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(IEEE 802.3ad)

Link Aggregation

Load Balance Example

Applications

Feature Review

Advantages

Definition

Agenda
Agenda

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a load balancing function

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Traffic sent to the ports in such a group is distributed through

instances of full duplex point-to-point links operating at the


same data rate

The Link Aggregation Group is consisting of N parallel

together to form a Link Aggregation Group, such that a MAC


Client can treat the Link Aggregation Group as if it were a
single link

Link Aggregation allows one or more links to be aggregated

IEEE Definition:

Introduction to Link Aggregation

Advantages

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100 Mbps

The capacity of the multiple links is combined into one logical link.

Link Aggregation allows the establishment of full duplex point-to-point links


that have a higher aggregate bandwidth than the individual links that form the
aggregation.

1. Increased aggregate bandwidth

Benefits of using Link Aggregation

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Traffic via LAG is distributed according to users policy improved reliability

In case of a failed link, remaining links take over utilization of new available BW

2. Improved Resiliency

Benefits of using Link Aggregation

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STP requires blocking and


path cost calculations

With LA STP or routing protocols are not needed, therefore, less processing is involved.

When multiple ports are allocated between 2 Routers, Routing Protocols are required to
control traffic paths.

When multiple ports are allocated between two ETH switches, broadcast storms are
created due to physical loops. STP is required to eliminate loops by blocking the redundant
port.

3. Reduced Complexity & Administration

Benefits of using Link Aggregation

>> we trunk N x FE ports

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Instead of utilizing an expensive GbE port(s) to transport 200Mbps

4. Reduced Cost

Benefits of using Link Aggregation

Multiple
Interfaces

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Customer
Network

Single
Interface

(These examples refer to using L2 topologies as well)

Public
Network

For sites that need to hide the existence of internal interfaces, the IP address of
the aggregation hides its interfaces from external applications.

For sites with limited IP address space that nevertheless require large amounts of
bandwidth, you need only one IP address for a large aggregation of interfaces.

5. Improved Network Efficiency / Security

Benefits of using Link Aggregation

Feature Review

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This provides better statistical load balancing.

2. Hash (default):
In this method the hash function (used by the traffic switch for address table lookups)
is used to select one of the ports in the group.

This method can be used for testing & debugging.

1. Simple XOR:
In this method the 3 LSBs of DA and SA are XORed and the result is used to select
one of the ports in the group.

Two methods are available for Link Aggregation Group traffic distribution:

Traffic sent to ports in a group is distributed through a load balancing function.

LAG Distribution Policy

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MAC (HEX)
00:20:8f:0a:02:01
00:20:8f:0a:01:01
00:20:8f:0a:02:02
00:20:8f:0a:01:02
00:20:8f:0a:02:03
00:20:8f:0a:01:03
00:20:8f:0b:e1:03
00:20:8f:0a:e1:04
00:20:8f:0b:e1:03
00:20:8f:0a:e1:01
00:20:8f:0b:e1:07
00:20:8f:0a:e1:04

Stream

SA ->
- > DA

SA ->
- > DA

SA ->
- > DA

SA ->
- > DA

SA ->
- > DA

SA ->
- > DA

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111
100

010
101

011
010

011
011

010
010

001
001

Last 3 bits

(Configure your Traffic Generator with the following MACs)

011 (3)

010 (2)

001 (1)

000 (0)

000 (0)

000 (0)

XOR result

Link #4

Link #3

Link #2

Link #1

Link #1

Link #1

Assigned LAG Port

We can easily demo balanced traffic distribution using the XOR method

LAG Distribution: Simple XOR

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7. A LAG may contain from 1 to 5 physical ports

6. There may be up to 3 LAGs per IDU

5. All ports in a LAG must be in the same IDU (same switch)

4. LAG is not supported in a Single Pipe mode

3. LAG is supported in IDUs configured as Managed or Metro switch

2. Management ports / WSC ports cannot be grouped in a LAG

1. Only traffic ports (including radio port) can belong to a LAG

Static LAG guidelines

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11. Dynamic Link Aggregation (LACP) is not supported

10. The LAG will initially receive default values for these parameters

xSTP role (edge, non-edge)


path cost

9. When a LAG is created, it will automatically inherit all the ports


characteristics, except for the following:

8. LAGs are virtual ports that do not permanently exist in the system

Static LAG guidelines (continued)

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FE

GbE

8
IP-10 IDU

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GbE

FE

8
IP-10 IDU

Ports 1-2 (GBE ports) and ports 3-7 (FE only ports) cannot be in the same LAG
group even if the GBE ports are configured as 100Mbps.

