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'January 1881

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A
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MERICAN LANGUAGE COURSE

LEVEL II
"

'".

'.,

BOOK 11
LANGUAGE LABORATORY ACTIVITIES
~

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(",.'1 '1"'f"f'\J"'I

STUDENT TEXT

"

The American Language Course ( ALC) is designed primarily for an


intensive language training program.
However, these materials
can also be used in nonintensive programs.
The course will
provide students with a sufficient level of fluency and
communicative proficiency in American English to enable them to
successfully pursue technical or professional training in schools
conducted by the Department of Defense.
The General English Phase of the ALC consists of six progressive
levels of language proficiency training.
Levels I through V
consist of six separate instructional packages each.
Level VI
contains four.
Level
I
Level II
Level III
Level IV
Level
V
Level VI

Books
Books
Books
Books
Books
Books

1
7
13
19
25
31

- 6
- 12
18
- 24
- 30
- 34

The coordinated instructional packages for Books 1-30 consist of


the fOllowing:
...;..

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Instructor Text
student Text
Audiotapes
Instructor Language Laboratory Activit:l.es Booklet
Student Language Laboratory Activities Booklet
Quiz Kits
Optional training aids

Inquiries conce~ning these materials, including requests for


copies, should be addressed to Commandant, Defense Language
Institute English Language Center, ATTN:
LER\'J, 2235 Andrews
Ave., ~ackland Air Force Base, Texas 78236-5259.
Recommendations for improving this edition are encouraged.
Letters should be addressed to:
Commandant, Defense Language
Institute English Language Center, ATTN:
LEAC, 2235 Andrews
Ave., Lackland Air Force Base, Texas 78236~5259.
The American Language course (ALC) contains copyrighted material.
Reproduction of this publication is not authorized without the
expressed written permission of the owners of the copyrights.

CONTENTS

Title
Need To See The Doctor.

Page
1

Lesson 1

Lesson 2

This street Is One-Way!

39

Lesson 3

Please Give Me A Refund.

81

Lesson 4

That Was A Great Movie!

121

Lesson 5

Get Ready For The Quiz.

165

Appendix A

Word List

A-I

Appendix B

structure List

B-1

Appendix C

Principal Parts/Irregular Verbs

C-l

Appendix D

Patterns of Irregular Verbs

D-l

Appendix 8

Verb Forms

8-1

Appendix F

Punctuation and Capitalization

F-1

r ......."..

Homework

HW-l

Evaluation

EE-l

'"

NOTES TO THE STUDENT

The Student Text for Book 11, Level II, has four lessons and one
review lesson, daily evaluations and homework assignments, and
various appendixes.

....

The homework and evaluation exercises are at the back of this


text. The evaluation exercises are short quizzes and will be
given after each lesson is completed. The daily homework
assignments will require about two hours to complete .
The appendixes a~e after the fifth lesson. Appendix A is an
alphabetical list of the new vocabulary presented in this book.
Next to the word is the number of the lesson where the word is
introduced. Appendix B is a list of the grammar structures
presented in this book. Next to the structure is the number of
the lesson where the structure is presented.
The rest of the
appendixes are reference materials.
The American Language Course focuses on four areas:
l.

The functions are the ways we use a language to


communicate. There are exercises in the lessons that
show you how and when to use certain words, phrases, and
sentences in a particular situation.

..

'

"*Function

2.

Grammar

The gramma~' structures in the lesson are the forms you


need to speak and write correctly.
3.

Skills

C>

There are exercises ~n the lessons to help you improve


your skill or ability in listening, speaking, reading or
writing.
4

~ Vocabulary
The words and expressions presented in the lesson are
those you will need to do the functions and the grammar
exercises.

The first page of each lesson is the focus page.


It provides a
summary of the material that will be presented in the lesson.

iii

BOOK 11 LESSON 1

I NEED TO SEE THE DOCTOR.


OR. R . ,JoNe'S

FUNCTION

Dr. Hale's office. May I help you?

need to make an appointment for my annual checkup.

-----------------(GRAMMAR---------------
Maria has had a temperature since last night.

How long was John in the hospital?

Have you been studying?


Yes, I've been reviewing Lesson 1.

-----------------:SKILLS,---------------

Listen to a conversation and select the correct answer.

Listen and write the paragraph.

Find the meaning of the word.

---------------VOCABULARY--------------

ache
catch/caught
come/came in
connect
cough
run/ran
see/saw
sneeze

How about
?
make/made (it)
run/ran a
temperature

annual
any longer
anymore
horizontal
in
out
parallel
perpendicular
regular
runny
since
sometime
still
then
vertical

ache
appointment
back
backache
checkup
chest
cold
cough
dot
earache
emergency
examination/
exam
fever

headache
inch/inches
middle
nurse
pain
patient
physical
problem
sneeze
stomach
stomachache
symptom
temperature

CONTENTS OF BOOK 11 LESSON 1


Page

VOCABULARY:

symptoms

LISTENINGSKILL:

short dialog; select inference

VOCABULARY: making an appointment;


an emergency

,/

VOCABULARY: anymore, any longer,

still, sometime, catch, since

11

GRAMMAR:

13

present perfect (be, have)

READING SKILL: unknown words/phrases

(context clues; select probable

meaning)

17

GRAMMAR:

20

questions with how long

VOCABULARY:

lines and dots

23

READING SKILL: draw objects

(follow written instructions)

25

FUNCTION: making a medical


appointment

27

GRAMMAR:

31

present perfect progressive

LISTENING SKILL: oral text

(select topic)

36

WRITING SKILL:
paragraph

37

dictation of a

I
~

~ Vocabulary
WHAT'S WRONG?

Repeat the underlined words and sentences.

1.

Ned's chest hurts.

2.

Sally is running a
temperature.

3.

Fran's back hurts. She


has a pain in her back.

4.

Her stomach hurts.

-----'L---=-_=-_.--=......_ _--=---

_ J --

5.

Fred has a backache.

6.

Sally has a headache.

7.

Joe has an earache.

8.

Pete has a stomachache.

-'

HE HAS A BACKACHE.

Listen to the sentence and say the number of the picture. Then
listen to a number of a picture and tell what's wrong with the
person in that picture.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

. B.

./

"

.'

NED HAS AN AWFUL COLD.

Repeat the underlined words and listen to the story.


the story and answer questions about it.
I went to see Ned yesterday.

Then read

When I got there

,,'

He was also coughing

he was sneezing

With his runny nose, he

and his nose was running

had a bad pain in his chest, too.

his chest ache

more.

His cough

While I was there, he took

his temperature with a thermometer

fever.

How did he catch his cold?

someone at

work~

made

, and he had a

Maybe he caught it from

or did he catch it when he walked home from the

office in the rain?

He wasn't sure.

sneezing

, coughing

were not pleasant.

He only knew that the

, and other symptoms

Ned really felt bad yesterday.


7

ACHES AND PAINS

The instructor will give you the number of one of these symptoms.
Without words, show the symptom. Another student will tell which
symptom you have.
EXAMPLE:

Student 1 holds his head and closes his eyes.


Student 2: You have a headache.

1.

backache

2.

headache

3.

stomachache

4.

earache

5.

cough

6.

sneeze

7.

chest pain

Listening Skitt

(>
LISTEN TO THE CONVERSATIONS.

Listen to a short conversation.


1.

The man is
a.
b.
c.
d.

2.

staying home
planning a vacation
buying a plane ticket
renting a car

The man and woman work


a.
b.
c.
d.

3.

Then select the correct answer.

in a store
at a school
for a magazine
in a restaurant

The two women


a.
b.
c.
d.

were late
had a flat tire
had an accident
were lost
8

Vocabulary
AN APPOINTMENT FOR A PHYSICAL

Repeat the underlined words and listen to the dialog.


the dialog and answer questions about it.
MS. Roberts:

Mr. Edwards:

...

Then read

Dr. Getwell's office. May I help you?

Yes, I'd like to make an appointment to see the

doctor.

Ms. Roberts:
Mr. Edwards:

What would you like to see him about?

I need to have a complete physical.


I'm buying

some insurance, and the insurance company wants to

be sure that I'm in good shape.

Ms. Roberts:
Mr. Edwards:

When did you have your last physical examination,

sir?

Well, I had my annual checkup about ten months ago.

I have an appointment for my regular exam in two

months, but I don't want to wait. The insurance

company has a good deal* this month.

Ms. Roberts:
Mr . Edwards:

Can you come in on Monday at 1:30?

No, I'm sorry; I can't make it on Monday.

Ms. Roberts:
Mr. Edwards:

How about Tuesday at 8:30?

That'll be fine.
Thank you.

MS. Roberts:
Mr. Edwards:

We'll see you on Tuesday.

Yes, I'll see you then.

*good deal

something good at a good price

IT'S AN EMERGENCY!

Repeat the underlined words and listen.

Then read the dialog.

Mr. Peters:

My little girl fell and cut her head.


see the doctor right away!

She needs to

Ms. Barton:

Dr. Wells is with another patient right now.


Can you wait a few minutes?

Mr. Peters:

No, this is an emergency!


I tried to catch her when
she started to fall, but I wasn't able to. She hurt
her head badly when she hit the ground.

Ms. Barton:

I'm Dr. Wells' new nurse. Let me look at your


daughter's head.
I'm sure I can fix the problem.

Mr. Peters:

All right, thanks. Will the doctor have time to


check my daughter's head when you finish?

Ms. Barton:

Yes, of course. When the other patient comes out of


the examination room, your daughter can go in.

Answer the questions about the dialog.


1.

Why can't the doctor see Mr. Peters' little girl right now?

2.

Does someone need to help Mr. Peters' daughter right. away?

3.

What did Mr. Peters do when his daughter started to fall?

4.

Who is Ms. Barton?

10

,....

5.

wrong wi~h
nurse help her?

Some~hing's
~he

6.

Where is Dr. Wells

7.

When can Mr.


doctor?

~he

righ~

Pe~ers

li~~le

girl's head.

Can

now?

and his

daugh~er

go in and see

~he

~ Vocabulary
DO JANE AND THE ROBINSONS STILL LIVE IN THE SAME PLACE?

BEFORE
Two years ago, Jane lived
in ~he whi~e house on Elm S~.,
and Ann Robinson lived in ~he
house next to hers.

NOW
Today, Jane s~ill lives on
Elm S~ree~, bu~ ~he Robinsons
don't live ~here any longer.
They aren't neighbors anymore.

11

ANN AND JANE ARE FRIENDS.


Dear Ann,
I lost your address and couldn't write to you for a long
time, but I saw your Uncle Bill yesterday and he gave it to me.
I have so many questions to ask you. Tell me about your family.
/
How is your mother? Does she still live with you? How about
/
your husband? Does he still teach in the same school? Does your/
son still play baseball? How about you? What are you doing now?
Did you start teaching again, too, or are you still staying at
home?
I'm fine.
I'm still not working but hope to find a job
soon.
I hope you'll answer my letter right away.
Please come .to
see us sometime.
Your friend,
Jane

**********
Dear Jane,
Yes, your letter was full of questions!
It's really been a
long time since I wrote to you. Now about my family. My mother
doesn't live with us any longer. She has a little house not too
far away. Robert doesn't teach any longer. He went into the Air
Force and is a student now! He's learning how to fly.
Ross
still plays ball.
I'm still staying home; I don't want to teach
anymore. I'll go back to school next month. Then Robert and I
will both be students.
How about you? You didn't write very much about you or your
family. Write soon and tell me what you're doing. We really
should try to visit each other sometime.
Your friend,
Ann

DOES ANN'S SON STILL PLAY BASEBALL?


Ask and answer questions about the people in the letters.

EXAMPLE:

I:
51:
52:

Robert
Does Robert still teach school?
No, he doesn't teach school anymore.
Or: No, he doesn't teach school any longer.

12

1,

-$-Grammar
THE PRESENT P

F CT TENS'

We usa he present perfect tense to talk about three k ds


actions'
(1 those that beg n in t e past and are still
happen ng, (2) hose that ju,t nded, and (3) those that occurred
at an ind fini a tim8~ Th e lesson covers the ver s be and av.

'XAMPLES:

(They got here a

They have bee h re for a man h.


onth ago, a d hey're still here.)

Ed bas already had

nero

(He just finished eating.)

he been to Europe bef reo


ant. )

(I'm not sure when he

We of en us :for or
nee wit the pres0 -t: pe_fect tense.
refers t
a period of t me. S:lnca re.fars
a point in i;
BXJ\MPLES:

.Ji..m has 'b e


in
e
'e has been a captain

y ur five y
B

13

ebr e

a
1.

Fa
e.

CO TRACTION

v YO
Rea

1-

die
Sam~

Henry:
2.

3.

n:
John:

4.

5.

s.
ad . ha
Have yo
N r I haven't:.

Where has
S e'
ee

Mr. Wilson:

Mr

HAD THAT CO D LONG?

Rober s:

cold long?

had i
on

lve

an be n

a1.1

at Martha!

Has Ali. been


s.
as

about two da

morning?

no

se.

student

en

s~nce

shoal s

last fal 7
ca November

R Ip

011eg
nce she.
a uated f om
high chool?
No,
he's only been in c llege since las year.

Ala
Jerry:

Y s. he'

La ry:

Has Kay been in

las Ted

d that sports car 10ng1

had

for three

l4

ears.

I'VE BEEN A STUDENT HERE SINCE JULY.

Ask and answer the questions.


use the words in ( ).
EXAMPLE:

Answer in complete sentences and

Has Jane been on the phone long?


(yes, for an hour)
Yes, she's been on the phone for an hour.

1.

Has Lt Kim been in the United states since last January?


(no, last month)

2.

Has the baby had that cold since last weekend?

(no, yesterday)

3.

Have you been a student here since September?

(no, JUly)

4.

Has Sgt Henderson been in Japan for two years?

(yes)

5.

Have you had that earache since last night?

(yes)

6.

Has your brother been in the Navy long?

(no, only a year)

7.

Has Richard had that boat long?

(no, last August)

8.

Has your daughter had this appointment for a long time?

(yes, three months)

9.

Have you had that cough long?

(yes, about two weeks)

10.

Has Sara been in the Air Force since last summer?


(yes, July)

15

WHERE HAVE YOU BEEN?


Complete the question and read the dialog.
EXAMPLE:

l . Dave:

Dora:
2.

6.

7.

8.

AI:

I've been on vacation for the last two weeks.

Where
Sa:....a's been in st. Louis all week.
How much

Don:

I've had a lot of homework this week.

Mark:

5.

Where

Ray:

3. Mary:

4.

Ed:

Who
Mike has been in Hawaii for six weeks.

Jan:

How many

Dan:

I've had only one cold this winter.

Sam:

Who

Ben:

Lt Jones has been in the major's office all morning.

Ken:

How many

Kay:

Lt Harris has been in Germany for five months.

Jill:

Who

Bill:

Jim has had two bad automobile accidents this year.

Lee:

Where

Dee:

The children have been inside for the last two hours.

16

9.

10.

Torn:

What

Tim:

Walter has had an earache since he swam in the river.

Kyle:

Why

Carl:

Jim's been in the hospital so much this year because


he's had two bad automobile accidents.

Reading Skill!)
WHAT DOES THE WORD MEAN?
Read the sen~ence. Use the other words in the sentence to find
what the underlined word means. Write may be, is not, or is on
the line.
EXAMPLE:

a.

stop at the intersection.


An intersection

b.

a street corner.

may be

a kind of gate.

may be

a store.

Stop at the intersection with the traffic light.


An intersection

c.

may be

may be

a street corner.

may be

a kind of gate.

is not

a store.

Stop at the traffic light at the intersection of


Martin and Pine streets.
An intersection

is

a street corner.

is not

a kind of gate.

is not

a store.

17

l.

a.

Marlene bought a magenta dress.


Magenta

cheap.
long.
red.
~.

b.

Marlene bought an expensive magenta dress.


Magenta

cheap.
long.
red.

c.

Because she likes the color, Marlene bought an expensive


magenta dress with a short skirt.
Magenta

cheap.
long.
red.

2.

I received a publication today.


a.

A publication

a call.
a magazine.
a package.

b.

I received a publication in the mail today.


A publication

a call.
a magazine.
a package.

18

c.

I received a publication in the mail today.


some very interesting articles in it.
.

There are

a call.

A publication

a magazine.
a package
. ,.

3.

a.

We went to the beach last weekend.


The beach

land at the edge of water.


a mountain with snow.
a large lake.

b.

We went to the beach and went swimming last weekend.


The beach

land at the edge of water.


a mountain with snow.
a large lake.

c.

We went to the beach and went swimming in the ocean last


weekend.
The beach

land at the edge of water.


a mountain with snow.
a large lake.

19

-$- Grammar
QUESTION

ROW LQ G

WITH HOW LONG

'If OWNED THAT CAR

._-------------_

aa

th

1.

Jim.

eter:
Rev

3.

_._._ _--

d alogs.

Walter;
'?
......

No

10 g has He

He's owned it s
How long wI
I'

st

y owned the

car.
ear,s old.

ce he was 18

you stay in

about

Sgt Allo:

low 10ng

sg-t Ri as:

About

hree mo t s.

Pvt .Johnso

wo and a

la~f

20

xercise yes erday?

hour.

4.

Mr. Jones:
Mr. Chevalier:

5.
,-

6.

Capt Habib:

How 10ng is your English class?


It's fifty minutes long.
How 10ng have you been in Egypt?

Mr. Browning:

I've Qeen here four months.

Dr. Peterson:

How 10ng has Ralph had that cough?

Mr. Rogers:

He's had it about three days.

HOW LONG WILL YOU BE THERE?


Ask a question with how 10ng.
answer.
EXAMPLE:

How long

Another student will read the

have you been at this base?

I've been at this base for three months.


1.

How long

He's been a major for two years.

2.

How long

I was in class all day.

3. How long

I studied for the test all evening.

4.

How long

They've been married since last summer.

5.

How long

She's been an instructor here for five years.

21

6.

How long
He's had that bad cough for a month.

7.

How long
My brother's had that job since he graduated.

8.

How long
They'll be in Houston all weekend.

9.

How long
She's been in the hospital since Sunday.

10.

How long
The students were in lab for an hour.

22

Vocabulary

LINES AND DOTS

1.

This is a horizontal line.

2.

This is a vertical line.

3.

These are parallel lines.


A

4.

B~

Line A is perpendicular to line B.

5.

Sam put a dot on the board.

6.

He put another dot on the board.

7.

Sam is drawing a line between the two dots.


He's connecting the two dots.

8.

This line is one inch long.

9.

10.

This line is two inches long.

Mary put a dot in the middle of the square.

23

THIS LINE IS AN INCH LONG.

Listen to the sentence and select the correct answer.

1.

a.

2.

8.

3.

8.

4.

a.

5.

8.

6.

8.

7.

a.

8.

a.

9.

10.

c.

b.

1-----1

0
~

b.

1---------1

b.

c.

b.

c.

b.

1---------1

1----------1----------1

c.

b.

c.

1-----1

1-------------------1

c.

b.

c.

b.

c.

8.

b.

c.

8.

b.

c.

=======

24

Reading Skill

(>
DRAW A PICTURE.

Read the instructions and draw a picture.


Picture A
1.

Draw a horizontal line from A to B.

2.

Draw two parallel vertical lines. They should be

perpendicular to the horizontal line and touch the bottom

corners of the triangle.

3.

Draw a rectangle with one short side on line AB and the

other between points C and D.

4.

Draw one small square between the rectangle and the vertical
line at point A and another small square between the
rectangle and the vertical line at point B.
What is it?

25

Picture B
1.

Draw a circle with the circumference touching points


A, B, C, 0, and E.

2.

Under the circle you drew, draw another circle with the
circumference touching points C, E, F, and G.

3.

Draw a larger circle under the second circle. The


circumference must touch points F, H, I, and J.

4.

Make a square connecting points A, E, L, K, and A again.

5.

Draw a horizontal line connecting points M and N.


What is it?

K.

.L

A.

.E

-M

B.

-_,,".0
C

E.

.G

H.

.J

26

,*Functlon

r.r~~
. .

I'D LIKE TO MAKE AN APPOINTMENT.

Read the dialogs.


Appointment Clerk:

Dr. Hardy's office.

May I help you?

Patient:

Yes. This is Alan Brown. I'd like to make


an appointment for a checkup.

Appointment Clerk:

Will this be your first visit to Dr. Hardy?

Patient:
Appointment Clerk:
Patient:
Appointment Clerk:
Patient:
Appointment Clerk:
Patient:
Appointment Clerk:

Yes, it will.
Are you having any problems?
No.

It's just time for my annual physical.

The earliest open appointment is on January


18th at 9 o'clock.
I'm sorry.

I can't make it that day.

How about January 20th at 10 o'clock?


That sounds good.

Thanks.

Don't eat anything before your appointment,


and drink only water.

**********

27

Patient:

Appointment Clerk:
Patient:

Appointment Clerk:
Patient:

Appointment Clerk:
Patient:

Hello. This is Mrs. Smith.


the doctor right away.

I need to see

What's the problem, Mrs. Smith?


My baby's sick. He caught a cold a week ago.
He's not running a temperature anymore, but
he still has a runny nose, and he's coughing
and sneezing.
Is he taking any medicine?
Yes, he is, but I don't think he's getting
better.
Can you come in this afternoon at three?

Yes, I can make it then.

**********
Appointment Clerk:
Patient:

Appointment Clerk:
Patient:

Appointment Clerk:
Patient:
Appointment Clerk:

Dr. Carter's office.


Hello. This is Sam Porter. I want to make
an appointment with Dr. Carter. I don't feel
well.
What are your symptoms, Mr. Porter?
I ache allover.
I have a headache and a
pain in my chest, and my stomach feels awful.
Can you come in sometime this morning?
Yes.

I can get there in about an hour.

Good. Come in and the doctor will see you


between his other appointments.

28

r.r~~. . .

I'M RUNNING A

TEMPERATURE~

Complete the sentences and read the dialog.


Appointment Clerk:
Patient:
Appointment Clerk:
Patient:

Dr. Hardy's office.


Yes, I need to .

----------------

What
and I'm

I have

Appointment Clerk:
Patient:

May

tomorrow at 2 o'clock?
Yes,

CAN YOU COME IN AT 9:001

Take a role and make an appointment.


