Sie sind auf Seite 1von 19

N

Words/
Phrases

Prono
unciati
on
Definition E
noun

klm
Acclaim

Carnival
krn
vl
3

enthusiastic and public


praise.
verb

praise enthusiastically
and publicly.
a period of public
revelry at a regular time
each year, typically
during the week before
Lent in Roman Catholic
countries, involving
processions, music,
dancing, and the use of
masquerade.
a large celebration or
party, typically a lavish
and boisterous one.

Definition
V
Hoan h

Idioms
praise, applaud, c
heer, commend, a
pprove, welcome,
pay tribute
to, speak highly
of, eulogize, comp
liment

Example
"she has won
acclaim for her
commitment to
democracy"

l hi, cuc festival, fiesta, ft


hi h,
e, gala, jamboree,
ngy vui
celebration, fest
trc tun
tri

"the
culmination of
the week-long
carnival"

bui lin
hoan

"the film
industry's
annual
jamboree in
Cannes"

n rc
tip rc

Jamboree
jamb
r
4

Fete

Noun
Party, celebration,
banquet, feast, holiday
Verb
Host a party in a honor
of

bui ch
chn
mng l
ngy hi
ngy ngh
l

rally, gathering, c
onvention, confer
ence, festival, fte
, fiesta, gala, carni
val, celebration,ba
sh, shindig, hoedo
wn
noun
feast, fiesta
festival
verb
celebrate

"the conference
was acclaimed
as a
considerable
success"

5
Whoopee

(h)woo
op,
(h)woo
op

To make whoopee is to
celebrate in a noisy way

Make whoopee

noun
wild revelry.

"hours of
parades and
whoopee"
"Also, the
neighbors
probably just
think, Free
music,
whoopee !"

exclamation
expressing wild
excitement or joy.
6
Renewal

noun

s i mi

the action of extending


the period of validity of
a license, subscription,
or contract.

s kt ni
li

ri
n(y)oo
ol

noun

s thay li
Ch im

Solstice
slstis
either of the two times
in the year, the summer
solstice and the winter
solstice , when the sun
reaches its highest or
lowest point in the sky
at noon, marked by the
longest and shortest
days.

Winter
solstice:
ch ng

urban
renewal, contract
renewal, selfrenewal

"the contracts
came up for
renewal"

winter
solstice, summer
solstice

"The minimum
length of
shadow during
a day is less in
summer than in
winter and at
the solstices it
changes from
lengthening to
shortening or
visa versa."

Gurning contests are a


rural English
tradition.The
competitions are held
regularly in some
villages, with
Gurning
contestants traditionally
framing their faces
through a horse
collar known as
"gurnin' through a
braffin."
9
in the UK,
the evening of
5 November,
when models of men,
called guys,
are burned on large fires
Guy Fawkes
outside and there
Night
arefirework displays.
This is in memory of
the failed attempt by
Guy Fawkes
to destroy the Houses of
Parliament in London in
1605 with explosives.
10
Fukuoka, capital of
Fukuoka Prefecture on
Kyushu Island, is one of
Japan's largest cities and
hosts one of its oldest
fire festivals. Daizenji
Oniyo
Tamataregu Shrine's
"Oniyo" (Fire Festival)
is a ceremony to drive
away evil spirits that has
been practiced for 1,600
years.
11
k
remembrance, typically
Commemora mem expressed in a
tion
rSH ceremony.
n

Cuc thi
lm mt
mo mt
xu, mt
bin dng
trong cc l
hi Anh

L hi t
la Nht
Bn

l k nim

commemoration
day

"solemn
ceremonies of
commemoratio
n"

12

Reunificatio
n Day/
Liberation
Day

13
Remembran
ce Day
14
Lantern
Festival
15
16

Ghost
Festival
Kitchen
guardians

is a
public holiday in Vietna
m that marks the event
when Viet
Cong and North
Vietnamese troops
captured Saigon (now
Ho Chi Minh City) on
April 30, 1975. This
signalled the end of
the Vietnam War,
known
inVietnamese as Chin
tranh Vit
Nam (Vietnam War)
or Khng chin chng
M ("Resistance War
Against America").
Day for Martyrs and
Wounded Soldiers

hoi nim
thnh nhn
l truy
nim
Ngy thng
nht t
nc, gii
phng
min Nam
30/4

Ngy
tng nh
thng
binh lit s

7-Jul
Full moon of the 1st
Tt
month
Nguyn
Tiu, Rm
thng ging
15 Jan (lunar)
15/7 (lunar)
rm thng
7, Vu Lan
23/12 (lunar)
ng To
chu tri

