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Locomotives of India

The locomotives of India presently consist of electric 1.1 Heritage Gallery of Indian Railways
and diesel locomotives. Steam locomotives are no longer
First Train of East Indian Railway in 1854
used in India, except in heritage trains. A locomotive is
also called loco or engine.
Photo of rst passenger train on 16 April 1853
The Bengal Sappers of the Indian Army were the rst
East Indian Railway Mail
to run a steam locomotive in India. The steam locomotive named Thomason ran with two wagons for carrying
1948 photo of Secunderabad Railway Station
earth from Roorkee to Piran Kaliyar in 1851, two years
before the rst passenger train ran from Bombay to Thane
X-Dominion for India
in 1853.

2 The classication syntaxes


The rst letter (gauge)

Classication of Locomotives

W Indian broad gauge (the W Stands for Wide


Gauge - 5 ft 6 in)

In India, locomotives are classied according to their


Y metre gauge (the Y stands for Yard Gauge - 3
track gauge, motive power, the work they are suited for
ft or 1000mm)
and their power or model number. The class name in Z narrow gauge(2 ft 6 in)
cludes this information about the locomotive. It comprises 4 or 5 letters. The rst letter denotes the track
N narrow gauge (toy gauge) (2 ft)
gauge. The second letter denotes their motive power
(Diesel or Electric) and the third letter denotes the kind of
trac for which they are suited (goods, passenger, mixed The second letter (motive power)
or shunting). The fourth letter used to denote locomotives chronological model number. However, from 2002
D diesel
a new classication scheme has been adopted. Under this
C DC electric (can run under DC overhead line
system, for newer diesel locomotives, the fourth letter
only)
will denote their horsepower range. Electric locomotives
don't come under this scheme and even all diesel locos
A AC electric (can run under AC overhead line
are not covered. For them this letter denotes their model
only)
number as usual.
CA both DC and AC (can run under both AC and
A locomotive may sometimes have a fth letter in its
DC overhead line); 'CA' is considered a single letter
name which generally denotes a technical variant or subclass or subtype. This fth letter indicates some smaller
B Battery electric locomotive (rare)
variation in the basic model or series, perhaps dierent motors, or a dierent manufacturer. With the new
The third letter (job type)
scheme for classifying diesel locomotives (as mentioned
above) the fth item is a letter that further renes the
G goods
horsepower indication in 100 hp increments: 'A' for 100
hp, 'B' for 200 hp, 'C' for 300 hp, etc. So in this scheme,
P passenger
a WDP-3A refers to a 3100 hp loco, while a WDM-3F
would be a 3600 hp loco.
M mixed; both goods and passenger
Note: This classication system does not apply to steam
locomotives in India as they have become non-functional
now. They retained their original class names such as M
class or WP class.

S shunting (also known as switching engines or


switchers in the USA and some other countries)
U multiple units (EMU/DMU)
1

3 BROAD GAUGE (5 FT 6 IN) LOCOMOTIVES USED IN INDIA


R Railcars

For example, in "WDM 3A":


W means broad gauge
D means diesel motive power

BNR class NM 4-8-0+0-8-4 Garratt. Similar to


N class. Ten built in 1931 by Beyer Peacock. Withdrawn in the late 1960s.
BNR class P 4-8-2+2-8-4 Garratt. Four built by
Beyer Peacock in 1939. In the early 1970s, they
were at Bhilai (BIA) shed before being withdrawn.

M means suitable for both goods and passenger


Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway
service
3A means the locomotives power is 3,100 hp ('3'
stands for 3000 hp, 'A' denotes 100 hp more)
Or, in "WAP 5":
W means broad gauge
A mean AC electric traction motive power
P means suitable for Passenger service

BB&CI class P 4-6-2;


Class A - 2-4-0T. Probably an Atlantic. Belonged
to Palej shed.
Class U36 0-4-2 used for hauling suburban trains
at Mumbai.
Class D1 4-4-0. One of them named Princess
May.
Class M 4-6-2. Probably modied.

5 denotes that this locomotive is chronologically


the fth electric locomotive model used by the rail- Eastern Bengal Railway
ways for passenger service.
East Indian Railway Company

Broad gauge (5 ft 6 in) locomotives used in India

3.1

Steam traction

3.1.1

Company designs

Class CT 0-6-4T. Probably converted to Superheater.


EIR class G 2-2-2T. First two named Express and
Fairy Queen Built in 1856, the latter is the worlds
oldest locomotive to be in working order. Later rebuilt by Perambur Loco Works. Housed at E.I.R.

EIR class P 4-6-0;


In the nineteenth century, the various railway concessions ordered locomotives to their own specication, usually from British manufacturers. This multiplicity of Great Indian Peninsula Railway
similar, but dierent designs, increased manufacturers
costs and slowed production. During the 1890s, British
GIPR classes Y1, Y2, Y3, and Y4 0-8-4T. Used
manufacturers had full order books, so Indian railway
on Thull ghat as bankers (for pushing trains up the
companies looked to Germany and the United States for
ghat).
locomotives.[1]
GIPR Class F 2-6-0.
Bengal Nagpur Railway
Class F 0-6-0
Class GM 2-6-0. Probably modied.
BNR class HSG 2-8-0+0-8-2 Garratt homed at
Bengal Nagpur Railway (BNR) now Eastern Railway and South-Eastern Railway. First successful
Garratts in India.
Class M 4-6-2. Probably modied.
BNR class N 4-8-0+0-8-4 Garratt. Largest locomotive to run in India. Highest capacity to hold
water as compared to any Garratt in the world. One
is preserved at National Rail Museum, Delhi.

GIPR Class F3 2-6-0.


GIPR class J1 0-6-0
Class D4 4-6-0. One named Hero.
Class D5 4-6-0 Passenger locomotive.
Class E1 4-4-2 Atlantic built by North British Locomotive Co. Ltd between 1907-8. Rebuilt with
super-heater between 1925-28.
Class T Tank locomotive was used for hauling
Mumbai suburban trains on G.I.P.R.
Class Y 2-8-4T
Crane Tank 0-6-0T. One is preserved at National
Rail Museum, New Delhi.

3.1

Steam traction

Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway


M&SM class V 4-4-0. One is preserved.
Class BTC 2-6-4T. Based on BESA specications.
Class T 0-4-2 at Madras.
Nizams Guaranteed State Railway

3
Ramgotty 2-2-0T. One is preserved at National
Rail Museum, Delhi. Converted to Broad Gauge.
Oldest locomotive at National Rail Museum, Delhi.
Sultan, Sahib and Sindh These are the ones
which hauled the legendary train from VT to Thana
in 1853.
3.1.2 British Engineering Standards Association
(BESA) designs

NSR class A - 2-6-0T owned by Nizam State RailAfter acrimonious words in The Times and Parliament,
way (NSR). One (No. 48) preserved at National Rail
the British Engineering Standards Committee (later
Museum,Delhi. Probably an Atlantic.
British Engineering Standards Association or BESA) began to design a series of locomotives for use by all railways in India. The rst two designs emerged in 1903: a
North Western Railway (British India)
4-4-0 passenger, and 0-6-0 goods. The designs were re Class EM 4-4-2 probably modied. One pre- vised in 1905 and 1906 with additional types added due
to requests for heavier and more powerful locomotives:
served at National Rail Museum,Delhi.
NWR class GAS 2-6-2+2-6-2 Garratt owned by
North Western Railway (NWR) now most of which
is in Pakistan. Only one built in 1925. Retired in
1937.
NWR class P 2-4-0;
Class E1 4-4-2.
Class N1 4-8-0
Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway

Class SP Standard Passenger 4-4-0;


Class SG Standard Goods 0-6-0;
Class PT Passenger Tank 2-6-4T;
Class HP Heavy Passenger 4-6-0;
Class AP Atlantic Passenger 4-4-2;
Class HG Heavy Goods 2-8-0;
Class HT Heavy Tank 2-8-2T.

Class B26 0-6-0. One preserved at National Rail These BESA designs however were advisory, not mandaMuseum,Delhi.
tory, and were customised by the railway companies to
their own taste. The railway companies could not even
agree to use the same classication system: only the state
South Indian Railway
operated railways used the class designations SP, SG, PT,
HP, AP, HG and HT. Once superheating became acOthers
cepted, superheated versions were classied SPS, SGS,
etc. if built with superheaters, and SPC, SGC, etc. if
Class B 2-6-0.
converted from saturated to superheated.
Class E 2-4-0.
3.1.3 Indian Railways Standards (IRS) designs
Class F 2-8-2 built between 1926-1950 by
Nasmyth Wilson for service on Central Railway
After World War I, new, larger, more powerful locomo(CR).
tives were designed by the British consulting engineers
to the Indian Government. These started to appear from
Class G 2-6-0 probably meant for freight.
1927 onwards:
Class NA2
Class PTC 2-6-4T owned by Delhi at Northern
Railway (N.R.). Probably Converted Passenger locomotives.

