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The right solution for

Photovoltaic Power Systems.
More than 500 MW PV projects already equipped with
Bonglioli Inverters in India.

Courtesy Welspun Energy Limited, 30 MW Solar Plant, Gujarat

As one of the worlds leading players in clean energy today, Bonglioli

has an innovative know-how and technical capability to bring utility
and large-scale PV power plants to life.
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India and its 17 branches spread across the country catering to sales
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green revolution in India.
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For details please contact:

Bonglioli Transmissions (Pvt) Ltd,

Business unit-RePV, Survey No. 528/1, Perambakkam High Road,
Mannur Village, Sriperambudur Taluk, Chennai - 602 105, India

Omnimedia Group
G2, Ground oor, of Trisandhya B
Dadasaheb Phalke Road,
Dadar (East), Mumbai 400 014 INDIA
Tel: +91 22 6-9999-001
Rosa de Lima 1 bis, Edif. Alba, Ofce 104
28290 Las Matas. Madrid - Spain
Tel +34 916 308 591
Fax +34 916 308 595

Dear Energetica India Readers,

2011 Omnimedia SL

Tel: + 91 22 6-9999-002
Tel: +91 22 6-9999-001
Tel: + 91 22 6-9991-235

This issue combines the knowledge of Energetica India and the InterSolar India
2013event; with a focus on solar energy market in India.
On the solar side, India is moving ahead with JNNSM Phase II; with draft guidelines
of Batch I being announced. Energetica India takes you through the draft guidelines with
the article Indias next step to 750 MW Grid Solar PV power projects---JNNSM Phase II.
There are initiatives to promote the use of solar products, and the National Solar
Mission has been a subject of global talk. In this humdrum of development, the solar suppliers are quietly making an exodus from the market, as huge amount of excise is stuck
up without a trace. This is pushing solar specialists, and taking manufacturing companies
to trade with free zone countries. Energetica India journalist Sharada highlights one of
the issues that solar vendors across the countries are facing through her article India
Solars Excise Problems.
Learn more about Indias renewable energy industry and what stakeholders are
doing through Energetica India interviews. In this issue we discuss company plans and
products with:
The government aims to promote the green building principles & concept with emphasis on the renewable energy application in the green buildings among the stakeholders through a combination of promotional incentives and support majors in the country.
Buildings scheme to push Indias New & Upcoming Solar Market of Green Buildings
The REC market has gone through its ups and downs and the industry is still looking at the government to implement strict measures. Energetica India highlights the RPO
targets of each state along with analysing the RPO regulation for captive users from each
state. Read our article Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) Analysis to learn more.



And not to forget the Exclusive Analysis from Indias top renewable energy consultants through our very own Energetica Indias Blog Stable.



If you are a blogger and would like to use Energetica India platform to promote your
blog, please feel free to contact us.

Layout & Design
The views expressed in the magazine are not necessarily those of the
editor or publisher. The magazine and all of the text and images contained
therein are protected by copyright. If you would like to use an article from
Energetica India or our website you may obtain
the rights by calling OMNIMEDIA, S.L.

It is also a pleasure to let our readers know that Mr.Bharat Vasandani, Country
Manager, India, OmniMedia Group was a Jury Member of InterSolar India 2013 Awards.
If your organization is looking at focused media coverage, we welcome you to join
our Strategic Alliance Programme.
To read our other brand EcoConstruction India, please visit the website:
The EcoConstruction India brand works very well with solar companies looking at
the off-grid market because the magazine goes to real estate developers, architects and
construction companies.
We hope you enjoy reading our work.


Energetica India is member of the Spanish Editorials and
Newspapers publications Association. This association is member of


energetica india









Take advice

Energy News




Service Guide


Need a customized solution?
GP Tech helps you
Specialist in energy grid integration systems
for renewable sources




Mr. Gyanesh Chaudhary Managing Director, Vikram Solar Private Limited


Atlas Material
Emmvee Solar
Energy Expo
Energy Storage India
Exxon Mobil
Inside Back Cover
Gamesa Electric
G P Tech
Front Cover
Indian Energy Exchange
International Power Transmission
Intersolar India
Olbricht Automation
Pollutec 2013
Save Power Show
Schneider Electric
Inside Front Cover
Trojan Batteries
Unik Power
Vikram Solar
Back Cover
WeatherSys BKC
Zigor Corporacion


Mr. Tarun Munjal, Managing Director - meeco India at meeco Group


Mr. Samir Ashta, Director- Finance and Chief Financial Ofcer, CLP India


Mr. Anurag Garg, Vice President Solar Business, Schneider Electric, India


Mr. Andrew Wang, TBEA Sunoasis, Indian Executive Manager


Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) Analysis


From Energetica Indias Blog Stable


India Solars Excise Problems


A question of timely delivery and quality; Kadiri captive PV Power Plant Report


Securing the Supply Chain for Solar in India; a FICCI Report


Indias next step to 750 MW Grid Solar PV power projects. JNNSM Phase II


Solar Radiation Measurements: Why Accuracy Matters


How Solar is Transforming Rural India: Case Study


energetica india





Place: Singapore
Tel: +65 3156 1408

Date: 11-14 Nov 2013

Place : Mumbai
Organizer: MMI India Pvt. Ltd
Tel : +91 22 4255 4707







Date: 19-20 November 2013

Place : Bangalore
Organizer: Liveweek Business
Tel : +91-98101-70265
Email :
Website: http://www.

Date: 3-6 December 2013

Tel : +33 (0) 1 47 56 21 24

Date: 5-7 Dec 2013

Place : Ahmedabad, India
Organizer: CII
Tel : 91-22-24931790









Place : Cochin, India
Organizer: AOJ Media
Tel : +91 80 2520 1687





Date: 4-6 December 2013

Place : Mumbai, India
Organizer: Customized Energy Solutions &
Messe Dsseldorf India
Tel : +91- 11 26901659

Date: 5-7 December 2013

Place : New Delhi, India
Organizer: Department of Telecom (DOT), Govt.
Tel : +91 9873 522631

ENERGETICA INDIA invites Solar Off-Grid

companies to take advantage of Keralas upcoming
off-grid solar market through our media platform
Exclusive Advertisement Campaign please feel free
to contact us


Place : Mumbai, India
Tel : +91 80 25357028/9

Also available is ECOCONSTRUCTION INDIA; going

to builders/real estate companies/architects; to help
solar off-grid companies to connect to the end user



Date: 11-13 March 2014

Place : Lucknow, India
Organizer: India Industries Association
Tel : +91 - 76666 47373


Date: 12-14 March 2014
Place : Dhaka, Bangladesh
Organizer: Pakistan renewable Energy Society
Tel : +880 1713 17 64 22





Date: 9-10 May 2014

Place : Mumbai, India
Organizer: UBM
Tel : +91 9920 080077

Date: 23-26 September 2014

Place : Hamburg, Germany
Organizer: Hamburg Messe und Congress, and
Messe Husum & Congress.
Tel : +49 40 3569-2397



Date: 8-9 April 2014
Place : Cape Town, South Africa
Organizer: CSP Today
Tel : +44 (0)20 7422 4302



energetica india

India's Largest Exhibition

and Conference for the Solar Industry
Bombay Exhibition Centre, Mumbai


Intersolar India | EXHIBITION





Areas of Focus

November 1214, 2013

November 12 10:00am6:00pm
Wednesday November 13 10:00am6:00pm
November 14 10:00am5:00pm
Bombay Exhibition Centre (BEC), Hall 1
Western Express Highway, Goregaon East
Mumbai 400 063, India
Photovoltaics, PV Production Technologies,
Energy Storage and Solar Thermal Technologies
200 (expected)
8,500 (expected)
Tickets are free of charge and valid for
all three days. Pre-registration required at

Visitor Service


Save the Dates!
Taking place from November 1820, 2014
Bombay Exhibition Centre, Hall 6


This year, our Intersolar India in Mumbai is turning 5! That
means 5 years of invaluable insights into the international and
Indian solar markets. 5 years of in-depth discussions with
renowned experts and practitioners on the latest trends and
technologies shaping the industry as a whole. And 5 years of
unique opportunities to foster new relationships with other
professionals involved in this dynamic area.
Lets keep the ball rolling! To celebrate this event and forge
ahead on our path to fostering solar synergies around the
world, we warmly welcome you to join us!


The following services are included with your free entrance
Network and connect with 200 exhibitors and more than
8,500 visitors
Learn everything about the exhibitors latest technological
Source new business partners in one of the fastest growing
Get access to our selective program at the Presentation
Stage (booth 1170)
Join the Intersolar AWARD Ceremony and find out who will
be the next winner of the Intersolar AWARD in the category
Solar Projects in India. The Ceremony is taking place at
3:00pm on November 12, 2013 at the Presentation Stage
(booth 1170)
Take Intersolar Indias Event Directory home in order to use
it as your solar business directory even after the event

Local Organizer

International Contacts

Ministry of New &
Renewable Energy

We invite you to seize the opportunity to acquire new

customers, cultivate existing business partnerships, and
connect solar business with us around the world!
We wish you a prosperous time at Intersolar India and are
delighted to have you with us.

PHOTOS: Product presentations at Intersolar India 2012.

Intersolar India | EXHIBITION


Today, more than ever, companies need to make their products
and services known in order to gain international recognition
in the growing and competitive market. Intersolar strives to
promote the industrys power to innovate. To this end, the
Intersolar AWARD is presented each year by the organizers of
Intersolar with the support of international industry


The 2013 prizes in the category "Solar Projects in India" will
be presented in an official ceremony during Intersolar India.
The ceremony brings together Intersolar exhibitors, visitors,
representatives and decision-makers from the international
solar world, as well as media representatives from both home
and abroad. So, don't miss it!

3:00pm, Presentation Stage, Hall 1, booth 1170

Now in its sixth year, the innovation prize for the solar industry
is not only unveiling itself as more international than ever
before, but thanks to the Solar Projects category, the Intersolar
AWARD in India, Europe and, North America is also focusing | FINALISTS
on the practical use of pioneering worldwide innovations.
Intersolar uses the award to specifically honor projects that The following finalists have put the potential of solar energy
drive forward the transformation of energy systems in an into motion, and now its their time to shine!
Industrial and Commercial Use
exemplary manner.
Clique Solar (booth 1260)

For the second time, the winners in the category Solar Projects
in India will be honored in an official ceremony at Intersolar
India. The organizers of the Intersolar AWARD 2013, are
pleased to report a high level of international participation,
which reflects the unfaltering worldwide significance of the
solar industry. 116 companies from 19 countries seized the
opportunity to compete for the Intersolar AWARD 2013.

Project: Clique Solar's ARUN100 at Akshardham temple for

steam-based cooking
L&T Construction (booth 1632)
Project: Solarisation of L&T CSTI & CDC Campus at Kanchipuram,
Tamil Nadu
SunCarrier Omega Pvt. Ltd. (Exhibitor of Intersolar Europe 2013)
Project: Omega Renk Bearings Initiative for Solar (ORBIS)
Off-Grid Solutions
Barefoot Power (Exhibitor of Intersolar Europe 2013)
Project: Enhancing productivity among weaving communities in
Erode, Tamil Nadu
L&T Construction (booth 1632)

PHOTO: The proud Intersolar AWARD winners of the category Solar Projects in India, Mumbai (2012).

Project: 124 kWp Microgrid Project with Enery Storage at Patna, Bihar
OutBack Power (Exhibitor of Intersolar North America 2013)
Project: Malankara Plantations Ltd: First Net-Zero Ofce Building in India
Trojan Battery Company (Exhibitor of Intersolar North America 2013)
Project: Hibiscus Villa
Utility Scale Projects
Chemtrols Solar Private Limited (booth 1630)
Project: India's First MW Scale PV-Diesel Hybrid Solar Power Plant
L&T Construction (booth 1632)
Project: 20 MWp Composite Solar PV Project in Phalodi,Rajasthan
under REC Scheme
Waaree Energies Ltd (booth 1310)
Project: Abellon Clean Energy Ltd 3MW Solar PV project, Modasa, Gujarat


Cells, Modules, Inverters, Measurement and Control
Technology, Cables, Connectors, Junction Boxes, Tracking
Systems, Mounting Systems, Installation Aids, Building
Integrated Solutions (BIPV), Stand Alone Systems, Consumer
Products (Solar-Powered Lights, Toys), Wafers, Materials and

Solar Thermal Technologies

Absorbers, Coatings, Collectors, Measurement and Control
Technology, Storage Tanks, Mounting Systems, Tracking Systems,
Solar Process Heat, Air Conditioning, Cooling, Building
Integrated Solutions, Concentrating Solar Power (CSP),
Manufacturing Technology and Equipment

PV Energy Storage
Batteries, Battery Mangement Systems, Chargers, Flow batteries,
Fuel Cells.

Research and Development, Testing Institutes, Trade Publications,
Education, Training, Financing, Promotion, Associations

1 Energy Portal Pvt. Ltd. A ABB India Limited | Access Solar Ltd. | ACE Infrastructure Private Limited | Ammonit Measurement GmbH | ASAPP
Media Private Limited | AW Solution GmbH B BELECTRIC Photovoltaic India Private Limited | BELIFAL Innovations & Technologies PVT. Ltd.
| Bergen Group of Companies | BKC Weathersys PVT. LTD | Blistech International Private Limited | BVA Bielefelder Verlag GmbH & Co. KG
| C Cape Electric Corporation | CHARY PUBLICATIONS PVT LTD | Chemtrols Solar Private Limited | CIEC Overseas Exhibition Co. Ltd. | Citel
Surge Protection Pvt. Ltd. | Clique Developments Limited | Cooper Bussmann India Pvt. Ltd. D Dehn India Private Limited | Delta Energy
Systems (Germany) GmbH | Deshmukh Solar Energy Pvt. Ltd. E Economic Research India Pvt. Ltd. | Ecoprogetti | Eko Instruments Co. Ltd.
| Elektromag Devices Pvt. Ltd. | Emerson Network Power India | EMMVEE Photovoltaic Power Pvt. Ltd. | EMMVEE Solar Systems Pvt. Ltd. |
Energetica Magazines (Omnimedia S.L.) | Energy Technology Centre | Enertech UPS Private Limited | Enerwise Solutions Ltd. | Enrich Energy
Pvt Ltd. | Ensto India Private Limited | Exide Industries Ltd. F Faro Business Technologies (I) Pvt. Ltd. | First Source Energy India Pvt Ltd |
Forbes and Company Limited, Energy Solution Group | Freiburg Wirtschaft Touristik und Messe GmbH & Co. KG - Freiburg Green City G
Galileosolar India Pvt. Ltd. | Gamesa Electric (Gamesa Wind Turbines Pvt Ltd) | Ganges International Pvt. Ltd | GEM TELERGON Switchgears
PVT Ltd. | Gensol Consultants Pvt. Ltd. | GEONICA,S.A. | Globetek | Godrej & Boyce Mfg co. Ltd | Goldi Green Technologies Private Limited
H Hensel Electric India Private Limited | Hild Energy Pvt. Ltd. | HiSEL Power Corporation | Hitachi Hi-Rel Power Electronics Pvt. Ltd. | HYDRA
s.r.l. I Icon Media | inAccess Networks SA | | | Insolare Energy Private Limited | Inspira Martifer Solar
Ltd. | INVT Electric India Pvt. Ltd. J "Jiangsu Jiasheng Photovoltaic Technology Co. Ltd" | Jurchen Technology India Pvt. Ltd. K Kaihatsu
Techno Centre PVT LTD. | Kemrex Co., Ltd. | Kevin Power Solutions Ltd. | KGS Engineering Limited | Kimo Electronics Pvt. Ltd. | Kipp & Zonen
B.V. | Kirloskar Integrated Technologies Limited | KIRTI SOLAR Ltd. | KOSOL Hiramrut Energies Pvt. Ltd. L L&T Construction | Laplace System
Co., Ltd. | Lapp India Private Limited | Lubi Electronics | Lucky Film Co., Ltd. M M/S Power One Micro Systems Pvt. Ltd. | M/s Salzer Electronics
Ltd. | Madhav Infra Projects Private Limited | Manikandan Dunamis Pvt. Ltd. | Mersen India Private Limited | Met One Instruments | MITCON
Consultancy & Engineering Services Ltd. N National Centre for Photovoltaic Research & Education | Next Gen Publishing Ltd. | Ningbo
Zihua Electric Appliance Co., Ltd. | Nuevosol Energy Pvt. Ltd. O OBO Bettermann India Pvt Ltd | Olbricht GmbH GmbH P Pavai Infra Goetech
| PCI Limited | Pennar Engineered Building Systems Limited | PHOTON Publishing GmbH | Platinum GmbH | Posital FRABA | Powermax |
Powertrac Energy & Infra Pvt. Ltd. | Proinso | pv magazine / Solarpraxis AG Q Qinhuangdao Boostsolar Photovoltaic Equipment Co. Ltd |
qsolar | R Ravano Solar India | Rays Power Infra (P) Ltd. | Renewable Watch | Rogress Techno Pvt Ltd. | Rotomag Motors & Controls Private
Limited | Ruian Fengyuan Strainless Steel Water Equipment Co. Ltd. S Schletter GmbH | SCHMID Group | Gebr. SCHMID GmbH | Schneider
Electric India Pvt. Ltd. | SGS India Pvt Ltd. | Shan Solar Privated Limited | Shenzhen Kayo Battery Co. Ltd. | Shenzhen Kstar New Energy Co.,
Ltd. | Shimato Enterprises Pv. Ltd. | SLT Energy Ltd. | SMA Solar Technology AG | Socomec India Private Limited | Solairedirect Energy India
Pvt. Ltd. | Solar Promotion International GmbH | Solar Quarter | Solartys | Solpower Green Private Limited | Sova Power Limited | Statcon
Power Controls Ltd. | Staubli Tec Systems India Private Limited | Su-KAM Power System Ltd. | Sunshine Fasteners Pvt Ltd | Surana Ventures
Limited | SWELECT Energy Systems Ltd. | T Tata BlueScope Steel Limited | Ten Sources Solar Electricity Limited | TGB Group, S.L. | The Energy
and Resources Institute (TERI) | THE PV CONNECT | Top Cable S.A. | Toshiba Mitsubishi-Electric Industrial Systems Corporation (TMEIC) |
Toyo Tokai Aluminium Hanbai K.K. | | | Trinity Touch Private Limited | Tv Sd South Asia Pvt. Ltd. V Viessmann Middle East FZE | Vijaynath Interiors & Extoriors Pvt. Ltd. | Vikram Solar Private Ltd. | Virtual Electronics Company | Visa Ecotech
Limited | Vision Media Group | Vrinda Nano Technologies Pvt. Ltd. W Waaree Energies Private Ltd. | Weidmueller Electronics India Private
Limited | Worldwide Energy and Manufacturing Australia Pty Ltd.
The exhibitor list is adopted from October 2013

Intersolar India | EXHIBITION


Monday, November 11
Opening Ceremony

Lunch Break


Global PV Markets: India

India's Solar Thermal Market

PV Executive Panel

Solar Thermal Applications & Technologies

Coffee Break


Networking Reception

from 6:00pm

Tuesday, November 12

Market Prospects
Technologies & Applications

Project Development

PV Manufacturing

Greening the Supply Chain Options

and Potentials with CSP/PV and Hybrid

Installation, Operation & Maintenance

Solar Cities

Global PV Markets: South Asia

Large-Scale PV Systems

Off-Grid Market India

Global PV Markets: Europe & U.S.

Project Financing

Off-Grid Market India

Coffee Break

Lunch Break

Coffee Break


Shuttle service from the Leela Kempinski to Bombay Exhibition Centre will be provided. Exhibition opening hours 10:00am6:00pm
Pricing (Indian service tax included)

Full Conference Package (all conference sessions and the Networking Reception)
Day Ticket Monday, November 11
Day Ticket Tuesday, November 12
Networking Reception



Presentation Stage, Hall 1, Booth 1170 (sessions free of charge)

Tuesday, November 12, 2013


Intersolar AWARD Finalist Presentations

Intersolar AWARD Ceremony

Wednesday, November 13

The Rooftop Opportunity in India


Balance of Systems

Thursday, November 14



November 1114, 2013

November 11 10:00am6:00pm
November 12
Wednesday November 13 10:00am6:00pm
November 14 10:00am5:00pm
100 (expected)
700 (expected)
Monday and Tuesday
The Leela Kempinski Hotel, Sahar,
Mumbai, 400059, India
Wednesday and Thursday
Bombay Exhibition Centre (BEC), Hall 1
Western Express Highway, Goregaon East
Mumbai 400 063, India

Testing & Certification Training & Education

Subjects to change.

Solar Thermal Technologies


From Nov 1114, 2013 the Indian and international solar
industry will meet for the 5th time at the Leela Kempinski and
the Bombay Exhibition Centre, in order to share insights
into the latest trends and prospects within the Indian
solar industry. The Intersolar India Conference features a
wide selection of topics covering photovoltaics, PV production
technologies, energy storage as well solar thermal

More than 700 solar professional are expected to be part of

this years conference in order to obtain insights into large
scale PV systems, project financing, national and international
market developments. Indian and international company
representatives, researchers as well as associates share latest
trends and innovations with you. Take advantage of this
exciting event and exchange information and connect with
the international solar experts community.

Juzer Vasi
Thrust Leader,
SERIIUS Solar Energy
Institute for India
and the USA, India

Dana Younger
Energy Advisor
(IFC), U.S.

Prof. Armin Aberle

Chief Executive
Officer, Solar Energy
Research Institute
of Singapore (SERIS)
National University
of Singapore (NUS),

Reinhold Buttgereit
Secretary General,
Association (EPIA),

Abhishek Bhatewara, Clique Solar | Dr.
Tobias F. Engelmeier, BRIDGE TO INDIA
Energy Pvt. Ltd. | Jagat S. Jawa, Solar
Energy Society of India (SESI) | Jaideep
Malaviya, Malaviya Solar Energy Consultancy
| Madhavan Nampoothiri, RESolve Energy
Consultants | Dr. Varghese Panthalookaran,
Rajagiri School of Engineering & Technology
| Vivek Saxena, PCI Limited | Chetan Singh
Solanki, Indian Institute of Technology |
Alan Rosling, Kiran Energy | Rabindra
Kumar Satpathy, Reliance Solar Group


Vivek Saxena
Group President
PCI Group,

I had the opportunity and pleasure to attend all

the Intersolar Conferences since their inception in
India. The presence of Intersolar in tandem with
the National Solar Mission, had been the right
catalyst to profoundly benefit the solar PV and
thermal industry in India, by providing the impetus
and encouragement to technocrats and
manufacturers to invest in solar energy. The
Conference always covers the most up-to-date
topics which are the need of the hour, thereby
guiding one-and-all to focus on the right issues
at the right time.

