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PROGRAM DIDIK CEMERLANG AKADEMIK

BAHASA INGGERIS
TAHUN 5 2008
MODULE 8
(GRAMMAR)
ANJURAN BERSAMA :

BAHAGIAN PENYELARASAN PENYERTAAN BUMIPUTERA


PULAU PINANG
UNIT PENYELARASAN PELAKSANAAN (ICU) JABATAN
PERDANA MENTERI
LEMBAGA KEMAJUAN WILAYAH PULAU PINANG
( PERDA )
UNIT PENYELARASAN PELAKSANAAN (ICU) JABATAN
PERDANA MENTERI
JABATAN PELAJARAN NEGERI PULAU PINANG (JPN PP)
PUSAT URUS ZAKAT PULAU PINANG (PUZ)
MAJLIS AGAMA ISLAM NEGERI PULAU PINANG

COUNTABLE/UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
NOUNS
COUNTABLE NOUNS
1. Can be counted
Examples: one car, thirty books
2. Can be used with a, an and
numbers.
Examples: a bag, an island, ten
cows.

UNCOUNTABLE
1. Cannot be counted
Examples: rice, air, sand
2. Cannot be used with a, an or
numbers. We use the
Examples: a rice (X) the rice ( / )
an air (X) the air ( / )
ten sand (X) the sand ( / )
3. Cannot have plural forms
Examples: works (X)
advices (X)
dusts (X)
4. Can be used only with singular verbs:
is, has
The water is
The snow is
The rain has

3. Can have singular and plural forms


Examples: heart ---- hearts
child ---- children
4. Can be used with
singular verbs : is, has
plural verbs : are, have
Examples: The lamp is beautiful.
The child has a toy.
These plates are clean.
The soldiers have guns.

5. Cannot use with plural verbs:


are, have
Examples: Her advice is good. ( / )
Her advices are good. (X)
The ice has melted. ( / )

MORE EXAMPLES
1

COUNTABLE NOUNS
animal animals
building buildings
month months
colour colours
country countries
flower flowers
calculator calculators
sheep sheep
deer deer
tool tools
grape - grapes
shoe shoes
beach beaches
sweater sweaters
coin coins
day days
jungle jungles
platform platforms
canteen canteens
college colleges
time times
dress dresses
glass glasses
bus buses
baby babies
tomato tomatoes
mango mangoes
man men
woman women
mouse mice
pencil pencils

UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS
traffic
rice
music
honey
soup
oil
water
blood
porridge
equipment
noise
dust
rubbish
chalk
money
furniture
sand
salt
news
work
time
petrol
cream
shampoo
electricity
light
curry
pepper powder
milk
news
coconut milk

Tick ( / ) for countable and ( x) for uncountable.


blood
rubbish
syrup
fish
pupils
gold
mat
eggs
hotel
flour
curry
snake
coconut
pots
air
powder
fingers
ink
voice
nose
apple
ice-cream
soup
dust
beef
padi
money
house

milk
plants
mango
trumpet
oil
tears
ice-ball
light
dress
letters
moss
chalks
shop
colours
soil
flowers
news
food
papaya
mee
dress
rice
hair
orange
fruits
ice
grass
cakes

SINGULAR PLURAL
A singular noun stands for one person or thing.
A plural noun stands for more than one person or thing.

Form plural nouns.


1. By adding s

Example: ruler
apple

rulers
apples

2. By adding es to nouns ending in s,


-sh, -ch, -x, -o

Example: brush
watch
glass
tomato
box

brushes
watches
glasses
tomatoes
boxes

3. By changing y into ies

Example: fly
baby

flies
babies

4. By changing f or fe into -ves

Exception : boy key -

boys
keys

Example : thief
knife
tooth
foot
goose
mouse
man

thieves
knives
teeth
feet
geese
mice
men

EXERCISES
1 . Encik Nazer has two sons. Both his_____
are studying in Sekolah Kebangsaan
Islah.
A. childrens
B. children
B. child
C. childs
2 . Veng Kit went to the shop to buy three
_____of matches.
A. boxing
C. boxen
B. boxes
D. box
3 . A_____is an insect.
A. flyies
C. flies
B. flys
D. fly

11.A Tale Of Two_____was written by


Charles Dickens.
A. Citys
C. City
B. Cityes
D. Cities
12. The victim lost one of his_____in the
accident.
A. feet
C. feets
B. foots
D. foot
13. Encik Yusof bought two_____for both
his_____ .
A. watches, wives C. watches,wife
B. watch, wifes
D. watch, wife
14. The_____pluck some_____for their
mother on Mothers Day.
A. girl, roses
C. girls, rose
B. girls, roses
D. girl, rose
15. Five_____fought the fire bravely in the
flame yesterday.
A. firemans
C. fireman
B. firemens
D. firemen.

