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Objective Type Questions

Rotation contribution at the fixed

(b)

force method

end of a member is

(c)

stress function method

*(a) 0.5

(6)

0.75

(d)

displacement field method.

(c) zero

(d)

1.00.

In the Euler's theory of column, direct stress is assumed

3.8. The m atrix m ethod of structural analysis is based on replacing indeterminate structure by

(a)

mathematical model

e.i) negligible zero

(b)

determinate structure

(cl

not acting at ail

(c) fictitious structure

id)

hilly.

(d)

all of the above.

The rail track is an example of beam (.71 fixed at intervals

(l>)

of continuous type on elastic supports

(c)

'// ofsimplysupportedtype.

Deficient frames are same as

a) redundant frames

b) perfect frames

c) portal frames

d) none of the above.

Different members of linear, arch ire subjected to

a) axial tensile force

b) axial compressive force

(c) bending force

^cT) s\\eai iotce.

Slope and deflection of beams of varying flexural rigidity may be easily computed by the method for

(a)

Macauly

(b)

Mohr

(c)

conjugate beam

(d)

moment distribution.

The flexibility matrix method is also known as

(a) displacement method

3.9. The M axwell's reciprocal theorem applies to

(a) beam only

(b)

truss only

(c) both of the above

(d) none of the above.

3.10. The frame shown in Fig. 1. is

<;i

Jr

Fi§■2

(a) deficient

(b)

redundant

[c) perfect (,cT) mdetetmmate.

3.11. The effect of sinking of support by '8' is to create a bending moment equal to

(a)

2EI5/L2

(b)

6EI8/L2

(c)

3EI8/L2

(d)

EI8/L2.

3.12. The relative stiffness of a structural member of moment of Inertia T and length 'L' is given by

(a)

IL

(b)

(I/L)2

(c)

I/L

(d)

3I/4L.

3.82

Civil Engineering (Objective Type)

3.13. The roller support in a given beam is taken in conjugate beam as

(a)

fixed

(b)

roller support

(c)

rocker support

(d)

hinge.

3.14. Considering strain energy due to bending only and using Castigliano's second theorem find the reaction at roller support A in the Fig. 2.

(a)

structure at a railway pla

(b)

crane

(c)

building frame

(d)

shuttering.

3.19. In stiffn ess m atrix m ethod structure analysis, the qua' taken as redundant is

(a)

deflection

(b)

rotation

(c)

both of the above

(d)

none of the above.

3.20. Redundant frames may be by

(a)

Castigliano's second theo~

(b)

Castigliano's first theorem

(c)

funicular polygon

(d)

area moment diagram.

3.21. M axim um

tension

develops near

in

a

 

(a)

supports

{a) 3.4271 t(b) 5.6028 t

(c) 4.2349 t(d)

2.4375

t.

3.15. The structure w hich supports externally applied load by developing tension in it is called

(b)

(c)

lowest point

mid-point

(d) any where

3.22. For the propped cantilever sL

 

(,a)

arch

(b) shell

in Fig. 3, the plastic instab develops when

(c)

cable

(d ) plate.

 

N

3.16. Formula used to determine safe load for column under eccentricity is

B t

c ]

 

(a)

IS code formula

 

* —b-

 

(b)

Perry's formula

(ic)

Johnson's parabolic formula

 

/

-H

(d)

Tejmajer's formula.

 

Fig.

3.

3.17. To avoid tension in the base of a m asonry dam, its eccentricity e should be

(a)

(b)

moment at B reaches the limit moment at C reaches the

 

(a)

e

=

b / 6

(b) e

>

b /6

limit

(c)

?

<

b / 6

(d ) e

= b/3.

(c)

(d)

3 .18.

'Boom ' is a com pression member related to

both of the above none of the above.

Theory of Structures

3.83

Sway analysis

of a portal frame

(a)

38.5 t-m, 38.5 t-m

becomes essentials when

(b)

3.85 t-m, 3.85 t-m

a)

loading is non-symmetric

(c)

53.8 t-m, 53.8 t-m

<b) section of members is unequal

(d)

43.2 t-m, 43.2 t-m.

tc> d ifferen t

types

of

jo in ts

at

3.28.

The B.M at C will be equal to

support occurs

(a)

5.14 t-m (b) 7.71 t-m

id) all of the above.

