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INTEGRATED COASTAL ZONE

MANAGEMENT A CASE STUDY


FROM GOA
By

J. DSouza and G.N.Nayak*


DEPARTMENT OF MARINE SCIENCES
GOA UNIVERSITY
nayak1006@rediffmail.com OR gnnayak@unigoa.ac.in

SAARC WORKSHOP ON
COASTAL AND MARINE RISK MITIGATION PLAN FOR SOUTH ASIA,

GOA, 27 28 March 2008

UNIQUENESS OF THE COAST

PROTECTION FROM STORMS AND HURRICANES


CLIMATE STABILIZATION
TREASURES UNIQUE ECOSYSTEMS

HARBOURS RICH DIVERSITY


PROVIDES VARIED RESOURCES

COASTAL ISSUES & PROBLEMS

NATURAL
Sea Level Rise
Sedimentation
Disasters
Tsunamis
Earthquakes
Flooding
Cyclones

MAN MADE
Pollution
Biodiversity Threats
Urbanization
Soil Erosion
Salinity Ingress
Population Stress
Sewage Disposal
Resource Exploitation
Over Urbanization

ISSUES IN THE COASTAL ZONE OF INDIAN COAST


1.Population Pressure

2. Mangroves and Coral Reef


Eco-systems
3. Municipal Sewage / Waste
water disposal
4. Industrial effluents/ Solid
waste disposal
5. Natural disasters

1
2

4
5,8
13
1,3
8
2,5, 6,11

6. Impact of Aquaculture
7. Coastal Erosion

8. Impact of ports
9. Coastal mining

7
1

10. Coastal constructions


11.Ingress of seawater

11,9
12

12.Impact of power plants

13. Impact of tourism

ARE THE COASTS SAFE ?

ARE THE COASTS SAFE .. ?

ARE THE COASTS SAFE ..

ARE THE COASTS SAFE .. ?

CRZ VIOLATION GOA STATE


DEMOLITION OF STRUCTURES GOA STATE

CRZ VIOLATION GOA STATE


DEMOLITION OF STRUCTURES GOA STATE

PROBLEMS

Sand Mining

Construction

Erosion

Pollution

WHY MANAGE THE COAST ?


COAST NEEDS SPACE:
TO DISSIPATE TIDAL AND WAVE ENERGY
TO REDUCE RISK FROM DISASTERS
TO PROTECT PROPERTIES, POPULATION AND RESOURCES
TO STABILISE THE ADJOINING LAND
TO FACILITATE COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS TO FUNCTION
TO ALLOW ADJUSTMENTS TO CHANGING CONDITIONS

THEREFORE WE NEED AN ICZM

ICZM - FRAME WORK


Knowledge of the
Coastal Environment

EVALUATION

GIS & Remote Sensing


Tools / techniques

INTERPRETATION

Spatial
DATA BASE

A-Spatial data
Collating and integrating

INFORMATION

METHODOLOGY - ICZM

DATA USED
Primary Data
IRS-ID- Pan Data (5.8 m)
IRS-IC & ID-LISS III (23.5 m)
Aerial Photographs

Secondary Data
SOI (1:50,000, 1:25,000)

Tertiary Data
Ancillary Data, Reports
and Maps

TOOLS/TECHNIQUES
Satellite Interpretation
DIGITAL ERDAS IMAGINE
8.4
VISUAL-Basic visual
Interpretation tools

