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Steam Turbine Plant

Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40LBA11AA304

open

12436-986132

40LBA11AA314

open

12436-986132

40LBA12AA304

open

12436-986132

40LBA12AA314

open

12436-986132

40LBB11AA304

open

12436-986132

40LBB11AA305

open

12436-986132

40LBB11AA314

open

12436-986132

40LBB11AA315

open

12436-986132

40LBB12AA304

open

12436-986132

40LBB12AA305

open

12436-986132

40LBB12AA314

open

12436-986132

40LBB12AA315

open

12436-986132

40LBB21AA301

open

12436-986130

40LBB21AA302

open

12436-986130

40LBB22AA301

open

12436-986130

40LBB22AA302

open

12436-986130

40LBC10AA301

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA302

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA303

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA304

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA305

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA306

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA311

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA312

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA313

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA314

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA315

open

12436-986132

40LBC10AA316

open

12436-986132

40LBG30AA311

open

12436-984131

40LBG30AA312

open

12436-984131

40LBG30AA408

open

12436-984131

Position

System Diagram

Check

Main Steam Piping System

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Hot Reheat Piping System

Cold Reheat Piping System

Auxiliary Steam Piping System

Extraction Piping System for HP


feedwater heating
ID code

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 1-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40LBQ60AA301

open

12436-986132

40LBQ60AA302

open

12436-986132

40LBQ60AA303

open

12436-986132

40LBQ80AA301

open

12436-986132

40LBQ80AA302

open

12436-986132

40LBQ80AA303

open

12436-986132

40LBQ80AA311

open

12436-986132

40LBQ80AA312

open

12436-986132

40LBQ80AA313

open

12436-986132

40LBS20AA301

open

12436-986132

40LBS31AA301

open

12436-986132

40LBS40AA301

open

12436-986132

40LBS40AA302

open

12436-986132

40LBS40AA303

open

12436-986132

40LBS50AA301

open

12436-986132

40LBS50AA302

open

12436-986132

40LBS50AA303

open

12436-986132

40LCW30AA251

open

12436-986131

40LCW34AA251

open

12436-986131

40MAA11AA321

closed

12436-931700

40MAA11AA322

closed

12436-931700

40MAA12AA321

open

12436-931700

40MAA12AA322

open

12436-931700

40MAA14AA311

open

12436-931715

40MAA14AA312

open

12436-931715

40MAA21AA321

closed

12436-931700

40MAA21AA322

closed

12436-931700

40MAA22AA321

closed

12436-931700

40MAA22AA322

closed

12436-931700

40MAA50AA301

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA302

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA303

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA304

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA305

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA306

open

12436-986132

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Check

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Extraction Piping System for LP


feedwater heating

Sealing Water System

HP/IP/LP Turbine

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 2-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40MAA50AA311

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA312

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA313

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA314

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA315

open

12436-986132

40MAA50AA316

open

12436-986132

40MAB11AA321

closed

12436-931710

40MAB11AA322

closed

12436-931710

40MAB21AA321

closed

12436-931710

40MAB21AA322

closed

12436-931710

40MAB50AA301

open

12436-986132

40MAB50AA311

open

12436-986132

40MAB50AA321

closed

12436-986132

40MAC01AA252

thrott

12436-986132

40MAC01AA311

open

12436-986132

40MAC11AA301

open

12436-986132

40MAC11AA302

open

12436-986132

40MAC11AA303

open

12436-986132

40MAG10AA251

open

12436-986131

40MAG10AA252

thrott

12436-986131

40MAG10AA253

thrott

12436-986131

40MAG10AA311

open

12436-986131

40MAG10AA312

open

12436-986131

40MAL11AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL12AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL14AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL19AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL20AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL22AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL23AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL23AA252

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL23AA253

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL24AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL24AA252

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL24AA253

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL25AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Check

Condensing System

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Drain System

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 3-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40MAL26AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL27AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL31AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL41AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL45AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL47AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL51AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL54AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL55AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL65AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAL81AA251

open and locked

12436-985130

40MAN52AA301

open

12436-986130

40MAN52AA302

open

12436-986130

40MAN52AA303

open

12436-986130

40MAN53AA341

open

12436-986130

40MAN53AA342

open

12436-986130

40MAN53AA343

open

12436-986130

40MAN53AA344

open

12436-986130

40MAN53AA345

open

12436-986130

40MAN53AA346

open

12436-986130

40MAN55AA301

open

12436-986130

40MAN55AA302

open

12436-986130

40MAN55AA303

open

12436-986130

40MAN56AA341

open

12436-986130

40MAN56AA342

open

12436-986130

40MAN56AA343

open

12436-986130

40MAN56AA344

open

12436-986130

40MAN56AA345

open

12436-986130

40MAN56AA346

open

12436-986130

40MAN91AA251

thrott

12436-986130

40MAN92AA251

thrott

12436-986130

40MAV10AA251

closed

12436-981136

40MAV10AA252

open

12436-981136

40MAV10AA255

open

12436-981136

40MAV10AA258

closed

12436-981136

40MAV10AA605

closed

12436-981136

40MAV21AA251

thrott

12436-981136

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Check

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Bypass System

Oil Systems

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 4-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40MAV21AA311

open

12436-981136

40MAV21AA315

open

12436-981136

40MAV21AA316

open

12436-981136

40MAV21AA321

adjusted towards MAC21CP001

12436-981136

40MAV21AA401

closed

12436-981136

40MAV21AA402

closed

12436-981136

40MAV24AA311

open

12436-981136

40MAV24AA401

closed

12436-981136

40MAV30AA251

open

12436-981136

40MAV31AA251

open

12436-981141

40MAV31AA301

open

12436-981141

40MAV31AA302

open

12436-981141

40MAV31AA311

open

12436-981141

40MAV31AA312

open

12436-981141

40MAV32AA251

open

12436-981141

40MAV32AA301

open

12436-981141

40MAV32AA302

open

12436-981141

40MAV32AA311

open

12436-981141

40MAV32AA312

open

12436-981141

40MAV35AA251

closed

12436-981141

40MAV35AA271

adjusted

12436-981141

40MAV35AA272

closed

12436-981141

40MAV35AA301

open

12436-981136

40MAV35AA302

open

12436-981141

40MAV35AA311

open

12436-981136

40MAV35AA312

open

12436-981141

40MAV35AA401

closed

12436-981141

40MAV35AA402

closed

12436-981141

40MAV35AA411

closed

12436-981141

40MAV35AA412

closed

12436-981141

40MAV41AA251

thrott

12436-981136

40MAV41AA271

adjusted

12436-981136

40MAV41AA273

adjusted

12436-981136

40MAV41AA275

closed

12436-981136

40MAV41AA401

closed

12436-981136

40MAV41AA402

closed

12436-981136

40MAV41AA411

closed

12436-981136

40MAV41AA412

closed

12436-981136

40MAV41AA501

thrott

12436-981136

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 5-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40MAV41AA502

thrott

12436-981136

40MAV42AA251

thrott

12436-981131

40MAV42AA253

thrott

12436-981131

40MAV42AA255

thrott

12436-981131

40MAV42AA257

thrott

12436-981131

40MAV42AA271

adjusted

12436-981136

40MAV42AA275

closed

12436-981136

40MAV42AA310

closed

12436-981131

40MAV42AA314

closed

12436-981131

40MAV42AA316

open

12436-981136

40MAV42AA317

open

12436-981136

40MAV42AA318

open

12436-981136

40MAV42AA322

adjusted

12436-981136

40MAV42AA323

closed

12436-981131

40MAV42AA328

closed

12436-981131

40MAV42AA329

adjusted

12436-981136

40MAV42AA401

closed

12436-981136

40MAV42AA402

closed

12436-981136

40MAV42AA411

closed

12436-981136

40MAV42AA412

closed

12436-981136

40MAV42AA501

open

12436-981136

40MAV42AA502

open

12436-981136

40MAV42AA605

closed

12436-981136

40MAV44AA251

thrott

12436-981131

40MAV44AA253

thrott

12436-981131

40MAV44AA311

closed

12436-981131

40MAV44AA313

closed

12436-981131

40MAV46AA251

thrott

12436-981131

40MAV46AA311

closed

12436-981131

40MAV51AA251

thrott

12436-013355

40MAV66AA251

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV66AA255

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV66AA259

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV66AA261

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV66AA263

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV66AA265

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV67AA251

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV67AA252

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV67AA253

thrott

12436-982131

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 6-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40MAV67AA254

thrott

12436-982131

40MAV81AA251

thrott

12436-981132

40MAV81AA253

thrott

12436-981132

40MAV81AA255

thrott

12436-981132

40MAV81AA257

thrott

12436-981132

40MAV81AA271

thrott

12436-981132

40MAV81AA272

thrott

12436-981132

40MAV81AA291

thrott

12436-981132

40MAV82AA251

thrott

12436-981136

40MAV82AA252

thrott

12436-981136

40MAV82AA253

open

12436-981136

40MAV82AA255

open

12436-981136

40MAV82AA256

open

12436-981136

40MAV91AA252

open

12436-981139

40MAV91AA260

open

12436-981139

40MAV91AA261

open

12436-981139

40MAV91AA262

open

12436-981139

40MAV91AA403

closed

12436-981139

40MAV91AA501

closed

12436-981139

40MKW01AA211

closed

12436-981131

40MKW91AA201

closed

12436-981131

40MAW10AA253

open

12436-984131

40MAW50AA253

open

12436-984131

40MAW81AA251

thrott

12436-984131

40MAW82AA251

thrott

12436-984131

40MAW83AA251

thrott

12436-984131

40MAW84AA251

thrott

12436-984131

40MAW85AA251

thrott

12436-984131

40MAW86AA251

thrott

12436-984131

40MAX01AA251

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA252

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA253

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA254

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA261

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA262

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA263

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA264

closed

12436-983140

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Check

Gland Steam System

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Control Fluid System

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 7-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40MAX01AA271

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA272

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA273

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA274

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA276

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA277

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA278

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA279

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA283

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA284

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA285

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA286

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA287

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA288

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA291

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA292

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA293

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA294

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA295

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA301

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA302

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA303

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA304

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA305

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA311

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA312

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA313

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA351

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA354

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA355

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA356

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA361

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA371

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA372

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA373

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA374

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA381

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA382

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA383

open

12436-983140

40MAX01AA384

open

12436-983140

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 8-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40MAX01AA401

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA402

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA516

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA601

closed

12436-983140

40MAX01AA602

closed

12436-983140

40MAX05AA251

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA252

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA253

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA254

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA255

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA256

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA261

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA262

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA263

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA264

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA265

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA266

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA271

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA272

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA273

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA274

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA276

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA277

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA278

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA279

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA283

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA284

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA285

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA286

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA287

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA288

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA291

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA292

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA293

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA294

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA301

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA302

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA303

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA304

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA305

open

12436-983150

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 9-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40MAX05AA311

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA312

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA313

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA351

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA354

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA355

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA356

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA361

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA371

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA372

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA373

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA374

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA375

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA376

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA381

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA382

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA383

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA384

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA385

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA386

open

12436-983150

40MAX05AA401

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA402

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA516

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA601

closed

12436-983150

40MAX05AA602

closed

12436-983150

40PGB01AA401

closed

12436-981136

40PGB01AA402

closed

12436-981136

40PGB02AA501

closed

12436-981136

40PGB02AA502

closed

12436-981136

40PGB26AA011

open

12436-983140

40PGB26AA021

open

12436-983140

40PGB26AA031

open

12436-983150

40PGB26AA041

open

12436-983150

40PGB26AA112

open

12436-983140

40PGB26AA122

open

12436-983140

40PGB26AA132

open

12436-983150

40PGB26AA142

open

12436-983150

40QFB01AA251

open

12436-988130

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Check

Cooling Water System

Control Air System

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 10-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Manually Operated Valves

Operating Documentation

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Position List

ID code

Position

System Diagram

40QFB01AA301

open

12436-988130

40QFB03AA251

open

12436-988130

40QFB03AA253

open

12436-988130

40QFB06AA251

open

12436-988130

40QFB06AA252

open

12436-988130

40QFB08AA252

open

12436-988130

40QFB08AA253

open

12436-988130

40QFB08AA254

open

12436-988130

40QFB08AA255

open

12436-988130

40QFB08AA256

open

12436-988130

40QFB13AA251

open

12436-988130

40QFB15AA251

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA253

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA254

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA255

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA256

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA258

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA259

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA262

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA263

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA264

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA265

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA266

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA267

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA271

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA280

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA281

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA282

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA285

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA287

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA291

open

12436-988130

40QFB19AA295

open

12436-988130

40QFB21AA255

open

12436-988130

40QFB21AA256

open

12436-988130

40QFB25AA251

open

12436-988130

40QFB25AA254

open

12436-988130

ID code

Position

System Diagram

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MPD019

Check

Check

2-3-MA-410-12436 / 11-11
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Introduction

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

General
Annunciations in the form of visual and audible signals or
printouts from the process computer inform the control room
personnel of any events which might affect steam turbine
plant operation.
This text details the main categories of annunciations and
describes the actions to be taken by the control room personnel.

Alarms
Alarms which are not issued in connection with the turbine
protection system indicate that operating parameters are approaching limit conditions. The control room personnel must
take immediate action to prevent unallowable operating parameters from being reached.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2007 - All Rights Reserved

Actions to be taken are detailed in the comments sheet


for the relevant annunciation, or in the catalog of actions to
be taken in the event of a fault.
Turbine trip must be initiated manually if maximum operating limits are reached.

Alarm, trip, fault and failure annunciations


from the turbine protection system
Alarm annunciations from turbine protection system
These annunciations are issued when the turbine protection system has been activated after exceeding of permissible maximum values.
When alarms for operating parameters are issued which
can result in activation of protective devices, the control
room personnel must take immediate action in order to
prevent operation under unallowable conditions or a temporary shutdown due to activation of a protective device
and initiation of turbine trip.
Actions to be taken are detailed in the comments sheet
for the relevant annunciation, or in the catalog of actions
to be taken in the event of a fault.
Trip annunciations from turbine protection system
If it is not possible to prevent shutdown, the fault sequence must be carefully reconstructed using the fault
and switching records. If necessary, measures must be
implemented to avoid a recurrence of the fault.
Fault annunciations from turbine protection system
Electronic protective devices are subjected to cyclical
checks, with the plausibility of measured values continuously monitored. Annunciations are issued in the event of
a measurement error or faulted trip channel. In the event
of a fault in a multichannel protective device, a structure
changeover takes place in the protection circuit.
Faults in protective devices must be repaired by qualified
I & C personnel. The control room personnel must inform

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

the I & C personnel immediately of any faults, in order to


prevent prolonged operation with a faulted protective device.
Failure annunciations from turbine protection system
A fault in a protective device which results in a structure
changeover in the protection circuit must be corrected
before faults in all channels lead to failure of the device.
However, if a protective device does fail, turbine trip must
be initiated manually by the control room personnel once
the maximum allowable limit value has been exceeded.
Until the fault has been repaired, careful monitoring of the
trip criterion is absolutely essential.
In the event of failure of the central turbine protection
channels and the protective devices for overspeed, thrust
bearing, lube oil or condenser (for which the trip criteria
change so fast that the control room personnel does not
have time to initiate turbine trip), the steam turbine plant
must be shut down until the fault in the protective device
concerned has been corrected.

Fault annunciations from controllers


If a controller fault is annunciated, the control room personnel must immediately check whether the fault could have
an adverse effect on plant operation.
It may be necessary to switch the faulted controller to
MANUAL mode and match the control variable to the operating requirements by hand.
In the case of multichannel controllers, a fault which affects only one channel may not have any direct effect on plant
operation. However, the fault must nevertheless be repaired
immediately by qualified I & C personnel, as, in the event of
a fault in all channels, the controller concerned is no longer
capable of functioning.

Fault annunciations from instrumentation


Faulted measuring instruments and circuits must be repaired by qualified I & C personnel.
The control room personnel must consult a specialist
whenever a faulted measuring instrument or circuit is annunciated.

Fault or failure annunciations from pumps or


fans
Faults in pumps or fans are usually caused by power
supply faults or activation of the overcurrent protection for the
drive motor.
Activation of the overcurrent protection for a drive motor
occurs in the event of a mechanical fault in the associated
pump or fan, which must be corrected by the relevant skilled
maintenance personnel.

MA &MAC010

2-3-MA-505-M0004 / 1-2
0907E

Steam Turbine Plant


Introduction

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Activation of the overcurrent protection can also be expected if the drive motor is overloaded owing to a process
related switching fault.

and of miscellaneous events. The signals often constitute


checkback criteria for logically gated annunciations and for
drive, subloop, subgroup and group controls.

Annunciations requiring implementation of


control actions

The control room personnel is responsible for checking


whether the status annunciation corresponds with current operating conditions. If necessary, the status must be changed.

Certain annunciations require immediate implementation


of specific control actions by the control room personnel, in
order to prevent unallowable operating conditions.

Group and individual annunciations

Annunciations requiring implementation of


maintenance activities
These annunciations indicate specific conditions which,
once they occur, require immediate implementation of maintenance activities: for example, levels in process fluid tanks
and vessels, and differential pressures across filters.

These annunciations inform the control room personnel


of the specific status of actuators, controls or other components, the positions of specific valves and whether switching
criteria for major operating parameters have been reached,

Comments on annunciations
The process engineering annunciations together with the
KKS identification code and the text of the annunciation are
listed in document 2-3-MA-510. The annunciations are sorted
according to the KKS code in ascending order and the requisite comments on annunciations are provided for each annunciation.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2007 - All Rights Reserved

Status signals

Similar annunciations can be collected together by the


alarm annunciation system to form so called group annunciations. In order to determine the actions required, the operating status must be evaluated by referring to the individual
annunciations.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

MA &MAC010

2-3-MA-505-M0004 / 2-2
0907E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

GENERATOR UNIT PROT

FAULT

Monitoring of the Generator unit protection trip signals (40CHA00EZ100A XK01,


40CHA00EZ100B XK01) in the fail safe steam turbine protection system has detected a
non-coincidence.

Consequences

Only one of the both signals (40CHA00EZ100A XK01, 40CHA00EZ100B XK01) has had
activated. The alarm (40CHA00EZ100 XK96) is activated. Either a signal has been failed
or has had activated faultily.

Intervention from Operator

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.


-

GENERATOR UNIT PROT

TRIPPED

40CHA00EZ100 XK96

Signification

The generator unit protection has initiated steam turbine trip.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) of the steam turbine trip system is activated.

Intervention from Operator

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40CHA00EZ100 XK93

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the generator.

Remarks

POWER SUPPLY CJJ11

AUXVOLT FLT

40CJJ11GW001 XM07

Signification

The circuit breaker used for monitoring the alarm voltage in I&C-cabinet CJJ11 (circuit
breaker: -F01) has been tripped.

Consequences

The trip of any other circuit breaker in I&C-cabinet CJJ11 will not be annunciated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

POWER SUPPLY CJJ11


Signification

MCB TRIP

40CJJ11GW001 XM09

At least one of the circuit breakers used for modules installed in I&C-cabinet CJJ11 or used
for instruments connected to cabinet CJJ11, has been tripped.

Consequences

At least one device (module, instrument, actuator et cetera) is out of service due to
missing power supply.
One or more automation functions do not work properly.

Intervention from Operator

Check the fault alarms of the steam turbine immediately.


Check the operating data displays of the steam turbine for impermissible or faulted
values.
Switch over to an unfaulted device if available and required.

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 1-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

POWER SUPPLY VM600

MCB TRIP

One or several internal voltages of the VM600 rack (+12, -12V, +5V) are disturbed.

Consequences

The automation functions based on vibration measurements in the VM600 rack might not
work properly.
Check vibration measurements for abnormal values.
Call an I&C specialist.
Check the circuit breakers for the external power supply to the vibrometer rack.

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

POWER SUPPLY CJJ21

AUXVOLT FLT

40CJJ21GW001 XM07

Signification

The circuit breaker used for monitoring the alarm voltage in I&C-cabinet CJJ21 (circuit
breaker: -F01) has been tripped.

Consequences

The trip of any other circuit breaker in I&C-cabinet CJJ21 will not be annunciated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

POWER SUPPLY CJJ21


Signification

MCB TRIP

40CJJ21GW001 XM09

At least one of the circuit breakers used for modules installed in I&C-cabinet CJJ21 or used
for instruments connected to cabinet CJJ21, has been tripped.

Consequences

At least one device (module, instrument, actuator et cetera) is out of service due to
missing power supply.
One or more automation functions do not work properly.

Intervention from Operator

Check the fault alarms of the steam turbine immediately.


Check the operating data displays of the steam turbine for impermissible or faulted
values.
Switch over to an unfaulted device if available and required.

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

POWER SUPPLY CJJ22

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40CJJ21GS001 XM09

Signification

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

AUXVOLT FLT

40CJJ22GW001 XM07

Signification

The circuit breaker used for monitoring the alarm voltage in I&C-cabinet CJJ22 (circuit
breaker: -F01) has been tripped.

Consequences

The trip of any other circuit breaker in I&C-cabinet CJJ22 will not be annunciated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 2-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

POWER SUPPLY CJJ22


Signification

MCB TRIP

Consequences

At least one device (module, instrument, actuator et cetera) is out of service due to
missing power supply.
One or more automation functions do not work properly.

Intervention from Operator

Check the fault alarms of the steam turbine immediately.


Check the operating data displays of the steam turbine for impermissible or faulted
values.
Switch over to an unfaulted device if available and required.

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

AUXVOLT FLT

40CPB01GW001 XM07

Signification

The circuit breaker used for monitoring the alarm voltage in I&C-cabinet CPB01 (circuit
breaker: -F01) has been tripped.

Consequences

The trip of any other circuit breaker in I&C-cabinet CPB01 will not be annunciated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

POWER SUPPLY CPB01


Signification

MCB TRIP

40CPB01GW001 XM09

At least one of the circuit breakers used for modules installed in I&C-cabinet CPB01 or used
for instruments connected to cabinet CPB01, has been tripped.

Consequences

At least one device (module, instrument, actuator et cetera) is out of service due to
missing power supply.
One or more automation functions do not work properly.

Intervention from Operator

Check the fault alarms of the steam turbine immediately.


Check the operating data displays of the steam turbine for impermissible or faulted
values.
Switch over to an unfaulted device if available and required.

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

POWER SUPPLY CPB02

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40CJJ22GW001 XM09

At least one of the circuit breakers used for modules installed in I&C-cabinet CJJ22 or used
for instruments connected to cabinet CJJ22, has been tripped.

POWER SUPPLY CPB01

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

AUXVOLT FLT

40CPB02GW001 XM07

Signification

The circuit breaker used for monitoring the alarm voltage in I&C-cabinet CPB02 (circuit
breaker: -F01) has been tripped.

Consequences

The trip of any other circuit breaker in I&C-cabinet CPB02 will not be annunciated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 3-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

POWER SUPPLY CPB02


Signification

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40CPB02GW001 XM09

At least one of the circuit breakers used for modules installed in I&C-cabinet CPB02 or used
for instruments connected to cabinet CPB02, has been tripped.

Consequences

At least one device (module, instrument, actuator et cetera) is out of service due to
missing power supply.
One or more automation functions do not work properly.

Intervention from Operator

Check the fault alarms of the steam turbine immediately.


Check the operating data displays of the steam turbine for impermissible or faulted
values.
Switch over to an unfaulted device if available and required.

Further Measures

Fault must be rectified by an I&C specialist as soon as possible.

Remarks

HP PRES MEAS CAN 1

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

MCB TRIP

FAULT

40LBA11CP004 XM20

Signification

Main steam pressure measuring channel 1, comprising pressure sensor 1 and a dedicated
analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MIN logic gating for main steam pressure actual value processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 2 to be used directly in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check pressure sensor 1 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode of
operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks
HP PRES MEAS CAN 2

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40LBA12CP004 XM20

Signification

Main steam pressure measuring channel 2, comprising pressure sensor 2 and a dedicated
analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MIN logic gating for main steam pressure actual value processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 1 to be used directly in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check pressure sensor 2 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode of
operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 4-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP PRES ACT VAL

NONCOINC

The equipment processing the main steam pressure has detected a non-coincidence, as
the deviation between the two measuring channels is greater than a stipulated preset limit.

Consequences

The measuring channel which is active in the MIN logic is used in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check that all measurement channels for the main steam pressure are functioning
properly.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

HP PRES ACT VAL

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40LBA20FP004 XM02

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40LBA20FP004 XM20

Signification

The equipment processing the main steam pressure has detected a fault, as no valid main
steam pressure actual value is available.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the main steam pressure as an input value may
not be working correctly.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The pressure sensors and the dedicated hardware inputs for the main steam pressure
have to be checked.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

HP STM TEMP MONITORING


Signification

MAX

40LBA20FT007A XH01

The main steam temperature has risen above the warning value.

Consequences

During start-up of the steam turbine, the start-up program waits until the temperature
difference is no longer high before the turbine is warmed up at heat soak speed.
If the HP steam temperature monitoring detects a very high main steam temperature
of the HP turbine (fault alarm 40LBA20FT007A XH03), the steam turbine must be shut
down.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the HP main steam temperature (40LBA11CT007A, 40LBA12CT007A) and


decrease the temperature by taking suitable measures.
Check the operating conditions of the boilers, which are in operation.
Check the final HP steam temperature control of the boilers, which are in operation with
regard to correct function and optionally the HP desuperheater feedwater control valve
for operation.
Check the steam turbine control system with regard to correct function.

Further Measures

Check the HP steam temperature measuring systems (40LBA11CT007A,


40LBA12CT007A) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify as soon as possible.
Optionally verify the HP desuperheating system for function.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 5-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP STM TEMP MONITORING

> MAX

The main steam temperature (40LBA11CT007A, 40LBA12CT007A) has risen above the
alarm value.

Consequences

If the HP steam temperature monitoring detects a too high main steam temperature of the
HP turbine (fault alarm 40LBA20FT007A XH05), the steam turbine must be tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Shut down the steam turbine immediately by manual activation of the shutdown program
of the SGC steam turbine (40MAY10EC001).

Remarks

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high main steam temperature and rectify it before the next
start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next start-up.
-

HP STM TEMP MONITORING

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40LBA20FT007A XH03

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

>> MAX

40LBA20FT007A XH05

Signification

The main steam temperature (40LBA11CT007A, 40LBA12CT007A) has risen above the
maximum permissible value.

Consequences

The steam turbine could be damaged possibly.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately by pressing the corresponding push-button manually.

Further Measures

Remarks

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high main steam temperature and rectify it before the next
start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next start-up.
-

IP STM TEMP MONITORING


Signification

MAX

40LBB50FT007A XH01

The hot reheat steam temperature has risen above the warning value.

Consequences

During start-up of the steam turbine, the start-up program waits until the temperature
difference is no longer high before the turbine is warmed up at heat soak speed.
If the IP steam temperature monitoring detects a very hot reheat steam temperature of
the IP turbine (40LBB50FT007A XH03), the steam turbine must be shut down.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the IP hot reheat steam temperature (40LBB11CT007A, 40LBB12CT007A)


and decrease the temperature by taking suitable measures.
Check the operating conditions of the boilers, which are in operation.
Check the final IP steam temperature control of the boilers, which are in operation with
regard to correct function and optionally the IP desuperheater feedwater control valve
for operation.
Check the steam turbine control system with regard to correct function.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify as soon as possible.


Optionally verify the IP desuperheating system for function.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 6-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP STM TEMP MONITORING

> MAX

40LBB50FT007A XH03

Signification

The hot reheat steam temperature (40LBB11CT007A, 40LBB12CT007A) has risen above
the alarm value.

Consequences

If the IP steam temperature monitoring detects a too high hot reheat steam temperature of
the IP turbine (alarm 40LBB50FT007A XH05), the steam turbine must be tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Shut down the steam turbine immediately by manual activation of the shutdown program
of the SGC steam turbine (40MAY10EC001).

Further Measures

Remarks

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine
respectively avoid it during next start-up.
-

IP STM TEMP MONITORING

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

>> MAX

40LBB50FT007A XH05

Signification

The hot reheat steam temperature (40LBB11CT007A, 40LBB12CT007A) has risen above
the maximum permissible value.

Consequences

The steam turbine could be damaged possibly.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately pressing the corresponding push-button manually.

Further Measures

Remarks

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine
respectively avoid it during next start-up.
-

RELS CHECK NRV COLD REHEAT

N. ON

40LBC10EE200 XT01

Signification

The check release for the non return valve of the cold reheat is not activated although the
automatic turbine tester for valves (40MAY01EC200) is running.

Consequences

The automatic turbine tester does not check the non return valve.

Intervention from Operator

Check the position of the non return valve of the cold reheat 40LBC10CG051.
Ensure the check release for the non return valve of the cold reheat
(40LBC10EE200) is switched on, if a check is planned.
Observe the sequence of the automatic turbine tester program.

Further Measures

Verify the position transmitter 40LBC10CG051 of the non return valve of the cold reheat
including the control circuit with regard to correct function.
Verify the check release for the non return valve of the cold reheat (40LBC10EE200)
with regard to correct function.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 7-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

NRV 1 COLD REHEAT


Signification

40LBC10EG001 ZV01

The non return valve (40LBC10AA051) of the cold reheat line is not open although the open
command is present.
The non return valve of the cold reheat line (40LBC10AA051) has a malfunction in
opening direction which also might cause a malfunction in closing direction. Windage
heating can not be ruled out then.

Intervention from Operator

The correct function in closing direction must be assured at all times.


Monitor the sequence of automatic turbine testing program (ATT), if in operation.

Further Measures

Verify the position transmitters of the non return valve of the cold reheat
(40LBC10CG051B, 40LBC10CG051C) including control circuit.
Check the control air system (40QFB) with regard to correct function.
Verify correct function of the non return valve pilot valve (40LBC10AA051A,
40LBC10AA051B).
Check fail safe control system.

NRV 1 COLD REHEAT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Consequences

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

Valves should be tested regularly by the automatic turbine valve testing routine every 4
weeks.
N. CLOSED

40LBC10EG002 ZV01

Signification

The non return valve (40LBC10AA051) of the cold reheat line is still in open- position
although the close command is present (please refer to the actuation/comments of annunciations of subgroup control of turbine rundown program, Step 51 (40MAY10EC001)).

Consequences

In case of turbine rundown HP turbine might run in overheating of HP blading (HP windage).
HP turbine remains under pressure, because hot reheat steam from the cold reheat line
flows continuously into the HP turbine.

Intervention from Operator

The shut down of the turbine must be avoided at this time.


The free movement of the non return valve (40LBC10AA051) in closing direction must be
ensured (refer to the point Further Measures).

Further Measures

Before starting the turbine shut down procedure the following steps have to be performed
necessarily:
Reduce unit load towards minimum value.
Open the intermediate pressure bypass station(s) 100%.
Reduce steam pressure in the cold reheat line under p < 1000 KPa / 10 bar (145 PSI),
if possible
Open HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051).
Open HP drains, e.g. drains downstream main steam valves (40MAL15), drains in cold
reheat pipe upstream the cold reheat flap (40MAL65).
Trip turbine manually.
Verify correct function of the position transmitters of the non return valve of the cold
reheat (40LBC10CG051B, 40LBC10CG051C) including control circuit.
Check the control air system (40QFB) with regard to correct function.
Verify correct function of the non return valve pilot valves (40LBC10AA051A,
40LBC10AA051B).
Check fail safe control system.
If this alarm is annunciated after turbine trip has been initiated, it is not permissible to
re-start the turbine.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy before next startup of the turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Valves should be tested regularly by the automatic turbine valve testing routine every 4
weeks.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 8-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

STM EXTN REHT PRES RATIO PROT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40LBC10EZ110 XK20

Signification

The steam extraction reheat pressure ratio protection (HIGH) has detected a failure due to
three faulty pressure measurements for pressure upstream of the cold reheat nonreturn
valves (40LBC10CP001A, 40LBC10CP002A, 40LBC10CP003A) or two faulty measurements for pressure upstream of the HP turbine blading(40MAA50CP001,
40MAA50CP002, 40MAA50CP003).

Consequences

The alarm 40LBC10EZ110 XK96 is issued and steam turbine trip is initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the steam turbine shutdown procedure.


Determine which fault led to aforementioned fault alarm.

Further Measures

Check the equipment for acquiring the pressure upstream of the cold reheat nonreturn
valve (40LBC10CP001A, 40LBC10CP002A, 40LBC10CP003A)for the protection up to
input in the I&C system with regard to proper functioning.
Check the equipment for acquiring the pressure upstream of the HP turbine blading
(40MAA50CP001, 40MAA50CP002, 40MAA50CP003)for the protection up to input in
the I&C system with regard to proper functioning.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy before re-starting the steam turbine.

Bemerkungen
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAIL

STM EXTN REHT PRES RATIO PROT


Signification

Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

FAULT

40LBC10EZ110 XK93

The steam extraction reheat pressure ratio protection (HIGH) has detected a fault because
at least one of the pressure measuring points for the protection circuit is malfunctioning
(pressure upstream of CRH NRV40LBC10CP001A, 40LBC10CP002A,
40LBC10CP003A) or pressure upstream of the HP turbine blading(40MAA50CP001,
40MAA50CP002, 40MAA50CP003).
If a fault has been annunciated in the actual value acquisition for the protection circuit
(pressure upstream of CRH NRV40LBC10CP001A40LBC10CP001A,
40LBC10CP002A, 40LBC10CP003A) the protective logic changes to a 1-out-of-2 configuration.
The protective logic remains in a 2-out-of-3 configuration if equipment acquiring data
for setpoint formation in the protection is faulted (pressure upstream of the HP turbine
blading 40MAA50CP001, 40MAA50CP002, 40MAA50CP003)
If all three actual value acquisition channels of the protection circuit (pressure upstream
of CRH NRV 40LBC10CP001A, 40LBC10CP002A, 40LBC10CP003A) or two of the
acquisition channels for the setpoint formation of the protection(pressure upstream of
the HP turbine blading 40MAA50CP001, 40MAA50CP002, 40MAA50CP003) are malfunctioning, then the protection has failed.. Steam turbine trip is therefore initiated.
After changeover to a 1-out-of-2 logic, a second fault in the actual value acquisition for
the protection circuit (pressure upstream of CRH
NRV40LBC10CP001A40LBC10CP001A, 40LBC10CP002A, 40LBC10CP003A) can
result in response of the protection circuit.
Determine the cause of the fault and arrange for correction as soon as possible.
Check the equipment for acquiring the pressure upstream of the cold reheat nonreturn
valve (40LBC10CP001A, 40LBC10CP002A, 40LBC10CP003A)for the protection up to
input in the I&C system with regard to proper functioning.
Check the equipment for acquiring the pressure upstream of the HP turbine blading
(40MAA50CP001, 40MAA50CP002, 40MAA50CP003)for the protection up to input in
the I&C system with regard to proper functioning.
Initiate remedial action as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 9-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

STM EXTN REHT PRES RATIO PROT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40LBC10EZ110 XK94

Signification

In at least one of the channels of the steam extraction reheat pressure ratio protection
(HIGH) the pressure upstream of the cold reheat nonreturn valve is higher than the variable
setpoint for pretrip alarm annunciation.

Consequences

If the pressure upstream of the cold reheat nonreturn valve increases still further and reaches the corresponding trip limit, the steam extraction reheat pressure ratio protection
(HIGH) responds after 3.5 seconds and results in tripping of the steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the pressure upstream of the CRH NRV (40LBC10CP001A,


40LBC10CP002A, 40LBC10CP003A) as well as the variable setpoint of the steam extraction reheat pressure ratio protection (HIGH).
While operating with steam extraction, check the steam extraction (heating steam /
process steam) for correct function.

Further Measures

Determine which of the channels for the steam extraction reheat pressure ratio protection (HIGH) have reached the aforementioned pretrip alarm level and, where required,
check the pretrip alarm equipment for correct function.
Reduce the steam supply to the HP end of the steam turbine

Remarks
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

STM EXTN REHT PRES RATIO PROT

TRIP

40LBC10EZ110 XK96

Signification

The steam extraction reheat pressure ratio protection (HIGH) has been activated. Trip was
caused either due to a pressure upstream of the CRH NRV above the setpoint for trip
initiation or due to failure of the protection (40LBC10EZ110 XK20).

Consequences

Steam turbine trip has been initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the steam turbine shutdown procedure.


