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Republic of the Philippines


CRIMINOLOGISTS Licensure Examination
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION
INSTRUCTION: Select the correct answer for each of the following questions. Mark only one answer for each item by
shading the box corresponding the letter of your choice on the answer sheet provided. STRICTLY NO ERASURES
ALLOWED. Use pencil no. 1 only.

The first workhouse in England (1557-1576):

A. Singsing prison
C. Alcatraz
B. Bridewell
D. Walnut Street Jail
2. It is the authority of the President of the Philippines to suspend the execution of a penalty, reduce the
sentence and extinguish criminal liability:
A. Parole
C. Executive Clemency
B. Pardon
D. Presidents Clemency
3. B.J.M.P. is under the administration of the:
A. Executive Department
D. none of these
4. There were three (3) casework techniques applied by the parole officer, which one is not?
A. The trick and treat techniques
B. The executive techniques
C. The guidance counseling and leadership techniques
D. The manipulative techniques
5. The basis of this old school of penology is the human free-will:
A. Penology School
C. Classical School
B. Neo-Classical School
D. Positivist School
6. This helps the prisoner/detainee in the resolution of his problems:
A. Meeting
C. Working
B. Recreation
D. Counseling
7. Takes charge of the financial matters especially in programming, budgeting, accounting, and other activities
related to financial services. It consolidates and prepares financial reports and related statements of
subsistence outlays and disbursements in the operation of the jail.
A. Budget and Finance Branch
C. General Services Branch
B. Property and Supply Branch
D. Mess Services Branch
8. A person can be considered an inmate if:
A. Has committed a crime
C. Bodyguard of the jail warden
B. Barkada of the barangay
D. He is the informer of the police
9. Operation conducted by the BJMP wherein a prisoner maybe checked at any time. His beddings, lockers and
personal belongings may also be opened at anytime, in his presence, wherever possible. This practice is
known as:
A. Check and Balance
C. S.O.P.
B. Inventory
D. Operation Greyhound
10. He introduced the Progressive or Mark system of penal management which granted privileges and goodconduct-time gradually culminating to the offenders release and an improvement of the ticket of leave. Who
was he?
A. Sir Evelyn Ruggles Brise
C. Sir Walter Crafton
B. Alexander Machonochie
D. Zebulon R. Brockway
11. The first international organization to achieve international cooperation with respect to the prevention of
crime and the treatment of offenders in 1875 is:
A. American Correctional Association
B. Philippine Correctional Association

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer

Correctional Administration
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim














C. Correctional Association of the Philippines

D. International Penal and Penitentiary Commission
Pardon cannot be extended to one of the following instances:
A. Murder
C. Brigandage
B. Rape
D. Impeachmant
This service provide the most intensive diagnostic and treatment activities which generally includes the
functions of psychiatrists, psychologists, social worker and auxiliary personnel, particularly to offenders with
deep seated emotional problems.
A. Diagnostic services
C. Case work
B. Medical services
D. Clinical Services
It refers to commission of another crime during service of sentence of penalty impose for another previous
A. Recidivism
C. Delinquency
B. Quasi-recidivism
D. Concurso de delito
A person who is detained for the violation of law or ordinance and has not yet been convicted is a:
A. Detention prisoner
C. Provincial prisoner
B. Municipal prisoner
D. City prisoner
The only one instance when a prisoner maybe given passes or leaves from jails or places of confinement, as
maybe allowed by law or regulation, upon approval of the appropriate authority, or the court, if already
committed by court order and upon and recommendation of the warden.
A. On recognizance
B. Very meritorious cases
C. When he puts bail for his temporary liberty
D. All of these
It is responsible for carrying out the treatment programs of the prisoners in jails.
A. Warden
C. Chaplain
B. Classification Committee
D. Disciplinary Board
A model on correctional history that had been successful for young boys and girls in the earlier house of
refuge and training that was adopted for older offenders.
A. Family model
C. Reform model
B. Penitence model
D. Rehabilitation model
Forms of executive clemency, EXCEPT:
A. Commutation
C. Reprieve
B. Amnesty
D. Probation
It detains minimum custody offenders serving short sentences with constructive work programs. It provided
full employment of prisoners, remedial services and constructive leisure time activities.
A. Provincial jail
B. Ordinary jail
C. Workhouse, jail farm or camp-house
D. Lock-up
It is a branch of the administration of Criminal Justice System charged with the responsibility for the
custody, supervision, and rehabilitation of convicted offenders.
A. Conviction
C. Corrections
B. Penalty
D. Punishment
Pardon cannot be exercised in what of the following instances.
A. before conviction
B. after conviction
C. before trial
D. before conviction and before trial
This is also called the guidance or case conference where the prisoner, after undergoing all the tests,
interviews and examinations, appears before the Centers staff in conference to plan out with him his
tentative program of activities that prisoner should undergo including institutional training, recreational
program, religious program, medical program and psychiatry services and social services.
A. Admission procedure
C. Exit conference
B. Guidance and counseling
D. Staff conference
The feature of this prison system was confinement of the prisoners in their cells day and night.
A. Auburn system
C. Pennsylvania system
B. Pre-classical theories
D. Judean Christian theory

