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The Learning Club-ICSE X-Chemistry

February 24, 2012

St.Marys Chemistry Half Yearly 2010


Class 10

Marks: 100 Time: 1hr 30min Reading Time: 10 mins


Section A (Attempt all questions)

Q1)

a) Match each substance A to E with the description given in parts (i) to (v). Each substance is
to be used only once.
[5]
A. Copper Carbonate
B. Potassium nitrate
C. Potassium carbonate
D. Calcium Nitrate
E. Silver Carbonate
i.
A salt which is stable to heat.
ii.
A salt which on heating decomposes to give the free metal.
iii.
A green coloured salt that turns black on heating.
iv.
A salt that gives off only oxygen as the gaseous product on heating.
v.
A salt that does not react with ammonium hydroxide solution but gives a
precipitate with sodium hydroxide solution.
b) For parts (i)- (x) select the correct answer from the choices A, B, C and D which are given.
Write only the letter corresponding to the correct answer.
[10]
i.
Among the period 2 elements, the one with highest electron affinity is:
A. Lithium
B. Fluorine
C. Carbon
D. Neon
ii.
Among the following compounds, the one which is composed of all the three kinds
of bonds is:
A. Sodium chloride
B. Ammonia
C. Carbon tetrachloride
D. Ammonium chloride
iii.
The aqueous solution of the following compounds which contain both ions and
molecules is:
A. Hydrochloric acid
B. Nitric acid
C. Acetic acid
D. Sulphuric acid
iv.
The metal oxide which can react with both acids and alkali is:
A. Aluminium oxide
B. Copper (II) oxide
C. Silver oxide
D. Calcium oxide
v.
A salt which gives a white precipitate with ammonium hydroxide which is soluble in
excess is:
A. Lead nitrate
B. Magnesium nitrate
C. Zinc nitrate
D. Calcium nitrate
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The Learning Club-ICSE X-Chemistry

February 24, 2012

vi.

The volume occupied by 15 g of ethane at STP is (C = 12; H =1)


A. 5.6 dm3
B. 11.2 dm3
C. 22.4 dm3
D. 44.8 dm3
vii.
Dilute sulphuric acid will produce a white precipitate when added to a solution of:
A. Copper nitrate
B. Zinc nitrate
C. Lead nitrate
D. Sodium nitrate
viii.
The salt which in solution gives a pale green precipitate with sodium hydroxide and a
white precipitate with barium chloride solution is:
A. Iron (III) sulphate
B. Iron (II) sulphate
C. Iron (III) chloride
D. Iron (II) chloride
ix.
Brass is an alloy of:
A. Copper and tin
B. Copper and zinc
C. Zinc and lead
D. Lead and tin
x.
The property of carbon to form long chains and rings is called:
A. Polymerization
B. Cracking
C. Catenation
D. Allotropy
c) Match the items in column A with those in column B.
[5]
Column A
Column B
(i) Glacial
a) Enzyme hydrolysis of carbohydrates.
(ii) Spurious
b) Reaction of methane with chlorine
(iii) Substitution
c) Reaction of alcohol and carboxylic acid.
(iv) Fermentation d) Methylated ethanol
(v) Esterification e) Pure acetic acid forms ice like mass at 16.5 degree celsius.
d) Write balanced equations for the following:
[5]
i.
Carbon is heated with concentrated nitric acid.
ii.
Dilute hydrochloric acid is added to sodium thiosulphate.
iii.
Lead (IV) oxide is heated with concentrated hydrochloric acid.
iv.
Alumina is reacted with concentrated sodium hydroxide solution.
v.
Warm water is added to aluminium nitride.
e) Sodium hydroxide solution is added drop by drop till in excess to the following salt solutions.
Record observations in the tabular form given below:
[4]
Sodium hydroxide in small
S.No. Cation
amount
Sodium hydroxide in excess.
1
Fe3+
2
Ca2+
3
Zn2+
4
Cu2+
f) A compound has the formula H2Y (Y = a non-metal). Write down:
[4]
i.
The outer electronic configuration of Y.
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The Learning Club-ICSE X-Chemistry

February 24, 2012

ii.
The valency of Y.
iii.
The type of bonding in H2Y.
iv.
Will the compound have a high melting point or low melting point?
g) Solutions P, Q and R have pH values 13, 6 and 2 respectively:
[3]
i.
Which solution will liberate ammonia gas from ammonium sulphate?
ii.
Which solution contains both solute molecules as well as ions?
iii.
If an alkali is added to solution R, will the pH increase or decrease?
h) Aaaa
i.
Calculate the weight of quicklime formed and the volume of nitrogen dioxide
evolved when 82 g of calcium nitrate is heated to constant mass.
[3]
2 Ca(NO3)2 2 CaO + 4NO2 + O2
Relative molecular mass Ca(NO3)2 = 164; Ca = 40; O - 16
ii.
Calculate the percentage of nitrogen in ammonium nitrate. Relative molecular mass
of ammonium nitrate is 80. (H = 1; N = 14; O =16)
Section B (Answer any four questions)
Q2)

a) Give the correct IUPAC name and the functional group for each of the compounds whose
structural formula are given below:
[6]

i.
ii.

iii.

b)

iv.