RESolve Energy

Ever since the inaugural edition in 2009,

Intersolar India has been Indias premier solar
event. This year, the event is taking place against the
backdrop of the beginning of the JNNSM Phase
II, the implementation of various state solar
polices, and increased activity in the rooftop PV,
solar off-grid, microgrids and energy storage. The
conference will be a great platform for the industry
stakeholders to share their experience on a host
of topics on solar in India. As a regular attendee
of the event for the past 3 years, I can safely say
that this is the event not to be missed.

Abhishek Bhatewara
Clique Solar,

Intersolar brings a mature thought to the

industry that is still at its nascence in India with
the conference session on Concentrated Solar
Thermal Technologies. The industry needs
nurturing. With what we have seen, Intersolar
understands the nuances how to strengthen the
industry. Every year their conference lends its
equity to the stakeholders of the Indian CST
industry including the end users, thereby building
the confidence greatly.

The Worlds Leading Exhibition Series for the Solar Industry

5 exhibitions I 4 continents I Most international solar event series with b2b focus I Meet the decision makers who are
shaping the solar market I Stay informed about the latest technological innovations I Get connected at exclusive networking
events I Meet renowned speakers at the world-class conferences I Benefit from the events in the world's key solar markets









13th Plan to also focus on increasing energy

efciency of consumer durables says B K Chaturvedi
The government has identied
600-odd power guzzling industries such as fertilizers, steel,
cement and paper for which
standards will be laid down for
achieving energy efciency. If
these industries fail to adhere
to the prescribed norms, they
will be penalized, said Mr. B K
Chaturvedi, Member (Energy),
Planning Commission, while
addressing the curtain raiser
conference on States and Climate Change of the India Climate Policy and Business Conclave 2013 in October 2013.
FICCI in association with the
Ministry of Environment & Forest, Government of India, the
World Bank and German Environment Ministry is organizing
the annual conference.
As part of the drive to
achieve energy efciency in the
13th Plan period (2017-22),

the government will focus on

setting up super critical and
ultra critical power plants. A
new thrust will also be given to
increasing energy efciency of
consumer durables.
However, Mr. Chaturvedi
said, it is imperative for the
states and cities to come on
board to improve energy efciency and implement the laws
set out in the statutes. India, at
present, is witnessing 30% urbanization which is set to reach
50% by 2040. Hence, planned
transportation is needed, particularly, for intermediate cities
and ways need to be devised
for making buildings in states
and cities energy efcient.
Mr. Chaturvedi stated that
the government is looking to
improve the energy mix where
a sharper focus would be on
renewables to reduce the de-

pendence on fossil fuels. The

Planning Commission has set
up a Task Force on Solar Energy. FICCI is also a part of the
Task Force, which met a week
ago to chart out priorities to be
focused on to give impetus to
solar manufacturing and power generation.
Mr. Onno Ruhl, Country Director, The World Bank, said that
India needs bigger and cheaper
solutions to deal with issues of
energy efciency, increasing agricultural production and water
efciency. It is critical to focus on
planned development of states
and cities because 10 million
people are moving to cities every
year in India and creating intermediate cities. Hence, along with
the government, private sector
needs to nd smart solutions on
a large scale to make the growth
process smooth for India.

Dr. Cord Meier-Klodt,

Deputy Chief of Mission (DCM)
and Head, Department for
Economic and Global Affairs,
Germany Embassy, said that
Germany would like to partner
with India in the eld of energy
both in production and efcient management of energy.
As in Germany, India is also
looking at increasing energy efciency and massive expansion
of renewables for generating
energy, hence both can have a
fruitful partnership. However,
he mentioned every country
requires a different energy mix
based on its needs. Germany is
set to have a new government
soon after the elections on
Sunday, but Dr. Meier-Klodt assured that irrespective of which
government comes into power,
Germany will continue with its
partnership with India.

Setting up Chinese Power Equipment Service Centres in India

The Ministry of Power of the
Government of the Republic of
India and the National Energy
Administration of the Government of the Peoples Republic
of China have signed a MOU to
further strengthen and deepen
cooperation in the energy sector under the India-China Strategic Economic Dialogue (SED)
The energy cooperation
and the proposal for setting up
Chinese Power Equipment Service Centres (PESCs) in India
was discussed at the SED Working Group Meeting on Energy
that took place in Beijing on
September 26, 2013.
China has acknowledged


that India has become a strategic market for Chinese power

equipment manufacturers and
that 18 GW of thermal power
projects were commissioned
under Indias 11th Five Year
plan using Chinese-manufactured equipment and about 40
GW of power projects are currently under construction using
Chinese-made equipment.
The MOU works on the
common understanding that
setting up of the PESCs in India
would enable render timely service to plant owners, help optimize maintenance & operation
costs, and eliminate risks where
possible from outage maintenance cycles. Both the parties

have afrmed the mutual benet of enhanced cooperation in

the area of energy cooperation
under the laws and regulations
of both India and China, and
within the framework of cooperative, complimentary, equal,
and win-win principles. The
MOU recognizes the requisite
provision for timely and unhindered availability of spares and
service support is important
and necessary for reliable and
economic plant operation over
the operating life and to improve plant utilization rates. It
has been agreed that the National Energy Administration of
the Peoples Republic of China
would actively encourage Chi-

nese equipment manufacturers who have supplied power

equipment including power
generating equipment to India companies to set up PESCs
in India. The form and scope
of service will be decided by
equipment supplier and project
owner on market principles.
This Memorandum of Understanding is intended to dene general ways of cooperation
between the Parties to establish
the said PESCs in India India and
China has also agreed that the
PESCs will be set up in India on
market principles. The costs and
terms of servicing power equipment will be decided between
the PESCs and the end user.
energetica india



ITL installs 27 KW solar

PV on the roof top of
an ofce building in
Andhra Pradesh
First in the state of Andhra
Pradesh and amongst the
rst in the country, Warangal
Municipal Corporation has
installed a solar power system on the roof top of their
main ofce building. The 27
KW solar photovoltaic power generating system will
power the ground oor of
the ofce to run all lighting,
fans and computer loads for
eight hours every day. The
system will generate around
125 KWh (units) of electrical energy each day on an
average that will amount to
around 40,000 units or more
every year.
By installing the solar
power system, WMC has
taken leadership in going
green and demonstrating
the use of renewable energy
for powering the world. The
system will have its impact
on contribution to reduction
of air pollution and saving of
diesel used in conventional
Not only that the installed 27 KW solar power
system is a source of decentralized, independent source
of energy to power the ofce
of the Municipal Corporation, it will be an insurance
against any grid failure or
during a calamity like storms
and oods. So the work in
the ofce of the Municipal
corporation will not suffer
and can be done reliably even
in an event of such calamity.

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Talking to the media,

Mr. Vivek Yadav, Commissioner said we are demonstrating the way forward for
the use of renewable energy
sources like solar energy,
which is the need of the
hour for our country, suffering from energy crisis. He
added the decentralized off
grid solar systems are good
to power such public facilities given the advantages of
not only lessening the dependence on grid power,
but also having more reliable
source of power.
team under leadership of Mr.
G. Kishan, Special ofcer/
District collector, Warangal,
Mr. Vivek Yadav, Commissioner, Mr. Upender Sing,
SE and Lakshma Reddy DEE
for their leadership in demonstrating the use of solar
energy, Mr. Ravi Surapaneni,
Director of Instruments Techniques Pvt. Ltd. (ITL) said we
are proud to have installed
and commissioned the 27
KW solar power system on
the roof top of the Warangal
Municipal Corporation. He
said the system installed
surpasses the specications
and made to be the most
reliable. Our partners for
components are technologically superior that can be the
best in the country. He said
ITL will make sure the solar
power system performs to
the desired requirements.


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Energetica News

Emerging solar markets set

for rapid installation expansion through 2017
The next big opportunity for
growth in the global solar business lies in small, emerging markets where photovoltaic (PV) installations are forecast to rise at
about triple the global average
during the period from 2012
through 2017.
Annual installations in these
emerging countries are expected
to increase to 10.9 gigawatts
(GW) in 2017, expanding at a
compound annual growth rate
(CAGR) of 38 percent from 2.2
GW in 2012, according to a new
report entitled Emerging Solar
PV Markets Tracker from IHS
Inc., a leading global source of
critical information and insight.
In contrast, the overall global
market will expand at a CAGR of
only 13 percent during the same
period. The emerging markets
will account for 19 percent of
global installations in 2017, up
from just 7 percent in 2012.
Across the world, new
markets for solar PV are emerging, propelled by government
incentives, including tenders
for large-scale contracts, feedin-tariff (FIT) schemes and selfconsumption support, said Josen Berg, senior PV analyst at
IHS. Although these markets
sometimes have huge hurdles
like limited nancing, regulatory
uncertainty and opaque local
regulatory conditionscompanies throughout the solar supply
chain can benet from targeting
these fast-growing emerging
Thailand and Turkey lead
the way
Of the emerging countries analyzed, Thailand and Turkey are
expected to become the largest
markets in the coming years.
Both countries have the potential to install a cumulative total


of nearly 3 GW of PV systems
during the period from 2013
through 2017.
The Thai market has already
taken off because of its adder
scheme, under which the government pays feed-in premiums
to solar power producers.
In contrast, the Turkish
market is still taxiing toward
the growth runway. In June the
country experienced an avalanche of applications that far
exceeded the 600 megawatts
(MW) that had been planned
by the government. This has
delayed the licensing procedure
and pushed back installations
until late 2014 and 2015.
Turkeys rooftop market,
however, is predicted to pick
up speed in 2014 to reach 300
MW. By 2017, its annual PV demand will climb to 1 GW.
New markets charge up in
Among regions, IHS forecasts
the biggest chunk of demand
through 2017at more than
one-thirdto come from new
markets in Europe. Europes relatively stable nancial conditions
and proximity to experienced PV
companies will support rapid deployment once regulatory support takes shape.
Poland, Turkey and Russia are all rolling out support

schemes, while Ukraine and Romania already install PV systems

at a rapid pace. For their part,
the Netherlands, Switzerland
and Denmark are set to continue on a path of rooftop installations.
In the other regions demand is evenly spread, with a
few countries in each region
spearheading growth. IHS expects South Africa, Israel and
Saudi Arabia to drive PV additions in the Africa-Middle East
region, while Chile, Brazil and
Mexico will fuel demand in Latin
America. In Asia-Pacic, PV demand is dominated by Thailand
and South Korea, which are
both on the brink of shifting
their status from emerging to
maturing PV markets.
Tenders open up new
opportunities across the
This year Uruguay, Jamaica, Russia and Namibia are among new
markets to pursue PV tenders.
Meanwhile, Indonesia and Morocco have announced plans to
open PV tenders later this year.
PV developers and suppliers will need to stay on top of
these tenders in order not to
miss any requests for proposal,
Berg continued. Still, many
tenders remain limited to a few
projects, and suppliers will need

to be selective over which ones

are worth participating in. Largescale tender schemes, such as
South Africas Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer
Procurement (RE IPP) program,
offer a more solid development
environment to pursue a large
portfolio of projects.
Latin America attracts the
largest developer pipelines
Of the 30 largest PV developers building up pipelines in
emerging PV markets, 21 are
concentrating their development efforts on Latin America.
IHS reports more than 12 GW
of projects in Latin Americas PV
pipeline, 90 percent of which
are early-stage projects that lack
an off-take agreement.
Competition for off-take
agreements in markets like Chile
is tightening, Berg said. Some
developers are looking at selling
PV-generated electricity on the
merchant market. So far, only
the International Finance Corp.
has offered to sponsor such a
project in Chile, in the hands of
Competition for grid access will also be a bottleneck
for PV developers. Out of
Chiles 6 GW pipeline, IHS
forecasts less than one-third
will secure a revenue channel,
close nancing and nish construction by 2018.

Power-One Inverters are used in the best performing solar projects

According to the solar report
Sunrise in Gujarat by ReSolve Energy Consultants,
Chennai; Power-One inverters have been used in two of
the top 3 performing solar PV
power plants in Gujarat.
The report reviews the
power generation of solar PV

power plants in Gujarat from

the period April 2012 to March
The 2 of the top 3 plants
include Unity Power [5MW] and
Mono Steel (India) Ltd [10MW].
The Unity Power plant experienced a normalized generation (MWh per MW per year)

of 1865.7122 with a CUF of

21.2%; using thin lm modules from Solar Frontier.
The Mono steel plant experienced a normalized generation (MWh per MW per year)
of 1864.4292 with a CUF of
21.2%; using crystalline modules from Waaree.
energetica india

Energetica News
Largest solar
power project
be set up in
The Government has nalized the setting up of a Ultra- Mega Green Solar Power
Project in Rajasthan in the SSL
(Sambhar Salts Limited; which
is a subsidiary of Hindustan
Salts Limited - a Central Public Sector Enterprise under the
Department of Heavy Industry,
Ministry of Heavy Industries &
Public Enterprises) area close
to Sambhar Lake, about 75
kms from Jaipur. The total capacity of this project will be
4000 MW and, therefore, this
will be the largest solar based
power project in the world.
Shri Praful Patel, Minister
of Heavy Industries and Public
Enterprises, had earlier asked
the Department of Heavy Industry (DHI) to initiate the process of setting up the Sambhar Ultra -Mega Green Solar
Power Project in the 23,000
acre area of SSL as he had
envisioned synergizing the
capacities of the CPSEs under
DHI to utilize the large area of
SSL for producing green energy. Shri Patel says the rst
phase of the project, which
will be of 1000 MW capacity,
is likely to be commissioned in
three years i.e. by the end of
The rst phase of the
project is expected to be implemented through a joint
venture (JV) company to be
formed with equity from BHEL,
Solar Energy Corporation of
India, Power Grid Corporation
of India Ltd., SJVN, SSL and
REIL. Based on the experience
gained during implementation
of the rst phase of project,
the remaining capacity would
be implemented through a variety of models.


RenewSys launches thinner backsheets

and bus bar insulation sheet for PV modules
RenewSys, the quality manufacturer of EVA Encapsulant
and Backsheets based at Bengaluru, India has announced
the launch of its thinner Backsheets in Fluoro and NonFluoro constructions and Bus
Bar Insulation sheet for PV
range PRESERV now covers
economically prices 300 mic
Backsheet for off-grid application (600 VDC system voltages) todemanding 370 micBacksheet for grid connected
applications (> 1000 VDC
system voltage). The company
had recently announced UL
approval of 330 and 370 mic
Backsheets. The UL Approval
of its newly launched 300 mic
Backsheet is expected soon.

sheetbranded as PRESERV E2 is
based on Polyolen-Polyester
construction. Specially designed sheet has found to be
exhibiting extremely high Peel
Strengthwith Encapsulant and
Backsheets and DHT rating indicating high performance and
longer durability. The product
is being supplied commercially.
RenewSys has already
been selling TUV and UL certied CONSERV EVA Encapsulant and Backsheets in domestic and overseas markets
witnessing encouraging business growth since its inception. With the launch of the
thinner Backsheets and Bus
Bar sheets, company feels it
would be a great advantage
for module makers to buy all

the Polymeric components

from a single source eliminating issues relating to quality,
inventory and logistics. Many
domestic and overseas modules makers have appreciated
the move and acknowledged
these advantages.
To re-iterate, with a commitment to provide innovative
& technology driven solutions,
RenewSys has invested signicantly in setting up a R&D
center at its Bengaluru production facility. The company has
recently added hi-tech UV tester for conducting long-term
reliability tests on solar components. This enables RenewSys
partner with its clients to create customized solutions for
mutual benet and contribute
in taking the industry forward.

Inverter price pressure

will continue for the remainder
of 2013 says IHS PV market analyst
Evidence that the solar inverter market has become
overcrowded in certain key
PV markets such as Germany
is growing following Solutronics recent announcement of insolvency. Due to
the high concentration of
inverter suppliers in Germany, and a rapid decrease in
inverter shipments from over
9 GW in 2010 to just 4 GW
in 2013, inverter prices have
decreased by over 40% since
2010 as inverter suppliers
compete in a shrinking domestic market.
German inverter suppliers

have expanded outside of

their domestic market into
growth inverter markets such
as the UK, USA and South
Africa, the pace of expansion
has been in some instances
too slow to compensate for
the German markets contraction, with revenues decreasing from $2.7 billion in
2010 to $0.7 billion in 2013
according to our latest forecast. Even suppliers such as
Solutronic who were early
market entrants in promoting
new advanced technologies
such as energy storage were
not able to withstand the aggressive price reductions.

IHS forecasts that inverter price pressure will continue for the remainder of 2013
in Germany with average
inverter prices forecast to
reach $0.19 per watt which
will continue to strain the
revenue streams of suppliers that are heavily dependent on the German market.
Demand from Germany is
forecast to resume growth
once again in 2014, but with
inverter prices forecast to decrease further still, the only
respite for inverter suppliers
will be in international PV
markets or if consolidation

energetica india

Energetica News

Su-Kam installs solar power plant at

Varma Nursing Home in Gaya, Bihar
Su-Kam Power Systems Limited, Indias leading power back
up solutions provider has set
a model example by making a
nursing home in Bihar run completely on solar energy! Verma
Nursing home, a multi-specialty
nursing home in Gaya Bihar is
now completely free of electricity
woes like erratic power supply or
hefty electricity bills. The Nursing
home derives its complete power
requirements (100%) from solar
energy, the solar set up of which
was done by Su-Kam Power Systems recently.

Su-Kam emerged as a rescuer for Verma Nursing Home

answering their problems and
providing them with Solar Power, the green energy that was
truly a value for money proposition. It enabled the entire hospital to run on free electricity with
100% dependency on solar. After the solar power installation,
the hospital no longer has to
disturb the ongoing operations,
as the power supply is completely uninterrupted. The Nursing Home has also connected
Meters by which each individual
understands how much power
they are using. Post installation by Su-Kam, Varma Nursing
Home has employed their local
engineer to take care of the
projects maintenance.
Su-Kam helped the Nursing
Home to set up the entire infrastructure in record time, organizing help on nancial assistance.
Su-Kam experts also guided the
project all along and made sure


there were no glitches.

Speaking on the occassion, Mr Ashish Sethi, Associate
Vice President Solar Projects,
said, Su-Kam is making rapid

strides in spreading awareness

about the use and ease of solar installations for homes and
other establishments and how
the common man can benet

immensely from the same. The

solar installation at Verma Nursing home is a model example
of how solar technology can be
used to power up residences and
commercial establishments and
reduce the consumers dependence on electricity supplied by
the grid to almost zero!

Record time execution for a solar power project

Waaree Energies, one of Indias
leading innovative solar solution companies, has successfully executed the installation of
a 1 MW power plant for Navi
Mumbai-based Neel Properties
in Susner, Madhya Pradesh in a
record time of 24 days.
The work on the plant
started on September 5 this
year and was commissioned on
September 29, making it one of
the fastest project executions in
the solar power space till date.
The project employed 3,920

modules of the 280Wp Poly

Crystalline WS Series of Waaree
Mr. Hitesh Doshi, CMD,
Waaree Group commented,
We are delighted at our
achievement of executing
this project for Neel Proper-

ties in such a short period of

time, without compromising
on quality and excellence. This
was no mean feat and bears
testimony to the growing efciency of our technology
and manpower as one of the
frontrunners in the Indian solar
industry. We hope that this accomplishment motivates all of
us to scale greater heights and
helps in building more condence and long-term engagements with new and existing

Market Launch of Semi Automated Tabber

Stringer TS240C at Intersolar India
AW Solution GmbH (AWS) the
Photovoltaic Key Technology
Equipment provider in India
is launching at the Intersolar
India event at the AWS Booth
1452 with its German manufacturing partner, Olbricht
GmbH the semi-automated
TabberStringer TS240C.
Based on our intensive
interactions with our photovoltaic manufacturing partners in
the last view years in India including the involvement of the
local ribbon supplier into the
development cycle of the Semi
AutomatedTabber Stringer System, we are happy to offer the
best price performance Semi
Automated Tabber Stringer
in the market says Markus

Amendt, Managing Director of

AW Solution GmbH.
Semi AutomatedTabber
Stringer TS240C
The Semi AutomatedTabber
Stringer TS240C combines the
advantages of an automatic
Tabber/ Stringer with the exibility and investment cost advantage of amanual soldering
The System can solder up
to 240 Cells/ Hour with just one
single operator with a constant
high quality of the solder joints
and string pattern. With high
uptime and minimal breakage
rate the TS240C is designed to
work reliable 24h/7.The semi
automatictabber and stringer

unit is congured to operate

where precision is required,
and where expensive fully automation is not feasible.
2BB, 3BB 5- & 6(Full, Half, Third) Cell
The different Bus Bar Kits (2 Bus
Bar + 3 Bus Bar) and Cell Kits
(1/2 Cell, 1/3 Cell) which are
easy and fast to change give the
system the required exibility
for the production of Standard
and Non Standard PV Panels.
All Key Processes like soldering
Ribbon Unwinding-/ Streching,
soldering, cell spacing is done
automatically. All this features
with the a fraction of the cost
of a fully automated system.
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Energetica News

BKC WeatherSys Pvt. Ltd. at Inter Solar India 2013:

Solar Radiation and Environmental Monitoring Innovations
BKC WeatherSys Pvt. Ltd.
(BKC WeatherSys), Indias
foremost environmental and
weather technology company, has announced that the
company will present its latest product offerings for solar
radiation measurement and
and weather forecasting at
Inter Solar India 2013.
BKC WeatherSys will
showcase top of the line solar radiation and meteorology
measurement and monitoring systems at booth #1936
at Inter Solar at Bombay
Exhibition Centre, including its proprietary software

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platform, metGIS SOLAR, a

GIS based decision support
system for solar energy applications.
BKC WeatherSys Director of R&D, Dr. Jaya Singh
will also present a talk at the
main conference entitled,
Solar Resource Assessment
in India: Opportunities and
Challenges, on November
12 in the Project Development panel. According to
Dr. Singh, In this more mature phase of the Indian solar energy industry, there is
increased cognizance of the
need for accurate solar radiation data and how critical it is

for the entire plant life cycle.

Well share our experiences
from the eld at the conference.
BKC WeatherSys VP if
Projects, Mr. Sanjay Singh will
present a talk entitled, Solar Radiation: Measurements
Matter, on November 13 at
Bombay Exhibition Center at
11 am. Were very excited to
showcase our products and
comprehensive solutions for
solar resource assessment,
says Mr. Singh.
Our proprietary software, metGIS SOLAR, allows
for automated correlation of
on-site measurements with

satellite and solar forecasting models and will be showcased at Inter Solar, says
BKC WeatherSys CEO, Dr. B.
K. Singh.
BKC WeatherSys offers integrated solutions for
measurement of solar radiation and meteorological parameters, assessing module
performance, as well as services for solar forecasting and
correlation of measurements
with advanced solar models.
BKC WeatherSys is also the
sole distributor of Kipp and
Zonen and MetOne solar and
atmospheric products in India.



