(CP_DATA)
DT1(CP_ACK)
DATA_REQUEST(CP_ACK)

Figure 6

3.7

SMS establishment on TCH (phase 6)

SMS establishment on SDCCH (phase 7)


This phase covers SDCCH SMS establishment. The dedicated channel can only be an
SDCCH.
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase.
The successful cause is received from the previous phase and conveyed further to the
following phase.
If a failure occurs, the successful cause is overwritten with the failure cause and the signalling continues as call clearing. The RRMPRB updates the failure counter.

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Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

MS

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

BTS

BSC

MSC

DT1(CP_DATA)
ESTABLISH_REQUEST
SABM(SAPI=3)
UA(SAPI=3)
ESTABLISH_CONFIRM
DATA_REQUEST(CP_DATA)
DATA_INDICATION(CP_ACK)
DT1(CP_ACK)
DATA_INDICATION(CP_DATA)
DT1(CP_DATA)
DT1(CP_ACK)
DATA_REQUEST(CP_ACK)

Figure 7

3.8

SMS establishment on SDCCH (phase 7)

Ciphering (phase 8)
This phase covers ciphering signalling. The dedicated channel can be an SDCCH or a
TCH.
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase.
The successful cause is received from the previous phase and conveyed further to the
following phase.
If a failure occurs, the successful cause is overwritten with the failure cause and the signalling continues as call clearing. The RRMPRB updates the failure counter.
MS

BTS

BSC

MSC

CIPHERING_MODE_COMMAND
ENCRYPTION_COMMAND
CIPHERING_MODE_COMMAND
CIPHERING_MODE_COMPLETE
CIPHERING_MODE_COMPLETE

Figure 8

16

Ciphering (phase 8)

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3.9

Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

External handover for source side (phase 9)


This phase covers the external handover signalling of the source side on an SDCCH and
a TCH.
The HASPRB is responsible for this phase.
The MS and the BTS send the measurement results to the BSC. The RCSPRB decides
on the basis of the results whether the handover is performed. If the handover conditions
are met, the RCSPRB sets the cause for the handover and sends the appropriate signalling message forward, including the DX cause.
The HASPRB checks the cause of the handover and decides that an external handover
is to be made. Next, the HASPRB converts the cause for the appropriate type of handover. The MSC indicates with a CLEAR COMMAND message that the signalling has
finished successfully. When the BSC receives the CLEAR COMMAND, the AIVPRB
knows if the clearing is normal and successful. It sends information on a successful call
release forward. The HASPRB updates the successful handover counter and the
ABIPRB updates the successful call and establishment counters with the success DX
cause for establishment, which was received from the previous phase.
If a failure occurs before the CLEAR COMMAND is received from the MSC, the success
cause is overwritten. The signalling continues as handover clearing and the failure
counter is updated by the RRMPRB or, in some cases, the HASPRB.
If a failure occurs after the CLEAR COMMAND is received from the MSC, no failure
counters are updated because the MS does not observe this kind of failure; the success
DX cause counter has been updated because the MS has been released immediately
after the clear command.
When the MSC sends a CLEAR COMMAND with the relevant failure cause, the cause is
converted into a DX cause and the RRMPRB updates the failure counter.
MS

BSC

BTS

MSC

MEAS_REPORT MEAS_RESULT
HO_REQUIRED
HO_COMMAND
HO_CMD

HANDOVER_COMMAND
CLEAR_COMMAND
CLEAR_COMPLETE

RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE
RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE_ACK

Figure 9

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Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

3.10

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Internal handover intra for source side (phase 10)


This phase covers the internal intra-cell handover signalling of the source side on an
SDCCH and a TCH.
The HASPRB is responsible for this phase.
The MS and the BTS send the measurement results to the BSC. The RCSPRB decides
on the basis of the results whether the handover is performed. When the handover conditions are met, the RCSPRB sets the cause for the handover and sends the appropriate
signalling message forward, including the DX cause.
The HASPRB checks the cause for the handover and decides that an internal handover
should be made. Next, the HASPRB converts the DX cause for the appropriate handover.
On the source side, the ABIPRB sends the original DX cause (success DX cause for
establishment) via the HASPRB to the target ABIPRB. It is taken into use on the target
side after the handover signalling has finished successfully.
The HASPRB updates the successful handover counter and the call continues as a
normal call on the target side.
If a failure occurs on the source side before the assignment command is received, the
success cause is overwritten and the signalling continues as call clearing. The failure
counter is updated by the RRMPRB.
On the target side, the HASPRB sets the cause to source_fail_c. No failure counters are
updated because only one counter is updated for each failure; the RRMPRB has
updated the failure counter on the source side.
MS

BTS

BSC

MSC

MEAS_REPORT MEAS_RESULT
PHYSICAL_CONTEXT_REQUEST_S
PHYSICAL_CONTEXT_CONFIRM_S
ASSIGNMENT_COMMAND
ASSIGNMENT_COMMAND
RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE
RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE_ACK

Figure 10

3.11

Internal handover intra for source side (phase 10)

Internal handover inter for source side (phase 11)


This phase covers the internal inter-cell handover signalling for the source side on an
SDCCH or a TCH.

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Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

The HASPRB is responsible for this phase.


The success and failure cases are handled as described in Internal handover intra for
source side.
MS

BTS

BSC

MSC

MEAS_REPORT MEAS_RESULT
HO_CMD

HANDOVER_COMMAND
HO_PERFORMED

RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE
RF_CHANNEL_RELEASE_ACK

Figure 11

3.12

Internal handover inter for source side (phase 11)

External handover for target side (phase 12)


This phase covers the external handover signalling for the target side on an SDCCH and
a TCH.
The HASPRB is responsible for this phase.
The BSC receives the HO REQUEST message with the relevant handover cause. The
AIVPRB sends the appropriate signalling message to the HASPRB, including the DX
cause. The HASPRB converts the cause into the relevant DX cause for the external handover. If the signalling finishes successfully, the HASPRB updates the handover
success counter, and the DX cause is conveyed to the following phase.
If a failure occurs, the successful DX cause is overwritten and the signalling continues
as handover clearing. The failure counter is updated by the RRMPRB or, in some cases,
by the HASPRB.

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Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

MS

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

BTS

BSC

MSC

HO_REQUEST
CHANNEL_ACTIVATION

CHANNEL_ACTIVATION_ACK

4
5

PHYSICAL_INFO
SABM

ESTABLISH_INDICATION

11

HANDOVER_COMPLETE
RR

13
14

HANDOVER_COMPLETE
15

Figure 12

3.13

HO_DETECTION

> 10
UA

12

HO_REQUEST_ACK

HANDOVER_ACCESS
>
HO_DETECTION
6
7

HO_COMPLETED

External handover for target side (phase 12)

Internal handover intra for target side (phase 13)


This phase covers the internal intra-cell handover signalling for the target side on an
SDCCH and a TCH.
The HASPRB is responsible for this phase.
See Internal handover intra for source side for a successful case.
If a failure occurs before the assignment has been completed on the target side, the
appropriate failure counter is updated. The MS is able to return to the old channel. If it
returns to the old channel, it sends an assignment failure. This kind of situation only
affects the informative counters.
The HASPRB sets the flag restore_old as TRUE and includes it in the DX cause that is
sent to the ABIPRB to indicate that the MS returns to the old channel. The source side

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ABIPRB receives the DX cause and the original establishment cause is restored. The
signalling continues on the old channel.
If the MS does not return to the old channel (the MS is lost), the HASPRB sets the
source_fail_c as the cause and sends it to the target side ABIPRB. Call clearing is
started with the real failure cause on the source side and the failure counter is updated
by the RRMPRB.
If the failure occurs after the assignment has been completed on the target side, the
success cause is overwritten and the signalling continues as call clearing.
MS

BTS

BSC

MSC

CHANNEL_ACTIVATION
CHANNEL_ACTIVATION_ACK
SABM

ESTABLISH_INDICATION
UA

ASSIGNMENT_COMPLETE
RR
HO_PERFORMED

Figure 13

3.14

Internal handover intra for target side (phase 13)

Internal handover inter for target side (phase 14)


This phase covers the internal inter-cell handover signalling for the target side on an
SDCCH or a TCH.
The HASPRB is responsible for this phase.
The success and failure cases are handled as described in Internal handover intra for
target side.

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Call phases of call related DX causes in BSC

MS

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

BTS

BSC

MSC

CHANNEL_ACTIVATION
CHANNEL_ACTIVATION_ACK
HANDOVER_ACCESS
HO_DETECTION
SABM

ESTABLISH_INDICATION
UA

PHYSICAL_INFO
HANDOVER_COMPLETE
RR
HANDOVER_COMPLETE
HO_PERFORMED

Figure 14

3.15

Internal handover inter for target side (phase 14)

Conversation (phase 15)


This phase covers MM signalling between the MS and the MSC during conversation on
a TCH.
The ABIPRB is responsible for this phase.
The phase starts when the BSC receives the CONNECT ACK message. The successful
DX cause is received from the previous phase and conveyed further to the following
phase.
If a failure occurs, the successful DX cause is overwritten with the failure cause and the
signalling continues as call clearing. The RRMPRB updates the failure counter.
MS

BTS

BSC

CONNECT ACK
CHANNEL RELEASE

Figure 15

22

MSC

CONNECT ACK
CLEAR COMMAND

Conversation (phase 15)

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

4 List of call related DX causes in BSC


Each success and failure cause has its own number that is used to identify it. The cause
numbers, codes and descriptions are listed in the following sections.
For more information on the relations of DX causes and BSSMAP causes, see DX and
BSSMAP cause mapping.

4.1

Success causes
The success causes are described below:
Number

Cause code and description

10

location_update_c
Location updates.

20

facch_emergency_call_c
FACCH call for which the establishment cause is emergency call.

21

facch_reestablishment_c
FACCH call for which the establishment cause is re-establishment.

22

facch_answer_to_pagin_c
FACCH call for which the establishment cause is answering to paging.

23

facch_mo_speech_call_c
FACCH call for which the establishment cause is mobile originating
speech call.

24

facch_mo_data_call_c
FACCH call for which the establishment cause is mobile originating
data call.

25

facch_other_procedure_c
FACCH call for which the establishment cause is other procedure.

26

facch_mt_data_call_c
FACCH call for which the establishment cause is mobile terminating
data call.

27

facch_imsi_detach_c
IMSI detach on the TCH channel due to SDCCH congestion.

40

basic_emergency_call_c
Basic call for which the establishment cause is emergency call.

41

basic_reestablishment_c
Basic call for which the establishment cause is re-establishment.

42

basic_answer_to_pagin_c
Basic call for which the establishment cause is answering to paging.

43

basic_mo_speech_call_c
Basic call for which the establishment cause is mobile originating
speech call.

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

44

basic_mo_data_call_c
Basic call for which the establishment cause is mobile originating data
call.

45

basic_other_procedure_c
Basic call for which the establishment cause is other procedure.

46

basic_mt_data_call_c
Basic call for which the establishment cause is mobile terminating
data call.

47

basic_imsi_detach_c
IMSI detach on the SDCCH channel.

80

ext_in_ul_quality_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is uplink
quality.

81

ext_in_ul_strength_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is uplink
strength.

82

ext_in_dl_quality_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is
downlink quality.

83

ext_in_dl_strength_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is
downlink strength.

84

ext_in_distance_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is distance.

85

ext_in_o_and_m_inter_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is O and
M intervention.

86

ext_in_resp_to_msc_invoc_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is
resp_to_msc_invoc.

