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SALEH&HEGAB

HVAC WORKS
PART A - SCOPE OF WORK AND GENERAL
REQUIREMENTS
1.

SCOPE OF WORK AND SYSTEM DESCRIPTION

1.1
a.

GENERAL:
The general conditions and amendments shall form part of these specifications with the
same force and effect as though repeated herein and in case of discrepancy, the
engineer's decision will be applied.

b.

The scheme covered under these specifications and related A/C drawing calls for the
supply and installation, setting to work, testing, commissioning and delivering in perfect
operating condition as maintaining the complete installation for a period of one year
after acceptance and handing over of the complete installation.

c.

The contractor will be responsible to provide all equipment, materials and labour
necessary to ensure excellent installation and perfect operation whether such
equipment, materials and labour are detailed under these specification and drawings or
not.

d.

The right to make any change in location of pipes, ducts, grilles, diffusers, boxes, fitting
or equipment up to the time of installation is reserved for the engineer with no extra
charges.

e.

The contractor shall include for all equipment, material, labour, etc., required for the
complete installation and to ensure best operating conditions, whether such are detailed
under these specifications and attached drawings.

f.

Where equipment are manufactured under license, the tenderer should enclose with his
offer a written assurance from the license (the principal manufacturer) for the design
and quality of equipment produced by the license. This assurance should be submitted
along with each offer without which offers will not be considered for adjudication of
the tender.

g.

Installation and workmanship shall be of the highest order in a neat substantial and
workmanlike manner and executed by an approved and registered A/C contractor. The
whole installation shall be approved by the employer or the engineer before the
acceptance and prior to issue of a taking over certificate.

h.

All builders works including float foundations, cutting, opening, wooden frame, etc.
required for the A/C installation shall be carried out by the contractor whether details of
such works are mentioned or not and as shown in the drawings. The float foundation
insulation material shall be of an approved acoustic and vibration isolation material of
the kinetic type 2" thick all as described and approved by the engineer. builders works
detailed drawings to be submitted showing all opening sizes in concrete beam, shafts in

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cupboards and exact location and size of float foundations on roof to be approved by
the engineer before concrete castings.
1.1.1 NOTICE TO BIDDERS
A.
These specifications and accompanying drawings are to be considered as supplementing
each other and as such are intended to serve jointly as the basis upon which the
contractor shall establish a contract price, and upon which he shall base his
performance of required work.
B.

It is the intent of these specifications and drawings to call for finished work ,tested,
complete, and ready for operation.

C.

Design responsibility : The contractor shall accept complete design, responsibility for
the heating, ventilation, refrigeration and air conditioning system complete with all
related control and electrical works to meet the design criteria.

D.

These drawings and specifications are presented to the contractor, with the
understanding that he is expert and competent in the preparation of contract bid prices
on the basis of information such as is contained in these documents, which do not
include assurance as to their complete accuracy and validity in all details, and which
may depend, for proper execution upon interpretation by owner's representatives during
the course of construction.

E.

For the above reason, the contractor shall understand that his submission of an
unqualified proposal commits him to perform all work expressed and implied in the
drawings and specifications without additional compensation. He shall further
understand such submission commits him without extra compensation, and within the
scope of the contract, the following :
To provide, if required by the owner's representative, the items or arrangements of
greater quantity, better quality, or higher cost in the event that a disagreement with
regard to such items occurs between the drawings and specifications, or within either
one.

1.

2.

To abide by the rules and regulations of all authorities (utility companies, code
enforcement bureaus, etc.) having jurisdiction over the work.

3.

To subcontract, or otherwise arrange to have any work, called for in the drawings and
specifications, which does not come within the jurisdiction of the local heating
ventilating and air conditioning trade unions, by done such persons whose performance
of the work will not create jurisdictional or other disputes which might delay the
completion of the project.
To provide any small items of work not specifically called for, but required to complete
the intended installations.
To coordinate his work or adjust same to that of other trades involved in the project,
so that conflicts in space do not occur.
To coordinate his work or adjust or suit site or any other existing conditions.

4.
5.
6.
F.

Prior to submitting proposal, the contractor shall take cognizance of his responsibilities
as outlined above, and shall notify the party contracting for the work if any conditions
exist which make it impossible for him too stand behind his unqualified proposal as a
firm commitment, covering all work intended and implied.

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Unless the contractor provides proper notification to the contrary, it will be considered
that he has acceptable the conditions under which he has been required to develop his
proposal. In particular, it will be assumed that he has had adequate time to prepare his
proposal and to furnish any qualifications to same he deems necessary. It will also be
assumed that he has had adequate access to these site of the project, adequate
opportunity to inspect any existing conditions and adequate opportunity to investigate
the drawings, specifications and other documents pertaining to the installations of other
trades, which may affect his work.
G.

The HVAC contractor when submitting his proposal, shall notify the party contracting
for the work of any portion of these specifications and accompanying drawings tending
to create delays in the performance of the work.

H.

The contractor shall notify the party contracting for the work of these or other
influencing conditions when submitting his proposal. If possible, the contractor shall
quote a separate figure indicating the additional amount, if any necessary to adjust the
work, as specified, to avoid delays, in the event that no such notification is received,
prior to an acceptance of the contractor's proposal, it will be construed that the
specifications and accompanying drawings have nothing which would tend to delay the
work.

1.2

SCOPE OF WORK

1.2.1 GENERAL
The work in this division of the specification the provision of all labour supervision,
materials equipment, accessories, services and tests, necessary for a complete system as
indicated on the final drawings and as set forth in this specification, delivered to the
employer in perfect operating condition and guaranteed for one full year of perfect
operation as well as maintaining the complete installation for a period of one year after
acceptance handing over the complete works.
The contractor shall provide equipment and systems to meet the design criteria
specified. No additional cost shall be allowed for the exchange of any component part
of any system if the original fails to provide the design condition when subject to test.
1.2.2 SYSTEM EQUIPMENT
The system shall include but not limited to the following :
A.
CHILLED WATER PIPING
Black steel piping, valves, fittings, connected to all AHUs and FCUs from ground up to
roof as shown on the drawings .

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B.

AIR HANDLING UNITS & AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM:(Code No. 15720)


Fresh air - air handling units are located on the mechanical rooms of the main building.

C.

FAN COIL UNITS : (Code No. 15760)


FCUs shall serve all rooms as per drawings .

D.

EXHAUST SYSTEMS : (Code No. 15830)


All exhaust fans (and fresh air fans) are located as shown on the drawings.

E.

SHEET METAL WORK : (Code No. 15820, 15850)


For all system requiring duct work, access doors, volume dampers non return dampers,
fire dampers, air outlets, diffusers & grilles( slot linear and square ), fresh air louvers,
sand trap louvers , insulation , galvanized sheet metal jacketing...etc.

F.

INSULATION : (Code No. 15810)


for all supply and return piping and duct work and jacketed as per specs .

G.

ELECTRIC MOTORS AND STARTERS : (Code No. 15915)


This contractor shall install all motors and starters and motor control panels. Electrical
contractor shall provide only the main feeders to the motor control panels.

1.2.3

description of the system


The HVAC system is centralized chilled water system for all the building. The chilled
water shall be generated by existing water cooled chillers.
The chilled water shall be distributed from ground floor to the different air handling
units serving, and also the fan coil units.

2.
A.

codes, standards, permits and inspections


All work shall meet or exceed the latest requirements of all national, state, and other
authorities exercising jurisdiction over construction work at the project.

B.

All required permits and inspection certificates shall be obtained, paid for and made
available and the completion of the work.

C.

The following latest issue of publications listed below, but referred to by basic
designation only, form a part of the specification.
ASHRAE
American society for heating, ventilating and air
conditioning engineers .
AIA
American insurance association
AGA
American gas association
IEEE
Institute of electrical and electronics engineers
ASA
American standards association
ASHRAE
American society of heating, refrigerating and air
conditioning engineers
ASME
American society of mechanical engineers
ASTM
American society for testing and materials
AWS
American welding society
AWWA
American water working association
AMCA
Air moving and conditioning association
NEC
National electrical code

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NEMA
UL
SMACNA
NFPA
3.
a.
b.

c.

d.

National electrical manufacturers association


Underwriters laboratories, inc.
Sheet metal and air conditioning contractors national
association, inc.
National fire protection association.

Design conditions
The scheme shall be based on the following design conditions
Location
: north latitude 27 17\
External condition
Summer
: 105 F DB and 78F WB
Winter : 50 oF DB.
Internal condition
Summer
: 77 F DB, 50 % + 5% R.H
Winter
: 72 F DB
Noise level
The A/C contractor shall be responsible for any objectionable noise caused by the A/C
system being transmitted to the air conditioned areas. All equipment and all system
components shall be selected and installed to function quietly. Sound level in all rooms
shall not exceed 40 decibels measured on scale "A" by an approved sound level meter
and at 3 ft. distance from air outlets. Attenuators shall be selected accordingly (if
required).

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PART-B TESTING, COMMISSIONING,


BALANCING, HANDING OVER AND
MAINTENANCE
1.
1.1

INSPECTION AND TESTING DURING MANUFACTURE:


GENERAL:
Routine tests for various equipment shall be carried out and any material or works
which do not comply with the specifications or do not pass the specified test, shall be
replaced or made good at the contractor's expense.
The contractor shall also submit original copies of all type test certificates for various
equipment and if the engineer is not satisfied with the results of any type test, then such
type test shall be repeated at the contractor's expense.
Where the contract provides for tests on the premises of the contractor or of any subcontractor, the contractor shall provide such assistance, labour, materials water,
electricity, fuel, stores, apparatus, instruments etc. as may be required to carry out
such tests efficiently, at no extra cost.

1.2

TEST CERTIFICATES:
All main results, tests certificates and performance curves shall be supplied in triplicate
for all tests carried out pursuant to the provision of the contract. These results and test
certificates as well as the performance tests shall be supplied for all tests whether the
engineer has attended them or not .
Information contained in these certificates and curves shall be sufficient to identify the
related appliances or equipment and shall be marked with the reference of the contract.

1.3

SAMPLES:
The contractor shall supply free of charge the sample. for inspection/tests required by
the engineer to enable him to determine the quality of the equipment/material supplied
and all the tests shall be made at the expense of the contractor. should a tested or
inspected sample not meet the requirements of the related specification, the engineer
may refuse any equipment containing this sample.
All approved samples shall be kept under the custody of the engineer till the
completion of the project and shall be returned to the contractor, thereafter.

2.
2.1

INSPECTION AND TESTING ON SITE:


GENERAL :
Upon completion of the installation, but before insulation and covering are applied, all
piping, duct work, and equipment shall be inspected and pressure tested and proved
absolutely tight in the presence of the engineer.
The contractor shall notify the engineer in writing five (5) days before the date after
which he will be ready to make such tests on site.
All equipment, instruments, facilities, log sheets, test forms, labour, tools etc. required
to properly conduct the tests shall be furnished by the contractor. All tests must be to
the satisfaction of the engineer and approved by him.

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2.2

EQUIPMENT AND PIPE PRESSURE TESTING:


Each system of piping shall be tested after portions of Mechanical work are completed.
Any revisions made in piping system after installation will subsequently necessitate
retesting of such affected portions of piping system.
Defective material or defects in workmanship that develop during tests shall be
remedied and the system shall be retested. The contractor shall be responsible for any
damages during testing.
Piping shall be tested in accordance with the American standard code for pressure
piping by maintaining the required pressure during the test. use water pumps for all
water pressure tests.
Piping for air-conditioning system shall be subjected to test pressure of not less than 1
1/2 times the system pressure, and a duration of 4 hrs. min. Equipment or other piping
system components with a working pressure below test pressure shall be isolated from
the system during testing and then tested to the required working pressure.

2.3

DUCT LEAKAGE TESTING:


All duct work shall be field-tested during construction prior to insulation or concealing
in masonry, shafts or above false ceiling. Low pressure duct systems shall be
constructed to mean that no air leakage is noticeable, and shall be visually tested
(smoke test).
List duct lengths shall not be in excess of 30 meters for risers and 45 meters for
horizontal ducts.
Duct risers and branches shall be individually tested. each riser and branch shall be
isolated from remainder of system by seals, plugs or caps.
Risers installed in shafts shall be tested in sections to allow erection of shaft wall and
duct insulation. Adequate duct tightness shall be based upon a maximum leakage factor
of 1 % . Leakage factor allowable shall be based upon the total operating air volume
m3/hr. of section of duct under test.

2.4

A)
B)

C)
D)
E)

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT TESTING:


All electrical equipment shall be cleaned and adjusted on site before application of
power.
The following tests shall be carried out:
wire and cable continuity tests.
Insulation resistance tests, phase to phase and phase to earth, on all circuits and
equipment, using a 500 volt megger. The megger reading shall be not less than one
meg. ohm.
Earth resistance between conduit system and earth must not exceed half (1/2) ohm.
Phasing out and phase rotation tests.
Operating tests on all protective relays to prove their correct operation before
energizing the main equipment.

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Any leaks or faults discovered during such tests shall be remedied at once by the subcontractor at his own expense and the tests repeated until the engineer is satisfied that
the section under tests is sound, and the engineer's decision whether the test is sound or
not shall be final.
After each test a signed certificate of approval shall be obtained from the engineer.
2.5
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

VISUAL CHECKING:
Checking to ensure that the plant and components are complete according to the as
built drawings.
Checking the external suitability, such as complete paint work, enameling, clean lines
of ducting, equipment and plant accessibility of maintenance.
Checking the construction of the whole of the ducting and piping systems, with
accessories (air silencers, intake and outlet insulation etc.) mounting fixtures, weatherprotection gratings, inspection openings, etc. including builders work construction.
Checking the installation and mounting of equipment and accessories.
Checking the construction of all components of the control system to ensure a
technically correct and complete installation.
Checking clean lines of the air filters and also the availability of replacement elements
and air resistance indicators.
Checking the sealing of openings to and from rooms.
Checking the ventilation and air-conditioning ceiling installations (assembly,
demountability, acoustic lining and insulation).
The above visual checking shall be performed by the contractor and in the presence of
the engineer. contractor to submit check list for each inspection and shall be approved
by the engineer.

