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DialogStart

NORSOK M-506 Corrosion Rate Model, Rev. 2, June 2005

NORSOK M-506
CO2 CORROSION RATE MODEL
The NORSOK M-506 corrosion rate model calculates the CO 2 corrosion rate
on basis of given temperature, pH, CO2 partial pressure and shear stress.
The model is valid for temperature 5 - 150 C, pH 3.5 - 6.5,
CO2 partial pressure 0.1 - 10 bar and shear stress 1 - 150 Pa.
The model is not applicable when the H2S partial pressure is higher than 0.5 bar,
or when the ratio between the partial pressure of CO2 and H2S is less than 20.
The model can lead to underprediction of the corrosion rate when the total content
of organic acids exceeds 100 ppm and the CO2 partial pressure is less than 0.5 bar.

Continue

Exit

Information

Page 1

NORSOK M-506 Main menu


Input
Project

Options on input
Use as input:

CO2 pressure
CO2 fugacity

Equipment

Calculate shear stress

Identifier

Calculate pH

Temperature

Pressure

bar

Parameter study

Mole percent CO2 in gas

mole%

Accumulated corrosion

Shear stress

Pa

Options

Calculate humidity

pH

Print

Glycol concentration

Save in new file / Load file

Inhibitor efficiency

Save in current file


Show current file

Comment

Help
Exit

CO2 fugacity

bar
Output

Run the corrosion rate model


Calculate corrosion rate

Corrosion rate
without inhibitor effect

mm/year

DialogHum

NORSOK M-506 Humidity Menu


Input
Project

Options
test 6
OK

Equipment

Cancel

Identifier

Print
Temperature

Save in new file/Load file

Pressure

bar

Save in current file

Water mass flow

kmole/h

Show current file

Total mass flow

kmole/h

Help

Comment

Run
Calculate

Output
Relative humidity
Dew point

%
C

Page 3

DialogFlow

NORSOK M-506 Flow Menu


Input
Project

Options
OK
Cancel

Equipment

Print

Identifier

Save in new file/Load file

Temperature

Pressure

bar

Superficial liquid velocity

m/s

Save in current file


Expert input

Gas flow

MSm/day

Watercut

Diameter (ID)

mm

Comment
Run
Calculate
Output
Shear stress
Liquid viscosity

Show current file

Pa
cp

Page 4

Help
Other input
Roughness

Default

Compressibility

Specific gravity

Water density

kg/m

Oil density

kg/m

Gas density

kg/m

Water viscosity

cp

Oil viscosity

cp

Gas viscosity

cp

Inversion point

Max rel. liq. visc.

DialogBicarb

NORSOK M-506 pH Menu


Input
Project

Option

Equipment

Condensed water
Formation water

Identifier
OK

Temperature

Pressure

bar

Mole percent CO2 in gas

bar

Cancel
Print
Save in new file/Load file
Save in current file
Show current file
Help

Comment
Run
Calculate

Output
Calculated pH
pH in condensed water saturated with Fe2+

Page 5

Output

DialogBicarb

Page 6

DialogChart

NORSOK M-506 Parameter Study


1. variable parameter

2. variable parameter

Temperature

Range Min

Max

Chart title

pH

Default

Other input parameters

Options
Return

CO2 pressure

bar

1. value

Shear stress

Pa

2. value

Pressure

bar

Print

Glycol conc.

Save

Inh. efficiency

3. value

CO2 pressure = 1E-5 bar, Shear stress = 10 Pa,

Update chart

Help
Zoom

Page 7

Zoom

DialogAcc

NORSOK M-506 Accumulated Corrosion


Input
Line number

CO2

bar
Pa

Start date

jan-2002

Shear stress

End date

des-2002

pH

Options

Calc pH

Insert line

Return

Calc shear

Delete line

Print

Temperature

Glycol conc.

Acc. off

Clear table

Save

Pressure

bar

Inhibitor eff.

Show chart

Zoom in

Load

Help

Zoom out

Page 8

DialogHelp

NORSOK M-506 Help Menu


Helpmenu for the NORSOK M-506 user interface

OK

Page 9

DialogSave

NORSOK M-506 Save Menu


Choose which paramaters to save
All menues
Project
Equipment
Identifier
Comment
Main menu
Shear stress
pH
Glycol concentration
Inhibitor efficiency

Create new file

Temperature
Pressure
Total mass flow
CO2 mass flow

Load file

Cancel

Help

Mole% CO2
CO2 pressure
CO2 fugacity

Glycol correction factor


Corrosion rate without inhibitor or glycol effect
Corrosion rate with inhibitor or glycol effect

pH menu
Bicarbonate
Ionic strength

Calculated pH
pH in solution satureted with Fe2+

Flow menu
Superficial liquid velocity
Superficial gas velocity
Liquid flow
Gas flow
Watercut
Diameter (ID)
Water density

Oil density
Gas density
Water viscosity
Oil viscosity
Gas viscosity
Inversion point
Max rel. liq. viscosity

Roughness
Spesific gravity
Compressibility

Humidity menu
Water mass flow

Relative humidity

Dew point

Page 10

Calculated shear stress


Calculated liquid viscosity

DialogShow

Show Data
Return
Print
Help
Zoom in
Zoom out

Page 11

SheetModell
Input
Temperature (C)
pCO2 (bar)
pH
Shear stress (Pa)
Result
Corrosion rate (mm/y)
Calculations
Lowest temp
Highest temp

K
pCO2 factor
Shear factor
pH factor
Corrosion rate
a
b

60
2
5
19

Glycol factor

1
Used pCO2

Inhibitor factor

1
Used shear

11.0291465

CR with inhibitor effect 11.02915

60
80
Lowest temp. Highest temp.
10.695
9.949
1.53687518 1.53687518
1
1
0.671
0.60360857
11.0291465 9.22939911
-0.08998737
16.4283888