GIS
ARCVIEW GIS 3.2

GPS
LEIKA Geo systems GS-5
ESRI ARC PAD 6.0

COASTAL LANDFORMS
CLASSIFICATION SCHEME
COASTAL GEOMORPHOLOGY

DENUDATIONAL

STRUCTURAL

MARINE

FLUVIAL

AEOLIAN

OTHERS

ESTUARY
COASTAL
PLAINS
ISLANDS
DISSECTED
TABLE LAND
ETCHED
PEDIPLAINS
LOW CUT
TERRACES

STRUCTURAL
RIDGES
LATERITE
MESAS
LINEAMENT

BEACH

PALEO
CHANNEL

DUNE

TIDAL
FLAT

TIDAL RIVER

BEACH
RIGDE

MUD
FLAT

STRAND
LINE
CLIFF
SPIT &
BAR

SALT PANS
MANGROVES

CHANNEL SPIT

ESTUARY
ISLAND

POINT BAR

EXPOSED
ROCKS

VALLEY FILL
INDEX
ORIGIN
LANDFORMS

COASTAL LANDFORMS

ESTUARINE ISLAND

STABALISED DUNE

BEACH RIDGE

COASTAL EROSION
ANJUNA BEACH

KERIM BEACH

SHORELINE CHANGES
TISWADI TALUKA (1964-1996)

Not to Scale

Shoreline 1964

Shoreline 1996
Source: IRS-1C,LISS III and Topo sheet 1964

SHORELINE CHANGES
SALCETE TALUKA (1964-1996)
N

Not to Scale

Shoreline 1964
Shoreline 1996

Shore line Change - Observations (32 years)


General :

All along the coast of Goa, from north to south, there is large
variation in depositional and erosional processes.
Specific:
ESTUARIES:

The present study reveals that all along the estuarine


systems, there is net deposition.
COASTS:
Deposition is specifically observed at : Morjim, Baga,
Campal, Miramar, Mobor.
Erosion is specifically observed at : Kerim, Anjuna, Velsao

COASTAL ECOSYSTEM
CLASSIFICATION SCHEME
COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS

ESTUARIES

ISLANDS

ROCKY SHORES

BAY

ESTUARINE

OCEAN

VEGETATED

NON VEGETATED
BEACH

VEGETATED
BEACH

CLIFFS
HABITATED

WETLANDS

ROCKY
COAST

BAR
SPIT

SANDY SHORES

NON-HABITATED

MANGROVES

WATER SPREAD AREA

DUNES

OTHERS
(MAN-MADE WETLANDS)

BEACH RIDGE

DUNES
SPIT

NON
VEGETATED

BAR

SALINE

FRESH

KHAZANS

TANKS

SALT PANS

PONDS

AQUACULTURE

MINING PITS
RESERVOIRS

BEACH

SWAMPY
MARSHES
+
WATER
LOGGED

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
Goa has a variety of natural coastal
ecosystems that are delicate, fragile
and rich in biodiversity.