Class XA branch passenger 4-6-2 design, 12.5ton axleload;

Class Y2 2-8-2T. These are reclassied L2.

Class XB light passenger 4-6-2 design, 17-ton


axleload;

Phoenix 0-4-0T. One is preserved at National Rail


Museum, Delhi

Class XC heavy passenger 4-6-2 design, 19.5-ton


axleload;

3 BROAD GAUGE (5 FT 6 IN) LOCOMOTIVES USED IN INDIA


Class XD light goods 2-8-2 design, 17-ton
axleload;
Class XE heavy goods 2-8-2 design, 22.5-ton
axleload;
Class XF light shunting 0-8-0 design, 18-ton
axleload;

Class WT 2-8-4T, 18-ton axleload;


Class WU 2-4-2T, 16.5-ton axleload;
Class WV 2-6-2T, 16.25-ton axleload;
Class WW 0-6-2T, 16.5-ton axleload.

All broad gauge steam locomotives in India have been


Class XG heavy shunting 0-8-0 design, 23-ton withdrawn from normal service, with only occasional
axleload;
steam specials continuing to operate.
Class XH 4-cylinder 2-8-2, 28-ton axleload (none
built);

3.2 Diesel traction

Class XP experimental passenger 4-6-2, 18.5-ton


3.2.1 Classication codes
axleload;
Class XS experimental 4-cylinder 4-6-2, 21.5-ton
axleload;
Class XT light tank 0-4-2T, 15-ton axleload.
3.1.4

World War II designs

WDM Wide Diesel Mixed


WDP Wide Diesel Passenger
WDG Wide Diesel Goods
WDS Wide Diesel Shunter

WCDS Wide Converted Diesel Shunter


During World War II, large numbers of 2-8-2 locomotives were acquired from the United States and Canada,
and were designated as classes AWD and CWD respec- 3.2.2 Mixed type locomotives
tively. The Baldwin Locomotive Works adapted the
USATC S160 Class locomotive design India which be WDM 1 (First mainline diesel electric locomotives
came class AWC. 60 broad gauge locomotives were built
used in India. Introduced in 1957. Imported from
in 1944 as part of an order of 180 locomotives to the
ALCO. Out of service now. 1950 hp)
S160 design. In addition to modied frame spreaders,
axles, cylinders, and cab, the Indian locomotives had a
WDM 2 (Most widely used and rst hometurbo-generator and electric lighting tted, which was not
made mainline diesel-electric locomotives in Inincluded in the standard design for use in Europe. Many
dia. Original prototypes were made by ALCO. Inparts, including boilers, were identical to those used for
troduced in 1962. More than 2700 have been made.
the standard gauge locomotives.[2]
Rated at 2600 hp)
3.1.5

Indian Government Railways (IGR) standard


designs

Shortly before World War II, new classes were designed;


but it would post-war before many of them came into service. These new designs were signalled by the change of
broad gauge prex from 'X' to 'W'. In addition, plans were
put into place to start manufacturing locomotives in India.
The new classes were:
Class WP passenger 4-6-2, 18.5-ton axleload;
Class WG goods 2-8-2, 18.5-ton axleload;

WDM 2A,WDM 2B (Technical variants of WDM


2. WDM2A stands are dual braked and WDM2B
are air braked usually)
WDM 2G It is the rst Multi-Gen-set locomotive of
Indian Railway manufactured by DLMW, Patiala in
2013. As of February 2014 only one loco has entered service and has been numbered as #80000.[3]
It has been cleared for a max. speed of 105 km/h.[4]
WDM 3 (Only 8 were imported. They used
hydraulic transmission and are currently nonfunctional. 2500 hp. 120 km/h. Built in 1970 by
Henschel & Son)

Class WL (1st) light 4-6-2, 16-ton axleload (four


for North Western Railway in 1939; all to Pakistan
at Partition);

WDM 3A (Formerly WDM 2C. Another WDM 2


variant. It is not related to WDM 3. Max speed 120
km/h. 30450kgf of tractive eort. Built since 1994)

Class WL (2nd) light 4-6-2, 16.75-ton axleload;

WDM 3A R (Formerly WDM 2. It is a rebuilt with


DBR tted on Short Hood. It is not related to WDM
3. They are rebuilt at DLMW, Patiala)

Class WM 2-6-4T, 16.25-ton axleload;

3.2

Diesel traction

WDM 3B (Co-Co bogies. Rated at 120 km/h.


Homed at Uttar Pradesh sheds. 23 built by DLW.
Similar to WDM3D. 3100 hp)[5]
WDM 3C, WDM 3D (higher powered versions
of WDM 3A. 3300 hp. WDM3C is rebuilt from
WDM2. WDM3C max speed 120 km/h. WDM3D
max speed 160 km/h)
WDM 3E (Reclassied as WDM 3D. Restricted to
freight at 105 km/h. 8 units known. Manufactured
by DLW. 3500 hp)
WDM 3F Manufactured by Diesel Locomotive
The WDP-3A class Locomotive of Shed GOC #15515 bringing
Works (DLW).3600 hp.HAHS bogies. ConvenThirukural Express to Nagercoil.
tional DBR. Air brake only.
WDM 4 (Entered service along with WDM 2. Prototypes designed by General Motors. Though considered superior to WDM 2 in many ways, these locomotives weren't chosen as General Motors did not
agree to a technology transfer agreement. 2600 hp)
WDM 6 (Very rare class; only two were made; Exported to Sri Lanka. Rated at 1350 hp. Max speed
75 km/h. 19200kgf tractive eort. Fabricated BoBo bogies)

visibility and minor exterior design changes.As of


now,serial production of the single cab locomotives
has been stopped. 4500 hp)
WDP 4D (EMD (former GM-EMD) GT46PAC,
This is basically a WDP 4B with twin cabs. Minor changes were made to the locomotive to facilitate the addition of a second cabin. This locomotive
comes with LCD instrument display and toilet for
the drivers. Has entered serial production and regular service. 4500 hp

WDM 7 (Fifteen of these locos were built from June


1987 through 1989, they were designed for branchline duties, but they are now used mostly for shunt- 3.2.4 Goods locomotives
ing. Rated at 2000 hp)
WDG 2 (New class name WDG 3A. These class
is actually a technically upgraded form of WDM 2.
Note: No locomotive class was designated as WDM 5 in
Max speed 100 km/h. Built by DLW)
India.
3.2.3

Passenger locomotives

WDP 1 (Bo-Bo bogies. 80 tons weight. Rated speed


of 140 kmph. 12 cylinder engine. 2300 hp. Built
by DLW in 1970. Homed at Vijayawada and Tughlakabad sheds only.
WDP 2 (New class name WDP 3A. Dedicated passenger diesel locomotive. Entered service in 1998.
Max speed 140kmph. Built by DLW. 29.25 tons of
tractive eort. 3100 hp)[6]
WDP 3 (This locomotives are actually prototypes
of the class WDP 1 and never entered serial production. Designed in 1996 by DLW. 2300 hp. Co-Co
bogies. )
WDP 4 (EMD (former GM-EMD) GT46PAC, fundamentally a passenger version of the WDG 4
(GT46MAC). 4000 hp)
WDP 4B (EMD (former GM-EMD) GT46PAC,
An improved version of the WDP 4, this is a more
powerful version and has 6 traction motors, just like
the WDG 4. Also comes with wider cabin to aid

WDG 3B, WDG 3C, WDG 3D (Technical upgraded forms of WDG 2 or WDG 3A. WDG 3B
and WDG 3C are rebuilt to WDG 3A. WDG 3C is
rated at 3330 hp.)[7]
WDG 4 (Dedicated goods locomotives. These are
General motors GT46MAC models. First units
were imported in 1999. They are numbered from
#12000 upward till #12999 and #70000 upwards.[8]
Local production started in 2002. 4000-4500 hp)
WDG 4D (Technical variant of WDG4 with dual
cabs. IGBT. Max speed 105 km/h restricted to 100
km/h. Air conditioned cabs. First dual cab freight
dedicated diesel engine in India)[9]
WDG 5 (Another Freight dedicated Locomotive
developed by Diesel Locomotive Works and Supported by Electro Motive Diesels. First unit was
rolled out from DLW on 25 February 2012. They
are numbered from #50001 upward (Two produced
as of 29 April 2015). Rated at 5500 hp. Equipped
with Fire Control System, TFT Display and Drivers
Toilet. The locomotive/series is named 'BHEEM',
after the strong Pandav brother from epic of Mahabharat. The locomotive has completed its trials and

3 BROAD GAUGE (5 FT 6 IN) LOCOMOTIVES USED IN INDIA


has entered serial production. These locomotives same, new water and air lines are added. They also have a
are assigned to the Sabarmati Diesel Loco Shed.
modied control stand and dual brake system. Also, they
have Broad Gauge bogies and under-frames.

