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What is Manual Testing?


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Manual Testing is a
process carried out to find
the defects. In this
method the tester plays
an important role as end
user and verify all features
of the application to
ensure that the behavior
of the application. The
Manual Testing is very
basic type of testing
which helps to find the
bugs in the application
under test. It is
preliminary testing, must
be carried out prior to
start automating the test
cases and also needs to
check the feasibility of
automation testing. The Test Plan is created & followed by the tester to
ensure that the comprehensiveness of testing while executing the test
cases manually without using automation testing tool.

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It is not necessary to have knowledge of any testing tool for manual software
testing. As the Software testing fundamental always says that 100%
Automation is not possible so the Manual Testing is very important.

Goal of Manual Testing


The main Goal of Manual Testing is to make sure that the application under
test is defect free and software application is working as per the requirement
specification document.
This type includes the testing of the Software manually i.e. without using any
automated tool or any script. In this type, tester takes over the role of end
user and test the Software to identify any un-expected behavior or bug.
There are different stages for Manual Testing like Unit testing, Integration
testing, System testing and User Acceptance testing.
A test plan document is created by test lead which describes the detailed and
systematic approach to testing a software application. Basically the test plan
typically includes a complete understanding of what the ultimate workflow will
be. To ensure the completeness of testing (100% test coverage) test cases
or test scenarios are created. Manual Testing Concepts also includes
exploratory testing as testers explore the software to identify errors in it
After the testing is started the designed test cases or test scenarios will be
executed & any differences between actual & expected results are reported
as defects. Once the reported defects are fixed, the testers will retest the
defect to make sure that the defects are fixed. The main goal of Software
testing is to make software defect free & deliver good quality Product to
customer.

Types of Testing
Functional Testing
Non Functional Testing
Smoke Testing
Sanity Testing
System Testing
Regression Testing
Exploratory Testing
User Acceptance Testing
Installation Testing
Usability Testing
Automation Testing

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May

Manual Testing types:


Here are different Manual testing types; these types of testing can be carried
out manually as well as using automation tool.

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Manual Testing
Automated Testing

Difference Between Manual Testing and Automation


Testing
Manual testing will be used when
the test case only needs to runs
once or twice.

Automation testing will be used


when need to execute the set of
test cases tests repeatedly.

Manual testing will be very useful


while executing test cases first time
& may or may not be powerful to
catch the regression defects under
frequently changing requirements.

Automation testing will be very


useful to catch regressions in a
timely manner when the code is
frequently changes.

Manual testing is less reliable while


executing test cases every time.
Using manual software testing it
may not be perform test cases
execution with same precision.

Automation tests will help to perform


same operation precisely each time.

Simultaneously testing on different


machine with different OS platform
combination is not possible using
manual testing. To execute such
task separate testers are required.

Automation testing will be carried


out simultaneously on different
machine with different OS platform
combination.

To execute the test cases every


time tester required same amount of
time.

Once Automation test suites are


ready then less testers are required
to execute the test cases.

No programming can be done to


write sophisticated tests which
fetch hidden information.

Using Automation testing, Testers


can program complicated tests to
bring out of sight information.

Manual testing is slower than


automation. Running tests manually
can be very time consuming.

Automation runs test cases


significantly faster than human
resources.

Manual testing requires less cost


than automating it.

Initial cost to automate is more than


manual testing but can be used
repetitively.

It is preferable to execute UI test


cases using manual testing.

Sometimes cant automate the UI


test cases using automation testing.

To execute the Build Verification


Testing (BVT) is very mundane and
tiresome in Manual testing.

Automation testing is very useful for


automating the Build Verification
Testing (BVT) & it is not mundane
and tiresome.

Conclusion
In the testing software application the Manual Testing makes a vital role.
While doing manual testing activity the tester needs to be creative & patient.
Testers need to play a role same as end user & execute the all test cases as
per the end users point of view. In this article we have seen about the What
is manual testing?, Goal of manual testing, Difference between Manual Testing
& Automation testing. In next article we will see about what is Automation
testing?
If you are working in Manual Testing, your valuable inputs will help our
readers to know more about Manual Testing. So please share your thoughts
and tips on Manual Testing in comments below. For software testing latest
updates subscribe the Software testing email newsletter here.

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Must See
Automation Testing Vs Manual Testing
What is Software Testing?
What should be done after a bug is found?
What is Globalization and Localization in Software Testing?
What is Exploratory Testing?
What is Automation Testing?
Importance of Testing
Positive and Negative Testing In Software Testing
How to Write Good Test Cases?
Security Testing approach for Web Application Testing
May 8th, 2013 | Tags: goal of manual testing, manual software testing,
manual testing, manual testing concepts, manual testing tutorial, manual
testing types | Category: Manual Testing, Software Testing, types of
software testing

13 comments to What is Manual Testing?


SACHIN R.V
May 8, 2013 at 9:00 pm Reply
VERY USEFUL INFORMATION FOR FRESHERS TO FACE INTERVIEW
QUESTIONS ON TEST CASES..
GOOD WORK
THANKS ALOT..

Saravanan v.i
May 8, 2013 at 9:01 pm Reply
Very good work which will be helpful for fresher.

Tareq
May 9, 2013 at 4:32 pm Reply
Its really helpful for all testers in software testing fields.I like to
get more valuable tips for ourselves like me (fresher)
Thanks for cooperation.

soma sekhar chamakuri


June 25, 2013 at 11:07 pm Reply
thanks for providing this website for those who wants to develop
their skill through testing

berin
July 3, 2013 at 11:59 am Reply
If we select the option manual testing below software testing
models , automated testing is showing as the selected option.
Test ur site

Bimal Patel
September 28, 2013 at 7:35 am Reply
useful information for those who(from NoN IT) want to build their
career as a tester. Thanks a lot.

Mani Anand
October 26, 2013 at 5:40 pm Reply
Am Working in Manual Testing, In Manual Testing it is Very
Important to think different then others and You must to think
unique and all possible ways to find bugs then only the product u tested
will be a Quality product.

sandeep
March 4, 2014 at 10:23 pm Reply
hi i need sum help on mannul testing plzzzz
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jayshree r gadhave
December 22, 2013 at 2:29 pm Reply
very helpfull for begginers

AShish
February 15, 2014 at 11:53 am Reply
website is gud main proeblem i am fazing that topics are not in
oraniged way everything zig zag .
so makes problem to learn in oranige way

Satish
April 11, 2014 at 11:52 am Reply
Its rally a very help full ,and understanding the difference
between Manual Testing & Automation testing.
Thanks

arumaipirakasam
April 28, 2014 at 2:10 am Reply
super super jeee thanks for this article.. i appreciate you a
lot.

karthik
June 4, 2014 at 7:09 pm Reply
please send me latest testing freshersjobs

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