Energetica News

Ramakrishna Mission Students Home

adopts solar energy for cooking
Observing the 150 birth anniversary of Swami Vivekananda, Ramakrishna Mission
Students Home and Clique
Solar, pioneer in developing
solar technologies for Industrial Process Heating (IPH),
Community Cooking and
Comfort Cooling applications, launched ARUN100
at the Ramakrishna Mission
Students Home premises.
ARUN100 solar thermal
system will provide enough
steam to cook an equivalent
of 3500-4000 meals (consisting of sambhar, rasam, rice,
vegetables and dal) for the

students and residents of the

Mission daily.
Need for Clean
Renewable Energy
at the Ramakrishna
Mission Students Home:
The kitchen at the Ramakrishna Mission Students
Home used LPG for ring
boiler for steam cooking.
We used 2 LPG cylinders
(14.2 kg) per day, however
given the recent rise in fuel
prices LPG no longer a sustainable option. To overcome
the problem of rising LPG
cost, the team shifted to a

custom made wood burner

which burnt wood very efciently and also reduced the
amount of smoke. The cooking fuel bills were reduced to
some extent.
The plant uses the immense power of the sun by
focusing the sunlight to a
central receiver. Water owing to the receiver is heated
up and converted into steam
which is used for cooking.
ARUN dish is capable of
moving and tracking the
suns motion (Automated
Dual Axis Tracking) and thus
maximizing the efciency of

the system. The system is

able to store steam as pressurized hot water in a tank
to be used later during early
morning and night time
cooking. This solar thermal
system can produce around
600 kgs of steam on a clear
sunny day and can be used
to cook around 4000 meals a
day with daily energy output
of 4 lakh Kcal.
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government
of India, provide 30% nancial subsidy for the project.

Platinum enters the Indian Solar Market with AWS

AW Solution GmbH (AWS) is
starting from November 2013
onwards the business association with a reputed German
manufacturer of premium string
inverter for the Indian market
development. AWS represents
since the incorporation of 2009 a
range ofgerman key technology
providers in India and supports
with local service and engineering team.
AWS is welcoming the new
partner PLATINUM GmbH on

headquartered in WangenimAllgu,
Germany, is a leading provider of
premium photovoltaic solutions.
The companys product portfolio encompasses a broad range
of inverters, monitoring systems
and solar power batteries as well
as energy management solutions.
The quality, performance
and reliability of all PLATINUM
products is based on compre-

hensive expertise and many years

of experience. The PLATINUM
inverters in particular offer bestin-sector peak efciency of up to
98.6%. They are equipped with
patented DIVE technology
as well as with DUAL-X, SiC
components and RAC-MPP for
rapid location of the optimum
working point. Thanks to the
latest and most efcient technology, these are amongst the best
inverters of their kind and they
are of course manufactured by

Diehl Controls at highest quality

standards. There, a comprehensive six-stage quality test proofs
the robustness and functionality
of all system components and
guarantees their exceptionally
low failure rate. Hence offers a
PLATINUM10 year factory warranty, usually with the option of
an extension to 20 years. The
PLATINUM string inverters are
available in power classes from 2
kW to 22 kW, making them ideal
for any system size.


FICCI-EY paper suggests reworking of pricing models for new clean technologies
A FICCI-EY knowledge paper on
Cleantech has called for greater
utilization of available cleantech
resources along with scaling up
of the present capacities, reworking of pricing models to facilitate
greater large-scale adoption of
new technologies, and government policies, incentives, tax-credit schemes, subsidies modeled to


phase out conventional sources of

energy and replacing them with
non-conventional ones.
The paper notes that Cleantech investment in India was
US$6.9 billion for the year 2012
and was largely driven by sizeable
energy demand-supply gap due
to rapid industrial growth, population growth and urbanization,

abundance of untapped renewable energy resources, environmental and social issues related
to conventional sources of energy.
This makes India as one of the
most active player in the cleantech
market. However this opportunity
comes with its own set of challenges such as shortage of skilled
manpower, adoption of new

clean technologies, grid integration and high capital expenditure.

For the Government, there
are clear takeaways in the form
of increased energy supply and
creation of livelihoods; for businesses, there is a clear advantage
to the rst movers as they would
enter an otherwise unchallenged
energetica india

Energetica News

Atlas Introduces the New Xenotest

440 Xenon Weathering Instrument
Atlas Material Testing Technology, the global leader in weathering technology and services,
announces the introduction of
a new weathering instrument
suitable for performing accelerated testing on a variety of
Debuting at the K 2013
show on October 16 23 in
Dsseldorf, Germany (hall 10
booth D51), the Xenotest 440
sets a new standard in economical, mid-sized, air-cooled
xenon devices. Designed for
fast and economical testing,
the Xenotest 440 combines
new XenoLogic lamp operating technology with an efcient design, that includes ul-

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trasonic humidiers to reduce

water consumption.
XenoLogic is a revolutionary new twin-lamp operating
technology which enables the
instrument to achieve high irradiance levels of 120 W/m2 of
total UV radiation. By testing
at higher irradiance levels, test
times can be signicantly reduced, compared to standard
weathering tests.
In addition to its high irradiance functionality, XenoLogic provides another signicant
advantage: an extended lamp
service life. How does it work?
XenoLogic continuously synchronizes two 2200W xenon
lamps inside the chamber at

the lowest possible stress level, which leads to optimized

lamp service life and maximized light efciency. With
this new technology, the two
xenon lamps combined can
last over 4000 hours under
standard testing levels of 4060 W/m2. This increases instrument uptime and reduces
lamp operating costs by as
much as 30% or more.
The Xenotest 440 test
chamber provides exceptional
capacity for an array of materials and sample sizes:
s38 narrow (13.5 x 4.5 cm)
test positions suitable for
textiles, leather or paper

s33 wide (10 x 6.8 cm) test

positions suitable for plastics, paints and coatings
s22 wide & long (13.5 x 5.5
cm) test positions suitable
for technical textile / automotive interior specimens
s19 or 11 extra-long test positions suitable for technical
textiles/plastics specimens
With its wide-ranging
testing capabilities and its ability to handle material-specic
specimens, the Xenotest 440
is among the most versatile instruments available, designed
to cover todays and tomorrows most commonly used industry standards (ISO, ASTM).



Energetica News

IndoGreenEnviro has exported

the rst Windstream SolarMill to UAE
IndoGreenEnviro has exported the rst SolarMill to UAE
to demonstrate the claims
and 24 hour power output
through this hybrid energy
equipment. SolarMill makes a
high value proposition verses
solar only or wind only equipments presently available in
the market. This rst installation will open the doors for
large market of these equipments in UAE.
SolarMills, the hybrid energy
power generation equipment, to their portfolio of
green offerings last month.
To start with the company
is marketing this product in
western region of India and

has also started exploring

the option of marketing SolarMill in UAE and Gulf countries. IndoGreenEnviro has
shipped rst export consignment of SolarMill to Sharjah
last week.
Speaking on the occasion, Mr. Rahul Shringarpure
told, We see a huge potential for WindStream Solarmill
in both India and Gulf countries. This shipment to UAE
is just a start towards large
business ahead. We are condent that this SolarMill will
be a huge success in UAE like
the world over. This hybrid
energy mill is small in size, attractive in design and affordable at cost, which makes
it attractive proposition for

both business establishment

and residential customers to
meet the requirement of continuous power supply.
Mr. Rahul added, SolarMill produces power from
sunlight as well as wind and
therefore continuous power
production happens for all
the 24 hours rather than for
just 5 hours in case of Solar
only equipment. Furthermore
hybrid energy solution averages out the power output in
non-sunny or non-windy days
as wind-less days have high
sunlight and vice versa thus
ensuring continuous power
supply with Hybrid energy
equipment throughout the
seasons. Therefore SolarMill
as hybrid energy equipment

gives high value proposition

for every market.
SolarMill Hybrid
Clean Energy
The SolarMill is a hybrid
wind and solar device with
the TurboMill technology
combined with a solar panel.
Hybrid technology offers an
advantage of stable 24 hour
power production capability
thus minimizing backup battery storage requirement. The
system offers maximum power output per square foot is
easy to mount on any building. Various installed capacities are possible using combination of Wind and Solar


Tata Power Renewable Energy

acquires 39.2 MW wind farm in Gujarat
Tata Power Renewable Energy
Limited (TPREL), has signed a SPA
for acquisition of 100% shareholding in AES Saurashtra Windfarms Pvt Ltd (ASW), a 100%
subsidiary of AES Corporation.
ASW owns and operates
a 39.2 MW wind farm near
Dwarka in Jamnagar district of
Gujarat. The project which is
fully operational since January
2012 has executed a power
purchase agreement with GUVNL for sale of the electricity
at a tariff of Rs 3.56/kWh for
the duration of the project.
The project is registered with
UNFCCC as a CDM project and
is eligible to receive CERs. The
project is also registered under
the Generation Based Incentive


scheme of MNRE.
TPREL was selected as the
preferred bidder in a process
conducted by AES Corporation
for sale of its 100% stake in
ASW. The acquisition is subject
to certain conditions, which are
expected to be addressed in a
few months time.
With this acquisition, Tata
Powers total generation capacity will increase to 8560 MW
and its Wind Operational Generation capacity to 437 MW
with WTGs located across ve
states Maharashtra, Rajasthan,
Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, which are the leading
states in promoting wind power
generation in India.
Speaking on achieving this

milestone, Mr. Anil Sardana,

Managing Director, Tata Power,
said, Tata Power is committed
to generating 20-25 % of its total
generation capacity from clean
energy sources and is proud to
have signed this SPA to acquire
39.2 MW operational wind farm.
The project is a clean energy
project, which will enhance and
increase companys clean energy
footprint. This is our second acquisition of an operating wind
asset and we are in constant look
out for similar opportunities in
respect of wind and solar plants.
This is yet another step towards
the Companys commitment to
The Companys strategy
emphasizes the development of

clean energy generation from

non-fossil fuel and renewable
energy sources to balance the
carbon emissions from fossil
fuel based generation capacity
while contributing towards energy security of the country.
Tata Power currently has
four of its renewable projects
registered under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM)
program by United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). These
projects include 50.4 MW Wind
project at Gadag, 50.4 MW
Wind project at Khandke and
50.4 MW Wind project at Samana in Maharashtra. The fourth
project is the 25 MW Solar project at Mithapur, Gujarat.
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Energetica News

Suzlon Group sells 75% stake in China

Suzlon Group, the worlds
fth largest* wind turbine
maker, has announced it has
entered into an agreement
with Chinas Poly LongMa
Energy (Dalian) Ltd a conglomerate focused on conventional and green energy
investments to divest 75 per
cent stake in its China-based
manufacturing subsidiary
Suzlon Energy Tianjin Limited
(SETL) for US$ 28 mn, with
the rst tranche of payment
completed per the terms of
the agreement. Suzlon Group
will continue to own 25 per
cent share in the company
and participate in its operations as joint venture partner.

Thereafter, Poly LongMa

Energy (Dalian) Ltd will lead
marketing and sales operations in China, with Suzlon
acting as technology partner
with its existing China portfolio including the S66
1.25 MW, S821.5 MW and
S882.1 MW turbines, and
manage manufacturing and
quality for the venture.
Speaking on the development, Mr Tulsi Tanti,
Chairman Suzlon Group,
said: This is an important
step forward for our future
business in China. With this
joint venture, we monetize
an asset we have built up
from 2006, and through

our partner, Poly LongMa

Energy (Dalian) Ltd, maintain our strong presence in
the worlds largest market,
which remains strategically
important for us. With the
combined strength of both
groups, the new joint venture will be very well positioned in China, and offer
the potential to explore exports as well.
While this deal has taken time and changes to fructify, we believe this achieves
the best possible balance for
the Group and our stakeholders, including our customers, vendors, lenders and

Speaking on the development, Mr Shen Gaohua,

Chairman - Poly LongMa Energy (Dalian) Ltd, said: With
this joint venture deal the
new SETL will renew its
vigor of youth. China
has the worlds largest wind
market, by integrating Suzlons brand name and technology in the worlds wind
turbine industry with our
capital and market resources in China; we believe the
new SETL will make brilliant
achievementsin the market.
This joint venture will set a
good example for cooperation between Indian and Chinese enterprises.

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signs 54MW
wind power
project in
Gamesa Wind Turbines
signed a 54 MW Wind
Power Project Order with
an emerging power &
utility development company which has recently
ventured into Wind Power Projects.
Under this contract
Gamesa would be supplying 27 units G97-2.0
MW turbines at Tagguparthi, Andhra Pradesh.
The commissioning is
scheduled to be completed by May 2014.
Gamesa would be responsible for the full
scope of site development, supply & commissioning of the turbines
and Operation & Maintenance. The agreement
also includes a comprehensive Operations &
Maintenance agreement
for 10 years.
this order the Chairman
and Managing Director of Gamesa India.
Mr. Ramesh Kymal said,
This is yet another milestone for Gamesa as we
continue to expand our
foothold in the Indian
Wind market. With the
GBI now in place, we
look forward to a very
promising future ahead



IBM to develop an Advanced Smart Grid

solution for Tata Power Delhi Distribution
IBM announced that it has
been selected by Tata Power
Delhi Distribution to conceptualize, design and deliver an
Advanced Smart Grid solution
that will collect and analyze real-time information from smart
meters and data from the communication and management
infrastructure. This will enable
Tata Power Delhi Distribution
to better manage energy output and further reduce outages.
As a joint venture between
Tata Power and the Delhi Government, Tata Power Delhi
Distribution sought a solution
that would enhance the reliability and efciency of energy
distribution across the Northern and North western part of
Delhi. Additionally, the solution
would also help empower its
over 1.3 million electric consumers to manage their own
energy usage.
TPDDL is committed
to accelerate the smart grid
deployment which will give
customers more visibility and
control in managing their energy usage and transform the
electric network into a robust,
secure and intelligent system.
This is an important milestone
for the energy distribution in
India as we intensify our efforts to empower consumers
and provide them choices of
usage of their electrical appliances and manage their load
efciently. said Praveer Sinha,
Chief Executive Ofcer and
Executive Director, Tata Power
Delhi Distribution.
In India, aggregated technical and commercial losses
that occur due to electricity
transmission and energy theft

are estimated at about 26.4

per cent on a national average. The Government of India
has launched the RestructuredAccelerated Power Development and Reforms Program
(R-APDRP) with the aim to reduce these losses in the country and to improve the power
distribution sector of state utilities, during 11th Five-Year Plan
period, 2007-2012. The FiveYear Plans are centralized and
integrated national economic
As a part of its smart grid
initiative, Tata Power Delhi Distribution will collaborate with
IBM to develop an advanced
metering infrastructure and
demand response pilot program that will automate and
regulate supply of electricity
to consumers in sync with the
uctuating demand.
This project will help add
a layer of digital intelligence to
the grid and ensure reliability
when the demand rises exponentially and the supply falls
due to heavy consumption. In
addition, this will provide customer service improvements
including new digital meters,
enhanced self-service options
and access to a customer portal to manage energy use.
In the near future, utilities will look to integrate insights into their traditional grid
operation solutions and also
into customer, energy management and environmental
domains, said Rahul Sharma,
Executive Director and Partner, Global Business Services,
IBM India & South Asia. The
advanced meter management
solution builds real-time intelligence into the system, inte-

grating information into business and operations systems

quickly and easily.
IBM will support Tata Power Delhi Distribution to create
system architecture, ensure
adherence to international
smart grid standards, optimize
business process and incorporate dynamic business analytics function to offer actionable insights. In addition, Tata
Power Delhi Distribution will
leverage IBM expertise to integrate new advanced metering,
meter data management, and
demand response systems with
existing applications including
customer and geographic information systems.
An Advanced Infrastructure based demand response
is a complex exercise and has
not been done in India before,
and this engagement is the
rst step in creating an end-toend intelligent utility system to
manage generation short fall
by peak shaving of actual load.
Peak shaving is a technique
that is used to reduce electrical power consumption during
periods of maximum demand
on the power utility and enable consumer to redistribute
loads to different period of
the day, thus saving substantial amounts of money due to
peaking charges.
When complete, the multi-phased engagement is expected to enhance the relationship between Tata Power Delhi
Distribution and its consumers
thereby enabling more efcient
consumption of electricity.
IBM is involved in more
than 150 Smart Grid engagements in mature and emerging
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Energetica News

Contract for electricity generation

and distribution in the state of Punjab
Serco, the international services
company, has been awarded
the contract to partner with
Punjab State power Corporation Limited (PSPCL), a public
sector undertaking responsible
for electricity generation and
distribution in the state of Punjab. PSPCL has selected Serco to
operate and maintain the Centralized Call Centre, Distributed
walk-in Customer Relationship
Centres & Nodal complaint cum
Fault Control Centres. The contract to provide over 550 operational people distributed across

47 different towns of Punjab

and centralized control centre
at Ludhiana. The initial period
of contract is 3 years, further
extendable by 2 years.
Serco has partnered with
PSPCL to ensure prompt and
timely service to the customers as per the stipulated time
frames (Service Levels dened
as per PSPCL citizen charter), to
enhance customer satisfaction
levels by continuously improving the service standards and
thereby the image of the utility
in the eyes of the customers and

to bring customer centric approach to the customer service

process by establishing centralized control and monitoring over
the entire customer care process
for creating higher transparency
and timely action initiation.
Susir Kumar, CEO, Serco
Global Services, said, We are
delighted to have been chosen as partners by PSPCL to
deliver best in class services
to our citizens. We aim to deliver transformational customer
contact services, operational
excellence and cost efciency

whilst maintaining the highest

levels of customer service. This
win represents our success and
growth in the Indian domestic
BPO market.
Sercos solutions are supported by deep insights and
process expertise that will enable PSPCL to realize its vision of
being the best service provider
delivering services in an effective, efcient and user-friendly
manner, said Bhupender
Singh, CEO of Serco Global
Services - Asia, Middle East, &
Australia (AMEA).

1600 kV Ultra High Voltage (UHV)

Research Centre inaugurated in Nashik
CG has invested nearly USD
6.5 million in this world class
infrastructure to enhance its
R&D capabilities to achieve
global excellence in the UHV
domain. This Research Centre
is a 21,786 sq ft and 118 ft
tall, electrical-noise-free infrastructure, built with sophistication, intricacy and equipped
with the latest state-of-the-art
testing equipments. Having
achieved leadership position
in the manufacture of power
products up to 765 kV, this is
a signicant move towards fullling CGs strategic objective
of positioning itself as a sizeable player in the UHV arena
in the world. Prime markets for
these products are large countries like India, South America
and Africa, where such very
high voltage transmission
networks are present. The Research Centre facilitates reliable and economic new product development for the global
UHV/EHV (Extra High Voltage)



markets, spanning 800kV EHV

to 1200 kV UHV power transmission systems. It is envisaged
to be CGs manufacturing and
development hub for Switchgear.
The centre will focus on
research and development of
high power sub-station equipments, such as Circuit Breakers
(Live Tank and Dead Tank), GIS
(Gas Insulated Switchgear),
Instrument Transformers (CT /
IVT / CVT) (Current Transformers/Inductive Voltage Transformers/Capacitive
Bushings, Surge Arresters, and

Disconnectors with enhanced

capabilities and at competitive
prices. The centre is equipped
with 1600 kV AC and 3600 kV,
360 kJ Impulse test systems to
conduct all the dielectric performance tests as per the latest
global IEC, ANSI standards and
other International product
standards. It will also facilitate
developmental research tests,
on new dielectric systems
and products. This UHV infrastructure will help in the local
manufacture of UHV products,
thus saving huge costs on imports to Indian customers. CGs
Global customers can have the

benet of getting the entire

range of products of global
quality standard, from Medium
Voltage to Ultra High Voltage,
from a single source.
Commenting on the inauguration, Avantha Group
Company CGs CEO & Managing Director, Mr. Laurent
Demortier said, First, I do
congratulate the CG team and
thank our customers and local authorities who supported
us for the construction of this
centre. This inauguration is an
important milestone for CG.
This Research Centre will provide us with the necessary tools
to effectively compete in the
fast growing UHV/ EHV market
segments. The CG centre in
Nashik, which has been providing MV (Medium Voltage) and
HV (High Voltage) switchgear
for customers all around the
world, will fuel CGs growth
by producing a full range of
EHV and UHV switchgear up to
1200 KV

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Energetica News

Order for power transformer package

for Super Thermal Power Project in Bihar
Alstom T&D India will supply a
power transformer package for
Nabinagar Power Generating
Company Limiteds (NPGCL)
Super Thermal Power Project
located in Bihar in India. The
project is part of a bulk tender
which has been set up to accelerate the pace of thermal capacity addition in the country.
This order, worth approxi-

mately INR 1055 million (14

million), covers the design,
supply, testing, erection and
commissioning of generator
transformers and associated
power transformers and shunt
reactor. All equipment will be
manufactured by Alstom T&D
Indias transformer manufacturing and testing facility in

Naini (Uttar Pradesh).

Commenting on the contract, Rathin Basu, Managing Director, Alstom T&D India said, As a pioneer in the
eld of power transformers,
our expertise extends through
all levels, from generation to
transmission (including HVDC
systems) and all kinds of special industrial and railway ap-

plications. With strong references, Alstom T&D India has

a wide range of short circuit
test compliant generator transformers and associated Power
Transformers designed specically for Super Critical Power
The Nabingar power transformer package is due to be
delivered by October 2017.

installation of 160 kms crosscountry LPG pipeline. The order is worth Rs 94 crores.
The Managing Director of
the company, Mr Ranjit Singh
expressed his satisfaction with
the company results, The or-

der pipeline remains strong this

year. In the rst half we have
won orders worth Rs 1,750
crores and expect the momentum to continue in the second
half also, as many projects are
in the nal stage of award.

KPTL gets orders for 620 crores

Kalpataru Power Transmission
Limited (KPTL), a leading global
EPC player in the power & infrastructure contracting sector
has secured new orders worth
over Rs 620 crores. The rst
major order is from Tamil Nadu

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Transmission Corporation Ltd.

for supply and installation of
171 kms, 400 KV D/C transmission line. The contract is worth
Rs 463 crores.
The other major order is
from HPCL and includes the



Energetica News


Finolex Cables launches LED

Finolex Cables Limited, Indias
largest and leading manufacturer of electrical and
communication cables today
launched FinoLED- a premium and high quality variety
of LED lighting.
Designed to the highest quality specications, the
FinoLED product range is intended to satisfy the demand
and requirement of quality lighting in the industrial,
commercial and architectural

markets like hotels, restaurants, ofces and municipalities, among others.

