Sie sind auf Seite 1von 152

Service Training

Meeting Guide 758

SERV1758
April 2002

TECHNICAL PRESENTATION

D10R TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


INTRODUCTION

D10R TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


INTRODUCTION
MEETING GUIDE 758

VISUALS AND SCRIPT


AUDIENCE

Level II - Service personnel who understand the principles of machine systems operation, diagnostic
equipment, and procedures for testing and adjusting.

CONTENT
This presentation discusses the major design changes including component locations and functions and
system operation for the D10R Track-Type Tractor. The operator's station, engine, power train,
implement system, and Vital Information Display Systems (VIDS) are covered.

OBJECTIVES
After learning the information in this presentation, the serviceman will be able to:
1. locate and identify the components in each machine system;
2. explain the function of each component in the machine systems;
3. explain the operation of each system; and
4. trace the oil flow through the power train and the implement hydraulic systems.

REFERENCES
D10R Track-Type Tractor Service Manual
D10R Track-Type Tractor Parts Book
VIDS Message Center and Keypad Operator Instruction

RENR3920
SEBP3086
TEJB6017

PREREQUISITES
Interactive Video Course "Fundamentals of Mobile Hydraulics" (CD ROM)
Interactive Video Course "Fundamentals of Electrical Systems" (CD ROM)
STMG 546 "Graphic Fluid Power Symbols"

TEMV9001
TEMV9002
SESV1546

Estimated Time: 2 Hours


Visuals: 102
Serviceman Handouts: 11 Checklists/Worksheets
Form: SERV1758
Date: 4/02
2002 Caterpillar Inc.

STMG 758
04/02

-3-

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................5
OPERATOR'S STATION........................................................................................................7
ENGINE................................................................................................................................14
Cooling System...............................................................................................................15
POWER TRAIN ...................................................................................................................19
Power Train Electronic Control System .........................................................................21
Power Train Hydraulic System .......................................................................................37
Power Train Hydraulic System Operation ......................................................................43
IMPLEMENT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM..............................................................................53
Implement Electronic Control System............................................................................59
Pilot Hydraulic System ...................................................................................................69
Dozer Lift Circuit............................................................................................................74
Dozer Tilt Circuit ............................................................................................................92
Ripper Hydraulic Circuit...............................................................................................102
ATAAC Fan Hydraulic Circuit .....................................................................................106
VITAL INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM (VIDS) .....................................................111
VIDS Operation ............................................................................................................122
CONCLUSION...................................................................................................................138
VISUALS LIST ..................................................................................................................139
SERVICEMAN'S HANDOUTS.........................................................................................141

STMG 758
04/02

-4-

INSTRUCTOR NOTES

STMG 758
04/02

-5-

D10R TRACK-TYPE TRACT OR


INTRODUCTION

2002 Caterpillar Inc.

INTRODUCTION
D10R Track-type
tractor

The D10R Track-type Tractor has been redesigned to meet U.S.


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Tier II Emissions Regulations
for North America and Stage II European Emissions Regulations.
The D10R is equipped with the 3412E Hydraulic Electronic Unit
Injection (HEUI) engine, which includes the Advanced Diesel Engine
Management (ADEM II) engine control system. The tractor is also
equipped with an Air To Air AfterCooler (ATAAC).
Major changes to the D10R also include an Electronic Clutch Pressure
Control (ECPC) transmission, an electro-hydraulic implement system,
and the Vital Information Display System (VIDS).
Machine weights, payload ratings, altitude de-rate, and fuel efficiency
will not change.

STMG 758
04/02

-6-

D10R TRACK-TYPE TRACTOR


KEY NEW FEATURES
Operator Electronic Implement Controls
3412E Emissions Engine
Air To Air AfterCooler (ATAAC)
Five-Section Power Train Pump
Electronic Clutch Pressure Control (ECPC) Transmission
Electro-Hydraulic Implement System
Vital Information Display System (VIDS)

2
D10R key new
features

The above graphic shows some of the key new features for the D10R
Track-type Tractor.

STMG 758
04/02

-7-

OPERATOR'S STATION
Operator's station

The D10R operator's station is equipped with the Vital Information


Display System (VIDS) and electronic implement control levers.

STMG 758
04/02

-8-

1
5

VIDS components:
1. Action lamp
2. Quad gauge module
3. Tachometer/
speedometer
module
4. VIDS message
center module
5. Keypad

The Vital Information Display System (VIDS) consists of an action


alarm (not visible), an action lamp (1), the quad gauge module (2), the
tachometer/speedometer module (3), the VIDS message center
module (4), and the keypad (5) for operator input.
The VIDS provides the operator with continuous feedback on machine
operation. The VIDS provides three warning categories to alert the
operator of abnormal machine conditions. The monitoring system also
records data on machine performance, which aids in diagnosis and
troubleshooting.

STMG 758
04/02

-9-

4
3
2
1

Right console:
1. Blade control lever
2. Thumb switch
3. Left button
4. Right button
5. Throttle control
switch

The blade control lever (1), located on the right console, is an input
device to the Implement Electronic Control Module (ECM) located below
the implement control levers.
Moving the blade control lever forward or rearward lowers or raises the
blade. Moving the lever left or right allows the blade to TILT LEFT or
TILT RIGHT. The thumb switch (2) allows the operator to PITCH the
blade forward or rearward.
The left button (3) on the blade control handle allows the operator to
change the blade position while in the Automatic Blade Assist (ABA)
Mode. The right button (4) cancels the ABA Mode, so that the blade may
be controlled manually.
Located on the front of the blade control handle is a trigger switch (not
visible). When this switch is engaged, the blade will PITCH FORWARD
to dump the blade load. The trigger switch performs the same function as
the thumb lever when moved to the right.
Also located in this view is the throttle control switch (5), which controls
engine low and high idle.

STMG 758
04/02

- 10 -

3
1
2
6

5
7

Right console:

The ripper control lever (1), located on the right console, is another input
component to the Implement ECM.

1. Ripper control lever


2. Thumb switch
3. Finger switch
4. Auto Stow button
5. Implement lockout
switch
6. Action lamp
7. Horn switch
8. Ripper shank pin
puller toggle switch

Ripper RAISE and LOWER positions are controlled by the thumb


switch (2) at the front of the ripper control lever. The finger switch (3)
allows the operator to control SHANK IN and SHANK OUT. Pushing
the Auto Stow button (4) on the ripper control lever raises the ripper to
maximum height, or moves the ripper to the maximum height and the
ripper tip to the full SHANK IN position.
Located to the rear of the ripper controls is the implement lockout
switch (5) that enables or disables implement pilot pressure.
Also located to the rear of the ripper controls is a second action lamp (6),
and the horn switch (7).
The ripper shank pin puller toggle switch (8) engages and releases the
ripper shank pin for height adjustment.

STMG 758
04/02

- 11 -

2
1

3
4

Left console:
1. Left steering clutch
and brake lever
2. Right steering
clutch and brake
lever
3. Rotating paddle
4. Upshift button
5. Downshift button

At the front of the left console is the Finger Tip Control (FTC). The left
steering clutch and brake lever (1) controls gradual or sharp left turns and
the right steering clutch and brake lever (2) controls gradual or sharp right
turns.
FORWARD, NEUTRAL, and REVERSE are controlled by the rotating
paddle (3). The upshift button (4) upshifts the tractor one gear range at a
time and the downshift button (5) downshifts the tractor one gear range at
a time.

STMG 758
04/02

- 12 -

1
3

Left of operator's
seat:
1. Parking brake
switch

The parking brake switch (1) engages and disengages the parking brake
and locks the transmission in FIRST SPEED NEUTRAL.
The ignition key is used to lock the parking brake switch by inserting the
key into the key slot (2) and rotating the key to the LOCK position.

2. Key slot
3. Fore/aft adjustment
lever
4. Height adjustment
switch

The left console can be adjusted using the fore/aft adjustment lever (3)
and the height adjustment switch (4).

STMG 758
04/02

- 13 -

Cat ET service
connector (arrow)

Below the dash and behind a hinged panel is the service connector
(arrow) for the Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET) Service Tool.

STMG 758
04/02

- 14 -

10

ENGINE
3412E HEUI engine

The D10R is equipped with the 3412E Hydraulic Electronic Unit


Injection (HEUI) engine, which has been redesigned to meet U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Tier II Emissions Regulations
for North America and Stage II European Emissions Regulations.

ADEM II engine
control system

The 3412E HEUI engine also includes the Advanced Diesel Engine
Management (ADEM II) engine control system and twin turbochargers.

12 cylinder "V"
arrangement

The 3412E engine is a 12 cylinder "V" arrangement with a displacement


of 27 liters and is rated at 432kW (580 hp).

STMG 758
04/02

- 15 -

11

Cooling System
Radiator housing:
1. AMOCS radiator
2. Aftercooler air
ducts

The D10R cooling system is equipped with the Advanced MOdular


Cooling System (AMOCS) radiator (1) which includes 11 modular cores.
Four of the cores (two on each end) are smaller to allow room for the
aftercooler air ducts (2) at the top of the radiator housing.

STMG 758
04/02

- 16 -

12

Air ducts (arrows)

This view shows the inside of the radiator housing. The aftercooler is
connected to air ducts (arrows), which allow hot air that passes over the
aftercooler heat exchangers to be vented to the outside air.

STMG 758
04/02

- 17 -

ATAAC
ASSEMBLY

2
3

13
ATAAC assembly:
1. Aftercooler inlets
2. Aftercooler outlets
3. Hydraulic fan motor
4. Heat exchangers

The ATAAC assembly is located in the hood above the engine. Hot air
from the turbochargers flows in the aftercooler inlets (1). The hot air
passes though the aftercooler and exits through the aftercooler outlets (2)
and into the engine.
A fan (not visible) on the inside of the ATAAC assembly is rotated by the
hydraulic fan motor (3). The fan distributes air evenly over the heat
exchangers (4) to cool the turbocharged air. The hot air passing over the
heat exchangers is vented to the outside air through air ducts at the top of
the radiator housing as discussed on the previous page.
NOTE: The fan motor is driven by oil supplied from the rear section
of the implement hydraulic pump. The rear section of the implement
hydraulic pump also supplies oil to the implement pilot system and
the dual tilt valve.

STMG 758
04/02

- 18 -

14

Above engine:
1. ATAAC assembly
2. Access panel

This view shows the ATAAC assembly (1) mounted above the engine.
An access panel (2) is located on each side of the ATAAC assembly to
allow the area around each heat exchanger to be cleaned out.

STMG 758
04/02

- 19 -

D10R ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED


POWER TRAIN HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
TO STEERING CLUTCHES
AND BRAKES

TO
PARKING
BRAKE

TO
TRANSMISSION
CLUTCHES

ECPC
5 SOLENOID
VALVES

TRANS.
SCAVENGE

TC
SCAVENGE
TC TRANS./TC
TRANS.
CHARGE CHARGE
CHARGE

STEERING
CLUTCH AND
BRAKE VALVE
6 SOLENOID
VALVES

OIL
COOLER
PRIORITY
VALVE
TORQUE
CONVERTER

TRANSMISSION
SPEED SENSORS (4)

TORQUE
CONVERTER
INLET RELIEF
VALVE

ENGINE OUTPUT
SPEED SENSOR
SHIFT
INDICATORS

TORQUE CONVERTER
OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR
TRANSMISSION OIL
TEMP SENSOR
FTC SWITCHES
AND SENSORS (7)
BRAKE PEDAL
POSITION SENSOR
AUTOSHIFT SWITCH

OUTLET
RELIEF
VALVE

LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

POWER TRAIN
ECM

TO CLUTCH AND
BRAKE LUBE

BACKUP
ALARM

CAT DATA LINK

AUTO KICKDOWN SWITCH

VIDS ECM
IMPLEMENT ECM
ENGINE ECM
CAT ET

15
POWER TRAIN
Electronically
controlled power train

The D10R power train hydraulic system is electronically controlled by the


Power Train ECM. The Power Train ECM receives inputs from various
sensors and switches and sends corresponding output signals to control
the transmission, steering clutches and brakes, and the priority and lube
management valves.

ECPC transmission

The D10R is equipped with an Electronic Clutch Pressure Control


(ECPC) transmission similar to the medium size track-type tractor
transmissions. The ECPC transmission includes five proportional
solenoid valves that are electronically modulated. Each solenoid valve
directs oil to a single clutch in the transmission.

STMG 758
04/02

- 20 -

Steering clutch and


brake valve

The steering clutch and brake valve includes four electronically controlled
proportional solenoid valves, which direct oil to the steering clutches and
service brakes. The electronically controlled parking brake solenoid
valve drains oil to engage the parking brakes. The secondary brake
solenoid valve is energized by a switch to drain all oil and engage the
brakes when the service brake pedal is depressed approximately 75
percent of full travel.

Priority valve

The priority valve which is housed in the priority valve group is


electronically controlled by the Power Train ECM. The priority valve
allows transmission/torque converter charging section oil (A) to
supplement transmission charging section oil (D) when the engine speed
is below 1485 rpm, during a transmission shift, or when the power train
oil is cold.

Lube management
valve

The lube management valve is also housed in the priority valve group and
is electronically controlled by the Power Train ECM. The lube
management valve directs oil from the power train pump transmission
scavenge section and the power train oil cooler to the transmission for
lubrication. When the lube management valve is DE-ENERGIZED some
of the oil is directed to the tank.

Five-section power
train pump

The power train pump is a five-section pump that provides oil to the
transmission ECPC valves, the torque converter, and the steering clutch
and brake control valve.
The five sections in the transmission pump are:
- Transmission/torque converter charging section (A)
- Torque converter charging section (B)
- Torque converter scavenge section (C)
- Transmission charging section (D)
- Transmission scavenge section (E)

STMG 758
04/02

FTC
CONTROLLER

- 21 -

POWER TRAIN ELECTRONIC


CONTROL SYSTEM

TRANS. DIRECTION LEVER SENSOR


DIRECTION SWITCH
UPSHIFT SWITCH
DOWNSHIFT SWITCH
LEFT STEER LEVER SENSOR
RIGHT STEER LEVER SENSOR
PARKING BRAKE SWITCH
BRAKE PEDAL POSITION SENSOR

AUTOSHIFT SWITCH

AUTO KICKDOWN SWITCH

HARNESS CODE

ENGINE OUTPUT SPEED SENSOR

POWER TRAIN
ELECTRONIC
CONTROL
MODULE
(ECM)

CAT DATA LINK

PARKING BRAKE SOLENOID


SECONDARY BRAKE SOLENOID
LEFT BRAKE SOLENOID
RIGHT BRAKE SOLENOID
LEFT STEER CLUTCH SOLENOID
RIGHT STEER CLUTCH SOLENOID

STEERING
AND BRAKE
CONTROL
VALVE

IMPLEMENT ECM (TORQUE


CONVERTER SPEED INPUT)
SHIFT INDICATORS (1F/2R)

FORWARD CLUTCH No. 2 SOLENOID


REVERSE CLUTCH No. 1 SOLENOID
FIRST GEAR CLUTCH No. 5
SOLENOID
SECOND GEAR CLUTCH No. 4
SOLENOID
THIRD GEAR CLUTCH 3 SOLENOID

TRANSMISSION OIL TEMPERATURE


SENSOR

TRANSMISSION

VIDS ECM
IMPLEMENT ECM
ENGINE ECM
CAT ET

TRANSMISSION INTERMEDIATE
SPEED SENSOR No. 1
TRANSMISSION INTERMEDIATE
SPEED SENSOR No. 2
TRANSMISSION OUTPUT
SPEED SENSOR No. 1
TRANSMISSION OUTPUT
SPEED SENSOR No. 2
TORQUE CONVERTER OUTPUT SPEED
SENSOR

TRANSMISSION

BACK-UP ALARM

LUBE MANAGEMENT SOLENOID


PRIORITY VALVE SOLENOID

PRIORITY VALVE AND


LUBE MANAGEMENT
VALVE GROUP

16
Power Train Electronic Control System
Power Train ECM
input and output
components

The Power Train Electronic Control System components are shown in this
view. The components that provide input signals to the Power Train ECM
are located on the left and the components that receive output signals from
the Power Train ECM are on the right.
INSTRUCTOR NOTE: The input and output components shown
here will be explained in detail later in the presentation.

STMG 758
04/02

- 22 -

17

Below left console:


1. Power Train ECM
2. 40 pin connectors

The Power Train ECM (1) is the main component of the Power Train
Electronic Control System. The Power Train ECM makes decisions
based on input information and memory information, and sends
corresponding output signals to the power train output components.
The Power Train ECM receives input signals and sends output signals
through two 40 pin connectors (2). The Power Train ECM is located
below the left console.
The Power Train ECM sends information to the other machine ECMs via
the CAT data link. The Power Train Electronic Control System
information is also displayed on the Vital Information Display System
(VIDS) message center.

