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BORETS COMPANY

PERMANENT MAGNET MOTOR

The Borets Permanent Magnet Motor (PMM) is designed for the same ESP systems as induction motors.
However, the PMM shows better performance in harsh environments, such as viscous fluids, high solids content,
unstable inflow, low production, post hydro-fracturing or any other artificial lift methods applied.
Moreover, it facilitates the operating procedure for well start up.
Under certain operating conditions, a sucker-rod pumping system can be replaced with an ESPCP featuring
a permanent magnet motor.
The PMM design is similar to the induction motor design, though the PMM uses a rotor with permanent magnets that are made of sintered hard-magnetic materials.

PMM Operating Principle


The magnets supply the rotor flux that requires less electric power. The operation of a rotor and stator is
synchronized due to the rotor and stator flux maintained at 90 angle, and thus the rotor slip tends toward zero.
The PMM designed for operation with electrical submersible pump is equipped with a high-speed rotor. The
rotation speed ranges are from 500 to 3900 rpm.
Power range at 3000 rpm (50 Hz), kW
25

Size 103
(406 series)

ESP

Size 117
(460 series)

50

100

10

150

200

250

300

350

450

650

450

650

140

250

18

Size 130*
(512 series)

400

28

Horsepower range 3500 rpm (60 Hz), HP


25

Size 103
(406 series)
Size 117
(460 series)
Size 130*
(512 series)

50

16

100

150

200

250

300

350

219

28

391

44

*In process of field testing

626

BORETS COMPANY

The PMM designed for operation with a progressive cavity pump (ESPCP) is equipped with a low-speed rotor. The speed ranges are from 250 to 2000 rpm.
Power range at 500 rpm (kW)
5

ESPCP

117 mm
(460 series)

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

30

35

40

30

40

50

35

10

10

15

20

25

Horsepower range at 500 rpm (HP)

117 mm
(460 series)

15

20

25

47

10

15

20

25

30

40

50

PMM Technical Specifications


Borets single-section size 103 PMM for ESP, 500 to 3900 rpm
Motor

11VEDBT-103/3V5

Fluid
Temperature, C

135

Power, kW

Power, HP

Voltage, V

Current, A

Efficiency, %

Power Factor

1044

1359

3201300

24.527.0

88

0.94

50110

67147

12802305

31.238.6

89

0.95

120140

161188

20702345

46.248.2

90

0.95

at 3000 rpm

Borets single-section size 117 PMM for ESP, 500 to 3900 rpm
Motor

1VEDBT-117/31V5

1VEDB-117/3V5

at 3000 rpm

Fluid
Temperature, C

135

120

Power, kW

Power, HP

Voltage, V

Current, A

Efficiency, %

Power Factor

1827

2436

530800

2425

91

0.955

36

48

1070

25

91.5

0.96

4580

60107

13402000

2531

92

0.96

90110

121147

16001920

41.542.0

92.5

0.96

128250

172335

17102300

4289

93

0.96

2030

2740

550850

28.3

91

0.96

4050

5467

11001370

28.3

91.5

0.96

6070

8094

16501900

28.3

92

0.96

90125

121168

18002000

40.049.2

92.5

0.96

150230

201308

18002250

50.482.8

93

0.96

Borets single-section size 117 PMM for ESP, 3000 to 6000 rpm
Motor

Fluid
Temperature, C

5VEDBT-117/6V5

135

Power, kW

Power, HP

Voltage, V

Current, A

Efficiency, %

Power Factor

7090

94121

20602590

25.826.6

91

0.96

110

147

2680

32.5

91.5

0.96

130150

174201

26203000

41.141.5

92

0.96

at 6000 rpm

Borets single-section size 117 PMM for ESPCP, 250 to 2000 rpm
Motor

Fluid
Temperature, C

2VEDBT-117/0,5V5

135

Power, kW

Power, HP

Voltage, V

Current, A

Efficiency, %

Power Factor

511

715

150305

27

75.576.5

0.955

1435

1947

4101025

27

76.579.0

0.96

at 500 rpm

Permanent Magnet Motor vs. Induction Motor


Below are the load, efficiency and cos curves intended to compare a PMM and induction motor with 36 kW
nominal horsepower.
The curves show that compared to the IM, the PMM has lower input and idle current, higher efficiency rate
and power factor.
Due to lower power consumption at the same output power and absence of power loss in the rotor, more
favourable thermal operating conditions are ensured compared to the induction motor.

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BORETS COMPANY

Current vs load

40
35

I,

30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

30

35

40

45

50

30

35

40

45

50

Eff, %

P, kW

Efficiency vs load

100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
0

10

15

20

25

P, kW

Power factor vs load


1

cos, f

0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0
0

10

15

20

25

P, kW

Permanent Magnet Motor


Induction Motor

Borets has carried out a series of research studies


A set of measurements have been made to define power consumption of ESP systems operated by several
oil companies and installed in wells with equal operating conditions. The wells were equipped with induction and
permanent magnet motors of the same horsepower and variable frequency drives.
According to our estimates and calculations, the ESP system operating with a PMM is 10-20% more energy
efficient than the ESP system with IM.
5, Moldavskaya st., Moscow, 121467, Russia
Tel./Fax: + 7 495 660 - 21 - 90
e-mail: office@borets.ru