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9

Its a crime
Words and phrases
Lead in
9.1 mugging /"mVgIN/ (n)
crime of attacking sb violently in a
public place, or threatening to do
so, in order to steal their money,
mobile phones, etc. mugger (n),
mug (v)

9.2 fraud /frO:d/ (n)


crime of cheating sb in order to get
money or goods illegally L Also
refers to a person: Steve claimed
to be an airline pilot, but spotting
him driving a bus round town, Kate
realised he was a fraud.
defraud (v), fraudulent (adj),
fraudulently (adv)

9.3 peak /pi:k/ (v)


reach the highest point or value
L The adjective form off-peak = at
the least busy times and is common
in, e.g. travel prices: an off-peak
ticket/railcard or phone tariffs: offpeak calls. peak (n, adj)

9.4 misuse /mIs"ju:s/ (n)


act of using sth in a dishonest way
(e.g. when it isnt yours) or for the
wrong purpose misuse (v)

9.5 acquaintance /@"kweInt@ns/ (n)


person that you know but who is not
a close friend acquaintanceship
(n), acquainted (adj)

9.7 mislead /mIs"li:d/ (v)


give sb the wrong idea or
impression and make them
believe sth that is not true, often
deliberately misleading (adj),
misleadingly (adv)

9.8 audacity /O:"d&s@ti/ (n)


shocking behaviour that shows
that you are willing to take risks or
be brave to get sth you want
First you borrow my car without
asking and then you have the
audacity to ask me to pay for
the petrol! audacious (adj),
audaciously (adv)

9.9 folly /"fQli/ (n)


stupid action or way of behaving
L Formal

9.10 arrogance /"&r@g@ns/ (n)


behaviour of a person when they
feel that they are more important
than other people and so are rude
to them or do not consider them
arrogant (adj), arrogantly (adv)

9.11 sloppy /"slQpi/ (adj)


showing a lack of care, thought or
effort With your sloppy attitude
to work, I cant say Im surprised
you got fired. sloppiness (n),
sloppily (adv)

9.12 prose /pr@Uz/ (n)


writing that is not poetry

9.13 scatter /"sk&t@(r)/ (v)

Reading
Writing crime fiction
9.6 genre /"ZQnr@/ (n)
particular type or style of
literature, art, film or music that
you can recognise because of its
special features (e.g. crime fiction,
historical drama, etc.)

drop or throw things in different


directions, usu. so that they cover
an area of ground scattering (n),
scattered (adj)

9.14 splendid /"splendId/ (adj)


very impressive splendour (n),
splendidly (adv)

9.15 shady /"SeIdi/ (adj)


not clearly defined or described,
shadowy L When describing people
usu. means dishonest or acting
against the law. shade (n, v)

9.16 subtlety /"sVtlti/ (n)


not being obvious or noticeable,
and therefore hard to describe
subtle (adj), subtly (adv)

9.17 libel /"laIbl/ (v)


publish a written statement about
sb that is not true libel (n),
libellous (adj), libellously (adv)

9.18 transparently

/tr&ns"p&r@ntli/ (adv)
in a way that allows you to see
through to the real thing easily
transparency (n), transparent (adj)

9.19 fetter /"fet@(r)/ (n)


sth that stops sb from doing what
they want L The verb is usually
found in the passive; the adjective
is more common in the negative.
fetter (v), fettered/unfettered (adj)

9.20 plotter /"plQt@(r)/ (n)


person who writes the plot, i.e.
the series of events, for a story
L More commonly a person who
makes a secret plan to harm sb.
Bonfire Night, November 5th,
commemorates the execution of
Guy Fawkes and his fellow plotters.
plot (n, v)

9.21 humdrum /"hVmdrVm/ (adj)


boring and always the same, usu.
when referring to sbs life or job

9.22 haunted /"hO:ntId/ (adj)


believed to be visited by ghosts
We stayed in an old hotel which
was supposed to be haunted by a
headless man. haunt (v)