STMG 758
04/02

- 23 -

1
2
2
3

18

Left console in cab:


1. Parking brake
switch
2. Steering clutch and
brake levers
3. Steering clutch and
brake lever position
sensors

The parking brake switch (1) sends a signal to the Power Train ECM
when the switch is activated. The Power Train ECM DE-ENERGIZES
the left and right brake solenoids. The brake solenoids drain oil from the
brakes, allowing the brakes to be engaged by spring force. The Power
Train ECM also shifts the transmission into FIRST SPEED NEUTRAL.
When activated, the parking brake switch also sends a signal directly to
the parking brake solenoid, which ENERGIZES the solenoid and drains
any residual oil from the brakes.
The steering clutch and brake levers (2) control position sensors (3) which
send Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) signals to the Power Train ECM
indicating lever position. The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding
output signal to the appropriate steering clutch and brake solenoid. The
sensor signal duty cycle decreases as the steering clutch and brake lever is
pulled.

STMG 758
04/02

- 24 -

2
1

19

Floor of cab:
1. Brake pedal
position sensor
2. Brake pedal linkage

The brake pedal position sensor (1) is attached to the brake pedal
linkage (2). The position sensor sends a PWM signal to the Power Train
ECM indicating the brake pedal position. The sensor signal duty cycle
decreases as the pedal is pressed.
The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding output signal to
proportionally decrease the current to the left and right brake solenoids.
The brake solenoids drain oil from the brakes, allowing the brakes to be
engaged by spring force.
When the brake pedal is depressed approximately 75 percent of full
travel, the service brake switch (not visible), attached to the brake pedal
linkage, closes and the secondary brake solenoid is ENERGIZED. The
secondary brake solenoid drains all oil from the brakes and the brakes are
fully engaged.
The service brake pedal switch operates independently of the Power Train
ECM and is a backup to the Power Train ECM and brake pedal position
sensor. Normally, the Power Train ECM applies the left and right brakes
according to the position of the brake pedal position sensor. The service
brake switch ensures that the brakes are engaged if either the brake pedal
position sensor or the Power Train ECM are not functioning properly.

STMG 758
04/02

- 25 -

NOTE: The brake pedal position sensor is used to diagnose a faulty


service brake pedal switch. The Power Train ECM monitors the
sensor position and the secondary brake solenoid output. The sensor
signals the Power Train ECM when the brake pedal is at full travel.
If the Power Train ECM does not detect battery voltage at the
secondary brake solenoid output terminal and the brake pedal is at
full travel, a service brake pedal switch diagnostic code will be
logged. The VIDS will also generate a Level III Warning.

STMG 758
04/02

- 26 -

20
Left console in cab:
1. Transmission shift
lever
2. Upshift switch
3. Downshift switch

The transmission shift lever (1) is located at the front of the left console.
The shift lever is attached to a position sensor which sends a PWM signal
to the Power Train ECM indicating the lever position (FORWARD,
NEUTRAL, or REVERSE). The sensor signal duty cycle increases as the
direction lever is moved toward the forward position.
The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding signal to the appropriate
transmission ECPC solenoids to engage the required clutches in the
transmission.
The direction switch (not visible) is located inside the left console. The
direction switch is a backup to the transmission lever position sensor.
The direction switch sends a signal to the Power Train ECM when the
shift lever is moved to the reverse position. The Power Train ECM only
responds to the status of the direction switch when a failure in the
transmission direction position sensor is detected.
The upshift switch (2) and the downshift switch (3) signal the Power
Train ECM when a gear shift is requested. The Power Train ECM sends a
corresponding signal to the appropriate transmission ECPC solenoids to
engage the required clutches in the transmission.
NOTE: The status of the inputs (upshift and downshift switches)
must be correct for the Power Train ECM to perform shifting at the
correct time.

STMG 758
04/02

- 27 -

21

Left lower dash in


cab:
1. Autoshift switch
2. Auto Kickdown
switch

Located at the bottom left side of the dash are the Autoshift switch (1) and
the Auto Kickdown switch (2). The Autoshift switch allows the operator
to preset the gear speed for directional shifting. The Autoshift switch
sends a signal to the Power Train ECM when the Autoshift switch is
pressed.
Pressing the Autoshift switch will signal the Power Train ECM to engage
the appropriate transmission solenoids to obtain 1F2R. Pressing the
Autoshift switch again will turn the Autoshift function OFF.
The Auto Kickdown switch, when activated, sends a signal to the Power
Train ECM. The Power Train ECM will engage and release the
appropriate transmission solenoids to automatically downshift the
transmission.

STMG 758
04/02

- 28 -

22

Engine output speed


sensor (arrow)

The engine output speed sensor (arrow) is located on the pump drive at
the rear of the engine on the right side. The engine output speed sensor
sends a signal to the Power Train ECM indicating engine speed. The
speed sensor produces a signal frequency (Hz) that varies as the engine
speed changes. The sensor generates a sine wave by passing gear teeth.
The speed difference between the engine speed sensor and the torque
converter output (transmission input) speed sensor establishes an actual
slippage value. That measured value is compared to a calculated value
stored in the Power Train ECM software.
The measured value compared with the calculated value in the Power
Train ECM determines how the transmission clutch valves are energized
to provide smooth shifting.

STMG 758
04/02

- 29 -

23

Rear of torque
converter:
1. Torque converter
output speed
sensor
2. Torque converter
outlet relief valve
3. Power train oil
temperature sensor

The torque converter output speed sensor (1) provides a signal to the
Power Train ECM indicating torque converter output (transmission input)
speed.
Other power train components visible at the rear of the torque converter
include the torque converter outlet relief valve (2) and the power train oil
temperature sensor (3).

STMG 758
04/02

- 30 -

TRANSMISSION
SPEED
SENSORS

1
2
2

24
Rear of transmission:
1. Transmission
intermediate speed
sensors
2. Transmission
output speed
sensors

Two speed sensors measure the transmission intermediate speed and two
speed sensors measure the transmission output speed. The intermediate
speed sensors (1) monitor the speed and direction of the No. 4 ring gear.
The output speed sensors (2) monitor the speed and direction of the
transmission output shaft.
The Power Train ECM uses the transmission intermediate speed and
output speed sensor information to determine clutch fills during shifting.

STMG 758
04/02

- 31 -

25

Steering oil
temperature sensor
(arrow)

The steering oil temperature sensor (arrow) sends a PWM signal to the
Power Train ECM indicating the transmission oil temperature.
The Power Train ECM uses this temperature signal information to control
transmission shifting time and to perform adjustments on the commands
for brake control.

STMG 758
04/02

- 32 -

26

Steering clutch and


brake valve:
1. Steering clutch and
brake solenoids
2. Parking brake
solenoid
3. Secondary brake
solenoid

The steering clutch and brake valve is located below the cab on top of the
transmission case. The steering clutch and brake valve contains six
solenoid valves that control oil flow to the steering clutches and brakes.
The four steering clutch and brake solenoids (1) are proportional
solenoids. When a steering clutch and brake lever is moved or the brake
pedal is pressed, the Power Train ECM sends a PWM signal that varies
the current to the appropriate solenoids.
Solenoid plunger movement is proportional to the electrical current sent
from the Power Train ECM. Plunger position determines the amount of
oil pressure at the clutch or brake. A DECREASE in electrical current
causes a decrease in oil pressure which DECREASES the clutch
engagement. Since the brakes are spring applied and hydraulically
released, a decrease in oil pressure INCREASES the brake engagement.
The parking brake solenoid (2) and the secondary brake solenoid (3) are
ON/OFF solenoids. When the parking brake switch is activated, the
Power Train ECM sends the maximum amount of electrical current to
ENERGIZE the parking brake solenoid valve. The parking brake
solenoid drains all residual oil from the brakes and the brakes are fully
engaged.

STMG 758
04/02

- 33 -

During normal operation, the parking brake solenoid valve operates


independently of the Power Train ECM and the solenoid valve is actuated
by the parking brake switch.
The secondary brake solenoid operates independently of the Power Train
ECM and is actuated by the service brake pedal switch when the brake
pedal reaches approximately 75 percent of full travel. The secondary
brake solenoid drains all residual oil from the brakes and the brakes are
fully engaged.
NOTE: Solenoid current values can be viewed on the VIDS display
window or on the Cat ET parameter screens.
Clutch and brake calibrations can also be performed using VIDS or
the Cat ET Service Tool.

STMG 758
04/02

- 34 -

D10R TRANSMISSION
CONTROL GROUP

TRANSMISSION GEAR AND SOLENOID VALVE LOGIC


GEAR

SOLENOID
VALVES ON

CLUTCHES
ENGAGED

1F

5 and 2

5 and 2

2F

4 and 2

4 and 2

3F

3 and 2

3 and 2

Neutral

1R

5 and 1

5 and 1

2R

4 and 1

4 and 1

3R

3 and 1

3 and 1

27
Transmission ECPC
solenoid valves

The transmission ECPC solenoid valves are mounted on top of the


transmission and can be accessed through the cover on the rear of the
transmission housing. Each proportional solenoid valve directs oil to a
single clutch in the transmission planetary group.
The Power Train ECM sends a PWM signal to vary the current to the
solenoids. The solenoid current determines the amount of oil pressure
that is applied to the clutch. The amount of solenoid plunger movement is
proportional to the electrical current sent from the Power Train ECM.
The position of the plunger controls the amount of oil pressure and the
amount of clutch engagement. An increase in electrical current causes an
increase in oil pressure, which increases clutch engagement.
The Power Train ECM applies electrical current to the appropriate
transmission clutch solenoids, based on the operator's request from the
upshift switch, the downshift switch, or the transmission direction control
lever.

STMG 758
04/02

- 35 -

The chart shows which solenoid valves are energized and which clutches
are engaged for each gear.
NOTE: Solenoid current values can be viewed on the VIDS display
window or on the Cat ET parameter screens.
Transmission calibrations can also be performed using VIDS or the
Cat ET Service Tool.

STMG 758
04/02

- 36 -

2
4
1
5

28
Right front of main
case:
1. Priority valve
solenoid
2. Lube management
valve solenoid
3. Torque converter
inlet relief valve
4. Lube pressure tap
5. Torque converter
inlet pressure tap

The priority valve group is located below the cab inside the right frame
rail. The Power Train ECM controls the priority valve solenoid (1) and
the lube management valve solenoid (2).
The priority valve solenoid when DE-ENERGIZED, allows power train
pump transmission/torque converter charging section oil to supplement
transmission charging section oil when the engine speed is below 1485
rpm, during a transmission shift, or when the power train oil is cold.
The lube management valve solenoid, when de-energized, directs oil from
the power train pump transmission scavenge section and the power train
oil cooler to the transmission for lubrication. The Power Train ECM will
ENERGIZE the lube management valve solenoid, which will direct some
of the oil flow to the tank if all of the following conditions exist:
- A transmission shift has not occurred for at least 10 seconds
- The engine speed is above 1550 rpm
- The transmission is in 3F, 3R, or 2R
- The power train oil temperature is above 45 C (113 F) and below
105 C (221 F)
Also located inside the priority valve group is the torque converter inlet
relief valve (3). Pressure taps located on the priority valve group include
the lube pressure tap (4) and the torque converter inlet pressure tap (5).

STMG 758
04/02

- 37 -

D10R POWER TRAIN HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


TO LEFT
STEERING TO LEFT CLUTCH
BRAKE LUBE
CLUTCH
LB1
AND BRAKE

TRANSMISSION
CHARGING
TRANSMISSION
SCAVENGE

TRANSMISSION
FILTER BYPASS

T/C
T/C
SCAVENGE CHARGING

TRANSMISSION/
T/C CHARGING

PV
E

P1
STEERING AND
CLUTCH
BRAKE VALVE

ECPC

M1

TORQUE CONVERTER
OUTLET RELIEF VALVE
MAIN
RELIEF
VALVE

POWER
TRAIN OIL
COOLER

TORQUE
CONVERTER
PRIORITY
VALVE

L1

M1

CL

T/C
INLET
RELIEF
VALVE

TORQUE CONVERTER
FILTER BYPASS
TO RIGHT
STEERING
CLUTCH
AND BRAKE

L2

TO RIGHT
CLUTCH
BRAKE LUBE
LB2

LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

29
Power Train Hydraulic System
Five-section gear
pump

The power train hydraulic system includes a five-section gear pump that
provides oil to the transmission, steering clutch and brake valve, priority
valve group, and the torque converter.

Transmission and
torque converter
charging section (A)

Oil from transmission and torque converter charging section (A) flows
through the transmission oil filter to the priority valve. When the priority
valve is ENERGIZED, oil is allowed to flow through the priority valve
and provide supplemental oil to the torque converter.
When the priority valve is DE-ENERGIZED, oil is blocked at the priority
valve and the oil from pump section A flows through a check valve and
combines with pump oil from section D to provide oil to the transmission
and steering clutch and brake valve.

STMG 758
04/02

- 38 -

Torque converter
charging section (B)

Oil from torque converter charging section (B) flows through the torque
converter oil filter to the torque converter. The torque converter inlet
relief valve, located inside the priority valve group limits torque converter
inlet oil pressure. Oil from the torque converter flows through the power
train oil cooler to the priority valve and lube management valve group for
lubrication of the transmission and steering clutches and brakes.

Torque converter
scavenge section (C)

The torque converter scavenge section (C) pulls oil from the torque
converter and return the oil to the main case.

Transmission
charging section (D)

Oil from transmission charging section (D) provides oil to the steering
clutch and brake valve, and the transmission. The main relief valve,
limits oil pressure in the transmission valve group.

Transmission
scavenge section (E)

The transmission scavenge section (E) pulls oil from the transmission and
supplies oil to the to the priority valve group for lubrication of the
transmission and steering clutches and brakes.

STMG 758
04/02

- 39 -

1
6

2
5

7
9

30
Power train hydraulic
system components:
1. Power train pump
2. Check valve
3. Transmission oil
filter
4. Steering oil
temperature sensor
5. Transmission oil
filter bypass switch
6. Priority valve
pressure tap
7. Torque converter oil
filter
8. SOS Tap
9. Power train oil
cooler

The five-section pump power train gear pump (1) is located at the left
front of the main case below the cab and is driven by a shaft extending
from the left side of the engine.
The five sections in the transmission pump from front to rear are:
- Transmission/torque converter charging section
- Torque converter charging section
- Torque converter scavenge section
- Transmission charging section
- Transmission scavenge section
A check valve (2) is located in the hydraulic line between the priority
valve and transmission charging section of the pump. The check valve
allows transmission/torque converter charging section oil to supplement
transmission charging section oil and blocks flow in the opposite
direction.

STMG 758
04/02

- 40 -

The transmission oil filter (3) is located on the rear of the machine at the
left of the transmission. The transmission filter housing contains the
steering oil temperature sensor (4), the oil filter bypass pressure
switch (5) and the priority valve pressure tap (6).
The transmission filter bypass valve operates when the filter becomes
clogged or when the oil is cold and thick. Filter bypass occurs at
approximately 317 kPa (46 psi). When the oil is cold the temperature
switch prevents the signal from alerting the operator. If the filter is
restricted after the oil warms, the bypass valve pressure switch opens and
sends a signal to the Vital Information Display System via the Cat Data
Link.
The torque converter oil filter (7) is located on the rear of the machine at
the right of the transmission. The torque converter filter housing contains
the SOS tap (8).
The torque converter filter contains a bypass valve which operates when
the filter becomes clogged or when the oil is cold and thick. Filter bypass
occurs at approximately 317 kPa (46 psi).
The power train oil cooler (9) is located at the front of the engine. The
cooler is an oil-to-water design. Oil from the torque converter outlet
relief valve is sent to the oil cooler. After the oil flows through the cooler,
it returns to the priority valve group to lube the final drives, the steering
clutches and brakes, and the transmission.

STMG 758
04/02

- 41 -

POWER TRAIN
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
RELIEF VALVES
1

31
Power train hydraulic
system relief valves:
1. Main relief valve

The power train hydraulic system contains three relief valves to limit
hydraulic pressures in the system.

2. Torque converter
outlet relief valve

The transmission main relief valve (1) is located in the transmission


control valve group and limits oil pressure in the transmission charging
circuit.

3. Torque converter
inlet relief valve

The torque converter outlet relief valve (2), located at the rear of the
torque converter, limits oil pressure in the torque converter.
The torque converter inlet relief valve (3) is located inside the priority
valve group and limits oil pressure in the torque converter hydraulic
circuit.