Calculation of corrosion rate with NORSOK Standard M-506 Rev.2, June 2005

Page 12

5 C

15 C

0.857

0.801

SheetModell

Used pCO2
Used pH
Used shear

20 C

0.782

2
5
19

40 C

0.782

60 C

80 C

0.671 0.603609

90 C

120 C

0.39016

Page 13

0.1902

150 C

0.0365

266008415.xls

1
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40
41
42

A
INPUT

B
QL
ROUGH
RO.O
RO.L
VISC.L
VISC.G
2

C
SM/D
5.00E-05
8.50E+02
869.14
1.511331
0.03
2

REGIME VG CRIT
VL CRIT
VL CRIT

D
8.206704
kg/m3
RO.G
VL(M/S)
LAMDA
Cr0.5

18.52921 M/S
0.24162 M/S
0.27 M/S

F
G
H
I
J
QG MMSM3/D
0
VISC.O
CP
1.1
WC
0.11
D(M)
0.011
SP.GR
0.8
T
11 P(BAR)
5
Z
0.9
6.25404 R0.GSC
0.964776 VISC.W
1.333602 Waterdensi
1 VG(M/S)
0 VM(M/S)
1
1 VISC.M
1.511331 RO.M
869.14

K
LIM

L
1.533664

1024

FLOW
SMOOTH
REGIME: PIPE
LIQUID
623.5572 YEARS TO FAILURE OF ST52 STEEL BY MESA ATTACK
************************************************************************************************
OBSTACLE
507.7026 YEARS TO FAILURE

POSSIBLESTRAT
SLUG
ANNULAR
ATOMIZED
LIQUID
NLIM=
2.84E+12
YIELD=
426
SMOOTH PIPE:
EXPONENT
LIFETIME
CANNOT EXEED:

Pa
0.997421
623.5572 YEARS
623.5572 YEARS
227598.4 DAYS

HOLD UP 0.983449 0.983449

EXPONENT
LIFETIME
CANNOT EXEED:

0.999123
16085.01 YEARS
16085.01 YEARS
5871029 DAYS

LIQUID, STRATIFIED,DISPERSED,ANNULAR
RE
6325.909
FRICT
0.010009
OBSTACLE:
TAU
4.349773
REL-AMP
V EQ
1
EXPONENT
F
134
LIFETIME
TAUAMP 1.087443
CANNOT EXEED:

0.94
0.990253
507.7026 YEARS
507.7026 YEARS
185311.4 DAYS

FATIGUE IF TREATED AS SLUG FLOW


RE
6324.562
ALPHA L 0.983449
ROM
854.8588
VISCM
1.486814
FO
0.01001
OBSTACLE:
TAUW
6.160991
REL-AMP
0.939999
TAUAMP 0.369659
EXPONENT
0.990253
F-SLUG
5.454545
LIFETIME
12472.56 YEARS
L-UNIT
0.22 M
CANNOT EXEED:
12472.56 YEARS
L-SLUG
0.22 M
4552486 DAYS
TAUMEAN 4.349773 PA
Taumean slug:
0.311607 TOO LOW !
V EQ
0.999981
NET TIME TO FAILURE:

Page 14

NORSOK M-506

Calculated results from the NORSOK M-506 CO2 corrosion rate model

Equipment
c
c
c

Identifier

Temperature
C
20
20
68

Pressure
bar
1
1
1

CO2 partial
pressure
bar
0.1
0.1
0.16

mole% CO2
%
10
10
16

15

CO2 fugacity
bar
0.1
0.1
0.16

Shear stress
Pa
10
10
10

pH
5
5
5

Inhibitor
efficiency
%
0
0
0

04/08/2015

NORSOK M-506

Glycol
concentration
%
0
10
10

Glycol
reduction
factor
1
0.84
0.84

Spesific
gravity
0.8
0.8
0.8

Water
viscosity
cp
1.089
1.089
0.4373

Maximum
relative liquid
viscosity
7.06
7.06
7.06

Corrosion rate Corrosion rate


without
with inhibitor
inhibitor effect or glycol effect Comment
mm/year
mm/year
0.83
0.83
0.83
0.7
1.1
0.93

16

04/08/2015

NORSOK M-506

Corrosion rate / (mm/year)

Pressure
CO2=pressure
55 bar, Shear
= 1E-5
stress
bar, Shear
= 64 Pa,
stress
CO2
= 10
= 5Pa,
mole%

0.012
0.012
0.01
0.01
0.008
0.008

pH=4
pH=5
pH=6

0.006
0.006
0.004
0.004
0.002
0.002
00
0
3.5

20
23.5

40
43.5

60
63.5

80 103.5
100 123.5
120 143.5
140 163.5
160
83.5

Temperature / (C)

Page 17

SheetAccChart

Accumulated
Corrosion
corrosion
1 12

Accumulated corrosion / mm
Corrosion rate / (mm/year)

0.9
0.8
0.7

10
8

0.6
0.5

0.4
0.3
0.2

4
2

0.1
0 0
15001500

2000
2000

2500
2500

3000
3000

3500
3500

4000
4000

Time
Time
/ date
/ date

Page 18

M506Chart

Calculated results from the NORSOK M-506 CO2 corrosion model, rev. 2
Temperature / (C)
20
26.5
33
39.5
46
52.5
59
65.5
72
78.5
85
91.5
98
104.5
111
117.5
124
130.5
137
143.5
150

CO2 pressure
Shear stress
Trykk
Glycol concentration
Inhibitor reduction factor

pH=3.5
4.427861
5.686505
6.945149
8.203793
8.65226
9.033212
9.414164
9.69586
9.959509
10.22316
8.602593
6.890631
6.758233
6.625835
6.493436
6.361038
5.980939
5.446028
4.911116
4.376205
3.841293