87

ext_in_better_cell_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is better
cell.

88

ext_in_directed_retry_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is directed
retry.

89

ext_in_unexpected_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is unexpected.

90

ext_in_switch_crc_pool_c
An incoming external handover attempt for changing the A interface
circuit pool.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

91

ext_in_pre_empt_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is preemption.

92

ext_in_bsc_trho_c
An incoming external handover. The handover setup cause is BSC
traffic reason handover.

93

ext_in_isho_c
An incoming external inter-system handover.

94

ext_in_int_ho_to_ext_c
An incoming MSC-controlled handover generated from an internal
handover.

95

ext_in_dtm_no_res_avail_c
An incoming external handover due to no free PS resources for a DTM
call in the source cell.

96

ext_in_dtm_traffic_c
An incoming external handover due to DTM disabled in the source cell
and PCU quality control.

100

ext_out_dl_rxlev_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is
downlink rx level.

101

ext_out_ul_rxlev_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is uplink
rx level.

102

ext_out_dl_rxqual_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is
downlink rx quality.

103

ext_out_ul_rxqual_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is uplink
rx quality.

104

ext_out_dl_interf_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is
downlink interference.

105

ext_out_ul_interf_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is uplink
interference.

106

ext_out_distance_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is distance.

107

ext_out_pbgt_ho_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is PBGT
handover.

108

ext_out_umbrella_ho_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is
umbrella handover.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

109

ext_out_forced_ho_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is forced
handover.

110

ext_out_dr_ho_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is DR
(directed retry) handover.

111

ext_out_tr_ho_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is TR
(traffic reason) handover.

112

ext_out_idr_ho_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is IDR
handover.

113

ext_out_pre_empt_ho_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is preemption handover.

114

ext_out_rap_fld_drop_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is rapid
field drop.

115

ext_out_low_distance_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is low
distance (extended cell radius functionality).

116

ext_out_switch_crc_pool_c
An outgoing external handover attempt to change the A interface
circuit pool.

117

ext_out_slow_moving_ms_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is Slow
Moving MS in the Macro Cell. The slow moving detection is based on
the received measurement of adjacent micro cells and on the
umbrella-like handover criteria.

118

ext_out_det_slow_mov_ms_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is low
speed of MS. The slow moving detection is based on the MS speed
indications sent by the BTS.

119

ext_out_det_fast_mov_ms_c
An outgoing external handover. The handover setup cause is high
speed of MS. The fast moving detection is based on the MS speed
indications sent by the BTS.

120

inter_dl_rxlev_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is downlink rx
level.

121

inter_ul_rxlev_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is uplink rx
level.

122

inter_dl_rxqual_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is downlink rx
quality.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

123

inter_ul_rxqual_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is uplink rx
quality.

124

inter_dl_interf_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is downlink
interference.

125

inter_ul_interf_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is uplink interference.

126

inter_distance_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is distance.

127

inter_pbgt_ho_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is PBGT handover.

128

inter_umbrella_ho_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is umbrella
handover.

129

inter_forced_ho_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is forced handover.

130

inter_dr_ho_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is DR handover.

131

inter_tr_ho_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is TR (traffic
reason) handover.

132

inter_idr_ho_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is IDR handover.

133

inter_pre_empt_ho_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is pre-emption
handover.

134

inter_rap_fld_drop_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is rapid field
drop.

135

inter_low_distance_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is low distance
(extended cell radius functionality).

136

inter_ok_ci_ratio_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is ok C/I ratio
(Underlay-overlay handover).

137

inter_bad_ci_ratio_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is bad C/I ratio
(Underlay-overlay handover).

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

138

inter_slow_moving_ms_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is Slow Moving
MS in the Macro Cell. The slow moving detection is based on the
received measurement of adjacent micro cells and on the umbrellalike handover criteria.

139

inter_det_slow_mov_ms_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is low speed of
the MS. The slow moving detection is based on the MS speed indications sent by the BTS.

140

intra_dl_interf_c
An internal intra handover. The handover setup cause is downlink
interference.

141

intra_ul_interf_c
An internal intra handover. The handover setup cause is uplink interference.

142

intra_forced_ho_c
An internal intra handover. The handover setup cause is forced handover.

143

intra_dl_rxqual_c
An internal intra handover. The handover setup cause is downlink rx
quality.

144

intra_ok_ci_ratio_c
An internal intra handover. The handover setup cause is ok C/I ratio
(Underlay-overlay handover).

145

intra_bad_ci_ratio_c
An internal intra handover. The handover setup cause is bad C/I ratio
(Underlay-overlay handover).

146

intra_pre_empt_ho_c
An internal intra handover. The handover setup cause is pre-emption
handover.

147

intra_distance_c
Intra cell handover from a normal area to an extended area. Intra cell
handover from a normal area to an extended area is performed when
the timing advance (TA) of the MS equals or is greater than that
defined by the parameter maxMSDistanceHOThreshold.

148

intra_low_distance_c
Intra cell handover from an extended area to a normal area. Intra cell
handover from an extended area to a normal area is performed when
the timing advance (TA) of the MS equals or is greater than that
defined by the parameter minMSDistanceHOThreshold.

149

intra_dr_ho_c
Assignment attempt from an SDCCH to a super-reuse frequency.

150

intra_direct_access_c
A successful internal intra-cell handover from a dedicated control
channel to a super-reuse TRX. Handover setup cause is direct
access.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

151

intra_gprs_ho_c
An internal intra handover. The handover is performed in order to get
more resources for GPRS.

152

intra_ho_to_amr_hr_c
An intra cell handover from AMR FR to AMR HR.

153

intra_ho_to_amr_fr_c
An intra cell handover from AMR HR to AMR FR.

154

intra_inter_band_tch_c
A TCH-TCH handover that has been made due to load reasons
between BTSs on different frequency bands of a segment.

155

intra_inter_band_sdc_c
An SDCCH-SDCCH handover, based on SDCCH reservation
duration in a BTS on the BCCH frequency band, to a BTS on another
frequency band.

156

inter_det_fast_mov_ms_c
An internal inter handover. The handover setup cause is high speed
of the MS. The fast moving detection is based on the MS speed indications sent by the BTS.

157

inter_erfd_ho_c
Handover cause Enhanced Field Drop handover.

158

inter_direct_access_c
A successful internal inter-cell handover from a dedicated control
channel to a super-reuse TRX. Handover setup cause is direct
access.

159

inter_bsc_trho_c
An internal inter handover whose setup cause is BSC traffic reason
handover.

160

inter_dadlb_c
An internal inter handover whose setup cause is Direct Access to
Desired Layer/Band.

162

inter_dtm_no_res_avail_c
An internal inter-cell handover due to no free PS resources for a DTM
call in the source cell.

163

ext_out_erfd_ho_c
Handover cause Enhanced Rapid Field Drop handover.

164

ext_out_bsc_trho_c
An outgoing external handover whose setup cause is BSC traffic
reason handover.

166

intra_inter_bts_type_tch_c
A TCH-TCH handover from one type of BTS to anothert type due to
load reasons within a segment.

167

intra_inter_bts_type_sdc_c
An SDCCH-SDCCH handover, based on SDCCH reservation
duration from one type of BTS to another type within a segment.

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

168

intra_ho_due_to_hscsd_c
An intra cell handover made to enable an HSCSD upgrade.

169

intra_inter_band_due_lev_c
A TCH-TCH handover from a non-BCCH frequency layer between
BTSs on different frequency bands of a segment, performed due to
weak downlink signal level.

170

intra_dtm_mo_cs_to_ps_c
An internal intra-cell handover due to mobile-originated DTM call
establishment.

171

intra_dtm_mt_cs_to_ps_c
An internal intra-cell handover due to mobile-terminated DTM call
establishment.

172

intra_dtm_mt_ps_to_ps_c
An internal intra-cell handover due to PCU-initiated DTM call reallocation.

173

intra_dtm_ps_to_cs_c
An internal intra-cell handover due to DTM call release.

174

intra_lrtch_ho_to_norm_c
Intra cell handover that is performed to move a call on a Long Reach
TCH to a TCH in the normal area of the cell.

175

intra_lrtch_ho_to_ext_c
Intra cell handover that is performed to move a call on a Long Reach
TCH to a TCH in the extended area of the cell.

176

intra_lrtch_ho_to_super_c
Intra cell handover that is performed to move a call on a Long Reach
TCH to a TCH in the super extended area of the cell.

177

intra_ho_ext_to_super_c
Intra cell handover that is performed to move a call on the extended
area to the super extended area of the cell.

178

intra_ho_super_to_ext_c
Intra cell handover that is performed to move a call on the super
extended area to the extended area of the cell.

190

ext_out_isho_c
An outgoing external inter-system handover. The handover setup
cause is BSC traffic.

191

ext_out_inter_system_da_c
An outgoing external inter-system direct access handover. The
handover setup cause is direct access handover.

192

ext_out_ibho_to_gsm_c
An outgoing external IMSI based handover from the source GSM
network to the GSM authorised networks. The handover setup cause
is BSC traffic load.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

193

ext_out_ibho_to_utran_c
An outgoing external IMSI based handover from the source GSM
network to the UTRAN authorised networks. The handover setup
cause is BSC traffic.

194

ext_out_int_ho_to_ext_c
An outgoing MSC-controlled handover generated from an internal
handover.

195

ext_out_dtm_no_res_avail_c
An outgoing external handover due to no free PS resources for a DTM
call in the serving cell.

196

ext_out_dtm_disabled_c
An outgoing external handover due to DTM disabled in the serving
cell.

197

ext_out_pcu_qual_cntrl_c
An outgoing external handover due to PCU quality control in the
serving cell.

198

ext_out_dtm_ho_to_dtm_c
An outgoing external handover due to DTM not supported in the
serving cell.

199

ext_out_dtm_ho_to_wcdma_c
An outgoing external handover for mobile stations that support
WCDMA but not DTM.

240

inter_dtm_disabled_c
An internal inter-cell handover due to DTM disabled in the source cell.

241

inter_pcu_qual_cntrl_c
An internal inter-cell handover due to PCU quality control in the source
cell.

242

inter_dtm_ho_to_dtm_c
An internal inter-celll handover due to DTM not supported in the
source cell.

4.2

Failure causes
The failure causes are divided into the following groups according to the program block
that sets the cause in question:

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causes set by the Abis Interface Program Block (ABIPRB)


causes set by the Radio Connection Supervision Program Block (RCSPRB) or
Radio Resource Management Program Block (RRMPRB)
causes set by the A interface Signalling Program Block in BSC (AIVPRB)
causes set by the Speech Circuit Control in GSM BSC A interface (SC7PRB)
causes set by the Resource Control Program Block in BSC (RC0PRB)
causes set by the Handover Attempt Supervisor Program Block (HASPRB)
causes set by the DX MSC (MSC).

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Causes set by the Abis Interface Program Block (ABIPRB)


Number

Cause code and description

300

user_act_block_c
Channel blocking caused by the user.

301

netw_act_block_c
Channel blocking caused by the network.

302

bts_fail_block_c
Channel blocking caused by a BTS failure.

303

lapd_fail_block_c
Channel blocking caused by an LAPD failure.

304

abis_fail_block_c
Channel blocking caused by an Abis failure.

305

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c
The packing of the Abis interface message fails.

306

ass_fail_msg_c
The Abis interface receives an ASSIGNMENT FAILURE message
from the MS during a Basic Call.

307

block_slave_c
Channel blocking caused by some other reason than the ones given
above.

