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INTERNATIONAL GENERAL

CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation
sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION
Sheet number: 1 of 6
Student name : Silvestre S. Subaldo Jr.

Student number: 00191449

Place inspected : Palm Jumeirah Infrastructure

Date of inspection: 01/07/13

Observations
Hazards and consequences
1. Explosion during welding of tanks
Drums, vessels.
Workers are vulnerable to serious injury,
third degree burn or even death.
Workers might be suffocated due to oxygen
deficient or present of toxic gas and residue
of chemical substance.

Control measures

Timescale

Immediate and longer term actions


Permit to work system shall be observed.
Cleaning, purging and gas testing must be
carried out prior to commence the task in
confine space.
Trainings are required to all workers involve in
this task.

Immediate

1 week
Immediate

Provision of safe access and egress. Good


communication between workers within the
confined space and the ground shall be
maintained.

Immediate

Continuous atmospheric monitoring within the


confined space is to be done.

Immediate

Isolation of the tank from mechanical and


electrical source is to be done.

In
month
progress.

Supervision and monitoring.

2. Fall from the same level such as


trip and slip.
Workers might fall due to wet and slippery
floor.
Workers might be injured by tripping on trail
of cables, protruding rebars and clutter of
materials.

Maintain good housekeeping in the workplace.


Gather the clutter of materials and place on
the designated area.

Immediate.

Trails of cables on the floor must be on proper


place so as not to obstruct the passers. Wet
floor must be clean and dried. Protruding
rebars must be capped with high visibility
colour to keep always visible.

Immediate.

Personal protective equipment.

Immediate.

Training.

1 Week.

of

Supervision.

In
month
progress.

Crane must have valid inspection certificate


and the operator must be qualified.

Immediate.

Rigger must be trained.

1 Week.

The crane must operate within the safe


working load limits.

Immediate.

Ensuring the competency of slingers and


other involved with the operation of the crane.

Immediate.

Ensuring that crane operator or driver has


visibility and having proper procedures in
place to ensure that lifts are not carried out
while persons are directly below.

Immediate.

Restrict the lifting area by provision of barriers.

Immediate.

Supervision and monitoring.

While operation in
progress.

Do not block recognised gangways unless a


clear diversion has been provided.

Immediate.

People might falling down, falling over,


stepping on or striking against something
during access to, or egress from a work site.

Only authorised routes are to be used to and


from work sites.

Immediate.

Bone fracture, cuts, or even death.

Do not remove/alter the guard rails or barriers


and leave the area unattended and protected.

Immediate.

Use only proper and suitable equipment to


reach your work. Improvisations cause
accidents. Fire exit routes and doorways must
be kept clear at all times.

Immediate.

Learn your safe route to and from your work


site and safe escape route in case of
emergency.

1 Week.

Suitable personal protective equipment must


be worn.

Immediate.

Eye protection must be worn. Make sure that


your eye protectors are suitable for you and
for the work being carried out.

Immediate.

Take of eye protection issued to you. Keep it


clean and protect from damage for the next
using.

Immediate.

Limit the exposure.

Immediate.

Awareness training.

3.

Fall of loads from the crane.

Workers might be hit and seriously injured


lead to death.

4.

Access and egress.

5. Eye injuries from flying particles


Dust, chemicals or harmful rays.
Cataract, eyestrain or blindness.

6.

Fire
due
to
smoking
undesignated area at site.

Loss of lives, jobs or financial.

on

Week.

Obeying no smoking signs. Never using


unofficial heating, lighting, or cooling
appliances.

Immediate.

Not placing clothes on or near heating


appliances.

Immediate.

of

Not allowing combustible materials and debris


to accumulate.

Immediate.

Using suitable fire blanket when carrying out


hot work.

Immediate

Making certain that you know the position of


fire extinguisher on site, how to identify the
deferent kinds of extinguishers and their uses,
how to operate them and also the procedure
to obtain assistance in the event of fire.

1 Week

Sound the alarm or report fire immediately.

Immediate in case
of fire.
Immediate in case
of fire.

On hearing the alarm evacuate the building or


area by the nearest fire exit route.
7.

Noise exposure.

Immediate

If you feel not uncomfortable about the noise


level are working in, see your supervisor.