4 . The_____were caught when they tried to


get through the roadblock.
A. thiefes
C. thieves
B. thiefs
D. thief
5 . It takes ten_____for the rescuers to
search for the missing campers lost in the
jungle.
A. dayes
C. daies
B. days
D. day
6. _____today are more independent.
A. Women
C. Womens
B. Wimen
D. Woman

16. There are ten big steel_____in our


library.
A. shelfs
C. shelf
B. shelve
D. shelves
17. Two_____ are needed to carry the
load to the harbour.
A. lorry
C. lorrys
B. lorries
D. lorryies
18. Only two_____are still servicing late at
night.
A. ferriyies
C. ferry
B. ferries
D. ferrys
19. Our teacher ask us to bring five bamboo
_____for our art class.
A. leaf
C. leafs
B. leaves
D. leavies
20. There are many_____in the park.
A. butterfly
C. butterflys
B. butterflies
D. butterfliers

7. There are many_____in the school


canteen.
A. mousse
C. mouse
B. mices
D. mice
8 . Najmudin lost three_____in the accident.
A. teeth
C. teeths
B. tooths
D. tooth
9 . The generous man donates twelve_____
of bread to the orphanage every day.
A. loavies
C. loaves
B. loafs
D. loaf
10. My mother keeps all the_____inside a
cupboard.
A. knife
C. knives
B. knifes

ARTICLES
5

a, an and the
1. We use a to show one object, person or animal.
Example:
a pencil
a boy
a goose
a cap
a nurse
a computer

2. We use an to show one object, person or animal which begins with a vowel
sound: a, e, i, o, u.
Example:
an apple
an igloo
an umbrella
an elephant
an orange
(silent h)

an hour

an honest girl

3. .We do not use an for object, person or animal with a vowel letter but with
consonant sound.
Example:
a European man
a uniform
a Eurasian
a university

4. We use the before things of which there is only one of its kind.
Example:
the sky
the moon
the sun
the earth

5. We use the before something or somebody when we speak about it/him/her


for second time.
Example:
Murad bought a book. The book costs five ringgit.
Rose plants have thorns. The thorns are sharp.

A . Underline the correct words.


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1. There is ________ (an, a) pail in the bathroom.


2. A frog is ________ (a, an) amphibian.
3. Can you see _______ (a, an) butterfly on the flower?
4. _______ (The, A) monkeys in the zoo are very tame.
5. Mother is spraying insecticides at _______ (a, the) cockroaches.
6. Siti wears _____ (a, an) pair of spectacles when she reads.
7. ________ (The, A) ants are crawling up the wall.
8. Karam Singh is wearing _______ (a, an) orange turban.
9. Rubiah painted _______ (a, the) most beautiful picture in the competition.
10. _________ (A, The) mouse deer is an important character in childrens stories.
11. Mr. Armin left for Ipoh ________ (a, an) hour ago.
12. ________ (The, A) wind is blowing from the north.
13. They bought ______ ( a, an) apartment in Ipoh.
14. Who has _______ (a, the) longest ruler here?
15. His sister married ____ (a, an) European man.
16. Pulau Pinang is _____ (a, an) island.
17. Jupiter is ______ (a, the) largest planet in the universe.
18. _______ (The, An) buffaloes help farmers to plough their paddy fields.
19. Can you pass me ____ (an, the) magazine, please?
20. _______ (The, A) milk you bought is not fresh.

Choose the best answer.


7

1 . Jamaliah takes_____bus to school every


morning.
A. a
C. an
B. the
D.

10. Asmidar likes_____dolls, so her mother


gives her _____doll on her birthday.
A. -, the
C. -, a
B. a, a
D. the, a

2 . There is_____lady at the front door.


