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Gua de aprendizaje

ASIGNATURA
INGLES IV

DIRECTORIO

Lic. Juan Antonio Martnez Martnez


Secretario de Educacin del Estado

Lic. Isidoro del Camino Ramos


Director de Educacin Media Superior y Superior

Dra. Norma Delia Jimnez Trpaga


Directora General de CECYTESLP

Mtro. Erick Tigrn Snchez Melchor


Director Acadmico de CECYTESLP.

Ingls II

CRDITOS

Araujo Becerra Mara Azalea


Cortez Magaa Vivaldo
Castillo Rodrguez Yadira
Ibarra Ruiz Sonia
Martnez Hernndez Reyno
Martnez Reyes Jos Ins
Reyes Macas Jos Guadalupe
Rodrguez ngeles Isabel Carmen
Saldaa Medrano Claudia
Torres Aguilera Josefina

SAN LUIS POTOSI

Plantel III
Plantel V
Plantel I
Plantel I
Plantel VII
Plantel VIII
Plantel III
Plantel I
Plantel II
Plantel III

UNIDAD I
APROVECHAMIENTO Y PRESERVACION DE
RECURSOS

STUDENT IDENTIFICATION
Name _________________________________________________________
First name

last name

School ___________________________________Group _______________


Address _______________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
Telephone___________________ Cell phone ________________________
e mail ______________________________________________________

PRESENTACIN
El Colegio de Estudios Cientficos y Tecnolgicos del Estado de San Luis Potos,
comprometido con la calidad educativa, ha implementado acciones que apoyan tu
desarrollo acadmico, siendo una de estas, la elaboracin de esta cuarta gua de
aprendizaje, la cual pertenece a la asignatura de Ingls IV, que cursars durante este
cuarto semestre.
El propsito de la asignatura de Ingls IV es que analices, valores , propongas y
participes en soluciones a las problemticas que se presentan en la sociedad as como;
utilices las estructuras ya conocidas para determinar la habilidad para realizar algo,
propiciando situaciones que permitan escuchar, hablar, escribir y leer el idioma en
diversos contextos
Para lograr lo anterior, esta gua se conforma de dos unidades, descritas a
continuacin:
UNIDAD I. Aprovechamiento y preservacin de recursos
UNIDAD II. Sociedad del conocimiento

Esperando que este material de apoyo sea de gran utilidad en tu proceso de


aprendizaje, as mismo despierte el inters por conocer y aprender ms, te deseamos
el mayor de los xitos.

MAPA CURRICULAR
COMPONENTE:

CAMPO DE CONOCIMIENTO:

Formacin bsica

Comunicacin

ASIGNATURA
ANTECEDENTE:

ASIGNATURA
CONSECUENTE:

Ingls III

Ingls V

ESTRUCTURA GENERAL DE LA ASIGNATURA DE INGLS

ANTECEDENTE
Ingls III

Ingls IV

Aprovechamiento y
preservacin de
recursos

Sociedad del
conocimiento

Tipos

Usos

Naturales
Humanos
Del conocimiento

Beneficios
Perjudiciales

COMPETENCIA DE LA ASIGNATURA
Al trmino del curso el alumno est en condiciones de poder aprovechar
los recursos del saber que ya ha obtenido para analizar y valorar la
importancia presente y futura de los recursos naturales y participar
activamente en la preservacin de estos.

COMPETENCIAS GENRICAS
Describen, fundamentalmente conocimientos, habilidades, actitudes y valores
indispensables en la formacin de los alumnos.
Se autodetermina y cuida de s
1. Se conoce y valora a s mismo y aborda problemas y retos teniendo en cuenta los
objetivos que persigue.
2. Es sensible al arte y participa en la apreciacin e interpretacin de sus expresiones
en distintos gneros.
3. Elige y practica estilos de vida saludables.
Se expresa y comunica
4. Escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en distintos contextos mediante la
utilizacin de medios, cdigos y herramientas apropiados.
Piensa crtica y reflexivamente
5. Desarrolla innovaciones y propone soluciones a problemas a partir de mtodos
establecidos.
6. Sustenta una postura personal sobre temas de inters y relevancia general,
considerando otros puntos de vista de manera crtica y reflexiva.
Aprende de forma autnoma
7. Aprende por iniciativa e inters propio a lo largo de la vida.
Trabaja en forma colaborativa
8. Participa y colabora de manera efectiva en equipos diversos.
Participa con responsabilidad en la sociedad
9. Participa con una conciencia cvica y tica en la vida de su comunidad, regin,
Mxico y el mundo.
10. Mantiene una actitud respetuosa hacia la interculturalidad y la diversidad de
creencias, valores, ideas y prcticas sociales.
11. Contribuye al desarrollo sustentable de manera crtica, con acciones responsables

COMPETENCIAS DISCIPLINARES DEL BACHILLER


Son conocimientos, habilidades y actitudes asociados con las disciplinas en las
que tradicionalmente se ha organizado el saber y que todo bachiller debe adquirir
SPEAKING

READING

Presentar a dos personas.


Participar en conversaciones acerca de
lo que necesita o ha hecho.
Preguntar y contestar preguntas simples.
Usar oraciones cortas para comprar algo
o solicitar un doctor.
Dar algunas direcciones simples.
Usar el tiempo pasado con algunos
verbos comunes.
Tener suficiente vocabulario para una
conversacin comn.
Usar algunas palabras como conectores
entre oraciones, como y, pero,
Hacer conversaciones muy cortas por
telfono.
Hacerse entender usando un vocabulario
bsico.

Leer una historia simple, de dos o tres


prrafos.
Poder seguir instrucciones simples.
En ocasiones, al leer un texto, entender
alguna palabra nueva, aunque comnmente
use el diccionario.
Obtener informacin de folletos, anuncios
publicitarios, cartas, documentos, etc.
Usar un diccionario bilinge.
Entender, si lee en silencio o en forma oral.

LISTENING

WRITING
Escribir un prrafo referente a una
experiencia personal.
Escribir un prrafo acerca de su proyecto de
vida.
Escribir una nota, una carta o un mensaje en
forma coherente.
Llenar formatos de solicitud simple, de ms
de 20 conceptos.
Escribir ideas usando oraciones completas.
Copiar informacin de diccionarios,
catlogos y manuales.
Tomar dictado con pronunciacin lenta y
clara, con varias repeticiones.
Escribir correctamente las palabras
(Ortogrficamente).
Leer fcilmente textos y folletos.

Entender una conversacin, donde le


hablan lentamente y sobre un tema
que le resulte familiar.
Saber de qu se le est hablando,
porque reconoce algunas palabras y
frases.
Entender preguntas simples.
Seguir instrucciones para encontrar
algo en un mapa o imagen.
Entender un mensaje telefnico corto.

A partir de esta gua de aprendizaje logrars realizar actividades y ejercicios que


te ayudarn a potencializar tus habilidades en cuanto a ingls, de forma gradual podrs
ir comprendiendo este idioma extranjero.
Las habilidades desarrolladas te servirn para un mejor desenvolvimiento personal,
profesional y acadmico. Una vez que sabes quin eres, cul ha sido tu pasado y tus
vivencias o experiencias, que has construido tu proyecto de vida, lo que sigue es que
analices y valores la importancia presente y futura de los recursos naturales y participar
activamente en la preservacin de estos.

Mediante los ejercicios y las actividades de esta gua, podrs entender


instrucciones bsicas as como realizar conversaciones cortas, escribir textos cortos,
toda vez que vayas aprendiendo de manera gradual.
La estructura de esta gua tiene la finalidad de que exista un auto-aprendizaje,
pues mediante tu actitud y dinamismo podrs avanzar de manera rpida.
En el aula te encontrars con un entorno cooperativo y colaborativo para que te
expreses poco a poco y que describas el entorno en el que te desenvuelves.

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RECOMENDACIONES PARA EL ALUMNO


La presente gua de aprendizaje, representa un importante esfuerzo que el Colegio de
Estudios Cientficos y Tecnolgicos del Estado de San Luis Potos ha realizado, para
brindarte los contenidos que se abordarn en la asignatura de Ingls IV.

Los contenidos de Ingls IV, se llevarn a cabo a travs de diversos textos, ejercicios,
evaluaciones, entre otras actividades. Cabe mencionar, que algunas de las actividades
propuestas las debers realizar de manera individual mientras que en algunas otras,
colaborars con otros compaeros formando equipos de trabajo bajo la gua de tu
profesor.
As mismo algunas actividades estn planteadas para ser resultas en el aula y algunas
otras te las llevars de tarea buscando que practiques los contenidos revisados en el
aula.
Para lograr un ptimo uso de este mdulo de aprendizaje, debers:

Llevar siempre tu diccionario a la clase.


Mostrar siempre una actitud constructiva.
Aprovechar las oportunidades de practicar el idioma oralmente con tus
compaeros y maestro.
Mantener limpia tu rea de trabajo
Explotar todas las opciones dentro y fuera del aula para aprender el idioma.
Considerarlo como un documento que presenta informacin relevante en el rea
de la Informacin, a ser utilizado incluso despus de concluir esta asignatura.
Disfrutar la materia al mximo! Bienvenido a la experiencia!

11

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NOMBRE DE LA COMPETENCIA:

El estudiante es

competente al expresar en forma oral y escrita en ingls, los


conocimientos que le permitan analizar, valorar e interactuar en forma
responsable y consciente con los recursos naturales de su entorno y
su preservacin.

1. Review of 1st. 2nd.and 3rd. Semesters


2. Materials
3. Nature and environment
4. Passive Voice (Present)
5. Passive Voice (Past)
6. Tag questions

1. Review
2. Vocabulary : Materials
3. Vocabulary: Nature
4. Changing the active voice
5. Who? or What?
6. Yes / No

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HABILIDADES Y DESTREZAS

HABILIDADES

RESULTADO DE
APRENDIZAJE

Digo enunciados simples acerca de temas


relacionados al clima, el medio ambiente y los
recursos naturales, personajes famosos, etc.
Respondo preguntas simples con enunciados cortos
Sigo instrucciones simples
Entiendo letreros y hago una lista de puntos
principales
Escribo una nota o mensaje

A lo largo de la competencia se podr expresar en forma oral


y escrita en ingls, entiende instrucciones y responde
preguntas simples.