Grouping ports in LAG

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FE

GbE

8
IP-10 IDU

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GbE

Radio port (port 8) may be in a LAG with the GBE ports only

Grouping ports in LAG

FE

8
IP-10 IDU

Applications

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GbE
PHY

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Multiple Radio System


implemented with LAG

Port #2 and Radio


form a LAG

Single Pipe

Stackable
(Nodal) Site

GbE
PHY

Multiple FE
ports as a LAG

Standalone Site

Multiple PHYs are grouped together to support a higher capacity PHY.


Grouped ports are known as LAG Link Aggregation Group.

Introduction to Link Aggregation

3rd party
Switch or Router

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Dual (redundant) GbE interfaces facing the Switch/Router


Static Link Aggregation Group (or equivalent) configured on the Switch/Router
interfaces connected to the IP-10
Any failure in the local GbE interfaces will be handled by the link aggregation mechanism

Static LAG

1+0 LAG

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No need for LAG

1+1 HSB or
2+0 Multi-Radio

(traffic interruption <50mSecs)

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MW Radio link switchovers are transparent to Switch/Router

STBY IP-10 GbE interface is disabled

Optical splitter/combiner is used to connect to each of the IP-10 GbE interfaces in


(1+1) protected configuration

Single GE interfacing a 3rd party Switch/Router

3rd party
Switch or Router

1+1 HSB W/O LAG

Static LAG

No need for LAG

1+1 HSB or
2+0 Multi-Radio

21

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Dual (redundant) GE interfaces facing the 3rd party Switch/Router


Static Link Aggregation Group (or equivalent) is configured on the Switch/Router
interfaces connected to the IP-10 units
STBY IP-10 disables its Ethernet interface towards the Switch/Router
As a result, the Switch/Router sends all traffic over the Ethernet interface connected to
the active IP-10
Any failure detected in radio link or Ethernet interface will trigger a switch-over to the
back-up unit with <50msecs traffic interruption on the radio link
The Switch/Router detects the switch-over and start sending traffic over the interface
connected to the new active unit only

3rd party
Switch or Router

1+1 HSB With LAG

Static LAG

1+1 HSB or
2+0 Multi-Radio

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Dual (redundant) GE interface to the Switch/Router


Static Link Aggregation Group (or equivalent) is configured on the Switch/Router
interfaces connected to the IP-10s
Static Link Aggregation Group (or equivalent) is configured on the IP-10
2 optical splitter/combiners are used to connect each of the 2 interfaces on the
Switch/Router to each of the corresponding interfaces on the IP-10s

3rd party
Switch or Router

Static LAG

Static LAG

1+1 HSB With dual GbE + LAG

Static LAG

1+1 HSB or
2+0 Multi-Radio

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Any failure in the local GbE interfaces will be handled by the link aggregation
mechanism without triggering switch-over to the back-up IP-10 unit!

STBY IP-10 disables its Ethernet interface towards the Switch/Router


Any failure detected in radio link or equipment will trigger switch-over to the back-up
IP- 10 unit with <50msecs traffic interruption on the radio link

3rd party
Switch or Router

Static LAG

Static LAG

1+1 HSB With dual GbE + LAG (cont.)

Load Balance Example

25

Port #2 and Radio


form a LAG

50%

50%

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GbE port #1 = (50% via Radio #1) + (50% via Radio #2)

Traffic injected via GbE port #1 is distributed evenly between Port #2 & Port #8
Port #2 is linked to a Pipe IDU, hence, a Multi-Radio system is achieved:

IDU #2 is configured as Single Pipe


IDU #1 is configured as Managed Switch to support LAG

GbE
PHY

Load balance example

26

1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

P
1

4) Port 2 is out
of the LAG

2) Alarm is
propagated

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Enable Automatic State Propagation on both IDUs

Radio #2 encounters a signal degradation


Since ASP is enabled, the alarm is propagated to port #1
IDU #1 detects the alarms and shuts down port #2
Port #2 is not part of the LAG
Radio #1 takes full control (100%) of traffic

GbE
PHY

3) Port 1 is
shut down

Load balance example

100%
5) Radio 1
takes 100%

X
50%

1) Link
Degradation

Shut down

100%

X
50%

64QAM

100%

256QAM

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To improve system resiliency, Automatic State Propagation can shut down the
LAG interface when ACM degrades below a pre-determined profile.

GbE
PHY

Load balance example

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training@ceragon.com

Thank You !