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A/RES/55/97­Eliminationofallformsofreligiousintolerance­UNDocuments:Gatheringabodyofglobalagreements

UnitedNations

A/RES/55/97

UnitedNations A / R E S / 5 5 / 9 7 GeneralAssembly Distr:General 4December2000

GeneralAssembly

Distr:General

4December2000

Fifty­fifthsession

Agendaitem114b

ResolutionadoptedbytheGeneralAssembly

55/97.Eliminationofallformsofreligiousintolerance

TheGeneralAssembly,

andfundamentalfreedomsforallwithoutdistinctionastorace,sex,languageorreligion,

Reaffirmingthatdiscriminationagainsthumanbeingsonthegroundsofreligionor

beliefconstitutesanaffronttohumandignityandadisavowaloftheprinciplesofthe

Charter,

Reaffirmingitsresolution36/55of25November1981,bywhichitproclaimedthe

paragraph4thereof,

Emphasizingthattherighttofreedomofthought,conscience,religionandbeliefisfar­

reachingandprofoundandthatitencompassesfreedomofthoughtonallmatters,

personalconvictionandthecommitmenttoreligionorbelief,whethermanifested

individuallyorincommunitywithothers,andinpublicorprivate,

ReaffirmingthecalloftheWorldConferenceonHumanRights,heldatViennafrom14

to25June1993,forallGovernmentstotakeallappropriatemeasuresincompliancewith

theirinternationalobligationsandwithdueregardtotheirrespectivelegalsystemsto counterintoleranceandrelatedviolencebasedonreligionorbelief,includingpracticesof discriminationagainstwomenandthedesecrationofreligioussites,recognizingthat everyindividualhastherighttofreedomofthought,conscience,expressionand

religion,/4

CallinguponallGovernmentstocooperatewiththeSpecialRapporteurofthe

CommissiononHumanRightsonreligiousintolerancetoenablehimtocarryouthis

mandatefully,

Alarmedthatseriousinstancesofintoleranceanddiscriminationonthegroundsof

religionorbelief,includingactsofviolence,intimidationandcoercionmotivatedby

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religiousintolerance,occurinmanypartsoftheworldandthreatentheenjoymentof

humanrightsandfundamentalfreedoms,

Deeplyconcernedthat,asreportedbytheSpecialRapporteur,therightsviolatedon religiousgroundsincludetherighttolife,therighttophysicalintegrityandtolibertyand securityofperson,therighttofreedomofexpression,therightnottobesubjectedto tortureorothercruel,inhumanordegradingtreatmentorpunishmentandtherightnot

tobearbitrarilyarrestedordetained,/5

Believingthatfurthereffortsarethereforerequiredtopromoteandprotecttherightto

freedomofthought,conscience,religionandbeliefandtoeliminateallformsofhatred,

intoleranceanddiscriminationbasedonreligionorbelief,

1. Reaffirmsthatfreedomofthought,conscience,religionandbeliefisahumanright

derivedfromtheinherentdignityofthehumanpersonandguaranteedtoallwithout

discrimination;

2. UrgesStatestoensurethattheirconstitutionalandlegalsystemsprovideeffective

guaranteesoffreedomofthought,conscience,religionandbelief,includingtheprovision

ofeffectiveremediesincasesinwhichtherighttofreedomofreligionorbeliefisviolated;

3. AlsourgesStatestoensure,inparticular,thatnoonewithintheirjurisdictionis,

becauseofhisorherreligionorbelief,deprivedoftherighttolifeortherighttolibertyand

securityofperson,orsubjectedtotortureorarbitraryarrestordetention;

4. FurtherurgesStates,inconformitywithinternationalstandardsofhumanrights,

totakeallnecessaryactiontopreventsuchinstances,totakeallappropriatemeasuresto

combathatred,intoleranceandactsofviolence,intimidationandcoercionmotivatedby

religiousintoleranceandtoencourage,throughtheeducationalsystemandbyother

means,understanding,toleranceandrespectinmattersrelatingtofreedomofreligionor

belief;

5. Emphasizesthat,asunderlinedbytheHumanRightsCommittee,restrictionson

thefreedomtomanifestreligionorbeliefarepermittedonlyifthoselimitationsthatare

prescribedbylawarenecessarytoprotectpublicsafety,order,healthormorals,orthe

fundamentalrightsandfreedomsofothers,andareappliedinamannerthatdoesnot

vitiatetherighttofreedomofthought,conscienceandreligion;

