Sie sind auf Seite 1von 12

# Linear ICs & Applications

10EC46

## Unit-1: Operational amplifier Fundamentals

1. Explain the working of a basic Op-amp circuit?

[Dec-10,6M]

2. A non inverting amplifier is to amplify 100mv signal to a level of 3v using a 741 opamp design a suitable circuit?
[ June-10,6M]

3. With

neat

circuit

diagram

explain

direct

coupled

inverting amplifier?
[June-09,4M]

4.

Sketch the circuit of a two input inverting summing amplifier. Explain the operation of
the circuit and derive the equation for the output voltage?
[June-10,8M]

5.

Two signals which each range from 0.1v to 1v are to be summed. Using a 741 op-amp
design a suitable inverting summing circuit?
[ June 08,6M]

6. Define the following terms as applied to an op-amp and mention their typical values for
IC 741: 1) CMRR 2) PSRR 3)Slew Rate 4) output impedance 5) input offset voltage
[Jan-10,10M]

7. Design a non inverting amplifier to provide a gain 50 for an input of 100mv. Compute
its I/P &O/P impedances. Given Ri = 2M, R0 -75, IBmax= 500na & M = 200000

## for the op-amp(741)

[Dec-10,8M]

8. Sketch an op-amp difference amplifier circuit. Derive an equation for the output voltage
and explain the operation?
[ June-11,5M]

9. With a neat circuit diagram explain direct coupled non inverting amplifier with
necessary design steps.
[June-11,5M]
10. Explain common mode voltage, common mode voltage gain and common mode
rejection ratio for operational amplifier. Show that Vocm = Vicm/ CMRR x Av
[June-11,10M]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 1

## Linear ICs & Applications

10EC46

11. Define CMRR of an op-amp. An LM 308 op-amp circuit with a closed loop gain of 33
has a common mode I/P of 1.5v. Calculate the maximum O/P voltage this might
produce. The minimum CMRR for LM308 is 80dB.
[ June-08,4M]
12. Compare a Voltage follower and an Emitter follower?

[ june-08,4M

13. Calculate the typical input and ouput resistance of a noninverting amplifier with a
voltage gain of 25, i) using 741 opamp ii) using 715 op-amp
For 741 : Zi = 2M, M= 2x105 , Z0 = 75 .
For 715 : Zi = 1M, M= 3x104 , Z0 = 75 .
[ June-08,6M]
14. What is meant by offset in an op-amp, how does it effect the performance of the opamp? If an op-amp has a bias current of 200nA & two equal resistances of 20K are
connected between inverting and ground as well sa non inverting and ground resp.,
what will be the I/P offset voltage for a tolerance of +/- 20% in resistor values? What
will be the output voltage under open loop gain of 105?
[ Jan-09,8M]
15. Prove that the open loop I/P &O/P impedance of an op-amp under closed loop condition
change due to feedback. Determine these impedances for an non inverting amplifier
with a closed loop gain of 200. The op-amp has differential I/p impedance of 2x106 &
output impedance 50. The open loop gain of Op-amp Avo- 106.
[ Jan-09,4M]

16. Sketch and explain a typical gain versus frequency graph for an op-amp? [Jan-10,4M]
17. Explain potential divider bias for an op-amp I/P, with the necessary design steps?
[June-09 & Jan-09,6M]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 2

10EC46

## Unit 2 : OP-AMP as AC Amplifiers

1. Design a capacitor coupled voltage follower using a 741 op-amp. The lower cutoff
frequency of the circuit is to be 115Hz. The load resistance is 6.8K.
[June-07,6M]
2. Draw a capacitor coupled voltage follower circuit and explain functions of the
capacitors used .Also explain how these capacitors are to be chosen?
[Jan-10, 8M]

3. Design a capacitor coupled voltage follower using a 741 op-amp. The lower cut off
frequency of the circuit is to be 100Hz. The load resistance is 4.7K.Draw the circuit
and explain its operation
[Jan-10,12M]
4.

Sketch the circuit of a High Zin capacitor coupled voltage follower and obtain the
expression for input impedance of the circuit?[June-10,June-09,Jan-10,Jan-06, 6M]

5.