Determine which fault led to aforementioned fault alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and remedy before re-starting the steam turbine.

Remarks

RELS CHECK HP DUMP VALVE

N. ON

40LBC41EE200 XT01

Signification

The check release for the HP dump valve is not activated although the automatic turbine
tester for valves (40MAY01EC200) is running.

Consequences

The automatic turbine tester does not check the HP dump valve.

Intervention from Operator

Check the position of the HP dump valve (40LBC41CG051).


Ensure the check release for the HP dump valve (40LBC41EE200) is switched on, if a
check is planned.
Observe the sequence of the automatic turbine tester program.

Further Measures

Verify the position transmitter of the HP dump valve (40LBC41CG051) including the
control circuit with regard to correct function.
Verify the check release for the HP dump valve (40LBC41EE200) with regard to correct
function.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 10-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

HP DUMP VALVE
Signification

40LBC41EG001 ZV01

The HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051) is not open although the open command is present.

Consequences

The correct venting of the HP steam turbine is not ensured. Windage heating can not
be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

Open the HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051) manually by means of the pilot valves
(40LBC41AA051A, 40LBC41AA051B)
Monitor the sequence of the automatic turbine testing program, if in operation.

Further Measures

Check the measuring system (40LBC41CG051B, 40LBC41CG051C) including control


circuit for correct function.
Check the control air system (40QFB) with regard to correct function.
Check the HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051) and the corresponding pilot valves
(40LBC41AA051A, 40LBC41AA051B)) for correct function.
Check fail safe control system.
Monitor the temperature at the HP turbine (40MAA50CT021A,40MAA50CT022A,
40MAA50CT023A).
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next startup of the turbine.

Remarks
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

HP DUMP VALVE

Valves should be tested regularly by the automatic turbine valve testing routine every 4
weeks.
N. CLOSED

40LBC41EG002 ZV01

Signification

The HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051) is not closed although the close command is present.

Consequences

Danger of HP casing bending, radial blade rubbing within the HP turbine can not be ruled
out. HP dump valve must be closed during turbine standstill or turbine turning gear operation, so that cold air from the condenser can not pass into the HP turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Close the HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051), if possible.

Further Measures

Valves should be tested regularly by the automatic turbine valve testing routine every 4
weeks.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Check the measuring system (40LBC41CG051B, 40LBC41CG051C) including control


circuit for correct function.
Check the control air system (40QFB) with regard to correct function.
Check the HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051) and the corresponding pilot valves
(40LBC41AA051A, 40LBC41AA051B) for correct function.

Check fail safe control system.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and remedy before next startup of the turbine

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 11-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP DUMP VALVE FAULT


Signification

40LBC41EG010 ZV01

The HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051) is erroneously open although the close command is
present.
HP exhaust steam is dumped continuously from the HP steam turbine into the condenser during steam turbine operation, this causes loss of efficiency.
LP-exhaust end might heat up during low load operation, as the dumped HP exhaust
steam is only mixed with a small flow of LP exhaust steam.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine manually, if necessary.


The correct function in the opening direction must be ensured at all times.

Further Measures

Check the measuring system (40LBC41CG051B, 40LBC41CG051C) including control


circuit for correct function.
Check the control air system (40QFB) with regard to correct function.
Check the HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051) and the corresponding pilot valves
(40LBC41AA051A, 40LBC41AA051B) for correct function.
Check fail safe control system
Ascertain the cause of the fault and remedy before next startup of the turbine.
Valves should be tested regularly by the automatic turbine valve testing routine every 4
weeks.

SS SUP-V U/STR PRES

NONCOINC

40LBG30CP911 ZV01

Signification

Non-coincidence monitoring of redundant pressure measurements of LP auxiliary steam


upstream seal steam control valve indicates high deviation.

Consequences

Seal steam control valve might be locked in closed position caused by faulty pressure
measurement.

Intervention from Operator

Check the status of the seal steam pressure controller and the position of the seal steam
control valve.
Check both measurement circuits (40LBG30CP011, 40LBG30CP012) for damaged components, wrong parameter settings or incorrect wiring or installation.

Further Measures

Rectify faulty parameter settings, incorrect wiring and replace damaged components if
necessary.

Remarks

SS SUP-V U/STR TEMP

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Consequences

Remarks
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

OPEN

NONCOINC

40LBG30CT901A ZV01

Signification

Non-coincidence monitoring of redundant temperature measurements of LP auxiliary


steam upstream seal steam control valve indicates high deviation.

Consequences

Seal steam control valve might be locked in closed position caused by faulty temperature
measurement.

Intervention from Operator

Check the status of the seal steam pressure controller and the position of the seal steam
control valve.
Check both measurement circuits (40LBG30CT001, 40LBG30CT002) for damaged components, wrong parameter settings or incorrect wiring or installation.

Further Measures

Rectify faulty parameter settings, incorrect wiring and replace damaged components if
necessary.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 12-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

MVT MON NRF EXTN 6

MVT < MIN

40LBQ60EU200 XV01

Signification

The disk of the extraction non return valve with closure-assist 40LBQ60AA051 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator manually to cause movement of the flap disk.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 6

MVT < MIN

40LBQ60EU200 XV03

Signification

The disk of the extraction non-return valve with closure-assist 40LBQ60AA052 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator 40LBQ60AA051 manually to cause movement of


the flap disk 40LBQ60AA052.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 6

TOO HIGH

40LBQ60EU200 ZV05

Signification

A too high difference between the position check backs of the extraction non-return valves
40LBQ60AA051 and 40LBQ60AA052 was detected.

Consequences

One extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

The position check backs of the extraction non-return flaps are to be monitored. If required, further measures to avoid reverse flow of water and steam are to be initiated.
Deactivate the pneumatic actuator 40LBQ60AA051 manually to cause movement of
the flap disks.
The cause of the deviation is to be remedied at next opportunity.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 13-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

MVT MON NRF EXTN 8

MVT < MIN

40LBQ80EU200 XV01

Signification

The disk of the extraction non-return valve with closure-assist 40LBQ80AA051 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator manually to cause movement of the flap disk.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 8

MVT < MIN

40LBQ80EU200 XV03

Signification

The disk of the extraction non-return valve with closure-assist 40LBQ80AA052 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator 40LBQ80AA051 manually to cause movement of


the flap disk 40LBQ80AA052.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 8

TOO HIGH

40LBQ80EU200 ZV05

Signification

A too high difference between the position check backs of the extraction non-return valves
40LBQ80AA051 and 40LBQ80AA052 was detected.

Consequences

One extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

The position check backs of the extraction non-return flaps are to be monitored. If required, further measures to avoid reverse flow of water and steam are to be initiated.
Deactivate the pneumatic actuator 40LBQ80AA051 manually to cause movement of
the flap disks.
The cause of the deviation is to be remedied at next opportunity.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 14-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SLC EXTN NRF

N. ON

The SLC EXTN NRF 40LBS10EE001 is not activated although the turbine is turning (turbine speed > 2 rev/s).

Consequences

The SLC EXTN NRF is not in automatic mode.


Determine the reason why the SLC EXTN NRF 40LBS10EE001 is not switched on.
Switch on SLC EXTRACTION VALVES 40LBS10EE001 when the fault has been
cleared provided there is no other reason that the SLC should remain switched off.

Further Measures

Remarks

During start up of the turbine the SGC steam turbine checks that the SLC EXTN NRF
40LBS10EE001 is switched on.

SLC EXTN NRF

FAULT

40LBS10EE001 XV02

Signification

Not all extraction non-return flaps have been closed after a steam turbine trip.

Consequences

A failure of extraction non-return valves can cause overspeeding of the steam turbine.
A start up of the steam turbine with one faulty non return flap is not permitted.
Defective components must be replaced.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the steam turbine speed.

Further Measures

Verify the correct function of the position check backs of the extraction non-return flaps.

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 2

MVT < MIN

40LBS20EU200 XV01

Signification

The disk of the extraction non-return valve with closure-assist 40LBS20AA051 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator manually to cause movement of the flap disk.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 3

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40LBS10EE001 XV01

Signification

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

MVT < MIN

40LBS30EU200 XV01

Signification

The disk of the extraction non-return valve with closure-assist 40LBS30AA051 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator manually to cause movement of the flap disk.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 15-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

MVT MON NRF EXTN 4

MVT < MIN

40LBS40EU200 XV01

Signification

The disk of the extraction non return valve with closure-assist LBS40AA051 has not moved
significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator manually to cause movement of the flap disk.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 4

MVT < MIN

40LBS40EU200 XV03

Signification

The disk of the extraction non-return valve with closure-assist 40LBS40AA052 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator 40LBS40AA051 manually to cause movement of


the flap disk 40LBS40AA052.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 4

TOO HIGH

40LBS40EU200 ZV05

Signification

A too high difference between the position check backs of the extraction non-return valves
40LBS40AA051 and 40LBS40AA052 was detected.

Consequences

One extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

The position check backs of the extraction non-return flaps are to be monitored. If required, further measures to avoid reverse flow of water and steam are to be initiated.
Deactivate the pneumatic actuator 40LBS40AA051 manually to cause movement of
the flap disks.
The cause of the deviation is to be remedied at next opportunity.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 16-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

MVT MON NRF EXTN 5

MVT < MIN

40LBS50EU200 XV01

Signification

The disk of the extraction non return valve with closure-assist 40LBS50AA051 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator manually to cause movement of the flap disk.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 5

MVT < MIN

40LBS50EU200 XV03

Signification

The disk of the extraction non-return valve with closure-assist 40LBS50AA052 has not
moved significantly for 90 days.

Consequences

The extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

Deactivate the pneumatic actuator 40LBS50AA051 manually to cause movement of


the flap disk 40LBS50AA052.
Monitor the position check backs for disk movement > 2%.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

MVT MON NRF EXTN 5

TOO HIGH

40LBS50EU200 ZV05

Signification

A too high difference between the position check backs of the extraction non-return valves
40LBS50AA051 and 40LBS50AA052 was detected.

Consequences

One extraction non-return valve may be jammed and the turbine may be endangered due
to reverse flow of water or steam.

Intervention from Operator

The position check backs of the extraction non-return flaps are to be monitored. If required, further measures to avoid reverse flow of water and steam are to be initiated.
Deactivate the pneumatic actuator 40LBS50AA051 manually to cause movement of
the flap disks.
The cause of the deviation is to be remedied at next opportunity.

Further Measures

If no movement can be detected, take the next opportunity to decrease the flow through the
extraction non-return valve such that the valve disk moves by at least 5 (8,5%).

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 17-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

L DRN PAN HPS ESV 1

HIGH

The level at the drain collecting pan at the HP emergency stop valve 1 (40MAA11AA051)
is high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, shut down the steam turbine.

Remarks

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the pan.
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

HP ESV 1 FAILED TO OPEN

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAA11CL011 XG01

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

40MAA11EG001 ZV01

Signification

The pilot valve (40MAA11AA011) of the HP emergency stop valve 1 (40MAA11AA051) is


off and the HP emergency stop valve 1 has not reached open position.
There is a fault in the actuator.

Consequences

An automatic startup of the steam turbine via SGC steam turbine will be stopped.

Intervention from Operator

Check if the SLC for the HP valve combination (40MAA10EE001) is in automatic mode.

Further Measures

Remarks
HP ESV 1 POSN ACT VAL
Signification

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function.


Check the system pressure of control fluid.
Check the position sensor of the hydraulic actuator for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

FAULT

40MAA11FG051 XM20

The position measurement conditioning for the HP emergency stop valve 1


(40MAA11AA051) detects a fault.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the HP emergency stop valve position as
an input value may not be working correctly.
Closing time determintation for the HP emergency stop valve 1 (40MAA11AA051) is no
longer possible.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer and the dedicated hardware inputs for HP emergency stop
valve 1 (40MAA11AA051).
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

A position transducer is read in on two analog inputs of different AddFEM modules (hardware redundancy). The valid actual value is aquired with a maximum selection of the two
analog inputs.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 18-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP CTRL-V1 CTRL O/P HW

40MAA12AA012 XM01

At least one hardware channel comprising an analog output and a dedicated control coil for
the valve position controller of the servo valve of HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) is
faulty.

Consequences

Control is still possible via the redundant hardware channel.


If there is a fault in both hardware channels (double fault), the HP control valve 1
(40MAA12AA151) can no longer be positioned. The HP control valve 1 drifts in CLOSE
position. Emergency stop actuation is still possible. An automated valve testing is not possible any more.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check for correct operation of the valve position controller for HP control valve 1
(40MAA12AA151) including the valve actuating equipment.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

HP CTRL-V1 CTRL O/P OPPNT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAA12AA012 XM02

Signification

There is an excessive deviation between the operating point of the servo valve and the
output of the position controller for HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) in steady-state
conditions.

Consequences

HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) may not reach the required position (if large deviation
remains).

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the servo valve (40MAA12AA012) including the actuating equipment for HP
control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151).
If necessary, adjust the operating point of the servo valve (40MAA12AA012).

Remarks
HP CTRL-V1 POSN MEAS CAN 1

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAA12CG151 XM20

Signification

Position measuring channel 2 of the HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151), comprising position transducer 2 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of HP control valve 1
(40MAA12AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 2 to be used directly
in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 1 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 19-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP CTRL-V1 POSN MEAS CAN 2

FAULT

Position measuring channel 1 of the HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151), comprising position transducer 1 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of HP control valve 1
(40MAA12AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 1 to be used directly
in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 2 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

L DRN PAN HPS CTRL-V 1

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAA12CG152 XM20

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAA12CL011 XG01

Signification

The level at the drain collecting pan at the HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) is high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, shut down the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Remarks

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the pan
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

HP CTRL-V1 DO TRIP SOLV

FAULT

40MAA12DG050 XM02

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because at least one of the two digital outputs for activating
a trip solenoid valve (40MAA12AA014) on HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) is not able
to output the specified conditions.

Consequences

Availability of the turbine controller is limited.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The fault has to be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 20-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP CTRL-V1 POSN ACT VAL

40MAA12FG151 XM02

The equipment processing the position of the HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) has
detected a non-coincidence, as the deviation between the two measuring channels is
greater than a stipulated preset limit.

Consequences

The measuring channel which is active in the MAX logic is used in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check that all position measurement channels for the HP control valve 1
(40MAA12AA151) are functioning properly.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

HP CTRL-V1 POSN ACT VAL

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

NONCOINC

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAA12FG151 XM20

Signification

The equipment processing the HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) position feedback has
detected a fault, as no valid position actual value is available.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the position feedback as an input value may not
be working correctly.
Closing time determination for HP Control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) is not possible.
HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) is slowly closed.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The position transducers and the dedicated hardware inputs for the HP control valve 1
(40MAA12AA151) have to be checked.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks
OL VLV CTRL O/P HW

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAA14AA012 XM01

Signification

At least one hardware channel comprising an analog output and a dedicated control coil for
the valve position controller of the servo valve of the overload control valve
(40MAA14AA151) is faulty.

Consequences

Control is still possible via the redundant hardware channel.


If there is a fault in both hardware channels (double fault), the overload control valve
(40MAA14AA151) can no longer be positioned. The overload control valve drifts in CLOSE
position. Emergency stop actuation is still possible. An automated valve testing is not possible any more.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check for correct operation of the valve position controller for overload control valve
(40MAA14AA151) including the valve actuating equipment.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 21-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

OL VLV CTRL O/P OPPNT

40MAA14AA012 XM02

There is an excessive deviation between the operating point of the servo valve and the
output of the position controller for the overload valve (40MAA14AA151) in steady-state
conditions.

Consequences

The overload control valve (40MAA14AA151) may not reach the required position (if large
deviation remains).

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the servo valve (40MAA14AA012) including the actuating equipment for the
overload control valve (40MAA14AA151).
If necessary, adjust the operating point of the servo valve (40MAA14AA012).

OL CTRL-V1 POSN MEAS CAN 1

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAA14CG151 XM20

Signification

Position measuring channel 1 of the overload control valve 1 (40MAA14AA151), comprising


position transducer 1 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of overload control valve
1 (40MAA14AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 2 to be used directly in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 1 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

OL CTRL-V1 POSN MEAS CAN 2

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

FAULT

40MAA14CG152 XM20

Signification

Position measuring channel 2 of the overload control valve 1 (40MAA14AA151), comprising


position transducer 2 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of overload control valve
1 (40MAA14AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 1 to be used directly in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 2 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 22-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

L DRN PAN OVERLOAD VLV

HIGH

The level at the drain collecting pan at the overload valve (40MAA14AA151) is high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a large leak in the actuator, the relevant steam valve must be closed and the
pressurized side of the actuator must be sealed at the control fluid supply point. Operation
of the steam turbine can continue.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAA14CL011 XG01

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the collecting pan.
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

OL VLV DO TRIP SOLV

FAULT

40MAA14DG050 XM02

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because at least one of the two digital outputs for activating
a trip solenoid valve (40MAA14AA014) on the overload valve (40MAA14AA151) is not able
to output the specified conditions.

Consequences

Availability of the turbine controller is limited.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

SLC OVERLOAD VLV

N. READY

40MAA14EE001 XT01

Signification

The SLC for the overload valve (40MAA14EE001) is not activated or the HP control valve
2 is not open enough although the automatic turbine tester for valves (40MAY01EC200) is
running.

Consequences

The automatic turbine tester does not check the overload valve.

Intervention from Operator

Check the position of the HP control valve 2.


Ensure the SLC for the overload valve (40MAA14EE001) is switched on, if a check is
planned.
Observe the sequence of the automatic turbine tester program.

Further Measures

Verify the position transmitter of the HP control valve 2 (40MAA22CG151) including


the control circuit with regard to correct function.
Verify the SLC for the overload valve (40MAA14EE001) with regard to correct function.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 23-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

OL VLV POSN ACT VAL

FAULT

The equipment processing the overload control valve (40MAA14AA151) position feedback
has detected a fault, as no valid position actual value is available.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the position feedback as an input value may not
be working correctly.
Closing time determination for the overload control valve (40MAA14AA151) is not possible.
The overload control valve (40MAA14AA151) is slowly closed.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The position transducers and the dedicated hardware inputs for the overload control
valve (40MAA14AA151) have to be checked.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.
A position transducer is read in on two analog inputs of different AddFEM modules (hardware redundancy). The valid actual value is aquired with a maximum selection of the two
analog inputs.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

L DRN PAN HPS ESV 2

HIGH

40MAA21CL011 XG01

Signification

The level at the drain collecting pan at the HP emergency stop valve 2 (40MAA21AA051)
is high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, shut down the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Remarks

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the pan
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

HP ESV 2 FAILED TO OPEN

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAA14FG151 XM20

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

40MAA21EG001 ZV01

Signification

The pilot valve (40MAA21AA011) of the HP emergency stop valve 2 (40MAA21AA051) is


off and the HP emergency stop valve 2 has not reached open position.
There is a fault in the actuator.

Consequences

An automatic startup of the steam turbine via SGC steam turbine will be stopped.

Intervention from Operator

Check if the SLC for the HP valve combination (40MAA20EE001) is in automatic mode.

Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function.


Check the system pressure of control fluid.
Check the position sensor of the hydraulic actuator for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 24-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP ESV 2 POSN ACT VAL

40MAA21FG051 XM20

The position measurement conditioning for the HP emergency stop valve 2


(40MAA21AA051) detects a fault.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the HP emergency stop valve position as an
input value may not be working correctly.
Closing time determintation for the HP emergency stop valve 2 (40MAA21AA051) is no
longer possible.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer and the dedicated hardware inputs for HP emergency stop
valve 1 (40MAA21AA051).
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

HP CTRL-V2 CTRL O/P HW

A position transducer is read in on two analog inputs of different AddFEM modules (hardware redundancy). The valid actual value is aquired with a maximum selection of the two
analog inputs.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAA22AA012 XM01

Signification

At least one hardware channel comprising an analog output and a dedicated control coil for
the valve position controller of the servo valve of HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) is
faulty.

Consequences

Control is still possible via the redundant hardware channel.


If there is a fault in both hardware channels (double fault), the HP control valve 2
(40MAA22AA151) can no longer be positioned. The HP control valve 2 drifts in CLOSE
position. Emergency stop actuation is still possible. An automated valve testing is not possible any more.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check for correct operation of the valve position controller for HP control valve 2
(40MAA22AA151) including the valve actuating equipment.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks
HP CTRL-V2 CTRL O/P OPPNT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAA22AA012 XM02

Signification

There is an excessive deviation between the operating point of the servo valve and the
output of the position controller for HP control valve 2 in the steady-state condition.

Consequences

HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) may not reach the required position (if large deviation
remains).

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the servo valve (40MAA22AA012) including the actuating equipment for HP
control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151).
If necessary, adjust the operating point of the servo valve (40MAA22AA012).

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 25-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP CTRL-V2 POSN MEAS CAN 1

40MAA22CG151 XM20

Position measuring channel 1 of the HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151), comprising position transducer 1 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of HP control valve 2
(40MAA22AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 2 to be used directly
in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 1 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

HP CTRL-V2 POSN MEAS CAN 2

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

FAULT

40MAA22CG152 XM20

Signification

Position measuring channel 2 of the HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151), comprising position transducer 2 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of HP control valve 2
(40MAA22AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 1 to be used directly
in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 2 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

L DRN PAN HPS CTRL-V 2

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

HIGH

40MAA22CL011 XG01

Signification

The level at the drain collecting pan at the HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) is high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, shut down the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the pan
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 26-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP CTRL-V2 DO TRIP SOLV

40MAA22DG050 XM02

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because at least one of the two digital outputs for activating
trip solenoid valve (40MAA22AA014) on HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) is not able
to output the specified conditions.

Consequences

Availability of the turbine controller is limited.

Intervention from Operator

Observe further shown annunciations and initiate measurements for fault rectifying and
trouble shooting.

Further Measures

The fault has to be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

HP CTRL-V2 POSN ACT VAL

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

FAULT

40MAA22FG151 XM20

Signification

The equipment processing the HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) position feedback has
detected a fault, as no valid position actual value is available.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the position feedback as an input value may not
be working correctly.
Closing time determination for HP Control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) is not possible.
HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) is slowly closed.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The position transducers and the dedicated hardware inputs for the HP control valve 2
(40MAA22AA151) have to be checked.
Check for correct operation of the position monitoring equipment for HP control valve
2 (40MAA22AA151).
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

HP RATIO PRES PROT

A position transducer is read in on two analog inputs of different AddFEM modules (hardware redundancy). The valid actual value is aquired with a maximum selection of the two
analog inputs.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAIL

40MAA50EZ110 XK20

Signification

The pressure protection circuit has failed.


All three measuring channels 40MAA50CP011, 40MAA50CP012, 40MAA50CP013 or all
three measuring channels 40LBC10CP001, 40LBC10CP002, 40LBC10CP003 have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and the opening of the bypass
stations.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned alarm.

Further Measures

Check the channels of the pressure protection circuit (40MAA50CP011,


40MAA50CP012, 40MAA50CP013, 40LBC10CP001, 40LBC10CP002,
40LBC10CP003) for correct function.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Protection circuit to avoid overheating of the HP-Blading.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 27-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP RATIO PRES PROT


Signification

Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HP RATIO PRES PROT

FAULT

40MAA50EZ110 XK93

The pressure protection circuit has a fault, because at least one measuring channel is faulty
(40MAA50CP011, 40MAA50CP012, 40MAA50CP013 or 40LBC10CP001,
40LBC10CP002, 40LBC10CP003).
The concerned protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If either all three measuring systems of the "HIGH PRESSURE TURBINE BLADING
DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE" (40MAA50CP011,40MAA50CP012, 40MAA50CP013)
measurement or all three pressure measuring systems of the "COLD REHEAT NONRETURN FLAP UPSTREAM PRESSURE" (40LBC10CP001, 40LBC10CP002,
40LBC10CP003) measurement are faulty, the protection logic has failed and therefore
a steam turbine trip will be actuated.

Check the measuring systems (40MAA50CP011, 40MAA50CP012, 40MAA50CP013)


and (40LBC10CP001, 40LBC10CP002, 40LBC10CP003) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Protection circuit to avoid overheating of the HP-Blading.
LOW

40MAA50EZ110 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the protection circuit annunciates a pressure ratio lower than the
warning limit.

Consequences

It is not allowed to operate the steam turbine continuously by low HP pressure ratio. A logic
accumulates the pressure as a function of time (integral). If the integral exceeds a maximum
allowable value, the steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the operating conditions of the HP turbine (particularly the pressures such as
the DP HP-BLD - 40MAA50CP011, 40MAA50CP012, 40MAA50CP013 and the
PRES CLD REHT BEF NRF -40LBC10CP001, 40LBC10CP002, 40LBC10CP003).
Monitor the value HP differential pressure, TREST; TRESTindicates remaining time to a
possible trip.
Increase the steam mass flow over the HP turbine
Reduce pressure in cold reheat line according to the allowable reheater operation limits.
Shut down the steam turbine, if necessary.

Further Measures

Ascertain how many channels of the pressure protection circuit have reached the warning limit.
Check the measuring systems (40MAA50CP011, 40MAA50CP012, 40MAA50CP013,
40LBC10CP001, 40LBC10CP002, 40LBC10CP003) including control circuit for correct
function.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Check position limiter (40MAA12DG010, 40MAA22DG010); they should be attuned to
105%.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Protection circuit to avoid overheating of the HP-Blading.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 28-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP RATIO PRES PROT

TRIP

40MAA50EZ110 XK96

Signification

The pressure protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either due to a too low
pressure ratio over the HP turbine or due to a failure of the protection (refer to fault alarm
40MAA50EZ110 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and opening of the bypass stations.
Ascertain which fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault alarm.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Protection circuit to avoid overheating of the HP-Blading.

TEMP HP EXH PROT


Signification

Consequences

FAIL

40MAA50EZ120 XK20

The temperature protection circuit has failed.


All three measuring channels of at least one of the following measuring systems have a
fault:
-

HP exhaust steam temperature


............................................40MAA50CT021A, 40MAA50CT022A, 40MAA50CT023A

HP inner casing steam temperature


............................................40MAA50CT011A, 40MAA50CT012A, 40MAA50CT013A

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and opening of the bypass station.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned alarm.

Further Measures

Check the following measuring devices for correct function:


-

40MAA50CT021A, 40MAA50CT022A, 40MAA50CT023A

40MAA50CT011A, 40MAA50CT012A, 40MAA50CT013A

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.
Remarks

Protection circuit to avoid overheating of the HP blading.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 29-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TEMP HP EXH PROT


Signification

FAULT

40MAA50EZ120 XK93

The temperature protection circuit notifies a fault, because at least one of the three channels
of the following used temperature measuring systems is faulty:
HP exhaust steam temperature
............................................40MAA50CT021A, 40MAA50CT022A, 40MAA50CT023A
HP inner casing steam temperature
............................................40MAA50CT011A, 40MAA50CT012A, 40MAA50CT013A

Consequences

The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.


If all three channels of one of the following measuring systems are faulty, the protection
logic has failed and therefore a steam turbine trip will be actuated:

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Check the following measuring devices for correct function:


HP exhaust steam temperature
............................................40MAA50CT021A, 40MAA50CT022A, 40MAA50CT023A
HP inner casing steam temperature
............................................40MAA50CT011A, 40MAA50CT012A, 40MAA50CT013A
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Protection circuit to avoid overheating of the HP-blading.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HP exhaust steam temperature


............................................40MAA50CT021A, 40MAA50CT022A, 40MAA50CT023A
HP inner casing steam temperature
............................................40MAA50CT011A, 40MAA50CT012A, 40MAA50CT013A

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 30-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TEMP HP EXH PROT

HIGH

40MAA50EZ120 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the temperature protection circuit has exceeded the warning limit.

Consequences

If at least two of the three channels of the steam temperature protection circuit reach the
trip limit, the steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the following steam temperatures:


-

HP exhaust steam temperature


......................................40MAA50CT021A, 40MAA50CT022A, 40MAA50CT023A

HP inner casing steam temperature


......................................40MAA50CT011A, 40MAA50CT012A, 40MAA50CT013A

Increase the steam mass flow over the HP turbine.


Reduce main steam temperature.
Reduce pressure in cold reheat line pressure according to allowable reheater operation
limits.
Shut down the steam turbine, if necessary.

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Further Measures

Ascertain how many channels of the steam temperature protection circuit have reached
the warning limit.
Check the following channels of the temperature protection circuit for correct function:
-

40MAA50CT021A, 40MAA50CT022A, 40MAA50CT023A

40MAA50CT011A, 40MAA50CT012A, 40MAA50CT013A

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Check position limiter (40MAA12DG010, 40MAA22DG010); it should be attuned to
105%.
Remarks
TEMP HP EXH PROT

Protection circuit to avoid overheating of the HP blading.


TRIP

40MAA50EZ120 XK96

Signification

The steam temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either due to
actuation of the channels of the steam temperature protection circuit or due to a failure of
the protection (refer to fault alarm "TEMP HP EXH PROT - FAIL" - 40MAA50EZ120 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and opening of the bypass stations.
Ascertain which other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Protection circuit to avoid overheating of the HP-Blading.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Further Measures

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 31-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP WET STM MONITORING

40MAA50FT021M XH52

The HP steam exhaust temperature has dropped below the warning value.

Consequences

If the HP wet steam monitoring detects a very low exhaust steam temperature of the HP
turbine (fault alarm "HP WET STM MONITORING < MIN" 40MAA50FT021M XH54), the
steam turbine must be shut down.

Intervention from Operator

Keep the steam turbine load and the position of the main steam turbine control valves
(40MAA12FG151, 40MAA22FG151) constant.
Increase the main steam temperature upstream of the emergency stop valves
(40LBA11CT007A, 40LBA12CT007A).
Observe the main steam temperatures upstream of the emergency stop valves
(40LBA11CT007A, 40LBA12CT007A) and the HP exhaust steam temperature
(40MAA50CT021A).

Further Measures

Check the final HP steam temperature control of the boilers, which are in operation,
including the control equipment with regard to correct function.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

HP WET STM MONITORING

The presence of wet steam in the HP exhaust region results in intense heat transfer and
possible deformation of the shaft seal area.
< MIN

40MAA50FT021M XH54

Signification

The HP exhaust steam temperature has dropped below the alarm value.

Consequences

If the HP wet steam monitoring detects a too low exhaust steam temperature of the HP
turbine (fault alarm 40MAA50FT021M XH56), the steam turbine must be tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Shut down the steam turbine immediately by manual activation of the shutdown program
of the SGC steam turbine (40MAY10EC001).

Further Measures

Remarks

HP WET STM MONITORING

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the low exhaust steam temperature and rectify it before next
start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next start-up.
The presence of wet steam in the HP exhaust region results in intense heat transfer and
possible deformation of the shaft seal area.
<< MIN

40MAA50FT021M XH56

Signification

The HP exhaust steam temperature has dropped below the minimum permissible value.

Consequences

The steam turbine could be damaged possibly.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately pressing the corresponding push-button manually.

Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

MIN

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the low exhaust steam temperature and rectify it before next
start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next start-up.
The presence of wet steam in the HP exhaust region results in intense heat transfer and
possible deformation of the shaft seal area.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 32-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP WET STM MONITORING

40MAA50FT021M XK20

The HP wet steam monitoring detects a failure, because at least one measuring channel
of the used equipment is faulty (40LBA11CT007A, 40LBA12CT007A, 40LBC10CP001,
40MAA50CT021A).

Consequences

Possibly the HP wet steam monitoring system does not work correct.

Intervention from Operator

Shutdown the steam turbine immediately by manual activation of the shut-down program
of the SGC steam turbine (40MAY10EC001).

Remarks

Verify the HP steam temperature measuring system (40LBA11CT007A,


40LBA12CT007A) with regard to correct function.
Verify the cold reheat line pressure measuring system (40LBC10CP001) with regard
to correct function.
Verify the HP exhaust steam temperature measurement (40MAA50CT021A) with regard to correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine.
The presence of wet steam in the HP exhaust region results in intense heat transfer and
possible deformation of the shaft seal area.

TEMP BEH STG PIST

> MAX

40MAA50FT025 XH01

Signification

The steam temperature behind stage piston of the HP-turbine has risen above the warning
value.

Consequences

If the steam temperature increases to the alarm value ( 40MAA50FT025 XH03), the steam
turbine must be shut down

Intervention from Operator

Observe the steam temperature behind stage piston 40MAA50FT025 XH03.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the high temperature behind the stage piston in the HP turbine
and rectify it immediately.
Close the overload valve.
Lower the steam temperature before the HP steam turbine.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.

Remarks

The steam temperature behind stage piston of the HP-turbine is measured by thermocouple
40MAA50CT025A.

TEMP BEH STG PIST

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAIL

>> MAX

40MAA50FT025 XH03

Signification

The steam temperature behind stage piston of the HP-turbine has risen above the alarm
value.

Consequences

Temperatures above the alarm limit can have a serious impact on the lifetime of the steam
turbine. The steam turbine must be shut down immediately by using the automatic shut
down sequence.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Ascertain the cause of the high temperature behind the stage piston in the HP turbine
and rectify it before next start-up.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
The steam temperature behind stage piston of the HP-turbine is measured by thermocouple
40MAA50CT025A.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 33-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TEMP BEH STG PIST

40MAA50FT025 XK93

Signification

The measuring system 40MAA50CT025A, which is used for the measuring of the temperature behind stage piston is faulty.

Consequences

The proper measurement of the temperature behind stage piston is no longer possible.

Intervention from Operator

If the steam temperature behind stage piston was below the warnig value before the fault
occurred, keep steam temperature before HP turbine and steam turbine load constant.
Switch the measurement system to the spare probe 40MAA50CT026A.
If the steam temperature behind the stage piston was above the warnig value before the
fault occurred and switching the measurement to the spare probe is not possible shut down
the steam turbine by initiating the automatic shut down sequence.

Further Measures
Remarks

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%


Signification

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up.
The steam temperature behind stage piston of the HP-turbine is measured by thermocouple
40MAA50CT025A. In case of a fault of the thermocouple the measurement system can be
switched over to 40MAA50CT026A.
HIGH POS

40MAA50FT051 XH01

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during turning gear operation of
the turbine.

Consequences

If the temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of a casing
distortion.
During start-up of the steam turbine the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the temperature difference is within the required limits
before the turbine is warmed up at heat soak speed.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the temperature difference 40MAA50FT051.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and
rectify it immediately.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.

Remarks

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 34-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during turning gear operation of the
turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of a casing distortion and therefore a possible blade rubbing.

Intervention from Operator

Close emergency stop valves if open.

Remarks

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAA50FT051 XH03

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TOO HIGH POS A

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and
rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next
start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.
HIGH POS

40MAA50FT051 XH05

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during heat soaking of the turbine.
If the temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of casing
distortion. In this case the turbine has to be tripped due to possible blade rubbing.
During start-up of the steam turbine the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the temperature difference is within the required limits
before the turbine is run up to rated speed.
Monitor the temperature difference 40MAA50FT051.
Stop increase in steam temperature ahead of turbine.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and
rectify it immediately.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.
TOO HIGH POS A

40MAA50FT051 XH07

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during heat soaking of the turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing .

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately pressing the corresponding push-button manually.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and
rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next
start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 35-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%

40MAA50FT051 XH09

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during load operation of the steam
turbine.

Consequences

If the temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of casing distortion.
In this case the turbine has to be tripped due to possible blade rubbing.

Intervention from Operator

Increase the steam mass flow through the steam turbine, if possible and keep the steam
temperature ahead of the turbine constant.
Monitor the temperature difference 40MAA50FT051.

Further Measures

Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and
rectify it immediately.

Remarks

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.
TOO HIGH POS A

40MAA50FT051 XH11

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during load operation of the steam
turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately by pressing the corresponding push-button manually.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and
rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next
start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.

Remarks

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH POS

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 36-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%


Signification

40MAA50FT051 XH52

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during turning gear operation of
the turbine.

Consequences

If the absolute temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of a
casing distortion.
During start-up of the steam turbine the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the temperature difference is within the required limits
before the turbine is warmed up at heat soak speed.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the temperature difference 40MAA50FT051.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and rectify it immediately.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.

Remarks

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.
TOO HIGH NEG A

40MAA50FT051 XH54

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during turning gear operation of the
turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing .

Intervention from Operator

Close emergency stop valves, if open.