14

A continuacin encontrars
algunos ejercicios que te
permitirn realizar un repaso
de los temas revisados
durante el semestre anterior
en la asignatura de Ingls III

Welcome to
this course

A. Complete the next sentences in present perfect; use the verb in parentheses
and make the negative and interrogative forms.
1.-Susana (lose) .......................... the key of her car.
Neg.-..
Int.-..
2.-Jenny (finish) ............... her homework.
Neg.-..
Int.-..

Remember: Present
Perfect is used to describe
an action that started in the
past and continues now.
You must use the auxiliary
have / has and the main
verb in past participle.

3.-My brother (break) .................................. the windows many times.


Neg.-..
Int.-..
4.-My mother (buy) .............new glasses.
Neg.-..
Int.-..

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5. - I (read) ................................a hundred pages of this book.


Neg.-..
Int.-..
6.-My niece (find) ............... a valuable necklace.
Neg.-..
Int. - ..
7.-We (watch) ................................ that movie on TV several times.
Neg. - ..
Int. - ..
8.-Martha (think) .................................very carefully her situation.
Neg. - ..
Int. - ..
9.-The factories (contaminate) ............................... too many rivers.
Neg. - ..
Int. - ..
10.-Peter (save) ......................... almost $7000 for a new motorcycle.
Neg. - ..
Int. - ..
B. Complete the first part to the sentences in Present Perfect and choose the
right word. Look the example.
Example: She has danced (dance) with you since / yet the party started.
1. We_______________(be) waiting here for / since 4 o'clock !
2. I _________________( not hear) from them yet / for two weeks.
3. We________________(Know) that since / during 2003.
4. Gerardo _____________(live) in Monterrey ever / since last month.
5. Yolanda ____________________(not finish) her homework yet / during
6.You____ ____________ ( go)never / ever to the supermarket
7. We ________________(be) just / already seen that film
8. They________ ________(work)for / ever three months
9. You _________ never / ever _______(see) a snake.
10. He ________________(not be) in my house__________during / yet
11. _________ you ever / yet ______ (be) in Rio Verde?
12. I_______________(stay) here already / during 5 days
13. Samuel has just / for _____________ (go) to the party
14. The dog________________(play) with that ball yet / during the night.

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C. Write in English the words and found it in the soup

______________ ______________ ______________ _______________ ______________

___________ _____________ ______________ ___________ ____________

______________ _____________ __________

___________ _____________

_____________

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___________ ___________

___________

__________

A S D F G G H J J K L M N B V C C X H Q I

S A Z X C V B

Q Q L A M P T R T Y B O O K C A S E C C B N M I
A S S F G H J K L L
Q A D R E F R

J H G F D S A Q E R T Y U N P O I U

I G E R A T O R E R S V A S U N B G K L K V

E D C V G H J T R W F G H J K K L T A D F G J
C H E
K

R A F E

I O O P P C

A Z D F G H J K O W S X G H J G E D G H

J H G F D S A R H Y B O N B V C O F G H T J K A T E R A

Q W D F G H J

R F G E E D G H L A D O A G H B T V B

S E L B A T X C A V B N M D N F D S A P D A A Y
M N B V C X X Z H A S D F G H J K L R P O I
S

F V B N M

I D S A R

U N T R E S

I M O N U S J C E S U A G U S T E A R N O L D E T D T D

E R P N O I

M E M D M S

S P P E N T B E R F
T R

I O V E W V

S A P R A T E B Y D

L Y D R A O G O N F L

S H U C A U M O S U L O Y S S

I C U S C O P A

I M E T S

I H C R N

W E R L A O T P A P A P S F S A S C A R P E T A Z F E O F
S D F S L U T A P E C A S F G H D G H K O P P
X C C R H O B R O P

H G F R A

R G D S E R T G E S A V B V C X R Z

R T H J K L W Q T C L O C K A Z R A R H E C T J U E N I

F C D W Q A Z L B N M B V X D R T R T T Y U I O P N M M G
Z C V B N M U T O Q W E R T Y U S N

A T R U C F G H J U

D. Order the next words and make sentences in future


1. she / clean / the / wont / house / tomorrow
___________________________________________________________
2.? / you / morning / sweep / in the / street / will / the
___________________________________________________________
3. the / weekend /enjoy / the next / will / concert / they
___________________________________________________________
4. the / ? / next weekend / the boys / will / soccer / play
___________________________________________________________
5. swim / I / not / the / pool / next Sunday / will / in /
___________________________________________________________
6. will / read / book / this / we
________________________________________________________
7. send / my mother / invitations / will / the
___________________________________________________________

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8. house / year / / wont / Marco / sell / the / next


___________________________________________________________
9. store / tomorrow / you / will / open / the
___________________________________________________________
10. dance / in / next Saturday / the / we / will / party / not
___________________________________________________________

E. Change the next sentences to Simple Future


1. I travel to Spain.

______________________________________________

2. Tony doesnt go to school.

_________________________________________

3. I work in a factory.___________________________________________________
4. We have a party on the weekend.________________________________________
5. Sharon and Max study hard for the exam. _________________________________
6. I answered the phone. _______________________________________________
7. You dont speak Italian. _______________________________________________
8. Does the dog sleep in the carpet? _______________________________________
9. Do you have a computer? _____________________________________________
10.She does not do the homework ________________________________________

F. Complete with the phrases listed below


1. Im hungry______________________________ a sandwich.
2. Suzy and Carlos are expecting their child so they _______________ a bigger house.
3. Its a beautiful day. I ______________________________ in the sea.
4. Ill call to Miguel to say I ____________________________ late.
5. Put on a sweater! You______________________________ cold.
6. Help me to clean the house, I ___________________________ a party tomorrow.
7. She is sick, She ____________________________ the doctor.

is going to visit
are going to have
am going to be

am going to swim
Im going to eat

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are going to buy


am going to do

G. Complete the next sentences in future Be going to (idiomatic future) and make
the negative and the interrogative forms.
1. Sylvie____________________ (play) tennis.
Neg.

Remember: In the or Idiomatic Future


is used the verb be (is, am, are) the
expression going to and the main verb

Int.
2. It _____________________(rain) !
Neg.
Int.
3. Paul________________ (travel) around the world.
Neg.
Int.
4. I__________________ (spend) a week in Paris.
Neg.
Int.
5. Peter and Lucy_________________ (have) dinner at a restaurant.
Neg.
Int.
H. Complete the next sentences with the missing information.
1. Tomorrow ______ going to be cloudy.
2. My parents ____________(not) going to ___________ a new house(rent)
3.___________ Manuel ____________ study tomorrow?
4. Rosy________(not) _____________cook tomorrow.
5. _____________They ______________ have a game tomorrow?
6. My mother _________ not going _______ early (sleep)
7. I ____ going to ____________ with my family (travel)
8.______ you ________ to _________ a big party? (have)
9. We __________not going _____ (work) tomorrow
10. The doctors are ________to_______ vacations next month (enjoy)

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I.

Complete the next Conditional Clauses with the verb in parentheses

1. If Britney Spears (hit) ................... the paparazzi, she (be) ............................... in a


serious trouble.
2. If he (listen) ............... to the teacher, he (understand) .......................... the lesson.
3. If you (touch) ............... the oven, you (burn) ........................ your hand.
4. If she (break) ............... the window, her parents (pay).......................... for it.
5. If they (go) ............... to the cinema, they (enjoy) ......................... the movie.
6. If he (be) ............... intelligent, he (solve) ................... the problem.
7. If you (go) ............... to the party, I (go) ......................... with you.

Remember: First conditional is


formed by two sentences,
(If clause and Main clause) The
main clause is in future.

8. If he (knock) ............... the door, I (not talk) ......................... him.


9. If she (need) ............... a favor, I (do) ........................... it.
10. If your car (break down)................. , the mechanic (repair) it.

J. Complete the next Conditional Clauses.


1. - You will cook a cake, If.. ___________________________________________
2. - The baby will be sick if___________________________________________
3. - She will visit her boyfriend if_________________________________________
4. - They will clean the house if..__________________________________________
5. - I will help you with the homework if..____________________________________
6. - If you arrive late to the house._______________________________________
7. - If you learn to speak English.._________________________________________
8. - If you visit the museum____________________________________________
9. - If your computer is damage________________________________________
10. - If your children fail the exam..______________________________________

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K. Write correctly the number in the part of the body.

1. head
2. eye
3. ear
4. nose
5. mouth
6. thumb
7. finger
8. hand
9. arm
10. leg
11. toe
12. foot
13. knee

L. Complete with the correct modal verb


Remember:
Shoud is used to give a recommendation, Must is for a obligation, Can is for physical ability in
present, May for permission or posibility in future, Would modifies the verb, Could is for ability in
Past, Might is for a possibility in future, Be able to is to express ability.

1.You _________clean your room.

T tienes que limpiar tu cuarto

2.They _________ study more.

Ellos deberan estudiar ms.

3.She___________ drive .

Ella no puede manejar

4.I_________ travel to London next week.

Yo debo viajar a Londres la prxima


semana.

5. You read a book daily

Tu deberas leer un libro diariamente

6. She go to Mxico alone

Ella no ira a Mxico sola

7. They ..live here.

Ellos no deben vivir aqu

8. ..................... you speak English when you were a child? Podas hablar ingls cuando eras nio?

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9. ..I go to the party?

Puedo yo ir a la fiesta?

10.He .drive

l no puede manejar

11. Martha will .to cook

Martha ser capaz de cocinar

12. you play with me?

Jugaras t conmigo?

13. You ..to figth

T no eres capaz de pelear

14. .Ximena sleep early?

Debera Ximena dormir temprano?