Design a high Zin capacitor coupled voltage follower using 741 op-amp having
lower cutoff frequency 50Hz & the load resistance is 3.8k.Also determine the
minimum theoretical I/P impedance of the circuit?
[June-10,6m EE]

## 6. A capacitor coupled Non-Inverting amplifier using Op-amp is to have Av=100 and

Vo= 5v. The load resistance is 10k and the lower cut off frequency is to be 100Hz.
Design a suitable circuit?
[June-08,8M]

7. With a neat circuit diagram explain the operation of a high Zin capacitor coupled
Non-inverting amplifier. Develop the expression for the input impedance of the
circuit?
[June-08,june-07, June-10,Jan-06 (EE), 8M]
8. A capacitor coupled Non-inv amplifier is to be designed to have high Zin with a gain
of 40Db. If the open loop gain of op-amp is 2x105 and I/p impedance is 1.5x106
calculate the various circuit elements. The required cut off frequency is 100Hz. The
load resistance is 2.2K and i/p parasitic capacitance 15pf. Also calculate the I/P
impedance.
[jan-09,8M]

## 9. A capacitor coupled INV amplifier has the following components : R1=2.7K, R2

=100K,RL = 1.5K, C1 = 3.9F, C2 = 0.68F. Determine the circuit voltage gain,
lower cutoff frequency and impedance of C1 at f1. Draw the circuit?
[June=08,6M(EE)]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 3

## Linear ICs & Applications

10EC46

10. How upper cut off frequency is decided in an op-amp &What is its necessary? [Jan09,June-10,6M]
11. A capacitor coupled Inverting amplifier using 741 Op-amp is to have Av=50 and Vo=
2.5v. The load resistance is 250 and the frequency range is 40Hz to 2kHz. Design a
suitable circuit?
[June-09,6M(EE)]

12. Design a c-coupled inverting amplifier for a pass band gain of 100, f1= 120Hz
&f2=5kHz. Assume RL = 2K and use LF353 BIFET op-amp?
[Dec-10,8M]
13. A difference amplifier has the following components : R1=R3= 6.8K, R2 = R4=
68K, C1 = 2.2F, C2 = 0.2F & C3= 1F.. Determine the circuit lower cut off
frequency and maximum differential i/p voltage that can be applied if the o/p is not to
exceeds 5v.
[June-09, June-06, 6M]

14. Draw the circuit of a capacitor coupled Non- inverting amplifier using a single
polarity supply and briefly explain?
[Dec-10,Jan-08,Jan-05, 8M]
15. A capacitor coupled Non-Inverting amplifier is to have a + 24 supply, has Av=100
and Vo= 5v. The load resistance is 5.6k and the lower cut off frequency is to be
75Hz.Using741op-amp design a suitable circuit?
[June-05,12M]

16. Draw the circuit of a capacitor coupled inverting amplifier using a single polarity
supply and briefly explain?
[June-08,Jan-10, 8M]
17. A capacitor coupled Inverting amplifier is to have a + 20 supply, has Av=68 and
minimum i/p voltage of 50mV. The load resistance is 500 and the lower cut off
frequency is to be 200Hz. Using 741 op-amp
design a suitable circuit?
[June-09, Jan-09, 6M]

18. Derive the condition under which an Non-INV amplifier can be used as a voltage
follower. What will be the i/p impedance?
[jan-09,6M]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 4

10EC46

## UNIT-3 : Op-Amps frequency response and compensation

1. Discuss the op-amp circuit stability and show how feedback in an INV amplifier
can produce instability. Explain the conditions necessary for oscillations to occur
in an op-amp circuit?
[Jan-10,8M]
2. What is the need of stability check in an op-amp from the frequency response.
Show how stability of an op-amp can be analyzed. When do you say an op-amp is
stable?
[jan-09,8M]

3. With the help of frequency and phase curve of a typical op-amp, discuss the
concept of circuit stability for high gain and low gain amplifiers? [Dec-10,12M]
4. Explain why an op-amp with a lower closed loop is more likely to be unstable.
[Jan-05,6M]

## 5. E4xplain the frequency compensation technique, using a phase lead network?

[Dec-10,4M]
6. Explain the frequency compensation technique using a phase lead network? [dec10,4m]

7. Determine the typical upper cut off frequency for a NON-INV amplifier with Av
= 100,
a) when a 741 op-amp is used and b) when a 709 is employed?
[June-09,6M]
8. Define the Slew rate of an op-amp. Show how the slew rate of an op-amp can
produce distortion in a sinusoidal o/p waveform. Also explain how the slew rate
can limit the amplitude of the distortion free sine wave o/p for a given op-amp cut
off frequency?
[June-10,6M(EE)]