6. UrgesStatestoensurethat,inthecourseoftheirofficialduties,membersoflaw

enforcementbodies,civilservants,educatorsandotherpublicofficialsrespectdifferent

religionsandbeliefsanddonotdiscriminateagainstpersonsprofessingotherreligionsor

beliefs;

beliefandtoestablishandmaintainplacesforthosepurposes;

8. Expressesitsgraveconcernatanyattackuponreligiousplaces,sitesandshrines, andcallsuponallStates,inaccordancewiththeirnationallegislationandinconformity withinternationalhumanrightsstandards,toexerttheirutmosteffortstoensurethat suchplaces,sitesandshrinesarefullyrespectedandprotected;

9. Recognizesthatlegislationaloneisnotenoughtopreventviolationsofhuman

rights,includingtherighttofreedomofreligionorbelief,andthattheexerciseof

toleranceandnon­discriminationbypersonsandgroupsisnecessaryforthefull

realizationoftheaimsoftheDeclaration;

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10. TakesnotewithappreciationoftheinterimreportoftheSpecialRapporteurofthe

CommissiononHumanRightsonreligiousintolerance,/7andencouragescontinued

effortsonthepartoftheSpecialRapporteur,whowasappointedtoexamineincidentsand

governmentalactionsinallpartsoftheworldthatareincompatiblewiththeprovisionsof

theDeclarationandtorecommendremedialmeasures,asappropriate;

11. WelcomesthedecisionoftheCommissiononHumanRightsinresolution

2000/33of20April2000/8tochangethetitleoftheSpecialRapporteurfromSpecial

RapporteuronreligiousintolerancetoSpecialRapporteuronfreedomofreligionor

belief;

12. TakesnoteofthestudypresentedbytheSpecialRapporteurtothePreparatory

CommitteefortheWorldConferenceagainstRacism,RacialDiscrimination,Xenophobia

andRelatedIntoleranceatitsfirstsession,andencouragestheSpecialRapporteurto continuetocontributetothepreparationsfortheConference,whichistobeheldat

Durban,SouthAfrica,in2001,onmattersrelatingtoreligiousintolerancethathavea

bearingontheWorldConference;

13. EncouragesGovernmentstogiveseriousconsiderationtoinvitingtheSpecial

Rapporteurtovisittheircountriessoastoenablehimtofulfilhismandateevenmore

effectively;

14. WelcomestheinitiativesofGovernmentsandnon­governmentalorganizationsto

collaboratewiththeSpecialRapporteur,includingbytheconveningofaninternational consultativeconferenceonschooleducationinrelationtofreedomofreligionandbelief,

toleranceandnon­discrimination,tobeheldatMadridinNovember2001,and

encouragesGovernments,non­governmentalorganizationsandotherinterestedparties

toparticipateactivelyinthatconference;

15. EncouragesGovernments,whenseekingtheassistanceoftheUnitedNations

ProgrammeofAdvisoryServicesandTechnicalAssistanceintheFieldofHumanRights,

toconsider,whereappropriate,includingrequestsforassistanceforthepromotionand

protectionoftherighttofreedomofthought,conscienceandreligion;

16. Welcomesandencouragesthecontinuingeffortsofnon­governmental

organizationsandreligiousbodiesandgroupstopromotetheimplementationand

disseminationoftheDeclaration,andencouragestheirworkinpromotingfreedomof

religionorbeliefandinhighlightingcasesofreligiousintolerance,discriminationand

persecution;

17. RequeststheCommissiononHumanRightstocontinueitsconsiderationof

measuresfortheimplementationoftheDeclaration;

18. RequeststheSpecialRapporteurtosubmitaninterimreporttotheGeneral

Assemblyatitsfifty­sixthsession;

19. RequeststheSecretary­GeneraltoensurethattheSpecialRapporteurreceivesthe

resourcesnecessarytoenablehimtodischargehismandatefully;

20. Decidestoconsiderthequestionoftheeliminationofallformsofreligious intoleranceatitsfifty­sixthsessionundertheitementitled"Humanrightsquestions".

81stplenarymeeting

4December2000

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4A/CONF.157/24(PartI),chap.III,sect.II,para.22.

5E/CN.4/1994/79,para.103.

7SeeA/55/280andAdd.1and2.

8OfficialRecordsoftheEconomicandSocialCouncil,2000,SupplementNo.3and

corrigendum(E/2000/23andCorr.1),chap.II.,sect.A.