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Work Activity Base Production Rates

Item

Unit

Base Rate

Metric
Base Rate

Grade Items
Mobilization
Clearing & Grubbing
Demo. Of Buildings
Asbestos Rem.(Res./Small Commercial)
Asbestos Rem.(Large Commercial)
Demo. Of Asphalt Pave.
Sawcut Pavement
Remove Curb& Gutter
Remove Exist. DI/Manhole & Assoc. Pipe
Temporary Detour
Roadway Excavation
Excavation Small/Irregular Area Projects
Excavation - Large quantity projects
Drainage Corrug.Metal 18"
Drainage Concrete Pipe 15"
Drainage Conc. Pipe 18"
Drainage Conc. Pipe (24" to 54")

Days
Acres
Each
Days
Days
S.Y.
L.F.
L.F.
Each
Days
C.Y.
C.Y.
C.Y.
L.F.
L.F.
L.F.
L.F.

5
3
1
4
10
1500
800
600
6
6
2000
850
5000
205
168
144
72

Drainage Conc. Pipe (60 in. & greater)


Inlets/Manholes
Minor Excavation (Drainage Structures)
Box Culverts, Class A Conc.
Box Culverts, Cast in Place
Box Culverts, Precast
Retaining Walls, Cast in Place
Major Retaining Walls
Sub-grade Stabilization
Aggregate Base
Aggregate Base Small/Irregular Projects
Drainage Blanket
Asphalt Base
Asphalt Intermediate
Asphalt Surface
Milling/Flexible Pavement Planing (Max. 2")
Curb & Gutter (Machine Placed)
Curb & Gutter (Hand Placed)
Curb& Gutter Radial (Hand Placed)
Concrete Entrance
Sidewalk
Concrete Driveway
Entrance Pavement
Barrier Walls, Slip Form
Concrete Repair
Concrete Paving
Slurry Seal
Seeding
Fencing
Fine Grading
Lime Stabilization
Shoulder Construction
Slope Protection
Underdrain
Underdrain Outlet/Endwall
Utility 12" Ductile Iron
Utility 12" PVC
Directional Drilling

L.F.
Each
C.Y.
C.Y.
L.F.
L.F.
L.F.
S.F.
S.Y.
Tons
Tons
Tons
Tons
Tons
Tons
S.Y.
L.F.
L.F.
L.F.
S.Y.
S.F.
S.Y.
S.Y.
L.F.
S.Y.
S.Y.
S.Y.
Acres
L.F.
S.Y.
S.Y.
L.F.
C.Y.
L.F.
Each
L.F.
L.F.
L.F.

48
2
250
20
5
20
5
210
8000
1360
680
1200
1175
750
500
3000
800
400
150
80
1550
150
100
630
30
2500
8000
2.5
1000
2000
6000
500
100
1500
8
105
320
50

1254
244
183

1529
650
3823
62
51
44
22

Base Rate Adjustment Factors

15
191
15
2
6
2
20
6689
1234
617
1089
1066
680
454
2509
244
122
46
67
144
125
84
192
25
2090
6689
1
305

Factors
Location
Traffic Conditions
Complexity
Soil Conditions
Quantity of Work

Adjustment for Noted Conditions


Rural = 1.0
Small City = 0.85
Light = 1.0
Moderate = .88
Low = 1.0
Medium = .85
Good = 1.0
Fair = .85
Large = 1.0
Medium = .88

Big City = .75


High = .70
High = .70
Poor = .65
Small = .75

Example Production Rate Calculation for Roadway Excavation:


Conditions: Rock Excavation around moderate traffic.
Calculation: 2000 C.Y. x .65 x .88 = 1144 C.Y. per day

Example Production Rate Calculation for Bridge Footing:


Conditions: Rural Bridge Replacement, Traffic Detoured, Small Two Lane structure
Calculation: 20 C.Y. x 1.0 x .75 = 15 C.Y.

1672 Assumptions/Notes:
5017
152
76 A.) Production rates are units/day based on an 8 hr. day unless otherwise noted,
457 such as by Days or POUR.
32 B.) Production rates are based on the average of rates from five other nearby states with
98 assumed similar work conditions. States referenced were Kentucky, Tennessee,
15 New Jersey, West Virginia, and Georgia.