Further Measures

Remarks

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during
next start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH NEG

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 37-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%

HIGH NEG

40MAA50FT051 XH56

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during heat soaking of the turbine.
If the absolute temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of
casing distortion. In this case the turbine has to be tripped due to possible blade rubbing .
During start-up of the steam turbine the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the temperature difference is within the required limits
before the turbine is run up to rated speed.
Monitor the temperature difference 40MAA50FT051.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and rectify it immediately.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.
TOO HIGH NEG A

40MAA50FT051 XH58

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during heat soaking of the turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing .

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately by pressing the corresponding push-button manually.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during
next start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.

Remarks

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.
HIGH NEG

40MAA50FT051 XH60

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during load operation of the steam
turbine.

Consequences

If the absolute temperature difference increases, there is a risk of casing distortion. In this
case the turbine has to be tripped due to possible blade rubbing.

Intervention from Operator

Increase the steam mass flow through the steam turbine, if possible and keep the steam
temperature ahead of the turbine constant.
Monitor the temperature difference 40MAA50FT051.

Further Measures

Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and rectify it immediately.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 38-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CSG DISTOR HP TOP/BTM 50%

TOO HIGH NEG A

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the HP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during load operation of the steam
turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately by pressing the corresponding push-button manually.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the HP turbine casing and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during
next start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.

Remarks

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A.

CSG DISTOR HP
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Signification

FAULT

Intervention from Operator

L DRN PAN IPS ESV 1

40MAA50FT051 XK93

Correct calculation of the integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between
the top and the bottom of the HP turbine casing is no longer possible.
During start-up of the steam turbine, the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the fault has been rectified.
none

Further Measures

Remarks

At least one of the two temperature measuring systems, which are used for the calculation
of the integrated mean casing wall temperature difference of the HP turbine casing, is faulty.

Consequences

Check the measuring equipment 40MAA50CT051A and 40MAA50CT052A for correct


function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.
HIGH

40MAB11CL011 XG01

Signification

The level at the drain collecting pan at the IP emergency stop valve 1 (40MAB11AA051) is
high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, shut down the steam turbine.

Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAA50FT051 XH62

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the pan.
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 39-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP ESV 1 FAILED TO OPEN

40MAB11EG001 ZV01

The pilot valve (40MAB11AA011) of the IP emergency stop valve 1 (40MAB11AA051) is


off and the IP emergency stop valve 1 has not reached open position.
There is a fault in the actuator.

Consequences

An automatic startup of the steam turbine via SGC steam turbine will be stopped.

Intervention from Operator

Check if the SLC for the IP valve combination (40MAB10EE001) is in automatic mode.

Remarks
IP ESV 1 POSN ACT VAL

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function.


Check the system pressure of control fluid.
Check the position sensor of the hydraulic actuator for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

FAULT

40MAB11FG051 XM20

Signification

The position measurement conditioning for the IP emergency stop valve 1


(40MAB11AA051) detects a fault.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the IP emergency stop valve position as an input
value may not be working correctly.
Closing time determintation for the IP emergency stop valve 1 (40MAB11AA051) is no longer possible.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer and the dedicated hardware inputs for IP emergency stop
valve 1 (40MAB11AA051).
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

IP CTRL-V1 CTRL O/P HW

A position transducer is read in on two analog inputs of different AddFEM modules (hardware redundancy). The valid actual value is aquired with a maximum selection of the two
analog inputs.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAB12AA012 XM01

Signification

At least one hardware channel comprising an analog output and a dedicated control coil for
the valve position controller of the servo valve of IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) is
faulty.

Consequences

Control is still possible via the redundant hardware channel.


If there is a fault in both hardware channels (double fault), the IP control valve 1
(40MAB12AA151) can no longer be positioned. The IP control valve 1 drifts in CLOSE
position. Emergency stop actuation is still possible. An automated valve testing is not possible any more.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check for correct operation of the valve position controller for IP control valve 1
(40MAB12AA151) including the valve actuating equipment.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 40-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP CTRL-V1 CTRL O/P OPPNT

40MAB12AA012 XM02

There is an excessive deviation between the operating point of the servo valve and the
output of the position controller for IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) in the steady-state
condition.

Consequences

IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) may not reach the required position (if large deviation
exists).

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the servo valve (40MAB12AA012) including the actuating equipment for IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151).
If necessary, adjust the operating point of the servo valve (40MAB12AA012).

IP CTRL-V1 POSN MEAS CAN 1

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAB12CG151 XM20

Signification

Position measuring channel 1 of the IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151), comprising position transducer 1 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of IP control valve 1
(40MAB12AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 2 to be used directly
in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 1 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

IP CTRL-V1 POSN MEAS CAN 2

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

FAULT

40MAB12CG152 XM20

Signification

Position measuring channel 2 of the IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151), comprising position transducer 2 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of IP control valve 1
(40MAB12AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 1 to be used directly
in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 2 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 41-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

L DRN PAN IPS CTRL-V 1

HIGH

The level at the drain collecting pan at the IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) is high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, shut down the steam turbine.

Remarks

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the pan.
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

IP CTRL-V1 DO TRIP SOLV

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAB12CL011 XG01

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MAB12DG050 XM02

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because at least one of the two digital outputs for activating
a trip solenoid valve (40MAB12AA014) on IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) is not able
to output the specified conditions.

Consequences

Availability of the turbine controller is limited.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting and
fault clearance.

Further Measures
Remarks
IP CTRL-V1 POSN ACT VAL

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

NONCOINC

40MAB12FG151 XM02

Signification

The equipment processing the position of the IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) has
detected a non-coincidence, as the deviation between the two measuring channels is
greater than a stipulated preset limit.

Consequences

The measuring channel which is active in the MAX logic is used in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check that all position measurement channels for the IP control valve 1
(40MAB12AA151) are functioning properly.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 42-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP CTRL-V1 POSN ACT VAL

FAULT

The equipment processing the IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) position feedback has
detected a fault, as no valid position actual value is available.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the position feedback as an input value may not
be working correctly.
Closing time determination for IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) is not possible.
IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) is slowly closed.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The position transducers and the dedicated hardware inputs for the IP control valve 1
(40MAB12AA151) have to be checked.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

L DRN PAN IPS ESV 2

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAB12FG151 XM20

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAB21CL011 XG01

Signification

The level at the drain collecting pan at the IP emergency stop valve 2 (40MAB21AA051) is
high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, shut down the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Remarks

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the pan.
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

IP ESV 2 FAILED TO OPEN

N. OPEN

40MAB21EG001 ZV01

Signification

The pilot valve (40MAB21AA011) of the IP emergency stop valve 2 (40MAB21AA051) is


off and the IP emergency stop valve 2 has not reached open position.
There is a fault in the actuator.

Consequences

An automatic startup of the steam turbine via SGC steam turbine will be stopped.

Intervention from Operator

Check if the SLC for IP valve combination (40MAB20EE001) is in automatic mode.

Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function.


Check the system pressure of control fluid.
Check the position sensor of the hydraulic actuator for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 43-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP ESV 2 POSN ACT VAL

40MAB21FG051 XM20

The position measurement conditioning for the IP emergency stop valve 2


(40MAB21AA051) detects a fault.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the IP emergency stop valve position as an input
value may not be working correctly.
Closing time determintation for the IP emergency stop valve 2 (40MAB21AA051) is no longer possible.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer and the dedicated hardware inputs for IP emergency stop
valve 2 (40MAB21AA051).
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

IP CTRL-V2 CTRL O/P HW

A position transducer is read in on two analog inputs of different AddFEM modules (hardware redundancy). The valid actual value is aquired with a maximum selection of the two
analog inputs.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAB22AA012 XM01

Signification

At least one hardware channel comprising an analog output and a dedicated control coil for
the valve position controller of the servo valve of IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) is
faulty.

Consequences

Control is still possible via the redundant hardware channel.


If there is a fault in both hardware channels (double fault), the IP control valve 2
(40MAB22AA151) can no longer be positioned. The IP control valve 2 drifts in CLOSE
position. Emergency stop actuation is still possible. An automated valve testing is not possible any more.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check for correct operation of the valve position controller for IP control valve 2
(40MAB22AA151) including the valve actuating equipment.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks
IP CTRL-V2 CTRL O/P OPPNT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
FAULT

40MAB22AA012 XM02

Signification

There is an excessive deviation between the operating point of the servo valve and the
output of the position controller for IP control valve 2 in the steady-state condition.

Consequences

IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) may not reach the required position (if large deviation
exists).

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the servo valve (40MAB22AA012) including the actuating equipment for IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151).
Where applicable, adjust the operating point of the servo valve (40MAB22AA012).

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 44-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP CTRL-V2 POSN MEAS CAN 1

40MAB22CG151 XM20

Position measuring channel 1 of the IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151), comprising position transducer 1 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of IP control valve 2
(40MAB22AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 2 to be used directly
in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 1 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

IP CTRL-V2 POSN MEAS CAN 2

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

FAULT

40MAB22CG152 XM20

Signification

Position measuring channel 2 of the IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151), comprising position transducer 2 and a dedicated analog input, is malfunctioning.

Consequences

The fault alarm causes the MAX logic gating for the valve position of IP control valve 2
(40MAB22AA151) processing to be bypassed and measuring channel 1 to be used directly
in the turbine control system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check position transducer 2 and the dedicated analog hardware input for correct mode
of operation.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

L DRN PAN IPS CTRL-V 2

The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).

HIGH

40MAB22CL011 XG01

Signification

The level at the drain collecting pan at the IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) is high.
There is a leakage at the hydraulic actuator.

Consequences

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, the control fluid can drop on hot surfaces.

Intervention from Operator

In the case of a major leak from the actuator, shut down the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the hydraulic actuator for correct function and try to remove the leakage.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Drain the pan.
If it is clear that a significant leakage has occurred in the control fluid system the turbine
generator unit cannot continue operation, but in this situation it is not necessary to initiate
turbine oil supply emergency operation for the turbine coast down.
Using the local EMERGENCY OFF pushbutton at the control fluid supply unit or by command from control room the control fluid supply can be interrupted before the level protection LOW at the control fluid tank will be actuated. Steam turbine trip is then automatically
initiated.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 45-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP CTRL-V2 DO TRIP SOLV

40MAB22DG050 XM02

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because at least one of the two digital outputs for activating
a trip solenoid valve (40MAB22AA014) on IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) is not able
to output the specified conditions.

Consequences

Availability of the turbine controller is limited.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The fault has to be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

IP CTRL-V2 POSN ACT VAL

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

FAULT

40MAB22FG151 XM20

Signification

The equipment processing the IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) position feedback has
detected a fault, as no valid position actual value is available.

Consequences

Closed loop controls and logics processing the position feedback as an input value may not
be working correctly.
Closing time determination for IP Control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) is not possible.
IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) is slowly closed.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The position transducers and the dedicated hardware inputs for the IP control valve 2
(40MAB22AA151) have to be checked.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

S. TEMP IP EXH STM

A position transducer is read in on two analog inputs of different AddFEM modules (hardware redundancy). The valid actual value is aquired with a maximum selection of the two
analog inputs.
The fault is also annunciated in case of I&C failure (e.g. module failure).
TOO HIGH

40MAB50CT021A XH01

Signification

The exhaust steam temperature of the IP steam turbine is too high.

Consequences

Danger of overheating the blading of the IP steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine manually.


Monitor the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and the opening of the bypass
stations.
Ascertain which other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check the temperature measurement sensor - 40MAB50CT021A and its control circuitry for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Monitoring logic to avoid overheating of the IP-Blading.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 46-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

S. TEMP IP EXH STM

HIGH

Signification

The exhaust steam temperature of the IP turbine is high.

Consequences

Danger of overheating the blading of the IP steam turbine.


Monitor the exhaust steam temperature of the IP turbine (40MAB50CT021A) and the
inflow steam parameter of the IP steam turbine.
Reduce temperature in hot reheat line according to the allowable reheater operation
limits.

Further Measures

Check the measuring system (40MAB50CT021A) including control circuit for correct
function.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Monitoring logic to avoid overheating of the IP-Blading.

IP WET STM PROT

FAIL

40MAB50EZ130 XK20

Signification

The IP exhaust wet steam temperature protection detects a failure on account of three faulty
measuring channels (40MAB50CT021A, 40MAB50CT022A, 40MAB50CT023A) or due to
a failure of LP inlet pressure signal formation (40MAC11FP001A).

Consequences

The fail alarm 40MAB50EZ130 XK96 is set off and the steam turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and the opening of the bypass
station.
Initiate actions for trouble shooting and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the IP exhaust steam temperature measuring systems (40MAB50CT021A,


40MAB50CT022A, 40MAB50CT023A) and LP inlet pressure signal formation
(40MAC11FP001A) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Protection of IP exhaust region against wet steam and the resulting intense heat transfer
and possible deformation of the shaft seal area.

IP WET STM PROT


Signification

FAULT

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

40MAB50EZ130 XK93

The IP exhaust wet steam temperature protection detects a fault, because at least one
measuring channel of the used equipment is faulty (40MAB50CT021A,
40MAB50CT022A, 40MAB50CT023A or 40MAC11FP001A).

Consequences

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAB50CT021A XH03

Intervention from Operator

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.


If all three measuring systems of the IP exhaust steam temperature or LP inlet pressure
signal formation are faulty, the protection circuit has failed and therefore a steam turbine
trip will be actuated.
Check the IP exhaust steam temperature measuring systems (40MAB50CT021A,
40MAB50CT022A, 40MAB50CT023A) and LP inlet pressure signal formation
(40MAC11FP001A) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify as soon as possible.
Protection of IP exhaust region against wet steam and the resulting intense heat transfer
and possible deformation of the shaft seal area.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 47-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP WET STM PROT

40MAB50EZ130 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the IP exhaust wet steam protection has reached the warning limit
of the IP exhaust wet steam protection circuit.

Consequences

If at least two of the three channels of the IP exhaust wet steam protection circuit reach the
trip limit, the steam turbine will be tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Initiate suitable measures to raise temperature at the turbine exhaust i.e. maintain existing output/valve lift and raise main steam temperature.
Observe the IP exhaust steam temperatures (40MAB50CT021A, 40MAB50CT022A,
40MAB50CT023A) and LP inlet pressure signal formation (40MAC11FP001A).

Further Measures

Check the IP exhaust steam temperature measuring systems (40MAB50CT021A,


40MAB50CT022A, 40MAB50CT023A) and LP inlet pressure signal formation
(40MAC11FP001A) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify as soon as possible.

Remarks

IP WET STM PROT

Protection of IP exhaust region against wet steam and the resulting intense heat transfer
and possible deformation of the shaft seal area.
TRIP

40MAB50EZ130 XK96

Signification

The IP wet steam protection has actuated a steam turbine trip (either on account of a too
low temperature difference between the IP exhaust steam temperature
40MAB50CT021A, 40MAB50CT022A, 40MAB50CT023A and the saturated steam temperature calculated using the LP inlet pressure signal formation 40MAC11FP001A or due
to a failure of the protection (refer to fault alarm 40MAB50EZ130 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and the opening of the bypass
stations.
Ascertain which fault alarms have been set off with the above mentioned fault alarm.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault (while taking into consideration the other fault alarms,
which have been set off before as well as the above mentioned fault alarm).
Rectify the cause of the fault before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Protection of IP exhaust region against wet steam and the resulting intense heat transfer
and possible deformation of the shaft seal area.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

MIN

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 48-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

40MAB50FT041 XH01

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during turning gear operation of
the turbine.

Consequences

If the temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of a casing distortion.
During start-up of the steam turbine the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the temperature difference is within the required limits before
the turbine is warmed up at heat soak speed.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the temperature difference 40MAB50FT041.

Further Measures

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH POS

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the IP turbine casing and
rectify it immediately.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.
TOO HIGH POS A

40MAB50FT041 XH03

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during turning gear operation of the
turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing at the stationary
part of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Close the emergency stop valves, if open.

Further Measures

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the IP turbine casing and
rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next
start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 49-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

40MAB50FT041 XH05

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during heat soaking of the turbine.

Consequences

If the temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of casing distortion.
In this case the turbine has to be tripped due to possible blade rubbing at the stationary part
of the turbine.
During start-up of the steam turbine the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the temperature difference is within the required limits before
the turbine is run up to rated speed.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the temperature difference 40MAB50FT041.

Further Measures

Remarks
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH POS

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

Stop increase in steam temperature ahead of the turbine.


Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the IP turbine casing and
rectify it immediately.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.
TOO HIGH POS A

40MAB50FT041 XH07

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during heat soaking of the turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing at the stationary
part of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately by pressing the corresponding push-button manually.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the IP turbine casing and
rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next
start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 50-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

40MAB50FT041 XH09

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during load operation of the steam
turbine.

Consequences

If the temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of casing distortion.
In this case the turbine has to be tripped due to possible blade rubbing at the stationary part
of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Increase the steam mass flow through the steam turbine, if possible and keep the steam
temperature ahead of the turbine constant.
Monitor the temperature difference 40MAB50FT041.

Further Measures

Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the IP turbine casing and
rectify it immediately.

Remarks

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A
TOO HIGH POS A

40MAB50FT041 XH11

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during load operation of the steam
turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing at the stationary
part of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately by pressing the corresponding push-button manually.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high temperature difference of the IP turbine casing and
rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during next
start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.

Remarks

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH POS

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 51-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

40MAB50FT041 XH52

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during turning gear operation of
the turbine.

Consequences

If the absolute temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of casing
distortion.
During start-up of the steam turbine the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the temperature difference is within the required limits before
the turbine is warmed up at heat soak speed.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the temperature difference 40MAB50FT041.

Further Measures

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH NEG

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the IP turbine casing
and rectify it immediately.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.
TOO HIGH NEG A

40MAB50FT041 XH54

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during turning gear operation of the
turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing at the stationary
part of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Close the emergency stop valves, if open.

Further Measures

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the IP turbine casing
and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during
next start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 52-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

40MAB50FT041 XH56

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during heat soaking of the turbine.

Consequences

If the absolute temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of casing
distortion. In this case the turbine has to be tripped due to possible blade rubbing at the
stationary part of the turbine.
During start-up of the steam turbine the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the temperature difference is within the required limits before
the turbine is run up to rated speed.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the temperature difference 40MAB50FT041.

Further Measures

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH NEG

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the IP turbine casing
and rectify it immediately.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.
TOO HIGH NEG A

40MAB50FT041 XH58

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during heat soaking of the turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing at the stationary
part of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately by pressing the corresponding push-button manually.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the IP turbine casing
and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during
next start-up.
Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Check the seal steam system for correct function for the current operating state of the
turbine.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 53-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

HIGH NEG

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the warning value during load operation of the steam
turbine.

Consequences

If the absolute temperature difference increases to the alarm value, there is a risk of casing
distortion. In this case the turbine has to be tripped due to possible blade rubbing at the
stationary part of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Increase the steam mass flow through the steam turbine, if possible and keep the steam
temperature in front of the turbine constant.
Monitor the temperature difference 40MAB50FT041.

Further Measures

Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the IP turbine casing
and rectify it immediately.
The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

TOO HIGH NEG A

40MAB50FT041 XH62

Signification

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the top and the bottom
of the IP turbine casing is higher than the alarm value during load operation of the steam
turbine.

Consequences

There is a risk of casing distortion and therefore possible blade rubbing at the stationary
part of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Trip the steam turbine immediately by pressing the corresponding push-button manually.
Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.


Check the drain system for correct function for the current operating state of the turbine.
Ascertain the cause of the high absolute temperature difference of the IP turbine casing
and rectify it before the next start-up of the steam turbine respectively avoid it during
next start-up.

Remarks

The integrated mean casing wall temperature difference is calculated as difference between
40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A.

CSG DISTOR IP TOP/BTM 50%

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAB50FT041 XH60

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MAB50FT041 XK93

Signification

At least one of the two temperature measuring systems, which are used for the calculation
of the integrated mean casing wall temperature difference of the IP turbine casing, is faulty.

Consequences

Correct calculation of the integrated mean casing wall temperature difference between the
top and the bottom of the IP turbine casing is no longer possible.
During start-up of the steam turbine, the start-up program of the SGC steam turbine
(40MAY10EC001) waits until the fault has been rectified.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the measuring equipment 40MAB50CT041A and 40MAB50CT042A for correct


function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.
-

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 54-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

WTR INJ LP-CASING1

PROT CLS

The LP casing water injection valve has been closed by a protection command. In this
operation mode (refer to point Remarks) too much injected water might cause erosion on
LP blading

Consequences

The LP turbine exhaust can not be cooled.


Monitor the LP turbine top exhaust steam temperature (median value
40MAC10FT071A of the measurements 40MAC10CT071A, 40MAC10CT072A,
40MAC10CT073A).
Monitor the temperature in LP turbine (40MAC10CT011A).
Lower seal steam header temperature.
Quit the alarm.

Further Measures

Remarks

This alarms is only indicated during turning gear operation while seal steam supply is in
operation, the bypass system is not in operation.

WTR INJ LP-CASING1

N. OPEN

40MAC01EG001 ZV01

Signification

The LP casing water injection valve (40MAC01AA051) is not open although the open command is present.

Consequences

The temperature at the LP Turbine end might increase further and might reach the limit
value for automatic turbine trip.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the LP turbine top exhaust steam temperature (median value


40MAC10FT071A of the measurements 40MAC10CT071A, 40MAC10CT072A,
40MAC10CT073A).
Monitor the LP inner casing temperature (40MAC10CT011A).

Further Measures

Check the measuring system (40MAC01CG051B, 40MAC01CG051C) including control circuit for correct function.
Check the control air system (40QFB) with regard to correct function.
Verify correct function of LP casing water injection valve (40MAC01AA051)
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

WTR INJ LP-CASING1

N. CLOSED

40MAC01EG002 ZV01

Signification

The LP casing water injection valve (40MAC01AA051) is not closed although the close
command is present.

Consequences

Continous water injection might cause blade erosion.

Intervention from Operator

Close the LP casing water injection valve (40MAC01AA051) manually.

Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAC01AA051A ZV04

Signification

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the measuring system (40MAC01CG051B, 40MAC01CG051C) including control circuit for correct function.
Check the control air system (40QFB) with regard to correct function.
Verify correct function of LP casing water injection valve (40MAC01AA051)
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 55-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LPT 1 FNL STG U/STR STMT

TOO HIGH

The value for the steam temperature has reached the alarm value (40MAC10CT011A
XH01).

Consequences

Danger of overheating the blading of the LP steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

The steam turbine has to be tripped manually.


Monitor the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and the opening of the bypass
stations.
Ascertain which other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check the measuring system (40MAC10CT011A) including control circuit for correct
function.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.
Check the adjustment of the reducing valve of LP hood spray (40MAC01AA252) and
check the whole cooling system of the LP blading/casing for correct function.

LPT 1 FNL STG U/STR STMT

HIGH

40MAC10CT011A XH03

Signification

The value for the steam temperature has reached the warning value (40MAC10CT011A).

Consequences

Danger of overheating the blading of the LP steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Check the measuring system (40MAC10CT011A) including control circuit for correct
function.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Check the adjustment of the reducing valve of LP hood spray (40MAC01AA252) and
check the whole cooling system of the LP blading/casing for correct function.

Remarks

Signification

Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Monitor the steam temperature (40MAC10CT011A).


Increase the steam mass flow over the steam turbine
Increase the condenser vacuum, if possible.
Shut down the steam turbine, if necessary.

LP 1 EXHAUST TEMP PROT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAC10CT011A XH01

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MAC10EZ210 XK93

The temperature protection circuit has a fault, because at least one of the temperature
measurement channels (40MAC10CT071A, 40MAC10CT072A, 40MAC10CT073A) is faulty.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems (40MAC10CT071A, 40MAC10CT072A,
40MAC10CT073A) are faulty, the protection logic has failed and therefore a steam
turbine trip will be actuated.

Check the measuring systems (40MAC10CT071A, 40MAC10CT072A,


40MAC10CT073A) including control circuit for correct function.
Analyse alarm message for every protection channel on the alarm sequence.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 56-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LP 1 EXHAUST TEMP PROT

40MAC10EZ210 XK94

At least one channel of the temperature protection circuit has reached the warning limit.

Consequences

If at least two of the three channels of the steam temperature protection circuit reach the
trip limit, the steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the steam temperatures (40MAC10CT071A, 40MAC10CT072A,


40MAC10CT073A).
Increase the steam mass flow over the LP turbine.
Reduce hot reheat steam temperature according to the allowable reheater operation
limits.
Increase the condenser vacuum, if possible.
Shut down the steam turbine, if necessary.

Further Measures

Check the measuring systems (40MAC10CT071A, 40MAC10CT072A,


40MAC10CT073A) including control circuit for correct function.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
Check the adjustment of the reducing valve of LP hood spray (40MAC01AA252) and
check the whole cooling system of the LP blading/casing for correct function.

LP 1 EXHAUST TEMP PROT


Consequences

TRIP

40MAC10EZ210 XK96

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine and opening of the bypass stations.
Ascertain which other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check the temperature measurement (40MAC10CT071A, 40MAC10CT072A,


40MAC10CT073A) for correct function.
Check the steam turbine control system for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start of steam turbine.
Check the adjustment of the reducing valve of LP hood spray (40MAC01AA252) and
check the whole cooling system of the LP blading/casing for correct function.

Remarks

1. BRG ECCENTRICITY

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

FAULT

40MAD11CY041A XM20

Signification

The shaft eccentricity measurement of this bearing is faulty.

Consequences

The recording of the shaft eccentricity measurement for this bearing (40MAD11CY041A)
is not possible.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the shaft eccentricity measurement at this bearing (40MAD11CY041) for correct
function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 57-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

1. BRG RES REL S VIB

TOO HIGH

40MAD11CY941 XH01

Signification

The relative shaft vibration at this bearing is too high during steam turbine operation (n >
90 % of rated speed).

Consequences

Damage cannot be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


The turbine must be manually tripped immediately
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe the trend of the vibrations with respect to earlier steam turbine shutdowns.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the excessive shaft vibration


Rectify the cause of the excessive shaft vibration before next start-up of the steam
turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

In case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 58-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

1. BRG RES REL S VIB

40MAD11CY941 XH03

Signification

The relative shaft vibration at this bearing is high during steam turbine operation (n > 90 %
of rated speed).

Consequences

If the high relative shaft vibration persists for an extended period, damage cannot be ruled
out. Continued operation of the steam turbine with high relative shaft vibration is therefore
not allowed.

Intervention from Operator

If there is a rapid step change in vibration it cannot be ruled out that damage has occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear operation.
If there is a slow change in vibration alter turbine generator load and/or steam temperature.

Further Measures

If it is possible to keep the turbine generator unit in operation, measure the following
vibration parameters as a function of time: Amplitude, frequency, phase angle
Determine the influence of other operating parameters on the vibrations: Output, valve
lifts, steam mass flow, steam pressure and temperatures, casing temperatures difference top/bottom, bearing temperatures, oil pressures and temperatures
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

In case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer.


1. BRG RES REL S VIB

FAULT

40MAD11CY941 XM20

Signification

The vibration monitoring equipment for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because
at least one of the two vibration measuring systems in use (40MAD11CY041,
40MAD11CY042) has a fault.

Consequences

The indication of relative shaft vibration at this bearing (40MAD11CY941) is not possible.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

HIGH

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the vibration measuring system at this bearing (40MAD11CY941) including both
vibration sensors (40MAD11CY041, 40MAD11CY042) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 59-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

1. BRG TOP PROT

FAIL

40MAD11EZ110 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

1. BRG TOP PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD11EZ110 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 60-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

1. BRG TOP PROT

HIGH

40MAD11EZ110 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 61-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

1. BRG TOP PROT

TRIP

40MAD11EZ110 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD11EZ110 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
1. BRG TOP PROT

FAIL

40MAD11EZ120 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 62-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

1. BRG TOP PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD11EZ120 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

1. BRG TOP PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD11EZ120 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 63-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

1. BRG TOP PROT

TRIP

40MAD11EZ120 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD11EZ120 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting
High/low oil supply temperature
Low oil supply pressure
1. BRG BTM PROT

FAIL

40MAD11EZ130 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 64-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

1. BRG BTM PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD11EZ130 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

1. BRG BTM PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD11EZ130 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 65-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

1. BRG BTM PROT

TRIP

40MAD11EZ130 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD11EZ130 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting
High/low oil supply temperature
Low oil supply pressure
1. BRG BTM PROT

FAIL

40MAD11EZ140 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 66-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

1. BRG BTM PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD11EZ140 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

1. BRG BTM PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD11EZ140 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 67-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

1. BRG BTM PROT

TRIP

40MAD11EZ140 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD11EZ140 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
1. BRG PED VIB PROT

FAIL

40MAD11EZ210 XK20

Signification

The vibration protection circuit for this bearing pedestal has failed. Both vibration measuring
channels (40MAD11CY021, 40MAD11CY022) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned alarm.

Further Measures

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal (40MAD11CY021,


40MAD11CY022) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 68-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

1. BRG PED VIB PROT

40MAD11EZ210 XK45

Signification

The absolute bearing casing vibration protection circuit of this bearing has detected a fault
because one or both used vibration measuring systems (40MAD11CY021,
40MAD11CY022) have values less than the <MIN value.

Consequences

It is possible that the protection circuit is failed.

Intervention from Operator

Check if one or both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicate the limit
values < MIN ( (40MAD11CY021, 40MAD11CY022) XH02).
If only one of the both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicates the
limit value "<MIN only a monitoring of the vibration is possible - but possibly no automatic protection.
If both absolute bearing casing measurements indicate the limit value "<MIN a monitoring with the absolut bearing casing vibration is not possible. A monitoring for this
bearing is only possible with the relative shaft vibration (40MAD11CY941).
Check regularly if one or both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicates the limit value "<MIN.
Check the relative shaft vibration measurement system and temperature measurement
system at this bearing. Check the absolut bearing casing vibration protection systems
of the other bearings.
Check measurement arrangement for functionality.
If the limit value <MIN of both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements is valid
and the limit value HIGH of the relative shaft vibration (40MAD11CY941 XH03) is
present the turbine trip must be initiated immediately.

Further Measures

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal 40MAD11CY021,


40MAD11CY022 for correct function.
Confirm the displayed values for correctness via an appropriate measuring method (e.g.
hand hold device)
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify before next start up of the steam turbine.
Agreement of Turbine supplier is necessary for adjustment of limit value <MIN.

Remarks

1. BRG PED VIB PROT


Signification

Consequences
Intervention from Operator
Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

VIB FLT

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

FAULT

40MAD11EZ210 XK93

The vibration protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least one
of both used vibration measuring systems (40MAD11CY021, 40MAD11CY022) has a fault.
(channel fault or implausible values)
If both vibration measuring systems used (40MAD11CY021, 40MAD11CY022) have a
fault, the protective logic has failed and therefore a steam turbine trip will be actuated.

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal (40MAD11CY021,


40MAD11CY022) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 69-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HIGH

40MAD11EZ210 XK94

Signification

At least one vibration protection channel of this bearing pedestal has detected high vibration.

Consequences

If the vibration at this bearing pedestal increases further and reaches the trip limit, the steam
turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If there is a rapid step change in vibration it cannot be ruled out that damage has occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear operation.
If there is a slow change in vibration alter turbine generator load and/or steam temperature.
In case of high vibration during start-up (turbine speed n < 90 % of rated speed) synchronization is not allowed.

Further Measures

If it is possible to keep the turbine generator unit in operation, measure the following
vibration parameters as a function of time: Amplitude, frequency, phase angle.
Determine the influence of other operating parameters on the vibrations: Output, valve
lifts, steam mass flow, steam pressure and temperatures, casing temperature differences top/bottom, bearing temperatures, oil pressures and temperatures.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

in case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

1. BRG PED VIB PROT

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 70-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

1. BRG PED VIB PROT

40MAD11EZ210 XK96

Signification

The absolute vibration protection of this bearing casing has initiated a steam turbine trip (on
account of excessively high vibration, implausibility of values or due to a fault in the protection circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD11EZ210 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TRIP

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe the trend of the vibrations with respect to earlier steam turbine shutdowns.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Rectify the cause of the excessive vibration before next start-up of the steam turbine or
perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearings
foundation
etc.

in case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer


HP REL EXPANSION

TOOH POS

40MAD11FY001 XH01

Signification

The value for differential expansion of the steam turbine has reached the alarm value.

Consequences

Axial rubbing can no longer be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

The steam turbine must be tripped manually.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next start-up of the turbine.

Remarks

The root cause mostly is very complexe and the reason for the fault cannot be detected
easily. Possible reasons could be searched for:
malfunctions of the auxiliary systems next to the turbine (like e.g.: seal steam system,
turbine drains, evacuation unit, LP cooling),
plant operation out of admissible range (among others because of external disturbances like e.g. cooling water injection failure ),
axial rubbing,
etc

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

In case of complex circumstances please contact an expert / the turbine supplier.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 71-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HP REL EXPANSION

HIGH POS

40MAD11FY001 XH03

Signification

The value for differential expansion of the steam turbine has reached the warning value in
positive direction. Rotor has expanded more than the casing.

Consequences

There is a danger of axial rubbing.


If the differential expansion increases further and reaches the alarm value
(40MAD11FY001 XH01), the steam turbine must be tripped manually.

Intervention from Operator

For transient operations (startup, shutdown, load change) the steam temperature
changes in turbine admissions steam shall be stopped or slowed down.
If the value of relative expansion still increases, recent temperature changes shall be
reversed

Further Measures

Check if other alarms are present.


Check if the operating parameters are not out of admissible range ( e.g. main steam
temperature, hot reheat temperature, condenser pressure).
Check if the turbine exhaust steam temperatures are not out of admissible range (e.g.
check if LP cooling is activated in case of LP exhaust steam temperature HIGH).
Check if the auxiliary systems next to the turbine work correct (e.g. drains OPEN at
turbine startup, operating parameter of seal steam system not out of admissible
range).

Remarks
HP REL EXPANSION

TOOH NEG

40MAD11FY001 XH52

Signification

The value for differential expansion of the steam turbine has reached the alarm value.

Consequences

Axial rubbing can no longer be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

The steam turbine must be tripped manually immediately.


Remark: By the shutdown of the turbine down to turning gear speed the value of differential
expansion can even worsen, as the axial part of the transversal contraction is added. This
fact is taken into consideration for the setting of the alarm values.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next start-up of the turbine.

Remarks

The root cause mostly is very complex and the reason for the fault cannot be detected
easily. Possible reasons could be searched for:
malfunctions of the auxiliary systems next to the turbine (like e.g.: seal steam system,
turbine drains, evacuation unit, LP cooling),
plant operation out of admissible range (among others because of external disturbances like e.g. cooling water injection failure ),
axial rubbing,
etc.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

In case of complex circumstances please contact an expert / the turbine supplier.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 72-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HIGH NEG

40MAD11FY001 XH54

Signification

The value for differential expansion of the steam turbine has reached the warning value in
negative direction. Casing has expanded more than the rotor.

Consequences

There is a danger of axial rubbing.


If differential expansion increases further and reaches the alarm value (40MAD11FY001
XH52), the steam turbine must be tripped manually.

Intervention from Operator

For transient operations (startup, shutdown, load change) the steam temperature
changes in turbine admissions steam shall be stopped or slowed down.
If the value of relative expansion still increases, recent temperature changes shall be
reversed

Further Measures

Check if other alarms are present.


Check if the operating parameters are not out of admissible range ( e.g. main steam
temperature, hot reheat temperature, condenser pressure).
Check if the turbine exhaust steam temperatures are not out of admissible range (e.g.
check if LP cooling is activated in case of LP exhaust steam temperature HIGH).
Check if the auxiliary systems next to the turbine work correct (e.g. drains OPEN at
turbine startup, operating parameter of seal steam system not out of admissible
range).

Remarks

HP REL EXPANSION

FAULT

40MAD11FY001 XK93

Signification

The system issues a fault alarm, because at least one of both used expansion measuring
systems (40MAD11CY001, 40MAD11CY002) has a fault.

Consequences

The value for differential expansion (40MAD11FY001) can no longer be determined and
indicated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures
Remarks

Check the expansion measuring system regarding correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HP REL EXPANSION

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 73-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

2. BRG RES REL S VIB

TOO HIGH

40MAD12CY941 XH01

Signification

The relative shaft vibration at this bearing is too high during steam turbine operation (n >
90 % of rated speed).

