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STATISTICS

PAPER 1
1.

A set of integers consists of 20, 19, 17, 19, 15, 16, 16, and 19, find
(a) the mean,
(b) the mode,
(c) the median.

Answer:

[4 marks]

(a) ..
(b) ......
(c) ..

Three integers y, x and x + 6 has a mean of 9 and a median of 8. Given that x > y, find the
value of x and of y.
[3 marks]

Answer:

x = .....
y = .

The mean and the variance of a set of six numbers are 6 and 8 respectively. A new number,
a, is added to the set of numbers and the mean does not change. Find
(a) the value of a
(b) the standard deviation of the new set of numbers.
[4 marks]

Answer:

(a) ..
(b) ..

The mean of four numbers is m . The sum of the squares of the numbers is 100 and the
standard deviation is 3k. Express m in terms of k.
[3 marks]

Answer: .
5

The marks obtained by nine pupils in an Additional Mathematics test are 30, 25, 33, 42, 27,
51, 65, 45 and 57. Find
(a)
(b)

the range,
the interquartile range of the marks.

[3 marks]

Answer:

(a) ..
(b)...

Table 1 shows the number of goals scored in a football competition.


Number of Goals
Number of Teams

1
16

2
8

3
p

4
4

5
2

TABLE 1
Find
(a) the maximum value for p , if the mode is 1,
(b) the minimum value for p , if the mean goal scored is more than 2.

Answer:

[3 marks]

(a) ..
(b) ..

A set of positive integers consists of 2, 5 and m. The variance for this set of integers is 14.
Find the value of m.
[4 marks]

Answer: .

PAPER 2
8

The mean for a set of six numbers 7, 2, 8, 3, 6 and y is 6.


(a) Find the value of y.
(b) Hence, find the standard deviation of the set of numbers.

Table 2 shows the marks of 80 pupils in a mathematics test.


Marks

Number of Students

30 39

40 49

11

50 59

22

60 69

25

70 79

80 89

TABLE 2
Find
(a) the modal class,
(b) the mean,
(c) the median marks of the mathematics test without using an ogive.

10

[7 marks]

The sum of a set of ten numbers is 62 and the sum of the squares of the numbers is 438.
(a)
(b)

11

[2 marks]
[4 marks]

Find the mean and standard deviation of the ten numbers.


[3 marks]
A number, 5, is taken from that set of numbers, find the new mean and standard
deviation of the remaining nine numbers.
[3 marks]

A set of data consists of ten numbers. The sum of the numbers is 150 and the sum of the
squares of the numbers is 2472.
(a)
(b)

Find the mean and the variance of the ten numbers


[3 marks]
Another number is added to the set of data and the mean increases by 1.
Find
(i) the number added,
(ii) the standard deviation of the eleven numbers.
[4 marks]

12

Diagram 1 is a histogram which represents the distribution of the marks obtained by 40


students in a test.
Number of Pupils
PupPupils
14
12
10

DIAGRAM 1

8
6
4
2
0
Marks
20.5
0.5 of the10.5
standard deviation
distribution.
13

40.5

30.5
0.5

(a)
Without using
an
ogive,
calculate
the
median mark.
[3
marks]
(b)
Calculate the
50.5 [4 marks]

Table 3 shows the distribution of the mass of 100 pupils in a primary school.
Masa (kg)

Frequency

20 24

12

25 29

14

30 34

30

35 39

27

40 44

17
TABLE 3

(a)
(b)
14

Draw an ogive to show the distribution of the mass of the pupils.


[4 marks]
From the ogive drawn, find
(i) the median,
(ii) the interquartile range of the distribution.
[3 marks]
Table 4 shows the frequency distribution of the scores of a group of pupils in a game.
Score

Number of pupils

10 19

1
5

20 29

30 39

40 49

12

50 59

60 69

1
TABLE 4

(a)

It is given that the median score of the distribution is 42.


Calculate the value of k.

[3 marks]

(b)

Use the graph paper provided by the invigilator to answer this question.
Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 scores on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to 2 pupils on the
vertical axis, draw a histogram to represent the frequency distribution of the scores.
Find the mode score.
[4 marks]

(c)

What is the mode score if the score of each pupil is increased by 5?

[1 mark]

Answer
PAPER 1

1.

(a)

17.625

(b)

19

(c)

18
12

x = 8, y = 5

(a)

(b)

2.619

4
5

13

m = 25 9k2
(a)

40

(b)

25.5

(a)

15

(b)

14

(a)

24.07

(b)

11.74

(b)

(i)

34.0

(ii)

9.0

(a)

(b)

43.0

(c)

48.0

11

PAPER 2
8

10

11

(a)

10

(b)

2.769

(a)

60 69

(b)

57.875

(c)

58.59

(a)

6.2, 2.315

(b)

6.333, 2.404

(a)

15, 22.2

(b)

(i)

26

(ii)

5.494
7