A. C . the
B. a
D. an
3 . That was_____girl who met an accident
yesterday.
A. an
C. a
B. D. the

11. There is_____woman waiting for you at


_____front gate.
A. a, a
C. the, a
B. a, the
D. the, the
13. Norziah is_____kind girl. She likes to
help_____poor.
A. a, a
C. a, an
B. a, the
D. the, the

4 Sunder goes to_____market every


Sunday morning.
A. the
C.
B. an
D. a

14. Ambigai has_____umbrella. _____


umbrella is pink.
A. a, A
C. an, A
B. a, The
D. an, The

5 . We are going to meet Kumanan for_____


tea today.
A. a
C. an
B. the
D.

15. Sakinah was_____hour late this


morning because she missed _____
bus.
A. a, a
C. an, the
B. an, a
D. the, a

6 . Most men love____watching football.


A. C . the
B. a
D. an

16. I waited for_____hour at _____car park


for Harun but he did not turn up.
A. an, the
C. an, B. a, the
D. a, 17. Naizah is_____honest and kind girl.
She is indeed_____girl liked by
everyone.
A. -, a
C. an, a
B. a, an
D. a, a
18.Ratnakumar and Ganeson have gone
to_____town to buy_____present for
their teacher.
A. -, a
C. a, a
B. an, an
D. the, the

7 . Your neighbour is_____kind man.


A. an
C. a
B. D. the
8 . The dog was digging in____garden.
A. the
C.
B. an
D. a
9 . They went to Penang_____week ago.
A. a
C. an
B. the
D.

QUANTIFIERS
8

Words that show quantity are called quantifiers.


Quantifiers

Examples
-Ali has many friends.
-Mother uses many eggs to bake the
cake.
-There are many trees in the forest.

1. many
used with countable nouns.

2. much
used with uncountable nouns.

-There is too much salt in the soup.


-How much coffee do you want.
-Do not put too much pepper in your
soup.

3. little/a little
- used with countable nouns.
(to show a small amount)
4. a few/few
- used with countable nouns.
(to show a small number)

- She has very little coffee in her cup.


- Please put a little oil in the pan.
- There is a little sugar left.
- Few people like to eat at Alis caf.
- Rahamah has a few new shirts.
- There are a few packets of sugar left.

5. some
used with countable and
uncountable nouns.

-Please give me some sugar.


-There are some sweets in the box.
-There is some rice in the pot.

6. any
- used with countable and
uncountable nouns.
- used with not .
- used with questions.

- Vasanthi does not have any rice.


- Do they want any tea?
- There isnt any water in the jug.

7. a lot of
- Gogi has a lot of coins in her purse.
- used with countable and
- Ashraf has a lot of money in the
uncountable nouns.(to show a large
bank.
number or amount)
- There is a lot of dust on the table.

A. Underline the correct words.

1. There are (a few, a little) pins in the box.


2. The cook added (a few, a little) garlic into the dish.
3. He added (a few, a little) pepper into the soup.
4. They want to spend (a few, a little) more hours at the mall.
5. He won the game by only (a few, a little) points.
6. (A few, A little) gas leaked from the gas cylinder and started the fire.
7. Rosli drank (a few, a little) tea and ate some cakes.
8. The tiger killed (a few, a little) goats in the village.
9. He only plays for (a few, a little) hours every day.
10. I have (a few, a little) cousins in Taiwan.
11. The chocolate drink was hot, so she added (a few, a little) ice cubes into it.
12. There is only (a few, a little) rice left in the bowl.
13. My sister ate (a few, a little) lobsters for dinner.
14. My cat gave birth to (a few, a little) kittens last week.
15. The injured girl could only eat (a few, a little) porridge.

B. Choose the correct words.


1. You dont need ____________ (many, plenty of) water to wash these pots.
2. ____________ (Much, Many) of his money was spent on food.
3. He has stamps and coins from ____________(much, many) countries.
4. You have added too ____________ (a lot of, much) pepper to the soup.
5. ___________ ( A lot of, Much) of their valuables were stolen last night.
6. There were _______________ (a lot of, much) people watching the football match.
7. Encik Ali grows _________(much, a lot of) hibiscus plants in his garden.
8. The government helped _________ (a lot of, many) flood victims in Johore.
9. How ______________ (many, much) butter do you need to bake a cake?
10. There are not ________ (many, much) turtles left.
11. Mrs. Retnam spends _________ (many, plenty of) her time at the orphanage.
12. When she was young, she had _________ (a lot of, much) dolls to play with.