17

Patrick was later


appointed second bishop
to Ireland and was
successful in converting
pagans to Christianity.
He died in County
Down, Ireland, on the
17th March AD 461,
which has been
commemorated as St
Patrick's Day ever since.
In many countries, May
Day is synonymous
with International
Workers' Day, or Labour
Day, which celebrates
the social and economic
achievements of the
labor movement
adjective

Saint
Patrick's
Day

18

May Day

19

sabbatical

s
batik
l
of or relating to a
sabbatical.
of or appropriate to the
sabbath.
noun
a period of paid leave
granted to a college
teacher for study or
travel, traditionally

Ngy l
thnh

Ngy Quc
t lao ng

ngh php

"That was the


spirit that
inspired the
establishment
of May Day as
international
workers day."
Gap year, career
break

"Only two of
the paid
sabbatical
positions were
contested,
adding to
concerns raised
during the
hustings that
OUSU was
failing to
display its
relevancy to the
student body."

every seventh year.

20

adjective

Th tc

denoting attitudes,
activities, or other
things that have no
religious or spiritual
basis.

Tng th
k

Secular

sekyl
r

nonreligious, areli
gious, lay, tempor
al, worldly, earthl
y, profane, laic

"The rate of
recruitment is
probably better
than that of the
secular clergy,
but this may be
because a large
percentage of
the monks do
not go on to
priesthood."

Tng trm
nm
(of clergy) not subject to
or bound by religious
rule; not belonging to or
living in a monastic or
other order.
noun
a secular priest.
21

noun
Errand

Cng
chuyn vt

task, job, chore, as "she asked Tim


signment, collecti to run an errand
on, delivery, missi for her"
on, undertaking

Diu hnh

march, process, fil "He was really


e, troop
funny, but
laughing was

ernd

22

Parade

prd

a short journey
undertaken in order to
deliver or collect
something, often on
someone else's behalf.
noun

a public procession,
Ph trng
especially one
celebrating a special day
or event and including
marching bands and
floats.
a parade ground.
Verb
walk or march in public
in a formal procession
or in an ostentatious or
attention-seeking way.
The seventh day of the
Chinese New Year is
called Yan Yat,
"Everybody's Birthday."

23

Yan Yat

24

noun

Mt trong
nhng
ngy l ca
chui s
kin mng
nm mi
ca Trung
Quc
Ngy cuoi
cung ca
chui s
kin mng
nm mi
ca Trung
Quc
L s t vi noun

the occasion of a
person's birth.

Lc/Ni/N nascence, birth, na


gy sinh scency

The last day of the


Chinese New Year
celebrations is called
Chinese Lantern
Festival

Lantern
Festival

25

Nativity

n-,n
tivit

forbidden on
the parade
square."
"officers will
parade through
the town
center"

At our church,
a
small nativity w
as set,
beautiful, with
hand carved
figured, painted
with
extraordinary
detail.

virgin birth
26

noun

Cay tam
gi

Mistletoe
misl
t

"Most dwarf
mistletoes grow
on conifers in
the western
United States."

a leathery-leaved
parasitic plant that
grows on apple, oak,
and other broadleaf
trees and bears white
glutinous berries in
winter.
27

Celebrations
which honor mothers
and fathers. They are
celebrated on various
days in many places
around the world.

Mother's
Day/
Fathers Day

28

Thanksgiving Day is
Ngy l t
a harvest festival. While n
perhaps religious in
origin, Thanksgiving is
now primarily identified
as a secular holiday.
noun
L hi ha
trang

Thanksgivin
g Day

Halloween

Ngy ca
cha, Ngy
ca m

-n,
hal
wn,
hlthe night of October 31,
the eve of All Saints'
Day, commonly
celebrated by children
who dress in costume
and solicit candy or

"Mr Voillat
died after
falling from the
Royal Prince
boat during a
Hallowe'en
party last
October."

other treats door-todoor.

29

a ghost or ghostlike
image of a person.

xut hin

A transparent, ghostly
figure

l ra

appearane,
egression, advent

"Throughout
history there
have been
reports of
ghosts,
apparitions and
spiritual
visitations, both
angelic and
demonic."