308

ch_act_nack_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION NACK
message or its contents have been corrupted.

309

ch_act_nack_om_inter_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION NACK
message, and the cause is O and M intervention.

310

ch_act_nack_equip_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION NACK
message, and the cause is equipment failure.

311

ch_act_nack_encryp_alg_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION NACK
message and the cause is encryption algorithm not supported.

312

ch_act_nack_rad_ch_alr_a_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION NACK
message and the cause is radio channel already allocated.

313

ch_act_nack_serv_not_ava_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION NACK
message and the cause is service is not available.

314

ch_act_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION ACK message
and its contents have been corrupted or a timer expires while waiting
for the message.

32

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

315

conn_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a CONNECTION FAILURE message.

316

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a CONNECTION FAILURE message and
its cause is radio interface failure.

317

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a CONNECTION FAILURE message and
its cause is radio link failure.

318

conn_fail_rem_trans_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a CONNECTION FAILURE message and
its cause is remote transcoder failure.

319

data_ind_corrup_c
The Abis interface receives a DATA INDICATION message whose
contents have been corrupted.

320

err_ind_c
The Abis interface receives an ERROR INDICATION message.

321

estab_ind_fail_c
A timer expires while waiting for an ESTABLISH INDICATION
message.

322

estab_conf_fail_c
The Abis interface receives an ESTABLISH CONFIRM message. The
contents of the message have been corrupted or a timer expires while
waiting for the message.

323

ho_fail_c
The handover has failed and the MS returns to the source channel.
The MS has sent an ASSIGNMENT FAILURE or a HANDOVER
FAILURE message to the network during the handover.

324

ho_detect_fail_c
The Abis interface receives an HO DETECT message. The contents
of the message have been corrupted or a timer expires while waiting
for the message.

325

mode_mod_nack_c
The Abis interface receives a MODE MODIFY NACK message.

326

mode_mod_ack_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a MODE MODIFY ACK message whose
contents have been corrupted or a timer expires while waiting for the
message.

327

no_meas_result_c
No measurement result messages from the BTS.

328

no_resp_from_copro_c
Timer expires because the co-process does not respond. A BSCinternal failure.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

329

phy_cont_conf_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a PHYSICAL CONTEXT CONFIRM
message. The contents have been corrupted or a timer expires while
waiting for the message.

330

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c
The Abis interface receives an rcs_algorithm_start_ack
message whose contents have been corrupted or a timer expires
while waiting for the message. BSC-internal signalling.

331

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c
The Abis interface receives an rcs_algorithm_clear_ack
message whose contents have been corrupted or a timer expires
while waiting for the message. BSC-internal signalling.

332

rc0_disco_ind_c
The Abis interface receives an rco_disconnect_ind message
from RC0.

333

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c
The Abis interface receives an RF CH REL ACK message whose
contents have been corrupted or a timer expires while waiting for the
message.

334

rel_ind_c
The Abis interface receives a RELEASE INDICATION message.

335

rel_ind_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a RELEASE INDICATION message. The
contents of the message have been corrupted or a timer expires while
waiting for the message.

336

signalling_error_c
DTAP signalling fails.

337

state_conflict_c
An attempt to activate a blocked channel in the Abis interface.

338

type_conflict_c
An attempt to activate a channel with the wrong information in the
Abis interface.

339

forced_rel_c
Forced TCH release.

340

rej_phantom_res_c
Rejected phantom reservations caused by the wrong establishment
cause in the channel required message from the MS or a too long
distance between the MS and the BTS.

341

overload_c
Overload message from the BTS.

342

abi_switchover_c
The BCSU switchover has been started.

34

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

343

sapi_3_fail_c
During SMS establishment, the Abis interface receives a RELEASE
INDICATION message or the ESTABLISH_INDICATION message
received has been corrupted.

344

paging_msg_fail_c
The Abis interface receives an MS PAGING message and the channel
has been blocked.

345

ch_required_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL REQUIRED message whose
contents have been corrupted.

346

mode_mod_nack_equip_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a MODE MODIFY NACK message with the
cause equipment failure.

347

mode_mod_nack_trc_rat_un_c
The Abis interface receives a MODE MODIFY NACK message with the
cause requested transcoding/rate adaption not available.

348

rrm_serv_req_nack_c
The Abis interface receives an RRM CH SER REQ NACK message.

349

ch_mode_mod_fail_c
The Abis interface receives a CH MODE MODIFY ACK message and
the mode does not correspond to the requested mode.

350

ass_fail_c
Timer expires while waiting for the ASSIGNMENT COMPLETE
message.

351

dr_fail_c
Directed retry procedure fails.

352

coprocess_fail_c
A failure has occurred in co-process.

353

err_rep_enc_alg_not_imp_c
An ERROR REPORT message is received from the BTS and the cause
is encryption algorithm not implemented.

354

error_report_c
An ERROR REPORT message is received from the BTS.

355

ch_act_nack_ch_mode_err_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION NACK
message and the failure cause is either not implemented unspecified
or mandatory IE error.

356

ch_act_nack_gen_ie_err_c
The Abis interface receives a CHANNEL ACTIVATION NACK
message and the failure cause is general IE error.

357

speech_version_unavail_c
The Abis interface receives an ASSIGNMENT FAILURE message or
a HANDOVER FAILURE message from the MS during an assignment
or a handover and the RR cause is channel mode unacceptable.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

358

ignored_double_rand_acc_c
If two incoming random accesses have the same frame number, the
latter one is ignored when random access buffering is used in an
extended range cell.

359

rtsl_reconf_fail_c
Reconfiguration of a dynamic SDCCH resource has failed during
immediate assignment. All SDCCH resources controlled by the
BCSU are already in use.

360

ho_interrupted_c
If an assignment procedure is started before the MS is assigned to
move to a new channel, the handover attempt is terminated with DX
cause ho_interrupted_c.

361

downgrade_c
Channel release caused by a downgrade.

362

ho_not_started_c
Rejected HO start due to other ongoing procedures.

363

conf_change_not_allowed_c
Rejected upgrade, downgrade or ALA due to other ongoing procedures.

364

conf_change_bts_fail_c
Failed configuration change due to a MODE MODIFY NACK message
or no answer from the BTS.

365

conf_change_ms_fail_c
Failed configuration change due to a configuration change reject or
no answer from the MS.

366

hscsd_copro_fail_c
Channel release caused by a failure in another channel in the
HSCSD configuration.

367

sub_timer_c
Timer expiry due to sub-channel not responding to the main channel
in the HSCSD connection.

368

forced_ho_block_c
Forced handover due to channel or TRX block.

369

upgrade_fail_c
Upgrade procedure failure.

370

estab_ind_corrupted_c
An ESTABLISH INDICATION message which the Abis interface
receives because of the corrupted contents of the message.

373

bsc_bsc_conflict_c
Unsuccessful channel setup when BSC-BSC conflict control is used.

374

cn_id_not_found_c
TCH or SDCCH channel release that occurs because a global CN ID
that would match the mobile's IMSI is not found in the BSC for the CS
PAGING RESPONSE message.

36

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

375

ciph_not_support_trx_c
Number of failed ciphering algorithm selections due to incompatible
ciphering algorithm support.

376

dfca_hop_prm_not_valid_c
Number of SDCCH channel releases caused by invalid DFCA
hopping parameters.

Causes set by the Radio Connection Supervision Program Block (RCSPRB) or


Radio Resource Management Program Block (RRMPRB)
Number

Cause code and description

400

timing_advance_c
The call is released after the distance between the MS and the BTS
has reached the maximum value allowed, that is, after the MS has
exceeded the planned cell boundaries.

401

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c
The Radio Resource Management Program Block (RRMPRB) sets
this cause in the TCH RESOURCE REQUEST NEGATIVE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT message in order to indicate the A interface
circuit pool change request.

402

rrm_speech_ver_unavail_c
The requested speech version is not supported by the target BTS.

403

bts_not_supporting_c
A resource that is not supported by the BTS has been requested.

404

ms_not_supporting_c
A resource that is not supported by the MS has been requested.

405

rrm_invalid_cell_c
The traffic channel allocation in the external handover has failed. The
HANDOVER REQUEST message received by the BSS indicates a
target cell that is not controlled by the BSS.

Causes set by the A interface Signalling Program Block in BSC (AIVPRB)


Number

Cause code and description

600

aiv_hand_act_fail_c
Activation of a hand process fails in the AIVPRB master.

601

aiv_ssp_c
SCCP connection establishment is not possible because the subsystem is in the prohibited status. The situation is detected by the
AIVPRB master.

602

sccp_conn_fail_c
SCCP connection establishment fails. A CREF message is received
from the MSC.

603

sccp_conn_timeout_c
No response from the MSC to the SCCP connection establishment.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

604

sccp_release_c
Abnormal release of the SCCP connection (RLSD received).

606

global_reset_c
State change of an SCCP subsystem or a RESET message from the
MSC.

608

no_dtap_from_msc_c
No DTAP message from the MSC after a successful SCCP connection establishment.

609

ho_denied_assign_c
Starting of the handover is not allowed because an assignment procedure is in progress.

610

ho_denied_ciphering_c
Starting of the handover is not allowed because the ciphering procedure is in progress.

611

ho_denied_clear_c
Starting of the handover is not allowed because the call clearing procedure is in progress.

612

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c
Starting of an external SDCCH handover is not allowed because the
SCCP connection establishment is not complete.

613

T7_expiry_c
Expiry of GSM timer T7.

614

T10_expiry_c
Expiry of GSM timer T10.

615

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c
Timeout in the AIVPRB while allocating an A interface speech circuit.

616

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c
Timeout in the AIVPRB while connecting an A interface speech
circuit.

617

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c
Timeout in the AIVPRB while disconnecting an A interface speech
circuit.

618

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c
Timeout in the AIVPRB while releasing an A interface speech circuit.

619

aiv_timeout_c
Timeout in the AIVPRB in BSC internal communication.

620

act_ctrl_timeout_c
The BSC internal supervision timer, which supervises the communication between the Abis and the A interface, has expired.

621

invalid_bssmap_msg_c
An erroneous message, which leads to the clearing of the call, is
received from the MSC.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

622

unknown_a_pcm_c
Message received concerning an unknown A interface circuit.

623

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c
Handover is denied when the AIVPRB receives the handover inquiry
message from the Handover Attempt Supervisor Program Block
(HASPRB) with the cause switch circuit pool and there is no proper A
interface circuit fitting in with the pool list of the inquiry message.

624

ch_type_mismatch_c
The radio interface data rate requirement is totally contradictory with
the TCH channel rate request of the channel type IE included in the
normal Assignment Request or Handover Request. In the Assignment
Request related to the In Call Modification or the FACCH call setup,
the TCH channel rate request or the data rate request are totally contradictory with the type of TCH where the call is to be maintained.

625

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c
The TCH type requested by the MSC is not supported.

626

aiv_speech_version_unava_c
The speech coder version requested by the MSC is not supported.

627

aiv_pagin_refus_big_load_c
A PAGING message is received from the MSC when the BCSU unit
load is too high. The load is observed by the number of unhandled
messages in the unit.

628

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c
Timeout in the connection refreshing procedure.

629

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c
The connection refreshing procedure has failed.

Causes set by the Speech Circuit Control in GSM BSC A interface (SC7PRB)
Number

Cause code and description

800

a_tsl_user_mismatch_c
A request to connect, disconnect or release a speech circuit is
received from a process which is not recorded as a user of the circuit
in the internal control tables of SC7PRB.