1
5
80
0
0

pH=4.5
3.616083
4.643975
5.671867
6.699759
7.156366
7.565365
7.974365
7.920688
7.782889
7.64509
6.189111
4.747182
4.67026
4.593339
4.516417
4.439496
3.917955
3.118527
2.319099
1.519671
0.720242

pH=5.5
1.884596
2.420303
2.95601
3.491717
3.369722
3.192918
3.016114
2.815738
2.611077
2.406415
1.482072
0.618993
0.679807
0.740621
0.801435
0.862249
0.786504
0.62541
0.464316
0.303222
0.142128

bar
Pa
bar
% (concentration)

Page 19

1
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3
4
5
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7
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10
11
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30
31
32
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35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
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56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97

A
Actual dialog number
Recent dialog number
Dialog to check the inp

INPUTPARAMETER
Temperature
pH
CO2 content in gas
Shear stress
Trykk
Glycol concentration
Inhibitor reduction factor
Liquid flow
Gas flow
Watercut
Diameter (ID)
Inversion point
max relative liq visc
Tetthet vann
Viskositet vann
Tetthet olje
Viskositet olje
tetthet gass
viskositet gass
Ruhet
Z
sp.gr
Total mass flow
Alle input OK
grafisk fremstilling
Temperature / (C)
20
26.5
33
39.5
46
52.5
59
65.5
72
78.5
85
91.5
98
104.5
111
117.5
124
130.5
137
143.5
150

E
use pressu
Use of exp

0
1
0

G
H
1 pressure in B9
1
1

VALUE

lovlig inpuny input min


max
unit chois unit
value in munit
Old value Old unit
0
5
150
1 C
0C
60
1
0
3.5
6.5
0
4
0
0
0.09
10
3 mole%
0 bar (CO2 t
1
1
0
1
150
Pa
0 Pa
10
0
1
1000
1 bar
0 bar
5
1
0
1
0
100
% (concent
1 fraction
0
0
1
0
100
%
1 fraction
0
0
0 13564.8
1 Sm3/day
0 Sm3/day
0
1
1
0 0.281201
1 MSm3/day
0 Sm3/day
1
0
100
0
100
0
0
100
0
mm
0m
use default
1
0.5
0.3
0.9
0.5
use default
use default
1
7.06
1
100
1
7.06 cp
use default
use default
1
1024
995
1050
kg/m3
1024 kg/m3
use default
use default
1
1
0.17
1.1
1 cp
1 cp
use default
1
use default
1
850
600
1100
kg/m3
850 kg/m3
use default
use default
1
1.1
0.2
200
1 cp
1.1 cp
use default
use default
1
10
1
1700
kg/m3
10 kg/m3
use default
use default
1
0.03
0.02
0.06
1 cp
0.03 cp
use default
use default
1
50
0
100
um
0.00005 m
use default
use default
1
0.9
0.8
1
0.9
use default
use default
1
0.8
0.5
1
0.8
use default
1
1
0.001 1000000
kmole/h
0 kmole/h
0

pH=4
0.004757
0.006109
0.007461
0.008813
0.009295
0.009704
0.010113
0.010416
0.010699
0.010983
0.009242
0.007402
0.00726
0.007118
0.006976
0.006834
0.006425
0.005851
0.005276
0.004701
0.004127

pH=5
0.003885
0.004989
0.006093
0.007197
0.007688
0.008127
0.008567
0.008509
0.008361
0.008213
0.006649
0.0051
0.005017
0.004935
0.004852
0.004769
0.004209
0.00335
0.002491
0.001633
0.000774

Calculation of other parameters

fugasity of

0 fugasity in

fugasitycoe

Liquid visc

0 cp

lign for van

1000

beregning av verdier for grafisk fremstilling


TemperaturpH=4
pH=5
pH=6
20 0.004757 0.003885 0.002025
26.5 0.006109 0.004989
0.0026
33 0.007461 0.006093 0.003176
39.5 0.008813 0.007197 0.003751
46 0.009295 0.007688 3.62E-03
52.5 0.009704 0.008127 3.43E-03
59 0.010113 0.008567 3.24E-03
65.5 0.010416 0.008509 3.03E-03
72 0.010699 0.008361 2.81E-03
78.5 0.010983 0.008213 2.59E-03
85 0.009242 0.006649 1.59E-03
91.5 0.007402
0.0051 6.65E-04
98 0.00726 0.005017 7.30E-04
104.5 0.007118 0.004935 7.96E-04
111 0.006976 0.004852 8.61E-04
117.5 0.006834 0.004769 9.26E-04
124 0.006425 0.004209 8.45E-04
130.5 0.005851 0.00335 6.72E-04
137 0.005276 0.002491 4.99E-04
143.5 0.004701 0.001633 3.26E-04
150 0.004127 0.000774 1.53E-04

pH=6
0.002025
0.0026
0.003176
0.003751
0.00362
0.00343
0.00324
0.003025
0.002805
0.002585
0.001592
0.000665
0.00073
0.000796
0.000861
0.000926
0.000845
0.000672
0.000499
0.000326
0.000153

Opsjoner for grafisk fremstilling


choise
use velocity or shear str

Parameter Unit
1 Shear stre Pa

chartlist 1
Temperature
pH
Pressure
Shear stress

Valgt index
Valgt parameter
unit
input in line
line in model

Label on b Use default options


velocity
1

chartlist 2
pH
Pressure
Shear stress

1.parameter 2. paramet 3. paramet 4. parameter


1
1
Temperature pH
Pressure Shear stress
C
bar
Pa
7
8
11
10
2
4
6
5
Lovlig

Range, min
Range, max
1. value
2. value
3. value
All legal

5
150
4
5
6

min
1
1
1
1
1
1

max

Default

5
150
6.5
6.5
6.5

3.5
3.5
3.5

Old value f

5
150
4.25
5
5.75

Value in model unit


5
150
4
5
6

Options for accumulated corrosion


Show chart or table :
Integrated chart or not :