Read the information; then
ask and answer questions. Be sure to include the underlined
information. You may add other information.
1.

81:

You want to make an appointment with Dr. Hardy. You're


healthy, but it's time for your annual physical. You're
a newpatient.

82:

You're Dr. Hardy's appointment clerk. When the patient


calls, you'll need to know these things: {I) What kind
of symptoms does he have? (2) When was his last
physical exam'? (3) Is he a regular patient or a new
patient? Give him the date and time for an appointment
and instructions about eating and drinking before his
physical.

29

2.

S3:

Your child is sick, and you're very worried. He has


these symptoms; (1) a runny nose, (2) a cough, (3) a
sore throat, and (4) a high fever. You want an
appointment for him right away. He's not one of the
doctor's regular patients.

54:

You're the appointment clerk in Dr. Hale's office. When


a child's parent calls for an appointment, you'll ask
questions like these:
(1) Is this an emergency? (2)
What are the child's symptoms? (3) Has the child seen
Dr. Hale before?
Tell the parent to bring the child to the office
sometime this afternoon. The doctor will see the child
between her other appointments.

3.

4.

55:

You need to see Dr. East because your ears are bothering
you. You got water in them when you swam in the lake
last weekend. You're a regular patient of Dr. East's,
and you had a physical three months ago. You'd like an
appointment sometime this week.

56:

You are Dr. East's appointment clerk. When the patient


calls, you'll need to know these things:
(1) What's the
problem? (2) Is he one of Dr. East's regular patients?
(3) When did he last see the doctor? Give the patient
a date and time for an appointment next week.

57:

You fell and hit the back of your head yesterday. Now
you feel sick and think you should see the doctor. You
have (1) a headache, (2) a backache, and (3) an earache.
You'd like to see the doctor tcday or tomorrow, but you
can't make it to his office before 10:00 a.m.

S8:

You're the appointment clerk in Dr. West's office.


Before you can give one of his patients an appointment,
you need this information:
(1) Is the patient calling
to make a regular appointment, or does he have an
emergency? (2) What's the problem? (3) What are the
symptoms? Give the patient a time for an appointment
today.

30

'MY

D IS SICK!

Be a pati.en-t~ lEI parent w h a 8 ck chil ,


doctor's off ce; ask for or 9 ve a doc 0
u _ these situations or odd 0 hers.

1.

Yo r ch

d 1s very sick.

You nee

You hurt you

4.
5.

6.

You haven"

annual
foo

bee

ur child need
You need a phys

O'

a c'erk in a

'8

appoin manto

VB

al da s.

heckup~

in a

occer' game.

feelIng we11

or

a. physica1. exam before saho 1 s arts.


.81 before yo

ca

buy some

nsurnc '.

-$- Grammar'
Til

PRES NT PER EC'}' P

31

GR S

T~SE'

au may

HENRY HAS BEEN WATCHING TELEVISION SINCE THIS MORNING.

Read the dialogs.


1.

Lt Nelson:
Capt Smith:

2.

Brian:
Ed:

3.

4.

wait~ng

long, sir?

Yes, I've been sitting here over an hour.

Has Larry been sleeping all afternoon?


No, he's been

work~ng

on his car since 2:00.

Cathy:

How have you been getting to work this week?

Laura:

I've been riding with one of my neighbors.

Mr. Perkins:
Ms. Franklin:

5.

Have you been

You've been counting that money for half an


hour.
I haven't been count~ng it. I've been
thinking about how to use it.

Charles:

What have you been

R~chard:

I've been go~ng to su~er schoOl in the morning


and work~ng out at the gYm in the afternoon.

do~ng th~s

32

summer?

I'VE BEEN SHOPPING ALL MORNING.

Ask and answer the questions.


use the word(s) in ( ).
EXAMPLE:

Answer in complete sentences and

Where have you been eating this week?


I've been eating at the cafeteria.

(cafeteria)

1.

Who has Tom been riding to school with?

2.

Where have you been working out?

3.

When have you been going to the gym?

4.

Whose textbook have you been borrowing?

5.

How often have you been seeing the doctor?

6.

How long has Janet been studying?

7.

Which lesson has the class been reviewing?

8.

How long has Uncle Fred been sitting in the back yard?

(two and a half hours)

9.

Who's been waiting in the major's office since noon?

(Lt Richards)

33

(Carl)

(the base gym)


(after dinner)
(Gina's)
(every week)

(since 6:00)
(Lesson 4)

HAS HE BEEN STUDYING ALL NIGHT?

Ask and answer questions about the pictures.


below the pictures.

Use the words

EXAMPLES:

"

..... tI "

,--,
I.

,.

I",
,

"
....

Jl.JJ~~....!..__ 1_ ... '...

. . ..

read/since 6:30

work on/all day

Has he been reading that


book since 6:30?

Has he been working on his


bicycle all day?

Yes, he's been reading it


for an hour and a half.

No, he's been working on his


car all day.

1.

play/all afternoon

2.

34

study/45 minutes

3.

sleep/since 2:00

4.

do homework/all afternoon

5.

dance/all evening

6.

work out/for several years

7.

march/all morning

8.

talk on the phone/an hour

35

,.
,\

9.

snow/since midnight

Listening Skill

10.

wait/for a long time

C>
WHAT IS THE PARAGRAPII ABOUT?

Listen to the paragraph and select the topic.


l.

a.
b.
c.

keeping healthy
finding a doctor
getting checkups

2.

a.
b.
c.

pay phones
local calls
wrong numbers

3.

a.
b.
c.

how to study for a test


how to memorize new words
how to write test questions

36

Writing Skill

I>
LISTEN AND WRITE.

Listen to a paragraph the first time. Write the paragraph on the


lines below when you hear it the second time. Check your writing
when you hear the paragraph the third time. Be careful to use
the correct punctuation.

37

THIS STREET IS ONE-WAV!

BOOK 11 LESSON 2

ONE.
WAY
~

FUNCTION
Is it safe to pass a school bus?
No, not when children are getting on or off the bus.
GRAMMAR

Did anyone go to the game? No, everyone watched it on TV.

Jim got lost on his way to the airport.

I'm the one who wrote the letter; he's the person that signed it.

SKILLS

What time did John say to meet him at the mall?


The comma is in column A, row 2.
Write the main idea.
I'd like to meet the people. They wrote these textbooks.
I'd like to meet the people who wrote these textbooks.
--------------V~~O~CAB~~U~L~A~R~Y.--------------

become/became
confuse
fail (to)
flash
follow
get/got
mean
pass
pullover
signal
slow down/up
speed/sped (up)
yield

ahead
ahead of
anybody
anyone
cautious/cautiously
lost
nervous
no one
nobody
one-way
relaxed
somebody
someone
that
two-way
which
who

in advance
miles per hour (m.p.h.)

39

caution
crossing
instructor
intersection
lane
mind
pedestrian
railroad
right-of-way
sidewalk
sign
signal
speed
speed limit
.steering wheel
stop sign
turn
way

CONTENTS OF BOOK 11 LESSON 2

Page
VOCABULARY:
streets and highways,

signs and signals

41

LISTENING SKILL:

oral statements of location

(complete grid)

45

VOCABULARY:

46

driving lessons

VOCABULARY:
someone, somebody,

anyone, anybody, no one, nobody

54

GRAMMAR:

56

indefinite pronouns

LISTENING SKILLS:

oral text (write topic)


oral text (write main. idea)

60

60

GRAMMAR:

61

linking verbs (become, get)

FUNCTION:
asking for and giving

information about safety

65

GRAMMAR:
adjective clauses

(that, which, who)

72

WRITING SKILL: two related sentences

(combine to form one sentence with

a dependent and an independent

clause)

76

READING SKILL:

written text (select title)


written text (write main idea)

78

78

40

~ Vocabulary
STREETS AND HIGHWAYS, SIGNS AND SIGNALS

Repeat the underlined words.

Then read the sentences.

1.

Yellow and white lines mark the


lanes on streets and highways.
You should stay in the right lane
until you want to pass or go
around another car.

The red light means stop, and the

2.

green light means go.


When you see a yellow light, use
caution.

Be careful, because the

light will turn red in a few seconds.


3.

A sign gives information or


directions.

Many signs tell drivers

that they can't do something.

Other

signs show them that they can.


You should follow thedirections on
highway and street signs.

25

MP~

Sometimes signs show that you must


make a turn slowly.
41

The speed limit on the highways

4.

SPIiED
UMIT

is 55 or 65 miles per hour.


The speed limit on city streets is

usually 30 or 35 m.p.h.

A stop sign means that you must

5.

make a complete stop.


Don't just slow down.

6.

You may use signal lights or hand


and arm signals.
This man is signaling because he's

..~~~~~-,r---

7.

going to turn left.

A yield sign tells you that you


may have to slow down or stop.
When you see a yield sign, you must
give the right-of-way to other
vehicles.

42

TOO MANY SIGNS AND SIGNALS

Repeat the underlined words.

Then read the story.

Mark usually only drives on the highway with his father.


Because he knows that he'll have to learn how to drive downtown
sometime, he decided to try it this morning. He looked at a city
street map in advance, but that didn't help him when he got
downtown.
The heavy traffic and all of the signs and signals
there confused him.
First, he drove the wrong way for two blocks on a one-way
street. He turned and got on a two-way street at the next
intersection. Then he saw that some red and blue lights were
flashing off and on behind him.
Finally he realized that an
emergency vehicle was following him. He had to slow down and
pullover to the side of the road while it passed.
Then he came to a railroad crossing. The lights there were
flashing, too. He knew that signal meant that he had to stop
because a train was coming. He looked both ways, but he couldn't
see it yet. He crossed the tracks carefully. Then he decided to
go home. He was tired of trying to drive and watch signs and
signals at the same time. He'll try it again another day.

43

WHAT KIND OF STREET IS THIS?

Answer the question about the picture.


EXAMPLE:

Picture 1. Two streets cross here.


It's called an intersection.

What is it called?

3.

2.

6.

SP5'ED

LIMIT

~~

7.

44

11-

10.

12.

Ii

r
IC)

-~<,Q
0
~

f-...

25

lAP,",

Listening SkUI

r>

PUT THE PUNCTUATION MARK IN THE BOX.


Listen and put the punctuation mark in the correct box.. Use the
key to help you.

COLUMNS
A

KEY

colon

comma

exclamation mark

0
W

hyphen

parentheses
period

"

"

45

quotation marks
semicolon

~ Vocabulary
YOU NEED DRIVING LESSONSl

Repeat the underlined words; then read the dialog.


Lynn:

I get nervous when I drive. I just can't be relaxed when


I'm behind the steering wheel!

Carl:

Maybe you should take driving lessons from a good


instructor.

Lynn:

Yes, maybe I should.

Instructor:

Slow down, Miss Jay, or you won't be able to make


this turn safely. You must turn cautiously.

Lynn:
Instructor:

What's a good speed for a turn?


Ten miles per hour is usually best.
46

Carl:

Do you think you know the right way to drive now?


become less nervous after your lessons?

Lynn:

Yes.
I learned to keep my mind on the traffic.
only about my driving.

Carl:

I'm glad the instructor was able to help you.

Did you
I think

Ask and answer these questions about the dialogs.


1.

How does Lynn feel when she is behind the steering wheel?

2.

What did Carl think she should do?

3.

What did the instructor tell Lynn to do?

4.

What speed did he say was best for a turn?

5.

Did Lynn become less nervous after her lesSons?

47

I GOT LOST!

Repeat the underlined words; then read the dialog.


Lynn:

I tried to find the new mall yesterday, but I wasn't able


to.
I drove around the city for an hour or more.

Carl:

Why?

Lynn:

Yes, and I was in a hurry, too. When I finally found my


way, I sped up. Then I saw a policeman ahead.

Carl:

Did you slow up?

Lynn:

I tried, but it was too late.


passed him.

Carl:

Did he pull you over?

Lynn:

He sure did! He gave me a ticket because I failed to obey


the speed limit.

Carl:

I'm sorry about the ticket, but you should be more


cautious. You can't be careless when you're driving.

Did you get lost?

48

I was still speeding when I

Ask and answer these questions about the dialog.


1.

What happened to Lynn yesterday?

2.

Was she driving faster than the speed limit?

3.

Did she see a police car behind her?

4.

What did she try to do when she saw the policeman?

5.

What did the policeman do?

6.

What did Carl tell her?

49

THE CARELESS PEDESTRIAN

o
o

Repeat the underlined words and listen to the paragraph.


read the paragraph.

Then

A few minutes ago, Albert was walking from the bus stop to
his office.

He was late for work and wanted to walk faster, but

he couldn't.
sidewalk.

There were too many people ahead of him on the

When he saw that there were fewer pedestrians on the

other side, he decided to cross the street.

He stepped in front

of a car, and the driver couldn't stop in time.

Now he's hurt.

Ask and answer questions about the paragraph.


1. Was Albert a driver or a pedestrian?
2.

Where were he and the other people walking?

3.

Were there too many people following him?

4.

Did

5.

What happened to Albert?

6.

Could the driver stop when he saw Albert in front of the

car?

50

h~

make it to the other side?

ADVICE FOR PEDESTRIANS

Complete the sentence.

Use one of the words in the box.

l.eft
ways

intersections
right-of-way

yiel.d
street

signal.
pedestrians

and traffic.

1.

Obey all signals for

2.

Do not cross the street between two

3.

Use sidewalks.

4.

When there are no sidewalks, walk on the

Do not walk in the


side

of the road.
5.

Be cautious.

Drivers may not always be able to


to pedestrians.

6.

Don't stand in the street when the light is red or the


says "Don't walk."

Wait on the sidewalk.

7.

Look both

before you cross the street.

8.

Remember that pedestrians must yield the


to all vehicles when they cross the street between
intersections.

51

THE WAY TO DRIVE SAFELY

Match the sentences on the left with the sentences on the right.

1.

Keep your eyes


and your mind
on the road.

a.

Jan always signals when


she is going to change
lanes or make a turn.

Obey
traffic
laws.

b.

Ann takes her car to a


mechanic for a checkup
every few months. When
something's wrong, he
fixes or replaces it.

c.

When he drives, Steve


thinks about the traffic
and watches the road.

d.

Bill always holds the


steering wheel with
both hands.

2.

3.
Keep your car
in good shape.

4.
Signal when
you turn
or stop.

52

5.
e.

Sam is always -cautious.


He watches and follows
the signs and signals.

f.

Buses stop at all


railroad crossings.

g.

Cal always buckles up.

h.

When he's driving where


other people are walking,
Robert is very cautious.

Wear
seat
belts.

6.
Watch for
pedestrians.

7.
Slow down and
be ready to
stop at
railroad
crossings.

8.
Keep

your hands

on the

steering

wheel.

53

--------

~ Vocabulary
WOULD ANYBODY LIKE SOME COFFEE?

Repeat the underlined words; then read the dialogs.


1.

2.

3.

4.

Waiter:

Would anybody like some coffee?

Martin:

Yes, I think two of us would.

Waiter:

Did somebody order tea?

Martha:

Yes, I asked for tea.

Waiter:

Can I get someone a glass of water?

Morton:

No, thank you.

Waiter:

IS anyone ready to order dessert?

Marian:

No, no one has finished eating yet.

Nobody needs water right now.

54

SOMEONE CALLED WHILE YOU WERE OUT.


Circle the correct answer.
1. No one saw the accident.
a. A person
b. Not one person
2.

Anybody

co~ld

pass this test.

a. Any person
b. Many people
3.

Somebody called after you left.


a. One person
b. Some people

4.

No one left before midnight.

a~

b.
5.

Everybody stayed until midnight.

A few people stayed until midnight.

Nobody was awake when Jim got home.


a.
b.

Someone was asleep.


Everyone was asleep.

55

-$- Gra"u"ar
INDEFINITE PRONOUNS

56

DOES ANYONE HERE SPEAK ENGLISH?

Repeat the sentences.

AD

~'tHD

;t; - 4

)AI-~~"'--I

There was no one/


nobody in Colonel
Mitchell's office.

Does anybody/
anyone here speak
English?

Will somebody/
someone please
open the door?

NO ONE FAILED THE TEST.

1.

Did anyone fail -the test?

2.

Nobody failed the exam.

3.

Can somebody help me?

4.

No one went to Jean's party.

5.

Nobody wants to work for Mr. Grouch.

6.

Anybody can learn to drive.

7.

Would anyone like to have dessert?

8.

I don't think anyone arrived on time today.

9.

Will someone be there at 3:007

10.

There was no one in the captain's office.

57

WILL SOMEONE MEET ME AT THE AIRPORT?

Ask and answer the quest~ons. When you answer, use the word ~n
(. ) and anyone, anybody, someone, somebody, no one, or nobody.
EXAMPLES:

W~11 someone meet me at the airport?


Yes, someone will meet you there.

(yes)

Has anyone told Mark about the test tomorrow?


No, no one's told h~m about ~t.
1.

Was anyone hurt in the accident?

2.

D~d

3.

Are you 100kihg for somebody?

4.

Did anybody call while I was out?

(yes)

5.

Could anyone answer the question?

(no)

6.

Wi11 someone be in the office on Saturday?

7.

Does anybody have change for a hundred-dollar bi11?

8.

Would anyone 1ike to go to the commissary with me?

9.

Does anybody know Janet's new te1ephone number?

10.

someone ca11 the p01ice?

Does anyone have an extra

(no)

(yes)
(no)

t~cket

58

(no)

(yes)
(no)
(no)

(yes)

to the soccer game?

(yes)

JIM DIDN'T SEE ANYBODY IN THE CLASSROOM.

Circle the correct answer.


1.

a.
b.

anybody
nobody

2.

wanted to walk home from school in the rain.


a.
b.

3.

4.

please help me for a minute?

somebody
nobody
wants to eat at that restaurant again.

a.
b.

No one
Anybody
will be at the airport by 2:30.

5.

a.
b.

Anyone
Someone
wears a suit to a picnic.

6.

a.
b.

Anybody
Nobody

Captain Ramos won't talk to


a.
b.

8.

No one
Anyone

Could
a.
b.

7.

answered the phone.

When I called the library,

Did
a.
b.

about the accident.

anybody
somebody
watch the baseball game last night?
nobody
anyone

59

Listening

Skill(>
WHAT'S THE TOPIC OF THE PARAGRAPH?

WHAT'S THE MAIN IDEA?

Listen to a paragraph three times. The first time, write the


topic of the paragraph. The second time, write the main idea of
the paragra~h. The third time, check your work.

3.

Topic:
Main idea:

60

-$-

Gralnllla,.
BECOME AND GET

SOME STUDENTS GET NERVOUS BEFORE A TEST.


Read the sentences.
1.

Do you get nervous before a test?

2.

The children became tired of sightseeing.

3.

Kevin got lost on his way to Howard's house.

4.

When will Lieutenant Burns become a captain?

5.

Peter became a doctor after ten years of school.

6.

Ted doesn't get upset when he's late for class.

7.

Bob's clothes get dirty when he works on his car.

B.

The major becomes very angry when someone lies to him.

61

RALPH GETS TIRED AFTER A LONG GAME.

GYMNASIUM
"'. .

Read the dialog.


James:

Hi,

Ralph:

I know.

James:

Why do you play so much basketball?

Ralph:

I enjoy it, and I want to become good at it.

James:

You already play well.

Ralph:

Thanks, but I want to get better.

James:

I'm getting ready to work out.

Ralph:

Why do you work out?


man in town?

James:

No, I'm just trying to become a healthier person.

Ralph:

I heard that you got really sick last month.

James:

I did, but I'm getting well again fast.

Ral~h.

You sure look

tired~

I get tired after a long game.

What are you doing?

Do you want to become the strongest

62

HAROLD GOT SICK AT SCHOOL.

Ask and answer questions about the sentences.


in ( ).
EXAMPLES:

Use the word(s)

Harold got sick at work today.


(tired)

Did Harold get tired at work today?

(no)

No, he got sick.

Jan gets upset when she fails a test.

(upset)

Does Jan get upset when she fails a test?

<

(yes, very)
Yes, she gets very upset.

1.

"Jim gets nervous when he drives downtown.


(nervous)

(yes, very)

2.

This restaurant becomes crowded at noon.


(in the evening)

(no)

3.

Don got lost because he forgot the map.


(address)

(no)

4.

The movie gets more interesting.


(interesting)

(yes, near the end)

5.

Lt Keith will become a captain on Monday.


(Friday)

(no)

63

6.

I think this job will get easier.


(more difficult)

(no)

7.

Mark became a cautious driver after his accident.


(cautious)

(yes, very)

8.

The weather here gets more pleasant in the fall.


(summer)

(no)

9.

Ken became upset when the waitress spilled the coffee.


(water)

(no)

10.

Patrick got angry when he saw the ticket on his car.


(angry)

(yes, very)

64

,*Function
DRIVING SCHOOL

DFNSlV~ O~IV'NG

Read the paragraphs.

Then answer the instructor's questions.

Why is Max in a classroom on Saturday morning?

Well, last

Saturday evening while he was driving downtown on his way to a


party, he saw that red lights were flashing behind him.
he thought an emergency vehicle was following him.
realized it was a policeman.

At first

Then he

He pUlled over, lowered his

window, and asked "What's the matter, officer?"


The policeman answered, "You were speeding.

Also, you

failed to use your turn signal when you changed lanes."

The

policeman gave Max a ticket and told him he could pay the fine or
go to a driving school.

Max chose to go to the driving school

because it cost less than the fine.


instructor's advice.

65

Now he's listening to the

BE A CAUTIOUS DRIVER.

Repeat the sentences.


1.

Obey all traffic signs.

2.

Slow down when the weather is bad.

3.

Look both ways before you cross an intersection.

4.

Keep your car ,i,n good shape.

5.

Keep your mind on your driving and your eyes on the road.

6. Keep both hands on the steering wheel.


7.

Always signal when you change lanes.

8.

Don't drive when you're tired, upset, or sick.

9.

Always yield to pedestrians.

10.

Never pass a car on the right.

11.

Don't pass a car on a hill or a curve.

12.

Don't park on a highway; pullover to the side of the road.

66

TRAFFIC SIGNS

1.

You must STOP before the intersection.


You mustn't just slow down.

2.

Give the right-of-way to vehicles on


the other road. You must slow down or
stop.

3.

You may not make a u-turn* when you


see a sign like this.

4.

