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ECE330 Spring 2014

6.2
Total per-phase complex power is
S Tp = (1500 + j 300) 3 = 500 + j100 kVA
Assuming VaLp = VaMp = VaLp 0 0 , the per-phase load complex power is
*
S Lp = VaLp I aLp
=

2300

0 0 20045 0 = 265.5845 0 = 187.79 + j187.79 kVA

3
The per-phase complex power consumed by the motor is
S Mp = S Tp S Lp = 500 + j100 187.79 j187.79 = 312.21 j87.79 = 324.32 15.710 kVA
a) Line current taken by the motor
S Mp 324320 15.710
*
*
=
= 244.23 15.710 A
I aMl = I aMp =
0
VaMp
2300 3 0
Hence,
I aMl = 244.2315.710 A
b) Power factor of the motor
PF = cos 15.710 = 0.9627 leading (since negative phase difference)

c) Ear of the motor


E ar = VaMp jx s I aMp =

2300
3

0 0 j (2 ) 244.2315.710 = 1460.2 j 470.2 = 1534 17.85 0 V

Torque angle is
= 17.85 0

6.8

Ear
jxsIap

Iap
a) Generator speed
60 f 60 60
ns =
=
= 300 rpm
p
12
Torque of electric origin
PT
PT
8000 10 3 1
e
T =
=
=
= 254648 N.m
m 2f p
2 60 12
b) Phase current of the generator
8000000
I ap = I al =
= 1358.5 A
3400 3

( )

Vap

I ap = 1358.50 0 A (due to unity PF).


Assuming phase voltage is Vap =

E ar = Vap + j ( x s )I ap
Torque angle is
= 34.69 0

3400

0 0 = 19630 0 V, Ear can be expressed as

3
= 19630 + j (1) 1358.50 0 = 2387.234.69 0 V

c)

Ear

jxsIap

Iap

Vap

Assuming the magnetic core is not saturated, the new RMS value of E ar is

E ar _ new = 1.2 2387.2 = 2864.7 V


Due to constant input power, the new torque angle new must satisfy

E ar sin ( ) = E ar _ new sin ( new )


Therefore
E ar
1
sin ( new ) =
sin ( ) =
sin 34.69 0 = 0.4743 => new = 28.310
E ar _ new
1 .2
The new stator current is
E ar _ new Vap 2864.728.310 19630 0
I ap _ new =
=
= 1469.1 22.37 0 A
jx s
j1.2
The reactive power output:
Q = 3 Vap I ap sin ( ) = 3 1963 1469.1 0.3806 = 3293 kVAR

6.10
a) Phase voltage is
550
Vap =
= 317.5 V
3
The torque angle can be determined from

sin ( ) =

E ar Va sin ( ) PT
=
, which leads to
xs
3

PT x s
250000 1.2
=
= 0.6847 => = 43.210
3E arVa 3 460 317.5

b)
The new stator current is

E ar Vap

46043.210 317.50 0
= 262.88 3.23 0 A
jx s
j1.2
Power factor PF = cos( ) = 0.9984
The generated reactive power is
Q = 3 Vap I ap sin ( ) = 3 317.5 262.88 (0.05633) = 14.105 kVAR
I ap =

c) The new generator current is


PT
250000
I ap _ new =
=
= 328.08 A
3Vap cos( new ) 3 317.5 0.8
The new excitation voltage can be obtained by
Ear = Vap + jxs I ap _ new = 317.500 + j1.2 328.08 cos 1 (0.8) = 637.0129.630
The new torque angle is
new = 29.630

6.13
a) The reactive power required by the three-phase load is
QL = PL tan cos 1 (0.8) = 30000 tan cos 1 (0.8) = 22.5 kVAR

b) Since the PF of the motor is 0 (zero real power), the magnitude of the motors current is
QM
22500
I Ml =
=
= 56.48 A
3 VMl
3 230

( )

( )

Iap

Earp
Vap

-jxsIap

c) Since the load has a lagging PF, the motor must have a leading PF. Assuming a wye-connected
stator, the per-phase internal voltage is
230
E ar = VMp + x s I Mp =
+ 2 56.48 = 245.75 V
3
d) The new reactive power required by the combination of three-phase load and motor is
Qnew = PL tan cos 1 (0.95) = 30000 tan cos 1 (0.95) = 9.861 kVAR
Hence, the reactive supplied by the motor is
QM _ new = Qnew QL = 9.861 22.5 = 12.639 kVAR

The magnitude of the motors current is


QM _ new
12639
I Ml =
=
= 31.73 A
3 VMl
3 230
Since the load has a lagging PF, the motor must have a leading PF. Assuming a wye-connected
stator, the new per-phase internal voltage is

( )

( )

E ar _ new = VMp + x s I Mp =

230
3

+ 2 31.73 = 196.25 V

e) Assuming the magnetic core is not saturated, the new machines field current as a percentage of
the old field current can be obtained by
I f _ new E ar _ new 196.25
=
=
= 0.7986
I f _ old
E ar
245.75
This means the field current is reduced by 20% from the value in c).