Vocabulary: Materials

acrylic

silver, gold, bronze

cotton

aluminum

cardboard

feather

brass

cement

flannel

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cooper

gauze

glass

iron

marble

paper

silk

steel

stone

tin

velvet

wax

zinc

lead

leather

plaster

clay

plastic

porcelain

straw

wood

fiberglass

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linen

wool

nylon

Exercise 1:
Find in English the vocabulary about materials

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25

Seda
Lana
Madera
Cera
Terciopelo
Estao
Paja
piedra
Acero
Plata
Porcelana
Platico
Yeso
Papel
Mrmol
Lino
Cuero
Plomo
Hierro
Vidrio
Gasa
Franela
Pluma
Algodn
Cobre
Cemento
Cartn
Bronce
Aluminio
Acrlico
Oro
Latn (estao)
Zinc

Exercise 2:
Write 12 sentences using the vocabulary. Look the example:
Example: The house is made of cement.
1. - ________________________________ 7. - _______________________________
2.- ________________________________ 8.- _______________________________
3.- ________________________________ 9.- ________________________________
4.-________________________________ 10.- ________________________________
5.- ________________________________ 11.- ________________________________
6.- ________________________________ 12.- _________________________________

Vocabulary: The nature and environment

Bay

Stream or brook

Canyon

Jungle

26

Coast

Dunes

Hills

Lagoon

Marsh

Oasis

Flower

Earth and World

Desert

Lake

River

Reef

Sun

Waterfall

Moon

Volcano

Bush

Forest

Gulf

Mountain

Stone

Cliff

Island

Ocean

Tree

27

Grass

Clouds

Stars

Rainbow

Beach

Vegetation

Environment

Climate change

Deforestation

Soil

Animals

Acid rain

Conservation

Ecological

Glacier

Carbon dioxide

Contaminant

Ecosystem

Endangered species

28

Sky

Chemicals

Pollution

Effluent

Extinction

Garbage

Ozone layer

Waste disposal

Oil spill

Disastrous

Global warming

Greenhouse effect

Recyclable

Smog

Combustion

Flooding

noise pollution

Toxic waste

Junk

Dense

Urbanization

Aerosol can

29

Poison

Drought

Dump

Exercise 1:
Complete with the words in the box
climate change
global warming
garbage
flooding

deforestation
urbanization

1. The _________________ is the phenomenon of the increase of the global average


temperature of the atmosphere.
2. The ________________ is the destruction of forest.
3. The ________________________ is the modification of the climate with respect to
the climatic file.
4. _____________ is called the action and effect to flood
5. The _________________________ is material considered as waste and it is needed
to eliminate.
Exercise 2:
Complete with the vocabulary about the nature in English
20

10

1
11

16
15
22

11

12

17

3
12

14
13

18

5
21

19

6
8

10
9

30

Horizontal

Vertical

1-Arroyo
2-Jungla
3-Cascada
4-Tierra
5-rbol
6-Volcn

7- Bosque
8-Ro
9-Tierra(Planeta)
10-Arecife
11-Prado
12-Pantano

16-Colina
17-Lago
18-Cielo
19-Playa
20-Isla
21-Acantilado
22-Oasis

PASIVE VOICE (PRESENT)

Nombre
Instrucciones
para el Alumno

10-Baha
11-Desierto
12-Mundo
13-Ocano
14-Montaa
15-Mar

No.

Comprender, y hacer uso de la voz pasiva en presente.

Uso y
aplicacin
Conocimientos
de la voz
a adquirir
pasiva en
presente

Manera
Didctica de
Lograrlos

Poder cambiar oraciones de voz


activa a voz pasiva a partir de
las instrucciones descritas.

PASSIVE VOICE (present)


Passive Voice is used when the focus is on the action. It is not important or not known;
however, who or what is performing the action.

Example: My bike was stolen.

In the example above, the focus is on the fact that my bike was stolen. I do not know,
however, who did it.

31

The subject of a sentence in passive voice corresponds to the object in a sentence is


active voice
Miguel writes a letter to Vanessa
Subject

Active voice

object

A letter to Vanessa is written by Miguel


Subject

Passive Voice

object

Present passive form


Present passive

Affirmative:

Negative:

Interrogative:

Subject +is /are + past


participle form of the
verb

Subject+ is / are + not


+ past participle form
of the verb

Is / Are+ subject+
past participle form
of the verb.

The rivers are not


polluted by factories.

Are the rivers polluted


by factories?

The rivers are polluted


by factories

ACTIVE VOICE: They clean the beach every morning.


PASSIVE VOICE: The beach every morning is cleaned by them.

32

Nombre

CHANGE THE ACTIVE VOICE

No.

Instrucciones para
el Alumno

Contesta correctamente los siguientes ejercicios conforme a la


instruccin de cada actividad.

Actitudes a formar

Responsabilidad.
Orden.
Honestidad

Competencias
Genricas y
atributos a
Desarrollar

Manera Didctica
de Lograrlas

Manera
Trabajo individual.
Didctica
Trabajo en equipo
de
Lograrlas
4. Escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en distintos
contextos mediante la utilizacin de medios, cdigos y
herramientas apropiados.
Se comunica en una segunda lengua en situaciones cotidianas.
Aplica distintas estrategias comunicativas segn quienes sean sus
interlocutores, el contexto en el que se encuentra y los objetivos
que persigue.
9. Transmite mensajes en una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera
atendiendo las caractersticas de contextos socioculturales
diferentes.
Realizando las actividades propuestas, participando activamente.

Exercise 1:
Complete the sentences in Passive Voice, with the verbs in the box
damage
provoke

hurt
increase

exploit
hunt

destroy
enjoy

die

contaminate

1. The beach_______________________ by the tourist.


2. The ozone layer __________________ by the contamination.
3. The rivers ___________________ by the toxic waste.
4. The forest __________________ by the deforestation.
5. The climate changes _________________ by the humanity.

33

6. The natural disaster____________________ by the climate change


7. Animal ______________ in the ocean by oil spill.
8. The mountains______________ by the man.
9. The nature ______________ by the contamination
10. The endangered species___________ by the man

Exercise 2:
Change the following sentences form the Active Voice to the Passive Voice, and
write in negative and interrogative form. Look the example
Hector teaches English
Affirm. English is taught by Hector
Neg. English isnt taught by Hector
Int. Is English taught by Hector?
1.-Guillermo delivers the mail every day.
Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________
2. - Sara cleans the house in the morning
Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________
3. - The boys do the homework every day.
Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________
4.-We find the solution to the problem.
Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________
5. - Someone gives me a dog.
Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________

34

6.-Paula crashes the car.


Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________
7. - My children finish the homework
Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________
8. - My mother sweeps the street every day.
Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________
9. - Many tourists visit Mexican beaches
Affirm.____________________________________________________
Neg._____________________________________________________
Int. ______________________________________________________
Exercise 3:
Active or Passive? Underline the Passive sentences
1. She invited us to the party
2. La incondicional is sung by Luis Miguel.
3. Smoking is forbidden in our school
4. Michael Phelps won eight gold medals at the 2008 Beijing games
5. My purse is stolen
6. Peter writes poems
7. Our homework is done
8. An earthquake shook Haiti
9. The flowers are planted by us.
10. English is spoken all over the world
11. Tomas dances every day.
12. Mexico is governed by Felipe Calderon

35

13. The letters are delivered by the postman.


14. Alejandra drives the new car.
Exercise 4:
Write 10 sentences in Passive Voice using the vocabulary of environment and
nature
1.-________________________________________________________________
2. - ________________________________________________________________
3. - ________________________________________________________________
4. - ________________________________________________________________
5. - ________________________________________________________________
6. - ________________________________________________________________
7. - ________________________________________________________________
8. - ________________________________________________________________
9. - ________________________________________________________________
10. - _______________________________________________________________
Exercise 5:
Choose the correct Present Passive form of the verbs.
1-The largest diamond ever found is called/ are call the Star of Africa.
2- The best diamonds is sell/ are sold in exclusive stores.
3- The Mexican pyramids visiting / are visited by many tourist
4- Tequila is produced /are produce in Mexico.
5- The hill la silla are locating /is located in Monterrey.
6-Every year the gray whales are see/ are seen in Baja California.
7-The Spanish is talked/ are talks in Latin America.
8- The crafts is make/ are made by the artisans.
9- Cruise ships is receive/ are received in Puerto Vallarta.
10- The silver is made/is making into silver bars.

36

Exercise 6:
Complete with the missing information
1. - The crown is made of ___________
2. - The houses are made of __________
3. - The box is made of______________
4. - The glass is made of ___________
5. - The chairs are made of __________
6. - The ________________ _____ made of plaster.
7. - The ______________ _____ made of Stone.
8. - The ______________ _______ made of porcelain.
9. - The window is made of ______________.
10. The ____________ _____ made of wood.
11. - The ___________ _____ made of nylon.
12. - The ____________ ______ made of silver.
13. - The books are made of ___________
14. - The _______________ _______ made of iron.
15. - The candles are made of_____________.

Exercise 7:
Match the following posters to the place where you see
Bar

Airport

Police station

Library

Parking Lot

Restaurant

Clothing store

Hotel

The thieves
are
persecuted.

Customers under 18 years


of age arent served
alcohol

____________________________

_______________________________

37

Meals arent
served between 1
Pm and 3 Pm

Valuables should be left


in the safe.

_____________________________

_____________________________________

If the suitcase is
forgotten, ask at the
Vehicles
are parked at owner risk.

__________________________

counter.

________________________________

All major credit cards are

If the
books
arent
returned in a week, You
will receive a fine.

accepted.

____________________________

________________________________

38

THE PASSIVE VOICE (PAST)

Nombre
Instrucciones
para el Alumno

No.

Comprender, diferenciar y usar correctamente la estructura de


voz pasiva en pasado.

Uso
Conocimientos correcto de
a adquirir
voz pasiva
en pasado

Manera
Didctica de
Lograrlos

Identificar y aplicar la estructura


de voz pasiva en pasado con
base en las instrucciones
descritas para llevar a cabo los
ejercicios propuestos.

PASSIVE VOICE (PAST)


To understand this concept you must know first that the active voice is the way that we
talk regularly. We always say that someone (a person) does (or does not perform) an
action. For example:

Past: Michael cut the Apple.


In this example we say that someone named "Michael" made the action of cut.
Therefore, the active voice refers to those phrases that express a person (the subject)
performs an action.
However, sometimes we do not want to stress that a person is performing the action. In
this case, we make the object (things or persons on whom falls the action) takes the
role of the action. The above example says that:

Past passive voice

the apple was cut by Michael.

Therefore, in the passive voice the object is used as a subject and remember that in
past passive voice we have to use the verb to be in past (was were).

39

Consider now the structure of sentences in Passive Voice.


Affirmative form

Negative form

Interrogative form

Active voice:
The boy broke the windows.
(subject) + (verb in simple past)
+ (complement).

Active voice:
The boy didnt break the windows.
(subject) + (didnt + verb in present)
+ (complement).

Active voice:
Did the boy break the windows?
(Did) + (subject) + (verb in present)
+ (complement) + (?).