801

sc7_crct_res_timeout_c
Timeout in the SC7PRB while allocating an A interface speech circuit.

802

sc7_crct_conn_timeout_c
Timeout in the SC7PRB while connecting an A interface speech
circuit.

803

sc7_crct_disconn_timeout_c
Timeout in the SC7PRB while disconnecting an A interface speech
circuit.

804

sc7_crct_rel_timeout_c
Timeout in the SC7PRB while releasing an A interface speech circuit.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

805

a_tsl_blocked_c
Assignment of a circuit that is blocked.

806

a_tsl_status_unknown_c
Assignment of a circuit whose status is unknown.

807

lsi_access_fail_c
Access to the Line Signalling File (LSIGNL) failed.

808

scc_access_fail_c
Access to the System-controlled Circuit State File (SCCTST) failed.

809

undef_tsl_in_lsi_c
The circuit concerned is not defined in the LSIGNL file.

810

crct_equipment_fail_c
The SC7PRB has detected a situation which has been caused by
hardware problems.

811

reset_crct_c
The RESET CIRCUIT message has been received from the MSC.

813

sc7_ssp_c
An error caused by the SCCP prohibited status. The situation has
been detected by the SC7PRB.

815

a_pcm_fault_c
A fault has been detected in the 2-Mbit PCM connection.

817

a_crct_removed_c
A speech circuit has been removed from use.

819

a_et_state_change_c
State change of the ET has occurred.

Causes set by the Resource Control Program Block in BSC (RC0PRB)


Number

Cause code and description

700

rc0_hand_act_fail_c
The RC0PRB master fails to activate a hand process.

701

a_crct_alr_res_c
Assignment of a speech circuit which has already been allocated.

702

a_crct_conn_err_c
Connection error in marker while connecting an A interface speech
circuit.

703

rc0_crct_conn_timeout_c
Timeout in the RC0PRB while connecting an A interface speech
circuit.

704

access_out_of_crct_tbl_c
Requested speech circuit not found in the circuit control table.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

705

a_crct_rel_err_c
Circuit release error in marker while releasing an A interface speech
circuit.

706

rc0_transc_or_rate_unava_c
The requested channel rate corresponding to the A interface circuit
pool has not been defined on the A interface.

707

rc0_cip_type_mismatch_c
The circuit type A is totally contradictory with the TCH channel rate
requirement or the data rate requirement implies the circuit pool
change.

708

rc0_inv_msg_contents_c
The radio interface data rate requirement is totally contradictory with
the A interface pool configuration.

709

rc0_req_speech_ver_unava_c
BSC has received either an ASSIGNMENT REQUEST or a HANDOVER
REQUEST message containing speech codec versions, none of which
are supported by the BSC.

710

rc0_hunting_queue_full_c
The hunting queue is full.

711

rc0_a_crct_congestion_c
There is no free circuit for the call.

712

rc0_a_search_error_c
The content of the hunting request message is invalid.

713

rc0_crct_pool_mismatch_c
The hunted circuit is from the wrong circuit pool.

714

rc0_rej_due_eme_call_c
The hunting queue is full. An emergency call has taken priority over
the ordinary call.

715

rc0_ilc_file_error_c
A interface circuit reservation fails because no pool is available on the
hunting list.

716

a_crct_conn_err_consec_c
Consecutive connection errors are encountered on the same A-interface circuit.

Causes set by the Handover Attempt Supervisor Program Block (HASPRB)


Number

Cause code and description

500

ho_not_allowed_c
External handover was not allowed during a FACCH call setup,
external DR handover was disabled, or all candidate cells for an
external handover were n-areas of the extended cells.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

501

no_radio_res_avail_c
No radio resources in the BTS for channel reservation during
handover signalling.

503

no_resp_from_coprocess_c
Signalling with the internal processes has failed during handover signalling.

504

no_resp_to_radio_res_req_c
Target channel reservation has failed during handover signalling. No
answer to the radio resource request.

505

has_state_conflict_c
Target channel reservation has failed. CHANNEL ACTIVATION ACK
message not been received and the timer for it has expired.

506

clear_cmd_not_received_c
No CLEAR COMMAND has been received from the A interface during
external source handover signalling.

507

ms_is_lost_c
The timer T3107, T3103 or T9113 has expired. An ASSIGNMENT
COMPLETE or HANDOVER COMPLETE message has not been
received. The MS has not established a channel to the target side.

508

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c
Problems in sending the HANDOVER PERFORMED message by the
BSC.

509

has_switchover_c
Switchover has been started and the handover has failed.

510

target_fail_c
Failure in the target channel.

511

source_fail_c
Failure in the source channel.

512

has_call_control_c
The master has failed to create a hand.

513

adj_cell_id_err_c
The handover attempt was interrupted when the BSC noticed that the
target cell information (BCCH frequency and/or BSIC) received from
the MSC in the HANDOVER COMMAND message is incorrect. This
counter indicates that information in the source BSS Radio Network
Configuration Database concerning adjacent cells is incorrect.

Causes set by the DX MSC (MSC)


These causes are only possible during signalling. The BSC cannot observe these
causes if the phase is MM signalling (2) or conversation (15).
Number

Cause code and description

900

m_radio_if_mess_fail_c
Cause value 0x00 radio interface message failure received from the
MSC.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

901

m_radio_if_fail_c
Cause value 0x01 radio interface failure received from the MSC.

902

m_uplink_quality_c
Cause value 0x02 uplink quality received from the MSC.

903

m_uplink_strength_c
Cause value 0x03 uplink strength received from the MSC.

904

m_downlink_quality_c
Cause value 0x04 downlink quality received from the MSC.

905

m_downlink_strength_c
Cause value 0x05 downlink strength received from the MSC.

906

m_distance
Cause value 0x06 distance received from the MSC.

907

m_o_and_m_inter_c
Cause value 0x07 O and M intervention received from the MSC.

908

m_resp_to_msc_invoc_c
Cause value 0x08 response to MSC invocation received from the
MSC.

909

m_call_control_c
Cause value 0x09 call control received from the MSC.

910

m_r_if_f_rev_to_old_c
Cause value 0x0A radio interface failure, reversion to old channel
received from the MSC.

911

m_handover_succ_c
Cause value 0x0B handover successful received from the MSC.

912

m_better_cell_c
Cause value 0x0C better cell received from the MSC.

913

m_directed_retry_c
Cause value 0x0D directed retry received from the MSC.

914

m_equipment_fail_c
Cause value 0x20 equipment failure received from the MSC.

915

m_no_radio_res_avail_c
Cause value 0x21 no radio resource available received from the
MSC.

916

m_req_terr_res_unava_c
Cause value 0x22 requested terrestrial resource unavailable received
from the MSC.

917

m_ccch_overload_c
Cause value 0x23 ccch overload received from the MSC.

918

m_processor_overload_c
Cause value 0x24 processor overload received from the MSC.

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List of call related DX causes in BSC

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

919

m_bss_not_equipped_c
Cause value 0x25 bss not equipped received from the MSC.

920

m_ms_not_equipped_c
Cause value 0x26 ms not equipped received from the MSC.

921

m_tr_cod_rat_ad_unav_c
Cause value 0x30 requested transcoding/rate adaption unavailable
received from the MSC.

922

m_ciph_alg_not_supp_c
Cause value 0x40 ciphering algorithm not supported received from
the MSC.

923

m_terr_chan_alr_allc_c
Cause value 0x50 terrestrial circuit already allocated received from
the MSC.

924

m_prot_err_b_bsc_msc_c
Cause value 0x60 protocol error between BSC and MSC received
from the MSC.

925

m_unexpected_c
Unexpected failure from the MSC.

926

m_invalid_cell_c
Cause value 0x27 invalid cell received from the MSC.

927

m_invalid_msg_cont_c
Cause value 0x51 invalid message contents received from the MSC.

928

m_ie_or_field_missing_c
Cause value 0x52 information element or field missing received from
the MSC.

929

m_incorrect_value_c
Cause value 0x53 incorrect value received from the MSC.

930

m_unknown_msg_type_c
Cause value 0x54 unknown message type received from the MSC.

931

m_unknown_ie_c
Cause value 0x55 unknown information element received from the
MSC.

932

m_transc_or_rate_unavail_c
Cause value 0x30 requested transcoding/rate adaption unavailable
received from the MSC.

933

m_cip_type_mismatch_c
Cause value 0x31 circuit pool mismatch received from the MSC.

934

m_switch_crc_pool_c
Cause value 0x32 switch circuit pool received from the MSC.

935

m_speech_version_unavail_c
Cause value 0x31 requested speech version unavailable received
from the MSC.

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

List of call related DX causes in BSC

Number

Cause code and description

936

m_pre_empt_c
Cause value 0x29 preemption received from the MSC.

937

m_traffic_c
Cause value 0x0F traffic received from the MSC.

938

m_traffic_load_c
Cause value 0x28 traffic load received from the MSC.

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DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

5 DX and BSSMAP cause mapping


The purpose of the following tables is to help the user to determine the relations between
DX causes and BSSMAP causes.
The first table maps DX causes to BSSMAP causes and the second BSSMAP causes
to DX causes.

5.1

DX causes mapped to BSSMAP causes


The following table lists the BSC-internal DX causes and the corresponding BSSMAP
causes that are used on the A interface.

