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Ordering number : ENN7464

SANYO Semiconductors

DATA SHEET
Unipolar Constant-Current Chopper

STK672-210

Two-Phase Stepping Motor Driver


Output Current: 1.4 A

Overview
The STK672-210 is two-phase stepping motor driver hybrid IC (H-IC) that features further miniaturization and
improved input logic flexibility as compared to the STK6712 series products.

Applications
The STK672-210 is optimal for use as a stepping motor driver in printers, copiers, XY plotters, and similar equipment.

Features
Built-in common-mode input protection circuit
The input signal logic lines are provided as active-high and active-low pairs, and thus support switching the motor
wiring.
Built-in current detection resistor for reduced external component mounting area on the printed circuit board.
Wide motor operating range (10 to 45 V)

Specifications
Absolute Maximum Ratings at Tc = 25C
Parameter

Symbol

Conditions

Ratings

Unit

Maximum supply voltage 1

VCC1 max

No signal

52

Maximum supply voltage 2

VCC2 max

No signal

0.3 to +7.0

0.3 to +7.0

Input voltage

VIN max

Logic input pins

Phase output current

IOH max

0.5 s, 1 pulse, when VCC1 is applied

2.2

Repeated avalanche capacity

Ear max

25

mJ

Allowable power dissipation

Pd max

With an arbitrarily large heat sink. Per MOSFET

6.5

Operating substrate temperature

Tc max

105

Junction temperature

Tj max

150

Storage temperature

Tstg

40 to +125

Any and all SANYO products described or contained herein do not have specifications that can handle
applications that require extremely high levels of reliability, such as life-support systems, aircraft's
control systems, or other applications whose failure can be reasonably expected to result in serious
physical and/or material damage. Consult with your SANYO representative nearest you before using
any SANYO products described or contained herein in such applications.
SANYO assumes no responsibility for equipment failures that result from using products at values that
exceed, even momentarily, rated values (such as maximum ratings, operating condition ranges, or other
parameters) listed in products specifications of any and all SANYO products described or contained
herein.

SANYO Electric Co.,Ltd. Semiconductor Company


TOKYO OFFICE Tokyo Bldg., 1-10, 1 Chome, Ueno, Taito-ku, TOKYO, 110-8534 JAPAN
61504TN (OT) No. 7464-1/8

STK672-210
Allowable Operating Ranges at Ta = 25C
Parameter

Symbol

Conditions

Ratings

Unit

Supply voltage 1

VCC1

With signals applied

10 to 45

Supply voltage 2

VCC2

With signals applied

5.0 5%

0 to VCC2

100

1.4

1.6

Input voltage

VIH

Phase driver withstand voltage

VDSS

Phase current 1

IOH max 1

Phase current 2

IOH max 2

ID = 1 mA (Tc = 25C)
When the pin 6 to 9 signals are 100 Hz,
Tc = 105C, 50% duty
When the pin 6 to 9 signals are 100 Hz,
Tc = 90C, 50% duty

Electrical Characteristics at Tc = 25C, VCC1 = 24 V, VCC2 = 5 V


Parameter

Symbol

Control supply current

ICCO

Output current (average)

IO ave

Conditions

typ

With all inputs at the VCC2 level


With R/L = 3.5 /3.8 mH in each phase

FET diode forward voltage

Vdf

If = 1.0 A

Output saturation voltage

Vsat

RL = 24

Vref input voltage

VrH

Pin 12

Vref input bias current

Ratings
min
0.405

Unit

max
3.3

10

0.450

0.505

1.1

1.8

0.8
0

mA

1.2

3.5

500

nA

IIB

With pin 12 at 1 V

VIH

H-IC pins 6 to 9

VIL

H-IC pins 6 to 9

IIH

H-IC pins 6 to 9, VIN = VCC2

310

IIL

H-IC pins 6 to 9, VIN = 0 V

2.5

50

[Control Input Pins]


Input voltage
Input current

3.5

V
0.7

Note: A fixed-voltage power supply must be used.

Package Dimensions
unit : mm
4168

SANYO : SIP-12

No.7464-2/8

STK672-210
Internal Circuit
5

AB
8

A
9

Vref
12

BB
6

Off time
setting

B
7

VCC2
10

Off time
setting

SP
11

PG
1
SUB

Sample Application Circuit


VCC2 = 5 V

10

AB

BB

VCC1 = 24 V min.

