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CST3001 MF/HF TRANSMITTER

User Manual

www.sait-systems.com

Edition A0.1, February 27, 2014

This manual covers build number STD00032-1000-A0

Copyright SAIT
All material in this manual is, unless otherwise stated, the property of SAIT. Copyright and other
intellectual property laws protect these materials. Reproduction or retransmission of the
materials, in whole or in part, in any manner, without the prior written consent of SAIT, is a
violation of copyright law.

SAIT, Z1 Research Park 110, B-1731 Zellik, Belgium


www.sait-systems.com

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. Preface......................................................................... 4
2. Installation .................................................................... 5
2.1. front panel ..........................................................................................6
2.2. rear connections ...................................................................................7

3. Web interface................................................................ 10
3.1. preparing the remote PC........................................................................ 10
3.2. graphical user interface ......................................................................... 10
3.2.1. dashboard section....................................................................................11
3.2.2. tx details ..............................................................................................14
3.2.3. Channel table.........................................................................................16
3.2.4. mode table............................................................................................17
3.2.5. antenna table.........................................................................................18
3.2.6. settings ................................................................................................19
3.2.7. users ...................................................................................................21
3.2.8. service.................................................................................................22

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1.

PREFACE
Thank you for using the SAIT CST3001 MF/HF transmitter. It is a new generation, state of the art
transmitter intended for voice and data transmission in the band 450KHz till 30MHz at power
levels of up to 1KW peak.
The exceptionally compact design and software-defined functionality, combined with a very high
reliability makes this a unique product that will offer years of ubiquitous operation. The design
concept using modules that slide into the front and connect to a backplane minimizes internal
cabling and highly facilitates maintenance.
The CST3001 has a wide range of digital and analog external interfaces which make this product
easy to integrate into any system.
This manual covers the physical installation of the unit, its external interfaces, and the operation
through the integrated web interface.

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2.

INSTALLATION
The CST3001 is housed in a 19-inch 3U subrack with dimensions 133 x 483 x 550 mm (HxWxD). It
should be used in a clean and dry indoor environment, preferably temperature controlled.

An identification label on the side shows the equipment type, build number, and serial number.

The unit is cooled by internal fans, forcing fresh air to flow from the front of the subrack,
through the specially designed openings in the front panel, over the internal electronics, and
exhaust hot air at the back of the unit. Therefore, care should be given to ensure the free flow of
fresh air at the front and back of the unit. When the unit is built into a rack, additional fans can
be installed into the roof in order to expel the residual rising heat. In case the rack is equipped
with front and/or back doors or panels, these must be perforated in order to prevent obstruction
of air flow.
All the required electrical connections are made at the back of the unit. Please use high-quality
connectors and cables and wherever possible, fix the cables to the housing without obstructing
the air flow.
The unit weighs about 20kg. It is therefore advisable not to rely solely on the four screws at the
front for holding the unit in place, but have additional horizontal supporting sliders installed on
the sides or fix the rear end of the unit to the housing using a solid mounting bracket. Once
installed, the unit can be fixed permanently. Replaceable parts can be removed and reinstalled
later without un-mounting the subrack.

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2.1.

FRONT PANEL
The entire front panel is hinged to the bottom of the subrack and is held at the top by three
screws that can be unscrewed by hand without the need for any tool. This gives access to the
internal modules that can be removed and installed by sliding in and out into a backplane.
The front panel has two rows of LEDs to show the current status of the unit.

The upper row of blue-colored LEDs, marked OPERATING, announce the operational status of
the four amplifiers (PA1 till PA4), and the exciter (DFS) according to following diagram:

Operational State

PA

DFS

Powered off

Dark

Dark

On standby

Blinking short

Lit upon receiving Ethernet


packet

Ready key off

Blinking short

Permanently lit

Ready key on

Permanently lit

Permanently lit

The lower row of red-colored LEDs, marked ALARM, blink when the module is in alarm state.

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2.2.