(c)

2.57 t-m

(d)

1.28 t-m.

A

three hinged semicircular arch of

3.29.

Reactions will be equal at

 

radius V is subjected to u.d.l. of w

(a)

A

and E

(b)

B and

D

per unit length on the whole span.

(c)

A

andC

(d) A and

B.

The horizontal thrust will be given

3.30.

R eaction at B as com pared to

by

reaction at A will be

(a)

w / 2

(b) wr/2

 

(a)

less

 

(c)

zvr

( d )

zol

(b)

more

A

three-hinged parabolic arch has

 

(c)

equal

left and right hinges at hx and h2

(d)

cannot be predicted.

 

> h^) d istan ces resp ectiv ely

below the crown. A concentrated

(h

3.31.

Reaction at the extreme supports will be

load 'P' acts on the crow n.

(a)

4.71

t

(b) 9.42

t

Horizontal distance of left and right

(c)

14.13 t

(d) 2.35 t.

 

hinges from the crown are L] and L; (L, + L2 = L = span) respectively. Value of Lj will be

3.32.

A structural member elongates by 5L under axial tension of 'P'. The external work done will be

(a) L 4 h / ( 4 h +4h2)

(b)

tc)

4 h / { 4 h

L

+

+ 4 k i )

V ^ / (V ^ + V ^ )2-

A continuous beam ABCDE is 12

meters long, and contains 4 spans

of 3 meters each. Beam is loaded

with u.d.l of 4000 kg/m throughout

its

length. The bending moments at

A

and E will be equal

(a)

zero

(b)

12000 kgf-m

(c)

6000 kgf-m (d)

3000 kgf-m.

The

respectively

B.M .

at

B

and

D

w ill

be

(a)

P

. 5L

(b)

P

. 8L/4

3.33. A portal frame of uniform flexural rigidity is shown in Fig. 4. Using principal of least work, find the horizontal reaction at D in tonnes.

3.84

Civil Engineering (Objective Type)

 

(a)

4.5 leftward

3.38. The ratio between 'angle of re

(b)

4.5 rightward

and 'angle of friction' is

(c)

90 leftward

(a)

0.3

(b) 0.5

(d)

90 rightward.

(c)

1.3

(d )

1.

3.34. The fixed and moment at the end A

of

the beam shown in Fig. 5, will be

(a)

W qL2/30

(b)

W0L2/12

(c)

W0L2/24

(d)

W0L2/10.

3.35. If the triangular load covers the left half of the span in Fig. 5, the fixing moment at B will be

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

W 0L2/160

3 W0L2/40

3 W0L2/160

W0L2/40.

3.36. "B.M . at any section of an arch is p rop ortion al to the ordinate betw een given arch and linear arch". This statement relates to the principal of

(a)

Eddy's theorem

 

(b)

Bette's theorem

(c)

Reciprocal theorem

(d)

Johnson's theorem.

3.37. hich

W

of the follow ing

is not

a

compression member?

3.39. The Greenberg and Prager's th

in plastic analysis of structur

also known as

(a)

upper bound theorem

(b)

lower bound theorem

(c)

plastic hinge theorem

(d)

both (a) and (b).

3.40. The cases of support sinking encountered when

(a)

soil conditions change at n distances

(b)

load geography is undula

(c)

both of the above

 

(d)

none of the above.

3.41. beam

A

of

span

V

of

fie

rigidity 'El' stores strain energy to

I

{a)

(c)

K

2 EI

1Mx

I

f

dx

dx

•Ml d x dx

(b)

(d)

EI

: MIdx

2EI

'

3.42. The tension and com pr

members are stressed to 1500 cm2 and 1200 kgf/cm2 resf

in

the truss shown in Fig. 6. If

2

x 106 kgf/cm 2 the ve

deflection of joint F will be

6t

6t

t (a)

Boom

(b)

Strut

(c)

Stanchion

(d)

None of the above.

Fig. 6.

Theory of Structures

3.85

IS .75

mm

(c)

both of the above

nifr'j 21.3 mm

(d)

none of the above.

*

~ 1

mm

3.47. 2-hinged sem i-circular arch of

A

iui 14.2 mm.

 

radius V

carrying a concentrated

tiap eyron's theorem is also known

as- die theorem of

I

|s| 3-moments

 

2-moments

<■-'»

single moment

■£) no-moments.