Since comfortable and
pleasant lighting is a must
for certain industries, the LED
lights will be an ideal replacement for normal GLS lamps,
CFL bulbs and HID lamps.
The range includes:
sRetrot bulb shaped LED in
0.5w Deco in ve colours
and specications of 3w,
5w, 7w, 10w, 12w and

sIndoor Lighting including LED Flat Panel Down
sLED Slim Tube light xture
in 4w, 10w and 18w
sStreet light varying between 20w to 210w
sIndustrial High Bay Fixtures
varying from 45w to 210w
The company has already
been manufacturing an entire range of CFLs & T5 Tubes
in their state of art factory

based at Urse, Pune.

Finolexs CFLs & T5 are
made available Pan India
through a strong distribution
network under the Brand
Name Finoglow.
Commenting on the
launch, Mr. Sridhar Reddy
President, Marketing, Finolex Cables Ltd said Our
intention has always been
to take innovation, quality,
dependability and safety to
the next level.

Pan-India study by AEEE and Schneider Electric of

Indian Business
Schneider Electric India, in
partnership with AEEE has
announced the ndings of
a national study on the energy consumption prole of
Indian businesses and drivers
for clean energy investment.
This survey was conducted
in the month of September
2013, with 300 respondents
across metro and Tier II cities
in India providing details on
how they look at their energy consumption.
The cities included in
the study are four metros Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore
and Kolkata and eight Tier
II cities - Ludhiana, Jaipur,
Rajkot, Nasik, Lucknow, Vijayawada, Kochi and Patna.
170 (57%) respondents belonged to the manufacturing and also small business
sector, 110 (37%) respondents were from the building
& construction sector, and
the balance 6% represented



miscellaneous industry.
Sub-sets of industry
verticals included food and
beverage companies, textiles, automobiles and auto
ancillaries, pharma and the
building and construction
sector. Nearly 80% of the
respondents were small and
medium businesses, with
over 50 responses from large
enterprises. 54% of the respondents were from Metros, while the rest belonged
to Tier II cities. The respondents were heads of administration or nance, owners
or chief operating ofcers of
these companies.
Unveiling the study, Anil
Chaudhry, Managing Director and Country President,
Schneider Electric India said,
Were seeing rising energy
costs impact bottom-lines
across the industries in the
country, especially impacting
the SME sector. Rising energy

costs is further compounded

by lack of reliable grid supply.
According to industry reports,
power losses are reportedly
costing India a GDP loss of
US$ 68 Bn annually. In such a
situation, we are seeing that
industrial consumers of power are keen to embrace new
solutions on energy efciency
and management that can
bring down costs or at least
keep them constant. This
pan-India and cross-industry
study in partnership with
AEEE validates what were
seeing in todays ecosystem.
At the same time, were happy to be seeing a greater reliance on energy
Dr. Koshy Cherail, President, Alliance for an Energy
Efcient Economy (AEEE)
said, For Indian businesses
and exports to be competitive in todays globalised marketplace, both, the price and
supply of power need to be

kept in mind. Energy efciency is the cornerstone of

energy management and
through this study were seeing industry leaders point to
a greater uptake with regards
to energy efciency, especially in nonmetro India. Energy
consumers are pointing to
more government incentives
and policy initiatives as key
drivers to this uptake.
The AEEE Schneider
Electric study identied the
following parameters for the
sEnergy Cost and its impact
on business
sTrained manpower and use
of analytics
sOutlook for Energy Efciency and Renewable Energy
sAwareness regarding energy efciency policy issues
sSetting energy reduction
goals and ability to execute the plan.

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Energetica News


Pluss Polymers to start a new manufacturing unit in Haryana

Pluss Polymers, a polymers
research and manufacturing company involved in the
eld of speciality polymeric
additives and phase change
materials for thermal energy
storage is starting a new
manufacturing unit at Bawal
in October 2013. Bawal is an
upcoming industrial area and
is very close to Manesar, one
of the biggest automobile
hubs. It also falls on the much
touted Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor. Bawal-Manesar
is slated amongst the rst 7
integrated cities to come up
on the DMIC by 2017.
The new manufacturing
unit is a state of art facility

covering an area of 10,000

square feet over three oors.
It will be the rst plant in
the country to manufacture
Shape Stabilized polymer
composite Phase change materials. These materials will
be used to create products to
keep food hot or cold. It has
already found a large market
in the US. We are sure India
will catch up soon! added
Samit Jain, Managing Director, Pluss Polymers. Ankit
Jhanwar, Manager, Corporate
Planning at Pluss said It will
have automated Form Fill Seal
Machine to handle a wide
variety of packaging lms to
encapsulate Phase Change

Materials . Currently we are

exporting PCMs to help maintain a temperature of 20 to
25 deg C consistently while
transporting wines and certain bio/pharma products.
A new twin screw extruder
is slated to arrive mid of October which will increase the
capacity of Speciality Polymers from 700 tons/annum to
1800 tons/annum.
Samit Jain mentioned
that the Bawal plant will be
one of the rst small scale
industries to install a thermal energy storage system of
40 Ton to maintain the temperature of the unit between
24-28C. This will help save

tremendous amount of diesel requirement given the

poor situation of power in
Haryana. It will also be a small
contribution towards demand
side management of electricity. The system indigenously
designed and now on offer
commercially for anyone, will
run at night when power is
available and economical to
store the cold energy. During
the day the stored energy will
be used for airconditioning
of the laboratory and ofce
spaces. The plant otherwise
will use efcient evaporative
cooling based ambiators to
maintain a comfort temperature of 28 deg C.

Find more information:

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Energetica News

My Eco Energy all set to revolutionize the Indian

Bio- Fuel Industry
My Eco Energy, a pioneering
company engaged in the manufacturing, distribution, marketing and retailing of waste
to Bio-Diesel, a non-petroleum
based fuel, recently announced
its foray into the Indian Bio Fuel
industry. By making Bio-Diesel,
a Bio-Fuel, made from waste
materials including vegetable
oils and animal fat available for
consumer and commercial use,
My Eco Energy moves one step
closer to its goal of reducing
dependence on traditional fuel
mediums in India. It promises
to power the vehicles of the future with its revolutionary fuel
My Eco Energy has pioneered in production and usage of Bio-Diesel, an innovative and economical fuel that
will not only power various
passenger, commercial vehicles
like buses, trains, bulldozers,
ships and agricultural tractors
but also several machinery like
electricity generators, industrial
boilers & furnaces. Since non-

renewable fuels are rapidly

nearing extinction, Bio-Diesel
by My Eco Energy is the next
best viable option to conventional fuel mediums.
Bio-Diesel by My Eco
My Eco Energys Bio-Diesel is
suitable for all types of Diesel
engines. Derived by the best
quality methods, it can be used
either alone or as a fuel blended
with conventional petro-diesel
in unmodied diesel-engine
vehicles. Produced from various feed stocks including waste
vegetable oils and non-edible
oils like used cooking oil and
acid oils (a waste from edible
oil manufacturing process) and
tallow, Bio-Diesel by My Eco Energy is an environmentally safe,
low polluting fuel suitable for
most diesel engines.
Announcing My Eco Energys foray into the Indian
Bio-Diesel market, Mr. Santosh
Verma, Director, My Eco Energy
said,My Eco Energy will revo-

lutionize the Indian Fuel Industry with its pioneering waste toBio Diesel technology. Looking
at the current scenario of the
dependency on non-renewable
fuel systems, there is a growing
demand for a non-petroleum
based fuel. It is this demand
that Bio-Diesel by My Eco Energy addresses. The company offers the consumers a completely natural, high-performing and
low-environment depleting fuel
option for their Diesel fuelled
vehicles. Bio-Diesel can be efciently utilized by public road
transport companies like all the
state road corporations or private bus transport companies;
and can be employed across
various machinery equipment
like electricity generators, industrial boilers & furnaces. It
can also be used for vehicular
mediums like cars, buses, trains,
tractors, etc., and is completely
safe to use.
To reach the end consumer in the most efcient manner, My Eco Energy has come


up with various commercial

solutions like Strategic Business Models, Total Fleet Solutions and Bulk Order Supplies.
Our endeavour is to maximise
the utilisation of Bio-Diesel in
the country, to bring about a
revolution in the domestic fuel
consumption, and to reduce
the dependence on foreign fuel
imports. By doing this, we are
contributing our bit to strengthen our economy by reducing
the expenses incurred on importing fuel, he added.
To attain a signicant customer base, My Eco Energy
has outlined a strategic marketing road-map to reach the
domestic market segments.
Today, My Eco Energy primarily caters to Maharashtra and
other neighbouring states in
the initial phase with operations spread across 20 distributorship across Maharashtra.
Future plans include extending
its network force to over 250
dealer owned retail pumps in
Maharashtra within one year.

Vestas receives 129 MW offshore order in the Netherlands

Vestas Wind Systems and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries have
agreed to form a joint venture
(JV) dedicated to offshore wind
The JV will combine Vestas
and MHIs current capabilities
within offshore wind turbines.
Vestas will transfer the development of the V164-8.0 MW, the
V112 offshore order book, existing offshore service contracts
and approx 300 employees
to the JV. MHI will inject EUR


100m in cash into the JV and

will inject another EUR 200m
based on certain milestone
achievements reecting the
natural early product life cycle
of the V164 turbine. As part of
the JV it has been agreed between the parties that Vestas is
contracted by the JV to nalise
the planned development of
the V164-8.0 MW on behalf of
the JV. In addition, Vestas and
MHI will provide various services to the JV. The JV will start its

business with the current V112

offshore and the V164-8.0 MW
turbines. At a later stage, the JV
will explore the possibilities of
integrating the MHI hydraulic
DDT technology into the 8 MW
platform which would make
the JV positioned to offer a
product line-up variety that best
suits customer demands.
Leveraging on the respective strengths of each organisation, the JV will be well-positioned to win an expanding

share of the offshore wind

turbine market and become a
global leader in this attractive
and high-growth market; with
Vestas comprehensive technological capabilities and longstanding track record within the
overall wind power market, and
the offshore wind segment specically, and MHIs strong and
long-standing presence in global power markets and related
technologies, the JV will benet
from signicant synergies.
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Energetica News

ZSW produces world

record solar cell
In the race for higher power
yields, the Zentrum fr Sonnenenergie- und WasserstoffForschung Baden-Wrttemberg (Centre for Solar Energy
and Hydrogen Research, ZSW)
has set a new world record.
The Stuttgart researchers have
improved the efciency of
CIGS thin-lm solar cells to
20.8%. This gure is a record
for converting sunlight into
electrical energy and, for the
rst time, it exceeds the efciency of market-dominating
multicrystalline silicon solar
cells. The new research ndings from Baden-Wrttemberg are likely to further reduce the cost of solar power
in future.
The record solar cell,
made from copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS), has an
area of 0.5 square centimetres
- a usual size for experimental
cells. It was manufactured in
a laboratory coating system
using a simultaneous evaporation process, which in principle can be transferred into
industrial production processes. Our new record shows
that CIGS thin-lm technology
still has untapped technological and economic potential,
says a delighted Prof. Dr. Michael Powalla, board member
and head of the photovoltaics
division at ZSW.
The success of the Stuttgart-based scientists substantially surpasses their own
record for CIGS solar cells of
20.3% on glass. More signicantly, however, this value
beats the peak perfo rmance
of 20.4% for multicrystalline
silicon cells. Market-dominating multicrystalline cells have
held onto their advantage for
nearly 30 years - now CIGS is
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in the lead. The results have

been ofcially conrmed by
the Fraunhofer Institute for
Solar Energy Systems ISE.
ZSW is now working to
transfer the optimised CIGS
process to modules. It may
take a little time for the higher
efciency to be reected in
production, Powalla notes.
But 16 to 18% in commercial modules is possible over
the next few years. Marketstandard CIGS modules currently attain efciencies of 14
to 15% - a module always has
lower efciency than an individual solar cell.
ZSWs success is the result
of intensive research activities
that have been supported by
the German Federal Environment Ministry and the state
of Baden-Wrttemberg for
many years. With the recent
achievement, the electronic
quality of the solar cell has
been enhanced. The world
record underscores the states
capacity for innovation and
will help technologies made
in Baden-Wrttemberg to
compete against Asian rivals.
One example is ZSWs industrial partner Manz AG, based
in Reutlingen, which offers
a turnkey production line for
manufacturing modules using
the ZSW technology.
Compared to standard
solar cells, thin-lm photovoltaics saves materials and energy since the coating used is
just micrometres thick. This is
a considerable cost reduction
factor for future production.
The experts all agree that the
new record demonstrates the
great potential of CIGS technology for even more costeffective and efcient photovoltaics.




Despite the problems, the demand for power in

India, bottoming of PV prices and failure of power
plant capacity addition based on gas and imported
coal have contributed to the expansion of the Indian
solar market into the Gigawatt plus scale
Energetica India talks to Tarun
Munjal, Managing Director
meeco India to gain insights
into meeco Groups focus and
progress in India.
ENERGETICA INDIA: Please give us a brief
about the meeco group on a global scale.
MR. TARUN MUNJAL: The meeco Group has become one of the worlds leading clean energy companies by leveraging its competencies
and local expertise with the best technology
and service providers in the industry.
Some key gures:
s Over 1.100 million in projects sold
and nanced
s Over 329 MW nanced and operational
(100+ projects)
s Over 400 MW additional in development (150+ projects)
We work with project developers,
businesses, governments, technology providers and EPC contractors to structure,
nance and commission highly bankable
projects. By providing the optimal set of
services and solutions for each project,
we minimize the investment required and
maximize return on investment for clients
and stakeholders.
Some of these services and solutions
s Project development assistance, due
diligence, project structure and nance,
engineering, construction and operation
s Turnkey utility-scale solutions
s Off-grid solutions
s Portable solutions
We have strategic alliances with a
number of leading global companies engaged in manufacturing various Solar components and a global Procurement program


spanning 40 countries, which now runs in

the excess of 100 MW annually.
We have strategic alliances with a
number of leading global companies engaged in manufacturing various solar components and a global procurement program spanning 40 countries, which now
runs in over 100 MW annually.
ENERGETICA INDIA: What services/products/
solutions are being offered by meeco
MR. TARUN MUNJAL: The meeco Group has
an industry leading portfolio of quality solar offerings. In India we offer turnkey EPC
services for projects up to 5 MW. We offer
consulting services (Design, Engineering,
Project and Construction Management) for
utility scale projects in excess of 10 MW.
This is a segment where we believe the
value of EPC diminishes and a number of
projects become a zero sum game between
the Developer and EPC provider. With the
high cost of debt locally and hedging for
internationally raised funds, project viability
hinges on few basis points which we are
able to add back into the Project Developers kitty. We are able to give them comfort
that no compromises are made on quality
which is the factor that determines returns
once the project goes live.

Besides projects, we are investing very

heavily in building our portfolio for Rooftop onsite solar power generation. This
is a segment which I personally believe
will become more signicant than large
scale ground based projects. In a year or
so, this will have almost a viral adoption
in India. Onsite power generation in a grid
connected topology has become cheaper
than grid power in the industrial and commercial segments regardless of the subsidy
from the government. Packaged into our
sun2live brand, we have two models for
delivering these projects on a turnkey
basis and on a long term PPA model. Our
plug and play model technology means
that you could be operational within 60
days from nancial arrangement.
Over the past two years we have developed meeco India into a regional hub
to support our growing presence in Africa
and South and South East Asia. The Indian
subsidiary supports both Business Development and execution of projects in this
part of the world in conjunction with our
colleagues in Europe. This adds a dimension to our business that brings us an unrivalled level of experience and leverage.
We have developed India as the hub
for integration of two important products
in our portfolio sun2ow (Solar Water
Pumping Solutions) and sun2light (Solar and LED Lighting Systems). We have
formed a joint venture agreement with
Paruthi Engineers Limited, leveraging on
their vast facilities and expertise in Steel
Fabrication, Pole Designing and Manufacturing. We have designed innovative solutions for irrigation providing mobile systems for small farmers and xed systems
for larger pumping stations. Our sun2light
range offers best in class LED lighting for
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indoor and outdoor use coupled with the

industry leading designs for Poles and High
Masts with an option to power these with
Solar Energy.
Our group has made strategic investments in large scale utility storage technologies. These are still expensive in the
Indian context. They are a couple of years
away from serious adoption in India but
we will be ready when the market is ready
to absorb this. We belive that this will be a
game changer for both onsite generation
and grid stabilization in utility scale Solar
and Wind farms.
ENERGETICA INDIA: Please share with us the
progress and achievements of meeco
India on the solar side
MR. TARUN MUNJAL: In the initial stages of
establishing our presence in India, we
have used our global expertise to perform
services based projects as opposed to developing and owning licenses because
of the complicated rules associated with
transferability of SPVs which managed
to secure PPAs with high tariffs. We have
been successful in commissioning the rst
MW scale project in the IREDA scheme it in
the shortest timeframe compared all other projects in Punjab. In addition to this,
we provided our Engineering and Design
services to a 55MW project in Rajasthan,
which is amongst the largest in India.
We have a number of sun2live projects across NCR, Haryana, Rajasthan and
Punjab both on a turnkey implementation
basis. This line of business is growing with
great pace and the customers are able to
see an immediate reduction in Power bills
and insulate them from tariff increases in
the future.
We have successfully deployed mobile
sun2ow in Uttar Pradesh to support ood
as well as drip irrigation. We have a large
backlog of orders for sun2ow and sun2light from both domestic market and export to Africa and neighbouring countries.
We see ourselves extending this offering
to Europe in the very near future.
In addition, we have made signicant contribution in deploying innovative
renewable energy solutions in India. A
couple of examples include providing an
in-depth survey and assessment report of
Solar potential and benets of deploying
PV systems covering canals to a governenergetica india

Viterbo Italy meeco grid-connected- Wrth Solar.

ment department. We have put up a demonstration micro hydro system in a canal

in Punjab to exploit the kinetic energy of
water in canals and rivers.
We have an approach based on investments, research and innovation which
gives us the fuel to stay ahead of the pack
ENERGETICA INDIA: What has been meeco
Indias learning on solar installations
in India? How does it differ from doing
projects in Europe?
MR. TARUN MUNJAL: European capacity has
essentially been added on a free market
basis where the rst to connect to the grid
gets the prevailing tariff subject to the capacity cap for the particular tariff. Gujarat
used a similar model and hence was able
to ratchet up the installed capacity. Reverse bidding on tariffs in India which was
a measure introduced after the migration
of projects in JNNSM has resulted in some
exceptionally poor quality projects.
The REC framework is comprehensive
and excellent market based pricing mechanism. However, this has been crippled by
one weakness, which is essentially voluntary
enforcement for not meeting RPOs. RECs
have, therefore, remained non-bankable to
date and remained a sweetener for deals.
State government have come up with various policies but most have offered very low
tariffs and will lead to poor quality projects
and the timelines will not be met.
The Indian Government is talking
about ultra mega plants aggregating to
4,000 MW in Rajasthan, adoption in large
projects such as canals, highways and logistics corridoors and net metering. There
will certainly be delays but some of these
initiatives will take off and some will fail.
The quality of Project Development is key

to these initiatives, the value of which is

highly underestimated in India.
We feel that quality is paramount and
an uncompromisable tenet in solar power
sector for long term and sustainable returns. PV Projects are built for at least 25
years but that long term mind set has not
yet resonated in the Indian market as yet.
Ultimately in this regard, Indian Project Developers will take a cue from their European counterparts.
ENERGETICA INDIA: Where is the next big
growth expected in India on the solar
side; on-grid or the off-grid side? Can
you please share your thoughts on this?
MR. TARUN MUNJAL: The policy uncertainty,
paucity of funds for subsidy disbursement,
lack of renewable energy lending expertise
in banks in the country have certainly contributed to impede the expected growth of
the Solar market in India. These factors will
continue to weigh on the near term and
as well future as there is no clear solution
in sight for these issues. However despite
the problems, the sheer scale of demand
for power in India, bottoming of PV prices
and failure of power plant capacity addition based on gas and imported coal have
contributed to expansion of the Indian solar
market into Gigawatt plus scale. This has
proven without doubt two things (i) Solar
works and (ii) the potential of Solar power
generation in India is virtually limitless.
Over time, Indias Solar landscape is
going to be vast and will push the boundaries in all directions including some which
are not practical in Europe such as micro
power. India will experience growth in utility scale, large projects, grid connected
rooftops, hybrid systems, off grid systems
and even micro power.





Energetica India speaks to Mr.

Samir Ashta to better understand
the concept of Pool Financing and
its implications
ENERGETICA INDIA: How does this innovative
nance structure of Pool Financing work?
SAMIR ASHTA: Wind power projects are typically project-nanced, which means that
the lenders lend to a particular project. In
the Pooled nancing structure, the security of each project is only pledged to the
respective lenders of that project. One of
the primary features and objectives of the
Pooling arrangement is to make the cash
generated from the pooled projects available to all the lenders in the pool. As such,
if one project in a particular year is faced
with a stressed situation due to low wind
or other factors, due to the portfolio effect cash from other projects is available to
mitigate the risk.

