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MPEG

MPEG
MPEG
MPEG
MPEG

Electron Capacity = 2n2 Analog Phones


Energy
Level

Distress Frequency

aeronautical
121.5 MHz
Maritime
(radiotelegraphy)
2182 kHz
(Principal
Quantum
CB (40 channels, 8Km)
Max Length 26.965-27.475 MHz
Number)
Cable Type
(m)
1
K
2
Data10BaseT
rates
Unshielded Twisted Pair
100
2
L
8
modulation technique
Application
Broadband
10Base2 170 kbpsThin Coax Cable
180
GPRS
3
M
18
QAM - PSK
Digital Microwave
wireless
10Base5 384 kbpsThick Coax Cable
500
EDGE
4
N
32
GFSK
(DECT)Cordless phone
access for
2000
3G 10BaseF 2 Mbps Fiber optic cable
5
O
18
GMSK
GPRS
100BaseT 720 Kbps
Unshielded Twisted Pair
100
fixed,
Bluetooth
6
P
8
8PSK
EDGE
100BaseTX
Unshielded Twisted Pair
220
Fiber
Magnetic
Field
Intensity
7
Q
2
nomadic,
10 Gbps
Optics
SUF
for
3G
(per
MHz,
M-million):
Equator
32,000
nT
mobile: (MHz)
North Pole
64,000 nT
<1
1-2
2-3
3-5
5-10Frequency> 10
Brain
waves:
paired Moores
unpaired Law
(bps)
450-470
1900-1910
2400-2483
3400-3600
5150-5350
10150-10650
2050
< 3 Hz
2015
3M
1980-1990
2500-2700
5470-58505 MHz
- P 5M
1PBillion
500
Trillion
4 to 8 Hz
IMT
2000 maximum
th
th
5 -10
8M
6M

8 to 12 Hz
CATV
data rate
th
th

13
to feeds
30 Hz
10 -15
10M
8M
Cable
TV Channel/Station-off-the-air
channels, DBS
Slow moving vehicles?
384 kbps
Class I
>15th
15M equipment
12M scrambling
High speed vehicle?
144 kbps
Class II
w/o auxiliary
Shell
Letter

Electron
Capacity

Class I
0.6W
Class II
1.6W
Class III
3W
Specifications

Class III
w/ auxiliary equipment
(Precise & Standard Positioning Service)
Class IV
provides signalingVelocity
path, PPVof Sound
0.01 V to 0.2V
GPS
PPS
SPS
Water
5000 ft/sec
0.1V to 2V
horizontal
22 m
100 m
Steel
5150m/s
0.05V-0.3 V
vertical
27.7 m
156 m
Cable
TV:
Wood
3300m/s
0.02V-0.2V
Time
interval
matching
(RF) 200 nsec
16 dB

What is the flicker nose voltage


Wire-wound resistor?
Carbon-composition?
carbon film
metallic film (wire)

terminal isolation

28 dB

Commonly
magnetized
alloys
sound carrier
isolator
40 dB

1
2
3
4
7

N0N
Un-Mod carrier, No info
A1A
Telegraphy
C3F
VSB Tx for TV signal
F1B
FSK
F8E
FM stereo Mux signal
A3C
AM Fax
CD/internet
F3C
FM Fax
(DCT) - DVD
ripper
A3E - SVCD
AM Telephony,
DSB
MP3, sound
compression
F3E
FM Telephony
DivX, video
compression
G3E
PM Telephony
latest
H3E
SSB FC
J3E
SSB SC
R3E
SSB RC

Permalloy
22% iron
spurious radiation
60 and
dB 78% nickel
Curie temperature
(0C) rejection

Hipernik
40% Fe80
and
cross modulation
dB60% Ni
Iron
770
Perminvar
and Alnico
alloys of
adjacent channel
-60iron,
dB nickel and cobalt
Nickel
358 isolation
audio signal
level
1 dB
Cobalt
1130
video
SNR
for
modulator
36
dB
Gondolinium
16

