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nothing but the

TOOTH
ANATOMY PROBLEMS MEASURES - BENEFITS

PRESENTATION OUTLINE
BIONG FELONIA LEDESMA PELENIO - ROXAS

01

TOOTH ANATOMY

02

ORAL HEALTH PROBLEMS

03

How many teeth do you have?

What are the common oral problems?

PREVENTIVE MEASURES
What can you do to prevent it?

04

ORAL HEALTH MONTH

05

BENEFITS

What is Oral Health Month?

How can oral health benefit you?

Awesome

ACTIVITY
T R I V I A

Q U I Z B E E

nothing but the

TOOTH

ACTIVITY

A: TWENTY

HUMANS GROW 2
SETS OF TEETH, THE
PRIMARY AND THE
PERMANENT TEETH.
HOW MANY TEETH
DOES THE SET OF
PRIMARY TEETH
HAVE

It makes up the
majority of the
inner surface
of the tooth.
What is it

A: DENTIN

A: ENAMEL
THERE ARE 4
TYPES OF
TOOTH. WHICH
ONE IS
RESPONSIBLE
FOR CUTTING
FOOD?

A human tooth has


4 main parts.
Which part is the
hardest and most
highly mineralized
substance of the
body?

A: INCISORS

A: SIX

Molars are
responsible for
grinding food.
How many
molars does a
human teeth
have?

ANATOMY
O F T H E H U M A N T O O T H

nothing but the

TOOTH

PRIMARY TEETH

01 02

ANATOMY

PERMANENT TEETH

01 02

also known as deciduous/


milk/ baby/ temporary teeth

also known as the adult teeth

20, 10 in the maxilla (upper


jaw) and 10 in the mandible
(lower jaw)

32, 16 in the maxilla and 16 in the


mandible

nothing but the

TOOTH
ENAMEL

ANATOMY

hardest and most highly mineralized substance


of the body
makes up the protective outer surface of the
crown of the tooth

DENTIN

substance between enamel or cementum and


the pulp chamber
makes up the majority of the inner surface of
the tooth

PULP

central part of the tooth filled with soft


connective tissue and is in both the crown and
the root of the tooth
holds the nerves and blood vessels of the tooth

CEMENTUM

specialized bone like substance covering the


root of a tooth
softer than enamel

BRUSH
BRUSH
BRUSH
THREE
TIMES A DAY

parts.

nothing but the

TOOTH

ANATOMY

INCISORS

types.

8, 4 in the maxilla and 4 in the mandible


to cut or incise food

CANINE

also known as cuspid


4, 2 in the maxilla and 2 in the mandible
to hold, grasp and tear food

TO KEEP
CAVITIES
AWAY

PREMOLARS

also known as bicuspid


8, 4 in the maxilla and 4 in the mandible
to hold and crush food

MOLARS

12, 6 in the maxilla and 6 in the mandible


to grind food

brush
brush
brush

nothing but the

TOOTH

PROBLEMS

ORAL HEALTH
P R O B L E M S

OUR TEETH ARE A


MAJOR POLLUTION
AREA FOR OUR
HEALTH

MERCURY
AMALGAM
FILLINGS OR DIFFERENT
TYPES OF METAL IN
THE MOUTH ACT LIKE
AN ELECTRIC BATTERY

DEAD TEETH WITH


FILLED ROOT CANALS
TEND TO BE CHRONIC
INFECTION FOCI, AND
INFLAMMATIONS MAY
REMAIN INSIDE THE
JAWBONE
(CAVITATIONS) EVEN
AFTER REMOVAL OF
TEETH

ALL OF THESE MAY NOT


CAUSE LOCAL PAIN BUT
INSTEAD CAN CREATE
PROBLEMS IN OTHER
PARTS OF THE BODY
BECAUSE
THROUGH
ACUPUNCTURE
MERIDIANS
EACH
TOOTH IS CONNECTED
TO A SPECIFIC ORGAN

nothing but the

TOOTH

TOOTH ORGAN CONNECTION


Acupuncture meridians connect each tooth with a
specific organ or other part of the body as shown in the
following table below.
1 & 2 UPPER & LOWER JAW
Kidney, bladder, pineal gland (upper jaw), adrenals (lower jaw), frontal sinus,
sacrum, coccyx, foot

3 UPPER & LOWER JAW


Liver, gall bladder, hip, eye, pituitary (upper jaw), gonads (lower jaw)

4, 5 UPPER & 6, 7 LOWER JAW


Lung, large intestine, shoulder, elbow, thymus (upper jaw), arteries, veins (lower jaw)

4, 5 UPPER & 6, 7 UPPER JAW


Pancreas, spleen, stomach, breast, thyroid (upper jaw), lymph system (lower jaw),
jaws, knee

8 UPPER & LOWER


Heart, small intestines, shoulder, elbow, ear, nervous system, pituitary (upper/lower jaw)

PROBLEMS

nothing but the

TOOTH

PROBLEMS

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
(DOH)
87.4 % of Pinoys suffering from
tooth decay

TWO MOST COMMON ORAL


HEALTH PROBLEMS

Dental caries tooth decay and cavity


Periodontal diseases tissue gums,
deeper supporting tissue and bone
around a tooth or teeth become
infected and swollen

MORE PROBLEMS
I N

O R A L

H E A L T H

nothing but the

TOOTH

PROBLEMS

IMPLICATIONS

6 Y.O. - TD
3%

97 %

22 %

78 %

Can weaken bodily defenses


Serves as portal of entry to other more serious
and potentially dangerous systematic diseases
and infections
Arthritis, heart disease, endocarditis,
gastro-intestinal diseases, ocular-skinrenal diseases

12 Y.O. - TD

Disturbance of speech
Affects work performance, nutrition, social
interaction, income and self-esteem

12 Y.O. - G
74 %

26 %

Children who suffer from poor oral health are 12


times more likely to have restricted-activity
days

DMFT
6 Y.O. - 8.4 %

70 %

20 %

12 Y.O. - 2.9 %

Toothache is the primary cause of absenteeism


in school

10 %

Philippines is next to Brunei as the worst in oral


health

No regular check-ups Govt Dental Clinics Private Dental Clinics

nothing but the

TOOTH

PROBLEMS

For tooth implants Titanium is


commonly used but this is a metal
and can occasionally still cause
problems.

