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FILA TABLE THAT RELATED TO OUR ISSUE ( PAVEMENT FAILURE )

LANDSLIDE
FACTS

Landslides are
primarily
associated with
mountainous
regions.
They can also
occur in areas of
generally low
relief. In low-relief
areas, landslides
occur as cut-and
fill failures
(roadway and
building
excavations), river
bluff failures,
lateral spreading
landslides,
collapse of minewaste piles
(especially coal),
and a wide variety
of slope failures
associated with
quarries and
open-pit mines.
Landslide can
affect pavement
failure especially
at highland area.

IDEAS

Slope saturation
by water is a
primary cause
of landslides.

LEARNING
ISSUES
Find out
types of
landslide.

What main
Landslides can
caused for
occur in
the
offshore, coastal landslide?
and onshore
environments
How to
prevent
Find out the
lanslide?
solution to
prevent
landslide at
highland area.

ACTIONS

Landslide type :
1. Rotational
slide
2. Translational
slide
3. Block slide
Main cause for the
slide

erosion of
the toe of a
slope by rivers
or ocean waves

weakening
of a slope
through
saturation by
snow
melt, glaciers
melting, or
heavy rains

earthquakes
adding loads to
barely stable
slope
Prevent landslide :
1. Excavating
the head
2. Buttressing
the toe
3. Improving
surface and
subsurface
All the info got
from internet and
site visit.

FILA TABLE THAT RELATED TO OUR ISSUE ( PAVEMENT FAILURE )

FLOOD
FACTS

IDEAS

When rainfall
reaches the
Earths
surface, water
evaporates,
infiltrates into
the soil, or
runs over the
surface. The
kinds of
ground cover
greatly
influence the
proportions of
each of these
actions.

Blocked drains
and heavy rain
can cause
flooding on
roads or
pavements,
which may
create hazards
for road users
and pedestrians.

LEARNING
ISSUES

ACTIONS

Find out main


cause of the
flood on
pavement.

Cause of flood on
pavement:
-Lowered pavement
-Blocked drains.

Types of flood?

Type of flood :
-Riverine flooding
-Urban drainage
-Ground failures
-Fluctuating lake
levels
-Coastal flooding
and erosion

FILA TABLE THAT RELATED TO OUR ISSUE ( PAVEMENT FAILURE )

TRAFFIC JAM
FACTS

IDEAS

Traffic is one of
the most
common issues
in the big cities
around the
world. Traffic
may cause
chemical
pollution and
also sound
pollution. By
Moving big
companies from
cities to
countryside,
managing the
conflict hours,
and
encouraging
people to use
public
transportation,
we will
overcome this
problem.

Load carried by
heavy vehicle
may cause
pavement
failure.
Too many
vehicle on road
also can give
bad impact to
our pavement.

LEARNING
ISSUES
How to solve
the current
situation?

ACTIONS

By managing
our time we will
have good
solution for the
traffic. Those
hours should
not conflict with
the hours which
kids go to
school or when
they come back.
Do pavement
maintenance
Use suitable
material to
construct
pavement.
(do site
investigation)

FILA TABLE THAT RELATED TO OUR ISSUE ( PAVEMENT FAILURE )

FLYOVER COLLAPSE
FACTS

-Main road
-Excessive load
-Structural
disturbance

IDEAS

LEARNING
ISSUES

-large water pipe


was damage,
resulting of
water gushing
out.

-how to make the


road safer?

-not designed to
withstand deep
excavation
underneath
-high
reconstruction
cost
-take time for
user to reuse the
road

-what are the


material should
be use to
replace?

-how long to take


time for
reconstruction?
-who is involve in
this?
-what are the
challenges?

ACTIONS

- surf the net.


-make a
discussion with
the one who are
involve.
-use the high
quality material
or at least meet
the requirement.
-make sure the
construction
follow the
guideline.
-give more
supervise at the
risk area.

FILA TABLE THAT RELATED TO OUR ISSUE ( PAVEMENT FAILURE )