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Environmental Chemistry

No

Questions

Chief air pollutant which is likely to deplete ozone layer

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Nitrogen oxides and


chlorofluorocarbons

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Carbon dioxide

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Carbon monoxide

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Sulphur dioxide

Minamata disease is due to pollution of


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Organic waste into drinking water

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Oil spill in water

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Industrial waste containing mercury


into fishing water

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Arsenic into atmosphere

Cyclone collector is used for minimizing


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Noise polltion

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Water pollution

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Air pollution

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Radioactive pollution

Sulphur dioxide affects


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Cell wall

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All membrane systems

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Nucleus

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Plasmodesmata

Pollution of automobile exhaust that affects nervous system/produces


mental diseases is
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Lead

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Mercury

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Nitrogen dioxide

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Sulphur dioxide

Carbon monoxide is pollutant as it


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Inhibits glycolysis

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Combines with oxygen

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Combines with hemoglobin

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Inactivates nerves

Spraying of DDT produces pollution of


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Air and soil

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Air and water

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Air

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Air, water and soil

Atmospheric pollutant is
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CO2

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O2

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N2

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CO

Burning of fossil fuels is the main source of pollution


( )

Nitrogen oxide

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Nitric oxide

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Nitrous oxide

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Sulphuric dioxide

Increased asthmatic attacks in certain seasons are related to


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Eating of seasonal vegetables

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Inhalation of seasonal pollen

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Wet and dry environment

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Low temperature

Ozone depletion in atmosphere shall result in


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Forest fires

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Increased incidence of skin cancer

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Global warming

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None of the above

Which one of the following dissolves more rapidly in bllood


hemoglobin than oxygen
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Ozone

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Sulphur dioxide

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Nitrous oxide

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Carbon monoxide

Which of the following forms a toxic substance in blood by combining


with hemoglobin
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Oxygen

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Methane

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Carbon monoxide

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Carbon dioxide

Ultravoilet radiation from sun causes a reaction that produces


( )

Sulphur dioxide

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Fluorides

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Carbon monoxide

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Ozone

Shahi Qilla may be destroyed by


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Temperature mediated spoilage of


marble

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All the above

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Air pollutants from Lahore chemical


industries

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Flood in Ravi

Classical smog occurs in places of


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Excess SO2

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High temperature

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Excess NH3

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Low temperature

Acid rain is due to increase in atmospheric concentration of


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Ozone and dust

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SO2 and NO2

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SO3 and CO

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CO2 and CO

Chief source of water and soil pollution is


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Mining

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Thremal power plant

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Agro-industry

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All the above

Which causes water pollution


( )

Aeroplanes

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2,4-D and pesticides

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Automobile exhausts

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Smoke/fly ash

Air pollution is not caused by


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Hyroelectric power

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Industries

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Pollen grains

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Automobiles

Carbon monoxide is harmful to human beings as it


( )

Is antagonistic to CO2

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Is carcinogenic

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Is destructive to O3

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Has higher affinity for hemoglobin as


compared to oxygen

Drawback DDT as pesticide is

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It is less effective than others

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It becomes ineffective after some


time

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It is not easily/rapidly degraded in


nature

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Its high cost

Drained sewage has B.O.D


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More than that of water

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Less than that of water

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Equal to that of water

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None of the above

B.O.D is connected with


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Organic matter

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Microbes

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Microbes and organic matter

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None of the above

Which one is most toxic


( )

Carbon

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SO2

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CO

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CO2

BOD is
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Biological oxygen deficit

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Biosphere oxygen demand

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Biological oxygen demand

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None of the above

Soil salinity can be measured by


( )

Porometer

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Calorimeter

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Potometer

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Conductivity meter

Biodegradable pollutant is
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Mercury

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Sewage

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Plastic

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Asbestose

Water pollution is mainly due to


( )

Indutrial discharges

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Sulphur dioxide

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Oxygen

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Carbon dioxide

Eutriphication causes reduction in


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Dissolved hydrogen

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Dissolved oxygen

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Dissolved salts

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All the above

Chlorofluorocarbons release a chemical harmful to ozone


( )

Fluorine

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Nitrogen peroxide

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Sulphur dioxide

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Chlorine

Ozone hole is maximum over


( )

Antarctica

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Europe

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Africa

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Asia

Phosphate pollution is caused by

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Phosphate rock and sewage

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Agricultural fertilizers

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Weathering of phosphate rocks

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Sewage and argricultural fertilizers

Sewage water is purified by


( )

Fishes

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Light

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Microorganisms

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Aquatic plants

Ozone hole refers to


( )