[2]
Which compound should be heated with soda lime to obtain ethane gas in the
laboratory?
ii.
Write the equation for the reaction in b (i).
c) Ethanol can be converted to ethene which can then be changed to ethane. Choose the
correct word or phrase from the brackets to complete the following sentences:
[4]
The conversion of ethanol to ethene is an example of (i) _________ [dehydration,
dehydrogentation].
Converting ethanol to ethene requires the use of (ii) __________ [conc. Hydrochloric acid,
conc. Sulphuric acid, conc. Nitric acid]
The conversion of ethene to ethane is an example of (iii) _________ [hydration,
hydrogenation].
The catalyst used in the conversion of ethene to ethane is commonly (iv) ___________ [iron,
cobalt, nickel]
d) Write the balanced equation for the following reactions:
[3]
i.
Calcium carbide is reacted with water.
ii.
Bromo ethane is reacted with alcoholic potassium hydroxide.
iii.
Methyl iodide is boiled with aqueous potassium hydroxide.
i.

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The Learning Club-ICSE X-Chemistry


Q3)

Q4)

February 24, 2012

a) The flow chart given below shows the steps in the manufacture of sulphuric acid:
Iron pyrites Sulphur dioxide Sulphur trioxide Oleum Sulphuric acid
i.
State the name of the process by which sulphuric acid is manufactured.
[1]
ii.
What is the process that converts iron pyrites to sulphur dioxide called?
[1]
iii.
Write a balanced equation for the reaction in (ii) above.
[1]
iv.
Name the catalyst used in the conversion of sulphur dioxide to sulphur trioxide and
write a balanced equation for the reaction.
[2]
v.
Write down the formula of oleum.
[1]
vi.
Name the substance that is added to change oleum into sulphuric acid.
[1]
b)
i.
Name the acid that will convert sulphur directly to sulphuric acid.
[1]
ii.
Write the equation for the reaction.
[1]
c) State the property of sulphuric acid when it is used to prepare the following and write
balanced equations for the reactions.
[6]
i.
Carbon dioxide from potassium hydrogen carbonate.
ii.
Copper sulphate from copper.
iii.
Carbon from cane sugar.
a) AA
i.
ii.

Define electrolysis.
[1]
Classify the following substances under three headings, strong electrolyte, weak
electrolyte and non-electrolyte.
[4]
Dilute nitric acid, carbonic acid, ammonium hydroxide, sugar solution.
b) Arrange the following ions in the order in which they will be discharged at the electrodes,
starting with the ion that is discharged first.
[2]
i.
Zn2+, H+, Cu2+, Fe2+
ii.
NO3-, Cl-, OH-, SO42c) Write the reaction at the anode during electrolysis of:
[3]
i.
Molten lead bromide
ii.
Copper sulphate solution using copper electrodes
iii.
Acidified water
d) Fill in the blanks with suitable words:
[5]
To electroplate an article with nickel requires an (i) ________ which must be a solution
containing (ii) _________ ions. The article to be plated is placed at the (iii) _______ of the
cell in which the plating is carried out. The (iv) _______ of the cell is made of pure nickel. The
ions which are attracted to the negative electrode and discharged are called (v) _______.
Q5)

a) Write down your observations for the following reactions:


[5]
i.
Hydrogen chloride gas is passed through an aqueous solution of silver nitrate
acidified with dilute nitric acid.
ii.
Ethene gas is bubbled through a solution of bromine in carbon tetrachloride.
iii.
Concentrated nitric acid is added to heated saw dust.
iv.
Sodium hydroxide solution is added to ammonium chloride with slight warming.
v.
Ethyne gas is passed through ammoniacal silver nitrate.
b) The figure shows the apparatus used in the laboratory preparation of nitric acid:

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The Learning Club-ICSE X-Chemistry

c)

Q6)

February 24, 2012

i.
ii.
iii.

Name liquid A, solid B and liquid C. (Do not give formula).


Write an equation to show how nitric acid undergoes decomposition.
What is the property of concentrated nitric acid which allows it to react with
copper? Write the balanced equation.

[3]
[1]

i.
ii.
iii.

Of the two gases ammonia and hydrogen chloride, which is lighter?


[4]
How is the gas collected?
Name a gas other than oxygen that can oxidise ammonia gas and write the equation
for the reaction.

[2]

a) Name the main constituent metal in the following alloys:


[3]
i.
Duralumin
ii.
Bronze
iii.
Stainless steel
b) State the property of the metal being utilized in the following:
[2]
i.
Zinc in Galvanization
ii.
Aluminium in thermite welding
c) From the metals copper, iron, magnesium, sodium and zinc select a different metal in each
case which:
[5]
i.
Does not react with dilute hydrochloric acid.
ii.
Can form 2+ and 3+ ions.
iii.
Has a hydroxide that reacts with both acids and alkalis.
iv.
Does not react with cold water but reacts with steam.
v.
Reacts with cold water to give a strong alkali.
d) A compound X consists of 4.8% of carbon and 95.2% of bromine by mass.
[5]
i.
Determine the empirical formula of this compound working correct to one decimal
place. [C = 12; Br = 80]

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