10

13. There is not ________ (many, much) money left in my pocket.


14. Marina has ____________ (a lot of, much) fish in her aquarium.
15. ____________ (Much, Many) fishermen do not go to sea during the monsoon
season.

C. Fill in the blanks with some or any.


1. I borrowed _______ money from my uncle.
2. They do not want ______ coffee.
3. We have not eaten ______ food at all.
4. The teacher gave him ______ homework to do.
5. ________ of the workers are resting.
6. We have not heard ________ news from him yet.
7. There arent _______ sugar in the jar.
8. She promised not to tell _______ more lies.
9. My sister and I gave _______ flowers to our mother on Mothers Day.
10. Father bought us_______ souvenirs from Sarawak.
11. That proud boy does not have ________ friends to play with.
12. Please do not throw _______ banana skin on the floor.
13. The orphans received _______new clothes from Pusat Urus Zakat.
14. Are there ________ durians left?
15. _______ of the telephones are out of order.

EXERCISES
1 . Not_____pupils like to read.

11.There are_____tables in the classroom


11

A. a little
B. a few

C. many
D. much

2 . Would you like to have_____ice cream?


Puan Mariani asks the little girl.
A. several
C. many
B. some
D. any
3 . There isnt_____sugar in the jar.
A. more
C. any
B. some
D. little
4 . Hassan adds_____sugar to his coffee.
A. many
C. a little
B. any
D. few
5 . How_____money do you need for the
trip? Mr Ratna asks his daughter,
Vishebannu.
A. more
C. many
B. plenty
D. much
6. The careless boy spilt_____ink on his
shirt.
A. some
C. plenty of
B. any
D. a lot of
7. There is not_____time left.
A. much
C. several
B. many
D. some
8 . Norziyati saves_____ringgit every day.
A. plenty
C. a few
B. much
D. a little
9 . Farah, please add_____salt to the curry.
A. a little
C. many
B. a few
D. much
10. Syarifah waited for_____minutes. Then
she left.
A. many
C. a few
B. much
D. a little

next door.
A. a lot of
C. plenty
B. a lot
D. much
12. Mrs Murukapan gave_____food to the
poor.
A. many
C. some
B. much
D. a few
13. Encik Anuar needs_____money to send
_____his children to study in England.
A. more, some
C. several, all
B. a lot of, both
D. some, few
14. _____houses were burnt down last week
and caused_____people to lose their
homes.
A. Several, many
C. Many, a little
B. Much, any
D. More, many
15. There isnt_____ink in that pen but there
is_____in this pen.
A. much, many
C. any, some
B. any, much
D. some, a lot.
16. I have cooked_____curry. You can eat
as_____as you like.
A. a lot of, much
C. a lot of, many
B. a little, much
D. some, many
17. Amzar has_____friends but only_____
live near his house.
A. much, a few
C. many, a little
B. much, a little
D. many, a few
18. There is not_____traffic on the road
today because it is a public holiday.
A. some
C. much
B. fewer
D. many
19. There are_____rooms in the house but
only_____are fully furnished.
A. plenty of, a few
C. a few, some
B. many, several
D. a lot of, a little
20. _____the trees in the forest had been cut
down.
A. All
C. Plenty of
B. A few
D. Some

PRONOUNS
I ,you , we , they , he , she , it

EXAMPLES
12

Pronouns such as I , you , we , they


he , she and it are used to replace the
names of people ,animals or things. They
are used at the beginning of a sentence
before verb.
Me , you , us , them , him , her , it
1. Pronouns such as me , you , us ,
them , him , her and it are used
after prepositions.
2. These pronouns are also used after
words that show actions.

Mine , yours , ours , theirs , his , hers , its


Pronouns such as mine , yours ,
ours ,theirs , his , hers and , its are
used to show ownership.
Myself , yourself/yourselves , ourselves ,
themselves , himself , herself , itself
Pronouns such as myself , yourself /
yourselves , ourselves , themselves ,
himself , herself and itself are used to
show that a certain activity was done without
any help.