Determination of B.M. of structures

k slope-deflection method falls in

y b e category of

Mil

determinate analysis

go

matrix analysis

n

indeterminate analysis fictitious analysis.

A sem i-circular arch of uniform

flexural rigidity has one end hinged

and the other end supported on the roller. A horizontal force F pulls the roller end. The strain energy absorbed by the arch w ill be

(r = radius of the arch), w ill be

(Fig. 7)

(a)

Fr ti/4 El

(b)

F2r3 jt/4 El

(c)

F3r2 7i/4 El

(d)

F2r2 ti/4 EL

Second theorem of Castigliano may be used to find reaction in a

(a)

propped beam

(b)

continuous beam

load 'P ' at the crow n develops horizontal thrust equal to

(a)

Pr

(b)

Vfv

(c)

(P /r)2

(d)

P/r.

3.48. continuous beam is shown in Fig.

A

8 support B sinks by 10 mm during

loading. Value of I = 8000 cm4, and

E = lx lO 6 kgf/cm 2. Use moment

distribution method, and find fixed

end moment MDC due to external load only

A

4t

r

l->3m->|1m

B

C

n r r n n n

21

4t

1

1.51

D

ik

K

8m ----- >K-3m^-1m->l

Fig. 8.

(a)

3000 kgf-m anti-clockwise

(b)

6000 kgf-m clockwise

(c)

6000 kgf-m anti-clockwise

(d)

3000 kgf-m clockwise.

3.49. Fixed end moment MBCwill be about (due to external loads only)

(a)

5333 kgf-m anti-clockwise

(.b)

1745 kgf-m anti-clockwise

(c)

5333 kgf-m clockwise

(d)

1745 kgf-m clockwise.

3.50. Due to external load, fixed end moment MBA, as compared to MAB will be

(a)

2 times

(b) 3 times

(c)

4 times

(d)

5 times.

3.51. The act moment MAB will be

(a)

7500 kgf-m clockwise

(b)

3750 kgf-m clockwise

(c)

7500 kgf-m anti-clockwise

(d)

3750 kgf-m anti-clockwise.

3.52. The net moment MBA will be

(a)

1500 kgf-m clockwise

(b)

750 kgf-m anti-clockwise

(c)

2250 kgf-m clockwise

(d)

3000 kgf-m anti-clockwise.

3.53. Structure steel deforms plastically

hardening

before

start of strain

upto a strain of about

(a)

0.1%

(b)

1.5%

(c)

0.2%

(d)

15%.

3.54. The strain energy stored in the quadrantal ring shown in Fig. 9 will be

B

F

(a)

F2r3/8 EI

 

(b)

F2r3/ 8 n EI

(c)

7i

F V / 8

EI

(d)

7i F2r3/8 EI.

3.55. The horizontal deflection of B the in above problem will be

(a)

Fr2/2 EI

(b)

Fr3/2 EI

(c)

Fr/2 EI

(d)

F2r2/2 EI

3.56. For a pure sway portal frame shown in Fig. 10, the correcting moment and corresponding carry over moment is obtained by

(a)

(b)

(c)

Fig. 10

Lj

L

w l 2

2LX . L2

L2! 'L2

2Lj

U

■:L2 ,

A. ‘

Li. 2L2

L L1

I

2

3.57. A structural m em ber of unifo flexural rigidity shown in Fig. 1 The strain energy stored by t structure will be

Fig.

11.

(a)

W2R2(tiR + 4H )/8

EI

(b)

WR(tiR + 4H )/8 EI

(c)

W2R2(tiR + 4H )/4

EI

(d)

WR(ttR + 4H )/4

EI.

3- 58.

The vertical deflection at C in above problem will be

(a)

WR (R + H)/2 EI

 

(b)

W 2R2 (R

+

H)2 / 2

EI

(c)

W2R2(R + H) /2 EI

(d)

WR(R + H)2 / 2 EI.

3.65.

The deflection is '8', strain energy 'U' and load 'W ' on a truss. These are related by

(«)

(f) 5

au

aw

a3u

aw3

(fe) 8 =

(d)

8

a2u

aw2

au

aw

In case of a fixed beam

pointed load at m id span, the collapse load will be

!-i) 4 Mp/L

carrying

(r)

M /L

(c)

2 Mp/L

w

8 M;, /L.

Beams composed of more than one material, rigidly connected together so as to behave as one piece, are known as

<i) compound beams

m indeterminate beam

Kr) determinate beams fi composite beams, plastic analysis, the shape factor r rectangular section is

3.66.