1 Show Table
1 Integrated

Label on ButtonShow: Show chart


Label on ButtonIntegraAcc. off

time,end Dec-2005
time,start Jan-2005 LineNumbe
legal time
1 Min time
legal line
1

1
1
0 Max time

Data save
73200 Accumulate

0
0

0
0

Options for calculation of pH


INPUTPARAMETER
Bicarbonate
Ionic strenght

VALUE
0
0

lovlig input ny input h min


1
0
1
0

Options for calculation of maximum flow rate

0
0

max
unit choise unit
32000
2 mg/l
175
2 g/l

value in mounit
0M
0M

Old value i Old unit


0
2
0
2

Use condenced water


Saturated pH

98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184

A
INPUTPARAMETER
Ratio gas/liquid flow

B
C
D
E
VALUE
lovlig input ny input h min
0.00E+00
1
0

F
max
0 1.0E+012

Options for saving and plotting data at main menu


Parameter
Project
Saving status
Default status
Current dialog status
Next line in sheet M506D
Units when saving

Equipment Identifier Temperatu Pressure Total mass CO2 PartiaMole % COCO2 mass CO2 fugaciShear stre pH
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
0
2 default
Saving mac
0
0 Data saved
0
0
8
1
1
3
1

Shear stress calculations


St52

Cr0.5

Max recommended shear stress


Max recommended liquid superficial velm/s
Max recommended gas superficial velocm/s
DialogHeight
small

Sheets position
Sheet
SSH97Data

line

Sm3/day
MSm3/day

column
1

old line
1

m/s
m/s

Sm3/day
MSm3/day

old column
1

Calculation of humidity
flow/kmole/h min
Flow of H2O
Total flow
vanndamptrykk
Saturation temperature

0.001
0.001
1.55E+01 bar
C

max
legal
1000000
1000000

0
0

all input le Old value


0

Relativ fuktighet

Data for plot of accumulated corrosion


Line

start date
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50

end date

time periodtime
Acc corr
1900.001
0

0
0

Inhibitor ef Glycol concGlycol reduSuperficial


0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

R
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
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84
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90
91
92
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95
96
97

Old value

AA

AB

AC

AD

AE

AF

AG

AH

AI

R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
AA
AB
AC
AD
AE
AF
AG
AH
AI
98
99
100
101
102
103
Water densOil density Gas densit Water viscoOil viscosit Gas viscosiInovation pMax rel liq Liquid visc Bicarbonat
104 Superficial Liquid flow Gas flow Diameter ( Watercut RoughnessSpesific gr Compressibi
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
105
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
106
107
108
1
1
1
1
2
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
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135
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167
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171
172
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176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184

AJ
1
2
3
4
5
6
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9
10
11
12
13
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20
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49
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60
61
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68
69
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71
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77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97

AK

AL

AM

AN

AO

AP

AQ

AR

AS

AT

AU

AV

AW

AX

AY

AZ

BA

AJ
AK
AL
AM
AN
AO
AP
AQ
AR
AS
AT
AU
AV
AW
AX
AY
AZ
BA
98
99
100
101
102
103
Maximum sup
Maximum liq
Maximum ga
Maximum re
Maximum sup
Maximum sup
Maximum liq
Maximum ga
Maximum re
Regime
Calculated Calculated pH in solut Rel. humidiDew point
104 Ionic stren Water massMaximum sup
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
105
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
106
107
108
2
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
1
121
1
122
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180
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183
184

BB
1
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92
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96
97

BC

BD

BE

BB
BC
BD
BE
98
99
100
101
102
103
104 Classificat Corrosion rCorrosion rComment
0
1
1
1
105
0
0
0
1
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
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121
122
123
124
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177
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179
180
181
182
183
184

Calculated results from NORSOK M-506


Project

Equipment

Identifier

Comment

d
INPUT

Temperature

90

Pressure

10

bar

Total mass flow


CO2 content in gas

kmole/h

10

mole%

Shear stress

10

Pa

pH

Glycol concentration

10

Inhibitor efficiency

0.98

bar

OUTPUT
CO2 fugacity
Glycol reduction factor

0.8449

Corrosion rate

2.2

mm/year

Corrosion rate with inhibitor or glycol effect

1.9

mm/year

04/08/2015

Calculated results from NORSOK M-506


Project
Equipment
Identifier
Comment
INPUT
Temperature

30

Pressure

10

bar

Total mass flow


CO2 content in gas

kmole/h

10

mole%

Bicarbonate concentration

mg/l

Ionic strength

g/l
OUTPUT

pH
pH in condensed water saturated with Fe2+

3.9
5
x

04/08/2015

Calculated results from NORSOK M-506


Project

ssh

Equipment

Identifier

Comment

test
INPUT

Temperature

20

Pressure

10

bar

Total mass flow

100

kmole/h

Water mass flow

kmole/h

OUTPUT
Relative humidity
Dew point

855.2

60

C
x

04/08/2015

Calculated results from NORSOK M-506


Project
Equipment
Identifier
Comment
INPUT
Temperature

50

Pressure

10

bar

Superficial liquid velocity

m/s

Superficial gas velocity

m/s

Watercut

100

Diameter (ID)

