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Environmental Standards

Waste Transportation

KSA

Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

PME Reference

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia National Environmental Standard


Waste Transportation

Article I Preliminary

1)

recovery is where the principal objective is to


recover all or part of a waste arising.

Definitions
Basel convention refers to The Basel Convention,
in force from May 1992, which controls the
international transboundary movements of wastes for
both their disposal and recovery.

recycling is the separation and collection of


wastes, their subsequent transformation or
remanufacture into usable or marketable products or
materials and the purchase of products made from
recyclable materials.

Competent Agency where referenced, refers to


the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment or
its designated representative.

storage is holding waste for a temporary period,


after which the waste is treated, disposed of or
stored elsewhere.

dangerous goods are goods capable of posing a


health, safety or environmental risk.

toxicity property is the property which identifies


wastes that are likely to leach dangerous
concentrations of toxic chemicals into ground water.

disposal means the discharge, deposit, injection,


dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of any waste
into or on any land or water so that such waste or
any constituent thereof may enter the environment or
be emitted into the air or discharged into any waters,
including ground waters.
generator is a commercial or industrial organisation
which produces or stores trackable waste and
arranges for this waste to be sent for storage,
recycling, treatment or disposal at another location
via an authorised transporter.
GER refers to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabias
General Environmental Regulations 2001.
hazardous waste is a waste with properties that
make it dangerous or capable of having a harmful
effect on human health and the environment.
KSA refers to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
ignitability property is the property which identifies
wastes that can readily catch fire and sustain
combustion.
PME refers to the Presidency of Meteorology and
Environment who are designated as the responsible
authority for the protection of the environment and
the development of environmental protection
standards in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
PPE means personal protective equipment.
Reactivity is defined in Waste Classification
Standard.

transboundary movement of waste is the export


and import of waste across the Kingdom of Saudi
Arabias national boundary.
transport unit refers to road transport tanker and
freight vehicles, railway transport tanker and freight
vehicles and portable tankers.
transporter means a person engaged in the off-site
transportation of waste by air, rail, highway or water
and is anyone who transports the trackable waste
from its place of production or storage to another
location.
treatment is any means or technique of altering the
physical, chemical or biological properties of wastes
used to neutralize such wastes; utilize substances or
energy contained therein or released by them; and
transform the hazardous wastes into wastes that are
non-hazardous, less hazardous or safer when
transported, stored, disposed of, prepared for
storage, or reduced in volume.
waste handler is a generator, transporter and
receiver of waste who has waste responsibilities.
waste receiver is any person operating a facility to
whom waste is transported for recycling, storage,
treatment or disposal.
waste tracking is the recording of information from
the waste generator about the quantity and type of
waste produced; recording information about who
transported the waste and when; recording
information from the waste receiver about the
quantity and type of waste received; and matching
information about the waste from both the generator
and the receiver.

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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KSA

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

Classification Standard and does not extend to


provisions covering radioactive waste or explosives.

Citation
a) This document may be cited as the National Waste
Transport Standard for KSA. This standard revises
the current General Standards for the Environment
(specifically document number 1426-01) issued by
the Presidency of Meteorology and Environment
(PME)

3)
.

b) For the purposes of this Standard, three main


modes of transport have been addressed, namely,
transport by road, rail and sea.
c) This Standard does not apply to the on-site
transportation of waste within a facilitys property
boundary.
d) This Standard incorporates the international
requirements for dangerous goods and substances
in relation to the transportation of hazardous waste to
ensure consistency is achieved.

Timescales for implementation


a) The effective date of this standard is 01/05/1433H
corresponds to 24/03/2012G.

4)

e) Requirements relating to the packaging, labelling,


loading, stowage, placarding and transportation of
hazardous or dangerous substances apply as much
to hazardous wastes as they do to pure chemical
substances. There are also certain provisions that
apply to hazardous wastes which take account of
particular problems encountered in dealing with
dangerous goods for transportation.

Purpose
a) The objective of this standard is to establish the
requirements necessary to ensure that the
transportation of waste in KSA is undertaken in a
responsible manner to safeguard the protection of
the environment and the community against potential
accident, spills and pollution.

f) Waste classifications detailed in this Standard are


specifically for the purposes of labelling and
packaging for transportation and, as such, are
distinct from the classification of waste as detailed in
the Waste Classification Standard.

b) The transport of dangerous goods is regulated in


order to prevent, as far as reasonably practicable,
accidents to persons or property and damage to the
environment, the means of transport employed or to
other goods. Notwithstanding this, the movement of
such goods should not be impeded, other than those
too dangerous to be accepted for transport, whilst
making transport feasible by eliminating risks or
reducing them to a minimum.

g) This Standard makes provision for vehicle


specifications, which have been determined for
minimum requirements to ensure the safety of
hazardous waste transport operation.
h) Transboundary waste movement provisions in
this Standard are in line with multilateral
environmental requirements to establish a framework
of control, in relation to international recognised
practice, whereby waste is disposed of in a
controlled manner. The provisions aim to prevent the
unauthorised disposal of international waste
shipments and the unregulated recovery of waste
shipments, without hindering the legitimate trade in
waste.

c) In order to assist transporters with consistency


and standardisation, there is a need to harmonise
classification and labelling requirements for all
hazardous substances, chemicals, drugs and
dangerous goods in line with internationally
recognised controls which:
i)

Reduce the conformance burden on


transportation of dangerous goods;

ii)

Offer seamless compliance arrangements


for importers and exporters;

iii)

6)

Scope

Exemptions
a) Specific exemptions may be specified within this
standard at any point where relevant to the Article
that they are common to.