Noun

"the little girl


dropped her ice
cream and
began to howl
like a banshee"

Apparition
ap
riSH
n
ma qu
hin hnh
30
Banshee
banS
H
31

(in Irish legend) a


female spirit whose
wailing warns of an
impending death in a
house.

Banshie
Kinh hong nightmarish, hairraising

A chilling, scary sound.


Often used to describe
screams.
A type of brush with a
Cy chi
long wooden handle,
(cn di)
said to be used by
witches to fly, according
to legend

bloodcurdlin
g

32

Broom/
Broomstick
brooom/
brooom
stik

whisk
broom, butcher's
broom, broom
cupboard, besom,
push broom, corn
broom

"The borders
are pretty much
full of the usual
sort of things:
cherry trees,
broom ,
hawthorn,
raspberries,
rhubarb,
pyracantha,
clematis, birch,
and like so."

33

A coffin

Quan ti
hnh ch
nht

a small ornamental box


or chest for holding
jewels, letters, or other
valuable objects

Bnh ng
di ct

Casket
kaskit

34

A long, voluminous
outer garment or cloak.
Often worn by
Vampires.

box, chest, case, c By its size, the


ontainer, receptacl box appeared to
e, cinerary casket contain a
child's casket.

Hp ng
n trang
o t
chong

cloak, headland,
mantle, ness

"He wears a
grey t-shirt
underneath a
plaid flannel
shirt and short
grey cape ,
jeans, runners,
and a plain
black mask."

o thy tu
Mi t
ni to

pot, kettle

"A large
cauldron or
cooking pot set
or suspended
above an open
fire was in
general use."

Cape

kp
35

A cooking pot, used by


witches to brew spells
cauldron
kldr
n
a large metal pot with a
lid and handle, used for
cooking over an open
fire.

36

a burial ground; a
graveyard.

caldron

Ngha
trang

Cemetery
sem
ter
Ngha a

burial
ground, burying
ground, graveyard
, necropolis, mem
orial park

"Funerals are
held in
churches, and
burials are in
churchyards or
public
cemeteries ."

37

a set of clothes in a style Cch n


typical of a particular
mc
country or historical
period.

Costume

38

Unsettling or scary

qun o
phc sc
Rng mnh

Creepy
krp
causing an unpleasant
feeling of fear or
unease.
39

A Scottish word that


means ghost

bathing
costume, swimmi
ng costume

Several actors
in costume assu
me the roles of
different
characters.

frightening, eerie,
disturbing, sinister
, weird, hairraising, menacing,
..

"the creepy
feelings one
often gets in a
strange house"

noun

Dalrion
appeared out of
the shadows to
my left,
reminding me
strongly of
a wraith mysterious and
silent

Cm gic
rn rn
Rn tn
gy
s hin
hnh

Wraith

rTH
A ghost or ghostlike
image of someone,
especially one seen
shortly before or after
their death.
40
Boxing day
41
Mid-autumn
festival

Held on the Fifteenth


day of the eighth
month/August in the
lunar/Chinese calendar

ghost, specter, spir


it, phantom, appar
ition, manifestatio
n, spook, shade, p
hantasm
L tng
qu (sau
ngy ging
sinh)
L hi
Trung thu

Rm thng

Full-Moon
Festival, Lantern
Festival,
Mooncake
Festival

42
Lantern

43
44
45
46

Jade Rabbit

lantr
n
Jd
rabit

a lamp with a
transparent case
protecting the flame or
electric bulb, and
typically having a
handle by which it can
be carried or hung.

Parallel

48
Ritual

the building is
well lit by the
ring of
windows in the
octagonal lanter
n

Ch Hng
bany
n

A kind of tree which


most grow in Viet Nam

The Moon
Man/The
man in the
moon

47

Lantern festival,
dark
lantern, magic
lantern, parish
lantern, paper
lantern,lantern
slides

Th Ngc

The Moon
Lady
Banyan tree

tm
n lng

Cy a
Ch Cui

(Viet Nam tradition) to


Cu i Tt side by
compose the first
side, aligned, coll
sentence (for another to
ateral, equidistant
write the second)
(of lines, planes,
Song song
surfaces, or objects) side
by side and having the
same distance
continuously between
them.
Nh nhau
adjective
L nghi
ceremonial, rituali
stic, prescribed, se
t, formal, sacrame
ntal, liturgical, tra
riCHoo
ditional,conventio
ol
nal
of, relating to, or done
as a religious or solemn
rite.
-ll,
par
lel

noun

"parallel lines
never meet"