Consequences

Damage cannot be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


The turbine must be manually tripped immediately
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe the trend of the vibrations with respect to earlier steam turbine shutdowns.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the excessive shaft vibration


Rectify the cause of the excessive shaft vibration before next start-up of the steam
turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

In case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 74-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

2. BRG RES REL S VIB

40MAD12CY941 XH03

Signification

The relative shaft vibration at this bearing is high during steam turbine operation (n > 90 %
of rated speed).

Consequences

If the high relative shaft vibration persists for an extended period, damage cannot be ruled
out. Continued operation of the steam turbine with high relative shaft vibration is therefore
not allowed.

Intervention from Operator

If there is a rapid step change in vibration it cannot be ruled out that damage has occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear operation.
If there is a slow change in vibration alter turbine generator load and/or steam temperature.

Further Measures

If it is possible to keep the turbine generator unit in operation, measure the following
vibration parameters as a function of time: Amplitude, frequency, phase angle
Determine the influence of other operating parameters on the vibrations: Output, valve
lifts, steam mass flow, steam pressure and temperatures, casing temperatures difference top/bottom, bearing temperatures, oil pressures and temperatures
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

In case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer.


2. BRG RES REL S VIB

FAULT

40MAD12CY941 XM20

Signification

The vibration monitoring equipment for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because
at least one of the two vibration measuring systems in use (40MAD11CY041,
40MAD11CY042) has a fault.

Consequences

The indication of relative shaft vibration at this bearing (40MAD12CY941) is not possible.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

HIGH

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the vibration measuring system at this bearing (40MAD12CY941) including both
vibration sensors (40MAD11CY041, 40MAD11CY042) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 75-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

2. BRG TOP PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ110 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

2. BRG TOP PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD12EZ110 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 76-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

2. BRG TOP PROT

HIGH

40MAD12EZ110 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 77-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

2. BRG TOP PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ110 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ110 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
2. BRG TOP PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ120 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 78-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

2. BRG TOP PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD12EZ120 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

2. BRG TOP PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD12EZ120 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 79-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

2. BRG TOP PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ120 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ120 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
2. BRG BTM PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ130 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 80-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

2. BRG BTM PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD12EZ130 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

2. BRG BTM PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD12EZ130 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 81-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

2. BRG BTM PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ130 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ130 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
2. BRG BTM PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ140 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 82-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

2. BRG BTM PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD12EZ140 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

2. BRG BTM PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD12EZ140 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 83-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

2. BRG BTM PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ140 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ140 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
AXIAL BRG FR LFT PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ150 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 84-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

AXIAL BRG FR LFT PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD12EZ150 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

AXIAL BRG FR LFT PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD12EZ150 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 85-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

AXIAL BRG FR LFT PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ150 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ150 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
AXIAL BRG FR R PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ160 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 86-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

AXIAL BRG FR R PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD12EZ160 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

AXIAL BRG FR R PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD12EZ160 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 87-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

AXIAL BRG FR R PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ160 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ160 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
AXIAL BRG RR LFT PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ170 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 88-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

AXIAL BRG RR LFT PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD12EZ170 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

AXIAL BRG RR LFT PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD12EZ170 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 89-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

AXIAL BRG RR LFT PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ170 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ170 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
AXIAL BRG RR R PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ180 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 90-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

AXIAL BRG RR R PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD12EZ180 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

AXIAL BRG RR R PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD12EZ180 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 91-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

AXIAL BRG RR R PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ180 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ180 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
2. BRG PED VIB PROT

FAIL

40MAD12EZ210 XK20

Signification

The vibration protection circuit for this bearing pedestal has failed. Both vibration measuring
channels (40MAD12CY021, 40MAD12CY022) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned alarm.

Further Measures

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal (40MAD12CY021,


40MAD12CY022) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 92-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

2. BRG PED VIB PROT

40MAD12EZ210 XK45

Signification

The absolute bearing casing vibration protection circuit of this bearing has detected a fault
because one or both used vibration measuring systems (40MAD12CY021,
40MAD12CY022) have values less than the <MIN value.

Consequences

It is possible that the protection circuit is failed.

Intervention from Operator

Check if one or both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicate the limit
values < MIN ( (40MAD12CY021, 40MAD12CY022) XH02).
If only one of the both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicates the
limit value "<MIN only a monitoring of the vibration is possible - but possibly no automatic protection.
If both absolute bearing casing measurements indicate the limit value "<MIN a monitoring with the absolut bearing casing vibration is not possible. A monitoring for this
bearing is only possible with the relative shaft vibration (40MAD12CY941).
Check regularly if one or both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicates the limit value "<MIN.
Check the relative shaft vibration measurement system and temperature measurement
system at this bearing. Check the absolut bearing casing vibration protection systems
of the other bearings.
Check measurement arrangement for functionality.
If the limit value <MIN of both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements is valid
and the limit value HIGH of the relative shaft vibration (40MAD12CY941 XH03) is
present the turbine trip must be initiated immediately.

Further Measures

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal 40MAD12CY021,


40MAD12CY022 for correct function.
Confirm the displayed values for correctness via an appropriate measuring method (e.g.
hand hold device)
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify before next start up of the steam turbine.
Agreement of Turbine supplier is necessary for adjustment of limit value <MIN.

Remarks

2. BRG PED VIB PROT


Signification

Consequences
Intervention from Operator
Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

VIB FLT

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

FAULT

40MAD12EZ210 XK93

The vibration protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least one
of both used vibration measuring systems (40MAD12CY021, 40MAD12CY022) has a fault.
(channel fault or implausible values)
If both vibration measuring systems used (40MAD12CY021, 40MAD12CY022) have a
fault, the protective logic has failed and therefore a steam turbine trip will be actuated.

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal (40MAD12CY021,


40MAD12CY022) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 93-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HIGH

40MAD12EZ210 XK94

Signification

At least one vibration protection channel of this bearing pedestal has detected high vibration.

Consequences

If the vibration at this bearing pedestal increases further and reaches the trip limit, the steam
turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If there is a rapid step change in vibration it cannot be ruled out that damage has occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear operation.
If there is a slow change in vibration alter turbine generator load and/or steam temperature.
In case of high vibration during start-up (turbine speed n < 90 % of rated speed) synchronization is not allowed.

Further Measures

If it is possible to keep the turbine generator unit in operation, measure the following
vibration parameters as a function of time: Amplitude, frequency, phase angle.
Determine the influence of other operating parameters on the vibrations: Output, valve
lifts, steam mass flow, steam pressure and temperatures, casing temperature differences top/bottom, bearing temperatures, oil pressures and temperatures.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

in case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

2. BRG PED VIB PROT

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 94-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

2. BRG PED VIB PROT

40MAD12EZ210 XK96

Signification

The absolute vibration protection of this bearing casing has initiated a steam turbine trip (on
account of excessively high vibration, implausibility of values or due to a fault in the protection circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ210 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TRIP

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe the trend of the vibrations with respect to earlier steam turbine shutdowns.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Rectify the cause of the excessive vibration before next start-up of the steam turbine or
perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearings
foundation
etc.

in case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer


AXIAL DISPL PROT

FAIL

Signification

The thrust protection circuit has failed.


All three measuring channels have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

40MAD12EZ310 XK20

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.


Observe coastdown and cooldown of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine thrust bearing during steam turbine cooldown. Repair the
bearing afterwards, if necessary.
Verify the used axial displacement measuring systems (40MAD12CY011,
40MAD12CY012, 40MAD12CY013) with regard to correct function, if necessary.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.
Damage to the steam turbine thrust bearing cannot be ruled out. The steam turbine must
therefore not started up again, until the cause of the damage has been determined.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 95-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

AXIAL DISPL PROT


Signification
Consequences

40MAD12EZ310 XK93

The protection circuit issues a fault alarm, because at least one of the three measuring
systems used (40MAD12CY011, 40MAD12CY012, 40MAD12CY013) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip will therefore be initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Check the measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

AXIAL DISPL PROT

HIGH NEG

40MAD12EZ310 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the thrust protection circuit annunciates an axial displacement of
the shaft in negative direction greater than the warning limit.

Consequences

If the axial displacement increases further and reaches the trip limit, the steam turbine will
be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the axial displacement of the shaft and reduce the steam turbine load or shut
down the steam turbine, if necessary.
Check the bearing temperatures and the vibration behavior of the steam turbine bearing

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.

Remarks

Steam turbine operation must be checked carefully.


Permanent overload is not allowed.

AXIAL DISPL PROT

HIGH POS

40MAD12EZ310 XK95

Signification

At least one channel of the thrust protection circuit annunciates an axial displacement of
the shaft in positive direction greater than the warning limit.

Consequences

If the axial displacement increases further and reaches the trip limit, the steam turbine will
be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the axial displacement of the shaft and reduce the steam turbine load or shut
down the steam turbine, if necessary.
Check the bearing temperatures and the vibration behavior of the steam turbine bearing.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Steam turbine operation must be checked carefully.


Permanent overload is not allowed.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 96-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

AXIAL DISPL PROT

TRIP

40MAD12EZ310 XK96

Signification

The thrust protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an axial
displacement in negative or positive direction greater than the trip limit or due to a failure
of the protection circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD12EZ310 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Observe the shutdown procedure of the steam turbine.

Further Measures

Check the steam turbine thrust bearing.


Check the axial displacement measuring systems (40MAD12CY011,
40MAD12CY012, 40MAD12CY013) with regard to correct function, if necessary.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.
Check whether additional damage has occurred (rubbing) and rectify it before next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Damage to the steam turbine thrust bearing cannot be ruled out. Therefore the steam turbine must not started up again, until the cause of the damage has been determined.

3. BRG RES REL S VIB


The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TOO HIGH

40MAD13CY941 XH01

Signification

The relative shaft vibration at this bearing is too high during steam turbine operation (n >
90 % of rated speed).

Consequences

Damage cannot be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


The turbine must be manually tripped immediately
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe the trend of the vibrations with respect to earlier steam turbine shutdowns.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the excessive shaft vibration


Rectify the cause of the excessive shaft vibration before next start-up of the steam
turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be:

vibration measuring system,


unbalance (thermal, mass induced),
rubbing,
bearing,
foundation,
etc.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

In case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 97-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

3. BRG RES REL S VIB

40MAD13CY941 XH03

Signification

The relative shaft vibration at this bearing is high during steam turbine operation (n > 90 %
of rated speed).

Consequences

If the high relative shaft vibration persists for an extended period, damage cannot be ruled
out. Continued operation of the steam turbine with high relative shaft vibration is therefore
not allowed.

Intervention from Operator

If there is a rapid step change in vibration it cannot be ruled out that damage has occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear operation.
If there is a slow change in vibration alter turbine generator load and/or steam temperature.

Further Measures

If it is possible to keep the turbine generator unit in operation, measure the following
vibration parameters as a function of time: Amplitude, frequency, phase angle
Determine the influence of other operating parameters on the vibrations: Output, valve
lifts, steam mass flow, steam pressure and temperatures, casing temperatures difference top/bottom, bearing temperatures, oil pressures and temperatures
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

In case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer.


3. BRG RES REL S VIB

FAULT

40MAD13CY941 XM20

Signification

The vibration monitoring equipment for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because
at least one of the two vibration measuring systems in use (40MAD11CY041,
40MAD11CY042) has a fault.

Consequences

The indication of relative shaft vibration at this bearing (40MAD13CY941) is not possible.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

HIGH

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the vibration measuring system at this bearing (40MAD13CY941) including both
vibration sensors (40MAD11CY041, 40MAD11CY042) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 98-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

3. BRG BTM PROT

FAIL

40MAD13EZ110 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

3. BRG BTM PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD13EZ110 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 99-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

3. BRG BTM PROT

HIGH

40MAD13EZ110 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 100-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

3. BRG BTM PROT

TRIP

40MAD13EZ110 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD13EZ110 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
3. BRG BTM PROT

FAIL

40MAD13EZ120 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 101-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

3. BRG BTM PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD13EZ120 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

3. BRG BTM PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD13EZ120 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 102-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

3. BRG BTM PROT

TRIP

40MAD13EZ120 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD13EZ120 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
3. BRG PED VIB PROT

FAIL

40MAD13EZ210 XK20

Signification

The vibration protection circuit for this bearing pedestal has failed. Both vibration measuring
channels (40MAD13CY021, 40MAD13CY022) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned alarm.

Further Measures

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal (40MAD13CY021,


40MAD13CY022) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 103-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

3. BRG PED VIB PROT

40MAD13EZ210 XK45

Signification

The absolute bearing casing vibration protection circuit of this bearing has detected a fault
because one or both used vibration measuring systems (40MAD13CY021,
40MAD13CY022) have values less than the <MIN value.

Consequences

It is possible that the protection circuit is failed.

Intervention from Operator

Check if one or both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicate the limit
values < MIN ( (40MAD13CY021, 40MAD13CY022) XH02).
If only one of the both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicates the
limit value "<MIN only a monitoring of the vibration is possible - but possibly no automatic protection.
If both absolute bearing casing measurements indicate the limit value "<MIN a monitoring with the absolut bearing casing vibration is not possible. A monitoring for this
bearing is only possible with the relative shaft vibration (40MAD13CY941).
Check regularly if one or both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicates the limit value "<MIN.
Check the relative shaft vibration measurement system and temperature measurement
system at this bearing. Check the absolut bearing casing vibration protection systems
of the other bearings.
Check measurement arrangement for functionality.
If the limit value <MIN of both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements is valid
and the limit value HIGH of the relative shaft vibration (40MAD13CY941 XH03) is
present the turbine trip must be initiated immediately.

Further Measures

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal 40MAD13CY021,


40MAD13CY022 for correct function.
Confirm the displayed values for correctness via an appropriate measuring method (e.g.
hand hold device)
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify before next start up of the steam turbine.
Agreement of Turbine supplier is necessary for adjustment of limit value <MIN.

Remarks

3. BRG PED VIB PROT


Signification

Consequences
Intervention from Operator
Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

VIB FLT

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

FAULT

40MAD13EZ210 XK93

The vibration protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least one
of both used vibration measuring systems (40MAD13CY021, 40MAD13CY022) has a fault.
(channel fault or implausible values)
If both vibration measuring systems used (40MAD13CY021, 40MAD13CY022) have a
fault, the protective logic has failed and therefore a steam turbine trip will be actuated.

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal (40MAD13CY021,


40MAD13CY022) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 104-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HIGH

40MAD13EZ210 XK94

Signification

At least one vibration protection channel of this bearing pedestal has detected high vibration.

Consequences

If the vibration at this bearing pedestal increases further and reaches the trip limit, the steam
turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If there is a rapid step change in vibration it cannot be ruled out that damage has occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear operation.
If there is a slow change in vibration alter turbine generator load and/or steam temperature.
In case of high vibration during start-up (turbine speed n < 90 % of rated speed) synchronization is not allowed.

Further Measures

If it is possible to keep the turbine generator unit in operation, measure the following
vibration parameters as a function of time: Amplitude, frequency, phase angle.
Determine the influence of other operating parameters on the vibrations: Output, valve
lifts, steam mass flow, steam pressure and temperatures, casing temperature differences top/bottom, bearing temperatures, oil pressures and temperatures.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

in case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

3. BRG PED VIB PROT

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 105-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

3. BRG PED VIB PROT

40MAD13EZ210 XK96

Signification

The absolute vibration protection of this bearing casing has initiated a steam turbine trip (on
account of excessively high vibration, implausibility of values or due to a fault in the protection circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD13EZ210 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TRIP

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe the trend of the vibrations with respect to earlier steam turbine shutdowns.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Rectify the cause of the excessive vibration before next start-up of the steam turbine or
perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearings
foundation
etc.

in case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer


4. BRG RES REL S VIB

TOO HIGH

40MAD14CY941 XH01

Signification

The relative shaft vibration at this bearing is too high during steam turbine operation (n >
90 % of rated speed).

Consequences

Damage cannot be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


The turbine must be manually tripped immediately
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe the trend of the vibrations with respect to earlier steam turbine shutdowns.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the excessive shaft vibration


Rectify the cause of the excessive shaft vibration before next start-up of the steam
turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

In case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 106-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

4. BRG RES REL S VIB

40MAD14CY941 XH03

Signification

The relative shaft vibration at this bearing is high during steam turbine operation (n > 90 %
of rated speed).

Consequences

If the high relative shaft vibration persists for an extended period, damage cannot be ruled
out. Continued operation of the steam turbine with high relative shaft vibration is therefore
not allowed.

Intervention from Operator

If there is a rapid step change in vibration it cannot be ruled out that damage has occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear operation.
If there is a slow change in vibration alter turbine generator load and/or steam temperature.

Further Measures

If it is possible to keep the turbine generator unit in operation, measure the following
vibration parameters as a function of time: Amplitude, frequency, phase angle
Determine the influence of other operating parameters on the vibrations: Output, valve
lifts, steam mass flow, steam pressure and temperatures, casing temperatures difference top/bottom, bearing temperatures, oil pressures and temperatures
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

In case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer.


4. BRG RES REL S VIB

FAULT

40MAD14CY941 XM20

Signification

The vibration monitoring equipment for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because
at least one of the two vibration measuring systems in use (40MAD11CY041,
40MAD11CY042) has a fault.

Consequences

The indication of relative shaft vibration at this bearing (40MAD14CY941) is not possible.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

HIGH

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the vibration measuring system at this bearing (40MAD14CY941) including both
vibration sensors (40MAD11CY041, 40MAD11CY042) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 107-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

4. BRG BTM PROT

FAIL

40MAD14EZ110 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

4. BRG BTM PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD14EZ110 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 108-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

4. BRG BTM PROT

HIGH

40MAD14EZ110 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 109-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

4. BRG BTM PROT

TRIP

40MAD14EZ110 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD14EZ110 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
4. BRG BTM PROT

FAIL

40MAD14EZ120 XK20

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit of this bearing circuit has failed. All three measuring channels (thermocouple A, B, C) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Check this bearing temperature measuring system for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 110-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

4. BRG BTM PROT


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Remarks

FAULT

40MAD14EZ120 XK93

The temperature protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least
one of the three temperature measuring systems used (thermocouple A, B, C) has a fault.
The protective logic changes to a 1 out of 2 selection.
If all three measuring systems have a fault, the protection logic has failed and steam
turbine trip is therefore initiated.

Check the temperature measuring systems for correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

4. BRG BTM PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAD14EZ120 XK94

Signification

At least one channel of the bearing temperature protection circuit annunciates a bearing
temperature higher than the warning level.

Consequences

If the steam turbine bearing temperature increases further and reaches the trip limit, the
steam turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at only one measuring point:
If there is a rapid step change in temperature it cannot be ruled out that damage has
occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear
operation.
Otherwise observe this steam turbine bearing temperature as well as the temperatures
of the other steam turbine bearings.
If the bearing temperature is higher than normal at all measuring points:
Check lube-oil system parameters (e.g. lube oil pressures, temperatures). Have a close
look at the warning and alarm messages of the lube oil system.
Observe/check pressure ahead of bearing during normal operation and during turning
gear operation.

Further Measures

Remarks

Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
In case of manual trip rectify the cause of the high bearing temperature before next
start-up of the steam turbine.
Bearing damage must be ruled out before next start-up, because this might lead to
consequential turbine damage.
Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:
Temperature measuring system may be faulty.
Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the shaft train.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 111-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

4. BRG BTM PROT

TRIP

40MAD14EZ120 XK96

Signification

The bearing temperature protection circuit has initiated a steam turbine trip (either on account of an excessive steam turbine bearing temperature or due to a failure of the protection
circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD14EZ120 XK20).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Open the vacuum breaker.
Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperatures) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe/check oil pressure ahead of bearing during turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Inspect bearing.
Ascertain how many channels of the bearing temperature protection circuit have
reached the warning limit.
Check oil purity and efficiency of oil conditioning unit.
Rectify the cause of the excessive bearing temperatures before next start-up of the
steam turbine. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Possible causes for an increase in the temperature at a bearing are:

Temperature measuring system may be faulty.


Ingress of contaminants into the bearing.
Excessive mechanical loading of bearing along its entire length.
Excessive local loading due to either service-related factors or changes in the alignment
of the line of shafting.
High/low oil supply temperature.
Low oil supply pressure.
4. BRG PED VIB PROT

FAIL

40MAD14EZ210 XK20

Signification

The vibration protection circuit for this bearing pedestal has failed. Both vibration measuring
channels (40MAD14CY021, 40MAD14CY022) have a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned alarm.

Further Measures

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal (40MAD14CY021,


40MAD14CY022) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before next start-up of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 112-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

4. BRG PED VIB PROT

40MAD14EZ210 XK45

Signification

The absolute bearing casing vibration protection circuit of this bearing has detected a fault
because one or both used vibration measuring systems (40MAD14CY021,
40MAD14CY022) have values less than the <MIN value.

Consequences

It is possible that the protection circuit is failed.

Intervention from Operator

Check if one or both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicate the limit
values < MIN ( (40MAD14CY021, 40MAD14CY022) XH02).
If only one of the both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicates the
limit value "<MIN only a monitoring of the vibration is possible - but possibly no automatic protection.
If both absolute bearing casing measurements indicate the limit value "<MIN a monitoring with the absolut bearing casing vibration is not possible. A monitoring for this
bearing is only possible with the relative shaft vibration (40MAD14CY941).
Check regularly if one or both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements indicates the limit value "<MIN.
Check the relative shaft vibration measurement system and temperature measurement
system at this bearing. Check the absolut bearing casing vibration protection systems
of the other bearings.
Check measurement arrangement for functionality.
If the limit value <MIN of both absolute bearing casing vibration measurements is valid
and the limit value HIGH of the relative shaft vibration (40MAD14CY941 XH03) is
present the turbine trip must be initiated immediately.

Further Measures

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal 40MAD14CY021,


40MAD14CY022 for correct function.
Confirm the displayed values for correctness via an appropriate measuring method (e.g.
hand hold device)
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify before next start up of the steam turbine.
Agreement of Turbine supplier is necessary for adjustment of limit value <MIN.

Remarks

4. BRG PED VIB PROT


Signification

Consequences
Intervention from Operator
Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

VIB FLT

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

FAULT

40MAD14EZ210 XK93

The vibration protection for this bearing pedestal issues a fault alarm, because at least one
of both used vibration measuring systems (40MAD14CY021, 40MAD14CY022) has a fault.
(channel fault or implausible values)
If both vibration measuring systems used (40MAD14CY021, 40MAD14CY022) have a
fault, the protective logic has failed and therefore a steam turbine trip will be actuated.

Check the vibration measuring systems at this bearing pedestal (40MAD14CY021,


40MAD14CY022) for correct function.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 113-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HIGH

40MAD14EZ210 XK94

Signification

At least one vibration protection channel of this bearing pedestal has detected high vibration.

Consequences

If the vibration at this bearing pedestal increases further and reaches the trip limit, the steam
turbine will be tripped automatically.

Intervention from Operator

If there is a rapid step change in vibration it cannot be ruled out that damage has occurred. The turbine must be manually tripped immediately. Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following turning gear operation.
If there is a slow change in vibration alter turbine generator load and/or steam temperature.
In case of high vibration during start-up (turbine speed n < 90 % of rated speed) synchronization is not allowed.

Further Measures

If it is possible to keep the turbine generator unit in operation, measure the following
vibration parameters as a function of time: Amplitude, frequency, phase angle.
Determine the influence of other operating parameters on the vibrations: Output, valve
lifts, steam mass flow, steam pressure and temperatures, casing temperature differences top/bottom, bearing temperatures, oil pressures and temperatures.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible. Perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearing
foundation
etc.

in case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

4. BRG PED VIB PROT

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 114-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

4. BRG PED VIB PROT

40MAD14EZ210 XK96

Signification

The absolute vibration protection of this bearing casing has initiated a steam turbine trip (on
account of excessively high vibration, implausibility of values or due to a fault in the protection circuit (refer to fault alarm 40MAD14EZ210 XK20)).

Consequences

The steam turbine has tripped.

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TRIP

Ensure that personnel maintain appropriate distance to turbine casings.


Observe the shutdown procedure particularly with regard to running behavior (e.g. absolute casing vibration / relative shaft vibration / bearing temperature) and the following
turning gear operation.
Observe the trend of the vibrations with respect to earlier steam turbine shutdowns.
Ascertain whether other fault alarms have been set off with the above-mentioned fault
alarm.

Further Measures

Rectify the cause of the excessive vibration before next start-up of the steam turbine or
perform further investigations and implement appropriate actions.

Remarks

Analysis and diagnostics for the causes of vibration are usually highly complicated and
these are not easy to ascertain; possible reasons could be

vibration measuring system


unbalance (thermal, mass induced)
rubbing
bearings
foundation
etc.

in case of complicated issues consult expert/turbine manufacturer


LP REL EXPANSION

TOOH POS

40MAD14FY001 XH01

Signification

The value for differential expansion of the steam turbine has reached the alarm value.

Consequences

Axial rubbing can no longer be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

The steam turbine must be tripped manually.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next start-up of the turbine.

Remarks

The root cause mostly is very complex and the reason for the fault cannot be detected
easily. Possible reasons could be searched for:
malfunctions of the auxiliary systems next to the turbine (like e.g.: seal steam system,
turbine drains, evacuation unit, LP cooling),
plant operation out of admissible range (among others because of external disturbances like e.g. cooling water injection failure ),
axial rubbing,
etc

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

In case of complex circumstances please contact an expert / the turbine supplier.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 115-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LP REL EXPANSION

40MAD14FY001 XH03

Signification

The value for differential expansion of the steam turbine has reached the warning value in
positive direction. Rotor has expanded more than the casing.

Consequences

There is a danger of axial rubbing.


If differential expansion increases further and reaches the alarm value (relative expansion
TRIP POS 40MAD14FY001 XH01), the steam turbine must be tripped manually.

Intervention from Operator

For transient operations (startup, shutdown, load change) the steam temperature changes
in turbine admissions steam shall be stopped or slowed down.
If the value of relative expansion still increases, recent temperature changes shall be reversed

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH POS

Remarks
LP REL EXPANSION

Check if other alarms are present.


Check if the operating parameters are not out of admissible range ( e.g. main steam
temperature, hot reheat temperature, condenser pressure).
Check if the turbine exhaust steam temperatures are not out of admissible range (e.g.
check if LP cooling is activated in case of LP exhaust steam temperature HIGH).
Check if the auxiliary systems next to the turbine work correct (e.g. drains OPEN at
turbine startup, operating parameter of seal steam system not out of admissible
range).

TOOH NEG

40MAD14FY001 XH52

Signification

The value for differential expansion of the steam turbine has reached the alarm value.

Consequences

Axial rubbing can no longer be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

The steam turbine must be tripped manually immediately.


Remark: By the shutdown of the turbine down to turning gear speed the value of differential
expansion can even worsen, as the axial part of the transversal contraction is added. This
fact is taken into consideration for the setting of the alarm values.

Further Measures

Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next start-up of the turbine.

Remarks

The root cause mostly is very complex and the reason for the fault cannot be detected
easily. Possible reasons could be searched for:
malfunctions of the auxiliary systems next to the turbine (like e.g.: seal steam system,
turbine drains, evacuation unit, LP cooling),
plant operation out of admissible range (among others because of external disturbances like e.g. cooling water injection failure ),
axial rubbing,
etc

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

In case of complex circumstances please contact an expert / the turbine supplier.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 116-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LP REL EXPANSION

HIGH NEG

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAD14FY001 XH54

Signification

The value for differential expansion of the steam turbine has reached the warning value in
negative direction. Casing has expanded more than the rotor.

Consequences

There is a danger of axial rubbing.


If differential expansion increases further and reaches the alarm value (40MAD14FY001
XH52), the steam turbine must be tripped manually.

Intervention from Operator

For transient operations (startup, shutdown, load change) the steam temperature changes
in turbine admissions steam shall be stopped or slowed down.
If the value of relative expansion still increases, recent temperature changes shall be reversed

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Remarks

Check if other alarms are present.


Check if the operating parameters are not out of admissible range ( e.g. main steam
temperature, hot reheat temperature, condenser pressure).
Check if the turbine exhaust steam temperatures are not out of admissible range (e.g.
check if LP cooling is activated in case of LP exhaust steam temperature HIGH).
Check if the auxiliary systems next to the turbine work correct (e.g. drains OPEN at
turbine startup, operating parameter of seal steam system not out of admissible
range).

LP REL EXPANSION

FAULT

40MAD14FY001 XK93

Signification

The system issues a fault alarm, because at least one of both used expansion measuring
systems (40MAD14CY001, 40MAD14CY002) has a fault.

Consequences

The value for differential expansion (40MAD14FY001) can no longer be determined and
indicated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures
Remarks

Check the expansion measuring system regarding correct function.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
-

POS ISOL VLV BEH VAC BRK

NOT 100%

40MAG10CG251B XG51

Signification

The isolation valve behind the condenser vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA251) is not completely open.

Consequences

It could be that the condenser vacuum cannot be broken fast enough in the event of critical
fault conditions to shorten the coastdown time of the steam turbine (following initiation of
steam turbine trip in response to the following criteria: Emergency operation of turbine oil
supply system, bearing temperature, absolute bearing housing vibration or relative shaft
vibration).

Intervention from Operator

Determine whether there is a reason for the closing of the isolation valve behind the
vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA251).
Ensure that the isolation valve behind the vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA251) is completely open if there is no reason for closing the isolation valve.

Further Measures

Open the isolation valve behind the vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA251) if there is no
reason for this.
Check the position of the isolation valve behind the vacuum breaker
(40MAG10AA251) in the OM system if appropriate.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 117-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

VACUUM BREAKER FAULTS

40MAG10EG001 ZV01

Signification

The vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) is not completely open despite the fact that the
OPEN command for the corresponding pilot valve has been active for 10 s.

Consequences

It could be that the condenser vacuum cannot be broken fast enough to shorten the coastdown time of the steam turbine following steam turbine trip in response to emergency operation of turbine oil supply system, bearing temperature protection (if implemented), absolute bearing housing vibration protection (if implemented) or relative shaft vibration protection (if implemented).

Intervention from Operator

Check whether the enable for activation of the vacuum breaker pilot valve has been
issued (40MAG10AA051A).
Try to activate the vacuum breaker pilot valve (40MAG10AA051A) manually.

Further Measures

Check that the control air supply to the vacuum breaker is operating properly.
Check that the vacuum breaker pilot valve (40MAG10AA051A) and the associated
control are operating properly.
Check that the vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) is operating properly.
Check the position of the vacuum breaker (40MAG10CG051B) in the OM system to
ensure that it is operating properly.

Remarks
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

VACUUM BREAKER FAULTS

N. CLOSED

40MAG10EG001 ZV02

Signification

The vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) is not completely closed despite the fact that the
CLOSE command for the corresponding pilot valve has been active for 10 s.

Consequences

Too much air is entering the condenser and the required condenser pressure cannot be
attained. This gives rise to a higher life expenditure of the LP rotor blades in the upper speed
range of the steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Try to close the vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) through manual control of the pilot
valve.

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Close the isolation valve behind the vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA251) locally if possible.
Check that the vacuum breaker pilot valve (40MAG10AA051A) and the associated
control are operating properly.
Check that the vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) is operating properly.
Check the position of the vacuum breaker (40MAG10CG051C) in the OM system to
ensure that it is operating properly.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 118-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TURB CONDR 1 PRES PROT

FAIL

The fail safe turbine condenser pressure protection circuit has detected a failure based on
two faulted acquisition functions for crossover pipe low pressure turbine upstream pressure
(40MAC11CP001, 40MAC11CP002, 40MAC11CP003) for the protection circuit.

Consequences

The alarms (40MAG10EZ110 XK96) and (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) are active.

Intervention from Operator

Determine which faults have given rise to the above fault alarm.

Further Measures

Check the pressure acquisition functions for the protection circuit for crossover pipe low
pressure turbine upstream pressure (40MAC11CP001, 40MAC11CP002,
40MAC11CP003) to ensure that they are operating properly.
Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam
turbine.

TURB CONDR 1 PRES PROT


Signification

FAULT

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

40MAG10EZ110 XK93

The protection logic changes to a 1-out-of-2 circuit if a fault occurs in the actual value
acquisition for the protection circuit (condenser pressure for condenser 1
40MAG10CP002, 40MAG10CP003, 40MAG10CP004).
The protection logic continues as a 2-out-of-3 circuit if a fault is detected for the acquisition functions for the setpoint formation for the protection circuit (crossover pipe
low pressure turbine upstream pressure 40MAC11CP001, 40MAC11CP002,
40MAC11CP003)
If operation of two acquisition functions for actual value for the protection circuit condenser pressure for condenser 1 40MAG10CP002, 40MAG10CP003,
40MAG10CP004) is faulted, the protection circuit is tripped. Steam turbine trip is initiated as a consequence.
If operation of two acquisition functions for setpoint formation for the protection circuit
(crossover pipe low pressure turbine upstream pressure 40MAC11CP001,
40MAC11CP002, 40MAC11CP003) is faulted, failure of this protection circuit has occurred. Steam turbine trip is initiated as a consequence.
Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Remarks

The fail safe turbine condenser pressure protection circuit has detected a fault because
operation of one or more of the pressure measurements for the protection circuit is faulted
(condenser pressure for condenser 1 40MAG10CP002, 40MAG10CP003,
40MAG10CP004 or crossover pipe low pressure turbine upstream pressure
40MAC11CP001, 40MAC11CP002, 40MAC11CP003).

Consequences

Intervention from Operator

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAG10EZ110 XK20

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check the condenser pressure acquisition functions (40MAG10CP002,


40MAG10CP003, 40MAG10CP004) for the protection circuit up to the point of signal
input to the I&C system to ensure that they are operating properly.
Check the pressure acquisition functions for cross-over pipe low pressure turbine upstream pressure (40MAC11CP001, 40MAC11CP002, 40MAC11CP003) for the protection circuit up to the point of signal input to the I&C system to ensure that they are
operating correctly.
Rectify the fault as soon as possible.
-

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 119-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TURB CONDR 1 PRES PROT

HIGH

40MAG10EZ110 XK94

Signification

The fail safe condenser pressure is higher than the fixed setpoint limit for the alarm at steam
turbine speeds greater than a plant-specific value on at least one channel of the fail safe
turbine condenser pressure protection circuit.

Consequences

If the condenser pressure continues to rise and reaches the actuation limit, actuation of the
condenser pressure protection circuit occurs, thus resulting in steam turbine trip.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the condenser pressure (40MAG10CP002, 40MAG10CP003,


40MAG10CP004).
Check that the condenser vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) is closed.
Check that the condenser cooling water system, the evacuation system (40MAJ) and
the seal steam system (40MAW) are operating properly.

Further Measures

Determine how many channels of the condenser pressure protection circuit have
reached the level for the above alarm and check that activation of the alarm is operating
properly if appropriate.
Check that the condenser vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) is really closed.
Check that the evacuation system (40MAJ) and the seal steam system (40MAW) are
operating properly if appropriate.
Check the condenser for leakage.

Remarks

TURB CONDR 1 PRES PROT

HIGH VAR

40MAG10EZ110 XK95

Signification

The condenser pressure is higher than the variable setpoint limit for the alarm at steam
turbine speeds greater than a plant-specific value on at least one channel of the fail safe
turbine condenser pressure protection circuit.

Consequences

If the condenser pressure remains at this level or continues to rise, actuation of the condenser pressure protection circuit takes place after 300 s, thus resulting in steam turbine
trip.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the condenser pressure (40MAG10CP002, 40MAG10CP003,


40MAG10CP004) and the variable protection setpoint of the condenser pressure protection (see OM display).
Note restrictions placed on duration of operation in this mode by the service life of LP
blading in accordance with the variable setpoint characteristic in the "Technical Data".
Check that the condenser vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) is closed.
Check that the condenser cooling water system, the evacuation system (40MAJ) and
the seal steam system (40MAW) are operating properly.

Further Measures

Determine how many channels of the condenser pressure protection circuit have
reached the level for the above alarm and check that activation of the alarm is operating
properly if appropriate.
Check that the condenser vacuum breaker (40MAG10AA051) is really closed.
Check that the evacuation system (40MAJ) and the seal steam system (40MAW) are
operating properly if appropriate.
Check the condenser for leakage.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 120-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TURB CONDR 1 PRES PROT

TRIP

The fail safe turbine condenser pressure protection circuit has initiated steam turbine trip.
The trip was either initiated in response to a condenser pressure greater than the fixed
setpoint or variable setpoint for trip actuation or by a protection circuit failure (alarm
40MAG10EZ110 XK20).