Ensure that transport of dangerous goods


within KSA will be aligned, as far as
reasonably practicable, with international
recognised practice.

d) The transboundary movement of waste must be


properly monitored and controlled to protect both
human health and the environment. It must also
promote the principles of priority for recovery,
national self-sufficiency and proximity in waste
disposal.

5)

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7)

Powers of Authority
a) Within the scope of these standards the
Competent Agency may:
i)

Prescribe specific requirements as to the


transportation of waste within the Kingdom;

ii)

prescribe specific requirements at any time


as to other characteristics of waste
transportation;

a) This Standard utilises the waste classification and


definitions as stated in the provisions of the Waste

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

iii)

authorise such relaxations or departures


from, the waste transport standards and
make any such authorisation subject to the
prescribed conditions, and to modify or
revoke any such authorisation or condition;
and

b) It is anticipated that the requirements of this


standard will be enforced nationally with inspections
taking place to verify their implementation at a
regional and local level.
9)

iv) authorise a local Concerned Agency to


exercise any power conferred by these
regulations by paragraphs i) - iii) above.
b) The Competent Agency may, for the purposes of
this Standard, appoint persons to act on their behalf
as technical assessors and monitors in relation to the
powers and duties conferred on him by this standard
and/or its subsequent amendments.

10)

b) The right of appeal against conviction or sentence


is available through the appropriate judicial system as
set out in the General Environmental Regulations.

ii) to provide the Competent Agency with all


such information, as that may reasonably be
required for the purpose of carrying out an
investigation

c) All appeals should be fully supported with a


documented case containing as a minimum, the
information required under the appeals process of
the General Environmental Regulations.

11)

Enter any premises for the purpose of


carrying out any investigation;

b) Where new information suggests that adjustments


are required to this standard, all changes will be
subject to the appropriate consultation and will be
notified to facilities by the Competent Agency.
Appropriate implementation time will be allowed.

iii) carry out such inspections, measurements


and tests on premises entered, articles or
records found on any such premises, and take
away such samples of waste or articles, as may
be considered appropriate for the purpose of
enabling such investigation; or

e) This standard enables the issue of regulations and


technical memoranda which are enforceable by the
Competent Agency who hold delegated authority
under the General Environmental Regulations.

8)

Periodic Review
a) As a minimum, the Competent Agency shall
undertake a periodic review of this standard every 5
years.

ii) Have access to vehicles for the purpose of


carrying out any investigation;

iv) at any reasonable time require any relevant


party to supply him with copies of, or of extracts
from, any records kept for the purpose of
demonstrating compliance with waste transport
standards.

Appeals
a) A right of appeal exists for any organisation or
individual who is required to take action as a
consequence of the implementation of the revised
standard.

i) to give the Competent Agency all such


assistance; and

i)

Penalty Fines
a) Maximum fines that may be imposed for exceeding
the applicable standard, breach of permit and failure
to comply with an abatement notice are set out in the
General Environmental Regulations.

c) In addition to the responsibilities conferred by


other sections contained within this standard, it shall
be the duty of a relevant party;

d) The Competent Agency or appointed individual for


the purpose of waste transport regulation may:

PME Reference

Article II Waste Transporter Regulatory Controls &


Compliance

1)

Registration
a) The Transporter must register with the Competent
Agency for approval to operate as a waste
transporter, covering hazardous, non-hazardous and
inert waste, as required under the Waste Regulatory
Control and Compliance Standard.
b) Transporters exempt from the requirement to
register are;

Enforcement procedures
a). Failure to comply with the requirements of these
standards may lead to prosecution by the Competent
Agency and those convicted of such failure may be
subject to fines or periods of imprisonment as laid out
in the General Environmental Regulations.

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

i)

householders transporting waste for the


purposes of recycling to a collection point;

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

ii)

operators of vessels, ferries, aircraft,


hovercraft, floating containers or vehicles
in relation to their use;

iii)

doctors and nurses transporting medical


waste in their vehicles from residential
properties or nursing homes;

a) A Waste Transporter must deliver the entire


quantity of waste accepted from a Generator or
another Transporter to the nominated Waste
Receiver on the Waste Tracking Form;
i)

the TSD facility listed on the Waste


Tracking Form;

iv) charities and voluntary organisations


transporting waste in the course of their
activities.

ii)

the alternate designated TSD facility if the


waste cannot be delivered to the first
facility due to an emergency situation;

c) Waste Transporters must comply with the waste


transportation requirements as detailed in the Waste
Regulatory Control and Compliance Standard.

iii)

the next designated Transporter;

iv) a place outside KSA designated by the


Generator.
b) If the waste cannot be delivered in accordance
with (a), then the Transporter must contact the
Generator to confirm alternative arrangements and
must amend the Waste Tracking Form accordingly
with written authority from the Generator.

Waste Tracking Form


a) A Waste Transporter may not accept waste from a
Generator unless it is accompanied by a Waste
Tracking Form completed in accordance with the
requirements of the Waste Regulatory Control and
Compliance Standard.

c) In the event of a hazardous waste discharge


during transportation, the Transporter must take
appropriate immediate action to protect human
health and the environment, such as notifying the
Competent Agency and other relevant persons of the
discharge.

b) Before transporting the waste, the Waste


Transporter must sign and date the Waste Tracking
Form acknowledging acceptance of the waste from
the Generator.

d) A Transporter must clean up any waste discharge


that occurs during transportation or take such action
as may be required by the Competent Agency so
that a hazardous waste discharge no longer presents
a hazard to human health or the environment.

c) A Transporter who delivers waste to another


transporter or TSD facility operator must obtain the
date of delivery of the waste and the signature of the
Waste Receiver.
d) The Transporter retains the Part B copy of the
Waste Tracking Form and gives the remaining
copies to the Waste Receiver.

e) Once a Transporter receives waste, they are


liable for the proper handling and movement of the
waste, and must take all necessary measures to
avoid potential risks to human health and the
environment. This liability continues until the waste is
transferred to the TSD facility.

e) The Transporter must retain a copy of the Waste


Tracking Form for a period of three years.
f) Transporters are not required to have a Waste
Tracking Form where they transport the following;
i)

municipal waste;

ii)

commercial non-hazardous or inert waste


collected by Municipality contractor
vehicles;

iii)

waste transported for use as a stock food;

iv) waste transported to a farm for use as a


soil conditioner or fertiliser;
v)

waste transported to
laboratory for analysis;

registered

f) The Waste Transporter must use vehicles with


proper specifications and placards as detailed under
the provisions in this Standard and ensure that the
correct labelling and marking is being employed for
the waste in transit.