Immediate.

Wear ear
employer.

Immediate.

Risk of hearing damage.


protection

provided

by

your

Use other relevant noise reduction equipment


such as machines fitted with silencers.

1 Week

Limit your exposure.

Immediate

If you have difficulty speaking to each other


over approximately two meters using normal
speech levels. You may need to be provided
with ear protection.

Immediate.

Awareness training.

1 Week.

Always use the correct tool for the job never


make do.

Immediate.

Dispose of tools when they become worn or


damaged beyond repair.

Immediate.

Use right size spanner for the nut.

Immediate.

Chisel and punches with mushroom heads


must be ground down to prevent splinters of
metal flying off.

Immediate.

Handles should be fitted, secure and free from


splits.

Immediate.

Keep hammers heads tightly wedge on their


shafts and replace splits or damaged wooden
handles. Protect sharp edges of tools that are
to be stored or covered. Uncovered knife on
pocket may cause hand injuries.

Immediate.

Training.

1 Week.
Immediate.

Workers might be electrocuted, burnt and


fell down from height or ladder.

Check that plugs and hand-held electrically


powered tools are in good condition. Never
interfere with any electrical equipment or
wiring if you are not authorised.

Workers might be seriously injured and bone

Never improvise with electrical equipment.

Immediate.

8.

Hand tools hazards.

Workers might be injured, cut or injected


with splinters of metal flying off.
Accident may occur due to hand tools being
poorly maintained or misused.

9.

Electric shock from short circuit.

fracture lead to disablement or even death.

10. Abrasive wheels accident due to


incorrect mounting and use of abrasive
wheels during grinding and cutting work.
Abrasion, cuts, minor eye to serious injuries
leads to blindness or even death.

11. Incorrect manual handling.


Workers might slip or trip due to incorrect
handling and assessment of load to be lifted.
Spinal disc compression, torn ligaments,
sprained tendons, hernias, dislocations and
fractures, muscular strains and crushing and
impact injuries.

12. Non-ionising radiation (exposure


To). Such as infrared radiation as fire,
furnaces or lasers, and of UV light as the
sun or welding operations. X-rays and
microwaves (infrared radiation).
Ill-health effects, burns to skin, sunburn and
skin cancer.

Never attempt repairs yourself if you are


authorised. Report any defective or damage
equipment immediately to your supervisor.
Ensure all items are properly earthed. Do not
leave trailing cable where they can be
damaged or cause tripping hazards. .Always
assumes that cable, plugs, etc. are live.
Switch off and isolate all electrical equipment
after use.
If in doubt ask your supervisor or site
manager.

Immediate.

Electrical safety training.

1 Week.

You are only allowed to fit wheels if you have


received approved training and have been
formally appointed by your employer to carry
out work of this kind.

1 Week.

When fitting a new wheel make certain that


spindle speed does not exceed in the
permitted speed of the wheel.

Immediate.

To protect yourself and other nearby, the


guard must always be properly in position
while the grinder is in use.

Immediate.

Eye protection must be worn when operating


any type of abrasive wheel machine. Keep
area clean and tidy and free from obstruction.

Immediate.

Never use a machine which is not in good


mechanical condition.

Immediate.

Prevent hearing damage by wearing hearing


protection during cutting and grinding
operations.

Immediate.

Eliminate manual handling by mechanization.


Assess the manual handling that cannot be
eliminated. Use handling aids.

Immediate.

Modify the task, load or environment. Ensure


individual capabilities are matched to the
activity.

Immediate

Load distributions and team


mechanization is not possible.

Immediate.

lifting

if

Immediate.

Awareness training.

1 Week.

Supervision.

Upon carry out of


the task.

Methods for protecting people against


exposure, these might be included shielding
by a physical barrier, increasing the distance
between the source and the person, reducing
the duration of exposure. Using protective
equipment such as clothing and eye
protection and the use of protective skin
creams.

Immediate.

1 Week.
Knowledge of how to avoid the harmful effects
of the sun in non-occupational setting.

13. Mechanical hazard by the use of


Petrol-driven compactor.
Worker or operator might be injured lead to
serious injury, contact with moving part of
the compactor (entanglement).