3.

CLEANING AND ADJUSTING


Pipes shall be cleaned free of scale and thoroughly flushed of all foreign matter.
Temporary by-pass shall be provided for all water coils to prevent flushing water from
passing through coils. All strainers and valves shall be thoroughly cleaned. The ducts,
plenums, and casing shall be thoroughly cleaned of all debris and blown free of all
small particles of rubbish and dust and then shall be vacuum cleaned before installing
outlet faces. equipment shall be wiped clean, with all traces of oil, dust, dirt or paint
spots removed. Temporary filters shall be provided for all fans that are operated during
construction, and new filters shall be installed after all construction dirt has been
removed from the building, and the ducts, plenum and casings and other items
specified herein before have been vacuum cleaned. It shall be the responsibility of the
contractor to maintain the system in this clean condition until final acceptance.
Bearings shall be properly lubricated with oil or grease as recommended by the
manufacturer. Belts shall be tightened to proper tension. Control valves and dampers
and other miscellaneous equipment requiring adjustment shall be adjusted to setting
indicated or directed. Fans shall be adjusted to the speed indicated by the manufacturer
to meet specified conditions.
4.
4.1

TOTAL SYSTEM TESTING, ADJUSTING AND BALANCING (TAB):


GENERAL :

Total system testing, adjusting and balancing shall be done by and on the responsibility
of the contractor, who will employ an independent company specialized in testing and
balancing of air conditioning systems to test regulate and adjust air distribution
systems, water distribution systems and equipment and apparatus connected thereto to
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conform to capacities indicated on the drawings. The testing company should have
past experience in this type of work and has satisfactorily tested and adjusted at least
three systems of comparable types and sizes.
The testing company will not be accepted if it has any affiliations with contractors or
manufacturers.
Testing company should be certified by the associated air Balance council
(AABC) or approved equal. Qualified companies who are not members of
AABC will also be considered.
4.2
a)

GENERAL REQUIREMENTS:
Give the engineer seven days notice before conducting the tests and carry out all tests
in the presence and to the complete satisfaction of the engineer.

b)

Include for all testing and commissioning, the provision of the necessary instruments
and equipment and the supply of supervisory staff and skilled and unskilled labour.
Demonstrate the accuracy of the instruments if required. Test after erection of the
installations or sections of the installations or plant items to show that they comply with
the requirements of the contract documents and to the satisfaction of the engineer.
Perform the tests in the presence of the engineer.

c)

Where necessary, test the installations in section to suit building progress. The number
of tests required will be at the discretion of the engineer.

d)

Demonstrate to the complete satisfaction of the engineer that the installation or any
portion thereof, which has been set to work, complies with the requirements of the
specification.

e)

Rectify any defects of workmanship, materials and performance, maladjustment, noncompliance with this specification, or other irregularities which become apparent during
the tests at no additional cost to the employer. After rectification, repeat tests, at the
contractor's expense until the whole is proved free from defects and in complete
working order to the complete satisfaction of the engineer. All system shall be left
sound and correct.

f)

The testing company shall visit the job site when fabricated ductwork is delivered and
when hanging is in the very early stages and the installation is well along but before any
closing-in, to verify to his satisfaction that all fittings, air volume control devices and
water regulating valves are of the proper type or properly fabricated and are installed
as per specifications and that he will be able to balance the systems as required herein.

g)

The contractor shall furnish any special fittings or devices in the piping or duct
systems as may be required by testing agency's instrumentation to obtain the required
data. Artificial resistance, equal to dirty filters, shall be added to the clean filter bank
by partially blanking off the filter face area.

h)

Prior to any air volume testing, any furred spaces, chases, shafts, etc., which are to
handle air directly without the use of sheet metal ductwork, shall be tested for leakage.
First seal or otherwise prevent the leakage of air through cracks or porous materials in
these spaces. All voids around piping, conduit, ductwork or other services which
pierce the construction shall be caulked air-tight. Before making final duct connections
and register installations to such spaces, all such openings shall be sealed off. The

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testing agency shall provide a source of metered air to apply approximately twice the
static pressure, as determined by the engineer, to the space. The leakage of air into or
out of the space shall be recorded. Leakage shall not exceed 2 % of the design air
volume to be handled in the shaft or plenum spaces.
i)
j)

Air volume at each inlet and outlet shall be adjusted to within 5 % of that shown on
the drawings. All test data shall be recorded.
Upon completion of the work submit three copies of the complete test and balancing
reports.

k)

Permanently mark the settings of all valves, dampers and other adjustment devices in a
manner that will allow the settings to be restorted. Set and lock any balancing device
which is provided with a memory stop.

1)

The performance of all components of equipment shall be tested under all possible
variations of loads, flow conditions, temperatures, etc. which can be simulated on the
job by utilizing any of the heating or cooling equipment.

m)

All testing and or balancing shall be performed in accordance with national standards
for total system balance (latest edition) as published by the associated air balance
council (AABC).

4.3

SUBMITTALS:
Submit to the engineer for approval the name of the firm the contractor proposes to
use for work, plus the name, experience and qualifications of the test and balancing
engineer.

1.
2.
3.

The selected firm shall submit to the engineer:


Detailed procedures.
Agenda.
Certified test reports signed by test and balance supervisor who performed TAB work.
In addition, have report certified by the engineer.
Include identification and types of instruments used and their most recent calibration
date with submission of final test report.
Include in maintenance manuals, coples of certified test reports.

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4.4

1.
2.
3.
4.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
f.
g.
h.
5.
a.
b.
c.
e.
4.5

JOB CONDITIONS:
Don't proceed with testing, adjusting and balancing work until work has been
completed and is operable. Ensure that there is no latent residual work still to be
completed, and the system has started-up. Start-up shall include the following:
All equipment operable in safe and normal condition.,
Temperature control systems installed complete and operable.
Proper thermal overload protection in place for electrical equipment.
Air systems:
Final filters clean and in place. If conditions warrant, the contractor shall install
temporary media in addition to the final filters.
Duct systems clean of debris.
Correct fan rotation.
Fire and volume dampers in place and open.
Coil fins cleaned and combed.
Access doors closed and duct and caps in place.
All outlets installed and connected.
Duct systems leakage shall not exceed the rate specified.
Water system:
Flushed, filled and vented.
Correct pump rotation.
Proper strainer baskets clean and in place.
Service and balance valves open.
INSTRUMENTS:
Have in possession the required instrumentation to obtain proper measurements.
Properly maintain and transport instruments in such a manner as to provide protection
against damage due to vibration, impact, moisture or any other condition that may
render them inaccurate.
Have instruments calibrated within a period of six months prior to starting the Project.
Maintain proof of calibration with the instrument. Recalibrate instruments upon
completion of the work when required by the engineer to prove reliability.
Use only instruments which have the maximum field measuring accuracy and are best
suited to the function being measured.

4.6

PATCHING MATERIALS:
Except as otherwise indicated, use same products as used for installation for patching
holes in insulation, ductwork and housings which have been cut or drilled for test
purposes, including access for testing instruments, attaching jigs, and similar purposes.
At engineer's option, plastic plugs with retainers may be used to patch drilled holes in
ductwork and housings.
Refer to other relevant sections of the HVAC installation for materials to be used for
patching of holes in insulation, ductwork and housings which have been cut or drilled
for test purposes.

5.

FUNCTIONAL AND PERFORMANCE TESTS:

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5.1

WATER SYSTEM
After adjustments to the coils are made, settings at pumps, chillers and boilers shall be
rechecked and readjusted if required.
Pressure gauges shall be installed on each coil, then the pressure drop through the coil
at set flow rate shall be recorded for full cooling operation. The pressure drop across
the by-pass valve shall be set to match the coil full flow pressure drop. This prevents
unbalanced flow conditions when coils are on full by-pass.

The following items shall be rechecked and recorded at each cooling equipment:
Inlet water and air temperatures.
Leaving water and air temperatures.
Pressure drop of each coil.
Pressure drop across each valve.
Pump operating suction and discharge pressures and final total discharge head.
Rated and actual running amperage of pump motor.
Water metering device readings.
Interlocking devices shall be checked to make sure that the refrigerating
compressors shall not start unless, chilled water pumps are running.
Differential pressure switches or flow switches shall be checked to make sure that the
refrigerating compressors cannot start unless a sufficient volume of water is flowing
through the chiller. The same procedure shall be followed to check the boiler
performance.
Lubricating oil pumps shall be checked to make sure that in case the refrigerating
compressor stops for any reason, the lubricating oil pumps shall continue to run until
the compressor comes to a standstill.
Automatic controls shall be checked to make sure that the refrigerating compressor will
stop running in the event of:

Failure of lubricating oil supply


Unduly high refrigerant discharge pressure
Unduly low refrigerant suction pressure.
Unduly low water temperature leaving the chiller.
The manual switches at the switching cabinet shall be tested together with the
associated operation and fault lamps.
Water chillers shall be tested for capacity at the set design conditions.

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5.2

AIR SYSTEMS:
Thermostats setting adjustment shall be tested together with the air heaters and aircoolers.
The performance of differential-pressure switches at filters shall be checked.

After adjustments at supply and return air systems are made, the following
items shall be rechecked and readjusted if required:
Blower RPM and motor full load amperes.
System static pressures, suction discharge.
System recirculated air and outdoor air, DB and WB temperatures.
Air flow pattern shall be tested for freedom from draughts during a heating period, and
during a cooling period in the occupied areas by means of an air flow tester.
Room inside conditions (for each room) DB and WB temperatures should be checked
and recorded.
The automatic back-draft dampers at roof fans and the operation of damper
positioning motors shall be tested.
The manual switches and the main disconnection switches external to the main airdistribution and extraction equipment shall be tested together with the associated
operation and fault lamps.

5.3

SOUND TEST: (Code No. 15070)


Tests to demonstrate compliance with sound level requirements shall be conducted in
selected areas of the buildings. Readings shall be measured in decibels on the "A" scale
of an approved
sound level meter.
Readings shall set forth the total random sound level of the selected area with the
system in operation, as compared to total background sound level with the system not
in operation.
If sound levels are above the specified levels, adjustments shall be made to bring the
sound level within the range. If this cannot be done with the equipment as installed,
recommendation shall be made to correct the sound level to within the specified
range.
Sound level readings shall be taken at air diffusers, grilles, or registers, approximately
1.5 meters above the floor, on a line approximately 45 degrees to the center of
diffusers, grilles or registers.

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5.4

RELIABILITY TESTS:
After satisfactory completion of total system balance, the contractor shall be
responsible for running reliability tests for all plant and equipment.
During the reliability tests, the independent balancing and testing company will provide
spot check readings as requested by the engineer and sufficient additional readings to
confirm that system balance is being maintained.
The reliability tests shall be made under the full responsibility of the contractor, and he
shall provide full time skilled operators for running the plant during the whole test
period.
Each reliability test shall last for a period of 31 consecutive days during which time the
whole of the plant under test shall operate continuously without adjustment for repair
to the satisfaction of the engineer. In the event of any repair or adjustment having to
be made other than the normal running adjustment, the test shall be void and the
installation shall be re-tested after the readjustments or repairs have been completed. A
test shall not be void due to circumstances outside the control or the contractor.
The whole reliability tests of the refrigeration and cooling plants shall take place during
the period between 30th may and 1st. September and for heating plants during the
period between 1st. November and 15th march.
All log sheets for recording the test results shall be prepared by the contractor and
approved by the engineer. Daily log sheets duly filled shall be submitted to the engineer
the following day for review and approval.

6.
6.1

HANDING OVER AND MAINTENANCE


TRAINING OF EMPLOYER'S PERSONNEL
The contractor shall be responsible for training a number of persons who will be
selected by the engineer in the correct and careful operation, control and maintenance
of all the HVAC services provided under the contract before the works are handed
over to the employer. The training shall be carried out by the qualified commissioning
staff of the contractor for each particular service and shall be continued throughout the
period proceeding the taking over unless the specifications call for more extended
period or as mutually agreed between the employer and the contractor.

6.2

CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION OF WORKS


As soon as the works have been completed in accordance with the contract
Documents (except in minor respects that do not effect their use for the purpose) and
have passed the reliability tests successfully, the engineer shall issue a certificate of
completion in which he shall certify the date on which the works have been so
completed and have passed the said tests and the engineer shall be deemed to have
taken over the works on the date so certified, but the issue of a certificate of
completion shall not operate as on admission that the works have been completed in
every respect.
In the event of the works being divided into two or more sections, the engineer shall be
entitled to take over any section or sections before the other or others, and thereupon a
certificate of completion shall be issued in respect thereof.