A. Underline the correct words.

13

I like to eat chocolates.


You are my best friend.
They are my friends.
Amin has a pet monkey. It has a
long tail.
EXAMPLES
Ali passed the book to me.
(after the preposition to)
Pak Mat was angry with them.
(after the preposition with)
He gave us some money.
(after the action gave)
Lets ask him for the ball.
( after the action ask )
EXAMPLES
This is my umbrella. It is mine.
That is our car. It is ours.
The toys are theirs.
These colour pencils are hers.
EXAMPLES

I baked the biscuits myself.


You must do the work yourself.
She sewed the dress herself.
The cat is licking itself.

1. Your brother is here. (She, He) wants to see you.


2. (I, We) are never late to school.
3. Kamil painted the chair and left (he, it) to dry.
4. Hamid and I enjoy baking cookies. (They, We) always bake them in the evening.
5. That is Alifs father. (She, He) is an electrician.
6. Zairuls mother is not feeling well. (He, She) is at the hospital.
7. (It, They) is a beautiful day. Shall we go fishing?
8. The dogs are barking loudly. (They, We) must be hungry.
9. Look at the clown. Isnt (he, it) funny?
10. Do not throw away old papers and bottles. (It, They) can be used again.
11. The elephant is a mammal. (He, It) is very big.
12. Many spectators were at the stadium. (They, We) came to support their team.
13. My sister and I are visiting you tomorrow. (They, We) will come by train.
14. (I, We) am the smartest girl here, said Kamariah.
15. Jamaliah and her brother, Jamil are good atheletes.(They, We) always come out first
in the 100-m event.

B. Choose the correct words.


1. Karina picked up the coin and put (it, her) in his purse.
2. Please help (me, I) to do my homework.
3. The lady told me not to stare at (her, him).
4. Mother swept the dried leaves and left (them, him) in a pile by the tree.
5. A policeman stopped Zamani and me. He told (us, them) to cycle carefully.
6. Call the children here and tell (her, them) to tidy the living room.
7. Dolah gave me a goldfish. I put (he, it) in an aquarium.
8. The headmaster scolded the boy because (he, she) tore his book.
9. Pak Tam pulled his goats to the tree and tied (it, them) there.
10. If you see Mariam tell (her, him) to see me.
11. Are (you, your) here for the meeting?

14

12. We presented (him, her) with a bicycle for his birthday.


13. The kidnappers locked (I, me) in an old house.
14. The lights are on. Please switch (it, them) off.
15. You promised to take (me, us) to the museum, didnt you? the boys asked their father.

C. Underline the correct words.


1. Raju took (his, him) cat to a veterinarian.
2. The little boy falls down from (his, her) bicycle.
3. We brought along (ours, our) tents for the picnic.
5. (Your, You) composition has many mistakes. Please write again.
6. Mammals give birth to (their, theirs) young.
7. The lioness is feeding (its, his) cubs.
8. Mr. Ram is a barber. (His, Him) shop is near the bank.
9. I finished (mine, my) homework early, so that I could watch television.
10. A tractor is used by farmers. (Its, Their) wheels are large.
11. The swan is a bird. (Its, Her) young is called a cygnet.
12. The travellers carried (their, theirs) knapsacks on their backs.
13. Juliana washed (her, hers) clothes.
14. We are painting (our, ours) house with new paint.
15. I will lend you (mine, my) bicycle if you promise to ride carefully.
16. Are these (your, yours) crayons, Linda?

D. Underline the correct words.


1. That is my umbrella. It is (mine, my).

15

2. The boys took the pictures home because they were (their, theirs).
3. Cik Izlin is an artist. These paintings are (her, hers).
4. They have brought this car. It is (their, theirs).
5. Is this parrot (your, yours) or Jennys?
6. This car is big but (our, ours) is bigger.
7. He found the eaglet. Now it is (its, his).
8. Why is Jamal taking the books? Are they (his, hers)?
9. I had to use my brothers tie because (mine, her) was missing.
10. Why are you using your brothers racquet? Where is (your, yours)?
11. He borrowed my pen because (his, him) has no ink.
12. These pencils are not (our, ours).
13. If you didnt bring your eraser, you may borrow (his, him).
14. The purse was not (her, hers) so she didnt pick it up.
15. These bags are (my, mine). Please put them in my room.