Article III Waste Transporter Driver Requirements

1)

Training
a) Drivers must be trained and tested in the
following areas;

vi) if given an exemption by the Competent


Agency.

3)

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Responsibilities

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

i)

emergency
response
procedures,
including a written contingency plan;

ii)

use
of
hazard
communication
requirements, including shipping papers,
marking of packages, hazard class labels
and placarding of vehicles;

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

iii)

selection of
packaging;

authorized UN standard

iv) proper marking and labelling of hazardous


waste containers;
v)

ii)

impermeable cover-alls;

iii)

safety helmets and visors.

c) The supply of PPE must be the responsibility of


the waste Transporter at its cost, which must not be
transferred onto the driver.

safe loading and handling procedures


including
inspecting
containers,
segregating incompatible materials and
securing the load;

vi) appropriate health and safety such as


basic first aid;

Article IV Classification of Dangerous Goods

vii) vehicle operation requirements;

1)

viii) complying with


requirements.

the

Waste

Tracking

Exemptions
a) These requirements do not apply to;
i)

private individuals transporting dangerous


goods for their own personal use;

ii)

carriage of equipment or machinery which


contains dangerous goods but is not on the
dangerous goods list;

iii)

carriage of dangerous goods by the


emergency services;

b) Drivers must undergo refresher training every five


years.
c) Training certification documentation must be
issued to drivers who have successfully been
trained.

2)

Driver Responsibilities
a) Drivers must visually inspect the vehicle prior to
each trip, and carry proper emergency equipment,
including reflective triangles, fire extinguishers and
spill kits.
b) Drivers must inspect the consignment of waste
prior to loading to check it is;
i)

as described in the Waste Tracking Form;

ii)

stored securely in containers;

iii)

adequately labelled;

iv) the correct accompanying documentation


has been duly completed.

3)

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iv) emergency transport intended to save lives


or protect the environment.

2)

Classification of Wastes for Transport Purposes


a) If wastes in packages or drums are to be
transported by road, they must be classified to
determine whether the wastes are subject to the
packaging and labeling provisions. This requires an
assessment of the wastes hazardous constituents
and properties so that the transportation class can be
identified.
b) The transportation classes of dangerous goods are
as follows:

Personal Protective Equipment


a) For non-hazardous waste materials and drummed
wastes, the basic level of PPE for drivers must
include;

Hazardous Waste
Transportation Class

i)

overalls;

ii)

PVC gloves or gauntlets;

iii)

safety shoes or boots;

Class 1
Class 2
Class 3
Class 4
Class 5
Class 6

iv) safety glasses or goggles.

Class 7

b) For hazardous waste materials, the basic level of


PPE must be supplemented with;
i)

respiratory protective equipment;

Class 8
Class 9

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Corresponding
Hazardous
Waste
Property
Reactivity
Ignitability
Ignitability
Ignitability
Reactivity
Toxicity

Explosive substances
Gases
Flammable liquids
Flammable solids
Oxidising substances
Poisonous and
Infectious substances
Radioactive
substances
(outside
the scope of this
Standard)
Corrosive substances Corrosibility
Miscellaneous
All Properties

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

dangerous substances
and articles (includes
asbestos and PCBs)

b) The type of vehicle appropriate for the


transportation of particular wastes is dependent upon
the form and nature of the waste.
c) The waste transportation company is responsible
for providing and maintaining the vehicles in good
working condition.

c) Wastes should not automatically be assigned to


Class 9 if their properties qualify them for one of the
other Classes.
d) The specifications for the transport of hazardous
waste are dependent on the type and class of the
transported waste.

2)

General Specifications for Transport Vehicles


a) The vehicle must be in good condition and must
have:

Article V Dangerous Goods Marking and Labeling

1)

an electric isolation switch to shut off all


electrical systems in cases of emergency;

ii)

an engine situated so as to avoid any


danger to the load through heating or
ignition;

iii)

an exhaust pipe discharged horizontally


and parts of the exhaust under the waste
compartment must have a minimum
clearance of 100mm or be protected with a
thermal shield;

Marking and Labelling of Packages


a) Every package must be clearly and durably
marked with the hazard warning diamond plus a
second diamond if necessary to denote a subsidiary
hazard.

iv) a fuel tank equipped with an automated


shutting mechanism, preventing fuel from
reaching the engine in cases of collision;
v)

b) Hazard warning signs are diamond shaped and


are internationally recognised symbols required on
packages, road tankers and freight containers for
most types of waste transport. (See Appendix A,
Hazard Warning Diamonds and Classes).

3)

i)
Requirements
a) Dangerous goods packaging must be of good
quality and strong enough to withstand the loadings
and
shocks
normally
encountered
during
transportation.

2)

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vi) a fuel tank equipped with a closure that


would keep the opening properly sealed;

Marking and Placarding of Vehicles


a) Vehicles transporting dangerous goods must
display placards that are clearly visible detailing the
transportation class to provide a warning that the
contents in the transport unit are dangerous goods
and present risks.
b) Placards must correspond to the primary risk of
the waste contained in the transport unit.

a fuel tank which, in cases of fuel


leakages, drains to the ground without
coming into contact with hot parts of the
vehicle or the load;

vii) be equipped with the appropriate fire


extinguisher to deal with emergency fire
situations .