Traffic Items
Initial Traffic Control
Ordering Signal Equip.
Major Traffic Signals
Pavement Markings
Stop Bars, etc.
Arrows/Letters
Order Sign Material
Order Overhead Sign Struct.
Erecting Overhead Signs
Erecting Signs
Ordering Lighting Material
Erecting Lighting
Guardrail
Guardrail Terminals
Order Impact Attenuators
Install Impact Attenuator
Electrical Conduit
Electrical Wire
Precast concrete barrier
Lighting, Total Installation Lumin.
Phasing Allowance

Days
Days
Days/Intersec.
L.F.
L.F.
Each
Days
Days
Days
S.F.
Days
Days/support
L.F.
Each
Days
Each
L.F.
L.F.
L.F.
Each
Days/Phase

2
30
40
10,000
500
50
60
80
10
1000
60
3
1500
2
30
3
400
3500
800
2
3

C.) RS Means Rates and VDOT records were also used as a reference when wide variation
was found between different state's rates or if little information was available for a specific
work item.
3048 D.) Scheduler should contact Roadside Development for planting restrictions and time
152 estimates. Landscaping rates are typically controlled by the planting season.

E.) Production rates were verified by VDOT project records as much as possible and are
intended for temporary use until the final database is produced at the conclusion of
a more intensive three year study of historical data specific to VDOT.
93

F.) Sensitivity Factors are estimated according to their effect on normal production.
If the scheduler disagrees with the factors for a specific application, he or she should
457 develop a unique value. For example excavation rates will be widely variable
considering the range of topography between the Bristol and Hampton Road Districts.
If the average figure sounds off for your project, consider making additional calculations
based on the excavation equipment most likely to be used.
122
1067
244 G.) Utility 12" and drainage pipes include excavation/backfill for good soil conditions in a 4-5 ft.+/-

trench. Additional time for excavation should be estimated by the scheduler


for unfavorable conditions.

Bridge Items
MOT Setup
Impact Attenuators
Median Barrier - Install
Removing Exst. Guardrail
Shoulder Improvements
Signs, Install Small (Sheet)
Temporary Detour Bridge - Install
Traffic Control Setup
Excavation/Demolition
Cofferdam
Dismantle/Remove Exst. Concrete Deck
Dismantle/Remove Exst. Structure
Minor Excavation
Sheet Piling - Drive
Structure Excavation
CBR30 Backfill/Compact Abutment
Substructure Items
Drilled Shafts
Epoxy Injection Crack Repair
Reinforcing Steel
Retaining Walls (CIP)
Riprap - Dumped
Riprap - Grouted
Riprap - Machine Placed
Slope Protection - Concrete
Steel Piles - Prebored
Steel Piles - Driven
Concrete Piles - 8" to 14"
Concrete Piles - 24" to 30"
Substructure Footings - Form and Place
Substructure Neatwork - Form and Place
Substructure Footing - Place Seal
Superstructure Items
Approach Slabs
Beam Repairs - Concrete Beam End
Beam Repairs (Steel) - Bolted
Beam Repairs (Steel) - Welded
Bridge Deck - Form & Place Reinf. Steel
Bridge Deck - Overlay
Bridge Deck - Pour New
Bridge Deck Grooving
Bridge Deck - Sidewalk/Raised Median
CIP Conc. Slab Span - Install Falsework
CIP Conc. Slab Span - Pour
Concrete Diaphragms - Form & Pour
Concrete Removal - Sub/Super Patch
Concrete Removal - Type B Patch
Concrete Removal - Type C Patch
Concrete Surface Color Coating
Expansion Dam
Expansion Joint Reconstruction
Expansion Joint Removal
Expansion Joint Sealer
Milling (Concrete - per 1/2" depth)
Parapet - Hand Formed
Parapet - Slip Formed
Metal Rail Parapet
Kansas Corrall Parapet
Pedestrian Fence
Prestressed Conc. Beam Erection
Shotcrete
Struct. Steel Surface Prep. (Method 1)
Struct. Steel Surface Prep. (Method 2)
Struct. Steel Surface Prep. (Method 3)
Struct. Steel Surface Prep. (Method 4)
Struct. Steel Surface Prep. (Method 5)
Struct. Steel Surface Prep. (Method 6)
Struct. Steel Surface Prep. (Method 7)
Structural Steel - Painting (per coat)
Structural Steel Erection
Structural Steel Erection
Timber Bridge Deck
Finishing Items/MOT Teardown
CIP Conc. Slab Span - Remove Falsework
Median Barrier - Remove
Sheet Piling - Pull
Temporary Detour Bridge - Remove
Traffic Control Teardown

H.) Several of the adjustment factors should have similar impacts on production,
so generally it is recommended not to reduce the base quantity by more than 2 factors except
in special circumstances.