3.2.5

Shunting locomotives (also known as switching engines)


3.2.7 Diesel multiple units

WDS 1 (First widely deployed and successful diesel A few routes in India currently have Diesel multiple unit
locomotives used in India. Imported in 1944-45. service. Depending on the transmission system they
currently out of service. 386 hp)
are classied as DEMU (diesel-electric transmission) or
DHMU
(diesel-hydraulic transmission). There are diesel
WDS 2 (o-C-o bogies. 8 cylinder engine. Homed
railcar
service
in a few places known as 'railbus.
at Central Railway. Max speed 54 kmph. Built by
Kraus Maei in 1954-55. 440 hp. 15420kgf of
tractive eort)

3.3 DC electric traction

WDS 3 (All locomotives of this class were rebuilt


and reclassied as WDS 4C in 1976-78. 618 hp. Note: These locomotives are no longer used, or were used
only in sections around and in Mumbai which is the only
17100kgf of tractive eort. Built in 1961)
location in India still or was using DC traction.The power
WDS 4,WDS 4A,WDS 4B,WDS 4D (Designed by operated is 1500V DC.
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works. 600-700 hp. C
bogies. Built between 1968-97.)
3.3.1 Mixed type locomotives
WDS 4C (Rebuilt by CLW, WDS 3 locos as mentioned above. 700 hp. 18000kgf tractive eort. C
WCM 1 (First electric locomotives with the now fabogies. Out of service. Max speed 65kmph.)
miliar Co-Co wheel arrangement to be used in India.
WDS 5 (Some of these locomotives are used for industrial shunting. A few are used on Indian Railways. Rated at 1065 hp)
WDS 6 (Heavy-haul shunters made in large numbers for industrial concerns as well as for Indian
Railways Rated at 1200/1350 hp)
WDS 6R, WDS 6SL and WDS 6AD (Technical
variants of WDS 6. WDS6SL is exported to Sri
Lanka. WDS6AD has a max speed of 50 kmph and
a 6 cylinder engine.)[10]
WDS 8 (Only ve of these were made by CLW,
and all were transferred to steel works 800 hp. Max
speed 35kmph. 22000kgf tractive eort)
There were also a few hydraulic diesel shunters in use at
Integral Coach Factory, Diesel Locomotive Works and
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works. These were rated at 250
hp.[11]
Note: There is no electric shunting engine in India.
Classes from WDS 1 to WDS 4D have hydraulic transmission. The WDS 4, 4B, 4C and 4D are the only still
existing broad gauge locomotives with diesel-hydraulic
transmission.

Seven built by English Electric at Vulcan Foundry in


195455. 3700 hp)
WCM 2 (Out of service. Co-Co bogies. 120 kmph
speed. 12 Built by Vulcan Foundry between 195657. Modied by RDSO. 3120 hp)
WCM 3 (3600 hp. Co-Co Used in Kolkata, then
transferred to Mumbai; three built by Hitachi in
1958. Out of service. Max speed 120kmph)
WCM 4 (4000 hp. Co-Co seven built by Hitachi
in 1960. Out of service. Rated at 120 kmph. Meant
for freight. 31300kgf tractive eort)
WCM 5 (Built by Chittaranjan locomotive works to
RDSOs design specications. Auxiliaries by Westinghouse and North Boyce. Built in 1962, these are
Indias rst indigenously designed DC electric locomotives. The rst was named Lokamanya after the
freedom ghter Bal Gangadhar Tilak. 3700 hp CoCo.)
WCM 6 (5000 hp, only two were built in 1995
by CLW. Now converted to run on AC power.
105kmph initially now restricted to 65kmph )
3.3.2 Passenger locomotives

3.2.6

Converted locomotives

WCDS6 is a converted YDM4 locomotive into a broad


gauge locomotive. This rebuilding was carried out by the
Golden Rock shed. It was built for large industrial concerns. The rst one was delivered to RITES. Rest being

WCP 1, WCP 2 (GIPR EA/1 and EA/2. Historically very important locomotives as these are the
very rst electric loco to be used in India. The rst
locomotive was named as Sir Roger Lumley and is
currently preserved in the National Rail Museum,

3.4

AC electric traction

7
3.3.4 Electric multiple units

Preserved WCP1

New Delhi. Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works


(SLM) built one in 1928 and 21 in 1930 (WCP1), Mumbai suburban Railway EMU
and one in 1938 (WCP2). 1Co2 wheel arrangement; 2160 hp)
WCU 1 to WCU 15 (Used in Mumbai region only)
WCP 3, WCP 4 (GIPR EB/1 and EC/1, these are
also among the earliest electric locos used in India. One of each class built by Hawthorn Leslie and 3.4 AC electric traction
Company in 1928; 2Co2 wheel arrangement.)
The 25 kV AC system with overhead lines is used
throughout the rest of the country.
3.3.3 Goods locomotives
3.4.1 Mixed type locomotives
WAM 1 (Among the rst AC electric locomotives
used in India. Introduced in 1959. Now out of service. 3010 hp. Max speed 112kmph)
WAM 2 (Out of service. Bo-Bo Bogies. Max speed
112 kmph. Built by Mitsubishi between 1960-64.
2910 hp. 25240kgf tractive eort)
WAM 3 (Out of service. Bo-Bo bogies. Same as
WAM 2 except for reverse pantographs. Built in
1964 by Mitsubishi)
Preserved WCG1

WCG 1 (GIPR EF/1. These are Swiss crocodile


locomotives imported in 1928 from Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works (ten) and Vulcan Foundry
(30). These are among the earliest electric locos
used in India. The rst locomotive was named as
Sir Leslie Wilson and is currently preserved in the
National Rail Museum, New Delhi. 26002950 hp)

WAM 4 (Indigenously designed by Chittaranjan Locomotive Works in 1970. Highly powerful class.
One of the most successful locomotives in India.
3850 hp)
WAM 4B, WAM 4P, WAM 4PD, WAM 4PR,
WAM 4PDBHS, WAM 46PD, WAM 4PDB3P,
WAM 42S3P, WAM 46PDBHS, WAM 46PE,
WAM 4G, WAM 4H and WAM 4E (Technical
variants of WAM4)

WCG 2 (Designed by Chittaranjan locomotive 3.4.2 Passenger locomotives


works in 1970. 57 built until 1977. 4200 hp. Max
WAP 1 (Designed by Chittaranjan locomotive
speed 90kmph.[12] 35600kgf tractive eort. Were
used extensively around the year 2000 when Mumworks in 1980 for the Kolkata-Delhi Rajdhani Express. A very successful class. 3900 hp)
bai was out of traction power. Out of service[13] )

3 BROAD GAUGE (5 FT 6 IN) LOCOMOTIVES USED IN INDIA


3.4.3 Goods locomotives

Indian Railways class WAG-1 (BZA)


Indian Railways class WAP-7

Main article: Indian Railways WAG class


WAG 1 (Out of service after 2002. B-B bogies.
Max speed 80 km/h. Built by several builders between 1963-66. 2930 hp. First freight dedicated
locomotive under AC traction)
WAG 1S (Technical variants of WAG 1)
WAG 2 ( Out of service. B-B bogies. Max speed
80 km/h. WAP 2 are technical variants of WAG
2. Built by several builders between 1964-65. 3450
hp)

Indian Railways class WAP-4

WAP 2 (Decommissioned in the late 1980s. Similar


to WAM2 & 3. 4 built. Also had Flexicoil Mark -ll
bogies. 2910 hp. Only 4 units built)

WAG 3 (Out of service. Monomotor bogies. Max


speed 80 km/h. 10 Built in 1965. 3590 hp. 30000
kgf tractive eort. Above 6000 tons hauling capacity up to 70 km/h on level track)[15]
WAG 3A (Technical variant of WAG 3)

WAP 3 (Rebuilt to WAP-1. Similar to WAP-1.


Approximated speed of 160 kmph restricted to 145
kmph. 5 Built since 1987.)

WAG 4 (Out of service. B-B bogies. Max speed 80


km/h. Technical variants are WAG 4A,D. Built by
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works between 1966-71.
3590 hp)

WAP 4 (Upgraded from WAP 1 for higher loads by


Chittaranjan locomotive works in 1994. One of the
most successful locomotives in India. Very powerful
class. 5350 hp)

WAG 5 (The most successful electric locomotives in


India. Designed by Chittaranjan locomotive works
in 1984. More than 1100 were made. 3850 hp)

WAP 5 (Imported in 1995 from Switzerland and


used on premier express trains. 5450 hp)
WAP 6 (Out of service. Max speed 170 kmph. 16
built by Chittaranjan Locomotive Works in 1997.
5350 hp.)
WAP 7 (Same design as WAG 9 with modied gear
ratio. Highly powerful class. 6250 hp. Max speed
205 kmph. Built by CLW since 2000)[14]
WAP 7D (Technical variant of WAP 7. A proposed
design. IGBT. Lighter than WAP 7. The 'D' would
probably stand for dual brakes. Likely to have 7000
hp).