STMG 758
04/02

- 42 -

32
Power Train hydraulic
system pressure taps:
1. Transmission oil
pressure tap (P1)

Pressure taps are located at the rear of the tractor for checking power train
hydraulic system oil pressure. The pressure taps are:
- P1: Transmission oil pressure tap (1)
- M1: Torque converter oil pressure tap (2)

2. Torque converter oil


pressure tap (M1)
3. Lube oil pressure
tap (L1)
4. Steering clutch and
brake lube taps

- L1: Lube oil pressure tap (3)


- Steering clutch and brake lube taps (4)

STMG 758
04/02

- 43 -

TRANSMISSION
CHARGING
T/C
T/C
TRANSMISSION/
TRANSMISSION
SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING
SCAVENGE

D10R PRIORITY VALVE


TO STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND
TRANSMISSION

ENERGIZED
D

TRANSMISSION/
TORQUE CONVERTER
CHARGE SECTION

FROM
TRANSMISSION

TORQUE CONVERTER
CHARGE SECTION

FROM TORQUE CONVERTER

FROM
STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND
TRANSMISSION

PRIORITY AND LUBE


MANAGEMENT VALVE GROUP

PRIORITY
VALVE

PRIORITY VALVE ENERGIZED

TORQUE CONVERTER
INLET RELIEF VALVE

TO CLUTCH
AND
BRAKE LUBE

TO TORQUE CONVERTER
FROM OIL COOLER

TO TRANSMISSION
LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

TRANSMISSION
CHARGING

TRANSMISSION
SCAVENGE

TRANSMISSION/
T/C
T/C
SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING

D10R PRIORITY VALVE

TO STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND
TRANSMISSION

DE-ENERGIZED
E

TRANSMISSION/
TORQUE CONVERTER
CHARGE SECTION

FROM
TRANSMISSION

TORQUE CONVERTER
CHARGE SECTION

FROM TORQUE CONVERTER

FROM
STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND
TRANSMISSION

PRIORITY
VALVE

PRIORITY AND LUBE


MANAGEMENT VALVE GROUP
PRIORITY VALVE DE-ENERGIZED

TORQUE CONVERTER
INLET RELIEF VALVE

TO CLUTCH
AND
BRAKE LUBE

TO TORQUE CONVERTER

TO TRANSMISSION

FROM OIL COOLER


LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

33
Power Train Hydraulic System Operation
Priority valve
operation:

- Priority valve
ENERGIZED

When the engine is running, oil from the transmission/torque converter


charging section (A) provides supplemental oil flow to the torque
converter or to the transmission and steering clutch and brake valve.
When the priority valve is ENERGIZED by the Power Train ECM, the
priority valve spool moves right against spring force. Oil from the
transmission/torque converter charge section (A) is allowed to flow
through the priority valve and provide supplemental oil to the torque
converter.

STMG 758
04/02

- Priority valve
DE-ENERGIZED

- 44 -

When the priority valve is DE-ENERGIZED, spring force moves the


priority valve spool left and oil from the transmission/torque converter
charge section (A) is blocked. Oil pressure increases which opens the
check valve and allows oil from section (A) to combine with pump oil
from section (D) to provide oil to the transmission and steering clutch and
brake valve.
Oil that flows through the main relief valve is combined with oil from the
torque converter charging pump (B) to provide supplemental oil flow to
the torque converter.
The Power Train ECM will DE-ENERGIZE the priority valve solenoid if
any of the following conditions exist:
- The engine speed is below 1485 rpm
- During a transmission shift
- When the power train oil temperature is below 40 C (104 F)

STMG 758
04/02

- 45 -

TRANSMISSION
CHARGING
TRANSMISSION/
T/C
T/C
SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING

RETURN OIL FROM


TRANSMISSION SCAVENGE SECTION
AND COOLER

TRANSMISSION
SCAVENGE
TO STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND
TRANSMISSION

D10R LUBE
MANAGEMENT VALVE

DE-ENERGIZED

L2
PRESSURE
TAP

FROM
RANSMISSION

FROM TORQUE CONVERTER

FROM
STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND
TRANSMISSION

PRIORITY AND LUBE


MANAGEMENT VALVE GROUP

PRIORITY
VALVE

LUBE MANAGEMENT VALVE DE-ENERGIZED


LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE
SOLENOID

TORQUE CONVERTER
INLET RELIEF VALVE

TO CLUTCH
AND
BRAKE LUBE

TO TORQUE CONVERTER

TO TRANSMISSION

FROM OIL COOLER

TO
TANK

LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

TRANSMISSION
CHARGING
TRANSMISSION
T/C
TRANSMISSION/
T/C
SCAVENGE
SCAVENGE CHARGING T/C CHARGING
TO STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND
TRANSMISSION

D10R LUBE
MANAGEMENT VALVE
ENERGIZED

L2
PRESSURE
TAP

TO
TRANSMISSION

RETURN OIL FROM


TRANSMISSION SCAVENGE SECTION
AND COOLER

FROM
TRANSMISSION

FROM TORQUE CONVERTER

FROM
STEERING AND
BRAKE VALVE AND
TRANSMISSION

PRIORITY
VALVE

PRIORITY AND LUBE


MANAGEMENT VALVE GROUP
LUBE MANAGEMENT VALVE ENERGIZED

TORQUE CONVERTER
INLET RELIEF VALVE

TO CLUTCH
AND
BRAKE LUBE

LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE
SOLENOID

TO TORQUE CONVERTER
FROM OIL COOLER

TO TRANSMISSION

TO
TANK

LUBE
MANAGEMENT
VALVE

TO
TRANSMISSION

34
Lube management
valve operation:

When the engine is running, oil from the transmission scavenge


section (E) and the oil cooler provide lubrication oil to the transmission,
the steering clutches, and the brakes.

- Lube management
valve
DE-ENERGIZED

When the lube management solenoid valve is DE-ENERGIZED by the


Power Train ECM, spring force moves the lube management valve spool
left. All oil flow from the transmission scavenge section (E) and the oil
cooler is directed to lube the transmission.

- Lube management
valve ENERGIZED

When the lube management valve is ENERGIZED by the Power Train


ECM, the lube management valve spool moves right against spring force.
Oil from the transmission scavenge section (E) and the oil cooler is
directed to the transmission and to the tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 46 -

The Power Train ECM will ENERGIZE the lube management valve
solenoid to direct oil to the transmission and the tank if all of the
following conditions exist:
- A transmission shift has not occurred for at least 10 seconds
- The engine speed is above 1550 rpm
- The transmission is in 3F, 3R, or 2R
- The power train oil temperature is above 45 C (113 F) and below
105 C (221 F)

STMG 758
04/02

- 47 -

D10R TRANSMISSION
CONTROL GROUP

ECPC TRANSMISSION
MODULATING VALVES

TRANSMISSION MODULATION CYCLE

TRANSMISSION
MODULATING VALVE
SHAFT

PILOT
BALL VALVE

PRESSURE AND CURRENT

SOLENOID

REDUCING
SPOOL

ORIFICE

FILL
PULSE

FILL CALIBRATION
PARAMETERS

ENGAGEMENT
CALIBRATION
PARAMETERS

CLUTCH
ENGAGEMENT
LEVEL
MAXIMUM CLUTCH
PRESSURE

RAMP LEVEL
MODULATION

HOLD LEVEL

TO
DRAIN

TO
CLUTCH

SUPPLY
OIL
PULSE
DELAY

PULSE
TIME

RAMP
TIME

HOLD
TIME

DESIRED
SLIP TIME

FULL ON
TIME

35
ECPC transmission
modulating valves

The Power Train ECM controls transmission shifting by modulating the


current to the transmission modulating valves, which varies the oil
pressure to the clutches.

Transmission
modulating valve
operation

The lower left view shows the oil flow in the transmission modulating
valve. Increased current forces the shaft to the right, which pushes the
ball to the right and restricts the oil flow to drain. The reducing spool also
moves to the right due to the pressure increase in the chamber at the left of
the orifice. This movement allows more oil to flow from the supply
passage, across the metering surfaces to the clutch.
As the clutch pressure rises, the signal from the Power Train ECM to the
solenoid is varied to control the movement of the reducing spool.

STMG 758
04/02

- 48 -

Transmission
modulation cycle

In the lower right view, the transmission modulation cycle is shown. The
vertical axis represents current (orange) and clutch pressure (blue). The
current represented is from the Power Train ECM to the modulating
solenoid valve. The pressure represented is supplied to each individual
clutch. When the clutch is filled and the piston is in contact with the
plates, the current and pressure are directly proportional, and are
represented on the same axis. The horizontal axis represents time in
intervals that relate to the hydraulic pressure supplied to the clutch.

Pulse and ramp time

The pulse time is caused by an initial high current applied to the valve to
begin pressurizing the clutch when a clutch is engaged. The ramp level
begins a reduction in the current applied to the valve which lowers the
current to the hold level.

Hold time

When the current is at the hold level, the clutch is full. The clutch
pressure then follows the current applied to the solenoid.

Desired slip time

At the end of the hold time, the current increases as the clutch is
engaging. This time is called the "desired slip time," and the pressure
ramp is called "modulation."

Full on time

Modulation continues until the clutch is fully engaged and the maximum
clutch pressure is reached. The clutch pressure stays at maximum for a
short time called the "full on time." The clutch pressure is then reduced
to the clutch engagement level. The clutch is still fully engaged, but at a
lower pressure. This pressure reduction increases clutch seal life.

STMG 758
04/02

- 49 -

PRESSURE
REACTION REDUCING OUTLET
CHAMBER
CHAMBER
VALVE

SUPPLY
CHAMBER

PARKING
BRAKE
SOLENOID

SECONDARY
BRAKE
SOLENOID

STEERING AND BRAKE


CONTROL VALVE
BRAKES ENGAGED

TO RIGHT CLUTCH
TO RIGHT BRAKE

SUPPLY OIL

TO LEFT BRAKE
TO LEFT CLUTCH

36
Steering clutch and
brake control valve:
- Brakes ENGAGED
Parking brake

Shown here are the conditions which occur when the parking brake is
engaged or the service brake pedal is fully depressed. The brakes are
spring engaged and hydraulically released.
When the parking brake switch is activated, the Power Train ECM
de-energizes the brake solenoids allowing the brakes to be engaged by
spring force.
The parking brake switch also sends a signal directly to the parking brake
solenoid, which ENERGIZES the solenoid and drains any residual oil
from the brakes. The oil is instantaneously drained directly to the tank
with no modulated drop in oil pressure and the brakes are FULLY
ENGAGED.

Secondary brakes

The secondary brake solenoid operates independently of the Power Train


ECM and is actuated by the service brake pedal switch when the brake
pedal reaches approximately 75 percent of full travel. The secondary
brake solenoid drains all residual oil from the brakes and the brakes are
fully engaged.

STMG 758
04/02

- 50 -

REACTION
CHAMBER

PRESSURE
REDUCING OUTLET
SUPPLY
VALVE
CHAMBER CHAMBER
PARKING
BRAKE
SOLENOID

SECONDARY
BRAKE
SOLENOID

STEERING AND BRAKE


CONTROL VALVE
GRADUAL RIGHT TURN

TO RIGHT CLUTCH
TO RIGHT BRAKE

SUPPLY OIL

TO LEFT BRAKE
TO LEFT CLUTCH

37
Steering clutch and
brake control valve:
- GRADUAL RIGHT
TURN

When the right steering clutch and brake lever is pulled toward the rear of
the machine approximately one-half of its total travel distance, the
machine makes a GRADUAL RIGHT TURN.
The right steering clutch and brake position sensor sends a signal to the
Power Train ECM. The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding reduced
PWM signal to the right steering clutch solenoid. The plunger (valve)
retracts and blocks oil flow from the supply chamber to the outlet
chamber. The outlet chamber, the clutch, and the reaction chamber in the
pressure reducing valve are open to drain past the reducing valve spool
and the steering clutch is completely released.
During a gradual turn, the Power Train ECM does not de-energize the
brake solenoid and the right brake remains fully released. Releasing only
the right steering clutch allows the tractor to make a GRADUAL RIGHT
TURN.

STMG 758
4/02

- 51 -

PRESSURE
SUPPLY
REACTION REDUCING OUTLET
CHAMBER
VALVE CHAMBER CHAMBER
PARKING
BRAKE
SOLENOID

SECONDARY
BRAKE
SOLENOID

STEERING AND BRAKE


CONTROL VALVE
SHARP RIGHT TURN

TO RIGHT CLUTCH
TO RIGHT BRAKE

SUPPLY OIL

TO LEFT BRAKE
TO LEFT CLUTCH

38
Steering clutch and
brake control valve:

When the right steering clutch and brake lever is pulled completely to the
rear of the machine, the machine makes a SHARP RIGHT TURN.

- SHARP RIGHT TURN

The right steering clutch and brake position sensor sends a signal to the
Power Train ECM. The Power Train ECM sends a corresponding reduced
PWM signal to the right steering clutch solenoid. The plunger (valve)
retracts and blocks oil flow from the supply chamber to the outlet
chamber. The outlet chamber, the clutch, and the reaction chamber in the
pressure reducing valve are open to drain past the reducing valve spool
and the steering clutch is completely released.
During a sharp turn, the Power Train ECM also de-energizes the right
brake solenoid and the right brake begins to engage. As the brake lever is
pulled toward the rear, the brake pressure decreases until the brake is fully
engaged. Residual oil pressure is maintained on the brake to improve
machine response when the lever is released.

STMG 758
04/02

- 52 -

REACTION
CHAMBER

PRESSURE
REDUCING OUTLET
SUPPLY
VALVE CHAMBER CHAMBER
PARKING
BRAKE
SOLENOID

SECONDARY
BRAKE
SOLENOID

STEERING AND BRAKE


CONTROL VALVE
STRAIGHT TRAVEL

TO RIGHT CLUTCH
TO RIGHT BRAKE

SUPPLY OIL

TO LEFT BRAKE
TO LEFT CLUTCH

39
Steering clutch and
brake control valve:
- STRAIGHT TRAVEL

This schematic shows the oil flow and the valve positions during the
STRAIGHT TRAVEL operation when the steering clutch and brake levers
are released and the brake pedal is not depressed.
When no steering requests are received from the operator, both steering
clutch solenoids are energized with maximum current. The corresponding
pressure reducing valves provide maximum oil pressure to engage the
steering clutches. The plungers and springs control the modulating
reducing valve pressure settings based on the pressure from the energized
steering clutch solenoids.
Both brake solenoids are also energized with maximum current to open
the corresponding brake valves. Maximum oil pressure releases the
brakes.

STMG 758
04/02

- 53 -

BLADE LIFT
CYLINDERS

D10R IMPLEMENT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


WITH ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED
PILOT SYSTEM

MANUAL
LOWER
VALVE
RIPPER
CONTROL
LEVER

BLADE TILT
CYLINDER

BLADE TILT
CYLINDER

RAISE/LOWER VALVE

LOGIC VALVE

BLADE
CONTROL
LEVER

TILT VALVE
DOZER VALVE

IMPLEMENT
LOCKOUT SWITCH

PUMP PRESSURE
SENSORS

IMPLEMENT
ELECTRONIC
CONTROL
MODULE

CAT
DATA
LINK

ATAAC FAN

ELECTROHYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

ATAAC
MOTOR
DUAL TILT VALVE

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE

PILOT PRESSURE
AND FAN SPEED
CONTROLVALVE

RIPPER VALVE

VIDS ECM
PT ECM
ENGINE ECM
CAT ET

IMPLEMENT
PUMP

OIL
COOLER

RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER
RIPPER LIFT
CYLINDERS

40
IMPLEMENT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
Electro-hydraulic
implement system

The D10R is equipped with an Electro-hydraulic Implement Control


System similar to the D11R, which controls the hydraulic pilot valves for
the blade and ripper.

Input and output


components

The Implement ECM receives input signals from the blade control lever
position sensors, ripper control lever position sensors, and various other
sensors and switches. The ECM sends corresponding output signals to
energize the appropriate pilot solenoid valves on the electro-hydraulic
manifold. The pilot solenoid valves control the amount of pilot oil that is
sent to the dozer or ripper control valves to shift the appropriate spools
and direct implement pump oil to the head or rod end of the cylinders.

STMG 758
04/02

- 54 -

The Implement ECM also sends corresponding output signals to energize


the pitch and single tilt ON/OFF solenoid valves on the dual tilt valve.
The pitch and single tilt ON/OFF solenoid valves direct oil to shift the
dual tilt valve, which determines blade tilt and pitch angles.
Hydraulic system oil
flow

The implement hydraulic system for the D10R Track-type Tractor is a


fixed displacement flow design that permits minimum pressure in the
system when the implement control valves are not activated. The oil flow
for operation of the bulldozer and ripper is provided by two sections (tilt
and lift) of the three-section implement vane pump.

ATAAC fan circuit

The third section of the implement pump supplies oil to the ATAAC fan
motor, the pilot oil for the implement system, and the pilot oil for the dual
tilt valve. The cooling oil for the hydraulic circuits is also provided by
the ATAAC fan circuit.

Pressure
Compensation
Override (PCO) valve

A Pressure Compensation Override (PCO) valve provides engine


overspeed protection when energized by the Engine ECM. When
energized by the Implement ECM, the override valve allows the dozer lift
relief valve to act as the relief valve for the ripper circuit.

Logic valve

The logic valve resolves the highest implement cylinder pressure. The
highest resolved pressure is directed through the E/H manifold and acts as
pilot oil. This oil is used to lower the implements when the engine won't
run or the implement pump will not operate.

Dead engine lower


function

When the engine won't run and machine electrical power is not available,
the manual lower valve is used to lower the implements. The manual
lower valve directs the highest resolved implement cylinder pressure from
the logic valve to the tank which lowers the implements.

STMG 758
04/02

- 55 -

D10R IMPLEMENT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


COMPONENTS IDENTIFICATION
ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC
PILOT VALVE GROUP

PILOT
FILTER

IMPLEMENT
PUMP
QUICK-DROP VALVE

IMPLEMENT
ECM

DUAL TILT VALVE


ATAAC FAN MOTOR
OIL COOLER

RIPPER
CONTROL
VALVE

QUICK-DROP VALVE

DOZER
HYDRAULIC CONTROL
TANK
VALVE

LOGIC
VALVE

MANUAL
LOWER VALVE

41
Implement hydraulic
system component
locations

This view shows the locations of the D10R implement hydraulic system
components.

