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University of San Agustin

College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory


Science
Iloilo City, Philippines
Brgy. Bacan Cabatuan, Iloilo
Chosen Community

A Project Presented to
Miss Vicenta Montehermoso
Faculty of the College of Pharmacy and Medical Technology
Community Public Health Instructor

Cawagas, Fedelene Joy


Celiz, Irene Jan
Deleste, Krisha Nicole
Escares, Asher Clover
Eclarinal, Maria Radella Eliza
Flor, Mayramarie
Gaitan, Aurora Demi Doreen
MLS 2-F

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines
Acknowledgement
The surveyors would like to express their deepest and sincerest
appreciation to Ms. Vicenta Montehermoso, RMT the surveyors
mentor and teacher in the subject Community and Public Health
Laboratory for all the guidance, support and understanding she has
given the group through the entire duration of doing the project.
Indeed, her expertise has greatly helped the group.
The group would also like to express their gratitude to Brgy.
Captain Nestor F. Clementir the Kagawad of Bacan, Cabatuan for
warmly welcoming the group in their community when they visited and
conducted the survey and by giving them access with all the possible
data the Barangay office could provide which helped the group a lot.
The Barangay Officials headed by Brgy. Captain Nestor F. Clementir
was indeed of great help to the surveyors in the process of their
gathering of data from the community. Without their offices utmost
support, the surveyors couldnt have had finished their study.
During the course of this work, the constant association with all
the members of the group spearheaded by Ms. Fedelene Joy Cawagas
has been most pleasurable. Without the accumulative and group effort
of the surveyors, the completion of this work would have been
immeasurably more difficult.
Most importantly, the group would really like to thank the Lord
God, Almighty for all the strength, patience and guidance he has
blessed the group the entire time of doing the said activity. Indeed, it
has been of great value, a special debt of gratitude is due.
Lastly, the group would like to extend their gratitude to everyone
who was a part of this activitys success. Without all your love and
support, this activity wouldnt even be possible.

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines
Introduction
In order for a community or a society to be better and
progressive, it needs to empower the literacy of health in every
household or so much more in every individual. It is not an option for
one to be ignorant about the new and prevalent problems in their
community. Health is greatly affected by someones ignorance and
only through knowledge and proper practices can we correct them and
avoid the negative things it has been associated with.
Through a number of efforts the government and the health care
centers has made, the indifference to social and community health
problems have somehow decremented. The number of inevitable
households for instance is still not aware of the threats of current
health issues. Through symposiums, flyers and advertisements,
information dissemination is achieved.
Surveying a community and knowing their strength and
weaknesses could lead one to decipher the needed changes for the
benefit of everyone in the community.
Two basic assumptions are made by national disaster planners
and policy makers: public health workers are prepared to render public
health care and population based health care services during any
natural or man-made disaster, and individuals and their families are
aware of and engaged in personal preparedness and response
planning. In response to this need, both public health, along with
health care providers and first responders, have acted to ensure
preparedness and response competence among workers in the health
fields. The 2006 Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act, the
Association of Schools of Public Health (ASPH), in cooperation with the
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), has developed a
preliminary model of core competencies for the public health
preparedness and response work force.

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines
Table of Contents
Title
Acknowledgement
Introduction
Community Profile
Vicinity Map
Spot map
Barangay organizational Chart
Health Center Organizational Chart
I. Family Structure
A. Total Population
B. Sex
C. Civil status
D. Type of Family
E. Family Size
F. Female Reproduction Age
II. Socioeconomic and Cultural
A. Employment
B. Occupation
C. Monthly Income per Household
D. Monthly Expense per Household
E. Education
F. Religion
III. Home and Environment
A. Residency (Length of Stay)
B. Home Ownership
C. Land Ownership
D. Type of Houses
E. Electricity Availability
F. Means of Cooking
G. Water Source
H. Water Source
I. Storage of Drinking Water
J. Garbage Disposal System
K. Type of Toilet
IV. Knowledge on the Concept of Health Care
A. Graph of the Concepts Measuring the Knowledge
of
Residents
B. Interpretation Data
V. Health Care
A. Birth Attendant
B. Place of Delivery
C. Infant Feeding
D. Weight of the Children
E. Height of the Children