Passive voice:
The windows werent broken by the boy.
(object) + (wasnt / werent) + (verb in past
participle) + (by) + (complement).

Passive voice:
Were the windows broken by the boy?
(Was / Were) + (object) + (verb in past participle)
+ (by) + (complement) + (?)

Passive voice:
The windows were broken by the boy.
(object) + (was / were) + (verb in past
participle) + (by) + (complement).

The picture La llamada was painted by Remedios Varo.

The picture La llamada wasnt painted by Salvador Dal.

Was the picture La llamada painted by Remedios Varo?

40

Nombre

WHO? or WHAT?

No.

Instrucciones para
el Alumno

Contesta correctamente los siguientes ejercicios de acuerdo a la


instruccin de cada actividad.

Actitudes a formar

Responsabilidad.
Orden.
Honestidad

Competencias
Genricas y
atributos a
Desarrollar

Manera Didctica
de Lograrlas

Manera
Didctica Trabajo individual.
de
Trabajo en equipo.
Lograrlas
4. Escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en distintos
contextos mediante la utilizacin de medios, cdigos y
herramientas apropiados.
Aplica distintas estrategias comunicativas segn quienes sean sus
interlocutores, el contexto en el que se encuentra y los objetivos
que persigue.
9. Transmite mensajes en una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera
atendiendo las caractersticas de contextos socioculturales
diferentes.
Realizando las actividades propuestas, participando en equipo y
de manera individual.

Exercise 1:
Choose and underline the correct sentence in Past Passive Voice
Example: People used hieroglyphics five thousand years ago.
Hieroglyphics was used by people five thousand years ago.
Hieroglyphics were used by people five thousand years ago.
1. - The Egyptians decorated jewelry with hieroglyphics.
Jewelry was decorated by Egyptians with hieroglyphics.
Jewelry is decorated by Egyptians with hieroglyphics.

41

2. - Many people in America spoke a native language.


A native language is spoken in America by many people.
A native language was spoken in America by many people.

3. - Native American tribes used tepees.


Tepees are used by Native American tribes.
Tepees were used by Native American tribes.

4. - The Spanish conquered Mexico.


Mexico was conquered by the Spanish.
Mexico were conquered by the Spanish.

5.-The police arrested the thieves


The thieves were arrested by the police.
The thieves were arrest by the police.

6. - Someone invented the car in the twentieth century.


The car were invent in the twentieth century by someone.
The car was invented in the twentieth century by someone
.
7. - Ruben and Maria wrote an interesting book.
An interesting book was wrote by Ruben and Maria
An interesting book was written by Them.

8. - Carolina took the books to the bookshelf.


The books were taken to the bookshelf by Carolina
The books were took to the bookshelf by Carolina.

42

Exercise 2:
Complete the next sentences using was wasnt or were werent and change
the verb in parenthesis with the past participle like in the example:
Example: Mexico wasnt conquered (conquer) by Christopher Columbus.
Mexico was conquered by Hernan Cortes.
1. - Radium _______________________________ (invent) by Fleming.
Radium _______________________________by Madam Curie.
2. - Gunpowder _____________________________ (invent) by the Japanese.
Gunpowder _____________________________by the Chinese.
3. - The first bicycle __________________________ (make) in Germany.
The first bicycle __________________________in Scotland.
4. - The Twin Towers ________________________ (destroy) by an earthquake.
The Twin Towers ________________________by terrorist attacks.
5. - The Independence war of Mexico ________________ (declare) by Morelos.
The Independence war of Mexico __________________ by Father Hidalgo.
6. - Romeo and Juliet _____________________________ (write) by Da Vinci.
Romeo and Juliet _____________________________ by Shakespeare.
Exercise 3:
Instructions: Complete the interrogative sentences using the words:
composed
Lennon and McCartney

Miguel Angel

invented
Walt Disney

painted
Thomas A. Edison

Agustin Lara

(was were)
Example:

Was the telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell?

1._________ electric light bulb______________ by____________________ ?


2._________ Mara bonita ________________ by ____________________ ?
3. _______ Yesterday and Michelle ____________ by ________________?

43

4.________ Mickey Mouse and Donald duck _________ by ______________?


5.________ The Pasion ____________ by __________________________?

Exercise 4:
Order the words and write a sentence in Past Passive Voice.
Example:

Was / Yesterday / The / Repaired / Car


The car was repaired yesterday.

1. -

The / Typed / Letter / Was

_________________________________________.
2. -

Those/ Written / Books / Were / ?

________________________________________.
3. -

Received /

Yesterday / Was / The / Information

_________________________________________.
4. -

Werent / Party / Invited / To / We / The

_________________________________________.
5.

House / Werent

/ Our / Painted

_________________________________________.

44

Exercise 5:
Write each sentence in Past Passive Voice in affirmative, negative and
interrogative form, use was (wasnt) or were (werent).
Example:
(active voice) Bartholdi designed the statue of liberty.
(passive voice) (+) The statue of liberty was designed by Bart
(-) The statue of liberty wasnt designed by Bartholdi.
(?) Was the statue of liberty designed by Bartholdi?
1.- Salvador Dali painted La persistencia de la memoria.
(+)________________________________________________________.
( - )________________________________________________________.
( ? )________________________________________________________.
2. - Leonora Carrington created beautiful sculptures.
(+)________________________________________________________.
( - )________________________________________________________.
( ? )________________________________________________________.
3. - Alejandra Pizarnik wrote magnificent poems.
(+)________________________________________________________.
( - )________________________________________________________.
( ? )________________________________________________________.
4.- Dostoievsky wrote Noches Blancas.
(+)________________________________________________________.
( - )________________________________________________________.
( ? )________________________________________________________.

45

5.- Rigo Tovar sang El Sirenito.


(+)________________________________________________________.
( - )________________________________________________________.
( ? )________________________________________________________.

Exercise 6:
Read the text, underline and write the sentences in Passive Voice and answer
True or False.
Jos arrived late to work this morning because he had a few problems:
When he was sleeping he wasnt woken up by the alarm clock.
Then he was woken up by a nightmare, he looked the clock and woke up very fast and
he was hurt in his toes by the bed.
When he was leaving to his house, he was hit on the head with a flowerpot that felt to
the window.
After that he walked to the bus stop, he was bitten by a dog and he was wet by a fast
car that was driven by his cousin.
While he was waiting in the same bus stop, he drank his coffee and this was shed in his
shirt by it because the glass fell to his hand.
When he was in the bus, his wallet was stolen and all his money and identification cards
were taken.
When Jos was walking into his office building, he passed under a tree and he was
stained by a little bird.
Finally arrived to his office and he was yelled by his boss for being two hours late.
Poor Jos!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Write the sentences in Past Passive Voice that you found.
1) __________________________________________________________
2) __________________________________________________________
3) __________________________________________________________
4) __________________________________________________________
5) __________________________________________________________
6) __________________________________________________________
7) __________________________________________________________
8) __________________________________________________________

46

9) __________________________________________________________
10) __________________________________________________________
11) __________________________________________________________
Answer True, False or maybe (if the answer isnt in the story)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Jose arrived early to work


__________________________
Jose was woken up by a nightmare._________________________
He was hit on the head with a big flowerpot.___________________
He was wet by a yellow car.____________________
The car almost hit Jos.__________________

6. Jos had a lot of money in his wallet.____________________


7. Jos drank his coffee in the bus stop.____________________
8. He was bitten by a dog.___________________
9. He was stained by a little bird.__________________________
10. Jose was yelled by his boss.___________________
Exercise 7:
Complete with the words in the box
was painted
was taken
was finished
were punished
were broken
were corrected
was returned
was seen
were practiced
were arrested
1. The house _________________ By Miguel
2. The accident _________________ by Mr. Gutierrez.
3. Five suspects ___________________ by the police.
4. Our exercise _________________ by the teacher
5. The report ______________________ by the secretary
6. The plate and the glass _________________ by the maid .
7. The money _________________ by Rocco.
8. The book _______________ by the boy.
9. The boys__________________ by their parents.
10. Soccer and basketball_____________ by the students.

47

Nombre

TAG QUESTIONS

Instrucciones
para el Alumno

Comprender y usar correctamente las tag questions

Uso
Conocimientos correcto de
a adquirir
tag
questions

Manera
Didctica de
Lograrlos

No.

Identificar y aplicar las tag


questions
basado
en
las
instrucciones descritas
para
llevar a cabo los ejercicios
propuestos.

TAG QUESTIONS
A tag question is a short question added to the end of a positive or negative statement.
Tag questions are used to verify or check information that we think is true or to check
information that we arent sure is true.
Normally a positive statement is followed by a negative tag, and a negative statement is
followed by a positive tag.
The statement and the tag are always separated by a comma.
For example:

You are student, arent you?


She isnt Mexican, is she?

The verb in the statement should be the same tense as the verb in the tag.
If the verb used in the statement is an auxiliary verb, then the verb used in the tag must
match it. If a modal (can, could, will, should, etc.) is used in the statement, then the
same modal is used in the tag part. If the statement doesnt use an auxiliary verb, then
the auxiliary do is used in the tag part.

48

A) VERB TO BE (PRESENT AND PAST)


Affirmative

Negative

You are the new teacher, arent you?

They arent lawyers, are they?

He is the doctor Oscar, isnt he?

You arent in this group, are you?

It was a hard day, wasnt it?

He wasnt very famous, was he?

They were good friends, werent they?

You werent at the party, were you?

B) PRESENT AND PAST SIMPLE


Affirmative

Negative

You work in a garage, dont you?

He doesnt speak English, does he?

He lives with his parents, doesnt he?

You dont work here, do you?

He arrived late to class, didnt he?

She didnt come to work, did she?

You ate fruit, didnt you?

They didnt call today, did they?

C) OTHERS (Present progressive, future simple, present perfect, there is, there are, modals).
Affirmative

Negative

It is raining very hard, isnt it?

It isnt raining now, is it?

They are working, arent they?

They arent working, are they?

You will return next week, wont you?

You wont play with us, will you?

She is going to read a book, isnt she?

We are going to study tomorrow, are we?

They have gone home, havent they?

You havent called home yet, have you?

Diego has finished his career, hasnt he? He hasnt arrived yet, has he?
There is a new student, isnt there?
You should study, shouldnt you?

There isnt a T.V. in the school, is there?


Ruben wouldnt go to the party, would Ruben?