100

mm

Water density

1024

kg/m3

Oil density

850

kg/m3

Gas density

10.83

kg/m3

Water viscosity

0.5956

cp

Oil viscosity

1.1

cp

Gas viscosity

0.03

cp

Maximum relative liquid viscosity

0.5956

Inversion point

0.5

Maximum relative liquid viscosity

7.06

Rougness

5.00E-05

Compressibility

0.9

Specific gravity

0.8

OUTPUT
Liquid viscosity
Shear stress

0.5956

cp

-17

Pa
x

04/08/2015

SheetHelp

ABOUT THE NORSOK M-506 CORROSION RATE CALCULATION MODEL

This computer program is developed based on the corrosion rate model given as
equations in this Standard. The corrosion rate equations given in NORSOK M-506
describe the formal model which shall apply, while the computer program itself is an
optional aid which the users of the model may apply such that they possess an
efficient tool to conduct corrosion rate calculations and parameter studies.
It is an overall principle for the use of this program that the program is an aid in CO2
corrosion rate assessments, but that the user of the program is responsible for the
results and the final material selections. Therefore the user of the program must
perform a critical evaluation of all results and the applicability of these in each case
and in each system/part of a system.
As the computer program is distributed electronically and may be used on computers and
program versions outside the control of NTS/NORSOK, users of the computer program
are sole responsible to verify that the computer calculations are in accordance with the
equations in this standard.
The CO2 corrosion rate calculation program shall only be used by experienced
material engineers.
The program covers only calculation of corrosion rates where CO2 is the corrosive
agent. It does not include additional effects of other constituents which may influence
the corrosivity, e.g. contamination of O2, H2S etc. If such constituents are present,
which is common in e.g. produced water systems, these effects must be evaluated
separately.
The model is valid for temperature 5 - 150 C, pH 3.5 - 6.5, CO2 partial pressure
0.1 - 10 bar and shear stress 1 - 150 Pa. The model is not applicable when the H2S
partial pressure is higher than 0.5 bar, or when the ratio between the partial pressure
of CO2 and H2S is less than 20. The model can lead to underprediction of the
corrosion rate when the total content of organic acids exceeds 100 ppm and the CO2
partial pressure is less than 0.5 bar.
Design principles for material selection and the philosophies which shall apply are
given in NORSOK standard M-001 "Material Selection". The requirements in
NORSOK M-001 shall always apply, and shall be used when generating input data
and when interpreting results from this CO2 corrosion rate calculation program. It is
important to note that the program may use or generate data which are outside the
limits of NORSOK M-001. One example is corrosion inhibitor efficiency, where
NORSOK M-001 provides maximum allowable values, while this program accepts all
values from 0 to 100%. In case of conflict, NORSOK M-001 shall apply.
The computer program has a main dialogue box, denoted as the "Main Menu",
where all corrosion rate calculations can be performed. All input parameters can be
entered into the program directly at this stage for point calculations.

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As options and support functions, it is possible to calculate several of the main input
parameters by selecting optional dialogue boxes. Such options are:
*
*
*

pH calculations
shear stress calculations
humidity calculations for gas systems

These program routines are included in order to make the material selection
specialist able to generate adequate input data for corrosion rate prediction based on
data normally presented in process flow diagrams and design basis documents. The
support program routines are prepared to give adequate accuracy for corrosion rate
calculations, and shall not be used for other purposes, e.g. genuine process, scale or
flow calculations.
The program is explained in more detail in NORSOK Standard M-506.
It is important that your computer uses a period as a decimal separator. The program
will not be able to calculate correctly if other symbols are used as decimal separator.
The decimal separator can be changed from the option called International or
Regional and Language Options in the control panel.
Minimum screen resolution must be 600x800.
The current version of the model is Revision 2, issued in June 2005.
It supersedes Revision 1, issued in May 1998. Major changes from Revision 1 are
extension of the lower temperature limit from 20 to 5 C and improved correlations for
pH calculation at high pressure and high ionic strength.
Please note that whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the
NORSOK standards neither OLF nor TBL or any of their members will assume
liability for any use thereof.

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MAIN MENU

OPTIONS
UNITS
Press the unit buttons to change the unit of temperature, pressure and CO2 partial
pressure.
CALCULATE CORROSION RATE
Press this button to calculate the corrosion rate by the NORSOK M-506 model.
USE AS INPUT: CO2 PARTIAL PRESSURE OR FUGACITY
Use this option to select partial pressure or fugacity as input. The fugacity of CO2
(calculated if not given as input) is always used in the corrosion model.
CALCULATE SHEAR STRESS
The wall shear stress can be calculated from given liquid and gas velocities. Press
this button to enter the menu for calculation of shear stress.
CALCULATE pH
The pH can be calculated from the given bicarbonate concentration. Press this
button to enter the menu for calculation of pH.
PARAMETER STUDY
Press this button to get a graphic representation of the corrosion rate as function of
the input parameters.
ACCUMULATED CORROSION
Press this button to enter a menu where it is possible to get a time dependent
representation of the corrosion rate.
CALCULATE HUMIDITY
The relative humidity can be calculated. Press this button to enter the menu for
calculation of relative humidity.
PRINT
Press this button to print the input and output values.
SAVE IN NEW FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in a separate Excel file. The
data can either be saved in a new Excel file or a previous saved file can be loaded
and then the saved data will be added to this file.
SAVE IN CURRENT FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in the same file that has been
used for saving values before. Values for the same parameters that have been
saved in this file before will be saved.
SHOW CURRENT FILE
Press this button to see the data that has been saved in the current file.

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EXIT
Exit the NORSOK M-506 model.