Consequences

The alarm 40MAY01EZ001 XK96 is active.


Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

TURB CONDR 1 PRES PROT

RELS FLT

40MAG10EZ110 XK99

Signification

The enable signal from the failsafe turbine condenser pressure protection for condenser 1
(condenser low vacuum, turbine trip) as a function of the steam turbine speed
(40MYA01FS011A XQ01) is faulted.

Consequences

The enable signal of the turbine condenser protection (low vacuum, turbine trip) is permanently set as long as the alarm 40MYA01FS011A XK20 is active.

Intervention from Operator

Determine which faults have given rise to the above fault alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

CONDR LEVEL PROT

NONCOINC

40MAG10EZ120 XK93

Signification

Monitoring of the group signals from the condenser level protection circuit has detected
non-coincidence of the two actuation signals.

Consequences

If operation of both actuation signals is faulted, trip of the steam turbine and the bypass
stations is initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Check immediately whether an actuation signal has failed to be issued on demand. If


this is the case, trip of the turbine and bypass stations must be initiated manually without
any delay.
Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Remarks

CONDR LEVEL PROT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAG10EZ110 XK96

Signification

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TRIP

40MAG10EZ120 XK96

Signification

The condenser level protection circuit (see description for the water/steam functional complex) has initiated trip of the steam turbine and the bypass station.

Consequences

Trip of the steam turbine and the bypass stations.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the steam turbine shutdown procedure.


Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 121-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SEP WATER LEVEL

< MIN

40MAJ60EG001 ZV03

Signification

One or both measurements 40MAJ60CL001, 40MAJ70CL001(Level Seperator Water) is


< MIN

Consequences

40MAJ60AA003 (SOLENOID VALVE MAKE UP WATER) receives an automatic-open


command

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Remarks

SEP WATER LEVEL

HIGH

40MAJ60EG001 ZV05

Signification

One or both measurements 40MAJ63CT001, 40MAJ73CT001(Temperature Separate Water after Coolers) is higher than 40C.

Consequences

Higher seal water temperature can cause cavitation in vacuum pump.

Intervention from Operator

If seal water temp is > 40C , operator has to check blockage of heat exchanger tubes or
check that ACW inlet temperature is within permissible limit.

Remarks
SLC TURBINE DRAINS
Signification

N. ON

40MAL10EE001 XV01

The SLC (sub loop control) turbine drains is NOT ON although the condenser pressure is
< 80 kPa /0.8 bar (11.6 PSI) (absolute) and the turbine speed is > 0.16 s-1 (0.16 RPS).

Consequences

The I&C controlled drain valves do not open automatically.


The proper warm-up and drainage of the turbine and turbine pipes during turbine startup as well as turbine operation is not ensured.

Intervention from Operator

Switch on the SLC turbine drains (40MAL10EE001) if there is no reason against this.
If there is a reason for the manual mode of the SLC turbine drains (40MAL10EE001),
ensure that this reason is eliminated as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Verify the SLC turbine drains (40MAL10EE001) with regard to correct function, if necessary.

Remarks

Normally the SLC turbine drains (40MAL10EE001) is switched on automatically by the SGC
steam turbine (40MAY10EC001) as well as by the SGC seal steam supply
(40MAW10EC001).

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Further Measures

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 122-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

P-V USTR D-V HPS CTRL-V 1

40MAL11AA051A ZV01

The drain valve upstream high pressure steam control valve 1 is still closed although the
open command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream high pressure steam control valve 1 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream high pressure steam control valve 1 including control
with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

P-V USTR D-V HPS CTRL-V 2

The pilot valve (40MAL11AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL12AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve upstream high pressure steam control valve 2 is still closed although the
open command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream high pressure steam control valve 2 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream high pressure steam control valve 2 including control
with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

DRN P-V D/STR PISTON H10

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

The pilot valve (40MAL12AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL14AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve high pressure steam turbine casing is still closed although the open command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine casing.
This water induction may lead in damages of the turbine/casing.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve high pressure steam turbine casing manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve high pressure steam turbine casing including control with regard
to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The pilot valve (40MAL14AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 123-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

DRN P-V U/STR O/L VLV

40MAL19AA051A ZV01

The drain valve upstream high pressure steam overload valve is still closed although the
open command for the drain valve is available 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream high pressure steam overload valve manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream high pressure steam overload valve including control
with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

DRN P-V D/STR O/L VLV

The pilot valve (40MAL19AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL20AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve downstream high pressure steam overload valve is still closed although the
open command for the drain valve is available 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve downstream high pressure steam overload valve manually, if
procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve downstream high pressure steam overload valve including control
with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

P-V USTR D-V HPS CSG 1

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

The pilot valve (40MAL20AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL22AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve high pressure steam turbine casing is still closed although the open command for the drain valve is available since60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine casing.
This water induction may lead in damages of the turbine/casing.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve high pressure steam turbine casing manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve high pressure steam turbine casing including control with regard
to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The pilot valve (40MAL22AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 124-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

P-V USTR D-V IPS ESV 1

40MAL23AA051A ZV01

The drain valve upstream intermediate pressure steam emergency stop valve 1 is still
closed although the open command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream intermediate pressure steam emergency stop valve 1
manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream intermediate pressure steam emergency stop valve 1
including control with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

P-V USTR D-V IPS ESV 2

The pilot valve (40MAL23AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL24AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve upstream intermediate pressure steam emergency stop valve 2 is still
closed although the open command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream intermediate pressure steam emergency stop valve 2
manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream intermediate pressure steam emergency stop valve 2
including control with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

P-V USTR D-V L/O STM MFLD

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

The pilot valve (40MAL24AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL25AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve leak-off steam manifold is still closed although the open command for the
drain valve is available since60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve leak-off steam manifold manually, if procurable.


Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve leak-off steam manifold including control with regard to correct
function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The pilot valve (40MAL25AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 125-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

P-V USTR D-V IPS CTRL-V 1

40MAL26AA051A ZV01

The drain valve upstream intermediate steam control valve 1 is still closed although the
open command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream intermediate steam control valve 1 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream intermediate steam control valve 1 including control
with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

P-V USTR D-V IPS CTRL-V 2

The pilot valve (40MAL26AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL27AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve upstream intermediate steam control valve 2 is still closed although the
open command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream intermediate steam control valve 2 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream intermediate steam control valve 2 including control
with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

P-V DSTR D-V CTRL-V 1/2

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

The pilot valve (40MAL27AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL31AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve downstream IP control valve is still closed although the open command for
the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine casing.
This water induction may lead in damages of the turbine/casing.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve downstream IP control valve manually, if procurable.


Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve downstream IP control valve including control with regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The pilot valve (40MAL31AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 126-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

P-V USTR D-V USTR EXTN 8

40MAL41AA051A ZV01

The drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 8.1 is still closed although the open
command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 8.1 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 8.1 including control with
regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

P-V USTR D-V USTR EXTN 6

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

The pilot valve (40MAL41AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL45AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 6.1 is still closed although the open
command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 6.1 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 6.1 including control with
regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

P-V USTR D-V USTR EXTN 5

The pilot valve (40MAL45AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL47AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 5.1 is still closed although the open
command for the drain valve is available since60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 5.1 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 5.1 including control with
regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The pilot valve (40MAL47AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 127-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

P-V USTR D-V USTR EXTN 4

40MAL51AA051A ZV01

The drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 4.1 is still closed although the open
command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 4.1 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 4.1 including control with
regard to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

P-V USTR D-V USTR EXTN 3

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OPEN

The pilot valve (40MAL51AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL54AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 3.1 is still closed although the open
command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 3.1 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 3.1 including control with
regard to correct function..
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

P-V USTR D-V USTR EXTN 2

The pilot valve (400MAL54AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems
might cause the fault.
N. OPEN

40MAL55AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 2.1 is still closed although the open
command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine casing.
This water induction may lead in damages of the turbine/casing.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 2.1 manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream nonreturn valve extraction 2.1 including control with
regard to correct function..
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The pilot valve (10MAL55AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 128-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

P-V USTR D-V COLD REHT

N. OPEN

The drain valve upstream cold reheat nonreturn valve is still closed although the open
command for the drain valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could occur upstream the nonreturn valve in the cold
reheat line. This water induction may lead in damages in the cold reheat line and the turbine
itself.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve upstream cold reheat nonreturn valve manually, if procurable.
Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the drain valve upstream cold reheat nonreturn valve including control with regard
to correct function.
Verify the control air supply of the valve.
Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.
The pilot valve (40MAL65AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.

P-V USTR D-V SS MFLD

N. OPEN

40MAL81AA051A ZV01

Signification

The drain valve seal steam manifold is still closed although the open command for the drain
valve is available since 60 s.

Consequences

The correct drainage and warm-up of the accompanying system scope is not possible and
therefore condensate accumulation could cause water induction into the turbine. This water
induction may lead in damages of the turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Open the drain valve seal steam manifold manually, if procurable.


Check whether the control air supply of the valve actuator is in proper operation.

Further Measures

Verify the control air supply of the valve.


Ascertain the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

The pilot valve (40MAL81AA051), the air control supply or mechanical valve problems might
cause the fault.

ST UNFL U-RING SUC T

> 350.0 C

40MAM20CT001A XH01

Signification

The seal steam temperature is too high.

Consequences

A temperature rise is caused by a leakage and the resulting leakage steam mass flow.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

The U-ring seal has to be inspected / replaced at the next revision.

Remarks

ST UNFL U-RING SUC T


Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAL65AA051A ZV01

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

> 560.0 C

40MAM20CT002A XH01

Signification

The seal steam temperature is too high.

Consequences

A temperature rise is caused by a leakage and the resulting leakage steam mass flow.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

The U-ring seal has to be inspected / replaced at the next revision.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 129-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

OIL SUP EM OPER MEAS

N. COMPL

The automatic measures, which are carried out if the oil supply emergency operation is
actuated, have not been successfully completed during 10 seconds.

Consequences

Oil supply emergency operation measures are not ensured (danger of fire in the oil system
and damage to the turbine bearings, shaft and/or lubrication oil system respectively).

Intervention from Operator

Check the necessary components for correct conditions. The remaining measures for
emergency operation must be actuated immediately manually.
Oil supply emergency operation alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK01 is present:
40MAV00FS901 Turbine Status.....................................................................TRIPPED
40MAV10EC001 SGC Turbine Oil Supply..............................................................OFF
40MAV10EU007 Oil tank heater system.................................................................OFF
40MAV20EC001 SGC Check Oil Pumps................................................................OFF
40MAV21AP021 Main Lube Oil Pump 1.................................................................OFF
40MAV21AP022 Main Lube Oil Pump 2.................................................................OFF
40MAV21EE001 SLC Main Lube Oil Pumps..................................................MANUAL
40MAV24AP001 Emergency Lube Oil Pump...........................................................ON
40MAV24EE001 SLC Emergency Oil Pump...................................................MANUAL
40MAV30EU001 Lifting Oil System.......................................................MANUAL+OFF
40MAV50EU001 Turning Gear System..................................................................OFF

If the oil supply emergency operation alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02 is present check the
following states:
40MAX01EU001 Control fluid system.....................................................................OFF
Further Measures

If the measures for emergency operation cannot be completed via the operating monitor
(manual OFF), the pump(s) must be deactivated via the switch gear.
Investigate the reason why the oil supply emergency operation sequence was not fully
completed and restart unit only after this fault has been rectified.

Remarks

OIL SUP EM OPER PB

ACTUATED

40MAV00EY020 XV01

Signification

The oil supply emergency operation was initiated by a push button.

Consequences

refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02

Intervention from Operator

refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02

Further Measures
Remarks

Verify the cause for activating the push button.


refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02

OIL SUP EM OPER PB


Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAV00EG001 XV01

Signification

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Signification
Consequences

ANTIV

40MAV00EY020 XV02

At least one of the three channels of the push buttons for the oil supply emergency operation
has a different state of the others.
Circuit reconfiguration from 2-out-of-3 to 1-out-of-2 coincidence circuit.
Initiating oil supply emergency operation, if two channels are activated.

Intervention from Operator

Contact I&C specialist for further investigation.

Further Measures

Investigate the cause for the non-coincidence and rectify the fault, if possible during turbine
operation.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 130-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

OIL SUP EM OPER


Signification
Consequences

SET

40MAV00EY021 XK01

The oil supply emergency operation was initiated by push button or automatically by the
fire detection system or due to a too low oil tank level.
The steam turbine was tripped.
The turbine lube oil system is taken out of operation except the emergency oil pump,
which is switched on.
The oil supply emergency operation measures have been carried out.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the automatic measures of the steam turbine trip and monitor the carried out oil
supply emergency operation measures.

Further Measures

Investigate the site locally for evidence of a leak, smoke or piping cracks and rectify the
reason for the activation of the oil supply emergency operation system before the next
startup.
Check immediately the reason for this alarm.
In case of malfunction:
Quit alarm in control room
Reset - oil supply emergency operation trip - button on OM-system
Set subgroup control turbine oil supply 40MAV10EC001 to automatic.

Let emergency pump in operation.


Warning!
In case of personal hazard (e.g. spraying lube oil fire) - because of lube oil
piping system leakage - it is possible to switch off the emergency oil pump.
Major damage to the turbine-generator must then be anticipated.
Remarks

Refer to fault alarm 40MAY01EZ001.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

In case of fire:

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 131-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

EM OPER PB OR FIRE DET


Signification

ACTUATED

40MAV00EY021 XK02

The oil supply emergency operation has actuated by push button or automatically by the
fire detection system.

Consequences

The steam turbine and the bypass stations were tripped.


The turbine lube oil and litfting oil system are taken out of operation except the emergency oil pump, which is switched on.
The control fluid supply is shut down by protection additionally.
The oil supply emergency operation measures have been carried out.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the automatic measures of the steam turbine trip and monitor the carried out oil
supply emergency operation measures are carried out.

Further Measures

Investigate the site locally for evidence of a leak, smoke or piping cracks and rectify the
reason for the activation of the oil supply emergency operation system before the next
startup.
Check immediately the reason for this alarm.
In case of malfunction:

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Quit alarm in control room


Reset - oil supply emergency operation trip - button on OM-system
Set subgroup control turbine oil supply 40MAV10EC001 to automatic.
In case of fire:
Let emergency pump in operation.
Warning!
In case of personal hazard (e.g. spraying lube oil fire) - because of lube oil
piping system leakage - it is possible to switch off the emergency oil pump.
Major damage to the turbine-generator must then be anticipated.
Remarks

Refer to fault alarm 40MAY01EZ001.

OIL SUP EM OPER PB CR

ACTUATED

40MAV00GS021 XG01

Signification

The push button for oil supply emergency operation, located in the control room, has been
actuated.

Consequences

Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.

Intervention from Operator

Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.

Further Measures
Remarks

Verify the cause for activating the push button.


Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.
-

OIL SUP EM OPER PB OIL U


Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

ACTUATED

40MAV00GS022 XG01

Signification

The push button for oil supply emergency operation, located at the lube oil unit, has been
actuated.

Consequences

Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.

Intervention from Operator

Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.

Further Measures
Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Verify the cause for activating the push button.


Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.
-

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 132-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

OIL SUP EM OPER PB ESC 1

ACTUATED

40MAV00GS023 XG01

Signification

The push button for oil supply emergency operation, located on escape route 1, has been
actuated.

Consequences

Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.

Intervention from Operator

Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.

Further Measures
Remarks

Verify the cause for activating the push button.


Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.
-

OIL SUP EM OPER PB ESC 2

ACTUATED

40MAV00GS024 XG01

Signification

The push button for oil supply emergency operation, located on escape route 2, has been
actuated.

Consequences

Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.

Intervention from Operator

Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.

Further Measures
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Remarks
TEMP MAIN OIL TANK
Signification

Verify the cause for activating the push button.


Refer to fault alarm 40MAV00EY021 XK02.
HIGH

40MAV10CT001A XH05

The oil temperature in the lube oil tank is high.

Consequences

With steam turbine in operation, the heat removal from the bearings can be affected.
If the lube oil temperature increases further, the lifting oil pumps could be damaged,
long-term.

Intervention from Operator

Verify the reason for the fault with the help of further announced fault alarms immediately.
The oil temperature has to be observed.
With turbine in standstill it has to be checked that the lifting oil pumps are switched off.

Further Measures

Check the main oil tank temperature measurement for proper operation.
If lube oil pumps are running:
Check the lube oil coolers for proper operation. Vent the lube oil coolers. If necessary
change over from the operated lube oil cooler to the filled and vented standby lube oil
cooler.
Check the closed cooling water system for proper operation (flow / temperature).
Check the lube oil temperature control valve for proper operation.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Normally the lifting oil pumps are switched off 20 minutes after turbine standstill.
Too high oil temperatures can appear in the main oil tank if measures for oil cooling are
inadequate during turbine-generator alignment work (with only lifting oil supply in operation).
This can cause a damage of the lifting oil pumps.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 133-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TEMP MAIN OIL TANK


Signification

TOO HIGH

40MAV10CT001A XH07

The oil temperature in the lube oil tank is too high.

Consequences

With steam turbine in operation, the heat removal from the bearings is affected. Further
increase can lead to bearing damage.
If the steam turbine is in standstill for more than 10 minutes and shaft temperature <
100 C, all lifting oil pumps will be switched off.
The lifting oil pumps could be damaged long-term.

Intervention from Operator

Verify the reason for the fault with the help of further announced fault alarms immediately.
The oil temperature has to be observed.
With turbine in standstill it has to be checked that the lifting oil pumps are switched off.

Further Measures

Check the main oil tank temperature measurement for proper operation.
If lube oil pumps are running:

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check the lube oil coolers for proper operation. Vent the lube oil coolers. If necessary
change over from the operated lube oil cooler to the filled and vented standby lube oil
cooler.
Check the closed cooling water system for proper operation (flow / temperature).
Check the lube oil temperature control valve for proper operation.
Remarks

Normally the lifting oil pumps are switched off 20 minutes after turbine standstill.
Too high oil temperatures can appear in the main oil tank if measures for oil cooling are
inadequate during turbine-generator alignment work (with only lifting oil supply in operation).
This can cause a damage of the lifting oil pumps.

TEMP MAIN OIL TANK

TOO LOW

40MAV10CT001A XH60

Signification

The temperature in the lube oil tank is too low.

Consequences

Too high viscosity can lead to pump damage.


Therefore the startup of the SGC Lube Oil Supply 40MAV10EC001 is not permitted until
the oil temperature exceeds 10 C.

Intervention from Operator

Increase the lube oil temperature to acceptable temperatures.


Ensure that the SGC Turbine Oil Supply 40MAV10EC001 is in automatic mode.
Check the automatic run-up of the lube oil pump for warming up the lube oil.
Observe the trend of the oil temperature.

Further Measures

Check the main lube oil pumps for proper operation.


Check the closed cooling water system for proper operation (flow / temperature).
Check the lube oil temperature control valve for proper operation.
Check the main oil tank temperature measurement for proper operation.

The shutdown program of the SGC 40MAV10EC001 comprises the minimum temperature
control.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 134-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SGC TURBINE OIL SUPPLY

NO STOP

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAV10EC001 XS60

Signification

The turbine did not reach standstill after the monitored 15 minutes period of time. In shutdown step 57 of SGC turbine oil supply the steam turbine speed was higher than 0.15 s-1
(0.15 RPS) during 15 minutes monitoring time

Consequences

The lube oil supply and emergency oil system are switched on again (step 58, 59) and
shutdown sequence stops in step 60.

Intervention from Operator

The cause of continued shaft motion must be investigated and rectified.

Further Measures

Remarks

SGC TURBINE OIL SUPPLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. AUTO

40MAV10EC001 XV42

Signification

The SGC "Turbine Oil Supply" is not in automatic mode although the turbine is not in standstill (turbine speed > 0.16 s -1 (0,16 RPS)).

Consequences

The automatic control of the steam turbine oil supply system is not available (e.g. switching
on/off the main oil pumps for temperature control of the lubricating oil).

Intervention from Operator

Switch on the SGC turbine oil supply 40MAV10EC001.

Further Measures

Verify the reason why the SGC was not in automatic mode.

Remarks

SLC HEATER MAIN OIL TANK

N. AUTO

40MAV10EE001 XV42

Signification

The SLC for the main oil tank heater is not in automatic mode although the temperature in
the tank is less than 20 C (68 F).

Consequences

If the oil temperature is decreasing further the SGC for lube oil supply cannot be switched
on.

Intervention from Operator

Switch on the SLC for the main oil tank heater 40MAV10EE001.

Further Measures

Verify the reason why the SLC was not in automatic mode.

Remarks

HEATER MAIN OIL TANK

N. OFF

40MAV10EG002 XV01

Signification

The alarm is issued after a delay of 10 seconds when the oil heater is operated and the oil
temperature is too high.

Consequences

Further heater operation may cause oil overheating and oil cracking.

Intervention from Operator

The oil tank heating must be deactivated manually.

Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 135-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

OIL TANK LVL PROT

FAIL

40MAV10EZ110 XK20

Signification

There is a channel fault on all three main oil tank level measurements.

Consequences

The steam turbine trip is initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Check whether the emergency lube oil pump is in operation and if not, switch it on.
Observe the automatic measures of the steam turbine shutdown sequence and the
opening of the steam turbine bypass stations.

Further Measures

Investigate the fault of the main oil tank level measurements.


Rectify the fault or replace the faulty transmitter.

Remarks

Restart of the turbine is prohibited.

OIL TANK LVL PROT


Signification

FAULT

40MAV10EZ110 XK93

At least one of the three channels of the main oil tank level measurements is faulty.

Consequences

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Loss of redundancy.
Circuit reconfiguration from 2-out-of-3 to 1-out-of-2 coincidence circuit, if only one
channel is faulty.
If all three measurements are faulty, then a steam turbine trip will be initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Check that the lube oil system is in proper operation (pumps, pressure, temperature, level).

Further Measures

Verify and rectify the fault or replace the faulty transmitter.

Remarks

OIL TANK LVL PROT

LOW

40MAV10EZ110 XK94

Signification

The level in the lube oil tank is low.

Consequences

If the level in the lube oil tank drops below the LOW LOW value, the steam turbine will be
tripped and a oil supply emergency operation trip will be initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the lube oil tank level.


Check that the lube oil system is in proper operation (pumps, pressure, temperature).

Further Measures

Check the lube/lifting oil system for possible leakages (or a normal loss of oil over a
period of time).
If an oil leakage is detected, a fire hazard exists. Take actions for oil supply emergency
operation.
The strainer basket installed in the main lube oil tank has to be checked for clogging.
Refill the oil in the main lube oil tank if necessary.
-

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 136-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

OIL TANK LVL PROT

HIGH

The level in the main lube oil tank is high.

Consequences

If the level in the lube oil tank exceeds the HIGH HIGH value, the steam turbine will be
tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the lube oil tank level.


Check that the lube oil system is in proper operation (pumps, pressure, temperature).

Further Measures

If the lube oil tank is being filled, filling process has to be stopped.
Check the lube oil cooler for possible water leakages and if necessary changeover to
the standby cooler. The damaged cooler must be isolated (oil- and water side) and
ensure that cooling with the other cooler works correctly (check the bearing oil temperatures; if necessary, shutdown the turbine). Analyze the lube oil. If water has been
detected, the lube oil must be cleaned immediately.
The level in the main lube oil tank, has to be normalized.
Check the three main oil tank level measurements if necessary.
If one lube oil cooler is being drained into the lube oil tank, it is possible that the normal tank
level is exceeded.

OIL TANK LVL PROT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAV10EZ110 XK95

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TRIP

40MAV10EZ110 XK96

Signification

The level in the lube oil tank is too high or too low or all main oil tank level measurements
are faulty.

Consequences

A steam turbine trip is initiated and with too low level the oil supply emergency operation is
actuated.

Intervention from Operator

Check whether the emergency lube oil pump is in operation and if not, switch it on.
Observe the automatic measures of the steam turbine shutdown sequence and the
opening of the steam turbine bypass stations.
With low level, supervise the automatic execution of the oil supply emergency operation
measures.

Further Measures

Verify the reason and clear the fault (refer to further oil level fault alarms).

Remarks

SGC CHECK OIL PUMPS

IN OPER

40MAV20EC001 XA10

Signification

The SGC check oil pumps (startup / shutdown) is running.

Consequences

Intervention from Operator

Observe the correct program sequence of the SGC and check that the SGC reaches the
last step of the shutdown program.

Further Measures

Remarks

START SGC CHECK OIL PUMPS

IN 5 SEC

40MAV20EC001 ZV01

Signification

The startup program of the SGC check oil pumps is started in 5 seconds.

Consequences

The oil supply system is checked in 5 seconds.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the correct startup of the SGC check oil pumps.

Further Measures

Remarks

This serves to inform the operator of the start of testing.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 137-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TURBINE OIL SYSTEM


Signification

FAULT

The SGC "Check Oil Pumps" indicates a fault (running time exceeded).
The check of the oil pumps is not carried out correctly and the RESET program is
activated by the corresponding protection command.
It is not possible to startup the steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Check the operational condition of the unit.


When the fault is deleted, the SGC Check Oil Pumps has to be started again.

Further Measures

Check the SGC logic for correct operation.


Check the turbine oil system for correct operation.
Plant startup is not admissible until the fault has been corrected.

TEST OIL SYSTEM

NOW

40MAV20EG001 XV02

Signification

A test of the oil system is required.

Consequences

A 30-day interval for checking the oil pumps has expired.


The SGC oil pump test 40MAV20EC001 will be started on shutdown of the turbine by SGC
turbine, however, the test program is/can only be started if the turbine is in turning gear
operation or at standstill (turbine speed < 2 s-1 (< 2 RPS)).

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that the pump test is performed during shutdown/start up by the SGC "Check Oil
Pumps" 40MAV20EC001.

Further Measures

Remarks

SLC MAIN LUBE OIL PUMPS

C/O

40MAV21EE001 XA45

Signification

A lube oil pump changeover was carried out.

Consequences

The standby pump and the emergency oil pump are started automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Check pump changeover is correctly carried out.


Check the lube oil system and observe the lube oil pressure trend.
Switch off the emergency oil pump if the fault is cleared and the oil system works in a
normal range.

Further Measures

Determine the reason for the changeover (low system pressure due to leakage, filter contamination, pump fault or feeder failure) and rectify as soon as possible.

Remarks

SLC MAIN LUBE OIL PUMPS

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAV20EC001 ZV11

Consequences

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. AUTO

40MAV21EE001 XV42

Signification

The steam turbine is not at standstill (n > 0.16 s-1 (0.16 RPS)) and the SLC main lube oil
pumps is not on.

Consequences

Automatic pump changeover is not possible and inadmissible pressure drop in the lubricating system could occur.

Intervention from Operator

Switch on the SLC main lube oil pumps 40MAV21EE001.


Check the operational conditions of the unit.
Check the lube oil system and observe the lube oil pressure.

Further Measures

Verify the reason why the SLC was not in automatic mode.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 138-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

MAIN LUBE OIL PRES

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Signification

LOW

40MAV21EG001 XV01

The pressure in the lube oil header is too low while the steam turbine is not in standstill (n
> 0.16 s-1 (n > 0.16 RPS)).

Consequences

Critical changeover to the standby lube oil pump 40MAV21AP021, 40MAV21AP022 is


carried out.
The emergency oil pump 40MAV24AP001 is switched on.
There is no further reserve pump available (loss of redundancy). If this pump also fails
the steam turbine will be tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Check pump changeover is correctly carried out.


Check the lube oil system and observe the lube oil pressure trend.
Switch off the emergency oil pump if the fault is cleared and the oil system works in a
normal range.

Further Measures

Check the main oil pump is not defective.


Check that the consumption flow rate has not been excessively increased i.e. a leakage.
Check the lube oil system for a leakage and the filter for contamination and if required,
change over to the standby filter.
Ensure that the air content in the turbine oil system is not excessive.
Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.
Check bearing temperatures and vibration when on load.

Remarks

MAIN LUBE OIL PUMPS

1&2 ON

40MAV21EG002 XV01

Signification

Both main oil pumps 40MAV21AP021, 40MAV21AP022 are running parallel for more than
10 sec.

Consequences

Parallel operation of the main oil pumps is only permissible for a limited time.

Intervention from Operator

Check the lube oil pressure.


Switch off the pump, which is not preselected, if no reason for the operation of two
pumps is available.
Ensure that the SLC main lube oil pumps 40MAV21EE001 is on.

Further Measures

Determine why both pumps are in service (check the SLC 40MAV21EE001).
Check the lubricating oil system for leakages and damaged seals, if the annunciation
appears more frequently.
-

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 139-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

EMERGY LUBE OIL PUMP

40MAV24AP001 XG01

The thermal protection of the emergency lube oil pump has been activated due to an overload of the emergency lube oil pump.

Consequences

The pump/motor could be damaged.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the pressure in the lube/lifting oil system.


Determine why the emergency oil pump is in service. If the steam turbine is not in
standstill and no further lube oil pump is running correctly, the emergency oil pump
must not be switched off.
Try to start up the main lube oil pumps. If it is ensured that one of the two main lube oil
pumps is running correctly, the emergency lube oil pump can be switched off manually.

Further Measures

Check the emergency oil pump and the motor for possible damages.
Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

EMERGY OIL PUMP CTRL VOLT


Signification

Restart of the turbine is only permissible when the emergency lube oil pump is fully available.
N. THERE

40MAV24AP001 XG53

The control voltage of the emergency lube oil pump is missing.

Consequences

The emergency lube oil pump cannot be started from the OM-system and from the SLC
emergency oil pump 40MAV24EE001.
If required, the emergency oil pump cannot be set into operation automatically. A turbine
trip could be possible.

Intervention from Operator

Verify/ensure that the oil supply system is in proper operation.


Measures must be initiated immediately to reestablish the DC supply or to shut down
the steam turbine plant.

Further Measures

Check the control voltage and the electrical power supply for the emergency lube oil
pump.
Check the fuses of the emergency oil pump and replace if necessary.
Immediately, take measures to reestablish the DC supply or shut down the plant.
Check the emergency oil pump for possible damages.
Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

Remarks
SLC EMERGENCY OIL PUMP
Signification

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

OVERLOAD

Plant startup is not admissible until the fault has been rectified.
N. AUTO

40MAV24EE001 XV42

The steam turbine is not at standstill (n > 0.16 s-1 (0.16 RPS)) and the SLC emergency oil
pump is not on.

Consequences

Automatically startup of the emergency oil pump by the SLC is not possible.
The pressure switch relay is deactivated and the emergency lube oil pump cannot be
directly switched on via the direct-current voltage supply.

Intervention from Operator

Switch on the SLC emergency oil pump 40MAV24EE001.


Check the operational conditions of the unit.
Check the lube oil system and observe the lube oil pressure.

Further Measures

Determine why the SLC was not on.


Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Plant startup is not admissible until the relay is activated.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 140-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

EMERGENCY OIL PUMP

N. OFF

The emergency oil pump is running even though the oil pressure is at operation level and
the lube oil pressure protection has not tripped.

Consequences

The emergency oil pump could be overheated due to the possibly closed check valve
downstream of the pump. Therefore the operating time is limited to 5 minutes.
Check the lube oil system and observe the lube oil pressure.
Check that a oil pump change over has been carried out correctly.
Verify the reason why the emergency oil pump 40MAV24AP001 has been switched on
and switch off if the reason is clarified.

Further Measures

Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

Remarks

PRES SWITCH RELAY

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAV24EG001 XV01

Signification

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. ACTIVE

40MAV24EG002 XV01

Signification

The emergency oil pump blocking relay (latching relay) is not on during the turbine speed
is > 0.16 s-1 (0.16 RPS).

Consequences

The emergency lube oil pump cannot be directly switched on via the direct-current voltage
supply.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that the SLC Emergency Oil Pump 40MAV24EE001 is on.


Clear the reason for the off-status of the memory relay (oil supply emergency operation!).
The fault has to be checked immediately.

Further Measures

Try to switch on the pressure switch relay again (the switchgear feeder must be
checked).
Check the memory relay and the belonging equipment for proper operation by trained
personnel.
Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

Remarks
TEMP LIFTING OIL
Signification

Plant startup is not admissible until the relay is activated.


TOO HIGH

40MAV30EU001 XV12

The temperature in the main lube oil tank or the lifting oil temperature downstream of the
filter is too high while the steam turbine is in standstill (n < 0.16 s-1 (9.6 rpm) for at least 10
minutes) and the HP-/IP-turbine shaft temperatures are below 100 C (212 F).

Consequences

The SLC and all lifting oil pumps will be switched off.
Further operation of lifting oil system is not possible until lube oil cooled down.

Intervention from Operator

Check the lifting oil system and the temperature of the bearings.
Verify the reason for the fault with the help of further announced fault alarms immediately.

Further Measures

Check the lube oil coolers for proper operation. Vent the lube oil coolers. If necessary
change over from the operated lube oil cooler to the filled and vented standby lube oil
cooler.
Check the closed cooling water system for proper operation (flow / temperature).
Check the lube oil temperature control valve for proper operation.
Check the temperature measurements of devices main oil tank and downstream of
lifting oil filter for proper operation.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Inadmissibly high oil temperatures can arise in the main oil tank if measures for oil cooling
are inadequate during turbine-generator alignment work (with only lifting oil supply in operation). This can lead to damage of the lifting oil pump.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 141-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SLC LIFTING OIL PUMPS

C/O

Signification

A lifting oil pump changeover was carried out.

Consequences

The standby pump is started automatically.

Intervention from Operator

40MAV31EE001 XA45

Check pump changeover is correctly carried out.


Check the lifting oil system and observe the lifting oil pressure trend.

Further Measures

Determine the reason for the changeover (low system pressure due to leakage, filter contamination, pump fault or feeder failure) and rectify as soon as possible.

Remarks

SLC LIFTING OIL PUMPS

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. AUTO

40MAV31EE001 XV42

Signification

The steam turbine is not at standstill (n > 0.16 s-1 (9.6RPM)) and the SLC lifting oil pumps
is off.

Consequences

The lifting oil pump is not started if required or in case of a pump fault, an automatically
changeover of the lifting oil pumps is not possible.

Intervention from Operator

Switch on the SLC lifting oil pump 40MAV31EE001 if there is no reason for SLC "off"
(e.g. oil supply emergency operation).
Check the operational conditions of the unit.
Check the turbine speed and the pressure of the lifting oil system during the SLC is not
on, to ensure a correct operation of the lifting oil system.

Further Measures

Determine why the SLC was not on.


Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

Remarks
LIFTING OIL PUMPS

2 PPS ON

40MAV31EG002 XV01

Signification

Both lifting oil pumps are running for more than 20 seconds.

Consequences

The lifting oil pumps could be damaged.

Intervention from Operator

Check the operation of the lube-/lifting oil system. When the system is in normal operation status, the not pre-selected pump has to be switched off.
Ensure that the SLC lifting oil pumps 40MAV31EE001 is on.

Further Measures

Verify the reason why two pumps are in operation.


Check the function of the lube-/lifting oil system (pumps, filter, electrical equipment and
control).
Normally one of the two lifting oil pumps should be switched off automatically after 10 seconds running time.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 142-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

PRES LIFTING OIL PUMPS

40MAV31EG003 XV01

Signification

The lifting oil pressure at the pump outlet is too high for longer than 5 s.

Consequences

The lifting oil pumps and the lifting oil system could be damaged.

Intervention from Operator

Check the lifting oil pressure.


Switch over to the stand by lifting oil pump if necessary.
Check the proper operation of pressure regulating valve, located downstream of the lift
oil filters.
Check all manual valves for correct adjustment

Further Measures

Check the function of the lifting oil pumps including the related safety valves.
Check the function of the lifting oil system (pumps, filter, electrical equipment and control).

Remarks
DP LIFTING OIL FILTER
Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

> MAX

40MAV35CP016 XG01

The differential pressure of the lifting oil filters 40MAV35AT001, 40MAV35AT002 is too high.
A lifting oil filter change over is necessary.
The lifting oil pressure can decrease if the differential pressure increases further and
herewith a lifting oil pump switchover is incorrectly activated.
Changeover to the filled and vented standby filter has to be arranged.
Check the operation of the lube-/lifting oil system and observe the lifting oil pressure
particularly.
The polluted filter element has to be cleaned or replaced. After this the readiness of the
filter must be re-established.
If the cleaning intervals are repeated in short term, then the reason for the heavy pollution
has to be investigated.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

TOO HIGH

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 143-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TEMP LIFTING OIL

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Signification

HIGH

40MAV35CT001 XH01

The lifting oil temperature is high.