Coral reefs

Mangroves

Estuaries

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
TISWADI TALUKA

Not to Scale

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS AREA IN %


TISWADI TALUKA

WETLANDS
NON-VEGETATED
SWAMPY /MARSHY
12%

MAN-MADE
SALINE
SALT PANS
4%

MAN-MADE
SALINE
AQUACULTURE
0%

MAN-MADE
SALINE
KHAZAN
3%

MAN-MADE
FRESH
PONDS/ LAKE
1%

ESTUARIES
SPIT
0%

SPIT
WATER SPREAD AREA
ROCKY COAST

WETLANDS
VEGETATED
MANGROVES
10%

CLIFF
DUNES
BEACH
MANGROVES
SWAMPY /MARSHY

BEACHES
NON-VEGETATED
BEACH
1%

BEACHES
NON-VEGETATED
DUNES
0%

ESTUARIES
WATER SPREAD AREA
66%
ROCKY
ROCKY COAST
3%
ROCKY
CLIFF
0%

KHAZAN
SALT PANS
AQUACULTURE
PONDS/ LAKE

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
SALCETE TALUKA
N

Not to Scale

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS AREA IN %


SALCETE TALUKA

MAN-MADE
SALINE
AQUACULTURE
5%

MAN-MADE
FRESH
TANKS
7%

MAN-MADE
FRESH
PONDS/ LAKE
5%

ESTUARIES
SPIT
7%
ESTUARIES
WATER SPREAD AREA
9%
BEACHES
VEGETATED
DUNES
3%

SPIT
WATER SPREAD AREA

BEACHES
VEGETATEDDUNES
BEACH RIDGE
BEACH RIDGE
9%

DUNES
BEACHES
NON-VEGETATED
DUNES
2%

MAN-MADE
SALINE
KHAZAN
23%

BEACH
MANGROVES
SWAMPY /MARSHY
KHAZAN

WETLANDS
NON-VEGETATED
SWAMPY /MARSHY
10%

WETLANDS
VEGETATED
MANGROVES
8%

BEACHES
NON-VEGETATED
BEACH
12%

AQUACULTURE
TANKS
PONDS/ LAKE

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
TISWADI TALUKA CHANGE DETECTION - 38 YRS
COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS TISWADI, 1964

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS TISWADI, 2002

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DATA OF VILLAGES TISWADI TALUKA
18 0
16 0

250
14 0

6000

12 0

12 0
200

10 0
2 000

10 0

5000

80

1 8 00

15 0

80

1 6 00

60

4000

1 4 00

40

60

10 0

1 2 00

3000

20

1 000

40

8 00

2000

50

6 00

20
4 00

10 0 0
1

0
1

2 00

0
2

1 8 00

1 6 00
1 4 00
1 2 00

1 4 00

1 000
5 00

1 2 00

8 00
4 00

6 00

1 000

4 00

3 00

8 00

6 000

6 00

5 000

2 00
2 00

0
1

1 00

6
4 00

4 000

0
2 00

3 000

6
0

2 000
1

1 000

1000
1

800

600

5 000
4 000

400
1 6 00

3 000
2 000

1 4 00

200

1 000

1 2 00

1 000
1

6
8 00
6 00

450

4 00

4 00

5 000

2 00

350
0

3 00

4 000
1

250

3 000

2 000

350

2 00

3 00

150

250

1 00

2 00

50

1 000

150

1 00

50

3 5 00
3 000
6 000

2 5 00
4 000

2 000
2 000

1 5 00

6 00

1 000

5 00
1

5 00

4 00
0
1

3 00

2 00

1 00

5 000
4 000

1 8 00

3 000

6
1 6 00

2 000

1 4 00
1 000

1 2 00
0

1 000
1

8 00
6 00
4 00

3 5 00

8 00

2 00

7 00

3 000

6 00

2 5 00

5 00

2 000

4 00

1 5 00

3 00
1 000

2 00
5 00

1 4 000

1 00
1 2 000

0
1

1 0000
8 000
6 000
4 000

450
1 4 000

2 000

7 000

4 00

6 000

350

1 2 000

5 000
3 00

1 0000
8 000

250

4 000

2 00

3 000

150

6 000

2 000
1 00

4 000

0
1

0
1

6 00

1 000

50
2 000

5 00

6
4 00

6
7 000

1 6 00

6 000

1 4 00

3 00

2 00

1 2 00

5 000

8 0000

1 000

4 000
3 000

6 0000

6 00

5 0000

4 00
1 000

LEGEND

0
2

3 000
3 0000

0
2

4 000

4 0000

2 00

1 00

5 000

2 000

6 000
7 0000

8 00

2 000

2 0000
1 0000

1 000

0
1

6000
7 0000

4000
6 00

6 0000
5 0000

5 00

2000

4 0000

4 00

3 0000

350

3 00

2 0000

3 00
2 00

250

1 0000
1 00

2 00

0
1

150

0
1

1 00

50
0
1

5 00

1 8 00
1 6 00

4 00

1 4 00
3 00

1 2 00
5 00

1 000

2 00
4 00

8 00
1 00

6 00
3 00
0

4 00

2 00
0

2 00

1 00

6
0
1

Area
Population
Literates
Illiterates
Household
Percentage
Agriculturals

Coastal Ecosystems - Observations


TISWADI TALUKA - Change detection studies - 38 years

I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.

Transformation / Conversion of Khazan lands.