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If, by reason of any default on the part of the contractor, a certificate of completion has
not been issued in respect of the works after the date fixed by the contract for the
completion of the works, the engineer shall be at liberty to use the works or any
portion thereof in respect of which a certificate of completion has not been issued,
provided that the works or the portion so used as aforesaid shall be reasonably capable
of being used without harm to the equipment (except normal wear and tear) and that
the contractor shall be afforded reasonable opportunity of taking such steps as may be
necessary to permit the issue of the certificate of completion.
The period of maintenance for the HVAC Works shall commence from the date of
certificate of completion for the building works or part thereof as appropriate,
provided the HVAC services are operated on that date. In the event that operation of
the HVAC services is delayed beyond the date of certificate of completion for the
building works or part thereof, then the period of maintenance in respect of the HVAC
services or part thereof shall commence from the date of their actual operation.
6.3

MAINTENANCE (DEFECTS LIABILITY) PERIOD


The contractor shall during the maintenance period of two (2) years, replace, repair,
with utmost speed, and at his own expense, any part of the plant or work performed or
furnished under the HVAC services in the contract which may prove defective in
design, erection, operation performance, workmanship, or from any act or omission of
the contractor that may develop under the conditions provided for by the contract and
under proper use of the works or any section thereof, as the case may be, have or has
been taken over by the engineer.
If any defects be not remedied within the time stipulated by the engineer and to his full
satisfaction, the employer may proceed to do the work at the contractor's risk and
expense.
If the repairs, replacements, or renewals are of such a character as may affect the
efficiency of the works or any portion thereof, the engineer may within one (1) month
of such repair, replacement or renewal give to the contractor notice in writing
requiring that tests at site be made, in which case sush tests shall be carried out as
provided.
Until the maintenance certificate shall have been issued, the contractor shall have the
right of access, at all reasonable working hours, at his own risk and expense by himself
and his duly authorized representative whose names shall have been communicated
previously in writing to the engineer, to all parts of the works for the purpose of
inspecting the working thereof, and to the records of the working and performance
thereof, for the purpose of inspecting the same and taking notes therefrom. subject to
the approval of the engineer. which shall not be unreasonably withheld, the contractor
may at his own risk and expense make any tests which he considers desirable.
Before the termination of the maintenance period, the contractor shall, upon
the request of the engineer, assume responsibility for dismantling of any
defective part of the plant and apparatus indicated by the engineer. If such
dismantling, however, necessitates the interruption of service of the works,
such period of interruption shall not affect the extent of the maintenance
period.

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The contractor shall obtain and submit to the engineer any guarantee or
certificate of warranty available from the manufacturers but only as
supplementary to the contractor's own guarantees and in no way invalidating
them.
6.4

MAINTENANCE COMPLETION CERTIFICATE


The maintenance completion certificate shall be issued after completion of the
maintenance period.
The contractor shall be responsible in the last routine check preceding the end of the
maintenance period to demonstrate that the complete HVAC system is in satisfactory
working order.
Verification of dimensions:
The CONTRACTOR shall visit the premises to thoroughly familiarize himself with the
details of the work and working conditions and verify all dimensions in the field, and
shall advise the CONSULTANT of any discrepancy before performing any work. the
CONTRACTOR shall be specifically responsible for the coordination and proper
relation of his work to the building structure and to the work of all trades.
Workmanship:
Materials and equipment shall be installed in accordance with the approved
recommendations of the manufacturer to conform to the contract documents. The
installations shall be accomplished by workmen skilled in this type of work.
Nameplates:
Each major item of equipment shall have the manufacturer's name, address, and
catalog or model number on a plate securely attached to the item. In lieu of nameplate,
the manufacturer's name or trademark may be cast intergrally or stamped, or
otherwise permanently marked.
Safety Requirements:
Belt, pulleys, chains, gears, couplings, projecting setscrews, keys and other rotating
parts so located that personnel can come in close proximity thereto, shall be fully
enclosed or properly guarded. Items such as catwalks, ladders, and gaurdrails shall be
provided where indicated for safe operation and maintenance of equipment.

A.

Reference Standards:
The following latest issue of publications listed below, but referred to by basic
designation only, form a part of the specification.

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B.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Sheet Metal and air conditioning contractors national association, inc. (SMACNA).
Low Pressure duct construction standards (LPDCS).
High Pressure duct construction standards (HPDCS).
Fire Damper and heat stop guide for air handling system.
Duct Liner application standards (DLAS).
Testing, Balancing and adjusting of environmental system.

C.
1.
2.

National Fire protection association codes (NFPA).


NFPA 90A, Air conditioning and ventilating systems.
NFPA 91, Blower and exhaust systems.

D.

Underwriter Laboratories, Inc. (UL).

E.

Air Movement and control association, Inc. (AMCA).

F.

American National standards Institute standards (ANSI).

G.

American society of testing materials standards (ASTM).

H.
I.

Air Diffusing council (ADC).


American society of heating, refrigerating and air conditioning engineers (ASHRAE).

J.

American Refrigeration institute (ARI)

A.

Shop Drawings and Product Data:


Shop drawings, material and equipment submittal, and layout drawings shall be
submitted per the requirement of the contract documents. the submittals shall include
illustrations, schedules, performance curves, charts, instructions, brochures, diagrams,
catalog cuts and any other information necessary to demonstrate the requirements, and
operation of a complete system, and compliance to the contract requirements: model
numbers alone will not be acceptable. The information shall also include the name and
address of the nearest service and maintenance organization that regularly stock repair
parts. submittals, which shall be submitted for approval at the same time, shall be
those required by the contract documents and also those for material and/or equipment
which function as parts of an integrated system. Submittals for departures from the
contract drawings, shall include details of such departures, and reasons for such
departures. where such departures required piping or equipment to be supported other
than as shown, details shall be submitted that include loading and type and kind of
frames, brackets, or other necessary supports.
Approved departures shall be made at no increase in contract sum.

B.

Submit shop drawings showing details of unit construction, supports, reinforcement,


access doors, configuration and accessory installation for construction where these are
field conditions, or CONTRACTOR options permitted by the specifications.

C.

Submit shop drawings for fans with complete information on fan construction
and performance. Include a complete set of performance curves for each fan.

D.

Submit shop drawings for coils which show coil compliance with specified and
indicated requirements, which include actual air leaving conditions compared to

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indicated requirements and applicable drawings showing installation position for coil to
be drainable as specified.
E.

Submit shop drawings of ductwork and plenums. Show details of joint construction,
supports, reinforcement, access doors, fitting configuration and accessory installation
for construction where these are field conditions or specified options.

F.

Submit a schedule of proposed air diffusion devices, indicating type location, air
quantity, neck or jet velocity, pressure drop, throw and diffusion range. Identify air
diffusion devices using contract drawing designations.

G.

Submit shop drawings which include tabular or graphic performance covering useable
range for the system unit filters provided.

H.

If deviations from contract documents are deemed necessary by the CONTRACTOR,


SUBMIT with the shop drawings details of such deviations, including changes in
related portions of the project and the reasons therefore for approval.

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PART-C PRODUCTS
1. AIR HANDLING UNITS : (Code No. 15720)
1.1

GENERAL:
The air handling unit shall consist of the required number of different factory
assembled sections, described below to handle each air handling unit's specific
demands given in the equipment schedules and as shown on the drawings. Unit fan and
coil performance shall be certified in accordance with the ARI standard 430 for central
station AHUs or other approved standard which required no lower quality than
mentioned.
The design shall allow access of the housed components from the inspection side of the
unit. The various unit sections shall be all made in a right-hand or left-hand version
with respect to inspection panels as seen in the direction of the air flow.
The floor mounted air handling unit shall be mounted on a common, torsionally - rigid
base frame of galvanized steel of height not less than 4 inches and high enough to
enable easy mounting of the water trap for draining the condensate from the air cooler.
The bottom frames of the unit sections shall be bolted to the base frame. The width and
length of the base frame shall be selected to suit the size and combination of unit
sections of the relevant unit. The water trap shall be fitted and installed at the base
frame.
Air handling units installed outside shall be made of weather proof casings.
The tabulated fan static pressure shown in the equipment schedules are approximate
and given for guidance. the contractor must calculate the system static pressure and
provide the required fan and motor HP.

1.2 CASINGS
Casings shall be of double-skin air tight design with 1 inch thick mineral wool or glass
fiber insulation and ASTM A525-71, G90- hot-dipped galvanized steel sheet with
baked enamel finish. The insulation material shall provide good thermal insulation,
heat transmission factor max. 0.29 Btu/hr-ft2 - F. and shall give good sound attenuation
and meet NFPA-90A flame spread and smoke generation requirements.
The different sections are to be jointed by means of sturdy clamping strips.
The casing design shall allow completely smooth inside and outside surfaces for easy
service and cleaning.
Inspection panels with access doors shall be provided wherever necessary for servicing
the housed components. The access doors shall be tightly sealed and higned, and shall
be provided with quick - release fasteners. All access doors and in fill poanels shall
close upon a 1 inch side x 1/2 inch thick rubber gasket secured to the panel landing
member. The extended panel edge and return angle shall provide an air tight air seal.
The casings are to withstand an internal pressure of minimum 4" of water and an
internal vacuum of 6" of water. Where the total head developed by the fan is higher
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than 3" of water the casings shall be designed to withstand at least 125 % of the
maximum head which can be developed by the fan.
1.3
FAN SECTION
1.3.1 General :
Medium pressure Fans (3" W.G. and above total static pressure Centrifugal fan to be of
backward curved DIDW type complete with fan motor, belt drive, flexible connections
and base-frame with slide rails. Fan wheels to be statically and dynamically balanced.
Fans to be selected for their maximum efficiency. Impeller tip sped and outlet velocity
shall ensure quiet running at all operating speeds. Shaft bearing to be of the permanent
lubricated, self-aligning type. Minimum required efficiency to be 80 %, pillow block
regreasable ball type selected for an average life of 200,000 hours at design operating
conditions per ANS1/A
All metal parts to be well protected against corrosion and shall be factory finished
coating. Pulleys suitable for use with V-belt drive to be fitted to motor and fan shafts.
Fan pulleys to be of the variable pitch type.
Fan motor position shall be adjustable by means of slide rails. Sufficient allowance in
fan horsepower calculations should be made in order that design air quantities are
obtained towards the end of the useful filter life when the pressure drop across the air
filter is maximum.
1.3.2 Low Pressure Fans
To be same as above except fan wheels could be forward curved type.
1.3.3 Fan Drive and Guards
Fan drives shall be multiple of V-belts and pulleys secured to the fan and motor shaft
by keys fitted into mechanical key ways. the motor sheave shall be of adjustable type.
the v-belts shall be of the anti-static type suitable for operations in temperatures up to
50 c. The V-belt drives shall be capable of transmitting the rated wattage output of the
motor with one belt removed.
Drive and pulley guards shall be readily removable to permit belts to be changed.
adequate access shall be provided in the guard to allow tachometer readings and belt
tension to be tested.
1.3.4 FAN MOTOR
Each motor shall be rated at least 130 % of the fans rating when running at the
specified duties and suitable for operating in an ambient air temperature of 50 c. Fan
motors shall be squirrel cage, totally enclosed fan cooled type wond for 380 volts, 3
phase, 50 Hz electrical supply. The motor winding shall be provided with 3 Nos. of
thermistor type overheating cutouts.
All motors shall be suitable for horizontal foot mounting and shall be complete with
slide rails and belts adjusting bolts.
1.4.

COOLING / COIL SECTION


The coil shall be constructed from seamless copper tubes of 5/8" with profiled
aluminum fins, with aluminum fine spaced at not more than 10 fins/inch. the headers
and water connections shall be made of copper.

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Plugged tapings for venting and drainage shall be fitted on the coil. Venting and
drainage connection to be executed as specified elsewhere in the specifications.
Cooling coils shall be drainable and shall have untrapped circuits. An internal
condensate pan of stainless steel sheet with drain connection to the inspection side of
the unit shall be provided. The drain line shall be provided with a "U" trap suitable for
the operating static pressure of the fan.
The coil shall be designed to operate with a face velocity up to max. 550 ft/min., and
number of rows shall not exceed 8.
Maximum pressure drop on the water side shall not exceed 16 feet w.g. and scheduled
values on the air side (but not more than 0.4 inches w.g.).
Where coil height exceeds 40" it shall be splited into two coils with intermediate drain
pans with drop tubes at either end to drain condensate to the main drain pan without
flooding the lower coil.
The sides of the units shall be removable for withdrawal of the coil.
The coil shall be designed for a maximum working pressure of 150 psi. Each coil shall
be factory tested at a minimum pressure of 300 psi.
The coils shall be designed and tested in accordance with the American national
standards institute safety code for mechanical refrigeration (ANSI 89.1).
1.5

AIR FILTER SECTIONS


Each air handling unit shall be provided with complete set of air filters sections as
indicated on the drawings and/or Particular specifications.
The filters shall be installed with gaskets and clips to maintain a positive pressure seal
between filer and frame in order to prevent leakage, by-pass unfiltered air and facilitate
installation.
Filters shall be installed in such a manner that they can be quickly and easily removed
and that no special tools are required. filters can be arranged in straight bank or varrangement installation.
Filter-sections shall be equipped with removable access panels or doors for
replacement and service of the filters.

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1.6

ACCESS SECTIONS
Access sections shall have hinged doors on both service sides and shall be suitable for
installation between any two components. Access sections shall be provided, where
necessary for inspection or maintenance purposes.

1.7

EMPTY SECTIONS
Empty sections shall be provided to form a plenum on the discharge side of fans or,
where necessary for erection of the thermostats.

1.8

INTAKE DAMPER SECTIONS


Intake damper sections with contra-rotating blades of a torsionally rigid double-skin
casing. The bearing shall be of glass-fibber reinforced nylon. The damper shall be fixed
to a connection frame for jointing directly to the unit casing.
Dampers shall be sectionalized to limit blade length of not more than 1250 mm. In
order to prevent excess blade warping and assure tight closure.

1.9

MIXING SECTIONS
The mixing sections shall consist of two dampers of equal size with parallel-rotating
blades to guarantee effective mixing. The blades shall be made of a torsionally rigid
double-skin construction of galvanized steel sheet. The bearings shall be of glass fibber
reinforced nylon. Dampers shall be sectionalized to not more than 1250 mm.
The dampers shall be manually operated or motor driven as specified elsewhere.

1.10
a)

MISCELLANEOUS COMPONENTS
Vibration Isolators
Vibration Isolators bases shall be rubber-in-shear, spring, springs under intertia base or
special units from low fan rpm and usually critical applications unless otherwise
specified elsewhere.

b)

Pressure differential
A permanent easily read inclined type manometer with suitable range to be fitted across
each filter sections supply and return air fan.