49

Ricardo isnt a doctor,

is he?

You live in San Luis Potos, Dont you?

Nombre

YES? or NOT?

No.

Instrucciones para
el Alumno

Contesta correctamente los siguientes ejercicios de acuerdo a la


instruccin de cada actividad.

Actitudes a formar

Responsabilidad.
Orden.
Honestidad

Competencias
Genricas y
atributos a
Desarrollar

Manera Didctica
de Lograrlas

Manera
Didctica Trabajo individual.
de
Trabajo en equipo.
Lograrlas
4. Escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en distintos
contextos mediante la utilizacin de medios, cdigos y
herramientas apropiados.
Aplica distintas estrategias comunicativas segn quienes sean sus
interlocutores, el contexto en el que se encuentra y los objetivos
que persigue.
9. Transmite mensajes en una segunda lengua o lengua extranjera
atendiendo las caractersticas de contextos socioculturales
diferentes.
Realizando las actividades propuestas, participando en equipo y
de manera individual.

50

Exercise 1:
Complete the sentences with the correct Tag Question
1. Brian arrived from Italy last night, _________________________?
2. Mary is a very good lawyer, _________________________?
3. You wrote those letters, _________________________?
4. There are many students absent today, _________________________?
5. It was a good movie, _________________________?
6. The bus stops in this corner, _________________________?
7. He has studied English for years, _________________________?
8. You will be in class tomorrow, _________________________?
9. They have been studying, _________________________?
10. Juan and Jesus were in Oaxaca last year, _________________________?
11. Patty will study medicine like her father, _________________________?
12. Mariana and Luz wont come to class next week, ___________________?
13. They can buy the tickets today, _________________________?
14. You have lived in this house for years, _________________________?
15. He hasnt been with you, _________________________?
16. Angie is going to read a book, _________________________?

Exercise 2:
Choose the correct answer:
1. Diana didnt hurt her arms in the accident,

did she?

didnt she?

2. The mail hasnt been delivered yet,

has it?

hasnt it?

3. She wont work in the school,

will she?

wont she?

4. I played tennis,

did I?

didnt I?

5. That dog is yours,

isnt it?

is it?

6. The traffic will be heavy,

will it?

wont it?

7. You saw that movie,

did you?

didnt you?

51

8. They havent had vacations,

have they?

havent they?

9. She is a famous artist,

is she?

isnt she?

10. There is water in the freezer,

Isnt there?

is there?

11. There were two flowers in the vase,

were there?

12. There arent good programs on T.V.,

are there?

Werent there?
arent there?

Exercise 3:
Write the Tag Question in the correct place:
isnt he?
wasnt it?
will you?
dont they?
didnt he?
havent they?
wont you?

has it?

does she?

isnt it?

1. - The mail hasnt arrived yet, _________________________?


2. - The bus was very crowded this morning, _________________________?
3. - He is the new teacher, _________________________?
4. - You wont study a long career, _________________________?
5. - They now live in Mexico, _________________________?
6. - She doesnt want anything to eat, __________________________?
7. - Marco studied English in U.S.A., ________________________?
8. - You will stay at home tonight, _________________________?
9. - The weather is very hot today, _________________________?
10. - They have never been in Mexico City, _________________________?
Exercise 4:
Match the two columns
1. - You are from England,

) arent we?

2. - He hasnt had time to study,

) wont they?

3. - Alejandro went to de cinema,

) didnt you?

4. - We are going to work tomorrow,

) arent you?

52

5. - The bus stops on 1st. street,

) has he?

6. - The new secretary is bilingual,

) doesnt it?

7. - You went to New York,

) didnt he?

8. - They will go to Chiapas later,

) isnt she?

Exercise 5:
Write 7 sentences using the different tense and translate:

1.-__________________________________________, ____________________?
__________________________________________, ____________________?
2.-__________________________________________, ____________________?
_________________________________________, ____________________?
3.-__________________________________________, ____________________?
_________________________________________, ____________________?
4.-__________________________________________, ____________________?
_________________________________________, ____________________?
5. - _________________________________________, ____________________?
__________________________________________, ____________________?
6.-__________________________________________, ____________________?
__________________________________________, ____________________?
7.-__________________________________________, ____________________?
__________________________________________, ____________________?

53

UNIDAD II
Sociedad del conocimiento

54

NOMBRE DE LA COMPETENCIA:

El alumno es
competente cuando analiza, valora y preserva los recursos
naturales, incluyendo los relacionados con la cultura, la
ciencia y la tecnologa, haciendo uso adecuado de ellos,
tanto en su entorno como en el regional, nacional o mundial

1. Second Conditional
2. Past Perfect
3. Third Conditional
4. Relative Pronouns
5. Relative Clauses
6. Tools, Sports

1. If
2. Places and sports Vocabulary
3. Simple Past or Perfect Past
4. If I had
5. Practicing Relative Pronouns
6. Who, Which, Whose, That, Where
7. Tools Vocabulary

55

2
2

HABILIDADES Y DESTREZAS

HABILIDADES

RESULTADO
DE
APRENDIZAJE

-Conozco y relato eventos importantes del lugar donde vivo,


mi pas y del mundo
-Pido y doy informacin sobre acontecimientos que han
afectado el rumbo del pas y del mundo
-Investigo y recreo la cultura popular en mi comunidad y en
mi pas
-Solicito y comparto informacin sobre la elaboracin y
consistencia de diversos productos
El alumno ser capaz de expresarse oralmente y en forma
escrita para solicitar e informar acerca de acontecimientos,
cultura popular de su comunidad, pas y el mundo

Nombre

SECOND CONDITIONAL

Escucha la explicacin del profesor


Instrucciones
Pregunta tus dudas
para el Alumno
Realiza los ejercicios que se indican
Uso correcto
Conocimientos de las
a adquirir
clusulas
condicionales

Manera
Didctica
de
Lograrlos

56

Trabajo individual
Trabajo en binas
Trabajo en equipos

No.

Conditional Clauses of type 2 are used to express an action in present or the future,
which is not true (contrary to fact). -As in conditional type 1- These have also a Main
clause and an IF clause.
If you went to bed early, you would be ready for the exam
IF CLAUSE
MAIN CLAUSE
This kind of clause is called Conditional Type 2, Second Conditional or Hypothetical
Conditional. In the second conditional, the verb in the IF clause is used in Past Tense,
and in the Main clause is used would /could + the simple form of another verb.
In this type of conditionals WERE is often used instead of WAS in the IF clause, to
express an opinion or to give advice.
If I were you, I would go to the doctor
In this type of conditional clauses are used the word UNLESS (a menos que) instead of
ifnot
I wont buy this cell unless you agree (= if you dont agree)

I would go to the concert with you, if you bought a ticket for me


If Tim needed money, he could sell his car
We wont arrive to work early unless we take a taxi

57

IF

Nombre

Instrucciones Lee con atencin la gramtica de tu gua


para el Alumno Pregunta tus dudas al profesor
Realiza los ejercicios correspondientes
Conferencia
Respeto
Manera
Actitudes a
Trabajo individual
Solidaridad
Didctica de
formar
Trabajo en binas
Colaboracin
Lograrlas
Trabajo en equipo
4. escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en
Competencias
distintos contextos mediante la utilizacin de medios, cdigos y
Genricas y
herramientas apropiados
atributos a
Se comunica en una segunda lengua en situaciones cotidianas
Desarrollar
Manera
Didctica de
Lograrlas

Realizando los ejercicios presentados


Participando activamente en las actividades de la clase

Exercise 1:
Complete the next clauses with WOULD, COULD, MIGHT and the verb in
parenthesis as corresponds:
1. If I won the lottery, we ______________ around the world
(podramos viajar)

2. If you went to Germany, you _______________ the delicious beer


(disfrutaras)

3. She ____________ (play) tennis better, if she trained three times a week
(jugara)

58

4. If they sang at the concert, it_____________ a great concert


(podra ser )

5. If he were in my place, he _________ (do) this project with responsibility


(hara)
Exercise 2:
Translate to English the following clauses:
1. Si ellos no quisieran ir yo te lo dira
_________________________________________
2. Podra comprar un carro nuevo si tuviera ms dinero
_________________________________________
3. Si yo fuera t comprara esos zapatos
_________________________________________
4. Podramos entender la pelcula si hablramos Francs
_________________________________________
5. Si ella llegara a tiempo entregara la correspondencia
__________________________________________
Exercise 3:
Underline the correct word to complete a second conditional clause:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

If he was busy, I would / may come back in an hour


If you had time you could / would visit my parents this week
She couldnt / wouldnt go to the party unless she were invited
If Bob spent his vacations on Cancun he might / would go to the beach
Jane might not / could not buy a big house unless she had much money

Exercise 4:
Match the two columns:
1. Would play _____
2. Could win _____
3. Might write _____
4. Would swim _____
5. Might love _____

a. podra ganar
b. podra amar
c. nadara
d. podra escribir
e. jugara

59

Exercise 5:
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses to form
Conditional Clauses Type 2.
1. If Roger _________________ (borrow) my car, he _________________crash it.
2. If I ___________(be) you, I _______________ (not go) to the party tonight.
3. I _________________ (scream) if I ______________ (find) a spider in my bed.
4. If you ___________ (stay) at school, who ___________you talk to with?
Exercise 6:
Translate to Spanish next Conditional Clauses.
If I were in Brazil, I would go to Rio de Janeiro.
_____________________________________________________________
If he were in my place, he wouldn't do this.
_____________________________________________________________
If I won the lottery, I would travel around the world.
_____________________________________________________________
If I met a famous pop star, Id be really nervous.
_____________________________________________________________
If I didnt eat a big breakfast, Id be hungry all day.
_____________________________________________________________
If Jack won the lottery, he could go on a trip around the world.
_____________________________________________________________

60

VOCABULARY
Exercise 7: Use your dictionary and write the name of the picture.

61

soccer

Nombre

PAST PERFECT

Instrucciones
Pregunta tus dudas al profesor
para el Alumno
Responde los ejercicios correspondientes
Hacer uso
Manera
Conferencia
Conocimientos adecuado del
Didctica Trabajo en pares
a adquirir
pasado perfecto
de
Trabajo grupal
Lograrlos

62

No.