9. Calculate the slew rate limited cut off frequency for a voltage follower circuit
using a 741 op-amp, if the peak of a sine wave o/p is to be 6v. Determine the
maximum peak value of the sinusoidal o/p voltage that will allow the 741 voltage
follower circuit to operate at 800 kHz unity gain cut off frequency. Given S=
0.5v/s. [June-09,4M]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 5

## Linear ICs & Applications

10EC46

10. Determine the upper cutoff frequency & the maximum distortion free o/p
amplitude for a voltage follower:
i)
When a 741 op-amp is used and F2= 800KHZ, S= 0.5v/s
ii)
When a LF353 OP-AMP is used F2= 5MHZ, S= 13v/s [June -08,6m]
11. An op-amp has a unity cross over frequency of 1MHZ. Calculate the upper cut off
frequency in the following cases:
i)
INV-amplifier with Avc=100dB
ii)
NON-INV amplifier with Avc= 50dB
iii)
Voltage follower
Show these on the frequency response plot if Av= 120Db. [Jan-09,4M]
12. Calculate the minimum rise time and maximum undistorted o/p pulse amplitude at
that rise time foe an amplifier with closed loop gain 50, using a 741 op-amp [Jan08,4M(EE)]
13. Calculate the slew rate limited cut off frequency for a voltage follower circuit
using a 741 op-amp, if the peak of a sine wave o/p is to be 5v. Determine the
maximum peak value of the sinusoidal o/p voltage that will allow the 741 voltage
follower circuit to operate at 500 kHz unity gain cut off frequency. Given S=
0.5v/s. [June-07,6M (EE)]

14. Determine the upper cutoff frequency and maximum distortion free o/p amplitude
for a voltage follower when a 741 op-amp is used?
[June-10,4M]
15. A 741 with a S== 0.5v/s is used as a voltage follower.
i)
Calculate the slew rate limited cut-off frequency if the sine wave o/p is 5v.
ii)
If this circuit is to operate with a unity gain cut off frequency of 800KHZ ,
calculate the maximum peak value of the sinusoidal o/p voltage.
iii)
If the upper cutoff frequency is 8khz, calculate the maximum peak value
of the o/p voltage.
[June-06,6M(EE)]
16. With a neat circuit diagram explain Zin mod method of frequency compensation.
Write the equation for the feedback factor.
[ Jan-09, June-09,8M]
17. List the precautions that should be obersved for op-amp circuit stability. Briefly
explain each .
[ June-08, Jan-10, June-10, 8M]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 6

10EC46

## UNIT-04: Op-Amp Applications

1. Draw the circuit of an instrumentation amplifier. Explain its characteristics. Also
show the voltage gain can be varied? [June-10, Jan-11, June-08 , 8M]

2. Using bipolar op-amps with Vcc=+/- 15v , Explain the working of precision full
wave rectifier circuit?
[ june-08, jan-09, 8M]

## 4. Explain voltage scaling and buffers with a neat circuit?

[June-07,Jan-10,6M]

## 5. Explain current precise current with a neat diagram? [June-09,4M]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 7

10EC46

## UNIT 5: More Applications

1. With a neat circuit diagram, explain the operation of a log amplifier using opamps. Derive the o/p voltage equation?
[ June-11, June-08 ,Jan-09,6M]

2. With a neat circuit diagram, explain the operation of precision rectifier peak
detector using op-amps.?
[June-11,8M]

3. Draw and explain an op-amp sample and hold circuit with signal, control and
output waveforms? [June-10,June-08, Jan-09,8M]

10,6M]

## 5. With a neat circuit explain precision clamper ?

[June-

[Jan -09,5M]

6. With a neat circuit explain the operation of triangular wave form generator? [Jan08,june-10, 8M]

[June-07,8M]

[June-09,6M]

## 10. Explain Trans-conductance circuit using op-amps?

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

[Jan-07,4M]

[Jan-07,6M]