Stepping
motor

STK672-210
Co1 = 220 F

Ro1

12

Co2 = 10 F +

11

Ro2
S.GND

P.GND
ITF02289

The Co1 ground lead must be connected as close as possible to pin 1 on the hybrid IC.
HC type CMOS levels are recommended as the input specifications for pins 6 to 9.
Pull-up resistors must be used for TTL level inputs. (Recommended value: 2 k)
Excitation control input specifications
Corresponding output pin

Corresponding excitation control input signal


Active: High

Activ: Low

BB

BB

AB

AB

No.7464-3/8

STK672-210
Phase signal: Active low input
2-phase excitation
Clock

1-2 phase excitation


Clock

Pin 6
Phase signal BB

Pin 6
Phase signal BB

Pin 7
Phase signal B

Pin 7
Phase signal B

Pin 8
Phase signal AB

Pin 8
Phase signal AB

Pin 9
Phase signal A

Pin 9
Phase signal A

Pin 2
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 2
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 3
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 3
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 4
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 4
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 5
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 5
MOSFET gate signal

Phase signal: Active high input


2-phase excitation

1-2 phase excitation

Clock

Clock

Pin 6
Phase signal BB

Pin 6
Phase signal BB

Pin 7
Phase signal B

Pin 7
Phase signal B

Pin 8
Phase signal AB

Pin 8
Phase signal AB

Pin 9
Phase signal A

Pin 9
Phase signal A

Pin 2
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 2
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 3
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 3
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 4
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 4
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 5
MOSFET gate signal

Pin 5
MOSFET gate signal

No.7464-4/8

STK672-210
Setting the Motor Current Peak Value (IOH)
IOH Vref Rs
Vref: STK672-210 pin 12 input voltage
Rs: STK672-210 internal current detection resistor (0.195 2%)
IOH

Model of the Motor Phase Current Flowing into the Driver IC (pins 2, 3, 4, and 5)
Vref = (Ro2 (Ro1 + Ro2)) VCC2
VCC2 = 5 V

Current Switching Techniques


Due to the input bias current (IIB) specifications, Ro1 must be under 100 k.
The figures below present sample circuits that temporarily switch the motor current when, for example a held motor
stops.
We recommend using the circuit structure in the figure at the left to minimize as much as possible the effects of the
saturation voltage of the reference voltage switching transistor.
5V
5V
Ro1
Vref
Ro1
Ro3

Vref

Ro2
Ro3

Switching Circuit 1

Ro2

Switching Circuit 2

Input Pin Circuits


Input pin

Circuit type

Pin 6, 7, 8, and 9

X phase
(XB phase)

MOSFET gate signal


XB phase PWM signal
5V
10 k
10 k

Pin 12

To XB phase
5V
When switch 1 is in the ground
position, the input resistor will be
a 20 k pull-down resistor.

VCC2

CR input
Vref

To one of the comparator

GND

No.7464-5/8

STK672-210
Thermal Design
The size of the heat sink required for the STK672-210 depends on the motor output current IOH (A), the electrical
characteristics of the motor, the excitation mode, and the basic drive frequency.
The thermal resistance (c-a) of the required heat sink can be determined from the following formula.
Tc max Ta (C/W)
c a =
Pd
Tcmax: The STK672-210 substrate temperature (C)
Ta: The STK672-210 ambient temperature (C)
Pd: The average internal power dissipation in the STK672-210 (W)
For example, the required area for a heat sink made from 2 mm thick aluminum can be determined from the graph at the
right below. Note that the ambient temperature is greatly influenced by the ventilation and air flow patterns within the
application. This means that the size of the heat sink must be determined with care so that the STK672-210 back surface
(aluminum substrate) temperature Tc in the mounted state never exceeds, under any conditions that might occur, the
temperature Tc = 105 C.
c-a Pd

16

c-a= Tc max--Ta (C / W)
Pd
Gu
temam aran
pe bie tee
ra nt d
tu
re

12

40C
50C
60C

c-a S

100

No Fin
23.0[C / W]
Tc max=105C

Heat sink thermal resistance, c-a C/W

Heat sink thermal resistance, c-a C/W

20

No Fin
23.0[C / W]

7
5

Mounted vertically
Convection cooling

3
2

2m

mt

hick

10
7

Al p

late

(W

ith

a fl

(wi

th n

o su

at b

lack

rfac

surf

ace

e fi

nish

fini

sh)

1.0
0

10

12

14

16

18

20

10

100

Heat sink area, S cm2

IC internal average power dissipation, Pd W

7 1000
ITF01881

ITF01880

STK672-210 Average Internal Power Dissipation Pd


Of the devices that contribute to the STK672-210 average internal power supply, the devices with the largest power
dissipation are the current control devices, the diodes that handle the regenerative current, the current detection resistor,
and the predriver circuit.
The following presents formulas for calculating the power dissipation for the different excitation (drive) modes.
2 phase excitation mode
Pd2EX = (Vsat + Vdf) 0.5 Clock IOH t2 + 0.5 Clock IOH (Vsat t1 + Vdf t3)
1-2 phase excitation mode
Pd1-2EX = (Vsat + Vdf) 0.25 Clock IOH t2 + 0.25 Clock IOH (Vsat t1 + Vdf t3)
Motor hold mode
PdHOLDEX = (Vsat + Vdf) IOH
Vsat: Ron voltage drop + shunt resistor combined voltage
Vdf: FET internal diode Vdf + shunt resistor combined voltage
Clock: Input clock CLK (the reference frequency prior to splitting into 4 phases)
IOH

0A

t1

t2

t3

ITF02290

Figure 1 Motor Output Current Waveform Model (Commutation Current)