WAG 5A,WAG 5B,WAG 5D,WAG 5E,WAG


5H,WAG 5HA,WAG 5HB,WAG 5HD,WAG
5HE,WAG 5PE,WAG 5RH. (Technical variants
of WAG 5)
WAG 6A (Imported from Allmnna Svenska Elektriska Aktiebolaget(ASEA). 6110 hp. Max speed
100 km/h. Bo-Bo-Bo Bogies. The most powerful
non-3 phase AC electric locomotives in India)
WAG 6B,WAG 6C (Variants of WAG 3A. Built by
Hitachi in 1988. Regenerative brakes. 44950 kgf
tractive eort. Upgradeable to 160 km/h)
WAG 7 (Very successful class. Built by CLW and
BHEL. 5350 hp. 41000kgf. Max speed 100kmph.
123tons in weight)

3.6

Battery traction

WAG 7H (Technical variant of WAG7 with Note:There is no dedicated dual current passenger loco132tons of weight and 45000kgf of tractive eort. motive in India, but in Mumbai area, there are some
Two units built)
EMUs which can run under dual traction.
WAG 8 (Out of service. Similar in looks to WCAM
2 and technically to WCAM 3. Built by BHEL in 3.6 Battery traction
1998. Experimental class)
WAG 9 (Currently the most powerful class in In 1927, English Electric and WBC built 2 shunters for
Bo-Bo
India, rated at 6350 hp. Same design as WAP use in yards at Bombay(now Mumbai). They had
[16]
bogies.
Rated
at
240
hp.
They
weighed
58
tons.
7 with modied gear ratio. Designed by Adtranz,
Switzerland.)
WAG 9H, WAG9i and WAG9Hi (Technical vari- 4
ants of WAG9. WAG9H is the heavier version.
WAG9i is the one tted with IGBT traction converters. WAG9Hi is probably a combination of
WAG9H and WAG9i)[13]
4.1
3.4.4

Electric multiple units

Main article: Electric multiple units


WAU 1 to WAU 4

Metre Gauge (3 ft 3 in) locomotives used in India


Steam traction

4.1.1 Company types


Nilgiri Mountain Railway X class
4.1.2 BESA designs
Passenger 4-6-0

3.5

Dual (both AC and DC) traction

Main article: Indian Railways WCAM class

Mixed-trac 4-6-0
Goods 4-8-0

Tank 2-6-2T
Note: These locomotives are used only in sections around
Mumbai. They can run under AC traction too. The main
purpose behind the manufacture of these type of loco- 4.1.3 Wartime designs
motives was to provide transportation in and out Mumbai
Class MAWD 2-8-2 USATC S118 Class
area without changing the engine.
Class MWGX 4-6-2+2-6-4 Garratt
3.5.1

Mixed type locomotives

WCAM 1 (Designed by Chittaranjan Locomo- 4.1.4 Indian Railway Standards designs


tive works, total 53 were built and supplied be Class YA 4-6-2 with 9-ton axleload (none built);
tween 1975-79. All owned by Western Railway) Only locomotive currently used having reverse
Class YB 4-6-2 with 10-ton axleload
pantographs.
Class YC 4-6-2 with 12-ton axleload
WCAM 2/2P (Designed by Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, total 20 were built and supplied be Class YD 2-8-2 with 10-ton axleload
tween 1995-96. Tested 135kmph under AC)
Class YE 2-8-2 with 12-ton axleload (none built)
WCAM 3(50 Designed by Bharat Heavy Electricals
Class YF 0-6-2; later examples were 2-6-2
Limited. 4600 hp under DC traction and 5000 hp
under AC traction. All owned by Central Railway.
Class YK 2-6-0 version of the 2-6-2 YF
Most widely used loco in the Mumbai Pune section).
Class YL 2-6-2
3.5.2

Goods locomotives

WCAG 1 (12 Designed by Bharat heavy electricals


limited between 1999-00. 4600 hp under DC traction and 5000 hp under AC traction. )

Class YT light 0-4-2T


Class YG 2-8-2 goods locomotive
Class YP 4-6-2 passenger locomotive

10

4.2

NARROW GAUGE (2 FT 6 IN AND 2 FT) LOCOMOTIVES USED IN INDIA

Diesel traction (mixed type only)

YDM 1 - The rst diesel locomotives on 1,000 mm


(3 ft 3 3 8 in) metre gauge. Imported from Britain
in 1955.They were 20 in number.Mainly found on
Western Railway.Phased out by the 1990s.[17][18]
YDM 2 - Originally used on Southern Railway.Built
by CLW.Only 41 in numbers.Mostly used for shunting purposes or to pull short passenger trains.[19][20]

4.3.2 Electric multiple units


YAU class (First EMU service in India. Introduced
in the 1920s in Chennai area)

5 Narrow Gauge (2 ft 6 in and 2 ft)


locomotives used in India

YDM 3 - Produced by GM-EMD in 1961- 5.1 Steam traction (2 ft 6 in)


62. (Model no. GA-12) .Mainly found near
Ahmedabad.(Sabarmati Loco Shed).[19][21]
5.1.1 Company designs
YDM 4 - Most widely and successful diesel locomotive used in India on meter gauge.550 units
produced by DLW (Varanasi) and Alco.Found in
Mhow, Sabarmati Phulera, Lumding, Coonoor,
Villupuram, Izatnagar Sheds and many other
sheds.[19][22]
YDM 4A - The 99 locos supplied by Montreal Locomotive Works in 1964-69.[19][23]
YDM 5 - Same specications as of YDM-3 but
an addition of 10 t (9.8 long tons; 11.0 short
tons) weight to the axles.Supplied by GM-EMD in
1964.[19][24]
Currently all diesel locomotives except YDM-4 and YDM4A are supposed to be withdrawn from service.

Barsi Light Railway class A 0-8-4T


Barsi Light Railway class B 4-8-4T
Barsi Light Railway class C 0-6-0ST
Barsi Light Railway class D 0-4-0
Barsi Light Railway class E Sentinel railcars
Barsi Light Railway class F 2-8-2
Barsi Light Railway class G 4-6-4
5.1.2 Indian Railway Standards designs
Class ZA 2-6-2 with 4.5-ton axleload (none built);
Class ZB 2-6-2 with 6-ton axleload;

4.3
4.3.1

Electric traction
Electric locomotives

Class ZC 2-8-2 with 6-ton axleload (none built);


Class ZD 4-6-2 with 8-ton axleload (none built);
Class ZE 2-8-2 with 8-ton axleload;
Class ZF 2-6-2T with 8-ton axleload

5.2 Steam traction (2 ft)


5.2.1 Company designs
5.2.2

Darjeeling Himalayan Railway

DHR A Class 0-4-0WT;


DHR B Class 0-4-0ST; 777 and 778 preserved
DHR C Class 4-6-2
Metre-gauge electric loco - YAM1

DHR D Class 0-4-0+0-4-0 Garratt

YCG 1 (These locomotives are among the earliest 5.2.3 Indian Railway Standards designs
electric locomotives in India. This class was imported to serve the Chennai area in the early 1930s.)
QA 2-6-2 with 4.5-ton axleload (none built).
YAM 1 (These locomotives were in service until
2002 around Chennai. 1740 hp) 20 were Imported
from Japan

QB 2-6-2 with 6-ton axleload (none built);


QC 2-8-2 with 6-ton axleload (none built).

5.5

5.3

Battery traction

11

Diesel traction (2 ft 6 in) (mixed type 5.5 Battery traction


only)

NBM 1 designed by BHEL in 1987; powered by battery.


Note: All narrow gauge locomotives in India are mixed
type locomotives.
Note: There is no narrow gauge electric locomotive in India.

6 Special names
Antim Sitara (Final Star in Hindi) Last broadgauge steam locomotive (WP) produced in India.

ZDM4A at Rajim

ZDM 1 (Available at Gwalior Junction)


ZDM 2
ZDM 3 (Later rebuilt as ZDM 4C class)
ZDM 4 (Available at Gwalior Junction)
ZDM 4A
ZDM 4B, 4C, 4D
ZDM 5

5.4

Diesel traction (2 ft) (mixed type only)

Abhinav - Named to the rst WAP6 initially now


rebuilt to a WAP4 numbered 22401 homed at
Howrah(HWH) shed
Airavat - Named to some WDG-4s which belong to
Gooty and Raipur Diesel locomotive sheds. These
are named after Lord Indra's white elephant.
Baaz - (Bird of prey in Hindi) Mainly two WDP 4s
20011 & 20012 are called BAAZ, WDP-4s 2000020009 also have the name stencilled on them in the
side.
Baba Saheb - Named to a WAP-1 numbered 22021
homed at Royapuram(RPM) shed which is named
after B. R. Ambedkar. It was the 110th electric locomotive of the year 1990-91.
Vallabh-Named to rst WCAM1 #21800 now no
longer in service. It means beloved. WCAM1 is
also the rst bi-current charged locomotive class in
India.
Balwant - Named to rst WCAM2 #21861. It
means strong. WCAM2 was the most powerful bicurrent charged locomotive class in India at the time.
Cheetah - Named to some Broad Gauge locomotives. They include a WDM3A #16612, WAG5H
#24404, WAP4E #22541, WAP4 #22382 and some
WDM3Ds.
Gajraj - Named to some Broad Gauge locomotives.
They include some WAG7s and ALCo (American
Locomotive Company) based locomotives.