Consequences

With steam turbine in operation, the heat removal from the bearings can be affected.
The lifting oil pumps could be damaged.
If the HP/IP steam turbine temperatures are less than 100 C (212 F) and the oil temperature increases further during stand still of turbine shaft, the jacking oil pumps will
be switched off.

Intervention from Operator

Verify the cause with the help of further announced fault alarms immediately.
Check the lifting oil system and the temperature of the bearings.
Check the oil temperature in the lube oil tank and activate the lube oil system (via lube
oil cooler) if necessary.
Observe the lifting oil temperature trend.
If the steam turbine shaft is at standstill and the HP/IP steam turbine shaft temperatures
are less than 100 C (212 F), then the lifting oil pumps shall be switched off if there is
no important reason for pumps operation.

Further Measures

Check the lube oil coolers for proper operation. Vent the lube oil coolers. If necessary
change over from the operated lube oil cooler to the filled and vented standby lube oil
cooler.
Check the closed cooling water system for proper operation (flow / temperature).
Check the oil temperature control valve for proper operation.
Check the temperature-measuring device downstream of lifting oil filter for proper operation.

Remarks

TEMP LIFTING OIL


Signification

Inadmissibly high oil temperatures can arise in the main oil tank if measures for oil cooling
are inadequate during turbine-generator alignment work (with only lifting oil supply in operation). This can lead to damage to the lifting oil pump.
TOO HIGH

40MAV35CT001 XH03

The lifting oil temperature is too high.

Consequences

If the steam turbine speed is < 0.15 s-1 (0.15 rps) for 10 minutes and the HP/IP-turbine
shaft temperatures are <100 C (212 F) all lifting oil pumps will be switched off.
The lifting oil pumps could be damaged.

Intervention from Operator

Check the lifting oil system and the temperature of the bearings.
Verify the cause with the help of further announced fault alarms immediately.

Further Measures

Check the lube oil coolers for proper operation. Vent the lube oil coolers. If necessary
change over from the operated lube oil cooler to the filled and vented standby lube oil
cooler.
Check the closed cooling water system for proper operation (flow / temperature).
Check the lube oil temperature control valve for proper operation.
Check the temperature-measuring device 40MAV10CT001A for proper operation.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Inadmissibly high oil temperatures can arise in the main oil tank if measures for oil cooling
are inadequate during turbine-generator alignment work (with only lifting oil supply in operation). This can lead to damage to the lifting oil pump.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 144-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

PRES LIFTING OIL

LOW

40MAV35EG001 XV01

Signification

The pressure downstream of the lifting oil pumps is low while the steam turbine is in turning
gear operation or lifting oil system is in operation for more than 10 seconds.

Consequences

Startup of the standby lifting oil pump is activated. Otherwise the supply of the bearings
during turning gear operation could not be ensured and damage of the turbine bearings is
possible.

Intervention from Operator

Verify the startup of the lifting oil pump.


Observe the lifting oil pressure downstream of the lifting oil pump.

Further Measures

Remarks

Check the lifting oil pump out of service for correct operation and possible damages.
Check the installed pressure measurements.
Check the lifting oil filter with regard to pressure loss.
Check the lifting oil system for possible leakage.
Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

LIFTING OIL SUPPLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. OFF

40MAV35EG002 XV01

Signification

The steam turbine speed is > 9 s-1 ( > 540 rpm), but the lifting oil system is still in service
for at least 2 minutes.

Consequences

Check the cause for lifting oil pump operation.

Intervention from Operator

Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

Further Measures

Check the SLC lifting oil pumps 40MAV31EE001 and the related controls for correct operation. After this the SLC has to be switched on again.

Remarks

LO T-C
Signification

FAULT

40MAV41GH001 XV09

The temperature control valve, the dedicated controller or the voltage supply are faulted.

Consequences

Cooling of the bearings and the required lube oil viscosity may be at risk during steam
turbine operation.
If the lube oil temperature rises still further, permanent damage may occur to the operating shaft lift oil pumps.

Intervention from Operator

The cause of the fault must be determined immediately on the basis of the individual
signals.
Perform a continual check of the temperaure in the main oil tank and downstream of
the lube oil filter.

Further Measures

Check the setpoint adjustment locally.


Check the lube oil temperature control valve for proper function.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

If measures for oil cooling are inadequate, the oil temperatures can rise to an impermissible
value. This can lead to damage in the shaft lift oil pump.
Impermissibly-high bearing metal temperatures result in turbine trip.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 145-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

DP LUBE OIL FILTER


Signification

> MAX

A lube oil filter change over is necessary.


If this switchover is not performed in time, lube oil pressure will drop so far that full-load
oil pump switchover is activated and finally the lube oil pressure protection circuit is
actuated.

Intervention from Operator

Changeover to the filled and vented standby filter has to be arranged.


Check the operation of the lube oil system and observe the lube oil pressure particularly.

Further Measures

The polluted filter element has to be cleaned or replaced. After this the readiness of the
filter must be re-established.

Remarks

If the cleaning intervals are repeated in short term , then the reason for the heavy pollution
has to be investigated.

PRES LUBE OIL D/STR FLTR


Signification

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAV42CP013 XG01

The differential pressure of the lube oil filters 40MAV42AT001, 40MAV42AT002 is too high.

Consequences

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

< MIN

40MAV42CP019 XG52

The lube oil pressure downstream of the filter is less than minimum pressure.

Consequences

Startup of the standby lube oil pump and startup of the emergency oil pump is activated,
to ensure sufficient oil supply. Caution: Risk of bearing damage.
If the pressure drops to the trip level, then turbine trip will be initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Verify the startup of the standby lube oil pump.


Observe the lube oil pressure.
If the lube oil system is in a proper operation again, switch off first one of the two lube
oil pumps in operation after that the emergency oil pump.

Further Measures

Check the oil pumps 40MAV21AP021, 40MAV21AP022 for proper operation and possible damages.
Check the lubricating oil system for a leakage.
Check the lubricating oil filter for a contamination and if required, change over to the
standby filter.
Verify the reason and clear the fault.

Remarks

TEMP D/STR LO TEMP CTRL-V

HIGH

40MAV42EG001 XV01

Signification

The temperature of the lube oil downstream of the cooler is high while the steam turbine is
not at standstill (turbine speed > 0.16 s-1 ( > 0.16 rps)).

Consequences

The turbine bearing temperatures could increase.

Intervention from Operator

Check that the closed cooling water system 40PGB and other lube oil system properties
are normal.
Observe the temperatures of the turbine bearings.

Further Measures

Check the lube oil coolers for proper operation. Vent the lube oil coolers. If necessary
change over from the operated lube oil cooler to the filled and vented standby lube oil
cooler.
Check the closed cooling water system 40PGB for proper operation (flow / temperature).
Check the lube oil temperature control valve for proper operation.
Check the temperature measurement upstream and downstream of the oil temperature
control valve for proper operation.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 146-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LUBE OIL PRES PROT

FAIL

There is a channel fault on all three lube oil pressure measurements.

Consequences

The steam turbine trip is initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Check whether the emergency lube oil pump is in operation and if not, switch it on.
Observe the automatic measures of the steam turbine shutdown sequence and the
opening of the steam turbine bypass stations.

Further Measures

Investigate the fault of the three lube oil pressure measurements.


Rectify the fault or replace the faulty transmitter.
Restart of the turbine is prohibited.

LUBE OIL PRES PROT


Signification

FAULT

40MAV42EZ110 XK93

At least one of the three channels of the lube oil pressure measurements are faulty.

Consequences

Circuit reconfiguration from 2-out-of-3 to 1-out-of-2 coincidence circuit, if only one


channel is faulty.
If all three measurements are faulty, then a steam turbine trip will be initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Check that the lube oil system is in proper operation (pumps, pressure, temperature, level).

Further Measures

Verify and rectify the fault or replace the faulty transmitter.

Remarks

LUBE OIL PRES PROT

LOW

40MAV42EZ110 XK94

Signification

The pressure in the lube oil header is low.

Consequences

If the lube oil pressure decreases further, a steam turbine trip will be initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Check the oil pumps for proper operation and possible damages.
Check the lube oil system for proper operation. Possibly a lube oil filter changeover is
necessary.
If necessary check the system for possible leakages.
Check the three lube oil pressure measurements if necessary.

Remarks
LUBE OIL PRES PROT

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAV42EZ110 XK20

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check the lube oil system for proper operation.


Ensure that the SLC lube oil pumps 40MAV21EE001 is on.
Check the readiness of the standby lube oil pump.
If necessary change over to the standby lube oil pump via preselection.

TRIP

40MAV42EZ110 XK96

Signification

The pressure of the lube oil is too low at a turbine speed >0.25 s -1 (>0.25 RPS) and/or the
pressure measurements are faulty.

Consequences

The steam turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Check whether the emergency lube oil pump is in operation and if not, switch it on.
Observe the automatic measures of the steam turbine shutdown sequence and the
opening of the steam turbine bypass stations.

Further Measures

Verify the reason and clear the fault (refer to further oil pressure fault alarms).

Remarks

With too low oil pressure the restart of the turbine is prohibited.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 147-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SLC TURNING GEAR

N. AUTO

The SLC turning gear is not on although the steam turbine is not at standstill (n > 0.16 s-1
(0.16 RPS)).

Consequences

During automatic steam turbine shutdown the turning gear will not automatically stop (turning gear solenoid valve remains off/open).

Intervention from Operator

Check if oil supply emergency operation is /was initiated. The SLC turning gear is set
to manual mode when oil supply emergency operation is activated.
Switch on the SLC turning gear 40MAV51EE001 if the fault is cleared and no reason
for SLC "off" is available.

Further Measures

Determine why SLC turning gear was not in auto mode.


Verify the reason and clear the fault immediately.

TURNING GEAR
Signification

FAULT

40MAV51EG001 XV01

The turning gear operation of the steam turbine is malfunction. The lifting oil supply is in
operation, the steam turbine has not cooled down (HP-turbine shaft temperature > 120 C
( > 248 F)) and steam turbine speed is < 0.16 s-1 (< 0.16 RPS).

Consequences

The turning gear operation has been interrupted.


The additional turbine shaft bending during standstill may cause friction between shaft
and casing, so that the turbine cannot be taken in turning gear operation again.

Intervention from Operator

Check the status of the oil supply emergency operation signals. Verify if the steam
turbine turning gear has not been switched off for oil supply emergency operation reasons.
Check the operation of the lifting oil system. If necessary switch over to the standby
lifting oil pump.
Ensure that the SLC turning gear 40MAV51EE001 is on.
Check the position (open) of the turning gear valve.

Further Measures

Check the solenoid valve and the control for proper operation.
Check the pressure-regulating valve in the lifting oil system.
Use the manual turning gear, if necessary.

Remarks

The steam turbine shaft has to be turned until the turbine shaft temperature is less than
100 C (212 F).

SLC OIL VAPOUR EXHAUSTER

C/O

Signification

A oil vapour exhaust fan changeover was carried out.

Consequences

The standby exhaust fan is started automatically.

Intervention from Operator


Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAV51EE001 XV42

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

40MAV82EE001 XA45

Check exhaust fan changeover is correctly carried out.


Check the oil vapour exhaust system and observe the exhaust pressure trend.

Further Measures

Determine the reason for the changeover (low system pressure due to leakage, filter contamination, oil vapour exhaust fan fault or feeder failure) and rectify as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 148-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SLC OIL VAPOUR EXHAUSTER


Signification

40MAV82EE001 XV42

The SLC oil vapour exhaust is not in automatic mode although the lube oil supply is in
operation.
The proper operation of the oil vapour exhausting is not ensured.
In case of a fault no automatic change over will be performed.

Intervention from Operator

Check/ensure that the oil vapour exhaust is in operation.


Switch on the SLC oil vapour exhaust 40MAV82EE001 if the fault is cleared and no
reason for SLC off is available.

Further Measures

Check the oil vapour exhaust system for proper operation.

Remarks

On failure of the oil vapour exhaust system, oil vapor escapes from the turbine bearings.
The turbine bearings must therefore be monitored for oil leakages. If this occurs, the turbine
must be shut down due to the associated fire hazard.
The malfunction of the fan will cause an accumulation of hydrogen within the oil tank. If the
oil vapor exhauster cannot be activated within a period of three hours a shut down of the
turbine has to be initiated.
LOW

40MAV82EG001 XV01

Signification

The suction of the oil vapour exhaust fan is low or both fans are off while the lube-/lifting oil
system is in operation.

Consequences

The suction of the oil vapour fans is insufficient. Oil vapour will accumulate above the oil
surface (e.g. in the oil tank, return line, bearing pedestals). Oil mist escapes from the bearing
housing.

Intervention from Operator

If both oil vapour exhausters are off, try to switch on one of them manually.
Switch on the SLC oil vapour exhaust 40MAV82EE001, if there is no reason for being
off.

Further Measures

Check the oil vapour exhausters for proper electrical and mechanical condition.
Verify and rectify the cause of the fault immediately.

Remarks

OIL VAPOUR EXHAUST FANS

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Consequences

OIL VAPOUR EXHAUST PRES


The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

N. AUTO

On failure of the oil vapour exhaust system, oil vapor escapes from the turbine bearings.
The turbine bearings must therefore be monitored for oil leakages. If this occurs, the turbine
must be shut down due to the associated fire hazard.
The malfunction of the fan will cause an accumulation of hydrogen within the oil tank. If the
oil vapor exhauster cannot be activated within a period of three hours a shut down of the
turbine has to be initiated.
1&2 ON

40MAV82EG002 XV01

Signification

Both oil vapour exhaust fans are running in parallel since 60 seconds.

Consequences

Suction pressure is too high. Risk of increased contamination.

Intervention from Operator

Switch off one of the oil vapour exhaust fans manually.


Ensure that the SLC oil vapour exhaust 40MAV82EE001 is in automatic mode.

Further Measures

Check the oil vapour fans for proper operation and possible damages.
Check the SLC oil vapour exhaust 40MAV82EE001 for proper operation.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Normally one of both vapour exhauster should be switched off automatically after 30 seconds running time.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 149-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

AUX STEAM U/STR C-V TEMP

LOW/HIGH

Signification

The seal steam temperature is low / high.

Consequences

The seal steam quality is insufficient.

40MAW10EG001 ZV01

Intervention from Operator

Check the conditions of the auxiliary steam (temperature and pressure


40LBG30CT911 and 40LBG30CP911) and ensure that the auxiliary steam supply is in
operation correctly.
Ensure that the seal steam control valve has the correct position (corresponding to the
seal steam conditions).

Further Measures

Check the seal steam as well as the auxiliary steam system including the electrical
superheater for correct operation.
Check the auxiliary steam temperature and pressure measuring devices
(40LBG30CT001A and 40LBG30CP011) for correct function.

Remarks

Either the seal steam temperature is low/high and the seal steam supply control valve
(40MAW10AA151) is closed since 120 seconds while the turbine is on load operation or
the seal steam temperature is low/high and the position of the seal steam supply control
valve is not closed.

SEAL STEAM SUPPLY

BYPASS MODE W

40MAW10EG002 ZV02

Signification

One or both isolation valves of the seal steam supply system is/are closed.

Consequences

Automatic operation of seal steam supply is not possible.

Intervention from Operator

If system shall be started in automatic mode, valves need to be opened.

Further Measures

Remarks

SS MFLD PRES

NONCOINC

40MAW20CP901 ZV01

Signification

Non-coincidence monitoring of redundant pressure measurements of seal steam header


indicates high deviation.

Consequences

Pressure control of the seal steam header might work improperly.

Intervention from Operator

Check the status of the seal steam pressure controller and the position of the seal steam
control valve.
Set seal steam pressure controller to manual mode if controller doesnt work properly and
before checking the measurement circuits.
Check both measurement circuits (40MAW20CP001, 40MAW20CP002) for damaged components, wrong parameter settings or incorrect wiring or installation.

Further Measures

Rectify faulty parameter settings, incorrect wiring and replace damaged components if
necessary.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 150-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SS MFLD FR TEMP

LOW

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAW20CT001A ZH52

Signification

The temperature in the seal steam header (front) is low while the steam turbine is not at
standstill (condenser vacuum < 80 kPa / 0.8 bar (23.6 PSI) (absolute) and turbine speed is
> 2.0 s-1 (2.0 RPS)).

Consequences

The sealing of the steam turbine shaft seals is insufficient.

Intervention from Operator

Verify the position of the seal steam control valve (40MAW10AA151).


Check the conditions of the auxiliary steam (temperature 40LBG30CT911 and pressure
40LBG30CP911) and ensure that the auxiliary steam supply is in operation correctly.

Further Measures

Check the seal steam system including the seal steam temperature control and the control
valve (40MAW10AA151) for correct function.
Check the auxiliary steam system including the electrical superheater and the temperature
control for correct operation.
Check the auxiliary steam drain valve incl. the control for correct function.
Check the temperature measuring device (40MAW20CT001A) for correct function.

Remarks

SS MFLD RR TEMP
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

40MAW20CT003A XH01

Signification

The temperature in the seal steam header (rear) is high.

Consequences

The seal steam control valve limitation is active. On activation of the seal steam header
high temperature limit control, the interlock with the lower variable setpoint is then disabled
to allow cooling of the seal steam by supply of auxiliary steam. The limit set by steam saturation temperature remains active.

Intervention from Operator

Verify the position of the seal steam control valve (40MAW10AA151).


Check the conditions of the auxiliary steam (temperature 40LBG30CT911 and pressure
40LBG30CP911) and ensure that the auxiliary steam supply is in operation correctly.

Further Measures

Check the seal steam system including the seal steam temperature control and the
control valve (40MAW10AA151) for correct function.
Check the temperature measuring device (40MAW20CT003A) for correct function.

Remarks
SEAL STEAM PRES STATUS

LOW

40MAW20EG001 ZV01

Signification

The seal steam pressure (40MAW20CP901) is low for more than 1 minute.

Consequences

The sealing of the steam turbine shaft seals is insufficient.

Intervention from Operator

Check, whether the seal steam controller (40MAW20DP001) is in automatic mode and
switch it to automatic mode if necessary.
Check the condition of seal steam (temperature, pressure).
Control the seal steam pressure manually by means of the seal steam control-valve
(40MAW10AA151) if possible.

Further Measures

Check the seal steam system including the seal steam pressure control
(40MAW20DP001) and the control valve (40MAW10AA151) as well as the auxiliary steam
system including the electrical superheater for correct operation.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 151-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SEAL STEAM PRES STATUS

*MAJ* STOP

The evacuation of the condenser must be stopped as the pressure in the seal steam header
is low for a specified time.
(permissible duration of air ingress via shaft seals has been exceeded).

Consequences

The permissible period for a continuos admission of cold air through shaft seals without
danger is exceeded.

Intervention from Operator

As cold air is passing over the seals the condenser evacuation must be terminated. Either
pressurise the system with seal system or stop the evacuation system.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the low pressure difference.

Remarks

HIGH

40MAW20EG002 ZV13

Signification

The pressure in the seal steam header is high (active) although the plant is in shutdown
status (no evacuation of turbine).

Consequences

Condensed steam of the seal steam system could enter the lube oil system at the turbine
bearings.

Intervention from Operator

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAW20EG001 ZV02

Signification

SEAL STEAM PRES STATUS

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Verify that the seal steam control-valves (40MAW10AA151, 40MAW50AA151) are


closed and close them manually if necessary.
If seal steam system is in operation the evacuation system has to be in operation too.
Please check this conditions. Either switch of the seal steam system or start the evacuation of the condenser

Further Measures

Check the seal steam system including the seal steam pressure control
(40MAW20DP001) and the control valves (40MAW10AA151, 40MAW50AA151) for correct
function.
Check the pressure measurements seal steam 40MAW20CP901 and condenser pressure
40MAG10FP002A for correct function.

Remarks

SEAL STEAM CONDITIONS

U-M < 5K

40MAW20FT901 XH53

Signification

The margin between the temperature upstream of the seal steam supply valve and the
upper limit curve is lower than 5 K (9 R).

Consequences

The seal steam quality is insufficient and therefore the seal steam supply valve can not be
opened.

Intervention from Operator

Check the conditions of the auxiliary steam and ensure that the auxiliary steam supply/seal
steam supply is in operation correctly.
Verify that the seal steam control valve has the correct position (corresponding to the seal
steam conditions).

Further Measures

Remarks

This warning is only relevant in cases where activation of the opening interlock for the seal
steam supply valve has not taken place.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 152-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SEAL STEAM CONDITIONS

SENSOR F

The seal steam control valve limitation has actuated due to a fault of the pressure or temperature measurement upstream of the seal steam control valve.

Consequences

The seal steam control (40MAW20DP001) is influenced to close the seal steam control
valve (40MAW10AA151).

Intervention from Operator

Observe the position of the seal steam control valve and the conditions of the auxiliary
steam as well as the conditions of the seal steam (temperature, pressure).

Further Measures

Check the seal steam as well as the auxiliary steam system for correct operation.
Check the temperature(40LBG30CT001A, 40LBG30CT002A) and pressure
40LBG30CP011 measuring devices and and the TSE channel high pressure steam
(40MAY01EP154) for correct function.

Remarks

Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

LOW

40MAX01CL001 XG52

The level in the control fluid supply unit has dropped to the alarm value.
If the level decreases further, the control fluid supply unit will be shut off and the steam
turbine will be tripped.
There is a danger of a fire, if the leakage is of a big size.

Check the control fluid system (piping, tank and actuators) for possible leakage. If there
is a big leakage, then the emergency push button has to be pressed to initiate a system
shut down.
Check the level measurement (40MAX01CL001) with the level switches for correct
function.
Check the level in the control fluid unit tank and if required refill the control fluid unit
tank via valve until the normal level is reached.
If two of the three contacts of the float switch indicate a low or too low level, a protective
shutdown of the control fluid system will be activated.

CF SUP UNIT LEAKAGE

LEAKG

40MAX01CL011 XG01

Signification

A leakage in the control fluid supply unit has been detected in the drip pan.

Consequences

The tank volume of control fluid might be emptied into the drip pan.
If the level in the tank decreases, the control fluid system shuts down.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAW20FT901 XM20

Signification

L CF SUP UNIT TANK

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Check the control fluid supply unit and guarded pipe (especially check the connection
between the outer cladding piping and control fluid supply tank wall) for possible leakage. If there is a big leakage, then press the emergency push button to initiate a shut
down of the control fluid supply unit.
Empty the control fluid from the drip pan and if necessary re-fill the unit tank to the
normal level.
Check the level switch in the drip pan for correct function.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 153-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

PRESS CF HEADER

> 170.0 bar

40MAX01CP003 XH03

Signification

The control fluid pressure at the header of the control fluid unit is too high (>
17000 kPa / 170 bar (2465.6 PSI)).

Consequences

This will lead to an increase of the control fluid pressure surges in the pressure line to control
valve actuators after steam turbine trip. Those pressure surges occur when firstly the control
fluid flow accelerates via the still open servovalve and the trip cartridge valves (hydraulic
short circuit) and secondly - when trip signal reaches the servovalve - the flow is interrupted.
The control fluid supply system can be damaged.

Intervention from Operator

If only one control fluid pump is in operation initiate a changeover of control fluid pumps
(use the preselection function 40MAX01EE002).
If both control fluid pumps are in operation switch off the non preselected pump.
Observe the control fluid pressure.

Further Measures

The control fluid system and the pumps have to be checked.


If the safety relief valves (40MAX01AA061, 40MAX01AA062) of both control fluid
pumps are disturbed and the pressure is still > 17000 kPa / 170 bar (2465.6 PSI) the
emergency push button at the control fluid supply unit has to be pressed to initiate a
system shut down.
Rectify the cause of the fault.

Remarks

PRESS CF HEADER

FAULT

40MAX01CP003 XM20

Signification

The pressure measurement or the input module for the pressure of the control fluid header
(40MAX01CP003) has a fault.

Consequences

The monitoring of the pressure is disturbed.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Remarks
CF FILTER 1 DP

Check the pressure locally (40MAX01CP501).


Trace the signal and check the input module of the pressure measurement for faults.
Investigate the pressure measurement and rectify the fault or replace the faulty transmitter if necessary.

HIGH

40MAX01CP011 XG01

Signification

The differential pressure across the control fluid filter (40MAX01AT011) is high.

Consequences

If the differential pressure increases further, then the system pressure could drop.

Intervention from Operator

Change over to the standby control fluid supply pump (40MAX01AP002).


Observe the control fluid pressure.

Further Measures

Close isolating valves and change the control fluid filter element.
Afterwards fill and vent the new filter element.
Line the filter by opening the isolating valves again.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

If the cleaning intervals are shorter than normal, clarify the reason for the excessive fouling.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 154-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CF FILTER 2 DP

40MAX01CP012 XG01

The differential pressure across the control fluid filter (40MAX01AT012) is high.

Consequences

If the differential pressure increases further, then the system pressure could drop.

Intervention from Operator

Change over to the standby control fluid supply pump (40MAX01AP001).


Observe the control fluid pressure.

Further Measures

Close isolating valves and change the control fluid filter element.
Afterwards fill and vent the new filter element.
Line the filter by opening the isolating valves again.

DP CF STRAINER 1

If the cleaning intervals are shorter than normal, clarify the reason for the excessive fouling.
HIGH

40MAX01CP013 XG01

Signification

The differential pressure across the circulating pump filter (40MAX01AT013) is high.

Consequences

The quality of the control fluid cannot be guaranteed.

Intervention from Operator

Change over to the standby control fluid circulating pump (40MAX01AP012). Use the preselection function (40MAX01EE004).

Further Measures

Remarks
DP CF STRAINER 2

Switch off the circulating pump (40MAX01AP011).


Replace the filter element.
After this the readiness of the control fluid filter has to be re-established.
If the cleaning intervals are shorter than normal, clarify the reason for the excessive fouling.
HIGH

40MAX01CP014 XG01

Signification

The differential pressure across the circulating pump filter (40MAX01AT014) is high.

Consequences

The quality of the control fluid cannot be guaranteed.

Intervention from Operator

Change over to the standby control fluid circulating pump (40MAX01AP011). Use the preselection function (40MAX01EE004).

Further Measures

Remarks
DP FILTER BEH CF REG UNIT

Switch off the circulating pump (40MAX01AP012).


Replace the filter element.
After this the readiness of the control fluid filter has to be re-established.
If the cleaning intervals are shorter than normal, clarify the reason for the excessive fouling.
HIGH

40MAX01CP016 XG01

Signification

The differential pressure across the control fluid filter (40MAX01AT016) in the fire-resistant
fluid (FRF) reconditioning unit circuit is high.

Consequences

The quality of the control fluid cannot be guaranteed.

Intervention from Operator


Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HIGH

If the control fluid temperature is < 60 C (140 F) then interrupt the control fluid cleaning
by switching off the control fluid circulating pump (40MAX01AP011 or
40MAX01AP012) and replace the filter element.
Immediately re-start the cleaning system after the element has been replaced.
Observe the control fluid temperature trend during filter cleaning.

Further Measures

The filter element has to be replaced.

Remarks

If the cleaning intervals are shorter than normal, clearify the reason for the excessive fouling.
For this filter exists a bypass valve.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 155-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CF SUP UNIT TANK

TOO HIGH

40MAX01CT001A XH01

Signification

The corresponding control fluid temperature measurement indicates a too high temperature
in the control fluid supply unit tank.

Consequences

No automatically actions are carried out if only one measurement indicates a too high temperature.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that the device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004) is on
and that one control fluid circulating pump (40MAX01AP011 or 40MAX01AP012) are
in operation. If necessary changeover the cooling circuit manually controlled.
Observe the control fluid temperature trend.

Further Measures

Check the temperature measurements (40MAX01CT001A, 40MAX01CT001B) for correct function.


Check the correct function of the control fluid circulating pumps (40MAX01AP011,
40MAX01AP012)
Check the water cooler (40MAX01AC010, 40MAX01AC020).

Remarks

CF SUP UNIT TANK

TOO HIGH

40MAX01CT001B XH01

Signification

The corresponding control fluid temperature measurement indicates a too high temperature
in the control fluid supply unit tank.

Consequences

No automatically actions are carried out if only one measurement indicates a too high temperature.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that the device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004 is on,
that one control fluid circulating pump (40MAX01AP011, 40MAX01AP012) is in operation. If necessary changeover the cooling circuit manual controlled.
Observe the control fluid temperature trend.

Further Measures

Check the temperature measurements (40MAX01CT001A, 40MAX01CT001B) for correct function.


Check the correct function of the control fluid circulating pumps (40MAX01AP011,
40MAX01AP012).
Check the water cooler (40MAX01AC010, 40MAX01AC020).

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 156-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

T CF SUPPLY UNIT TANK


Signification

TOO HIGH

40MAX01CT901 XH01

The corresponding control fluid temperature measurement indicates a too high temperature
in the control fluid supply unit tank.

Consequences

No automatically actions are carried out if only one measurement indicates a too high
temperature.
The quality of the control fluid cannot be guaranteed.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that the device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004) is on,
that one control fluid circulating pump (40MAX01AP011 or 40MAX01AP012) is in operation. If necessary changeover the cooling circuit manual controlled.
Observe the control fluid temperature trend.

Further Measures

Check the temperature measurements (40MAX01CT001A, 40MAX01CT001B) for correct function.


Check the correct function of the control fluid circulating pumps (40MAX01AP011,
40MAX01AP012).
Check the water cooler (40MAX01AC010, 40MAX01AC020).

Remarks

T CF SUPPLY UNIT TANK


The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Signification

HIGH

40MAX01CT901 XH05

The control fluid temperature in the control fluid supply unit tank is high (> 65 C (149 F)).

Consequences

If the control fluid temperature increases further the quality of the control fluid cannot
be guaranteed.
If the control fluid temperature increases further there is a danger of exceeding the
design limits for control fluid piping.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that the device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004) is on
and that one control fluid circulating pump (40MAX01AP011 or 40MAX01AP012) is in
operation.
Observe the control fluid temperature trend.

Further Measures

Check the temperature measurements (40MAX01CT001A, 40MAX01CT001B) for correct function.


Check the correct function of the control fluid circulating pumps (40MAX01AP011,
40MAX01AP012).
Check the water cooler (40MAX01AC010, 40MAX01AC020).
Notice!
After 8 hours with a control fluid temperature in the control fluid supply unit tank
higher than 65 C (149 F) a shut down of control fluid supply unit has to be
initiated manually.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

A high temperature causes the viscosity of control fluid to decrease.


There is the danger of a pump damage, if the viscosity is too small.
There is the danger of a piping damage, if the temperature increases further.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 157-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

T CF SUPPLY UNIT TANK


Signification
Consequences

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Remarks

TOO LOW

40MAX01CT901 XH60

The control fluid temperature in the control fluid supply unit tank is too low < 5 C (41 F).
The control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) are switched off by a protection command.
A start of the control fluid pumps is not possible.
Observe the control fluid temperature trend.
Check the control fluid temperature.
Check the temperature measurements (40MAX01CT001A, 40MAX01CT001B) for correct function.
Increase the control fluid temperature by appropriate measures.

T CF SUPPLY UNIT TANK

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

UNIT OFF

40MAX01CT901 XK11

Signification

The control fluid temperature in the control fluid supply unit tank is too high.
Both temperature measurements (40MAX01CT001A, 40MAX01CT001B) indicate a too
high temperature.

Consequences

The shutdown program of the SGC for turbine valves (40MAX01EC001) is started, the
steam turbine is shutdown via the turbine startup and admission limiting device (including
turbine trip release).

Intervention from Operator

Observe the steam turbine shutdown sequence.


Observe the control fluid supply unit shutdown sequence.

Further Measures

Check the correct function of the control fluid circulating pumps (40MAX01AP011,
40MAX01AP012) after shut down of the of the control fluid supply unit.
Check the temperature measurements (40MAX01CT001A, 40MAX01CT001B) for correct function.

Remarks

If the shut down of the control fluid supply unit is successful, the fault memory is reset
automatically.

T CF SUPPLY UNIT TANK

FAULT

40MAX01CT901 XT01

Signification

The difference between the two temperature sensors at the control fluid tank
(40MAX01CT001A and 40MAX01CT001B) is more than 3 K (5.4 R).

Consequences

One of two measurements is disturbed.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the control fluid temperature trend.

Further Measures

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Check the control fluid temperature.


Check the temperature measurements (40MAX01CT001A, 40MAX01CT001B)

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 158-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CF PUMPS C/O

C/O

Signification

A control fluid pump changeover was carried out.

Consequences

The standby pump is started automatically.

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Determine the reason for the changeover (low system pressure due to leakage, filter contamination, pump fault or feeder failure) and rectify as soon as possible.

Remarks

Signification

CF PRES HIGH A

Intervention from Operator

This will lead to an increase in the pressure surge over the control fluid pillar after a
hydraulic short circuit has been rectified so the control fluid supply unit can be damaged.
The control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) are switched off by a protection command.
Observe the control fluid pressure.

Further Measures
Remarks
SLC CF COOLING
Signification

40MAX01EE002 XT96

The control fluid pressure at the header of the control fluid supply unit is too high (>
17000 kPa / 170 bar (2465.6 PSI)).

Consequences

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAX01EE002 XA45

Check pump changeover is correctly carried out.


Check the control fluid system and observe the control fluid pressure trend.

CF PUMPS C/O

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

The control fluid supply unit and control fluid pumps have to be checked.
The cause of the fault has to be rectified.
N. ON

40MAX01EE003 XV01

The temperature at the control fluid tank (40MAX01CT901) is > 60 C (140 F) and the
device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004) is off.

Consequences

The cooling circuit is not in automatic mode.


If the control fluid temperature increases further the quality of the control fluid cannot
be guaranteed.
If the control fluid temperature increases further there is a danger of exceeding the
design limits for control fluid piping.

Intervention from Operator

Switch on the device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004), if the
fault is rectified.
Ensure that a control fluid circulating pump is on and check the relating water cooler. If
necessary changeover the cooling circuit manually controlled.
Observe the control fluid temperature trend.

Further Measures

Determine why the device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004) was
not on.

Remarks

A high temperature causes the viscosity of control fluid to decrease.


There is the danger of a pump damage, if the viscosity is too small.
There is the danger of a piping damage.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 159-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CF CIRC PUMPS C/O

C/O

A control fluid circulation pump changeover was carried out.

Consequences

The standby pump is started automatically.


Check pump changeover is correctly carried out.
Check the control fluid circulation system and observe the control fluid pressure trend
in the circulation system.

Further Measures

Determine the reason for the changeover (low system pressure due to leakage, filter contamination, pump fault or feeder failure) and rectify as soon as possible.

Remarks

CF SUPPLY ALARM

CRIT ON

40MAX01EG001 XT01

Signification

One of the criteria for an automatic changeover of the control fluid pumps
(40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) is present.

Consequences

An automatic changeover of the control fluid pumps was initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Check why the control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) have been
changed over automatically and initiate a changeover of the pumps manually controlled,
if necessary.
Observe the control fluid pressure and temperature.
Check whether the control fluid supply unit is functioning correctly.

Further Measures

The failed control fluid pump has to be checked for correct function.
Check the feeder of the failed pump at the switchgear.
The control of the control fluid pump needs to be checked.

Remarks

An automatic changeover to the standby control fluid pump is initiated when the feeder of
the operating pump has failed or the discharge pressure of the operating pump has dropped
below 11500 kPa / 115 bar (1667.9 PSI) or is < 15000 kPa / 150 bar (2175.6 PSI) for 100
seconds and the device changeover for control fluid supply (40MAX01EE002)is in automatic mode.

CF SUPPLY ALARM

P CF MIN

40MAX01EG001 XT02

Signification

The control fluid pressure at the header of the control fluid is < 12000 kPa / 120 bar (1740.5
PSI) or < 15000 kPa / 150 bar (2175.6 PSI) for more than 110 s.
Pump changeover has failed.

Consequences

If the pressure decreases further (< 10500 kPa / 105 bar (1522.9 PSI)), the control fluid
pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) will be switched off by a protection command,
the steam turbine will trip and the SGC for turbine valves (40MAX01EC001) will be shutdown.