All vehicles must stop at the


intersection. These signs are always
with a stop sign.

stop sign

yield sign

no u-turn

all-way

*make a u-turn

= to

turn and go in the opposite direction

67

5.

Pedestrians may cross the street here.


Slow down and watch for them. Be ready
to stop.

6.

Slow down and look both ways.


When a train is coming, STOP.

7.

Traffic moves only one way on a street


with a sign like this. You may turn only
in that direction.

8.

This sign tells you the speed limit


(in miles per hour) for the street or
highway. You should not drive faster
than the speed on the sign.

9.

There is a crossroad ahead. Look to the


right and left for other traffic.

pedestrian crossing

railroad crossing

'ONE WAY:]
one-way

SPEED

LIMIT

55
speed limit

crossroad

68

10.

You are near a school. Slow down and


be ready to stop. Watch for children!

schoOl

STOP AND LOOK BOTH WAYS!

1.

Instructor:
Student:

2.

Instructor:
Student:

What should you do when a red light is

flashing?

Stop, look both ways, and drive cautiously.

What should you do when a yellow light is

flashing?

Slow down and drive with caution.

3.

Instructor:
Student:

What does a yield sign mean?

Wait for the other car to go first.

4.

Instructor:
Student:

What should you do when you see a stop sign?

stop, look both ways, and drive with caution.

5.

Instructor:
Student:

When should you pullover?

When the lights on an emergency vehicle are

flashing.

6.

Instructor:
Student:

What should you do when a school bus stops?

Don't pass it. Stop and wait while the red

lights on the bus are flashing.

7.

Instructor:
Student:

What does an all-way stop sign mean?

All traffic must stop at the intersection.

69

8.

Instructor:
Student:

What do you do at a railroad crossing?


Slow down, look both ways, and-drive with
caution.

9.

Instructor:
Student:

Tell me when it's not safe to pass another car.


It's not safe to pass on a hill or a curved
road when the yellow stripe is in your lane.

10.

Instructor:
Student:

Do you know what an all-way stop sign means?


Yes, all cars must stop at that intersection.

WHAT DOES THE SIGN MEAN?


Ask and answer questions about the signs.
EXAMPLES:

What is this sign?


It's a crossroad sign.
What does it mean?

There's an intersection ahead.

What should you do when you see it?


Look both ways for other traffic~

1.

2.

70

3.

4.

5.

-------,,----

6.

7.

8.

SPEED

LIMIT

50

71

-$-

Grallllnar
ADJECT VE CLAUSES

WALTER IS THE ONE WHO SE LS CARS.

Read the dialogs.


1.

Which apartment do you like?

I like the one that has the big kitchen.

2.

Did you call the sergeant yesterday?

No, I wasn't the person that called him.

3.

What kind of car do you want?

I want a car which doesn't use much gas.

4.

Did you pass the test?

I'm the only student who passed it.

5.

Is that the shirt that has chocolate on it?


No, it's the shirt which has tomato juice on it.
72

THAT'S THE CLERK WHO HELPED ME.

Match the words in Column A with the words in Column B.


the correct letter in the blank.

Write

Column B

Column A
1.

This little restaurant


is the place

a.

who gave me a traffic


ticket last week.

2.

The woman over there


is the clerk

b.

that sells delicious


hamburgers.

3.

Joan has an old car

c.

that smells so good.

4.

Flight 123 is the one

d.

who sold me this camera.

5.

Sgt Mason is the


policeman

e.

who gave me a physical


last week.

6.

WEARS is the men's


clothing store

f.

that always has a flat


tire.

7.

The red flower is


the one

g.

which is arriving now


at Gate 4.

8.

Maj Jackson is the


doctor

h.

which sells the most


expensive suits.

73

IS THIS THE UNIFORM THAT'S TOO LARGE

Ask and answer the questions.


the words in ( ).
EXAMPLES:

FO~

YOU?

When you answer a question, use

Is this the hat that's too big for you?

(no, small)

No, it's the one that's too small.


Do you know the name of the man who helped you?

(yes)

Yes, I know the name of the man who helped me.


1.

Do you remember the clerk who sold you the radio?

2.

Is this the TV show that's always so boring?

3.

Does Sara know the person that wrote the letter?

4.

Was Dennis on the flight which left at noon?

(no, ten minutes ago.)

5.

Are you buying the jacket that has the silver buttons?

(no, gold)

6.

Does Maj West know the general who's visiting the base

naxt week? (yes)

7.

Are you the salesman who answered the phone?

(no, Mr. Garza)

8.

Is this a store which sells old books and magazines?

(no, new)

9.

Is she the airman who wants to become a mechanic?

(no, pilot)

10.

(no, exciting)

Is there a restaurant here that serves good fish?

74

(yes)

(yes)

(yes)

THE PEN THAT'S ON THE TABLE IS MINE.

Complete the sentence.


that are given.
EXAMPLES:

Use who, which, or that and the words

is/on table
The pen

which is/that's on the table

is mine.

go/to mall

This is the bus

that/which goes to the mall.

flew/plane

The lieutenant is the one


1-

just passed/us
The driver

2.

was speeding.

is/in parking lot


The truck

..

3.

is Bob's .

helped/me/yesterday
The clerk

4.

was very polite.

was/on TV/last week


This is the same show

5.

came/in the mail/today


That's the magazine

6.

who flew the plane.

took us/airport
He's the taxi driver

75

7.

I
I

will graduate/Thursday

These are the students


8.

goes/to Chicago

Flight 123 is the one

9.

made/reservation

Mr. Jones is the travel agent

10.

taught me/speak Spanish


My grandfather is the person

Writing Skill!)
PUT TWO SENTENCES TOGETHER.

write one sentence from two sentences.


in the new sentence.
EXAMPLES:

That's the truck.

Use who,

wh~ch,

It hit my car.

That's the truck which/that hit my car.


The students passed the test.

They studied.

The students who studied passed the test.


1. This is the bus.

2.

It goes downtown.

That's the apartment.

I live in it now.

76

or that

3.

can't find the clerk.

He helped me.

4.

Two cars hit the stop sign.

It was on this corner.

5.

The first exam is the one.

6.

Dr. Clark is the one.

7.

The driver missed the turn.

8.

The car belongs to his brother.

It's the hardest.

She gave me this medicine.

He was speeding.

77

Paul's driving it.

Reading Skill

l>
WHAT'S THE TOPIC OF THE PARAGRAPH?

WHAT'S THE MAIN IDEA?

Read the paragraph; then write the topic and the main (most
important) idea.
EXAMPLE:

A fever can be a symptom of other problems. A


fever with an earache can mean that the person needs
to see a doctor and take stronger medicine. A fever
with a cough, a runny nose, and body aches can be more
than just a cold. A fever and a stomachache together
can be really bad.
Topic:
Main idea:

fever
.=------:------------------~
A fever can mean that there are other
problems.

1.

When you have colds, don't give them to other people.


Cover your nose when you sneeze, and cover your mouth when
you cough. Take your medicine, and follow your doctor's
advice. When you have a fever, or your cold gets worse,
stay home and rest. You'll get well quicker, and your

friends and family will be happier. They don't want to

catch your cold.

Topic:
Main idea:

78

2.

"Be careful of the driver in the car behind the car


ahead of you." This sentence looks confusing, but it's
one of the most important rules in safe driving. Other
drivers aren't the only ones who might be careless; we
might make a careless mistake on the highway, too. We
should worry about other drivers, but we should also be
sure that we're driving cautiously.
Topic:
Main idea:

3.

Many things decide what a speed limit sign should say.


One of them is the number of people who use the street,
road, or highway. Another is the places that those people
are going to. Are they traveling to work or to their homes?
Are they on vacation? The kind of street, road, or highway
also decides the speed limit. A high speed limit isn't safe
on a narrow, curved road with only two lanes. Because a
wide, straight road with many lanes is safer, the speed
limit on it can be higher.
Topic:
Main idea:

79

BOOK 11 LESSON 3

PLEASE GIVE ME A REFUND.

---------------FFUNUNCCTTIIOONN-------------

When I tried to use this, it broke.

Would you like to exchange it for another one?

No, I'd like a refund, please.

----------------tGRAMMAR---------------

The coffee is still too hot to drink.

He didn't go to the BX to buy anything. He went to cash a check.

They drove cautiously on the snowy streets and icy roads.

----------------:SKILLS---------------

Listen and
Follow the instructions
What's the most important
What is the topic? Write a

write.

and draw something.

idea in the paragraph?

title for the paragraph.

---------------VOCABULARY--------'-------

charge
credit
exchange
give/gave back
grease
guarantee
leak
oil
refund
satisfy
stall
tune up
warm (up)

dissatisfied
greasy
leaky
noisy
oily
satisfied
too
unhappy

brake
bug
charge
credit
engine
fly
grease
guarantee
hose
leak

-y

on sale

81

motor
noise
oil
part
refund
sales slip
satisfaction
service
tune-up

'~,

CONTENTS OF BOOK 11 LESSON 3


. Page
VOCABULARY: automobile repairs
and service

83

RBADING SKILL: draw objects


(follow written instructions)

90

VOCABULARY:

92

dissatisfied customers

GRAMMAR: too + predicate adjective +


to-infinitive

97

READING SKILLS:
written text (write topic)
written text (write main idea)
written text (write title)

101
101

101

FUNCTION: expressing dissatisfaction


with services rendered/
merchandise purchased

103

GRAMMAR:

111

infinitive phrase of purpose

GRAMMAR: -y suffix
(nouns --> adjectives)

115

READING SKILL: written text


(select summary)

118

WRITING SKILL:
paragraph

120

dictation of a

82

~ Vocabulary
WHAT'S THAT NOISE?

.'

Repeat the underlined words and listen to the dialog.


dialogi then answer the instructor's questions.
Nell:

I think something's wrong with the car, Pat.


sounds different.

Pat:

Nell:

Read the

The engine

Listen to that noise.

You're right, Nell.

The engine's very noisy.

It stalled

this morning, too.

In fact, it stopped twice.

Maybe it was cold.

Did you let it warm up before you

tried to drive the car?


Pat:

Yes, I started the motor ten minutes before I left.

I'm

sure it got warm.


Nell:

I think you should take your car to a garage or a gas


station for service.
tune it

A mechanic can repair the engine and

for you.

83

Pat:

That's a good idea.


time.

It hasn't had a tune-up in a long

Maybe that will solve the problem.

PAT'S CAR STALLS.


Circle the correct answer.
1.

The car stalls.


:

a.
b.
2.

..

It stops when it "ShoUldn't.'


It doesn't stop when it should.

There's: a d;l.fferent noise .i.n the engine .


. .

a.
b.
3.

piece
sound

The engine's noisy.


a.
b.

4.

".'
e'

It makes a lot of noise.


It makes the wrong noise.

Someone needs to tune up the motor.


"

a.
b.

5.

When the engine isn't operating, Pat can't


a.
b.

6.

drive
get in

motor
service

An engine doesn't work well when it's cold; it needs to'


a.
b.

8.

her car.

In an automobile, an engine is also called a


a.
b.

7.

replace
work on

tune up
warm up

The mechanics at Ace Garage always give their customers

good service.

a.
b.

Their work is always good.


Their prices are always low.
84

MY CAR STALLED TWICE TODAY.

Repeat the underlined words.

Listen to the dialog; then read it.

Sam:

Ace Garage, Sam speaking.

Pat:

Yes, this is Ms. Jones.

Can I help you?


My car stalled twice this morning,

and tne engine's making a different kind of noise.


Sam:

Bring it to the garage in the morning, Ms. Jones, and I'll


check the engine and tune it up for you.

Is anything else

wrong?
Pat:

Yes, as a matter of fact.

The brakes don't feel right

when I use them, and the car doesn't stop well.


Sam:

I'll be glad to check the brakes, too.

Pat:

Thank you.
right away.

Sam:

I may not be able to pay for all of this work


Can you tell me how much you'll charge for it?

1 won't know until I look at your car.

I may need to

replace some of the old parts in the engine or the brakes.


Pat:

Will I be able to charge everything to my account?

Sam:

Yes, ma'am.
credit.

Regular customers like you can always get

You can put the charges on your account or use a

bank credit card.


Pat:

Do you guarantee your work?

85

Sam:

I certainly do.
good for 30 days.

I give all my customers a guarantee that's


When I fail to do a job right the first

time, I repair the car again and don't charge the customer
anything.

Answer the questions about the dialog.


1. Why doesn't Pat's car stop well?
2.

How much money will the mechanic charge Pat for his work?

3.

Will Sam need to replace anything in the engine or brakes?

4.

Pat may not have enough money to pay the mechanic's bill

right away. What can she do?

5. What can regular customers like Pat always get?


6.

How can Pat use her credit at the garage?

7.

When Sam's customers have to ask him to fix the same thing

twice in one month, he doesn't charge them again for his

work. Why not?

8.

What does Sam give his customers?

86

AN OIL CHANGE AND A GREASE JOB

Read the paragraphs silently.

Then ask and answer the questions.

After he drives 3,000 miles, Larry changes the oil in his


car. He uses five or six quarts to oil the parts that move
inside the engine. He knows that the oil is very important; the
engine won't operate long without it.
Larry can change the oil in his car, but he has to ask a
mechanic to grease the front end for him. The mechanic puts the
car in the garage and raises it five or six feet from the floor.
Then he puts grease inside all of the places that need it.

1.

What does Larry do after he drives 3,000 miles?

2.

How much oil does his engine need?

3.

What does the oil do inside the engine?

4.

Why is the oil important?

5.

What does Larry have to ask a mechanic to do for him?

6.

After he's raised the par, what does the mechanic do?

87

THE ENGINE NEEDS TWO QUARTS OF OIL.


CO~plete:'the sentences~

brake
charge
char~es

1.

':'of .'.

," ".

..

Use the words in the box.

greased
guarantee
.guarantees

credit
credited
grease

Stan put ten gallons of gas and two

;:

oil
oiled
part

quar~sot

__~

__

his. car.
2.

Many restaurants use hot

to cook French

fries.

3.

The store that sells these tools

4.

At this motel, there is no

them.
for children under

the age of 12.


5.

When Linda doesn't want to pay cash for something, she


it.

6.

When you

a pan before you use it, the food

won't stick to it.

7. When you park your car on a hill, you should use the
emergency
8.

Pat can't pay all of the mechanic's bill this month; 'she can
pay only

of it.

88

9.

It took the Smiths four years to pay for their car because
they bought it on

10.

the door.
11.

These

Now it's easy.

~ires

50,000-mile
12.

the lock, it was difficult to open

Before Ken

should be good for several years.

There's a

on them.

Ray put some money in his checking account, but the bank
it to his savings account by mistake.

89

Reading Skill

I)
DRAW A PICTURE.

Read the instructions and draw a picture in the box.


Picture A
1.

Draw parallel lines from C to D and from A to F.

2.

Draw a curved line from A to B to C.

3.

Draw a curved line from F to E to D.

4.

Draw a curved line from F to G to D.

5.

Write the word OIL below E.

What is it?

F.

.D

A.

.C

90

Picture B
1. Draw a straight line from the top of A to the top of B.
2.

Draw another line parallel to it from the bottom of A to the


bottom of B.

3.

Draw a line from D to the top of A and from C to the top of


B.

4.

Connect D and C with a horizontal line.

5.

Draw two vertical lines from both ends of E to the line

above.

6.

Draw two vertical lines from both ends of H to the line

above.

7.

Draw two parallel lines between both ends of F and the line
above it.

B.

Draw two parallel lines between both ends of G and the line
above it.
What is it?

D.

.C

91

Vocabulary
JIM BOUGHT A HOSE THAT LEAKED (OR DID IT?)

Repeat the underlined words.

Then listen to the paragraphs.


Jim bought a new hose for his

yard at the U-Save Department Store


yesterday.

When he read the paper this

morning, he saw that the same kind of


hose was on sale at another store for
four dollars less.

He was unhappy

because he paid the regular price for


his hose, but he thought it was a
good one.
Later Jim fastened his new hose to
an outside faucet and turned on the
water.

The hose leaked!

He decided to

go back to the U-Save store and tell the


clerk that he didn't need a hose with a

le~ it.

92

The clerk took the leaky hose and


said, "I'll be happy to exchange this
for another hose."

When Jim told her

that he didn't want to exchange it, she


said, "Do you want me to credit your
account with the cost of the hose?"
He answered, "No, I'd like to get a
refund."

"I can certainly give back

your money," the clerk said.

"Do you

still have your sales slip?"

After Jim

showed it to her, she refunded his


money.
Then Jim went to Save-More and
bought a hose exactly like the first
one.

He saved four dollars and was very

pleased.

He hurried home and tried his

new hose.

Answer these questions about the story.


1.

What did Jim buy at U-Save yesterday?

2.

Was it on sale at U-Save?

3.

What happened when Jim turned on the water?

4.

What did Jim think was wrong?

5.

What did the clerk say she'd be happy to do?

6.

What did Jim want?

93

7.

What did he have to show the clerk?

8.

What did the clerk do with Jim's money?

9.

What did Jim do with his refund?

10.

What do you think?

Did the first hose really leak?

WALTER'S VERY DISSATISFIED.

Repeat the underlined words.


Willie:

Then read the dialog.

I think I'll order another hamburger.


was good, put it didn't satisfy me.

Walter:

I'm glad you like the food here.

The first one


I'm still hungry.

I'm certainly not

satisfied with it.


Willie:

I didn't realize that you were unhappy.

Walter:

My food is greasy.

What's wrong?

Look at the grease on this piece

of chicken!
Willie:

Yes, I see.

How is the salad?

with it, too?

94

Are you dissatisfied

Walter:

Yes, it's very oily.

I asked for a little salad oil,

not a lot.
Willie:

You're right.

It does look too oily.

There's also a

bug in it.
Walter:

Oh, no!

What kind is it?

Willie:

I think it's a fly.

It's a big

one, but it isn't moving.


Walter:

That really doesn't give me much satisfaction.

I'm

ready to leave right now and never come back!

TRUE OR FALSE?

write T beside the sentences that are true and F beside those
that are false.
1. One hamburger wasn't enough for Willie.
2.

Walter liked the food at the restaurant.

3.

Walter was happy about his meal.

4.

There was grease on walter's food.

5.

Walter was satisfied with his salad.

6.

There wasn't much oil on the salad.

7.

A fly is a kind of bug.

8.

Walter felt better when he learned the fly wasn't


moving.

95

I'M OFTEN UNHAPPy WITH THE GREASY FOOD AT JAY'S.


Look at some information about two restaurants.
When the
instructor gives you a number, make a sentence with satisfied,
dissatisfied, or unhappy.
Jay's Restaurant

Ray's Restaurant
1-

Good food

2.

Food too greasy

3.

Waiters are slow

4.

Fast service

5.

Always clean

6.

Sometimes see bugs

7.

Different kinds of food

8.

Same food all the time

9.

People not friendly

10.

People always friendly

EXAMPLES:

I:
Sl:
I:
82:

Number 1.
I'm satisfied with the food at Ray's.
Number 6.
I'm dissatisfied with Jay's because I see bugs
there sometimes.

96

$-

GrBIUnJar

TOO + PREDICATE ADJECTIVE + TO-INFINITIVE

97

THIS SOUP IS TOO HOT TO EAT!

Read the sentences.


1.

The children can't go outside.

2.

Susie can't move that table.

3.

Randy looks too young to be a doctor.

4.

Jack's house isn't too difficult for you to find.

5.

St. Louis is too far for you to drive there alone.

6.

Is this chair too small for your dining room table?

7.

Jim can't wear these slacks.

8.

Lt Rich is too angry to speak to Lt Ward.

98

It's too cold.


It's too heavy.

They're too big.

THE MEAT IS TOO SALTY.

Read the sentence; then make another one.


word ( s) in ( ).
EXAMPLES:

Use too and

I can buy that one.


(not expensive)
It's not too expensive.
Jason can't drive yet.
He's too young.

(young)

1.

I can't drink the coffee.

2.

Margaret wants to go to the party.

3.

Jerry can't stop worrying.

4.

Charlie can't wear those clothes.

(dirty)

5.

Don't let Fred drive the new car.

(careless)

6.

This coffee doesn't taste good.

7.

Sally liked the cookies.

8.

We didn't go to the lake last week.

(rainy)

9.

Jane couldn't get on the first bus.

(crowded)

10.

(hot)
(not tired)

(upset)

(bitter)

(not sweet)

I was able to finish the homework.

99

(not difficult

ARE YOU GOING TO THE GYM?

Ask and answer the questions.


answer a question.
EXAMPLE:

NO,

I'M TOO TIRED.

Use the words in ( ) when you

Are you going to wear your jacket?


(no, warm)
No, it's too warm to wear a jacket.

1.

Are you going to lunch now?

(no, early)

2.

Can Jane walk to school tomorrow?

(no, far)

3.

Was Mary too upset to enjoy the party?

(yes)

4.

Did Nelson go to work yesterday?

(no, sick)

5.

Do you think Ken can wear this shirt?

(no, small)

6.

Is that box too heavy for Barbara to lift?

(yes, heavy)

7.

Can we go to the movie now?

(no, late)

8.

Are you going to buy that car?

(no, expensive)

9.

Is it too dark outside now to see anything?

(yes, dark)

10.

Is Ed still too young to get a driver's license?


(yes, young)

100

Reading Skills

(>
TOPICS, MAIN IDEAS, AND TITLES

The topic of a paragraph is the subject that it deals with.


The
main idea states what the writer thinks is important about the
topic.
A title is a name that describes or identifies something such as
an article, a book, a movie, or a song.
Titles can be sentences,
phrases, or single words.
The title of this lesson is "Please
Give Me a Refund." What's the title of this exercise?
When you write a title, capitalize the first word, the last word,
all important words (adverbs, adjectives, nouns, pronouns, and
verbs), and all prepositions with five or more letters. Usually
we don't capitalize words like a, an, the, and, or, but, to,
from, 1.n, etc.
Read the paragraph.
First, write the topic.
Next, write the
main idea in a complete sentence. Then write a title above the
paragraph.
EXAMPLE:

Title:

The Job May Be Harder Than You Think.

You may think that it's easy to change a tire when


you know how. But you can know how to do something and
still not be able to do it.
It may be very difficult
to jack up the car or to loosen the nuts.
The spare
tire may not have enough air in it. You don't always
have the right tools.
Sometimes a job that should be
easy for you to do is really very difficult.
Topic:
Main idea:

jobs
A job that looks easy may really be very
hard to do.