2.
2.1

FAN COIL UNITS (Code No. 15760)


GENERAL
Fan coil units shall be supplied and installed as shown on the drawings. The units shall
be of 3 or 4 rows coil type. Coils to be suitable for chilled water application,
their ratings, duties and types shall be as tabulated in the equipment schedule. The fan
coil units shall be selected at medium speed to give the required capacities.
They shall generally be in accordance with the following specification.

2.2

CABINETS
All fan coil units as listed in the equipment schedule and drawings shall be with
cabinet or concealed type without cabinet .

2.3

COIL

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Cooling coils shall be constructed of heavy gauge copper tubes and copper or
aluminum fins. The fin spacing shall not exceed 12 fins per inch. Tubes shall be
mechanically expanded to the fins. Each coil shall be provided with manual air vent of
an approved type. An insulated drain pan fitted with a drain connection shall be
provided to receive all condensation and drip from internal fittings.
2.4

FILTERS
Filters shall be 1" thick air filter and shall be of the heavy duty, cleanable type having
non-ferrous metal wool or other well proven material arranged in a solid frame. The
air filter to be located remotely in the return air opening provided in the return air
plenum.

2.5

FAN
The fan shall be of the multi-blade centrifugal type with balanced wheel directly
coupled to an electric motor and shall operate at a static pressure as tabulated
elsewhere. Noise level generated shall be within the specified limits.

2.6

FAN MOTOR
Fan motor shall be of the open type suitable for 220 V single phase A.C. 50 cycles with
thermal protection and shall be silent in operation.
Motors shall be of 3 speed type with permanent split capacitor starting and
shall generally comply with electrical specification.

2.7

CONTROLS
Each unit shall be complete with manually selected 3 speed fan control switch with
"off" position. The switch shall be suitable for wall mounting for high level and
concealed type units. For floor mounted units the switch shall be an integral part of the
unit.

3.
3.1

SUPPLY AND EXTRACT FANS (Code No. 15830)


GENERAL
Fans shall be used for either supply or extract with capacities and characteristics as
indicated in the equipment schedules or drawings and to be selected for minimum
noise level.
Fan shall be provided complete with drive and motor, the fan and motor assembly shall
be factory built dynamically and statically balanced to provide vibration free operation
and shall clearly indicate the direction of rotation.
Fans shall be constructed in conformity with AMCA or approved equal standard and
have certified ratings based on tests performed in accordance with AMCA or
equivalent. Certified acoustical and fan curve performance data shall be provided at the
actual speeds required showing static pressure, total pressure, fan power and
mechanical efficiency and sound power level plotted against air-volume.
Fan motor shall be squirrel cage induction type, totally enclosed, where motor is
outside the air stream it shall be fan cooled (T.E.F.C).
Fan motor shall be suitable for operation on 50 cycles, 380 volts, 3 phase or 50 cycles,
220 volts, single phase as shown on the fan's schedules.

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Motor RPM shall not exceed 1500 unless otherwise specifically indicated in the fan's
schedules. Motor class of insulation shall be suitable for the fan application or as given
in the project documents.
Fan and motor shall be treated to withstand the corrosive atmosphere such as battery
rooms, laboratories applications etc.
The tabulated static pressure shown in the fan schedule are approximate and
given for guidance. The contractor must calculate the system total static
pressure and provide the required fan motor HP.
3.2

CENTRIFUGAL FANS:
Fans shall be either double inlet double width or single inlet single width as indicated in
the project documents.
Fans having a static pressure of 3" WG and above shall be back-ward curved mild steel
sheet blades and fans below 3" WG static pressure can be of the forward curved mild
steel sheet blades types.
Fans shall be with or without cabinet housing and available in right-hand or left-hand
version as indicated in the project documents. The side plates of the cabinet type
housing shall be rectangular with provision of impeller removal. The housing shall be
provided with a bolted access inspection door for the large units.
Bearings shall be of the self-aligning self-cooling babbitted sleeve type with adequate
oil reservoirs or self-aligning ball type with accessible grease fittings.
Fan shaft shall be turned and ground to size from mild steel bars and by-pass shall be
provided with screwing wheels and driving pulleys.
Fan motor shall be either unit mounted or mounted on the same base of the fan with
the possibility of motor base adjustment.
Motor pulley and pulley shall be adjustable to provide not less than 20 percent speed
variation except for fans with variable inlet vanes.
Fan drive shall be V-belts and pulleys secured to the fan and motor by keys fitted into
key ways. The motor pulley shall be of the adjustable type. The v-belts shall be of the
anti static type suitable for operation in temperatures up to 55 C.

3.3

CENTRIFUGAL DUCT MOUNTED FANS:


Fan wheel shall be airfoil, centrifugal duct mounted type with non - overloading
characteristics, high efficiency and quiet operation. The fans shall be of the heavy duty
type and durable construction, provided with shut-off dampers to automatically close
when the fan is not running.
The casing shall be hot dipped galvanized cylindrical and flanged at each end provided
with an inspection cover to provide access for blades angle adjustment. The unit shall
be also provided with flexible connection, mounting flanges and vibration isolators.
Fan blades shall be of the die-aluminum. Bearings shall be of the permanently
lubricated type.

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Fan motor shall be either directly coupled to the fan shaft or provided with v-belt
drive, fan motor shall be explosive proof.
3.4
3.5

Axial fans (duct mounted)


Provide either adjustable die cast impeller blades with motor integral part of hub
design or die formed blades with belt drive and motor mounted outside air stream.
Extend lubrication fittings to outside of fan casing proceed terminal box.
Provide flanges on housing for connection of ductwork. When not connected to duct
work, provide inlet cones.
Provide easy access to fan wheel for varying blade angle setting during air balancing.
Fans operating at over 1.5 inch W.G (374 pa) shall be of vane-axial design for
improved operating efficiency.
Provide variable inlet vanes where indicated.
WALL OR GLASS MOUNTED EXHAUST FANS:
Fans shall be of axial type for glass and wall mounting complete with gravity exhaust
louvers, mounting collar and inlet fan guard. Axial blades shall be die formed steel or
aluminum, welded to a heavy gauge hub. Entire fan assembly shall be factory finished
to be rust resistance. Fans shall be suitable for 220 volt, 50 Hz, service fans shall be
rated as specified on drawings.

3.6
FAN SECTION (FRESH AIR FAN)
3.6.1 Centrifugal fan to be of forward or backward curved DIDW type complete with fan
motor, belt drive, flexible connections and base-frame with slide rails. Fan wheels to be
statically and dynamically balanced. Fans to be selected for their maximum efficiency.
Impeller tip speed and outlet velocity shall ensure quiet running at all operating speeds.
Shaft bearing to be of the permanent lubricated, self-aligning type. Minimum efficiency
to be 80 %.
All metal parts to be well protected against corrosion and shall be factory finished
coating. Pulleys suitable for use with V-belt drive to be fitted to motor and fan
shafts.
Fan pulleys to be of the variable pitch type.
Fan motor position shall be adjustable by means of slide rails. Sufficient allowance
in fan horsepower calculations should be made in order that design air quantities are
obtained towards the end of the useful filter life when the pressure drop across the air
filter is maximum.

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3.6.2 Fan Drive and Guards
Fan drives shall be multiple of V-belts and pulleys secured to the fan and motor shaft
by keys fitted into mechanical key ways. the motor sheave shall be of adjustable type.
the v-belts shall be of the anti-static type suitable for operations in temperatures up to
50 deg. C. The V-belt drives shall be capable of transmitting the rated wattage output
of the motor with one belt removed.
Drive and pulley guards shall be readily removable to permit belts to be change
adequate access shall be provided in the guard to allow tachometer readings and belt
tension to be tested.
3.6.3 FAN MOTOR
Each motor shall be rated at least 130 % of the fans rating when running at the
specified duties and suitable for operating in an ambient air temperature of 50 c. Fan
motors shall be squirrel cage, totally enclosed fan cooled type wond for 380 volts, 3
phase, 50 Hz electrical supply. The motor winding shall be provided with 3 Nos. of
thermistor type overheating cutouts.
All motors shall be suitable for horizontal foot mounting and shall be complete with
slide rails and belts adjusting bolts.
3.6.4 AIR FILTER SECTIONS
3.6.4.1 FILTER SECTION & ACCESSORIES :
Each air handling unit shall be provided with complete set of air filters sections as
indicated on the drawings and/or Particular specifications.
The filters shall be installed with gaskets and clips to maintain a positive pressure seal
between filer and frame in order to prevent leakage, by-pass unfiltered air and
facilitate installation.
Filters shall be installed in such a manner that they can be quickly and easily removed
and that no special tools are required. filters can be arranged in straight bank or
v-arrangement installation.
Filter-sections shall be equipped with removable access panels or doors for
replacement and service of the filters.
3.6.4.2 DRY TYPE CLEANABLE (WASHABLE) PANEL FILTERS:
Shall be of metallic type, constructed of galvanized steel and designed to provide
maximum arrestance, large dust holding capacity and low resistance.
The filter media shall be constructed of layers of crimped corrugated wire screen and
expanded galvanized steel to provide large filtering area and shall be held in a heavy
gauge galvanized steel from capable to withstand shock and abuse.
The filter shall be sized for maximum air velocity of 350 fpm with initial press drop of
not more than 0.1" WG and average arrestance of 75 % .
Return air filters shall be 2" thick and fresh air filters 4" thick.
3.6.5 ACCESS SECTIONS
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Access sections shall have hinged doors on both service sides and shall be suitable
for installation between any two components. Access sections shall be provided,
where necessary for inspection or maintenance purposes.
3.6.6 EMPTY SECTIONS
Empty sections shall be provided to form a plenum on the discharge side of fans or,
where necessary.
3.6.7 INTAKE DAMPER SECTIONS
Intake damper sections with contra-rotating blades of a torsionally rigid double-skin
casing. The bearing shall be of glass-fibber reinforced nylon. The damper shall be fixed
to a connection frame for jointing directly to the unit casing.
Dampers shall be sectionalized to limit blade length of not more than 1250 mm. In
order to prevent excess blade warping and assure tight closure.
3.7

CENTRIFUGAL CEILING FAN


- All units shall be AMCA certified performance rating seal and the UL label.
-

Grille shall be white plastic with grill screw concealed from view .
Grille shall have a minimum of 80 % free area .
Motors shall be shaded pole, sleeve bearing type supported by one piece, die
formed steel suspension brackets in combination with rubber isolation dampers,
with no metal - to - metal contact .
Terminal box shall be mounted in the housing with receptacle , plug and cord
inside the cabinet .
Motor and fan assembly shall be removable from install ceiling ventilator .
Duct flanges shall be pre assembled to housing .
Flexible ducts : corrugated , Aluminum or fabric supported by helically wound steel
wire or flat steel strips .

3.8

CENTRIFUGAL CEILING VENTILILATOR


The exhaust fans shall be of the direct driven type with white plastic framand grille
unit. Rugged steel housing of reinforced construction, attained by use of heavy gauge
steel, durable finish over phospatized steel resists rusting and corrosion, inside is
painted a dark color to be virtually inisible through grille. The fan wheel shall be
statically and dynamically balanced. Blades, finns. Motor and fan wheel shall be
mounted on vibration isolators.

3.9
1-

SMOKE EXHAUST FAN


All fans will work in case of fire / smoke situation.

2-

All fans shall have provision for manual start / stop from remote point (base room).

3-

In case of fire / smoke situation in the building , smoke detector thru fire alarm panel
shall active all fans simulatenous. Provided necessary interface between fire alarm
panel and building mangement system.

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-

Fan shall be high performance heat and smoke exhaust ventilator developed
specification in the event of fire.

Fan shall be suitable for conveyance of hot smoke gases of maximum 300 C for 30
minutes.

6-

Fan shall be constructed from materials which are resistive to atmospheric corrosion.
Stainless steel and aluminum alloy shall be mainly used and mild steel components
wherever used shall be galvanized and painted.

7-

The base and body of the ventilator shall be of aluminum alloy spinnings.
They shall be joined by aluminum alloy extrusion.

8-

Base shall be supplied with turdoums for curb mounting .

9-

Impeller shall be axial flow type made from mild steel.


Motor shall be totally enclosed air steam cooled . Moror shall be class F insulation.

Electrical connection shakll be made into a terminal box mounted on to side of motor.

Top and buttom shutter, centrifugal latch , top and bottom guard body and motor
mounting brackets shall be provided.

Use fire resistant wiring between the main supply , the starter controls and the fan
unit.
The main supply should be connected to emergency power supply.

4.

AIR FILTERS: (Code No. 15820)


Air filters shall be used for outdoor air and recirculoted air and shall be tested in
accordance with ASHRAE Test standards 52 - 76.

4.1

DRY TYPE CLEANABLE (WASHABLE) PANEL FILTERS:


Shall be of metallic type, constructed of galvanized steel and designed to provide
maximum arrestance, large dust holding capacity and low resistance.
The filter media shall be constructed of layers of crimped corrugated wire screen and
expanded galvanized steel to provide large filtering area and shall be held in a heavy
gauge galvanized steel frame capable to withstand shock and abuse.
The filter shall be sized for maximum air velocity of 350 fpm with initial press drop of
not more than 0.1" WG and average arrestance of 75 % .
Return air filters shall be 2" thick and fresh air filters 4" thick.
This type of filters may be used as a pre-filter to a higher efficiency filter.