Settlement and urban areas have increased.
Reclamation of agricultural lands.
Conversion of Marshy swampy and water logged areas.
Decrease in barren rocky areas, due to increase in
settlement.
VI. Increase in Mangrove areas.
VII. Decrease in Salt pans.
VIII. Increase in population and house hold count (19612001).
IX. Panaji City shows the highest population Ambarim
Village the lowest.

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
SALCETE TALUKA CHANGE DETECTION 38 YRS
COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS SALCETE, 1964

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS SALCETE, 2002

COASTAL ECOSYSTEMS
SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC DATA OF VILLAGES SALCETE TALUKA
6 000

5 000

4 000

3 000

2 000

1 000

0
1

3 5 00
2 5 00
3 000
2 000
2 5 00
2 000

1 5 00
1 8 00

1 5 00

9 000
1 000

1 6 00

1 000

7 00

8 000

1 4 00

6 00

7 000
5 00

5 00

5 00

1 2 00

6 000

1 000
1

4 00

5 000

8 00

4 000

6 00

3 000

4 00

2 000

2 00

1 000

3 00
2 00
1 00
0

3 5 00
1

3 000
2 5 00
2 000
1 0000

7 000
1 5 00

9 000

6 000
1 000

8 000

5 000

7 000

5 00
6 000

4 000
0

5 000

1 6 00
1

3 000

4 000

1 4 00

3 000

2 000
1 2 00

2 000

1 000

1 000

1 000
0

8 00

1 8 00

6 00

1 6 00

4 00

1 4 00

1 2 00

2 00

1 000

0
1

8 00

6 00
4 00
2 00
0
1

1 2 000

1 0000
2 5 00

2 5 00

8 000
2 000

2 000

1 5 00

1 5 00

1 000

1 000

5 00

5 00

6 000

4 000

2 000

0
1

250

2 00

150

2 5 00

1 00

2 000

50

1 5 00

1 000

3 5 00
1

3 000

5 00

2 5 00

0
2 000

1 5 00
1 000
5 00
0
4 000
1

6
3 5 00
3 000
2 5 00
2 000
1 5 00
1 000
5 00
0

4 000
1

3 5 00
3 00

3 000
2 5 00

250

2 000

450

2 00
1 5 00

4 00
150

1 000
5 00

350
3 00

1 00

250

0
50
1

2 00

150

0
1

1 00

50
0
1

3 000

2 5 00

2 000

2 5 00

1 5 00

2 000

1 000

1 5 00

5 00

1 000
0
1

Area
Population
Literates
Illiterates
Household
Percentage
Agriculturals

5 00

0
250

2 00

150

9 00
1 00

8 00
7 00

50

6 00
5 00

0
1

4 00

3 00
2 00
1 00
0
2 5 00

2 5 00

2 000

2 000

1 5 00

1 5 00

1 000

1 000

5 00

5 00

4 000
3 5 00
3 000

2 000

2 5 00

1 8 00
0

1 6 00

2 000
1

4 000

1 4 00

1 5 00

3 5 00

1 2 00
1 000

1 000

3 000

8 00

5 00

2 5 00

6 00

0
1

2 000

4 00

1 5 00

2 00
0

1 000
1

5 00
0
1

1 2 00

1 000

8 00

4 000
3 5 00

6 00

3 000
4 00
2 5 00
2 00

1 6 00
1 4 00

2 000

2 5 00

1 5 00

0
1

1 2 00

2 000

1 000
5 00

1 000

1 5 00
0

8 00

8 00

6 00

1 000

7 00

4 00
6 00
2 00

5 00

5 00

4 00
1

3 00
2 00
1 00

8 000

2 5 00

0
1

1 2 000

2 000

7 000

9 000

6 000

8 000

5 000

7 000

1 0000
1 5 00

LEGEND

8 000

6 000

1 000

4 000

6 000

5 000

9 00
1 000

3 000