101

1.

Title:
When you're driving, watch the speed limit signs. They
show different speeds in different places. On the important
highways, you can usually go 55 to 65 miles per hour, but
sometimes you have to slow down to 45 or 50 m.p.h. Around
schools, the speed limit is 20 m.p.h.
In most other parts
of the city, it's usually 30 or 35 m.p.h.
In places that
aren't very safe, the speed limit will be lower.
Topic:
Main idea:

2.

Title:
Mechanics have important jobs. Most people want to
keep their cars in good shape, and they need a mechanic who
can help them. They may know how to change the oil and fix
some small problems, but they usually can't do everything.
When something is wrong with the engine or some other
important part of the car, they have to call a mechanic.
Often only mechanics can find the problem and use the right
tools to fix it.
TOpic:
Main idea:

102

3.

Title:
Credit cards are easy to get and to use, but they can
cause problems. Sometimes people have too many credit cards
and use them too often. They can charge almost everything.
Department stores usually have their own credit cards, and
many banks have cards, too. People can use them in stores,
restaurants, garages, airports, hotels, and many other
places. Some people put too much on their charge accounts
and aren't able to pay for all of it when the bills come at
the end of the month.
TOpic:
Main idea:

Function
MY CAR STALLED!

/1

Listen to the dialogs; then read them.


1.

Clerk:
Customer:
Clerk:
Customer:

Bell Motors.

Fred Waters speaking.

Hello. This is Dave Green. I just had a


tune-up, but my car still stalls.
We'd be glad to check it for you. Can you bring
it in tomorrow? We're very busy today.
Okay.

I'll see you early tomorrow morning.


103

2.

3.

Clerk:

Speedy Engine Repair.

May I help you?

Customer:

This is Mary Clark. One of your mechanics worked


on my brakes yesterday, but I don't think he
really fixed the problem.

Clerk:

We'll be glad to take another look at the brakes.


Can you bring the car in early tomorrow morning?

Customer:

Yes, I'll be there at '7:30.

Thank you very much.

Mechanic:

Evans and Sons.


you?

Customer:

Jack, this is Jane Flint. I'm having the same


trouble with my car.
It's still leaking oil.

Mechanic:

I'm sorry to hear that, Ms. Flint. Bring it in


again, and we'll fix it. Our work has a gO-day
guarantee.

Customer:

Okay, thanks.

This is Jack.

I'll do that.

104

How may I help

THERE'S A FLY IN MY SOUP!

Listen to the dialogs; then read them.


1.

Customer:
Waiter:
Customer:

2.

Waiter:
Customer:
Waiter:

3.

Waiter, there's a fly in my soup!


Oh, I'm sorry.

I'll bring you another bowl.

Thank you.
Is everything all right, sir?
Well, the soup tastes a little too salty to me.
May I get you something else?

Customer:

No, don't bother.

Customer:

Waiter!

Waiter:
Customer:
Waiter:
Customer:

I don't have time to wait.

Can I help you, sir?


Would you mind bringing me another fork?
looks dirty.
Certainly.

I'm sorry, sir.

Thank you.

105

This one

I WANT A REFUND!

eUSrDMER SERVIce

Listen to the dialogs; then read them.


1.

Clerk:
Customer:
Clerk:
Customer:

2.

Clerk:
Customer:
Clerk:
Customer:
Clerk:

Can I help you?


Yes, I'd like to return this shirt.
Here's my sales slip.

It's too big.

All right. Do you want to exchange it, or do you


want a refund?
I want a refund, please.
May I help you?
This jacket is too small.

I want to exchange it.

Do you have your sales slip?


Yes, here it is.
Good. I'll credit your account, and you can
select another jacket.

106

3.

Clerk:
Customer:
Clerk:
Customer:
Clerk:
Customer:
Clerk:
Customer:

Good afternoon.

What oan I do for you?

I came to pick up my watch.


week.

I left it here last

What is your name, please?


Johnson, Rick Johnson.
Let's see.
ready.

Oh, here it is.

I'm afraid it's not

They said to pick it up today.


problem?

What's the

We had to order a part for it, Mr. Johnson.


I'm
sure it will be ready by tomorrow afternoon.
Okay, I'll come back tomorrow then.

107

I'M DISSATISFIED

Take a role and read the information. Then make a conversation


about the situation with another student.
EXAMPLE:

Sl:

You're a customer in a restaurant, and you're


unhappy. You and your family have been waiting
for a table for half an hour.

S2:

You're a waiter in the restaurant. There aren't


any empty tables right now, but there should be
one soon.

Customer:
Waiter:
Customer:
Waiter:
1.

2.

3.

Waiter, can you help us, please?


been waiting for half an hour.

We've

I'm sorry, sir. We don't have any empty


tables right now.
Will we have to wait much longer?
No, we should have a table for you soon.

Sl:

You're a customer who's dissatisfied with the service


at a garage. The mechanic worked on your car's brakes,
but he didn't fix them. You paid him for the work.

S2:

You're the mechanic who worked on the brakes. You'll


try again to repair them.
Because you guarantee your
work, the customer won't have to pay more money.

S3:

You're a customer in a restaurant, and you're not

satisfied with the coffee that the waiter brought.

It's not very hot.

S4:

You're the waiter who served the customer the cup of


coffee. You'll be happy to warm up his coffee for him.

S5:

The shoes that you bought last week are too tight;

you want the store to give back your money. You

remembered to bring your sales slip with you.

S6:

You're the clerk at the shoe store. You'll be glad to


refund the customer's money, but you must have the
sales slip first.

108

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

S7:

You ordered milk in a restaurant, but it tastes sour.


You want the waiter/waitress to to take this glass of
milk and bring you another one.

S8:

You're the waiter/waitress who served the milk.


Politely ask, "What's wrong with the milk?", and
and tell the customer that you'll bring another
glass right away.

S9:

You bought a lamp on sale at the department store


several months ago, and it doesn't work anymore. You
want to exchange it for a new one.

SlO:

You're the clerk. You must politely explain to the


customer that the guarantee on the lamp isn't good
anymore, but that the store will repair the lamp.

Sll:

You asked a mechanic to repair your car's brake


lights, but they still don't work. You're not
satisfied with the service at the garage.

S12:

You're the mechanic who worked on the customer's brake


lights. Apologize for the bad service and tell the
customer that there won't be a charge for the work.

S13:

You bought some curtains for your new apartment, and


they're too short. You'd like to exchange them for
ones that are longer.

S14:

You're the clerk, and you know that the store is out
of longer curtains right now. You can refund the
customer's money or credit his account.

SIS:

You took your car to a garage because you couldn't


close one of the windows. The mechanic said that
he fixed it, but now you can't open it.

S16:

You're the mechanic, and you're sure the window was


working when you returned the car to the customer.
Tell him to come back, and you'll check it again.

109

THERE'S A PROBLEM.

Be a customer who has a problem or the clerk, mechanic, or waiter


who must satisfy the customer. You may use these situations or
add others.
1.

In a restaurant, the food is greasy.

2.

After a tune-up, your car still stalls.

3.

In a restaurant, you find a fly in your soup.

4.

Someone gave you a new shirt, and it's too big.

5.

You can't get a good picture on your new television.

6.

You bought the wrong kind of oil for your car's engine.

7.

You want to exchange a sweater for one a different color.

8.

The waiter just served you a chicken dish; you ordered beef.

110

-$- GranJmar
INFINITIVE PHRASE OF PURPOSE

TERRY STOPPED AT THE BX TO EXCHANGE THE SHIRT.

Read the sentences.


1.

We didn't stay to watch all of the show.

2.

Did Ken go to the mall to meet his friends?

3.

Henry's moving to Arizona to start a new job.

4.

Arnold went to Mexico last summer to study Spanish.

5.

Ann called the doctor's office to make an appointment.

6.

Bill always stops to eat breakfast on his way to work.

7.

Can I use a credit card to pay for my airline tickets?

8.

Mike didn't come to borrow money; he came to pay a bill.

111

PAT ASKED THE MECHANIC TO CHECK THE BRAKES.

Match the part of the sentence in Column A with the part in


Column B.
Column A

Column B

1. Kathy called the


doctor's office

a.

to fix his car.

2.

Victor uses Jim's


recorder

b.

to eat

3.

Roger paid the


mechanic

c.

to live in a big
city.

4. Mary Ann stopped


at the .mall

d.

to change her
appointment.

5.

Lt Wilson goes
to the gym

e.

to record his favorite


music.

6.

Debbie went to the


bank

f.

to buy some new shoes.

7.

Harvey moved to
HOllston

g.

to withdraw some
money.

8.

Amn Barnes came to


the dining hall

h.

to play basketball.

112

br~akfast.

I STOPPED TO PICK UP MY MAIL.


Read the dialogs.
1.

2.

3.

Sam:

Did you stop at the post office?

Tim:

Yes, I stopped to pick up my mail.

Tom:

Did you change the oil in your car?

Bob:

No, I paid Tony to change it for me.

George:
Kevin:

4.

8.

Yes, I used it to repair the faucet.

Did Shiela stay at home today?

Sarah:

No, she went to the commissary to get some milk.

Glen:

7.

Did you use this wrench?

Sandy:

5. Doug:

6.

Then answer the instructor's questions.

Did you talk to Alan last night?

Yes, I called him to tell him about the game.

Jim:

Is Dan coming here after dinner?

Vic:

Yes, he's coming to borrow my English boOk.

Mike:

Did Ted move to Los Angeles?

Pete:

Yes, he moved to find a better job.

Kaye:

Do you go to the library after class?

Kyle:

No, I usually go to the gym to work out.

113

WHY ARE YOU GOING TO FLORIDA?

Use the words in ( ) to answer the questions.


EXAMPLE:

Why are you going to Florida?


(visit my parents)
I'm going to Florida to visit my parents.

1.

What did you pay Ted to do?

(cut the grass)

2.

Why did Janet go to the bank?

(cash a check)

3.

Why did Robert call so late last night?

(apologize)

4.

Why are you stopping here?

(buy a newspaper)

5.

Why did Anne come to our classroom?

(ask a question)

6.

Why did Larry go to Roger's house?

(borrow some tools)

7.

What did he use the tools to do?

(repair his car)

8.

Why are you calling Ned?

(tell him about the accident)

9.

What did you pay the mechanic to do?

(tune up the engine)

10.

Why is Sam moving to Los Angeles?


(live with his brother)

114

-$- GrallJlnal'

THE SUFFIX -Y

IT'S NOISY IN THE DINING HALL.


Read the sentences.
1.

There's a leak in the kitchen fauce"t.

Can you fix a 1eaky faucet?

2.

The children had fun at the show.

They thought the movie was unny.

3.

There was ice on the roads yesterday.

The roads in the mountains were very icy.

4.

They had a lot of rain in Houston last weekend.


West Texas doesn't have a lot of rainy weather.

5.

There was too much salt in the beans.

Was the soup too salty?

6.

We drove to New Orleans in a bad storm.

I don't enjoy driving in stormy weather.

115

HOW WAS THE WEATHER?

Listen to the paragraph.

Then answer the instructor's questions.

The Jacksons took a trip across the country.


in California.

It was very sunny.

There it was snowy.


icy.

They started

Then they got to Colorado.

Up in the mountains, the roads were very

When they got to the Midwest, it was stormy.

arrived in New York, and the weather was rainy.

116

Finally, they

IT WAS RAINY SATURDAY.

Change the underlined noun to an adjective by adding the suffix


-y to it. Then make a new sentence.
EXAMPLE:

There was a lot of rain Saturday.


It was rainy Saturday.

1.

The children have soap on their hands.

2.

One of the hoses in my engine has a leak in it.

3.

Is there much rain here in the summer?

4.

Carl doesn't like food with a lot of salt on it.

5.

Was there ice on the streets last night?

6.

There weren't any clouds in the sky this morning.

7.

The sun usually shines in San Diego.

8.

There's a lot of noise in the cafeteria at noon.

9.

Does the soup have too much water in it?

10.

The French fries don't have a lot of grease on them.

117

Reading Skill

(>
WHICH SUMMARY IS THE BEST?

Read each paragraph and select the best summary.


EXAMPLE:

1.

When the old man got on the bus, he realized that


it was very crowded. He thought, "Oh, no!
I'll have
to stand up, and I'm very tired." Then a young man
who saw him stood up and said, "Please sit down here,
sir." The old man thanked the young man, and sat down.
a.

The bus was very crowded. A lot of people had to


stand up because there weren't enough seats.

b.

The old man who got on the crowded bus didn't have
to stand up. A polite young man gave him a seat.

c.

The old man was very tired when he got on the bus.
He wanted to sit down, but he couldn't find a seat.

Many men and women in the Air Force come to Lackland


Air Force Base. This is their first base. They exercise,
learn about the military, and get their uniforms here.
After six weeks, they leave Lackland and go to different
bases in the country.
a.

Men and women in the Air Force have to learn about the
military. They also have to exercise.

b.

There are many men and women at Lackland Air Force Base.
They wear uniforms and exercise.

c.

Many of the men and women in the Air Force come to


Lackland first.
They-stay for six weeks and then go to
other bases.

118

2.

3.

A dictionary will give' you a lot of information.


It
will tell you how to spell a word, how to say it, and how to
use it. Sometimes one word can mean different things; a
dictionary will explain them and give examples. People who
want to speak, read, and write well should have a good
dictionary and use it often.

a.

Good dictionaries have a lot of information, but they're


expensive.

b.

The information in a good dictionary is important to


people who want to use language well.

c.

When you want to know how to spell 'a word, look it up in


the dictionary.

Ken just got back from his vacation. Now he's sitting
in class and thinking about Florida, the ocean, and the sun.
His teacher thinks that he's reading his lesson, but he's
not. His book is open, but his mind isn't on the words on
the page. He's really thinking about his trip. That's much
more interesting to him than his textbook.
a.

Ken's in class, but he's not reading his textbook.


He's thinking about his vacation in Florida.

b.

Ken took a vacation to Florida.


the sunny weather there.

He liked the ocean and

c. Ken's trying to read his textbook, but he can't.


lesson isn't very interesting.

119

The

Writing Skill

C>
LISTEN AND WRITE.

Listen to the paragraph the flrst time. Write the paragraph when
you hear it the second time. Check your work when you hear it
the third time. Be careful to use correct punctuation.

120

THAT WAS A GREAT MOVIEI

BOOK 11 LESSON 4

----------------FUNCTION--------------

I think this program's boring. What's your opinion of it?

I think it's very interesting. In fact, I'm really enjoying it.

--------------c~GRAMMA@~~R------------

We could see Bob, but he couldn't see us.

Tom t01d me that he was too busy to go to the show with us.

Myra's relatives are arriving on Sunday and staying for a week.

SKILLS

The climate
may be
the weather.

Use parts of both sentences to make a new sentence.

Answer questions about the conversation.

Write the main idea and a title.

---------------VOCABULARY--------------

could
entertain
feel/felt
frighten
intend (to)
laugh (at)
love
plan (to)
recommend
serve
spend

boring
cards
busy
channel
dull
commercial
entertaining
dish
frequently
entertainment
frightening
love
funny
plan
great
program
impolite/impolitely
variety
loud/loudly
prompt/promptly
reasonable/reasonably
rude/rudely
sharp
since
terrible
as a matter of fact
terribly
if you ask me
wonderful
in fact

121

CONTENTS OF BOOK 11 LESSON 4


Page
VOCABULARY:

123

entertainment

READING SKILL: unknown words/phrases

(context clues; select probable

meaning)

131

VOCABULARY:
service

134

GRAMMAR:

restaurant meals and

could (past ability)

138

READING SKILLS:

written text (write main idea)


written text (write title)

141

141

FUNCTION: eliciting, giving, and

responding to opinions about

restaurants, movies, and books

143

LISTENING SKILL: role-play of

informal conversation (answer

instructor's questions)

151

GRAMMAR: indirect speech

(told + indirect object + past

tense THAT noun clause )

152

READING SKILL:

written text (select summary)

156

GRAMMAR:

158

prepositions of time

WRITING SKILL: two related sentences

(combine to form one sentence with

a dependent and an independent

clause)

122

163

Vocabulary
I'M NEVER TOO BUSY TO WATCH A MOVIE!

Repeat the underlined words.

Listen to the dialog; then read it.

Fred:

Do you go to a lot of movies?

Fran:

Yes, I go to the movies frequently.


As a matter of fact,
I spend two or three night~ a week at the movies.

Fred:

You do? That's almost half of the evenings in a week.


I could do that when I was younger, but I can't anymore.
I'm too busy with other things now.

Fran:

I don't intend to get that busy! What kind of


entertainment do you have time for?

Fred:

Well, I like to watch TV on the weekend.


I like Channel
35.
It has some really interesting programs.

Fran:

I don't like TV because of the commercials.


They're
always trying to sell me something. Do you watch
television every weekend?

Fred:

No, sometimes I play cards with my friends.


In fact,
they're coming to my house for a card game this Saturday
night.

123

FRAN FREQUENTLY SPENDS THE EVENING AT THE MOVIES.

Circle the correct answer.


1.

Fran goes to the movies frequently.


a.
b.

2.

As a matter of fact, she goes two or three times a week.


a.
b.

3.

It's less than half of seven.


It's more than half of seven.

Fred could go to the movies often when he was younger.


a.
b.

6.

She always has a good time at the movies.


She uses a lot of her time to watch movies.

Three is almost half of seven.


a.
b.

5.

She goes only two or three times a week.


She really goes two or three times a week.

She spends a lot of time at the movies.


a.
b.

4.

She goes often.


She seldom goes.

He wanted to go.
He was able to go.

He's too busy to go now.


a.
b.

He has a lot of spare time.


He doesn't have enough free time.

124

7.

Fran doesn't intend to stop watching movies.


a.
b.

8.

Fred watches TV for entertainment.


a.
b.

9.

She doesn't care about watching the latest news.


She doesn't care for the messages that companies pay to
put on TV or radio.

Fred and his friends play cards.

a.
b.
12.

That channel has interesting shows.


The people on that channel are interesting.

Fran doesn't like commercials.


a.
b.

11.

He gets bored when he watches TV.


He watches TV because he enjoys it.

There are interesting programs on Channel 35.


a.
b.

10.

She doesn't mean to stop.


She doesn't want to stop.

They use a pack of 52 cards to playa game.


They play sports and write their scores on cards.

In fact, Fred's friends are coming to his house Saturday.


a.
b.

It's true. They're really going to be there.


It's not certain yet. They may not be there.

125

SIX MOVIE THEATERS


A VARIETY OF FILMS FOR EVERYONE
Repeat the underlined words.
silently.

Then read the advertisement

THEATER* 1

THEATER 2

THEATER 3

WHY CRY WHEN YOU

CAN LAUGH?

THEY NEVER

CAME HOME.

A FLIGHT AROUND

THE WORLD

Don't miss this


very funny movie.
You might be sad
now, but you'll be
happy when you
watch this show!

Here's a true story


about a terrible
accident.
It will
frighten everyone.
After this, you may
be afraid to drive.

You'll enjoy seeing


some of the most
interesting and
beautiful parts of
the world in this
wonderful new show.
THEATER 6

THEATER 4

THEATER 5

THE GREAT

MOUNTAIN

MARK AND MARIA

A Love Story

A BOY'S BEST

FRIEND

Watch two men


climb one of ,the
world's largest
mountains. You'll
never forget this
show.
It's gEeat!

They want to marry,


but he must leave.
Now their love is
strong. What will
their feelings be
when he returns?

Everyone will love


the story of young
Billy and Bowser,
the big brown dog
who followed him
everywhere.

*theater

a place or building for movies or other entertainment


126

Ask and answer the questions about the movies. Answer in


complete sentences and use the underlined words.
1. Are there different kinds of movies at the theaters?
2.

Will people cry when they watch the movie in Theater I?

3. Why will they enjoy the movie in Theater 11


4.

Was the accident in "They Never Came Home" a very bad one?

5.

Will people who watch the story about the accident become
afraid?

6.

Is "A Trip Around the World" a very good show?

7.

What's the movie in Theater 4 like?

8.

Do. the men in that movie climb a small mountain?

9.

What is the movie in Theater 5 about?

10.

Will people really enjoy itA Boy and His Dog1"

127

DO YOU WANT TO HEAR A GREAT STORY?

Use the words in the box to complete the sentences.


a word more than one time.

frightening
funny

1. We want to hear a
2.

Dana looks

3.

4.

I'm sure you'll

wonderful
variety

love
terrible

great
laugh

You can use

story, not a sad one.


, but she feels awful.
store sells many different kinds of things.
this book.

really enjoyed

it.
5.

This is a terrific meal.

6.

People usually smile and

The food is
a lot when they're

very happy.
7.

Alex made a

grade on the exam.

As a matter

of fact, he failed it.


8.

Dora is afraid of dentists.

a
9.

place.

When Marsha writes to her family and good friends, she signs
her letters"

10.

To her, a dentist's office is

- - - - - - - - - , Marsha."

Lakes Erie, Ontario, Michigan, Superior, and Huron are


called the

Lakes because they're so large.


128

WHICH MOVIB DO YOU RBCOMMEND?

Repeat the underlined words and listen to the dialog.


then answer the instructor's questions.
Tim:

Do you want to see "A Boy's Best Friend"?

Jim:

No, let's see something else.

Tim:

I can see it another time, I guess.

Jim:

No, it was boring.

Read it;

I saw that last week.

Was it interesting?

I got up and left before it was over.

How about "Jaws 9"?


Tim:

My brother and I saw it Friday night.

Jim:

How did you feel about it?

Tim:

No, it certainly wasn't.

Was it dull?
I felt it was exciting, and my

brother thought it was frightening.


Jim:

Well, which one of the other shows do you recommend?

Tim:

I think we ought to see "Hot Cars."

My cousin saw it and

told me it was very entertainin9.


Jim:

Then let's go.

Since your cousin enjoyed it, I'm sure we

will, too.

129

CAN YOU RECOMMEND A GOOD RESTAURANT?

Match the questions in Column A with the answers in Column B.


Write the correct letter next to the number.
COLUMN B

COLUMN A

1.

Can you recommend


a good restaurant?

a.

I felt that it was


very difficult.

2.