Page

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines
F. Immunization of the Children
VI. Responsible Parenthood
A. Methods Used in Family Planning
B. Mortality Distribution
VII. Data on Community Development
A. Health Problems o the Community
B. Causes and Possible Solutions
C. Other need of the Community
D. Solutions to the needs of the Community
VIII. Community Problems and Recommendations
A. Problem Prioritization
B. Community Health Care Plan
IX. Appendices

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines
Community Profile
Barangay Bacan, Cabatuan, Iloilo has a total population of one
thousand three hundred forty-nine (1,349) consisting of six hundred
fifty seven male and six hundred ninety three female.
The total land area of the barangay is one hundred twenty five
hectares (125 HT) which sums up the number of households to three
hundred five (305) while the number of families to three hundred
twelve (312).
As of the year 2014, the number of total deaths is thirteen; 7 of
which is male and 6 are female.

Vicinity Map

Spot Map

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines

10

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines

Barangay Organizational Chart

11

University of San Agustin


College of Pharmacy and Medical Laboratory
Science
Iloilo City, Philippines

Health Organizational Chart

12

I. Family Structure
A. Total Population in Brgy. Bacan, Cabatuan is 1,349.
B. Sex

Male
657
49%

Female
693
51%

Male

Female

C. Civil Status

Separated
5
11%

Single
12
27%

Married
28
62%

Single

Married

Separated

D. Type of Family

Extended
16
36%
Nuclear
29
64%

Nuclear

E. Family Size

Extended

6 and above
12
27%

1-3 members
12
27%

4-6 members
21
47%

1-3 members

4-6 members

6 and above

4th Qtr

F. Female Reproductive Age

35-39 years old


20-24years old

30-34years old

25-29 years old

II. Socioeconomic and Cultural


A. Employment

Unemployed
10
22%

Self-Employed
16
36%

Employed
19
42%

Unemployed

B. Occupation

Employed

Self-Employed

Tyangge Vendor
12
27%

Teacher
7
16%

OFW
10
22%

Construction Worker
12
Local Government Official
27%
4
9%

Teacher
Local Government Official
Tyangge Vendor

C. Monthly Income per Household

OFW
Construction Worker

30, 000 and above


10
22%

Less than 10, 000.00


21
47%

Greater than 10,000 but less than 30, 000


14
31%

Less than 10, 000.00


Greater than 10,000 but less than 30, 000
30, 000 and above

D. Monthly expense per Household

8, 000 and above


11
24%

1,000 - 5, 000
19
42%

5, 000 - 8, 000
15
33%

1,000 - 5, 000

E. Education

5, 000 - 8, 000

8, 000 and above

1
2%

5
11%

9
20%
30
67%

Elementary

HighSchool

3
7%

College

Vocational

6
13%

36
80%

Fundamental Baptist

Roman Catholic

Born Again

F. Religion
III. Home and Environment

A. Residency (length of stay)

40

38

35
30
25
20
15
10
6

5
00
Less than 1 Year

1
1-5 Years

6-10 Years
Length of Residency

B. Home/ Land Ownership

B. Land/Home Ownership

12 Years and above

50
45

43

40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
2

00
Rented

Owned

Rented free

Types of Land Ownership

C. Type of Houses
Types of Houses
25
22
20

19

15

10

0
Concrete

Light

Mixed (Concrete & Light)