6 000

8 00

5 000

4 000
2 000

3 000
1

4 000
2 000

7 00

4 000

5 00

3 000
1 000

5 00

2 000
1 000
1

3 00

2 000

6 00

4 00

0
1 2 000

1 000

8 000

1 00
0
1

1 8 000

6 000

1 6 000
1 4 000

4 000

1 2 000
2 000
1 0000

7 000

8 000

0
6 000
1

6 000

6 000

5 000

5 000

4 000
2 000

4 000

4 000

0
3 000
3 000

3 5 00
2 000

2 000

3 000

1 000

2 5 00

1 000

0
2 000

0
1

1 5 00

1 000
5 00
0
1

1 2 000
9 0000
1 0000

8 0000
7 0000

8 000

6 0000
6 000

5 0000
4 0000

4 000

3 0000
2 000

2 0000
1 0000

0
1

0
1

0
1

2 00

1 0000

Coastal Ecosystems - Observations


SALCETE TALUKA Change detection studies - 38 years
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.

Transformation / Conversion of Khazan lands.


Settlement and urban areas have increased.
Reclamation of agricultural lands.
Conversion of Marshy swampy and water logged areas.
Decrease in barren rocky areas, due to increase in
settlement.
VI. Increase in Mangrove areas.
VII. Decrease in Salt pans.
VIII. Increase in population and house hold count (19612001).
IX. Decrease in sandy area.
X. Margao City shows the highest population and house
holds Adulsim Village has the least population.

COASTAL RESOURCES
CLASSIFICATION SCHEME
COASTAL RESOURCES

LIVING

COASTAL

AQUATIC

NON-LIVING

ESTUARINE
(TIDAL)

TERRESTERIAL

AQUATIC

ECONOMIC SECTORS

ESTUARINE
(TIDAL)

COASTAL

TERRESTERIAL

AQUATIC

TERRESTERIAL

COASTAL

TERRESTERIAL

AQUATIC

AQUATIC

ESTUARINE
(TIDAL)

AQUATIC

TERRESTERIAL

TERRESTERIAL
FISHERY

RABI

DEMERSAL

PALEGIC

MINERALS

FORESTRY

AGRICULTURAL

FISHER
Y

AQUACULTUR
E

AGRICULTUR
E

KHARIF

WATER

FORESTRY

SALT

PEBBLES

ORCHARDS

HYDROPHYTE
MANGROVES

COCONUT

FOREST
PLANTATION

SAND
SILICA SAND

TIDAL

FISH FARMING

INFRASTRUCTURE
DEVELOPMENT

SEDIMENTS
ENERGY/
FUELS

LIME
SHELLS
ROCKY
OUTCROPS

FORTS

HARBOURS

AQUA
SPORTS

OFFSHORE

ONSHORE

JETTIES

HERITAGE
SITES
TOURISM

WAVE

TRADITIONAL
FARMING

MARINE TRANSPORT

BRICKS MAKING

SHELLS

KHAZAN
SHRUB

TOURISM & RECREATION

MINERALS

ZOO PLANKTON

PHYTO PLANKTON

SILT/CLAY

PORTS

MARINE
TRANSPORT

HOTELS
MARINE
TRANSPORT

SOLAR

ORCHADS

CRUISES

HARBOURS

FISH

AQUACULTURE

PORTS

OTC

DUNE VEGETATION

BOATING

CRABS
OIL

FUELS

ARCHAELOGICAL

RECREATION
TOURISM

FISHING FERRY
JETTIES

SHELLS
GAS

MINERALS

CULTURAL

PRAWNS

HERITAGE

NODULES

BIOGENOUS

CHEMOGENOUS

TERRAGENOUS

URBANISATION

HISTORICAL

SEDIMENTS

COMMERCIAL
WORKSHOPS

BEACH SAND

TOURISM

AQUA SPORTS

RESORTS + HOTELS

MARINE
TRANSPORT

PORTS

LOADING POINTS

DOMESTIC
FERRY JETTIES

FISHING JETTIES

COASTAL RESOURCES

Salt

Tourism

Fish catch

Sea ways

Coastal Zone Information System


(Goa State)