Was the lieutenant's


report interesting?

b.

Yes, I thought the hour


would never end.

3.

Why are you taking the


bus to work every day?

c.

Yes, Paul's Place always


serves wonderful meals.

4.

Some people are afraid


to fly. Are you?

d.

No, it was very dull.


I couldn't stay awake.

5.

What did you think


about the test?

e.

Yes, I thought it was


very entertaining.

6.

Did you enjoy the


movie last night?

f.

No, I love flying.


not frightening.

7.

Did you think the


class was boring?

g.

Since my car stalls


sometimes, I don't
want to drive it.

130

It's

Reading Sklll(>
WHAT DOES THE WORD MEAN?

Read the sentence. Use the other words in the sentence to find
what the underlined word means. Write may be, is not, or is on
the line.
EXAMPLE:

a.

Jan watched the program.


A program

b.

a show.

may be

a bad storm.

may be

a traffic light.

Jan watched the program until it ended.


A

c.

may be

program

may be

a show.

may be

a bad storm.

is not

a traffic light.

Jan watches the program every Sunday night at 9:00.


A program

is

a show.

is not

a bad storm.

is not

a traffic light.

131

a.

The climate is good.


the food.

The climate

the engine.
the weather.
-

b.

The climate is good in my country.


The climate

the food.
the engine.
the weather.

c.

The climate is good in my country in the winter.


The climate

the food.
the engine.
the weather.

2.

a.

Jim looked at his atlas.


An atlas

a clock or watch.
a book of maps.
a large dictionary.

b.

Jim looked at his


An atlas

atla~

and turned the pages slowly.

a clock or watch.
a book of maps.
a large dictionary.

c.

Jim looked at his road atlas and turned the pages


slowly. He studied the highways and cities carefully.
An atlas

a clock or watch.
a book of maps.
a large dictionary.
132

'"

133

_..