With the introduction of new

pooled nancing, nancial
covenants and defaults will no
longer be measured at the
individual project level


ENERGETICA INDIA: What are the major risk

factors and challenges faced by the
lenders and borrowers? How helpful
will Pool nancing be in eliminating
these risks?
SAMIR ASHTA: With the introduction of new
pooled nancing, nancial covenants and
defaults will no longer be measured at
the individual project level. As such, if one
project in a particular year is faced with a
stressed situation due to low wind or other factors, due to the portfolio effect cash
from other projects is available to mitigate
the risk. Even though the security is ring
fenced, default in any particular project
will trigger cross-default across the entire
CLPWF wind portfolio. A lender to a single
project after rst enforcing the individual
project security in an event of default can
bring down the entire CLPWF portfolio by
ling a winding up petition. The distribution of surplus cash has to be done at individual project levels. The portfolio effect
created by this structure will result in a signicant reduction of risk.
Some of other benets are:
s Extract maximum value from both debt
and equity investors
s Ensure security for lenders as pooled
cash ow would be accessible to all
s Mitigates typical project level risks such
as variability of wind
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s Fuel CLP Indias future growth as excess

money from the pool can be accessed
efciently and used to fund additional
s Enhance CLP Indias ability to attract
new lenders, particularly ECB lenders
s Standardized documents for rapid fund
ENERGETICA INDIA: How will Pool Financing
help CLP?
SAMIR ASHTA: This innovative, pooled nancing structure is expected to boost the
growth of CLP Indias wind portfolio and
support our commitment to adding 250
to 300 MW of wind projects every year.
It will help secure CLP Indias current and
future assets and mitigate the inherent risk
arising out of the unpredictable nature of
wind projects output.
Also with pooled nancing, our ability to manage SEB payment delays without the parent companys support will
improve. The monitoring of Financial Covenants at individual project level will not
be there as nancial covenants will only be
monitored for all projects at the pool level.
This will further strengthen our competitiveness and business performance in the
Indian market and will aid the growth we
have planned for the future.
At CLP India, we have always believed
that an innovative and dynamic approach
to nancing large infrastructure projects
plays a vital role in improving protability.
This approach will minimize our nancing costs and optimize the efciency and
performance of all our assets. With standardization of documentation as a result of
this approach, there will be quicker nancial closures for our projects in the future,
which will signicantly enhance the overall
efciency and effectiveness of the nancing process too.

represent additional capacity of about 650

MWs will be brought in the pool. On a
going forward basis, all new projects will
also become part of the pooled structure.
ENERGETICA INDIA: How far you think this
nancial structure will be used in Indias
power/renewable energy sector?
SAMIR ASHTA: With a number of existing
challenges in the conventional power
space, we are seeing a much greater focus
on renewable energy not only amongst
private investors, but also amongst lenders, policy makers and State Governments.

With a wind portfolio of over 1000 MW

today that forms 1/3rd of our total capacity in India, renewable energy projects will
remain critical to our portfolio growth over
the next few years. The pooled nancing
structure we have introduced now will
play a vital role in fuelling this growth and
will make the overall business model more
robust and efcient for all stakeholders
concerned. Our outlook for the renewable energy sector in India is very strong,
as we believe that it will make a critical
contribution towards Energy Security for
the country.


immediate and future projects to be
beneted from this unique nance
SAMIR ASHTA: Currently the pooling is being
initiated with four projects; Andhra Lake,
Saundatti, Hara and Theni which represent
more than 250 MWs of installed capacity. Subsequently all the other projects in
CLPWF; Samana, Sipla, Tejuva, Bhakrani,
Yermala, Mahidad and Jath which will
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It is evident that Solar shall be

competitive against Grid over a
period of time in most of cities
against commercial tariffs
Energetica India talks to Mr. Anurag Garg, Schneider Electric, India to
discuss Schneiders Solar Business and its achievements in India.

ENERGETICA INDIA: Please share some

details of the products/services offered
by Schneider Electric for Indias solar
MR. ANURAG GARG: Schneider Electric offers
products and services in Solar broadly under 2 Categories i.e. Utility Scale and Large
commercial (USLC) and Rooftop and Off
In USLC, which typically is Solar Plant
> 500kW, we have offers of products and
solutions. In products, we have offers of
Large Central Inverters starting from 540
KVA to 680KVA with highest efciency in
its class, Solar Scada, Array Junction Boxes, Transformers for Solar Application, HT
Panel and Ring Main Units, UPS, DC Cables Harness with Connectors.
For USLC Segment, we offer a very
unique Plug N Play solution of Solar Inverter
Sub-stations (SISS)/ PV BOX (ranging from
1080KVA to 1360KVA, 11KV and 33KV
versions) which helps Developers and EPC
complete solar projects within a short cycle
time with many other benets of reduced
site activity, elimination of the need for coordination with various supplies, as SISS has
almost all of the critical products for a solar
plant inside a special containerised solution suitable for harsh environmental conditions in which solar plants operate. SISS/
PV Box is a fully integrated factory tested
solution which has Inverters, Transformers,
RMU, UPS, Ventilation System, LV Aux Control Panel and Scada Control with all these
products and components pre-connected
and tested at our plant.




Besides this, Schneider Electric has

capability and products for evacuation
switchyard of all Voltage Class from 11kV
to 132 kV to evacuate solar power to Grid
complemented with design and engineering capability for a complete Solar Plant.
For Rooftop & Off Grid Segment,
we have offers which cover various solar
needs of Off Grid and On Grid with MPPT
Charge Controllers of Various Ratings, Inverters suitable for Battery based and NonBattery system for single and three phase
system. Our offer of Charge Controllers
is widely used in Telecom Towers which
have started using Solar Power to off-set
diesel and thus reducing its OPEX and also
reduce CO2 emissions in environment. We
also have unique solution for Solar Agri-



cultural / Commercial Pumps which can

be used for AC Pumps. We have design
and engineering capabilities and also have
capability to help our customers with Concept and Financial Analysis to help them
ENERGETICA INDIA: How fast has Schneider
Electric grown in the solar industry in
MR. ANURAG GARG: Schneider Electric has
taken a dominant and leadership position in Solar Industry in India within a very
short period of time. This growth has been
supported by performance and efciency
of our products and solutions which have
been well recognised by our customers.
Our local manufacturing of latest range of
Central Inverters in state-of -art factories
has also helped us achieve growth and
leadership position.
ENERGETICA INDIA: Is there any data
/ information available on the
installations using Schneider Electric
solar products?
MR. ANURAG GARG: We have as of now an
installed base of almost 150 MW. This is
within one year of operation and we are
expecting another 150 MW to be installed
before the end of this nancial year. Almost 115 MW is installed in Rajasthan
and is generating very good CUF despite
the harsh environment in the deserts of
Rajasthan. Our installed base is a combination of Inverters, SISS and few projects
executed by Schneider Electric. We also
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have installation of our String Inverters and

Charge Controllers in telecom towers, Off
Grid and Rooftop in various parts of country and various applications like hospitals,
hotels, and schools, etc.
ENERGETICA INDIA: What areas / applications
within solar is Schneider Electric
targeting? Please share some details.
MR. ANURAG GARG: As explained earlier,
Schneider Electric has offers for both USLC
and Rooftop & Off Grid including our offer for Solar Pumps. We would like to be
present in entire space of Solar for which
we have products & solutions and we do
not target any specic segment. Targeted
applications for Schneider Electric in Solar
are Large Utility Scale Solar farms, Small
and Large Commercial, Roof Top applications for Residential, Off Grid, Micro Grids
and Rural Solar applications including Solar Pumps.
ENERGETICA INDIA: Which area of application
is expected to grow fastest in India?
MR. ANURAG GARG: India is very well positioned for growth in both USLC and
Rooftop and Off Grid. As we know government of India has plans to install 10
GW by 2017 and 20 GW by 2022. With
only 1.8 GW installed till date, growth
is evident. It takes further impetus with
large central government companies like
large size plans for Solar. It is also driven through RPO and SPO obligations of
states and corporate which have to be
met within a certain timeframe and the
REC mechanism to help those achieve
RPO/SPO obligations who do not /need to
develop a Solar Plant.
As regards Rooftop and Off Grid,
considering the length and breadth of
the country and also the population, with
many parts of country still without power
or with power only for few hours using
diesel or with grid power being more expensive than solar, it is very clear that this
segment has huge potential of growth in
India. This segment is expected to take
growth with mandate by some states
on Industries and Commercial segment
to meet their SPO Obligations. Also this
segment is very well supported by Central
and State Governments with subsidies
which help reduce cost of investment and
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makes solar competitive. With Grid prices
and Diesel prices increasing, it is evident
that Solar shall be competitive against
Grid over a period of time in most of cities against commercial tariffs.
ENERGETICA INDIA: What is the distribution
model for Schneider Electrics off-grid
solar products?
MR. ANURAG GARG: For Off Grid and Rooftop products, we have a 3 tier approach
which comprises of our well established
Distributor Network, System Integrators
and Direct Customers/ EPC. This helps us
reach most parts of India where solar projects are on-going.
ENERGETICA INDIA: How is a Schneider
Electric assisting client with services
MR. ANURAG GARG: Schneider Electric has a
service network aligned with our installed
base as we are present in India since dec-

ades and have service network almost

across India. However, we also train our
Partners and System Integrators to do rst
level intervention without our support for
Rooftop and Off Grid Products. For USLC,
we have a dedicated service set up of
highly trained engineers and spares close
to our installed base to provide response
time as desired for such applications.
ENERGETICA INDIA: What are the short
term and long term goals of Schneider
Electrics solar business in India?
MR. ANURAG GARG: As Schneider Electric,
we would always like to provide innovative products & solutions to our customers which help them make the most of
their energy and provide services which
are best in class to reduce downtime of
our customer plants. We believe it is important to have state of art products and
services to establish long term relationship
with our customers. As regards our long
term plans, true to our innovative spirit we
would like to bring new products and solutions to support industry growth and make
it more efcient and competitive through
our R&D where we invest a huge amount
of resource to be future ready. Schneider
Electric wants to assure customers in terms
of its bankability which is very critical for
solar developers and investors considering
the longevity of the projects.



TBEA Solar Inverter installed in Rajasthan for a 2MW Project.



TBEA is going to come up with

inverter manufacturing unit in
India at Baroda from 2014-2015
Energetica India speaks to Mr. Andrew Wang, TBEA Sunoasis to
understand the work being done by TBEA in India and its future plans.
ENERGETICA INDIA: Please share a brief on
TBEAs products, services and solutions
in the power sector.
ANDREW WANG: TBEA is worlds largest ultra
high transformer manufacturer with sales
revenue of ~5.1 billion USD in 2012
TBEA Four main businesses are:
s Power Transmission & Transformation
s Renewable Energy
s Advanced Material
s Coal-Based Power Plant

ENERGETICA INDIA: What kind of solar

products/solutions does TBEA offer
clients in India?
ANDREW WANG: TBEA is basically a well
know EPC player in China. In India we are
suppliers of modules and inverters for ongrid solar power plant projects for EPC and
system integrator clients.
TBEA range of products for Indias solar market are:
s String inverter starts -1.5 KW to 20KW


foray been so far in power transmission
and solar sector?
ANDREW WANG: TBEA is already well known
in the power sector for Ultra High Voltage
transformers and we have signed contracts with major clients in India like NTPC.
TBEA has also invested around $500
billion for Transformer and Solar Unit in India. Solar Unit is now under construction
and TBEA is going to come up with inverter manufacturing unit in India at Baroda
from 2014-2015.

Chairman Zhang of TBEA India leader.



s Central Inverters - 100KW to 1250KW.

s Modules (Solar panels) -80 Watts to
Also we are providing Turnkey (EPC)
solution for 5MW projects and above in
ENERGETICA INDIA: What is the size of TBEA
(no of employees) in India and globally?
ANDREW WANG: TBEA solar industry has
2500 employees, including 754 technical
employees. In 2012 the total sales income
is 670 million USD. TBEA is going to come
up with inverter manufacturing unit in India at Baroda from 2014.
ENERGETICA INDIA: Where do you see major
growth in Indias solar sector, the offgrid or on the on-grid side?
ANDREW WANG: The Indian market in solar
is slow but study market. The Indian Government is creating awareness for off-grid
solar and is also building capacities on the
on-grid side. So we hope Indian solar sector is industry manages to balance both
off-grid and on-grid projects.

energetica india


India Solars Excise Problems


Solar energy policies are being talked about in the country. There are initiatives to
promote the use of solar products, and the National Solar Mission has been a subject
of global talk. In this humdrum of development, the solar suppliers are quietly making an
exodus from the market, as huge amount of excise is stuck up without a trace. This is
pushing solar specialists, and taking manufacturing companies to trade with free zone

olar energy has been promoted in

a very robust way in India. With the
lauding efforts of the National Solar
Mission, the subsidies and investments that
came along gave impetus to the solar sector.
The number of projects involving solar energy rose with time. However, on the other
end, there are woes too, from the suppliers
Where a large number of solar manufacturers gained benets from excise duty,
suppliers were left in the lurch. Initially this
problem did not seem to bother many suppliers, as most of them were in the momentum to procure solar projects. Also, most
were sure that that they will get their excise
returns from the Central Excise. The reality
turned out to be something else, according
to the suppliers.
Reeling under the pressure of mounting
excise duties, some suppliers, especially those
catering exclusively to the solar market, were
being slowly pushed out as money in huge
sums was locked in excise. It leads us to a
pertinent question- are we really promoting
solar production? If yes, then why are the
suppliers not getting the benet of it?
The Suppliers Dilemma
It has been happening since the beginning, says Sachin Agarwal, Director, Sreejith Solar Structures. For the company, which
has been into making galvanized solar structures, or EPCs, the order comes from the
plant owners directly.
When people approach suppliers for
materials, they produce the exemption certicate from the excise department.
Says Agarwal, As manufacturers, I
have to charge the excise, but since they
show us the certicate, which is acceptable,


according to the rules, we cannot pass on

the cost to the customer.
Whatever the manufacturers make,
they do not have to pay their excise duties.
During dispatch, they show the certicate.
This is what happens.
The suppliers pay excise duties while
purchasing goods like steel or zinc in the normal course of events. This cost, however, is to
be claimed from the excise department and
cannot be passed to the customer directly as
they produce exemption certicate. In such a
scenario, for instance, is the input cost is Rs
80 and the supplier pays Rs 20 as excise duty,
the cost that will be borne by the customer
will be Rs 80 only and not Rs 100. Here, the
supplier keeps shelling the excise amount,
and his dues from excise keeps mounting.
This gap has to be lled by the government
which is not happening right now.
The Impact
As a result, the dues keep mounting, excise
credits keep accumulating, leading to working capital problems, says Agarwal.
He adds, Where the customers get the
certicate, we do not get anything. Hence,
there is no question of passing the cost. Unless I am able to get refund from the government, these excise credits will keep accumulating. On the face of it, you have to get

many crores from the government but from

the point of view of cash ow, it is gone
from our hands. How long can someone
work like this?
Where this problem is denitely an accounting loss, there are other issues galore.
For instance, if the supplier wants to pass the
cost to the customer by increase in prices, in
an intense competitive scenario in the solar
market, the customers will shift to suppliers
who will charge them without adding the
excise cost to the price. This could lead to
losing customers. We actually do not know
what is going on right now, says Agarwal
He adds, My working capital is unsustainable. There is a big gap that comes
and all that is sitting in your excise account.
If they decide to give me the amount, in one
second my problem will vanish.
People in the industry believe that the
solution to this problem is releasing the excise amount or changing the rules. Adjusting the amount of some sale that would be
made in the future will lead to losses.
For people who have diversied business and various clienteles, apart from solar, this problem could be miniscule. For instance, for people selling cables, supplying
to solar manufacturers would constitute a
small portion of their business. For people
whose main business is focused only on
solar, there is nothing to offset their loss of
excise costs.
Also people who are suppliers of solar
structures could have other businesses to
run their show. Such people might not bear
a huge brunt.
This is bound to push the solar specialists as their business will become unsustainable.
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It is not that these suppliers were not

aware of the problem. Initially when there
was impetus on promotion solar, many enthusiastic investors focus was on gaining a
new project and get started. But as business
started expanding with newer projects, the
problems deepened with the excise amount
sky rocketing.
The Laws
So where is the problem? Says SS Hawaldar,
Excise Consultant, based in Mumbai, There
is something called central value added tax
(cenvat) scheme where, if a product is purchased in relation to production, the cenvat
credit is admissible. In such a case, when a
raw material is purchased, the central excise
issues an invoice. This can be used for production and during the nal product clearance, the amount is adjusted. For solar, the
Govt of India has exemption to this product.
For exempted good, no cenvat is applicable.
On the one hand, the government says it is
exempted but the suppliers bear its brunt.

energetica india

The prot margin is very thin in such a case.

And they unfortunately cannot buy without
paying off their excise duties.
According to company ofcials from
solar makers NuevoSol, Most of the contractors when claiming from the excise department spoke about problems they faced
there. In some of the projects we got involved in, the suppliers claimed that there
was no cooperation from the excise department as well. Some small suppliers are
denitely revolting against this as this is not
According to Hawaldar, Many assesses
are stuck now. One of my clients got a huge
order, but if he takes the order, about 40
lakhs will go off in excise, making it an unviable business option.
According to NuevoSol ofcial, there
are two issues here, availing credit and availing excise.
They say, To sort this issue, excise
exemption and excise credit issue should
be rst sorted. This is a very discouraging

proposition for the manufacturing people.

They need to start a new business like packaging industry to offset these expenses. But
that may not be relevant as well. It is stopping people from becoming vertically integrated.
Most feel that solar manufacturing cannot go on like this. Says the NuevoSol ofcial, For our next project, we are looking
to have your manufacturing facilities to free
trade countries like Sharjah. Manufacturers
would move to places where these benets
are available. Right now, the fact is that the
excise problems are big issues for suppliers.
They do not see their credit being available in
near future and are slowly losing condence.
Also, the projects are not on high now. We
did a feasibility study and we do not nd this
a protable venture to set a manufacturing
plant in India.
Says Hawaldar, In my opinion, the industrialists must take this to the chamber of
commerce and they should approach the
ministry of nance and sort this issue.




Kadiri Captive PV Power Plant Report

A question of timely delivery and quality


Twelve weeks is not too much time at all to hand over a 5 MW captive solar power
plant to a client in India. However, neither the tight deadline nor the challenging rocky
area location could prevent the referred to as the Solar Pioneers, AIC Solar Projects,
from creating another masterpiece of a plant as a project planner. Due to the close
cooperation between AIC Solar Projects, and the global provider of photovoltaic (PV) solar
solutions Hanwha SolarOne, together with the rest of the suppliers for the Plant Project
in Kadiri, India - Gantner Instruments, Schneider Electric and Jakson Engineers, Bizlink
Cables and Tata International, the project was completed even ahead of schedule.

ower outages in India are still a

severe problem. Large energy intensive Indian industries or SMEs
are both suffering revenue losses due to
power shortage. However, the situation
seems to change. Falling costs are likely
to make photovoltaic captive solar plants
a viable source for electricity production in
India. The diesel generator solution seems
to lose market share.


These considerations made the global

IT services company ValueLabs LLP, headquartered in Hyderabad, take the decision
to invest in a 5 MW captive power plant
and identify solar energy as a suitable option. The company covered the entire investment. A decision that is being each
time more frequent in India and shows
not only economical aspects but also environmental awareness of the companies,

an appreciated value in times of climate

change concerns.
The EPC, an experienced company
AIC Solar Projects, from Hyderabad was
selected as ValueLabs partner of choice
for planning and construction. The story
of the Indo-German AIC Solar Projects
goes back to 2011 when the company
was founded as a Joint Venture between
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the Indian Raajratna Energy Holdings Pvt.

Ltd. (REHPL) and the German AIC Projects
GmbH (AIC). While REHPL is an experienced power developer with its core competence in development and execution of
energy projects (like solar and hydro), the
German partner AIC, on the other hand,
brought in its technical knowledge in planning and designing of solar and industrial
projects. The company provides design,
turn-key construction and operational
management of solar plants. Being one of
the rst companies realizing solar projects
in India under the National Solar Mission.
In 2011 the company commissioned the
rst grid connected 1 MW solar PV plant
in Orissa (Energetica India Plant Report,
July/August issue 2011). Later, during the
rst quarter of 2012, AIC Projects commissioned a 1 MW captive solar plant for a
client in Kadiri, the same location where
they had to develop the new power plant,
only ve times the capacity of this . Their
success stories has positioned AIC Solar
Projects as an appreciated EPC company
that is contributing actively to the proliferation of solar energy in diverse Indian
regions, but also in Europe, Asia and the
Arab world.
AICs background and the local expertise proved useful as the site is situated
in a challenging location directly between
the two megacities of Bangalore and Hyderabad, in a at, but rocky area characterized by intense heat.
In 2009, when the Indian solar boom
was just starting, the government from
Andhra Pradesh unveiled a plan named
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Solar City searching to attract companies to form an exclusive cluster for setting
up solar farms and boost the solar power
in the energy hungry state. In this sense
the Kadiri area, where the 5 MW plant is
installed, is a well known region for solar
projects in India. The Anantapur district
was identied as the ideal location for the
setting up of solar-based power projects,
along with four other districts in the state
of Andhra Pradesh.
However, since 2009 the worldwide
solar market has undergone profound
changes. And the government plans in
the Kadiri area were not developing as
fast as expected. The international solar
crisis had also impacted in the emerging
Indian market. PV module prices have
fallen by nearly 80%. New legal environments and the cutting or disappearing of

Feed in tariffs (FITs) hit the whole value

chain of the solar industry. At the same
time the photovoltaic plant components
have improved signicantly. The efciency
of PV modules has increased the same as
BoS components optimizing the entire PV
installation and reducing lifecycle costs. Finally, it seems that the market players have
learned their lessons, and the speculative
expansion has nished; time is ripe for
the solar market consolidation. The 5MW
Kadiri plant is a proof of a high technology and professional maturity.
Tight Deadlines and Challenging
In order to develop a photovoltaic plant,
a conuence of factors should be considered so that it converts into reality. In the
case of the Kadiri project tight deadlines

(A JV of REHPL, India and AIC Projects GmbH, Germany)

1-62/K/84, Plot No 84, Kavuri Hills
Hyderabad 500 033 | Andra Pradesh, India
E: |




Technical details
Solar Modules from Hanwha Solar
The 5 MWp project consists of 21,120 Hanwha Solar modules.
Hanwha SolarOne is one of the top 10 photovoltaic manufacturers in
the world, providing cost-competitive, high quality PV modules. It is the
agship company of Hanwha Group, a FORTUNE Global 500 company.
Hanwha SolarOne serves the utility, commercial, and residential markets
for a growing network of third-party distributors and system integrators.
The company maintains a strong presence worldwide, with employees
located throughout Europe, North America and Asia, and embraces environmental responsibility and sustainability, with an active role in the
voluntary photovoltaic recycling program.
The modules come with industry-leading warranty terms: 12 year product warranty, 25 year performance warranty. As a part of Hanwha Solars
efforts to continuously improve the portfolio and its features, the new
Hanwha Solar module series HSL was introduced this spring, replacing
the SF-series.
Some other features include:
s Predictable output: Positive power sorting of 0 to + 5 W

and challenging logistics were an additional pressure factor and required a perfect
coordination of high skilled professionals.
Therefore, the choice of developers and
suppliers was of extreme importance to
fulll the expectations of the customer and
satisfy the time and quality aspects.
The core elements of a photovoltaic
power plant are the PV modules. Already
a partner of German AIC Projects, Hanwha SolarOne was selected as the module supplier for the PV park in Kadiri. The
company is one of the top 10 photovoltaic
manufacturers in the world. They were
able to guarantee the supply although

s Innovative solutions: Anti-reecting coating for high sunlight absorption

s Robust design: Module certied to withstand high snow loads, up to
5.4 kN/m2 **
s Long term responsibility: Free module recycling in PV Cycle member
Model Number
STC Rating
PTC Rating
Open Circuit Voltage (V)
Shor Circuit Current (A)
Frame Color
Power %
Area (ft2)
Weight (lbs)
Length (in)
Width (in)
Heigth (in)

the deadline to commission the park was

very tight. The supply logistics from the
module production facility in China to the
construction site in India constituted one
of the biggest project challenges. Through
close cooperation between all three partners, a streamlined process for timely delivery was accomplished. Transportation of
the modules from the harbor to the construction site on 150 kilometers of bumpy
roads was another hurdle that was mastered by the project team not a single
module showed signs of cracking.
All panels put together have a capacity
5MWp, a huge plant but still a small per-


centage in comparison to the four gigawatts (GW) of photovoltaic (PV) modules

that Hanwha SolarOne has shipped to 35
countries around the world until today.
Explaining the successful expansion
of Hanwha SolarOne Mr Min-Su Kim,
the president of the company outlined
recently the following reasons the company made tremendous strides in improving quality, lowering cost and expanding
its international sales channels.
Matthias Gerhardt, Head of Project
Development & Project Management at
AIC Projects explained the additional advantages received from choosing Hanwha
SolarOne With several parties in multiple
countries involved, it was ideal to have the
German Hanwha SolarOne sales team acting as our contact point for all topics on
the module side. Hanwha SolarOne has already supplied PV modules to a number of
our projects, and the performance of the
running solar parks demonstrates the high
quality of their products. Additionally, the
company carries out regular customized
TV tests on behalf of AIC, which further
conrms the excellent reliability.
The PV modules from Hanwha
For the Kadiri plant where chosen the SF
220-30-1P245 models. The PV modules
from Hanwha Solar are characterized by