Monolithic IC (m)
transistor
resistor
diodes

20 x 12
6 x 30
10 x 15

Wireless LAN/ Wireless PAN Standards


IEEE 802.15.3a
IEEE 802.16a/e
(UWB)
Wireless Personal
Ultra Wideband
Wireless
Wireless Local Area Wireless Local Area
Description
Area Network
Personal Area
Metropolitan Area
Network (LAN)
Network (LAN)
(PAN)
Network (PAN)
Network (MAN)
Introduction
2000
1999
2002-2003
2004-2005
a: 2005 e: 2006
500 MHz Bands in
ISM band:
ISM band:
a: 2-11 GHz
the
Frequency 2.400-2.4835 GHz 2.400 - 2.4835 GHz
2.4-2.4835 GHz range 3.1-10.6 GHz e: up to 5GHz
range
Multiple
access
TDMA
CSMA-CA
CSMA-CA
CSMA-CA
TDMA
technology
Symbol
1 Msps
11Mchips/sec
Depends on format
Technology

Bluetooth*

IEEE 802.11b

IEEE 802.11g

rate/chip
rate
Modulation

GFSK

CCK with DQPSK


modulation for 5.5
and 11 Mbps data
rates

Maximum
data rate

1 Mbps raw

11 Mbps raw

54 Mbps

480 kMbps

a: 75 Mbps
e: 30 Mbps

Switching

Packet switched or
synchronous

Packet switched

Packet

Packet

Packet

52 sub-carrier
OFDM

Shaped Pulse or
OFDM with
Frequency switched QPSK, 16QAM,
OFDM
64QAM

Comparison between different WLAN/WPAN Standards

Bluetooth

Wireless
Fidelity
(WiFi) or
IEEE
802.11b

Wireless
ATM or IEEE
802.11a

ZigBee or
IEEE
802.15.4

CDPD
(Cellular
Digital
Packet Data)

HomeRF

2.4-2.48 GHz

2.4-2.484
GHz

5.725-5.825
GHz

2.4-2.48 GHz

824-849 MHz
869-894 MHz

2.4-2.48 GHz

Frequency
Hopping

CSMA/CA

CSMA/CA

TDMA

FDMA

Frequency
Hopping

Duplex
Method

TDD

TDD

TDD

FDD

FDD

TDD

Number of
Channels

79

FHSS: 79
DSSS: 11

--

--

832

--

Users per
Channel

7 active, 200
inactive

127

127

255

8 active

Modulation

Shaped
Binary FM

FHSS: GFSK
DSSS:
DQPSK
CCK: QPSK

BPSK,
16-QAM,
64-QAM

GFSK

GMSK

FHSS

Channel Bit
Rate

1 Mbps
(symbol rate)
721 kbps raw
date rate
56 kbps
(return)

DSSS: 2
Mbps

12 Mbps
(symbol rate)

Standard
Mobile
Frequency
Range
Multiple
Access
Method

1 Mbps
(symbol rate)
28-250 kbps

CCK: 11
Mbps

19.2 kbps
1.6 to 10
Mbps

5.5-54 Mbps

Wireless LAN/ Wireless PAN/ Wireless MAN


Technology

Technology
Application

Date Rates

Typical Range

Bluetooth

Wireless Personal
Area Network
(WPAN)

0.723 Mbps

10 m

802.15.4 Zigbee

Wireless Personal
Area Network
(PAN)

0.250 Mbps

10 m to 100 m

802.11a
(Wireless ATM)

Wireless Local
Area

54 Mbps

300

Network (WLAN)
Wireless Local
Area
Network (WLAN)

11 Mbps

100 m

Broadband
Wireless
802.16a (WiMax)
Metropolitan Area
Network (WMAN)

70 Mbps

<3 km range

802.11b (WiFi)

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