EXERCISE
1. My sister has gone to work.
_____ left ten minutes ago.

9. Amin bought the book. It is ____


A. he
C. his

16

A. She
C. Hers
B. Her
D. Herself
2. Please help _____ to carry this
box upstairs.
A. I
C. me
B. my
D. mine

B. him

D. himself

10. Azlan caught the grasshopper


and put _______ in a jar.
A. him
C. his
B. it
D. its

3. The bird has broken _____


wing.
A. hers
C. its
B. it
D. itself

11.The teacher scolded _______


for being careless.
A. our
C. ours
B. we
D. us

4. My uncle made that kite for me.


It is ________.
A. mine
C. my
B. he
D. his

12.I have left my raincoat at home.


May I borrow ____________.
A. you
C. your
B. yours
D. yourself

5. The bicycle belongs to Ali and


Ahmad. It is __________
A. they
C. them
B. their
D. theirs

13.That ruler belongs to Aini. It is


_______.
A. she
C. her
B. hers
D. herself

6. The boys are practicing hard.


______ want to win the game.
A. Theirs
C. Them
B. They
D. Their

14.Please give me some water .


_____ am thirsty.
A. Me
C. My
B. I
D. Mine

7. Laili asked _____ if I could help


her with her homework.
A. I
C. my
B. me
D. myself
8 .The boys know that man at the
bus-stop. He is ______ uncle.
A. their
C. theirs
B. they
D. them

15.Lets ask ______ to help us.


A. them
C. they
B. their
D. theirs
16.We have a pet rabbit. ______
father bought it for us.
A. We
C. Us
B. Our
D. It

GENDER

17

MASCULINE

FEMININE

Nouns which refer to male sex belong to the Masculine Gender


Nouns which refer to female sex belong to the Feminine Gender
MASCULINE
actor
brother
father
waiter
nephew
husband
bull
cock
lion
tiger
drake

FEMININE
actress
sister
mother
waitress
niece
wife
cow
hen
lioness
tigress
duck

Underline the correct word for each sentence.


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2
3
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A kings daughter is a ( prince , princess ).


My fathers daughter is my ( sister , brother ).
My fathers wife is my (mother , father ).
A kings wife is a ( king , queen ).
My uncles wife is my ( aunt , uncle ).
Your mothers brother is your ( uncle , aunt ).
My grandfathers wife is my ( grandmother , mother )
Your mothers father is your ( grandfather , grandmother ).

Choose the best answer.


1. My father and my _________
are my parents.

8. My brother and my __________ are


studying in Australia.
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A. mother
B. sister

C. brother
D. niece

A. sister
B. author

C. grandfather
D. woman

2. The bride and _________ are


on honeymoon in Genting
Highlands.
A. bridegroom
C. husband
B. wife
D. sister
3. Puan Lims __________left her
a house when he died.
A. man
C. master
B. husband
D. wife

9. Encik Anuar has two sons and a


___________ .
A. witch
C. girl
B. daughter
D. madam

4. The girl and the _________ are


twins.
A. woman
C. boy
B. lady
D. wife
5. A __________ horse is known
as a stallion while a female
horse is called a mare.
A. young
C. male
B. she
D. he
6. A _________ and a duck are
swimming in the lake.
A. drake
C. gander
B. doe
D. bull
7. The prince and the __________
were sent away by their wicked
stepmother.
A. queen
C. lady
B. princess
D. mistress

11. My niece and __________ called


me aunt.
A. nephew
C. sister
B. brother
D. mother
12. The Sultan and ___________ of
Kedah will pay a royal visit to our
school tomorrow.
A. Princess
C. Queen
B. Sultanah
D. Duchess
13. The lion and the ____________ are
wild animals.
A. drake
C. lioness
B. wife
D. cow
14. The actor and ____________of
Puteri Gunung Ledang are
performing at Istana Budaya.
A. actress
C. husband
B. prince
D. princess

10. The emperor and __________ of


Japan paid a royal visit to
Malaysia.
A. queen
C. duke
B. empress
D. lady

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