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SRM ENGINEERING COLLEGE, SRM NAGAR

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING


Question Bank
Subject Name : Computer Aided Design & Analysis (ME 309)
Year/ Semester : III Yr./ V Sem.
Two Marks
1.

Define CAD.

2.

Define product cycle.

3.

What is Pahl and Betiz model of the design process?

4.

What is meant by system layout models?

5.

List-out the benefits of CAD in Manufacturing.

6.

Name any four reasons for implementing CAD in Design.

7.

List-out the four models of Design process.

8.

Mention CAD tools required to support the various phases of the design process.

9.

Define CAE.

10.

What are the hardware components of a standalone CAD system?

11.

Enlist the benefits of CAD.

12.

List-out the common types of Graphics display terminals.

13.

What are the displaying principles used in computer graphics?

14.

List-out the functions of Interactive Computer Graphics (ICG).

15.

What type of terminals use Stroke Writing?

16.

What is the function of frame buffer?

17.

List-out the major specifications of a design work station.

18.

What type of Coordinate systems used in CAD/CAM software?

19.

What is a world co-ordinate system and how this is converted in to screen co-ordinate
system?

20.

What is the function of IGES facility in CAD software?

21.

What is DXF file?

22.

What is PDES?

23.

Define Wire frame modeling?

24.

What is parametric modeling?

25.

List-out some merits and limitations of parametric modeling.

26.

List some properties for designing curves.

27.

Write the equation of a circle in parametric form.


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28.

Write the equation for the Ellipse in parametric form.

29.

Define Bezier Curves.

30.

What are the limitations of wire frame modeling?

31.

What are the three continuity requirements for synthetic curves at data points?

32.

What are the three major differences between Bezier curve and Cubic spline curve?

33.

Compare Two Dimensional and Three Dimensional wire-frame models.

34.

Define Surface modeling.

35.

List-out the uses of surface modeling.

36.

Give some examples for analytic and synthetic surface entities.

37.

Define Solid modeling.

38.

What are the various methods of representing the solids?

39.

Define

40.

Write the Eulers equation for open polygonal object and give an example for the same.

41.

Sketch the polyhedral object with an inner loop and show it satisfy the Eulers equation.

42.

What is meant by topology and geometry of a CAD model?

43.

Sketch any four types of sweep operations used in Solid modeling.

a) CSG graph

b) CSG tree

Twelve Marks
1. Explain the Shigley design model with neat sketch.
2. With the help of a block diagram explain how the product cycle gets revised with the help
of CAD/CAM.
3. Discuss the various peripheral devices used in CAD system.
4. (a)Explain the features of a floppy disk.
(b) Describe the working of a Directed Beam Refresh Tube.
5. (a) Explain the construction and working of a Digitizer.
(b)Illustrate Raster Scan Display.
6. Describe DVST and CRT.
7. a) Explain various graphics display devices with neat sketch.
b) What is meant by Digitizer? Explain working of a light pen input device.
8. a) What are the output devices? Explain with suitable examples.
b) What is meant by 3-D transformation/ Briefly discuss.
9. Discuss the structure of IGES file.
10. What is Geometric modeling? Explain the geometric models, bring-out their limitations
and applications.

11. Explain the functions of Geometric modeling.


12. What are the geometric entities for geometric modeling? How will you generate the
geometric entity for

a) Straight line

and

b)Complete circle

13. Explain the limitations of wire-frame modeling.


14. Describe the parametric representation of line and circle.
15. Describe the parametric representation of ellipse and parabola.
16. Describe the parametric representation of Cubic spline curve.
17. Describe the parametric representation of Bezier curve.
18. Describe the parametric representation of B-spline curve.
19. Explain the parametric representation of Surface modeling.
20. Explain the B-Rep techniques with example.
21. Explain the CSG (Constructive Sold Geometry) techniques with example.
UNIT - II

Two Marks
44.

Define scaling with respect to appoint.

45.

What is meant by mapping?

46.

Write the equation to scale a line about a fixed point.

47.

What do homogeneous co-ordinates mean and write the matrix for translate a point?

48.

Write the matrix for reflection of an object with respect to a line y=x.

49.

What is homogeneous transformation?

50.

What is concatenated matrix?

51.

A rectangle has corner co-ordinates (10,20), (40,20), (40,40) and (10,40). This rectangle
is rotated by 30 anti-clockwise about the point (40s, 20). Compute the new coordinates.

52.

Write the rotational matrix for 3-dimensional rotation about origin.

53.

What is meant by mapping transformation?

54.

List-out the types of projections used in geometric modeling.

55.

Distinguish the two terms object space and image space.

56.

What is meant by back space detection?

57.

What is meant by computer animation?

58.

Name the techniques employed to improve the visualization of wire-frame model.

59.

What is hidden line removal?

60.

List-out at least four types of algorithms used for hidden line removal.
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61.

What is meant by clipping?

62.

List any two techniques for hidden line elimination.

