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IC ENGINE OBJECTIVE

QUESTIONS
By Raj mishra (Mech. Dept)
1-The advantage of reciprocating IC engines over steam engine is
(a) -mechanical simplicity.
(b)-improves plant efficiency.
(c)-lower average temperature.
(d)-all of the above.
2-The intake charge in a diesel engine consists of
(a)-air alone.
(b)-air + lubricating oil.
(c)-air + fuel.
(d)-air + fuel + lubricating oil.
3-Engines of different cylinder dimensions , power and speed can be compared on
the basis of
a-maximum pressure.
b-fuel consumption.
c-mean effective pressure.
d-unit power.
4-Disadvantage of reciprocating IC engines are
a-vibration.
b-use of fossils fuels.
c-balancing problem.
d-all of the above.
5-gudgen pin forms the link between

a-piston and big end of connecting rod.


b-piston and small end of connecting rod.
c-connecting rod and crank.
d-big end and small end.
6-In a four-stroke IC engine cam shaft rotates at
a-same speed as crankshaft.
b-high compression ratio.
c-half the speed of crank shaft.
d-none of the above.
7-Thermal efficiency of CI engines is higher than that of SI engines due to
a-fuel used.
b-high compression ratio.
c-constant pressure heat addition.
d-none of the above.
8-SI engines are of
a-light weight.
b-high speed.
c-homogeneous change of fuel and oil.
d-all of the above.
9-Compression ratio in diesel engines is of the order of
a-5-7.
b-7-10.
c-10-12.
d-14-20.
10-Main advantage of 2-stroke engine over 4-stroke engine is
a-more uniform torque on the crankshaft.

b-more power output for the cylinder of same dimensions.


c-absence of valves.
d-all of the above.
11-Engines used for ships are normally
a-4-stroke SI engines of very high power.
b-2-stroke CI engines of very high power.
c-4-stroke CI engines of high speed.
d-2-stroke SI engines of high power.
12-The volumetric efficiency of the SI engines is comparatively
a-lower than CI engines.
b-higher than CI engines.
c-wiil be same as CI engines.
d-none of the above.
13-bsfc is defined as
a-fuel consumption per hour.
b-fuel consumption per km.
c- fuel consumption per bp.
d- fuel consumption per brake power hour.
14-Engine can be fired with
a-solid fuel.
b-liquid fuel.
c-gaseous fuel.
d-any of the above fuel.
15-The air standard otto cycle consist of
a-two constant volume & two isentropic process.
b-two constant pressure & two isentropic process.

c-two constant pressure & two constant volume process.


d-none of the above.
16-Mean effective pressure of otto cycle is
a-inversely to pressure ratio.
b-directly to pressure ratio.
c-does not depend on pressure.
d-proportional to square root of pressure ratio.
17-For a given compression ratio the work output of otto cycle is
a-increase with increase in r.
b-decrease with increase in r.
c-not affected.
d-non of the above.
18-For a given value of r , efficiency of otto cycle
a-decrease with r.
b-increases with r.
c-not affected.
d-non of the above.
19-The normal range of compression ratio for otto cycle is
a-6-10.
b-2-4.
c->10.
d-non of the above.
20-For the same r and heat addition the efficiency of
a-otto > diesel > dual.
b-diesel > otto > dual.
c-otto > dual > diesel.

d-dual > diesel > otto.


21- For the same r and heat rejection the efficiency of
a-otto > dual > diesel.
b-diesel > dual > otto.
c-dual > diesel > otto.
d-dual > otto > diesel.
22-When the engines are built to withstand the same thermal and mechanical
stresses the efficiency of
a- diesel > dual > otto.
b- dual > diesel > otto.
c- otto > dual > diesel.
d--otto > diesel > dual.
23-Cycle with lean to very lean mixture tends towards
a-practicle cycle.
b-fuel-air cycle.
c-air-standard cycle.
d-non of the above.
24-When the mixture is lean
a-efficiency is less.
b-power output is less.
c-maximum temperature & pressure are higher.
d-all of the above.
25-Optimum spark timing gives
a-higher mean effective pressure.
b-higher efficiency.
c-both a & b.
d-non of the above.