PAST PERFECT
In general it is used to describe:
Actions that have passed before another action in the past.
Actions that began in the past but have consequences in the present
Actions that had begun in a specific period of time in the past
It is used to show order of the actions form the past
This tense uses the auxiliary Had + the Past Participle of the principal verb. In Spanish
these forms of verbs have ADO, IDO, TO, SO, CHO meaning. The table below shows
that the auxiliary is used for all the personal pronouns
I, You ,He, She, It, We, You, They

Had

visited, traveled

Affirmative Sentences: Personal pronoun + "had" + past participle


I had played hockey
You had played hockey
I'd played hockey
You'd played hockey
Negative Sentences:

Personal pronoun + had not+ past participle

I had not played hockey


I'd not played hockey
I hadn't played hockey
Questions:

You had not played hockey


You'd not played hockey
You hadn't played hockey

Had+ personal pronoun + past participle +?


Had you played hockey?

SOME TIPS
When is used the word already = ya with this tense it is written between had

and past participle Example: When I got there the party had already started
By the time = cuando
Before using the past perfect check whether the action had happened before
another action

63

We had spoken English at our project last Friday


Sharon and Sophie had studied French before they went to France
Mrs. Smith had had two sons before she got married

Nombre
Instrucciones
para el Alumno
Actitudes a
formar
Competencias
Genricas y
atributos a
Desarrollar

SIMPLE PAST OR PAST PERFECT


Lee la gramtica de el tema
Pregunta tus dudas
Resuelve los ejercicios de tu gua
Manera
Solidaridad
Trabajo individual
Didctica
Colaboracin
Trabajo en equipo
de
Respeto
Trabajo grupal
Lograrlas
4. Escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en
distintos contextos mediante la utilizacin de medios, cdigos y
herramientas apropiados.
Se comunica en una segunda lengua en situaciones cotidianas

Manera Didctica Realizando las actividades


de Lograrlas
dinmicas grupales diversas

propuestas,

participando

en

Exercise 1:
Read the two options in English and choose the one is correct
Cristina nunca
haba estado en
el cine del
Dorado.
Yo no tena
dinero porque
haba perdido mi
billetera

( ) Cristina had
never been at
Dorados cinema

( ) Cristina have
ever been at
Dorados cinema

(
) I didnt have
any money because I
had lost my wallet

(
) I didnt have
check your
any money
option, why not
because I have lost the other option
my wallet

64

check your
option, why not
the other option

Habas
escuchado antes
a ese cantante
de rock?

(
) Had you ever
heard before of that
rock singer?

(
) Have you
heard before of
that rock singer?

check your
option, why not
the other option

Exercise 2:
Complete the text with the correct auxiliary and the Past Perfect of the verbs in
parenthesis
Last month we _______ _____________ (travel) to Valle de Bravo, we _______
__________

(enjoy)

those

days,

but

unfortunately

my

cousin

_______

__________(think) his camera ______ ______(be) stolen in that place. He _________


_______ (be) worried all day and night, because he couldnt take any photo of the lake,
he was sad, but when we came back to Mexico City, he found it at home and his face
_______ _______ (change) after that, he was happy. Each time he visits us he talks
about what he _________ ___________ (feel) those days.

Exercise 3:
Write verbs in the correct form PAST SIMPLE or PAST PERFECT
1. I sometimes _______(forget) my keys that I ______ ______(leave) on my bed.
2. After I ______ _______ (go) to the doctor I ______ (feel) much better.
3. I ______ _____(work) today before I __________(celebrate) my birthday at home.
4. I ______ ______(begin) cleaning, up by the time my parents ____________(arrive).
5. They _______(were) sure they _______ ________(see) Sharon somewhere before.
6. We _______(were not) afraid because we _____ ________(see) scary films before.
7. While you _____(spend) a year studying French, I ______ ______ (complete) my
piano lessons.
8. She _____ ______(eat) such a large breakfast that she only _____(have) a small
lunch .

65

Exercise 4:
Write in Spanish the following statements:
a. All the girls had finished the exam before 6 oclock; the boys finished it at 6:30
_____________________________________________________________
b. Your cousin had planned her trip after she went back form the concert
_____________________________________________________________
c. The project had ended, when the contest started
_____________________________________________________________
d. By the time, Lucas arrived to the bus station, the train had left
_____________________________________________________________
e. His father had booked a ticket for the 3 oclock flight
_____________________________________________________________

THIRD CONDITIONAL
This conditional is used to talk about unreal situations in the past, (used to
express unrealistic situations - that never happened - in the past and, in general, within
the context of criticism, complaint or remorse). Like the other types of conditionals are
formed for an IF CLAUSE and a MAIN CLAUSE, in Spanish is the same to
Hubiera
Nombre
Instrucciones
para el alumno

Conocimientos
a adquirir

No.

THIRD CONDITIONAL
Escucha la conferencia del profesor
Pregunta tus dudas
Resuelve los ejercicios que se presentan
Caractersticas y usos
Manera
del tercer condicional
Didctica de
Establecer diferencia
Lograrlos
entre los tres tipos de
clusulas condicionales

IF CLAUSE
If + Past Perfect Tense

Conferencia
Trabajo individual
Trabajo en equipos
Trabajo grupal

MAIN CLAUSE
Modal auxiliaries:
would, could, might + past participle

66

If she had come on Saturday, I would have seen her


Rossy couldnt have played tennis, if it had rained last weekend
Would you have done the homework if you had copied it ?

If I HAD

Nombre

Escucha las instrucciones del profesor


Instrucciones
Pregunta tus dudas
para el Alumno
Resuelve los ejercicios correspondientes
Orden, trabajo
Manera
Actitudes a
colaborativo
Trabajo individual
Didctica de
formar
Creatividad,
Trabajo en binas
Lograrlas
Libertad
Competencias 4. Escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en distintos
Genricas y
contextos mediante la utilizacin de medios, cdigos y
atributos a
herramientas apropiados.
Desarrollar
Se comunica en una segunda lengua en situaciones cotidianas
Manera
Didctica de
Lograrlas

Integrndose al trabajo en el aula


Cumpliendo con las tareas asignadas

Exercise 1:
Translate to Spanish next sentences
1. If I had seen him, I would have told him about you
___________________________________________________
2. If I had known the answer, I could have raised my hand.
___________________________________________________
3. If they had invited us, we could have accepted at once.
___________________________________________________

67

4. If she had explained the problem to me, I would have understood it


_____________________________________________________
5. If I hadn't forgotten his number, I would have phoned him
_____________________________________________________
6. If my sister had been here, she could have enjoyed this.
_____________________________________________________
Exercise 2:
Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in parenthesis

1. If Ted ____________ (run) faster, he __________________ (not miss) the bus


2. I ____________(not catch) a cold if I __________________ (wear) my coat
3. Edna _________ (stay) at home if she ___________ (know) it was going to rain
4. If I ______________ (not drive) to the mall, I ___________ (not be) an accident
5. _______ you __________(write) to Alice yesterday If you __________ time?

Exercise 3:
Complete the following conditional clauses
1. If she _______________(go) to the party, she ___________________ (enjoy) it a lot
2. If you ________________(run) faster, you ___________________ (not miss) the bus
3. They _______________(listen) to the radio if you ______________(lend) it to them
4. I _______________(watch)an interesting film if I____________ (go) to the cinema
5. If we ______________ (not leave) our notebooks, we __________(do) our homework
Exercise 4:
Change to negative form the following conditionals
a. If I had known Charlies cell number, I would have called him
________________________________________________________
b. We could have invited Tim to the party if he had been in town
________________________________________________________

68

c. Roger would have paid the bills if he had received his check
_________________________________________________________
d. If last nights lecture had been in Spanish my parents could have gone too
________________________________________________________________
e. The teacher could have missed classes if she had felt sick this morning
_______________________________________________________________

Nombre
Instrucciones
para el Alumno

RELATIVE PRONOUNS

No.

Lee la gramtica del tema


Pregunta tus dudas al profesor

Practicar y
utilizar los
Conocimientos a pronombres
adquirir
relativos en
situaciones
cotidianas

Manera
Didctica de
Lograrlos

69

Explicacin del profesor


Trabajo individual
Trabajo en equipos
Trabajo grupal

RELATIVE PRONOUNS
THAT
el que, la que,
los que, las que,
lo que

WHO
quien,
quienes

WHICH

WHOM

el cual, la cual,
los cuales, las
cuales, lo cual

a quien, a
quienes

WHOSE
de quien, de
quienes, cuyo,
cuya, cuyos,
cuyas

WHAT
lo que, lo
cual

We use the relative pronouns to refer to a noun mentioned before and of which we are
adding more information. They are used to join two or more sentences

RELATIVE
PRONOUN

USE

EXAMPLE

THAT

Subject or object pronoun for people,


animals and things in defining relative
clauses (who or which are also possible)

WHO

Subject or pronoun for people

I dont like the table that stands in the


kitchen.

I told you about the woman who lives


next door.

WHICH

Subject or pronoun for animals and things

WHOM

Object pronoun for people, especially in


non-defining relative clauses (in defining
relative clauses we colloquially prefer who)

WHOSE

Possession for people, animals and things

Do you know the boy whose mother is


a nurse?

Object pronoun for things, ideas

What you see is what I have

WHAT

70

Do you see the cat which is lying on the


roof?
I was invited by the professor whom I
met at the conference.

