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P3-37: Design of an Ka-Band Mode Converter

Xu Shouxi, Pu-Kun Liu, Zhang Shi-Chang, Du Chao-Hai And Gu Wei


Key Laboratory of High Power Microwave Sources and Technologies, Institute of Electronics,
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, P.R. China


Abstract: In this paper, a high efficiency circular


polarization converter is presented. The TE10 rectangular
waveguide mode is converted to the circular polarization
TE11 circular waveguide mode, the pill-box window of the
vacuum envelope is used. Employing the three-dimensional
simulation code, the mode converter is designed and
optimized. The results show that the VSWR is 1.17 in the
center frequency of 35GHz.
Keywords ka-band;
conversion efficiency

circular

waveguide section, the linearly polarized TE11 mode will be


converted to circularly polarized TE11 mode. By using the
three-dimensional software HFSS, the key dimensions of input
mode conversion circuit are simulated and optimized.

Figure 2 shows the transmission coefficient using by the


HFSS simulation software. Figure 3 shows the VSWR
versus frequency changes. The mode of conversion
efficiency is 83% or more in the frequency 34-36GHz.

polarization;

Introduction
Input coupling system is an important part of the gyroTWT. Its main function is that the input signal is coupled to
Gyro-TWT interaction circuit, while the operating mode
transition from input mode. Input coupling circuit will have
a direct impact on gyro-TWT performance.
A wideband input coupling system is presented which
realize the conversion from the input rectangular
waveguide TE10 mode to operating mode TE11 (

TE110

Figure 1. The schematic of the structure of circular


polarization converte

).

A common technique for producing circular polarization


mode is that two equal amplitude but 90phase shifted
linear polarization signals simultaneously injected from two
directions perpendicular to the circular waveguide. The
main difficulty of this approach is that two signals is hard
to maintain the same size and phase to maintain 90 in a
certain bandwidth.

0.0

-0.5

S21(dB)

-1.0

The TE11 mode circular polarizer is designed. Through this


mode converter, a linear polarized wave from a rectangular
waveguide feed directly into the circular waveguide,
through elliptical waveguide section, a linearly polarized
TE11 mode is converted to circularly polarized TE11 mode.
This mode converter structure is simple and easy
construction.

-2.0

-2.5
33.5

34.0

34.5

35.0

35.5

36.0

36.5

f(GHz)

Figure 2. The transmission coefficient


versus frequency obtained from a HFSS
simulation

Design Result
Figure 1 shows the schematic of the structure of circular
polarization converter. It mainly consists of two parts: a
sealed window, mode conversion circuit components. The
mode converter circuit consist of a rectangular waveguide,
elliptical waveguide section and electron beam channel.
The TE10 input mode through the rectangular waveguide is
coupled to a cylindrical waveguide, and a rectangularcircular mode conversion is realized; Through the elliptical

978-1-4244-8660-1/11/$26.00 2011 IEEE

-1.5

425

References
1. Kartikeyan M V, Borie E, Thumm M. Gyrotrons:High
power microwave and millimeter wave technology[M].
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 2003.

2.4
2.2

VSWR

2.0
1.8

2.

K. R. Chu, The Electron Cyclotron Maser, Rev.


Modern Phys. 76, 489 (2004).

3.

K. R. Chu. Overview of research on the gyrotron


traveling wave amplifier, IEEE Trans. on Plasma
Science, 30(3): 903-908(2002).

4.

T.H.Chang, L.R.Barnett, K.R.Chuet,al. Dualfunction circular polarization converter for


microwave/plasma processing systems, Review of
Scientific Instruments, 70 (2) 1530-15341999.

5.

Jens BoremannLabayRidge waveguide


polarizer with septum IEEE MTT43(8)1 7821 787 (1995).

1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0
33.5

34.0

34.5

35.0

35.5

36.0

36.5

f(GHz)

Figure 3. The VSWR versus frequency

Acknowledgment
This work was supported in part by the National Science
Fund of China under contract 60971072.

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