NDM-1 Diesel loco on the Matheran Hill Railway

NDM-5 - for the The Maharaja Railways of India

Garuda - Named to rst Microprocessor controlled


WDG-2A reclassied as WDG3A. It means eagle.
This name is no longer in use. They had an unusual
livery.

NDM-6 this class is currently in operation on the


Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and the Matheran
Hill Railway

Jagjivan Ram - Named WAM-1 which is named


after Indias ex-Railway Minister Babu Jagjivan
Ram.[25]

NDM-1 - for the Matheran Hill Railway

12
Jawahar - Named to the rst WAP3 later rebuilt to
a WAP1 #22005 homed at Arrakonam(AJJ) shed
which is named after Indias rst prime minister
Jawahar Lal Nehru.
Krishnaveni - Named to a WAG-5E #23989
homed at Vijayawada(BZA) shed. It is named after Krishna River. It has a modied shell and single
windscreen on either sides.
Navodit - Named to rst natively produced 3-phase
Electric Passenger locomotive WAP-5 #30011
homed at Ghaziabad(GZB) shed. It means 'New
shining'.
Nav Jagran - Named to a WAP-5 # 30012 homed
at GZB shed. It means 'New awakening'. It is the
second indigenously produced 3-phase electric locomotive by CLW.
Gaurav - Named to some electric locomotives. It
means pride. They include a WAP5 #30044 homed
at Vadodara(BRC) shed and a WAP6 #22404 now
rebuilt to WAP4.
Nav Shakti - Named to a WAG-9 #31030 homed
at GMO shed. It was a prototype for WAG9H but
it was later rebuilt to a standard WAG9. It has twin
white stripes in the livery.
Nav yug - (New era in Hindi) Named to rst natively produced 3-phase Electric Goods locomotive:
WAG-9. It is numbered 31022 homed at GMO
shed.
Prabal - Named to some ALCo based locomotives which belong/belonged to Lucknow(LKO)
Shed. They include WDM3A, WDM2A, WDM2B,
WDM2, WDM3D, WDG3A and WDM3B.

SPECIAL NAMES

Pawanhans - Named to a WAP-4E #22234 which


belongs to Vadodara Shed. It means 'Air Swan'. It
has been tted with three compressors.
Arjun - Named to a WAP-4E #22604 which belongs to Vadodara Shed. It is the name of the lead
character in Mahabharata. It is the rst WAP4 allotted to the shed with roof-mounted headlamps.
Panther -Named to WAP-4E #22335 which belongs to Vadodara Shed.
Sahyattri - Named to a WAP-4E #22286 which
belongs to Howrah(HWH) Shed of Eastern Railway zone in West Bengal at Howrah. It means copassenger.
Samrat - Named to a WAG-7 #27455 homed at
TKD shed. It means emperor. It looks unlike any
other WAG7.
Shakti - (Power in Hindi) Named to Some Microprocessor controlled WDG-3A locomotives. This
name is still used unlike Garuda.
Shantidan - Named to rst WAG-7 #27001 homed
at GMO shed (29 March 1992) (christened by
Mother Teresa). It means 'Gift of peace'.
Sukh Sagar Naveen - Named to a WAM-4BDR
#20420 (not in service). It means 'New sea of happiness. It is the rst WAM4 allotted to the BZA shed
and also the rst WAM4 with a BDR sub-class.
Tiger Face - Refers to those WAG-7 locomotives
which have red and white stripes on their front and
painted red, white, blue. This was their original livery.

Prayas - Named to a WAG-7 #27512 homed at


Kanpur(CNB) shed. It has a Silver livery. It looks
unlike any other WAG7.

Velociti - Named to some ALCo based locomotives


homed at Vatva(VTA) shed. It includes WDM3D
and WDM3A. The name probably has the same
meaning as velocity.

Pushpak - Named to some WDP-3As homed at


Tughlaqabad(TKD) shed of Northern Railway zone
on Kanpur-Delhi section in Delhi. It means oriculture.

Tez - Named to some WDM3Ds in 111xx series


which were previously homed at Gonda(GD) shed
in Gonda district in Uttar Pradesh(UP). It means fast
in Hindi.

Rajhans - Named to some Passenger dedicated


electric locomotives built by CLW. It means 'Royal
Swan'. They include some WAP1s and a WAP4E #
22540.

Natraj - Named to a WDG4 numbered 12119


homed at Hubli(UBL) shed at Hubli in Dharwad district in Karnataka. It is the name of an Indian God
of dance.

Airavat - Named to a WAP-4E #22393 which belongs to Vadodara Shed at Sayajigunj of Western
Railway zone in Gujarat. It has an unusual Red/Grey
livery.

Neelkanth - Named to a WDG4 numbered 12169


homed at UBL shed. It has been tted with Distributed Power System(DPS). It is a name of Lord
Shiva.

Mayur - Named to a WAP-4E #22678 which belongs to Vadodara Shed. It means peacock. It is the
rst locomotive built by CLW in the year 2007.

Maruraj - Named to some WDG4s homed at Bhagat Ki Kothi(BGKT) shed of North Western Railway zone in Rajasthan near Jodhpur.

13
Ajeet Maruraj - Named to a WDG4 numbered
12192 homed at BGKT shed. Ajeet means invincible.
Amit - Named to a WDG4 numbered 12195 homed
at BGKT shed. It means Innite.
Gir Lions - Named to some Sabarmati(SBI) shed
WDG4s of Western Railway zone of Ahmedabad
division in Gujarat. Gir is a name of a National Park.
Kaushal - Named to a WDG4 numbered 12253
homed at SBI shed. It means perfect. It is the rst
WDG4 built rated at 4500 hp built indigenously at
DLW.
Vijay - Named to a WDG4D numbered 12681
homed at SBI shed. It has twin cabs and an unusual
livery. It is the latest class of locomotives. It means
victory.
Chetak - Named to some broad gauge locomotives.
It is the name of Maharana Pratap's renowned horse.
It includes a WDP1, WAP4E, WAG5A and some
WAG5s, WAG5HEs.
Awadh - Named to a some WDM3As homed at
Gonda(GD) shed. It was the name of a kingdom.[26]
Firex - Named to some American Locomotive
Company based locomotives homed at Jhansi(JHS)
shed of North Central Railway zone. It includes
some WDM3As and WDM2As.
Sher Punjab - Named to a WDM3A numbered
16370 homed at Ludhiana(LDH) shed. It has an
Orange/Dark Blue with white striped livery. Sher
means Lion.
Prachand - Named to WDM2A numbered 16852
homed at GD shed at Gonda, Uttar Pradesh. It
means huge.
Deshbandhu - Named to a WDM2 numbered
17279 withdrawn from service. It means country
brother. It is the rst WDM2 of Andal shed withdrawn from service.
Kundan - Named to a WDM2 numbered 18233
preserved at Diesel Locomotive Works. It is the rst
WDM2 built on kits supplied by ALCo. Named
after a form of a traditional Indian gemstone jewellery.
Veer - Named to a WDM3A numbered 18745R
homed at JHS shed at Jhansi in UP under Jhansi division. It means brave. It is the rst WDM2 rebuild
of its shed.
Indraprastha - Named to a WDS4A numbered 19057 preserved at Regional Rail Museum,
Howrah. It was the name of a city in which Pandavas
lived.

Swachchata - Named to a WDS4D numbered


19571 homed at Beliaghata(BGA) shed at Kolkata.
It has been tted with mechanized track apron cleaning system.
Subhash - Named to a WDS4D numbered 19577
homed at BGA shed at Sealdah railway station in
West Bengal. It is named after Subhas Chandra
Bose.
Viraam - Named to a WDS4D numbered 19732
which was scrapped in October 2011. It was the last
WDS4 produced. It means end. It was homed at
Kurla(CLA) shed.
Aravali - Named to some WDP4s homed at BGKT
shed. It is named after a mountain range running
through the Rajasthan which is close to the shed.
Agni - Named to a WDP4 numbered 20090 homed
at BGKT shed. It means re. It is the rst locomotive produced by DLW in July 2009.
Vikram - Named to a WDP4 numbered 20092
homed at BGKT shed. It means victory. It is the
last WDP4 allotted to BGKT shed.
Rajatabha - Named to a WAM4G numbered
20401 which is scrapped. It was the rst WAM4G.
It was homed at Bhilai(BIA) shed of Durg district in
Chhattishgarh.
Surubhi - Named to a WAM4P numbered 20615
which is scrapped. It is the name of Goddess
Lakshmi. It was homed at Asansol(ASN) shed in
West Bengal.
Navchetna - Named to a WAM46P numbered
21380 homed at Asansol(ASN) shed. It means new
feeling. First WAM4 at this shed to be tted with SI
unit and Microprocessor.
Anant - Named to a WAM46P numbered 21399
homed at Bhusaval(BSL) shed of Central Railway
zone at Bhusawal. It means innite. The last WAM4
to be built.
Ravindra - Named to a WAP1 numbered 22043
homed at GZB shed. It means 'Lord of the Sun'. It is
the rst WAP1 tted with SI unit with top-mounted
headlamps at this shed.
Vidyasagar - Named to a WAP1 numbered 22058
homed at Royapuram(RPM) shed of Southern Railway zone in Chennai. It means 'Sea of knowledge'.
Aastha - Named to a WAP1 numbered 22076
homed at GZB shed at Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh in
UP. It means faith. It was the last WAP1 produced.
Swarnanjali - Named to a WAP4 numbered 22242
homed at HWH shed. It means 'Gold Oerings to
God'. It is the rst WAP4 in the Red with yellow
stripe livery.

