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Chapter 24 - The Global British Empire

1. Internal pressures in Africa between 1750 and 1870 resulted in


[D] the creation of new states.
2. The Nguni peoples of southeastern Africa traditionally had pursued a life based on
[B] cattle and agriculture.
3. The Zulu kingdom arose primarily from
[E] internal conflicts over grazing and farm lands.
4. The most powerful and most feared fighters in southern Africa were the
[C] Zulu
5. The kingdoms of Lesotho and Swazi were created
[D] by attracting refugees from Zulu raids.
6. The Zulu succeeded in creating a new
[B] national identity.
7. The consolidation of West African states, such as the Sokoto Caliphate, was inspired by
[B] Islam.
8. Muhammad Alis creation of modern Egypt was shaped by the shock of
[B] Napoleons occupation of Egypt.
9. Which of the following was not one method used by Muhammad Ali to modernize Egypt?
[C] by encouraging farmers to grow subsistence crops to prevent starvation
10. Egyptian modernization was paid for by
[B] encouraging peasants to grow cotton for export.
11. Despite the fact that Egypts modernization made it the strongest state in the Islamic world,
[D] Egypt fell into debt to Europe.
12. By the 1840s Ethiopian leaders made _________ a top priority.
[C] the purchase of European weapons and local production of weapons
13. The French invasion of Algeria was originally a result of
[D] a dispute over the French government not repaying Algerian loans.
14. In addition to military intrusion into Africa, European explorers were peacefully
[E] all of these
15. Who was David Livingstone?
[D] a Scottish missionary and explorer
16. Why did the slave trade end?
[A] Slave revolts and humanitarian reform movements

17. Ironically, the British were the worlds greatest slave traders and later
[B] became the most aggressive suppressers of the slave trade.
18. Africans wanted European manufactured goods, so when the slave trade ended, Africans
[D] expanded their legitimate trade by developing new exports.
19. The most successful export from West Africa after abolition was
[E] palm oil.
20. The spread of Western cultural influences in West Africa was due in large part to
[B] mission churches and schools in Sierra Leone and Liberia.
21. Eastern African states are referred to as secondary empires because they were
[D] not directly controlled by Europeans but were supplied with European weapons.
22. Although the East India Company was founded in 1600, the British gradually colonized India by
[D] defeating the French and picking apart the decaying Mughal Empire.
23. In order to expand their trade and profits in India, British, French and Dutch company men
[B] fought and bargained to get Indian permission for trading posts.
24. Sepoys were Indian troops who
[E] were hired and trained to protect European companies warehouses.
25. The East India Companys right to rule India gained legitimacy after the
[A] victory at Bengal in 1765.
26. What is the British raj?
[B] British rule of India.
27. The central British reform in India before 1850 aimed to
[A] create a powerful and efficient government.
28. The EIC transformed the Indian economy by
[C] expanding agricultural production and decreasing industrial output.
29. The Sepoy Rebellion in 1857 was sparked by
[B] the use of a new rifle cartridge.
30. Why was the Sepoy Rebellion a turning point in the history of India?
[B] India came to be ruled directly by the British government.
31. The Indian Civil Service comprised mostly
[B] educated British administrators.
32. Despite the expansion of Indian trade,
[E] none of these

33. In 1870, the Indian railroad system was


[C] among the worlds largest.
34. The deadliest disease in India was kala mari (black death), also known as
[A] cholera.
35. The first reformer to advocate Pan-Indian nationalism was
[C] Rammohun Roy.
36. The Indian National Congress initially sought more rights for Indians
[D] by promoting ethnic and religious unity.
37. The Dutch turned their colonies over to Britain after
[D] the French armies occupied the Netherlands.
38. Cape Colony was initially important to the British because it
[C] was a supply station for the lengthy India route.
39. The migration of Afrikaners from British-ruled Cape Colony for fertile land in the north is called
the
[C] Great Trek.
40. The underlying goal of British imperialism in the mid-nineteenth century was to
[A] promote British trade overseas.
41. The former British North American colonies and Australia were similar in that
[E] British colonists displaced indigenous peoples in both places.
42. The first British settlers in Australia were
[D] exiled convicts.
43. By encouraging self government in the South Pacific settler colonies, Britain
[E] all of these
44. After British slave emancipation in 1834, new plantation workers came from
[E] all of these
45. Plantation workers served contracts of indenture that usually lasted
[C] five to seven years.
46. Most indentured servants left their homes because they
[D] hoped to better their economic and social position.