INPUT PARAMETERS
PROJECT, EQUIPMENT, IDENTIFIER AND COMMENT
The project name, equipment, identifier and any comments can be given. These
names can be saved together with other data when the save buttons are pressed.
TEMPERATURE
Allowed range is from 5 C to 150 C. The temperature can be given in C or F.
TOTAL PRESSURE
Allowed range is from 1 bar to 1000 bar. The total pressure can be given in bar or psi.
The total pressure must be higher then the CO2 partial pressure.
TOTAL MASS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0.001 to 1000000 kmole/h. The total mass flow is required to
calculate the CO2 partial pressure when the amount of CO2 is given in kmole/h. The
total mass flow will therefore only be shown in the menu when kmole/h is chosen as
the unit for the CO2 amount.
CO2
Allowed range for the fugacity of CO2 is from 0.1 to 10 bar, but the CO2 pressure
can not be higher than the given total pressure. Due to lack of data points at fugacities
below 0.3 bar, the calculation is uncertain at CO2 fugacities below 0.3 bar.
The amount of CO2 can be given in bar, psi, mole% or kmole/h. It is possible to specify
either the CO2 partial pressure or the CO2 fugacity by using the option called
"Use as input: CO2 pressure or CO2 fugacity".
SHEAR STRESS
Allowed range is from 1 to 150 Pa.
pH
Allowed range: 3.5 to 6.5.
GLYCOL CONCENTRATION
The glycol concentration is given in percent. Allowed range is from 0 to 100 %. If you
don't want any glycol effect on the calculation of the corrosion rate, just enter 0 % of
glycol.
INHIBITOR EFFICIENCY
The effect of inhibitor is given in percent. Allowed range is from 0 to 100 %. The
inhibitor efficiency equals the value of the corrosion rate adjusted for the inhibitor
effect divided with the corrosion rate without any inhibitor effect multiplied with 100. If
no inhibitor effect on the calculation of the corrosion rate is desired, enter 0 %
inhibitor efficiency.

RESULTS

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FUGACITY
The CO2 fugacity will be calculated based on given temperature, pressure and given
amount of CO2.
GLYCOL CORRECTION FACTOR
The glycol correction factor will be calculated based on the given glycol
concentration. The glycol correction factor equals the value of the corrosion rate
adjusted for the effect of glycol divided with the corrosion rate without any glycol
effect.
CORROSION RATE WITHOUT GLYCOL OR INHIBITOR EFFECT
The calculated corrosion rate without any correction factors will be shown when the
button called "Calculate corrosion rate" is pressed.
CORROSION RATE WITH GLYCOL OR INHIBITOR EFFECT
The calculated corrosion rate with correction factor will be shown when the button
called "Calculate corrosion rate" is pressed. If the effect of inhibitor is higher than the
effect of glycol, the corrosion rate with only the inhibitor effect will be shown. If the
effect of glycol is higher than the effect of inhibitor, the corrosion rate with only the
glycol effect will be shown. If there is no effect of glycol or inhibitor, only the corrosion
rate without any correction factors will be shown.

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THE FLOW MENU

OPTIONS
UNITS
Press the unit buttons to change the unit of temperature, pressure, liquid flow, gas
flow and viscosity.
CALCULATE
Press this button to calculate the shear stress and flow regime.
OK
Press this button to get back to the main menu and use the calculated shear stress
in the corrosion rate model.
CANCEL
Press this button to get back to the main menu without using the calculated shear
stress. All the values in the flow menu will be restored.
PRINT
Press this button to print the input and output values.
SAVE IN NEW FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in a separate Excel file. The
data can either be saved in a new Excel file or a previous saved file can be loaded
and then the saved data will be added to this file.
SAVE IN CURRENT FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in the same file that has been
used for saving values before. Values for the same parameters that have been
saved in this file before will be saved.
SHOW CURRENT FILE
Press this button to see the data that has been saved in the current file.
EXPERT INPUT
Press this button to show the parameters viscosity, density, inversion point,
roughness, compressibility and specific gravity. When the user interface starts,
default values will be used for these parameters until the user choose to use other
values.
DEFAULT CHECK BOXES
There are default check boxes for the density, viscosity, inversion point, roughness,
compressibility and specific gravity. When a default option is turned on, a built in
function or default value is used for the actual parameter.

INPUT PARAMETERS
PROJECT, EQUIPMENT, IDENTIFIER AND COMMENT
The project name, equipment, identifier and any comments can be given. These

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SheetHelp
names can be saved together with other data when the save buttons are pressed.
TEMPERATURE
Allowed range is from 5 C to 150 . The temperature can be given in C or F.
TOTAL PRESSURE
Allowed range is from 1 bar to 1000 bar. The total pressure can be given in bar or psi.
LIQUID VELOCITY / LIQUID FLOW
Allowed range is from 0 to 20 m/s. The liquid flow rate can be given as liquid
superficial velocity (unit m/s) or liquid flow (unit Sm3/day). Press the unit button to
switch between these units. Superficial liquid velocity equals the actual liquid velocity
multiplied with the liquid volume fraction.
GAS VELOCITY / GAS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0 to 40 m/s. The gas flow rate can be given as gas superficial
velocity (unit m/s) or gas flow (unit millions of Sm3/day). Press the unit button to
switch between these units. Superficial gas velocity equals the actual gas velocity
multiplied with the liquid volume fraction.
WATERCUT
Allowed range is from 0 to 100 %. The watercut gives the amount of water in the
liquid phase.
DIAMETER
The diameter can be any positive number. The calculation of shear stress is requires
turbulent flow. This means that the diameter and the flow velocities must be given values
that results in a Reynold number above 2300.