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer

Correctional Administration
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

25. A person who is sentenced to serve imprisonment for not more than three years or to pay a fine of not
more than one thousand pesos or both fine and imprisonment.
A. City prisoner
C. Insular prisoner
B. National prisoner
D. Municipal prisoner
26. This prison system was considered more advantageous because it had been observed that prisoners can
finish more articles when they work in groups than working along in their individual cells.
A. Maison de force
C. Auburn system
B. None of these
D. Pennsylvania system
27. Is a kind of prisoners discipline applied after an offense has been committed, in these many cases,
punishment does not deter.
A. Positive discipline
C. Strict discipline
B. Negative discipline
D. Leniency
28. This is a procedure which permits a jail prisoner to pursue his normal job during the week and return to the
jail to serve his sentence during the weekend or non-working hours.
A. Amnesty
C. Good conduct time allowance
B. Probation
D. delayed sentence
29. This was in a form of group vengeance as distinguished from retribution, where punishment is exacted
publicly for the purpose of appeasing the social group.
A. Protection
C. Deterrence
B. Retribution
D. Expiation
30. The central goal of Probation Administration is to enhance the safety of the community by reducing the
incidence of criminal acts by persons:
A. to be convicted
C. just been convicted
B. previously convicted
D. not yet convicted
31. In prison, it is commonly thought of as a procedure to prevent escapes, riots and disorders, and the
punishment of those involved.
A. Punishment
C. Preventive discipline
B. Control
D. Discipline
32. The following are the justifications of punishment, EXCEPT:
A. Retribution
C. Deterrence
B. Happiness
D. Expiation or atonement
33. Are prisoners who cannot be trusted in open conditions and pose less danger to society if they escape:
A. Minimum security prisoners
C. Maximum security prisoners
B. Medium security prisoners
D. Detention prisoners
34. Pardon is exercised when the person is:
A. Already convicted
C. Not yet convicted
B. About to be convicted
D. serve the sentence
35. In determining whether an offender may be placed on probation the court shall consider all information
relative to which of the following:
A. All of these
B. Character
C. Antecedents and environment
D. Mental and physical conditions of the offender
36. What law integrated police force, Jail management and penology, and Fire fighting force before P.D. 765
was enacted?
A. EO 448
C. PD 1184
B. PD 603
D. 4864
37. What law was passed by the US Congress which ended the industrial prison movement?
A. A law which prohibited the increase of delinquency in prisons.
B. None of these
C. A law which encouraged the prisoners to be more industrious in the works.
D. A law which prohibited the sale of prison-made articles to the public and limited their use to
government owned or controlled institutions.
38. Which is used to discover and put into service other resources in the community in order to supplement the
effort of the probation officer:
A. Panoptican technique
C. Neighborhood technique
B. Leadership officer
D. Executive technique
39. This kind of punishment will be given to the offender by showing to others what would happen to them if
they have committed the heinous crime.

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer

Correctional Administration
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim
















A. Protection
C. Deterrence
B. Lethal injection
D. Stoning
For a convicted offender, probation is a form of:
A. Punishment
C. Treatment
B. Enjoyment
D. Incarceration
For amnesty to be granted, there should be:
A. Recommendation from the UN
B. Application
C. Recommendation from the CHR
D. Concurrence of the Congress
It is a model in correctional history which treats criminality as a breakdown of the family and community.
A. Penitence model
C. Family model
B. Punishment model
D. Auburn system
The highest official of the Bureau of Corrections:
A. Director
C. Secretary of the DND
B. Chief Executive
D. Prison Inspector
What is the purpose of the waiting period in granting absolute pardon to restore the political and civil rights
of the offender released from prison?
A. to give time to the offender to think
B. to let the released prisoner suffer for the consequences of his criminal act
C. None of these
D. To give the offender an opportunity to demonstrate the he has established a new pattern of
good conduct.
No person shall be made to serve more than:
A. 2 times
C. 3 times
B. 4 times
D. 5 times
The Presidential Decree that suspends the sentence of minor offenders whose age range from nine (9)
years to under eighteen (18) years and places them in rehabilitation centers.
A. PD 923
C. PD 603
B. PD 968
D. PD 1203
It plays a unique role in the moral and spiritual regeneration of man.
A. Vocation
C. Work
B. Education
D. Religion
The BJMP is provided by the government with the food allowance of offenders for three meals per day in
the amount of:
A. P 30.00/day
C. P 25.00/day
B. P 22.00/day
D. P 19.00/day
It is a penalty wherein a convicted person shall not be permitted to enter the place designated in the
sentence, or within the radius therein specified, which shall not be more then 250 and not less than 25
kilometer from the place designated.
A. Fine
C. Destierro
B. Segregation
D. Imprisonment
What law can be considered the second Probation law in the Philippines which is intended only for minors?
A. PD 968
C. PD 6425
B. RA 4221
D. PD 603
The _______ century may be considered as the period of transition from corporal punishment to
A. 16th
B. 17th
C. 15th
D. 18th
In a suffering inflicted to an individual for having been committed an offense.
A. Sentence
C. Retribution
B. Penalty
D. Punishment
This law provides that life sentence shall automatically be reduced to 30 years.
A. PD 29
C. RA 2489
B. EO 343
D. All of these
Punishing a criminal to serve as example to others is a theory of :
A. Self-defense
C. Social defense