14

SPECIAL NAMES

Louhapurush - Named to a WAP4E numbered


22333 homed at BRC shed. It means 'Iron Man'.
Named after Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. The locomotive has a unique road number.

Janmashati - Named to a WAG5RH numbered


23356 homed at ASN shed. It means 'Birth Centenary'. It is built in the birth centenary year of
Jawaharlal Nehru.

Yugantar - Named to a WAP4 numbered 22591


homed at GZB shed. It means ever-lasting. It is the
rst WAP4 to be tted with top-mounted headlamps
along with Microprocessor control.

Ajay - Named to a WAG5RH numbered 23357


homed at ASN shed. It means invincible. It is
the rst locomotive built in the year 1989-90 at
Chittaranjan Locomotive Works.

Avtar - Named to a WAP4 numbered 22615 homed


at GZB shed in Ghaziabad district, India. It means
same as Avatar. It has been tted with static converter.

Kirtimaan - Named to a WAG5RH numbered


23456 homed at ASN shed at Asansol in Bardhaman
district. It means record. The locomotive has a
unique road number.

Khandesh - Named to a WAP4E numbered 22680


homed at BSL shed. It refers to the north-western
portion of Maharashtra state where the locomotive
runs.

Ekta - Named to a WAG7 numbered 27006 homed


at Mughalsarai(MGS) shed at Mughalsarai under
East Central Railway zone and Mughalsarai division
in UP. It means unity.

Ranjeet - Named to a WAP4 numbered 22688


homed at GZB shed. It means 'Battle Victory'. It
is the rst WAP4 produced in 2007 without a subclass 'E'.

Karamvir - Named to a WAG7 numbered 27116


homed at Bondamunda(BNDM) shed. It means
'Brave in deeds. It is the rst WAG7 homed at this
shed.

Ajit - Named to some WAP4s homed at GZB shed.


It means invincible. These are the rst WAP4 tted
simultaneously with Roof-mounted headlamps and
DBRs, SI unit and Microprocessor.

Swarna Abha - Named to few WAG7s homed at


New Katni(NKJ) shed under West Central Railway
zone at Katni in Madhya Pradesh. It means 'Golden
shine'.

Kewal - Named to a WAP4 numbered 22692


homed at LDH shed at Ludhiana in Ludhiana district in Punjab. It means 'Only'.

Sarvottam - Named to a WAG7 numbered 27425


homed at CNB shed. It means 'Best of all'. It is the
rst WAG7 homed at this shed with a Microprocessor control.

Rajinder - Named to a WAP4 numbered 22699


homed at GZB shed at Daulatpura. It means 'Lord
of Kings. It has WAP5 type cabin windows.
Davendra - Named to a WAP4 numbered 22700
homed at GZB shed under Delhi division at KanpurDelhi section. It means 'Lord of Gods. It is tted
with SIV.
Satya Pal - Named to a WAP4 numbered 22707
homed at BSL shed.It means 'Protected by truth'.
It is the rst locomotive produced by CLW in the
second quarter of the nancial year 2007-08.
Priyadarshini - Named to a WAG5A numbered
23080 homed at BSL shed at Howrah-NagpurMumbai line in Maharashtra in Jalgaon district. It
means 'Delightful to look at'.
Basanti - Named to a WAG5A numbered 23122
homed at BRC shed at Vadodara in Vadodara district on Mumbai-New Delhi route.. It means spring.
Nouvion - Named to a WAG5A numbered 23141
homed at BIA shed at Bhilai. Commissioned by Sir
Ferdinand Nouvion(pioneer of 25kV AC traction in
India).

Samarpan - Named to a WAG7 numbered 27430


homed at GMO shed at Gomoh under East Central
Railway zone and Dhanbad division. It means dedication.
Cauvery - Named to few WAG7s homed at
Erode(ED) shed. They are named after a river.
These are the rst locomotives at this shed tted with
Vertical DBR.
Navkirti - Named to a WAP5 numbered 30013
homed at GZB shed under Northern Railway zone.
It means 'New fame'. It is built using a damaged
WAP5s spare parts.
Vijay Utkarsh - Named to a WAP5 numbered
30015 homed at GZB shed. It means 'Success
progress. Fourth WAP5 built by Chittaranjan Locomotive Works.
Nav Kiran - Named to a WAP7 numbered 30201
homed at GZB shed. It means 'New ray(of light)'. It
is the rst WAP7 built.
Nav Bharati - Named to a WAP7 numbered 30202
homed at BIA shed. It means 'New recruitment'. It
is the second WAP7 built.

15
Nav Chetak - Named to a WAP7 numbered 30209
homed at GZB shed. It means 'New Chetak (horse)'.
Nav Gati - Named to a WAP7 numbered 30215
homed at GZB shed. It means 'New speed'.
Nav Jyoti - Named to a WAG9 numbered 31023
homed at GMO shed in Dhanbad district in
Jharkhand. It means 'New Flame'. It is the second
indigenously built WAG9.
Nav Disha - Named to a WAG9 numbered 31024
homed at GMO shed on Grand Chord. It means
'New Direction'. It is the third indigenously built
WAG9.
Navoday - Named to a WAG9 numbered 31033
homed at Ajni shed at Nagpur. It means 'New rise'.
It is the rst indigenously built WAG9 homed at this
shed.
Nav Ghanshakti - Named to a WAG9 numbered
31058 homed at GMO shed. It means 'New dense
power'.
Navshatak - Named to a WAG9 numbered 31100
homed at Ajni shed near Ajni railway station in
Maharashtra. It means 'New century'. It is the 100th
WAG9 built.
Nav Pragati - Named to few WAG9s in the 311xx
series which are or were homed at Lallaguda(LGD)
shed at Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh. It means
'New progress.
Naveen - Named to a few WAG9is homed at Gomoh(GMO) shed. They are tted with Inverted Gate
Bi-polar Transistors(IGBT) traction converters. It
means new.
Prateek - Named to a WDP4B numbered 40079
homed at Tughlakabad(TKD) shed. It is built as a
Golden Jubilee celebration locomotive of Diesel Locomotive Works.

Shatabdi Gaurav - Named To A Loco of Izzatnagar (IZN) WDS-6 R 17698 ; Shatabdi means centenary And Gaurav means pride.
Pallava King - Named To TBM YAM-1 21904 ;
Pallava King was Coined Because This Loco Mainly
Used to Haul Pallavan Express or Emperor Of Pallavan Dynesty.
Vaigai Special - Named To TBM YAM-1 21909 As
It Was Allotted Specially To Vaigai Express Which
Plies between Chennai Egmore and Madurai Junction.
Sukanya - Named To Mughalsarai(MGS) WAP-1
22017, Sukanya Means Good Unmarried Girl.
Ashok - Named To Ghaziabad(GZB) WAP-4
22061, ''Ashok'' Means Without sorrow.
Sahayatri- Named To Howrah Based WAP-4
22286, ''Sahayatri'' Means Fellow Traveller.
Gurudev- Named To Tata Homed WAG-5 23145,
Gurudev'' Victory to the Greatness in you.
Cauvery - Named To Erode (ED) WAG-7 27467,
''Cavery'' Is a River Name in Talakaveri, Kodagu in
the Western Ghats in Karnataka.
Champalal - Named To 30227 WAP-7 of GZB
Shed .
Dr.Silver - Named To Few Locos Of WAG-9 Belonging To Gomoh.

7 Image Gallery

Yugantar - named to a KANPUR[CNB] WAP4


7.1
22591.YUGANTAR means in English 'New Era'.

Diesel Locomotives

Gajraj - Named to WDM3D/WDM3B class type


locos. GAJRAJ means Elephant'.

A WDP-1 broad gauge diesel locomotive

Pushpak - Named to WDP3A loco class from


TKD shed.Pushpak means Mythical vehicle of lord
Vishnu'.