My sister was the woman that (who) was there


That was the topic which he was talking about
I could not imagine what my partner wanted to know
I saw the boy who studies here

Nombre

PRACTICING RELATIVE PRONOUNS


Lee la gramtica de el tema
Pregunta tus dudas
Resuelve los ejercicios de tu gua
Manera
Solidaridad
Trabajo individual
Didctica
Colaboracin
Trabajo en equipo
de
Respeto
Trabajo grupal
Lograrlas
4. Escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en
distintos contextos mediante la utilizacin de medios, cdigos y
herramientas apropiados.
Se comunica en una segunda lengua en situaciones cotidianas

Instrucciones
para el Alumno
Actitudes a
formar
Competencias
Genricas y
atributos a
Desarrollar
Manera Didctica
de Lograrlas

Realizando las actividades


dinmicas grupales diversas

propuestas,

participando

Exercise1:
Choose the correct relative pronoun and write it on the line to complete the
statement
a. I talked to the girl ______ motorcycle had broken down in front of the shop
j) whose

t) which

f) that

71

h) whose

en

b. The Rojas family often visit their cousin in Syracuse _______ is near a river
k) that

d) Whose

b) which

u) who

c. My sister read a romantic novel last month _______ was very interesting
x) which

c) that

f) who

g) whom

d. The painter ________ used an expensive latex paint is the principal neighbor
m) who

z) what

y) which

l) whose

Exercise 2:
Find the words required in the box below
C
A
J
N
E
S
Q
E
D
V
B
N
D
R
T
U

G
U
A
D
R
O
E
S
H
K
A
N
E
I
N
C

R
A
B
A
E
N
S
U
O
O
R
O
F
V
H
S
these

pronoun

U
I
O
M
L
G
E
A
U
O
M
N
I
E
C
E

P
O
T
O
A
O
H
L
S
O
H
D
N
R
I
D

w
E
L
H
T
N
T
C
E
B
A
E
I
S
H
I

O
H
O
W
I
H
E
Z
U
K
T
H
T
O
W
B

D
P
I
L
V
F
E
W
H
O
S
E
I
F
H
N

that

whose

who

rivers

whom

which

72

L
M
F
D
E
A
Y
D
C
A
N
N
V
F
D
O
book
what

V
U
Y
M
N
O
L
K
O
T
R
E
E
U
E
M

O
E
A
H
A
S
E
Y
U
I
O
Y
G
U
S
O

clause
whose

N
I
L
S
E
G
D
B
C
H
M
K
N
I
O
R

B
L
T
H
A
T
A
T
U
P
Q
D
R
T
R
E

Exercise 3:
Re write the sentences using a Relative Pronoun, but giving the same meaning as
the original
1. I bought a house. It was advertised in the local paper
______________________________________________________________________
2. Carol woks in that office. Her husband is a nurse
_____________________________________________________________________
3. Chiapas is a wonderful place. We spent our last holiday there
_____________________________________________________________________
4. They have rent the house I wanted to buy it
___________________________________________________________________
5. Joe has won a LCD screen. His wife and children love watching cartoons
___________________________________________________________________

Nombre

RELATIVE CLAUSES

No.

Lee la informacin gramatical del tema


Instrucciones
Pregunta tus dudas al profesor
para el Alumno
Responde los ejercicios correspondientes
Uso de las
Clusulas
Manera
Conferencia
Conocimientos Relativas ms
Didctica de Trabajo individual
a adquirir
comunes en
Lograrlos
Trabajo en parejas
Ingls
Trabajo grupal

RELATIVE CLAUSES
We use relative clauses to give additional information about something without starting
another sentence, and are introduced by relative pronouns who, which, whose, that
and the relative adverb where
You must know that:

73

Defining Relative Clauses give information which is needed to understand the


meaning of the sentence. They are not separated from the main clause by commas,
examples:
Tracy is the nurse who / that has curly hair
The pen which / that your father gave you isnt on the desk
Non- defining Relative Clauses give extra information about the person, thing or
idea they refer to. They are always separated from the main clause by commas,
examples:
She is Claire, who is Marys aunt lives in Florida
Their TV set, which cost them a lot, is a modern flat screen

Check this table:


PRONOUNS
People

Who / that

Things / animals /ideas

Which / that

Possession

Whose
ADVERB

Place

Where

SOME NOTES
The words Who, Which, That: can be omitted if they refer to the object of the
clause. However, Whose and where cannot be omitted
In informal language prepositions appear at the beginning of the relative clause
Example: The sofa which / that my sister is sitting on is very comfortable
In formal language prepositions appear at the end of the relative clause
Example: The sofa on which my sister is sitting is very comfortable

74

Paris where Monique was born, is a beautiful city


Alex who studied medicine, is a good doctor

Nombre

WHO, WHICH, WHOSE, THAT, WHERE

Instrucciones Lee la gramtica del tema


Pregunta tus dudas al profesor
para el Alumno
Contesta los ejercicios correspondientes
Manera
Conferencia
Responsabilidad
Actitudes a
Didctica Lluvia de ideas
Colaboracin
formar
de
Mapa conceptual
Tolerancia
Lograrlas Trabajo en equipo
Competencias 4.- Escucha, interpreta y emite mensajes pertinentes en distintos
Genricas y
contextos mediante la utilizacin de medios, cdigos y herramientas
apropiados
atributos a
Participa y colabora de manera efectiva en equipos diversos.
Desarrollar
Manera
Didctica de
Lograrlas

Realizando las actividades correspondientes, actuando con disposicin


para integrarse en diversos equipos

75

Exercise 1:
Underline the correct Relative Clause
a. Miss Green who / whose microwave was damaged by the short circuit, has
decided to buy another one.
b. Linda and Jaime that / who are in the same course this semester are engaged.
c. The ranch where / which we stayed last weekend, has amazing landscapes.

d. Phil Collins which / who presents his show at the Orange Bowl, is a great singer.
e. That building where / which is the oldest of the city has a gothic style
Exercise 2:
Check the given information for each clause and write D or N on the right line
D for Defining Relative Clause and N for Non- Defining Relative Clause
1. My friend Henry moved to Seattle
a. My friend Henry whose wife was born in Seattle moved there last week __
b. My friend Henry, whose wife was born in Seattle, moved there last week __
2. I am a bag fanatic
a. The bag which I bought last month cost 80 dollars __
b. The bag, which I bought last month, cost 80 dollars __
3. Larry has three cats two grey color and one white color
a. Larrys cats, which is the white one, sleeps almost all day __
b. Larrys cats which are grey color play with his slipper shoes __
4. Mr. Davis is very famous
a. Mr. Davis who I met at the mall is a famous painter __
b. Mr. Davis, who I met at the mall, is a famous painter__
5. Carmens mother lost her keys
a. Carmens mother who is a nurse has lost her keys __
b. Carmens mother, who is a nurse, has lost her keys __

76

Exercise 3:
Make sentences using a Relative Clause. Remember you have to use commas in
some of the sentences. Work with a partner
A holiday in Washington
a. The students spent their holiday in Washington last year. Washington is near
Oregon, Idaho and Montana
Last year the students____________________________________________
b. They first went to The White House. There are available public tours from 7:30
a.m. to 11:00 a.m.
They first_________________________________________________________
c. After that they visited the Library of Congress and knew more of this historic
building and learn about its history, symbolic art and architecture
After that_________________________________________________________
d. Then they travel to the Smithsonian National Zoological Park by bus. There they
could see many animals, from birds to mammals to reptiles for free admission
Then____________________________________________________________
e. Finally they went back to the hotel had delicious dinner and went to sleep
Finally___________________________________________________________

77

TOOLS VOCABULARY
Exercise 4:
Search in the dictionary the meaning of the following tools

______________

______________

_________________

______________

_______________

________________

______________

_____________

________________

78

_________________

_________________

____________________

_________________

_________________

_____________________

____________________ __________________

79

______________________

IRREGULAR VERBS LIST


PRESENT

PAST

PAST
PARTICIPLE

SPANISH

arise

arose

arisen

elevarse, surgir, originarse.

awake

awoke

awoken

despertar, mover, excitar.

bear

bore

born

soportar, sostener, tolerar.

beat

beat

beaten

batir, revolver, golpear, vencer.

become

became

become

hacerse, convertirse en

begin

began

begun

empezar, iniciar.

bend

bent

bent

doblar, inclinar, torcer.

bet

bet

bet

apostar

bind

bound

bound

atar, unir, enlazar.

bite

bit

bitten

morder.

blow

blew

blown

soplar

break

broke

broken

quebrar, partir, romper.

bring

brought

brought

traer, llevar, conducir.

build

built

built

construir, edificar.

burn

burnt

burnt

quemar, incendiar.

burst

burst

burst

romper, reventar.

buy

bought

bought

comprar

catch

caught

caught

coger, asir, atrapar.

choose

chose

chosen

escoger, elegir.

come

came

come

venir

cost

cost

cost

costar

cut

cut

cut

cortar, dividir.

deal

dealt

dealt

tratar, tener que referirse.

dig

dug

dug

cavar, ahondar.

do

did

done

hacer, ejecutar.

draw

drew

drawn

tirar, arrastrarse, atraer, dibujar.

drink

drank

drunk

beber

drive

drove

driven

impulsar, conducir, llevar

fall

fell

fallen

caer, disminuir.

feed

fed

fed

alimentar, nutrir.

feel

felt

felt

sentir, percibir, tocar.

80

fight

fought

fought

pelear, combatir.

find

found

found

encontrar, descubrir.

find out

found out

found out

averiguar, investigar.

flee

fled

fled

escapar, huir, evitar.

fly

flew

flown

volar

forbid

forbade

forbidden

prohibir.

foresee

foresaw

foreseen

prever, prevenir

forget

forgot

forgotten

olvidar (se)

forgive

forgave

forgiven

perdonar

freeze

froze

frozen

congelar

get

got

got (ten)

lograr, obtener, conseguir.

give

gave

given

dar, conceder.

go

went

gone

ir (se), funcionar, resultar.

grind

ground

ground

moler, triturar.

grow

grew

grown

crecer, cultivar.

hang

hung

hung

colgar, suspender.

have

had

had

tener, haber.

hear

heard

heard

or, escuchar.

hide

hid

hid (den)

ocultar, encubrir.

hit

hit

hit

pegar, golpear, acertar.

hold

held

held

sostener, mantener, contener.

hurt

hurt

hurt

herir, daar, lastimar.

keep

kept

kept

mantener, guardar, conservar.

know

knew

known

conocer, saber.

lay

laid

laid

poner, colocar.

lead

led

led

guiar, llevar, conducir.

learn

learnt

learnt

aprender, saber.

leave

left

left

partir, irse, abandonar.

lend

lent

lent

prestar

let

let

let

permitir, conceder.

lie

lay

lain

tenderse, descansar,

light

lit

lit

alumbrar, iluminar, encender

lose

lost

lost

perder, malgastar.

make

made

made

hacer, confeccionar, producir.

meet

met

met

encontrarse, satisfacer.