REAR CONNECTIONS
The photo of the rear of the unit below shows that external connections use standard connectors.

Mains supply connector and fuse are located on the left, RF connections in the middle, and audio
and control connections are on the right.

On the diagram below, one can observe that all connectors are numbered P1 till P12:

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Detailed pin description is as follows:


Connector

Description

P1

Mains supply 100-277 VAC 4766Hz 16A

P2

Type and Pinout


PE

Fuse: 250V, 20A

IEC/EN60320-1 plug :

RF Out

N socket

DB9 socket
1. RS485-2 D+
2. Opto-isolated in 1
3. Opto-isolated in 2
4. Opto-isolated in 3
5. Opto-isolated in 4
6. RS485-2 D7. Relay out 1
8. Relay out 2
9. Isolated ground return

P3

Auxiliary equipment control

P4

RF IN (SAIT only)

BNC socket

P5

External reference in

BNC socket

P6

Share bus (do not connect)

2xRJ45 socket
DB15 high-density socket

P7

Discrete Input/Output
(Opto-isolated 12V, 5mA)

P8

Ethernet LAN

1. Input DIN0
2. Input DIN1
3. Input DIN2
4. Input DIN3
5. Input DIN4
6. Input DIN5
7. Input DIN6
8. Input DIN7
9. Output DOUT0
10. Output DOUT1
11. Output DOUT2
12. Output DOUT3
13. Output DOUTAUX
14. Ground
15. Ground

RJ45 socket
RJ11 (6-pin) socket

P9

RS485-1

P10

LINE 1 input
(600 ohm, symm.)

1. NC
2. NC
3. D+
4. D5. Ground
6. Ground

RJ11 (6-pin) socket


1. NC
2. KEY In
3. BF In+
4. BF In5. Ground/return
6. NC

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RJ11 (6-pin) socket


P11

LINE 2 input
(600 ohm, symm.)

1. NC
2. KEY In
3. BF In+
4. BF In5. Ground/return
6. NC

RJ11 (6-pin) socket


P12

LINE Out (600 ohm, symm.)

1. KEY Out
2. BF 2 Out+
3. BF 1 Out+
4. BF 1 Out5. BF 2 Out6. Ground

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3.

WEB INTERFACE
The CST3001 incorporates a web application featuring a graphical user interface for local and
remote control over the Ethernet TCP/IP connection. This permits full control over the
transmitter operation and configuration, and live monitoring of its status. The client side is
typically a personal computer workstation, laptop, tablet or smartphone.

3.1.

PREPARING THE REMOTE PC


The web application runs inside a modern browser like Firefox, Chrome or Safari. Requirements
for a PC/laptop are Windows XP or higher with at least 2Gb of RAM and proper LAN connection. A
tablet or smartphone is equipped with Android (4.0 or higher) with Chrome or Firefox installed, or
IOS (6.0 or higher) with Safari installed.
The only preparation needed is to ensure that a proper browser is installed and to install a
webserver service to serve the required javascript library (provided).
On the Windows PC, Apache httpd webserver software is recommended and provided. After
installation, the contents of the provided compressed file with the javascript library must be
copied into the Apache htdocs directory.

3.2.

GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE


The graphical user interface will appear inside a browser window by entering the following URL
into the browser address bar:

http://<CST3001_IP_ADDRESS>/index.html

Where <CST3001_IP_ADDRESS> must be replaced by the IP address configured into the CST3001
(example 192.168.1.100).
A start screen as shown here will appear:

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The screen layout is subdivided into two horizontal sections:


1.

Dashboard section (upper part, light-blue background) shows the current state and
allows operator login.

2.

Control/monitoring section (lower, tabbed part on white background) shows different


options for control, configuration and monitoring.

Pressing the F11 button will enter full-screen mode where the application fills the entire screen.
Pressing F11 again will leave full-screen mode.
3.2.1.

DASHBOARD SECTION
The dashboard section summarizes the current transmitter state and remains visible at all times.