1 Week.
Proper planning of the job. Placing barriers
and warning signs to restrict the area.
Immediate.
Ensuring that the equipment or machine is
suitable to the task. Guard is always in place
and that equipment is properly maintained.

Hand-arm vibration syndrome.

1 Week.
Providing information instruction and training
for the job in hand.
1 Week.
Ensuring adequate supervision to check that
procedures. Introducing a system of
monitoring (e.g. to look for signs of hearing
loss/or hand-arm vibration.
Immediate.
Use PPE.

14. People slip and trip on the floor


Being poorly maintained.
People might be seriously injured due to
slopes or kerbs, slippery surfaces caused by
oil or water spills, in appropriate footwear
and general obstructions in walkways such
as trailing of cables, pipes and hose.

1 Week.
Improve work lay out with designated
walkways, using non-slip flooring, highlighting
changes in level with hazard warning strips,
providing
good
lighting,
introducing
procedures for reporting defects and dealing
with spillage, and ensuring high standard of
housekeeping to keep floors clear of
obstruction.
Immediate.
PPE, non- slip footwear.

15. Step ladder Hazard.


Workers might be injured due to falling.
Bone fracture, disablement or death.

Immediate.
The need to ensure that step ladder is
inspected before for defects before use. That
it is correctly erected on level ground with its
chain or rope fully extended.
Immediate
That it is suitable for the task to be performed
and does not involve in carry out work from
the top step.
Immediate.
That it is footed by a second person when
necessary, and correctly positioned to avoid
over reaching, and that is not over loaded.

16. Painting in the room.


Workers expose to health hazard.
Irritation of the eyes, skin, and asthma
attack lungs cancer, dermatitis, headache,
nausea and dizziness.

Immediate
Providing ventilation for the area where the
painting is being carried out. Limit the
exposure. Providing suitable protective
equipment.
1 Week
Introducing good housekeeping and work
procedures.
1 Week.
Training.
Supervision.

Upon carry out of


the task.

17. Hot environment hazard.


Immediate.
Heat stress, heat cataracts, dehydration,
exhaustion and respiratory distress.

Minimise the health effects of working in hot


environment,
such
as
the
gradual
acclimatisation to the environment.
Immediate
The provision and consumption of adequate
amount of fluid. The provision of regular
breaks away from the work.. Ensuring
adequate ventilation if working in close area.
1 Week
The provision of screens to protect against
radiant heat. Wearing of appropriate personal

protective equipment.
1 Week.
Awareness training.
Upon carry out of
work.

supervision

18. Working near sea area.


1 Week.
Workers might be fell down into the water by
slip or trip.

Workers must be trained how to swim.

Drowning.

Life vest is required. Avoid lone working.


Safety harness is required.

Immediate.
1 Week.
Supervision.
Immediate.
Life saver and recue team.
19. Canal Hazard due to draining and
Cleaning.
Fall into the water, entrapment in silt or mud,
collapse of the canal sides, flooding hazard
arising from the use of equipment, health
hazards such as leptospirosis.

1 Week.
Provision of buoyancy aids and
equipment and, access equipment.

recue
Immediate.

Appropriate personal protective equipment.


1 Month.
Edge protection and shoring of the canals,
banks, pumps against the risk of flooding.
1 Week.
Information, induction to employees or
workers on the risk to their health and the
precaution to be taken.
Upon carry out of
work.

Supervision.
20. Ungrounded electrical system and
Tools.

Immediate.
Ground power supply system,
circuits, and electrical equipment.

Workers might be electrocuted lead to death


due to electrical shock, electrical burn, arcflash burn, arc blast, fire, and explosion.
Stoppage of breathing, electrical burns from
current, ventricular fibrillation, cardiac arrest,
involuntary muscle reaction.

electrical
Immediate

Frequently inspect the electrical systems to


ensure path to ground is continuous. Inspect
equipment before use.
Immediate
Do not remove ground prongs from tools or
extension cords. Ground exposed metal parts
of the equipment. Use double insulated tools.
Use the right tools correctly.
Immediate.
Inspect tools before use. Observe lockout and
tagging circuits. Use barriers and guards to
prevent passage through areas of exposed
energised equipment.
1 Week
Pre-plan work, post hazard warnings and use
protective measures (PPE). Keep working
spaces.