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String Combiner
Boxes from Gantner
Instruments, India

excellent real-life performance and robust

design, certied to withstand high wind
loads.The modules come with industryleadingwarranty terms: 12 year product
warranty, 25 year performance warranty.
As a part of Hanwha Solars efforts to
continuously improve the portfolio and its
features, the new Hanwha Solar module
series HSL was introduced this spring, replacing the SF-series.
Some other features include:
s Predictable output: Positive power sorting of 0 to + 5 W
s Innovative solutions: Anti-reecting
coating for high sunlight absorption
s Robust design: Module certied to withstand high snow loads, up to 5.4 kN/m2
s Long term responsibility: Free module
recycling in PV Cycle member countries
Please see technical details in the box
of the previous page.
The combiner boxes from Gantner
Since its foundation in 1982 the Austrian
company has turned into a multinational
company with ofces in different continents. In India they have opened a location in Chennai in the state of Tamil Nadu.
The high quality of its products made them
the ideal choice for the Kadiri solar power
In large solar systems monitoring and
troubleshooting becomes more and more
complex. Each operator is interested in
nding errors in PV modules, strings, or a
group quickly because they can reduce the
amount of energy produced and the life of
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the system greatly. The string bloxx makes

it possible to monitor and control the DC
side of photovoltaic systems. Defects, contamination, theft, installation/production
errors, or misinterpretation of individual
strings can be detected and corrected. The
data exchange between the string.bloxx to
a management system is done via a data
logger (test controller).
In the Kadiri solar plant were installed
40 Combiner boxes with String.bloxx devices.The string combiner box assembly was
carried out at Chennai at Hensel Electric India the combiner box partner of Gantner
and at Gantners factory. There were supplied a total of 30 models String 16 in 1
out and another 10 models of String 8
in 1 out
The drawings has been approved for
manufaturing by the EPC Contractor AIC
Solar Projects. On completion of manufacturing the String combiner boxes has been
inspected by EPC contractor at Gantners
facility. For a perfect control the engineers
of the Gantner company personally guided
the site persons to install all in proper way.
The coordination with Schneider Electric the inverter & SCADA supplier to interface the String.bloxx devices with Schneiders SCADA software, was done in
perfect tuning.
Since the commissioning of the plant
the supplied String Combiner Boxes are
performing satisfactory to the customer
(Please see the technical details of
combiner box models used in the plant in
the beside box).

String.Bloxx 108
In large solar systems monitoring and
troubleshooting becomes more complex. It
becomes important to nd errors in a module, string, or group quickly to increase the
efciency and life of the system. The string.
bloxx makes it possible to monitor and
control the DC side of photovoltaic systems. Defects, contamination, theft, installation/production errors, or misinterpretation of individual strings can be detected
and corrected. The data exchange between
the string.bloxx to a management system
is done via a data logger (test controller).
s 8 analog input channels for current
(20 A)
s 1 analog input channel for voltage (01000 V)
s 2 input channels for temperature
s Signal conditioning
s RS485 eldbus interface
s Electromagnetic Compatibility
s Web portal provides exible access
s DIN rail mounting according to
String.bloxx 116
s 16 analog input channels for current
(26 A, 416 A)
s 1 analog input channel for voltage (01000 V)
s 2 input channels for temperature
s 3 digital inputs
s 1 digital output
s Wall or DIN rail (50022) mountable
s Integrated LCD
s Modbus RTU




Schneider Electric was in charge

of the solar inverter supply
Schneider Electric supplied a total number of four PV Boxes of Solar Inverter Substation (SISS) 1260KW - to the plant. In
each PV are included two inverters. JAKSON Engineers , the alliance partner of
Schneider Electric in India was in charge
to survey the delivery. The Solar Inverter
Sub-station (SISS) from Schneider Electric
is a power conversion system. In PV plant
installation, it operates between DC eld
and AC MV grid connection point. The
SISS performs the DC power concentration, the DC/AC conversion and the AC
voltage elevation to the grid voltage level.
The optimized versions of the SISS allow
a reduction of the BOS cost, an increase
of the reliability and an improvement of its
deployment speed. Other advantages are
the suitability for harsh environments and
conditions,-an important characteristic for
the Kadiri region- and its compact and
light weight that allows the transportation
on standard carriers.

Each PV Box includes the following

s 2 Inverters - 630KVA
s 1 Main Transformer
s 1 RMU
s 1 Aux Panel
s 1 Aux Transformer
s 1 UPS
s Safety Equipments and accessories
s Internal & external Lighting
s Cooling Solution for the Box
Connectors and Solar Cables were
supplied by BizLink. The Taiwanese company has opened in 2008 an ofce in
Chennai. The cables and connectors fulll
all safety standards and have TV, UL and
NEC certications. Approximately were
used 70,000 meters of solar cables and
4,500 connectors. Tata International the
Indian giant delivered the mounting structures.
The construction of the 5 MW captive solar power lasted 12 weeks and the


Input ratings (DC)
Recommended PV power

2 x 725 kWp

Voltage range, operating

510 - 850 V

Voltage range, MPPT

510 - 800 V (at PF=1)

Max. input voltage, open circuit

1000 V

Max. DC current

2 x 1280 A

Number of protected DC inputs (parallel)

2 x (4/5/6/8)

Output ratings (AC)

Nominal power

1260 kVA

Nominal output voltage

up to 36 kV


50 Hz

Harmonic distortion

< 3% rated power

Power factor range

0.8 to 1 lead / lag




2 x XC630


solar park was nally connected to the grid

ahead of schedule with an expected annual output of 8.4 million kWh.
Today 21,120 Hanwha Solar modules
are covering an area of 20 acres and have
found their denite home at Kadiri. Located in the heart of the triangle formed
by three important Indian cities Bangalore,
Chennai and Hyderabad, -all of them actively involved in the expansion of renewable energies.
After nishing the work, Matthias
Gerhardt, Head of Project Development &
Project Management at AIC Projects said,
We are very pleased to see another successful PV installation in India realized and
connected to the grid.
Sure that much more projects will follow.
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Securing the Supply Chain

for Solar in India; a FICCI Report

The summary analyses key elements of Indias Solar Supply Chain

ecure, timely and cost effective

supply of raw materials is the backbone of any industry, it not only
increases the efciency of the production
process but rationalizes raw material inventory and nally overall product cost.
The current solar energy manufacturing base in India comprises primarily
PV cell and module manufacturing with
1100 MW of cells and 1800 MW of solar
modules with very limited and disparate
fabrication and assembly capacities for
solar thermal products and accessories. By
and large, Indian solar industry has been
dependent on imports of critical raw materials such as EVA, back-sheet, reective
glass, balance of system (BOS) for Solar
Thermal and PV as also core machinery.
With regard to PV industry, till recently, by
and large it has exported major part of its
nished products to developed western
There is clearly tremendous scope for
development of domestic production base
for some of the key inputs to secure and
strengthen the supply chain to reduce the
foreign exchange outow and create direct and indirect long term employment in
the solar industry.

Estimated module manufacturing cost.



The key elements in the solar energy

supply chain framework consists of raw
material/component suppliers to solar
photovoltaic module and solar thermal
system manufacturing, balance of system
which includes inverters, connecting wires,
trackers etc. and the integration of the different components.
Supply of Raw Material /
ComponentsSolar PV
Module BOM
Presently, in module manufacturing, 90%
value of materials is imported.
The goal of the National Solar Mission
for local component will be truly achieved
only when the materials like EVA, Backsheet, Junction Box, Low Iron tempered
Glass, Aluminum Frame are available indigenously with competitive quality and
cost advantage. Import of these materials
is an impediment for the growth of the
module manufacturing industry in India
as this makes local module costing highly
unattractive compared to that from other
Chinese and other Asian countries.
To ensure material offered from Asian
countries meets pre-dened standards
and specications which will ensure that

user/developer does not land up with nonperforming or low-performing assets, it is

crucial that plan for standards to enable
control on quality is established.
Cell Manufacturing
Similar to module manufacturing, PV cell
manufacturing is also dependent on nearly
100% imports of all the raw materials and
gases. There is also the need to substitute
costly raw materials with alternate raw
Dependence on imports has resulted
in a signicantly high cost at cell level for
Indian manufacturers as compared to the
competition from Chinese and other Asian
As is evident from the above mentioned statistics, capacity addition in India
has been stagnant over past few years,
with China and Taiwan accounting for
59% of the cell manufacturing capacity in
Wafer Manufacturing
The challenge here is the processing of
waste slurries. The government can look at
encouraging technology transfer to install
common facilities.

Estimated cell manufacturing cost.

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Solar Equipment Fabrication /

Tracking System
Presently the tracking systems being developed are done using universally available
To ensure efcient solar based systems
are developed at competitive costs, development of efcient tracking systems is the
need of the hour. There should be a focus
on developing dedicated tracking systems
and related components for solar applications which will help in driving the costs
Solar Manufacturing Hubs
There is a need for creating solar manufacturing hubs in India.
Promotion of solar manufacturing
hubs for solar thermal and PV is an effective mechanism to ensure high grade
ecosystem with all necessary infrastructure and utilities essential for such solar
manufacturing being made available. Such
investments could be encouraged with attractive scal benets to investors. There is
sufcient number of case studies in other
industries such as auto-ancillary, pharmaceuticals and leather which can be suitably
adopted. Locally existing fabrication caenergetica india

pacity should be leveraged to ensure quick

capacity buildup. Special zones for solar
would help India to service global requirements.
Equipment & Machinery
The challenge here remains the absence
of manufacturers for high capital intensive
equipment and machinery in India.
While solar manufacturing is highly
capital intensive, major portion of the investment is towards equipment and machinery. There has been a huge capacity
built in European countries in the past for
solar. The idle capacity of this installed base
could be assessed to analyze if there could
be a possibility of using capital equipment
presently unused in these countries.

The Inverter manufacturers in India have
huge manufacturing capacities. One estimate is that there is an average of 4 million
inverters sold per year. With an average
capacity of 800 W, this amounts to 3200
MW of non-solar inverters being manufactured every year in India.
Though traditional inverters cannot be
directly compared with more sophisticated
solar PV inverters, with right technology
backing, the Indian manufacturers will be
able to easily augment their capacity to
meet the PV inverter requirement under
the JNNSM.
There is also a need to customize the
PV inverter for Indian conditions.

Balance of SystemSolar Thermal

and Solar Photovoltaic System
Solar Turbines
Presently there are only few international
vendors for solar turbines.
If the CSP proliferation plans of the
government have to be made effective,
there have to be other alternatives including possibility of supporting indigenous
developments and manufacturing over
a period of time without compromising
quality and performance standards.

The challenge here has been the sustainable and consistent availability of quality
inverters and deep discharge needs to be
ensured. There is high dependence on imports.
Rationalization of existing duty structure for near term on both these components when used for solar applications
could be considered.
Feasibility of local manufacturing and
sourcing for these items should be evaluSEP|OCT13



Absorber Coating
Presently appropriate facilities for developing absorber coating are not available in
the country.
The same has to be promoted and
developed to meet the growing demand
expected in the coming years, while doing
so specic focus should be given on handling increased lengths of absorber tubes.
Absence of critical mass in the initial period requires government facilitation or
encouragement to an existing PSU to take
up this manufacturing.

ated and necessary incentive package to

promote expansion of capacity by existing
players and setting up of new projects by
international as well local players should
be ensured.
Capability Development
Small and Medium Enterprises will require
capacity and capability enhancements in
the areas like fabrication, section bending,
glass bending, surface coating, selective
coating and mirror bending tending toward higher degree of automation.
There is a reasonable cost arbitrage
benet estimated for manufacturing in India which can be leveraged effectively. The
country has a potential base for meeting
global requirements in addition to meeting domestic demand, however, to ensure
the same, appropriate incentives should be
provided to these enterprises to encourage
them towards building capabilities pertaining to solar.
System Integration
Network of System Integrators
As industry matures, different parts of the
value chain and the system integration will
also evolve. There should be a focus on developing a network of system integrators
to meet the local demand.
India must ensure that appropriate
quality checks are in place to qualify such
integrators. There can be regular audits of
such entities from time to time to ensure
that they maintain the required quality
standards. To strengthen system integration, schemes similar to Channel Partner
scheme should also be initiated for system
Supply of Raw Material /
Components Solar Thermal
Presently most of the thermal systems use
primarily mirror and coated aluminium
based reector in certain cases. While
availability is not a major issue as of now,
costs are very high since requirement is
presently being met through imports. Further, Indian projects do not have economies of scale which are seen in other mature solar markets.
Waiver of duties and taxes on such imports is one of the near term requirements
to rationalize input costs for users, how56


ever, immediate steps need to be taken by

the government to encourage a couple of
already established mirror manufacturers
in the country (Indian & MNCs) to set up
solar mirror line to service the growing local demand in the country.
Such investments will need to be
backed by a strong incentive package
since project viability is not expected to
be achieved in the two to three years time
frame expected out of such capex investments by most companies.
Reector Coating
The challenge has been the availability of
effective reector coating.
There is a need to develop appropriate reector coating by which there would
be a possibility of using the substrate itself
as a reector. This needs to be done indigenously to ensure capability building as
well as ensure lower costs. Research institutions and industry collaboration initiative
for such developments is an imperative
and this needs to be aggressively encouraged.
Receiver Tubes
Mirror nish receiver tubes used in line
focusing concentrators are required to be
imported presently in the absence of suitable alternatives available in the country.
India should look at having indigenous manufacturing based on technology
Second approach could be to have focused research between Indian academia
and interested companies leading to creation of commercially viable products and
their manufacturing value chain.

Vacuum tube availability

Availability of vacuum tubes which is a key
component of solar thermal installations is
a major issue presently.
There are a limited number of international suppliers for these products presently. R&D funding from government for
development of a comparable product is
crucial and this will necessarily entail engagement with international experts and
institutions with domain expertise in relevant areas.
Cost reduction and availability would
be the key targets for such development.
Indigenous manufacturing option will be
necessary post the above.
Glass to Mirror
The challenge is the lack of domestic mirroring and mirror cutting facilities for solar
grade mirrors.
Mirroring and mirror cutting facilities
should be developed within the country to
reduce dependence on external suppliers.
This needs to be addressed on a priority
basis as availability of solar grade mirrors
could become a major hindrance in proliferation of solar installations in the country.
Heat Transfer Fluid / Heat Storage
Lack of domestic heat transfer uid suppliers is a worry in this space.
The heat transfer uid forms a major
cost in the capex and is an important component for the performance of the plant.
The present market is controlled by few
players. It would be of importance to develop domestic manufacturers who have
petrochemical facilities in India to produce
such uids at affordable prices through
R&D and technology transfer routes.
energetica india


Indias next step to 750 MW Grid Solar

PV power projects JNNSM Phase II

The article highlights the major guidelines for JNNSMs Phase II Batch I 750MW solar

he Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar

Mission is a major initiative of the
Government of India with active
participation from States to promote ecologically sustainable growth while addressing Indias energy security challenge.
In the second phase, further capacity addition of 3000 MW under Central
Scheme is envisaged through various
Viability Gap Funding [VGF]
Phase-I was largely based on the option
of Bundling Scheme and on GBI option to
some extent.
In Phase-II Batch-I of JNNSM, the option of Viability Gap Fund Scheme has
been selected.
The mechanism of operation of Viability Gap Funding is:
s The tariff to be paid to the developer is
xed at Rs.5.45 per kWh. This tariff will
remain rm for 25 years project period.
In case benet of accelerated depreciation is availed for a project, the tariff will
get reduced to Rs.4.75 per kWh.
s The developer will be provided a viabil-

ity gap fund based on his bid. The upper

limit for VGF is 30% of the project cost
or Rs.2.5 Cr./MW, whichever is lower.
The developer will be required to indicate his preliminary estimate of project
cost. The project cost will be as per developers own estimation & declaration
at the time of bidding.
s The developer has to put his own equity
of at least Rs.1.5 Cr./MW.
s The remaining amount can be raised as
loan from any source by the developer.
s The VGF when paid by the SECI may be
used to return part of the loan or developer contribution (in excess of Rs.1.5
Cr./MW) or a combination thereof as
the case may be, in case investments
have already been made.
s The VGF will be released in six tranches
as follows:
- 50% on successful commissioning of
the full capacity of the project (COD);
- Balance 50% progressively over next
5 years subject to the project meeting
generation requirements (CUF within
specied range as per Clause 2.13.1)
as under:

a. End of 1st Year from COD 10%

b. End of 2nd Year from COD 10%
c. End of 3rd Year from COD 10%
d. End of 4th Year from COD 10%
e. End of 5th Year from COD 10%
If the project fails to generate any
power continuously for any 1 year within
25 years or its major assets (components)
are sold or the project is dismantled during
this tenure, SECI will have a right to refund
of VGF on pro-rata basis and if not paid by
the developer then a claim on assets equal
to the value of VGF released, on pro-rata
basis as specied hereunder:
s The total aggregated capacity of the
grid connected solar power projects
to be set up on Build-Own-Operate
(BOO) basis under Viability Gap Funding scheme in Phase-II Batch-I of JNNSM
shall be 750 MW
s The projects to be selected under this
scheme provide for deployment of Solar
PV Technology. However, the selection of
projects would be technology agnostic
and crystalline silicon or thin lm or CPV,
with or without trackers can be installed
s The project capacity shall be at least 10
MW and in multiples thereof and the
maximum capacity of the Project shall
be up to 50 MW
s A waiting list of up to 100 MW may be
maintained by SECI up to date of Financial Closure.
Qualication Criteria for Solar PV
Financial Criteria
s The net worth of the company is expected
to be equal to or greater than the value
calculated at the rate of Rs. 2 crore per
MW of the project capacity up to 20 MW



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Technical Criteria
s The plant needs to be designed for
inter-connection with the transmission
network of STU/CTU [State Transmission Utility / Central Transmission Utility]
or any other transmission utility at voltage level of 33 KV or above.
s The responsibility of getting connectivity and open access with the transmission system owned by the STU / CTU or
any other transmission utility, as may be
required, will lie with the Project Developer. Domestic Content Requirement
s A capacity of 375 MW will be kept for
bidding with Domestic Content Requirement (DCR). Under DCR, the solar cells
and modules used in the solar PV power
plants must both be made in India
s The Developers at the time of bidding
may opt for either DCR or Open or
both the categories.
Implementation Arrangement
s The JNNSM Phase II Batch I scheme will
be implemented through SECI in close
association with NTPC Vidyut Vyapar
Nigam Limited (NVVN)
s SECI will issue Letter of Intent (LoI) to
successful bidders and sign Power Purchase Agreements (PPAs) with them for
purchase of the solar power, valid for a
period of 25 years
s The solar power purchased by SECI
will be sold to State Utilities/ Discoms /
other Bulk Consumers at a xed tariff
of Rs.5.50/kWh (Rs.4.75/kWh in case of
projects availing benet of accelerated
depreciation) for 25 years (including
Trading Margin of SECI @ 5 paisa/kWh)
s SECI will accordingly also sign backto-back Power Sale Agreements (PSAs)
with interested State Utilities/ DISCOMs
for sale of solar power to them, valid for
a period of 25 years
s Prior to issuance of RfS, MNRE/SECI will
obtain conrmation from the State Utilities/ DISCOMs/ other Bulk Consumers regarding their willingness to purchase the
solar power under VGF scheme @ Rs.5.50/
kWh and to sign the PSAs with SECI

Year of Default
Up to 5 yrs. from SCOD
5-6 year
6-7 year
7-8 year
8-9 year
9-10 year
10-11 year
11-12 year
12-13 year
13-14 year
14-15 year
15-16 year
16-17 year
17-18 year
19-20 year
20-21 year
21-22 year
22-23 year
24-25 year

s Earnest Money Deposit (EMD) of Rs. 10

Lakh / MW in the form of Bank Guarantee along with RfS
s Performance Bank Guarantee of Rs. 20
Lakh / MW at the time of signing of PPA
s In addition to the Performance Bank
Guarantee of Rs. 20 Lakh / MW to be
provided at the time of signing of PPA,
the Bank Guarantee towards EMD will
also be converted into Performance
Bank Guarantee
Minimum Equity to be held by the
s The Company developing the project
will need to provide complete information about the Promoters and their

SECIs right on VGF (% of VGF paid)


shareholding in the company indicating

the controlling shareholding
s No change in the shareholding in the will
be permitted from the date of submitting the RfS till the execution of the PPA
s After execution of PPA, the controlling
shareholding (controlling shareholding
will mean more than 50% of the voting rights and paid-up share capital)
in the Company/Consortium will be
maintained for a one year after commencement of supply of power
Part Commissioning:
s Part commissioning of the Project can
be accepted by SECI subject to the con-

Bank Guarantees
The Project Developer is expected to provide the following Bank Guarantees to
SECI in a phased manner as follows:
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dition that the minimum capacity for acceptance of part commissioning shall be
10 MW and in multiples thereof
s The PPA will remain in force for a period
of 25 years from the date of acceptance
of respective part commissioning of the
Commissioning Schedule and Penalty for
Delay in Commissioning:
s The selected projects area expected to
be commissioned within 13 months of
the date of signing of PPA.
s A duly constituted Committee will
physically inspect and certify successful
commissioning of the project. In case of
failure to achieve this milestone, SECI
shall en-cash the Performance Bank
Guarantee (BG)
Electricity Generation from Solar
Power Projects
Criteria for Generation
s The developers will declare the CUF of
their plant at the time of commissioning
and will be allowed to revise the same
once within 1 year of commissioning.
s The declared CUF cannot be less than
17% over a year.
s The developers have to maintain generation so as to achieve CUF* within
-15% and +10% of their declared value till the end of 10 years from COD
subject to the CUF remaining over minimum of 15% and within - 20% and
+10% thereafter till the end of the PPA
duration of 25 years
s The CUF will be calculated every year
from 1st April of the year to 31st March
next year. However, for the purpose of
release of VGF, CUF will be calculated
every year from the date of commissioning up to completion of 1 year from the
date of commissioning.