0
Make Shift

D. Electricity Availability
avaialble

Column1

50
45
44
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

11

E. Means of cooking
30

25

25

20

15

15

10

55

0
Electric

Wood

0
Kerosine
Types of Cooking

LPG

F. Water source
35
30

31

25
20
Water Sources

15
11

10
5

0
Level 1: Point source/ Protected well/ Bubon

G. Storage of Drinking Water


45
40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0

With Cover

Column1

H. Garbage Disposal System


20
18

18

16
14

14
13

12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Compost Pit

0
Open Dumping

Collection

Burning

Garbage Disposal System

I. Type of toilet
Types of Toilet
30
25
20

24
21

15
10
5
0

Flus h

Pail Sys tem

Pit L atr ine

IV. Knowledge on the concept of health care


A. Graph of the concepts measuring knowledge of residence
Column2

Knowledgable

Unknowledgable

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

Figure 1: Knowledge of Harmful Effects of Burning Plastics to the


Environment
Column2

Knowledgable

Unknowledgable

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

Figure 2: Knowledge about the Spread of Disease in the Community

2% 5%
23%

Bacteria
Virus
Worm
Others

70%

Figure 3: Knowledge of Causative Agent of Tuberculosis

B. Interpretation of the Graph

The graphs contribute to the systematic answers of the sample


population towards their knowledge about the effects of burning,
Spread of disease and knowledge of the cause of Tuberculosis.
Figure 1 show that most of the individuals in the sample
population are knowledgeable that burning of waste products
especially those made of plastics can harm the environment. The
knowledge of the sample population can contribute to the
environmental progress of their community.
Figure 2 shows that most of the individuals in the sample
population are knowledgeable that the spread of diseases could be in
different media such as water sources, people to people and
surroundings. Their knowledge about this can benefit not only
themselves but also help the community by increasing the health
literacy and minimizing the spread of health threats thus improving
their health practices.
Figure 3 shows that 70% of sample population answered that the
causative agent for tuberculosis is virus, while 23% of the sample
population answered Bacteria, 5% of the sample population answered
worms and 2% of the sample population answered alcohol and drugs.
Thus, only 5% of the sample population is aware that the spread of
Tuberculosis is because of bacteria while the rest of the same
population thinks that it is caused by other biological and physical
agents.

V. Health Care
A. Birth Attendant

Column2

Health Professional

Trained Hilot

Midwife
0

10

15

20

B. Place of Delivery

20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

Home

C. Infant Feeding

Private Hospital Lying in Clinics District Hopital

25

Mixed

35

Bottle

Breast Feeding

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

Infant feeding
D. weight of the children
123

11-15 years old

115

70.5

6-10 years old

70.5

39.5

1- 5 years old

40.5

19.9

Below 1 year od
0

20.8
20

40

60

Male weight in pounds

E. Height of the children

80

100

Column1

120

140

80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

below 1 year old

1-5 years old

6-10 years old 11-15 years old

Male height in inches

Column1

F. Immunization of the children


General immunization was available during a scheduled
immunization. Brgy. Bacan health center immunized children with
different age group and kind of vaccination. Only the BCG
immunization was given at birth. Health center were to advise new
mothers about free BCG Immunization on the nest schedule. At 6
Weeks a Pentavalent Vaccine was given (Penta1), this covers Diptheria,
Pertussis, Tetanus, Haemophilus influenza B and Hepatitis B.
The program was new and subject to constraints in supply and
logistics but wherever appropriate, vaccines were given according to
the schedule. There may be delays so an allowance of more or less
than 2months with 4 months apart per vaccine dose may still be in
sync with the EPI schedule. An Oral Polio Vaccine was given (OPV1). At
10 Weeks was given Penta2 and OPV2. At 14 weeks Penta3 was given
with OPV3. An additional doses for Pentavalent and OPV are subject to
the community's needs (e.g. in an epidemic) and was assessed by the
barangay doctor or barangay health officer. At 9 months, only the
Measles Vaccine was given. At 12-15 months an MMR dose is given.

VI. Responsible Parenthood


A. Methods of Family Planning
Methods Used In Family Planning

None

19

Artificial

Natural

18

B. Mortality Distribution

10

12

14

16

18

20

VII. Data on Community Development


A. Health problems of the community

Seasonal Dengue Fever


Hypertension among the Old Population
Diarrhea among the Young Population

B. Causes ad possible solutions


Causes
Poor Sanitation

Unhealthy Lifestyle

Unsanitary Waste Disposal

Solutions
Implement proper health care and
sanitation especially among
children.
Disseminate information and
educate the people of the proper
diet to stay fit and healthy
Provide and Invest for garbage
trucks to collect the household
wastes of each home.

C. Other needs of the community


Other Needs
1. Protection of the Environment and its resources
2. Rehabilitation of Canals and Drainage System
3. Need for Multi-purpose Vehicle
4. Improvement and Maintenance of Street Lighting System
5. Education Program for the Public
D. Solutions to the needs of the community
Inform and educate the community of the different effects of
human actions to the environment. For example, the burning of
garbage can cause air pollution, improper biological disposal directed
to the bodies of water can cause air pollution. These things must be
known by the public in order to attain the proper protection and
maintenance of the environment.
The Brgy. Office can possibly use a part of their fund to cover this
problem since the ignorance to this can cause flood during the rainy
season.