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

50

80

ext_in_ul_quality_c

Uplink quality

51

81

ext_in_ul_strength_c

Uplink strength

52

82

ext_in_dl_quality_c

Downlink quality

53

83

ext_in_dl_strength_c

Downlink strength

54

84

ext_in_distance_c

Distance

55

85

ext_in_o_and_m_inter_c

O and M intervention

56

86

ext_in_resp_to_msc_invoc_c

Response to MSC invocation

57

87

ext_in_better_cell_c

Better cell

12

58

88

ext_in_directed_retry_c

Directed retry

13

59

89

ext_in_unexpected_c

Used if the cause of incoming


external handover is not recognised or not mentioned at all

5A

90

ext_in_switch_crc_pool_c

Switch circuit pool

32

50

5B

91

ext_in_pre_empt_c

Preemption

29

41

5C

92

ext_in_bsc_trho_c

Traffic

15

5D

93

ext_in_isho_c

Used if the incoming external


handover is an intersystem
handover

5E

94

ext_in_int_ho_to_ext_c

Traffic

15

5F

95

ext_in_dtm_no_res_avail_c

Traffic load

28

40

60

96

ext_in_dtm_traffic_c

Traffic

15

64

100

ext_out_dl_rxlev_c

Downlink strength

65

101

ext_out_ul_rxlev_c

Uplink strength

66

102

ext_out_dl_rxqual_c

Downlink quality

67

103

ext_out_ul_rxqual_c

Uplink quality

68

104

ext_out_dl_interf_c

Downlink quality

69

105

ext_out_ul_interf_c

Uplink quality

64

106

ext_out_distance_c

Distance

6B

107

ext_out_pbgt_ho_c

Better cell

12

6C

108

ext_out_umbrella_ho_c

Better cell

12

46

Id:0900d805805a24c2

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

6D

109

ext_out_forced_ho_c

O and M intervention

6E

110

ext_out_dr_ho_c

Directed retry

13

6F

111

ext_out_tr_ho_c

Response to MSC invocation

70

112

ext_out_idr_ho_c

Directed retry

13

71

113

ext_out_pre_empt_ho_c

Response to MSC invocation

72

114

ext_out_rap_fld_drop_c

Uplink strength

73

115

ext_out_low_distance_c

Distance

74

116

ext_out_switch_crc_pool_c

Switch circuit pool

32

50

75

117

ext_out_slow_moving_ms_c

Better cell

12

76

118

ext_out_det_slow_mov_ms_c

Better cell

12

77

119

ext_out_det_fast_mov_ms_c

Better cell

12

78

120

inter_dl_rxlev_c

Downlink strength

79

121

inter_ul_rxlev_c

Uplink strength

7A

122

inter_dl_rxqual_c

Downlink quality

7B

123

inter_ul_rxqual_c

Uplink quality

7C

124

inter_dl_interf_c

Downlink quality

7D

125

inter_ul_interf_c

Uplink quality

7E

126

inter_distance_c

Distance

7F

127

inter_pbgt_ho_c

Better cell

12

80

128

inter_umbrella_ho_c

Better cell

12

81

129

inter_forced_ho_c

O and M intervention

82

130

inter_dr_ho_c

Directed retry

13

83

131

inter_tr_ho_c

Response to MSC invocation

84

132

inter_idr_ho_c

Directed retry

13

85

133

inter_pre_empt_ho_c

Response to MSC invocation

86

134

inter_rap_fld_drop_c

Uplink strength

87

135

inter_low_distance_c

Distance

88

136

inter_ok_ci_ratio_c

Downlink quality

89

137

inter_bad_ci_ratio_c

Downlink quality

8A

138

inter_slow_moving_ms_c

Better cell

12

8B

139

inter_det_slow_mov_ms_c

Better cell

12

8C

140

intra_dl_interf_c

Downlink quality

8D

141

intra_ul_interf_c

Uplink quality

8E

142

intra_forced_ho_c

O and M intervention

8F

143

intra_dl_rxqual_c

Downlink quality

90

144

intra_ok_ci_ratio_c

Downlink quality

91

145

intra_bad_ci_ratio_c

Downlink quality

92

146

intra_pre_empt_ho_c

Response to MSC invocation

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c2

47

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

93

147

intra_distance_c

Distance

94

148

intra_low_distance_c

Distance

95

149

intra_dr_ho_c

Directed retry

13

96

150

intra_direct_access

Downlink strength

97

151

intra_gprs_ho_c

Traffic

15

98

152

intra_ho_to_amr_hr_c

Better cell

12

99

153

intra_ho_to_amr_fr_c

Better cell

12

9A

154

intra_inter_band_tch_c

Traffic

15

9B

155

intra_inter_band_sdc_c

Traffic

15

9C

156

inter_det_fast_mov_ms_c

Better cell

12

9D

157

inter_erfd_ho_c

Better cell

12

9E

158

inter_direct_access_c

Downlink strength

9F

159

inter_bsc_trho_c

Traffic

15

A0

160

inter_dadlb_c

Traffic

15

A2

162

inter_dtm_no_res_avail_c

Traffic load

28

40

A3

163

ext_out_erfd_ho_c

Better cell

12

A4

164

ext_out_bsc_trho_c

Traffic

15

A6

166

intra_inter_bts_type_tch_c

Traffic

15

A7

167

intra_inter_bts_type_sdc_c

Traffic

15

A8

168

intra_ho_due_to_hscsd_c

Traffic

15

A9

169

intra_inter_band_due_lev_c

Downlink strength

AA

170

intra_dtm_mo_cs_to_ps_c

Traffic

15

AB

171

intra_dtm_mt_cs_to_ps_c

Traffic

15

AC

172

intra_dtm_mt_ps_to_ps_c

Traffic

15

AD

173

intra_dtm_ps_to_cs_c

Traffic

15

AE

174

intra_lrtch_ho_to_norm_c

O and M intervention

AF

175

intra_lrtch_ho_to_ext_c

O and M intervention

BE

190

ext_out_isho_c

Traffic

15

BF

191

ext_out_inter_system_da_c

Directed retry

13

C0

192

ext_out_ibho_to_gsm_c

Traffic load

28

40

C1

193

ext_out_ibho_to_utran_c

Traffic

15

C2

194

ext_out_int_ho_to_ext_c

Traffic

15

C3

195

ext_out_dtm_no_res_avail_c

Traffic load

28

40

C4

196

ext_out_dtm_disabled_c

Traffic

15

C5

197

ext_out_pcu_qual_cntrl_c

Traffic

15

C6

198

ext_out_dtm_ho_to_dtm_c

Call control

C7

199

ext_out_dtm_ho_to_wcdma_c

Traffic

15

F0

240

inter_dtm_disabled_c

Traffic

15

48

Id:0900d805805a24c2

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

F1

241

inter_pcu_qual_cntrl_c

Traffic

15

F2

242

inter_dtm_ho_to_dtm_c

Call control

12C

300

user_act_block_c

O and M intervention

12D

301

netw_act_block_c

O and M intervention

12E

302

bts_fail_block_c

Equipment failure

20

32

12F

303

lapd_fail_block_c

Equipment failure

20

32

130

304

abis_fail_block_c

Equipment failure

20

32

131

305

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_ c

Equipment failure

20

32

132

306

ass_fail_msg_c

Radio interface failure, reversion


to old channel

10

133

307

block_slave_c

Equipment failure

20

32

134

308

ch_act_nack_c

Radio interface failure

135

309

ch_act_nack_om_inter_c

O and M intervention

136

310

ch_act_nack_equip_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

137

311

ch_act_nack_encryp_alg_c

Ciphering algorithm not supported 40

64

138

312

ch_act_nack_rad_ch_alr_a_c

No radio resource available

21

33

139

313

ch_act_nack_serv_not_ava_c

Requested transcoding/rate
adaption unavailable

30

48

13A

314

ch_act_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

13B

315

conn_fail_c

Radio interface failure

13C

316

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

Radio interface failure

13D

317

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

Radio interface failure

13E

318

conn_fail_rem_trans_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

13F

319

data_ind_corrup_c

Radio interface message failure

140

320

err_ind_c

Radio interface failure

141

321

estab_ind_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

142

322

estab_conf_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

143

323

ho_fail_c

Radio interface failure, reversion


to old channel

10

144

324

ho_detect_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

145

325

mode_mod_nack_c

BSS not equipped

25

37

146

326

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

147

327

no_meas_result_c

Radio interface failure

148

328

no_resp_from_copro_c

Equipment failure

20

32

149

329

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

14A

330

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

14B

331

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

14C

332

rc0_disco_ind_c

Equipment failure

20

32

14D

333

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

Radio interface failure

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c2

49

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

14E

334

rel_ind_c

Radio interface failure

14F

335

rel_ind_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

150

336

signalling_error_c

Radio interface failure

151

337

state_confligt_c

Equipment failure

20

32

152

338

type_confligt_c

Equipment failure

20

32

153

339

forced_rel_c

Preemption

29

41

154

340

rej_phantom_res_c

Radio interface message failure

155

341

overload_c

CCCH overload

23

35

156

342

abi_switchover_c

O and M intervention

157

343

sapi_3_fail_c

Radio interface failure

158

344

paging_msg_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

159

345

ch_required_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

15A

346

mode_mod_nack_equip_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

15B

347

mode_mod_nack_trc_rat_un_c

Requested transcoding/rate
adaption unavailable

30

48

15C

348

rrm_serv_req_nack_c

No radio resource available

21

33

15D

349

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

Radio interface failure

15E

350

ass_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

15F

351

dr_fail_c

No radio resource available

21

33

160

352

coprocess_fail_c

Radio interface failure

161

353

err_rep_enc_alg_not_imp_c

Ciphering algorithm not supported 40

64

162

354

error_report_c

Radio interface failure

163

355

ch_act_nack_ch_mode_err_c

Requested transcoding/rate
adaption unavailable

30

48

164

356

ch_act_nack_gen_ie_err_c

Radio interface message failure

165

357

speech_version_unavail_c

Radio interface failure, reversion


to old channel

10

166

358

ignored_double_rand_acc_c

Radio interface message failure

167

359

rtsl_reconf_fail_c

No radio resource available

21

33

168

360

ho_interrupted_c

Equipment failure

20

32

169

361

downgrade_c

Equipment failure

20

32

16A

362

ho_not_started_c

Equipment failure

20

32

16B

363

conf_change_not_allowed_c

Equipment failure

20

32

16C

364

conf_change_bts_fail_c

BSS not equipped

25

37

16D

365

conf_change_ms_fail_c

Radio interface failure

16E

366

hscsd_copro_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

16F

367

sub_timer_c

Equipment failure

20

32

170

368

forced_ho_block_c

O and M intervention

171

369

upgrade_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

50

Id:0900d805805a24c2

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

172

370

estab_ind_corrupted_c

Radio interface message failure

175

373

bsc_bsc_conflict_c

Call control

176

374

cn_id_not_found_c

Equipment failure

20

32

177

375

ciph_not_support_trx_c

Ciphering algorithm not supported 40

64

178

376

dfca_hop_prm_not_valid_c

Equipment failure

20

32

190

400

timing_advance_c

Distance

191

401

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

Switch circuit pool

32

50

192

402

rrm_speech_ver_unavail_c

Requested speech version


unavailable

33

51

193

403

rrm_bts_not_supporting_c

Requested transcoding/rate
adaption unavailable

30

48

194

404

rrm_ms_not_supporting_c

MS not equipped

26

38

195

405

rrm_invalid_cell_c

Invalid cell

27

39

1F4

500

ho_not_allowed_c

Call control

1F5

501

no_radio_res_avail_c

No radio resource available

21

33

1F7

503

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

Equipment failure

20

32

1F8

504

no_resp_to_radio_res_req_c

Equipment failure

20

32

1F9

505

has_state_confligt_c

Equipment failure

20

32

1FA

506

clear_cmd_not_received_c

Radio interface message failure

1FB

507

ms_is_lost_c

Radio interface message failure

1FC

508

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

Equipment failure

20

32

1FD

509

has_switchover_c

O and M intervention

1FE

510

target_fail_c

Call control

1FF

511

source_fail_c

Call control

200

512

has_call_control_c

Call control

201

513

adj_cell_id_err_c

Invalid cell

27

39

258

600

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

259

601

aiv_ssp_c

Call control

25A

602

sccp_conn_fail_c

Call control

25B

603

sccp_conn_timeout_c

Call control

25C

604

