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# Absolute Value the absolute value of x is the distance from zero to x on a

## number line, denoted x, always a positive integer.

Axis of Symmetry a line that divides a plane figure or a graph into two
congruent halves.
Compound Inequality two inequalities that are combined into one
statement by the word and or or
Coordinate Plane a plane that is divided into four regions by a horizontal
line called the x-axis and a vertical line called the y-axis.
Direct Variation a linear relationship between two variables, x and y, that
can be written in the form y = kx, where k is a nonzero constant, its graph
crosses the origin.
Exponent the number that indicates how many times the base is used as a
factor.
Independent System a system of equations that has exactly one
solution.
Inequality a statement that compares two expressions by using one of the
following signs: , , , , or .
Irrational Number a real number that cannot be expresses as the ratio of
two integers.
Linear Equation in One Variable an equation that can be written in the
form ax = b where a and b are constants and a 0.
Linear Inequality in One Variable an inequality that can be written in
one of the following forms: a0x b, ax b, ax b, ax b, or ax b, where a
and b are constants and a 0.
Monomial a number or a product of whole numbers and variables with
whole-number exponents, or a polynomial with only one term.
Parabola the shape of a graph of a quadratic equation.
Parallel Lines lines in the same plane that do not intersect.
Polynomial a monomial or a sum or difference of monomials, has more
than one term.
Quadratic Equation an equation that can be written in the form
a x 2+ bx+ c=0 , where a, b, and c are real numbers and a 0.

## Quadratic Function a function that can be written in the form

f ( x )=a x 2 +bx +c , where a, b, and c are real numbers and a 0.
Quadratic Polynomial a polynomial of degree 2.
Scientific Notation a method of writing very large or very small numbers,
by using powers of 10, in the form m 10, where 1 m 10 and n is an
integer.
Slope a measure of the steepness of a line. If (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) are any
two points on the line, the slope of the line, known as m, is represented by
y 2 y 1
m=
the equation
x 2x 1 .
Solution of a System of Linear Equations any ordered pair that
satisfies all the equations of a system.
Solution of a System of Linear Inequalities any ordered pair that
satisfies all the inequalities in a system.
System of Linear Equations a system of linear equations in which all
equations are linear, a group of more than one linear equation.
Transformation a change in the position, size, or shape of a figure or
graph.
Union the union of two sets is the set of all elements that re in either set,
denoted by .

Mr. Dwyer plays a game where he rolls a 50-sided die. He knows that his
number can be equal to or more than 1 and equal to or less than 50. He
writes the compound inequality 1 n 50, where n is the number.
Mr. Dwyer finds that the grocery store is far away on the map. A coordinate
plane on the map shows that his house is on the coordinate (5,6) and that
the grocery store is at (11,16).
Ms. Perkins has to save money for a new house. She decides to save \$250 a
week. She writes direct variation equation m = 250w, where m is the total
amount of money and w is the amount of weeks she has been saving money.
Ms. Perkins is an architect designing an office building. She designs the first
floor which is 128 feet by 128 feet. To find the square footage of the floor,
she uses the exponent 1282 which equals 16384, so the first floor is 16384
square feet.
Mr. Halpert will buy 8 tickets to a movie for his family and plans to spend
\$76. Child tickets cost \$8 each and adult tickets cost \$12 each. He writes
the equation 8x + 12y = 76 and x + y = 8, where x is the number of child
tickets and y is the number of adult tickets. He graphs the equations and
finds it is an independent system because it has one solution.
Mr. Halpert wants to spend less than \$50 on his weekly groceries. He writes
the inequality m < 50, where m is dollars spent.
Mrs. Vance wanted to find the length of the diagonal of her square-shaped
postcard. The side length of the square is 5 inches so she uses the irrational
number 2 and multiplies it by 5, and she finds that the length is about
7.07 inches.

Mrs. Vance rides a taxi to work which is 3 miles away from her house. The
taxi driver charges \$3 for boarding and \$2 for every mile. She writes the
linear equation t = 3 + 2m, where t is the total cost and m is the miles
ridden.
Mrs. Ludgate wants to buy no more than \$20 for some supplies for her
Halloween party. Plates cost \$3 a pack, napkins cost \$2.50 a pack, and red
punch costs \$5 a tub. She wries the linear inequality 3p + 2.5n + 5r 20,
where p is plates, n is napkins, and r is red punch.

Mrs. Ludgate wants to buy spider web decorations for her Halloween party.
They cost \$3 a pack and she is not sure how many she wants to buy. She
writes the monomial 3w, where w is the number spider web packs.
Mr. Wyatt is designing a bridge and needs a curved arch support. He graphs
the quadratic function f(x) = -0.007x2 = 0.84x + 0.8, and sees that the graph
is in the shape of a parabola.
Mr. Wyatt is a city manager and is designing a new neighborhood. He uses
parallel lines to help design the roads to make it easier to travel through.
Mr. Scott is buying supplies for his New Years party. He decides to buy packs
of noisemakers and hats first. A pack of noisemakers cost \$3 and a pack of
hats cost \$4. He writes the polynomial 3n + 4h, where n is noisemakers and
h is hats, to find out the cost of supplies.
Mr. Scott is trying to find the area of his office so his new desk will fit nicely.
He knows that it is rectangular and one side is 3 times the length of the other
side. He sets up the equation A = x(3x) which simplifies into the quadratic
equation A = 3x2.
Mrs. Lemon is working for an building firm and is designing a new bridge for
the city. She comes up with the quadratic function f(x) = -0.007x2 = 0.84x +
0.8 for the bridge. She graphs it and sees a structurally-sound parabola.
Mrs. Lemon is measuring her office area to see if there is enough space for
her new shelf. Her office is 24 by 24 feet. She uses the quadratic polynomial
242 to calculate the area of her office, which is 576 square feet.
Mr. Donaghy is finding out how much profit of a local restaurant. He
researches it and finds that they make \$78 109 a year, a profit he could
only find in scientific notation.
Mr Donaghy wants to find the slope of slopes in the Alps. He finds a picture
of the mountains and draws a straight line through it and puts the picture on
graph paper to caluclate slope.
Mr. Smith wants to spend \$5 on apples and oranges. He sees that apples
cost \$1 per pound and oranges cost \$2 a pound. He wants to buy 3 lbs. of
fruit. He writes the system of linear equations, a + 2o = 5 and a + o = 3. He
solves it so he knows he can get one pound of apples and two pounds of
oranges.
Mrs. Smith wants to spend no more than \$50 on weekly groceries. She
decides to spend less than \$20 on meat, which costs \$4 a pound, and less
than \$30 on fruits and vegetables, which cost \$2 a pound. She writes the
system of linear inequalites, 4m 20, 2f < 30, and 4m + 2f 50. She solves

it and sees that she has to buy less than 15 lbs. of fruit and less than 5 lbs.
on meat.
Mr. Johnston wants to buy 5 items at the store and he wants to spend \$10.
He wants to buy fish, which is \$3 a pound and streamers, which is \$2 a pack.
He writes the system of linear equations, 3f +2s = 10 and f + s = 5.
Mr. Ramos is a graphic designer. He is working on ad for a local company.
He has a picture of a dog and he translates it five units to the left. This
transformation helps the ad look better and he makes a better profit.
Mrs. Ramos is a teacher and is compiling an average for all her classes. She
gets the grades from all her clases, and finds the union of all the sets.

Algebra I Vocabulary