STMG 758
04/02

- 56 -

5
6

42
Implement system
components:
1. Implement pump
front section
2. Implement pump
center section
3. Implement pump
rear section
4. Dozer valve
5. Dual tilt valve

The three-section implement pump provides the oil flow for the dozer,
ripper, and pilot oil circuits. The fixed displacement vane pump is located
below the floor plate on the right rear of the engine and driven off the
flywheel housing.
The front section (1) of the pump provides oil to the dozer lift valve and
ripper valve. The center section (2) of the pump provides oil to the dozer
tilt valve. Oil from the center section of the pump is combined with oil
from the front section to supplement the dozer lift and ripper circuits
when the dozer tilt valve is in HOLD.
The rear section (3) of the implement pump supplies oil to the ATAAC fan
motor, to the dual tilt valve, and to the E/H manifold.

6. Ripper valve

STMG 758
04/02

- 57 -

The dozer valve (4), located below the cab on the right side of the
machine, contains a lift spool and tilt spool. The lift spool directs oil from
the implement pump to raise or lower the blade. The tilt spool directs oil
from the implement pump to the dual tilt valve (5).
The dual tilt valve directs oil to the tilt cylinders and contains a solenoid.
The solenoid contains two coils; a pitch solenoid coil and a single tilt
solenoid coil. If both of the solenoid's coils are de-energized, both tilt
cylinders will operate in the dual tilt mode. If the single tilt solenoid coil
is energized, the right tilt cylinder acts as a brace and only the left tilt
cylinder will tilt the blade. If the pitch solenoid coil is energized both tilt
cylinders will pitch the blade forward or to the rear.
The ripper valve (6) contains a lift spool and shank in/out spool. The lift
spool directs oil from the implement pump to raise or lower the ripper.
The shank in/out spool directs oil from the implement pump to move the
shank in or out.

STMG 758
04/02

- 58 -

43

Hydraulic tank:
1. Sight gauge
2. Fill cap
3. Vacuum breaker
valve

The hydraulic tank is located on the right side of the machine to the right
of the cab. The tank contains a sight gauge (1) to check the hydraulic oil
level from outside the machine. Three filter elements are located inside
the tank and can be accessed through two covers on the top of the tank.
The hydraulic tank also contains a fill cap (2) and a vacuum breaker
valve (3) to vent excess oil pressure inside the tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 59 -

IMPLEMENT ELECTRONIC
CONTROL SYSTEM

BLADE
CONTROL
LEVER

RIPPER
CONTROL
LEVER

BLADE RAISE/LOWER SENSOR


BLADE TILT SENSOR
MANUAL SELECT SWITCH
MODE SELECT SWITCH
PITCH FORWARD SWITCH
PITCH BACK SWITCH
PITCH FORWARD TRIGGER
SWITCH

RIPPER RAISE/LOWER SENSOR


SHANK IN/OUT SENSOR
RIPPER AUTO STOW SWITCH

VIDS ECM
POWER TRAIN ECM
ENGINE ECM
CAT ET

AUTO PITCH INDICATOR


BLADE FLOAT
SINGLE TILT

IMPLEMENT
ELECTRONIC
CONTROL
MODULE
(ECM)

IMPLEMENT HARNESS CODE PLUG

CAT DATA LINK

OPERATING
FUNCTION
INDICATOR
PANEL

RIPPER RAISE SOLENOID


RIPPER LOWER SOLENOID
SHANK IN SOLENOID
SHANK OUT SOLENOID
BLADE RAISE SOLENOID
BLADE LOWER/FLOAT SOLENOID
BLADE TILT LEFT SOLENOID
BLADE TILT RIGHT SOLENOID
IMP LOCKOUT SOLENOID

IMPLEMENT PILOT
VALVE MANIFOLD

PITCH SOLENOID
SINGLE TILT SOLENOID

DUAL TILT VALVE

IMPLEMENT LOCKOUT SWITCH

MAIN PUMP PRESSURE SENSOR

TILT PUMP PRESSURE SENSOR


PRESSURE COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE SOLENOID VALVE
KEY START SWITCH

44
Implement Electronic Control System
Implement ECM
input and output
components

The Implement Electronic Control System components are shown in this


view. The components that provide input signals to the Implement ECM
are located on the left and the components that receive output signals from
the Implement ECM are on the right.
INSTRUCTOR NOTE: The input and output components shown
here will be explained in detail later in the presentation.

STMG 758
04/02

- 60 -

45

Right side of
operator's station:
1. Implement ECM
2. VIDS ECM

The Implement ECM (1) and Vital Information Display System (VIDS)
ECM (2) are located behind a panel on the right side of the operator's
station. The Implement ECM receives input signals from various
switches and sensors, processes the information, and sends output signals
to the implement system output components. The Implement ECM
receives input signals and sends output signals through two 70 pin
connectors.
The Implement ECM sends information to the other machine ECMs via
the CAT data link. Implement system warning and diagnostic information
is also displayed on the VIDS message center.

STMG 758
04/02

- 61 -

2
1

46
Right console:
1. Blade control lever
2. Thumb switch

At the base of the blade control lever (1) are the blade lift position sensor
and the blade tilt position sensor. When the blade lever is moved forward
or rearward, the blade lift position sensor sends a signal to the Implement
ECM. The Implement ECM sends a corresponding signal to the blade
lower or raise solenoid.

3. Left button
4. Right button

When the blade lever is moved left or right, the blade tilt position sensor
sends a signal to the Implement ECM. The Implement ECM sends a
corresponding signal to the blade tilt left or tilt right solenoid.
The thumb switch (2) sends a signal to the Implement ECM when
activated. The Implement ECM sends a corresponding signal to the pitch
solenoid.
The left button (3) on the blade control handle sends a signal to the
Implement ECM, which allows the operator to change the blade position
while in the Automatic Blade Assist (ABA) Mode. Pressing this button
the first time after the ABA key on the keyboard has been pressed, resets
the blade to LOAD position. When the ABA feature is reset, pressing this
button cycles the blade from LOAD to CARRY position. The second
time the left button is pressed cycles the blade from CARRY to SPREAD
position. Shifting to reverse will then reset the blade to LOAD position.
When the right button (4) is pressed the Implement ECM cancels the
ABA Mode, so that the blade may be controlled manually.

STMG 758
04/02

- 62 -

Located on the front of the blade control handle is a trigger switch (not
visible). When this switch is pressed, the Implement ECM will signal the
pitch solenoid and the blade will PITCH FORWARD to dump the blade
load. The trigger switch performs the same function as the thumb switch
when moved to the right. This is for use in manual mode only.

STMG 758
04/02

- 63 -

47

Right console:
1. Ripper raise/lower
lever
2. Ripper shank in/out
lever
3. Ripper auto stow
button
4. Implement lockout
switch

The ripper raise/lower lever (1) is attached to a position sensor that sends
a signal to the Implement ECM when the lever is moved. The Implement
ECM sends an output signal to the ripper lower or raise solenoid.
The ripper shank in/out lever (2) is attached to a position sensor that sends
a signal to the Implement ECM when the lever is moved. The Implement
ECM sends a corresponding signal to the ripper shank in or shank out
solenoid.
The ripper Auto Stow button (3) is connected to a switch that sends a
signal to the Implement ECM when the button is pressed. The Implement
ECM sends a signal to the appropriate ripper solenoid to raise the ripper
to maximum height or raise the ripper to maximum height and move the
ripper tip to the full SHANK IN position.
The implement lockout switch (4) sends a signal to the implement ECM.
The Implement ECM sends a corresponding signal to the implement
lockout solenoid which enables or disables pilot hydraulic pressure.
When engine speed is less than 1000 rpm, the Implement ECM will
de-energize the lockout solenoid. The Implement ECM will energize the
solenoid momentarily if requested by the operator.

STMG 758
04/02

- 64 -

48

Below cab:
1. Tilt pump pressure
sensor
2. Lift pump section
pressure tap
3. Tilt pump section
pressure tap

The dozer lift and ripper pump pressure sensor (not shown) and the tilt
pump pressure sensor (1) are located below the floor plate on the right
side of the machine. The sensors send signals to the Implement ECM
indicating pump output pressures.
Located opposite and to the left of the sensors are the implement lift
pump section pressure tap (2) and the implement tilt pump section
pressure tap (3) for checking implement pump output pressures.

STMG 758
04/02

- 65 -

1
2
3
4

49

Below floor plate:


1. E/H manifold
2. Ripper shank in
solenoid

The electro-hydraulic (E/H) manifold (1) is located below the floor plate
on top of the main case. The E/H manifold contains four proportional
solenoids that receive PWM signals from the Implement ECM. If the
machine is equipped with a ripper, the E/H manifold will contain four
additional proportional solenoids. The proportional solenoids are:

3. Ripper lower
solenoid

- Ripper shank in solenoid (2)

4. Tilt right solenoid

- Tilt right solenoid (4)

5. Blade raise
solenoid
6. Ripper shank out
solenoid
7. Ripper raise
solenoid
8. Implement lockout
solenoid
9. Pilot oil test tap

- Ripper lower solenoid (3)


- Tilt left solenoid (opposite tilt right solenoid)
- Blade raise solenoid (5)
- Blade lower/float solenoid (opposite blade raise solenoid)
- Ripper shank out solenoid (6)
- Ripper raise solenoid (7)
Solenoid plunger movement is proportional to the electrical current sent
from the Implement ECM. Plunger position determines the amount of oil
pressure at the dozer or ripper valve spools. An increase in electrical
current causes an increase in oil pressure which moves the dozer valve
spool. Each solenoid includes a pressure tap for checking pilot pressure
to the corresponding spool.

STMG 758
04/02

- 66 -

The Implement ECM sends only high current signals to the ripper pilot
solenoid valves. The ripper pilot solenoid valves are used only as
ON/OFF valves.
The implement lockout solenoid (8) is an ON/OFF solenoid. When the
implement lockout switch is activated, the Implement ECM energizes the
implement lockout solenoid valve. The solenoid valve allows pilot oil to
flow from the pump to the electro-hydraulic E/H manifold.
Also visible in this view is the pilot oil test tap (9).

STMG 758
04/02

- 67 -

50

In front of radiator:
1. Dual tilt valve
2. Pitch solenoid

The dual tilt control valve (1), located in front of the radiator, includes an
ON/OFF solenoid valve. When energized by the Implement ECM, the
pitch solenoid valve coil (2) directs pilot oil from the rear section of the
implement pump to shift the dual tilt valve spool. The dual tilt valve
spool directs rod end oil from the left tilt cylinder to the head end of the
right tilt cylinder to pitch the blade forward.
When energized by the Implement ECM, the single tilt solenoid
valve coil directs oil to shift the dual tilt valve spool. The dual tilt valve
spool directs oil to only the left tilt cylinder to tilt the blade. The right tilt
cylinder acts as a brace because oil is blocked from flowing to the
cylinder.
NOTE: The single tilt key on the VIDS keypad must be pressed to
obtain the single tilt mode.

STMG 758
04/02

- 68 -

51

Pressure
Compensation
Override (PCO)
solenoid valve (arrow)

The Pressure Compensation Override (PCO) solenoid valve (arrow) is


located below the floor plate on the right side of the machine. The PCO
solenoid valve is an ON/OFF solenoid valve.
The PCO valve provides engine overspeed protection when energized by
the Engine ECM. When the operator requests a ripper function, the PCO
valve is energized by the Implement ECM. The PCO valve allows pilot
oil to be directed to shift a shuttle valve in the dozer control valve. The
dozer lift relief valve now acts as the relief valve for the ripper circuit.

STMG 758
04/02

- 69 -

MANUAL
LOWER VALVE
FROM LOGIC VALVE

PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM


PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVE

PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVE

HOLD
TO DOZER
SHUTTLE VALVE

ACCUMULATOR

SHUTTLE
VALVE
PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE
TO DOZER
LIFT VALVE

SHUTOFF
VALVE
PILOT OIL
FILTER
DOZER
LOWER

DOZER
RAISE

TILT
RIGHT

TILT
LEFT

RIPPER
RAISE

RIPPER
LOWER

SHANK
OUT

SHANK
IN

TO DOZER
TILT VALVE

TO RIPPER
LIFT VALVE

TO RIPPER
SHANK VALVE

TO DUAL
TILT VALVE
TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT

TO DOZER TILT VALVE


TO DOZER LIFT
AND RIPPER VALVE

52
Pilot Hydraulic System
Pilot hydraulic system
components

The pilot hydraulic system controls pilot oil flow to the ends of the dozer
and ripper valve spools. The ATAAC fan pump supplies pilot oil to the
pilot accumulator and the E/H manifold.
The E/H manifold includes two pressure reducing valves that reduce the
oil pressure to pilot pressure. The fan pump supplies oil to one pressure
reducing valve. The other pressure reducing valve receives oil from the
logic valve. The shuttle valve directs the highest pressure from the
reducing valves to the implement shutoff valve. When energized by the
Implement ECM, the shutoff valve allows pilot oil to flow to the the dozer
and ripper pilot solenoid valves.

STMG 758
04/02

- 70 -

When the Implement ECM receives a signal from the blade or ripper
lever, the Implement ECM sends an output signal to the appropriate
solenoid. The solenoid valve opens proportionally based on the signal
received from the Implement ECM. The higher the signal, the more the
solenoid valve opens to allow more flow to the dozer or ripper valve
spool.

STMG 758
04/02

- 71 -

ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC
PILOT MANIFOLD
HOLD

TO DOZER TILT SPOOL

TILT
RIPPER RIGHT/
LOWER DUMP

TO DUAL
TILT CONTROL
VALVE
TO DOZER
LIFT AND
RIPPER
TO DOZER
CIRCUITS
TILT CIRCUIT

TO DOZER LIFT SPOOL


BLADE
RAISE

IMPLEMENT LOCKOUT
SOLENOID
VALVE

RIPPER
SHANK IN

TEST
PORT ACCUMULATOR

TO ATAAC
FAN
MOTOR

TO RIPPER TIP SPOOL


TO RIPPER LIFT SPOOL

TO DOZER TILT SPOOL


TO RIPPER TIP SPOOL

PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVES

RIPPER SHANK OUT


RIPPER
RAISE

TILT
LEFT/
RACK
BLADE LOWER/FLOAT

SHUTTLE
VALVE

FROM
LOGIC
VALVE

TO DOZER LIFT SPOOL


TO DOZER TILT SPOOL

53
Electro-hydraulic pilot
manifold

The E/H manifold contains four proportional solenoid valves that control
the amount of pilot oil directed to the dozer control valve spools. Pilot oil
sent to the ends of the dozer lift spool controls BLADE RAISE, LOWER,
and FLOAT. Pilot oil sent to the ends of the dozer tilt spool controls
BLADE TILT LEFT, and BLADE TILT RIGHT.
If the tractor is equipped with a ripper, the E/H manifold is equipped with
two additional bolt-on blocks. These blocks contain four more
proportional solenoid valves that are used only as ON/OFF valves to
direct pilot oil to the ripper control valve.
Pilot oil sent to the ends of the ripper lift spool controls RIPPER RAISE
and RIPPER LOWER. Pilot oil sent to the ends of the tip spool controls
SHANK IN and SHANK OUT.

STMG 758
04/02

- 72 -

1
3

6
4
5

54
Pilot hydraulic system
components:
1. ATAAC fan pump
2. Pilot oil filter
3. Oil filter bypass
pressure switch
4. Pilot accumulator
5. Check valve
6. E/H manifold

The ATAAC fan pump (1) supplies oil to the pilot hydraulic system. The
ATAAC fan pump is the rear section of the three-section implement pump.
The pilot oil filter (2) is located below the cab on the right side of the
machine. The filter housing contains a bypass valve and pressure switch.
The filter bypass pressure switch (3) sends a signal to the VIDS ECM if
the differential oil pressure across the switch exceeds
345 kPa (50 psi).
The pilot accumulator (4) is located below the floorplate on the right rear
of the main beam and stores oil for the pilot hydraulic system. The
accumulator is precharged to 3100 kPa (450 psi). A check valve (5) is
located below the accumulator to prevent accumulator oil from flowing
back to the pump.
The E/H manifold (6) is located below the cab on top of the main case.
The E/H manifold, as previously described, directs pilot oil to the dozer
and ripper valve spools.

STMG 758
04/02

- 73 -

FROM DOZER
FROM DOZER
FROM RIPPER
RAISE
TILT LEFT
LOWER
FROM RIPPER
FROM DOZER
RAISE
TILT RIGHT

FROM DOZER
LOWER

IMPLEMENT MANUAL
LOWERING

LOGIC VALVE

TO PILOT
MANIFOLD
MANUAL
LOWER VALVE

55
Implement manual
lowering components:
1. Logic valve

The logic valve (1) is located on the inside of the right frame rail. The
logic valve resolves the highest implement cylinder pressure. The highest
resolved pressure is used to lower the implements when the engine won't
run or the implement pump will not operate.

2. Manual lower valve

Oil from the logic valve flows to the pressure reducing valve in the E/H
manifold and is used as pilot oil to lower the implements if electrical
power is available.
When the engine won't run and electrical power is not available, the
manual lower valve (2), located between the cab and the hydraulic tank, is
used to lower the implements. The manual lower valve directs the highest
resolved implement cylinder pressure from the logic valve to the tank
which lowers the implements.