Generation Shortfall and Excess

s If for any Contract Year, the developer
has not been able to generate minimum
energy corresponding to the value of
CUF below the lower limit of CUF declared by the developer, then the developer is liable to pay a compensation
s The amount of compensation is equal
to the compensation payable (including RECs) by the Discoms towards nonmeeting of RPOs
s Any excess generation over and above
10% of declared CUF will be purchased
by SECI/ NVVN at a tariff of Rs.3/kWh,
provided SECI/ NVVN is able to get any
buyer for sale of such excess generation
Role of State Level Agencies
It is envisaged that the State Government
shall appoint any Agency as a State Level Agency, to provide necessary support
to facilitate the required approvals and
sanctions in a time bound manner so as
to achieve commissioning of the projects
within the scheduled
s timeline. This may include facilitation in
the following areas:
s Access to Sites
s Land acquisition for the project
s Power Evacuation facility
Payment Security Mechanism
s SECI will set up a payment security
mechanism in order to ensure timely
payment to the developers
s This fund will have a corpus to cover 3
months payment
s The money received from encashment
of BGs, interest earned on this fund,
incentives for early payment, the extra
money coming from 10% lower tariff to
developers claiming AD and the grants
from Government/ NCEF will be used to
build this fund


Approval of proposal by competent authority
Notice for Request for Selection
Submission of Applications
Short-listing of Projects based on RfS Applications received and
evaluation of bids.
Issue of letter of Intent

PPA Signing
Financing Arrangement
Commissioning of Projects




Technical Requirements for Grid

Solar PV Power Plants
The following are some of the technical
measures required to ensure quality of
equipment used in grid-connected solar
photovoltaic power projects:
SPV Modules
s The SPV modules used in the grid solar
power projects must qualify to the latest
edition of any of the following IEC PV
module qualication test or equivalent
BIS standards.
a. Crystalline Silicon Solar Cell Modules
---IEC 61215
b. Thin Film Modules --IEC 61646
c. Concentrator PV modules ---IEC
s In addition, SPV modules must qualify
to IEC 61730 for safety qualication
testing at 1000V DC or higher. The
modules to be used in a highly corrosive
atmosphere throughout their lifetime
must qualify to IEC 61701.
Power Conditioners/ Inverters
s The Power Conditioners/Inverters of the
SPV power plants conform to the latest
edition of IEC/ equivalent BIS Standards
as specied below:
a. Efciency
b. Environmental Testing ---IEC 60068
c. Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)-- IEC 61000 series relevant parts
d. Electrical Safety ---IEC 62109-1&2
e. Protection against Islanding of Grid-- IEEE1547/UL 1741/ equivalent BIS
f. Grid Connectivity: Relevant CERC
Regulations and Grid Code as
amended and revised from time to

Zero date
Zero date + 15 days
Zero date + 45 days
Zero date + 90 days
Within 15 days fromevaluation of bids (to be issued over a period of 15
Within 30 days from the date of issue of letter of intent
Within 210 days from the date of signing of PPA
Within 13 months from the date of signing of PPA

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Solar Radiation Measurements:

Why Accuracy Matters

Dr.Jaya Singh discusses the importance if solar radition measurements in Indias growing
solar market and also brings forward a case study from India.

ncreasingly in India, solar power

plant owners are
becoming cognizant of
the need for accurate
solar radiation measurements and its direct
impact on return on investment. High quality solar radiation data
is critical throughout the life-cycle of a solar
power project, but is often overlooked until the plant is commissioned and problems
surface in performance and efciency. In
this article, we present how seemingly small
deviations in solar radiation measurements
have a major impact on estimates on performance ratios and plant efciency.
Although solar radiation measurement


equipment present a negligible fraction (less

than 1-2%) of the total cost of a solar project, it is often the most neglected aspect of
project development in India. In our experience of providing high accuracy solar weather monitoring stations across India, we nd
that the majority of solar power projects do
not include obtaining accurate solar radiation ground measurements on plant site in
the initial site assessment or planning stages.
Infact, the most critical nancial decisions
are made on the basis of solar resource maps
that are low resolution to begin with, and
do not take into consideration local environmental and atmospheric conditions that
have a signicant impact on solar radiation
and plant output, and consequently on the
return on investment.

It is estimated that over 65% of solar

weather monitoring stations are installed
in the project development stage, and now
increasingly after the plant is operational.
Why this investment in accurate solar and
weather monitoing equipment after plant
design and operationalizing the plant?
It is only after the plant is functional
that plant owners start evaluating performance and begin the process of predicting
energy output. As the power output of PV
solar panels are approximately proportional
to the suns intensity, it is then that the lacunae on accurate solar parameters becomes
evident. There is also a realization that it
makes nancial sense to validate solar resource databases upon which most plants
are designed and investment decisions
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made, with accurate ground-based measurements during the lifecycle of the plant to
reduce uncertainities in energy production.
The mature phase of the solar industry in India is seeing requests for evaluating
energy production by accurately measuring
incoming solar radiation and validating it
with satellite data and advanced solar forecasting models. As plant owners aim to predict their performance and energy output
with overall uncertainties of 1 % - 2 % in
solar radiation measurements, there is also
an increased demand for the highest quality pyranometers and pyrheliometers.
Case Study
A plant owner [solar 5 MW plant] contacted BKC Weathersys six months after
plant commissioning to evaluate whether
the performance of the plant tallied with
existing ground measurements and and
estimates made by their EPC contractor.
Once the plant was up and running,
the plants performance and yield were

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continuously monitored, analysed, and
compared with the expected values. The
problem faced was the energy output was
higher than what could be expected based
on performance ratios.
The study included setting up three
solar monitoring stations that included
a Kipp&Zonen CMP11 pyranometer at
three different locations on the plant, and
monitoring measurements for a period of
over 1 month, and comparing these measurements with the plants existing solar

weather monitoring equipment from another manufacturer. The CMP11 (traceable

to WRC, Davos, Switzerland) is an ISO-Secondary Standard Pyranometer that allows
for accurate measurement of GHI.
The three CMP11 pyranometers were
installed at the identical tilt angle as that of
the PV modules. One pyranometer had a
sensitivity 8.33 microvolt/W/m2, and the two
other pyranometers had sensitivities of 9.16
microvolt /W/m2. For comparisons sake, at
the request of the plant owner, two pyranometers were connected to a data logger,
and one pyranometer was connected directly to the plant PLC acquisition system.
Analysis showed that the percentage
errors in measuring incoming solar radiation
between all three pyranometers was less
than 1.5%. However, the percentage difference in the hourly solar radiation measured
by the existing solar radiation measurement
equipment and the three Kipp&Zonen
CMP11 pyranometers was at least 11%
(See Figures 1&2), with Kipp&Zonen pyra-




Figure 1. Plot of Global Horizontal Irradiation (GHI) obtained over a 24 hour cycle on April 22, 2012 at
client site in Uttar Pradesh. Measurements obtained by Kipp&Zonen CMP11 pyranometers is in red and
measurement by other manufacturer is in blue. Measurements from other manufacturer under reported
incoming solar radiation. For the PV plants, as the energy ouput is proportional to incoming radiation,
deviations in ground measurements provide erroneous data for determining plant output and efciency.

Figure 2. Daily sum values of energy as determined by ground measurements of solar irradiance.
Kipp&Zonen CMP11 pyranometer in red and other manufacturer in blue. The energy production differs by
over 11%, too substantial an uncertainity for making operational decisions.

nometers showing a higher irradiance than

the older, existing pyranometer.
While a 11% difference in energy output in a given hour may not seem much at
rst glance, for a 5MW plant, this translates
into a signicant difference in plant output
over a 24 hour cycle (Figure 2). As PV systems produce power in proportion to the
intensity of sunlight striking the solar array
surface, the difference in the actual output




of a solar power system could be substantial.

Because the existing solar radiation
measurement equipment was under reporting the incoming solar radiation, the
performance of the plant as calculated
on the basis of incoming solar radiation
seemed better than it it actually was. Once
more accurate ground measurements were
obtained, the plant owner could ascertain
module performance and plant efciency
with more condence. The increased accuracy in solar radiation measurements also
allowed the plant owner to make decisions
on periodic maintenance and cleaning of
PV modules.
In summary, high precision irradiation
measurements in PV power plants form an
essential information base for yield and performance ratio assessment. Once up and
running, the plants performance and yield
are continuously monitored, analysed, and
compared with the expected values.
The use of low quality radiation measurement instruments for reference purposes
and for providing data for informing key
decisions like scheduling maintenance and
cleaning of panels, monitoring performance, and even predicting plant output
is fraught with error.
As solar radiation measurement equipment present less than 1-2% of the total
cost of a solar power project, investing in
high quality instruments makes sound nancial sense. Poor quality data can compound errors in plant design, performance
and output forecasting, negatively impacting return on investment. Investment in
high accuracy solar weather monitoring
stations has a signicant pay-off throughout the lifecycle of a solar power plant.
Even though the majority of projects
are designed and commissioned on the
basis indirect estimates of solar radiation
from solar databases, even after the plant
is commissioned, it is critical to obtain accurate ground measurements to reduce
uncertainties in energy production. In
addition, ground measurements must be
quality controlled by an expert to ensure
that there are no errors in the data. Only
high-precision measurement data collected on-site can provide meaningful and realistic conclusions about the performance
of a PV power plant.
energetica india


How Solar is Transforming

Rural India: Case Study

The article discusses two case studies showing the use of solar in Indias rural areas,
helping the common man.

Ending water woes in Kutch
The Kutch region of Gujarat faces perennial drinking water problems. A small remote
village called Hodko in Kutch has found a
solution to this problem in an environmentfriendly manner. WASMO (Water and Sanitation Management Organisation), an NGO
(non-governmental organization) working in
this area, initiated a programme in this village
to encourage the utilization of solar energy at
the rural level. Today, solar energy is responsible for a regular and equitable distribution of
water to every household in the community.
The initiative was taken up by the Pani
Samiti of Hodko village, following the completion of the water supply system as part
of the ERR (Earthquake Rehabilitation and
Reconstruction) programme. Another reason for taking up this initiative was because
of the erratic power supply from the existing grid. Therefore, the need for an alternative source of energy became absolutely
The rst step was to install solar pumps
in areas where the total lift of water was within the prescribed limits of a solar pump, that
is, 70 m. Installation of these solar pumps has
helped the women in these villages, who earlier had to walk for long distances to get water. Realizing the utility of solar PV (photovoltaic) pumps, many farmers have now started
using it for irrigation purposes. As an added
advantage, these pumps have low running
and maintenance costs. This technology is
now getting widely accepted for drinking
water supply and irrigation purposes by the
rural communities in the region.
Economics of the Model
The expenditure on a solar pump including
the SPV panels, a support structure, wiring, plumbing, and others, costs about Rs
4 lakh. This amount is for a pump with a


help from the Pani Samiti, carried out

the installation of water supply systems
throughout the village. They also took the
responsibility of the O&M (operation and
maintenance). However, the system could
not be commissioned due to erratic power
supply. Also, the running cost for pumping the water was cost intensive, which on
many occasions became a deterrent in the
recovery of the entire O&M charges. Solar
energy is cheap and inexpensive, involves
negligible maintenance cost, and provides
assured power supply. The use of diesel
pumps, on the other hand, is even more
expensive compared to SPV pumps, and
hence not nancially feasible.
There is no uncertainty regarding the sustainability of the solar water supply plant.
The village committee has been empowered, and with the active involvement of
the people in decision-making, the sustainability issues have been properly addressed.


pumping capacity of 20,000 litres of water per day. As compared to this, the cost
of an electric pump with the same pumping capacity is about Rs 20,000. However,
installation of these electric pumps is not
practically feasible in this region. The installation of the power lines is a tedious
process involving high expenses.
The community in the village, with

Impact of the project

Post installation, the water supply has been
smooth in the Hodko village. The major
change observed after the installation of
solar pumps is that now the villagers have a
regular water supply, with negligible O&M
cost. Due to the splendid performance of the
solar plant, the villagers have opted for solar
cookers, solar lights, and solar water heaters.
This is just another step towards acceptance
of renewable energy by people living in remote areas in adverse climatic conditions.
Scale-up potential
This innovation has an immense scale-up
potential across the entire Kutch region
and in other remote locations of the country where grid connections are either erratic or not available at all.
energetica india


Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) Analysis


The article showcases the RPO targets of Indian States and also analyses the RPO
regulation for captive users in different states.




































Andhra Pradesh





Not Regulation Issued for the RPOby the Power Department

Arunachal Pradesh














Himachal Pradesh




Jammu & Kashmir













Madhya Pradesh























































Not Regulation Issued for the RPOby the Power Department

Tamil Nadu









Uttar Pradesh



West Bengal





(Source: SERCs Order on RPO Regulations)



Andhra Pradesh

Regulation for Captive Users

Denition of renewable Energy as

per the commission order


Every consumer owning a cap-tive generating

plant of in-stalled capacity of one (1) MW
and above shall purchase corresponding
percentage of renewable energy as dened
by the commission.

renewable sources such as Co-generation
(from renewable sources of energy like
bagasse), Mini Hydel, Municipal Waste,
Industrial Waste, Biomass, Wind, Solar
including its integration with combined cycle,
bio-fuel cogeneration, Geo-thermal, Tidal and
such other sources as recognized or approved

Purchase of energy from renewable energy

sources shall also be treated as fullment of
the Renewable Power Purchase Obligation
(RPO) prescribed herein

Arunachal Prdesh

Not Applicable

Not Applicable

Not Applicable


Obligated entity means the distribution

licensee, consumer owning the captive
power plants and open access consumer
in the state of Assam which is mandated to
fulll renewable purchase obligation under
these Regulations

renewable sources such as small hydro, wind,
solar including its integration with combined
cycle, biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban
or municipal waste and such other sources as
recognized or approved by MNRE;

Such obligation to purchase renewable

energy shall be inclusive of the purchases, if
any, from renewable energy sources already
being made by concerned obligated entity



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Regulation for Captive Users

Denition of renewable Energy as

per the commission order



generating sources such as small/mini/micro/
Every entity consuming electricity (a) hydel, wind solar, biomass and bagasse
Captive based cogeneration, urban/municipal waste,
Generating Plant having capacity of 5MW and or such other sources, (which are generally
above for his own use and or
inexhaustible and can be replenished in a
short period of time) as approved by the
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy,
Government of India or by the state of Bihar;


Any person who is a captive user (from

other than renewable energy based power
generating plant) with connected load of 1
MW and above (or such other capacity as may
be stipulated by order(s) of the Commission
from time to time); shall be subjected
to minimum percentage of Re-newable
Purchase Obligation (RPO) to the extent of
its con-sumption met through such captive


Renewable Energy Sources means

renewable sources such as small hydro, wind,
The regulations shall apply to any Captive
solar including its integration with combined
user, using other than renewable energy
cycle, biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban
sources exceeding 5 MW
or municipal waste and such other sources as
recognized or approved by MNRE;

JERC (Goa & UT)

Such obligation to purchase electricity from

Obligated entity is dened as entity mandated
Renewable Energy Sources in this context renewable energy sources shall be inclusive
under clause (e) of subsection (1) of section
sources of the purchases, if any, from renewable
86 of the Act to fulll the renewable purchase
recognized or approved by the MNRE.
energy sources already being made by
obligation obligation (RPO)
concerned obligated entity

Such obligation to purchase renewa-ble

energy shall be inclusive of the purchases, if
any, from renewable energy sources already
being made by concerned obligated entity

Renewable Energy Sources means renewable

sources such as hydel, wind, solar, biomass
including bagasse, bio fuel cogeneration,
urban or municipal waste and such other
sources as recognized or approved by MNRE;

Renewable energy sources in this context

means nonconventional, renewable electricity
generating sources such as mini/ micro
hydel, wind, solar, biomass and bagasse
based cogeneration, urban/municipal waste,
or such other sources, (which are generally
inexhaustible and can be replenished in a short
period of time) as approved by the Ministry of
New and Renewable Energy, Government of
India or by the State of Gujarat;

The RPO regulations, excluding clause

8 (Obligation for captive/open access
consumers shall come into force on the date
of their publication in the Gazette. Clause 8
of these Regulations shall come into force
from a date to be notied by the Commission
separately. Commission is yet to notify the


The regulations shall apply to any person

consuming electricity generated from
conventional Captive Generating Plant having
capacity of 5 MW and above for his own use.


Renewable sources of energy means

Any person consuming electricity generated generating sources such as minihydel,
from captive generating plant or plants, using microhydel, wind, solar, biomass (including
other than renewable sources and having a bagasse
total capacity exceeding 5 MW
municipal waste, or such other sources as
approved by the MNRE, Government of India,
or Government of Karnataka


Obligated entity means the distribution

licensee, consumer owning the captive
power plants and open access consumer in
the State of Kerala, which is mandated to
fulll renewable purchase obligation under
these Regulations

Renewable energy sources means

renewable sources such as small hydro, wind,
solar including its integration with combined
cycle, biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban
or municipal waste and such other sources as
recognized or approved by MNRE;

Such obligation to purchase renewable

energy shall be inclusive of the purchases, if
any, from renewable energy sources already
being made by the concerned obligated entity

Madhya Pradesh

Obligated Entity means the entity such

as the Distribution Licensees, Captive
Consumers and Open Access Consumer who
are mandated to fulll Renewable Purchase
Obligation under these Regulations

renewable sources such as small Hydro,
mini Hydro, Wind, Solar, Biomass, Bio Fuel
Cogeneration, Urban/Municipal waste and
such other sources as approved by MNRE;

Obligation to purchase Renewable Energy

shall be inclusive of the purchases, if any,
from Renewable Energy Sources already
being made by Obligated Entities.


Any person who owns a grid connected

Captive Generating Plant with installed
capacity of 1 MW and above (or such other
capacity as may be stipulated from time to
time) and con-sumes electricity generated
from such plant for his own use; shall be
subjected to minimum percentage of RPO to
the extent of his consumption met through
such captive source.

Renewable Energy Sources means renewable

sources such as mini hydro, micro hydro,
small hydro, wind, solar, biomass including
bagasse, bio fuel cogeneration, urban or
municipal waste and such other sources as
recognized or approved by MNRE;

Provided further that captive user(s)

consuming power from grid connected
fossil fuel based co generation plants, are
exempted from applicability of RPO target
and other related conditions as specied in
these Regulations.


The Regulations shall apply to any other

person consuming electricity of 1MW and
above generated from conventional Captive
Generating Plant for his own use

Renewable Energy Sources means

renewable sources such as small hydro, wind,
solar including its integration with combined
cycle, biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban
or municipal waste and such other sources as
recognized or approved by MNRE;

Obligation to purchase renewable energy

shall be inclusive of the purchases, if any,
from renewable energy sources already being
made by concerned obligated entity

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Regulation for Captive Users

Denition of renewable Energy as

per the commission order


Obligated entity means a distribution

licensee, a consumer owing a captive power
plant and an open access consumer in the
State of Meghalaya which is mandated to
purchase electricity from renewable energy
sources and to fulll the requirements under
these regulations.

renewable sources such as small hydro, wind,
solar including its integration with combined
cycle biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban
or municipal waste and such other sources
as recognized or approved by the Ministry of
New and Renewable Energy;


The regulations shall apply to any other

person consuming electricity of 1MW and
above generated from conventional Captive
Generating Plant for his own use

Renewable Energy Sources means

renewable sources such as small hydro, wind,
solar including its integration with combined
cycle, biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban
or municipal waste and such other sources as
recognized or approved by MNRE;

Such obligation to purchase renewable

energy shall be inclusive of the purchases, if
any, from renewable energy sources already
being made by concerned obligated entity;


The regulation shall be applicable to any other

person consuming electricity generated from
conventional Captive Generating Plant having
capacity of 5 MW and above for his own use

Renewable energy sources means

renewable sources such as small hydro, wind,
solar including its integration with combined
cycle, biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban
or municipal waste, and such other sources
as recognized or approved by MNRE;

Such obligation to purchase renewable

energy shall be inclusive of the purchases, if
any, from renewable energy sources already
being made by concerned obligated entity
Orissa has a separate RPO for Co-generation
based plants also.Orissa has a separate RPO
for Cogeneration based plants also


Obligated entity is dened as entity mandated

under clause (e) of subsection (1) of section
86 of the Act to fulll the renewable purchase
obligation Obligation (RPO)

renewable sources such as small hydro, wind,
solar including its integration with combined
cycle, biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban
or municipal waste and such other sources as
recognized or approved by MNRE;

Such obligation to purchase electricity from

renewable energy sources shall be inclusive
of the purchases, if any, from renewable
energy sources already being made by
concerned obligated entity


Renewable energy sources means and

generation sources such as minihydel,
wind, solar including solar component of its
The regulations shall be applicable to any
integration with combined cycle, biomass, Separate RPO
captive consumer of a Captive Power Plant of
biofuel cogeneration, urban or municipal consumers
installed capacity one MW and above.
waste and other such sources as approved by
MNRE, excluding the nuclear power stations
and hydel power stations of capacity above
25 MW.