3.67.

3.68.

3.69.

It!

1.4

(b)

1.5

i m

1-6

(d)

1.7.

plastic analysis,

the shape factor

a circular section, is

|

*

1-5

(b)

1.6

 

(d)

1.75.

3.70.

r a strongest rectangular beam from a circular log, the ratio of width and depth, is

Theory of Structures

3.87

(a)

0.404

{b)

0.505

(c)

0.606

(d)

0.707.

A cantilever of length L is subjected

to a bending moment M at its free end. If EI is the flexural rigidity of the section, the deflection of the free end, is

ML ML

(«)

(c)

EI

ML2

2EI

(b)

(d)

v" 7

2EI

ML2

3EI

In a shaft, the shear stress is not

directly propotional to

(a)

radius of the shaft

(b)

angle of twist

(c)

length of the shaft

(d)

modulus of rigidity

Coefficient of wind resistance of a circular surface is

(a) 1/2

(b)

1/3

(c)

2/3

(d)

3 /2 .

The greatest load which a spring can carry without getting permanently distorted, is called

(a)

stiffness (b) proof resilience

(c)

proofstress (d) proof load.

A

road of uniform cross-section A

and length L is deformed by 8, when subjected to a normal force P. The Young's modulus E of the material,

is

(«)

E =

(c)

E =

P.8

A.L

P.L

A.8

(b)

(d)

' " 7

E =

~ E

=

A.8

P.L

P. A

L.8 ‘

The ratio of circumferential stress to the longitudinal stress in the walls

of a cylindrical shell due to flowing

liquid, is

3.88 □

Civil Engineering (Objective Type)

 

(a)

1/2

(b)

1

(c)

11/2

(d)

2.

3.71.

Total strain energy theory for the

failure of a material at elastic limit,

is

known

(a)

Guest's or Treca's theory

(b)

St. Venant's theory

 

(c)

Rankine's theory

(d)

Haig's theory.

 

3.72.

The locus of the moment of inertia about inclined axis to the principal axis, is

(a)

straight line

 

(b)

parabola

(c)

circle

(d)

ellipse.

3.73.

A

square column carries a load P at

the centroid of one of the quarters

of

the square. If 'a' is the side of the

main square, the combined bending

stress will be

 
 

p

2P

 

(«)

J

(,b )

a2

 

3P

4P

 

(c)

„2

w

7

.

3.74.

The ratio of tangential and normal com ponents of a stress on an inclined plan through 0° to the direction of the force, is

(a)

sin 0

(b)

cos 0

(c)

tan 0

(d)

sec 0.

3.75.

For beams of uniform strength if breadth is constant,

(a)

depth d a

M

(b)

depth d a

VM

(c)

depth d a

3a/M

 

1

(d)

depth d a

3.76. In the truss shown in Fig. 12, the force in member BC is

100 t

(a)

Fig. 12. 100 t compressive

(b)

100 t tensile

(c)

zero

(d)

indeterminate.

3.77. A two hinged parabolic arch span 4L and rise h carries a 1 varying from zero at the left end W per unit run at the right end. ‘

horizontal thrust is

(«)

(c)

WL2

4h

WL2

12/i

(b)

(d)

' " 7

WL2

8h

WL

16/7 '

3.78. A short column (30 cm. x 20 carries a load Pa at 4 cm on one s and another load P2 at 8 cm on other side along a principal sec parallel to longer dimension. If extreme intensity on either side same, the ratio of Pj to P0 will bej

(a)

2/3

(b) 3/2

(c)

8/5

(d) 5/8.

3.79. The radius of gyration of rectangular section (depth D, wi B) from a centroidal axis parallel the width is

(a)

D/2

(b)

D

D

(C)

2^3

{d) 4 V3 -

3.80. The force in CD of the truss shown

 

in Fig.

13 is

 

3t

 

3.85.

 

Fig. 23.

 

(a)

31 compression

 

(b)

31 tension

(c)

zero

3.86.

(d)

1.5 t compression.

 

3.S1.