3)

Specifications for Compartments holding the


Waste
a) Compartments must;

c) If dangerous goods are being carried in a tank or


in bulk, the vehicle must display orange coloured
plates.

Article VI Vehicle Requirements

i)

be designed to hold the load without risk of


spillage or damage to the vehicle;

ii)

contain the load safely in cases of


accidents;

iii)

not be loaded over the top of their walls;

iv) smooth inside to allow easy cleaning.


1)

Specifications for Transport Vehicles


a) Vehicles used to transport wastes must ensure the
proper containment of the transported waste and
must minimize potential risk associated with the
transport of such waste.

b) For packaged waste, the compartment tray must


contain the volume of the largest package without
spillage outside the compartment to prevent cases of
leaks.

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

c) For bulk liquid waste, compartments must be


supplied with closures, for loading and unloading,
which can be hermetically sealed.

b) The treatment and disposal of wastes in KSA must


be conducted as close as possible to their source of
generation in an environmentally sound way.

d) For flammable waste, only closed vehicles with


compartments with metal bodies must be used and
compartment walls must ensure that no overheating
occurs.

c) Hazardous waste exports or imports for the


purposes of disposal or recovery are restricted to
ensure the protection of human health and the
environment.

e) For oxidizing waste, if covered vehicles are used,


the cover must be non-combustible and impermeable
to water.

d) Wastes that are not subject to the export or import


restrictions, for the purposes of recovery, are detailed
in Appendix B, The Green List.

f) For corrosive waste, the internal surface of the


compartment must be made of steel and resistant to
corrosion.

3)

b) No hazardous waste can be shipped into or out of


KSA unless the Competent Agency has issued a
certificate stating that it is satisfied that a financial
guarantee or equivalent insurance is in place, or will
be in place at the time of shipment, in case the waste
has to be returned to the country of origin.

Safety Provisions
a) Prior to loading, the compartments must be clean
of any previous waste residues so as to prevent the
interaction of a dangerous reaction with the new load
resulting, as well as from debris that may damage
the waste containers.

c) The Competent Agency in the country receiving


the hazardous waste for disposal or recovery must,
within 30 days of being notified, give in writing its
authorisation or refusal to the proposed shipment of
waste. This requirement does not apply to wastes for
recovery or recycling detailed in The Amber List (see
Appendix III) so long as no objections are made by
the relevant Competent Agency.

b) Loading must be carried out by trained personnel.


c) For packaged waste, the loading and unloading
equipment must not damage the containers in any
way; and the containers must be loaded upright, is
such a way to secure their stability during transit.
d) For bulk waste, loading and unloading is to be
carried out with minimum spillage of the waste onto
the outside surfaces of the compartments. If this
occurs, the compartments must be cleaned prior to
movement of the waste.

d) The waste must be accompanied by a completed


Waste Tracking Form including details of the date of
shipment and the waste receiver code, and it must be
signed by all undertakings involved in the operation. If
documentation is required in both countries related to
a transboundary shipment, both apply and must be
completed. Provisions relating to the Waste Tracking
Form are detailed in the Waste Regulatory Control
and Compliance Standard.

Article VII Transboundary Movement of Waste

1)

e) Hazardous waste listed in The Red List (see


Appendix IV) for the purposes of recovery or recycling
is subject to all the requirements detailed in (a) (d).

The Basel Convention


a) KSA has ratified The Basel Convention and as
such has designated PME to act as the Competent
Agency for the transboundary movement of waste.
The Competent Agency has responsibility for the
operation and enforcement of transboundary waste
movements and compliance within KSA.

2)

Transboundary Restrictions on Waste


a) The transboundary movements of wastes must be
kept to a minimum consistent with their
environmentally sound management.

Compliance Requirements
a)
A proposed movement of transboundary
hazardous waste for disposal or recovery must be
notified to the Competent Agency in the country of
export, import and transit so its assessment and
authorization may be assessed.

g) Bulk solid wastes can be transported in containers


or compartments that are secured by a suitable net or
tarpaulin.

4)

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f) Waste listed in The Green List (see Appendix II) for


the purposes of recovery or recycling are only subject
to the compliance requirement detailed in (d) above.

4)

Categories of Transboundary Waste for Recovery


or Recycling
a) For the purposes of importing and exporting,
waste is divided into three categories internationally
known as the Green, Amber and Red Lists.
b) Wastes listed on the Green List are considered
non-hazardous when exported for the purposes of
exporting or importing for recycling or recovery.

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PME Reference

Regardless of whether or not wastes are included on


this list, they may not be moved as a Green List waste
if they are contaminated by other materials to an
extent which;
i)

increases the risks associated with the


waste sufficiently to render it appropriate
for inclusion in the amber or red lists; or

ii)

prevents the recovery of the waste in an


environmentally sound manner.

c) The Amber List contains a list of wastes that are


considered hazardous but which are less hazardous
than those in The Red List which are considered
extremely hazardous materials.

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PME Reference

Appendix A Hazard Warning Diamonds


Class

Classification

Hazardous Property

Hazard Sign

Examples

These materials will explode

Class 1
Explosive
Substances

Class 2

Class 2.1

Hydrogen
These are gases which will burn

Gases

Flammable Gas
LPG

Class 2.2
Non-flammable gas
Non-toxic gas

Class 2.3
Poisonous Gas

These
gases
are
usually
compressed and so are a source of
stored energy and some may also
present an anoxic hazard (that is,
they will exclude oxygen and so kill
through
asphyxiation).
These
containers may rocket if valves are
damaged or containers are involved
in a fire.
These gases are toxic. Being gases,
they will rapidly disperse if there is a
leak. This may reduce the
concentration and the hazard - but it
will also spread the gas further, so
increasing the risk of poisoning
more people.