No.7464-6/8

STK672-210
t1: The time until the winding current reaches its rated current (IOH)
t2: The time in the constant-current control (PWM) region
t3: The time from the point a phase signal is cut until the back EMF current is dissipated.
t1 = (L/(R + 0.77) ln (1 ((R + 0.77)/VCC1) IOH)
t3 = (L/R) ln ((VCC1 + 0.77)/(IOH R + VCC1 + 0.77)
VCC1: Motor supply voltage (V)
L: Motor inductance (H)
R: Motor winding resistance ()
IOH: Set motor output current wave height (A)
The constant-current control time t2, and the time T (= t1 + t2 + t3) that the phase signal is on in each excitation mode
are as follows.
2 phase excitation mode: t2 = (2/Clock) (t1 + t3)
1-2 phase excitation mode: t2 = (3/Clock) t1
Determine the values for Vsat and Vdf by substitution using the graphs for Vsat vs IOH and Vdf vs IOH for the set
current value for IOH. Then judge whether or not a heat sink is required from the determined average power dissipation
for the STK672-210 by comparison with the Tc vs. Pd graph.
Note that it is necessary to check the temperature rise in the actual application system case, since the STK672-210
substrate temperature Tc changes with the air convection conditions around the STK672-210 when a heat sink without
fins is used.

Vsat IO

1.6
1.5

3.0

2.5

2.0

1.5

C
5
10

Tc

25

1.0

1.4
1.3

C
25

Tc=

1.2
1.1
1.0

C
105

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

0.5
0
0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0

Output current, IO A

2.5

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

Input pin current, IIH, IIL A

0.40

0.30
0.25
0.20
0.15
0.10
0.05

1.2

1.4

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.0

1.2

1.4

1.6

Motor current, IOH A

1.8

2.0

2.2

ITF02293

1.8

2.0

2.2

ITF02292

IIH

3
2
100
7
5
3
2
10
7
5
3
2

IIL

1.0

1.6

IIH Tc

1000
7
5

0.35

1.0

Output current, If A

ITF02291

Vref IOH

0.45

Reference voltage, Vref V

Vdf If

1.7

Forward voltage, Vdf V

Output saturation voltage, Vsat V

3.5

20

40

60

80

Substrate temperature, Tc C

100

120
ITF02294

No.7464-7/8

STK672-210
IOH Tc

1.1

Substrate temperature rise, Tc C

1.0

Motor current, IOH A

0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
20

40

60

80

100

Substrate temperature, Tc C

60
50
40
30
20
10

120

50

IOH = 1 A 2ex
IOH = 1 A 1-2ex

30

Motor voltage: 24 V
Vertical, independent,
heat sink without fins
Natural convection
Motor: R = 3.3 , L = 3 mH

0
100

1000

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0
ITF02296

IOH Tc
Motor running

1.6

60

40

1.0

1.8

IOH = 1.3 A 2ex

70

0.5

Hybrid IC internal power dissipation, Pd W

Motor current, IOH A

Substrate temperature rise, Tc C

70

ITF02295

Tc CLK

80

10

80

0
0

20

Tc Pd

90

1.4

Motor hold state current


1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4

Conditions: Motor voltage = 24 V


Motor: R = 0.4 , L = 1.2 mH

0.2
0
2

Input frequency, CLK Hz

7 10000
ITF02297

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

90

100

110

Substrate temperature, Tc C
ITF02298

Specifications of any and all SANYO products described or contained herein stipulate the performance,
characteristics, and functions of the described products in the independent state, and are not guarantees
of the performance, characteristics, and functions of the described products as mounted in the customer's
products or equipment. To verify symptoms and states that cannot be evaluated in an independent device,
the customer should always evaluate and test devices mounted in the customer's products or equipment.
SANYO Electric Co., Ltd. strives to supply high-quality high-reliability products. However, any and all
semiconductor products fail with some probability. It is possible that these probabilistic failures could
give rise to accidents or events that could endanger human lives, that could give rise to smoke or fire,
or that could cause damage to other property. When designing equipment, adopt safety measures so
that these kinds of accidents or events cannot occur. Such measures include but are not limited to protective
circuits and error prevention circuits for safe design, redundant design, and structural design.
In the event that any or all SANYO products(including technical data,services) described or
contained herein are controlled under any of applicable local export control laws and regulations,
such products must not be expor ted without obtaining the expor t license from the author ities
concerned in accordance with the above law.
No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or
mechanical, including photocopying and recording, or any information storage or retrieval system,
or otherwise, without the prior written permission of SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.
Any and all information described or contained herein are subject to change without notice due to
product/technology improvement, etc. When designing equipment, refer to the "Delivery Specification"
for the SANYO product that you intend to use.
Information (including circuit diagrams and circuit parameters) herein is for example only ; it is not
guaranteed for volume production. SANYO believes information herein is accurate and reliable, but
no guarantees are made or implied regarding its use or any infringements of intellectual property rights
or other rights of third parties.
This catalog provides information as of June, 2004. Specifications and information herein are subject to
change without notice.

PS No.7464-8/8

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