sccp_release_c

Call control

25E

606

global_reset_c

Call control

260

608

no_dtap_from_msc_c

Call control

261

609

ho_denied_assign_c

Call control

262

610

ho_denied_ciphering_c

Call control

263

611

ho_denied_clear_c

Call control

264

612

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

Call control

265

613

T7_expiry_c

Call control

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c2

51

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

266

614

T10_expiry_c

Equipment failure

20

32

267

615

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

268

616

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

269

617

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

26A

618

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

26B

619

aiv_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

26C

620

act_ctrl_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

26D

621

invalid_bssmap_msg_c

Protocol error between BSS and


MSC

60

96

26E

622

unknown_a_pcm_c

Requested terrestrial resource


unavailable

22

34

26F

623

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c

Call control

270

624

ch_type_mismatch_c

Invalid message contents

51

81

271

625

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c

Requested transcoding/rate
adaption unavailable

30

48

272

626

aiv_speech_version_unava_c

Invalid message contents

51

81

273

627

aiv_pagin_refus_big_load_c

Call control

274

628

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

275

629

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2BC

700

rc0_hand_act_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2BD

701

a_crct_alr_res_c

Terrestrial circuit already allocated 50

80

2BE

702

a_crct_conn_err_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2BF

703

rc0_crct_conn_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2C0

704

access_out_of_crct_tbl_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2C1

705

a_crct_rel_err_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2C2

706

rc0_transc_or_rate unava_c

Requested transcoding/rate
adaption unavailable

30

48

2C3

707

rc0_cip_type_mismatch_c

Switch circuit pool

32

50

2C4

708

rc0_inv_msg_contents_c

Invalid message contents

51

81

2C5

709

rc0_req_speech_ver_unava_c

Requested speech version


unavailable

33

51

2C6

710

rc0_hunting_queue_full_c

Traffic load

28

40

2C7

711

rc0_a_crct_congestion_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2C8

712

rc0_a_search_error_c

Traffic load

28

40

2C9

713

rc0_crct_pool_mismatch_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2CA

714

rc0_rej_due_eme_call_c

Traffic load

28

40

2CB

715

rc0_ilc_file_error_c

Equipment failure

20

32

2CC

716

a_crct_conn_err_consec_c

Equipment failure

20

32

320

800

a_tsl_user_mismatch_c

Equipment failure

20

32

52

Id:0900d805805a24c2

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

321

801

sc7_crct_res_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

322

802

sc7_crct_conn_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

323

803

sc7_crct_disconn_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

324

804

sc7_crct_rel_timeout_c

Equipment failure

20

32

325

805

a_tsl_blocked_c

Requested terrestrial resource


unavailable

22

34

326

806

a_tsl_status_unknown_c

Requested terrestrial resource


unavailable

22

34

327

807

lsi_access_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

328

808

scc_access_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

329

809

undef_tsl_in_lsi_c

Requested terrestrial resource


unavailable

22

34

32A

810

crct_equipment_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

32B

811

reset_crct_c

Response to MSC invocation

32D

813

sc7_ssp_c

Call control

32F

815

a_pcm_fault_c

Equipment failure

20

32

331

817

a_crct_removed_c

O and M intervention

333

819

a_et_state_change_c

O and M intervention

384

900

m_radio_if_mess_fail_c

Radio interface message failure

385

901

m_radio_if_fail_c

Radio interface failure

386

902

m_uplink_quality_c

Uplink quality

387

903

m_uplink_strength_c

Uplink strength

388

904

m_downlink_quality_c

Downlink quality

389

905

m_downlink_strength_c

Downlink strength

38A

906

m_distance_c

Distance

38B

907

m_o_and_m_inter_c

O and M intervention

38C

908

m_resp_to_msc_invoc_c

Response to MSC invocation

38D

909

m_call_control_c

Call control

38E

910

m_r_if_f_rev_to_old_c

Radio interface failure, reversion


to old channel

10

38F

911

m_handover_succ_c

Handover successful

11

390

912

m_better_cell_c

Better cell

12

391

913

m_directed_retry_c

Directed retry

13

392

914

m_equipment_fail_c

Equipment failure

20

32

393

915

m_no_radio_res_avail_c

No radio resource available

21

33

394

916

m_req_terr_res_unava_c

Requested terrestrial resource


unavailable

22

34

395

917

m_cch_overload_c

CCCH overload

23

35

396

918

m_processor_overload_c

Processor overload

24

36

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c2

53

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

HEX

Dec

DX cause

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DEC

397

919

m_bss_not_equipped_c

BSS not equipped

25

37

398

920

m_ms_not_eqipped_c

MS not equipped

26

38

399

921

m_tr_cod_rat_ad_unav_c

Requested transcoding/rate
adaption unavailable

30

48

39A

922

m_ciph_alg_not_supp_c

Ciphering algorithm not supported 40

64

39B

923

m_terr_chan_alr_allc_c

Terrestrial circuit already allocated 50

80

39C

924

m_prot_err_b_bsc_msc_c

Protocol error between BSS and


MSC

60

96

39E

926

m_invalid_cell_c

Invalid cell

27

39

39F

927

m_invalid_msg_cont_c

Invalid message contents

51

81

3A0

928

m_ie_or_field_missing_c

Information element or field


missing

52

82

3A1

929

m_incorrect_value_c

Incorrect value

53

83

3A2

930

m_unknown_msg_type_c

Unknown message type

54

84

3A3

931

m_unknown_ie_c

Unknown information element

55

85

3A5

933

m_cip_type_mismatch_c

Circuit pool mismatch

31

49

3A6

934

m_switch_circuit_pool_c

Switch circuit pool

32

50

3A7

935

m_speech_version_unavail_c

Requested speech version


unavailable

33

51

3A8

936

m_pre_empt_c

Preemption

29

41

3A9

937

m_traffic_c

Traffic

15

3AA

938

m_traffic_load_c

Traffic load

28

40

5.2

BSSMAP causes mapped to DX causes


The following table shows which DX causes trigger a particular BSSMAP cause. The
BSSMAP causes and their hexadecimal values are listed in the first two columns. The
third column lists the cause fields of the DX causes which bring about a BSSMAP cause
on the A interface.

54

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DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

Radio interface message failure

0x00

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

ho_detect_fail_c

324

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rel_ind_fail_c

335

rej_phanton_res_c

340

paging_msg_fail_c

344

ch_required_fail_c

345

ass_fail_c

350

ch_act_nack_gen_err_c

356

ignored_double_rand_acc_c

358

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

ms_is_lost_c

507

m_radio_if_mess_fail_c

900

ch_act_nack_c

308

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

no_meas_result_c

327

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_c

334

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

coprocess_fail_c

352

error_report_c

354

conf_change_ms_fail_c

365

m_radio_if_fail_c

901

Radio interface failure

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DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

Uplink quality

0x02

ext_out_ul_quality_c

80

ext_out_ul_rxqual_c

103

ext_out_ul_interf_c

105

inter_ul_rxqual_c

123

inter_ul_interf_c

125

intra_ul_interf_c

141

m_uplink_quality_c

902

ext_in_ul_strength_c

81

ext_out_ul_rxlev_c

101

ext_out_rap_fld_drop_c

114

inter_ul_rxlev_c

121

inter_rap_fld_drop_c

134

m_uplink_strength_c

903

ext_in_dl_quality_c

82

ext_out_dl_rxqual_c

102

ext_out_dl_interf_c

104

inter_dl_rxqual_c

122

inter_dl_interf_c

124

inter_ok_ci_ratio_c

136

inter_bad_ci_ratio_c

137

intra_dl_interf_c

140

intra_dl_rxqual_c

143

intra_ok_ci_ratio_c

144

intra_bad_ci_ratio_c

145

m_downlink_quality_c

904

ext_in_dl_strength_c

83

ext_out_dl_rxlev_c

100

inter_dl_rxlev_c

120

intra_direct_access_c

150

inter_direct_access_c

158

intra_inter_band_due_lev_c

169

m_downlink_strength_c

905

Uplink strength

Downlink quality

Downlink strength

56

0x03

0x04

0x05

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DN9814277
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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

Distance

0x06

ext_in_distance_c

84

ext_out_distance_c

106

ext_out_low_distance_c

115

inter_distance_c

126

inter_low_distance_c

135

intra_distance_c

147

intra_low_distance_c

148

timing_advance_c

400

m_distance_c

906

ext_in_o_and_m_inter_c

85

ext_out_forced_ho_c

109

inter_forced_ho_c

129

intra_forced_ho_c

142

intra_lrtch_ho_to_norm_c

174

intra_lrtch_ho_to_ext_c

175

user_act_block_c

300

netw_acct_block_c

301

ch_act_nack_om_inter_c

309

abi_switchover_c

342

forced_ho_block_c

368

has_switchover_c

509

a_crct_removed_c

817

a_et_state_change_c

819

m_o_and_m_inter_c

907

ext_in_resp_to_msc_invoc_c

86

ext_out_tr_ho_c

111

ext_out_pre_empt_ho_c

113

inter_tr_ho_c

131

inter_pre_empt_ho_c

133

intra_pre_empt_ho_c

146

reset_crct_c

811

m_resp_to_msc_invoc_c

908

O and M intervention

Response to MSC invocation

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DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

Call control

0x09

ext_out_dtm_ho_to_dtm_c

198

inter_dtm_ho_to_dtm_c

242

bsc_bsc_conflict_c

373

ho_not_allowed_c

500

target_fail_c

510

source_fail_c

511

has_call_control_c

512

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c

623

aiv_pagin_refus_big_load_c

627

sc7_ssp_c

813

m_call_control_c

909

ass_fail_msg_c

306

ho_fail_c

323

m_r_if_f_rev_to_old_c

910

m_handover_succ_c

911

Radio interface failure, reversion to old


channel

Handover successful

58

0x0A

0x0B

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

Better cell

0x0C

ext_in_better_cell_c

87

ext_out_pbgt_ho_c

107

ext_out_umbrella_ho_c

108

ext_out_slow_moving_ms_c

117

ext_out_det_slow_mov_ms_c

118

ext_out_det_fast_mov_ms_c

119

inter_pbgt_ho_c

127

inter_umbrella_ho_c

128

inter_slow_moving_ms_c

138

inter_det_slow_mov_ms_c

139

intra_ho_to_amr_hr_c

152

intra_ho_to_amr_fr_c

153

inter_erfd_ho_c

157

ext_out_erfd_ho_c

163

m_better_cell_c

912

ext_in_directed_retry_c

88

ext_out_dr_ho_c

110

ext_out_idr_ho_c

112

inter_dr_ho_c

130

inter_idr_ho_c

132

intra_dr_ho_c

149

ext_out_inter_system_da_c

191

m_directed_retry_c

913

Directed retry

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DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

Traffic

0x0F

ext_in_bsc_trho_c

92

ext_in_int_ho_to_ext_c

94

ext_in_dtm_traffic_c

96

intra_gprs_ho_c

151

intra_inter_band_tch_c

154

intra_inter_band_sdc_c

155

inter_bsc_trho_c

159

inter_dadlb_c

160

ext_out_bsc_trho_c

164

intra_inter_bts_type_tch_c

166

intra_inter_bts_type_sdc_c

167

intra_ho_due_to_hscsd_c

168

intra_dtm_mo_cs_to_ps_c

170

intra_dtm_mt_cs_to_ps_c

171

intra_dtm_mt_ps_to_ps_c

172

intra_dtm_ps_to_cs_c

173

ext_out_isho_c

190

ext_out_ibho_to_utran_c

193

ext_out_int_ho_to_ext_c

194

ext_out_dtm_disabled_c

196

ext_out_pcu_qual_cntrl_c

197

ext_out_dtm_ho_to_wcdma_c

199

inter_dtm_disabled_c

240

inter_pcu_qual_cntrl_c

241

m_traffic_c

937

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DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