The upper-left corner shows the transmitter name (TX 1 in this example) and login button. Below,
a status line presents the current state of the transmitter, the current key state and any current
alarms.
The middle section displays the current channel settings with carrier frequency, power level and
channel number. Buttons are present to select a reduced power level or to reset the channel (cut
transmission).

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The right section contains two gauges showing the current forward and reverse power levels.

3.2.1.1.

USER ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT


Pressing the login button will open the login dialog:

Here, a username and password can be introduced. The same dialog is used to allow the user to
change his account password.

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Four different user account levels exist, each with different rights restricting access to the
various areas of the application. The access rights matrix for the account levels (Guest, Operator,
Supervisor and Manager) is presented in the following table:

Guest

Operator

Supervisor

Manager

Module details click (Tx details


screen)

System Log visualization

Channel selection (apply)

Channel Reset

Add/Edit/Delete channels

Add/Edit/Delete modes

Add/Edit/Delete antennas

View transmitter configuration


(settings)

Tx Details screen visualization

Modify transmitter configuration

Add/Edit/Delete users

Access to service panel

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3.2.2.

TX DETAILS
The TX Details tab shows the current operational status of the amplifiers, DFS exciter and power
supplies symbolized by a green, red or grey colored rectangle that signify overall status
(operational, alarm or disabled). Below each rectangle, two numbers are displayed showing the
real-time values for supply current and temperature.

By clicking on a rectangle, a dialog pops up showing detailed information about the selected
module.
The power amplifier details include the following:

The Enable checkbox allows supervisors or managers to disable or enable the amplifier. Comm
errors display the number of times a communication failed over the last couple of seconds. When
this number exceeds a threshold, the module is automatically disabled. RF level out is an

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indication of the RF voltage at the amplifier output and allows to verify the correct operation of
the amplifier. RF levels C1 and C2 represent RF voltages measured over the ballast resistors in
the combiners at two stages, giving an indication of the power losses in the combiner. This gives
an idea of any imbalance between the four amplifiers.
The DFS exciter details include the following:

The dialog shows the firmware versions of the two processors in the exciter (U1 and U2) with the
number of communication errors to U2. Line 1 and Line 2 levels are the audio levels present at
the respective audio Line inputs. Current signal selection for the upper- and lower sidebands
(USB, LSB), as well as carrier level and tone generator settings are shown. Key Mask defines a bit
mask which selects the current discrete input(s) used for keying. VDAC is the current reference
tension for the DAC, defining the exciter output level. Level adj shows the current relative output
level (linear scale), with Level max the current maximum allowed level (will be reduced by
automatic protection due to bad VSWR condition). Amp ZRatio shows the current setting of the
amplifier impedance transformer (16x or 36x, corresponding to values 0 and 1 resp.).
Power supply details are the following:

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3.2.3.

CHANNEL TABLE
The list of currently configured channels is available under the Channel Table Tab:

Each channel is configured with a Name, Carrier Frequency, Power level, Antenna selection and
Mode selection. Channels can be applied, edited and deleted using the three buttons on the righthand side:
. The list can be sorted by clicking on a column header, and filtered by
clicking on the upper table bezel.
New channels can be added by clicking on the button located to the right of the channel table
marked Add Channel. A channel edit dialog will appear:

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Antenna and Mode can be entered or selected from a drop-down box showing currently
configured options.

3.2.4.

MODE TABLE
The list of currently configured transmission modes is available under the Mode Table Tab:

Each mode is configured with:


-

Name: identifying the mode

Carrier Level (relative: value 1 means full carrier)

Tone generator settings (F1, F2, T1, T2)

Frequency offset (DF)

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Source selection for USB (SU) and LSB (SL).

New modes can be added by clicking on the button located to the right of the mode table marked
Add Mode. A mode edit dialog will appear:

3.2.5.