Reduction in thickness of ozone layer


in stratosphere

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Increase concentration of ozone

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Hole in ozone layer

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Reduction of thickness of ozone in


troposphere

Most hazardous metal pollutant of automobile exhaust is


( )

Cadmium

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Lead

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Mercury

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Copper

Depletion of ozone layer is due to


( )

Oxides of nitrogen

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Oxides of carbon

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Oxides of sulphur

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None of the above

Ozone layer of atmosphere requires protection from indiscriminate


use of
( )

Fungicides, insecticides, bactericides


and medicines

( )

Aerosols and high flying jets

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Atomic explosions and industrial


wastes

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Balloons and turbo-prop aeroplanes

Mottling of teeth is due to presence of an element in drinking water


( )

Mercury

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Fluorine

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Chlorine

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Boron

Photochemical smog is caused by


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CO

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CO2

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NO2

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O3

Result of ozone hole is


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UV rays reach the earth

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Green house effect

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Global warming

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Acid rain

When rain is accompanied by a thunderstorm, the collected rain


water will have a pH value
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Slightly higher than that when the


thunderstorm is not there

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Uninfluenced by occurence of
thunderstorm

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Slightly lower than that of rain water


without thunderstorm

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Which depends on the amount of dust


in air

Which of the following is responsible for depletion of the ozone layer


in the upper strata of the atmosphere
( )

Fullerenes

( )

Polyhalogens

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Freons

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Ferrocene

Pick up the correct statement


( )

Classical smog has an oxidizing


character while the photochemical
smog is reducing in character

( )

Photochemical smog occurs in day


time whereas the classical smog
occurs in early morning hours

( )

During formation of smog the level of


ozone in the atmosphere goes down

( )

CO which is major pollutant resulting


from the combustion of fuels in
autombiles plays a major role in
photochemical smog

In Antarctica ozone depletion is due to the formation of following


compound
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Chlorine nitrate

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Peroxy acetyl nitrate

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Acrolein

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SO2 and SO3

The culturable land in the world is about


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4 billion acres

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10 billion acres

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8 billion acres

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6 billion acres

Trophosphere extends upto


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30 km

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20 km

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11 km

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40 km

Temperature of trophosphere ranges from


( )

0-50 degree Celsius

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10-40 degree Celsius

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0-30 degree Celsius

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15-56 degree Celsius

Mesosphere extande upto


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90 km

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100 km

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50 km

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50-85 km

O2^+, NO+ are found in


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Thermosphere

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Mesosphere

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Trophosphere

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Stratosphere

Ozone layer is present in


( )

Stratosphere

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Mesosphere

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Trophosphere

( )

Thermosphere

Aerosol refers to
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Mixture of liquids

( )

Mixture of gases

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Dispersion of liquid or solid particles


in gaseous media

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None of these

Which of the following is not a fossil fuel


( )

H2

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Petroleum

( )

Coal

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Natural gas

The size of smoke particles is less than


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1 cm

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10 micro-m

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10 cm

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1 micro-m

Which one of the following destroys ozone layer


( )

Freon-12

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Teflon

( )

Oxides of nitrogen

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All the above

The important constituent of photochemical smog is


( )

Ozone

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PAN (Peroxycetyl nitrate)

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H2O2

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All the above

Green house effect means


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Rise of temperature in green houses

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Global warming

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Melting of glaciers poles

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None of these

A single chloride free radicle can destroy


( )

One molecule of ozone

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100 molecules of ozone

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10^5 molecules of ozone

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1000 molecules of ozone

Compounds which are calcinogenic at very low concentration


( )

Cyclic hydrocarbons

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Alcohols

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Polycyclic atomatic hydrocarbons

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Aliphatic hydrocarbons

Which parameter is used for checking the quality of water


( )

BOD

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COD

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TOC

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All of the above

Peroxycetyl nitrate (PAN) is an irritant to human beings and it affects


( )

Eyes

( )

Ears

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Stomach

( )

Nose

The main pollutant of leather tanneries in the waste water is due to


the salt of
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Chromium

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Barium

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Potassium

( )

Lead

In purification of water the coagulant used is


( )

BaSO4

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CuSO4

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NiSO4

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Alum

To avoid the formation of toxic compounds with chlorine, which


substance is used in addition to chlorine for water disinfecting
( )

Alum

( )

KMnO4

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Chloramines

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O3

Taj Mahal, a monument in Agra is suffering from


( )

High temperature effects

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Cracks due to earth quakes

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Stone cancer

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Sea damages

Inceneration means
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Precipitation

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Cooling and washing

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Burning of solid wastes at high


temperature

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None of these

Which of the followings does not cause green house effect


( )

CH4

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CO2

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Water

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None of these

Which one of the following is non-biodegradable


( )

Paper

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Fruit juices

( )

Plastic

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Wood

Heavy metals mainly enter into the body through


( )

Lungs

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Hair

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Skin

( )

All the above

By drinking chlorinated water the risk of ___________increases.