A concentrated load P is supported by the free end of a quadrantal ring AB whose end B is fixed. The ratio of the vertical to horizontal deflections of the end A, is

 
 

71

 

(a)

n

(b)

 

2

3.87.

 

7t

 

(d)

4 '

U

2 .

The area of the cone of a column of cross sectional area A, is

 
 

(a)

1/3 A

 

(b)

1/6 A

 

3.88.

(c)

1/12 A

 

(d)

1/18 A.

The ratio of the length and diameter of a sim ply supported uniform circular beam w hich experience maximum bending stress equal to tensile stress due to same load at its mid span, is

 

(a)

1/8

M

1/4

(c)

1/2

(d)

1/3.

The ratio of the length and depth of

a

sim ply

supported

rectangular

3.89.

Theory of Structures

3.89

beam which experiences maximum bending stress equal to tensile stress, due to sameload at its midspan is

(a)

1/2

(b)

2/3

(c)

1/4

(d)

1/3.

A

yield point of. a testpiece,

the

material

 

(a)

obeys Hooke's law

 

(b)

behaves in an elastic manner

(c)

regains its original shape on removal of the load

(d)

undergoes plastic deformation.

For calculating the allowable stress

of long colums o0 = —

1

-

a

\

L

r

is

the empirical formula known as

(a)

Straight line formula

(b)

Parabolic formula

(c)

Perry's formula

(d)

Rankine's formula.

The shape factor of standard rolled beam section varies from

(a)

1.10 to 1.20

(b)

1.20 to 1.30

(c)

1.30 to 1.40

(d)

1.40 to 1.50.

The degree of indeterminacy of the frame (Fig. 14)

 

Fig.

14.

(a)

zero

(b)

1

(c)

2

(d)

3.

The ratio of maximum shear stress

3.90

3.90.

3.91.

3.92.

3.93.

Civil Engineering (Objective Type)

to average shear stress of a circular beam is

(a) 2/3

(b)

3/2

(c)

3/4

(d)

4/3.

The ratio of the deflections of the free end of a cantilever due to an isolated load at 1/3 rd and 2/3 rd of the span, is

(a) 1/7

(b)

2/7

(c)

3/7

(d)

2/5.

Shear centre of a half circular section of radius r and of constant thickness, lies at a distance of x from

the

centre where x is

(«)

(c)

 

(b)

2 h

71

n

3“

w

A

A

rectangular bar breadth b, depth d

and length L, carries an isolated load

W at its mid-span. The same bar

experiences extension e under same

tensile load. The ratio of the

m axim um d eflectio n to the elongation is

,n

(b)

sim ply supported uniform

d

1

d

2d

(fl)

< "> (£

A steel rod of sectional area 250 sq.

mm connects two parallel walls 5 m apart. The nuts at the ends were lightened when the rod was heated to 100°C. If a steel = 0.000012/°C, Esteel = 0.2 M N/mm2 the tensile force developed at a temperature of

50°C, is

(n)

80 N/mm-

(b)

100 N/mm2

(c)

120 N/mm2

(d)

150 N/mm2.

3.94. simply supported beam carries

A

varying load from zero at one and W at the other end. If the len.

of the beam is a, the shear force v*

be zero at a distance x from le

loaded point where x is

(«)

a

2

(C) V3

(b)

(d)

f

3.95. The ratio of the stresses product by a suddenly applied load and 1

a gradually applied load on a : a is

(a) 1/4

(c) 1

(b)

1/2

(d)

2 .

3.96. A yield moment of a cross-secti defined as the moment that will produce the yield stress in

(ia)

the outermost fibre of the s^

(,b)

the innermost fibre of the s

(c)

the neutral fibre of the Si

(d)

the fibre everywhere.

3.97. The point of contraflexure is point where

(a)

B.M. changes sign

(b)

B.M. is maximum

(c)

B.M. is minimum

(d)

S.F. is zero.

3.98. The S.F. diagram of a loaded shown in Fig. 15 is that of

Fig. 15.