Not Available

Tamil Nadu

New and renewable sources means

the nonconventional, renewable electricity
generating sources such as mini / micro
RPO compliance shall be implmented for
hydel, wind, solar, biomass, bagasse based
captive and open access consumers whose
cogeneration, urban/municipal waste, or
sanctioned demand is 1MVA and above from
other such sources as approved by the
Government of India or Government of Tamil
Nadu which are generally inexhaustible and
can be replenished in a short period of time;


The regulations shall apply to any other

person consuming electricity generated from
conventional Captive Generating Plant having
capacity of 5 MW and above for his own use

Renewable energy sources means renewable

sources such as small hydro, wind. solar
including its integration with combined cycle,
biomass, bio fuel cogeneration, urban or
municipal waste and as such other sources as
recognized or approved by MNRE;


Obligated Entity means the distribution

licensee, captive user and open access
consumer in the State, which is mandated
to fulll renewable purchase obligation under
these regulations

Renewable Energy Sources means

renewable electricity generating sources
such as small hydro, wind, solar, biomass, bio
fuel, cogeneration (including bagasse based
cogeneration), urban or municipal waste and
such other sources as recognized or approved
by MNRE or State Government;

Such obligation to purchase renewable

energy shall be inclusive of the purchases, if
any, from renewable energy sources already
being made by concerned obligated entity:

Uttar Pradesh

The regulations shall be applicable to any

captive user(s) who consumes electricity
generated from its grid connected captive
generating plant having installed capacity of 1
MW and above (or such other capacity as may
be stipulated by the Commission from time to
time by an order)

Renewable energy sources means

renewable electricity generating sources
such as small hydro, wind, solar, biomass, bio
fuel cogeneration (including bagasse based
cogeneration), urban or municipal waste and
such other sources as recognized or approved
by MNRE or State Gov-ernment;

Obligation to purchase renewable energy

shall be inclusive of the purchases, if any,
already being made from renewable energy
sources by the concerned obligated entity

West Bengal

`Renewable source means renewable

electricity generating sources such as hydro
generating station, wind, solar, biomass
Not applicable to captive users as per draft based on 100% producer gas on combustion
regulation dated 10th August 2012
route, urban / municipal waste, industrial
waste, geothermal, tidal, ocean thermal
energy conversion (OTEC) or other such
sources as approved by the MNRE

Provided that consumption procure-ment of

renewable and/or cogeneration power from
own generation or from other sources at the
price above the capping price, xed by the
Commission where applicable shall not be
considered as eligible quantum for fulllment
of RPO.








Not Available

Such obligation to purchase renewable

energy shall be inclusive of the purchases, if
any, from renewable energy sources already
being made by concerned obligated entity

energetica india


From Energetica Indias Blog Stable

Energetica India brings forward the work of bloggers and contributors associated with
Energetica India. The article collates thoughts/ideas/concepts based on the writers
industry experience.


Solar Net Metering can help provide solar power in the night

et metering is
policy for consumers who own (generally small) renewable
energy facilities (such
as wind, solar power or
home fuel cells) or V2G
electric vehicles. Net, in this context, is
used in the sense of meaning what remains after deductions in this
case, the deduction of any energy
outows from metered energy inows. Under net metering, a system owner receives retail credit for
at least a portion of the electricity
they generate. (Source: Wikipedia)
While it is good to see that
the state after state is awaking
to the solar policy and even looking at giving a return, what they
also need to look at is innovation.
The most important factor is who
would be the beneciary of governments GBI? Will it actually elevate the suffering of the needy?
Who guarantees that the surplus
power thus created would eventually given back to the very locality
which is providing the roof-tops?
With states having shortfall in their generation, it would be easy to send the power for
commercial use and thus encourage more
commercial enterprises to set shop; having
found assured power. This is most possible
because commercial power brings in more
prot to the electric company. The other
protable venture is from the rich residential
area where the tariff is decent. However, the
rich and the upper middle class in megalopolises, live in tall sky-scrapers where open
roof-top is a premium. But they require sys72


tem which is minimum 5KW. Here the price

becomes steep even if space can be found
even for most upper middle class consumers.
The roof-tops which is available & most
need the power belong to the tier-II cities
middle class and the rural poor, who are
already nding hard to make ends meet.
With, the cost per watt peak between INR
50/- to 120/- which per Kilo Watt translates

to One Lakh Twenty thousand, is not something every Aam Admi can aspire to purchase and that is something our policy makers have not thought about.
A person who uses only 5kwhr of power or 5units a day is not someone who could
or need to spend Rupee 1.2 lakh or $ 2232.
Therefore, it could be easy for the unscrupulous to capture vast rooftops, set up the
solar and skim the poor roof-top owners.
Imagine, the economically weaker section
providing their collective roof-tops at the city

fringes and receiving Paise Ten of every Rupee envisaged in the scheme, while the rest
the investor pockets. It is not that such
eventuality would not have been thought by
the policy makers, but who would be monitoring? In the scam a week India of today,
every utopian idea can get bastardized easily.
But, here is the way one may improve
the concept and provide the power to one
and all especially the middle class, who are
a fairly large consumer as a group
staying in Tier 1 cities like Pune,
Bangalore and the likes where
roofs; unlike Mumbai are still available in size large enough to cater
to a decent solar power generation. One can also add New Delhi
as the megalopolis which can afford and need the solar to stem
the power outages in summer.
There are already RESCOs
and they are interested in banking
the extra-generation and availing it
when required from the DISCOM.
Here they are wanting to put up
the system which generate power
during the day which is enough to
cater to the needs of that very roof
owner for a 24hour period.
The solution is simple. Say for
example, a restaurant requires 100Kw and
consumes 40KwHr during the daytime and
60KwHr in the night. As solar does not function in the night, ideally they would require
a battery bank to store the power. However,
if the surplus 60Kw is sent to the grid and
in the evening the grid supplies that much
power back to the establishment, then in
effect the restaurant is running its operations on 100% Solar power. Same can be
thought for residential areas which are large
consumer of power.
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rate while eliminating the chance of a

Grid collapse.
s It would also help them not to shortchange the rural and the urban poor, by
being able to cut down on their loadshedding hours, which in certain places
is 6 hours or more. This would eventually
help the countries growth.

The Grid can benet in many ways:

s It can charge a fee say between 2 to 5%
(similar to wheeling charges) from the
s During the daytime when peak demand
makes it difcult to manage, the extra
solar power coming to it would ease the
pressure and can be sold at commercial

What we require are policy which are

driven from the Centre and applied equally
by all states. The incentives which are envisaged are good. Let that be given to the
RESCOs who nd it un-viable to provide
the services to the rural and urban poor,
whose tariff does not allow the companies
to have a IRR which is acceptable.


What is the difference between a Micro-Inverter and a String Inverter?

oth inverters need to convert DC

to AC. The difference is where
this occurs. Micro-inverters convert DC to AC at the back of each solar
panel on the roof, while string inverters
do it on the ground at the string level.
Lets look at the pros and cons of each
inverter type from my personal point of
For a house with a complex roof and
shading or soiling concerns, the microinverters work better due to its panel
level optimization. However, for houses
with a simple roof and good orientation, the string inverter can do a very
good job due to its high efciency. The
latest string inverter is equipped with
dual MPPT technology. The production


Initial Cost
Micro-inverters have higher initial equipment cost than string inverters. One of
the most popular micro-inverters is sold
at about $0.7/W with a 25-year warranty. The string inverters are sold only
at about one third of that cost with a
10-year warranty. A string inverter is a
more affordable solution.
Each micro-inverter has lower failure
probability as it carries low AC voltage.
For a 5kW solar system, 23 micro-inverters are installed. The failure rate increases with number of items in a system.

When a micro-inverter fails, it is not easy

to x. Someone has to climb to the roof,
remove panels and install a new one.
The string inverter mounted on the wall
is much easier to access and x.
It looks like decision makers in different solar market have their own preferences.
Solar leasing companies like string inverters. Since they are the owner of
the solar system, they are very cautious
about who to work with and which solar equipment to use. They like to work
with manufacturers with proven track
record and a mature inverter technologies with high efciency.
Micro-inverters become popular among
home owners who are attracted by the
latest technology, panel level optimization and good monitoring functions.

Companies Bill 2011 (India) and Solar

news has been
the India has
made the Companies Bill 2011 into
law; after a long discussion and wait.
The new law
mandates companies
with a net worth of Rs 500 crore ($100
million) or more, or turnover of Rs 1,000
crore ($200 million) or more, or a net
prot of Rs 5 crore ($1 million) or more

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is improved as the inverter is capable of

connecting two unbalanced string with
different orientations.

during the past three nancial years must

spend at least 2 percent of their average
net prots from the three preceding years
on CSR (corporate social responsibility) initiatives.
This stipulation makes India the st
country in the world to legally mandate
corporate spending on social welfare.
CSR activities recognised under the
Bill include: Eradicating extreme hunger
and poverty; Promotion of education;
Promoting gender equality and empowering women; Reducing child mortality

and improving maternal health; Combating HIV, AIDS, Malaria and other diseases; Ensuring environmental sustainability; Imparting employment enhancing
vocational skills; Social business projects; and Contribution to certain funds.
The company is to give preference to
local areas when formulating its CSR
For companies in the solar sector;
especially solar panel manufacturers
can easily provide solar panels to NGOs,
schools, villages to
/ goes to page 74




comes from page 73 /

bring in much needed power to the downtrodden; helping
the much needed and also fullling CSR
In addition, this helps them in their
branding exercise and trial processes.
Companies not in the solar sector
can also do the same; encouraged by

solar companies.
This applies for biogas, LED lights,
and other such technologies that can
cover Ensuring environmental sustainability; one of the areas under CSR.
Though some others can also be used
(indirectly) to promote renewable energy
and cleantech technologies.

The CSR law has the ingredients to

boost Indias off-grid and cleantech space
at a time when MNRE off-grid funds are
drying off or are slowing down.
The implementation will take some
time and as usual the industry will come
up with learning through new models of


What is the biggest concern for the Indian solar sector today?

ack of Visibility of Projects This

was cited unanimously by the CEOs
of the top solar project developers
in India as the biggest challenge faced by
the sector. On the opening day of the 7th
RE Expo in New Delhi on 12th September
2013, CEOs like Inderpreet Wadhwa (Azure Power), Alan Rosling (Kiran Energy),
Pashupathi Gopalan (Sun Edison), Rajesh
Bhatt (Juwi) stressed upon the importance
of this point. It may be recalled that there
has not been any project allocation under
the JNNSM after December 2011 and the
Phase 2 of the JNNSM has stalled. Many
of the state policies are also facing huge
delays or lack of interest due to various
factors (Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and
Rajasthan are examples).
Inderpreet Wadhwa said that visibility of projects for at least 3 years will help
resource planning for companies. He also
said that irrational prices like Rs. 5.5/kWh
quoted during the bidding process will
make projects unviable and cannot work.
He mentioned that allocation of projects
in states through L1 process has not been
very effective. Instead of going for new
and innovative ways of bidding, states
should follow what worked really well for
the JNNSM.
Alan Rosling said that the predictability of project is important. He also highlighted the fact that while MNREs role
has been very important in the growth of
the sector, there are several other players,
mostly the state regulators whose role will
be even more critical for the growth of the
sector. These regulators can help grow the
sector by effective RPO enforcement and
bringing in clarity to the Open Access regime.


Pashupathy Gopalan of Sun Edison

said that India is Number One in terms of
potential among the 20 countries in which
the company operates. There is a lull in the
sector now and this is a time to reect. He
said that Consistency, Continuity and Visibility of projects are extremely important.
Tarun Kapoor, Joint Secretary, Ministry
of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) acknowledged the importance of the issue
and said that there is a need to have a
Feed-in-Tariff regime like in Wind wherein
developers dont have to wait for allocation but can start project development
anytime during the year.
On the topic of PV Manufacturing,
Mr. Kapoor said that domestic module
manufacturing is picking up, with good
orders from overseas, but cell manufacturing is still in distress. The Indian Rupee depreciation cannot be of great advantage,
because input costs(mainly imports) have
also increased.
S Venkatramani of Indosolar said
that while visibility of power projects is
important, a level playing eld for Indian
manufacturers should be created. He said
that the Rupee depreciation has improved
competitiveness , but the onslaught of

dumping of modules from other countries

continues unabated. He said that the domestic manufacturing industry is not asking for any incentives or subsidies, but only
a stoppage of dumped products. It is all
about level playing eld, he stressed.
On the topic of nancing, Pashupathi
Gopalan of Sun Edison said that a huge
amount of Foreign Direct Investment has
come in to the country (Rs. 20,000 Crore
in the form of debt nancing) and has
helped India achieve close to 2 GW of installed capacity. However, there are two
major challenges that are of concern to
s Off-take risk Honoring of the Power
Purchase Agreement(PPA) is extremely
critical for investor condence, and the
recent appeal of GUVNL for downward
PPA tariff revision was a huge blow to
that condence. Investors feel nervous
about other states doing the same.
s Project allocation The L1 process has
been disastrous and has led to quality issues. There are several operational
projects which are now refurbishing
their plants because of quality issues.
These developers who awarded the
EPC contractors who quoted the lowest
capital cost, are now facing quality issues which is leading to lower plant performance and they are now forced to
refurbish their plants at additional cost.
In addition to these topics, off-grid
solar was also discussed. Mr. Tarun Kapoor
also announced the intention of MNRE to
set up huge Ultra Mega Power Projects
(UMPP) in Solar with more than 1 GW of
solar plant in one location. He said that
discussions are underway to set up 3 to 4
such Solar UMPPs.
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Mr. Gyanesh Chaudhary

Managing Director, Vikram Solar Private Limited

Gyanesh Chaudhary.

Education Background:
Graduate in Business Administration from
Cardiff University, U.K. with Diploma in
Marketing from Boston University, U.S.A
and Diploma in International Business
from Harvard Business School, U.S.A.

spread over a sprawling 40,000 sq ft area

at the Special Economic Zone of Falta,
West Bengal.
Being an young entrepreneur, he is
principled, yet open to fresh ideas. He
uses the most emerging practices and best
business models for rapid growth of the
organization and for its sustenance.

Current Designation &

Managing Director, Vikram Solar Private
Limited. Co-Chairman, Easter Region Energy Committee.
Work Experience:
With a strong charisma and passion to
excel, Mr. Chaudhary turned to an entrepreneur with the launch of Vikram Solar
Private Limited, a technologically advanced
solar PV module manufacturing facility,


Current Work Goals and

With an annual production capacity of
150 MW of solar PV modules and an impressive portfolio of projects across India
as one of the leading Solar EPC players,
Vikram Solar has grown exponentially in
the Solar Energy Sector since its launch in
2006. The company is playing a major role
in achieving the target of the Jawaharlal
Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM).
Vikram Solar has positioned itself as
one of the largest module manufacturers

in India. With emerging technologies and

achievements across the solar value chain,
the organization is poised to march further
ahead at a faster pace.

In constant business meetings and deals, we forget the human aspect of business and
are not able to get an opportunity to understand the human being we are dealing with.
Industry Jewel column helps the Industry Professional understand each other better.

Industry Outlook:
The Global Solar market is expected to hit
45 GW in 2014. The Indian Solar PV industry has seen dynamic changes in the last
couple of years. Solar power has already
made a substantive contribution to the Energy Technology space both in India and
all over the world. Increasing economies of
scale in equipment manufacturing and advancement of technology have improved
the conversion efciency of solar to electricity. With easier availability of nancial
resources, attractive solar policies across
the states and by classifying the industry
as a priority sector, the Indian Solar sector
is poised to achieve the target of JNNSM in
the next couple of years.
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Power One
Aurora Trio PVI10.0-I, PVI-12.0-I

The Power One Aurora Trio

PVI is an isolated inverter and
is optimized for use in any application that requires PV array grounding, such as some
thin-lm models. This inverter
has also been designed to
serve all countries and regions
with specic eld-congurable
set-ups available for all major
country grid codes and display
The 10.0kw & 12.0kw
isolated inverters have all the
usual Aurora benets, including dual input section to
process two strings with independent MPPT, high speed
and precise MPPT algorithm
for real-time power tracking
and energy harvesting, as well
as regular high performance
efciencies of up to 97.3%.
The wide input voltage range
makes the inverter suitable to
low power installations with
reduced string size. The high
frequency isolated topology
allows this unit to be lightweight and compact in size
to help with transportation
and installation. The unit is
free of electrolytic capacitors,
leading to a longer product
lifetime. This rugged outdoor
inverter has been designed as
a completely sealed unit to
withstand the harshest environmental conditions.


The PLATINUM R3-M2 Inverter

With its additional MPP
tracker, this transformer
less, three-phase highperformance inverter R3M2 increases the design
exibility of the PLATINUM R3 family: ideal
for partially shaded roofs,
east-west facing roofs
or roof/garage combinations. Thanks to the innovative DUAL-X technology, it achieves a peak
efciency of 98.6 %. A 10
% increase of apparent power
over effective power enables
the ratings of medium-voltage
systems to be maximized. The
pure convection cooling reduces maintenance requirements
and noise levels. The ease of
installation and commissioning
are assured by the low weight

and automatic master programming via the PLATINUM

network EIA 485. The graphics
display shows all important operating data in a clearly legible
display even during the night.
Four models from 9 to 16 kW
are available.
s Efciency 98.6 %

s 2 MPP trackers for the utmost design exibility

s Maximised ratings in medium-voltage plants thanks
to 10 % increase in apparent power
s DIVE technology for increased efciency in the
lower power output range
s RAC-MPP technology for
rapid MPP tracking.
s Pure convection cooling reduces maintenance requirements and noise levels
s Integrated data logger provides storage capacity for
30 yearsworth of operating
s Suitable for universal use
thanks to multi-country
s Free 10-year manufacturers warranty

Atlas Solar Constant series; Solar

Simulation Systems
Solar Constant solar simulation systems provides effective
solar energy to meet the testing needs of the automotive
The Solar Constant series
is a special design to match
the requirements of simulated
environmental tests with solar
radiation. The spectrum of sunlight (so-called Global Radiation) is accurately reproduced
allowing reliable system performance decisions to be made.
The basic components of the
Solar Constant systems are the
Radiation Unit, the Power Supply and the Control System.
Radiation Unit
For the Radiation Source, a
special metal halide (MHG)
lamp is used. The MHG lamp
produces a dense multiline
spectrum of the rare earths

that is comparable to a continuous spectrum. In combination with special glass lters,

MHG lamp systems provide a
spectral distribution very close
to natural sunlight (Total Radiation as dened by CIE 85).
The Power Supply
To achieve the best performance, the lamps are powered using electronic power
supplies. The electronic power
supply or EPS-Module drives
the lamp with square-wave
current. This reduces the modulation of the radiation to less
than +/-1%, controls the intensity and offers a stabilized
power output even when incoming (feed) power varies.
Control System
The operation of the SolarConstant system is handled by

a dedicated computer. SolarSoft is a menu-driven software

program designed for the conguration and operation of
Atlas SolarConstant systems.
Positioning System
To allow the SolarConstant
system to effectively simulate
various natural solar conditions, a mechanical positioning system is often used. This
enables motorized movement
of the solar array within all
axes for easy adaptation to
various test congurations or
to simulate natural solar day
cycles. The control of the positioning can be manual pushbutton or integrated into the
SolarSoft program, which will
then offer automated control
of the radiation, along with
effective simulation of various
sun positions in the sky.
energetica india


SWELECT Swees PWM Charger Controllers

C /CNL/ CV series
Swelects Swees PWM charge
controller is infused with PWM
based regulation with multi
stage battery management
system and integrated temperature compensation. It is

equipped with features like

audible alarm for load disconnect, load and battery protection and battery low voltage
disconnect based on its state
of charge.

Bonglioli RPS
450 Compact
Series Solar

C5/C5 NL

C8/C8 NL




CV 10













12/ 24V

12/ 24V

12/ 24V

12/ 24V

12/ 24V

12/ 24V

12/ 24V

12/ 24/ 48V


Gamesa E- 1MW/ 1,25MW Inverters

The Gamesa E-1 MW watercooled central inverter has inherited the technological concepts developed in the Gamesa
E-630 kW, E-500 kW and E-100
kW central inverters throughout
more than 20 years of experience. It presents the necessary
improvements and technology to conform to the most
demanding international grid
connection codes and facilitate
the integration of photovoltaic
plants in weak grids. With unit
capacity of 1 MW, this new
model reduces the cost/kW, of-


fering a modular solution in a
20-ft container. Cutting-edge
power electronics technology
applied to photovoltaic products for high performance, robustness and global reliability.
s Maximum reliability and robustness, underpinned by



Gamesas experience in the demanding wind power sector.

Highly competitive CoE,
based on technological innovation and continual improvement.
Designed for simple maintenance.
Designed to comply with
the most stringent grid
connection codes in even
the most demanding of environmental conditions.
High power density, complete solution in a 20-ft

pi4_panelvision 60s / 45s - low cost alternative with

brilliant EL image
quality by GmbH
pi4_panelvision 60s / 45s is
the low cost alternative to
pi4 Economic and Automatic
Electroluminescence module
Pi4_panelvision can be
easily integrated into existing and new production lines
before and after laminate.
The simple handling, the
brilliantEL-image quality, and
robust, low-maintenance machine concept make the system to have one of the leadenergetica india

ing position the market of the

low-cost systems.
s High resolution of 0.04 mm
/ pixel
s EL-high image quality for sim-

ple diagnosis by the operator

s Cycle times of 45s or 60s
s Simple line integration
s Automatic transportation
s small footprint
By visual inspection defects like cracks, grid nger
breakage, dark spots or solder
errors may be easily detected.
The information about the defects detected may bestored to
a data base together with the

Bonglioli RPS 450 Compact

series solar inverters represent
a ready to use, efcient solution
for roof installation on commercial and industrial building. The
integrated low voltage transformer ensures an easy integration into your existing power infrastructure end ensures a high
efciency power conversion.
These high efciency inverters
are ideal for use in rooftop installation and small to medium
size PV parks.
Weather- proof, robust and
equipped with an innovative
cooling system, RPS 450 compact Outdoor inverters carry on
delivering excellent performance
even under adverse ambient
condition at high temperature.
RPS Compact Outdoor inverters
came with complete transformer. Bonglioli RPS 450 Compact
series of power inverters provide
accurate design and easy maintenance covering power ranges
from 30 kwp to 170kwp.An
optional integrated monitoring
system can be installed to permit easy system supervision and
ensure maximum output all the
Main features:
s Efciency up to 96.7% (including transformer)
s Easy serviceability
s Extremely robust and durable
s Durable IP 54 for exible
outdoor installation
s Integrated 400 Vac transformer



ENERGETICA INDIA offers the most practical way to locate your suppliers. The most comprehensive service pages with manufacturing and
service companies in the sector of power generation in India.

More info in tel. +34 902364699

+91 2267406800
+ 91 9004772277

Single module
Dimensions: 55 mm width x 65 mm height
Price: 1,100 euros / year

Double module
Dimensions: 55 mm width x 150 mm height
117 mm width x 65 mm height
Price: 2,100 euros / year

in solar energy
for a brighter future.


Bonglioli Transmissions (Pvt) Ltd,

Business unit-RePV, Survey No. 528/1,
Perambakkam High Road, Mannur Village,
Sriperambudur Taluk, Chennai - 602 105, India

FOR 650 / YEAR



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