STMG 758
04/02

- 74 -

TILT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER

QUICKDROP
VALVE

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

LOGIC
VALVE
MANUAL LOWER
VALVE

SINGLE
TILT
(S2)

TILT
CYLINDER

QUICKDROP
VALVE

D10R IMPLEMENT
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

DUMP
VALVE

HOLD
DOZER VALVE

LIFT
RELIEF
VALVE

PITCH
(S1)

TILT
LEFT

RAISE

SHUTTLE
VALVE

DUAL TILT VALVE

TILT
RELIEF
VALVE

DUMP
VALVE

ELECTROHYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE

RIPPER
TILT

IMPLEMENT
PUMP

VACUUM
VALVE
GROUP

DIVERTER
VALVE

RIPPER
LIFT
RIPPER VALVE
RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER LIFT
CYLINDERS

56
Dozer Lift Circuit
Lift spool and tilt
spool

The dozer control valve contains a four position lift spool (RAISE,
HOLD, LOWER, and FLOAT) and three position tilt spool (TILT RIGHT,
HOLD, and TILT LEFT). The dozer lift spool is a "closed-center" spool,
and the blade tilt spool is an "open-center" spool.

HOLD position

In this view, both spools are in the HOLD (or center) position. Oil from
the dozer lift and ripper pump section enters the dozer valve and is
blocked at the dozer lift spool. Oil from the tilt pump section flows
through the open-center tilt spool, and combines with pump oil from the
dozer lift and ripper section. Both the lift and tilt circuits contain load
check valves and a relief valve.

STMG 758
04/02

- 75 -

Dump valve

With the lift and tilt spools in the HOLD position, the dump valve
provides a constant low system pressure which is available for instant
implement response or for "feathering" the implements. The spring for
the dump valve and tank pressure have a combined force that provides a
restriction to flow. When the supply pressure increases above the spring
force plus the tank oil pressure, the dump valve will open and permit the
combined flow from the two sections of the pump to return to the tank.

Shuttle valve

The shuttle valve resolves which hydraulic function (dozer lift or ripper)
will provide pressure feedback to the spring chamber of the dump valve.
The shuttle valve is spring biased to the dozer lift function. The stem
shifts against spring force when the pressure compensation override
solenoid valve is ENERGIZED. The override solenoid valve is
ENERGIZED when the ripper function is requested by the operator or
during an engine overspeed condition.

Pressure
compensation
override valve

When the pressure compensation override solenoid valve is


DE-ENERGIZED and the dozer lift spool is in HOLD position, the spring
chamber of the dump valve is connected to the tank. Tank pressure is
transmitted through passages in the lift spool that travel through the ball
resolver valve and the shuttle valve before filling the spring chamber of
the dump valve.
Ball resolver valve

During dozer lift functions, the cylinder load pressure signal is


transmitted to the ball resolver valve, through the shuttle valve, to the
spring chamber of the dump valve. The cylinder load pressure signal is
from the lift cylinder rod end during RAISE and from the cylinder head
end during LOWER. The ball resolver valve directs the higher of the
cylinder rod or head end pressure to the shuttle valve.

STMG 758
04/02

- 76 -

LIFT RELIEF
VALVE

D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE


HOLD

FROM PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE VALVE

SHUTTLE VALVE
BALL RESOLVER

LARGE PUMP
INLET
LOAD CHECK
VALVE
HEAD END

ROD END

SMALL PUMP INLET

57
Lift spool in HOLD

The lift spool is hydraulically operated by pilot oil. When the valve
spools in both the dozer control valve and the ripper control valve are in
the HOLD position, the supply oil pressure through the dozer control
valve is maintained at approximately 550 kPa (80 psi).
When pilot oil shifts the lift spool to the right, supply oil is directed to the
rod end of the lift cylinders, causing the blade to RAISE. When pilot oil
shifts the lift spool to the left, supply oil is directed to the head end of the
lift cylinders, causing the blade to LOWER.
This view also shows the location of the shuttle valve, ball resolver and
line relief valve for the lift circuit.

STMG 758
04/02

- 77 -

LOAD CHECK
VALVE

LIFT SPOOL

BALL RESOLVER
VALVE
SHUTTLE
VALVE

TO LIFT
CYLINDERS
TANK
LIFT RELIEF
PASSAGE
VALVE

TO TILT
CYLINDERS
TILT RELIEF
VALVE
DUMP
VALVE

LOAD CHECK
VALVE

TILT SPOOL

D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE


SMALL PUMP
INLET

RAISE

58
Load check valve

Oil flow from the dozer lift and ripper pump section opens the load check
valve and flows to the lift spool. The lift spool directs the oil to the lift
cylinder to raise or lower the blade. The load check valve prevents
reverse oil flow from the cylinders.

Tilt circuit

Oil flow from the tilt pump section flows past the tilt spool and combines
with oil from the dozer lift and ripper pump section when the tilt spool is
in the HOLD position. When the a tilt function is activated, the tilt spool
blocks tilt pump oil flow to the dozer lift and ripper circuits. Oil flows
past the tilt circuit load check valve and the tilt spool directs the oil to the
dual tilt valve and tilt cylinders.

STMG 758
04/02

Dump valves

Relief valves

- 78 -

During an implement function, the pressure in the spring chamber behind


the dump valves is equal to the pump pressure plus the spring force. The
pressure is felt on the spring chamber through a small hole in the center of
the dump valve. This pressure plus the spring force is enough to keep the
relief valve closed, which allows oil flow to the cylinders. When the load
on the cylinder becomes too high, oil pressure increases and the relief
valve opens to the tank. This reduces the pressure in the spring chamber
and the dump valve opens. High pressure pump oil is allowed to return to
the tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 79 -

MANUAL
LOWER VALVE
FROM LOGIC VALVE

PILOT HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVE

BLADE RAISE

PRESSURE
REDUCING
VALVE

TO DOZER
SHUTTLE VALVE

ACCUMULATOR

SHUTTLE
VALVE
PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE

SHUTOFF
VALVE
PILOT OIL
FILTER

TO DOZER
LIFT VALVE

DOZER
RAISE

DOZER
LOWER

TO DOZER
TILT VALVE
TILT
RIGHT

TILT
LEFT

TO RIPPER
LIFT VALVE
RIPPER
RAISE

RIPPER
LOWER

SHANK
OUT

SHANK
IN

TO RIPPER
SHANK VALVE

TO DUAL TILT VALVE


TO ATAAC FAN CIRCUIT
TO DOZER TILT VALVE
TO DOZER LIFT AND RIPPER VALVE

59
Blade RAISE

When the operator moves the blade lever to the rear, the blade lever
position sensor sends a signal to the Implement ECM. The Implement
ECM sends a corresponding output signal to ENERGIZE the dozer raise
pilot solenoid valve on the E/H manifold. The pilot solenoid valve directs
pilot oil flow to the end of the dozer lift valve spool.

STMG 758
04/02

- 80 -

LIFT
CYLINDER

TILT
CYLINDER

QUICKDROP
VALVE

QUICKDROP
VALVE

MANUAL LOWER
VALVE

SINGLE
TILT
(S2)

D10R IMPLEMENT
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

LOGIC
VALVE

TILT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER

DUMP
VALVE

BLADE RAISE
DOZER VALVE

LIFT
RELIEF
VALVE

RAISE
TILT
LEFT

PITCH
(S1)
SHUTTLE
VALVE

DUAL TILT VALVE

DUMP
VALVE

TILT
RELIEF
VALVE

ELECTROHYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE

RIPPER
TILT

IMPLEMENT
PUMP

VACUUM
VALVE
GROUP

DIVERTER
VALVE

RIPPER
LIFT
RIPPER VALVE
RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER LIFT
CYLINDERS

60
Blade RAISE

During blade RAISE, the dozer lift valve spool shifts and directs supply
oil to the rod end of the lift cylinders and to the resolver valve. The
resolver valve directs oil through the shuttle valve to the spring chamber
of the dump valve.
Lift cylinder rod end pressure is transmitted to the spring chamber of the
dump valve through the ball resolver and the shuttle valve. The dump
valve uses the rod end cylinder pressure combined with the spring to
maintain the supply pressure 550 kPa (80 psi) above the cylinder pressure.
If the pressure in the dump valve spring chamber reaches the relief valve
setting due to cylinder load, the relief valve will open and allow the spring
chamber oil to drain to the tank. When oil is allowed to drain from the
dump valve spring chamber the dump valve allows pump flow to pass
around the dump valve to the tank.

STMG 758
04/02

Blade "feathering"

- 81 -

An additional condition can exist during dozer operation which is referred


to as "feathering the blade." If the operator moves the control handle a
small distance to gradually raise the blade, flow to the cylinders goes
through the throttling slots in the lift spool.
Flow through the throttling slots can create the same effect as an orifice
by restricting the flow of oil to the lift cylinders. This restriction to flow
causes a pressure difference between the oil in the center chamber of the
valve body (system pressure) and the oil transmitted to the spring
chamber of the dump valve (cylinder pressure). If the pressure difference
is greater than the spring force, the dump valve will open and permit some
of the pump flow to return to the tank at the same time that oil flows to
the lift cylinders.

STMG 758
04/02

- 82 -

LIFT RELIEF
VALVE

D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE


RAISE

FROM PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE VALVE

SHUTTLE VALVE
BALL RESOLVER

LARGE PUMP
INLET
LOAD CHECK
VALVE
HEAD END

ROD END

SMALL PUMP INLET

61
Blade RAISE

This view of the dozer control valve shows spool movement and oil flow
when the control lever is moved to the RAISE position. Movement of the
dozer lift spool to the RAISE position directs oil flow to the rod end of the
lift cylinders. Since the oil around the lift spool is no longer blocked,
pressure oil from the center chamber of the valve body can open the load
check valve and flow around the lift spool to the rod end of the lift
cylinders.
At the same time that pressure oil is sent to the lift cylinders, oil also
flows to the ball resolver valve. The ball resolver valve operates similarly
to a check valve. With the lift spool in the RAISE position, the ball
resolver valve permits pressure oil to flow to the shuttle valve, but blocks
flow to the head end and tank at the right end of the ball resolver valve.

STMG 758
04/02

- 83 -

TILT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER
QUICKDROP
VALVE

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

LOGIC
VALVE
MANUAL LOWER
VALVE

SINGLE
TILT
(S2)

TILT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER
QUICKDROP
VALVE

D10R IMPLEMENT
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

DUMP
VALVE

BLADE FLOAT
DOZER VALVE

LIFT
RELIEF
VALVE

RAISE
TILT
LEFT

PITCH
(S1)
SHUTTLE
VALVE

DUAL TILT VALVE

DUMP
VALVE

TILT
RELIEF
VALVE

ELECTROHYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE

IMPLEMENT
PUMP

RIPPER
TILT

VACUUM
VALVE
GROUP

DIVERTER
VALVE

RIPPER
LIFT
RIPPER VALVE
RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER LIFT
CYLINDERS

62
Blade FLOAT

To operate the dozer in FLOAT, the operator must "arm" the blade control
handle by pressing the float button on the Vital Information Display
System (VIDS) keypad. The blade control lever must be moved to the
maximum forward position to activate FLOAT, then returned to the
HOLD position.
The Implement ECM ENERGIZES the dozer lower pilot solenoid valve
on the E/H manifold. The pilot solenoid valve directs pilot oil flow to the
end of the dozer lift valve spool. The dozer lift valve spool shifts fully to
the float position. When the lift valve spool is in the FLOAT position the
rod end passage, the head end passage, the supply passage and the tank
passage are all connected.
When an outside force moves the blade up or down, oil can freely flow
from passage to passage in the dozer lift valve.

STMG 758
04/02

- 84 -

NOTE: Any ripper activation will temporarily suspend FLOAT


operation since both circuits are supplied by the same hydraulic
pump. The Implement ECM temporarily DE-ENERGIZES the
dozer lower pilot solenoid valve and the lift valve spool returns to the
HOLD position. When the ripper activation is stopped, the
Implement ECM RE-ENERGIZES the dozer lower pilot solenoid to
return the lift valve spool to the FLOAT position.

STMG 758
04/02

- 85 -

LIFT RELIEF
VALVE

D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE


FLOAT

FROM PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE VALVE

SHUTTLE VALVE
BALL RESOLVER

LARGE PUMP
INLET
LOAD CHECK
VALVE
ROD END

HEAD END
SMALL PUMP INLET

63
FLOAT position

This view of the dozer control valve shows spool movement and oil flow
when the control lever is moved to the FLOAT position. When the lift
spool is in the FLOAT position, the load check valve is open. The supply
oil in the center chamber flows through the open load check valve to both
the head end and the rod end of the lift cylinders. The oil from the head
end and the rod end of the lift cylinders is also open to the tank when the
lift spool is in the FLOAT position. The center chamber is thus open to
the tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 86 -

QUICK-DROP VALVE
RAISE
ORIFICE

ORIFICE

VALVE
SPOOL
ROD
END OIL

FROM LIFT
VALVE

HEAD
END OIL
SPRING CHAMBER

TO LIFT
VALVE

PLUNGER

64
Quick-drop valve in
RAISE position

All flow to and from the blade lift cylinders must go through the quickdrop valves that are installed on top of each cylinder. The primary
function of the quick-drop valve is to allow rapid blade lower without
voiding the head end of the lift cylinders. Minimizing the amount of
cylinder voiding reduces the time delay that can occur when a rapid blade
lower is followed by an operator request for blade down pressure.
The quick-drop valve is activated when a sufficient pressure difference
occurs between the cylinder rod end oil and the oil in the spring cavity.
This pressure difference is caused by rod end oil flow through an orifice
in the quick-drop valve. The quick-drop valve is de-activated by high
pressure in the head end felt through a slot in the spool. The quick-drop
valves help control four functions of the bulldozer: RAISE, LOWER at
slow speeds, rapid LOWER (quick-drop), and LOWER with down
pressure.

STMG 758
04/02

- 87 -

When the blade control handle is moved to the RAISE position, supply oil
enters the quick-drop valve through an inlet passage and an orifice and is
directed to the rod end of the lift cylinder. A small amount of oil passes
through another orifice and fills the spring chamber behind the plunger.
The pressure of this oil adds to the force of the spring, which pushes the
plunger against the valve spool. This condition causes all the oil entering
the quick-drop valve to be directed to the rod end of the lift cylinders and
all the oil from the head end of the lift cylinders to return to the tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 88 -

QUICK-DROP VALVE
LOWER
ORIFICE

VALVE
ORIFICE SPOOL

ROD
END OIL

TO LIFT
VALVE

HEAD
END OIL
SPRING CHAMBER

FROM LIFT
VALVE

PLUNGER

65
Quick-drop valve in
LOWER

When the blade control handle is at less than approximately 75% of full
lever travel, the lowering of the blade is controlled or modulated. The
flow of oil that can pass through the control valve lift spool at any given
position is a function of the pressure difference across the spool and the
temperature of the oil. As stated earlier, the quick-drop valve is activated
by high lift cylinder rod end oil flow in combination with low lift cylinder
head end pressure. For this reason, the actual control handle position
when the quick-drop valve is actuated can vary based on oil temperature
and the blade weight, which determine the rod end oil pressure.

STMG 758
04/02

- 89 -

When the blade control handle is moved to the LOWER position, supply
oil enters the quick-drop valve through a port and flows to the head end of
the lift cylinders. The oil being pushed from the rod end of the cylinders
returns through the control valve to the tank. Because of the weight of the
blade and the resistance to flow, the pressure of the rod end oil may be
higher than the head end oil. The flow of oil through the orifice is not
high enough to create a large pressure difference between the oil in the
port and the oil behind the plunger. The spring holds the plunger against
the valve spool and all the oil leaving the rod end of the lift cylinder
returns through the control valve to the hydraulic tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 90 -

QUICK-DROP VALVE
QUICK-DROP
ORIFICE

ORIFICE

VALVE
SPOOL
ROD
END OIL

SPRING
CHAMBER

PLUNGER

TO LIFT
VALVE

HEAD
END OIL

FROM LIFT
VALVE

66
Quick-drop LOWER

When the blade control handle exceeds approximately 75% of lever travel
and the cylinder head end pressure is low, the quick-drop valve is
activated and the blade drops very rapidly.
The oil flow for a quick-drop is the same as slow lower except that some
of the oil leaving the rod end of the lift cylinder is directed into the head
end of the cylinder. When the flow of oil through the orifice creates
enough pressure differential between the rod end oil and the plunger
spring chamber, the valve spool and plunger shift to the left and permit oil
leaving the rod end to be added to the supply oil filling the head end of the
lift cylinders. As stated earlier, during a rapid blade drop, the rod end
pressure will be higher than the head end pressure due to the blade weight.
The resulting pressure differential and valve movement allow the rod end
oil to flow to the head end of the cylinder and minimize cylinder voiding.