Class 3

Air
Carbon Dioxide
Nitrogen

Chlorine
Methyl
Bromide
Nitric Oxide
Petrol

These liquids all burn


Flammable Liquids

Kerosene

Class 4

Class 4.1

Flammable Solids

Flammable solids,
self-reactive and
related substances
and desensitised
explosives
Class 4.2
Spontaneously
Combustible

Solids easily ignited and readily


combustible. These are ordinarily
flammable solids which don't fit into
Class 4.2 or 4.3.

Sulphur
Phosphorus
Picric Acid

These materials will catch fire if


exposed to air without any heat
being applied (that is, the heat from
the normal air is sufficient for them
to catch fire - no other source of
heat is required).

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Charcoal (nonactivated)

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

Class 4.3
Dangerous when
wet

Class 5

Class 5.1

Oxidising
Substances

Oxidising Agent

Class 5.2
Organic peroxides
(liquid or solid)

Class 6

Class 6.1

Poisonous and
Infectious
Substances

Poisons

Class 6.2
Infectious
Substances

Class 7
Radioactive
Substances

This class is also known as Emits


flammable gases when wet'. This
class has a particular hazard: not
only can moisture from the air cause
a fire, but if water or foam is used to
extinguish them, it will make the
situation worse.
These are all oxidising agents other
than organic peroxides. When
substances burn in air, they
combine with oxygen and so are
said to have been oxidised. Other
chemicals have a similar 'burning'
effect and so are said to be
oxidising agents. The largest group
of these are the organic peroxides.
These are a particular class of
oxidising agent. They have all the
normal hazards of oxidising agents
(that is, they will cause a 'chemical
burning'). In addition, they will often
be
explosive
under
certain
conditions - especially, if they are
allowed to dry out.
These are liable to cause death or
serious injury to human health if
inhaled, swallowed or absorbed
through the skin. It is acceptable to
use the word 'toxic' to replace the
word 'poison'.

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Calcium
Carbide

Chlorine
Calcium
Hypochlorite
Sodium
Peroxide
Benzoyl
Peroxides
Methyl Ethyl
Ketone
Peroxides
(MEKP)
Cyanides
Lead
Arsenic

Substances containing viable microorganisms that may cause disease


in humans or animals.

Diagnostic
Specimens or
Live Vaccines

Materials or combinations of
materials which spontaneously emit
ionising radiation.
(included here for recognition
purposes)

Uranium
Radio
Isotopes
Plutonium

Class 8
Corrosive
Substances

These chemicals will corrode a


wide range of materials including
some materials of construction for
tanks and eyes and skin.
Care must be taken to ensure the
containers and packages are made
from the right materials and the
chemicals do not come into contact
with clothes, skin or eyes.

Hydrochloric
acid
Sodium
Hypochlorite
(liquid pool
chlorine)
Sodium
Hydroxide
(caustic soda)

Special protective equipment needs


to be worn.

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Class 9
Miscellaneous
Goods

Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

Substances and articles which


have potentially dangerous
properties that are relatively minor,
or are not covered by any of the
classes already described.

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

PME Reference

Aerosols
Polyester
Beads

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

PME Reference

Appendix B The Green List


GA
GA 010
GA 020
GA 030

GA 120
GA 130
GA 140
GA 150
GA 160
GA 170
GA 180
GA 190
GA 200
GA 210
GA 220
GA 230
GA 240
GA 250
GA 260
GA 270
GA 280
GA 290
GA 300
GA 310
GA 320
GA 330
GA 340
GA 350
GA 360
GA 370
GA 400
GA 410
GA 420
GA 430
GB
GB 010
GB 020
GB 021
GB 022
GB 023
GB 024
GB 025
GB 030
GB 040
GB 050
GC
GC 010
GC 020

METAL AND METAL-ALLOY WASTES IN METALLIC, NON-DISPERSIBLE FORM17


The following waste and scrap of precious metals and their alloys:
Of gold
Of platinum (the expression "platinum" includes platinum, iridium, osmium, palladium, rhodium and
ruthenium)
Of other precious metal, e.g. silver
NB: Mercury is specifically excluded as a contaminant of these metals or their alloys or amalgams.
The following waste and scrap of non-ferrous metals and their alloys:
Copper waste and scrap
Nickel waste and scrap
Aluminium waste and scrap
Lead waste and scrap
Zinc waste and scrap
Tin waste and scrap
Tungsten waste and scrap
Molybdenum waste and scrap
Tantalum waste and scrap
Magnesium waste and scrap (excluding those listed in AA 190)
Cobalt waste and scrap
Bismuth waste and scrap
Cadmium waste and scrap
Titanium waste and scrap
Zirconium waste and scrap
Antimony waste and scrap
Manganese waste and scrap
Beryllium waste and scrap
Chromium waste and scrap
Germanium waste and scrap
Vanadium waste and scrap
Wastes and scrap of:
Hafnium
Indium
Niobium
Rhenium
Gallium
Selenium waste and scrap
Tellurium waste and scrap
Rare earths waste and scrap
Iron- or steel scrap
METAL BEARING WASTES ARISING FROM MELTING, SMELTING AND REFINING OF METALS
Hard zinc spelter
Zinc containing drosses:
Galvanizing slab zinc top dross ( > 90 % Zn)
Galvanizing slab zinc bottom dross ( > 92 % Zn)
Zinc die cast dross ( > 85 % Zn)
Hot dip galvanizers slab zinc dross (batch) ( > 92 % Zn)
Zinc skimmings
Aluminium skimmings (excluding those that are flammable or emit, upon contact with water,
flammable gases in dangerous quantities)
Slags from precious metals and copper processing for further refining
Tantalum bearing tin slags with less than 0,5 % tin
OTHER WASTES CONTAINING METALS
Electrical assemblies consisting only of metals or alloys
Electronic scrap (e.g. printed circuit boards, electronic components, wire, etc.) and reclaimed
electronic components suitable for base and precious metal recovery