--

- - - ---

~~~~~

---. -~-- - - ~ - ~ - ~....--,-~------.-- ---

--~

--

~ Vocabulary
RICHARD ROPER RECOMMENDS ROSA'S.

Repeat the underlined words.


your instructor's questions.

Listen to the story; then answer

Richard Roper is a reporter* for Channel 35. He visits


different restaurants every week; then he tells about them on the
Wednesday evening news program. Here's this week's story:
Hello again!

I tried two restaurants last weekend.

very satisfied with one and very unhappy with the other.

I was
The

first place, Rosa's Restaurant, serves wonderful food at


reasonable prices.

The most expensive lunch is only $5.95.

Dinner costs more, of course, but in the evening Rosa entertains


the customers with fine music.
I ordered the beef and rice dish.
polite and prompt.

He brought a salad right away and served the

other food just a few minutes later.


the table promptly.

The waiter was both

He also brought my check to

This restaurant should be more popular.

was reasonably full when I was there, but it wasn't crowded.


strongly recommend a visit to Rosa's.
*reporter

I plan to eat there often.

someone who writes news stories


134

It

--~

HE DOESN'T RECOMMEND THE RED ROOM.

Repeat the underlined words and listen to the story.


answer your instructor's questions.
The second restaurant is the Red Room.

Then

It's the opposite

of Rosa's; the food is bad and the prices are terribly high.
There's music, but it's too loud to be entertaining.

I tried

to start a conversation with the people at the table next to


mine, but they couldn't hear me.

I think it's impolite to talk

too loudly, so I stopped trying.


The service at the Red Room was slow, and the waiter was
rude.

Since my meal was cold when the waiter finally served it,

I asked him to warm it up again.


didn't have time.

He rudely answered that he

When I saw that my knife was too dull to cut

the meat, I asked him to bring me a sharp knife.


impolitely,

"The knife's all right.

He said

You're just too weak to use

it."
Soon after I got home, I began to feel a sharp pain in my
stomach.

If you ask me, the restaurant's food caused it.

don't recommend the Red Room.

When you want to go out for

dinner, make plans to eat at a different restaurant.


135

THE WAITER SERVED THE FOOD PROMPTLY.

Circle the correct answer.


1.

a.
b.
c.
2.

He has

loud
sharp
prompt

plans
serves
entertains

Will and Wanda aren't getting married until next year, but
she's already
the wedding.
a.
b.
c.

6.

rude
prompt
reasonable

Television
many children on Saturday morning while
their parents sleep late.
a.
b.
c.

5.

not to answer someone who asks you a question.

When other people can't see something, Alvin can.


very
eyes.
a.
b.
c.

4.

loud
prompt
impolite

It's
a.
b.
c.

3.

noise woke us up in the middle of the night.

serving
planning
entertaining

Donna said, "If you ask me, Dina's upset about something."
She
that Dina's upset.
a.
b.
c.

thinks
is sorry
has heard

136

7.

After I watched that movie, I wanted to ask for a refund.


It was
long and boring.
a.
b.
c.

8.

loudly
terribly
impolitely

Walter never becomes angry with people for things that

aren't. their fault. He's always

a. dull
b. impolite
c. reasonable

9.

Carl has been using the same blade in his razor for two
weeks.
It's too
for him to shave with now.
a.
b.
c.

10.

dUll
loud
sharp

Rhonda called Ron, but he wasn't there. Fifteen minutes


later, he called her. He returned her call
a.
b.
c.

terribly
promptly
reasonably

137

-$-Grammar
COULD AS PAST ABILITY

JIMMY COULDN'T BUTTON HIS SHIRT.

Read the sentences.


1.

Can you run a mile in five minutes?

I could when I was younger, but I can'

now.

2.

Could Henry repair the motor?

No, he couldn't. He didn't have the right tools.

3.

How well could you hear the instructor?

I could hear her very well when she spoke loudly.

4.

What could Sarah eat while she was sick?

She could ea~ only soup.

5.

Could your wife cook when you married her?


Yes, she COUld. She was a good cook w en we got married.

138

COULD JANET DRAW BEFORE SHE TOOK LESSONS?

Read the questions and use the word(s) in ( ) to answer them.


EXAMPLE:

Could Janice draw before she took lessons?


(no, not anything)

No, she couldn't draw anything.

1.

Could you mail the package?

(no, too large)

2.

Could you drive when you were fifteen?

(yes)

3.

Could Dorothy describe the accident?

(no, too nervous)

4.

How far equId you run a year ago?

(only two miles)

5.

What could you do about the problem?

(not anything)

6.

Could Margaret deposit the money Sunday?

(no, not until Monday)

7.

How many of the questions could the students answer?

(almost all)

8.

How much of the homework could you do last night?

(about half)

9.

Could Captain Santos change his plane reservations?

(no, too late)

10.

What could Ed remember about your conversation with him?


(almost everything)

139

ANN COULD ANSWER ALL OF THE QUESTIONS.

Ask and answer questions about the sentences.


couldn't.
EXAMPLES:

Use could and

The test was too long for Paula to finish.


Could Paula finish the test?
NO, she couldn't.
Paul knew the answers to the questions.

Could Paul answer the questions?

Yes, he could.

1.

Sam learned to speak Spanish very well.

2.

Ken was too tired to stay awake.

3.

No one ever taught Clara how to swim when she was a child.

4.

Fred enjoyed playing cards.

5.

Fran wasn't too busy to go to the movies.

6.

The coffee was too bitter for Richard to drink.

7.

Ted tried to stop his car, but his brakes failed.

8.

The instructor spoke too fast for Alan to understand.

9.

When she met people, Beth always remembered their names.

10.

When Ann was ten years old, her mother taught her how to

cook.

140

Reading Skill

(>
WRITE THE MAIN IDEA AND A TITLE.

Read the paragraph and write the main idea.


for the paragraph.
EXAMPLE:

Title:

Then write a title

Entertainment for Everyone

Different people enjoy different kinds of


entertainment. Children like to watch TV. They like
funny programs. Adults like sports on TV, and they
like going to movies, too. TV and movies have to give
a variety of entertainment for all ages, because not
everyone thinks that the same thing is entertaining.
Main idea:

Different people enjoy different kinds


of entertainment.

1.

Title:
When people like a restaurant, they usually recommend
it to their friends.
To some people, good service is the
most important thing. Others go back to their favorite
restaurant again and again because they really like one
dish on the menu or because they can get a wide variety of
food there. Everyone feels that his favorite place is the
best and is sure that his friends will like it, too.
Main idea:

141

2.

Title:
No one intends to hurt another person's feelings.
Most
of the time it's an accident. We don't usually mean to be
rude. Frequently we're impolite because we're busy or
careless, and we say or do the wrong thing without realizing
it. We should think carefully before we speak or do
something that might hurt someone's feelings.
Then the
other person won't get angry or upset, and we won't feel bad
and have to apologize.
Main idea:

3.

Title:
Some TV commercials are better than the regular
programs, and some are too boring to watch. Almost all are
loud, and almost everybody will tell you they don't enjoy
watching them. But some commercials are very entertaining,
and frequently everyone will enjoy seeing them and talking
about them. When this happens, the commercial sells a lot
and the company that paid for it is very happy. That's the
plan for all commercials, but only a few become popular.
Main idea:

142

,*Functlon
WAS THE MOVIE INTERESTING?

1 'M I'JOT A&L.EE'P,


.I'M JU5T RESr'NCl:
~y EYES .'

Repeat the sentences.


1.

How did you like the movie?


It .was very dull.

2.

In fact,

I almost went to Sleep.

Did you enjoy the movie?

No, it was terribly frightening.

3.

Did you see the movie at the star?


Yes, and in my opinion, it's great.

4.
~

Did you see any good movies last week?


Yes, I saw a. very funny movie last Saturday.

5.

How was the movie?


The music was good, but the story was boring.

6.

Can you recommend a good movie?


I thought the one at the Star was entertaining.

143

THE MOVIE WAS BORING, BUT THE MUSIC WAS GOOD.

Read and complete the conversations.


the box or add others.
.

boring
dull
, exciting
good

1.

2.

3.

4.

interesting
long
sad
too

Use some of the words in

as a matter of fact
in my opinion
if you ask me
certainly

Jim:

What did you think of the movie last night?

Kim:

Kay:

Did you enjoy the movie at the Star Theater?

Jay:

No, it was

Dan:

How did you like the movie, "Lost Star?"

Jan:

It was okay, but ___________ , it was

Ben:

Did you see any good movies last week?

Ken:

Yes, _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ , I

thought _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ , but

144

..

THE CROSSING SERVES GOOD VEGETABLES.

Repeat the sentences.


1. Have you been to The Crossing?

Yes, many times.


2.

They serve delicious soup.

Can you recommend a good restaurant?

Yes, I had a wonderful dinner at Jay's.

3.

How was your dinner at Aldo's?

It was terrible.

4.

As a matter of fact, I got sick.

Do you like to eat at Harry's?


Yes, the food's good, and the prices are reasonable.

5.

Where do you plan to eat tonight?


Mike's.

6.

In my opinion, his fish is the best in town.

Let's go to Aldo's tonight.


The service there is so slow.
restaurant?

145

Can we go to another

HOW IS THE FOOD AT ALDO'S?

Read and complete the conversations.


in the box or add others.

like
recommend
taste
think

1. Ann:

2.

3.

Use some of the words

chicken
fish

delicious

food

in fact
in my opinion

service

I'm planning to go to A1do's.

good

Have you been there?

Bob:

Yes,

Jan:

What do you think about the food at JJ's?

Jim:

If you ask me,

Ken:

Can you recommend a good restaurant?

Kay:

Yes,

________ ,

1s the best

restaurant 1n town.

4.

Tom:

What do you think I should order?

Sue:

It's my favorite dish.

146

I THOUGHT THAT SHOW WAS BORING.


Repeat the sentences.
1.

What's your favorite TV program?

I enjoy the old movies on Channel Three the best.

2.

What did you think of the eight o'clock movie?

I thought that show was boring.

3.

Which TV schedule do you like to use?

The one in the Times; it's easiest to read.

4.

Do you like to watch football on TV?


Yes, but if you ask me, uhere're too many commercials.

5.

Which news program do you usually watch?

Channel Two.

6.

They have more world news.

What do you think of the Saturday children's shows?

I feel some of them are too frightening.

147

WHAT DID YOU THINK OF THE GAME LAST NIGHT?

Read and complete the conversations.


the box or add others.

boring
exciting
funny
interesting

enjoy
like
think.
watch

1.

2.

3.

4.

Use some of the words in

certainly
really
too
very

Vic:

Did you watch the movie on TV last night?

Val:

Yes, and I thought

Nan:

What did you think of the Cowboys game yesterday?

Ned:

In my opinion, it was

Dan:

Did you see the Ann Adams show?

Don:

No,

Ray:

How do you feel about the new police show on TV?

Rob:

Parts of it are _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ , but

didn't.

I don't

148

WHAT DID YOU THINK OF THE SHOW?

Take a role and make a conversation.


Alan:
What did you think of
the Ann Adams Variety
Show last night?
Bill:
I felt it was exciting ..

or
I thought it was boring.
Alan:
You did? I thought it
was very entertaining.

or
You did? I thought it
was dUll.
Bill:
I didn't. As a matter of
fact,
I thought most of
it was very dull.

or
I didn't. If you ask me,
it was interesting.

149

Alan:
Well, didn't you enjoy
the talk with the
writers?
or
Well, did you like
the music, too?
Bill:
Yes.
It was a little
loud, but I enjoyed it.
or
They were okay, but they
weren't too sharp.
Alan:
Oh, I felt it was the
wrong kind of music
for the show.
or
Oh, I thought the
conversation was
interesting.

-.
Bill:
Well, maybe we just like
different things.

150

Listening Skllll)
WHAT DID YOU THINK OF THE MOVIE?
Take a role and read the information. Then make a conversation
about the situation with another student. Answer the
instructor's questions about a conversation between two other
students.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

51:

You're thinking about going to see the movie that's


showing at the base theater, but you don't know much
about it. Ask your roommate for information.

52:

You saw the movie last weekend. Tell your roommate a


little about it and give him your opinion of it.

S3:

You and a friend just saw a show at the mall and are
talking about it while you drive home. Give your
opinion of the movie and ask your friend for his.

S4:

Your feeling about the movie is different from your


friend's.
Give your opinion and explain it.

S5:

You're tired of the restaurants around the base and

want to try a French restaurant downtown. Ask a

friend for his opinion of the restaurant.

S6:

You ate at the restaurant not too long ago.


friend about it and give him your opinion.

57:

You're a waiter at a new restaurant. One of your


customers just finished his meal. Ask him for his
opinion of the restaurant. Does he plan to come back?

S8:

You just ate dinner in the restaurant. Answer the


waiter's questions politely and explain your feeling
about the restaurant.

S9:

You wanted to watch a program on television last

night, but you weren't able to. Ask a friend about

the program.

SlO:

Tell your

You watched the program last night. Tell your friend


a few things about it and give him your opinion of it.

151

6.

S11:

You've been watching a new TV show with a friend for


only 15 minutes, but you already have a strong opinion
of it.
Ask your friend his opinion; then answer his
question.

S12:

Give and explain your opinion of the TV show; then


ask your friend for his.

-$-Granlmar
IND RECT SPEECH

ndirect speech reports what another person has said.


For this

reason, it is also called reported speech.


The speaker's exact

words aren't repeated in indirect speech:

1.

Present tense verbs change to the past tense.

2.

Pronouns and possessive adjectives change from first or


second person to third person (unless someone is reporting
his own words. )
Direct speech (present tense):
Jan:
Jim:

I'm out of money.

I have some cash.

Indirect speech:

152

THE INSTRUCTOR TOLD ANNETTE THAT SHE PASSED THE TEST.

Read the dialogs.


Annette:

Mr. Reed:

I'm worried about my grade on the test, Mr. Reed.

I'm sure it's good, Annette.

Annette:

Mr. Reed:

Can you remember it?

No, I can't.
I'm sorry.

Annette:

Mr. Reed:

Will you give the tests back to us?

Yes, I intend to give them back Friday.

**********
Kenneth:
Annette:

Did you talk to Mr. Reed about your test grade?

Yes, I told him that I was worried about it.

Kenneth:
Annette:

What did he say?

He told me he was sure it was good.

Kenneth:
Annettec

Did he tell you the grade?

No, he told me that he COUldn't remember it.

Kenneth:

Is he going to give the tests back to us?

Annette:

Yes, he told me he intended to give them back Friday.

153

TED TOLD THE CLERK THAT HE WANTED A DIFFERENT HOTEL ROOM.


Read the sentence.
Then make another sentence that reports what
was said. Use told and a past-tense verb in the
sentence.

new
~

i-

EXAMPLE:

John:

Jim, the car needs

tune-up.

John told Jim that,the car needed a tune-up.

Or:
John told Jim the car needed a tune-up.

1.

Linda:

Bob, I love the show!

2.

Waiter:

3.

Karen:

Kathy, I'm ready to go home.

4.

Major:

Captain, I need to talk to you.

5.

Policeman:

6.

Mr. Smithers:

7.

Ron:

8.

Instructor:

9.

Sgt Bolt:

Amn Baker, the barracks aren't clean.

10.

Customer:

Waiter, I need another fork, please.

Sir, your table is ready.

Ma'am, you have a flat tire.


Miss Martin, you're late!

Ms. Garza, I can't answer the question.


Bob, you're not failing this class.

154

HE TOLD ANN THAT THE MOVIE STARTED AT 7:15.

Ask and answer questions about the dialogs.


EXAMPLES:

Ann:
Bob:

When does the movie start?


At 7:15, I think.

What did Bob tell Ann?

He told her that he thought the show started at 7:15.

Mr. Hall:
Mechanic:

Can I pick up my car now?

No, it's not ready yet.

Did the mechanic tell Mr. Hall that his car was ready?

No, he told him it wasn't ready yet.

1 .

Waiter:
Curtis:

How is your dinner, sir?

I'm enjoying it very much.

2.

Waiter:
Walter:

Do you have reservations for dinner?

Yes, we have them for 8:00.

3.

Mary:
Mark:

4.

Clerk:
Clyde:

5.

Dave:
Dora:

6.

Clerk:
Clara:

7.

Andy:
Anne:

Do you think this show's boring?

No, I think it's interesting.

8.

Greg:
Glen:

Which news program do you watch?

I usually watch Channel 8'5 evening news.

9.

Sandy:
Randy:

Is Ray in town, or is he on vacation?

I think he's on vacation this week.

10.

Larry:
Laura:

What do you intend to have for dessert?


I'm going to order a piece of chocolate cake.

Can you recommend a good Chinese restaurant?

No, I don't know anything about Chinese food.

Would you like to exchange this tie, sir?

No, I want a refund, please.

How does the engine sound?

Well, it's not making any loud noises now.

Are you going to charge the tires?

No, I plan to write a check for them.

155

Reading Skill

C>
WHICH SUMMARY IS THE BEST?

Read each paragraph and select the best summary.


EXAMPLE:

Linda knows how to study for a test.


She starts
getting ready for it early.
She reviews the lessons in
the textbook first.
Next she looks at her notebook and
memorizes the important things in it. After that, she
usually writes questions and practices answering them.
She always makes a good grade on a test.
a.

1.

Linda always writes in her notebook while she's in


class. Later, she uses it to study.

b.

Lind~ always makes a good grade on a test because


she knows how to study for it.

c.

Linda always studies for a test by writing and


answering questions about the things in the lesson.

When Karen went outside this morning to check the

weather, the sky was clear. She decided to walk to work.

She left her umbrella at home because she didn't think she

needed it. About 4:00 the weather started to change. Soon

there were big, black clouds in the sky.


It began to rain

while she was walking home, and her clothes got very wet.

a.

Karen didn't take her umbrella to work.


It started to
rain while she was walking home, and she got very wet.

b.

The sky was clear when Karen left for work this morning.
Because it looked like a nice day, she decided to walk.

c.

While Karen was at work today, the weather changed.

She wanted to walk home, but it was too rainy.

156

2.

3.

Do you usually spend too much money at the grocery


store? Here are two things that may he.lp.' First, eat a
good meal before you go. Don't shop for food when you're
hungry, or you'll get more than you need. Also, plan your
meals for the week ahead. Write everything that's neGessary
for those meals on a piece of paper, and don't buy anything
else.
a.

Most people usually get hungry when they go to the


grocery store.

b.

Eat a good meal before you go to the grocery store, and


you'll feel better while you shop.

c.

You can save money by eating and by planning your meals


before you go to the grocery store.

Yesterday after school, John and his friends played


football in the street near his house. At 'six o'clock;
John's mother told him that dinner was ready, but he didn't
want to come inside. After waiting for half an hour, the
family decided to eat dinner without him. John came horne
when it got dark, but everyone had finished eating by that
time.
"

a.

John and his friends like to play football after school.


They usually play in the street near John's house.

b.

John missed dinner yesterday. He was playing football


and didn't want to come inside when it was ready.

c.

John's family always eats dinner at six o'clock.


he's not there on time, they don't wait for him.

157

When

-$ Grammar
PREPOSITIONS OF TIME

158

ED ARRIVES ON MONDAY.

Read the sentences.


1.

What do you plan to do after dinner?

2.

Col Henderson will be here

3.

Jim was in the Air Force for twenty years.

4.

Meet me at 6:30 in front of Larry's office.

5.

Lt Cooper will be here in about ten minutes.

6.

We have -co deposit the money before 5: 00 p. m.

7.

Dr. Blake has been at the hospital since midnight.

8.

Where does Sgt Jackson go on Tuesdays and Thursdays?

9.

Mr. Adams' English class doesn't start until 8:30 a.m.

10.

~ill

Thursday.

Maj Brooks works out from 4:00 to 5:30 three days a week.
159

THE FLIGHT LEAVES IN TEN MINUTES.

Ask and answer the questions.


answer.

EXAMPLE:

Use the words in (

) when you

When does the flight to Atlanta leave?


(in ten minutes)
It leaves in 10 minutes.

1.

When will Peggy be back?

(at 6: 00)

2.

When should Sara be home?

(before 10:30)

3.

How long will Captain Jeffrey be on base?

(until Friday)

4.

How long has your cousin been here?

(since last Tuesday)

5.

When is Sam arriving at the airport?

(in about an hour)

6.

How long are your aunt and uncle going to stay?

(for three weeks)

7.

When is Sgt Richardson leaving?

(on Monday)

8.

When is the dentist's office open?

(from 8:00 to 4:30)

9.

When do you want to go shopping?

(after lunch)

10.

How long does this class last?


(till 2:30)

160

JIM LEFT AT NOON.

Circle the correct answer.


1.

a.
b.

c.
d.
2.

a.

d.

c.
d.

c.
d.

a.
d.
c.

c.
d.

10:00.

for

from

since
before

9:00 a.m.

from, to
at, after
until, till
sinoe, until

The soldiers have a test


a.
b.

an hour.

in
on
from
till

That store is open


b.

6.

in
at
to
on

Ralph needs to be home


a.

5.

Friday.

I'll see the colonel


a.
b.

4.

on
at
in
to

My cousin leaves

b.
c.

3.

6:00

Jim's plane arrives

---

from
since
after
until

161

lunch.

9;00 p.m.

7.

Jeff has been studying


a.
b.
c.
d.

8.

a.

b.
c.
d.

three weeks.

,..

at
for
after
since

Dan didn't get to work


8.

noon.

in
from
until
since

They've been on vacation


a.
b.
c.
d.

10.

on
for
from
since

On Saturday Sam sometimes sleeps


b.
c.
d.

9.

6:30.

9:00 this morning.

on
to
for
till

162

Writing Skill

r>
PUT TWO SENTENCES TOGETHER.

Write one sentence from two sentences.


EXAMPLE:

Hal watches the TV channel.


It doesn't show commercials.

Use the word in ( ).

(which)

Hal watches the TV channel which doesn't show


commercials.
1.

Do you know the name of the mechanic?


He worked on your brakes.
(who)

2.

Jean recommended a restaurant.

It serves Chinese and American food.

3.

Bill watched the TV program.


He ate his dinner.
(while)

4.

The children fell asleep.


The movie was over.
(before)

163

(that)

5.

Don't open your test booklet.


The instructor says to begin.

(until)

6.

Charles became a pilot.


He was 17 years old.
(when)

7.

Denise was too tired to go to class.


She studied all night.
(after)

8.

We felt sorry for the little boy.


He was lost.
(because)

164

-BOOK 11 LESSON 5

GET READY FOR THE QUIZ.

165

WHAT'S THE TOPIC OF THE PARAGRAPH?

WHAT'S THE MAIN IDEA?

Listen to a paragraph three times. The first time, write the


topic of the paragraph. The second time, write the main idea of
the paragraph. The third time, check your work.
1.

Topic:

Main idea:

2.

Topic:
Main idea:

167

PUT THE PUNCTUATION MARK IN THE BOX.

Listen and put the punctuation mark in the correct box.


key to help you.
COLUMNS
A

Use the

KEY
C

asterisk

colon

comma

exclamation mark

0
W
S

parentheses
period

II

II

,.

quotation marks
semicolon

I'M CALLING TO RECOMMEND A GOOD MECHANIC.

Answer the questions with complete sentences.


and the words in ( ).
EXAMPLE:

Use an infinitive

Why are you calling Jim?


(recommend/mechanic)
I'm calling to recommend a good mechanic to him.

1.

Why did Jane call last night?

(recommend/movie)

2.

What did the policeman use his lights for?

(signal/drivers)

3.

Why did you come to work early this morning?

(see/boss)

4.

What did Doris pay the mechanic to do?

(service/car)

5.

Why did Don go to the car parts store?

(exchange/hose)

169

6.

Why did the Smiths stop in Chicago?

(visit/relatives)

7.

What does the mechanic use that machine for?

(tune up/ engines)

8.

Why is Ann calling the department store?

(charge/clothes)

9.

Who(m) are you going to the hospital to see?

(see/brother)

10.

Why is the truck driver moving to the left lane?


(pass/another truck)

BECOME CAUTIOUS WHEN

Complete the sentence.


the word in ( ).
EXAMPLE:

gets nervous

He

when he has an exam.

when I get on an airplane.

1.

2.

David

3.

The weather

4.

My nose

5.

6.

That book
(funnier)

7.

The children
(noisy)

8.

The class
talking.
(dull)

9.

The-students
too much homework.

10.

Use the correct form of get or become and

when he went downtown.


_

(nervous)
(nervous)
(lost)

before it got better.

- - - - - - - - - when I have a cold.

(worse)

(runny)

because I had a test the next day.

(busy)

after you read a few pages.

before the movie started.

because the students weren't

when the teacher gives them


(unhappy)

The storm
----:---------
(frightening)

after the lights went out.

170

COULD YOU SPEAK ENGLISH BEFORE YOU CAME HERE?


Make a question or an answer for each sentence.
cou1dn't.
EXAMPLES:

Use cou1d or

Cou1d you speak Eng11.sh before you came here?


No, I couldn't speak English before I came here.
Could you drive when you were l5?

Yes, I could dr1.ve when I was 15.

Or: No, I couldn'tdr1.ve when I was 15.

1.

Could you play in the soccer game last weekend?

2.

Could Alex study with you Thursday?

3.

Could you remember the doctor's name after you met him?

4.

Could Ed repair engines before he became an Army mechanic?

5.

No, he couldn't review the lesson with me yesterday.

6.

Yes, I could answer all of the questions on the test.

7.

No, I couldn't do all of my homework last night.

8.

Yes, I could understand the teacher in our Spanish class.

::

171

HOW LONG HAVE YOU BEEN HERB?

Ask a question that fits the answer.


that are given.
EXAMPLE:

Use how 10ng and the words

Tom:

you/at work
How long have you been at work?

Jim:

I've been here for almost two hours.

1.

Dan:
Don:

Jeff/this base

He's been at this base for a year and a half.

2.

Jan:
Jim:

you/that cold

I've had this cold since last Monday.

3.

Jan:
Jim:

you/fever

I've had a fever for two days.

4.

Ken:
Sam:

Ted/cough

He's had that cough for four or five days.

5.

Don:
Bob:

colonel/in Germany

He'll be in Germany for six weeks.

6.

Mark:
Mary:

Jane/her cousin's house


She'll be at her cousin's house for the weekend.

7.

Jack:
Beth:

you/program

I've been watching it for an hour.

8.

Greg:
Gina:

instructor

She's been teaching here for three years.

9.

Anne:
Alan:

car

It's been leaking oil for a week.

10.

Jack:
Jean:

Lt Roberts/the captain
She's been talking to him for half an hour.

172

HE TOLD HER THAT

Listen to a short conversation between Anne and Alex.


an answer to the question. Use told in the answer.
1.

What did Alex tell Anne?

2.

What did he tell her next?

3.

What did he say about his temperature?

4.

Did Alex say that he likes doctors?

5.

What did Anne tell him?

173

Then write

SOMEBODY HIT A PEDESTRIAN.

Complete the sentences with the words in the box.


write the correct form when you use a verb.

someone/somebody
anyone/anybody
no one/nobody

-r . . ~:~;

to

lane
yield

stop sign

way

ahead
lost
nervous

L~peed

Be sure to

------------

EXAMPLE:

There's not

in that

anyone/anybody

lane

1.

I don't think

2.
3.

downtown.

got
stopped at that

There was an accident because

didn't

at the intersection.

4.

5.

knew the

to the base.

Was

6.

when Bob drove?


saw the car

of us until it

was too late.

7.

stop at the light.

8.

should

9.

who is changing from one

another car on a hill.

another should signal.

10.

drives fast on this road.


who

here gets a ticket.

174

to

..

I'M TOO UNHAPPy TO


Use the words in the box to complete this sentence:
to be

too

busy
polite
funny
boring

EXAMPLES:

dUll
angry
rude
unhappy

I'm

too

The movie

frightening
satisfied
reasonable
entertaining

sharp
tired
nervous
relaxed

to be

busy
was too

unhappy

funny

to be boring.

YES, IT'S USUALLY RAINY THERE.

Answer the questions. Add the suffix -y to the underlined word,


and use the word in ( ) .
EXAMPLE:

Is there a leak in the bathroom faucet?


Yes, the bathroom faucet is leaky.

1.

Is there a lot of rain in London?

2.

Is there ice on the roads?

3.

Does the meat have too much salt on it?

