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# Alat Ukur Kumparan Putar Sebagai Amperemeter :

## Rm = internal resistance of coil

Rsh = resistance of the shunt
Im = Ifs = full scale deflection of movement
Ish = shunt current
I = current to be measured
I sh R sh I m R m
R sh

I m Rm
I sh

I sh I I m
IR sh I m R sh I m R m
R
I
1 m
Im
R sh
m

R
I
1 m
Im
R sh

R sh

(Faktor Pengali)

Rm
m 1

## Koreksi efek kenaikan temperatur :

Contoh Soal :
A moving coil instrument whose resistance is 25 Ohm gives a full scale
deflection with a current of 1 mA. This instrument is to be used with a

manganin shunt to extend its range to 100 mA. Calculate the error caused by
10C rise in temperature when :
a. copper-moving coil is connected directly across the manganin shunt.
b. a 75 Ohm manganin resistance is used in series with the instrument
moving-coil
The temperature coefficient of copper is 0,004 Ohm/Ohm/C and that of
manganin 0,000015 Ohm/Ohm/C.
Alat Ukur Kumparan Putar Sebagai Voltmeter :

## Rm = internal resistance of coil

Rs = multiplier resistance
Im = Ifs = full scale deflection of movement
v = voltage across the meter movement for current I m
V = full range voltage instrument
v I m Rm
V I m ( Rm R s )
m

R
V I m ( Rm R s )

1 s
v
I m Rm
Rm

R s (m 1) Rm

MULTIRANGE VOLTMETER

MULTIRANGE AMMETER

## The main advantages of PMMC instruments are :

- The scale is uniformly divided
- The power consumption is very low (25 W to 200 W)
- The torque-weight ratio is high which give a high accuracy. The
accuracy is of the order of generally 2 percent of full scale
deflection.
- A single instrument may be used for many different current and
voltage ranges.
- Since the operating forces are large on account of large flux
densities which may be as high as 0,5 Wb/m2 the errors due to
stray magnetic fields are small.

## - The cost of these instruments is higher than that of moving iron

instruments

SOAL
1. The deflecting torque of an ammeter varies as the square
of the current through it. If a current of 5 A produces a
deflection of 90, what deflection will occur for a current of
3 A when the instrument is :
a. spring controlled
b. gravity controlled
2. A moving coil instrument has the following data : number
of turn 100, width of coil 2 cm, depth of coil 3 cm, flux
density in the gap 0,1 Weber per m2. Calculate the
deflecting torque when carrying a current of 10 mA. Also
calculate the deflection if the control spring constant is 20
x 10-7 Nm per degree.

## Tugas PBL, 16 Maret 2015

1. Cari tanda-tanda alat ukur yg ada di box lantai bawah gedung elektro
b, dan hitung kesalahan maksimun dengan rumus =>Kelas alat ukur =
kesalahan maksimum/skala penuh x 100 %
Penghitungan untuk tanda alat ukur yang mempunyai skala
2. Jelas prinsip kerja gaya redaman Eddy Current Damping
Contoh Soal :
3.A moving coil instrument whose resistance is 25 Ohm gives a full scale
deflection with a current of 1 mA. This instrument is to be used with a
manganin shunt to extend its range to 100 mA. Calculate the error caused by
10C rise in temperature when :
c. copper-moving coil is connected directly across the manganin shunt.

## d. a 75 Ohm manganin resistance is used in series with the instrument

moving-coil
The temperature coefficient of copper is 0,004 Ohm/Ohm/C and that of
manganin 0,000015 Ohm/Ohm/C.