Page 8

10EC46

## UNIT 6: Non linear circuit Applications

1. With wave forms ,explain the working of
i)
Zero- crossing detector
ii)
Voltage- level detector
[Dec-10,6M]
2. A capacitor coupled zero-crossing detector is to handle a 2khz square wave with a
peak-peak amplitude of 10v. Design a circuit using a 741 with =/-15V supply.
Estimate the minimum op-amp slew rate to give a reasonably undistorted o/p. Also,
calculate the lowest sine wave input frequency that can be applied without the phase
shift error exceeding 3. [June-09,8M]
3. With a neat circuit diagram explain the operation of INV Schmitt trigger? [June09,6M]
4. An INV Schmitt trigger circuit is to have UTP= 0V & LTP=1V. Design a suitable
circuit using a bipolar op-amp with +/- 15V supply?
[ June-08,7M]
5. An INV Schmitt trigger circuit is to have UTP= 0V & LTP=2.5V. Design a suitable
circuit using a bipolar op-amp with +/- 18V supply?
[ June-10,8M]
6. Sketch the circuit of an op-amp a stable multivibrator show the voltage waveforms at
various points in the circuit and explain its operation? [ Dec-10,6M]
7. Draw the circuit of an op-amp mono-stable multivibrator & explain its operation?
[June-08,7M]
8. What are the advantages of active filters over passive filters?

[June-10,4M]

9. Design an astable multivibrator that can produce an o/p with ton=toff= 1ms. The opamp is driven with a =/-15V supply, Draw the waveforms across the capacitor,
feedback, and o/p. Vh= 0.1v maximum.
[Jan-09,6M]
10. Using a 741 op-amp design a second order low pass filter to have a cut off frequency
of 5khz. [Jan-09,Dec-10,8M]
11. Using a 741 op-amp design a second order low pass filter to have a cut off frequency
of 2khz. Draw the circuit & indicate the frequency response of the filter? [Jan10,10M]
12. Sketch the circuit of a second order active high pass filter explain its working?
[June-10,8M]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 9

## Linear ICs & Applications

10EC46

13. Using a 741 op-amp design a second order high pass filter to have a cut off frequency
of 7khz. [June-08,Dec-10,6M]

14. Using a 741 op-amp design a second order high pass filter to have a cut off frequency
of 15khz. [June-09,6M]

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 10

10EC46

## UNIT 7: Voltage Regulators

1. Briefly explain the standard representation of 78xx regulators? [Jan-11,6M]
2. List and briefly explain the characteristics of their terminal IC regulators. What are
the limitations of these regulators?
[June-08,7M]
3. Explain the terms line, load regulation & ripple rejection for a dc voltage regulator?
[Jan-09,June-09,6M]
4. Using 7805 design a current source to deliver a 0.2A current to a 22,10w load. Take
Iq= 4.2mA.
[June-10,6M]
5. Design a voltage regulator using IC723 to get a voltage o/p of 5v [jan-10,8M]
6. Design a voltage regulator using IC723 to get a voltage o/p of 25v [june-08,7M]
7. With a neat schematic explain the salient features of a 723 regulator? [June-09,8M]
8. Explain the working of a series voltage regulator with current limit protection? [Jan11,8M]
9. Design a 723 based voltage regulator to provide constant V0= 20v and Iomax=
250mA. Given Vin-unreg=30v +/-10% [Jan-11,6M]
10. Explain the principle of operation of a switching regulator. Discuss its advantages and

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

Page 11

10EC46

## UNIT 8: Other Linear IC Applications:

1. Draw and explain the functional diagram of 555 timer?
2. Explain mono-stable multivibrator using 555 Ic?

[June-10,Jan-10,6M]

[Jan-09,5M]

3. Design a mono stable multivibrator using 555 timer to obtain a pulse width of 10ms?
[Jan-10,6M]
4. Explain A stable multivibrator using 555 Ic?
5.

[June-09,5M]

## 6. Explain the following for a PLL

i)
Lock in range, ii) capture range, iii) pull in time

[June-08,Jan-11, 6M]

## 7. Explain 566 as a voltage controlled oscillator? [June-09,5M]

8. Briefly explain the working of a 4 bit binary weighted resistor DAC? [Jan-11,6M]
9. With a neat sketch explain the working of a R-2R ladder network? [ June-10,June09.8M]
10. Explain dual slope ADC with a neat diagram? [ June-09,5M]
11. Explain the successive approximation ADC using a simplified block diagram ? [ JAN11,Jan-09,Jan-10,June-08,6M]

## 12. A 3 bit ADC o/ps all 1s when Vi=2.55v, find its,

i)
Resolution in mv/Lsb ii) Digital o/p when Vi=1.28v

Dept of ECE/SJBIT

[June-10,6M]

Page 12