4.

Does it snow often in Saudi Arabia?

5.

Was there a lot of soap in the water?

6.

Do you have grease on your hands?

7.

Was there too much water in the coffee?

8.

Do airplanes take off when there's a storm?

9.

Will there be a lot of rain tomorrow?

10.

(yes)

(yes)

(yes)
(no)

(no)
(yes)

(no)
(no)
(no)

(yes)

Is there a lot of noise in your apartment building?


175

(no)

ALDO'S AUTO REPAIR IS THE SHOP THAT SERVICED MY CAR.


Complete the sentences with the words in the box. Be sure to
use the correct form of the word.
There may be more than one
correct answer.

that
who
which

EXAMPLES:

charge
exchange
leak

service
refund
guarantee

Is this the shop

credit
tune up
give back

your car?

which/that serviced

Ernie is the mechanic

who tuned up

my engine.

1.

Is this the shop

all kinds of cars?

2.

Is that the shop

your money?

3.

Sam's Service Station is the place

the job.

4.

I was the one

5.

The clerk
my sister.

6.

Is he the man
oil?

7.

Who was the clerk

8.

Are you the mechanic

9.

This is the shop


money.

10.

the work.
the part at the shop is my

the motor that leaked

your account?
truck engines?
didn't

What's the name of the garage


for 90 days?

176

my

its work

WHICH SUMMARY IS THE BEST?

Read each paragraph and select the best summary.


1.

2.

Soccer is a game that almost everyone who is in good


physical shape can play.
In basketball, most of the
players are tall.
In football, many of the players are
heavy and very strong. Soccer is different. A player who
is fas~ can do well in a soccer game. He doesn't need to
be tall, heavy, or strong.
a.

Basketball players have to be tall, or they won't do


well in a game.

b.

Football and basketball games are different from soccer


games.

c.

Speed, not size, is the thing that's most important to


a soccer player.

People who are driving on long trips should stop


often. They can buy gas, eat, sightsee, or just exercise a
little. When they get tired, they can pullover to the side
of the road and rest. Without regular breaks, drivers can
easily become tired or careless. Sometimes when a driver
falls asleep at the wheel, his vehicle leaves the road or
crosses into the opposite lane and causes a terrible
accident.
a.

You should be careful while you're driving.


become tired, pull off the road and rest.

b.

Drivers should stop regularly on long trips. Those who


don't take breaks can become tired and cause accidents.

c.

Long automobile trips can be boring. When you take


breaks to go sightseeing, they're more interesting.

177

When you

PUT TWO SENTENCES TOGETHER.

Read the two sentences. Then write a new sentence with an


independent clause and a dependent clause. Use the word in ( ).
1.

The student isn't in class today.

He had a fever yesterday.


(who)

2.

He has a cold.

It's getting worse every day.

(which)

3.

He didn't make a doctor's appointment.


He really felt bad.
(until)

4.

His friend drove him to the doctor's office.

The student thought he was too sick to drive.

5.

The doctor examined him.


His friend waited.
(while)

6.

He looked better.

He came out of the examination room.

178

(when)

(because)

7.

He wasn't terribly sick.

8.

But he became sicker.

He went in.

(before)

He saw the doctor's bill

(after)

TOPICS, MAIN IDEAS, AND TITLES


Read the paragraph.
First, write the topic. Next, write the
main idea in a complete sentence. Then write a title above the
paragraph.
1.

Title:
No one wants to be in an automobile accident or plans
to have one, but many people get hurt on the highway every
day. Often they are the ones who caused the accident
because they were careless. They didn't keep their car in
good shape, their mind on the road, their hands on the
wheel, or their eyes on the speed limit signs.
Topic:
Main idea:

179

2.

Title:
When people really want to do something that's
difficult, they can usually find a way.
Two U.S. pilots
wanted to show that an airplane could fly around the world
and not stop. They decided to build an airplane that was
very light and didn't use much gas.
It was noisy and slow,
but it worked. In 1986, they flew it around the world.
They got hurt when they flew through stormy weather and
became terribly tired, but they finished the trip in nine
days.
Topic:
Main idea:

WHAT DOES THE WORD MEAN?


Read the sentence. Use the other words in the sentence to find
what the underlined word means. Write may be, is not, or is on
the line.
1.

8.

Tom slept during class.


During

before the class started.

-------

while he was in class.


after he left class.

b.

The teacher was upset because Tom slept during class.


During

before the class started.


while he was in class.
after he left class.

180

c.

The teacher was upset because Tom slept during class and
didn't hear the question.
During

before the class started.


while he was in class.
after he left class.

2.

a.

Tina will remain here.


Remain

work.
stay.
leave.

b.

Tina will remain here in the hospital.


Remain

work.
stay.
leave.

c.

Tina will remain here in the hospital until she is well


and can go back home.
Remain

work.
stay.
leave.

181

LISTEN AND WRITE.


Listen to the paragraph the first time.
Write the paragraph when
you hear it the second time. Check your work when you hear it
the third time. Be careful to use correct punctuation.

182

Appendix A
WORD LIST
ache (n), I
ache (v), I
ahead, 2
ahead of, 2
annual, 1
any longer, 1
anybody, 2
anymore, I
anyone, 2
appointment, 1
as a matter of fact,

dUll, 4
earache, 1
emergency, 1
engine, 3
entertain, 4
entertaining, 4
entertainment, 4
examination/exam, I
exchange, 3

fail (to), 2
feel/felt, 4
fever, 1
flash, 2
fly (n), 3
follow, 2
frequently, 4
frighten, 4
frightening, 4
funny, 4

back, 1
backache, 1
become/became, 2
boring, 4
brake (n), 3
bug, 3
busy, 4
cards, 4
catch/caught, I
caution, 2
cautious/cautiously, 2
channel, 4
charge (n), 3
charge (v), 3
checkup, 1
chest, I
cold (n), I
come/came in, 1
commercial (n), 4
confuse, 2
connect, 1
cough (n), 1
cough (v), 1
could, 4
credit (n), 3
credit (v), 3
crossing, 2

get/ got, 1
get/got, 2
give/gave back (v), 3
grease (n), 3
grease (v), 3
greasy, 3
great, 4
guarantee (n), 3
guarantee (v), 3
headache, 1
horizontal, 1
hose, 3
how about ... ?, 1
if you ask me, 4
impolite/impolitely, 4
in (a), 1
in advance, 2
in fact, 4

dish, 4
dissatisfied, 3
dot, 1

A-I

prompt/promptly, 4

pUllover, 2

inch/inches, I

instructor, 2

intend (to), 4

intersection, 2

railroad, 2

reasonable/reasonably, 4

recommend, 4

refund (n), 3

refund (v), 3

regular, 1

relaxed, 2

right-of-way, 2

rude/rudely, 4

run/ran a temperature, 1

run/ran, I

runny, 1

lane, 2

laugh (at), 4

leak (n), 3

leak (v), 3

leaky, 3

lost, 2

loud/loudly, 4

love (n), 4

love (v), 4

make/made it, 1

mean (v), 2

middle, 1

miles per/an hour, (m.p.h.), 2

mind, 2

motor, 3

nervous, 2

no one, 2

nobody, 2

noise, 3

noisy, 3

nurse, 1

oil (n),
oil (v),
oily, 3

on sale,
one-way,
out (a),

pain, 1

parallel, 1

part, 3

pass, 2

patient (n), 1

pedestrian, 2

perpendicular, I

physical (n), 1

plan (n), 4

plan (to) (v), 4

p:':"'oblem, 1

program, 4

sales slip, 3

satisfaction, 3

satisfied, 3

satisfy, 3

see/saw, 1

serve, 4

service (n), 3

sharp, 4

sidewalk, 2

sign (n), 2

signal (n), 2

signal (v), 2

since (c), 4

since (c)( p), 1

slow down/up, 2

sneeze (n), 1

sneeze (v), 1

somebody, 2

someone,
2

sometime, 1

speed (n), 2

speed/sped (up), 2

speed limit, 2

spend/spent, 4

stall (v), 3

steering wheel, 2

still (a), 1

stomach, 1

stomachache, 1

stop sign, 2

symptom, 1

temperature, 1

terrible/terribly, 4

A-2

that (r) , 2

then, 1

too, 3

tune up .(v), 3

tune-up (n) , 3

turn (n) , 2

two-way, 2

unhappy, 3

variety, 4

vertical, 1

..

warm (up) , 3

way, 2

which (r ), 2

who (r) , 2

wonderful, 4

yield, 2

A-3

Appendix B
STRUCTURE LIST
Adverbs:

Interrogative:

Affixes:

Suffixes:

Clauses:

Adjective clauses (restrictive) referring to a person:


that/who (as subject in clause), 2; referring to a
thing/idea: that/which (as subject in clause), 2

Indirect Speech:
Prepositions:

Pronouns:

how + adverb (long), 1

-y (noun + -y), 3

Reported simple present tense: told + indirect


object + past tense that-noun clause, 4

Time:

Indefinite:

after/at/before/from/in/on/since/to/till/
until, 4
anyone/anybody/no one/nobody/someone/
somebody, 2

Verbs:

Linking verbs fOllowed by adjective:

become/get, 2

Verbs:

Modals/Modal equivalents expressing ability /capability:


could (past can), 4

Verbs:

Present perfect with be/have and since/for, 1

Verbs:

Present perfect progressive, 1

Verbs:

Verbals:

Infinitive/Infinitive phrase: verb modifier


expressing purpose, 3; after too + predicate
adjective, 3

B-1

Appendix C

PRINCIPAL PAm'S OF cmrAIN IRREGULAR VERBS

Present

Past

Past
Participle

arise
awake

arose
jwoke

arisen
awakened

be
bear
beat
become
begin
bend
bet
bid
bind
bite
bleed
blow
break
bring
build
burst
buy

was
bore
beat
became
began
bent
bet
bid
bound
bit
bled
blew
broke
brought
built
burst
bought

been
borne
beaten
become
begun
bent
bet
bid
bound
bitten
bled
blown
broken
brought
built
burst
bought

cast
catch
choose
come
cost
creep
cut

cast
caught
chose
came
cost
crept
cut

cast
caught
chosen
come
cost
crept
cut

deal
dig
do
draw
drink
drive

dealt
dug
did
drew
drank
drove

dealt
dug
done
drawn
drunk
driven

eat

ate

eaten

fall
feed
feel
fight
find

fell
fed
felt
fought
found

fallen
fed
felt
fought
found

C-l

Present

Past

Past
Participle

flee
fly
forget
forgive
freeze

fled
flew
forgot
forgave
froze

fled
flown
forgotten
forgiven
frozen

get
give
grind
grow

got
gave
ground
grew

gotten(got)
given
ground
grown

hang
have
hear
hide
hit
hold
hurt

hung
had
heard
hid
hit
held
hurt

hung
had
heard
hidden
hit
held
hurt

keep
know

kept
knew

kept
known

lay
lead
leave
lend
let
lie
light
lose

laid
led
left
lent
let
lay
lit
lost

laid
led
left
lent
let
lain
lit (lighted)
lost

make
mean
meet

made
meant
met

made
meant
met

pay
put

paid
put

paid
put

quit

quit

quit

read
ride
ring

read
rode
rang

read
ridden
rung

IRREGULAR VERBS

(Continued)

Present

Past

Past
Participle

rise
run

rose
ran

risen
run

say
see
seek
shake
sell
send
set
shed
shine
shoot
show
shrink
shut
sing
sink
sit
sleep
slide
slit
speak
spend
spin
split
spread
spring
stand
steal
stick
sting
strike
string
swear
sweep
swim
swing

said
saw
sought
shook
sold
sent
set
shed
shone
shot
showed
shrank
shut
sang
sank
sat
slept
slid
slit
spoke
spent
spun
split
spread
sprang
stood
stole
stuck
stung
struck
strung
swore
swept
swam
swung

said
seen
sought
shaken
sold
sent
set
shed
shone
shot
shown
shrunk
shut
sung
sunk
sat
slept
slid
slit
spoken
spent
spun
split
spread
sprung
stood
stolen
stuck
stung
struck
strung
sworn
swept
swam
swung

take
teach
tear
tell
think
throw

took
taught
tore
told
thought
threw

taken
taught
torn
told
thought
thrown

understand

understood

understood

Present

Past

Past
Participle

wake
wear
weave
weep
wet
win
wind
wring
write

woke (waked)
wore
wove
wept
wet
won
wound
wrung
wrote

woke (waked)
worn
woven
wept
wet
won
wound
wrung
written

:;

-.
:

C-2

Appendix D
PATTERNS OF IRREGULAR VERBS

1.

2.

Three Prinicipal Parts the Same


hit
quit
split

hit
quit
split

hit
quit
split

bet
let
set

bet
let
set

bet
let
set

put
cut
shut

put
cut
shut

put
cut
shut

bid

bid

bid

hurt
burst

hurt
burst

hurt
burst

cost

cost

cost

shed
spread

shed
spread

shed
spread

cast

cast

cast

Last Two Prinicipal Parts the Same


a.

Final Consonant Change Only


have
make
build

b.

had
made

had
made

built

built

bent
spend
send

Vowel. Change Only


meet
read
bleed
feed
lead

met
read
bled
fed
led

met
read
bled
fed
led

light
slide
sit
shoot
hold
win
shine

lit
slid
sat
shot
held
won
shone

lit
slid
sat
shot
held
won
shone

find
wind
bind

found
wound
bound

found
wound
bound

dig
stick
strike

dug
stuck
struck

dug
stuck
struck

D-l

bent
spent
sent

bent
spent
sent

c.

3.

Vowel Change - Addition of -t or -d


sleep
keep
creep
weep

slept
kept
crept
wept

slept
kept
crept
wept

think
teach
buy
catch
fight
seek"

thought
taught
bought
caught
fought
sought

thought
taught
bought
caught
fought
sought

meant
left

meant
left

flee
tell
sell

fled
told
sold

fled
told
sold

lose

lost

lost

hear
understand

heard
understood

heard
understood

Three Principal Parts Differ to Some Extent


a.

No Similarity
be
go
do

b.

c.

been
gone
done

arose
drove
flew

arisen
driven
flown

ride
rise

rode
rose

ridden
risen

sung
rung
drunk

swim

swam

swum

begin

began

begun

run
come

ran
came

run
come

eat
give
see
draw

ate
gave
saw
drew

eaten
given
seen
drawn

tear
wear
swear
bear

tore
wore
swore
bore

torn
worn
sworn
born

get
forget

got
forgot

got (got ten)


forgotten

Vowel Change--No -n
sing
ring
drink

d.

was
went
did

Vowel Change--Addition of -n
arise
drive
fly

sang
rang
drank

First and Third Vowels Similar


blow
know
grow
throw

e.

mean
leave

blew
knew
grew
threw

blown
known
grown
thrown

Second and Third Vowels Similar


break
speak
choose
steal

broke
spoke
chose
stole

broken
spoken
chosen
stolen

D-2

Appendix E

(These are examples of standard cxnjugaticns. )


Verb:

To Be (Be:

Present Perfect Tense

Present Tense

lam
you are
he, she, it is

we are
they are

Past Perfect Tense

we were

I had been
you had been
he had been

you were
they were
Future Tense*

we will be

he will be

they will be

Present Tense

you will have


been
they will have
been

Simple Form)

Present Perfect Tense

we walk

I have walked
you have walked
he has walked

you walk
they walk

Past Tense

we will have been

I will have been


you will have
been
he will have
been

you will be

Verb: to walk (Walk:

I walked
you walked
he walked

we had been
you had been
they had been

Future Perfect Tense*

I will be
you will be

I walk
you walk
he, she, it walks

we have been
you have been
they have been

I have been
you have been
he has been

you are

Past Tense
I was
you were
he was

Simple Form)

we have walked
you have walked

they have walked

Past Perfect Tense

we walked

I had walked
you had walked
he had walked

you walked
they walked

shall may be used, but it's less ccmron.

E-l

we had walked
you had walked
they had walked

Verb:

To Walk (Continued)
Future Perfect Tense*

Future Tense*
I will walk

we will walk

you will walk

you will walk

he will walk

they will walk


Verb:

I will have
walked
you will have
walked
he will have walked

we will have
walked
you will have
walked
they will have
walked

To Walk (Progressive Form)


Present Tense

I am walking
you are walking
he, she, it is walking

we are walking
you are walking
they are walking
Past Tense

I was walking
you were walking
he was walking

we were walking
you were walking
they were walking
Future Tense*

I will be walking
you will be walking
he will be walking

we will be walking
you will be walking
they will be walking
Present Prefect Tense

I have been walking


you have been walking
he has been walking

we have been walking


you have been walking
they have been walking
Past Perfect Tense

I had been walking


you had been walking
he had been walking

we had been walking


you had been walking
they had been walking

see page E-1

E-2

Verb:

To Walk (Continued)

Future Perfect lense*

we will have been walking


you will have been walking
they will have been walking

I will have been walking

you will have been walking

he will have been walking

Verb:

To See (Passive Voice)


Present Tense

I am seen
you are seen
he, she, it is seen

we are seen
you are seen
they are seen
Past Tense

I was seen
you were seen
he was seen

we were seen
you were seen

they were seen

Future Tense*

I will be seen
you will be seen
he will be seen

we will be seen
you will be seen
they will be seen
Present Perfect Tense

I have been seen


you have been seen
he has been seen

we have been seen


you have been seen
they have been seen

Past Perfect Tense


I had been seen
you had been seen
he had been seen

we had been seen


you had been seen
they had been seen

* see page E-1

E-3

Verb:

To See (Continued)

Future Perfect Tense*


I will have been seen
you will have been seen
he will have been seen

we will have been seen


you will have been seen
they will have been seen
Verb: To Be (Subjunctive Mooj1
(used in conditional or contrary
to-the-fact situations)

(If) I were
(If) you were
(If) he, she, it were

(If) we were
(If) you were
(If) they were

see page E-l

E-4

Appendix F
Punctuation and Capitalization
Punctuation
A.
1.

PERIOD

(.)

Use a period at the end of a statement or command.


The pen and paper are on the table.

Go to the chalkboard and write your name.

2.

Use a period after an abbreviation or an initial.

Abbreviated military ranks do not require a period.

Feb. (February)
Dr. Smith (Doctor Smith)
J. Jones (John Jones)

B.

QUESTION MARK

Mr. Brown
Mrs. White

Ms. Little
a.m.
p.m.

(?)

1.
Use a question mark after a question.
question may be written like a statement.

Sometimes the

How many children are in your famIly?

He's here today?

C.

EXCLAMATION MARK

(!)

1. Use an exclamation mark after words, sentences, or


expressions that show excitement, surprise, or emotion.
exclamation, even if not a sentence, will end with an
exclamation mark.

What a game!
Wow!
D.

Look out!
Oh!

QUOTATION MARKS

("

Do it!

")

1. Use quotation marks to show the words of a speaker.


always placed above the line and are used in pairs.
John said,

Any

They're

"The commissary closes at 2100 hours today."

"Where are the children?" she asked.

F-l

2. Use a comma before the conjunctions and, but, or, nor, for,
yet when they join independent clauses.
We lived in Venezuela for three years, and then we returned
to the United states.
Frank can speak Chinese well, but he can't read it.

3. Use a comma after an introductory clause or phrase to


separate it from the rest of the sentence.
After we study this book, we want to take a break.
Because John was sick, he didn't take the test.
Looking up at the sky, the small boy suddenly ran home.

4. Use a comma after words such as yes, no, well when they
begin a sentence.
Do you want to go to the library?
Yes, I do.
I didn't pass the test.

Well, study more.

5. Use commas to separate the words of a speaker from the rest


of the sentence.
~

"Listen to me," she said.


Jack asked, "Where's my lunch?"
"I don't know," said John, "the answer to the question."
6.

Use a comma in dates and addresses.


June 9, 1970
143 Main Street, Los Angeles, California

7.

Use a comma in figures to separate

5,000 (or 5000)

10,000

6,550,000

F-3

thousand~.

Capitalization
1.

Capitalize the first word of a sentence.


The boy stood up and walked outside.

Your book is behind the chair.

2. Capitalize the names of people, cities, states, countries,


and languages.
Mark
San Antonio
Texas
Spain
Arabic

Bill
Chicago
California
United states
Chinese

Mary
Houston
Florida
Canada
Russian

Linda
London
New York
Venezuela
English

3. Capitalize the names of schools, streets, buildings,


bridges, companies, and organizations.
University of Chicago
Defense Language Institute
Empire State Building
Main Steet
Clark Avenue
General Motors
Golden Gate Bridge
Ford Motor Company
National Football League
4. Capitalize the days of the week, months of the year, and
hOlidays.
Sunday
June
Christmas
5.

Tuesday

August

Thanksgiving

Capitalize titles and military ranks before names.


Gen Roberts
Professor Land

6.

Monday
July
Easter

Capt Smith
Sgt Jones

President Lincoln

Capitalize the pronoun "I."


I can't go with you.

I'm happy to see you again.

7.

Capitalize the first word of every direct quotation.


She asked, "Can I sit here?"

"We saw her," said John, "at the University."

F-4

HOMEWORK FOR BOOK 11 LESSON 1

A.

Write a sentence about the picture .

...

EXAMPLE:

She has a pain

1.

in her back.

2.

3.

HW-l

5.

4.

7.

6.

HW-2

B.

Read the paragraph and look at the pictures; then complete


the sentences.
NED HAS AN AWFUL COLD.

I went to see Ned yesterday.

When I

He was also

he was

, and his nose was

With his runny nose, he had a bad pain in his

chest, too.

His

made his

more.

While I was there, he took his

temperature with a

had a fever.

, and he

How did he catch his cold?

someone at work.

Maybe he caught it from

Or' did he catch it when he walked home from the

office in the rain?

He wasn't sure.

He only knew that the

, and

other symptoms were not pleasant.

HW-3

Ned really felt bad yesterday.

c.

Use the words in the box to complete the sentences.

annual
anymore
appointment

checkup
come in
emergency

regular
sometime
still

examination
make it
physical

1.

Ted had the flu last month, and he

2.

He wants to see a doctor

feels weak.
soon, but he's not

in a hurry.
3.

Ted doesn't need help right away.

This isn't an

4.

When Ted called Dr. Dean's office, the clerk asked him to

on Monday.

5.

He couldn't

to the doctor's

6.

Now he has an

7.

Ted was a patient of Dr. Hill's, but he's not

8.

He's been a

off~ce

on Monday.

with Dr. Dean on Tuesday.

patient of Dr. Dean's for three

years.
9.

Ted gets a

from Dr. Dean every year, but

appointment isn't for his


10.

He wants an

th~s

exam.
now because he thinks he has a

problem.

HW-4

D.

Follow the directions.

1.

Draw a vertical line:

2.

Put a dot in the square:

3.

Draw parallel lines:

4.

Draw a line two inches long:

5.

Connect these three dots:

6.

Draw a horizontal line:

7.

Put the letter X in the middle of the circle:

~
B

8.

Draw a line (B) perpendicular to line A:

9.

Draw a line one inch long:

10.

Put two dots in the square:

HW-5

--------

E.

1.

Answer the questions in complete sentences.


in ( ).

Use the words

Has Ali been in the United states since November?


month)

(no, last

,2.

Has your daughter had a fever since yesterday?


yesterday afternoon)

3.

Has Lt Cantu been a student here since March?


April)

4.

Has Sgt Higgins been in Turkey for four years?

5.

Has the major had that backache since he moved his desk?
(no, his bookcase)

HW-6

(yes,

(no, since

(yes)

------------

F.

Make sentences from the words.

EXAMP~E:

Use have or has and

Andy/play/baseball/two hours
Andy has been play~ng baseball for two hours.

1.

Robert/watch/TV/6:30

2.

Major Evans/wait/Captain Vassar/thirty minutes

3.

Mr. Moore's students/study/3:00

4.

baby/cry/all night

5.

men/exercise/two hours

HW-7

-~ng.

G.

Read the paragraph; then write the answers to the questions


in complete sentences.
Frank has been home all day today.
He has had a fever
and a cough for two days. He's been taking medicine since
last night. How long will he have to stay home? He doesn't
know. He hopes to return to work by Thursday.

1.

How long has Frank been home?

2.

What has he had?

3.

How long has he been taking medicine?

4.

How long will he have to stay home?

H.

1.

Read the sentence. Use the other words in the sentence to


find what the underlined word means. Write may be, is not
or is on the line.
a.

Tony's car stalled.


The meaning of stalled

stopped on the road.


had a flat tire.
wouldn't start.

HW-8

b.

Tony's car stalled while he was driving.


The meaning of stalled

stopped on the road.


had a flat tire.
wouldn't start.

c.

Tony's car stalled while he was driving and wouldn't


start again.
The meaning of stalled

stopped on the road.


had a flat tire.
wouldn't start .

2.

a.

Hal bought the plan.


A plan

a mechanic's tool.
a piece of furniture.
a kind of picture.

b.

Hal bought the plan for his new home.


A plan

a mechanic's tool.
a piece of furniture.
a kind of picture.

c.

Hal has bought the plan for his new home from a company
that builds houses.
A plan

_ a mechanic's tool.
a piece of furniture.
a kind of picture.

HW-9

I.

Read the paragraph and select a word from below for each
number. Then write a correct paragraph.
Sam is trying to
He has a bad
his

He can't

hurts.

, but he isn't doing very well.

anything.

When he

, and he has

study for a test

take a bus

He called the

1.

play soccer

2.

head

headache

3.

read

hear

4.

runs

reads

5.

chest

6.

doctor

7.

an appointment

8.

the doctor

head

earache
sit
drives
nose
dispensary

mechanic

a football game
his wife

HW-lO

a lesson

this afternoon

for

hom 'the ,words in' COI umn A to' the correct words

Then.

writeS. paragraph with the sentences .

.~r~~ij.~i .

Column B

1.,.\~$::1:,.ti:.;heGalledthe

. 11~ii~j"'''~ht.. a "
~;.:;';;~~t mdr;n:Lng

. ;,;,.
.

.'

backache when he got up .

about his symptoms .

Ted had a

1 o'clock appointment .

doctor's office.
that he had a'physical
last month.
t~e date of his,last
checkup .
.

':~'t~,.'c.;9u,9hed ,

',"hntlenks
,
it ..... ,
. , ' . see
"

,.

,!;:;"t\f~M'.r."6::as'jd about

'1

.
j

nose, and a temperature.

you at 1 o'clock."

;,"'1"'

,.

'"t'

..

'>.~-

{,;~-~!'+':':"""''"''"'':'-''''''--'-;''''-7--~--~~-'----"''''':'""~--'-~----'---~~~-''----~

:".:'

~ilii,~~~I~I~1"':;":~' ~,'"~,;~
; :!~' r,~::::::;'

o:'-'

'.

;""-

"";"''''';'''_ _--'-'''''''

..

--'''_---'"'';'''''_ _--:'

..

. '.

-'''';'''-

HOMEWORK FOR BOOK 11 LESSON 2


A.

Complete the sentences.

sidewalk
one-way
slow down

1.

Use the words in the box.

intersection
right-of-way
steering wheel

lanes
ways
si.gns

two-way
pass
signal

Obey all traffic

2.

when the streets are wet .

3.

Always

when you change

4. Never

a vehicle when you're going up a hill.

5.

At a yield sign, give the

6.

Traffic moves in both directions on a

7.

On a

to other cars.
street.

street, all vehicles must go in the same

direction.

8.

Keep both hands on the

9.

Before you cross an

10.

when you drive.

- - - - - - - - -,

look both

Don't walk in the street when there's a


pedestrians.

HW-13

for

B.

Match the words in column A with those in column B.


the correct letter in the blank.
Column B

Column A
1.

ahead

a.

teacher

2.

lane

b.

a person who's walking

3.

pedestrian

c.

go faster

4.

instructor

d.

a change in direction

5.

way

e.

not nervous

6.

cautious

f.

in front; in advance

7.

turn

g.

part of a road

8.

speed up

h.

obey; go or come behind

9.

follow

i.

careful

relaxed

j.

direction; how to do
something

- - -10.

C.

Write

Write answers to the questions about the dialog.


complete sentences.

Policeman:
Clarence:

Policeman:
Clarence:
Policeman:

Use

You were speeding, young man. The speed limit here


is 30 miles an hour. You were going 45.
I'm sorry, sir. I didn't mean to speed. The one-way
streets confused me.
I'm lost and can't find the
Army post.
You failed to obey the speed limit signs.
give you a ticket.
Yes, sir.

have to

I understand.

Here you are.


It's about half a mile to the post.
Go to the next intersection and turn left.

HW-14

E.

Change the sentences to questions.

EXAMPLE:

1.

Somebody please move that table.


Will somebody please move that table?

Nobody wants to go outdoors in this cold weather.

;;

2.

There was no one at Jim's apartment.

3.

Someone will be there after 4:30.

4.

No one would answer his question.

F.

Change the sentences from affirmative to negative.


Replace
the underlined adjective in the sentence with the adjective
in ( ).

EXAMPLE:

1.

Mike gets lost when he travels out of town.


(nervous)
Mike doesn~et nervous when he travels out of town.

The weather got worse on Saturday.

HW-16

(better)

2.

New cars will become more expensive next year.

3.

Jim gets bored on an airline flight.

4.

The children usually get hungry before dinner.

G.

(nervous)

Answer the questions in complete sentences.


get.

1.

When do you get angry?

2.

When will you become a (next rank)?

3.

Where did you get lost?

4.

When do you get nervous?

HW-17

(cheaper)

(tired)

Use become or

H.

Write one sentence from two sentences.

1.

Did you see the accident?


It happened yesterday.
(that)

2.

I don't know the name of the clerk.


She helped me.
(who)

3.

What's the number of the flight?


It goes to Houston.
(which)

4.

This is the pay phone.


It doesn't work anymore.

I.

Complete the sentences.

Use the words in ( ).

(that)

Use who, which, or that.

1.

I like movies

2.

I like a person

3.

I have a friend

4.

I've never had a vacation

5.

I don't like people

---------------------------

HW-18

J.

Read the paragraph.

Use the chart to complete the outline.

All countries use six colors for traffic signs.


Three
colors--red, yellow, and white--tell you the rules for
driving.
Red signs tell you not to move, and yellow signs
tell you to use caution. White signs give the speed limit or
the direction that traffic can move.