Intervention from Operator


Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAX01EE004 XA45

Signification

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Ensure that the device changeover for control fluid supply (40MAX01EE002) is on.
Trace the pressure pattern at the header of the control fluid supply and initiate a
changeover of the control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002).

Further Measures

The control fluid system and control fluid pumps have to be checked and the cause of the
fault has to be rectified immediately.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 160-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CF SUPPLY ALARM
Signification

PROT OFF

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAX01EG001 XT03

The control fluid pumps are switched off by a protection command, because the pressures
downstream of the control fluid pumps have dropped below
10500 kPa / 105 bar (1522.9 PSI).

Consequences

The control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) are switched off by a protection command.
The steam turbine has tripped and the SGC for turbine valves (40MAX01EC001) is
shutdown.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown of the steam turbine.


Observe the shutdown of the control fluid supply unit.

Further Measures

The control fluid system and the control fluid pumps have to be checked and the cause of
the fault has to be rectified prior to a re-start of the steam turbine.

Remarks

CF SUPPLY ALARM

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

1&2 ON

40MAX01EG001 XT04

Signification

Both control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) are running together for more
than 15 seconds and the system pressure is > 15000 kPa / 150 bar (2175.6 PSI).

Consequences

At a longer operation in parallel, the redundancy of system could be lost (e.g. both filters
are polluted).

Intervention from Operator

Observe the control fluid pressure.


Switch off the pump which is not preselected, if there is no reason for the operation of
two pumps.
Ensure that the device changeover for control fluid supply (40MAX01EE002) is on.

Further Measures

Determine the reason why both control fluid pumps are in service (e.g. check control
fluid pump changeover (40MAX01EE002)).
Check the control fluid supply unit for leakages and damaged seals, if the annunciation
appears more frequently.

Remarks
CF COOLING ALARM
Signification

< MIN

40MAX01EG002 XT01

The control fluid pressure (cooling circuit) downstream the control fluid circulating pumps
(40MAX01AP011, 40MAX01AP012) is low (< 130 kPa / 1.3 bar (18.9 PSI)).

Consequences

The quality of the control fluid cannot be guaranteed.


The cooling circuit has failed.

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that the device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004) is on.
Check whether one of the control fluid circulating pumps (40MAX01AP011,
40MAX01AP012) is running and switch it on immediately, if necessary.
Observe the control fluid temperature trend.

Further Measures

The device changeover for cooling the control fluid (40MAX01EE004) has to be
checked.
Check the control fluid circulating pumps (40MAX01AP011, 40MAX01AP012) for correct function.
Check the pressure measurements (40MAX01CP004, 40MAX01CP005) for correct
function.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

A high temperature causes the viscosity of control fluid to decrease.


There is the danger of a pump damage, if the viscosity is too small.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 161-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CF COOLING ALARM

CRIT ON

One of the criteria for an automatic changeover of the control fluid circulating pumps
(40MAX01AP011, 40MAX01AP012) is present.

Consequences

An automatic changeover of the control fluid circulating pumps was initiated.

Intervention from Operator

Check why the control fluid circulating pumps (40MAX01AP011, 40MAX01AP012)


have been changed over automatically and initiate a changeover of the pumps manually
controlled, if necessary.
Observe the control fluid pressure and temperature in the cooling circuit.
Check whether the control fluid cooling circuit is functioning correctly.

Further Measures

The failed control fluid circulating pump has to be checked for correct function.
Check the feeder of the failed pump at the switchgear.
The control of the control fluid circulating pump needs to be checked.
An automatic changeover to the standby control fluid circulating pump is initiated when the
feeder of the operating pump has failed or the discharge pressure of the operating pump
has dropped below 130 kPa / 1.3 bar (18.9 PSI) and the device changeover for cooling the
control fluid (40MAX01EE004) is in automatic mode.

CF SUP PROTN-OFF

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAX01EG002 XT02

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MAX01EZ100 XK93

Signification

At least one of three control fluid level switches (40MAX01CL001) which are used by the
protection of the control fluid supply unit for turbine valves, has a fault.

Consequences

If two of the three channels have failed, the control fluid supply unit will be shut off and the
steam turbine will be tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Check the level measurement (40MAX01CL001) together with the level switches for correct
function.
Check the signal path and measured value conditioning for correct functioning.

Remarks

CF SUP PROTN-OFF
Signification

EM OFF

40MAX01EZ100 XK96

Emergency shutdown of the control fluid supply unit for the turbine valves has been actuated.

Consequences

The control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) are switched off by a protection command.
The steam turbine has tripped. The SGC for turbine valves (40MAX01EC001) is shut
down.
There is a danger of a fire, if the leakage is too large.
A hydraulic short-circuit is implemented in the connected drives to allow rapid depressurization of the system.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown of the steam turbine.


Observe the shutdown of the control fluid supply unit.

Further Measures

The cause of the fault has to be ascertained and rectified before the next steam turbine
start-up.

Remarks

The protection signal is activated either by a LOW LOW level in the control fluid tank, via
the emergency push-button or by the fire protection system.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 162-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CF SUP PROTN-OFF
Signification

40MAX01EZ100 XK97

The level in the control fluid tank is too low and due to this a shutdown of the control fluid
supply unit for turbine valves has actuated.

Consequences

The control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) are switched off by a protection command.
The steam turbine has tripped. The SGC for turbine valves (40MAX01EC001) is shutdown.
There is a danger of a fire, if the leakage is of a big size.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the shutdown of the steam turbine.


Observe the shutdown of the control fluid supply unit.

Further Measures

Check the level in the hydraulic oil tank on site and if required refill the hydraulic oil tank
via valve until the normal level is reached.
Check the control fluid supply unit for possible leakage.
Check the level measurement (40MAX01CL001) together with the level switches for
correct function.
The cause of the fault has to be ascertained and rectified before the next steam turbine
start-up.

Remarks

CF SUP EM OFF
Signification

ACTUATED

40MAX01GS001 XG01

An emergency-off of the control fluid supply turbine valves has been actuated by pushbutton.

Consequences

The control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) are switched off by a protection command.
The steam turbine has tripped. The SGC for turbine valves (40MAX01EC001) is shutdown.
There might be a danger of fire.

Intervention from Operator

Determine why the push-button was activated.


Observe the shutdown of the steam turbine.
Observe the shutdown of the control fluid supply unit.

Further Measures

The reason for activating the push-buttons has to be rectified prior to a re-start of the control
fluid supply unit.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

LEVEL LL

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 163-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

CF SUP EM OFF
Signification

40MAX01GS001 XG03

An emergency-off of the control fluid supply turbine valves has been actuated by pushbutton.

Consequences

The control fluid pumps (40MAX01AP001, 40MAX01AP002) are switched off by a protection command.
The steam turbine has tripped. The SGC for turbine valves (40MAX01EC001) is shutdown.
There might be a danger of fire.

Intervention from Operator

Determine why the push-button was activated.


Observe the shutdown of the steam turbine.
Observe the shutdown of the control fluid supply unit.

Further Measures

The reason for activating the push-buttons has to be rectified prior to a re-start of the control
fluid supply unit.

Remarks

SGC OPENING GOV VLV

RTE

40MAY01EC010 XA83

Signification

During the sequence of the SGC for opening the governor valves a fault (runtime error) has
occurred.

Consequences

The test was interrupted and the off-sequence of SGC for opening the governor valves
(40MAY01EC010) has been started automatically by a protection command.

Intervention from Operator

Switch off the SGC manually. With turning-off, blockages of a monitoring function in
ST-protection system and handing over of protection signals from BoP are overrided.
Check, at which step the SGC was aborted. Identify by means of dynamised functional
diagrams, which missing feedback signal of the respective step has caused the fault.

Further Measures

The fault of the SGC has to be eliminated. Otherwise, the start-up of the ST can be
blocked by false positions of valves.
In case of stopping the off-sequence by missing feedback signals, the SGC for opening
the governor valves has to be switched off manually.

Remarks

Start-Up of the steam turbine with faulty SGC for opening the governor valves is inadmissible.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ACTUATED

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 164-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

MAA1 FLT

40MAY01EC200 XV15

Signification

During the automatic turbine tester is running a fault on the HP emergency stop valve 1 or
HP control valve 1 has occurred (run time error).

Consequences

Testing is interrupted and the shutdown program of the SGC ATT (40MAY01EC200) is
started by protection command automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Check in which step the SGC has interrupted and verify which valve is faulty.
Reset the selection of the affected valve combination (switch off the subloop control of
valve combination (40MAA10EE001)).
Restart and finish the ATT for the other valve combinations.
The test for the faulty valve combination must be repeated (switch on the subloop control). If the repeat test is successful, the fault memory is reset automatically.
If the error signal remains during the repeat test, the valve combination must be closed
by manual actuator control of HP emergency stop valve 1 and HP control valve 1.
If the faulty valve assembly is not closed, the reliability of all protection circuits that
trigger a turbine trip is compromised. The required Safety Integrity Level (SIL) may no
longer be maintained.
If the valves are closed, then switch off the subloop control of the valve combination
(40MAA10EE001).
Switch off the ATT.

Further Measures

The faulty valve including the position measurement have to be checked for correct
function.
If the correct function is reestablished, then switch on the subloop control of the valve
combination (40MAA10EE001).
New testings could not be carried out by means of the automatic turbine tester after the
end of the permissible period of time without valve testing. The turboset must be shut
down via the master control program.

Remarks

Possibly, the HP emergency stop valve 1 (40MAA11AA051) or HP control valve 1


(40MAA12AA151) is rough-running.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ATT ESV/GOV VLV

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 165-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

MAA2 FLT

40MAY01EC200 XV25

Signification

During the automatic turbine tester is running a fault on the HP emergency stop valve 2 or
HP control valve 2 has occurred (run time error).

Consequences

Testing is interrupted and the shutdown program of the SGC ATT (40MAY01EC200) is
started by protection command automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Check in which step the SGC has interrupted and verify which valve is faulty.
Reset the selection of the affected valve combination (switch off the SLC of valve combination (40MAA20EE001)).
Restart and finish the ATT for the other valve combinations.
The test for the faulty valve combination must be repeated (switch on the subloop control). If the repeat test is successful, the fault memory is reset automatically.
If the error signal remains during the repeat test, the valve combination must be closed
by manual actuator control of HP emergency stop valve 2 and HP control valve 2.
If the faulty valve assembly is not closed, the reliability of all protection circuits that
trigger a turbine trip is compromised. The required Safety Integrity Level (SIL) may no
longer be maintained.
If the valves are closed, then switch off subloop control of the valve combination
(40MAA20EE001).
Switch off the ATT.

Further Measures

The faulty valve including the position measurement have to be checked for correct
function.
If the correct function is reestablished, then switch on subloop control of the valve combination before start the turbine (40MAA20EE001).
New testings could not be carried out by means of the automatic turbine tester after the
end of the permissible period of time without valve testing. The turboset must be shut
down via the master control program.

Remarks

Possibly, the HP emergency stop valve 2 (40MAA21AA051 or HP control valve 2


40MAA22AA151) is rough-running.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ATT ESV/GOV VLV

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 166-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

MAB1 FLT

40MAY01EC200 XV35

Signification

During the automatic turbine tester is running a fault on the IP emergency stop valve 1 or
IP control valve 1 has occurred (run time error).

Consequences

Testing is interrupted and the shutdown program of the SGC ATT (40MAY01EC200) is
started by protection command automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Check in which step the SGC has interrupted and verify which valve is faulty.
Reset the selection of the affected valve combination (switch off the SLC of valve combination (40MAB10EE001)).
Restart and finish the ATT for the other valve combinations.
The test for the faulty valve combination must be repeated (switch on the subloop control). If the repeat test is successful, the fault memory is reset automatically.
If the repeat test reveals that the fault is still present, the turboset must be shut down
via the SGC Steam Turbine. Further operation of the unit is not possible after closure
of the faulty valve combination.
If operation continues, the reliability of all protection circuits that trigger a turbine trip
would be compromised. The required Safety Integrity Level (SIL) may no longer be
maintained.
If the valves are closed, then switch off the subloop control of the valve combination
(40MAB10EE001).
Switch off the ATT.

Further Measures

The faulty valves including the position measurement have to be checked for correct
function.
If the correct function is reestablished, then switch on the subloop control of the valve
combination before start the turbine (40MAB10EE001).

Remarks

Possibly, the IP emergency stop valve 1 (40MAB11AA051) or IP control valve 1


(40MAB12AA151) is rough-running.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ATT ESV/GOV VLV

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 167-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

MAB2 FLT

40MAY01EC200 XV45

Signification

During the automatic turbine tester is running a fault on the IP emergency stop valve 2 or
IP control valve 2 has occurred (run time error).

Consequences

Testing is interrupted and the shutdown program of the SGC ATT (40MAY01EC200) is
started by protection command automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Check in which step the SGC has interrupted and verify which valve is faulty.
Reset the selection of the affected valve combination (switch off the SLC of valve combination (40MAB20EE001)).
Restart and finish the ATT for the other valve combinations.
The test for the faulty valve combination must be repeated (switch on the subloop control). If the repeat test is successful, the fault memory is reset automatically.
If the error signal remains during the repeat test,the valve combination must be closed
by manual actuator control of the IP emergency stop valve 2 and IP control valve 2.
If the faulty valve assembly is not closed, the reliability of all protection circuits that
trigger a turbine trip is compromised. The required Safety Integrity Level (SIL) may no
longer be maintained.
If the valves are closed, then switch off SLC of the valve combination
(40MAB20EE001).
Switch off the ATT.

Further Measures

The faulty valve including the position measurement have to be checked for correct
function.
If the correct function is reestablished, then switch on SLC of the valve combination
(40MAB20EE001).
New testings could not be carried out by means of the automatic turbine tester after the
end of the permissible period of time without valve testing. The turboset must be shut
down via the master control program.

Remarks

Possibly, the IP emergency stop valve 2 (40MAB21AA051) or IP control valve 2


(40MAB22AA151) is rough-running.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ATT ESV/GOV VLV

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 168-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ATT ESV/GOV VLV

OL V FLT

40MAY01EC200 XV65

Signification

During the automatic turbine tester is running a fault on the overload valve has occurred
(run time error).

Consequences

Testing is interrupted and the shutdown program of the SGC ATT (40MAY01EC200) is
started by protection command automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Remarks

Check in which step the SGC has interrupted and verify which valve is faulty.
Reset the selection of the overload valve (switch off the SLC 40MAA14EE001).
Restart and finish the ATT for the other valves.
The test for the overload valve must be repeated manually or via ATT (switch on the
SLC). The fault memory is only reset automatically, if the repeat test is successfully
carried out via ATT.
If the error signal remains during the repeat test, the valve combination must be closed
by manual actuator control of the overload valve.
Appropriate measures have to be taken (e.g. reduction in the boiler output) to avoid
danger.
The overload valve must be closed by manual actuator control of overload valve.
If the faulty overload valve is not closed, the reliability of all protection circuits that trigger
a turbine trip is compromised. The required Safety Integrity Level (SIL) may no longer
be maintained.
If the overload valve is closed, then switch off the selection SLC of the overload valve
40MAA14EE001.
Switch off the ATT.

The faulty overload valve including the position measurements have to be checked for
correct function.
If the correct function is reestablished, then switch on the selection SLC
(40MAA14EE001).
Possibly, the overload valve (40MAA14AA151) is rough-running.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 169-209
0711E

Operating Documentation

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations
Annunciations

NRV FLT

40MAY01EC200 XV75

Signification

During the automatic turbine tester is running a fault on the cold reheat check valve has
occurred.

Consequences

Testing is interrupted and the shutdown program of the SGC ATT (40MAY01EC200) is
started by protection command automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Check in which step the SGC has interrupted.


Reset the preselection of the cold reheat check valve (switch off the subloop control for
cold reheat check valve 40LBC10EE200).
Restart and finish the ATT for the other valves.
The test for the cold reheat check valve must be repeated manually or via ATT (switch
on the subloop control). The fault memory is only reset automatically, if the repeat test
is successfully carried out via ATT.
If the repeat test is unsuccessful, the error signal remains present.
Then switch off the preselection subloop control (40LBC10EE200).
Switch off the ATT.
Appropriate measures have to be taken (e.g. reduction in the boiler output) to prevent
dangerous machine conditions.
The unit must be shut down via standstill program of SGC steam turbine.
If operation continues, the reliability of all protection circuits that trigger a turbine trip
would be compromised. The required Safety Integrity Level (SIL) may no longer be
maintained.

Further Measures

The faulty cold reheat check valve including the position measurements have to be
checked for correct function.
If the correct function is reestablished, then switch on subloop control for cold reheat
check valve (40LBC10EE200).
Check the control air supply for correct function.

Remarks

Possibly, the cold reheat check valve (40LBC10AA051) is rough-running.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ATT ESV/GOV VLV

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 170-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

DUMP FLT

40MAY01EC200 XV85

Signification

During the automatic turbine tester is running a fault on the HP dump valve has occurred
(run time error).

Consequences

Testing is interrupted and the shutdown program of the SGC ATT (40MAY01EC200) is
started by protection command automatically.

Intervention from Operator

Check in which step of the SGC the ATT was interrupted.


Reset the selection of the affected HP dump valve (switch off the SLC of HP dump valve
(40LBC41EE200)).
Restart and finish the ATT for the other valve combinations.
The test for the HP dump valve must be repeated manually or via ATT (switch on of the
SLC). The fault memory is only reset automatically, if the repeat test is successfully
carried out via ATT.
If the repeat test is unsuccessful, the error signal remains present.
Then switch off the selection SLC of HP dump valve (40LBC41EE200).
Switch off the ATT.
Appropriate measures have to be taken (e.g. reduction in the boiler output) to avoid
danger.
The unit must be shut down via standstill program of SGC steam turbine.

Further Measures

The faulty HP dump valve including the position measurements have to be checked for
correct function.
If the correct function is reestablished, then switch on the selection SLC of HP dump
valve (40LBC41EE200).
Check the control air supply for correct function.

Remarks

Possibly, the HP dump valve (40LBC41AA051) is rough-running or the control air is not in
proper operation.

ATT ESV/GOV VLV

REQ FAIL

40MAY01EC200 ZV10

Signification

Not all requirements for the ATT at standstill/turning operation are fulfilled any longer.

Consequences

Testing is interrupted and the shutdown program of the SGC ATT (40MAY01EC200) is
started by protection command automatically (with acknowledgment).

Intervention from Operator

Clarify which of the requirements for the ATT at standstill/turning operation are not
fulfilled any longer.
Restore the requirements and start the ATT again.

Further Measures

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ATT ESV/GOV VLV

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 171-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TEST ESV/GOV VLV


Signification

VLVS NOW

40MAY01EG200 ZV01

The maximum test interval of 28 is exceeded.


Warning!
Faults and defects in safety-related systems can pose a hazard to personnel!
Continued operation of the plant without an immediate valve test is prohibited.
Continued operation would result in degraded reliability of all protection systems
which initiate turbine trip. Compliance with the required Safety Integrity Level
(SIL) may be compromised.

Consequences

All OK-Indications of the valves to be tested were resetted.

Intervention from Operator

The ATT has to be started for the affected valve combinations (activate SLC of valve combinations).

Further Measures

Remarks

TEST ESV/GOV VLV


Signification

NRV NOW

40MAY01EG200 ZV02

The maximum test interval of 28 is exceeded.


Warning!
Faults and defects in safety-related systems can pose a hazard to personnel!
Continued operation of the plant without an immediate valve test is prohibited.
Continued operation would result in degraded reliability of all protection systems
which initiate turbine trip. Compliance with the required Safety Integrity Level
(SIL) may be compromised.
Start valve testing using the Automatic Turbine Tester (ATT) immediately in order to re-establish the SIL.

Consequences

OK-Indication of the non return valve to be tested was resetted.

Intervention from Operator

The ATT has to be started for the affected non return valve (activate SLC of CRH NRV). It
is possible to test further valve combinations.

Further Measures

Remarks

A testing is only possible during load operation.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Start valve testing using the Automatic Turbine Tester (ATT) immediately in order to re-establish the SIL.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 172-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

TSC CENTRAL FUNCTION

FAULT

40MAY01EP150 XT01

Signification

The TSE function is faulty due to a fault in one TSE channel.

Consequences

The indicated temperature margin of the relevant component might be incorrect.

Intervention from Operator

If the fault has been actuated during start-up or a load change, then the load change should
be stopped until the fault is cleared / removed.

Further Measures

Check the following TSE channels for correct function:


TSE channel ESV...................................................................................40MAY01EP151
TSE channel CTRL-V.............................................................................40MAY01EP152
TSE channel HPC...................................................................................40MAY01EP153
TSE channel HPS...................................................................................40MAY01EP154
TSE channel IPS.....................................................................................40MAY01EP155

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

UPR TEMP MARG MIN

<0K

40MAY01EP150 XT06

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the thick-walled components of the turbine is low (when
raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be increased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

LWR TEMP MARG MIN

<0K

40MAY01EP150 XT07

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the thick-walled components of the turbine is low (when
lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be decreased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 173-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

UPR TEMP MARG MIN

< -15 K

The upper temperature margin of the thick-walled components of the turbine is too low
(when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be increased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from increasing further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -20 K (-36 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

< -15 K

40MAY01EP150 XT17

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the thick-walled components of the turbine is too low
(when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be decreased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from falling further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -50 K (-90 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

UPR TEMP MARG MIN HP ESV

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EP150 XT16

Signification

LWR TEMP MARG MIN


The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

<0K

40MAY01EP151 XT06

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the ESV is low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be increased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 174-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LWR TEMP MARG HP ESV

<0K

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EP151 XT07

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the ESV is low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be decreased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

UPR TEMP MARG MIN HP ESV

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

< -15 K

40MAY01EP151 XT16

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the ESV is too low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be increased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from increasing further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -20 K (-36 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

LWR TEMP MARG HP ESV

< -15 K

40MAY01EP151 XT17

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the ESV is too low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be decreased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from falling further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -50 K (-90 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 175-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

UPR TEMP MARG MIN HP CV

<0K

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EP152 XT06

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the control valve is low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be increased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

LWR TEMP MARG HP CV

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

<0K

40MAY01EP152 XT07

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the control valve is low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be decreased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

UPR TEMP MARG MIN HP CV

< -15 K

40MAY01EP152 XT16

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the control valve is too low (when raising the turbine
temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be increased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from increasing further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -20 K (-36 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 176-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LWR TEMP MARG HP CV

< -15 K

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EP152 XT17

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the control valve is too low (when lowering the turbine
temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be decreased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from falling further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -50 K (-90 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

HP ESV CLOSED
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MAY01EP152 ZH06

Signification

HP ESV are closed and the speed set-point is greater than heat soak speed
(40MYA01DS010 XH01).

Consequences

The wall temperature sensor is installed in the HP CV. If the HP ESV is closed, the sensor
is thermically separated from the steam and the thermal stress evaluation is faulted accordingly.

Intervention from Operator

In case the operator does not want to take the risk of additional lifetime consumption caused
by this effect, the steam turbine has to be shut down immediately.

Further Measures

Check why HP ESV do not open.

Remarks

UPR TEMP MARG MIN HP CSG

<0K

40MAY01EP153 XT06

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the HP casing is low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be increased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 177-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LWR TEMP MARG HP CSG

<0K

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EP153 XT07

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the HP casing is low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be decreased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

UPR TEMP MARG MIN HP CSG

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

< -15 K

40MAY01EP153 XT16

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the HP casing is too low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be increased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from increasing further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -20 K (-36 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

LWR TEMP MARG HP CSG

< -15 K

40MAY01EP153 XT17

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the HP casing is too low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be decreased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from falling further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -50 K (-90 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 178-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

UPR TEMP MARG MIN HP S

<0K

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EP154 XT06

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the HP shaft is low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be increased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

LWR TEMP MARG HP S

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

<0K

40MAY01EP154 XT07

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the HP shaft is low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be decreased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

UPR TEMP MARG MIN HP S

< -15 K

40MAY01EP154 XT16

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the HP shaft is too low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be increased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from increasing further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -20 K (-36 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 179-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LWR TEMP MARG HP S

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EP154 XT17

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the HP shaft is too low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be decreased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from falling further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -50 K (-90 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

UPR TEMP MARG MIN IP S


The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

< -15 K

<0K

40MAY01EP155 XT06

Signification

The upper temperature margin of the IP shaft is low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be increased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

LWR TEMP MARG IP S

<0K

40MAY01EP155 XT07

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the IP shaft is low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of higher thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, power).
Due to low temperature margins; steam temperatures should not be decreased at the moment.

Further Measures

Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the situation. Check the turbine
controller for correct function.

Remarks

In the case of minor deviations, it is often sufficient to wait for a short time or to reduce the
rate of change of the steam temperatures or load (transient).

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 180-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

UPR TEMP MARG MIN IP S

< -15 K

The upper temperature margin of the IP shaft is too low (when raising the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be increased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from increasing further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -20 K (-36 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

< -15 K

40MAY01EP155 XT17

Signification

The lower temperature margin of the IP shaft is too low (when lowering the turbine temperature).

Consequences

There is a risk of high thermal stresses.

Intervention from Operator

Observe the temperature margins of the steam turbine.


Verify the steam turbine parameters (speed, main steam flow, load).
According to current steam turbine operation, the turbine speed, steam flow or load shall
not be decreased further.
Prevent the steam temperature from falling further.
Further reduction of the temperature margin will lead to increased lifetime consumption. If
the operator decides not to trip the turbine, the margin must be closely monitored and the
turbine must be manually tripped when the margin exceeds -50 K (-90 R) at the very latest.

Further Measures

Check the turbine controller for correct function.


Verify the reason for the low temperature margin and clear the fault.

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EP155 XT16

Signification

LWR TEMP MARG IP S


The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ONE INP/OP
ACTIV

40MAY01EU001 XV01

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the fail safe steam turbine
protection system in automation processor (AP) 1 has detected a fault, because at least
one of the fail-safe inputs/outputs has been passivated.

Consequences

The availability of the fail safe steam turbine trip system in AP 1 is reduced.
A further passivation of input modules can lead to activation of fail safe protection circuits
and thereby a turbine trip of the steam turbine.
A further passivation of output modules can lead to closure of one or several turbine valve
combinations (stop /control valves) and thereby a turbine trip of the steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 181-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

ST V COMB AC- A
TIV

40MAY01EU001 XV10

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the fail safe steam turbine
protection system in automation processor (AP) 1 has initiated a turbine trip of steam turbine, because several of the fail safe outputs have been passivated.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) of the steam turbine trip system is activated.

Intervention from Operator

Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam
turbine.
.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

HP COMB1 AC- W
TIV

40MAY01EU001 ZV01

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the fail safe steam turbine
protection system in automation processor (AP) 1 has detected a fault, because at least
one of the fail-safe outputs for the HP valve combination (stop/control valve) 1 has been
passivated.

Consequences

he availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 1 is reduced. The HP
stop valve 1 or HP control valve 1 is closed. If both HP valve combinations close, the steam
turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

HP COMB2 AC- W
TIV

40MAY01EU001 ZV02

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the fail safe steam turbine
protection system in automation processor (AP) 1 has detected a fault, because at least
one of the fail safe outputs for the HP valve combination (stop/control valve) 1 has been
passivated.

Consequences

The availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 1 is reduced. The HP
stop valve 2 or HP control valve 2 is closed. If both HP valve combinations close, the steam
turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 182-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

IP COMB1 ACTIV

40MAY01EU001 ZV03

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the steam turbine protection
system in automation processor (AP) 1 has detected a fault, because at least one of the
fail safe outputs for the IP valve combination (stop/control valve) 1 has been passivated.

Consequences

The availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 1 are reduced. The
IP stop valve 1 or IP control valve 1 is closed. If both IP valve combinations close, the steam
turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

IP COMB2 ACTIV

40MAY01EU001 ZV04

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the fail safe steam turbine
protection system in automation processor (AP) 1 has detected a fault, because at least
one of the fail safe outputs for the IP valve combination (stop/control valve) 2 has been
passivated.

Consequences

The availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 1 are reduced. The
IP stop valve 2 or IP control valve 2 is closed. If both IP valve combinations close, the steam
turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

CRH NRV1 AC- W


TIV

40MAY01EU001 ZV06

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the fail safe steam turbine
protection system in automation processor (AP) 1 has detected a fault, because at least
one of the fail safe outputs for the cold reheat non-return valve 1 has been passivated.

Consequences

The availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 1 are reduced. The
cold reheat non-return valve 1 is opened no longer completely.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 183-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

HP DUMP ACTIV

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the fail safe steam turbine
protection system in automation processor (AP) 1 has detected a fault, because at least
one of the fail safe outputs forthe HP steam turbine evacuation valve has been passivated.

Consequences

The availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 1 are reduced. The
HP steam turbine evacuation valve is opened.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

OL VLV ACTIV

40MAY01EU001 ZV09

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input or output modules of the fail safe steam turbine
protection system in automation processor (AP) 1 has detected a fault, because at least
one of the fail safe outputs for the overload valve has been passivated.

Consequences

The availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 1 are reduced. The
overload valve is closed.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1

FAIL

40MAY01EU005 XK20

Signification

The monitoring equipment of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in automation
processor (AP) 1 has initiated a turbine trip of steam turbine, because part of or a complete
failure of the fail safe system has been detected.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is activated.

Intervention from Operator

Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm (see I&C alarm
40MAY01EU005 XT52, 40MAY01EU005 XT53).

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EU001 ZV08

Signification

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 PASS

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MAY01EU005 XT01

Signification

The monitoring equipment of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in automation
processor (AP) 1 has detected one or more faults.

Consequences

The functionality and availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 1 is
reduced.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 184-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST PROT SYS F-S AP1 SAFETY MODE

40MAY01EU007 XT51

Signification

The fail safe condition in the steam turbine protection system in automation processor (AP)
1 is no longer active.

Consequences

Fail safe trip initiation of protection circuits of the steam turbine in AP 1 is no longer guaranteed.
Continued operation of the steam turbine in this condition is not permitted!

Intervention from Operator

Ensure that the fail-safe condition of the steam turbine protection system in AP 1 is
switched on immediately.
Further operation of the steam turbine is permitted, if the fail-safe condition could be
reestablished
Shut down steam turbine, if the fail-safe condition could not be reestablished. Start up
is not permitted before the fail-safe condition of AP 1 is reestablished.

Further Measures

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S BUS AP2 TO AP1

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

NOT ON

FAILURE

40MAY01EU008 XK20

Signification

The monitoring function for the fail safe bus connection between the automation processors
of the steam turbine protection system has detected a fault and thereby a turbine trip of
steam turbine initiated.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is activated.

Intervention from Operator

Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

ST MAINTENANCE KEYSW

FAULT

40MAY01EU010 XV02

Signification

Both maintenance key switches have been activated (40MAY01EU001 XV01), but blocking
of the trip initiation system of the steam turbine (40MAY01EU010 XT01) is not active.

Consequences

It is not possible to block the trip initiation system of the steam turbine.
Startup and continued operation of the steam turbine with maintenance key switch ON is
not permitted.

Intervention from Operator

Determine whether the steam turbine is at standstill and check that no pressure is
present upstream of the steam turbine valves.
Immediately ensure that the steam turbine is at standstill and that no pressure is present
upstream of the steam turbine valves or immediately ensure that both maintenance key
switches are deactivated.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The enable signal for blocking the trip initiation system of the steam turbine is not present.
Check whether the following faults are active:
Determine whether the alarm (40MYA01FS011A XK20) is active.
Determine whether the I&C alarm (40MYA01FS011A XT01) is active.
Determine whether faults are active in the measurements pressure upstream of HP
valves, pressure upstream of cold reheat valve and pressure upstream of IP valves.
Further Measures

Ensure that the fault is rectified so that blocking of the steam turbine protection system can
be activated.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 185-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST MAINTENANCE KEYSW

NOT OFF

At least one of the both maintenance key switches is still activated or has been activated
faultily at turbine speed equal or greater than turning speed.

Consequences

Startup and continued operation of the steam turbine with maintenance key switch
ON is not allowable.

Intervention from Operator

If one or both maintenance key switches has been activated, deactivate all immediately.

Further Measures

If none of the maintenance key switches has been activated. Determine the cause of the
fault and rectify it at once.

Remarks

ONE INP ACTIV W

40MAY01EU011 XV01

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input modules of the fail safe steam turbine protection
system in automation processor (AP) 2 has detected a fault, because at least one of the
fail-safe inputs has been passivated.

Consequences

The availability of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in AP 2 is reduced.
A further passivation of input modules can lead to activation of fail safe protection circuits
and thereby a turbine trip of the steam turbine.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S AP2

FAIL

40MAY01EU015 XK20

Signification

The monitoring equipment of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in automation
processor (AP) 2 has initiated a turbine trip of steam turbine, because part of or a complete
failure of the fail safe system has been detected.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is activated.

Intervention from Operator

Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm (see I&C alarm
40MAY01EU015 XT52 oder 40MAY01EU015 XT53).

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

ST PROT SYS F-S AP2

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EU010 XV03

Signification

ST PROT SYS F-S AP2 PASS

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MAY01EU015 XT01

Signification

The monitoring equipment of the fail safe steam turbine protection system in automation
processor (AP) 2 has detected one or more faults.

Consequences

The functionality and availability of the steam turbine protection system in AP 2 is reduced.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 186-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST PROT SYS F-S AP2 SAFETY MODE

40MAY01EU017 XT51

Signification

The fail safe condition in the steam turbine protection system in automation processor (AP)
2 is no longer active.

Consequences

Fail safe trip initiation of protection circuits of the steam turbine in AP 2 is no longer guaranteed.
Continued operation of the steam turbine in this condition is not permitted!

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

NOT ON

Ensure that the fail-safe condition of the steam turbine protection system in AP 2 is
switched on immediately.
Further operation of the steam turbine is permitted, if the fail-safe condition could be
reestablished
Shut down steam turbine, if the fail-safe condition could not be reestablished. Start up
is not permitted before the fail-safe condition of AP 2 is reestablished.

Further Measures

Remarks

ST TRIP SYS

TRIPPED

Signification

The turbine trip system has initiated steam turbine trip.

Consequences

The steam turbine trip has been initiated and the bypass stations have opened.

Intervention from Operator

40MAY01EZ001 XK96

Check that the alarm (40MAY01EZ002 XK96) is present. If not the steam turbine trip
signal for steam turbine auxiliaries and signal exchange over bus in the automation
processor (AP) 2 is not present.
Monitor the steam turbine shutdown procedure.
Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

ST TRIP SYS ALARM AP2

TRIPPED

40MAY01EZ002 XK96

Signification

The alarm is activated in automation processor (AP) 2 of steam turbine since the steam
turbine trip is tripped.

Consequences

The steam turbine trip signal is available for steam turbine auxiliaries in AP 2 and signal
exchange over bus.

Intervention from Operator

Check that the alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is present. If not the alarm
(40MAY01EZ002 XK96) is faulty.
Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.
Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Further Measures

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 187-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST TRIP SYS ALARM AP2

FAULT

Monitoring of the signals (40MAY01EZ001A XK46, 40MAY01EZ001B XK46) has detected


a non-coincidence.

Consequences

The signal formation of the alarm (40MAY01EZ002 XK96) about the hardware coupling
from AP1 to AP2 is failed. This alarm is only ensured by the bus connection between the
automation processors.

Intervention from Operator

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Remarks

TRIPPED

40MAY01EZ005 XK96

Signification

The boiler protection system has initiated a steam turbine trip.

Consequences

The steam turbine trip is initiated about the fail safe steam turbine trip system.

Intervention from Operator

Check that the alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is present. If not the steam turbine trip
has to tripped by hand.
Determine which faults of the boiler protection system have given rise to the above
alarm

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam generator.

Remarks

ST PROT GEN PROT

TRIPPED

40MAY01EZ006 XK96

Signification

The generator protection system has initiated a steam turbine trip.

Consequences

The steam turbine trip is initiated about the fail safe steam turbine trip system.

Intervention from Operator

Check that the alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is present. If not the steam turbine trip
has to tripped by hand.
Determine which faults of the generator protection system have given rise to the above
alarm

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

MON ST PROC/COMMUNICATION

FAULT

40MAY01EZ007 ZV01

Signification

The monitoring function for the H1 Bus Communication in the turbine protection of the
steam turbine has detected a fault.