Coastal CRZ Buffer with Land use TISWADI TALUKA

TISWADI TALUKA

COASTAL
LAND
COASTAL
RESOURCES
RESOURCES
ALONG WITH CRZ
CORRIDOR

HWL
100 m CRZ LINE
200 m CRZ LINE
500 m CRZ LINE

COASTAL RESOURCES
TISWADI TALUKA TIDAL MANDOVI
1.8
1.66
1.6
1.4
1.18
1.16

1.2
1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
BUILT UP-VEG

AGRICULTURE

FALLOW LAND

WATER BODIES

FORESTS

WETLANDS/
KHAZAN

MANGROVES

MINING AREAS

SANDY AREAS BARREN/ ROCKY


AREA

COASTAL RESOURCES
TISWADI TALUKA TIDAL CUMBARJUA
1

0.94

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.48
0.5
0.4
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
B UI LT UP -V E G

A GRI CULT URE

FA LLOW LA ND

WA T E R B ODI E S

FORE ST S

WE T LA NDS/
K HA ZA N

M A NGROV E S

M I NI NG A RE A S

SA NDY A RE A S

B A RRE N/ ROCK Y
A RE A

COASTAL RESOURCES
TISWADI TALUKA TIDAL ZUARI
0.9

0.9

0.9

0.8

0.7
0.56

0.6
0.5

0.4

0.3
0.21
0.2

0.1

0
BUILT UP-VEG

AGRICULTURE

FALLOW LAND

WATER BODIES

FORESTS

WETLANDS/
KHAZAN

MANGROVES

MINING AREAS

SANDY AREAS

BARREN/
ROCKY AREA

SALCETE TALUKA
COASTAL LAND
RESOURCES

ALONG WITH CRZ


CORRIDOR

COASTAL RESOURCES
SALCETE TALUKA
4.5

4.21

4
3.5
3
2.5
2

1.65

1.5

1.12

1.01

0.95
0.7

0.5
0
B UI LT UP -V E G

A GRI CULT URE

FA LLOW LA ND

WA T E R B ODI E S

FORE ST S

WE T LA NDS/
K HA ZA N

M A NGROV E S

M I NI NG A RE A S

SA NDY A RE A S

B A RRE N/
ROCK Y A RE A

INTEGRATED
COASTAL
ZONE
MANAGEMENT
Demographic
Profile
1961
2001

- TISWADI TALUKA - Coastal

80000

70000

1961 Population
1961 Houses

60000

1971 Population
50000

1971 Houses
1981 Population

40000

1981 Houses
30000

1991 Population
1991 Houses

20000

2001 Population
10000

2001 Houses

0
Panaji Municipalit y

INTEGRATED
COASTAL
ZONE
MANAGEMENT
Demographic
Profile
1961
2001

- SALCETE TALUKA - Coastal

12000

1961P o pulatio n
1961Ho uses

10000

1971P o pulatio n
1971Ho uses

8000

1981P o pulatio n
1981Ho uses

6000

1991P o pulatio n
1991Ho uses
4000

2001P o pulatio n
2001Ho uses
2000

0
Betal Bati m

Col va

Senar bati m

Benaul i m

Var ca

Car mona

cavel ossi m
mobor

Betal Bati m

Col va

Senar bati m

CansaBanaul i m

Var ca

Car mona

Cavel ossi m

Utor da

Maj or da

Gonsua

Maj or da
Maj or da
Maj or da
Utor da Cal ata Utor da Cal ata Utor da Cal ata

COASTAL RESOURCES

Fishery

Aquaculture
Minerals

LEGEND

Fishery
Minerals
Aquaculture
Jetties

COASTAL RESOURCES

Tourism
Eco Tourism

Temples

Mosques
Church

Bird
Sanctuaries
Archaeological
Places
Museums, Art
Galleries

Forts
Beach
Waterf
all
Airport

COASTAL REGULATION ZONE- GENESSIS


Category I (CRZ - I) : Ecologically sensitive and important
areas and areas between HTL & LTL
Category II (CRZ - II) : Developed areas close to shore,
mainly urban or built-up area
Category III (CRZ - III) : Undisturbed areas and those areas
which do not belong to either Category I or II
Category IV (CRZ - IV) : Coastal stretches in Andaman &
Nicobar, Lakshdweep and Small islands

