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2012 PRELIM EXAMINATION 3

CHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHS

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Level
:
Date
:
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Additional Mathematics Paper (4038/2)


Secondary 4 Express
17 September 2012
2 hours 30 minutes

CHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHS

NAME

: ______________________(

CLASS : _____________

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST


Write your name, register number and class on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer All questions.
Write your answers on the separate Answer Paper provided.
Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the
case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

The use of a scientific calculator is expected, where appropriate.


You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The total number of marks for this paper is 100.

This question paper consists of 6 printed pages [including this cover page]
1

Mathematical Formulae
1. ALGEBRA
Quadratic Equation
For the equation ax 2 bx c 0 ,

b 2 4ac
2a

Binomial Theorem

n
n
(a b) n a n a n 1b a n 2b 2
1
2

n
a n rb r
r

bn,

n
n!
n(n 1) (n r 1)
where n is a positive integer and

r!
r r !(n r )!

2. TRIGONOMETRY
Identities

sin 2 A cos 2 A 1
sec 2 A 1 tan 2 A
cosec 2 A 1 cot 2 A
sin( A B) sin A cos B cos Asin B
cos( A B) cos A cos B sin Asin B
tan A tan B
tan( A B)
1 tan A tan B
sin 2 A 2sin A cos A
2
cos 2 A cos A sin 2 A 2cos2 A 1 1 2sin 2 A
2 tan A
tan 2 A
1 tan 2 A
1
1
sin A sin B 2sin A B cos A B
2
2
1
1
sin A sin B 2cos A B sin A B
2
2
1
1
cos A cos B 2cos A B cos A B
2
2
1
1
cos A cos B 2sin A B sin A B
2
2
Formulae for ABC
a
b
c

sin A sin B sin C


a 2 b 2 c 2 2bc cos A
1
ABC ab sin C
2
2

The expression 2x3 ax2 bx 3 , where a and b are constants, has a factor of x +3
and leaves a remainder of 15 when divided by x 2.
(i)

Calculate the value of a and of b.

[4]

(ii)

With these values of a and b, solve the equation 2x3 ax2 bx 3 0 .

[4]

y
y = x2

P
2x + y = 8
x

In the diagram, the curve y x 2 and the line 2 x y 8 intersect at point P.

Find

(i)

the coordinates of point P,

[3]

(ii)

the area of shaded region.

[5]

(i)

Express

(ii)

Hence evaluate
places.

x 10
in partial fractions.
( x 3) (3x 2)

1
0

[3]

x 10
dx , giving your answer correct to 2 decimal
( x 3) (3 x 2)

[4]

For x 9 , a curve has gradient

9 x

3
2

, where k is a constant.

Given that the

1
1

gradient of the tangent at the point 5, is


, find
2
16

(i)

the value of k,

[2]

(ii)

the equation of the curve.

[4]

(i)

Given that the coefficient of

in the binomial expansion of 2 x 2


x

is 112, find the value of the positive constant k.


(ii)

[3]

Using the value of k found in (i), show that there is no term in x 2 in the
8

expansion of 1 4 x 2 x 2 .
x

(a)

[4]

Find the values of m for which the line y m 2 x 4m is a tangent to the curve
12 x 2 xy 3 0 .

(b)

[4]

Find the range of values of k for which

k 3 x 2 4 x k

is always positive

for all real values of x.

x 1 2

(a)

Given that

(b)

3y

[4]

p1 2 y q 2 x 5 p15 q 9 , find the value of x and of

Solve the equation log2 5x 1 log

x 1 2 .

y.

[4]
[5]

O
E
D
C
B

In the diagram, A, B, C, E and F are points on the circle with centre O.


The line AE and BF are diameters of the circle and the tangent at F meets AE and BC
produced at D.

10

(i)

Show that triangle ABD is similar to triangle CED.

[3]

(ii)

Show that BF 2 BD BC .

[4]

(iii) Show that AE 2 BD BC .

[1]

Two positive numbers x and y vary in such a way that 128 x 2 16 x 2 y 1 0 .

x y .

(i)

Find the minimum value of

(ii)

Show that this value of

(a)

Given that 2 2 14 and that 7 , find the quadratic equation whose


roots are

(b)

x y

is indeed a minimum.

and
.

[6]
[2]

[3]

The roots of the equation 3x 2 13 k x 2k 2 0 are negative and differ


by

2
. Find the value of each of the roots.
3

[5]

11

Prove the identity cosec4 cot 4 cot 2 .

[3]

Hence,
(i)

find all the angles between 0 and 180 which satisfy the equation

1
,
3

cosec 4 cot 4

(ii)

show that

[3]

d
2
and use it to find
cosec 4 cot 4 2
d
sin 2

12

1
d
sin 2 2
[5]

The diagram shows two intersecting circles, C1 and C2, with centres P and Q
respectively such that Q lies on C1 and P lies on C2. The point R is (7, 2) and lies on
both circles.

C2
Q
R (7, 2)
x

O
P

(i)

(ii)

C1

Given that the equation of circle C1 is x 2 y 2 6 x 4 y 19 0 , find the


coordinates of P and the radius of C1.

[2]

Find the equation of the perpendicular bisector of PR.

[3]

(iii) Show that the coordinates of Q are

a b

3, c d 3 , where a, b, c and d are

integers.

[5]

(iv) Calculate the area of triangle PQR.

[2]

-- END OF PAPER
AM P2 (4038/2)
1. (i)

a 3 ,

b 8

(ii) x 3 ,

1
&1
2
7

2. (i) P (2, 4)
3. (i)
4. (i)

5. (i)

(ii) 6

1
4

x 3 3x 2

2
units 2
3

(ii) 0.93

1
2

(ii)

1
4

(ii)

1
1
9 x

28
Term in x 2 1112 x 2 4 x 3

x
112 x 2 112 x 2
0 x2

k 4
1
7. (a) x 1 , y 8
(b) x (rejected) or x 3
4
8. (i) To show: ABD is similar to CED
A D B C D( ECommon Angle)
6. (a)

m6

(b)

BAD ( 1o80BCE
) ( a d j a c e n t a n g l ei noen) a s t r a i g h t l
ECD
( o p p o s i t e a n g l e s o f c y c l)
lic quadrilatera
A B C C E D ( a n g l e s u m o f t r i a n g l e )
Thus, ABD is similar to CED. (AAA Similarity) (Shown)
(ii)

F D2 B D

CD
(Tangent-Secant Theorem)

BFD 90 (tangent perpendicular to radius)


BD 2 BF 2 FD 2(Pythagoras Theorem)
BF 2 BD 2 FD

BF 2 BD 2 FD

&

FD 2 BD CD

BF 2 BD 2 BD CD
BF 2 BD BD CD
BF 2 BD BC

(iii) Since BF and AE are diameters, AE BF

AE 2 BF 2
AE 2 BD BC
9. (i)

Minimum value of s 8

(ii)

10. (i)

d 2s
dx 2

x2 2 x 1 0

1
2

3
4

3 1

8 2

d 2s
dy 2

60

or
(ii)

y 8

1
4

3 1

16 4

5
2

60

1
& 2
3
8

11. (i)

30 , 120

12. (i)

P 3, 2
(iii)

(ii)

1
1
cot 2 c or cos ec4 cot 4 c
2
2

radius= 4 2 units /5.66 units

Q 52 3 , 2 3

(ii) y x 5

(iv) 8 3 / 13.9 units 2