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer

Correctional Administration
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

B. Exemplarity
D. Equality
55. Probation may not be revoked unless:
A. a hearing is he ld
C. notice given
B. all of these
D. a violation is alleged
56. ________ of prisoners are aimed to prevent moral or physical contamination of one group by another and
to prevent unnecessary custodial risk.
A. Classification
C. None of these
B. Imprisonment
D. Segregation
57. The type of working detention prisoner who is not entitled to full time service of the sentence.
A. Recidivist
C. Lazy prisoners
B. Sexual deviates
D. Homosexual
58. Purposes of commutation, EXCEPT:
A. to save the life of a person sentence to death
B. none of these
C. to extend parole in case where the parole law does not apply
D. to break the rigidity of law.
59. The period of deducted sentence granted to a prisoner who escaped on the occasion of disorder arising
from conflagration, earthquake or catastrophe where he voluntarily surrendered within 48 hours following
the issuance of a proclamation announcing the termination of such disorder.
A. 2/5 period of sentence
C. 1/3 period of sentence
B. 1/4 period of sentence
D.1/5 period of sentence
60. The purpose of the decree on probation shall be to:
A. Provide an opportunity for the reformation of a penitent offender which might be less probable if
he were to serve a prison sentence.
B. Prevent the commission of offense
C. All of these
D. Promote the correction and rehabilitation of an offender by providing him with individualized
61. The most common problem of the national prison is:
A. Excessive number of escapees
B. Disagreement about their mess
C. Overcrowding
D. Lack of adequate funding
62. In case of conflicting orders, the order one given by the ________ shall be obeyed.
A. Highest in rank
C. Immediate superior
B. Commanding officer
D. Higher officer
63. No body can assume the suffering for a crime committed by others.
A. Justice
C. Personal
B. Legal
D. Certain
64. These are the factors considered in diversification, EXCEPT:
A. Age of offenders
C. Mother of offender
B. Sex of offenders
D. Medical condition
65. Article 70 of the Revised Penal Code provides that in applying its provisions, the duration of service of
sentence of a life termer should be:
A. 30 years
C. 40 years
B. 20 years
D. 15 years
66. When shall probation order take effect?
A. Three days after issuance
C. Upon its issuance
B. Three days prior to issuance
D. 72 hours after issuance
67. Formerly, pardon was applied to a member of the ________ who committed crimes and occasionally to
those convicted of offenses against the Royal power.
A. Royal family
C. Rebellous family
B. Mendicant family
D. Indigent family
68. This branch takes charge of the preparation of the daily menu, makes foodstuff purchases, prepares and
cooks the food and serves it to the inmates. It maintains a record of daily purchases and consumption and
submits a daily report to the warden.
A. General service branch
C. Mittimus computing branch
B. Budget and finance branch
D. Mess service branch

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer

Correctional Administration
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

69. Under Article VII, section 10, paragraph (B) of the Philippine Constitution, pardoning power is vested with
A. Department of Justice
C. Judiciary
B. Chief Executive
D. Legislative