4.2

BAG FILTERS:
It shall be of dry, extended surface pocket type consisting of 16 gauge galvanized steel
holding frame and replaceable filter. Holding frames shall be predrilled for convenient
assembly into banks and shall be installed to provide service from the dirty air side.
Holding frames shall be equipped with factory installed special high temperature
gaskets and heavy duty rotary spring type latches which fasten across the corners of

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the filter to force the filter firmly against the gaskets. Replaceable air filters shall
consist of rigid rust-resistant metal headers to which individual pockets of filter media
are attached. The media shall be made from ultra-fine fiberglass supported on the air
leaving side by a protective media backing.
The bag filter shall be designed for a face velocity of 500 FPM. The required average
efficiency is 80 - 85 %
The following table shows the initial and final press drops for different efficiency
ranges:
Efficiency Dust spot
as Per
ASHREA 52
- 76
40 - 45
50 - 55
60 - 65
80 - 85
90 - 95
4.3

Permissible Initial
Pr drop
(Inches of
WG)
0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45
0.65

Recommended final
Pressure
Drop (Inches
of WG)
1
1.2
1.2
1.2
1.2

HEPA FILTER
HEPA is designed for 90 FPM average face velocity at initial 0.47 W.G. and
has arated efficiency of 99.99% at 0.3 micron or larger, permitting temporary
connection of tubing for D.O.P leak testing.

4.4 Project Air Filters

Primary Air Filter (G4)

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-Heavy duty construction.
-High performance media.
-Type: high performance disposable plated
-Application: pre filter for high efficiency
and absolute filter.
-Minimum efficiency 35%
-Media: mixture of cotton and synthetic
fibre.
-Recommended final pressure drop: 250 pa
-High mechanical strength.
-Rigid, water resistant and carboard frame.
-Fully supported media bonded on to wire
support rigid.
-Bonded into case to eliminate air by-pass.

-Ultra fin glass fiber.


-Minimum efficiency EN 779 85%.
-High efficiency with lower overall operating
resistance.
-Recommended final pressure drop:250 pa
-Max pressure drop 450 pa.
-Type: extended surface multi pocket bag filter
-Media = glass fibre.
-Header frame: galvanized steel.

Hepa Filter (H13)


-Minimum efficiency (MPPS): 99.95%
-Media: pleated glass paper.
-Separator: hot melt beads.
-Sealant = polyurethane.
-Frame: medium density fibre (MDF) board.
-Recommended final pressure drop: 500 pa

5.

AIR INLETS AND OUTLETS (Code No. 15850)

5.1

GENERAL
All air inlets and outlets shall be made of extruded aluminum alloy, polyester powder
coated, oven baked and with a suitable colour to the satisfaction of the engineer.
All air inlets and outlets shall be tested by an approved laboratory and certified by
ADC (Air Diffusion council) or an approved equivalent.

5.2

LINEAR SLOT TYPE DIFFUSER


The diffuser should have a fully adjustable deflection blades which allow the air pattern
to be controlled along with the ceiling, straight down or at some intermediate setting.

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Every slot is individually adjustable and equipped with 2 deflector vanes of a special
design to minimize the internal turbulence obtaining and ideal air pattern adjustable
over 180
Supply linear slot diffusers shall be equipped with volume control damper. The damper
shall be attached to the rear side of the diffuser and shall have a black finish.
Supply linear slot diffusers shall be equipped with equalizing grid of extruded
aluminum with black finish.
Both supply and return slot linear diffusers must be equipped with acoustic plenum
easily mounted on the slot diffuser.
The plenum is made out of galvanized sheet steel with or without a damper . The
plenum has to be rigidly insulated.
5.3

DIFFUSERS
Diffusers shall be square or rectangular suitable for ceiling installation and duct work
application as shown on project drawings. They shall be provided with rubber gasket
or foam tape at the outer edge of the frame to produce a positive air seal at the
mounting surface. They shall be produced with removable core and provided with
equalizing grids. Face plates shall be furnished with concealed hinges and clips. Duct
collars connecting duct of diffuser shall be air tight and not interfere with the volume
control damper.

Supply air diffuser shall be equipped with opposed blade volume damper adjustable
from the face of the diffuser without removing the core.

5.4

TRANSFER GRILLE
It shall consist of two closely spaced grilles with connection collar. The grille
shall have fixed deflection blades set at an angle of 35 and parallel to long
dimension with mounting frame. The free area of the transfer grille shall not be
less than 65 % of the total face area.

5.5

DOOR GRILLES
The frame shall be separated from the blades by an extruded rigid PVC track which
shall be an integral part of the frame. The blades shall be of v-shape, mounted in the
PVC track and spaced 1/2 " on centers.

5.6

DISC VALVE
Disc valves shall be used for exhaust air and shall consist of valve disc fitted to valve
seat by means of an adjustable valve spindle, complete with separate mounting frame
and connecting socket including sealing ring. front section shall be produced in stoveenameled sheet steel and rear parts shall be made of galvanized sheet steel.

5.7

SAND TRAP LOUVERS


Sand trap louvers must have a high degree of separation of sand and large dust
particles even in case of high dust concentrations. It must be self-cleaning and
maintenance free . The sand is drained by using vertical sections and holes.

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Sand trap louvers frame and blades shall be made of extruded aluminum alloy ,
polyester powder coated , oven baked with a suitable colour to satisfaction of the
engineer.

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6.
6.1

SOUND ATTENUATORS
GENERAL
Sound attenuators whether rectangular or cylindrical shall be rated in a laboratory in
accordance with ASTM E477, Standard Method of testing Duct liner materials and air
flow performance. This procedure shall include ratings for acoustical performance in
terms of net insertion loss, in dB, press, drop and aero-dynamic loss. Proper location
of the silencer in the duct system is of importance in order to avoid breakout of fan
noise to occupied areas if unsilenced duct is installed above these areas. The preferred
location for silencers is in the fan room or in ducts upstream of occupied areas in
supply systems and downstream of occupied areas in return air systems.

6.2

RECTANGULAR BAFFLE TYPE ATTENUATORS


The baffles shall be enclosed in an outer reinforced casing of galvanized sheet steel and
provided with sealing strips at both ends. Each baffle shall be of a perforated sheet
steel casing with a mineral wool fill. The inlet ends of the baffles shall be rounded to
ensure a low pressure drop.

6.3

CIRCULAR ATTENUATORS
The attenuator shall be of a tube of perforated sheet steel enclosed in a casing and end
plates made of galvanized sheet steel. The space between the tube and the casing shall
be filled with mineral wool. silencers of more than 250 mm. Diameter shall be provided
with one center baffle.

7.
7.1

DAMPERS (Code No. 15820)


VOLUME CONTROL DAMPER
Volume control Dampers shall be provided in duct work to regulate and balance air
systems, since dampers on the air inlets and outlets shall be used only for fine or
secondary regulating or balancing. The damper shall be fabricated in accordance with
SMACNA Duct construction standards.
Single blade dampers shall be used for blade widths up to 12" provided that there is
sufficient length of straight duct after the damper to ensure equal flow before the next
take off or outlet. Where the damper width is over 12", multiplied dampers shall be
used. Multiplied damper styles shall be generally, parallel blades for two position
operation and opposed blades for modulating position. The blades shall be constructed
of galvanized sheet, suitably stiffened by forming or other method, and assembled in
prime coated or galvanized channel frame with suitable hardware. The bearings shall
be of bronze or oil impregnated nylon.
Locking and indicating quadrant regulator shall be provided for each damper. The
indicating quadrant shall be clearly marked to indicate close, 1/4 , 1/2 , 3/4% and open
positions. On insulated ducts, quadrant regulators shall be mounted on stand off
mounting brackets or bases. For motor operated damper, the motor-operator shall be
electric or pneumatic as indicated in the project documents.

7.2

MOTORIZED VOLUME DAMPER


A substantially constructed, motorized damper of the multiple blade type (200 mm,
maximum blade width) shall be fitted where required or shown on the drawings with
galvanized steel interlocking blades, sleeves, bearings, or as required for volume
control purposes, and galvanized steel frame. Blades shall be fabricated from 1.5 mm.,

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steel with seamed edge and a maximum length of 1200 mm. Operating rods and
linkage for connection to an electric damper motor shall be provided.
7.3

GRAVITY SHUTTERS
Dampers of the back draft type shall be constructed of parallel blades, balanced to
open automatically when the fan starts and to close tightly when the fan stops. The
blades shall be constructed of galvanized steel or aluminum with interlocking edges
provided with rubber strips to prevent ratting. Blades to be supported on galvanized
steel or aluminum frame.

7.4

FIRE DAMPERS
Shall be fabricated in accordance with NFPA 90A and Ul 555 or equivalent and shall be
as follows:
-

To be provided in ducts and openings in shafts, floor, fire walls, fire partitions and
fire rated ceilings.

In horizontal ducts, fire dampers may be single or of the multiplied type. in vertical
ducts only single-bladed.

Galvanized sheet steel housing provided with angled flanges on both sides.

The damper shall be of 1.6 mm. thick sheet steel or steel/mineral fiber/steel
sandwich of equivalent fire resistance, thermally released.

Fire dampers shall be equipped with fuse plug, positioning leavers, fittings and
position indicator accessible from outside.

8.
8.1

DUCT WORK: (Code No. 15810)


DUCT MATERIAL
All ducting shall be made of galvanized steel sheet to ASTM A 525, lock-foaming
quality, having zinc coating of 1.25 OZ. per sq. ft. (382 g/sq.m.) for both sides in
conformance with ASTM A90 and of tensile strength in range of 28/33 tons per square
inch.

8.2

LOW PRESSURE RECTANGULAR DUCT WORK:


Gauges of G.I. sheeting, type of joints, bracing etc. used for the manufacture of low
press. ducting shall be as per SMACNA recommendation:
-

All transformation pieces of ducting shall have slope of 1 in 7, where it is not


possible to maintain this, a maximum slope of 1 in 4 shall not be exceeded.

All the side outlet take off (outlet collars) shall have a throat radius of not less than
the width of the take off and to be fitted with fixed turning vanes.

All Tees, bends and elbows shall be constructed in such a way that the radios will
not be less than 1 1/2 times width of duct on centerline. Where this is not possible
turning vanes shall be provided.

Duct sizes shall be increased gradually, not exceeding 15 degrees divergence


wherever possible. Divergence upstream of equipment shall not exceed 30 degrees,
convergence downstream shall not exceed 45 degrees.

Easements shall be provided where low pressure ductwork conflicts with piping
and structure. Where easements exceed 20 percent duct area, duct shall be split
into two maintaining original duct area.

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8.3

TURNING VANES
- Shall be fabricated in accordance with SMACNA standards.
- Turning vanes shall be as follows:
- Factory or site-fabricated using factory-fabricated vane spacing rails.
- Turning vanes shall be provided in all square elbows, take-off or extension collars
to supply outlets and tap-in branch take-off connections.
- Turning vanes shall be reinforced by rods or sectional construction.
- Turning vane arrangements and thickness shall be as shown in the following table:
SINGLE VANE SCHEDULE
Space
Radius
Bet
wee
n
1 1/2"
2"
3 1/4"
4 1/2"

TYPE

Small
Large
8.4

Gauge

24
22

ACCESS DOORS
Air tight access doors with rubber linings shall be installed in all ducts at fans, filters,
heaters, fire dampers and volume dampers for inspection, cleaning and maintenance
purposes.
The opening in the ductwork shall be properly stiffened at the edges, with frames
revited or welded to the duct. the access door shall be as follows:
-

All access doors mounted on insulated ducts shall be of sandwiched type, having
the same insulation thickness as that of the duct, with cam lock handles.

Max
DIM

NO. OF
HINGES

NO.
OF
HA
ND
LES

GAUGE

DO
OR
12X12
16X20
24X24
8.5

2
2
3

1
2
2

26
24
22

BACK

FRAME

26
26
26

24
22
22

FLEXIBLE CONNECTIONS
Flexible connections shall be fitted on all suction and discharge connections of fans and
air conditioning units, for preventing transmission of vibration through the ducts to
occupied spaces.
Flexible connections shall be flame proof factory, fabricated from chemically
impregnated canvas. Connections shall fit closely and be secured in an air-tight fashion
to duct work, fans and apparatus by means of angle iron or flat iron frames. The
unclamped section of the flexible connection between the apparatus and the ductwork
shall be not less than 6" in length. Flexible connections shall not be painted.

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8.6

SUPPORTS AND HANGERS


Installation of supports and hangers shall be as follows:
- Supports and hangers shall be attached only to structural framing members and
concrete slabs. They shall not be anchored to metal decking unless a means is
provided and approved for preventing the anchor from puncturing the metal
decking.
-

Supports shall generally comprise galvanized steel sections, and where heavy items
of equipment occur within ductwork additional support shall be provided as
necessary.
Duct work hung from inserts or from clip angles shall be secured with expansion
bolts in shear.
Supports for horizontal ducts shall be PER SMACNA STANDARD.
Design of supports for vertical ducts will be dictated by site conditions and spacing
may be greater than for horizontal ducts.
Supports for vertical ducts shall be angles and channels made of galvanized or
painted black steel.

8.7

FLEXIBLE DUCTS
For connections between branches, risers or mains to mixing units, air outlets and
inlets or for combination lighting air distribution units. Flexible ducts to be
manufactured from vinyl or anosol bonded to glass fabric zine-coated flexible metal, or
constructed of two - element sprial construction composed of a corrosion - resistant
metal, supporting spiral and coated fabric or approved equal materials with a mineral
base.

8.8

DUCT TEST HOLES


Test Holes shall be factory fabricated, air tight flanged fittings with screw cap. for
insulated ducting extended neck fittings to clear insulation shall be provided.

