You are on page 1of 3

Spoof Text

Spoof is a text which tells factual story, happened in the past time with unpredictable and funny
ending. Its social function is to entertain and share the story.
Generic Structure:
1. Orientation
2. Events
3. Twist
Generic Feature:
1. Focusing on people, animals or certain things
2. Using action verb; drank, walked, etc
3. Using adverb of time and place
4. Told in chronological order
Potato Farmer
Potato farmer was sent to to prison just at time when he should have been
digging the ground for planting the new crop of potatoes. He knew that his
Orientation
wife would not be strong enough to do the digging by herself, but that she
could manage to do the planting, and he also knew that he did not have any
friends or neighbors who would be willing to do the digging for him.
So he wrote a letter to his wife which said Please do not dig the potato
field. I hide the money and the gun there.
Event
Ten days later, he got a letter from his wife. It said, I think somebody is
reading your letter before they go out of prison. Some policeman arrived
here two days ago and dug up the whole field. What shall I do now?
The prisoner wrote back at once. Plant the potatoes, of course!

Twist

General and New Soldier


A man recently appointed general in the army was sitting in his new office
Orientation
when a new soldier walked in.
Wishing to impress the new soldier, the general picked up the telephone
and said, Yes, Mr. President. Im glad you like my suggestions. Ill come
Event
by and give you a more detailed report at the White House a little later this
week. After hanging up the telephone the general asked, Now, soldier,
what can I do for you?
Twist
Nothing much, sir, said the soldier. I just came in to connect your
telephone.

Hortatory Expositional
A Hortatory exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to explain the listeners
or readers that something should or should not happen or be done. To strengthen the explanation,
the speaker or writer needs some arguments as the fundamental reasons of the given idea. In
other words, this kind of text can be called as argumentation. Hortatory exposition text can be
found in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures,
research report etc. Hortatory expositions are popular among science, academic community and
educated people.
Generic Structure:
1. Thesis
:Statement or announcement of issue concern
2. Arguments
:Reasons for concern that will lead to recommendation
3. Recommendation :Statement of what should or should not happen or be done based on the
given arguments
Generic Feature:
The use of emotive words (e.g. worried, alarmed etc)
The use of words that qualify statements (e.g. usual, probably etc)
The use of words that link arguments (e.g. firstly, however, therefore etc)
The use of compound and complex sentence
The use of modals and adverbs (e.g. may, must, should, etc)
The use of subjective opinions using pronouns I and we
Why Should Wearing a Helmet when Motorcycling?
We often hear lots of stories from road regarding people taking spill on
Thesis
motorcycle when they are riding without using helmet. Mostly the riders
badly end up in mess.
Wearing a fitted protective helmet offers many benefits which reduces the
negative aspects of riding. First and the most important is that wearing the
correct helmet can save a rider's life, physical ability, family pain, and
money. The recommended designs of motorcycle helmets can provide total
protection. They not only protect riders from getting a worse road injured
Argument
accident but also from flying bugs, such as rain, sleet, mud and other
potential projectiles.
Second, wearing a helmet can gives the raiders a matter of style. Helmets
give the opportunity for rider to express the image they may want to
project when riding on they way. This benefit may not be important to
some people, but to others, it means a lot and important. By choosing the

most appropriate helmet from all of the various styles, such as beanie,
Argument
shorty, German, and many others, wearing a helmet which can projecting
an image is an inherent crucial part of motorcycling and help riders feel
more confident when riding on the road.
However, what most important is wearing helmet when riding is a matter
of using it properly. Bikers should use the helmets which are fixed to their
Recommendation
head. It is really not good if they places simply the helmets on the head
without settling them properly. The bikers should fasten the helmet
correctly to their head in order to get safe and comfort.

Name : Florince
Class : XIA2

Related Interests