26-The major loss in a SI engine is due to


a-exhaust blow down.
b-pumping.
c-incomplete combustion.
d-variation in specific heat & chemical equilibrium.
27-The major loss in CI engine is
a-direct heat loss.
b-loss due to incomplete combustion.
c-rubbing friction loss.
d-pumping loss.
28-In an actual SI engine the pumping loss with respect to speed
a-decrease.
b-increase.
c-remain constant.
d-nothing to do with speed.
29-The volumetric efficiency is affected by
a-the exhaust gas in the clearance volume.
b-the design of intake and exhaust valve.
c-valve timing.
d-all of the above.
30-Advantage of gaseous fuel is that it
a-can be stored easily.
b-can mix easily with air.
c-can displace more air from engine.
d-all of the above.
31-For SI engines fuels most preferred are

a-aromatics.
b-parafins.
c-olefins.
d-napthelenes.
32- For CI engines fuels most preferred are
a-napthelenes.
b- parafins.
c-olefins.
a-aromatics.
33-Octane number of iso-octane is
a-0
b-30
c-60
d-100
34-Ignition quality of diesel fuel is indicated by its
a-actane number.
b-cetane number.
c-flash point.
d-fire point.
35-Ventury in the carburetor results in
a-decrease of air velocity.
b-increase of air velocity.
c-decrease of fuel flow.
d-increase of manifold vacuum.
36-The choke is closed when the engine is
a-accelerating.

b-hot.
c-cold.
d-idling.
37-Lean air mixture is required during
a-idling.
b-starting.
c- accelerating.
d-cruising.
38-For maximum thermal efficiency , the fuel-air mixture in SI engines should be
a-lean.
b-rich.
c-stoichiometric.
d-may be rich or lean.
39-During starting petrol engine requires
a-stoichiometric mixture.
b-lean mixture.
c-rich mixture.
d-any air-fuel ratio is alright.
40-For petrol engine the method of governing is
a-hit & miss governing.
b-quality governing.
c-quantity governing.
d-non of the above.
41-Economizer is used to provide enriched mixture during
a-starting.
b-idling.

c-cruising.
d-fuel throttle operation.
42-When the throttle is suddenly opened , the mixture from the simple carburetor
tends to become
a-rich.
b-lean.
c-stoichiometric
d-not affected.
43-Precise petrol injection system is
a-direct injection
b-sequential injection.
c-Throttle body injection.
d-port injection.
44-The choke in an automobile meant for supplying
a-lean mixture.
b-rich mixture.
c- stoichiometric mixture.
d-weak mixture.
45-Modern carburetor provides the correct quality of air-fuel mixture during
a-starting.
b-idling.
c-cruising
d-all conditions.
46-A simple carburetor supplies rich mixture during
a-starting.
b-idling.
c-cruising.

d-accelerating.
47-Fuel injector is used for
a-gas engine.
b-CI engine.
c-SI engine.
d-non of the above.
48-Advantage of air injection system is
a-cheaper fuels can be used.
b-mep is high.
c-fine atomization & distribution of the fuel.
d-all of the above.
49-Fuel is injected in a 4-stroke CI engine at the
a-end of the suction stroke.
b-end of expansion stroke.
c- end of compression stroke.
d-end of exhaust stroke.
50-Advantage of fuel injection in SI engine is
a-low initial cost.
b-low maintenance required.
c-increased volumetric efficiency.
d-non of the above.
51-In SI engine flame speed increases with
a-turbulence
b-fuel-air ratio.
c-both a & b.
d-none of the above.

52-With increase in compression ratio flame speed


a-increases.
b-decreases.
c-remains the same.
d-none of the above.
53-Increasing the compression ratio in SI engines the knocking tendency
a-decreases.
b-increases.
c-not affected.
d-non of the above.
54-Decreasing the cooling water temperature in SI engine the knocking tendency
a-increases.
b-decreases.
c-remains the same.
d-none of the above.
55-Detonation in SI engines occur due to
a-preignition of the charge before the spark.
b-sudden ignition of the charge before the charge.
c-autoignition of the charge after the spark in struck.
d-non of the above.
56-In CI engines with increase in compression ratio the delay period
a-increase.
b-decrease.
c-first increases then decreases.
d-not affected.
57-Knocking takes place in CI engines

a-at the start of combustion.


b-at the end of combustion.
c-during combustion.
d-non of the above.
58-In CI engines knocking tendency increases with
a -increase in compression ratio.
b-increasing inlet temperature of air.
c--decrease in compression ratio.
d-increasing coolant water temperature.
59-In CI engines by increasing inlet air pressure the knocking tendency
a-increase.
b-decrease.
c-not affected.
d-first decrease then increase.
60-In CI engines the delay period is affected by
a-compression ratio.
b-engine speed.
c-output.
d-all of the above.
61-Mechanical efficiency is the ratio of
a-brake power to heat input.
b-indicated power to heat input.
c-brake power to indicated power.
d-friction loss to heat input.
62-Most commonly used lubrication system in automobiles is the
a-splash system.

b-pressure system.
c-petrol system.
d-gravity system.
63-Friction that occurs between the layers of oil films is called
a-viscous friction.
b-greasy friction.
c-dry friction.
d-boundary friction.
64-Crankcase ventilation is provided
a-to cool cylinder.
b-to cool crankcase.
c-to cool piston.
d-to remove blowby.
65-The most important property of the lubricant is
a-density.
b-viscosity.
c-thermal conductivity.
d-non of the above.
66-The maximum pressure in the lubrication system is controlled by
a-oil pump.
b-oil filter.
c-valve relief.
Supply voltage.
67-The lubricants commonly used in the automobiles are
a-animal oils.
b-vegetable oil.

