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E v en t s

DiseasesofPoultry

Ou r S h op

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ByIvanDinev,DVM,PhD

BookContents

BacterialDiseases

VIRALINCLUSIONBODYHEPATITIS

ESCHERICHIACOLIINFECTIONS
SALMONELLOSES
PARATYPHOIDINFECTIONS
FOWLCHOLERA
RIEMERELLAANATIPESTIFERINFECTIONS
MYCOPLASMA
NECROTICENTERITIS
CHOLANGIOHEPATITISINBROILERCHICKENS
GANGRENOUSDERMATITIS
BOTULISM
AVIANTUBERCULOSIS

ViralDiseases
VIRALINCLUSIONBODYHEPATITIS
HAEMORRHAGICENTERITISOFTURKEYS
EGGDROPSYNDROME1976
ADENOVIRUSGROUPIASSOCIATEDINFECTIONS
INFECTIOUSBURSALDISEASE(GUMBORO)
INFECTIOUSBRONCHITIS(IB)
LARYNGOTRACHEITIS
SWOLLENHEADSYNDROME
INFECTIOUSENCEPHALOMYELITIS
NEWCASTLEDISEASE
FOWLPOX
REOVIRUSINFECTIONS

NeoplasticDiseasesinPoultry
VIRUSINDUCEDNEOPLASTICDISEASESMAREK'SDISEASE
LYMPHOIDLEUKOSIS
MYELOCYTOMATOSIS
175.176.The viral inclusion body hepatitis (IBH) is an adenovirus infection
ERYTHROBLASTOSIS
characterizedbyhaemorrhagesanddystrophicnecrobioticchangesintheliverand
ADENOCARCINOMATOSIS

ParasiticDiseases
COCCIDIOSIS
HISTOMONOSIS
ASCARIDIOSIS
RAILLIETINOSIS
KNEMIDOKOPTOSIS

kidneys, accompanied by intranuclear inclusion bodies. A characteristic


macroscopiclesionistheenlarged,dystrophicliverwithyellowishcolourandcrumbly
texture.

MycosesandMycotoxicoses
ASPERGILLOSIS
ASPERGILLUSGRANULOMATOUSDERMATITIS
AFLATOXICOSIS
CANDIDIASIS
FUSARIOTOXICOSES

DeficiencyDiseases
VITAMINB2DEFICIENCY
VITAMINBiDEFICIENCY
VITAMINEDEFICIENCY
FATTYLIVERHAEMORRHAGICSYNDROME
SLIPPEDTENDON(PEROSIS)

Other
PULMONARYHYPERTENSION(ASCITIS)SYNDROMEINBROILERCHICKENS
AMYLOIDOSIS
DEEPPECTORALMYOPATHY
RUPTUREOFTHEGASTROCNEMIUSTENDONINBROILERBREEDERS
CAGELAYERFATIGUE
DYSCHONDROPLASIA
THYPERKERATOSIS

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VIRALINCLUSIONBODYHEPATITISDiseasesofPoultryThePoultrySite

GOUT
HYPERANDROGENISMINBROILERCHICKENS
EFFECTOFSTICKYWILLY(GALIUMAPARINE)SEEDSONHEALTHYSTATUSANDPRODUCTIONTRAITSIN
BROILERCHICKENS
GIZZARDIMPACTIONINTURKEYPOULTS
ROUNDHEARTINTURKEYS(DILATEDCARDIOMYOPATHY)
ACUTESELENIUMINTOXICATION
ACUTEPROPANEBUTANEINTOXICATION
SPONTANEOUSRUPTUREOFTHECAUDIALRENALARTERYINTURKEYS
SUBCUTANEOUSEMPHYSEMA
GASTROINTESTINALIMPACTION
MALFORMATIONS

SeasonalPicks

177.178.IBH outbreaks are encountered primarily in meat type chickens, most


commonly at the age of 38 weeks. IBH often occurs as a secondary infection to
immunodeficiency resulting from other diseases (IBD, CIA). On the background of
dystrophic liver changes, haemorrhages of various intensity and size are outlined,
thuscreatingavarietyofliverlesions.

179.180.Throughout IBH outbreaks, several serotypes from the 12 known avian


adenoviruses (AAVs) of group I are isolated. The sick chickens cany the virus in
their excreta, kidneys, tracheal and nasal mucosa. The virus is resistant to many
environmental factors and could be easily transmitted by a mechanical route. The
transmission of adenoviruses is realized vertically by breeder eggs and horizontally,
via excreta (mainly faeces). In a number of cases, the dominating lesion is the
massivemottledorstriatedhaemorrhagesoftheliver.

181.IBHischaracterizedbyasuddenonsetandasharplyincreaseddeathratethat
reachespeakvaluesbythe3rd4thdayandreturnsbackwithinthenormalrangeby
the 6th 7th day. The total death rate is usually under 10% but sometimes could
attain 30%. More rarely, macroscopically visible necrotic foci could be detected in
theliver.

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182.Thekidneysareenlarged,paleandmottledwithmultiplehaemorrhages.

183.many instances of IBH, the amount of pericardial fluid is increased


(hydropericardium).

184.185.Clinical signs could be observed only several hours prior to death


occurrence. They consist in pale comb and wattles, depression and apathy.
Sometimes, the skin is icteric. Often, ecchymoses and striated haemorrhages in
skeletalmusclesareobserved.

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186\186"Microscopically, extensive dystrophic changes and necroses of liver


parenchyma are detected. In the nuclei of hepatocytes, basophilic or eosinophilic
inclusionbodiesaredetected.Thebasophilicinclusionbodiesareusuallydenseand
occupy the entire nuclear inner space (arrow b), whereas the eosinophilic ones are
roundorirregularlyshapedandsurroundedbyalighthalo(arrowe).Thediagnosisis
baseduponthetypicalgrosslesionsandthehistoryrecords.Aprincipalapproachin
IBH diagnostics is the histological investigation that helps to detect the intranuclear
inclusionbodies.IBHshouldbedistinguishedmainlyfromIBDandchickeninfectious
anaemia (CIA). With regard to IBH prevention and control, the eggs of broiler parent
flocks, where the disease is consecutively appearing in the progeny, should not be
usedforhatching.Theaccessofwildbirdsshouldbepreventedastheyarepotential
carriersanddistributorsofthevirus.ThemostimportantstepsinIBHpreventionare
thecontrolofIBDandCIA.Thereareneithervaccines,noraneffectivetreatment.

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inpart,inanyformat(electronic,photocopiesetc.)withoutthepriorconsent,inwriting,ofcopyrightholders
isstrictlyprohibited.

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