WDM-2 broad gauge diesel locomotive

MAHABALI - Named to WDG4 loco class homed


to Andal(UDL) Means More Powerful'

A WDM-3A broad gauge diesel locomotive

Heera, Shakti - Named To A WDG-3A 13182


Of Jhansi Diesel Shed. Heera Means Diamond &
Shakti Means Power.
Avadh - Named To Gonda Homed WDM-2 16631.

A WDM-3D broad gauge diesel locomotive

A WDP-4D broad gauge diesel locomotive


WDM-7 BioDiesel broad gauge diesel locomotive
WDS-6 broad gauge diesel locomotive

16

7.2

10

Electric Locomotives

REFERENCES

A WAG-5A broad gauge AC electric locomotive

[8] http://forum.irfca.org/showthread.php/
31486-Ready-to-capture-WDG-4-70000?highlight=
70000

A WAP-1 broad gauge AC electric locomotive

[9] IR Gazette.

A WAP-5 broad gauge AC electric locomotive

[10] DLW.

A WAM-4 broad gauge AC electric locomotive

[11] IRFCA diesel.

A WAG-9 broad gauge AC electric locomotive

[12] IRFCA2.

A WCAM1 broad gauge AC+Direct Current DC


electric locomotive

[13] IRFCA Loco Database.

A WAG-6A broad gauge AC electric locomotive

7.3

Multiple Units

A Chennai Suburban EMU Passing Ennore Creek


A Hyderabad MMTS Waiting At Secundrabad

[14] WAP7.
[15] Indian Railway.
[16] IRFCA.
[17] Meter Gauge Diesel Locomotives
[18] YDM-1
[19] [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Locomotives - Specic
classes : Meter Gauge & Narrow Gauge Diesel

Research and Development

[20] [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Diesel and Electric Locomotive Specications

Diesel Locomotives in Indian Railways are now tted


with Auxiliary Power Units which saves nearly 88% of [21] [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Diesel and Electric Locomotive Specications
Fuel during the idle time when train is not running.[27]

See also
Rail transport in India

[22] [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Diesel and Electric Locomotive Specications
[23] [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Diesel and Electric Locomotive Specications

Indian Railways

[24] [IRFCA] Indian Railways FAQ: Diesel and Electric Locomotive Specications

List of locomotive builders

[25] http://nrlym.webs.com/electriclocomotives2.htm
[26] IRFCA list of named locos.

10
10.1

References

[27] New Technology allows Railways to save Rs 20 Lakhs


Diesel per Engine. Retrieved 6 September 2013.

Notes

[1] Hughes 1979, p. 17


[2] Baldwin Locomotive Works drawing index and bill of materials for special order 43306, locomotive design 2-8-0
19S, numbers 666 to 845 for the U.S. Government, War
Department.
[3] http://www.irfca.org/apps/locos/show/12721
[4] http://www.rdso.indianrailways.gov.in/works/uploads/
File/Speed%20Certificate%20of%20%20WDM2G%
20loco.pdf
[5] Vadakkus.
[6] IRFCA Gallery.
[7] 24coaches.

10.2 Bibliography
Hughes, Hugh (1976). Steam in India. Truro, Cornwall: D. Bradford Barton Ltd. ISBN 0851532586.
Hughes, Hugh (1979). Steam locomotives in India,
Part 3 Broad Gauge. Harrow, Middlesex: The
Continental Railway Circle. ISBN 0-9503469-4-2.
Hughes, Hugh (1990). Indian Locomotives: Part 1
Broad Gauge 18511940. Harrow, Middlesex: The
Continental Railway Circle. ISBN 0-9503469-8-5.
Hughes, Hugh (1992). Indian Locomotives: Part 2
Metre Gauge 18721940. Harrow, Middlesex: The
Continental Railway Circle. ISBN 0-9503469-9-3.

17
Hughes, Hugh (1994). Indian Locomotives: Part 3
Narrow Gauge 18631940. Harrow, Middlesex:
The Continental Railway Circle. ISBN 0-95216550-3.
Hughes, Hugh (1996). Indian Locomotives: Part 4
19411990. Harrow, Middlesex: The Continental
Railway Circle. ISBN 0-9521655-1-1.
Marshall, Lawrence G (2001). Indian Narrow
Gauge Steam Remembered. East Harling, Norfolk:
Plateway Press. ISBN 1871980488.
Marshall, Lawrence G (2005). Indian Metre Gauge
Steam Remembered. East Harling, Norfolk: Plateway Press. ISBN 1871980542.
Marshall, Lawrence G (2009). Indian Broad Gauge
Steam Remembered. East Harling, Norfolk: Taverner Publications. ISBN 9781901470154.

11

External links

Indian railway fan club

18

12

12
12.1

TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

Text and image sources, contributors, and licenses


Text

Locomotives of India Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Locomotives%20of%20India?oldid=660307432 Contributors: Tempshill,


Morven, MSGJ, D6, El C, Slambo, Pearle, Geo Swan, Iain Bell, Brhaspati, Tabletop, BD2412, Rjwilmsi, Aseemsjohri, Bgwhite, Gwernol,
RussBot, Dblandford, PM Poon, Gadget850, Rwalker, Elkman, Petri Krohn, SmackBot, Brossow, OrphanBot, Ohconfucius, Iball, Rait,
Gnt, Sranjanm2002, Peter Horn, Dl2000, JoeBot, Splitpeasoup, Abdaal, FairuseBot, Vanisaac, AshLin, Cydebot, Oxyman42, Monster
eagle, TAG.Odessa, ThevikasIN, Chaleyer61, Ekabhishek, STBot, Jim.henderson, Paris1127, Skier Dude, Nanasur, Signalhead, Hugo999,
Jsbhavsar, Metasur, Biscuittin, SieBot, Abhishekw, Happysailor, Sheeju, Wuhwuzdat, Dp67, Sfan00 IMG, UrsusArctosL71, EoGuy,
Shovon76, LeoFrank, Bilalakhtar, Mertbiol, Nikhilb239, Narayansg, Apteva, Yobot, TrackConnect, AnomieBOT, Dheerajrao, Xqbot,
Indeedous, Pranav011, FrescoBot, SpacemanSpi, Transpmaster995, World8115, Bahnfrend, EmausBot, John of Reading, Pramathsb,
VtTN, Heard tried won, Vrundan89, ClueBot NG, Adityamadhav83, Asilv, Technical 13, BG19bot, Kaltenmeyer, Swapnil.David, Madhav
pandya27, Aaron-Tripel, Ir karthik 27, Magentic Manifestations, Mogism, Jitin.s.nair, Dharmik pandya, Pankaj Oudhia, Shanker2289,
Gauravkumarpatra1, Praveenkumarchrg, Jaaron95, Swapnilshelatkar, 27kk, Paghalavan, Kunal Narendra Sarkar, Acrcsr22500, Sreeraj
Warrier and Anonymous: 87

12.2

Images

File:(Bellampalli-Hyderabad)_Intercity_Express_at_Aler.jpg Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/
%28Bellampalli-Hyderabad%29_Intercity_Express_at_Aler.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist:
Adityamadhav83
File:(Manoharabad-SC)_DHMU_at_Malkajgiri_01.jpg
Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/8e/
%28Manoharabad-SC%29_DHMU_at_Malkajgiri_01.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist:
Adityamadhav83
File:18625_(Patna-Hatia)_Express.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4e/18625_%28Patna-Hatia%29_
Express.jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors: http://www.flickr.com/photos/50628848@N07/6526459215/sizes/o/in/photostream/ Original artist: Smeet Chowdhury
File:An-Rail-Engine-display-in-ICF-Rail-Museum-Chennai.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/fa/
An-Rail-Engine-display-in-ICF-Rail-Museum-Chennai.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist:
Destination8innity
File:Azimganj_bound_53028_(MLDT-AZ)_Passenger.jpg
Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/11/
Azimganj_bound_53028_%28MLDT-AZ%29_Passenger.jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors: http://www.flickr.com/photos/
50628848@N07/6633778139/sizes/o/in/photostream/ Original artist: Smeet Chowdhury
File:BCTWCAM2P.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/46/BCTWCAM2P.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0
Contributors: Own work Original artist: Sranjanm2002
File:Bari_Train.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/80/Bari_Train.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors:
Own work Original artist: Rambilassingh
File:ChennaiEMUold.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/ChennaiEMUold.JPG License: CC BY-SA
3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: VtTN
File:Commons-logo.svg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/4a/Commons-logo.svg License: ? Contributors: ? Original
artist: ?
File:DEMU_Local_at_Sitaphalmandi_railway_station.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/69/DEMU_
Local_at_Sitaphalmandi_railway_station.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Adityamadhav83
File:DHR_780_at_Kurseong_05-02-20_21.jpeg Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/92/DHR_780_at_
Kurseong_05-02-20_21.jpeg License: CC BY 2.5 Contributors: ? Original artist: ?
File:Electric_loco_4006.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/Electric_loco_4006.jpg License: CC BYSA 3.0 Contributors: Miya.ms le Original artist: Miya.m
File:Freight_train_with_WDM3D_loco_at_Lucknow_01.jpg Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b3/
Freight_train_with_WDM3D_loco_at_Lucknow_01.jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors: http://www.flickr.com/photos/abhinavnfr/
8702040718/sizes/o/in/photostream/ Original artist: Abhinav Phangcho Choudhury
File:GTY_based_WDG-4_locos_with_Freight_Tanker_at_Malkajgiri_01.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/
commons/2/2b/GTY_based_WDG-4_locos_with_Freight_Tanker_at_Malkajgiri_01.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own
work Original artist: Adityamadhav83
File:GntWestModel.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/89/GntWestModel.jpg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
Contributors: Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by User:Oxyman using CommonsHelper. Original artist: Gpics at en.wikipedia
File:HPS_24467.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d2/HPS_24467.jpg License: CC BY-SA 2.0 Contributors: originally posted to Flickr as HPS2 2 Original artist: Shamim Mohamed
File:Howrah_Mumbai_Mail.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/32/Howrah_Mumbai_Mail.jpg License:
CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Imkaram
File:India-6014_-_Flickr_-_archer10_(Dennis).jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/dc/India-6014_-_
Flickr_-_archer10_%28Dennis%29.jpg License: CC BY-SA 2.0 Contributors: India-6014 Original artist: Dennis Jarvis from Halifax,
Canada
File:Indian_State_XB_class_1927_photo.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/59/Indian_State_XB_class_
1927_photo.jpg License: Public domain Contributors: http://www.enuii.org/vulcan_foundry/photographs/locomotives/no4091-4104%
20Indian%20State%20XB%201927%20photo.jpg Original artist: Vulcan Foundry Ocial Photo - photographer unknown