9.
9.1

THERMAL INSULATION AND FINISHING:General Requirements:


Thermal insulation shall be of on approved material with thermal conductivity not
higher than 0.29 Btu/hr.ft. 2 f. inch measured at an average temperature of 100F.
The thermal insulation shall be non-corrosive to the metal, water repellent, fire
retardant, sustenance to vermin and easily cut and fitted to shape during application.
The insulation shall be provided with approved fire retardant vapor barrier jockey to
prevent moisture penetration to the insulation. Vapor barrier shall also be applied to all
joints and edges.
The insulation shall be fixed into the material surface by means of an approved
adhesive compound that has no corrosion effect on the metal, and thoroughly applied
to the metal surface and insulation.
The insulation and finishing shall be carried out by skilled lobour, and before thermal
insulation is applied, oll metal surfaces shall be thoroughly cleaned and treated with
approved corrosion inhibitor.
Insulation shall be applied in such a manner that air circulation within the insulation or
between the insulation and pipe, duct or equipment is completely prevented. Pipe

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insulation shall fit snugly on the pipe and duct insulation shall be adhered to the duct
surface with special adhesive.
All insulation joints shall be firmly butted together, made absolutely tight and finished
smooth.
Vapor barrier jackets shall have 5 cm minimum overlaps. Longitudinal overlaps on
exposed work shall be made towards ceiling or wall.
All insulation shall be made continuous through sleeves, openings and pipe hangers.
The hanger shall be of size to fit around the insulation and jacketing.
Insulation shall be applied in such a manner as to permit expansion and contraction of
the metal without causing damage to insulation or surface finish.
Openings made in the insulation shall be provided with metal frames to protect the
edges of the insulation, and vapor sealed.
9.2

Pipe Work Insulation:


Chilled, Hot, condenser Water, Refrigerant Pipes, valves, strainers, etc., and fittings
shall be insulated with rigid fibber glass of not less than 6 lb/ft3 density or equivalent,
performed sectionally and split longitudinally into two halves with factory applied
reinforced aluminum foil coating with following thickness:

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INSULATION MATERIAL THICKNESS
Service
Up to
2"
1. Chilled/Hot water Pipe
exposed to sun
1"
2. Chilled/Hot water pipes in non
A/C areas.
1"
3. Chilled/Hot water pipes in A/C
areas.
1/2"
4. Condenser water (cold) pipe
from cooling tower to
condenser exposed to sun
1"
5. Condensate drain pipe
1/2"
6. Refrigerant (suction pipe only)
inside building.
1"
7. Refrigerant (suction pipe only)
exposed to sun.
1 1/2"

Pipe Size
2 1/2 6"

8" &
above

2"

3"

1 1/2"

2"

1"

1 1/2"

1"
1/2"

1"
--

1"

--

2"

--

The insulation shall be secured to the piping by adequate number of non-corrodable


straps 2 nos./3 ft. drawn tight and neatly cut. The straps shall not in any way cut the
insulation or vapor seal. Wires shall not be accepted.
All insulated pipes running inside A/C plant room or inside air handling unit rooms
and other machinery rooms or where they are exposed to view, shall be cladded with
anodized 0.4 mm. thick aluminum sheets neatly installed. No pointing is required
above the aluminum clodding. Coloured arrows and indications shall be used as
specified else where.
All insulated pipes inside tunnels, shafts, and above false ceiling shall be cladded with
0.3 mm. thick smooth PVC sheet.
Pipes running underground or in trenches below ground level, whether back-filled or
not, shall be specially treated for moisture and water-proofing. The whole insulation
shall be tightly wrapped with 3/4" galvanized wire mesh and coated with approved
bitumastic compound thickly applied to cover the wire mesh completely. Alternatively,
the insulation may be wrapped completely with dense tapes over-lapped or equal and
approved moisture proofing material.
Un-insulated pipes buried underground shall be protected against water and soil
corrosion.
9.3

Insulation of water Pumps, valves and Fittings:Chilled/hot water pumps, valves, strainers and fittings requiring periodic maintenance
shall be insulated with removable and replaceable covers of 1 mm. thick galvanized
sheet metal jacket lined with 2" thick rigid fiberglass insulation. All voids between
insulation and cold/hot equipment surfaces shall be filled with fiberglass blanket
insulation.
Joints of the metal cover shall be vapor sealed with vapor barrier coating after the
covers are in place.

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9.4

Duct work Insulation:


Thermal insulation shall be made of fiber glass or equivalent material with reinforced
aluminum foil external coating, factory applied with resin bonded internal layer to give
flat and resilient surface. The insulation for all duct work exposed to outside and those
in plant rooms shall be rigid slab type and for remaining ducting flexible blanket type.
The density of insulation shall be minimum 1.5 lb/cu. ft. for flexible blanket type and 3
lb/cu. ft. for rigid slab type and thickness as below:Supply air duct in non air-conditioned areas -- 2"
Supply " " " air-conditioned areas -- 1"
Return air duct in non air-conditioned areas -- 1"
"
" " " air-conditioned areas -- nil
Fresh air duct in air-conditioned areas
-- 1"
Supply and Return air ducts exposed to outside - 3"
ambient temperature.
Insulation shall be secured to duct work with 2"x2" G.I. sheet metal stripe of 22 gauge
fixed to corners and tightened with wire 6" intervals. The strips may be suitable
grooved to take the wide fasteners. Transfers duct connections such as pocket joints
and flanges shall be additionally insulated with 4" wide, 1" thick insulation and
covered with 8" wide, 8 oz canvas equally overlapped on either side and finally coated
with 2 coats of approved paint.
All duct work exposed to outside, shall be covered with 0.6 G.I. sheeting and shall be
treated for water-proofing prior to cladding i.e. wrap the insulation with 0.5 mm. thick
polyethylene sheet and secure with adhesive. All duct work insulation exposed to view
shall be finished with 8 oz canvas finished with 2 coats of fire retardant and water
proof paint.

9.5

Acoustic Duct Lining:


Internal duct lining for acoustic insulation where applicable shall not be less than 1"
thick fibre glass nat faces, flexible blanket of fine fibbers with securely bonded surface
mat coated with clean or black neoprene or approved equal. Lining to be applied with
100% coverage of fire resistive approved adhesive compound and mechanical
fastenings according to the manufacturer's instructions. Acoustic lining shall be cleared
20cm. on each side of the duct heater where applicable. duct lining density shall be 1.5
Lb/F53.

10.
10.1

VIBRATION ISOLATORS
GENERAL
All equipment producing vibration shall be isolated from the structure, using vibration
isolators, to reduce transmission of vibration to a minimum. The vibration isolators
shall be selected to compensate for the floor deflection and shall be generally according
to the vibration isolator selection table given in the latest edition of ASHRAE
SYSTEMS HANDBOOK. The contractor shall submit the selection of vibration
Isolators with necessary details for approval prior to ordering.
Different types of vibration Isolators used shall be as described below.

10.2

SPRING ISOLATOR
Spring type isolators shall be constructed from suitable treated and finished steel or
steel alloys. All spring isolators shall have acoustical barrier to prevent transmission of
very high frequency vibration and noise. They shall be corrosion protected if installed
outdoors or in corrosive environment. Vibration Isolators shall be provided with

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means of adjusting heights to allow for unevenness in bases. The amount of adjustment
shall not be less than twice the permitted tolerance in leveling of the floor. The spring
Isolators shall be either Open type or housed type or restrained type.
a.

OPEN SPRING ISOLATORS


Open Spring Isolator shall consist of a top and bottom load plate with an adjustment
bolt for leveling. The springs shall be designed for a horizontal stiffness at least 75 %
of the vertical stiffness to assure stability, 50 % travel beyond rated load and safe solid
stresses.

b.

HOUSED SPRING ISOLATORS


Housed spring Isolators shall consist of two cast telescoping housings containing one
or more steel springs as the isolation medium, resilient inserts to act as guides for the
upper and lower housings, built in leveling bolts, and non skid neoprene pad bonded
bass plate.

C.

RESTRAINED SPRING ISOLATORS


Restrained spring vibration isolators shall be provided with hold-down bolts to limit
vertical movement. they shall be used for equipment with large weight variations, like
boilers. refrigeration machines to restrict movement and prevent strain on piping when
water is removed and outdoor equipment, such as cooling towers to prevent excessive
movement due to wind load. Spring criteria shall be same as that of the Open Spring
vibration isolators and restraints shall have adequate clearance so that they are
activated only when a temporary restraint is needed.

10.3

RUBBER PADS
The rubber pads shall be cross ribbed neoprene, in single or multiple layers with or
without cork lamination depending on the deflection requirement.

10.4

INERTIA BASES
Inertia base shall be constructed from reinforced concrete. The frame for the base shall
be fabricated of mild steel section to which necessary cross members and reinforcing
shall be fixed. The base shall be supported on spring mountings. The mountings shall
be fixed to brackets which shall be welded to the sides of the base frame. The base
shall have a depth equal to one tenth of the longest span between isolators with a
minimum of 6".

11.
11.1

INSTRUMENTS
GENERAL
All instruments described here under shall be provided and installed as applicable
unless otherwise mentioned in the Particular specifications or elsewhere.
All equipment such as water chillers, condensers, boilers, air handling nits, cooling and
heating coils, shall be provided at the water inlet and outlet sides with pipe mounted
oil-filled pockets for thermometers and cocked connection with pressure gauges to
suit. These fittings must be provided whether a gauge is required at that particular
point or not.
All instruments shall be installed in such a manner end at such locations as to sense
accurate representative values of the function that they measure and to be accessible
for ease of adjustment and calibration.

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Indicating instruments, such as thermometers and pressure gauges installed on
insulated pipes shall have proper length extension necks to extend the instrument to
the final finished surface of insulation.
Indicating instruments shall have a range such that the normal readings are indicated in
the middle of the range of the instrument.
11.2

WATER TEMPERATURE RECORDERS (Code No. 15905)


Automatic temperature recorder shall be provided for each central water chilling or
heating unit. Recorders shall have 12" diameter revolving chart, aluminum case, 2-pen
drive mechanism to suit, necessary capillary and bulbs suitably located in the flow
pipes with separate sockets, continuous stainless steel linkage pen system and 7-day
electrical chart driver.
Range shall suit the system temperatures with 2 degrees subdivisions. The temperature
recorder to be suitable for power supply of 240/1/50hz. Each temperature recorder
shall be supplied with 100 spare charts.

11.3

THERMOMETERS
Thermometers shall be furnished complete with all necessary sockets, wells,
connectors and accessories required for complete installation and suitable for the
service in which installed. Extension necks shall be furnished for insulated piping and
ductwork.
Where installation necessitates that a thermometer be installed at a height exceeding
seven feet above the floor, or at a location not easily accessible or visible, a remote
bulb type thermometer shall be installed and identified at a location as directed by the
engineer.

11.3.1 Glass Thermometers


Glass thermometers shall be of materials and ranges, as indicated, designed and
constructed for use in service.
Case:
Die cast aluminum finished in baked epoxy enamel, glass front, spring secured,
225mm. (9") long.
Tube and capillary
Mercury filled, magnifying lens, 1 % scale range accuracy, shock mounted.
Scale
Satin faced, non-reflective aluminum, permanently etched markings.
Stem
Copper-plated steel, or brass, for separable socket, length to suit installation.
Service
Water Temperature
Water Temperature
Water Temperature
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Each condenser outlet
Each evaporator inlet
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Range
20-120F
20-120F
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Water Temperature

Each evaporator outlet

20-120F

11.3.2 Direct Mount Dial Thermometers


Direct mount dial thermometers shall be of materials and ranges, as indicated, designed
and constructed for use in service.
Type
Vapor or gas filled.
Case
Drawn steel or brass, glass lens 113mm. (4 1/2") diameter.
Thermal Bulb
Copper with phosphor bronze bourdon pressure tube, on scale division
accuracy.
Movement
Brass precision geared.
Scale
Progressive, satin faced, non-reflective aluminum, permanently etched markings.
Stem
Copper-plated steel, or brass, for separable socket, length to suit installation.
11.3.3 Remote Reading Dial Thermometers
Remote reading dial thermometer shall be same as above but to be with bronze double
braided armour copper capillary tube of a length to suit installation and copper bulb
with separable sockets for liquids and averaging element for air.

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11.3.4 Accuracy
+- one scale division.
Service
Air Temperature

Air Temperature
Water Temperature

Location
for outside ambient
with gauge
inside the
main plant.

Range F
20-160

Air duct for air


leaving coil.

20-160

Each A/H Unit inlet


and outlet.

40-240

11.3.5 Thermometer Wells


Thermometer wells shall be of brass or stainless steel, pressure rated to match piping
system design pressure, provided with extension to suit insulated thickness on
insulated pipes.
11.4

PRESSURE GAUGES
Pressure gauges shall be of the general use, phosphor bronze bourdon type, 10%
accuracy, bottom connection.
Case
Drawn steel or brass, glass lens, 115 mm. (4 1/2") diameter.
Connector
Brass with 6mm. (1/4") male NPT. Provide protective syphon when used for steam
service.
Scale
White coated aluminum, with permanently etched markings. Refrigerant gauges to
have the saturation temperature of the Refrigerant marked on the dial at corresponding
pressure.
For water pressure gauges the range shall be (from 0 to 100 psi). Where system
pressure requires higher range, a suitable higher range shall be provided.

11.4.1 Pressure Gauge Cocks, shall be installed between pressure gauge and gauge socket on
piping system, the cocks to be of brass with 6mm. (1/4") female NPT on each end and
"T" handle brass plug. The Siphon shall be 6mm. (1/4") straight coil constructed of
copper tuning with 6mm. (1/4") male NPT on each end.
The Snubber shall be 6mm. (1/4") brass brushing with corrosion resistant porous metal
disc, through which pressure fluid is filtered.
Pressure gauges shall be supplied and installed at the following locations:Service
Water Pressure
Technical Specifications

Location
Chilled/condensed water pumps
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Water Pressure
Water Pressure
Water Pressure
Gas Pressure
Ref. Pressure
Air Pressure
11.5

supply and discharge.


Chiller inlet and outlet.
Condenser inlet/outlet.
A/H Unit inlet and outlet.
Compressor suction and discharge.
Purge Unit suction and discharge.
Compressor discharge.

ORIFICE PLATE FLOW METER


The orifice plate shall be of stainless steel material suitable for insertion between bolted
flanges with joint washers and two cocks for connection to the flow instrument and
shall be installed according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
Each orifice plate shall be provided with flow measuring gauge 6" diameter, calibrated
to read the flow directly complete with necessary hoses and connection, all enclosed
in factory supplied casing.
Orifice plates for measuring the water flow shall be provided at the following places:
1.
One for the main chilled water supply line.
2.
One for the main condenser water discharge line.