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

PME Reference

GC 030

Vessels and other floating structures for breaking up, properly emptied of any cargo and other
materials arising from the operation of the vessel which may have been classified as a dangerous
substance or waste

GC 040

Motor vehicle wrecks, drained of liquids

Spent catalyst excluding liquids used as catalyst:


GC 050
GC 060

GC 070
GC 080
GC 090
GC 100
GC 110
GC 120
GC 130
GC 140
GC 150
GC 160
GC 17
GD
GD 010
GD 020
GD 030
GD 040
GD 050
GD 060
GD 070
GE
GE 010
GE 020
GF
GF 010
GF 020
GF 030
GG
GG 010
GG 020
GG 030
GG 040
GG 050
GG 060
GG 080
GG 090
GG 100
GG 110
GG 120

Spent Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Catalysts (eg: aluminium oxide,


zeolites)
Spent metal bearing catalysts containing any of:
Precious metal (Gold, Silver)
Platinum metals: Ruthenium, Rhodium, Palladium, Osmium, Iridium, Platinum
Transition metals: Scandium, Vanadium, Manganese, Cobalt, Copper, Yttrium, Niobium, Hafnium,
Tungsten, Titanium, Chromium, Iron, Nickel, Zinc, Zirconium, Molybdenium, Tantalum, Rhenium
Lanthanides (rare earth metals): Lanthanum, Praesodinium, Samarium, Gadolinium, Dysprosium,
Erbium, Ytterbium, Cerium, Neodymium, Europium, Terbium, Holmium, Thulium, Lutetium
Slag arising from the manufacture of iron and steel* (including low alloy steel), excluding those slags
which have been specifically produced to meet both national and relevant international requirements
and standards
Mill scale (ferrous metal)
The following metal and metal alloy wastes in metallic dispersible form:
Molybdenum
Tungsten
Tantalum
Titanium
Niobium
Rhenium
Gold
Platinum (the expression "platinum" includes platinum, iridium, osmium, palladium, rhodium and
ruthenium)
Other precious metals, e.g. silver
NB: Mercury is specifically excluded as a contaminant of these metals and their alloys or amalgams
WASTES FROM MINING OPERATIONS: THESE WASTES TO BE IN NON-DISPERSIBLE FORM
Natural graphite waste
Slate waste, whether or not roughly trimmed or merely cut, by sawing or otherwise
Mica waste
Leucite, nepheline and nepheline synite waste
Feldspar waste
Fluospar waste
Silica wastes in solid form excluding those used in foundry operations
GLASS WASTE IN NON-DISPERSIBLE FORM
Cullet and other waste and scrap of glass except for glass from cathode-ray tubes and other activated
(with coatings) glasses
Fibre glass wastes
CERAMIC WASTES IN NON-DISPERSIBLE FORM
Ceramic wastes which have been fired after shaping, including ceramic vessels (before and/or after
use)
Ceramic waste and scrap (metal ceramic composites)
Ceramic based fibres not elsewhere specified or included
OTHER WASTES CONTAINING PRINCIPALLY INORGANIC CONSTITUENTS, WHICH MAY
CONTAIN METALS AND ORGANIC MATERIALS
Partially refined calcium sulphate produced from flue gas desulphurization
Waste gypsum wallboard or plasterboard arising from the demolition of buildings
Bottom ash and slag tap from coal-fired power plants
Coal-fired power plants fly ash
Anode butts of petroleum coke and/or bitumen
Spent activated carbon, resulting from the treatment of potable water and processes of the food
industry and vitamin production
Slag from copper production, chemical stabilized, having a high iron content (above 20 %) and
processed according to industrial specifications (e. g. DIN 4301 and DIN 8201) mainly for construction
and abrasive applications
Sulphur in solid form
Limestone from the production of calcium cyanamide (having a pH less than 9)
Neutralized red mud from alumina production
Sodium, potassium, calcium chlorides

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KSA

Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

GG 130
GG 140
GG 150
GG 160
GH
GH 010
GH 011
GH 012
GH 013
GH 014

GH 015

GI
GI 010
GI 011
GI 012
GI 013
GI 014

GJ
GJ 010
GJ 011
GJ 012
GJ 020
GJ 021
GJ 022
GJ 023
GJ 030
GJ 031
GJ 032
GJ 033
GJ 040
GJ 050
GJ 060
GJ 070

PME Reference

Carborundum (silicon carbide)


