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DEITY is a supernatural being, who may be thought of as holy, godly, or sacred.

Some
religions have one supreme deity, while others have multiple deities of various ranks.
C. Scott Littleton's Gods, Goddesses, and Mythology defined a deity as "a being with
powers greater than those of ordinary humans, but who interacts with humans, positively
or negatively, in ways that carry humans to new levels of consciousness beyond the
grounded preoccupations of ordinary life."
TITANS
Titans and Titanesses were members of the second order of divine beings, descending
from the primordial deities and preceding the Olympian deities. Based on Mount Othrys,
the Titans most famously included the first twelve children of the primordial Gaia
(Mother Earth) and Uranus (Father Heaven). They were giant deities of incredible
strength, who ruled during the legendary Golden Age, and also composed the first
pantheon of Greek deities.
First Generation of Twelve Titans.
*Females
1. Mnemosyne. Goddess of memory and remembrance and the inventress of language
and word
2. Tethys. Goddess of the sources of fresh water which nourished the earth and the wife
of Oceanus.
3. Theia. Goddess of sight and shining light of the clear blue sky. She is also the goddess
who endowed gold, silver, and gems with their brilliance and intrinsic value and she is
married to Hyperion.
4. Phoebe. Goddess of brightness and radiance. She is the third goddess to hold the
oracle of Delphoi.
5. Rhea. Goddess of fetility and motherhood. Her name means flow and ease. She is
marries to Kronos.
6. Themis. Goddess of diving law and order- the traditional rules of conduct first
established by the gods.
*Males
1. Oceanus. God of the Ocean-stream and fresh water. He is also the god of the enormous
river called Okeanos which was believed to be encircling the world and was connecting
the world to other realms.
2. Hyperion. God of Light and sunlight. His name means watcher from above or he
who goes above.
3. Coeus. God of intelligence and farsight. He is identified as the god of wisdom and
heavenly oracles. Also, he is the Pillar of the north pole.
4. Cronus. God of time and the ages, especially time was regarded as destructive and all
devouring.
5. Crius. God of the Constellations and is the pillar of the south pole.
6. Iapetus. God of mortal life span or god of death. He can be referred as the piercer.

The second generation of Titans consisted of Hyperion's children Helios, Selene,


and Eos; Coeus' children Lelantos, Leto, and Asteria; Iapetus' sons Atlas, Prometheus,
Epimetheus, and Menoetius; Oceanus' daughter Metis; and Crius' sons Astraeus, Pallas,
and Perses.
THE 12 OLYMPIANS
The Twelve Olympians, also known as the Dodekatheon, "twelve" and ,
theoi, "gods"), were the principal deities of the Greek pantheon, residing atop a
mythical Mount Olympus. The Olympians gained their supremacy in a war of
gods in which Zeus led his siblings to victory over the Titans.
1. Zeus. King of the Gods, god of the sky, symbolized by the thunderbolt. Held power
and authority as the ruler of the Olympian gods.
2. Hera. Queen of the Gods, wife of Zeus, protector and goddess of marriage, women
and birth.
3. Poseidon. God of sea and earthquakes. Poseidon held power and could calm the waves
or create terrible storms.
4. Athena. Goddess of wisdom and war and the patron goddess of Athens. Athena is also
a virgin goddess.
5. Apollo. Beautiful god of the light, medicine and music. He represents order, harmony
and civilization.
6. Artemis. Goddess of the moon, forest, childbirth and the hunt. Also a virgin goddess
like Athena.
7. Ares. God of war. Had an affair with Aphrodite and was father to many children.
8. Aphrodite. Goddess of love and beauty. Her son was Eros, the god of love. She also
kept a watchful eye over sailors.
9. Hestia. Goddess of home, symbolized by the hearth which holds the ever-burning
flame.
10. Hermes. Messenger of the gods. God of business. He was a very smart child
inventing the lyre by using tortoises shell when he was only a newborn baby.
11. Hephaestus. God of fire and the forge. Mated to Aphrodite.
12. Hades. God of the underworld.
DEMIGODS
A demigod (or demi-god) is a divine or supernatural being in classical mythology.
The term has been used in various ways at different times and can refer to a figure who
has attained divine status after death, a minor deity, or a mortal who is the offspring of a
god and a human.
1. Achilles. was a Greek hero of the Trojan War and the central character and
greatest warrior of Homer's Iliad. His mother was the nymph Thetis, and his
father, Peleus, was the king of the Myrmidons.
2. Aeneas. Was a Trojan hero, the son of the prince Anchises and the goddess
Venus (Aphrodite). His father was the second cousin of KingPriam of Troy,
making Aeneas Priam's second cousin, once removed. He is a character in

Greek mythology and is mentioned inHomer's Iliad. Aeneas receives full


treatment in Roman mythology, most extensively in Virgil's Aeneid where he
is an ancestor ofRomulus and Remus. He became the first true hero of
Rome.
3. Memnon. Was an Ethiopian king and son of Tithonus and Eos. As a warrior
he was considered to be almost Achilles' equal in skill. During the Trojan War,
he brought an army to Troy's defense. se. The death of Memnon echoes that
of Hector, another defender of Troy whom Achilles also killed out of revenge
for a fallen comrade, Patroclus. After Memnon's death, Zeus was moved by
Eos' tears and granted him immortality. Memnon's death is related at length
in the lost epic Aethiopis, composed after The Iliad circa the 7th century BC.
Quintus of Smyrna records Memnon's death in Posthomerica. His death is
also described in Philostratus' Imagines.
4. Perseus. the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty of
Danaans, was the first hero. His exploits in defeating various archaic
monsters provided the founding myths of the Twelve Olympians. Perseus
beheaded the Gorgon Medusa and saved Andromeda from the sea monster
Cetus. Perseus was the son of the mortalDana and the god Zeus.
5. Helen of Troy. also known as Helen of Sparta, was the daughter of Zeus and
Leda, and was a sister of Castor, Pollux, and Clytemnestra. In Greek myths,
she was considered to be the most beautiful woman in the world, a
representation of ideal beauty. By marriage she was Queen of Laconia, a
province within Homeric Greece, the wife of King Menelaus. Her abduction
by Paris, Prince of Troy, brought about the Trojan War.
GREEK GODS AND GODDESSES.
1. Demeter. Is the goddess of the harvest, who presided over grains and the
fertility of the earth. Her cult titles include Sito, "she of the Grain", as the giver
of food or grain and Thesmophoros, "Law-Bringer," as a mark of the civilized
existence of agricultural society.
2. Persephone. Is the daughter of Zeus and the harvest goddess Demeter,
and is the queen of the underworld. Homer describes her as the formidable,
venerable majestic queen of the underworld, who carries into effect the
curses of men upon the souls of the dead. Persephone was abducted by
Hades, the god-king of the underworld.
3. Dionysus. Is the god of the grape harvest, winemaking and wine, of ritual
madness, fertility, theatre and religious ecstasy in Greek mythology. Alcohol,
especially wine, played an important role in Greek culture with Dionysus
being an important reason for this life style.
4. Eros. Was the Greek god of love. His Romancounterpart was Cupid
("desire"). Some myths make him a primordial god, while in other myths, he
is the son of Aphrodite.
5. Eris. Is the Greek goddess of chaos, strife and discord. Her name is the
equivalent of LatinDiscordia, which means "discord". Eris' Greek opposite is
Harmonia, whose Latin counterpart is Concordia. Homer equated her with
the war-goddess Enyo, whose Roman counterpart is Bellona. The dwarf

planet Eris is named after the goddess, as is the religion Discordianism.