Equipment failure

0x20

bts_fail_block_c

302

lapd_fail_block_c

303

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_nack_equip_fail_c

310

ch_act_fail_c

314

conn_fail_rem_trans_fail_c

318

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

state_confligt_c

337

type_confligt_c

338

mode_mod_nack_equip_fail_c

346

ho_interrupted_c

360

downgrade_c

361

ho_no_started_c

362

conf_change_not_allowed_c

363

hscsd_copro_fail_c

366

sub_timer_c

367

upgrade_fail_c

369

cn_id_not_found_c

374

dfca_hop_prm_not_valid_c

376

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

no_resp_to_radio_res_req_c

504

has_state_confligt_c

505

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

T10_expiry_c

614

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c

615

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c

616

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c

617

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c

618

aiv_timeout_c

619

act_ctrl_timeout_c

620

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c

628

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c

629

rc0_hand_act_fail_c

700

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

No radio resource available

0x21

ch_act_nack_rad_ch_alr_a_c

312

rrm_serv_req_nack_c

348

dr_fail_c

351

rtsl_reconf_fail_c

359

no_radio_res_avail_c

501

m_no_radio_res_avail_c

915

unknown_a_pcm_c

622

a_tsl_blocked_c

805

a_tsl_status_unknown_c

806

undef_tsl_in_lsi_c

809

m_req_terr_res_unava_c

916

overload_c

341

m_cch_overload_c

917

Requested terrestrial resource unavailable 0x22

CCCH overload

0x23

Processor overload

0x24

m_processor_overload_c

918

BSS not equipped

0x25

mode_mod_nack_c

325

conf_change_bts_fail_c

364

m_bss_not_equipped_c

919

rrm_ms_not_supporting_c

404

m_ms_not_equipped_c

920

rrm_invalid_cell_c

405

m_invalid_cell_c

926

ext_in_dtm_no_res_avail_c

95

inter_dtm_no_res_avail_c

162

ext_out_ibho_to_gsm_c

192

ext_out_dtm_no_res_avail_c

195

rc0_hunting_queue_full_c

710

rc0_a_search_error_c

712

rc0_rej_due_eme_call_c

714

m_traffic_load_c

938

ext_in_pre_empt_c

91

forced_rel_c

339

m_pre_empt_c

936

MS not equipped

Invalid cell

Traffic load

Preemption

62

0x26

0x27

0x28

0x29

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX and BSSMAP cause mapping

BSSMAP cause

HEX

DX cause

DEC

Requested transcoding/rate adaption


unavailable

0x30

ch_act_nack_serv_not_ava_c

313

mode_mod_nack_trc_rat_un_c

347

ch_act_nack_ch_mode_err_c

355

rrm_bts_not_supporting_c

403

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c

625

rc0_transc_or_rate_unava_c

706

m_tr_cod_rat_ad_unav_c

921

Circuit pool mismatch

0x31

m_cip_type_mismatch_c

933

Switch circuit pool

0x32

ext_in_switch_crc_pool_c

90

ext_out_switch_crc_pool_c

116

rrm_switch_src_pool_c

401

rc0_cip_type_mismatch_c

707

m_switch_crc_pool_c

934

rrm_speech_ver_unavail_c

402

rc0_req_speech_ver_unava_c

709

m_speech_version_unavail_c

935

ch_act_nack_encryp_alg_c

311

err_rep_enc_alg_not_imp_c

353

ciph_not_support_trx_c

375

m_ciph_alg_not_supp_c

922

a_crct_alr_res_c

701

m_terr_chan_alr_allc_c

923

ch_type_mismatch_c

624

aiv_speech_version_unava_c

626

rc0_inv_msg_contents_c

708

m_invalid_msg_cont_c

927

Requested speech version unavailable

Ciphering algorithm not supported

Terrestrial circuit already allocated

Invalid message contents

0x33

0x40

0x50

0x51

Information element or field missing

0x52

m_ie_or_field_missing_c

928

Incorrect value

0x53

m_incorrect_value_c

929

Unknown message type

0x54

m_unkown_msg_type_c

930

Unknown information element

0x55

m_unknown_ie_c

931

Protocol error between BSS and MSC

0x60

invalid_bssmap_msg_c

621

m_prot_err_b_bsc_msc_c

924

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Call Related DX Causes in BSC

6 DX causes in BSC statistics


The information in DX causes can be examined using the measurements and observations of BSC Statistics. The following methods can be used:

using clear code counters on BSC basis, divided into different phases (50 BSC Level
Clear Code Measurement)
using BSC counters on BSC basis (51 BSC Level Clear Code (PM) Measurement)
using BSC counters on cell basis (57 BSC Level Clear Code (SERLEV) Measurement)
using observations
using counters of Traffic Measurement (1 Traffic Measurement)

These measurements are described in the following sections. For more information on
how to run measurements and observations, see BSC Statistics Administration.

6.1

DX causes and BSC Level Clear Code Measurement


The counters of BSC Level Clear Code Measurement record failures that have occured
during a call (signalling or conversation). The measurement collects the clear code
counters for each of the 15 call phases (see Call phases of call related DX causes in
BSC). The values of all counters are given on a BSC basis.
Each counter has a corresponding failure DX cause, whose cause number is the same
as the last three digits of the counter number. For example, the clear code counter
500315 CONN FAIL corresponds to the failure DX cause conn_fail_c (315). DX causes
are listed in List of call related DX causes in BSC.
Failure causes 902, 903, 904, 905, 906, 907, 908, 911, 912, 913, 934, 936, 937, and
938 do not update counters in BSC Level Clear Code Measurement.
For more information, see 50 BSC Level Clear Code Measurement under Reference/Counters/performance indicators/Call control measurements (CS) in the PDF
view.

6.2

DX causes and BSC Level Clear Code (PM) Measurement


The counters of BSC Level Clear Code (PM) Measurement are divided into five different
classes; there are failure counters, success counters, one BCSU counter, call attempt
and call establishment cause counters, and handover counters. Counters are given on
BSC basis.
Most of the counters have a one-to-one correspondence with a particular DX cause.
These correspondences are indicated in the counter descriptions. However, some of the
counters are primarily based on 3GPP-based BSSMAP causes or establishment
causes.
For more information, see 51 BSC Level Clear Code (PM) Measurement under Reference/Counters/performance indicators/Call control measurements (CS) in the PDF
view.

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6.3

DX causes in BSC statistics

DX causes and BSC Level Clear Code (SERLEV) Measurement


BSC Level Clear Code (SERLEV) Measurement registers statistics about clear codes in
a BSC during calls on cell basis.
Some of the counters correspond to several DX causes. These correspondences are
not indicated in the counter descriptions, since no one-to-one correspondences exist.
For more information, see 57 BSC Level Clear Code (SERLEV) Measurement under
Reference/Counters/performance indicators/Call control measurements (CS) in the
PDF view.

6.4

DX causes and observation report


The observation report includes counters for recording the starting and ending cause
and phase. The observation counters are the following:
Phase in

Contains the call phase for a channel seizure.

Cause in

Contains the DX cause that indicates the reason for a channel seizure.
This can only be a success cause.

Phase out

Contains the call phase when a channel release is started.

Cause out

Contains the DX cause that indicates the reason for a channel release.
This can be a success or a failure cause.

The counters in different observations offer detailed information on call establishment


and call clearing during handovers and basic calls:

In 16 SDCCH Observation and 17 TCH Observation, the Phase in and the Cause in
counters include the establishment cause. The Phase out and the Cause out
counters are for the channel release cause.
In 18 Handover Observation, the Phase in and the Cause in counters are for the
handover starting cause. The Phase out and the Cause out counters are for the
handover ending cause.
In 22 Clear Code Observation, the DX cause structure includes the Phase out and
the Cause out counters.
In 23 Dropped Call Observation and 29 Drop Call Breakdown Observation, the
Phase in and the Cause in counters include the establishment cause for the dropped
call. The Phase out and the Cause out counters are for the channel release cause.

When the starting cause (Cause in) is the same as the ending cause (Cause out), the
event has ended successfully. Similarly, when these two variables have different cause
values, the signalling in question was not successful.

6.5

DX causes and Traffic Measurement


The following table lists the counters of Traffic Measurement that are incremented due
to DX causes. The first two columns list the counter name and number. The last two
columns list the DX cause codes and their decimal numbers.

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DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

TRANSACTIONS FAIL DUE TO BSS FAIL

001002

This is a sum of the counters 001033,


001034, 001035, 001036

TRANSACTIONS FAIL DUE TO RADIO


FAIL

001003

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ho_detect_fail_c

324

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

conf_change_ms_fail_c

365

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

target_fail_c

510

source_fail_c

511

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

target_fail_c

510

(incremented only in phases 1-8)

TRANSACTIONS FAIL DUE RADIO ON


SOURCE CHANNEL DURING HO
(incremented only in phases 911)

66

001004

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DEC

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Issue 14-1

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DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TRANSACTIONS FAIL DUE RADIO ON


TARGET CHANNEL DURING HO (incremented only in phases 12-14)

001005

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ho_detect_fail_c

324

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

conf_change_ms_fail_c

365

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

source_fail_c

511

TRANSACTIONS ENDED DUE TO BSS


PROBLEM

001012

This is a sum of the counters 001045,


001046, 001047, 001051

TRANSACTIONS ENDED DUE RADIO FAIL


(incremented only in phases 1-8, 15)

001013

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ho_detect_fail_c

324

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

conf_change_ms_fail_c

365

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

target_fail_c

510

source_fail_c

511

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DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TRANSACTIONS ENDED DUE SOURCE


CHANNEL FAIL DURING HO (incremented
only in phases 9-11)

001014

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

target_fail_c

510

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ho_detect_fail_c

324

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

conf_change_ms_fail_c

365

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

source_fail_c

511

TRANSACTIONS ENDED DUE TARGET


CHANNEL FAIL DURING HO (incremented
only in phases 12-14)

001015

SDCCH ACT FAIL

001027

This is a sum of the counters 001072,


001074

TCH ACT FAIL

001028

This is a sum of the counters 001081,


001083

TCH TR FAIL (incremented only in phases 1- 001029


8, 15)

conn_fail_rem_trans_fail_c

318

TCH TR FAIL SOURCE (incremented only in


phases 9-11)

001030

conn_fail_rem_trans_fail_c

318

TCH TR FAIL TARGET (incremented only in


phases 12-14)

001031

conn_fail_rem_trans_fail_c

318

68

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

SDCCH ABIS PROBL

001033

This is a sum of the counters 001075,


001076, 001077

SDCCH A IF PROBL

001034

This is a sum of the counters 001078,


001079, 001080

SDCCH LAPD FAIL

001035

lapd_fail_block_c

303

SDCCH BTS FAIL

001036

bts_fail_block_c

302

SDCCH USER ACT

001037

user_act_block_c

300

SDCCH NETW ACT

001039

netw_act_block_c

301

TCH ABIS PROBL

001045

This is a sum of the counters 001084,


001085, 001086

TCH LAPD FAIL

001046

lapd_fail_block_c

303

TCH BTS FAIL

001047

bts_fail_block_c

302

TCH USER ACT

001048

user_act_block_c

300

TCH NETW ACT

001050

netw_act_block_c

301

TCH A IF PROBL

001051

This is a sum of the counters 001087,


001088, 001089

SDCCH ACT FAIL CALL (incremented only


in phases 1-8)

001072

ch_act_nack_c

308

ch_act_nack_om_inter_c

309

ch_act_nack_equip_fail_c

310

ch_act_nack_encryp_alg_c

311

ch_act_nack_rad_ch_alr_a_c

312

ch_act_nack_serv_not_ava_c

313

mode_mod_nack_c

325

mode_mod_nack_equip_fail_c

346

mode_mod_nack_trc_rat_un_c

347

err_rep_enc_alg_not_imp_c

353

ch_act_nack_ch_mode_err_c

355

ch_act_nack_gen_ie_err_c

356

speech_version_unavail_c

357

conf_change_bts_fail_c

364

ciph_not_support_trx_c

375

dfca_hop_prm_not_valid_c

376

rrm_speech_ver_unavail_c

402

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DEC

69

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

SDCCH ACT FAIL TARGET (incremented


only in phases 12-14)