(a)

a simply supported beam with isolated central load

(b)

a simply supported beam with uniformly distributed load

(c)

a cantilever w ith an isolated load at the free end

(d)

a cantilever w ith a uniform ly

distributed load. The ratio of the section modulus of

a square section of side B and that

of a circular section of diameter D,

is

(fl) i \

2n

(b)

3n

16

(d) 16'

The m om ent of inertia of a rectangular section of width B and depth D about an axis passing through C.G. and p arallel to its width is

(«)

(0

BD

(b)

12 (d)

BD

6

B2D

1. The maximum magnitude of shear stress due to shear force F on a rectangular section of area A at the neutral axis is

(c)

F

F

A

(b)

2A

3F

/j \

2F

2A

O

3A '

There are two hinged semicircular

arches A, B and C of radii 5 m, 7.5

m and 10 m respectively and each

carries a cencentrated load W at

their crowns. The horizontal thrust

at

their supports will be in the ratio

of

Theory of Structures

3.91

(«)

1

:

1

-

:2

(b)

2

:

1

\

:1

(c)

1

:

1

: 2

(d)

none

ofthe above.

3.103. In the truss (Fig. 16) the force in the member AC is

10 t

Fig.

16.

5 t

{a)

6.25 t compressive

(b)

8.75 t tensile

8.75

(c)

t tensile

8.75

(d)

t compressive.

3.104. A bar of square section of area a2 is held such that one of its diameter is vertical. The maximum shear stress will develop at a depth h where h is

(a)

2V3

4

(b)

'

'

W

3V2

4

73-

3.105. Maximum shear stress theory for the failure of a material at the elastic limit is known

(a)

Guest's or Trecas theory

(b)

St. Venant's theory

(c)

Rankine's theory

(d)

Haigs theory.

( 3.92

Civil Engineering (Objective Type)

3.106. The total strain energy of a beam of length L, having moment of inertia of its section I, when subjected to a bending moment M, is

(«)

w

M;

EI

8x

L M2 o 2 EI

[

8x

(b)

f2

M

2 EI 8x

EI dx.

3.107. A simply supported beam which carries a uniformly distributed load has two equal overhangs. To have maximum B.M. produced in the beam least possible, the ratio of the length of the overhang to the total length of the beam, is (a) 0.207 (b) 0.307 (c) 0.407 (d) 0.508.

3.108. If M, I, R, E, F, and Y are the bending moment, moment of inertia, radius of curvature, modulus of elasticity, stress and the depth of the neutral axis at section, then

(fl)

(b)

(c)

,

(d)

M

R

 

_

I

E

Y

 

_

J

R

_

F_

M~

E

~

Y

M

E

_ F

R “ Y

M

E

Y

j

-

R

F

3.109. If E, N, K and 1/m are modulus of elasticity, modulus of rigidity, bulk m odulus and Poisson ratio of materials, the following relationship holds good

(a) E = 3K

m

(.b)

(c)

(d)

E = 2 K

1 + m

—K ( l- 2 /

2

m) = n[" 1 + —

\

m

all of the above.

3.110. A compound bar consists of bars of equal length. Steel bar crc section is 35 mm2 and that of bra bar is 3000 mm2. These are subjec to a compressive load 100,000 Eb - 0.2 M N /m m 2 and Efc = MN/mm2, the stresses develop are (a) a b= 10 N/mm2;o = 20 N/i

(.b)

o fc=

8N/mm2;

a =

16 N/i

(c)

ob= 6 N/mm2;

12 N/i

(d)

o b=

5 N/mm2;

o

= 10 N/r

3.111. Pick up the indeterminate struct from those shown in Fig. 17.

(0

(Hi)

 

Fig.

(a)

Figure (i)

(c)

Figure (iii)

(if)

(iv)

17.

_

c

Hinge _

b

y

(b)

Figure (ii)

(d)

Figure (iv).

L112. A bar 2 metre long and having its area of cross-section A, is subjected

to a gradually applied tensile load

W. The strain energy stored in the

bar is

(a)

(c)

WL

2AE

W2L

AE

(b)

(d)

WL

AE

W2L

2AE

13. A load of 1960 N is raised at the end of a steel w ire. The m inim um diameter of the wire so that stress

in the wire does not exceed 100 N/

mm2 is :

(a)

4.0 mm

(b) 4.5 mm

(c)

5.0 mm

(d)

5.5 mm.

Pick up the incorrect statement from the following :

The torsional resistance of a shaft is directly proportional to

(a)

modulus of rigidity

(b)

angle of twist

(c)

reciprocal of the length of the shaft

(d)

moment of inertia of the shaft section.