81

melt

melted

molten (old)

derretir (se), fundir (se)

mistake

mistook

mistaken

equivocarse, errar

pay

paid

paid

pagar, recompensar.

put

put

put

poner, colocar, exponer.

read

read

read

leer, descifrar, marcar.

rebuild

rebuilt

rebuilt

reconstruir

rid

rid

rid

librarse, zafarse.

ride

rode

ridden

rodar, tener juego, funcionar.

ring

rang

rung

tocar, sonar.

rise

rose

risen

ascender, elevarse, levantarse

run

ran

run

correr, funcionar.

say

said

said

decir, afirmar.

see

saw

seen

ver, observar.

sell

sold

sold

vender

send

sent

sent

enviar

set

set

set

instalar, establecer, colocar

shake

shook

shaken

sacudir, lanzar, agitar.

shed

shed

shed

derramar, esparcir, dejar caer.

shine

shone

shone

brillar, relumbrar, sobresalir.

shoot

shot

shot

disparar, emitir, lanzar.

show

showed

shown

mostrar, exhibir, probar

shut

shut

shut

cerrar, impedir, excluir.

sing

sang

sung

cantar

sit

sat

sat

sentarse, reunirse.

sleep

slept

slept

dormir

slide

slid

slid(den)

resbalar, deslizarse,

smell

smelt

smelt

oler, percibir.

speak

spoke

spoken

hablar, decir.

speed

sped

sped

acelerar, apresurarse.

spend

spent

spent

gastar, consumir, emplear(tiempo)

split

split

split

partir, dividir, separar, reventar.

spoil

spoilt

spoilt

deteriorar, daar, inutilizar.

spread

spread

spread

extender, esparcir, propagar.

spring

sprang

sprung

saltar, soltar, brotar, surgir.

stand

stood

stood

pararse, tolerar, estar (de pie).

82

steal

stole

stolen

robar, escabullirse.

stick

stuck

stuck

pegar, adherirse, prender, fijar.

stink

stank

stunk

oler mal, apestar.

strike

struck

struck

golpear, pegar, estallar.

swell

swelled

swollen

hinchar, inflamar, engrosar.

swim

swam

swum

nadar, flotar.

swing

swung

swung

balancear(se), hacer girar.

take

took

taken

tomar, llevar.

teach

taught

taught

ensear

tell

told

told

decir, contar, narrar.

think

thought

thought

pensar, creer.

throw

threw

thrown

lanzar, tirar, arrojar.

understand

understood

understood

comprender.

wake

woke

woke (n)

despertar, excitar.

wear

Wore

worn

gastar(se), consumirse, usar.

win

Won

won

ganar, conquistar.

write

Wrote

written

escribir.

REGULAR VERBS LIST


Recuerda que los verbos regulares forman su tiempo pasado y pasado participio
agregando letra ed al infinitivo.
PRESENT

PAST

PAST

act

acted

Acted

actuar

add

added

Added

sumar, aadir

arrest

arrested

Arrested

arrestar

assist

assisted

Assisted

ayudar

attend

attended

Atended

asistir, ir

advertise

advertised

Advertised

anunciar

amuse

amused

Amused

entretener

approach

approached

Approached

acercarse

ask

asked

Asked

preguntar, pedir

accompany

accompanied

Accompanied

acompaar

accustom

accustomed

Accustomed

acostumbrar

83

PARTICIPLE SPANISH

agree

agreed

Agreed

concordar

answer

answered

Answered

responder

arrange

arranged

Arranged

arreglar, ordenar

arrive

arrived

Arrived

arribar, llegar

accustom

accustomed

Accustomed

acostumbrar

annoy

annoyed

Annoyed

molestar

appeal

applealed

Applealed

atraer

appear

appeared

Appeared

aparecer

board

boarded

Boarded

abordar

bark

barked

Barked

ladrar

bless

blessed

Blessed

bendecir

brush

brushed

Brushed

cepillar

belong

belonged

Belonged

pertenecer

beg

begged

Begged

suplicar, mendigar

believe

believed

believed

creer

boil

boiled

boiled

hervir

breathe

breathed

breathed

respirar

complete

completed

completed

completar

count

counted

counted

contar

close

closed

closed

cerrar

cook

cooked

cooked

cocinar

crash

crashed

crashed

chocar

cross

crosssed

crosssed

cruzar

call

called

called

llamar

care

cared

cared

cuidar

carry

carried

carried

llevar

change

changed

changed

cambiar

check

checked

checked

chequear

charge

charged

charged

cargar, cobrar

clean

cleaned

cleaned

limpiar

climb

climbed

climbed

escalar, subir

comb

combed

combed

peinar

84

cover

covered

covered

cubrir

cry

cried

cried

llorar

crawl

crawled

crawled

gatear, arrastrarse

dance

danced

danced

bailar

dress

dressed

dressed

vestir

die

died

died

morir

declare

declared

declared

declarar

delay

delayed

delayed

demorar

deliver

delivered

delivered

entregar

deny

denied

denied

negar

dine

dined

dined

cenar

dry

dried

dried

secar

enjoy

enjoyed

enjoyed

disfrutar

engage

engaged

engaged

comprometer

envy

envied

envied

envidiar

express

expressed

expressed

expresar

exclaim

exclaimed

exclaimed

exclamar

explain

explained

explained

explicar

fail

failed

failed

fracasar, fallar

file

filed

filed

archivar

fill

filled

filled

llenar

fire

fired

fired

despedir del trabajo, disparar

follow

followed

followed

seguir

frighten

frightened

frightened

espantar

fry

fried

fried

frer

finish

finished

finished

terminar

fish

fished

fished

pescar

fix

fixed

fixed

arreglar

gain

gained

gained

ganar

guess

guessed

guessed

adivinar

help

helped

helped

ayudar

hope

hoped

hoped

esperar, desear

85

happen

happened

happened

suceder

hurry

hurried

hurried

apurar (se)

imagine

imagined

imagined

imaginar

iron

ironed

ironed

planchar

judge

judged

judged

juzgar

kiss

kissed

kissed

besar

kill

killed

killed

matar

laugh

laughged

laughged

rer

leak

leaked

leaked

gotear

like

liked

liked

gustar

look

looked

looked

mirar

miss

missed

missed

extraar

marry

married

married

casar (se)

measure

measured

measured

medir

move

moved

moved

mover

observe

observed

observed

observar

offer

offered

offered

ofrecer

open

opened

opened

abrir

order

ordered

ordered

ordenar

perform

performed

performed

ejecutar, llevar a cabo

plan

planned

planned

planear

play

played

played

jugar, tocar

pray

prayed

prayed

orar

prefer

prefered

prefered

preferir

prepare

prepared

prepared

preparar

pull

pulled

pulled

tirar, jalar

park

parked

parked

estacionar

pass

passed

passed

pasar

pick

picked

picked

recoger

please

pleased

pleased

complacer, favorecer

polish

polished

polished

pulir

practise

practised

practised

practicar

86

promise

promised

promised

prometer

pronounce

pronounced

pronounced

pronunciar

punish

punished

punished

castigar

push

pushed

pushed

empujar

repeat

repeated

repeated

repetir

report

reported

reported

reportar, informar

request

requested

requested

solicitar, pedir

rest

rested

rested

descansar

reach

reached

reached

alcanzar

refuse

refused

refused

rehusar, rechazar

raise

raised

raised

levantar

rain

rained

rained

llover

receive

received

received

recibir

remain

remained

remained

quedar, sobrar

remember

remembered

remembered

recordar

repair

pepaired

pepaired

reparar

require

required

required

requerir

reserve

reserved

reserved

reservar, guardar

row

rowed

rowed

remar

resolve

resolved

resolved

resolver

return

returned

returned

retornar, volver

search

searched

searched

buscar, registrar

save

saved

saved

salvar

serve

served

served

servir

sign

signed

signed

firmar

smile

smiled

smiled

sonrer

snow

snowed

snowed

nevar

stay

stayed

stayed

permanecer, quedarse

study

studied

studied

estudiar

suffer

suffered

suffered

sufrir

swallow

swallowed

swallowed

tragar

slip

slipped

slipped

resbalar

87

smoke

smoked

smoked

fumar

stop

stopped

stopped

detener, parar

switch

switched

switched

conectar, accionar

stretch

stretched

stretched

estirar

talk

talked

talked

conversar

thank

thanked

thanked

agradecer

touch

touched

touched

tocar, palpar

trap

trapped

trapped

atrapar

tire

tired

tired

cansar, fatigar

train

trained

trained

entrenar

travel

traveled

traveled

viajar

trouble

troubled

troubled

molestar

try

tried

tried

tratar, intentar

turn

turned

turned

girar, voltear

use

used

used

usar

visit

visited

visited

visitar

wait

waited

waited

esperar

want

wanted

wanted

querer, requerir

walk

walked

walked

caminar

wash

washed

washed

lavar

watch

watched

watched

observar, mirar

wish

wished

wished

desear, anhelar

work

worked

worked

trabajar

wrap up

wrapped up

wrapped up

envolver

wreck

wrecked

wrecked

naufragar

warm

warmed

warmed

calentar

warn

warned

warned

advertir

water

watered

watered

regar

weigh

weighed

weighed

pesar

whistle

whistled

whistled

silbar

88

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. Traveler American Edition H.Q Mitchell Mm publications
2. English in Action 2 Barbara H. Foley/ Elizabeth R. NELBLETE Edit. Thompson
3. Side by Side Steven J. Molinsky Bill Blis.
4. Lets Speed Up 2 Students book and teachers book H. Q. Mitchell Mm
publications
5. Ways to grammar A modern English Practice Book John Shepherd, R. Rossner,
James Taylor Macmillan
6. Upload student book & workbook Virginia Evans / Jenny Dooley US2 Express
Publishing
7. Grammar Practice Activities. A practical guide for teachers Penny Ur
8. Cambridge Handbooks for language teachers, pp.213 214
9. Click on America Student Book and Workbook, Virginia Evans & Jenny Dooley
Express Publishing
10. H. Q. Mitchell. Lets Speed Up 4 students book. MM Publications.EU. 2009
11. http://www.mansioningles.com/gram40.htm
12. http://www.vetement-sportif.com/
13. english.people.com.cn/.../94629/6450537.html
14. www.curso-ingles.com/gramatica-inglesa/few.php
15. www.aulafacil.com/Ingejerc/Lecciones/Lecc13.htm
16. esl.about.com/od/.../a/cm_lot.htm.
17. http://www.shertonenglish.com/resources/es/conditionals/type3.php
18. http://slekisingles.blogspot.com/2010/08/wish-versus-hope.html
19. http://ompersonal.com.ar/omgrammar/tagquestions.htm
20. http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/tenses/past_perfect.htm
21. http://www.aprenderinglesfacil.es

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