"ritual burial"

"the ancient
rituals of
Christian
worship"

a religious or solemn
ceremony consisting of
a series of actions
performed according to
a prescribed order.
49

lunisolar
calendar

loooni
slr

50
Chng cake/
Square
glutinous
rice cake
51

platform

Chung
kk
['pltf
:m]

adjective
of or concerning the
combined motions or
effects of the sun and
moon

Lch m
lch

"The cited
lunisolar
interface is
significant
because an
interpretation
based upon the
lunar phases so
clearly points to
the possibility
of a special
creation."

Chng cake is a
traditional Vietnamese ri
ce cake which is made
from glutinous
rice, mung
beans, pork and other
ingredients.
1.A raised level surface
on which people or
things can stand

Bnh
Chng

Chng cake is
always
considered an
essential
element of a
traditional Tt.

1. Nn,
bc, b

2. A raised structure
along the side of a
railway track where
passengers get on and
off trains at a station
3.
The floor
area at the entrance to
a bus

2. Thm
ga, sn ga
(xe la)

1. There are
viewing
platforms
where visitors
may gape at the
chasm
2. He walked
along Platform
2

3. Bc ln
xung (xe
byt)

3. Entrance
platform of a
bus

4.
The
declared policy of a
political party or group

52

[km'p
:tmn
t]
compartmen
t

53

2.
Divide
(something) into
separate parts or
sections
[di'reil
mnt]

The action of a train or


tram leaving its tracks
accidentally

['tmin
s]

The end of a railway or


other transport route, or
a station at such a point;
a terminal.

derailment
54

terminus

55
disembark
56

carousel

1. A division of a
railway carriage
marked by partitions

[,disim
'b:k]

4. (chnh
tr) Cng
lnh, bn
tuyn ngn
(ca mt
ng)
1.Gian,
ngn (nh,
toa xe
la...)
2.
Ngn
ra tng
gian
s trt
bnh (xe
la...)

ga cui
cng
(ng
st); bn
cui cng
(ng
b); trm
cui
(ng
ng)
Leave a ship, aircraft, or ln b, ln
train
b

[kru'z 1. A conveyor system


el]
at an airport from
which arriving
passengers collect their
luggage
2. A large, rotating
machine with seats for
children to ride or
amusmnt

1.
bng
chuyn ly
hnh l
2.
tr
ko qun
(nga g
hay xe t

4. Seeking
election on a
platform of low
taxes
1. A firstclass
compartment
2. The
buildings are to
be
compartmented
by fire walls
An
investigation
into the
derailment of a
freight train

the passengers
began to
disembark
1.
They
were waiting
for their
luggage to
appear on the
carousel at
Heathrow
airport

g chy
vng trn)

57
flight
attendant
58

[
A steward or stewardess
tnd( on an aircraft
)nt]

tip vin
hng khng

[ail]

1.
li i
gia cc
dy gh
(trong nh
th, rp
ht, xe
la, xe
but, my
bay)
2.
cnh,
gian bn
(trong gio
ng)
1.
(hng
khng)
bung li
(ca phi
cng)

1.
Passage, walkway
(between rows of seat)

aisle

59

['kkpi
t]

2.
Part of a church
divie laterally from the
nave proper by rows of
pillars or columns
1.
A compartment
for the pilot, and
sometimes also the
crew, in an aircraft or
spacecraft.
2. A pit for
cockflights

2.
ch
chi g, bi
chi g

3. A place where a
battle or other conflict
takes place

3.
bi
chin
trng

cockpit

Sue Makras,
34, is a flight
attendant for a
US airline
operating from
Heathrow
1.
to knock
them in the
aisles

1.
The
aircraft has a
glass cockpit
and an
electronic
flight control
system
2.
Cock
fighting drew
crowds to the
cockpits on
Bootham and
elsewhere
3.
most
conventional
army training
takes place on
the cockpit of
Salisbury Plain

60

['hv:
kr:ft]
hovercraft

61

A vehicle or craft that


travels over land or
water on a cushion of
air provided by a
downward blast. A
design was first
patented by Christopher
Cockerell in 1955.
['gw 1. A raised platform
ei]
or walkway providing a
passage

tu di
chuyn nh
m khng
kh

A lone Japanese
escort
helicopter
followed the
hovercraft in,
and buzzed
overhead.

