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A network - group of two or more computer systems linked together
Data communication - the electronic transmission of information that has been encoded digitally
(as for storage and processing by computers
Telecommunication - communication at a distance by technological means, particularly through
electrical signals or electromagnetic waves
"client/server" - refers to the network architecture in which two computers are connected in such
a way that one computer (the client) sends service requests to another computer (the server
modem – a device that modulates signals to encode digital information and demodulates signals
to decode the transmitted information
2. Message is the information (data) to be communicated.
Sender is the device that sends the data message.
.Receiver: is the device that receives the message.
.Medium: is the physical path by which a message travels from sender to receiver.
Protocol: is a set of rules that governs data communications. It represents an agreement between
the communicating devices.
3. LAN

· Is a group of computers and network devices connected together
· Defined as a group of computers and network devices connected
together across a very large physical area such as states or countries
· Is a group of computers and network devices connected together
within a large physical area
4. Internet is a public network that abides by one set of addressing rules

Intranet - is a local network, the one you don't need to connect to the Internet to access
extranet - is an extension of an intranet.

5. Cell Phone - Allows for communication between individuals
Laptop with internet access - Allows for access of information and contribution of information on the
Television - Provides information to the viewer
Radio - Provides information to the listener
Two-Way Radio - Allows for communication between individuals

In this layer. Layer 1: Physical . the type of network and the packet sequencing is defined.  Layer 5: Session . the appropriate physical protocol is assigned to the data.6.maintains flow control of data and provides for error checking and recovery of data between the devices. maintains and ends communication with the receiving device. It defines the physical  characteristics of the network such as connections. layer 4: Transport . Logical protocols.This is the level of the actual hardware. Flow control means that the Transport layer looks to see if data is coming from more than one application and integrates each application's data into a single stream for the physical network.layer that actually interacts with the operating system or application whenever the user chooses to transfer files. Also. voltage levels and timing.takes the data provided by the Application layer and converts it into a standard format that the other layers can understand.  Layer 6: Presentation .  Layer 7: Application .  Layer 2: Data .The way that the data will be sent to the recipient device is determined in this layer. routing and addressing are handled here. 7. 00 .  Layer 3: Network .establishes. read messages or perform other network-related activities.