Unit

Base Rate

EA
LF
LF
LF
EA
Days
Days

2.0
800.0
1500.0
500.0
30.0
13.0
2.0

Days
SY
SY
CY
SF
CY
TON

15.0
275.0
50.0
250.0
500.0
300.0
100.0

230
42
191
46
229
91

EA
LF
TON
SF
TON
TON
TON
SY
LF
LF
LF
LF
CY
CY
CY

0.3
80.0
2.5
400.0
700.0
50.0
250.0
750.0
250.0
400.0
300.0
325.0
20.0
10.0
15.0

24
2
37
635
45
227
627
76
122
91
99
15
8
11

DAY
EA
EA
EA
SY
SY
SY
SY
LF
SF
CY
CY
SY
SY
SY
SY
EA
LF
LF
LF
SY
LF
LF
LF
LF
LF
LF
SY
SF
SF
SF
SF
SF
SF
SF
SF
TON
LF
SF

5.0
0.3
0.5
1.0
50.0
500.0
850.0
550.0
80.0
250.0
10.0
11.0
15.0
50.0
10.0
100.0
4.0
25.0
250.0
450.0
1600.0
50.0
200.0
100.0
20.0
7.0
400.0
65.0
3000.0
240.0
600.0
200.0
1100.0
6000.0
7500.0
2000.0
10.0
200.0
200.0

SF
LF
SF
Days
Days

500.0
800.0
500.0
4.0
2.0

244 I.) Consult with your Traffic Engineering Section for production rates for specialty
457 items to make sure you account for the necessary review and fabrication times.
152

42
418
711
460
24
23
8
8
13
42
8
84
8
76
137
1338
15
61
30
6
2
122
54
279
22
56
19
102
557
697
186
9
61
19
46
244
46

Concrete Curing
Deck overlays - Assume 20 CY of material placement per day
LMC
POUR
HESLMC
POUR
VESLMC
POUR
New Construction
Substructure Footings
POUR
Substructure Neatwork
POUR
Bridge Deck Concrete
POUR
Parapet
POUR

Cure
days/Pour
5
3
1
2
5
7
7

Component Level Production Rates


Item
Abutments
Piers or Bents
Concrete Deck Span 20'-40'
Concrete Deck Span 41'-60'
Concrete Deck Span 61'-80'
Concrete Deck Span 81'-100'
Concrete Deck Span 101'-120'
Concrete Deck Span 121'-140'
Steel Beams (Plate Girder)
Steel Beams (Rolled Steel)
Concrete Beams
New Bridge Construction
1 station (100 ft.) of 12 ft. lane roadway rural
or new construction
1 station (100 ft.) of 12 ft. lane roadway urban
or widening work

(Recommended for use at Field Inspection before all quantity details are known)

Unit
Days
Days
Days
Days
Days
Days
Days
Days
Each
Each
Each
L.F.

#Days
8
15
15
21
27
33
39
45

Special Notes:
Add 1 day for each 400' of piles. Add time for cofferdam/structure exc. Includes normal curing conditions.
Add 1 day for each 400' of piles. Add time for cofferdam/structure exc. Includes normal curing conditions.
Includes form, rebar, pour, normal cure time.
Includes form, rebar, pour, normal cure time.
Includes form, rebar, pour, normal cure time.
Includes form, rebar, pour, normal cure time.
Includes form, rebar, pour, normal cure time.
Includes form, rebar, pour, normal cure time.
Add 2-3 days/span for diaphragms
Add 1 day/span for diaphragms
Add 2-3 days/span for diaphragms

Days

Includes clearing & grubbing, grading, pavement structure, guardrail, seeding, and light drainage work.

Days

Includes above plus curb & Gutter, Drainage, Utilities, and items commonly encountered in urban work.

Note: Component Level Production Rates are recommended for estimating time at the field inspection or early planning stages before quantities are known.