STMG 758
04/02

- 91 -

QUICK-DROP VALVE
LOWER WITH DOWN PRESSURE
ORIFICE

ORIFICE

SPRING
CHAMBER

VALVE
SPOOL
ROD
END

TO LIFT
VALVE

HEAD
END

FROM LIFT
VALVE

PLUNGER

67
LOWER with down
pressure

When down pressure must be applied to the blade, the operator moves the
blade control handle to the LOWER position. Pressure oil from the dozer
control valve is sent to the head end of the lift cylinders. At the same
time, oil fills the chamber at the left end of valve spool. As the head end
pressure and resistance to downward movement increase, pressure in the
chamber at the left end of the valve spool moves the plunger to the left
against the force of the spring and moves the valve spool completely to
the right. All the pressure oil from the dozer control valve is then sent to
the head end of the lift cylinders. All the rod end oil is returned through
the dozer control valve to the tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 92 -

HEAD END

ROD END

D10R TILT CIRCUIT


TILT RIGHT

LOAD CHECK
VALVE

LOAD CHECK
VALVE

SMALL PUMP
INLET

FROM PILOT
MANIFOLD

FROM PILOT
MANIFOLD

68
Dozer Tilt Circuit
Tilt spool in TILT
RIGHT position

The tilt spool has three positions: TILT RIGHT, HOLD, and TILT LEFT.
In the HOLD position, the oil from the tilt pump section goes around the
tilt spool and joins the oil from the dozer lift and ripper pump section.
In the TILT RIGHT position, pilot oil pressure moves the tilt spool to the
right. Tilt pump oil pressure opens the load check valve and flows to the
tilt spool. The tilt spool directs oil to the dual tilt valve and the tilt
cylinders.

STMG 758
04/02

- 93 -

LIFT
CYLINDER

TILT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER

MANUAL LOWER
VALVE

SINGLE
TILT
(S2)

D10R IMPLEMENT
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
TILT RIGHT

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

LOGIC
VALVE

TILT
CYLINDER

QUICKDROP
VALVE

QUICKDROP
VALVE

DUMP
VALVE
DOZER VALVE
LIFT
RELIEF
VALVE

PITCH
(S1)

RAISE
TILT
LEFT

SHUTTLE
VALVE

DUAL TILT VALVE

DUMP
VALVE

TILT
RELIEF
VALVE

ELECTROHYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE

RIPPER
TILT

IMPLEMENT
PUMP

VACUUM
VALVE
GROUP

DIVERTER
VALVE

RIPPER
LIFT
RIPPER VALVE
RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER LIFT
CYLINDERS

69
Pilot oil moves tilt
spool

Movement of the blade control lever to the right sends an electrical signal
to the Implement ECM. The Implement ECM sends an output signal to
the tilt right proportional solenoid on the E/H manifold. As the solenoid
valve opens, pilot oil flows to the tilt spool. The pilot oil pressure moves
the spool to the TILT RIGHT position.

Load check valve


opens

In the TILT RIGHT position, the oil from the tilt section of the pump
cannot combine with the oil from the lift section, and the pressure of the
oil increases. The increased pressure opens the load check valve. Before
the start of flow to the left tilt cylinder, oil fills the spring chamber
between the relief valve and the dump valve. This condition raises the
pressure setting of the tilt relief valve. As the tilt spool moves farther, the
pump flow is sent to the left tilt cylinder, and the supply pressure
increases due to the load.

Oil sent to left tilt


cylinder

STMG 758
04/02

Tilt circuit relief valve

- 94 -

Because the tilt section flow cannot combine with the oil in the center
chamber, the dump valve for the dozer lift circuit does not control the tilt
circuit pressure. Instead, the tilt relief valve is used to limit the pressure
in the tilt circuit. When the tilt cylinder pressure increases to the relief
valve setting, the tilt relief will opens and drains oil from the dump valve
spring chamber. This condition permits the dump valve to open and limit
the pressure in the tilt circuit.
In the TILT RIGHT position, when in dual tilt, pump oil is sent to the
head end of the left tilt cylinder, which pushes the oil through the dual tilt
valve to the rod end of the right tilt cylinder. When the blade control
handle is released springs return the tilt spool to the HOLD position.

STMG 758
04/02

- 95 -

DUAL TILT VALVE


HOLD
TO ROD END

FROM
ATAAC FAN
PUMP
S2

S1

TO HEAD END

TILT
CYLINDERS

FROM BLADE
TILT VALVE

70
Dual tilt valve has
three modes:
- Dual tilt
- Single tilt
- Blade pitch
Solenoid valve
contains two
positioning coils
Toggle switch
activates S2 coil

Trigger switch
activates S1 coil

The dual tilt valve provides the blade tilt circuit with three different modes
of operation: DUAL TILT, SINGLE TILT, and BLADE PITCH. The
control valve is located between the radiator grill doors and the radiator
on the left side of the machine. The valve is activated by ATAAC pump
pressure. The dual tilt valve contains a spring centered, hydraulically
actuated spool valve and an electrically energized solenoid valve.
The solenoid valve contains two coils and has three different positions.
When neither solenoid coil is energized, the system operates in the DUAL
TILT Mode. When the SNGL TILT key is pressed on the VIDS keypad,
the S2 coil in the solenoid valve is energized, and the system operates in
the SINGLE TILT Mode. When the trigger switch on the blade control
handle is depressed, the system energizes the S1 coil in the solenoid and
activates the BLADE PITCH Mode.

STMG 758
04/02

Tilt cylinders contain


bypass valves

- 96 -

The S1 solenoid is also energized if the operator pitches (or racks) the
blade with the thumb switch located at the top rear of the blade control
lever. The appropriate solenoids are energized if the automatic functions
of the dozing cycles are selected by the operator through the VIDS
keypad.
Both the left and right tilt cylinder pistons contain bypass valves. These
valves allow the completion of the tilt operation. When one of the
cylinders reaches the end of its travel, the oil goes through the bypass
valve to continue filling the other cylinder. The bypass valve opens when
the cylinder reaches the end of the stroke and allows oil to flow from one
end of the cylinder to the other cylinder.
NOTE: During a TILT function, the single tilt solenoid (S2) is
ENERGIZED only when the SNGL TILT Hot Key is activated.

STMG 758
04/02

- 97 -

DUAL TILT CIRCUIT


DUAL TILT RIGHT

FROM TILT
CONTROL VALVE

TO ROD END
LEFT TILT
CYLINDER
RIGHT TILT
CYLINDER

TO HEAD END

TO TILT
CONTROL VALVE
FROM ATAAC FAN
PUMP

FROM TRIGGER
SWITCH
FROM VIDS
KEYPAD

71
Dual tilt operation

DUAL TILT RIGHT

Cylinders move in
opposite directions

The default position of the dual tilt valve is DUAL TILT. In the DUAL
TILT mode, pilot oil flow is blocked at the solenoid valve and the dual tilt
directional spool remains centered by the spring force.
When the operator moves the blade control handle to the TILT RIGHT
position, pump oil from the dozer control valve tilt circuit is sent to the
head end of the left tilt cylinder. This condition causes oil from the rod
end of the left tilt cylinder to be forced through the dual tilt control valve.
The oil travels around the spool and is directed to the rod end of the right
tilt cylinder. As the right tilt cylinder retracts, the oil in the head end of
the cylinder is directed back through the dual tilt control valve and the
dozer tilt control valve to the tank. Movement of the tilt cylinders in
opposite directions causes the blade to tilt.

STMG 758
04/02

- 98 -

This action of the dual tilt cylinders causes the blade to tilt to the right.
When the control lever is released, the oil is blocked at the control valve,
and the blade remains tilted to the right until the control lever is moved
again.
Bypass valve

The bypass valve in the left tilt cylinder piston allows oil to continue
flowing to the right cylinder after the rod is fully extended from the left
cylinder. The bypass valve allows oil to continue to flow to the right tilt
cylinder rod end and provides full retraction for maximum blade tilt.

STMG 758
04/02

- 99 -

DUAL TILT CIRCUIT


SINGLE TILT RIGHT

FROM TILT
CONTROL VALVE

TO ROD END
LEFT TILT
CYLINDER
RIGHT TILT
CYLINDER

TO HEAD END

TO TILT
CONTROL VALVE
FROM ATAAC FAN
PUMP

FROM TRIGGER
SWITCH
FROM VIDS
KEYPAD

72
Single tilt S2 coil
energized

To change from the DUAL TILT to the SINGLE TILT Mode, the SNGL
TILT key on the VIDS keypad is pressed. The SNGL TILT function is
selected and the S2 coil in the solenoid valve is energized. The valve
allows pilot oil from the solenoid valve to flow to the upper end of the
directional spool and opens the lower end of the spool to drain. The
directional spool moves down against the spring force to the SINGLE
TILT position. In this condition, only the left tilt cylinder will extend or
retract to change the position of the blade.

SINGLE TILT RIGHT

When the operator moves the blade control handle to the SINGLE TILT
RIGHT position, supply oil is sent to the head end of the left tilt cylinder.
The rod extends forcing oil from the rod end to the tank. In the SINGLE
TILT mode, the directional spool blocks oil to and from the right tilt
cylinder to keep it stationary. The right tilt cylinder then functions as a
brace.
When the control handle is released, the oil is blocked at the tilt control
valve, and the blade remains tilted to the right until the control handle is
moved again.

STMG 758
04/02

- 100 -

DUAL TILT CIRCUIT


BLADE PITCH FORWARD

FROM TILT
CONTROL VALVE

TO ROD END
LEFT TILT
CYLINDER
RIGHT TILT
CYLINDER

TO HEAD END

TO TILT
CONTROL VALVE
FROM ATAAC FAN
PUMP

FROM TRIGGER
SWITCH
FROM
TOGGLE SWITCH

73
Pitch S1 coil
energized

To change the blade pitch, the trigger switch on the blade control lever is
depressed, the thumb switch is pushed to the right, or the left mode button
is pressed and the Auto Blade Assist (ABA) feature is activated. To
PITCH the blade, the S1 coil in the solenoid valve is energized. The
solenoid valve directs pilot oil to the lower end of the directional spool
and opens the upper end of the spool to drain. The valve spool then shifts
up against the spring force to the BLADE PITCH Mode.

BLADE PITCH
FORWARD

For BLADE PITCH FORWARD, flow from the dozer tilt circuit is sent to
the head end of the left tilt cylinder. As the cylinder extends, oil from the
rod end is pushed through the dual tilt valve to the head end of the right
tilt cylinder. The oil in the rod end of the right tilt cylinder is pushed back
through the dual tilt valve to the hydraulic tank. As both tilt cylinders
extend, the blade pitches forward.

STMG 758
04/02

- 101 -

The cylinder extension rate is not the same between the left and right tilt
cylinders. This difference is caused by the unequal volume of oil entering
the two cylinder head ends. The volume of oil being pushed from the left
cylinder rod end is used to extend the right tilt cylinder.
The left rod end displaces a volume equivalent to the volume entering the
left head end of the cylinder minus the cylinder rod volume.
Since the right tilt cylinder head end receives oil from the rod end of the
left cylinder, the right cylinder will extend at a slower rate than the left
cylinder.
When the blade control handle is released, the oil is blocked at the control
valve and the blade remains pitched forward until the control lever is
moved again.
NOTE: The BLADE PITCH mode has priority over the SNGL TILT
mode.

STMG 758
04/02

- 102 -

TILT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

LOGIC
VALVE
MANUAL LOWER
VALVE

SINGLE
TILT
(S2)

TILT
CYLINDER

QUICKDROP
VALVE

QUICKDROP
VALVE

DUMP
VALVE

D10R IMPLEMENT
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM
RIPPER RAISE

DOZER VALVE
LIFT
RELIEF
VALVE

PITCH
(S1)

RAISE
TILT
LEFT

SHUTTLE
VALVE

DUAL TILT VALVE

DUMP
VALVE

TILT
RELIEF
VALVE

ELECTROHYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT

PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
VALVE

RIPPER
TILT

IMPLEMENT
PUMP

VACUUM
VALVE
GROUP

DIVERTER
VALVE

RIPPER
LIFT
RIPPER VALVE
RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER TILT
CYLINDER

RIPPER LIFT
CYLINDERS

74
Ripper RAISE

Ripper Hydraulic Circuit


When a ripper function is requested, oil from the dozer lift and ripper
pump section flows to the dozer lift spool and ripper valve. In the ripper
RAISE position, oil is blocked at the dozer lift spool. Oil flows to the
ripper valve where it is directed to the rod end of the ripper lift cylinders.
At a synchronized time, the Implement ECM sends a signal to energize
the PCO solenoid valve. The PCO solenoid valve directs pilot oil to the
shuttle valve in the dozer control valve. The shuttle valve shifts and
allows oil from the implement pump to fill the spring chamber of the
dump valve, which now functions as the relief valve for the ripper circuit.

STMG 758
04/02

- 103 -

When the shuttle valve is shifted, the oil from the implement pump is
directed to the load check valve in the ripper control valve. The increased
pressure opens the load check valve and allows oil to flow to the rod end
of the ripper lift cylinders to RAISE the ripper.

STMG 758
04/02

- 104 -

RIPPER AND PILOT SYSTEMS


RIPPER RIPPER
IN
LOWER

RAISE

TILT BLADE IMPLEMENT


RIGHT/ RAISE
LOCKOUT
DUMP
SOLENOID
VALVE

TO ATAAC
FAN MOTOR

RIPPER RIPPER
OUT
RAISE

TILT
LEFT/
RACK

BLADE
LOWER/
FLOAT

TO PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE SOLENOID
VALVE

MAKEUP
VALVE
LOAD CHECK
VALVE

LIFT
CYLINDERS

RIPPER IN/OUT
SPOOL
RIPPER LIFT
SPOOL

75
Ripper RAISE

When the operator requests the RIPPER RAISE function, an electrical


signal from the ripper raise/lower lever position sensor is sent to the
Implement ECM. The Implement ECM sends an output signal to the
ripper raise solenoid on the E/H manifold. The solenoid valve opens,
sending pilot oil to the upper end of the ripper lift spool.
Oil from the implement pump is directed to the load check valve in the
ripper control valve. The increased pressure opens the load check valve
and allows oil to flow to the rod end of the ripper lift cylinders to RAISE
the ripper.
The ripper functions are electronically prioritized so ripper LIFT has
priority over ripper SHANK IN/OUT if they are requested
simultaneously. All ripper functions have priority over blade FLOAT.

STMG 758
04/02

- 105 -

RIPPER RIPPER
OUT
LOWER

TILT BLADE IMPLEMENT


RIGHT/ RAISE
LOCKOUT
DUMP
SOLENOID
VALVE

RIPPER AND PILOT SYSTEMS


SHANK OUT

TO ATAAC
FAN MOTOR

TO PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE
SOLENOID
VALVE
RIPPER RIPPER
IN
RAISE

TILT
LEFT/
RACK

BLADE
LOWER/
FLOAT

MAKEUP
VALVE
LOAD CHECK
VALVE

TIP
CYLINDERS

RIPPER IN/OUT
SPOOL
RIPPER LIFT
SPOOL

76
Shank out

When the operator requests the ripper SHANK OUT function, an


electrical signal from the ripper shank in/out lever is sent to the
Implement ECM. The Implement ECM sends an output signal to the
ripper tip solenoid on the E/H manifold. The solenoid valve opens,
sending pilot oil to the upper end of the ripper tip spool.
At a synchronized time, the Implement ECM sends a signal to energize
the PCO solenoid valve as previously discussed. Oil from the implement
pump is directed to the load check valve in the ripper control valve. The
increased pressure opens the load check valve and allows oil to flow to the
rod end of the ripper tip cylinders to extend the ripper tip. If, due to
machine movement, the ripper tip extends faster than the pump can
provide flow to the cylinders, the makeup valve opens and allows drain oil
to fill the rod end of the cylinders to prevent cylinder voiding.

STMG 758
04/02

- 106 -

77
ATAAC fan circuit
components:
1. ATAAC fan pump
2. Implement pump
3. Pilot pressure and
fan speed control
valve

ATAAC Fan Hydraulic Circuit


The ATAAC fan pump (1) is the rear section of the implement pump (2).
The fan pump supplies oil flow to the ATAAC fan circuit, E/H manifold,
and the dual tilt valve.
The pilot pressure and fan speed control valve (3) is located below the cab
inside the right frame rail and includes two relief valves (4). The relief
valves control oil flow to the pilot hydraulic system, dual tilt valve, and
the ATAAC fan motor (5).

4. Relief valves
5. ATAAC fan motor
6. Pressure taps

Also located on the pilot pressure and fan speed control valve are two
pressure taps (6) to check discharge pressure from the rear section of the
implement pump and fan motor inlet pressure.

7. Hydraulic oil cooler

STMG 758
04/02

- 107 -

The ATAAC fan motor, located on the ATAAC assembly, drives the
ATAAC fan (not visible). The fan distributes air evenly over the heat
exchangers (not visible) to cool the turbocharged air.
The hydraulic oil cooler (7) is located on the right side of the engine. Oil
from the fan motor flows through the cooler to cool the hydraulic system
oil.

STMG 758
04/02

- 108 -

ATAAC FAN HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT


LOW OIL TEMPERATURE

RESTRICTOR
VALVE
FROM ATAAC
FAN PUMP

PILOT
PRESSURE AND
FAN SPEED
CONTROL VALVE

FAN
MOTOR

RELIEF
VALVE

TEMPERATURE
CONTROL VALVE
OIL
COOLER

TO TANK
TO TANK

78
ATAAC fan hydraulic
circuit:
- Low oil temperature

The ATAAC fan hydraulic circuit drives the ATAAC fan, controls oil
pressure to the pilot hydraulic system, and cools the oil for the hydraulic
system.
The ATAAC fan pump supplies oil to the pilot pressure and fan speed
control valve. The restrictor valve maintains a minimum pressure in the
ATAAC pump circuit.
Oil from the restrictor valve flows to the fan drive motor. The fan drive
motor contains a check valve, which prevents cavitation in the fan drive
motor. When the engine speed decreases quickly, the check valve allows
oil from the outlet passage of the fan drive motor to flow into the inlet
passage of the fan drive motor.
When the oil temperature in the hydraulic tank is less than 61 C (140 F),
the temperature control valve opens and oil flows to the hydraulic tank.