Broken concrete
Lithium-tantalum and lithium-niobium containing glass scraps
Bituminous material (asphalt waste) from road construction and maintenance, not containing tar
SOLID PLASTIC WASTES
Including, but not limited to:
Waste, parings and scrap of plastics of:
Polymers of ethylene
Polymers of styrene
Polymers of vinyl chloride
Polymerized or co-polymers: for example:
Polypropylene
Polyethylene terephthalate
Acrylonitrile copolymer
Butadiene copolymer
Styrene copolymer
Polyamides
Polybutylene terephthalates
Polycarbonates
Polyphenylene sulphides
Acrylic polymers
Paraffins (C10 - C13)*
Polyurethane (not containing chlorofluorocarbons)
Polysiloxalanes (silicones)
Polymethyl methacrylate
Polyvinyl alcohol
Polyvinyl butyral
Polyvinyl acetate
Polymers of fluorinated ethylene (Teflon, PTFE)
Resins or condensation products, for example:
Urea formaldehyde resins
Phenol formaldehyde resins
Melamine formaldehyde resins
Epoxy resins
Alkyd resins
Polyamides
PAPER, PAPERBOARD AND PAPER PRODUCT WASTES
Waste and scrap of paper or paperboard:
Of unbleached kraft paper or paperboard or of corrugated paper or paperboard
Of other paper or paperboard, made mainly of bleached chemical pulp, not coloured in the mass
Of paper or paperboard made mainly of mechanical pulp (for example, newspapers, journals and
similar printed matter)
Other, including but not limited to:
1. Laminated paperboard
2. Unsorted waste and scrap
TEXTILE WASTES
Silk waste (including cocoons unsuitable for reeling, yarn waste and garnetted stock)
Not carded or combed
Other
Waste of wool or of fine or coarse animal hair, including yarn waste but excluding garnetted stock
Noils of wool or of fine animal hair
Other waste of wool or of fine animal hair
Waste of coarse animal hair
Cotton waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock)
Yarn waste (including thread waste)
Garnetted stock
Other
Flax tow and waste
Tow and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of true hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)
Tow and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of jute and other textile bast fibres
(excluding flax, true hemp and ramie)
Tow and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of sisal and other textile fibres of the genus
Agave

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

GJ 080
GJ 090
GJ 100
GJ 110
GJ 111
GJ 112
GJ 120
GJ 130
GJ 131
GJ 132
GJ 140
GK
GK 010
GK 020
GK 030
GL
GL 010
GL 020
GM
GM 080
GM 090
GM 100
GM 110
GM 120
GM 130
GM 140
GN
GN 020
GN 030
GN 040
GO
GO 010
GO 020
GO 030
GO 040
GO 050

PME Reference

Tow, noils and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of Coconut
Tow, noils and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of abaca (Manila hemp or Musa
textilis Nee)
Tow, noils and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of ramie and other vegetable textile
fibres, not elsewhere specified or included
Waste (including noils, yarn waste and garnetted stock) of man-made fibres
Of synthetic fibres
Of artificial fibres
Worn clothing and other worn textile articles
Used rags, scrap twine, cordage, rope and cables and worn out articles of twine, cordage, rope or
cables of textile materials
Sorted
Other
Waste textile floor coverings, carpets
RUBBER WASTES
Waste, parings and scrap of rubber (other than hard rubber) and granules obtained therefrom
Used pneumatic tyres
Waste and scrap of hard rubber (for example, ebonite)
UNTREATED CORK AND WOOD WASTES
Wood waste and scrap, whether or not agglomerated in logs, briquettes, pellets or similar forms
Cork waste; crushed, granulated or ground cork
GM. WASTES ARISING FROM AGRO-FOOD INDUSTRIES
Dried and sterilized vegetable waste, residues and by-products, whether or not in the form of pellets,
of a kind used in animal feeding, not elsewhere specified or included
Degras; residues resulting from the treatment of fatty substances or animal or vegetable waxes
Waste of bones and horn-cones, unworked, defatted, simply prepared (but not cut to shape), treated
with acid or degelatinized
Fish waste
Cocoa shells, husks, skins and other cocoa waste
Waste from the agro-food industry excluding by-products which meet national and international
requirements and standards for human or animal consumption
Waste edible fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (e.g. frying oils)
WASTES ARISING FROM TANNING AND FELLMONGERY OPERATIONS AND LEATHER USE
Horsehair waste, whether or not put up as a layer with or without supporting material
Waste of skins and other parts of birds, with their feathers or down, of feathers and parts of feathers
(whether or not with trimmed edges) and down, not further worked than cleaned, disinfected or
treated for preservation
Parings and other waste of leather or of composition leather, not suitable for the manufacture of
leather articles, excluding leather sludges
OTHER WASTES CONTAINING PRINCIPALLY ORGANIC CONSTITUENTS, WHICH MAY
CONTAIN METALS AND INORGANIC MATERIALS
Waste of human hair
Waste straw
Deactivated fungus mycelium from penicillin production to be used as animal feed
Waste photographic film and paper (including base and photo-sensitive coating), whether or not
containing silver and not containing silver in free ionic form
Single-use cameras without batteries

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

PME Reference

Appendix C The Amber List


* This listing includes wastes in the form of ash, residue, slag, dross, skimming, scaling, dust, powder, sludge and cake
unless a material is expressly listed elsewhere.
AA
AA 010
AA 020
AA 030
AA 040
AA 050
AA 060
AA 070
AA 080
AA 090
AA 100
AA 110
AA 120
AA 130
AA 140
AA 150
AA 160
AA 161
AA 162
AA 170
AA 180
AA 190
AB
AB 010
AB 020
AB 030
AB 040
AB 050
AB 060
AB 070
AB 080
AB 090
AB 100
AB 110
AB 120
AB 130
AB 140
AB 150
AC
AC 010
AC 020
AC 030
AC 040
AC 050
AC 060
AC 070
AC 080
AC 090
AC 100
AC 110
AC 120
AC 130
AC 140