DENSITY
The allowed ranges for the density of water, oil and gas are:
995 to 1050 kg/m3 for water density,
600 to 1100 kg/m3 for oil density,
1 to 1700 kg/m3 for gas density.
VISCOSITY
The allowed ranges for the viscosity of water, oil and gas are:
0.17 to 1.1 cp for water viscosity,
0.2 to 200 cp for oil viscosity,
0.02 to 0.06 cp for gas viscosity.
The viscosity of water, oil and gas can be given in cp (centipoise) or N*s/m2.
ROUGHNESS
Allowed range for the roughness of the steel is 0 to 100 m.
COMPRESSIBILITY
Allowed range is from 0.8 to 1. The compressibility gives the deviation from ideal
gas.
SPECIFIC GRAVITY

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Allowed range is from 0.5 to 1.
INVERSION POINT
Allowed range is from 0.3 to 0.9. The inversion point is the watercut that gives the
maximum liquid viscosity.
MAXIMUM RELATIVE LIQUID VISCOSITY
Allowed range is from 1 to 100. This number gives the ratio between the liquid
viscosity at the inversion point and the viscosity of pure oil.

RESULTS
SHEAR STRESS
The shear stress will be calculated on basis of the given input values.
LIQUID VISCOSITY
The liquid viscosity will be calculated on basis of given input values. The liquid
viscosity will only be shown if the button called "Expert input" is pressed and all the
input parameters are shown in the flow menu.

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SheetHelp
THE PARAMETER STUDY MENU

OPTIONS
RETURN
Press this button to get back to the main menu.
UPDATE CHART
If you change a value in this menu, the chart will not be updated unless you press
the update chart button.
PRINT
Press this button to print the chart as it is shown on the screen.
SAVE
Press this button to save the chart and a table with corresponding data in a separate
Excel file.
ZOOM BUTTONS
Use these buttons to make the chart on the screen bigger or smaller.
CHART TITLE
If the default check box is turned on a default chart title will be used. Otherwise, any
chart title may be given.

PARAMETERS
1. VARIABLE PARAMETER
The 1. variable parameter represents the parameter at the x-axis on the chart.
Temperature, pH, CO2 partial pressure and shear stress can be chosen as 1.
variable parameter. If CO2 is given in mole% the pressure, and not the CO2 partial
pressure, can be given as 1. variable parameter.
RANGE VALUES
The minimum and maximum range values represent the minimum and maximum
values on the x-axis.
2. VARIABLE PARAMETER
The 2. variable parameter represents the parameter witch is varied in the three lines
in the chart. Temperature, pH, CO2 partial pressure and shear stress can be chosen
as 2. variable parameter, but the 2. variable parameter can't be equal to the 1.
variable parameter. If CO2 is given in mole% the pressure, and not the CO2 partial
pressure, can be given as 2. variable parameter.
THE FIRST, SECOND AND THIRD VALUES
These data represent the values of the second parameter in the three different lines
in the chart.
OTHER INPUT PARAMETERS
See help on main menu.

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UNITS
It is not possible to change the units in the Parameter study menu. The units will be
the same as in the Main menu, with exception of the CO2 amount if given as
kmole/h. The CO2 amount will then be re-calculated to mole% CO2 in the Parameter
Study menu.

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THE ACCUMULATED CORROSION MENU

ACCUMULATED CORROSION
Accumulated corrosion is corrosion given in mm as function of time. Accumulated
corrosion in a line in the table shown on the screen is set equal to the accumulated
corrosion in the line above plus the calculated corrosion rate in the actual line
multiplied with the time difference between the two lines.

OPTIONS
CALC pH
Press this button to go to the pH calculation menu.
CALC SHEAR
Press this button to go to the shear stress calculation menu.
ACC. OFF / ACC. ON
Use this button to switch from accumulated corrosion (given in mm) actual corrosion
(given in mm/year).
SHOW CHART / SHOW TABLE
Use this button to switch between a table with the results and a graphic presentation
of the results.
INSERT LINE
Use this button to insert a new line with the given input values and a corresponding
corrosion rate in the table.
DELETE LINE
Delete the data in the line specified in the menu.
CLEAR TABLE
Press this button to delete all the data in the table.
ZOOM BUTTONS
Use these buttons to make the chart on the screen bigger or smaller.
RETURN
Press this button to get back to the main menu. The values in the table for
accumulated corrosion will be lost if they have not been saved.
PRINT
Prints the data shown at the screen. If the table with data is shown, the table will be
printed, and if the chart is shown, the chart will be printed.
SAVE
Save the table with the results.
LOAD

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Load a previous saved table with accumulated corrosion data and recalculates the
table.

PARAMETERS
LINE NUMBER
Allowed range is from 1 to 50. The line number specifies the actual line in the table.
If the button called "Insert line" is pressed, the data will be inserted in the line with
the specified line number. If the button called "Delete line" is pressed, the data in the
specified line number will be deleted.
DATE
Both start date and end date must be specified for each line with data. Dates are
entered as month (three letters) - year (four numbers). Example: Feb-1998.
OTHER PARAMETERS
See help on main menu.
UNITS
It is not possible to change the units in the Accumulated corrosion menu. The units
will be the same as in the Main menu.

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THE pH MENU

OPTIONS
UNITS
Press the unit buttons to change the unit of bicarbonate, ionic strength, temperature,
pressure and amount of CO2.
CALCULATE
Press this button to calculate the pH.
CONDENSED / FORMATION WATER
Choose condensed water or formation water. If conduced water is chosen both the
bicarbonate concentration and the ionic strength will be set to 0 g/l.
OK
Press this button to get back to the main menu and use the calculated pH in the
model.
CANCEL
Press this button to get back to the main menu without using the calculated pH. All
the values in this menu will be restored.
PRINT
Press this button to print the input and output values.
SAVE IN NEW FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in a separate Excel file. The
data can either be saved in a new Excel file or a previous saved file can be loaded
and then the saved data will be added to this file.
SAVE IN CURRENT FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in the same file that has been
used for saving values before. Values for the same parameters that have been
saved in this file before will be saved.
SHOW CURRENT FILE
Press this button to see the data that has been saved in the current file.