Three other colors-
orange, blue, and green--give different kinds of information.
Orange signs tell us that people are working on the road.
Blue signs tell us about things like gas stations, restrooms,
or hospitals.
Green signs give directions to other streets
and roads.
Traffic sign colors

information

rules

[-

--e=
red

yellow

white

orange

Traffic Sign Colors

A.
1.

2.

3.

B.

1.

2.

3.

HW-19

blue

~
green

K.

Draw a line from the words in Column A to the words in


Column B that complete the sentence.
Then write the
sentences in the correct order to make a paragraph.
Column B

Column A
He tried to return to the
accident because he was

worried about the people

who might be hurt,

really began to worry!

He thought he was the only


person on the highway, but
when he came to the top of
a hill,

but he couldn't find it

again; the cars weren't

there anymore.

Then Col King

work one dark, rainy


night.

Col King was driving home from

to call the police.

He drove to the nearest house


and used the telephone there

he saw that there was an


accident on the road
ahead.

HW-20

HOMEWORK FOR BOOK 11 LESSON 3

A.

Complete the sentences in the dialogs.


box.

motor
noise
oil

brakes
greased
guarantee
guarantees

l.

Fred:

Listen!

Use the words in the

stalled
tune-up
tuned up
warm up

The engine is making a funny

Can you hear it?


Fran:

Yes, I can.

After you started the

did you let it


Fred:

Yes, I did.

for a few minutes?

It stopped, but I started it again.

Before I was able to leave, it

second time.
Fran:

It may need a

I think you should

call the garage.


2.

Meg:

I took the car to the garage yesterday.


it,

The mechanic

the engine, and

changed the
Hal:

I've been worried because the car doesn't stop very


well.

Meg:

Yes.

Did he check the

- - - - - - - ?

We shouldn't have any more problems.

He gave us

a 60-day
Hal:

I'm glad to know that he

HW-21

his work.

B.

Read the stories and answer the questions in complete


sentences. Use the underlined words in your answers.

1.

Steve and Marge enjoy eating at Ray's Restaurant. The


service there is slow, but they're always satisfied with
their meals.
Some restaurants cook a lot of their food in
grease or oil, but not at Ray's. The food there is never
greasy. Ray's is noisy when it's crowded, but Steve and
Marge usually don't mind the noise.

a.

Do the waiters at Ray's Restaurant bring the food right

away?

b.

Are Steve and Marge ever unhappy with their meals at Ray's?

c.

What do some restaurants do with a lot of their food?

d.

Does Ray's Restaurant serve greasy food?

e.

Is there always too much noise in the restaurant?

HW-22

2.

The hose in Mark's yard leaked. Because he couldn't


fix the leak, he decided to buy a hose that was on sale at a
store in the mall. He had a bad time. The new hose was
leaky, too. He wanted to exchange it, 'but the store didn't
have any more hoses. The clerk told Mark she'd refund his
money, but he didn't want a refund. He wanted a new hose.
He gave back the leaky hose and asked her to credit the
price of the hose to his account. Next week, when the store
gets more hoses, he can pick up a new one. The clerk didn't
want a dissatisfied customer. She was happy to help Mark.

a.

What was the matter with Mark's old hose?

b.

Why did he decide to buy a new one?

c.

Did he pay the regular price for the hose?

d.

Was the new hose all right?

e.

Was Mark able to give back the leaky hose and get another
one?

f.

Why didn't the clerk refund Mark's money?

g.

What did the clerk do?

h.

Why was the clerk happy to help Mark?

HW-23

c.

Find the words that end in y and circle them. The letters in
the words can go up or down, from left to right, or from
right to left. The words can be vertical or horizontal, but
the letters will always be in a straight line.
c w
1 a
0 s
u t
d h
y p
p e
y s
s h
a m
e z
r k
g 1

cloudy
funny
greasy
icy
leaky
noisy
oily
rainy
salty
snowy
soapy
stormy
sunny
watery

D.

a t
1 m
x y
u 1
j i
a 0
d s
i 0
a r
b c
h x
1 n
s n

e
g
n
r
k
s
u
n
n
y
i
g
0

r
e
n
w
m
a
q

u
y
n
n
x
w

y h 1
r i e
u f a
b d k
b n y
1 t Y
g 0 s
t v t
1 m 0
i a r
i a m
c b y
y P d

Underline the correct word.

EXAMPLE:

The weekend was (rain, rainy.)

1.

Yesterday was cool and (sun, sunny).

2.

The cook uses a lot of (salt, salty).

3.

Be careful!

4.

What's making that awful (noise, noisy)?

5.

January is usually a (snow, snowy) month.

6.

Is there enough (oil, oily) in the engine?

7.

A mechanic's hands are often (grease, greasy).

8.

Three inches of (rain, rainy) fell last night.

9.

The airplane took off in (storm, stormy) weather.

10.

The stairs are (ice, icy).

A person with a cold often has (water, watery) eyes.

HW-24

.:>

E.

Complete the sentences with too + an adjective.

EXAMPLE:

We didn't swim.

The water was

too cold.

1.

I can't drink this coffee.

2.

Beth won't be able to lift that box.

It's.

---------------It's

for her.

3.

You shouldn't put on that shirt.

It's

to

wear again.

4.

I couldn't relax before the exam.

5. We can't go to the movie now.

I was

It's
to talk to anyone.

6.

Don't bother him.

He's

7.

George didn't go to work today.

8.

Don't buy that car.

9.

Are you going to class now?

He was

It's
It's only 6:00 a.m.

It's

to leave.

10.

Can you turn on another light?


here to see anything.

HW-25

It's

in

F.

Answer the questions in complete sentences.


in ( ).

EXAMPLE:

Use the words

Did Calvin move to find a better job?


(no, save money)
No, he moved to save money.

1.

Do you want to stop at the mall to shop?

2.

Did you use the car to go anywhere today?

3.

Is Sara moving to Dallas to work?

4.

Did Henry go to the library to study?

5.

Are you going to pay someone to cut the grass while you're
on vacation? (yes, my neighbor's son)

HW-26

(no, eat dinner)

(yes, downtown)

(no, go to school)

(no, meet his friend)

G.

Complete the questions.

EXAMPLE:

What

is Donna coming to borrow?

Donna is coming to borrow my tape recorder.


1.

When
Ken

2.

ca~led

last weekend to tell me about the party.

How often
We stop here to eat breakfast two or three times a week.

3.

How much
She paid the mechanic eighty dollars to fix the brakes.

4.

Why
I come to the library to study because it's not noisy here.

5.

Where
I usually go to a department store to buy shoes.

6.

What
They used a credit card to pay for their meal.

HW-27

H.

Write one sentence with an independent clause and a dependent


claJse. Use the word in ( ). Two clauses joined by "who" or
"that" cannot be written two ways like the example.

EXAMPLE:

Tim's car stalled.


He turned the corner.

(when)

Tim's car stalled when he turned the corner.


Or:
1.

2.

When he turned the corner, Tim's car stalled.

Ted waited.
Someone changed the oil in his car.

(while)

Sam wants to check the brakes.

He drives his car to California next week.

3.

The mechanic had to order the part.


He needed it for the car.
(that)

4.

Mark was dissatisfied with the service.


The garage gave him a refund.
(until)

5.

First the clerk helped the customer.


The customer was in a hurry.
(who)

HW-28

(before)

I. Read the paragraph; then choose a word for each number. Add
the words to the paragraph and write it on the lines below.
1.

The (1) car was (2).


It really made (.3) noises. Ted
bought it (4) for his (5). He thinks a (6) will help it.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
("5)
(6)

2.

new, fast, old


cheap, expensive, noisy
awful, different, funny
on credit, for cash, last week

job, vacation, son

tune-up, warm up, oil change

Howard and Helen went to a (1) restaurant. The food


was (2). The service was (3). They were both (4) and ,
decided to (5).
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)

new, old, noisy


tasty, salty, greasy
good, bad, slow
unhappy, satisfied, hungry
leave, eat, return

HW-29

J.

Wr!te the topic and the main idea of the paragraph.


write a title for it.

Then

Title:
A policeman has a difficult job. He has to watch for
people who fail to stop at signal lights and stop signs. He
must stop drivers who don't obey the speed limit or who
break other rules. He does all this while he's making and
answering radio calls. He has to be ready to help people,
too. A policeman works very hard, but people don't always
realize it.
Topic:
Main idea:

K.

Read the paragraph and select the best summary.


Often people fail to do something right because they
don't follow instructions. Maybe they can't remember them,
or maybe they never read or heard them.
Sometimes
instructions are not clear and confuse people. Before they
start a job that's new to them, they should ask for
instructions and then follow them exactly. That way, they'll
save time.
They won'~ spend too much time on the job or do
it wrong and then have to do it again.
a.

People often don't follow instructions, but they should.


They can save time by doing a job quickly and correctly.

b.

Some people don't follow instructions because they can't


remember or understand them. Others don't read them.

c.

When the instructions for a job are confusing, people


should ask someone to explain them before they begin.

HW-30

L.

Use parts of both sentences to make a new sentence with one


independent clause.

EXAMPLE:

Sally made an appointment yesterday.


The appointment is for a checkup.
Sally made an appointment for a checkup yesterday.

1.

Mrs. Martin has an appointment today.

It's with her dentist.

2.

Ken has had a pain for several days.


It's in his right leg.

3.

The car hit the man.

Hewes in the pedestrian crossing.

4.

The book is about driving rules.


It's on my desk.

5.

The driver didn't see the signal.


It was at the railroad crossing.

HW-31

M.

Follow the directions and draw a pictures


l.

Draw curved lines in a circle from A to B, C, D, and to A

again.

2.

Draw curved lines from D to E, F, G, and to D again.

3.

Draw curved lines from H to I, J, K, E, and to H again.

4.

Draw curved lines from E to L, M, N, H, and to E again.

5.

Draw a line from 0 to line FG, and from P to line FG also.

6.

Draw a ling from Q to line GD, and from R to line GD also.

7.

Draw a line from S to line AB, and also from T to line AB.
What did you draw?
J

M
L K

N.

F.

E. . 1
.A .T
.H .D .B
.C
G.

0 p

HW-32

Q R

:.

HOMEWORK FOR BOOK 11 LESSON 4

A.

Complete the sentences.

Use the words in the box.

dJ.sh

funny

entertaining
en'tertainment

frightening
plan 'to

recommend
serves

varie-ty

programs

Some like

People enjoy different kinds of

to go to movies, some like to stay at home and watch TV, and some
like to go out to eat.
You can usually choose from a

of movies.

You can be afraid at a movie that's


movie that's

- - - - - - - - -,

--------- ,

laugh at a

or see one that's just

People who like to stay at home can watch a variety of TV


Everyone has a favorite one and will
it to his friends.
When you

go out to eat, you can usually find

a restaurant that

your favorite kind of food.

Almost every restaurant has one


popular with its customers.

HW-33

that is very

B.

Match the words that are opposites. Write the letter of the
word(s) in Column B beside the correct word in Column A.
Column B

Column A
1.

could

a.

awful; terrible

2.

dull

b.

bad; small

3.

entertaining

c.

boring

4.

frequently

d.

cry

5.

great

e.

interesting; sharp

6.

impolite

f.

late

7.

laugh

g.

polite

8.

prompt

h.

politely

9.

rudely

i.

save

- - -10.

spend

j.

seldom

- - -11.

terrible

k.

great; wonderful

- - -12.

wonderful

1.

wasn't able to.

HW-34

c.

Use the information in the paragraph and the boxes to write


the outline.
There are many good restaurants in this city. People
enjoy going to them because they serve good food and give
good service. They may serve a wide variety of food, or they
may serve just a few dishes. Their customers like the polite
waiters and the prompt meals.

Restaurants

good service

good tood

a variety
of dishes

a few dishes

polite waiters

Restaurants

;;

A.
1.

2.

B.

1.

2.

HW-35

prompt meals

L __

l
I

D.

Use the words in the box to complete the sentences.

almost
boring
busy
channel

entertained
felt
frequently
frightened

reasonable
rudely
sharp
terribly

intends
laughed
plan
promptly

1.

Mary goes to the movies three times a week.

She goes

2.

The prices at this hotel are not high.

3.

I was afraid when I had an automobile accident.

They're

It

me.

4.

We listened to fine music while we ate.

The music

us.
5.

That TV program was very funny.

We

a lot

while we were watching it.


6.

We didn't have to wait long for the taxi.

7.

What did he think of the movie?

It arrived

He

it was

dull.
8.

Is he going back to that restaurant?

9.

Because I couldn't cut my meat, I asked for a


knife.

HW-36

No, that's not his

is it on?

10.

I want to see the news on TV.

Which

11.

The waiter was very impolite.

He spoke to us

12.

That movie was very dull.

I fell asleep because it was so

13.

He's doing a lot of work.

He's very

14.

The party last night was

noisy.

In fact,

someone called the police because it was so loud.


15.

Henry plans to go to work early and stay late.

He

to work all day.


16.

Paula is 19 now, but her birthday is next Saturday.

She's

20 years old.

E.

Change the sentences.

EXAMPLE:

Use cou1dn't and the word(s) in ( ).

Jennifer can play tennis now.

(two months ago)

She couldn't play tennis two months ago.

1.

The Harrisons could check in at 2:00 p.m.

2.

Peter could mail the package before 5:00 p.m.


(after 5:00 p.m.)

HW-37

(noon)

3.

Joe could fix his sister's car.

(his brother's truck)

4.

Mike could drive when he was eighteen.

(fifteen)

5.

F.

The pedestrian could describe the accident.

(vehicle)

Read the paragraph and select the best summary.


Many people get the flu in the winter. Some people
feel bad for just two or three days, and others are sick
for much longer. The symptoms of the flu are usually fever,
headache, backache, a runny nose, and sometimes a cough.
Take some medicine for the pain and fever and drink a lot of
fruit juice. When you have the flu, you can't do much.
Just stay home and get a lot of rest.
a.

Fever, a cough, and a runny nose are symptoms of the flu.


Many people who are sick with the flu also have backaches
and headaches.

b.

Some people are sick for only a few days when they have
the flu in the winter. Other people are sick for a much
longer time.

c.

The flu lasts a few days or longer and causes a variety


of symptoms. Medicine, fruit juice, and rest can help
when you have it.

HW-38

G.

Answer the questions about the dialogs.


sentences.

EXAMPLE:

Jane:
John:

Use complete

Is that movie any good?


Yes, it's very funny.

What did John tell Jane?


He told her that the movie was very funny.
1.

Anne:
Mike:

How's the food in the cafeteria?

It tastes all right.

What did Mike tell Anne about the food in the cafeteria?

2.

Thomas:
Howard:

Do we need to stop for gas?


Yes, the tank's almost empty.

What did Howard tell Thomas?

3.

Alice:
Allen:

Is your brother in the military?


No, he's not.

What did Allen say about his brother?

4.

Mary:
Mark:

What's wrong with the engine?


I think i t just needs a tune-up.

What did Mark tell Mary?

HW-39

H.
1.

Circle the correct answer.


I

a.
b.
c.
d.

11:00.

don't have to be home


for
from
until
since

::

2.

The children have been in bed


a.
b.
c.
d.

3.

4.

at
for
till
from

'"

c.
d.

c.
d.

thirty minutes?

at
in
on
to

Can the doctor see me


a.
b.

class.

at
for
after
since

Can you be here


a.
b.

6.

10:00.

We're going to the gym


a.
b.
c.
d.

5.

in
from
for
since

The stores in the mall open


a.
b.
c.
d.

9:00.

Thursday?

on
for
till
from

HW-40

I. Read the sentence. Use the other words in the sentence to


find what the underlined word means. Write may be, is not,
or is on the line.
l. a.

The humidity is high.


Humidity

temperature.
a kind of cloud.
water in the

b.

air~

The weather is cool but the humidity is high.


Humidity

temperature.
a kind of cloud.
water in the air.

c.

The weather is cool and the sky is clear, but the


humidity is high.
Humidity

temperature.
a kind of cloud.
water in the air.

2. . a.

The man s lipped.


Slipped

walked.
climbed.
fell down.

b.

The man slipped on the sidewalk.


Slipped

walked.
climbed.
fell down.

HW-41

c.

The man slipped on the icy sidewalk and qouldn't get up.
Slipped

walked.

climbed.

fell down.

J.

Make a new sentence that uses parts of both sentences.

EXAMPLE:

Bob watched the movie.


It was on TV.
Bob watched the movie on TV.

1.

Nell recommended the clothing store.

It's in the mall.

2.

Fred is planning a trip.


It's to the mountains.

3.

The children loved the movie.


It was about animals.

4.

Lt Lee always goes to the library.


He goes there to study.

HW-42

K.

Write one sentence from two sentences.

EXAMPLE:

Use the word in ( ).

The show ended.


We ate dinner.
(after)
After the show ended, we ate dinner.

or

We ate dinner after the show ended.

1.

Herb worked on the car.


He drove it to work.
(before)

2.

Fran planned to buy a new dress.


She went to the mall.
(when)

3.

He went to tQe BX.

He went to the bank.

4.

5.

(after)

He works on his homework.

His wife tells him that dinner's ready.

It's been a long time.

Henry went to the movies.

(since)

HW-43

(until)

EVALUATION EXERCISES FOR BOOK 11 LESSON 1

,A.

Listen to a paragraph and select the topic.


The paragraph is about
a.
b.
c.

B.
l.

Listen to a dialog and select the best answer.


The people are using a
a
b.
c.

2.

classes and vacations in U.S. schools


the best times for vacations in the U.S.
teachers and children in U.s. schools

vending machine
camera
tape recorder

The people are in a


8.

b.
c.

drug store
hospital
doctor's office

...

3.

The people are at a

a.
b.
c.

restaurant
motel
library

'.

EE-l

C.

Listen to a paragraph the first time. Write the paragraph on


the lines below when you hear it the second time. Check your
writing when you hear the paragraph the third time.
Be
careful to use the correct punctuation.

D.

Write answers to the questions.

Use the words in ( ).

1.

Where have you been going every evening?

(the library)

2.

What have you been doing at the library?

(studying math)

3.

Has your roommate been studying after dinner, too?


(no, working out at the gym)

EE-2

E.

Complete the questions.


1.

How long
steve has been in England for several years.

2.

How long
He's had a job there for a year and a half.

3.

Has
NO, he hasn't had any problems.

4.

Have
Yes, Steve and

F.

"

Everything's been OK.

have been friends for a long time.

Read the sentence. Use the other words in the sentence to


find what the underlined word means. Write may be, is not or
is on the line.
She watched the signal.

A signal

a traffic light.
a pOliceman.
a symptom.

She watched the signal at the corner.


A

signal

a traffic light.
a policeman.
a symptom.

".

She watched the signal at the corner and saw it turn green.
A

signal

a traffic light.
a policeman.
a symptom.

EE-3

G.

Follow the instructions and draw a picture.

1.

Draw horizontal lines from dot A to dot B and from dot D to

dot C.

2.

Draw verti.cal lines from dot D to dot A and from dot C to

dot B.

3.

Draw a line from dot E perpendicular to line AB.

4.

Use straight lines to connect dots D and F, F and E, E and


G, and G and C.

5.

Connect dot H to r and dot J to dot K.

6.

Draw parallel lines from dots Hand r perpendicular to line

AB and from dots J and K perpendicular to line AB.

<;

D.

.C

I:]
H.

[~I

1=1

1=1

.r

J.

.K

A.

.B

What did you draw?

EE-4

H.

Complete the dialog.


Clerk:

Patient:

Use the words in ( ).

Dr. Bee's office.


This is
(appointment)

(your name)

Clerk:
Patient:

Is this appointment for a physical?


Yes.
(checkup)

Clerk:
Patient:

Are you having any problems?


No.
(physical)

Clerk:
Patient:

Is next Thursday at 10 o'clock all right?


Yes.
(good)

EE-5

EVALUATION EXERCISES FOR BOOK 11 LESSON 2

A.

1.

..,

3.

5.

Ask and answer questions about the signs .

2.

4.

[r.D\i\1!

6.

8
SPEED

7.

9.

I8NEWAY ]

<$>

8.

LIMIT

55
10.

EE-7

B.

Listen and put the punctuation marks in the correct place.

COLUMNS
A

KEY
1

"

quotation
marks

..,

period
R
0
W

comma

question
mark

,.

semicolon

colon

--

EE-8

c.

Use parts of both sentences to write a new sentence.


word in ( ).

1.

Ted didn't see the car.


It ran the stop sign.
(which)

2.

The taxi hit a pedestrian~

The pedestrian was crossing the street.

3.

Kay's instructor gives her advice.


The advice helps her.
(that)

EE-9

(who)

Use the

D.
1.

Circle the correct answer.


The instructor's office
a.
b.
c.

2.

3.

Sgt Peters next month.

being
get
become

Did the children


a.
b.
c.

4.

got
became
been

AlC Peters will


a.
b.
c.

a.

c.

tired on the trip?

get
became
have

Gertrude
b.

a classroom.

upset when she makes a mistake.

does
has
gets

EE-IO

E.

Match one part of the sentence with the other.


correct letter beside the number.

Write the

1.

The truck missed the


pedestrian

a.

which were on the


emergency vehicle.

2.

Ed is the instructor

b.

that Marge is reading.

3.

The yellow light is


the signal

c.

that has good food and


good waiters.

4.

That is the book

d.

that sells ice cream.

5.

I'd like to find a


vending machine

e.

who was crossing at the


intersection.

6.

The driver flashed


the red lights

f.

who teaches driving


lessons.

7.

A h~adache and cough


were the symptoms

g.

who is a nurse in Dr.


Crocker's office.

8.

Charlie's is the
restaurant

h.

that Mary had when she


woke up this morning.

9.

This is the street

i.

which means you should


be cautious.

Helen is the one

j.

that is one-way.

- - -10.

EE-ll

F.

Read the paragraph; then write the topic and the main idea.
Many people don't obey the speed limit. They don't
worry about it, but they should. First, they need to realize
that they're often not safe drivers when they're trying to
get to a place in a hurry. Second, they use more gas than
slower drivers.
Third, a ticket could cost time and money.
Fourth and most important, an accident can cause a lot of
pain for everyone who is in it.
Topic:
Main idea:

EE-12
i

I
j

EVALUATION EXERCISES FOR BOOK 11 LESSON 3

A.

1.

Take a role and read the information.


Then make a short
conversation about it with another student.
Customer:
Mechani:c:

Dissatisfied with motor tune-up after he paid the

mechanic for it.

Says there is a guarantee, and he will check the

engine.

2.

Customer:
Waiter:

Dissatisfied with cold soup.

Happy to get a bawl of hot soup.

3.

Customer:
Clerk:

Wants to return a shirt that is too big.

Asks for sales Slip.

4.

Customer.:
Waiter:

Doesn't like the milk; wants another glass.

Asks politely, "What's wrong with the milk?"

and gets another glass.

5.

Customer:
Clerk:

Wants to exchange a radio that isn't working.

Says guarantee ended; store will be happy to

repair radio.

6.

Customer:
Mechanic:

Car still stalls after service.

Apologizes and tells customer there will not be a

charge.

7.

Customer:
Clerk:

Bought a sweater that's the wrong color.

Tells the customer that he can exchange the

sweater or get credit for i t on his account.

8.

Customer:
Mechanic:

Car hasn't had service in a long time.

Asks customer to bring car to garage for a

checkup.

9.

Customer:
Waiter:

Wants to change tables because of noise.

Doesn't have another table right now.

10.

Customer:
Clerk:

Wants to return a leaky hose.

Will give a refund .

.
'

EE-13

-_._---------

B.

Listen to a question.
Use too and the words in your book
to answer the question.

EXAMPLES:

I:
S:
I:
S:

Are you going to eat that orange?


no, sour
No, it's too sour (to eat).
Can you remember the address?

yes, not difficult

Yes, it's not too difficult (to remember).

l-

no, expensive

2.

no, early

3.

yes, not bitter

4.

no, late

5.

no, tired

6.

no, young

7.

yes, not tight

8.

yes, not hard

9.

no, heavy

10.

yes, not dirty

..

1l
1

EE-14

C.
1.

Circle the correct answer.


He called the doctor's office to
a.
b.
c.

2.

Fred used a wrench to


a.
b.
c.

3.

4.

loosen the nut


get a tire
fill the gas tank

Hank stopped at the gas station to


a.
b.
c.

buy some medicine


get some money
change his appointment

eat some lunch


buy some oil
mail some letters

Sue went to the laundry to


a.buy a new dress
b. make a reservation
c. get the clean clothes

5.

Shiela moved to Los Angeles to


a.
b.
c.

cash a check
find a better job
visit a good friend

EE-15

I-

D.

Add a -y suffix to the underlined noun and make a new


sentence.

EXAMPLE:

The pilot flew the small plane in the storm.


The pilot flew the small plane in stormy weather.

1.

The car made a lot of noise.

2.

There was oil on the garage floor.

3.

The sun shines a lot in California.

4.

There's too much salt in this soup.

5.

Colorado has winters with a lot of snow.

~
I

EE-16

E.

Read the paragraph and select the best summary.


title for the paragraph.

Then write a

Title:
Garages usually give guarantees with most of their work.
The mechanics want satisfied customers. They'll do the work
on your car; then they'll work on it again without a charge
when there's still a problem. Customers are unhappy when
they have to pay for the same thing two times. A
dissatisfied customer will usually not return, and he'll also
tell all of his friends that they shoUldn't go to that
garage.

a.

Sometimes a mechanic isn't able to fix all of your car's


problems when you bring it in to the garage the first
time.

b.

Garages usually guarantee their work because they don't


want to lose customers. Most unhappy customers won't
return.

c.

Guarantees are important. When garages don't give them,


their customers often have to pay for the same work
twice

'

EE-17

EVALUATION EXERCISES FOR BOOK 11 LESSON 4

A.

Give your opinion of a movie, restaurant, or TV show.


Then
ask another student for his opinion. You may use the kinds
of movies, restaurants, or shows below or add others.
1.

A regular TV sho

2.

A TV sports program

3.

A popular old movie

4.

A movie on TV this week

5.

One of the movies at the mall

6.

The evening news program on TV

7.

A cheap restaurant

8.

An expensive restaurant

9.

A good restaurant for a family

10.

A cafeteria or dining hall on base

EE-19

B.

Match the word in column A with the word in column B which


has the same meaning.
Column B

Column A

1.

wonderful

a.

very

2.

intend

b.

make happy

3.

promptly

c.

really

4.

entertain

d.

terrific, great

5.

loud

e.

not sharp; not interesting

6.

impolite

f.

because

7.

terribly

g.

awful

8.

dUll

h.

noisy

9.

in fact

i.

not polite; rude

since

j.

often

___11.

frequently

k.

mean to

- - -12.

terrible

1.

right away

10.

EE-20

c.

Read the sentence; then write another one that means the same
thing. Use could or couldn't in your sentence.

1.

Uncle Aldo never learned to drive.

2.

The instructor spoke too fast for me to understand.

3.

Did you know how to speak English a year ago?

4.

Janie was able to read before she was five years old.

EE-21

I
I

D.

Read the sentence. Use the other words in the sentence to


find what the underlined word means. Write ~ay be, is not or
is on the line.

i
t
I

I
i!

The weather cleared up.


Cleared up

became rainy.
became windy.
became sunny.

The rain ended and the weather cleared up.


Cleared up

became rainy.
became windy.
became sunny.

The rain ended, the wind stopped blowing, and the


cleared up.

we~ther

Cleared up

became rainy.
became windy.
became sunny.

I,,

EE-22

i
i

1,
i

,t

r
r

E.
1.

CirCle the correct answer.


How long will they be here?
a.
b.
c.

2.

What time do you want to meet?


a.
b.
c.

3.

for two weeks


in t~ree days
before yesterday

When do you want to go to the movie?


a.
b.
c.

5.

at noon
for 2 hours
since 2 o'clock

How long have you been here?


a.
b.
c.

4.

since Saturday
until Friday
after Tuesday

since lunch
until dinner
after dinner

When does your class have its morning break?

a.
b.
c.

for 45 minutes
until 10:00
from 9:00 until 9:20

I
,f

EE-23

F.
1.

Read the sentence and the question; then write the answer.
Frank:

Frieda, 1 1 m ready to go.

What did Frank tell Frieda?

~
"

J
.;,

2.

Meg:

Carl, I want to pay for dinner.

What did Meg tell Carl?

1
3.

Herb:

Jane, the food at that restaurant is great.

What did Herb tell Jane?

'"1

.....

'lIU.S. 00IIl!HM!Rl' PlUNl'ING CWICE:

1993-570-018/80106

EE-24