Twelve Marks
22. Derive the rotational matrix for the 3-dimensional rotation about origin.
23. Given a point P = (2,4,8) and using the homogeneous representation:
a. Calculate the co-ordinates of the transformed point P* if P is rotated about the
X,Y and Z axes by angles 30, 60, and 90 respectively.
b. Calculate the P* if p is translated by d= 3i 4j -5k and then scaled uniformly
by s = 1.5.
c. Calculate the orthographic projection Pv of P.
d. Calculate the perspective projection Pv of P if the center of projection is at a
distance d = 10 in from the origin along the Zv axis.
24. Explain briefly any five methods used for hidden line and hidden surface identification.
25. Explain the priority algorithm (Z depth algorithm) in sorting out the hidden faces of the
object shown in fig.
Yv

Xv
Zv
26. How to shade a surface? Describe any one popular shading model to shade a solid.
27. What is clipping? Describe polygon clipping algorithm.
28. Explain the depth buffer algorithm.
29. Write a short notes on
a) Hidden line elimination

b) Shading

UNIT-III
PART-A (2 MARKS QUESTIONS)
1. What is meant by Data Exchange?
2. What are the types of Data Exchange format?
3. What is ISO Standard?
4. What is Shape Based Format?
5. What is Product Data Based Format?
6. Define IGES?
7. Define File structure and Format?
8. What is PDES?
9. What is the difference between Drafting mode and Model mode?
10. What are all the Modules available in a Software?
11. What is meant by Datum Features?
12. Define Datum planes?
13. Mention some applications of Features?
14. classify the Features?
15. Mention some advantages of Features?
16. Mention some limitations of Features?
17. What are all the commercial Solid Modeling packages available?
18. Mention some salient features of PRO- E?
19. Mention some salient features of CATIA?
20. Mention some salient features of UNI-GRAPHICS?

PART-B (TEN MARKS QUESTIONS)


1. Explain any Solid Modeling package with their features?
2. Explain PRO-E solid modeling package with their features?
3. Explain CATIA solid modeling package with their features?
4. Explain UNIGRAPHICS solid modeling package with their features?
5. Explain ADAMS solid modeling package with their features?
6. Explain Feature technology?
7. Explain the classification of Features?
8. How will you design the component by using Features technology?
5

9. Explain the datum Features?


10. Explain the advantages of Features?
11. Explain the limitations of Features?
12. Briefly explain about the Data Exchange?
13. Explain the modules in a CAD/CAM Software?

UNIT-IV
PART-A (2 MARKS QUESTIONS)
1. Define Finite Element Modeling?
2. Define Finite Element Analysis?
3. Give the steps of General Procedures used in FEM?
4. Define: Node
5. Define: Element
6. What are the different types of Element?
7. Mention some Triangular Elements?
8. Mention some Tetrahedral Elements?
9. Mention some Prism Elements?
10. Mention some Hexahedral Elements?
11. Give difference of FEM & FEA?
12. How the Mesh Generation works?
13. What are all the requirements to make Mesh?
14. What are all the different modules available in FEM?
15. What is Variational Approach?
16. What are all the different Phases of FEM?
17. What is Shape Function?
18. What is Stiffness Matrix?
19. What are the different types of Solution Techniques available?
20. State the Principle involved in FEA?

PART-B
(TEN MARKS QUESTIONS)
1. Explain the General Procedure of Finite Element Method?
2. What are all the different Phases of Finite Element Method?
3. What are the six different distinct Modules available in FEM codes?
4. What are the different types of Element Shapes?
5. Explain the Variational approach?
6. Explain the Method Weighted Residuals?
7. A bar of length L and variable cross sectional area A is under concentrated load P
at its free end. The axial displacement at any point along the bar is governed by
the differential equation AEU=0. Where E is the modulus of elasticity of the bar
material and U =d2U/dX2
8. A Cantilever beam of length L and cross sectional moment of inertia I has a
transverse load P at its free end. The beam lateral deflection Y is given by where
Y=d4y/dx4.
9. How the mesh will be Generated? What are all the requirements have to be made
for the mesh?
10. Mention the applications of FEM?
11. Solve and Explain the Galerkins method by simple problems?
UNIT - V
2 MARKS QUESTIONS
01. What is full form of Fem, F E A and F E E?
02. Define Node in FEM.
03. How FEM is a better analysis technique.
04. What is stream analysis?
05. What do your mean by descretization?
06. Define continuum with example.
07. What is degree of freedom?
08. What do your mean by element matrix?
09. Define vibration-explain 2-D.O.F motion.
10. How the descretization for FEM is done.
11. How Gaws-elemination methods to provide the values of the field variables.
12. Name 2 approaches for the development of Integral equations.
13. Name 2-application of method of weighted residual.
14. Define element shape function.
15. How the element equations are assembled.
16. What is the Boundary condition for solution of 2-D.O.F beam problem.
17. How to model a problem mathematically for FEM.
18. How much generation is done for FEA.

19. What is topology?


20. Name 5 software used for FEM / FEA.

CAD - ANALYSIS
01. What is preprocessor?
02. Define solver with example
03. What is a post preprocessor?
04. Difference between preprocessor & post processor.
05. State difference between preprocessor and safer.
06. State difference between solver and post processor?
07. Define geometry generation process.
08. Define mode generation process.
09. What are the boundary constraints in element generation?
10. Name some of the constraints in loading the components for FEA.
11. Defining refining & mesh generation in FEM.
12. What are the types of o/p available in post processing stage.
13. How the results are interpreted.
14. Name any & popular commercial language to demonstrate the result & simulate it.
15. What do you mean by simulation?
10 Marks Questions
01. Explain the general procedure of Finite element method.
02. Explain stiffen matrix with an example problem.
03. How the finite element modeling and analysis is performed. How it is related to
CAD/CAM system.
04. Solve the following differential equation using Gale kin's method:
y"+y=-x, 0< x < 1
Using the boundary condition
Y (0) =Y (1) =0.
05. Discuss the logic for writing a program to solve 2D beam problem.
06. Discuss Games Jordan method &games Elimination method for solution of differential
equation.
07. What is kinematical analysis? Discuss with suitable exemplification.
08. Write name of two popular latest simulation packages available for finite element analysis
& Explain 10-features of
One of the packages.
09. Discuss continuous simulation in details with examples?