001074

ch_act_nack_c

308

ch_act_nack_om_inter_c

309

ch_act_nack_equip_fail_c

310

ch_act_nack_encryp_alg_c

311

ch_act_nack_rad_ch_alr_a_c

312

ch_act_nack_serv_not_ava_c

313

mode_mod_nack_c

325

mode_mod_nack_equip_fail_c

346

mode_mod_nack_trc_rat_un_c

347

err_rep_enc_alg_not_imp_c

353

ch_act_nack_ch_mode_err_c

355

ch_act_nack_gen_ie_err_c

356

speech_version_unavail_c

357

conf_change_bts_fail_c

364

ciph_not_support_trx_c

375

dfca_hop_prm_not_valid_c

376

rrm_speech_ver_unavail_c

402

70

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

SDCCH ABIS FAIL CALL (incremented only


in phases 1-8)

001075

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_fail_c

314

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

no_meas_result_c

327

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_fail_c

335

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

sub_timer_c

367

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

cn_id_not_found_c

374

has_state_conflict_c

505

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

71

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

SDCCH ABIS FAIL SOURCE (incremented


only in phases 9-11)

001076

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_fail_c

314

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

no_meas_result_c

327

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_fail_c

335

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

has_state_conflict_c

505

72

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

SDCCH ABIS FAIL TARGET (incremented


only in phases 12-14)

001077

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_fail_c

314

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

no_meas_result_c

327

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_fail_c

335

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

sub_timer_c

367

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

has_state_conflict_c

505

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

73

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

SDCCH A IF FAIL CALL (incremented only


in phases 1-8)

001078

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

401

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

T10_expiry_c

614

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c

615

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c

616

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c

617

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c

618

aiv_timeout_c

619

act_ctrl_timeout_c

620

invalid_bssmap_msg_c

621

unknown_a_pcm_c

622

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c

623

ch_type_mismatch_c

624

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c

625

aiv_speech_version_unava_c

626

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c

628

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c

629

rc0_hand_act_fail_c

700

a_crct_alr_res_c

701

a_crct_conn_err_c

702

rc0_crct_conn_timeout_c

703

access_out_of_crct_tbl_c

704

a_crct_rel_err_c

705

rc0_transc_or_rate_unava_c

706

74

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

SDCCH A IF FAIL SOURCE (incremented


only in phases 9-11)

001079

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

401

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

T10_expiry_c

614

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c

615

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c

616

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c

617

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c

618

aiv_timeout_c

619

act_ctrl_timeout_c

620

invalid_bssmap_msg_c

621

unknown_a_pcm_c

622

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c

623

ch_type_mismatch_c

624

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c

625

aiv_speech_version_unava_c

626

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c

628

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c

629

rc0_hand_act_fail_c

700

a_crct_alr_res_c

701

a_crct_conn_err_c

702

rc0_crct_conn_timeout_c

703

access_out_of_crct_tbl_c

704

a_crct_rel_err_c

705

rc0_transc_or_rate_unava_c

706

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

75

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

SDCCH A IF FAIL TARGET (incremented


only in phases 12-14)

001080

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

401

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

T10_expiry_c

614

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c

615

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c

616

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c

617

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c

618

aiv_timeout_c

619

act_ctrl_timeout_c

620

invalid_bssmap_msg_c

621

unknown_a_pcm_c

622

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c

623

ch_type_mismatch_c

624

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c

625

aiv_speech_version_unava_c

626

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c

628

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c

629

rc0_hand_act_fail_c

700

a_crct_alr_res_c

701

a_crct_conn_err_c

702

rc0_crct_conn_timeout_c

703

access_out_of_crct_tbl_c

704

a_crct_rel_err_c

705

rc0_transc_or_rate_unava_c

706

76

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH ACT FAIL CALL (incremented only in


phases 1-8)

001081

ch_act_nack_c

308

ch_act_nack_om_inter_c

309

ch_act_nack_equip_fail_c

310

ch_act_nack_encryp_alg_c

311

ch_act_nack_rad_ch_alr_a_c

312

ch_act_nack_serv_not_ava_c

313

mode_mod_nack_c

325

mode_mod_nack_equip_fail_c

346

mode_mod_nack_trc_rat_un_c

347

err_rep_enc_alg_not_imp_c

353

ch_act_nack_ch_mode_err_c

355

ch_act_nack_gen_ie_err_c

356

speech_version_unavail_c

357

conf_change_bts_fail_c

364

ciph_not_support_trx_c

375

rrm_speech_ver_unavail_c

402

ch_act_nack_c

308

ch_act_nack_om_inter_c

309

ch_act_nack_equip_fail_c

310

ch_act_nack_encryp_alg_c

311

ch_act_nack_rad_ch_alr_a_c

312

ch_act_nack_serv_not_ava_c

313

mode_mod_nack_c

325

mode_mod_nack_equip_fail_c

346

mode_mod_nack_trc_rat_un_c

347

err_rep_enc_alg_not_imp_c

353

ch_act_nack_ch_mode_err_c

355

ch_act_nack_gen_ie_err_c

356

speech_version_unavail_c

357

conf_change_bts_fail_c

364

ciph_not_support_trx_c

375

rrm_speech_ver_unavail_c

402

TCH ACT FAIL TARGET (incremented only


in phases 12-14)

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

001083

Id:0900d805805a24c5

77

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH ABIS FAIL CALL (incremented only in


phases 1-8, 15)

001084

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_fail_c

314

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

no_meas_result_c

327

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_fail_c

335

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

sub_timer_c

367

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

cn_id_not_found_c

374

has_state_conflict_c

505

78

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH ABIS FAIL SOURCE (incremented only


in phases 9-11)

001085

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_fail_c

314

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

no_meas_result_c

327

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_fail_c

335

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

has_state_conflict_c

505

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

79

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH ABIS FAIL NEW (incremented only in


phases 12-14)

001086

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_fail_c

314

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

no_meas_result_c

327

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_fail_c

335

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

sub_timer_c

367

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

has_state_conflict_c

505

80

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH A IF FAIL CALL (incremented only in


phases 1-8, 15)

001087

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

401

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

T10_expiry_c

614

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c

615

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c

616

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c

617

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c

618

aiv_timeout_c

619

act_ctrl_timeout_c

620

invalid_bssmap_msg_c

621

unknown_a_pcm_c

622

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c

623

ch_type_mismatch_c

624

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c

625

aiv_speech_version_unava_c

626

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c

628

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c

629

rc0_hand_act_fail_c

700

a_crct_alr_res_c

701

a_crct_conn_err_c

702

rc0_crct_conn_timeout_c

703

access_out_of_crct_tbl_c

704

a_crct_rel_err_c

705

rc0_transc_or_rate_unava_c

706

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

81

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH A IF FAIL SOURCE (incremented only


in phases 9-11)

001088

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

401

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

T10_expiry_c

614

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c

615

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c

616

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c

617

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c

618

aiv_timeout_c

619

act_ctrl_timeout_c

620

invalid_bssmap_msg_c

621

unknown_a_pcm_c

622

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c

623

ch_type_mismatch_c

624

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c

625

aiv_speech_version_unava_c

626

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c

628

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c

629

rc0_hand_act_fail_c

700

a_crct_alr_res_c

701

a_crct_conn_err_c

702

rc0_crct_conn_timeout_c

703

access_out_of_crct_tbl_c

704

a_crct_rel_err_c

705

rc0_transc_or_rate_unava_c

706

82

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH A IF FAIL NEW (incremented only in


phases 12-14)

001089

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

401

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

T10_expiry_c

614

aiv_crct_res_timeout_c

615

aiv_crct_conn_timeout_c

616

aiv_crct_disconn_timeout_c

617

aiv_crct_rel_timeout_c

618

aiv_timeout_c

619

act_ctrl_timeout_c

620

invalid_bssmap_msg_c

621

unknown_a_pcm_c

622

ho_denied_no_proper_crc_c

623

ch_type_mismatch_c

624

aiv_transc_or_rate_unava_c

625

aiv_speech_version_unava_c

626

aiv_conn_refresh_timeout_c

628

aiv_conn_refresh_failed_c

629

rc0_hand_act_fail_c

700

a_crct_alr_res_c

701

a_crct_conn_err_c

702

rc0_crct_conn_timeout_c

703

access_out_of_crct_tbl_c

704

a_crct_rel_err_c

705

rc0_transc_or_rate_unava_c

706

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

83

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH REL DUE TO RADIO FAIL (incremented only in phases 2, 3, 5, 814)

001139

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ho_detect_fail_c

324

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

conf_change_ms_fail_c

365

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

target_fail_c

510

source_fail_c

511

84

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH REL DUE TO BSS FAIL (incremented


only in phases 2, 3, 5, 814)

001140

bts_fail_block_c

302

lapd_fail_block_c

303

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_fail_c

314

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

no_meas_result_c

327

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_fail_c

335

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

sub_timer_c

367

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

401

has_state_conflict_c

505

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

85

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH REL DUE RAD FAIL PH 2-3 (incremented only in phases 2-3)

001205

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ho_detect_fail_c

324

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

conf_change_ms_fail_c

365

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

target_fail_c

510

source_fail_c

511

ass_fail_msg_c

306

conn_fail_c

315

conn_fail_rad_inf_fail_c

316

conn_fail_rad_link_fail_c

317

err_ind_c

320

ho_fail_c

323

ho_detect_fail_c

324

ch_mode_mod_fail_c

349

ass_fail_c

350

error_report_c

354

conf_change_ms_fail_c

365

timing_advance_c

400

no_resp_from_coprocess_c

503

ms_is_lost_c

507

target_fail_c

510

source_fail_c

511

TCH REL DUE RAD FAIL PH 12-14 (incremented only in phases 12-14)

86

001206

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

DX causes in BSC statistics

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH REL DUE BSS FAIL PH 12-14 (incremented only in phases 12-14)

001207

bts_fail_block_c

302

lapd_fail_block_c

303

abis_fail_block_c

304

abis_msg_corrup_to_bts_c

305

block_slave_c

307

ch_act_fail_c

314

data_ind_corrup_c

319

estab_ind_fail_c

321

estab_conf_fail_c

322

mode_mod_ack_fail_c

326

no_meas_result_c

327

no_resp_from_copro_c

328

phy_cont_conf_fail_c

329

rcs_alg_start_ack_fail_c

330

rcs_alg_cl_ack_fail_c

331

rc0_disco_ind_c

332

rf_ch_rel_ack_fail_c

333

rel_ind_fail_c

335

signalling_error_c

336

sapi_3_fail_c

343

sub_timer_c

367

estab_ind_corrupted_c

370

rrm_switch_crc_pool_c

401

has_state_conflict_c

505

clear_cmd_not_received_c

506

no_resp_to_ho_cpl_msg_c

508

aiv_hand_act_fail_c

600

aiv_ssp_c

601

sccp_conn_fail_c

602

sccp_conn_timeout_c

603

sccp_release_c

604

global_reset_c

606

no_dtap_from_msc_c

608

ho_denied_assign_c

609

ho_denied_ciphering_c

610

ho_denied_clear_c

611

ho_denied_no_sccp_conn_c

612

T7_expiry_c

613

DN9814277
Issue 14-1

Id:0900d805805a24c5

87

DX causes in BSC statistics

Call Related DX Causes in BSC

Counter name

Counter
number

DX cause

DEC

TCH REL BSC BSC CONFLICT CALL


(incremented only in phases 1-8 or 15)

001211

bsc_bsc_conflict_c

373

TCH REL BSC BSC CONFLICT TARG


(incremented only in phases 12-14)

001212

bsc_bsc_conflict_c

373

88

Id:0900d805805a24c5

DN9814277
Issue 14-1