12.
12.1

WATER PIPING AND FITTINGS (Code No. 15140)


General
All water pipes, pipe fittings, valves, strainers, flexible connections, expansion joints
and all other accessories, etc,. for chilled, hot, condenser, and the associated drain
water piping shall be supplied and installed as shown on the drawings and specified
elsewhere. Pipe routing shall be generally as shown on the drawings.
-

All pipes and fittings shall be brand naw, stamped clearly at factory, indicating size,
make and standard to which they are manufactured. Pipes shall be provided with
plastic caps at both ends. Mill Certificate shall be submitted.

All piping circuits shall have means for complete drainage at all low points and
means for venting at all high points irrespective of whether they are indicated on
the drawings or not.

All branches of water piping circuits shall be provided with isolating valves
irrespective of whether they are indicated on the drawings or not to permit closing
off any section of the circuit for maintenance and repair without interrupting other
parts of the System.

Pipe fittings shall be factory fabricated of size and type to match the pipe, tube,
valve or equipment connection.

All changes in direction , changes in pipe size, branching and jointing of pipes shall
be made with regular pipe fittings, such as elbows, Reducers, Tees, Couplings,
Unions, Flanges, etc. Bending of pipes for elbows and field fabricated fittings, such
as mitred elbows, tees or reducerts shall not be accepted.

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-

Elbows shall be of the long Radius Type.

Reducers shall be of the concentric or eccentric type as indicated on the drawings


to suit the application.

For branch connections where branch pipe size is less than half the main pipe size,
cutting through shall be accepted to make the connection using factory fabricated
saddles.

Unions or Flanges shall be required on both sides of each piece of Equipment in the
System, such as chillers, condensers, pumps, strainers, valves, etc., to facilitate its
removal for repair or maintenance.
12.2

MATERIALS
- Unless otherwise specified, pipes for chilled, hot and condenser water shall be
seamless Black Steel pipe to ASTM 853 Schedule 40 or equal standard for sizes 2
inches and larger and shall be hard copper tubing to ASTM 888-51 Type L or equal
standard for sizes 1 1/2 inches and smaller.
Equipment and condensate drain pipes shall be UPVC pipes heavy gauge.

12.3

Pipe fittings for chilled, condenser water pipes shall be factory made wrought steel,
seamless, butt welding fittings to ANSI 8 16.9 or equal for sizes 2 inches and
larger, and shall be wrought copper brazed fittings to ASTM 8 280-55T or equal
for sizes 1 1/2 inches and smaller.

Pipe fittings for Equipment and condensate drain water pipes shall be malleable
iron threaded fittings to ANSI 816.3 or equal for sizes 2 inches and larger, and
shall be wrought copper brazed fittings to ASTM 8280-55T or equal for sizes 1
1/2 inches and smaller.

FLANGES
- Flanges shall be required for pipe sizes 2 inches and larger.
-

Flanges shall match class, material, grade and facing of Connecting flange.

Screwed Flanges shall be of standard or heavy cast iron as required.

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12.4

Flanges shall be furnished with gaskets of the one-place ring type, compressed type
or stainless steel wound type, suitable for temperature, pressure and service of
System.

Flanges shall be made to B.S. 4503 - NP16/11 or ANSI-125 or equivalent and


drilled to suikt the mating flange.

Flanges on Black Steel pipes shall be black forged steel of welding neck or slip on
type.

Flanges shall be assembled with steel, square head machine bolts and hexagonal
nuts. The Bolts shall be of diameter and length to suit the flanges and to allow the
nuts to utilize the full length of their thread.

All bolts and nuts used shall be of hot dipped galvanized

UNIONS
- Unions shall be required for pipe sizes 1 1/2 inches and smaller.
-

12.5

Unions shall be of wrought copper, suitable for the System test pressure and
working temperature.

DIELECTRIC UNIONS AND FLANGES


- Joints between dissimilar metals shall be made through dielectric unions or flanges
to prevent electrolytic interaction and corrosion. This applies particularly to joints
between ferrous and nonferrous piping.
-

Dielectric unions shall be used on 1 1/2 inches 0 pipes and smaller and flanges on 2
inches 0 and larger. Flanges shall be fitted with an a set of gaskets and Teflon
sleeves and washers between flanges, nuts and bolts.

The entire joint including the dielectric material shall be suitable and capable to
withstand the temperature, pressure and all other operating conditions of the
service for which they are used.

12.6

FLEXIBLE CONNECTIONS
Flexible pipe connections shall be used to connect pipes to equipment to provide
piping flexibility to ermit isolators to function properly, protect equipment from strain
from misalignment and expansion or contraction of piping and to attenuate noise and
vibration transmission along the piping. Spherical connections shall be used for
chillers, pumps, boilers, air handling units and other isolated equipment. It shall be
constructed of one or more large radius arches of either rubber or Teflon with matal or
fabric reinforcement. Flexible connections up to 1 1/2" shall be provided with unions
while 2" and above with Flanges. Metallic flexible hose connections shall be generally
used for refrigerant lines. Rubber flexible hose connections shall be used for chilled
and hot water lines to take up lateral movement with practically no axial movement.
The flexible connections shall be suitable for the test pressure and working
temperature of the circulating medium.

12.7

EXPANSION JOINTS

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13.
13.1

Expansion Joints shall be fitted where expansion not taken up by the piping off sets
and changes in direction of piping and where pipes cross the expansion joints of
the building. The contractor shall submit to the engineer for approval the
calculation of the system expansion and contraction together with the selection
and location of expansion joints.

Expansion Joints shall be suitable for system test pressure and working
temperature.

Initial setting shall be made in accordance with manufacturer's recommendations to


allow for ambient temperature at time of installation.

Pipe alignment guides shall be installed as recommended by the manufacturer but


in any case not more than 5 feet on each side of each Expansion joint.

Expansion joints shall be of the corrugated bellows (Packless) type, with protective
shrouds.

Expansion Joints for steel pipes shall have single or multiple formed corrugated
stainless steel bellows, carbon steel shrouds, internal guides and shall be provided
with flanged ends.

Expansion Joints for copper tubing shall have phosphor bronze bellows, brass
shrouds, internal guides and shall be provided with bronzed ends.

For system operation pressures less than 60 P.S.I.G., internal guides will not be
required.

When double Expansion Joints are used, they shall be provided with bases.

VALVES (Code No. 15110)


GENERAL
All valves shall be factory fabricated and of types as shown on the drawings.
-

Valves shall be marked with name of manufacturer, trade mark, nominal size and
the class number, all casted in the valve body.

Valves, where possible, shall be of the same manufacturer.

Valves shall be designed for saturated steam working pressure of 125 psi and cold
water non-shock working pressure of 200 psi., unless otherwise specified in the
project documents and shall be manufactured and factory tested in accordance with
the latest relevant British standard or an equivalent. Test certificate shall be
submitted for all valves.

Seating surfaces of valves shall be machined and finished to ensure tightness


against leakage for the service specified and shall set freely.

Handwheels of valves shall be of suitable diameter to allow tight closure by hand


with reasonable force without additional leverage and without damage to stem,
seat or disc.

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13.2

13.3

13.4

Valves located 8 feet or more above operating floor or platforms in plant rooms
shall be provided with a chain operated handwheel.

Flanged valves shall have flanges conforming to B. 4504-NP16/11 or ANSI 125 or


equivalent.

Cast iron body gate, globe and butterfly valves shall be provided with position
indicator.

All cast iron valves shall be fitted with Cast Iron indexed handwheel clearly marked
"open" and "Close" with an arrow to indicate the direction of rotation.

GATE VALVES
- Gate valves shall be used for isolating purposes, such as inlets and outlets of
chillers, condensers, pumps and cooling towers and at all branches from mains or
risers as shown on the drawings or required elsewhere.
-

Gate valves shall not be used for throttling purposes, such as regulating, balancing
or control.

Gate valves shall be of double faced solid wedge disc type giving straight line flow.

Gate valves of sizes 1 1/2 inches and smaller shall be of all bronze construction
type with inside screw non-rising spindle, screwed bonnet, and screwed ends to
ASTM B61/B62 or gunmetal to BS1400LG2.

Gate valves of sizes 2 inches and larger shall be of flanged bonnet and flanged
ends, outside screw rising spindle type. body, wedge and cover in cast iron. Wedge
facing rings and stem nut in gunmetal. Spindle in aluminum bronze. Stem seal
packing shall be of high quality.

Gate valves of sizes 8" and larger shall be equipped with bevel gear unit.

GLOBE VALVES
- Globe valves shall be used for throttling purposes to control the flow rate from full
flow to complete shut-off.
-

Glabe valves of sizes 1 1/2 inches and smaller shall be of all bronze construction
with inside screw rising spindle, screwed bonnet and screwed ends.

Globe valves of sizes 2 inches and larger shall have cast iron body, with outside
screw aluminum bronze rising spindle, renewable gunmetal or bronze disc, with
gunmetal or bronze seat ring, flanged bonnet and flanged ends. Globe valve disc
shall be of the beveled or parabolic shape to allow throttling.

CHECK VALVES
- Check valves shall be silent, spring actuated left type used to prevent automatically
reversing of flow at pump outlets, in vertical lines and as indicated in the drawings
or required elsewhere.
-

Check valves of sizes 1 1/2 inches and smaller shall be of bronze construction,
screwed ends.

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13.5

13.6

Check valves of sizes 2 inches and larger shall be cast iron body, water type,
stainless steel or bronze disc, stainless steel spring, renewable seats.

BUTTERFLY VALVES
- The butterfly valves shall be used for shut-off or throttling purposes as shown in
location on the drawings.
-

The butterfly valves shall be of rubber lined tight shut-off type, having nodular cast
iron body, aluminum bronze disc, high grade stainless steel shaft, bronze bearings,
monel taper pins, buna-n seat liner vulcanized to the body. The butterfly valves
shall be water type or flanged type as specified elsewhere.

The butterfly valves of 6" and smaller shall have lever operator. Valves of 8 inches
and larger shall have manual gear operator.

All butterfly valves shall be supplied with locking device and position indicator.

COMMISSIONING SET
- Commissioning set shall be provided on the return pipe of each water cooling or
heating coil and in other locations shown on the drawings to facilitate balancing
procedure.
-

Commissioning Set shall consist of a double regulating valve for flow regulation
and isolation and meteing orifice station for measuring the pressure drop.

The metering station shall have an integral square-edged orifice plate fitted with a
pair of pressure test plugs which can be connected to a manometer to measure the
head loss. Bronze metering station shall have cast-in flow direction marking,
threaded ends. The cast iron meteing station shall be supplied complete with 2
correctly sized gaskets and one set of flange bolting.

The double regulating valve shall be of the Y-pattern (oblique) globe type having
parabolic disc allowing regular variation of the valve opening. The variation of the
opening is step controlled by a graduated adjustable sleeve fitted with the valve to
control the lift of the disc. Each opening position is indicated by a marked number
on the sleeve. At any pre-set position, the valve opening can still be regulated from
fully-closed to a maximum opening at the pre-set position. The regulating sleeve is
locked in the set position to prevent undesirable interference with the setting but
remaining capable of being closed.

For sizes 1 1/2 inches and smaller commissioning Set shall be of all bronze or
gunmetal construction screwed ends and rising stem double regulating valve, fitted
with numeric indicator.

For sizes 2 inches and larger Commissioning Set materials shall be as follows:

1)

Metering Orifice Station


Cast iron body, stainless steel orifice plate, gunmetal retaining bush, brass test plugs.

2)

Double Regulating Valve

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Cast iron body, stainless steel or bronze rising stem, tgunmetal or cast iron disc,
gunmetal rings, anodized aluminum indicator plate and flanged ends.
13.7

STRAINERS
- Strainers shall be provided at the Suction Side of each water circulating pump and
at other location shown on drawings.
-

Strainers shall be of class 150 saturated steam working pressure, unless otherwise
specified in the project documents.

Strainers shall be either Y-type or basket type as required in project documents.

Strainers shall be full-size of the connecting pipe.

Strainers for 1 1/2 inches pipe size and smaller shall be bronze body with stainless
steel screen and screwed ends.

Strainers for 2 inches pipe and larger shall be cast iron body with stainless steel
screen and flanged ends.

Screen perforation shall be as follows:-

Pipe Size (inch)

Perforation size ( inch)

Up to 1 1/2
2 and larger

1/32
1/16

13.8

Number of perforations
per Sq.inch.
414
150

AUTOMATIC AIR VENTS


- Automatic air vents shall be provided at all high points of water piping system
irrespective of whether indicated on drawings or not to permit venting any air
collection at high points tends to obstruct flow.
Automatic air vents shall be of the float type, and construction shall be as
follows:
- Body and guide cross of cast iron.
-

Valve Seat, guide bush, upper and lower guide connecting rod, valve and guide
cone of brass or stainless steel.

Float ball of stainless steel.

All automatic air vents shall be installed with a suitable size shut off valve.

14.

HVAC AUTOMATIC CONTROL SYSTEM AND ELECTRICAL


WORKS:

A.

There shall be furnished and installed, completely ready for operation, an automatic
control system, all as described herein and in the drawings (HVAC control diagram).

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The control system shall be of the type using electric operation with electronic sensing
devices.
B.
1.

General:
The entire control system shall be complete with all necessary control devices,
thermostats, valves, motors, relays, switches, damper, panels and low voltage electric
wiring to provide the functions as described hereinafter, regardless of whether or not
specifically mentioned. All controls shall be the product of one manufacturer.

2.

The control system shall be installed complete in all respects by competent mechanics,
regularly employed by the manufacturer of the control system all automatic control
valves and dampers shall be manufactured by the control manufacturer and shall be
installed in pipelines and duct.

3.

Complete drawings shall be submitted to the engineers for approval before field
installation is started. Such drawings shall give complete description of all control
elements and shall show complete schematic piping and wiring diagrams, including
functional description.