INPUT PARAMETERS
PROJECT, EQUIPMENT, IDENTIFIER AND COMMENT
The project name, equipment, identifier and any comments can be given. These
names can be saved together with other data when the save buttons are pressed. It
is not necessary to enter any text to these parameters.
TEMPERATURE
Allowed range is from 5 C to 150 C. The temperature can be given in C or F.
TOTAL PRESSURE

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Allowed range is from given CO2 partial pressure to 1000 bar. if the CO2 partial pressure
is below 1 bar, the minimum total pressure is 1 bar. The total pressure can be given in bar
or psi.
TOTAL MASS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0.001 to 1000000 kmole/h. The total mass flow is required to
calculate the CO2 partial pressure when the amount of CO2 is given in kmole/h. The
total mass flow will therefore only be shown in the menu when kmole/h is chosen as
the unit for the CO2 amount.
CO2
Allowed range for the fugacity of CO2 is from 0 to 50 bar, but the CO2 pressure
can not be higher than the given total pressure. It is possible to specify either the CO2
partial pressure or the CO2 fugacity by using the option called "Use as input: CO2
pressure or CO2 fugacity" in the main menu. The amount of CO2 can also be given
in either bar, psi, mole% or kmole/h.
BICARBONATE
Allowed range is from 0 to 20000 mg/l. The concentration of bicarbonate can be
given in mg/l or molar. The molecular weight of bicarbonate (HCO3-) is 61.02 g/mole.
This means that 1 M bicarbonate equals 61.02 g bicarbonate/l.
IONIC STRENGTH
Allowed range is from 0 to 175 g/l. The ionic strength can be given in g/l or molar.
When the ionic strength is given in g/l it is assumed that NaCl is the dominant specie
in the solution. The molecular weight of NaCl is 58.44 g/mole. This means that an
ionic strength of 1 M equals an ionic strength of 58.44 g/l.

RESULTS
pH
The pH will be calculated on basis of the given input values.
For condensed water systems, the pH in a solution saturated with iron carbonate is
also calculated.

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THE SAVE MENU
The save menu provides two different alternatives:
1. Save data in a new separate Excel file
2. Load a previous saved Excel file and add saved data to this file
If it is wanted to save data in a new separate Excel file the parameters that are
supposed to be saved must be turned on in this save menu. Click the button called
"Create new file" when the desired parameters are turned on, and then the program
will ask for the file name before the program returns to the previous shown menu.
In this case the current data will be saved as the first set of data in the new file.
If it is wanted to use a previous saved file to save new data the file can be loaded by
pressing the Load button. In such cases it has no meaning to turn on or off any
parameters in the save menu because the same parameters that have been saved
in the loaded file earlier will still be saved in this file. When a file is loaded in this way
the actual parameters will not be saved automatic. The data will only be saved by
clicking the buttons called "Save in current file" in the different menus.
Click the Cancel button to return to the previous menu without creating a new file or
loading an old file.

THE SHOW MENU

RETURN
Press this button to get back to the previous menu.
PRINT
Prints the data shown in the table at the screen.
ZOOM BUTTONS
Use these buttons to make the table on the screen bigger or smaller.
SCROLL BARS
Use the scroll bars to move the table up, down, left or right.

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THE HUMIDITY MENU

OPTIONS
CALCULATE
Press this button to calculate the relative humidity and the dew point.
OK
Press this button to get back to the main menu.
CANCEL
Press this button to get back to the main menu. All the values in this menu will be
restored.
PRINT
Press this button to print the input and output values.
SAVE IN NEW FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in a separate Excel file. The
data can either be saved in a new Excel file or a previous saved file can be loaded
and then the saved data will be added to this file.
SAVE IN CURRENT FILE
Press this button to save the input and output values in the same file that has been
used for saving values before. Values for the same parameters that have been
saved in this file before will be saved.
SHOW CURRENT FILE
Press this button to see the data that has been saved in the current file.

INPUT PARAMETERS
PROJECT, EQUIPMENT, IDENTIFIER AND COMMENT
The project name, equipment, identifier and any comments can be given. These
names can be saved together with other data when the save buttons are pressed. It
is not necessary to enter any text to these parameters.
TEMPERATURE
Allowed range is from -16 C to 200 C. The temperature can be given in C or F.
TOTAL PRESSURE
Allowed range is from 1 bar to 500 bar. The total pressure can be given in bar or psi.
TOTAL MASS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0.001 to 1000000 kmole/h.
WATER MASS FLOW
Allowed range is from 0.001 to 1000000 kmole/h.

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RESULTS
RELATIVE HUMIDITY
The relative humidity given in percent will be calculated on basis of the given input
values. The calculated humidity is only valid for pure water, that is water with no glycol.
DEW POINT
The dew point will be calculated for pure water on basis of the given input values.

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NORSOK M-506
NORSOK M-506, CALCULATION OF ACCUMULATED CORROSION

Line
no.

Start time
Date

CO2
End time Temperature Pressure Total flow
Date
C
bar
kmole/h kmole/h

CO2
fugacity
bar

Shear
Stress
Pa

pH

Glycol
conc.
%

Inhibitor Corrosion Accumulate


efficiency
rate
d corrosion
%
mm/year
mm

04/08/2015

NORSOK M-506
NORSOK M-506, CALCULATION OF ACCUMULATED CORROSION

Line
no.

Start time
Date

End time
Date

Temperature
C

Pressure
bar

CO2
bar

CO2
fugacity
bar

Shear
Stress
Pa

pH

Glycol conc.
%

Inhibitor
efficiency
%

Corrosion
rate
mm/year

Accumulated
corrosion
mm

04/08/2015