12.2

Images

19

File:Indian_diesel_loco_WDM2.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/57/Indian_diesel_loco_WDM2.jpg


License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Miya.ms le Original artist: Miya.m
File:Indian_diesel_locomotive,_class_YDM1R,_N_6002.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3b/Indian_
diesel_locomotive%2C_class_YDM1R%2C_N%C2%BA_6002.jpg License: CC BY-SA 2.0 Contributors: ickr http://flickr.com/photos/
phliar/8226624/ Original artist: by PhliarShamim
File:Indian_electric_locomotive_4502.jpg
Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/22/Indian_electric_
locomotive_4502.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Miya.ms le Original artist: Miya.m
File:Indian_locomotive_B-26.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/db/Indian_locomotive_B-26.jpg License:
CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Miya.ms le Original artist: m
File:Indian_steam_locomotive_M2-162.jpg
Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/50/Indian_steam_
locomotive_M2-162.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Miya.ms le Original artist: Miya.m
File:KJM_WDP4_20044.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1e/KJM_WDP4_20044.jpg License: CC BY
3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Pramathsb
File:LGD_shed_WAP-4_with_East_Coast_Express.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/LGD_shed_
WAP-4_with_East_Coast_Express.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Adityamadhav83
File:MMTS_Local_at_Secunderabad_01.JPG Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/20/MMTS_Local_at_
Secunderabad_01.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Adityamadhav83
File:Mumbai_Train.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/25/Mumbai_Train.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0
Contributors: Transfered from en.wikipedia Transfer was stated to be made by User:oxyman. Original artist: Original uploader was Nikkul
at en.wikipedia
File:NRM_WP_7200.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a9/NRM_WP_7200.JPG License: CC BY 3.0
Contributors: Own work Original artist: Bahnfrend
File:NZB-Kacheguda_Passenger_with_WDG-3A_loco_02.jpg
Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/
f3/NZB-Kacheguda_Passenger_with_WDG-3A_loco_02.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist:
Adityamadhav83
File:Narrow_Gauge_Train_at_Rajim.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/44/Narrow_Gauge_Train_at_
Rajim.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Pankaj Oudhia
File:NeralDeparture.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/NeralDeparture.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0
Contributors: Own work Original artist: Arne Hckelheim
File:Old-Steam-Coal-Rail-Engine.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/68/Old-Steam-Coal-Rail-Engine.
JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Destination8innity
File:Railfantag3.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/db/Railfantag3.jpg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 Contributors: Transfered from en.wikipedia Transfer was stated to be made by User:oxyman. Original artist: Original uploader was Meetteju at
en.wikipedia
File:The_WDP-3A_class_Locomotive_of_Indian_Railways.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/86/The_
WDP-3A_class_Locomotive_of_Indian_Railways.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Aaron Vasanth
File:WAG-5BHEL.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f9/WAG-5BHEL.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0
Contributors: Own work Original artist: Shan.H.Fernades
File:WAG1_locomotive.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/df/WAG1_locomotive.jpg License: CC BY-SA
2.0 Contributors: WAG1 Original artist: Shamim Mohamed
File:WAG7_locomotive_of_MGS_shed.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c0/WAG7_locomotive_of_
MGS_shed.jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors: http://www.flickr.com/photos/50628848@N07/7003369824/sizes/o/in/photostream/
Original artist: Smeet Chowdhury
File:WAM4_Ennore.JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/91/WAM4_Ennore.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0
Contributors: Own work Original artist: VtTN
File:WAP-7_class_electric_locomotive_of_Indian_Railways.jpg Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/
7e/WAP-7_class_electric_locomotive_of_Indian_Railways.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist:
Shan.H.Fernandes
File:WAP5_loco.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e0/WAP5_loco.jpg License: CC BY 2.5 Contributors:
Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons. Original artist: Nanasur at English Wikipedia
File:WDG-3A_locomotive_at_Necklace_Road_Station_02.jpg
Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/
6f/WDG-3A_locomotive_at_Necklace_Road_Station_02.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist:
Adityamadhav83
File:WDM-3D_class_Locomotive_of_Indian_Railway.jpg
Source:
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b9/
WDM-3D_class_Locomotive_of_Indian_Railway.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Photo taken during a bike trip on
NH-7 on the return trip from Madurai.
Previously published: https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=452247428236367&l=3e44d90fa9 Original artist: Jaaron95
File:WDM-4_locomotive.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9a/WDM-4_locomotive.jpg License: CC BYSA 2.0 Contributors: WDM-4 Original artist: Shamim Mohamed
File:WDM2A_16796_of_Abu_Road_(ABR)_with_Amritsar_-_Ajmer_Express.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/
commons/1/17/WDM2A_16796_of_Abu_Road_%28ABR%29_with_Amritsar_-_Ajmer_Express.jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/abhinavnfr/8621361685/sizes/o/in/photostream/ Original artist: Abhinav Phangcho Choudhury

20

12

TEXT AND IMAGE SOURCES, CONTRIBUTORS, AND LICENSES

File:WDP_4-20012.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/87/WDP_4-20012.jpg License: CC BY-SA 2.5


Contributors: Transferred from en.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Oxyman using CommonsHelper. Original artist: Original uploader was Metasur at en.wikipedia
File:WDP_4D_40111_at_Sitaphalmandi_02.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/87/WDP_4D_40111_
at_Sitaphalmandi_02.jpg License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Adityamadhav83
File:WDS4D_19651_SSB_NR.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ef/WDS4D_19651_SSB_NR.jpg License: CC BY 2.0 Contributors: Flickr: WDS4D 19651 [SSB NR] Original artist: Abhinav Phangcho Choudhury
File:WDS_4.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/2d/WDS_4.jpg License: Public domain Contributors: Transferred from en.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Oxyman using CommonsHelper. Original artist: Original uploader was Nanasur
at en.wikipedia
File:WL_15084_Amritsar,_1993_(1).JPG Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/49/WL_15084_Amritsar%2C_
1993_%281%29.JPG License: CC BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: Bahnfrend
File:Wcam3_kurla.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5f/Wcam3_kurla.jpg License: CC-BY-SA-3.0 Contributors: Transferred from en.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Oxyman using CommonsHelper. Original artist: Original uploader was Metasur at en.wikipedia
File:Wdm4A.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/98/Wdm4A.jpg License: CC BY 2.5 Contributors: Transferred from en.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Oxyman using CommonsHelper. Original artist: Original uploader was Metasur
at en.wikipedia
File:XP_works_photo,_1935.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/8/88/XP_works_photo%2C_1935.jpg License: Public domain Contributors: The Vulcan Foundry Newton-le-Willows - 1935 #4694-4695 4-6-2, 5'6 gauge, GIPR (Great Indian
Peninsula Railway) (2 locos) XP class Original artist: unknown - works photo - photographer not identied
File:YAm1-21922.jpg Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/6c/YAm1-21922.jpg License: CC BY 2.5 Contributors: Transferred from en.wikipedia; transferred to Commons by User:Oxyman using CommonsHelper. Original artist: Original uploader
was Metasur at en.wikipedia
File:YDM4-6669_Jaipur_Junction,_2008_(1).JPG Source:
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BY-SA 3.0 Contributors: Own work Original artist: GKarunakar

12.3

Content license

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0