( )

Liver diseases

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Heart diseases

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Lung diseases

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Bladder and rectal cancer

Major cause of SO2 on global scale is


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Volcanoes

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Electric spark

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Conbustion

( )

None of these

Which one of the following can be used for disinfecting water


( )

KMnO4

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Cl2

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Onoze

( )

All of the above

Which one of the following is not a component of environment


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Hydrosphere

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Biosphere

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Stratosphere

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Lithosphere

The % of CO2 in the atmosphere is


( )

0.03

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0.3

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0.5

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3.0

The 95.5% mass of Lithosphere is made of 11 elements i.e. O2, Si, Al,
Fe, Ca. Na, K, Mg, Ti, H2 and P. Which element is present in trace
amount
( )

Iodine

( )

Broine

( )

Lead

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Carbon

Which of the following is not an environmental pollutant


( )

NO2

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CO

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CO2

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NO

Which factor is helping to reduce the environmental pollution


( )

Increase in plantation

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Industrialization

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Rapid growth of population

( )

Urbanization

Which is not the effect of polluted air on environment


( )

Ozone

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Global warming

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Smog

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Acid rain

CFCs destroy ozone layer. How many ozone molecules a chlorine free
radical can destroy
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20,000

( )

10,000

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50,000

( )

100,000

Surface and ground water sources are contaminated by various


human activities. Which of the followings is not a human activity that
causes contamination in fresh water
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Rain

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Live stock waste

( )

Disposal of industrial effluents

( )

Oil leaks and spills

One of the factor used for measuring the quality of water is dissolved

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oxygen (DO). The minimum value of DO required for water to be pure


is

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Ppm

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4 ppm

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2 ppm

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1 ppm

Biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) is the capacity of organic matter


in natural water to consume oxygen within a period of
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6 days

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5 days

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7 days

( )

2 days

Value of chemical oxygen demand (COD) is a measure of chemically


ozidizable matter in water. Which value of COD will indicate more
polluted water
( )

Low value

( )

Higher value

( )

Both values

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None of these

Potable water is considered to be


( )

Not safe for human consumption

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The surface water

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The ground water

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Safe for human consumption

Which step is unnecessary for purification of water for drinking


purposes
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Treatment with chlorine

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Coagulation

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Treatment with iodine

( )

Aeration

The disposal of domestic refuse, commercial and industrial solid

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wastes are studied under the title

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Waste management

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Solid management

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Semisolid management

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Solid waste management

Solid waste of the city is disposed off by dumping in a landfill. Which


of the following gas is produced in the landfill
( )

Hydrogen sulphide

( )

Oxygen

( )

Chlorine

( )

Hydrochloric acid gas

Which of the following waste material is not recycled for use again
( )

Paper

( )

Glass

( )

Plastic

( )

Hides of animals

The pH range of the acid rain is


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7-6.5

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8-7

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Less than 5

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6.5-6

To avoid the formation of toxic compounds with chlorine which


substance is used for disinfecting water
( )

O3

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Chloramines

( )

KMnO4

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Alums

In purification of potable water the coagulant used is


( )

Copper sulphate

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Barium sulphate

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Alum

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Nickel sulphate

The temperature in the incineration of industrial and hazardous waste


process has a range
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250 to 500 degree Celsius

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900 to 1000 degree Celsius

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500 to 900 degree Celsius

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950 to 1300 degree Celsius

Newspaper can be recycled again and agin by how many times


( )

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The film forming component of paints are


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Thinners

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Pigments

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Resins

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Driers

In the atmosphere, O2 is abput


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25%

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21%

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15%

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10%

The amount of oxygen in the lithosphere is about


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46.60%

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35.50%

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40.60%

( )

50.50%

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The normal amount of overhead ozone is about


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300 DU

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400 DU

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250 DU

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350 DU

In water the most important oxidizing agent is dissolved molecule


oxygen which ranges from
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2-4 ppm

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4-6 pm

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4-8 ppm

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2-5 ppm

The largest item which is recycled is


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Oil

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Newspaper

( )

Aluminium

( )

Plastic

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