The Brgy. Office can possibly communicate with vehicle


regulating companies and allocate some of its budget to address this
problem so that the people living in the area will not have so many
problems in regards to transportation
The Brgy. Office can possibly allocate some of their budget to
address this problem since it will be very beneficial to the people living
in the community especially during the night when the streets are so
dark and most especially, to avoid crimes and accidents within the
area and community
The Brgy. Office hand in hand with the parents of the young
population should be working together to have this project done. The
Brgy. Office with the help of the local government units shall provide
funds for the educational needs of the young children in public places
and parents must also do their part in taking their children to school
and by allowing them to learn and be of use to the community.

VII. Community Problems and Recommendations


A. Problem Prioritization
1. Dengue

Strength
Knowledge of
the
community
about dengue
and the
causes of it.
Availability of
signage
around the
post and
barangay hall
bulletin board
about Dos &
donts

Weaknesses
Different
understandin
g of people in
the
community
Cultures and
beliefs which
harm them in
their
surroundings.

Opportunities
Availability of
Barangay
Health
workers to
give out
information
Nongovernment
organizations
sponsor
symposium,
and
seminars.

Threats
New cases of
dengue occur
near
barangays.
Non
availability of
medical
services near
public hospital
when theres
an increase of
dengue cases.

2. Waste Segregation

Strength
Distribution of
different types
of garbage
container for
each
household.
Collection of
garbage
especially
recyclables
every week.

Weaknesses
Failure of
collection of
garbage
every week
Less strategy
in their
community
when it
comes to
waste
disposal

Opportunities
Recruitment
of Barangay
Kagawad in
each Purok is
well
disseminated
for the giving
out of
schedules for
garbage
collection
District
Official give
out seminars
for
contribution
on how to
make organic
fertilizers.

Threats
Continue
activities of
burning due
to the
unsynchronize
d schedule of
collection.
Lack of
material for
organic
fertilizing in
every
household

3. Hypertension
Strength

Knowledge
for the
residence
about
hypertension
and its
effects is
properly
disseminated
.
Availability of
organic
remedy like
garlic is
available
mostly in
backyards.

Weaknesses

Different
beliefs and
culture were
mostly
accepted as
the cause of
Hypertension
Due to old
age
hypertension
made them
incapable of
working.

Opportunities

Barangay
office
disseminated
proper health
nutrition
facts.
Health
worker are
assigned by
the District
health office
to survey and
give advice
to those who
have
hypertension

Threats

Too much
fatty food
intake during
occasions like
fiestas,
birthday,
baptism.
Lifestyle
changes

B. Community Health Care Plan


Goal/ Objectives

Intervention/ Rationale

Brgy. Bacan Cabatuan Iloilo,

Shall help facilitate setting up of


people-managed health care
system at the community level
and ensure mechanisms of
access for all levels and type of

health care.

Shall contribute to building


peoples health movement that
will maintain and strengthen
the gains of a people-managed
health care system and that of
the broader movement for
social change.

Budget for 2014 focuses more


on Health and Malnutrition for
the children in the barangay.
About about Php 75,600.00 was
distributed.
We Conducted a Health and
Environmental Program under
the provision of DOH and private
health organization, the Rotary
Club Iloilo, last August 22,2014
for the prevalence of Dengue
and other Medical needs.
Sanitation for the community is
given focus by the decision of
Barangay health officers for the
Rehabilitation of Canals and
Drainage system. Budget from
the local government unit was
allotted Php 56,780.00

IX. Appendices

Meeting with Kagawad Ma. Merly C. De Guia

Ms. Gaitan and Ms. Cawagas Survey with this family

Mr. Escares Surveyed the owner of this Sari-Sari Store

Ms. Radela Interviewed Mrs. Salvacion Clavejo

Group discussion for Survey Forms

Ms. Flor interviewed the Suman Vendor Mrs. Nemia

Group Picture with Kagawad Ma. Merly C. De


Guia

Thanking Kagawad Ma. Merly for assisting the


group