STMG 758
04/02

Relief valve

- 109 -

The relief valve controls the maximum pressure to the pilot hydraulic
system and the fan drive motor. When pressure to the pilot system or the
fan drive motor exceeds the pressure setting of the relief valve, the relief
valve opens. Oil from the relief valve flows to the hydraulic oil cooler or
to the temperature control valve. Oil from the hydraulic oil cooler and
temperature control valve flows to the hydraulic tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 110 -

ATAAC FAN HYDRAULIC CIRCUIT


HIGH OIL TEMPERATURE

RESTRICTOR
VALVE
FROM ATAAC
FAN PUMP

PILOT
PRESSURE AND
FAN SPEED
CONTROL VALVE

FAN
MOTOR

RELIEF
VALVE

TEMPERATURE
CONTROL VALVE

TO TANK

OIL
COOLER

TO TANK

79
ATAAC fan hydraulic
circuit:
- High oil temperature

When the oil temperature in the hydraulic tank is greater than


61 C (140 F), the temperature control valve closes and oil flows to the
hydraulic oil cooler. Oil from the hydraulic oil cooler flows to the
hydraulic tank.

STMG 758
04/02

- 111 -

80

VITAL INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM (VIDS)


VIDS components:
1. Keypad
2. Quad gauge module
3. Speedometer/
tachometer module
4. Message center

The Vital Information Display System (VIDS) continuously monitors the


machine systems. VIDS contains both software and hardware
components. The hardware components consist of the VIDS ECM (not
shown), a keypad (1), quad gauge module (2), speedometer/tachometer
module (3), message center (4), and various switches, sensors, lamps, and
alarms.

STMG 758
04/02

- 112 -

VITAL INFORMATION DISPLAY SYSTEM


ENGINE ECM
IMPLEMENT ECM
POWER TRAIN ECM
CAT ET

POWER TRAIN OIL TEMPERATURE


SENSOR

CAT
DATA LINK

POWER TRAIN FILTER BYPASS SWITCH


ACTION LAMPS (2)
HYDRAULIC FILTER BYPASS SWITCH
GAUGE CLUSTER MODULE
FUEL LEVEL SENDER

FAN FILTER BYPASS SWITCH

VIDS
ELECTRONIC
CONTROL
MODULE
(ECM)

VIDS MESSAGE CENTER MODULE

SPI DATA LINK

SPEEDOMETER/TACHOMETER
MODULE

KEY SWITCH

ACTION ALARM

ALTERNATOR "R" TERMINAL

HYDRAULIC OIL TEMPERATURE


SENSOR
+8V VDC SENSOR SUPPLY
HARNESS CODE PLUG
+12V VDC IINSTRUMENT SUPPLY
KEY PAD

81
VIDS components

The VIDS components are shown in this view. The components that
provide input signals to the VIDS ECM are located on the left and the
components that receive output signals from the VIDS ECM are on the
right.
The VIDS components communicate with each other and with other
electronic controls on the machine through Data Links. VIDS uses the
following Data Links:

CAT Data Link

CAT Data Link: This two wire Data Link allows communication
between the VIDS ECM, Engine ECM, Power Train ECM, Implement
ECM, and Caterpillar ET software.

Serial Peripheral
Interface (SPI) Data
Link

Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) Data Link: This four wire Data Link
allows communication between the VIDS ECM and all VIDS display
components.

STMG 758
04/02

- 113 -

82

Right side of
operator's station:
1. Implement ECM
2. VIDS ECM

The Implement ECM (1) and VIDS ECM (2) are located behind a panel
on the right side of the operator's station. The Implement ECM receives
input signals from various switches and sensors, processes the
information and sends output signals to the implement system output
components and over the Cat Data Link.
The Implement ECM uses the Vital Information Display System (VIDS)
to display system diagnostic information. Diagnostic information is also
available on a laptop computer using the Caterpillar ET software.

STMG 758
04/02

- 114 -

1
2

8
5

9
10

83

Dash panel:
1. Gauge cluster
module
2. Speedometer/
tachometer module
3. Speedometer
4. Gear display

The display components of the Vital Information Display System are:


Quad Gauge Module (1): Contains engine coolant temperature gauge
(top left), power train oil temperature gauge (top right), hydraulic oil
temperature gauge (bottom left) and the fuel level gauge (bottom right).
Speedometer/Tachometer Module: Contains a tachometer (2), digital
speedometer (3) and a transmission actual gear display (4).
Message Center Module: Contains an alert indicator (5), universal
gauge (6) and a message area (7).

5. Alert indicator
6. Universal gauge
7. Message area
8. Action lamp
9. Autoshift switch
10. Auto Kickdown
switch

One action lamp (8) is located on the dash panel and a second action lamp
(visual No. 7) is located on the right console to alert the operator of
abnormal machine conditions.
Also located at the bottom left side of the dash are the Autoshift switch
(9) and the Auto Kickdown switch (10). The Autoshift switch allows the
operator to preset the gear speed for directional shifting. The Auto
Kickdown switch, when activated, sends a signal to the Power Train
ECM. The Power Train ECM will automatically downshift the
transmission.

STMG 758
04/02

- 115 -

3
1
2

84

Right side of
operator's station:
1. VIDS keypad
2. Auto Blade Assist
(ABA) lamp
3. Single tilt lamp
4. Float lamp

The VIDS keypad (1) includes 18 keys, which allow the operator or
service technician to communicate with the VIDS. The nine keys on the
left side of the keypad are used to select items from the VIDS menu and
perform various operations. The data is displayed on the VIDS message
center.
Some of the operations that can be performed include: adjust contrast,
adjust backlighting, select units of measurement, select a language, view
events, view machine parameters, perform diagnostic tests, and perform
calibrations.
The nine keys on the right side of the VIDS keypad are the "Hot Keys"
used to access Implement Electronic Control System functions. When a
function is activated, the corresponding indicator below the keypad
illuminates.
In this view, the Auto Blade Assist (ABA) lamp (2), Single Tilt lamp (3),
and Float lamp (4) are illuminated.
NOTE: For more information on the VIDS keypad operation, refer
to the "VIDS Message Center and Keypad Operator Instruction"
(Form TEJB6017) and the Vital Information Display System (VIDS)
Systems Operation, Testing, Adjusting, and Troubleshooting Service
Manual Module (Form SENR9413).

STMG 758
04/02

- 116 -

85

Rear of torque
converter:
1. Power train oil
temperature sensor
2. Torque converter
outlet relief valve

The power train oil temperature sensor (1) is located at the rear of the
torque converter on the torque converter outlet relief valve (2).
The power train oil temperature sensor provides a signal to the VIDS
ECM indicating power train oil temperature. The VIDS uses the power
train oil temperature sensor signal to display the oil temperature on the
quad gauge module.

STMG 758
04/02

- 117 -

3
1

86

Rear of transmission:
1. Transmission filter
bypass switch
2. Transmission filter
3. Steering oil
temperature sensor

The transmission oil filter bypass switch (1) is located in the base of the
transmission filter (2). The filter bypass switch sends a signal to the
VIDS ECM if the differential oil pressure across the switch is too high.
Also visible in this view is the steering oil temperature sensor (3). The oil
temperature sensor sends a signal to the Power Train ECM indicating
steering oil temperature.

STMG 758
04/02

- 118 -

2
1

87

Rear of hydraulic
tank:
1. Hydraulic oil
temperature sensor
2. Fan filter bypass
switch

The hydraulic oil temperature sensor (1) and the fan filter bypass
switch (2) are located at the rear of the hydraulic tank.
The hydraulic oil temperature sensor sends a signal to the VIDS ECM
indicating hydraulic oil temperature. The VIDS uses the temperature
sensor signal information to display the temperature on the quad gauge
module.
The fan filter bypass switch sends a signal to the VIDS ECM if the
differential oil pressure across the switch exceeds
151 19 kPa (22 3 psi).

STMG 758
04/02

- 119 -

88

Ultra-sonic fuel level


sensor (arrow)

The ultra-sonic fuel level sensor (arrow) is located at the bottom of the
fuel tank. The fuel level sensor sends a signal to the VIDS ECM
indicating the fuel level. The VIDS uses the fuel level sensor signal
information to display the fuel level on the quad gauge module.

STMG 758
04/02

- 120 -

1
2

89

Below cab, right side


of machine:
1. Pilot oil filter
bypass switch
2. Pilot oil filter

The pilot oil filter bypass switch (1) is located in the base of the pilot oil
filter (2) below the floor plate on the right side of the machine.
The pilot filter bypass switch sends a signal to the VIDS ECM if the
differential oil pressure across the switch exceeds 345 kPa (50 psi).

STMG 758
04/02

- 121 -

90

Alternator "R"
terminal (arrow)

The alternator "R" terminal (arrow) is located on the back of the alternator
and sends a frequency (Hz) signal to the VIDS ECM. The alternator
frequency is used to determine the condition of the tractor electrical
charging system.

STMG 758
04/02

- 122 -

91

VIDS Operation
Message center
module:
1. Message area
2. Alert indicator
3. Universal gauge

During normal operation and whenever the "Cancel" ("X" key on the
keypad) is pressed the message area (1) displays the default information
(background mode) as shown here.
When the key start switch is turned to the ON position, the VIDS
performs a self test of the display modules (quad gauge,
speedometer/tachometer, and message center modules). The display
components indicate whether the VIDS ECM is operating properly.
When an abnormal machine condition exists, the alert indicator (2)
flashes and the message area displays the system parameter that is
experiencing the abnormal condition. The universal gauge (3) may also
show the approximate value of the abnormal system parameter.
The event is stored the VIDS ECM. If the event is a Level II warning, the
action lamp will flash. If the event is a Level III warning, the action lamp
flashes and the action alarm sounds.
NOTE: Level I and Level II events that are displayed on the message
center module must be acknowledged by pressing the "OK" key
before the machine default information will return.

STMG 758
04/02

- 123 -

MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU

VIDS MENU ACCESS


2

4: SERVICE OPTIONS

PRESS THE "MENU" KEY AND;

OK

SNGL TILT

4
MENU

GAUGE

SETUP

i+

CANCEL

HELP

MORE

1: PREFERENCE MENU
1:
2:
3:
4:

TO ACCESS THE VIDS MENUS:

ADJUST CONTRAST
ADJUST BACKLIGHT
SELECT UNITS
SELECT LANGUAGE

SET PITCH

7 AUT

USE THE NUMERIC KEYS ON THE KEYPAD

OR

SET MACH

ABA

USE THE ARROW KEYS AND THE "OK" KEY

FLOAT

2: EVENT MENU
1: ACTIVE EVENTS
2: SUMMARY LOG

3: SYSTEM MENU
1: MACHINE STATS
2: TEST DISPLAY
3: AUTOLUBE MENU

4: SERVICE OPTIONS
1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS

92
VIDS menu access

The VIDS menus shown here, are available to the operator and service
technician. The menus can be accessed to adjust various machine settings
and perform service operations.
To access the VIDS menus, the key start switch must be ON. Press the
"Menu" key and use the numeric keys on the keypad, or use the arrow
keys and the "OK" key.
NOTE: A password may be required to perform the calibrations
under the 'Service Options" menu.
Level I and Level II events that are displayed on the message center
module must be acknowledged by pressing the "OK" key before the
menus, the machine parameters, or other keys can be accessed.

STMG 758
04/02

- 124 -

VIDS MENU CHART


MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: PREFERENCE MENU
1: ADJUST CONTRAST
2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT

2: EVENT MENU

3: SYSTEM MENU

1: ACTIVE EVENTS

1: MACHINE STATS

4: SERVICE OPTIONS
1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS

2: TEST DISPLAY

2: SUMMARY LOG

3: AUTOLUBE MENU

3: SELECT UNITS
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

93
Preferences Menu:
- Adjust Contrast

The "Adjust Contrast" option is the first option under the "Preference
Menu". The display screen contrast level may be adjusted from 25 to 75
percent.

- Adjust Backlight
- Select Units

The "Adjust Backlight" option allows the display screen backlight to be


adjusted from 20 to 100 percent.

- Select Language

The "Select Units" option allows the user to change the units of
measurement from "English to Metric" or from "Metric to English."
The "Select Language" option allows the user to select the language that
will be displayed on the message center.

STMG 758
04/02

- 125 -

VIDS MENU CHART


MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: PREFERENCE MENU
1: ADJUST CONTRAST
2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT

2: EVENT MENU

3: SYSTEM MENU

1: ACTIVE EVENTS

1: MACHINE STATS

4: SERVICE OPTIONS
1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS

2: TEST DISPLAY

2: SUMMARY LOG

3: AUTOLUBE MENU

3: SELECT UNITS
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

94
Events menu:

The "Active Events" menu is used to display machine events that are
presently active.

- Active Events
- Summary Log

The "Summary Log" displays logged events. The events are displayed in
the order of the warning category.

STMG 758
04/02

- 126 -

ACTIVE AND LOGGED EVENTS


SYSTEM EVENT (Failed Electrical Component)
FUEL LVL SNSR
1120.2

ERR

000:05:35

FUEL LVL SNSR

Press
"MORE"
Key

MID051

CID0096

ERR
FMI04

DATA EVENT (Abnormal Condition)


HYD

OIL TEMP

251.60

HIGH
000:05:35

95
Active and logged
events:
- Active event
- System event
- Data event

This view shows the information displayed on the VIDS message center
area when a system event (failed electrical component) or data event
(abnormal condition) occurs.
When a system event occurs, the first line on the message center area
displays the name of the event and the condition. The second line
displays the following information from left to right:
The service hourmeter reading of the machine at the first
occurrence of the event
The duration of the event
The warning category of the event
Pressing the "More" key will allow the operator to view additional
information about the parameter.

STMG 758
04/02

- 127 -

If the event that is currently active is a failed electrical component, the


second line of the message center will display the following information
as shown in the upper right view:
Module Identifier (MID)
Component Identifier (CID)
Failure Mode Identifier (FMI)
Pressing the "More" key again will toggle back to the initial display.
If the event that is currently active is is caused by an abnormal condition,
(bottom view) the first line on the message center area displays the name
of the event and the condition. The second line displays the parameter
value and the duration of the event.
Pressing the "more" key will display instructions for the operator or
service technician.
Pressing the "More" key again will toggle back to the initial display.

STMG 758
04/02

- 128 -

VIDS MENU CHART


MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: PREFERENCE MENU
1: ADJUST CONTRAST
2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT

2: EVENT MENU

3: SYSTEM MENU

1: ACTIVE EVENTS

1: MACHINE STATS

4: SERVICE OPTIONS
1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS

2: TEST DISPLAY

2: SUMMARY LOG

3: AUTOLUBE MENU

3: SELECT UNITS
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

96
System menu:

The "System Menu" is used to display machine configuration information


and perform a display components test.

- Machine Stats
- Test Display
- Autolube Menu

The "Show Machine Stat" menu item allows the operator to view the
following information:
Current VIDS software version
VIDS ECM serial number
VIDS ECM part number
Machine model
Machine serial number
Equipment ID
Harness code
Current Operator ID

STMG 758
04/02

- 129 -

The "Test Display" option allows the operator or service technician to test
the following components:
Gauges
Alarm lights
Status lights
Message center
NOTE: The "Test Display" is also performed automatically when
they key start switch is turned to the ON position.

STMG 758
04/02

- 130 -

VIDS MENU CHART


MAIN MENU
1: PREFERENCES
2: EVENT MENU
3: SYSTEM MENU
4: SERVICE OPTIONS

1: PREFERENCE MENU
1: ADJUST CONTRAST
2: ADJUST BACKLIGHT

2: EVENT MENU

3: SYSTEM MENU

1: ACTIVE EVENTS

1: MACHINE STATS

4: SERVICE OPTIONS
1: PERFORM CALIBRATIONS

2: TEST DISPLAY

2: SUMMARY LOG

3: AUTOLUBE MENU

3: SELECT UNITS
4: SELECT LANGUAGE

97
Service options menu:
- Perform calibrations

The "Service Options" menu is used to perform power train and


implement system calibrations. The "Service Options" menu will also
allow the implements to be moved with the keypad (LIMP HOME mode)
and test the implement pump relief pressures ("MAIN PMP RELIEF
TEST" and "TILT PMP RELIEF TEST").
INSTRUCTOR NOTE: For a complete list of machine system
calibrations, refer to the D10R Track-Type Tractor Vital Information
Display System (VIDS) Systems Operation, Testing and Adjusting
Troubleshooting" Service Manual Module (SENR9413).
NOTE: The VIDS must be in the "SERVICE MODE" before the
calibration procedures may be accessed. The VIDS may require a
password before the user is allowed to toggle ON the "SERVICE
MODE."