A

rectangular colum n show n in

Fig. 18, carries a load P having eccentricities ex an ey along X and Y axis. The stress at any point (x, y) is

(«)

D

P_

bd

1 +

C

A

X

Fig.

18.

12gr y

-*IB

12er.x

Theory of Structures

(b)

(C)

P

P

bd

P_

(d) bd

'

y 1 + —-— + —i—

6e

6ex.x

1

3.93

3.116. In a simple bending theory, one of the assum ption is that the plane

sections before

plane after bending. This

assumption means that

bending rem ain

(a)

stress is uniform throughout the beam

(b)

strain is uniform throughout the beam

(c)

stress is p rop ortion al to the distance from the neutral axis

(rf)

strain is prop ortion al to the

distance from the neutral axis.

3.117. When the shear force diagram is a parabolic curve between two points, it indicates that there is a

(a)

point load at the two points

(b)

no load ing betw een the two points

(c)

u n ifo rm ly d istribu ted load between the two points

(d)

uniformly varying load between

the two points.

3.118. Which of the following statement is correct ? (a) Continuous beam has only two supports at the ends

(b)

A u.d.l. spreads uniformly over the whole length of a beam

(c)

The B.M. is maximum where S.F. is maximum

(d)

At the point of contraflexure, the bend ing m om ent is maximum.

3.94

Civil Engineering (Objective Type)

3.119. When there is a sudden increase or decrease in S.F. diagram between any two points it indicates that there is a

3.124. The ratio of the maximum deflec' of a beam simply supported at ends loaded with a u.d.l. W over

(fl)

point load at the two points

 

entire length and when loaded vc load W at centre, will be

(b)

no loading betw een

the

two

(a)

1

(b) 9/16

points

(c)

5/8

(d) 2/3.

(c)

u.d.l. between the two points

uniformly varying load between

3.125. The B.M. diagram for a cantil

(d)

the two points.

beam subjected to a couple at free end of the beam would be

3.120. The S.F. diagram for a cantilever

(a)

rectangle

(b) triangle

(c)

parabola

(d) cubic parab

beam of length L and carrying a

3.126. A beam sim ply supported at

gradually varying load from zero at free end and w per unit length at

(a)

horizontal straight line

ends carries a load W at the cer

the fixed end is a

causing deflection 5r

of beam doubled the deflection

If the w;

(b)

vertical straight line

 

the centre under the same load

(c)

inclined line

 

be

(d)

parabolic curve.

(a)

8

(b)

1/2 5,

 

(c)

1/4 Sx

(d)

1/3 81.

3.121. The B.M . diagram for a sim ply supported beam loaded in its centre is

(a) a right angled triangle

3.127. For a beam of length L, fixed at end, supported at the other

(.b) an isoscles triangle

 

loaded W at the centre C maximum B.M. will occur at

(c)

an equilateral triangle

 

(a)

fixed end

 

(d)

a rectangle.

(b)

centre

3.122. The S.F. at the centre of a simply

(c)

simply supported end

(d)

between fixed end and ce

supported beam of length 7' with a gradually varying load from zero at both ends to ‘w’ per metre at the centre is

3.128. In the above problem the value maximum B.M. will be

(a)

(c)

wL/A

zero

(b)

(d)

ivL/2

w\?/2.

(a) ~

WL

(b)

WL

24

3.123. Two long beam connected together by a hinge H, and under u.d.l. throughout on its length, is simply supported. The B.M. on the hinge H will be

(a)

zero

(b)

equal to reactions

(c)

maximum

(d)

negative.

3.129.

(c)

WL

16

(d)

v” 7

3WL

16

In the Problem 127, the B.M. at centre will be

(a)

(c)

3WL

16

5WL

16

(b)

(d)

WL

16

_5

32 WL

A self supporting steel chimney

transmits the lateral forces to the foundation by

(a)

(b)

fixed beam action propped beam action cantilever action

(c)

(d) simply supported beam action.

A beam carrying a u.d.l. rests on

two supports 'b' apart with equal overhang is 'a' at each end, the ratio 't/a' for zero B.M. at mid span is

(«)

1/2

(b)

1

’fr)

2

(d)

2/3.

In the above problem, the ratio 'b/a'

so that the maximum B.M. is small

as possible will be

(i)

1

(b)

2

<c)

2V2

(d)

3.