CRZ CATEGORISATION

LAND
500 M
200 M

HTL

SEA

RIVER

LTL
HTL
CRZ IV

(islands)

100 M - NDZ

LAND

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


CLASSIFICATION SCHEME

MOEF
(GOI)

Policy

STATE
Regulations

Laws

ICZM
Goa State
DISTRICT
TALUKA

CZIS

GOA STATE

VILLAGE
PANCHAYAT
VILLAGE

Area Specific
(Taluka)

Site Specific
(Revenue Village)

BLOCK

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


Coastal CRZ Buffer GOA STATE
N

Not to Scale

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


Tidal CRZ 100 m or Width of the River GOA STATE
N

Not to Scale

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


TISWADI TALUKA TIDAL MANDOVI RIVER
% Distribution of Village Panchayats and Revenue Villages
(area-wise) Under CRZ

Charoa
32%

Capao
Moromb Piqueno
2%
3%
Moromb Grande
Cariam
10%
1%

Chimbel
5%
Panelim
2%
Baiguenim
5%

Navelim
11%

Goltim
6%

Malar Naroa
8%
2% Ela
13%

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


TISWADI TALUKA TIDAL ZUARI RIVER
% Distribution of Village Panchayats and Revenue Villages
(area-wise) Under CRZ

Goa Velha
15%

Taligao
29%

Siridao
12%
Mercurem
4%
Bambolim
12%

Neura-O-Grande
13%

Kalapur
15%

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


TISWADI TALUKA TIDAL CUMBARJUA RIVER
% Distribution of Village Panchayats and Revenue Villages
(area-wise) Under CRZ

Neura O Grande
21%

Gaundalim Cumbarjua
3%
6%
Jua
20%

Carambolim
36%

Corlim
14%

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


Coastal CRZ Buffer SALCETE TALUKA
Coastal Zone Information System
(Goa State)

Coastal CRZ Buffer SALCETE TALUKA

HWL
200 m CRZ
500
m CRZ LINE
LINE

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


SALCETE TALUKA ALONG COASTAL REGION
% Distribution of Village Panchayats and Revenue Villages
(area-wise) Under CRZ

Betal Batim
5%
Colva
Majorda Gonsua
6%
Utorda
1%
9%
6%

Cavelossim Mobor
17%

Senarbatim
4%

Benaulim
21%
Carmona
14%

Varca
17%

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


SALCETE TALUKA TIDAL ZUARI RIVER
% Distribution of Village Panchayats and Revenue Villages
(area-wise) Under CRZ

Macazanam
11%
Loutlim
38%

Curtorim
38%
Rachol
6%

Camurlim
7%

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


SALCETE TALUKA TIDAL SAL/BENAULIM RIVER
% Distribution of Village Panchayats and Revenue Villages
(area-wise) Under CRZ

Navelim
Adsurlim
Benualim
4%
0%
Ambelim 8%
Assolna3%
3%

Cuncolim
24%
Veroda Talvorda
2%
7%

Velim
7%

Cavelossim
7%Carmona
6% Orlim
2%
Varca
7%
Talualim
Sirlim4%

2%
Sarjora Chinchinim Duesan
8%
2%
5%

COASTAL REGULATORY FRAMEWORK


SALCETE TALUKA TIDAL KHUSHAVATI RIVER
% Distribution of Village Panchayats and Revenue Villages
(area-wise) Under CRZ

Chandor
13%
Talvorda
43%
Cavorim
26%

Paroda
18%

OBSERVATIONS
40 Villages are under the CRZ along the coastal
stretch Seven Talukas