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9.23 mansion /"m&nSn/ (n)


large impressive house usu. with
big gardens

9.24 moor /mO:(r)/ (n)


high open area of land that is not
generally used for farming, esp. an
area covered with rough grass and
heather moorland (n)

9.25 more to the point

/%mO: t@ D@ "poInt/ (idm)


used to say that sth is more
important than sth else

9.26 cope /k@Up/ (v)


deal successfully with sth difficult

9.27 invariably /In"ve@ri@bli/ (adv)


always

invariable (adj)

9.28 expiation /%ekspi"eISn/ (n)


act of accepting punishment for sth
that you have done wrong in order
to show that you are sorry, usu. in
a religious context expiate (v)

9.29 wrongdoer /"rQNdu:@(r)/ (n)


person who does sth dishonest
or illegal L Formal, usually in a
religious context. wrongdoing (n)

9.30 dispatch (sb) /dI"sp&/ (v)


kill L More generally means send,
e.g. parcels from a warehouse,
troops to a war. dispatch (n)

9.31 contrive /k@n"traIv/ (v)


think of, e.g. a plan, or make sth
happen, in a clever way

9.36 friction /"frIkSn/ (n)


disagreement or lack of friendship
among people who have different
opinions about sth Constant
friction between the couple
eventually led to divorce.

9.37 stubborn /"stVb@n/ (adj)


determined not to change your
opinion or attitude stubbornness
(n), stubbornly (adv)

9.38 vengeful /"venfl/ (adj)


showing a desire to punish sb who
has done wrong to you revenge
(n), vengeance (n), avenge (v),
vengefully (adv)

9.39 bountiful /"baUntIfl/ (adj)


used to describe large amounts
of sth good or supplies of sth
California is blessed with a
bountiful supply of fresh fruits,
vegetables and seafoods in all
seasons. bounty (n)

9.40 insistent /In"sIst@nt/ (adj)


continuing for a long period of
time in a way that cannot be
ignored Penny was kept awake
night after night by the insistent
sound of traffic outside her hotel.
insistence (n), insist (v),
insistently (adv)

9.41 boil down (to)

9.33 brandish /"br&ndIS/ (v)


hold or wave, often a weapon, in
an aggressive or excited way

9.35 springboard /"sprINbO:d/ (n)


sth that helps you start an activity,
esp. by giving you ideas

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9.46 wary /"we@ri/ (adj)


careful when dealing with sb/sth
because you think that there may
be a danger or problem I keep
telling my young daughter to be
wary of strangers who offer her
sweets. wariness (n), warily (adv)

9.47 up to scratch

/%Vp t@ "skr&/ (idm)


as good as sth/sb should be

9.48 cringe /krIn/ (v)


move back and/or away from sb
because you are afraid L Also
means to feel very embarrassed
and uncomfortable about sth.
I came across an old diary Id
kept as a teenager and cringed at
some of the ridiculous things Id
written!

9.49 thump /TVmp/ (v)


hit sb/sth hard, usu. with your
closed hand or fist thump (n),
thumping (n, adj)

Vocabulary

have sth as a main or basic part


In his opinion, being happy
boiled down to one thing: money.

9.50 manslaughter

9.42 robust /r@U"bVst/ (adj)


strong, not likely to fail or become
weak L This can be used of both
people and things. robustness
(n), robustly (adv)

9.43 (be) burdened (with)

/(bi) "b3:dnd/ (v)


suffer with a lot of, e.g. guilt, grief,
worries, difficulties, hard work
burden (n)

9.34 yarn /jA:n/ (n)


long story, esp. one that is
exaggerated L Yarn is also an old
word for thread; spinning a yarn
= telling a long story.

careful and thorough look at


or examination of sth One
drawback to being famous is that
your private life usually comes
under scrutiny. scrutinise (v)

/%bOIl "daUn/ (idm)

9.32 habitual /h@"bIu@l/ (adj)


used to describe a person whose
behaviour has become a habit and
is therefore difficult to stop
I cant believe a word Emma
says; shes a habitual liar.
habit (n), habitually (adv)

9.45 scrutiny /"skru:t@ni/ (n)

9.44 failing /"feIlIN/ (n)


weakness or fault in sb/sth
Jealousy is a very common
human failing.

