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1. Does the VLAN has an IP address?

Give reasons for your


answers.
Answer:

VLANs do not really have IP addresses assigned to them. They


have a network assigned to them, or a subnet, or a network range,
however you want to refer to it. The address the OP supplied us is
an assignable address within the range of 192.168.4.1-255. So lets
say the range is applied to a group of servers so on a Cisco switch
and we give the VLAN a description of "Server VLAN", 4.100
would be an address that can be given to an individual server.
When referring to the Server VLAN, generally one may use the
VLAN number or the network address, but typically not a specific
address and the whole mask. At least the network admins I work
with do not.
As I mentioned above, the OPs address can be a gateway
address, but typically would not be because when you think of an
environment like a large corporation, if you do not have a system
of how gateway addresses are assigned, keeping track of them
can be rather difficult. Thus most network admins use the first or
last assignable address of a given range for the gateway. In the
case of the OP, that would be 192.168.4.1 or 192.168.4.254. I'm
not saying this is always the case, rather best practice and
generally makes the most sense.
Specifically, it is the IP address of the "switch" the VLAN is on. It
doesn't necessarily have to be the gateway IP for the VLAN but
typically is since you typically setup IP addresses on the VLAN at
the Layer 3 "router" for the VLAN and thus use this IP address for
the gateway for clients on that VLAN.
This statement is confusing to me. We don't know anything about
the address the OP gave us except the range it exists in, because
the OP never said on what device it was found. We do not know if
it is the address of a switch, a server, an AP, a computer, a printer,
etc. So how you would know that from the small post from the OP
wrote is beyond me.
I agree it doesn't have to be the gateway and I have already
mentioned this. As I already explained, when you look at
most large companies (but this is Cisco's best practice and is
usually applied to most businesses) you actually find that
gateway addresses will be the last or first assignable
address in a range. 4.100 would be in the middle and would
make no sense to be a gateway address. While some
network admins might assign it that way, keeping track of this
would be cumbersome, especially in increasing network

sizes. This becomes even more true when HSRP and such
technologies are used which take up two address on each
layer 3 interface and give out a third address for the gateway.
Keeping track of hundreds of such gateways when HSRP is
being used becomes very difficult if there isn't a system for
assigning addresses. Think of a company that might have
100 different VLANs...