Consequences

The steam turbine trip is initiated about the fail safe steam turbine trip system.

Intervention from Operator


Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MAY01EZ002 ZV01

Signification

ST PROT BOILER PROT

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Check that the alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is present. If not the steam turbine trip
has to tripped by hand.
Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 188-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST TRIP PB

TRIPPED

40MAY01EZ020 XK96

Signification

Steam turbine trip has been initiated by pressing a turbine trip push button.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is activated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Determine which turbine trip push button was pressed.

Remarks

ST TRIP PB
Signification
Consequences

NONCOINC

40MAY01EZ020 XT01

The function for the monitoring for the 3 trip signals from the turbine trip push button in the
fail safe steam turbine trip system has detected a fault due to non-coincidence of the signals.
The 2-out-of-3 logic for turbine trip via the turbine trip push button in the fail safe steam
turbine trip system changes to a 1-out-of-2 logic.
An additional fault can lead to steam turbine trip.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault as soon as possible.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks

ST TRIP CCR PB

ACTUATED

40MAY01GS001 XG02

Signification

Steam turbine trip has been initiated by pressing the turbine trip push button in the control
room.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ020 XK96) and (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) are activated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Determine the reason for trip actuation via the turbine trip push button before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

ST TRIP ST BUI PB

ACTUATED

40MAY01GS002 XG02

Signification

Steam turbine trip has been initiated by pressing a turbine trip pushbutton in the turbine
building.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ020 XK96) and (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) are activated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Determine the reason for trip actuation via the turbine trip pushbutton before the next startup
of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 189-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST TRIP ST BUI PB

ACTUATED

40MAY01GS003 XG02

Signification

Steam turbine trip has been initiated by pressing a turbine trip pushbutton in the turbine
building.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ020 XK96) and (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) are activated.

Intervention from Operator

Further Measures

Determine the reason for trip actuation via the turbine trip pushbutton before the next startup
of the steam turbine.

Remarks

CONTROL VALVES UNTIGHT


Signification

Consequences

FAULT

40MAY10EC001 ZA07

In spite of closed steam turbine control valves, no adequate reverse power occurs. Disconnection from the grid by opening the generator circuit breaker via reverse power protection is not effected.
The control valves are probably untight, what leads to excessive steam entry into the turbine.
The generator protection circuit or the control of the generator breaker itself is possibly
faulty.
The automatic shutdown program initiates turbine trip 60 sec after the control valves
are being closed, so that ESVs are being closed and steam insertion via turbine control
valves is stopped.
The SGC Turbine stays in step 53 of the shutdown program in case of failure of the
generator protection system and no negative load output (reverse power). Turbine trip
is not being actuated automatically.
At failure of the generator protection system and negative load output (P< 0 MW) the
generator breaker is being opened out of the SGC Steam Turbine (as a backup actuation). In the following turbine trip is initiated.

Intervention from Operator

By remaing in step 53 of the shutdown program, the operator has the possibility to load-up
the turbine again maunally, in case of failure of the generator protection system. This avoids
damage of the turbine set due to windage.

Further Measures

The control valves are probably untight and should be revised at the next opportunity.
The reverse power protection and the control of the generator circuit breaker are to check
immediately to exclude a fault at these devices. The reverse power actuation value is to
check.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 190-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

NO DISCONNECTION
Signification

Consequences
Intervention from Operator

FAULT

40MAY10EC001 ZA08

No disconnection from the grid by the reverse power protection after the steam turbine has
been tripped.
DANGER! It is not permitted to open the generator circuit breaker without attentive checks
of turbine systems and applying of actions.
A manual opening of the generator breaker together with an uncontrolled steam insertion into the turbine can lead to overspeed !
If the reverse power protection or the shutdown program of SGC Steam Turbine (as a
backup actuation) does not automatically disconnect the generator from the grid, following
checks must be carried out first:
If the actual power indication is negative (reverse power), proceed as follows:

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Verify that the HP-Ventilation valve and the HP-Turbine drains are open
Check steam pressures inside each turbine section
Check position feedback of turbine valves and nonreturn flaps on the operating monitor
(control room)
If the checks show closed turbine valves and nonreturn flaps and each turbine section
is pressureless, the generator breaker may be opened manually. Verify the reason for
not opening the generator breaker with the reverse power protection. Rectify the fault
before next start-up.
If the actual power indication is positive (no reverse power), proceed as follows:
Verify that the HP-Ventilation valve and the HP-Turbine drains are open
Reduce steam flow to the steam turbine by closing the isolation valves in the steam
lines. The steam pressure ahead turbine is to reduce to zero, if necessary by further
opening of the bypass station
Check steam pressures inside each turbine section
Check position feedback of turbine valves and nonreturn flaps on the operating monitor
(control room) AND locally
Check the alarm system for fault messages from the unit protection power circuit indicating a failure of the electrical generator protection circuit (especially the reverse power
protection)
If it is certain that no further steam is entering into the steam turbine (each turbine
section pressureless) and the generator protection circuit is not faulty, the generator
breaker will be opened by the reverse power protection. In this case a fault at one of
the steam valves is probable. The cause of the malfunction has to be detected and the
fault to be repaired before next start-up!
Only if it is certain that no further steam is entering into the steam turbine (each turbine
section pressureless) and the reverse power protection does not open the generator
breaker, it is assumed that a fault of the electrical generator protection circuit has occurred. In this case the generator breaker is being opened out of the SGC Steam Turbine. If this procedure fails as well, the generator breaker has to be opened manually.
The cause of the malfunction has to be detected and the fault to be repaired before next
start-up!
Further Measures

Remarks

Manual open of the generator breaker is to execute to prevent damages caused by ventilation (windage).

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 191-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SGC STEAM TURBINE (MS)

PROT S/D

40MAY10EC001 ZV01

Signification

Response of the protection circuit of subgroup control (SGC) turbine.

Consequences

The shutdown program is initiated via protection criterion.

Intervention from Operator

Check the cause of the protection initiation. The following reasons are possible according
to the control logic:

Initiation of general turbine protection


Controller signal Turbine Unload
Certain X-Criteria are unfulfilled during startup
At least one turbine control valve is not closed during the opening of the emergency
stop valves
Unit protection power supply faulted
Further Measures

Clear the reason for the protection triggering before the next start.

Remarks

FAULT

40MAY10FT000 XM20

Signification

Variable temperature criteria based on faulty input signals.

Consequences

There may be a fault in one of the variable temperature criteria.


Automatic start up of turbine may be blocked.

Intervention from Operator

Detection of fault measuring points.


Continue step function by hand.

Further Measures

Elimination of fault of measuring point.

Remarks

Z-CRITERIA FAULT

FAULT

Signification

Superheat criteria based on faulty input signals.

Consequences

There may be a fault in one of the superheat criteria.


automatic start up of turbine may be blocked.

Intervention from Operator

Detection of fault measuring points.


continue step function by hand.

Further Measures

Elimination of fault of measuring point.

Remarks

40MAY10FT010 XM20

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

X-CRITERIA FAULT

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 192-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

S/HTG MS AHD TURB

< Z3+15 K

40MAY10FT013 XH52

Signification

The superheating of the main steam is too low to start up the steam turbine.
Superheating upstream of the turbine is less than 15 K (27 R), with a value of the speed
admission controller (40MYA01DU050 XH01) greater than 0.5% and the speed set point
(40MYA01DS010 XH01) greater than heat soak speed.

Consequences

If the plant owner/operator doesn't want to accept the additional service life expenditure
potentially associated with this effect, then the steam turbine must be shut down without
delay.

Intervention from Operator

Check the main steam temperature (superheating).


Increase the main steam temperature and continue the start up procedure of the steam
turbine if the steam superheating is sufficient.

Further Measures

Determine the reason for the low steam superheating and rectify the fault.

Remarks

S/HTG RHT AHD TURB

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

< Z4+15 K

40MAY10FT014 XH52

Signification

The superheating of the reheat steam is too low to start up the steam turbine.
Superheating upstream of the turbine is less than 15 K (27 R), with a value of the speed
admission controller (40MYA01DU050 XH01) greater than 0.5% and the speed set point
(40MYA01DS010 XH01) greater than heat soak speed.

Consequences

If the plant owner/operator doesn't want to accept the additional service life expenditure
potentially associated with this effect, then the steam turbine must be shut down without
delay.

Intervention from Operator

Check the reheat steam temperature (superheating).


Increase the reheat steam temperature and continue the start up procedure of the
steam turbine if the steam superheating is sufficient.

Further Measures

Determine the reason for the low steam superheating and rectify the fault.

Remarks

LOAD MEAS CAN 1

FAULT

40MKA01CE003A XM20

Signification

There is a fault in load measurement system 1, which is processed as Channel 1 of the load
measurement equipment.

Consequences

In the event of a failure, Channel 2 is used for actual value processing.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check operation of load measurement system 1.


Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 193-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LOAD MEAS CAN 2

FAULT

There is a fault in load measurement system 2, which is processed as Channel 2 of the load
measurement equipment.

Consequences

In the event of a failure, Channel 1 is used for actual value processing.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check operation of load measurement system 2.


Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

LOAD ACT VAL

FAULT

40MKA01CE903 XM20

Signification

The equipment processing the actual load value in the steam turbine controller has detected
a fault, as the deviation between the two actual values used is greater than a stipulated
preset limit

Consequences

The actual value channel which is active in the MAX logic is used in the turbine control
system.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check proper operation of all systems used for measurement of load actual value, including downcircuit processing equipment.
Determine the cause of the fault and remedy as soon as possible.

Remarks

SPD MEAS CAN 1


Signification

FAULT

40MYA01CS011 XM20

The first speed sensor read in to the steam turbine controller is faulty.

Consequences

Reconfiguration from a 1-out-of-3 to a 1-out-of-2 protective logic.


If a second speed transmitter also has a fault, the logic is changed from a 1-out-of-2 to
a 1-out-of-1 configuration.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The reason for the fault must be determined by an I&C technician and remedied as
quickly as possible.

Remarks

SPD MEAS CAN 2


Signification
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MKA01CE003B XM20

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MYA01CS012 XM20

The second speed sensor read in to the steam turbine controller is faulty.

Consequences

Reconfiguration from a 1-out-of-3 to a 1-out-of-2 protective logic.


If a second speed transmitter also has a fault, the logic is changed from a 1-out-of-2 to
a 1-out-of-1 configuration.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The reason for the fault must be determined by an I&C technician and remedied as
quickly as possible.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 194-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SPD MEAS CAN 3


Signification

FAULT

40MYA01CS013 XM20

The third speed sensor read in to the steam turbine controller is faulty.

Consequences

Reconfiguration from a 1-out-of-3 to a 1-out-of-2 protective logic.


If a second speed transmitter also has a fault, the logic is changed from a 1-out-of-2 to
a 1-out-of-1 configuration.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The reason for the fault must be determined by an I&C technician and remedied as
quickly as possible.

Remarks

TURB ACCL

TOO LOW

40MYA01CS901 XT01

Signification

Steam turbine acceleration is too low.

Consequences

Subgroup control 40MAY10EC001 for the turbine is switched to MANUAL mode; the startup
program of the steam turbine is interrupted.
The steam turbine controller (STC) holds the control valves closed.

Intervention from Operator

Release setpoint control by acknowledging with SLC 40MYA01DU012 (only possible


outside of the critical speed ranges!)
Check main steam temperature (superheating) and the required X-criteria.
Monitor the steam turbine speed.
Check for further fault alarms.
Check startup conditions (mass flow, pressure, temperature). Switch on the SGC
40MAY10EC001 and attempt to continue the startup procedure for the steam turbine.

Further Measures

If steam turbine speed starts to rise due to leaking control valves in the non permissible
speed range the emergency stop valves can be closed manually. They can be opened,
once the speed has dropped below the non permissible speed range.
Check the steam turbine controller if necessary.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 195-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

SETP CTRLS
Signification

STOP

40MYA01DE010 XT05

Setpoint controls for load and speed have been stopped, because:
An automatic stop command from turbine master control program is active
or
The control deviation for speed is too large
or
A fault in the calculation of the temperature margin has occurred
or
The main steam limit pressure is reached while the load setpoint control is ramping up

Consequences

The setpoint controls for load and speed will be stopped, if


An automatic stop command from turbine master control program is active
or
A fault in the calculation of the temperature margin has occurred
Only the speed setpoint control will be stopped, if
The control deviation for speed is too large
Only the load setpoint control will be stopped, if

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

The main steam limit pressure is reached while the load setpoint control is ramping up
Depending on the following operation modes of the steam turbine controller, changes in
speed or load setpoint are no longer accepted:
Steam turbine controller in speed or load control operation
The turbine continues to control the last valid setpoint. The actual speed or load setpoint
is hold as long as the fault is active.
When passing through the critical speed range, the steam turbine is shut down due to
the response of the speed gradient monitoring system as a result of the speed setpoint
stop.
If additionally the HP limit pressure controller becomes active, its limiting function is
not affected by the stop command.
Steam turbine controller in inlet pressure control operation
Inlet pressure control is not affected and remains available, because pressure setpoint
control is not stopped and the delayed load setpoint is tracked to actual load with highest
priority (Load setpoint control in set operation).
Intervention from Operator

Temporary faults can be cleared (40MYA01DU012) by the operator on the OM screen


of the steam turbine controller and the setpoint controls can be released again.

Further Measures

If the setpoint control cannot be released, the related individual alarms which caused
the stop must be determined by an I&C specialist.
If required, load can be lowered by reducing the maximum load setpoint adjuster
(40MYA01DE012) on the OM screen of the steam turbine controller.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 196-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

LOAD CAP

FAULT

The signal for the maximum load setpoint (load capability) is faulted.

Consequences

The actual value for maximum load setpoint (load capability) is incorrect.

Intervention from Operator

Check the actual maximum load setpoint (load capability).


Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The signal for the maximum load setpoint (load capability) must be checked by an I&C
engineer immediately.

O/S SYS TEST


Signification
Consequences

FAULT

40MYA01DG020 XT05

Test of the overspeed protection system releases a fault. The reason might be that not all
speed channels tripped or that all fail safe output modules were switched off.
The overspeed protection system is faulty.
One or several fail safe output modules are faulty.
Further raising of the startup device (TAB) is not possible. A turbine trip and all other
control actions of the TAB will not be resetted.
Startup of the steam turbine is not possible.

Intervention from Operator

Take immediate action to clarify the fault.

Further Measures

Clarify the cause of the fault and eliminate it before next start of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Startup of the steam turbine without proper functioning of the overspeed protection system
is not allowed.

HP PRES SETP EXL

FAULT

Signification

The external value for the HP pressure setpoint is faulted.

Consequences

The external HP pressure setpoint is incorrect.

40MYA01DP010 XM01

Intervention from Operator

Check current external HP pressure setpoint.


Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The external HP pressure setpoint must be checked by an I&Ctechnician immediately.

Remarks

HP BLAD PRES CTRL DEV

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MYA01DE012 XM01

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAULT

40MYA01DP080 XM01

Signification

There is a fault in the control deviation for HP blading pressure.

Consequences

The HP blading pressure control deviation is stored and permanently active in the controller.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the control deviation for HP blading pressure.


The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 197-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP PROP PRES CTRL DEV

FAULT

There is a fault in the control deviation for HP pressure ratio.

Consequences

The HP pressure ratio control deviation is stored and permanently active in the controller.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the control deviation for HP pressure ratio.


The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.

SPD CTRL DEV

TOO HIGH

Signification

The control deviation of the speed control is too high.

Consequences

The speed setpoint control is stopped.

40MYA01DS010 XT02

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The speed controller must be checked immediately by an I&C engineer.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MYA01DP090 XM01

Signification

Remarks

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

HP EXH STM TEMP CTRL DEV

FAULT

40MYA01DT050 XM01

Signification

There is a fault in the control deviation for HP exhaust steam temperature.

Consequences

The HP exhaust steam temperature control deviation is stored and permanently active in
the controller.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Check the control deviation for HP exhaust steam temperature.


The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.

Remarks

MAIN CB CONTACT

FAULT

Signification

There is a fault in one contact for the main circuit breaker.

Consequences

One main circuit breaker contact may be damaged.

40MYA01DU050 XM03

Intervention from Operator

Check the position of the main circuit breaker.


Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The main circuit breaker must be checked as quickly as possible by an electrical engineer.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 198-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST CTRL SIMULATION

ON

At least one of the controller functions in the FM458 has been simulated with a default value.

Consequences

Steam turbine startup is prohibited.

Intervention from Operator

Remarks

The FM458 must be checked by an I&C engineer immediately for proper controller
function.

COMMUNICATION WITH CPU

FAULT

40MYA01DU090 XM09

Signification

S7 backplane bus communication with FM458 is faulted.

Consequences

As the system is of redundant design, the continued operation of the plant is not affected
as long as the other system is operating properly, as switchover is performed to the redundant channel.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor undisturbed operation of the plant.


Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

Communication between S7 and FM458 must be checked by an I&C engineer.

Remarks

CTRL LGC

FAULT

40MYA01DU090 ZV51

Signification

There is a fault in one or both channels of the redundant steam turbine controller.
This can be caused by critical faults, non-critical faults, startup of the control system, simulation or communication faults between S7 and FM458, as well as a combination of these
events.

Consequences

DTROK disappears.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.

Remarks

P-BUS COUPLING SYSTEM

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MYA01DU090 XM08

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAIL

40MYA01DU100 XM20

Signification

The backplane bus coupling system between the turbine controller and the Operation and
Monitoring (OM) System of the steam turbine has failed.

Consequences

Steam turbine trip has been initiated and the bypass stations are open.

Intervention from Operator

Monitor the steam turbine shutdown procedure.


Determine which faults led to aforementioned fault alarm.

Further Measures

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and remedy before re-starting the steam turbine.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 199-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

HP CTRL-V1 DO

FAIL

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because both digital outputs for activating a trip solenoid
valve (40MAA12AA014) on HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) are not able to output the
specified conditions.

Consequences

The availability of the turbine controller is limited. HP control valve 1 (40MAA12AA151) is


closed. If both HP control valves close faulty, the steam turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting and
fault clearance.

Remarks

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

HP CTRL-V2 DO

FAIL

40MYA01DU112 XV24

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because both digital outputs for activating a trip solenoid
valve (40MAA22AA014) on HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) are not able to output the
specified conditions.

Consequences

The availability of the turbine controller is limited. HP control valve 2 (40MAA22AA151) is


closed. If both HP control valves close faulty, the steam turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting and
fault clearance.

Further Measures
Remarks

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

IP CTRL-V1 DO

FAIL

40MYA01DU112 XV34

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because both digital outputs for activating a trip solenoid
valve (40MAB12AA014) on IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) are not able to output the
specified conditions.

Consequences

The availability of the turbine controller is limited. IP control valve 1 (40MAB12AA151) is


closed. If both IP control valves close, the steam turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Intervention from Operator Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting and fault clearance.

Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

40MYA01DU112 XV14

Signification

Further Measures

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 200-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

IP CTRL-V2 DO

FAIL

40MYA01DU112 XV44

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because both digital outputs for activating a trip solenoid
valve (40MAB22AA014) on IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) are not able to output the
specified conditions.

Consequences

The availability of the turbine controller is limited. IP control valve 2 (40MAB22AA151) is


closed. If both IP control valves close, the steam turbine is tripped.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting and
fault clearance.

Further Measures
Remarks

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

OL VLV DO

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

FAIL

40MYA01DU112 XV64

Signification

The monitoring equipment for the input and output modules (AddFEM) of the steam turbine
controller has detected a fault because both the digital outputs for activating a trip solenoid
valve (40MAA14AA014) on the overload valve (40MAA14AA151) are not able to output the
specified conditions.

Consequences

Availability of the turbine controller is limited. The overload valve (40MAA14AA151) is


closed.

Intervention from Operator

Check for annunciation of further fault alarms and initiate measures for troubleshooting
and fault clearance.

Further Measures

The fault must be checked by an I&C technician immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it as soon as possible.

Remarks
O/S PROT SYS 1

TRIPPED

40MYA01EZ011 XK96

Signification

The Overspeed protection system 1 has initiated a steam turbine trip.

Consequences

The alarm (40MAY01EZ001 XK96) is activated.

Intervention from Operator

Determine which faults have given rise to the above alarm.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

T he overspeed protection system is based on a 2-out-of-3 relay-based system with


deactivation of the load voltage supply of the output modules for the trip valves of the
fail safe steam turbine trip system. The failsafe steam turbine protection system also
features a 2-out-of-3 circuit which is primarily designed simply as a tracking function for
the failsafe steam turbine protection system.
The above alarm is also active when the steam turbine at a standstill, as the speed
sensor monitoring functions (40MYA01EZ011 XT61 / 40MYA01EZ011 XT63 /
40MYA01EZ011 XT65) are activated under these conditions.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 201-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

O/S PROT SYS 1


Signification
Consequences

40MYA01EZ011 XT01

The function for monitoring the 3 follow signals of overspeed protection system 1 in the fail
safe steam turbine trip system has detected a fault due to non-coincidence of the signals.
The 2-out-of-3 circuit for the following with trip of the overspeed protection system 1 in
the fail safe steam turbine trip system changes to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
An additional fault can lead to steam turbine trip.

Intervention from Operator

Rectify the fault immediately.

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.

Remarks

If above alarms is active, the cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer
performed (fault alarm of the overspeed protection system 1 must be active). Otherwise the
steam turbine trip is initiated via the next cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1.

O/S PROT SENSOR 1


Signification
Consequences
The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content
is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

NONCOINC

FAULT

40MYA01EZ011 XT61

The function for monitoring the speed sensors (see description from Braun) has detected
a fault because speed sensor 1 has failed.
Channel 1 of the overspeed protection system 1 has activated an alarm (see description
from Braun). This causes the logic of the overspeed trip to change to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
Cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer performed.
If the monitoring function for the speed senors detects a seconds fault, overspeed protection system 1 is tripped and steam turbine trip initiated.
Because overspeed protection system 1 is also tripped when the turbine-generator is
at a standstill, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 cannot be performed
during shutdown. Cyclic testing automatically starts when turning gear operation commences and steam turbine trip is reset. If non-coincidence monitoring is active, cyclic
testing cannot start and testing of overspeed protection is not performed. Steam turbine startup is not permitted without previous testing of overspeed protection.

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.


Because cyclic testing of overspeed protection is no longer performed, operation of the
steam turbine is only permitted for 12 hours in this faulted state. If the fault has not been
rectified after this period has elapsed, the steam turbine must be shut down.
The above alarms are active when the turbine-generator is at a standstill, i.e. overspeed
protection system 1 is also tripped under these conditions.

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Remarks

Rectify the fault immediately.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 202-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

O/S PROT CH 1 SYS 1


Signification
Consequences

FAULT

40MYA01EZ011 XT62

Cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 (see description from Braun) has detected
a fault because operation of channel 1 is faulted.
The logic of overspeed protection system 1 changes to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
If one of these faults occurs, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer
performed.
If a second fault is detected following the changeover to a 1-out-of-2 circuit, overspeed
protection system 1 is tripped and steam turbine trip is initiated.
Because overspeed protection system 1 is also tripped when the turbine-generator is
at a standstill, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 cannot be performed
during shutdown. Cyclic testing automatically starts when turning gear operation commences and steam turbine trip is reset. If non-coincidence monitoring is active, cyclic
testing cannot start and testing of overspeed protection is not performed. Steam turbine startup is not permitted without previous testing of overspeed protection.

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Further Measures

Remarks
O/S PROT SENSOR 2
Signification
Consequences

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.


Because cyclic testing of overspeed protection is no longer performed, operation of the
steam turbine is only permitted for 12 hours in this faulted state. If the fault has not been
rectified after this period has elapsed, the steam turbine must be shut down.

FAULT

40MYA01EZ011 XT63

The function for monitoring the speed sensors (see description from Braun) has detected
a fault because speed sensor 2 has failed.
Channel 2 of the overspeed protection system 1 is tripped (see description from Braun).
This causes the logic of the overspeed trip to change to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
Cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer performed.
If the monitoring function for the speed senors detects a seconds fault, overspeed protection system 1 is tripped and steam turbine trip initiated.
Because overspeed protection system 1 is also tripped when the turbine-generator is
at a standstill, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 cannot be performed
during shutdown. Cyclic testing automatically starts when turning gear operation commences and steam turbine trip is reset. If non-coincidence monitoring is active, cyclic
testing cannot start and testing of overspeed protection is not performed. Steam turbine startup is not permitted without previous testing of overspeed protection.

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Rectify the fault immediately.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Rectify the fault immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.
Because cyclic testing of overspeed protection is no longer performed, operation of the
steam turbine is only permitted for 12 hours in this faulted state. If the fault has not been
rectified after this period has elapsed, the steam turbine must be shut down.
The above alarms are active when the turbine-generator is at a standstill, i.e. overspeed
protection system 1 is also tripped under these conditions.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 203-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

O/S PROT CH 2 SYS 1


Signification
Consequences

FAULT

40MYA01EZ011 XT64

Cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 (see description from Braun) has detected
a fault because operation of channel 2 is faulted.
The logic of overspeed protection system 1 changes to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
If one of these faults occurs, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer
performed.
If a second fault is detected following the changeover to a 1-out-of-2 circuit, overspeed
protection system 1 is tripped and steam turbine trip is initiated.
Because overspeed protection system 1 is also tripped when the turbine-generator is
at a standstill, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 cannot be performed
during shutdown. Cyclic testing automatically starts when turning gear operation commences and steam turbine trip is reset. If non-coincidence monitoring is active, cyclic
testing cannot start and testing of overspeed protection is not performed. Steam turbine startup is not permitted without previous testing of overspeed protection.

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Further Measures

Remarks
O/S PROT SENSOR 3
Signification
Consequences

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.


Because cyclic testing of overspeed protection is no longer performed, operation of the
steam turbine is only permitted for 12 hours in this faulted state. If the fault has not been
rectified after this period has elapsed, the steam turbine must be shut down.

FAULT

40MYA01EZ011 XT65

The function for monitoring the speed sensors (see description from Braun) has detected
a fault because speed sensor 3 has failed.
Channel 3 of the overspeed protection system 1 is tripped (see description from Braun).
This causes the logic of the overspeed trip to change to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
Cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer performed.
If the monitoring function for the speed senors detects a seconds fault, overspeed protection system 1 is tripped and steam turbine trip initiated.
Because overspeed protection system 1 is also tripped when the turbine-generator is
at a standstill, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 cannot be performed
during shutdown. Cyclic testing automatically starts when turning gear operation commences and steam turbine trip is reset. If non-coincidence monitoring is active, cyclic
testing cannot start and testing of overspeed protection is not performed. Steam turbine startup is not permitted without previous testing of overspeed protection.

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Rectify the fault immediately.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Rectify the fault immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.
Because cyclic testing of overspeed protection is no longer performed, operation of the
steam turbine is only permitted for 12 hours in this faulted state. If the fault has not been
rectified after this period has elapsed, the steam turbine must be shut down.
The above alarms are active when the turbine-generator is at a standstill, i.e. overspeed
protection system 1 is also tripped under these conditions.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 204-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

O/S PROT CH 3 SYS 1


Signification
Consequences

FAULT

40MYA01EZ011 XT66

Cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 (see description from Braun) has detected
a fault because operation of channel 3 is faulted.
The logic of overspeed protection system 1 changes to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
If one of these faults occurs, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer
performed.
If a second fault is detected following the changeover to a 1-out-of-2 circuit, overspeed
protection system 1 is tripped and steam turbine trip is initiated.
Because overspeed protection system 1 is also tripped when the turbine-generator is
at a standstill, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 cannot be performed
during shutdown. Cyclic testing automatically starts when turning gear operation commences and steam turbine trip is reset. If non-coincidence monitoring is active, cyclic
testing cannot start and testing of overspeed protection is not performed. Steam turbine startup is not permitted without previous testing of overspeed protection.

Intervention from Operator

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Further Measures

Remarks

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.


Because cyclic testing of overspeed protection is no longer performed, operation of the
steam turbine is only permitted for 12 hours in this faulted state. If the fault has not been
rectified after this period has elapsed, the steam turbine must be shut down.

O/S SYS 1 TEST GENERATOR


Signification
Consequences

FAULT

40MYA01EZ011 XT71

The function for monitoring the overspeed protection system 1 (see description system
fault 1 from Braun) has detected a fault.
The logic of overspeed protection system 1 changes to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
If this fault occurs, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer performed.
If a second fault is detected following the changeover to a 1-out-of-2 circuit, overspeed
protection system 1 is tripped and steam turbine trip is initiated.
Because overspeed protection system 1 is also tripped when the turbine-generator is
at a standstill, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 cannot be performed
during shutdown. Cyclic testing automatically starts when turning gear operation commences and steam turbine trip is reset. If non-coincidence monitoring is active, cyclic
testing cannot start and testing of overspeed protection is not performed. Steam turbine startup is not permitted without previous testing of overspeed protection.

Intervention from Operator


Further Measures
Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

Rectify the fault immediately.

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

Rectify the fault immediately.


Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.
Because cyclic testing of overspeed protection is no longer performed, operation of the
steam turbine is only permitted for 12 hours in this faulted state. If the fault has not been
rectified after this period has elapsed, the steam turbine must be shut down.

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 205-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

O/S SYS 1 WATCHDOG


Signification
Consequences

FAULT

40MYA01EZ011 XT72

The function for monitoring the overspeed protection system 1 (see description system
fault 2 from Braun) has detected a fault.
The logic of overspeed protection system 1 changes to a 1-out-of-2 circuit.
If this fault occurs, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 is no longer performed.
If a second fault is detected following the changeover to a 1-out-of-2 circuit, overspeed
protection system 1 is tripped and steam turbine trip is initiated.
Because overspeed protection system 1 is also tripped when the turbine-generator is
at a standstill, cyclic testing of overspeed protection system 1 cannot be performed
during shutdown. Cyclic testing automatically starts when turning gear operation commences and steam turbine trip is reset. If non-coincidence monitoring is active, cyclic
testing cannot start and testing of overspeed protection is not performed. Steam turbine startup is not permitted without previous testing of overspeed protection.

Intervention from Operator

Remarks

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it immediately.


Because cyclic testing of overspeed protection is no longer performed, operation of the
steam turbine is only permitted for 12 hours in this faulted state. If the fault has not been
rectified after this period has elapsed, the steam turbine must be shut down.

ST SPD

FAIL

40MYA01FS011A XK20

Signification

The failsafe steam turbine speed measurement in the turbine protection system has failed
due to faults in at least two steam turbine speed measurements (40MYA01CS011A,
40MYA01CS012A, 40MYA01CS013A) or due to a fault in the failsafe steam turbine protection system in automation processor (AP) 1.

Consequences

Enabling of the turbine maintenance key switches is permanently inhibited as long as the
alarm (40MYA01FS011A XK20) is active.
The enable signals of various protection circuits (e.g. turbine condenser pressure protection) are permanently set as long as the alarm (40MYA01FS011A XK20) is active. A separate fault alarm is active for each protection circuit.

Intervention from Operator

Check steam turbine speed acquisition including module D521 from Braun (see I&C
alarms 40MYA01FS011A XM47, 40MYA01FS011A XM48, 40MYA01FS011A XM49).
Check steam turbine speed monitoring in the failsafe turbine protection system of the
steam turbine AP 1 (see I&C alarms 40MYA01FS011A XT01, 40MYA01FS011A
XT02).

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Further Measures

Rectify the fault immediately.

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 206-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

ST SPD

FAULT

40MYA01FS011A XK93

Signification

The failsafe steam turbine speed measurement in the turbine protection system has detected a fault, as at least one channel of the steam turbine speed measurement is operating
incorrectly (40MYA01CS011A, 40MYA01CS012A, 40MYA01CS013A).

Consequences

Two faulted channels result in failure of the failsafe steam turbine speed measurement.

Intervention from Operator

Determine which faults have given rise to the above fault alarm (see I&C alarms
40MYA01FS011A XM47, 40MYA01FS011A XM48, 40MYA01FS011A XM4).

Further Measures

Determine the cause of the fault and rectify it before the next startup of the steam turbine.

Remarks

OVER-/UNDERFREQUENCY
Signification

HIGH

40MYA20EZ001 ZV01

The steam turbine is being operated at a speed above the maximum permissible continuous
speed for load operation.
The continuously permissible steam turbine speed range during load operation and the
maximum permissible operating duration outside of this speed range is described in the
chapter Technical Data.
The increased steam turbine speed is due to the fact that the power generated is in excess
of the actual demand in the electrical transmission grid.

Consequences

Warning!
If the permissible operation duration outside the continuously permissible steam
turbine speed range during load operation is exceeded, damage to the moving
blades cannot be ruled out.

Intervention from Operator

Reduction of steam turbine power through a decrease in the load setpoint.


If the grid frequency of the electrical power grid cannot be significantly affected by the
steam turbine power (this is the case with large island grids), the steam turbine must
be disconnected from the power grid.
To do this, change the steam turbine controller from the "load operation with power
controller" mode to the "load operation with speed controller" mode.
This closes the steam turbine control valves and disconnects the steam turbine-generator from the power grid.

Further Measures

When the grid fault has been rectified, the steam turbine-generator can be resynchronized
through a restart of the subgroup control steam turbine.
If necessary, change the steam turbine controller from the "load operation with speed controller" mode back to the "load operation with load controller" mode.
The turbine manufacturer has to be contacted immediately if the permissible operation duration outside the continuously permissible steam turbine speed range during load operation has been exceeded in order to evaluate the remaining service life and to establish
further action required.

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 207-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

OVER-/UNDERFREQUENCY
Signification

LOW

40MYA20EZ001 ZV02

The steam turbine is being operated at a speed below the minimum permissible continuous
speed for load operation.
The continuously permissible steam turbine speed range during load operation and the
maximum permissible operating duration outside of this speed range is described in the
chapter Technical Data.
The decreased steam turbine speed is due to the fact that the generated power falls short
of the actual demand in the electrical transmission grid.

Consequences

Warning!
If the permissible operation duration outside the continuously permissible steam
turbine speed range during load operation is exceeded, damage to the moving
blades cannot be ruled out.

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Intervention from Operator

Increase the steam turbine power. It may be necessary to increase the steam generator
power.
If the grid frequency for the electrical power system cannot be significantly affected by
the steam turbine power (this is the case with large electrical transmission grids), the
steam turbine-generator should be disconnected from the electrical transmission grid
approx. 30 seconds after the minimum permissible continuous speed has been violated
or should be shut down by initiation of a steam turbine trip.

Further Measures

The turbine manufacturer has to be contacted immediately if the permissible operation duration outside the continuously permissible steam turbine speed range during load operation has been exceeded in order to evaluate the remaining service life and to establish
further action required.

Remarks

DIF PRES

HIGH

40PCB51CP011 XG01

Signification

Differential pressure 40PCB51CP011 of cooling water filter is higher than 0.7 bar.

Consequences

Higher differential pressure reflects choking of filter.

Intervention from Operator

Clean the choked filter or replace the filter if it is irreparable.

Further Measures

Remarks

DIF PRES

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

HIGH

40PCB52CP011 XG01

Signification

Differential pressure 40PCB52CP011 of cooling water filter is higher than 0.7 bar.

Consequences

Higher differential pressure reflects choking of filter.

Intervention from Operator

Clean the choked filter or replace the filter if it is irreparable.

Further Measures

Remarks

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 208-209
0711E

Steam Turbine Plant


Comments on Annunciations

Operating Documentation

Annunciations

PRES CTRL AIR

> MAX

40QFB01CP001 XH01

Signification

The pressure in the control air supply is higher than the maximum (e.g.
900 kPa / 9 bar (130 PSIG)).

Consequences

Leakage at the screw connections..

Intervention from Operator

Control of the pressure relieve valves of the control air supply.

Further Measures

Remarks

PRES CTRL AIR

< MIN

40QFB01CP001 XH52

The pressure in the control air supply is too low.

Consequences

The correct function of pneumatic valves is no longer ensured.

Intervention from Operator

Check complete control air supply system for correct function.

Further Measures

Remarks

Class: FOR INTERNAL USE ONLY

The reproduction, transmission or use of this document or its content


is not permitted without express written authority. Offenders will be
liable for damages. All rights, including rights created by patent
grant or registration of a utility model or design, are reserved.
Copyright Siemens AG 2011 - All Rights Reserved

Signification

Siemens AG
Energy Sector

&MFE020

2-3-MA-510-12436 / 209-209
0711E