/"m&nslO:t@(r)/ (n)
crime of killing sb illegally but
not deliberately The accused
was cleared of murder, but found
guilty of the lesser charge of
manslaughter. L The verb form is
commit manslaughter.

9.51 smuggling /"smVglIN/ (n)


crime of taking, sending or
bringing goods secretly and
illegally into or out of a country
smuggler (n), smuggle (v)

9.52 blackmail /"bl&kmeIl/ (n)


crime of demanding money from sb
by threatening them in some way
blackmailer (n), blackmail (v)

9.53 arson /"A:sn/ (n)


crime of deliberately setting fire to
sth, esp. a building L The verb
form is commit arson. arsonist (n)

9.54 forgery /"fO:@ri/ (n)


crime of copying money, documents,
etc. in order to cheat people L Also
refers to the forged item itself. The
signature turned out to be a forgery.
forger (n), forge (v)

9.55 caution /"kO:Sn/ (v)


warn sb officially that anything
they say may be used as evidence
against them in court caution (n),
cautionary (adj)

9.56 charge (sb with sth) /A:/ (v)


accuse sb formally of a crime so
that there can be a trial in court
charge (n)

9.57 offence /@"fens/ (n)


illegal act It is an offence to drive
above the national speed limit on a
motorway. L The adj and adv are
connected with the act of attacking
sb/sth. offend (v), offensive (adj),
offensively (adv)

9.58 custody /"kVst@di/ (n)


state of being in prison or in a police
cell, esp. while waiting for a trial
L Also the legal right to take care
of sb/sth: After a long and difficult
court case, Gina won custody of the
children. custodial (adj)

9.59 sentence /"sent@ns/ (v)


say officially in a court of law
that sb is to receive a particular
punishment She was sentenced to
three years in prison for a crime she
had not committed! sentence (n)

9.60 parole /p@"r@Ul/ (n)


permission for a prisoner to leave
prison before the end of their
sentence on condition that they
behave well parole (v), on parole
(phr)

Grammar
9.61 axe /&ks/ (v)
get rid of sth, esp. a service, a
system, a benefit, etc. L More
commonly found in the passive.

9.62 turbine /"t3:baIn/ (n)

9.63 eligible /"elI@bl/ (adj)


having the right to do sth or being
able to do sth because you have
the right qualifications To be
eligible for this scheme, students
must be residents of the European
Union. eligibility (n)

9.64 disused /dIs"ju:zd/ (adj)


no longer used, esp. a place such
as a mine or a building L Do not
confuse with misuse (see 9.04).

9.65 well /wel/ (n)


deep hole in the ground from
which people obtain water

9.66 quarry /"kwQri/ (v)


take stone, etc. out of a quarry,
an area dug out of a mountain
or piece of land quarry (n),
quarrying (n)

9.67 damp /d&mp/ (adj)


slightly wet, often in a way that is
unpleasant dampness (n)

9.68 bog /bQg/ (n)


area of soft wet ground formed by
decaying plants boggy (adj)

9.69 crackdown /"kr&kdaUn/ (n)


severe action taken to restrict the
activities of criminals, etc. and
punish them crack down (phr v)

9.70 CCTV /%si: %si: %ti: "vi:/ (n)


abbreviation for Closed-Circuit
Television. CCTV cameras make
a video recording of an area such
as a car park, a part of shop, etc.
which can then be used, e.g. to
identify criminals.