METAL BEARING WASTES


Dross, scalings and other wastes from the manufacture of iron and steel*
Zinc ashes and residues*
Lead ashes and residues *
Copper ashes and residues *
Aluminium ashes and residues *
Vanadium ashes and residues *
Ashes and residues* containing metals or metal compounds not elsewhere specified or included
Thallium waste and residues
Arsenic waste and residues *
Mercury waste and residues *
Residues from alumina production not elsewhere specified or included
Galvanic sludges
Liquors from the pickling of metals
Leaching residues from zinc processing, dusts and sludges such as jarosite, hematite, goethite, etc.
Precious metal bearing residues in solid form which contain traces of inorganic cyanides
Precious metal ash, sludge, dust and other residues such as:
Ash from incineration of printed circuit boards
Photographic film ash
Lead-acid batteries, whole or crushed
Used batteries or accumulators, whole or crushed, other than lead-acid batteries, and waste and scrap
arising from the production of batteries and accumulators, not otherwise specified or included
Magnesium waste and scrap that is flammable, pyrophoric or emits, upon contact with water, flammable
gases in dangerous quantities
WASTES CONTAINING PRINCIPALLY INORGANIC CONSTITUENTS, WHICH MAY CONTAIN
METALS AND ORGANIC MATERIALS
Slag, ash and residues*, not elsewhere specified or included
Residues arising from the combustion of municipal/household wastes
Wastes from non-cyanide based systems which arise from surface treatment of metals
Glass waste from cathode-ray tubes and other activated glasses
Calcium fluoride sludge
Other inorganic fluorine compounds in the form of liquids or sludges
Sands used in foundry operations
Waste catalysts not on the green list
Waste hydrates of aluminium
Waste alumina
Basic solutions
Inorganic halide compounds, not elsewhere specified or included
Used blasting grit
Gypsum arising from chemical industry processes
Unrefined calcium sulphite and calcium sulphate from flue gas desulphurization (FGD)
WASTES CONTAINING PRINCIPALLY ORGANIC CONSTITUENTS, WHICH MAY CONTAIN
METALS AND INORGANIC MATERIALS
Waste from the production/processing of petroleum coke and bitumen, excluding anode butts
Bituminous materials (asphalt waste) not elsewhere specified or included
Waste oils unfit for their originally intended use
Leaded petrol (gasoline) sludges
Thermal (heat transfer) fluids
Hydraulic fluids
Brake fluids
Antifreeze fluids
Waste from production, formulation and use of resins, latex, plasticizers, glues and adhesives
Nitrocellulose
Phenols, phenol compounds including chlorophenol in the form of liquids or sludges
Polychlorinated naphtalenes
Ethers
Triethylamine catalyst for setting foundry sands

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

AC 150
AC 160
AC 170
AC 180
AC 190
AC 200
AC 210
AC 220
AC 230
AC 240
AC 250
AD
AD 010
AD 020
AD 030
AD 040
AD 050
AD 060
AD 070
AD 080
AD 090
AD 100
AD 110
AD 120
AD 130
AD 140
AD 150
AD 160
AD 170

PME Reference

Chlorofluorocarbons
Halons
Treated cork and wood wastes
Leather dust, ash, sludges and flours
Fluff light fraction from automobile shredding
Organic phophorous compounds
Non-halogenated solvents
Halogenated solvents
Halogenated or unhalogenated non-aqueous distillation residues arising from organic solvent recovery
operations
Wastes arising from the production of aliphatic halogenated hydrocarbons (such as chloromethanes,
dichloro-ethane, vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride, allyl chloride and epichlohydrin)
Surface active agents (surfactants)
WASTES WHICH MAY CONTAIN EITHER INORGANIC OR ORGANIC CONSTITUENTS
Wastes from the production and preparation of pharmaceutical products
Wastes from the production, formulation and use of biocides and phytopharmaceuticals
Wastes from the manufacture, formulation and use of wood preserving chemicals
Wastes that contain, consist of or are contaminated which any of the following:
Inorganic cyanides, excepting precious metal-bearing residues in solid form containing traces of inorganic
cyanides
Organic cyanides
Waste oils/water, hydrocarbons/water mixtures, emulsions
Wastes from production, formulation and use of inks, dyes, pigments, paints, lacquers, varnish
Wastes of an explosive nature, when not subject to specific other legislation
Wastes from production, formulation and use of reprographic and photographic chemicals and materials not
elsewhere specified or included
Wastes from non-cyanide based systems which arise from surface treatment of plastics
Acidic solutions
Ion exchange resins
Single-use cameras with batteries
Wastes from industrial pollution control devices for cleaning of industrial off-gases, not elsewhere specified
or included
Naturally occurring organic material used as a filter medium (such as bio-filters)
Municipal/household wastes
Spent activated carbon having hazardous characteristics and resulting from use in the inorganic chemical,
organic chemical and pharmaceutical industries, waste water treatment, gas/air cleaning processes and
similar applications.

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Presidency of Meteorology and Environment

PME Reference

Appendix D The Red List


RA
RA 010
RA 120
RB
RB 010
RB 020
RC
RC 010
RC 020
RC 030
RC 040

WASTES CONTAINING PRINCIPALLY ORGANIC CONSTITUENTS, WHICH MAY CONTAIN


METALS AND INORGANIC MATERIALS
Wastes, substances and articles containing, consisting of or contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyl
(PCB) and/or polychlorinated terphenyl (PCT) and/or polybrominated biphenyl (PBB), including any other
polybrominated analogues of these compounds, at a concentration level of 50 mg/kg or more
Waste tarry residues (excluding those listed in AC 020) arising from refining, distillation and any pyrolitic
treatment of organic material
WASTES CONTAINING PRINCIPALLY INORGANIC CONSTITUENTS, WHICH MAY CONTAIN
METALS AND ORGANIC MATERIALS
Asbestos (dusts and fibres)
Ceramic-based fibres of physico-chemical characteristics similar to those of asbestos
WASTES WHICH MAY CONTAIN EITHER INORGANIC OR ORGANIC CONSTITUENTS
Wastes that contain, consist of or are contaminated with any of the following:
Any congenor of polychlorinated dibenzo-furan
Any congenor of polychlorinated dibenzo-dioxin
Leaded anti-knock compounds sludges
Peroxides other than hydrogen peroxide'

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