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PLUMBING AND ALLIED SERVICES

OMEGA Hospital Kurnool - Preliminary design

PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING


1. PREAMBLE
The primary purpose of this document is to define the basis of design for the facility in terms of
Public Health Engineering (PHE) for the development.
The task of achieving a trouble free plumbing installation in a Building would involve three
major components like

A technically correct, simple and user friendly design.


Selection of the right materials.
Adopting sound installation methods, employing skilled manpower and supervisory staff.

A standard plumbing design can be broadly being divided into the following categories.
Water supply, treatment, storage and distribution.
Sewage collection and disposal.
Storm water disposal and rainwater harvesting.
2. WATER SUPPLY
Water Supply for the proposed Hospital building assumed to be from Municipal source. Tanker
water is also anticipated for shortfall of Municipal water, since the supply is intermittent.
Depending on the characteristics of the tanker as well as Municipal water quality the water
treatment system will be suggested.
3. SEWERAGE SYSTEM
It is proposed to connect the sewer from the hospital to the Municipal Drain
4. STORM WATER DRAINAGE SYSTEM
Storm Water Drainage System shall be designed to dispose off the rainwater from building terrace
and external catchment area within the site premises. Rainwater recharging soak pits shall be
proposed all along the storm water drain in regular interval. Excess runoff water during peak rainfall
will be diverted in the nearest external drain.
STANDARDS ADOPTED
National Building Code of India (NBC-2005)
Plumbing Engineering Services Design guide- Institute of plumbing
American society of Plumbing Engineers Data Book
All Relevant Indian standards

OMEGA Hospital Kurnool - Preliminary design

2. WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM


2.1

WATER REQUIREMENT

Domestic water requirement for the proposed Hospital is envisaged in Annexure I.


Domestic water requirement per day
TOTAL FRESH WATER REQUIRED PER DAY
2.2

:
:

18Cum
18Cum

WATER RESERVE (STORAGE)

Based on the various requirements as explained in Annexure I, two day storage (Raw water
storage-one day & Treated water storage one day) shall be provided for Hospital domestic &
HVAC purpose in addition to fire fighting static water reserve. The summary of the storage is as
follows:
Description
Fire water tank

Capacity
(Cum)
100

Location

REMARK

For sprinkler & hydrant system,


raw
waterDomestic
quality from
bore well
Raw water tank
18
Below ground
For
& Flushing
raw
waterDomestic
For
quality from
& Flushing
bore well
Softened water tank
18
Terrace
raw
water quality from bore well
The bore well water will be connected to the fire static tank, from where it overflows to raw water
tank.
2.3

Below ground

WATER TREATMENT

The quality of water supplied to building is in accordance with the requirements, specified in IS10500- 1991- DRINKING WATER SPECIFICATIONS depending on the analysis of the
water; the treatment process will be worked out. The Hardness of bore well water is about 1200
mg/L.
For domestic and flushing water supply (8hr operation-18 cum/day ), basic treatment with
pressure sand filter, activated carbon filter, softener and disinfections by chlorine dosage is
proposed.
The treated domestic water will be treated further by RO for drinking.
2.4

WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

The Cold and Hot water to the fixtures shall be distributed as follows:
a.
b.
c.

Domestic cold water to toilets, Flushing water for toilets shall be by means of gravity
from overhead tank on terrace.
RO water to Drinking water cooler separate system.
Hot water to all toilets, shall be by mean of Hot water Geyser.

OMEGA Hospital Kurnool - Preliminary design

3. SEWERAGE SYSTEM
Soil pipes from top most floor fixtures shall be connected to vertical soil stack in the shaft.
Similarly the waste outlets from the washbasin and shower drain shall be connected to waste stack.
There shall be soil stacks and waste stacks in double toilet (back to back) shafts and one soil
stack and one waste stack in single toilet shaft. In each shaft connecting a 110mm SWR Pipe line
from soil lines at each floor, is lead up to terrace as vent through roof. The vents of soil and waste
stacks also to be taken above terrace level.
The soil and waste stacks connect to soil and waste Man hole at upper basement.

MATERIALS USED
The make of Sanitary fixtures are Hindware / Parryware and CP fittings are ESS ESS respectively.
The network is designed considering SWR pipes and fittings for internal and UPVC pipes for
external sewage.
3.1 BASEMENT DRAINAGE
Soil pipes & waste pipes outlets in the upper Basement & lower basement shall be connected to
the sewage collection sump located in the lower basement. Necessary sewage pumps with auto
float switch for automatic operation are proposed to dispose the sump water to the nearest
external manhole at ground level (one pump will be working and other pump will be 100%
standby).
Basement ramp water is collected by sump. Necessary dewatering pumps with auto float switch
for automatic operation are proposed to dispose the sump water to the nearest drain.
3.2 RAIN WATER DISPOSAL
The rain water system is separated from sewage system. Separate down takes and collectors
provided for rainwater disposal from terrace. The down takes are designed for maximum intensity
of rainfall as 70 mm/hr.
The material of pipe proposed to use for rainwater piping shall be U PVC type A pipes and
fittings as per IS standards.
Suitable rainwater harvesting / recharging system shall be worked out as per the norms of the
state.
Soak pits shall be provided all along the storm water drain at suitable intervals to harvest
the surface run-off. The soak pits shall be covered with pebbles & broken brick bats for
percolation.

The entire terrace rainwater from the roof would be disposed through suitable rain water
pipes and connected to collection chambers. Roof rain water shall be diverted into different
recharge wells, through a network of interconnecting pipes. The recharge wells are located
near the parking area and lawn.

The excess rainwater (after percolate through soak pits) from the building and all landscaped
areas would be collected by suitable drain and disposed to the nearest external storm water drain .

OMEGA Hospital Kurnool - Preliminary design

3.3

SUBSOIL DRAINAGE SYSTEM

Sub soil drainage is proposed for basement grade slab & consists of perforated PVC pipes with geo
filter fabric. The pipes are laid in slope covered with geo filter fabric. Gravel is filled over the pipes
to enhance the collection of sub soil water. The sub soil drainage pipes are terminated at the
collection sump dedicated for subsoil drainage.

ANNEXURE I
PLUMBING AND SANITARY SYSTEM WATER DEMAND
NOTE: Per capita consumption considered is based on NBC, Part-9 and factors based on daily usage

Sl.No.

No of
BEDS
/ No of
BEDS

50
50

No.of
Persons
per
BED

Total
Populati
on

50

No. of
lpcd
{Litres/
day}
DOME
STIC

No. of
lpcd
{Litres/d
ay}
FLUSHI
NG

No. of
lpcd
{Litres/d
ay}
DRINKI
NG

TOTAL
WATER
{Litres/d
ay}
DOMES
TIC

TOTAL
WATER
{Litres/d
ay}
FLUSHI
NG

TOTA
L
WATE
R
{Litres
/day}
DRIN
KING

300

45

15

15000

2250

750

18000

15000

2250

750

18000

50

Hence Domestic water demand/day (in


liters):

18000

say (in
cum):

say (in
cum):

18

Under Ground Water Storage (in liters):


{Designed for 2 days rqmt}
B
Water Storage: Centralised U.G.Sumps

36000
36000

Hence, O.H.S (Raw water tank)

18000

Hence, U.G.S (Treated water sump)

18000

OMEGA Hospital Kurnool - Preliminary design

36
say (in
cum):
say (in
cum):

say (in
cum):
say (in
cum):

18
18

Total
reqmt
{Litres
/day}