9.71 splitting /"splItIN/ (adj)


very bad, almost always used to
describe headaches

Listening
9.72 daring /"de@rIN/ (adj)
brave, involving danger or taking
risks He is not usually very
brave, but standing up to his
teacher was quite daring, I must
admit. dare (n, v)

9.73 raid /reId/ (n)


attack on a building, etc. in order
to commit a crime L Also means
a surprise attack by, e.g. soldiers,
or a surprise visit by the police
looking for criminals. raider (n),
raid (v)

9.74 make off (with)

/%meIk "Qf/ (phr v)


steal sth and hurry away with it
The bank raiders made off in a
stolen car.

9.75 transaction /tr&n"z&kSn/ (n)


piece of business such as buying,
selling, withdrawing cash from
a machine, transferring money
between bank accounts, etc.
Whereas I used to go to my bank
to do any financial transactions,
now I do most things, like paying
bills, through Internet banking.

9.76 millennium /mI"leni@m/ (n)


period of 1,000 years, esp. as
calculated before or after the birth
of Christ L Plural = millennia
or millenniums. In the media, the
millennium often means the year
2000, particularly with reference to
events that took place to celebrate
the new millennium.

9.77 dome /d@Um/ (n)


round roof with a circular base, or
a building with this shape
L The Millennium Dome was built
in London to house an exhibition
as part of the celebrations in the
year 2000 and was later converted
into an indoor arena for, e.g.
sporting events.

9.78 conspire /k@n"spaI@(r)/ (v)


secretly plan with other people to
do sth illegal or harmful
conspiracy (n), conspirator (n),
conspiratorial (adj), conspiratorially
(adv)

9.79 bulldozer /"bUld@Uz@(r)/ (n)


powerful vehicle with a broad steel
blade in front, used for moving
earth or knocking down buildings
bulldoze (v), bulldoze sb (into
doing sth) (v)

machine or engine that receives its


power from a wheel that is turned
by the pressure of air, water or gas

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9.80 snatch /sn&/ (v)


take sth quickly and often rudely
or roughly The guard was quick
enough to snatch the robbers gun
and save us.

9.81 ringleader /"rINli:d@(r)/ (n)


person who leads others in crime
or causing trouble There was a
fight in the playground yesterday
lunchtime; the ringleaders had
to stay behind after school as a
punishment.

9.82 surveillance /s@"veIl@ns/ (n)


act of carefully watching a person
suspected of a crime or a place
where a crime may be committed

9.83 corner /"kO:n@(r)/ (v)


get a person or an animal into a
place or situation from which they
cannot escape The frightened
animal had run towards a high
fence and was now cornered by the
dogs.

9.84 clone /kl@Un/ (v)


produce an animal or plant
artificially by taking cells from
another animal or plant clone (n)

9.89 check up on sb

/%ek "Vp %Qn/ (phr v)


make sure that sb is doing what
they should be doing Can you
please check up on the children
they must be up to something.

9.85 hard hat /%hA:d "h&t/ (n)


protective hat worn by building
workers, etc.

9.86 goods /gUdz/ (n pl)


things that are produced to be sold

9.87 sack /s&k/ (v)


dismiss sb from a job

Use of English
9.88 privacy /"prIv@si/ (n)
the state of being alone and not
watched or disturbed by other
people Film stars make a lot of
money but they have no privacy
whatsoever.

give sb the right to have or do sth


If you are over 60 you are
probably entitled to a free bus pass.
entitlement (n)

Vocabulary
9.91 bring out /%brIN "aUt/ (phr v)
release to the public, e.g. a film,
book, CD, product

9.92 cant get over

/%kA:nt get "@Uv@(r)/ (idm)


used to say that you are shocked,
surprised, amused, by sth

Writing
9.102 buffet /"bVfeI/ (n)
meal at which people serve
themselves from a table and then
stand or sit somewhere else to eat
buffet car (n)

9.103 forensic /f@"renzIk/ (adj)


connected with the scientific tests
used by the police when trying to
solve a crime