The maximum B.M. due to a moving

on a fixed ended beam occurs under the load only

load

(a)

srl at mid span

(r)

anywhere along the span

U)

at a support.

A

beam of uniform strength will

have at every cross-section

> same deflection

<*)

same stiffness same B.M.

trf)

same landing stress.

A

propped can tilev er is

indeterminate externally of

fat

first degree

*5)

second degree

|t)

third degree

fourth degree.

Theory of Structures

3.95

3.136. The ratio of the area under the B.M. diagram betw een any two points along a beam to the flexural rigidity El gives the change to the following parameter between the two points

(a)

deflection

(b)

shear force

(c)

slope

(d)

bending moment.

3.137. A simple beam AB of span L pinned at A and resting on rollers at B is subjected to a clockwise couple M at centre. The maximum shear is

(a) ML

(c) ML2

(b)

(d)

M/L

Zero.

3.138. A beam AB of span L and flexural rigidity El is fixed at A and B. If the

support a t A

settles by 8

(a)

equal moments will be induced at A and B

(b)

unequal m om ents w ill be induced at A and B

(c)

moments will be induced at B only

(d)

m om ent w ill be induced at A

only.

3.139. Moment area method is useful in determining the following in a beam (a) "‘slope and deflection at a point

(b)

tensile and compressive stresses at a point

(c)

S.F. and B.M. at a point

(d)

none of the above.

10

util

tic)

3.2.

3.9.

3.16.

(b)

(c)

(b)

3.3.

3.10.

3.17.

(c)

(c)

(c)

ANSW ERS

3.4.

3.11.

3.18.

(d)

(b)

(b)

3.5.

3.12.

3.19.

(b)

(c)

(c)

3.6.

3.13.

3.20.

(c)

(d)

(«)

3.7. (b)

3.14. (d)

3.21. (a)

3.96

Civil Engineering (Objective Type)

3.22.

(c)

3.29.

(d)

3.36.

(a)

3.43.

(a)

3.50.

(b)

3.57.

(a)

3.64.

(d)

3.71.

(d)

3.78.

(c)

3.85.

(d)

3.92.

(c)

3.99.

(b)

3.106.

(c)

3.113.

(a)

3.120.

(d)

3.127.

(b)

3.134.

(d)

3.23.

3.30.

3.37.

3.44.

3.51.

3.58.

3.65.

3.72.

3.79.

3.86:

3.93.

3.100.

3.107.

3.114.

3.121.

3.128.

3.135.

id)

(b)

(d)

(c)

(b)

(b)

(d)

(d)

(c)

(b)

(c)

(C)

(«)

(d)

(b)

(d)

(b)

3.24.

3.31.

3.38.

3.45.

3.52.

3.59.

3.66.

3.73.

3.80.

3.87.

3.94.

3.101.

3.108.

3.115.

3.122.

3.129.

3.136.

(b)

(a)

(d)

(b)

(b)

(a)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(a)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(a)

(c)

(d)

(b)

3.25.

3.32.

3.39.

3.46.

3.53.

3.60.

3.67.

3.74.

3.81.

3.88.

3.95.

3.102.

3.109.

3.116.

3.123.

3.130.

3.137.

(«)

(d)

(d)

(c)

(b)

(d)

(c)

(0

(b)

(b)

(d)

(c)

(d)

(d)

(a)

(c)

(b)

3.26. (a)

3.33.

(a)

3.40. (c)

3.47. (d)

3.54. (d)

3.61. (d)

(d)

3.75. (b)

(d)

3.89. (d)

3.96. (a)

(d)

{a)

3.117. (d)

3.110.

3.103.

3.68.

3.82.

3.124. (c)

3.131. (c)

3.138. («)

3.27.

3.34.

3.41.

3.48.

3.55.

3.62.

3.69.

3.76.

3.83.

3.90.

3.97.

3.104.

3.111.

3.118.

3.125.

3.132.

3.139.

(c)

(a)

(d)

(d)

(b)

(a)

(c)

(c)

(c)

(b)

{a)

(b)

(c)

(b)

(a)

(c)

(«)

3.2&.<

3.35.

3.42-1

3.49.1

3.56.

3.63-i

3.70.

3.77.

3.8-L

3.91.

3.98.

3.105.

3.111

3.119.

3.126.

3.133.