c-mineral oil.
d-cooking oil.
68-Detergents are oil additives used to
a-reduce viscosity.
b-increase fire point.
c-prevent sludge formation.
d-prevent foaming.
69-With increase in compression ratio , mechanical efficiency
a-increases.
b-decreases.
c-remains constant.
d-compression ratio has nothing to do with mechanical efficiency.
70-Most lubrication system is mainly used in
a-4-stroke petrol engine.
b-4-stroke diesel engine.
c-2-stroke petrol engine.
d-wankle engine.
71-The principle surface requiring lubrication in an IC engine are
a-cylinder head.
b-crankcase.
c-inlet & exhaust manifold.
d-non of the above.
72-Radiator is provided to
a-cool the jacket water.
b-pressurise the cooling water.
c-provided additional water flow.

d-none of the above.


73-As the compression ratio increases , there is a
a- large increase in heat rejection.
b- large decrease in heat rejection.
c-marginal increase in heat rejection.
d- marginal reduction in heat rejection.
74-Advantage of liquid cooling system is
a-dependent only on water supply.
b-power absorbed by the pump is considerable.
c-even cooling.
d-very cheap.
75-The radiator cooling tubes are generally made of
a-rubber
b-plastic
c-brass.
d-copper.
76-Engine overheating may be due to
a-stuck radiator pressure cap.
b-open thermostat.
c-broken fan belt.
d-excess coolant.
77-NOX emission is maximum in SI engines when the air-fuel ratio is
a-nearly stoichiometric.
b-lean.
c-rich.
d-non of the above.

78- NOX emission in SI engines will be lowest during


a-cruising.
b-idling.
c-accelerating.
d-decelerating.
79-Efficient operation of catalytic convertors require maintenance of
a-temperature.
b-equivalence ratio.
c-a & b.
d-pressure.
80-Lead compounds were added in gasoline to
a-reduce HC emissions.
b-reduce knocking.
c-reduce exhaust temperature.
d-increase power output.
81-Morse test is applicable only to
a-single cylinder SI engine.
b-single cylinder CI engine.
c-multicylinder CI engines.
d-single and multicylinder SI and CI engines.
82-The most accurate method of determining fp is by
a-willans line.
b-morse test.
c-measurement of brake & indicated power.
d-motoring test.
83-The best method of measuring speed is by

a-mechanical tachometer.
b-electrical tachometer.
c-magnetic pickup.
d-none of the above.
84-Thermal efficiency varies
a-inversely as sfc.
b-directly as sfc.
c-as square of sfc.
d-as root of sfc.
85-Mechanical efficiency is ratio of
a-fp to bp.
b-fp to ip.
c-bp to ip.
d-ip to fp.
86-If N is the rpm number of power stroke per minute in a 4-stroke engine is
a-2N.
b-N/2.
c-N.
d-4N.
87- If N is the rpm number of power stroke per minute in a 2-stroke engine is
a-N.
b-2N.
c-N/2.
d-4N.
88-Volumetric efficiency is a measure of
a-speed of the engine.

b-power of the engine.


c-breathing capacity of the engine.
d-pressure rise in the cylinder.
89-ip is directly proportional to
a-torque.
b-air consumption.
c-cylinder peak pressure.
d-none of the above.
90-Turbocharger engines are those in which charge density is increased by
a-separate air compressors.
b-compressors driven by exhaust gas turbine.
c-cooling inlet air.
d-non of the above.
91-The centrifugal type supercharger is preferable only for
a-low speed.
b-high speed.
c-high pressure.
d-none of the above.
92-Supercharging air compressor is driven by
a-exhaust gas turbine.
b-engine itself.
c-separate electric motor.
d-none of the above.
93-Turbochargers compressor is driven by
a-exhaust gas turbine.
b-engine itself.

c-separate electric motor.


d-none of the above.
94-Supercharging is normally done in
a-racing cars.
b-marine engines.
c-automotive diesel engines.
d-none of the above.
95-Types of supercharger are
a-reciprocating type.
b-gear type.
c-centrifugal type.
d-none of the above.
96-A two-stroke engine can be identified by
a-cooling system.
b-lubrication system.
c-absence of valves.
d-piston size.
97-Advantage of two-stroke engine is
a-more uniform torque.
b-lighter flywheel.
c-no valves.
All of the above.
98-The most perfect method of scavenging is
a-cross scavenging.
b-uniflow scavenging.
c-loop scavenging.

d-reverse flow scavenging.


99-Two-stroke SI engines suffer from
a-fuel loss.
b-idling difficulty.
c-both a & b together.
d-non of the above.
100-At the same speed 2-stroke engines of the same size as a 4-stroke engine will
develop
a-same power.
b-half the power.
c-twice the power.
d-four times the power.