9.104 engaging /In"geIIN/ (adj)


interesting or pleasant in a way
that attracts your attention
engage (v), engagingly (adv)

9.105 dull /dVl/ (adj)


boring

dullness (n), dully (adv)

9.93 pull over /%pUl "@Uv@(r)/ (phr v)


(of a vehicle or its driver) move
to the side of the road in order to
stop or let sth pass

9.94 go over /%g@U "@Uv@(r)/ (phr v)


9.95 put out /%pUt "aUt/ (phr v)
stop sth shining or burning, turn
off, e.g. a light

9.96 give out /%gIv "aUt/ (phr v)


stop working (of a piece of
equipment) L Give sth out = give
sth to a lot of people.

9.97 set out /%set "aUt/ (phr v)


leave a place and start a journey
L set sth out = arrange or display
things.

9.98 get out /%get "aUt/ (phr v)


manage to escape from somewhere
L get sth out = take sth out from
somewhere.

9.99 check out /%ek "aUt/ (phr v)


pay the bill and leave a hotel
L check sth out = find out
information about sth.

9.100 premiere /"premi@(r)/ (n)


first public showing of a film or
performance of a play premiere
(v)

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manage to wait L hold sth out =


extend (e.g. your hand).

9.90 entitle (sb to sth) /In"taItl/ (v)

examine or check sth carefully

Speaking

9.101 hold out /%h@Uld "aUt/ (phr v)

Review
9.106 in their/our/its/your midst

/%In ... "mIdst/ (idm)


among or with them/us/it/you
And today, we are delighted to
have the great-great-grandson of the
schools founder in our midst for
this very special event.

9.107 hard shoulder

/%hA:d "S@Uld@(r)/ (n)


strip of ground with a hard surface
beside a major road such as a
motorway, where vehicles can stop
in an emergency

9.108 edition /I"dISn/ (n)


particular newspaper, magazine,
radio or television programme, esp.
one in a regular series editor (n),
edit (v)

9.109 deduct /dI"dVkt/ (v)


take away a number, money,
points, etc. from a total amount
L In maths, subtract is generally
used. deduction (n)

9.110 hesitation /%hezI"teISn/ (n)


the act of being slow to speak or
do sth because you feel uncertain
or nervous After some hesitation,
I decided to join the trip to the
Antarctic. hesitate (v), hesitant
(adj), hesitantly (adv)

Workbook
Reading
9.111 era /"I@r@/ (n)
period of time, usually in history,
that is different from other
periods because of particular
characteristics or events During
the post-war era in Britain many
foods were still in short supply.

9.112 deliberately /dI"lIb@r@tli/ (adv)


done in a way that was planned,
not by chance The boys were
deliberately delaying their
departure to wait for the cakes to
be served. deliberate (adj)

9.113 have a say /%h&v @ "seI/ (idm)


have the opportunity to express
yourself fully about sth You
cannot possibly have a say on a
subject you know nothing about.

Families and other


criminals
9.114 copygirl /"kQpi%g3:l/ (n)
young woman whose job is to
write the words for advertising
material

9.115 touching /"tVIN/ (adj)


causing feelings of pity or sympathy,
making you feel emotional Her
efforts to help her family were rather
touching. touch (v)

9.116 unsettling /%Vn"setlIN/ (adj)


making you feel upset, nervous or
worried Seeing her ex-husband
again was an unsettling experience.
unsettle (v), unsettled (adj)

9.117 engage (sb) /In"geI/ (v)


employ sb to do a particular job
engagement (n)

9.118 bizarre /bI"zA:(r)/ (adj)


very strange or unusual
(adv)

bizarrely

9.119 shabby /"S&bi/ (adj)


(of buildings, clothes, objects, etc.)
in poor condition because they
have been used a lot shabbiness
(n), shabbily (adv)

9.120 dismal /"dIzm@l/ (adj)


causing or showing sadness
Christmas will be dismal with
the children away and no other
relatives around. dismally (adv)

9.121 autistic /O:"tIstIk/ (adj)


related to a mental condition
in which a person is unable to
communicate or form relationships
with others autism (n)

9.122 distinguished

/dI"stINgwISt/ (adj)
very successful and admired by
other people Our distinguished
guest tonight is one of the greatest
scientists of our times.