A safer alternative with good


durability is Zirconia, the dioxide of
zirconium.
Replace amalgam fillings with plastic
composite.

POSSIBLE
SOLUTIONS

PRECAUTION
Try to keep your mouth free of metals
and have only metal-free plastics as
replacement. Any metal in the mouth
can lead to allergy, on average about
30% of individuals are allergic to the
metal in their mouth.

nothing but the

TOOTH

PREVENTIVE MEASURES
01

Brush your teeth at least twice a day

02

Floss daily

03

Replace your toothbrush every three to four months


or sooner if bristles are frayed

04

Schedule regular dental checkups

05

Contact your dentist as soon as an oral health


problem arises

06

Eat a healthy diet and limit between-meal snacks

07

Eat foods that are good for your teeth

MEASURES

nothing but the

TOOTH

MEASURES

the

the

GOOD GUYS

Fiber-rich fruits and


vegetables
Cheese, milk, yogurt,
and other dairy
products
Green and black teas
Sugarless chewing
gum
Foods with fluoride

BAD GUYS

vs

Sticky candies and


sweets
Starchy foods that
can get stuck in your
mouth
Carbonated soft
drinks
Substances that dry
out your mouth

nothing but the

ORAL HEALTH MONTH

TOOTH
To strengthen public
awareness on the
importance of the good
oral health

The annual observance


started in 1951 as National
Dental Health Week

Led by the Philippine


Dental Association

AIM

HISTORY

HISTORY

AIM

Encourages dentists, students,


relevant government agencies,
and professional organizations
to reach out to more people with
no access to dental services

HISTORY

Presidential Proclamation
No. 559 signed by GMA,
expanded into a month-long
celebration (February 2004)

nothing but the

BENEFITS

TOOTH
Research in relation
to Pre-term Low
Birth Weight Babies

Freshens breath and


prevents other dental
health problems

Preserves your memory


Saves money
Boosts overall confidence

Lowers the risk for heart


disease, respiratory disease,
and stroke

BENEFITS
OF ORAL HEALTH

Prevents
complications
for diabetes

References:
Bland, K., Leeuw, W., & Metivier, A. (n.d.). Dental Anatomy: A Review. Retrieved from http://www.dentalcare.com/en-US/dental-education/continuingeducation/ce421/ce421.aspx?ModuleName=coursecontent&PartID=2&SectionID=-1
Closeup Philippines (2012, March 25.). The New Close Up Commercial: Moving Closer. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DKysBQ4DHzY
Colgate Philippines (2014, October 15.). Brush, Brush, Brush Karaoke Version. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PpQLphh3MEM
Crisostomo, Sheila. (2014, January 11.). 87.4% of Pinoys Suffering from Tooth Decay. The Philippine Star. Retrieved from
http://www.philstar.com/headlines/2014/01/11/1277538/87.4-pinoys-suffering-tooth-decay

Delta Dental. (2014, October). Six Things a Dental Cleaning Can Do For You. Retrieved from http://www.deltadentalins.com/oral_health/teeth_cleaning.html
Department of Health, Republic of the Philippines. (n.d.) Dental Health Program. Retrieved from http://www.doh.gov.ph/node/1066.html
Department of the Interior and Local Government, Republic of the Philippines. (n.d.). Philippine Dental Health Month. Retrieved from
http://www.dilg.gov.ph/events/Philippine-Dental-Health-Month/429
Health Canada. (2008, August). The Effects of Oral Health on Overall Health. Retrieved from http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/life-vie/dent-eng.php
Huffpost Healthy Living. (2011, November 13). Dental Visits May Provide Health Benefits Beyond Your Teeth: Study Says. Retrieved from
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/11/13/dental-cleaning-stroke-heart-attack_n_1088943.html
Last, Walter. (n.d.). Dental Problems. Retrieved from http://www.health-science-spirit.com/dental.html
Overman, Vickie P. (n.d.). Introduction to Dental Anatomy. Retrieved from http://www.dentalcare.com/en-US/dental-education/continuingeducation/ce104/ce104.aspx?ModuleName=coursecontent&PartID=1&SectionID=-1
Philippine Dental Association. (n.d.) 11th National Dental Health Month. Retrieved from http://www.pda.ph/11th_national_dental_health_month
Terrie, Yvette C. (2013, March 18). Benefits of Good Oral Hygiene. Retrieved from http://www.pharmacytimes.com/publications/issue/2013/March2013/Benefitsof-Good-Oral-Hygiene
Web MD. (n.d.) The Mouth-Body Connection: 6 Ways Oral Hygiene Helps Keep You Well. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/oral-health/gum-disease-health
Wikipedia. (2015, January 31). Dental Anatomy. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dental_anatomy
Wikipedia. (2015, February). Human Tooth. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_tooth