STMG 758
04/02

- 131 -

CALIBRATIONS
-SERVICE OPTIONS-

BLD CNTRL FULL RIGHT


PRESS TRIG SW OR [

2. PERFORM CALS

BLD CNTRL FULL RAISE

SELECT A CALIBRATION
BLADE CONTROL HANDLE

PRESS [

PRESS TRIG SW OR [

BLD CNTRL FULL LOWER

] TO START

PRESS TRIG SW OR [

RELEASE CONTROLS [

RELEASE CONTROLS

BLD CNTRL FULL LEFT


PRESS TRIG SW OR [

COMPLETED OK

98
Calibration:

This view displays the steps shown on the VIDS message area as the
blade control lever calibration procedure is performed.

- Blade control lever

The directions on the VIDS message area screen step the service
technician through all the calibration procedures.

STMG 758
04/02

- 132 -

GAUGE KEY
2

1
OK

SNGL TILT

4
MENU

PARAMETER
NAME
PARAMETER
VALUE

GAUGE

SETUP

SET PITCH

7 AUT

i+

CANCEL

HELP

MORE

ENG SPD

ABA

6
SET MACH

9
FLOAT

100

PARAMETER
NUMBER

1000 RPM

99
Gauge key displays
machine parameters

The gauge key is used to display machine parameters. When a parameter


is selected, the parameter name, parameter value, and parameter number is
displayed in the message area as shown here. The parameter value will
also be displayed on the universal gauge.

Pressing gauge key


once:

The gauge key may be used in three ways. Pressing the gauge key once
displays the parameter that was last displayed on the message center area.
Using the arrow keys will allow the user to continue scrolling through the
parameters.

- Parameter selection
screen

STMG 758
04/02

Pressing gauge key


twice:
- Parameter selection
categories

- 133 -

If the gauge key is pressed twice, the parameter category can be selected.
The parameter categories available are:
All
Engine
Power Train
Implement
Service
Operator

Pressing gauge key


three times:
- Parameter entry
mode

If the gauge key is pressed three times, the three digit parameter number
can be entered which will display the requested parameter information on
the message center.
INSTRUCTOR NOTE: For a complete list of machine parameters,
refer to the D10R Track-Type Tractor Vital Information Display
System (VIDS) Systems Operation, Testing and Adjusting
Troubleshooting" Service Manual Module (SENR9413).

STMG 758
04/02

- 134 -

SETUP KEY
2

1
OK

3
SNGL TILT

4
MENU

GAUGE

SETUP

i+

CANCEL

HELP

MORE

SET PITCH

7 AUT
ABA

6
SET MACH

9
FLOAT

- ID MENU 1: SELECT OPERATOR


4: OPERATOR SETUP
2: SAVE ALL SETTINGS

5: SERV MODE TOGGLE

3: RECALL OPERATOR

6: FACTORY DEFAULTS

100
Setup key:
- Select Operator
- Save All Settings
- Recall Operator
- Operator Setup

The setup key is used to access the "ID Menu."


The "Select Operator" option allows the selection of an "OPERATOR ID"
from a list. There are twenty available operator identifiers.
The "Save All Settings" option allows the user to save changes that were
made to the current settings to the currently selected "OPERATOR ID."

- Serv Mode Toggle


- Factory Defaults

The "Recall Operator" option allows the operator to recall the settings that
are stored for a designated "OPERATOR ID."
The "Operator Setup" option includes "CHANGE OPER NAME and
"RESET TO FACTORY." "CHANGE OPER NAME" option will only
change the currently selected "OPERATOR ID." The "RESET TO
FACTORY" option can reset any of the "OPERATOR ID's" except the
currently selected "OPERATOR ID."

STMG 758
04/02

- 135 -

The :"Serv Mode Toggle" option allows the user to toggle the "SERVICE
MODE" from OFF to ON.
The "Factory Defaults" option restores the current setting for the "VIDS
display" and the "machine setup" to the default factory settings. Once the
"OK" key is pressed, the current settings are restored to the factory
settings.
NOTE: A password may be required to perform the calibrations
under the 'Service Options" menu. A password is not required if the
password is set to zero with the Cat ET Service Tool.

STMG 758
04/02

- 136 -

4
1
2
7
8
6

101

VIDS keys:

There are five "Hot Keys" on the VIDS keypad that allow the operator to
setup the implements to perform specific operations. The "Hot Keys" are:

1. Float key
2. Auto ABA key
3. Set Pitch key
4. Set Machine key
5. Single Tilt key
6. Auto Blade Assist
(ABA) lamp
7. Single tilt lamp
8. Float lamp

Float Key (1): The float key is used to "ARM" the blade float feature or
turn off the blade float feature. The blade float feature was previously
described with the implement hydraulic system.
Auto ABA Key (2): The "AUT ABA" key provides automatic
adjustment to the blade pitch during various dozing modes, which helps
reduce operator fatigue.
Set Pitch Key (3): The "SET PITCH" key allows the operator to change
the following three blade pitch settings that are used by the auto blade
assist feature:
- Set Load Pitch
- Set Carry Pitch
- Set Spread Pitch

STMG 758
04/02

- 137 -

Set Machine Key (4): The "SET MACH" key allows the operator to
modify the following three functions:
- View Operator
- BLD Response
- Autostow Config
Single Tilt Key (5): The "SNGL TILT" key allows the machine to
operate in the single tilt mode. The single tilt mode was previously
described with the implement hydraulic system.
In this view, the Auto Blade Assist (ABA) lamp (6), Single Tilt lamp (7)
and Float lamp (8) are illuminated.
NOTE: For more information on the VIDS keypad operation, refer
to the "VIDS Message Center and Keypad Operator Instruction"
(Form TEJB6017) and the Vital Information Display System (VIDS)
Systems Operation, Testing, Adjusting, and Troubleshooting Service
Manual Module (Form SENR9413).

STMG 758
04/02

- 138 -

102

CONCLUSION
This presentation has covered the major changes on the D10R Track-type
Tractor. When used in conjunction with the service manual, the
information in this package should help the service technician diagnose
machine problems.
Always refer to the latest service information when performing
maintenance and service on the D10R.

STMG 758
04/02

- 139 -

VISUALS LIST
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.

Model view
New features
Operator's station
Dash panel
Blade control lever
Ripper control lever
Finger Tip Control
Parking brake switch
Cat ET service connector
3412E HEUI engine
AMOCS radiator
Air ducts
ATAAC assembly off machine
ATAAC assembly
Power train hydraulic system block diagram
Power Train ECM inputs and outputs
Power train ECM
Parking brake switch
Brake pedal
Transmission switches
Autoshift and Auto Kickdown switches
Engine output speed sensor
Torque converter outlet relief valve
Transmission speed sensors
Steering oil temperature sensor
Steering clutch and brake valve
Transmission control group
Priority valve group
Power train hydraulic system schematic
Power train hydraulic system components
Power train hydraulic system relief valves
Final drive
Priority valve
Lube management valve
Transmission modulating valve
Steering clutch and brake control valve-BRAKES ENGAGED
37. Steering clutch and brake control valve-GRADUAL RIGHT TURN
38. Steering clutch and brake control valve-SHARP RIGHT TURN

39. Steering clutch and brake control valve-STRAIGHT TRAVEL


40. Implement hydraulic system block diagram
41. Implement system component locations
42. Implement system components
43. Hydraulic tank
44. Implement ECM inputs and outputs
45. Implement ECM
46. Blade control lever
47. Ripper control lever
48. Implement pump pressure sensors
49. E/H manifold
50. Dual tilt valve
51. Pressure compensation override solenoid
valve
52. Pilot hydraulic system
53. E/H manifold--HOLD
54. Pilot hydraulic system components
55. Logic valve
56 Implement hydraulic system--HOLD
57. Dozer control valve--HOLD
58. Dozer control valve side view--RAISE
59. Pilot hydraulic system--BLADE RAISE
60. Implement hydraulic system--BLADE
RAISE
61. Dozer control valve--RAISE
62. Implement hydraulic system--BLADE
FLOAT
63. Dozer control valve--FLOAT
64. Quick-drop valve--RAISE
65. Quick-drop valve--LOWER
66. Quick-drop valve--QUICK DROP
67. Quick-drop valve--LOWER with down
pressure
68. Tilt spool--TILT RIGHT
69. Implement hydraulic system--TILT RIGHT
70. Dual tilt valve--HOLD
71. Dual tilt circuit--DUAL TILT RIGHT
72. Dual tilt circuit--SINGLE TILT RIGHT
73. Dual tilt circuit--BLADE PITCH
FORWARD

STMG 758
04/02

- 140 -

SLIDE LIST
74.
75.
76.
77.
78.
79.
80.
81.
82.
83.
84.
85.
86.
87.
88.

Implement hydraulic system--Ripper RAISE


Ripper and pilot systems--RAISE
Ripper and pilot systems--SHANK OUT
ATAAC fan circuit components
ATAAC fan circuit--Low oil temperature
ATAAC fan circuit--High oil temperature
VIDS components
VIDS ECM inputs and outputs
Implement ECM
Dash panel
VIDS keypad
Torque converter outlet relief valve
Transmission oil filter
Rear of hydraulic tank
Fuel level sensor

89.
90.
91.
92.
93.
94.
95.
96.
97.
98.
99.
100.
101.
102.

Pilot oil filter bypass switch


Alternator "R" terminal
VIDS message center
VIDS menu access
VIDS Preference menu
VIDS Events menu
Active and logged events display
VIDS System menu
VIDS Service Options menu
Blade lever calibration steps
Gauge key
Setup key
VIDS keypad
Model view

STMG 758
04/02

- 141 -

Serviceman's Handout No. 1

Machine Walk-around Checklist


Directions: Use this sheet to identify the machine maintenance items during a walk-around inspection.
Place a check in the blank space when the item has been identified.
___ Engine oil dipstick
___ Engine oil filter
___ Engine oil cap
___ Air filter
___ Air filter indicator
___ Crankcase breather
___ Engine oil SOS tap
___ Fuel filters
___ Coolant sight glass
___ Transmission oil filter
___ Torque converter oil filter
___ Transmission oil dipstick
___ Transmission oil fill cap
___ Transmission oil breather
___ Differential and final drive oil level
___ Cab air filter
___ Hydraulic oil filter
___ Hydraulic oil level
___ Hydraulic SOS tap
___ Windshield washer reservoir

STMG 758
04/02

- 142 -

Serviceman's Handout No. 2

Power Train Electronic Control System Checklist


Directions: Use this sheet to identify the power train electronic control system components on the
machine during a walk-around inspection and on the machine electrical schematic. Place a check in the
blank space next to the component name after the component has been identified on the machine.
Locate each component on the electrical schematic and list the schematic grid location and part number.

___Power Train ECM

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Transmission Direction
Lever Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Direction Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Upshift Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Downshift Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Left Steer Lever Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Right Steer Lever Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Parking Brake Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Brake Pedal Position Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Autoshift Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Auto Kickdown Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Engine Output Speed Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Steering Oil Temperature


Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Transmission Intermediate
Speed Sensor No. 1

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Transmission Intermediate
Speed Sensor No. 2

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Transmission Output Speed


Sensor No. 1

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Transmission Output Speed


Sensor No. 2

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Torque Converter Output


Speed Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

STMG 758
04/02

- 143 -

Serviceman's Handout No. 3

Power Train Electronic Control System Checklist (continued)


___Parking Brake Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Secondary Brake Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Left Brake Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Right Brake Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Left Steer Clutch Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Right Steer Clutch Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Shift Indicators
(1F/2R and 2F/2R)

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Forward Clutch No. 2 Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Reverse Clutch No. 1 Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___First Gear Clutch No. 5


Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Second Gear Clutch No. 4


Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Third Gear Clutch No. 3


Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Lube Management Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Priority Valve Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

STMG 758
04/02

- 144 -

Serviceman's Handout No. 4

Electro-Hydraulic Implement Control System Checklist


Directions: Use this sheet to identify the electro-hydraulic implement system components on the
machine during a walk-around inspection and on the machine electrical schematic. Place a check in the
blank space next to the component name after the component has been identified on the machine.
Locate each component on the electrical schematic and list the schematic grid location and part number.
___Implement ECM

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Blade Raise/Lower Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Blade Tilt Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Manual Select Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Mode Select Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Pitch Forward/Back Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Pitch Forward Trigger Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Ripper Raise/Lower Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Shank In/Out Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Ripper Auto Stow Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Implement Lockout Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Lift/Ripper Pump Pressure Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Tilt Pump Pressure Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Ripper Raise Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Ripper Lower Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Shank In Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Shank Out Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Blade Raise Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Blade Lower Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Blade Tilt Left Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Blade Tilt Right Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Implement Lockout Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Pitch Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Single Tilt Solenoid

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Pressure Compensation
Override Solenoid Valve

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

STMG 758
04/02

- 145 -

Serviceman's Handout No. 5

Vital Information Display System (VIDS) Checklist


Directions: Use this sheet to identify the VIDS components on the machine during a walk-around
inspection and on the machine electrical schematic. Place a check in the blank space next to the
component name after the component has been identified on the machine. Locate each component on
the electrical schematic and list the schematic grid location and part number.
___VIDS ECM

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Power Train Oil


Temperature Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Power Train Filter Bypass


Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Hydraulic Filter Bypass


Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Fuel Level Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Fan Filter Bypass Switch

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Alternator "R" Terminal

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Hydraulic Oil Temperature


Sensor

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Key Pad

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Rear Action Lamp

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Front Action Lamp

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Gauge Cluster Module

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___VIDS Message Center


Module

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

___Speedometer/Tachometer
Module

Schematic Grid:________

Part No. ________________

____ Resolver valve


____ Lift relief valve
____ Tilt load check valve

____ Shuttle valve

____ Tilt relief valve

____ Lift load check valve

LIFT SPOOL

SMALL PUMP
INLET

TILT SPOOL

TILT
CYLINDER

LIFT
CYLINDER

- 146 -

D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE

DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component

STMG 758
04/02
Serviceman's Handout No. 6

____ Lift relief valve

____ Shuttle valve

____ Lift load check valve

____ Resolver valve

ROD END

HEAD END
SMALL PUMP INLET

FROM PRESSURE
COMPENSATION
OVERRIDE VALVE

D10R DOZER CONTROL VALVE


HOLD

- 147 -

____ Large pump inlet

DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component

STMG 758
04/02
Serviceman's Handout No. 7

ELECTROHYDRAULIC
MANIFOLD

F
H

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

VACUUM
VALVE
GROUP

FROM E/H
MANIFOLD

TO ATAAC
FAN CIRCUIT

___
___
___
___

___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___
___

HOLD

Lift cylinders
Ripper lift cylinders
Accumulator
Dozer lift spool
Implement pump
Quick drop valves
Logic valve
Dozer tilt spool
Pressure compensation
override valve
Shuttle valve
Ripper lift spool
Dozer lift relief valve
Dual tilt solenoid valve

D10R IMPLEMENT
HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

- 148 -

DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component

STMG 758
04/02
Serviceman's Handout No. 8

Ripper raise solenoid


Dozer raise solenoid
Ripper shank in solenoid
Implement lockout solenoid
Shuttle valve
____
____
____
____
____

TEST
PORT

FROM
LOGIC
VALVE

Implement dozer lift/ripper pump


ATAAC fan pump
Tilt right solenoid
Tilt left solenoid
Accumulator

____
____
____
____
____

TO ATAAC
FAN
MOTOR

Ripper shank out solenoid


Implement tilt pump
Ripper lower solenoid
Dozer lower solenoid
Pressure reducing valves

TO DUAL
TILT CONTROL
VALVE

- 149 -

____
____
____
____
____

ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC
PILOT MANIFOLD

DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component

STMG 758
04/02
Serviceman's Handout No. 9

____
____
____
____

Transmission charging pump


Priority valve
Oil cooler
Transmission/torque converter
charging pump
____
____
____
____
____

PV

M1

L2

Transmission scavenge pump


Torque converter charging pump
Torque converter outlet relief valve
Torque converter filter
Main relief valve

TO RIGHT
CLUTCH
BRAKE LUBE
LB2

TO RIGHT
STEERING
CLUTCH
AND BRAKE

STEERING AND
CLUTCH
BRAKE VALVE

H
CL

____
____
____
____
____

Transmission filter
Torque converter scavenge pump
Lube management valve
Torque converter inlet relief valve
Torque converter

- 150 -

DIRECTIONS: Match the letter to the component

ECPC

TO LEFT
STEERING TO LEFT CLUTCH
BRAKE LUBE
CLUTCH
LB1
AND BRAKE

D10R POWER TRAIN HYDRAULIC SYSTEM

STMG 758
04/02
Serviceman's Handout No. 10

STMG 758
04/02

- 151 -

Serviceman's Handout No. 11

Diagnosis and Calibration Checklist


Directions: Using the Caterpillar Electronic Technician (ET) Service Tool, perform the following
tasks:
___ View active and logged diagnostic codes
___ Clear active and logged diagnostic codes
___ View the status of machine parameters (Engine, Power Train, and Implement)
___ Perform machine calibrations
___ View machine configurations
___ Flash the ECM (Engine, Power Train or Implement)

Directions: Using the Vital Information Display System (VIDS), perform the following tasks:
___ View active and logged diagnostic codes
___ Clear active and logged diagnostic codes
___ Perform machine calibrations
___ View machine parameters
___ Access Operator Setup menu and select an Operator ID
___ Activate the AutoBlade Assist (ABA) function
___ Adjust the VIDS screen contrast and backlight
___ Display the machine specifications
___ Configure the machine using the SET MACH key

SERV1758
04/02

Printed in U.S.A.