179 Villages along the riverine system on either


bank of the rivers of Tiracol, Chapora, Mandovi
& its tributaries, Zuari and its tributaries, Sal
Saleri, Talpona and Galgibag all the Eleven
Talukas

INTEGRATED COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT


ICZM Approach & Methodology
Strategic CZMP

Integrated Coastal Zone


Management (ICZM)

Long-term Vision (5 to 25 years)


Planning, Prioritization &
Co-ordination
Monitoring & Regulation
Coastal
Administrative Heads
Central/ State - Govt

Legislators from
Coastal Districts
& talukas

Operational CZMP
Area specific & Site specific
Regulations of coastal activities under
statutory mechanism
Link between planners, managers & users
MOEF
Govt. of India

Technical
experts on
coastal issues

CZMA
(State)

Steering Committee
Cyclone &
Flood
Mitigation
Urban
Developments

Formulation
of
Plan &
Priorities

Aquacult
ure &
Fisheries
Ports
Habours
Planning

Funding
Allocations

Mangroves
& Critical
Habitat
Coastal
Pollution

Estuaries &
Catchment
Areas

Heritage
& Tourism

Coordinating
with Central
Government &
International
Agencies

Guiding
CZMA
Activities

Information
Base

Ground
Monitoring
Regulations &
Management

Coastal
Environme
nt
Monitoring

Regulating
Activities
on CRZs

Interactive
study of
Coastal
Habitat

Urban Hotels
Industries
Ports,
Habours

Integration
of Scientific
Information
into Planning
Process

Disaster
Mitigation

Natural
Disaster
Managem
ent
Task Force
& Shelter
Building

Coordinating
Government
Scientists,
Planners &
Coastal Zone
Community

Community
&
Panchayat
Awareness
Programme

Input to
Long term
Strategic
CMP

ICZM - INTEGRATION

LAND SCAPE
COMPONENT

ANTHROPOGENIC
COMPONENT

RESOURCES
AND
SERVICES

INTEGRATED
COASTAL
ZONE
MANAGEMENT
Coastal CRZ
Villages
GOA
STATE
PERNEM

BICHOLIM
SATTARI

BARDEZ

TISWADI
PONDA
MORMUGOA

SALCETE

SANGUEM

QUEPEM

CANACONA

Integrated Coastal Zone


Management
Coastal Ecosystems

Coastal Land forms

Coastal Resources
Population

House holds

Demography

INSITU / EX SITU
MEASUREMENTS

INTEGRATION

Conservation
Utilization
Development

Coastal Regulation
CRZ-I

CRZ-II

CRZ-III

Revenue
village

ICZM GOA STATE


CONSERVATION AREAS CRZ-I
Mangroves, turtle nesting
sites, sand dunes, heritage
& historical sites, forts,
ecological sensitive areas.

ICZM GOA STATE


UTILISATION AREAS
CRZ-II & CRZ-III

Ports, jetties, harbours, salt


pans, aquaculture sites,
recreation, tourism,
existing dwelling units

ICZM GOA STATE


DEVELOPMENT AREAS
CRZ-II & CRZ-III

Areas with infrastructure


developed like:
sewerage, roads and
existing structures as on
19/02/1991 and as per
building bye-laws.

Construction in CRZII
(Panaji / Vasco)

ICZM GOA STATE


CRZ I, II & III AREAS

Disaster Prone Zones


I. Severe Disaster Zones:

Coastal regions with Low relief : agricultural crops, coastal


plains, sandy shores, mangroves, marshy swampy / water
logged areas.
II. Moderate Disaster Zones:
Coastal regions with medium relief : Coastal ridges, riverine
fronts, stable sand dunes.

III. Mild Disaster Zones:


Coastal regions with high relief: cliffs & rocky shores and
promontories with / without forts.

These norms have been used for categorizing the


coastal regions as severe, moderate and mild.