9.123 hinder /"hInd@(r)/ (v)


make it difficult for sb to do sth
or sth to happen Unfavourable
weather conditions have hindered
the construction of the new City
Hall, whose completion is now six
months late. hindrance (n)

9.128 commentary /"kQm@ntri/ (n)


criticism or discussion of sth DVDs
often include extras such as a
commentary by the director of the
film. L Also: a spoken description
of an event that is given while it is
happening, esp. on the radio or TV
commentate (v), commentator (n)

9.129 run-up /"rVn %Vp/ (n)


period of time leading up to an
important event In the run-up to
the election the parties were trying
everything to gain extra votes.

9.130 keep your hand in

/%ki:p jO: "h&nd %In/ (sth) (idm)


occasionally do sth that you used
to do a lot so that you do not lose
your skill at it Johns dad still
plays the occasional game of cricket
just to keep his hand in.

9.131 dodge /dQ/ (v)


avoid doing sth, especially in a
dishonest way The businessman
had been dodging his taxes for
years when he was finally caught.

9.132 cast (a vote)

/%kA:st @ "v@Ut/ (v)


vote for sb/sth

9.133 law-abiding

/"lO:r @%baIdIN/ (adj)


obeying and respecting the law

9.124 quartet /kwO:"tet/ (n)

9.134 chief superintendent

set of four people or things

/%i:f su:p@rIn"tend@nt/ (n)

9.125 eccentric /Ik"sentrIk/ (adj)


unusual, peculiar eccentricity (n),
eccentrically (adv)

9.126 turbulent /"t3:bj@l@nt/ (adj)


in which there is a lot of sudden
change, confusion, disagreement
and sometimes violence The
teenage years can be a turbulent
time for many youngsters.
turbulence (n)

9.127 mocking /"mQkIN/ (adj)


showing that you think sb/sth is
ridiculous The writers dismissive
attitude to the film was underlined
by the mocking tone of the review.
mock (v), mockingly (adv)

officer of high rank in the police


force

9.135 credible /"kred@bl/ (adj)


that can be believed or trusted
If you dont have a credible
explanation for your late payment,
you will receive a fine. credibility
(n), incredible (adj), (in)credibly
(adv)

9.136 impeccable /Im"pek@bl/ (adj)


without mistakes or faults, perfect
Its only natural that Charlie gets
straight As in composition his
written English is impeccable.
impeccably (adv)

9.137 nun /nVn/ (n)


member of a religious community
of women who promise to serve
God all their lives

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9.138 in one go

9.146 current affairs

/In %wVn "g@U/ (idm)

/%kVr@nt @"fe@z/ (n pl)

all together on one occasion


My daughter ate the pack of
crisps in one go so that nobody
could take any from her.

events of political or social


importance that are happening now

Grammar
9.139 deposit /dI"pQzIt/ (n)
sum of money that is given as the
first part of a larger payment
deposit (v)

9.140 balance /"b&l@ns/ (n)


amount of money still owed after
some payment has been made

9.141 withdraw /wID"drO:/ (v)


stop or make sb stop taking part in
an activity or being a member of an
organization I had to withdraw
from the Parents Committee
because I didnt have enough time
to spare. withdrawal (n)

9.142 confiscate /"kQnfIskeIt/ (v)


officially take sth away from sb,
especially as a punishment
The teacher threatened to
confiscate their mobile phones if
they brought them again in class.
confiscation (n)

9.143 pierce /pI@s/ (v)


make a small hole in sth, or go
through sth, with a sharp object
Ill soon need to pierce more
holes in my belt if I keep putting
on weight.

