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2010 PRELIM EXAMINATION 3

CHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHS

Subject :
Level
:
Date
:
Duration :

Additional Mathematics Paper (4038/2)


Secondary 4 Express
17 September 2010
2 hours 30 minutes

CHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHSCHS

NAME

: ______________________(

CLASS : _____________

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST


Write your name, register number and class on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.
Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid.
Answer All questions.
Write your answers on the separate Answer Paper provided.
Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the
case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question.

The use of a scientific calculator is expected, where appropriate.


You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.
The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
The total number of marks for this paper is 80.

This question paper consists of 6 printed pages [including this cover page]
1

Mathematical Formulae
1.

ALGEBRA

Quadratic Equation
For the equation ax 2 + bx + c = 0 ,

x=

b 2 4ac
2a

Binomial Theorem

n
n
n
(a + b) n = a n + a n 1b + a n 2b 2 + K + a n r b r + K + b n ,
1
2
r
n
n!
n(n 1) K (n r + 1)
=
where n is a positive integer and =
r!
r r !(n r ) !

2.

TRIGONOMETRY

Identities
sin 2 A + cos 2 A = 1
sec 2 A = 1 + tan 2 A
cosec 2 A = 1 + cot 2 A
sin( A B ) = sin A cos B cos A sin B
cos( A B ) = cos A cos B m sin A sin B
tan A tan B
tan( A B ) =
1 m tan A tan B
sin 2 A = 2sin A cos A
2
cos 2 A = cos A sin 2 A = 2 cos 2 A 1 = 1 2 sin 2 A
2 tan A
tan 2 A =
1 tan 2 A
1
1
sin A + sin B = 2sin ( A + B ) cos ( A B )
2
2
1
1
sin A sin B = 2 cos ( A + B ) sin ( A B )
2
2
1
1
cos A + cos B = 2 cos ( A + B ) cos ( A B )
2
2
1
1
cos A cos B = 2 sin ( A + B ) sin ( A B )
2
2

Formulae for ABC


a
b
c
=
=
sin A sin B sin C
a 2 = b 2 + c 2 2bc cos A
1
ABC = ab sin C
2
2

(a) Express

7x 4
as partial fractions.
(2 x 1)( x 1)2

(b) Hence or otherwise, find

7x 4

(2 x 1)( x 1)

[4]

dx .

[3]

(a) Given that is a root of the equation 2 x 2 = 3 x 4 , show that


4 3 = 12 .
(b) If and are roots of the equation 2 x 2 = 3 x 4 .

[3]

Find the quadratic

equation whose roots are 2 and 2 .

[5]

3
H
D

G
C

10
E

The diagram shows a closed rectangular box with a square base ABFE.

The diagonal

of the front face AC is fixed at 10 cm and CAB = .

(a) Show that the surface area of the box, A cm2, is given by

A = 200 sin 2 + 100 cos 2 + 100 .

[3]

Given that can vary,

(b) Find the value of for which A = 123 cm2.

[6]

(c) State the maximum surface area of the box and the corresponding value of . [3]

(a) Find the range of values of k for which the expression kx 2 + 8 x + k 6 is


always positive for all values of x.
(b) Find the value of p and of q for which
2x 2 + px < q .

[4]

{ 3 < x < 1 } is the solution set of


[3]
3

(a) Show that cos + 2 cos 3 + cos 5 4 cos 2 cos 3 .


(b) Hence or otherwise, solve the equation cos + cos 3 + cos 5 = 0
for 0 radians.

[5]

A particle starts from a fixed point A and moves along a straight line. Its velocity, v ms-1,
is given by v = 2 + t t + 8 , where t is the time in seconds after leaving A.

(a) the time when the particle is instantaneously at rest,


(b) the distance travelled during the first 8 seconds of its journey, and
(c) the acceleration of the particle when t = 6.

[3]

(a)

Find
[3]
[4]
[2]

B
T

C
Points A, B and C lie on a circle. CT is a tangent to the circle.
line. By using similar triangles, prove that CT 2 = AT BT .

ABT is a straight
[4]

(b)

B
Q
T

Points A, B, Q, C and P lie on a circle. CT is a tangent to the circle.


PQT are straight lines. Given BT = QT, prove that PQ=AB.

ABT and
[3]

In an experimental environment, the population of certain insects was observed.


After t days, the number of insects N was given by the equation N = 500 + 5000e kt
where k is a constant.
(a) Find the initial value of N.
[1]
(b) Given that after 3 days, the population of the insects decreased to 5000, find
the value of k.
[3]
(c) After a long period of time, the population of the insects approaches a particular
value A. Find the value of A.
[1]
kt
(d) Sketch the graph of N = 500 + 5000e .
[2]

The diagram shows part of the curve y =

3 x 8 , meeting the x-axis at x = a.

The tangent to the curve at x = 0 meets the curve at x = b.


(a) Find the value of a.

[1]

(b) Show that b = 24.

[5]

(c) Find the total area of the shaded regions.

[5]

10 (a)

P (6, 8)

A circle passing through the origin O and the point P (6, 8) .


of the circle. The circle cuts the x-axis at A. Find
(i) the equation of the circle,
(ii) the coordinates of A.

OP is the diameter
[3]
[2]
5

(b) Sketch the graph of y = 3 2 x 1 3 .

Indicate the coordinates of the vertex

and the points where the graph meets the axes.

[3]

11
x xy

(12, 26)

(5.5, 6.5)
y
x+a
, where a and b are
x+b
constants. Experimental values of x and y were obtained. The diagram shows the
straight line graph, passing through the points (5.5, 6.5) and (12, 26), obtained by
plotting (x xy) against y. Find
(a) the value of a and of b.
[4]

The variables x and y are connected by the equation y =

(b) Another straight line x xy = y is drawn onto the same diagram. The point of
intersection of the two straight lines is a solution of the equation
Find the value of c and the value of d.

12

x+c x+a
.
=
x+d x+b
[2]

300

1100

The figure shows a rectangular field in which AB = 300 m and AD = 1100 m.


A runner ran across the field from A to P at a speed of 4 m/s and then from P to
C at a speed of 5 m/s.

(b)

Given that BAP = and that the total time taken for the runner to run
75 60 sin
from A to C is T seconds. Show that T = 220 +
.
[4]
cos
Find the value of for which T is stationary.
[4]

(c)

Determine the nature of T.

(a)

[2]

-- END OF PAPER -6