ANTENNA TABLE
The list of currently configured transmission modes is available under the Antenna Table Tab:

All antennas the transmitter uses must be defined in the antenna table. This is necessary because
upon first use, channels are calibrated to a particular antenna by an automatic training sequence.
The calibration data is then stored into flash memory for later fast retrieval. Channels are

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therefore intimately associated with antennas. Applying a channel to a different antenna will
probably cause the transmitter to power limit because of VSWR mismatch.
3.2.6.

SETTINGS
This is the CST3001 configuration screen:

Configuration parameters are grouped according to 7 categories:

Attenuation values for Line 1 and Line 2 inputs, Monitor 1 and Monitor 2 outputs. AGC relaxation
constant defines the speed of adaptation of the automatic level control (value 0 is slowest, value
15 is fastest). AGC Gain Limit sets the maximum gain of the AGC in steps of 3dB. A value of zero
allows the AGC to reach its maximum gain, while a value of 7 limits its maximum gain by 21dB.

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This section defines the IPv4 network settings for remote access, SNMP trap destination address
and IP address of the companion CST3001 transmitter in a main/standby configuration.

This section defines the transmitter name for easy identification, together with IO selection for:
-

Transmitter Ready: Output active when transmitter is ready to transmit (tuned


to channel)

Transmitter Error: Output active when transmitter is in alarm state

Interlock Input: Prevents the transmitter to transmit when defined input is not
active.

Interlock output: Output active when transmitter is eligible for transmission.

Auxiliary Key input: defines a supplementary input for keying (in addition to the
key input associated to Line 1 and Line 2)

The RF section defines four settings for power reduction (available for selection on the dashboard
middle section). The Key BIAS Off Timeout value is the time during which the amplifiers remain
biased after transmitter key is released. OCXO Tuning Voltage allows fine-tuning the internal
frequency reference for compensating frequency drift.

Channel Reservation is a feature that allows channel selection by an external device. Up to 6


inputs can be configured for channel selection, allowing to form a binary code from 0 to 63,
corresponding to the channel ID in the channel table. Selection of channel 0 is equivalent to a
channel reset (cut transmission). Reservation In defines the select input (channel enable).

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Reservation mode defines the behavior of the channel reservation feature and offers the
following possibilities:
-

Disabled: channel reservation is disabled

Edge: channel reservation is edge-sensitive (responding to changes at selected


inputs).

State: channel reservation always reflects the current state of selected inputs.

Configuration of ATU2001 control. ATU Tuning Power Level sets the power level used during
tuning phase of the ATU 2001. A tuning timeout value is used to abort tuning when the ATU
tuning time exceeds this value. ATU Tuned Input defines the input accepting the ATU tuned
signal.

Definition of the outputs for antenna switch selection. Values form a two-bit pattern
corresponding to the antenna ID in the Antenna Table.
3.2.7.

USERS
The list of currently configured users is available under the Users Tab:

The indicated Password is in encrypted form.

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3.2.8.

SERVICE
The Service tab allows qualified maintenance people to diagnose and manually operate the
transmitter.

CAUTION: This allows introducing raw values controlling the operation of the transmitter.
Irrecoverable data loss or even damage to the transmitter could occur when inappropriately used!

Service tools are grouped into 4 categories:

Exclusive connection can be selected, making the current connection to the transmitter
exclusive. This means that other users will be immediately disconnected and no new users can
connect. Exclusive connection mode allows maintenance people to work without interference
from remote users.
The button marked Show will display a list of all currently active connections.

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Storage options allowing to invalidate all current channel calibration coefficients (from channel
training).
A backup and restore function allows storage of all configuration data to/from local file system.
Volume Info displays the current status of local storage space (amount of free space available,
number of records used in tables).

Introduction of raw values defining the operation of the CST3001 for manual testing.
CAUTION: improper values could cause damage to the internal circuits!
Always first click Sync Values to retrieve all current values, then modify one or two, then click
Apply to send new values.

Displays raw reflectometer values (reflection coefficient magnitude/phase ; return loss and
VSWR)

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