4.

Service and Guarantee:


a. After completion of the control system installation, the control manufacturer shall
regulate and adjust all thermostats, control valves, damper motors, etc., and place
them in complete operating condition subject to the approval of the engineers,
complete instructions shall be given to the operating personnel. There shall be three
days instruction. Such instruction shall be three days instruction. Such instruction shall
be exclusive of the time required for regulation and adjusting.
b. The control system herein specified shall be free from defects in workmanship and
material under normal use and service. If, within one year from date of acceptance by
the engineers, and equipment herein described is proved to be defective in
workmanship or material, it shall be adjusted, repaired or replaced free of charge.

5.

6.

Control Sequence For Chilled Water Generation System:


a. The chilled water generator shall start manually.
b. The start up of any chillier shall energize automatically the relevant chilled water
pump.
c. The return water thermostat shall control the number of working chillers.
d. A manual selector switch shall allow the selection of the chiller on stand by position.
Sequence of Operation For Air Handling Units:
a. A summer-Winter changeover switch shall be either on summer or winter operation.
b. The supply fan and return air fan -if any- shall start by a common switch .
c. Through an electric interlock with the supply / return fans starter a relay shall be
energized, thereby opening the fresh air damper and energizing the temperature
controller which will energize both exhaust air and return air dampers.
d. Return duct thermostat shall modulate the cooling coil control valve (for summer
operation) and the hot water heating coil to maintain the temperature of the space .
e. Whenever the supply fan stop, the temperature controller of cooling and heating coils
shall be switched off and the outside air damper shall be closed.

7.

Control Sequence of F.C.U.

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a. Fan coil units ceiling type shall have remote mounted controller with :3 speed fan switch.
Temp. set point potentiometer.
On/off switch.
Temp. sensing element.
b. 3-way modulating valves on cooling coil shall modulate for cooling.
c. Temp. controller with automatic change over facilities should be mounted to act
cooling and heating according to temp. controller signal.
8.

A.H.U. Control Panel:


a. Each A.H.U. should have its own control panel, mounted with the unit.
b. Steel sheets fabricated to satisfy protection class IP 54, oven painted, and sized to
include motor, starters and control modules.
c. Panel door to include the following:On/off fan switch
Indication light for

C.
1.

PRODUCTS
Wiring
a. All control wiring for devices specified in this section shall be the responsibility of the
control manufacturer. This work shall include all interlock wiring described in the
specifications.
b. All wiring shall conform to the methods and materials described in electrical spec. and
all codes shall apply to this work.
c. Review electrical specs and coordinate work to ensure a working system. Any
discrepancy shall be reported in writing to the contractor at the time submittals re
presented for action by engineer.
d. Minimum wire size in accordance with electrical specs.

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2.

Thermostats:
a. Provide room thermostats with dual scale ( Fahrenheit and Celsius) single temperature,
general - action and adjustable sensitivity. Provide covers with exposed or concealed
set point adjustment.
b. Room thermostats mounted 60 inches (1500 mm) above finished floor and centered
above light switch where both occur in same location. Thermostat finish to match
switch plate finish.
c. Provide adjustable limit stops for set point adjustment.
d. For remote bulb element use either average type of suitable length for air, or rigid bulb
type for liquids. Use stainless steel flanges to support elements in ducts. In liquids, use
separable wells. Flanges and sockets extension neck to finish flush with insulation
surface.

3.

Control valves:
a. Provide valves in accordance with general valve specification. provide position
indicators on valves. Provide pilot positioners on sequenced valves.
b. Select valves to fail safe in nonormally open or closed position as indicated by freeze,
fire, or temperature protection.
c. Select 3- way valves to linear characteristics. Size valve operators to close valves
against pump shut- off head. Size for maximum 3 PSi (20 KPa) drop.

4.

Modulating dampers:
a. Motor operated modulating dampers shall be double acting opposed blade designed
and tested in accordance with SMACNA standard 500. It shall be the responsibility of
this contractor to verify the size of each damper and lay out equipment or ductwork
before dampers are fabricated. The minimum size of the dampers is shown on the
drawings. The pressure drop shall not exceed 0.03 inches (0.0075 KPa) of water at
1000 fpm (5.08 m/s) in wide open position.
b. The damper shall be constructed of extrude aluminum or No. 16 gauge (1.6 mm) steel,
each blade being not more than 8 inches(200 mm) wide . Each blade end shall have
stainless steel shaft rotating in self- lubricating bearing mounted in damper channel
frame.
c. Flat steel damper blade edge shall be made rigid by molding the edges.
d. Dampers shall be assembled in the manufacturers shop as a complete unit. The channel
frame of the damper shall be minimum 2 inches (50 mm) wide and shall be provided
with jamb seals to minimize air leakage.
e. The blades of the damper shall be connected together through an approved linkage or
interconnecting gears located outside the air stream. All blades must have a positive
uniform movement throughout the entire range of travel so that they respond
immediately to the movement of the damper operator without slack.

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f. A complete damper assembly shall not be provided with blades having a width over 48
inches (1200 mm) or greater than 72 inches (1800 mm). Where greater width or height
is required, the assemblies shall be made up of a combination of sections. A damper
operator shall be provided for each damper section.
g. Fresh air intake dampers and dehumidified air dampers and frames shall be
constructed of aluminum or galvanized steel. The edges of the galvanized steel
dampers shall be painted before shipment to prevent corrosion. The edges of all
dampers shall be provided with seals applied by insets and mastic.
h. Where two or more dampers are installed for interrelated operation, they shall be
provided with positive positioning devices.

5.

i.

All dampers shall be provided with stops.

j.

When dampers are in the closed position the maximum leakage shall not exceed 10
cfm per square foot (185 cubic meters per hour per square meter) at 4 inches wg
(1.0 kpa) static pressure.
Two-position Dampers:

a. Motor operated two-position dampers shall be parallel to blade. It shall be the


responsibility of this contractor to verify the size of each damper and lay out
equipment or ductwork before dampers are fabricated. The minimum size of the
dampers is shown on the drawings. The pressure drop shall not exceed 0.03 inches wg
(.0075 kpa) at 1000 fpm (5.08 m/s) in the wide open position.
b. Dampers shall be assembled in the manufactures shop as a complete unit. The channel
frame of the damper shall be a minimum of 22 inches (50 mm) wide and shall be
provided with jamb seals to minimize air leakage.
c. The width of the blades in a damper assembly shall not exceed 48 inches (1200 mm)
while the overall height of the assembly shall not exceed 72 inches (1800 mm). Where
greater width or height is required, the assemblies shall be made up of a combination of
sections. A damper operator shall be provided for each damper section.
d. Fresh air intake dampers and dehumidified air dampers and frames shall be painted
before shipment to prevent corrosion. The edges of all dampers shall be provided with
seals applied by insets and mastic.
e. All dampers shall be provided with stops.
f. When dampers are in the closed position, the maximum leakage shall not exceed 10
cfm per square foot (185 cubic meters per hour per square meter) at 4 inches wg (1.0
kpa) static pressure.
g. Automatic dampers shall be supported either by properly reinforcing the ductwork at
damper locations to carry the weight of the dampers or shall be supported
independently of ductwork from the ceiling or floor, as conditions at the site
determine.

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6. Differential Pressure Gauges:
a.
Gauge shall be dial type, diaphragm actuated white with black figures. Range of 0 - 2
inches with minor divisions of 0.05 inches.
b.
Suitable for flush mounting on control cabinet face.
7.
a.

Control Panels:
Provide local panels of unitized cabinet type for each system under automatic control.
Mount relays, switches, and controllers with control point adjustment in cabinet and
temperature indicators, pressure gauges, pilot lights, pushbuttons, and switches flush
on cabinet panel face.

b.

Fabricate panels from 12 gauge (2.50 mm) furniture steel with baked enamel finish and
hinged key lock door.

c.

Mount panels adjacent to associated equipment on vibration-free walls or freestanding


steel angle supports. One cabinet may accommodate more than one system in same
equipment room. Provide engraved plastic name plates for instruments and controls
inside cabinet and on cabinet face. Provide system graphic on each panel.

d.

Components requiring external field wiring connections shall be prewired in panel to


numbered terminal strips.

15.
A.
1.

ELECTRICAL WORKS: (Code No. 15905)


ELECTRIC MOTORS:
All electric motors of sizes and types as specified for driving ventilating and air
conditioning equipment shall be furnished and erected under this Section. All motors
shall be of proper power and speed to suit the specified makes of equipment, if other
makes of equipment are accepted in any case, the proper adjustment of motor speed
and power must be included without additional cost to the company. Drawings shall be
submitted for approval before the equipment is purchased.

2.

All motors 1 horsepower and larger shall operate on 380 volt, 3 phase, 50 hertz,
alternating current, except as otherwise hoted. All motors smaller than 1 horsepower
shall operate on 220 volt, single phase, 50 hertz, alternating current, except as other
wise noted.

3.

Motors driving pumps shall be direct connected, motors driving fans shall be belt
connected. gnerally, all motors shall be constant speed, squirrel-cage type motors,
single phase motors shall be capacitor start, induction run, or split phase type as
approved for the service.

4.

All motors shall be of quiet operating type, guaranteed to fulfill the specified
requirements without producing any sound audible outside of Machine Rooms. All belt
connected motors shall have adjustable table bases and set screws to maintain proper
belt tension, provide proper belt guards for all such. All motors installed by this
contractor shall be of one manufacturer and shall be Westinghouse, General Electric,
Elliott, Allis - Chalmers, or as approved.

5.

All motors and accessories shall comply in all aspects with NEMA Standards.

6.

All motors shall have Class "B" fungus proofed insulation.

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B.
1.

ELECTRIC MOTOR CONTROLS:


Furnish and install suitable starting and controlling equipment, all as specified
hereinafter. The starting equipment shall be arranged, generally, in groups or, in certain
cases, as isolated combination starters, as specified or indicated.

2.

All controllers shall be of Allen-Bradley, Cutler-Hammer, Honeywell, Westinghouse,


Allis-Chalmers ,General Electric, ABB or as approved, fully enclosed in neatly finished
ventilated boxes of code gauge steel, machine formed and welded. These boxes shall
be arranged for wall mounting as directed, and shall each have a door with a spring
catch handle. these controllers shall be of the combination starter and circuit breaker
type. they shall be mounted on suitable angle galvanized iron frames.

3.

Controller for packaged pump sets shall be factory mounted and wired.

4.

All starters, whether in grous or remotely located, shall be the product of one
manufacturer, except as otherwise noted herein.

5.

Furnish and install all required relays for use with the break-glass station for the
refrigeration machines.

6.

All wiring, between adjacent controller sections of control groups and/or external to
the control group will be furnished and installed by the CONTRACTOR.

C.
1.

GENERAL NOTES:
All starters for motors less than 1 hp shall be 220 volt, single phase, 50 hertz, a.c.
service. Manual starters with thermal overload protection and lockout type disconnect
switch shall be used to control such motors except where interlocks or automatic
cycling controls are required, in such cases, magnetic across-the line starters shall be
furnished.

2.

All starters for motors 1 hp up to and including 25 hp shall be magnetic across the line
type with combination switch and fuse. such starters shall be 380 volt, 3 phase, 50
hertz, a.c. service. All starters for motors larger than 25 hp shall be star-delta closed
transition starters complete with fuses and 220 volt control transformers.

3.

Starter fuses shall be supplied under this section. Fuses shall conform to NEMA.

4.

All magnetic starters subject to manual start and in direct view of the motors they
control shall have momentary contact start and stop buttons built into cove.r All
magnetic starters subject to electrical interlock or automatic cycling control shall have
hand off automatic switches built into cover. All selector switches in starters shall be
of the maintain contact type.

5.

All starters shall have a pilot light built into cover, except those starters which are
subject to cycling control.

6.

Where starters are not directly adjacent to motors they control, a disconnect switch, if
required, will be provided.

7.

All starters for 380 volt service shall have 380/220 volt transformers built into each
starter casing.

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Transformers shall serve all control circuits. each starter subject to electrical interlock
and/or automatic control shall have the necessary auxiliary contacts. One set of
terminals shall be provided for each control circuit.
8. All magnetic starters shall have three thermal overloads and low voltage protection.
9.

Furnish interposing relays built into starters, where possible. In all other cases, relays
shall be furnished in separate enclosure.

10.

All coils, cores, resistance, insulation contacts, trippers, etc., of starters and relays shall
be of the approved type, all parts subject to wear, arcing, etc., shall be renewable.

11.

All wiring, starters, switches, etc., shall be in full accordance with all local and
Underwriters code requirements.

12.

Furnish detailed approved composite wiring diagrams to those assembling control


groups and those installing the electrical work, and furnish such other information
necessary to assure the proper connection, operation and control of motorized
equipment, including interlocks, and automatic controls" and shall be submitted to the
engineers as part of the controller submittal, for approval.

13.

Furnish the pertinent information such as starting torque requirements of high inertia
equipment, so that the proper type starter may be provided by the starter
manufacturer, All information is subject to the review of the Engineer.

14.

All starters shall have fungus proofed coils.

15.

All starter lugs must be compatible for either copper or aluminum wire. If aluminum
cables are to be used, starters must be equipped with indent, compression type lugs.
connector shall be compression type.

16.

Provide engraved nameplates for each unit, nomenclature of each to be approved prior
to fabrication.

D.

ELECTRICAL WIRING :
-

Electrical wiring (cables) from electric control panel in basement to all HVAC
equipment (air handling units, FCUs and air fans), shall be on behalf of A/C
contractor.

To all HVAC equipment power shall be supplied near the equipment with a fused
switch (by others). The A/C contractor shall furnish and install the electric motors
controls, switches, panels wiring, cables, conduits, accessories and all interlocking
components to all HVAC equipment starting from the power supply points and
ownard mentioned above.

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