1.
li i
gia cc
hng gh

2. A movable bridge
linking a ship to the
shore

2.
(hng hi)
cu tu

1.
On 2 July
1994 a 6-yearold boy fell off
a gangway
leading to a
viewing
platform on a
New Zealand
Rail train
2.
Local
interest was
further evident
when the ship
opened her
gangway to the
public
The two
peasant girls
whom the hero
simultaneously
seduces here
become hotel
chambermaids
1.
The car
drove off to the
train station,
and the porters
put her
luggage on the
train
2.
a nice pint
of porter

gangway

62
chambermai
d

63

porter

['teim A woman who cleans


bmeid bedrooms and
]
bathrooms in a hotel

n phc v
phng

['p:t(
r)]

1. A person
employed to carry
luggage and other
loads, especially in a
railway station, airport,
hotel, or market

1.
ngi
khun vc,
phu khun
vc ( ch,
sn bay..)

2.
Dark brown bitter
beer brewed from malt
partly charred or
browned by drying at a

2.
ru
bia en

high temperature

64
rucksack

65
Inbound
66

['rks A bag with shoulder


k]
straps which allow it to
be carried on someones
back, typically made of
a strong, waterproof
material and widely
used by hikers
['inbau Travelling towards a
nd]
particular place,
especially when
returning to the original
point of departure
['autba Travelling away from a
und]
particular place,
especially on the first
leg of a return journey

ci ba l

He was
carrying a small
rucksack and a
small green
carrier bag

Khch du
lch quc t
n thm
quan du
lch
i n mt
hi cng
nc
ngoi, i ra
nc ngoi

[kn'd 1. A person who


kt]
directs the performance
of an orchestra or choir

1.
ngi
ch huy;
ngi ch
o; ngi
iu khin

2.
A person who
collects fares and sells
tickets on a bus

2.
Ngi bn
v (xe
in, xe
but)

we have three
enemy planes
inbound on
bearing two
ninety
I was now,
however, on
familiar
territory having
travelled along
these forest
roads on my
outbound
journey
1.
He was
appointed
principal
conductor of
the Berlin
Symphony
Orchestra
2.
The
conductor sold
me the ticket
on the train
and I got off at
Burley in
Wharfedale
with a load of
other people,
all dressed in

Outbound

67

conductor

suits as I was

3. A guard on a
train

68
cruise ship
69

4. A material or
device that conducts or
transmits heat or
electricity, especially
when regarded in terms
of its capacity to do this
[kru:z] A large ship that carries
people on voyages for
pleasure, typically
calling in at several
places
['f:st, The first mate on a
fis]
merchant ship

3.
ngi chu
trch
nhim v
mt on
tu;
trng tu
4.
(vt
l) cht
dn (in,
nhit)

3.
The
assistant
conductor
from our train
went off duty
and got on 350
to go back east
4.
most
polymers are
poor
conductors

Tu thu
ln (phc
v mc
ch du
lch)
(hng hi)
ph thuyn
trng

the couples
enjoyed fine
dining aboard
the cruise ship

first officer

70
dual
carriageway

['dju:l' A road with a dividing


krid strip between the traffic
wei]
in opposite directions
and usually two or more
lanes in each direction

xa l hai
chiu

The ship's first


officer was
asleep on his
hammock,
clutching
something
close to his
chest
The new road
will be a sixlane dual
carriageway
with two-lane
service roads
on either side

5 idioms:
Hit the road: When you hit the road, you begin a journey
o Ex: It's getting late and we've got a long way to go. Let's hit the road.
on the home stretch: To say that you are on the home stretch means that you are
approaching the end of something such as a task, a race or a journey
o Ex: Don't give up - we're on the home stretch now.
itchy feet: A person who has itchy feet is someone who finds it difficult to stay in
one place and likes to travel and discover new places
o Ex: Andrew's got itchy feet again. He says he's going to teach in China for
a few years
highways and byways: If you travel the highways and byways, you take large and
small roads to visit every part of the country
o Ex: He travelled the highways and byways looking for traces of his
ancestors
jump the lights: If you continue driving when the traffic lights turn red, you jump
the lights
o Ex: It's very dangerous to jump the lights. No wonder he was stopped by
the police