9.144 stain /steIn/ (n)


dirty mark on sth, that is difficult
to remove stain (v)

Listening
9.145 discipline /"dIs@plIn/ (n)
practice of training people to obey
rules and orders and punishing
them if they do not, the controlled
behaviour or situation that results
from this training Strict discipline
is a major feature of a soldiers
training. disciplined (adj),
disciplinary (adj), disciplinarian
(adj)

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9.147 distressing /dI"stresIN/ (adj)


making you feel extremely upset,
especially because of sbs suffering
That documentary about people
in central Africa was so distressing,
I couldnt stop thinking about it.
distress (n, v), distressed (adj)

9.148 disruptive /dIs"rVptIv/ (adj)


causing problems, noise, etc. so
that sth cannot continue normally
Young children are not allowed
in the cinema as they can be very
disruptive. disruption (n)

9.149 breach /bri:/ (v)


not keep to an agreement or not
keep a promise If you breach a
promise then people find it harder
to trust you.

9.150 trauma /"trO:m@/ (n)


unpleasant experience that makes
you feel upset and/or anxious
My friend suffered the trauma of
seeing her cat run over.
traumatise (v), traumatic (adj)

9.151 unnerving

/%Vn"n3:vIN/ (adj)
that makes sb feel nervous or
frightened or lose confidence
Being lost in a big city after
midnight can be an unnerving
experience.

9.154 greed /gri:d/ (n)


a strong desire for more wealth,
possessions, power, etc. than a
person needs Nothing would
satisfy the dictators greed for power.
greedy (adj), greedily (adv)

9.155 outwit /%aUt"wIt/ (v)


defeat sb/sth or gain an advantage
over them by doing sth clever
The chess match ended quickly
as Tim was unable to outwit his
opponent.

9.156 interlocking /%Int@"lQkIN/ (adj)


with pieces that fit together

9.157 heist /haIst/ (n)


act of stealing sth valuable, usu.
from a shop or bank

9.158 slick /slIk/ (adj)


done or made in a way that is
clever and efficient but often does
not seem to be sincere
The products slick advertising
campaign was very successful and
made sales rise quickly.

9.159 tease /ti:z/ (v)


laugh at sb and make jokes about
them either in a friendly way or in
order to annoy or embarrass them
Everyone in class teased me
because my name in English meant
silly.

Review Units 79
9.160 sophisticated

Use of English
9.152 acclaimed /@"kleImd/ (adj)
praised publicly The highly
acclaimed performance of The
Magic Flute continues at the
National Concert Hall.
acclamation (n), acclaim (v)

9.153 lure /lU@(r), ljU@(r)/ (n)


attractive qualities of sth The
lure of Australia for many people is
its wide open spaces. lure (v)

/s@"fIstIkeItId/ (adj)
(of a machine) clever and
complicated in the way that it
works sophistication (n)

9.161 head-over-heels in love

/%hed %@Uv@ %hi:lz In "lVv/ (idm)


loving sb very much Joe and
Monica are head-over-heels in love.
I think theyre going to get married
soon.

9.162 bargain /"bA:gIn/ (n)


sth bought for less than the usual
price

9.163 affluent /"&flu@nt/ (adj)


having a lot of money and a good
standard of living She lived in an
affluent suburb of the city and went
to an expensive private school.
affluence (n), affluently (adv)

9.164 appoint /@"pOInt/ (v)


choose sb for a job or position
of responsibility They have
appointed a new head teacher at
my sons school. appointment (n)

9.165 recital /rI"saItl/ (n)


public performance of music
or poetry, usually given by one
person or a small group

9.166 warehouse /"we@haUs/ (n)


building where large quantities of
goods are stored, especially before
they are sent to shops to be sold

CAE Result Oxford University Press 7