70. It is a justification for punishment which claims that certain things can be done after the person
has served his sentence, will not want to commit another crime.
A. Incapacitation
C. Deterrence
B. Rehabilitation
D. Retribution
71. It is a procedure by which prisoners are selected for release on a basis of individual response to
the correctional and rehabilitation programs within the institution by which they are provided with
necessary controls and guidance as they serve the remainder of their sentence within the free
A. Pardon
C. Amnesty
B. Parole
D. Conditional pardon
72. It is a temporary stay of execution of sentence.
A. Reprieve
C. Pardon
B. Commutation
D. Amnesty
73. It is a punishment and penitence model of prison built in 1820s were communication among the
prisoners was next to impossible, prisoners were individually isolated.
A. Mark system
C. Reformatory
B. Auburn system
D. Pennsylvania system
74. Parole is not a matter of:
A. Privilege
C. Right
B. Grace
D. Requirement
75. It was built in 1704 by Pope Clement XI for incorrigible boys and youths under 20.
A. Hospice of San Michelle
C. Irish system
B. Maison de Force
D. Auburn system
76. This group consists of chronic troublemakers but not as dangerous as the super security
prisoners. They are not allowed to work outside the institution.
A. Maximum security prisoners C. Super security prisoners
B. Minimum security prisoners D. Medium security prisoners
77. Parole is granted by the:
A. President
C. Board of Pardon and Parole
B. Director of prison
D. Court
78. It is the factor used mostly for the diversification of correctional institution.
A. Degree of custody
C. Sex
B. Age
D. Medical or mental condition
79. A person who is sentenced to serve imprisonment for not more than six months.
A. Insular prisoner
C. City prisoner
B. Provincial prisoner
D. Municipal prisoner
80. It is a program of graduated release designed to reduce the severity of abrupt release into the
community from institutional life.
A. Reentry program
C. Group counseling
B. Conjugal visits
D. Psychodrama program
81. This is a procedure which permits a jail prisoner to pursue his normal job during the week and
return to the jail to serve his sentence during the weekend or non-working hours.
A. Amnesty
C. Probation
B. Good conduct time allowance D. Delayed sentence
82. Inmates who commit suicide are considered as in any of the following:
A. Liability of the jail administrators
B. No liability because inmate is insane
C. Liability of the sentencing court
D. Liability of the inmates himself

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer

Correctional Administration
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

83. Probation proceeds on the theory that the best way to pursue this goal is to orient the criminal
sanction toward the ________ in sentencing.
A. Community setting
C. None of these
B. Individual setting
D. Prison setting
84. Amnesty is granted by whom?
A. Commission on Human Rights C. Legislative
B. Chief Executive
D. Judiciary
85. He opened the Borstal prison, considered the best reformatory institutions for young offenders.
A. Maconochie
C. Sir Walter Crofton
B. Z.R. Brockway
D. Sir Evelyn Ruggles Brise
86. It is one of the earliest devise for softening brutal severity of punishment through a compromise
with the church.
A. Parole
C. Benefit of the Clergy
B. Public humiliation
D. Amnesty
87. A recipient of absolute pardon is ________ from civil liability imposed upon him by the sentence.
A. Partially exempted
C. Exempted
B. Conditionally exempted
D. Not exempted
88. The Republic Act that fully deducts the period of the offenders preventive detention from the
sentence imposed by the courts.
A. RA 6036
C. RA 7371
B. RA 7137
D. RA 6127
89. It is an act of clemency which changes a heavier sentence to a less serious one or a longer term
to a shorter term.
A. Amnesty
C. Commutation
B. Reprieve
D. None of these
90. ________ is an act of grace and the recipient is not entitled to it as a matter of right.
A. Pardon
C. Parole
B. Probation
D. None of these
91. These are the group of prisoners who may be allowed to work outside the fence of the institution
under guard escorts. Generally, they are employed as agricultural workers.
A. Medium security prisoners
C. Maximum security prisoners
B. Minimum security prisoners D. Super security prisoners
92. Upon the assumption of the IPPCs work, the United Nations preferred to identify the activities
and programs under the broader concept of:
A. Social justice
C. Social offense
B. Social defense
D. Juvenile justice
93. Aside from the court, these are other authorities who can commit a person to jail, EXCEPT:
A. The board of indeterminate sentence
B. None of these
C. Deportation board
D. Police authorities
94. In probation systems philosophy and concepts, it is stated that the individual has the ability to
______ and to modify his anti-social behavior with the right kind of help.
A. Challenge
C. None of these
B. Change
D. Aggravate his behavior
95. Can a probationer pursue a prescribed secular study or vocational training while on probation?
A. Neither
C. None of these
B. No
D. Yes
96. What was the first Probation Law in the Philippines?
A. PD 603
C. None of these
B. PD 968
D. RA 4221
97. All person in custody shall, before final conviction, be entitled to bail as a matter of:
A. Preference
C. right

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer

Correctional Administration
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim

B. Privilege
D. Choice
98. It is one which will relieve inmates feeling of insecurity about his situation. It is likewise essential
in effecting new changes which affect the masses or inmate population.
A. Good communication
C. food and recreation
B. Conjugal leave
D. all of these
99. The Bureau of Correction is under the:
A. Department of Social Welfare and Development
B. Department of Justice
C. Department of Interior and Local Government
D. Department of Health
A person who is sentenced to serve a prison term of over three (3) years is a:
A. Municipal prisoner
C. National or insular prisoner
B. Detention prisoner
D. City Prisoner

Criminology Board Examination Reviewer

Correctional Administration
Glorio Ortega Dumandan, Jr., RCrim